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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 18, 1898, Image 24

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The Seneca Nation Striving for Relief
From Imposition.
Plain Words in an Official Report
of a Special Agent
Stalwart, sturdy, tlre'ess and earnest,
Andrew .. >hn. the efficient representative
In Washington of the real people of the
Seneca nation of New York Indians, is zeal
ously working in behalf of his people
against big odds. It would require ob
stacles of an insurmountable character to
thwart Andrew, however, and so he keeps
steady to his task and hammers away like
Andrew John.
the Nir-bodied and big-brained man that he
Is against the barriers he finds before him.
A matter of great interest to the New
York Indians is awaiting a settlement in
Congress. The subject unuer consideration
In the national legislature is an act which
passed the Senate March 13. and is
now pending in the House.
It provides for the regulation of the col
lection and disbursement of moneys arising
from leases made by the Seneca nation of
New York Indians and declares uiat all
moneys belonging to the nation arising
from rents and leases of lands and oil
springs in the Cattaraugus and Alleghany
reservations shall be paid to and recover
able by the I'nited States Indian agent for
the New York Indian agency for and in the
name of the Seneca nation.
Section 2 of the pending act provides that
from the moneys so received the agent shall
annually pay over to the treasurer of the
Seneca nation Jl.trnO and distribute the bal
ance of the moneys, after deducting neces
sary charges and expenses, among the
heads of the families in the Seneca nation
under the same conditions that the annui
ties now paid the Seneca nation are dis
The bill also provides that the treasurer
of the nation shall annually make a writttn
report to the New York Indian agent of all
disbursements made by him of all moneys
ieceived by him as treasurer.
The jifurrn People Want it.
This bill represents the sentiment of the
people of the Seneca nation and is due to
their desire to sfcure some benefits from
the money due them, which they openly
claim is squandeied by the officers of their
ration. Special United States Indian
Agent G. B. Pray was assigned by Indian
Commissioner Jones to investigate the con
ditions reported that of the sum of
or which is or should be collected
annually fiom the leases of the lands and
oil privib g"s of the Seneca nation, scarcely
ten jier cent had been expended for the
benefit of the Indians. "It is a fact that I
do not think they will dispute." says Mr
Pray in his report, "that the body of the
people have not received from its officers a
single dollar of income from these leases
during the last four or live years."
Some Very Plain l.nn^tin^e.
Further on. after quoting copiously from
the official records of the council of the
tribe of April 24 to June 5, 1.ND7, he uses
these words:
"The extracts from the record of the
council above given therefore show that
betwetn April '.'4 and June lsiiT. the coun
cil of the Seneca nation absolutely voted to
themselves and the executive officers
$o,l?o of the people's money, and there is
nothing on file or of record to show either |
services rendered, valuable or otherwise,
and no pretense of a voucher. 1 desire to '
call attention to the fact that in ev -ry in- j
stance save two, where money was appro
priated. !t was to a member of the council,
even tor board and taking the census.
' i also wish to state that the taking of
the census was paid for by the I nited
States, and refer you to the first quart, riv
statement of Agent Jewell fur 1s;p.s. In
deed. the principal business of these ses
sions seems to be to appropriate money to
the council or the executive officers. '
After describing the impractical and arbi
trary manner in which the officers of the
nation rule without justice or form of law
AM-.it I'ray says:
"My conclusion Is that the affairs of this
nation art- Very loosely and irregularly
managed: that the officers use the power
of the place for the purpose of perpetuating
themselves, and It is openly charged h<.*re
that the money of the nation is used for
the same purpose. I do not pretend to say
that this is true, but certain it is that the
same lot of gentlemen have been in power
for many \ears, and it looks very much
like a political ring, with the power of
perpetuation. I think the great wrong was
done the people of this nation at the time
the ninety-nine-year leases were consum
mated. '1 he idea of 5.4SW acres of the reser
vation lands of these people being given up
to village purposes, laid out in le ts, and oc
cupied i'j at least six or seven thousand
people, and only an Income of about Jtiuu a
year from it. seems monstrous to me."
Where KcaponaiUitil) I.lea.
In conclusion. Mr. Pray says:
"The resporslbility for the existing con
dition of affairs on these reservations and
among the Seneca nation of Indians is very
largely with and upon the president,
treasurer, and clerk, who are denominated
the executive officers. Of this trio, I
think the tieaturer, Mr. Hoag. is the
dominant character and the power that
organizes the political forces. He has been
president or treasurer most of the time for
live or six years, and I think It Is plain that
It Is his management that has brought
about the conditions that exist here. He has
kept his bocks neatly, and takes pride in
showing them and assuring everyone that
r.ot a dollar has teen paid out except
upon the order of the council. 1 presume
this is so. but when you recur to the
figures and note that nrtre than one-half
of all thi funds received have, by this
Si.me council, been voted either to them
selves or to executive officers I am not
surprised that the Indian people complain.
"\\ hen some poor Indian takes up this
same repirt for the twelve months be
tween June. ISi'l. and June. IKK!, and notes
that $*>.111.44 was paid for salaries, and
on!;. $1,117 devoted to the poor people, I
do not wonder that he groans nt the
weight of his burden. When he notes thi't
J2.."?7:i5 was paid for the board of this
council in the same year, and only *302
devoted to the highways of all n servn
tlons. 1 am not surprised that he calls for
"The proportion of money used by the
executive officers and the council for therr
selvis is about the same all through the
years l*fi>l. lKr_>. lsu.t. ik?4. 1805, lsue, and
1X*7, and I did not find from examination,
or lean from many inquiries, that any of
ti ls fund had ever been paid out to or
divided among the people. Early in 18U7
was appropriated for this purpose,
but within a few da>s this action was re
Kindt d. and the money was appropriated
to the officers, as you will see by the quo
tations from the record which are incor
porated herein."
Singular Antnuonlam.
The Senate, upon these unmistakable
proofs, promptly passed the bill, which
Will give long deferred Justice to the
Seneca people, and It la now In the Houu,
where it is said much quiet antagonism Is
being aroused against ft, through the
agency of the officers of the Seneca na
tion. Andrew John, however, is doing
herculean work to acquaint represen
tatives with the state of affairs, and he
has high hopes that the bill will be pass
ed ere Congress adjourns.
The Consideration of the Conference lie
Mr. Pltney's Proponed Sjnl<*m of Elec
tric I.itfht Conduit*?Free
Pnbllc Library.
Late yesterday afternoon the conference
report on the District of Columbia appro
priation bill was brought up in the House
rhe agreement was ratified upon those sec
tions of the bill to which the conferees had
agreed yesterday, as reported in The Star,
and action taken upon two of the contested
Mr. Pitney of New Jersey offered a sub
St't,U'e'or ^nate electric light amendment,
which he explained as follows:
1 he Senate amendment requires that all
electric light wires in a certain part of the
District of Columbia, which are now over
v^r' \lla" be pi?Ct'd underground within a
? ;'J amendment requires exactly the
me thing with respect to exactly the
prides 7lci?' ,|BUt the Se"iltc amendment
coMirnf.fin subways or conduits shall be
Di?r, t ^ ? r "'Stations made by the
Commissioners and under permits
granted b> the Commissioners at the ex
panv or the- S"le benetlt of the corn
pan} or companies owning the present
overhead wires, and that extensions of
"vi co,'duits niay be permitted.
Aiy amendment, instead of giving a
muiiupol> to the one company or two com
fhe ovJif 8,Jch,there be' which now have
the merhead wires, provides that the Com
mibfeioners shall lay out a system of con
shal? nprm?r>mm?dat6 lhat territory. and
the o^r of .h "y C"mpany to contribute to
'he construction of the conduit
??..n ? IS ^ use thereof in propor
tion to the needs of the company. There
are a large number of provisions respecting
matters of detail. Some of these I have
put in the same form or the same In sub
stance as the Senate amendment, and oth
tri> in different phraseology."
For a System of C-ondult*.
Mr. Pitney's amendment is in part as
"Crowded further, That all overhead
electric light wires and poles in the terri
tory bounded by B street nori.li, 1st street
east, the tire limits and Rock creek, in
cluding said U street and 1st street, shall
be removed within one year alter the pas
sage ol tiiis act, and lhat from and after
t.ie passage of this act no furthtr overhead
tlectric light wires or poles shall be erect
td within said territory, and after the ex
piration of said j ear no overhead electric
ignt wires or poles shall be maintained
within said territory, excepting, however
sul.ii wires and poles as may be necessary
in ai.eys tor distribution purposes, as here
matter provided.
"The Commissioners of the District of
Columbia are hereby authorized and r> -
quired, as soon as practicable and Within
nine l > days alter the passage of this ac\
to prepaie detailed plans for a system of
underground conduits for the territory
aloresuid. specifying the number, charac
ter and locution ot the s; vera! conduits for
tie said territory: which plans shall pro
\idt- lor a sufficient number of wajs or
ducts in said conduits to contain the
wiies necessary to take the place of the
owrheid electric light wires and other
overt., ad wins now existing in said ten -
lory, and said conduits shall also contain
a sutil.;lent number of additional ducts to
prov.de lor a.i prv,bab.e luture needs of said
terrnery; and each conduit shall also con
lam i?t least two ducts which shall he re
served for the use of the United States and
liit- l'istnet of Columbia.
"At any time within sixty days after the
passage of this act any company or cor
poration now maintaining overhead or un
derground wires in the District of Columbia
tor electric lightiug, teiegraph, telephone,
power, heating or other purposes, may ap
ply in wining to said Commissioners tor
duct r.om in said system of conduits, speci
fying as nearly as may be the number of
ducts required for the present and future
needs of such company or corporation, ami
the said Commissioners jshall, after .fully
hearing the said applicants and all other
parties interested, upon consideration of
the whole matter, settie and determine not
only the number, character and location
of said conduits, but also the total number
of ducts to be laid in said conduits, and
how many of said ducts shall be allotted to
the several companies or corporations ap
piying for duct room in said conduits, and
how many ducts shall be provided and set
apart for the other present and luture
needs of said territory; and said Commis
sioners shall thereupon prepare the plans of
said conduit system, which plans shall be
open to the inspection and examination of
any person or corporation applying to in
spect the same, and may be modified or
amended by said Commissioners as cir
cumstances may, in their judgment, re
quire; and at the expiration of said ninety
days i he said Commissioners shall proceed
to construct said system of conduits at
the expense of the several companies or
corporations to whom duct room shall have
been allotted as aforesaid, each company
or corporation to contribute to the cost of
said construction in proportion to the duct
room allotted to such company or corpora
"The said conduits, when completed (ex
cept such portion thereof as shall be re
served for public use), shall be the prop
erty of tiie several companies contributing
to the cost of construction, in proportion
to the amount of their several contribu
inhtJ ?l !?e use of said conduits shall be
fiir?Kthe provisions of this act and to
4 " further laws as Congress may enact
in that behalf, and the right to maintain
and use said system of conduits shall be
making- .oat,H,ny Umt" by <-'<?>*??? upon
making to the partus interested therein
lre*fonf,'Ie compensation tif anv) as
shall be fixed by Congress.
authorised5 f "I ' *on,*nissioners are further
authorized to issue permits for the con
struction of service wires, either overhead
^"nJe,rg.'0l,nd- in the a?eys of squares
adjacent to street conduits, anil fo- the
ta of Pl?H i,"^8^ for llle distribu
tion of elet trie light w ires in such Souares
and any square located wit! in I T, feet or
any street conduit shall for thls purp se
be considered as adjacent thereto And
wTre?Crcmross?ar.ev *"*1 Permlt ??head
connections therewith In ,hi, house
the District of cZmbii whth .f?rt'?n ?f
of the fire limits i.v? whlch lies outside
poration Lwcarry ,,k o'nTh"1^^- ?r COr"
Mr. Pitney's substitute was adopted.
The Free Library.
He then offered a substitute for the Sen
ate amendment relating to the free pub"c
library, as follows: public
For "hrarlan.
assistant librarian "iT ^and^ 8econd
sha..r'beidoepeneT,hi?(t)r "hrary
braries^of ??? SRS ^
ments and offices of the depart
Ice affected are not reuuired tnrTt.
official use of said department h.?r!Pec,al
? ?Rice .shall be transferred " bureau or
free public library ^re^dlnJ?S?om V*
its use. and- it Is hereby made the d,l I
the head of each department
office in which a circulating ?r
maintained for the use of employ^T/.h8
government to deliver all such b?k. ? ?
odicals and papers, without delav as i ion
Wi ,h ?,Ubll? llbrar> anJ wading room
and thereafter no general circulating ??'
brary. but only such library as is required"
Mailed JTSMS? kn^X^T
leas and papers so loaned shall be' a^tf re
The Columbia Stock Company has per
haps done its best work so far this season
this week in Steele Mackaye's "Won at
Last," Mr. Barrows, Mr. Ingersoll and
Miss Haslam being seen to excellent advan
tage. The piece selected for next week,
however, "The Mighty Dollar," is more
in harmony with the summer season, for
it is fun all thi way through, and in it Mr.
Barrows and Mrs. Findlay should be shin
ing lights. At the National the opera com
pany has pleased in two operas widely dif
ferent in character, both as to story and
music, and that both have been creditably
sung is a tribute to the vocal ability of
cast and chorus. For next week Offen
bach's tuneful and amusing "Grand
Duchess" is announced, and that should
make a big hit.
At Glen Echo the Parry Opera Company
lias been highly successful in "The Chimes
of Normandy," cast and chorus being re
warded with many encores at each per
formance. Next week "The Mascot," one
of the most melodic and humorous of comic
operas, will be given, and it is safe to pre
dict that it will be well sung and well
Mr. Otto Sellhausen has been made treas
urer of the Academy of Music to fill the
place made vacant by Harry Allen's resig
nation. Mr. Allen has gone to New York
to assume the business management of the
Murray Hill Theater, a position for which
he ii> w?ll qualified by natural adaptability
and by many years of experience. During
his long residence in tins city he made a
host of friends who regret his departure,
but who wish him the best of success.
Mr. Sellhausen owes his promotion entire
ly to his devotion to duty and to his own
merit. He began at the Academy six years
ago and has steadily advanced to his pres
ent position by reason of his industry, fidel
ityr, integrity and ability.
Mr. W. Webster Cullison, who has been
with Kia's "Girl from Paris" Company dur
ing the past season, is back in the city
spending his summer vacation. Mr. Culli
son made a good record wherever he went
and now has his pick of several advan
tageous offers lor next season.
Maud Haslam has a grievance against
amateur playwrights, and is not shy about
giving vent to her feelings on tne subject.
The other day some friend, with intent to
compliment her, spoke about her work
h?*re in the original production of "A Paris
Model" last season, in which che carried
not only the leading part, but practically
the play through. "Please don't mention
it," said Miss Haslam, with emphasis that
left no doubt of her earnestness. "That
was one of the most weirdly awful experi
eiii es in my whole stage career, and I
don't care to recall it even under the head
or compliments on my work. No one can
appreciate under what difficulties 1 under
took that i art, unless he or she has had
the misfortune to try to interpret the ideas
of an amateur playwright and at the same
time maintain a ?moderate reputation for
sanity if not art in acting.
"The author of 'A Paris Model' was a
woman, and therefore had my sympathy,
fc'he also had some excellent ideas, al
though not the knack of presenting them
in the best dramatic form. She wrote bril
liant lines, but she could not learn that
mere conversation, no mntter how bright,
cannot make an interesting play un i< com
panied by action. That is the difference
between a play and a novel. The novelist
devotes whole pages to the description of
his scenes and characters, which must be
compassed by the scene painter and player
cn the stage. The clevvr writer can hold
your interest with subtle analysis of ihe
emotions, but the actor must express mcst
of this in actions rather than words. It is
not so much what one says as hew one
pays it on the stage, for frequently we are
called upon to contradict by ojr actions
the words we utter. Thus mere lines do
net count, especially mj 1'ght comedy, un
less accompanied by or bearing uj on ac
tion?for it is the old proverb proved, that
'actions speak louder than words.'
"You ought to see one of Mr. Gillette's
prompt books," continued Miss Haslam.
"There ere whole pages of stage direc
tions to every speech, for he reaHxes, as
few American dramatists have done, that
it is action rather that) lines that makes
a play. He follows literally Hamlet'.; ad
vice to suit the word to the action, the ac
tion to the word, and in 'act he rather lays
the accent upon the action, for which he
will Ireq.ienily sacrifice or change a speech
"The best playwrights are accustomed to
build their plays on the srage, for a play
is rather a mosaic of words and actions
than a scries of sentences marshaled in
regular rhetcrical order. Just consider a.
conversation in real life, and see what
great gaps there are in dialogue. Only in
court is the conversation confined to alter
nate questions and answers. In real life
much is taken for granted, implied by the
manner of the speaker or conveyed ii? pan
tomime. Of course, a dramatist condenses
the developments of a lifetime into a few
hours, and must, therefore, explain a char
acter and motives more at length in lan
guage. whereas in real life we live rather
than utter our emotions.
"it is by this mutual collaboration of
player and playwright that the best dramas
are produced, and a dramatist is indeed
fortunate when, like Mr. Gillette, he can
work out his ideas and effects in action
rather than through pen and paper."
There has been a great deal of mystery
surrounding Glen Echo's new contralto,
who has made such a hit in all the reper
toire of summer operas at that resort. It
was quite evident that the possessor of
such a voice could not1 long remain without
celebrity in opera, yet a search of the ros
ters of the principal companies failed to re
veal the name of Viola D'Armon. The se
cret has finally leaked out through the fact
that Miss D'Armon never appears at the
Sunday concerts, for she takes the train for
New York regularly every Saturday night,
returning Monday *n time for the opening
performance. From this it has been devel
oped that she i3 the contralto of one of
Gotham's fashionable churches and in or
der to maintain her incognito she adopted
the stage rame of D'Armon. Heretofore
her stage work has been confined to concert
and amateur performances, but it is said
that Mr. Parry, who discovered her dra
matic possibilities, has quietly secured a
four-years' contract with her, so it seems
probable that, as in the case of Jessie Bart
lett Davis and other opera singers, the loss
of the choir will be the gain of the stage.
And Just now the operatic stage needs such
voices. The facility with which she has
mastered the intricacies of stage business
proves her possessed of the true dramatic
instinct, for since her opening night in "The
Mikado," when she confesses she was
scared nearly to death, she has not be
trayed by the slightest nervousness the
fact that she is practically a novice on the
stage. For this Mr. Parry's excellent train
ing is doubtless largely responsible, and he
deserves the prize he has discovered and
The ladies of the National Opera Com
pany have got the athletic craze, and al
though there are among them some of the
most beautiful of Edward E. Rice's ranks,
which means that they must be very come
ly in face and figure, they are working hard
to develop the charms that nature has giv
en them. In addition to the benefits they
derive, from these exercises, both in health
and in development, the girls find consider
able amusement in the series of training
they go through every- day. They have not
got a rehearsal. One can certainly be con
sidered very fortunate if allowed to wit
ness the girls going through the courses
they have laid out, as the performance is as
highly amusing as that they give behind
the footlights. They have a regularly or
ganized club called "The National Develop
ment Club," which was organized during
the rehearsals, and each member has do
nated some apparatus to the organization.
There are many clubs of this character
among society ladies throughout the coun
try, but it is doubtful if any have so com
plete a gymnasium as that which these
merry nymphs of stage life have fitted up
for themselves. They are also encouraged
by Mr. Kenney, the manager, who contrib
uted a great deal toward It. The principals
as well as the chorus are members, and
nearly every day early In the morning they
can be seen going to the theater, where
they don their exercising costumes and be
gin the work with enthusiastic energy. At
first it was very hard, and for a while It
was uncertain that the club would live.
However, they were persistent and encour
aged by each other with the feeling that It
was of treat benefit to them, the club
flourished, and what was at first work is
now play. Miss Gllman Is the president.
There is also a board of directors, and Mr.
Arthur Tempest, the stage manager of the
company, who before going on the stage
was a very prominent athlete in England,
is the general instructor. The club is di
vided in classes, according to the length of
time the ladies have jeen members, and
the advancement they have accomplished
in the working of the different machines,
etc., that are used. That they present a
very pretty picture attired in their natty
costumes can readily be Imagined. Draw
in jour mind Celie Ellis on the trapeze.
Certainly there could be no fairer acrobat,
and then picture Josle Hart "punching the
bag" or reveling In the delights of "muscle
tests." She has also for her own use a
lung developer, to enhance the top note.
Miss Martin's favorite exercise is the
"home bicycle trainer," and there are few
who can manipulate Indian clubs or dumb
bells like Miss Hobbs.
Opera Comique Company will offer tor Its
second weeks engagement Offenbach's
"Grand Duchess." The flattering success
of their first week's engagement bodes well
for the balance of the season, and seldom
is it the pleasure of the theater goers of
Washington to enjoy opera so well sung
and presented as was "Pinafore" and Kus
tiouna this week at popular prices. Miss
Carloua Oilman has a sweet and powerful
voice, and she. knows how to use it, to
which all who have heard her will attest.
.She will play the role next week of the
Grand Duchess; Miss Celie Eliis that of
Wanda, In which she Is so well and fav
orably known; -\lr. F. H. Marston will play
General Boum, and Mr. William Blalsdell,
the most entertaining of singing come- I
dians, will appear as Prince Paul, with a I
largely augmented chorus of peasants, <fcc. i
'ihe scenery and costumes for this produc
tion have been specially designed and i
made for this company, and will aud very
largely to the pleasing effects of the opera.
Tiie Grand Duchsss pictures a willful and
Impulsive young lady, who has been reared
in luxury and allowed her own way until '
slie becomes uncontrollable; then the usual
love at first sight, disappointment, &c. in
fact, to attempt to describe the plot would
destroy the pleasure of witnessing the
opera. Manager ltapley has dressed the
house most beautifully with palms and pot
ted plants, and with his tooling apparatus
has given one the idea of a mountain re
sort instead of a ;city theater.
sleek company wtt' next week offer a wel
come revival of William J. Florence's fa
mous old comedy, "The Mighty Dollar."
This was one of the first and most suecess
iul of the poMicai plays, on the order of
"For Congress," in which John T. Ray
mond made u great success, and "The
Senator," which is still ihe most popular
play in Wm. H. Crane's company. The
old timers still remember the furore which
clever "liiliy" Florence and his charming
wife made in "The Mignty Dollar," but
since the death of that genial comedian
his successor in the role of the Hon. Bard
well Slote, member front Cohosh, has not
appeared, and as a consequence this most
laughable character comedy has lain idle
for nearly a iteeade^. But it would seem,
Horn Lhe work they have, heretofore done
here, that in James l_>. Barrows and Mrs.
John Findlay the Columbia has just the
players to make the characters of Slote
and Mrs. General Gilllory live again upon
the stage, even if their prototypes have
ceased to exist in Washington life, while
the stock company may be relied upon to
till the rest of the cast most acceptably.
As some theatergoers will remember, the
story of the play deals with the efforts
of the Hon. Bardwell Slote to push through
Coi gress a bill which will bring a boom
in tlie land holdings of his friend, Colonel
Dart. and he seeks Mrs. Giltlory's assist
ance In lobbying. That worthy dame, who
is devoted to the French language and her
darling ward "Llbby, dear," as usual,
manages to get things mixed, with the re
sult that she booms another tract owned
by Roland Vance, a young newspaper
man, who was formerly engaged to Mrs.
Dart. The lady still loves him, but he has
found solace in the affections of Blanche
Mcssthorne, whose family fortunes have
failed and whose former home has passed
Into the possesion of the Darts.
Another comedy courtship is that of
Charley Brood, a sporty young fellow, and
Lord Cairngorm, an English tourist, who
are rivals for the hand of Mrs. Gilfiory's
ward, Libby Ray. The two romancjs are
mingled with any amount of comedy com
plications, through which the Hon. Mr.
Slote, with his pompous style and short
hand language, and Mrs. Gilflory, with her
terrible French and her faculty for making
all sorts of mistakes, meander merrily until
they find themselves 5nmeshed in a middle
aged romance. The play has been brought
up to date in many minor particulars, it is
announced, but the main story and the com
edy incidents, which ttill linger in the
memories of all who have sver seen the
play, are retained. Following is the cust
Hon. Bardwell Slote, James O. Barrows;
Poland Vance, William Ingersoll; Edward
Dart, J. R. Furlong; Charley Brood, John
Lancaster; Lord Cairngorm, Edwin Mack
aye; Saviile, J. H. Bass; Tom, Frank Ball;
Mrs. Gei.. Giltiory, Mrs. John Findlay;
Clara Dart, Maud Haslam; Libby Ray,
Margaret Mayo; Blanche Mossthorne, Elea
nore Browning.
The play will be mounted with special
scenery, and as the scenes are laid in and
arour.d Washington, there v.-ill be plenty of
local interest both in the text and tin set
tings. Some up-to-date topics. Instead of
the antique legislative measures, are prom
ised, and it will be surprising if the Hon.
Bardwell does not score somj hits on the
present crisis and some of his brethren in
GLEN ECHO?Audran's merry opera
touffe, "La Mascotte," will be the bill for
the fourth week of the Parry Opera Com
pany at Glen Echo. It has been so long
since this popular opera has been given in
Washington that, while everyone who has
ever heard it hasi some pleasant memories
of the work, perhaps a brief resume of
the plot would n*M be out of place. The
scone Is laid at Piombino, Italy, in the 15th
century, and the lirst act opens during the
vintage festival oil. the farm of Rocco, who
is having even harder luck than the aver
age Kansas agriculturist. He has just sent
his shepherd. Pippb, to beg assistance from
his brother, but the latter sends only a
basket of eggs and Bettina, who is reputed
to be a "mascot."
The incredulous Rocco prefers cash to
mascots, however, and is about to send liet
Una back without thanks, when Lorenzo
XVII, the superstitious Prince of Piombino,
arrives with a hunting party and carries off
both Bettina and Rocco to his palace, mak
ing the little peasant girl a countess and
the awkward farmer his court chamberlain.
The second ac*. deals with the very mixed
love affairs of Frederic, Prince of Pisa, who
is afllanced to Fiametta, Lorenzo's daugh
ter, Bettina and Pippo, who has followed
her to the court in guise of an actor.
Fiametta takes a fancy to Pinpo and tries
to break off his match with Bettina. This
arouses the jealousy of Frederic, who
straightway declares war against Lorenzo.
The latter, having lost his mascot, is thor
oughly licked, and obliged to take to the
toad with Fiametta and Rocco to gain their
livelihood as strolling minstrels. Mean
while, Pippo has bccome a famous captain
in Frederic's army, and his faithful Betti
na accompanies him through the campaign.
Finally Lorenzo is forgiven, Fiametta goes
back to her former lover, Frederic, and the
wedding of Bettina and Pippo la celebrat
ed amidst general rejoicing. The cast of
the opera will be as follows:
Bettina, the mascot, Allene Crater;
Fiametta, Viola D'Armon; Pippo, Chas. R.
Hawley; Lorenxo, Frank Deshon; Rocco,
Geo. Broderiek; Frederic, Jay Taylor or
Harry Carter; Parafante, sergeant, Tom
Daly; Matheo, Innkeeper, Tom 8pring?r;
Antonio, M. Judels; Carlos, the fiddler, E.
La Salle*.
The opera will be mounted with correct
scenery and costumes, and an excellent
production Is assured. There will be the
usual Sunday afternoon and evening con
certs in the big; amphitheater.
"Allene Crater is one of the hardest work
ers at rehearsals I ever knew," said Harry
Carter, stage manager of the Parry Opera
Company. "I have witnessed a large part
of her stage career, for she made her first
hit with David Henderson's burlesque com
pany, of which I was a member, and I al
ways thought she secured her opportunity
by the way she worked at rehearsals. That
soon caught the eye of Richard Barker,
who, although inclined to be cranky at
times, was a close observer of his people
and most appreciative of their efTorts. He
saw that Miss Crater went at anything she
undertook with all her heart and soul, so
when an English burlesquer who had been
imported for a part in 'Aladdin' broke down
and went into hysterics under Barker's
bluster at rehearsal, he calmly called for
Miss Crater and gave her the part. She re
warded his confidence by making one of the
biggest hits in the annals of the Chicago
Opera House during its palmiest days.
Even now that she is playing prima donna
roles in the standard operas, she has not
become lazy. Most of the principals merely
mumble their lines and walk through re
hearsals, leaving the action until the last;
but Miss Crater conscientiously goes
through all her by-play and dances as well
as singing her part.
It Is Incrennlnir and New Industrie*
Are Starting I p.
Prom London Engineering.
Japanese public men, who are watching
the expansion of the commerce of their
country, find much satisfaction in seeing
not only that it is increasing at a rapid
rate, but that the Increase ij In :< dirtctIon
which shows that Japan is becoming an in
dustrial country; for each successive jcar
the quantity of new material entering the
country, and of manufactured articles
leaving the country, forms a greater pro
portion of the imports and exports. The
population Is increasing at a rapid rate,
from 33,000,000 in 1872 to 42,000,000 in IS*;,
and, as Japan is not by nature a country
suited for agriculture, and already her pop
ulation is denser than that of many Euro
pean countries, the means of livelihood !n
the future must be sougnt In Industrial de
velopment rather than in agricultural re
sources. This Is being earnestly put be
fore the people by the press and the lead
ing men In public addresses, and the legis
lation of the country is directed to has
tening the process of converting Japan
from a purely agricultural country to one
whose chief industry will be manufac
In a recent number of a Japanese Journal
Count Okuma, one of tho most distinguish
ed of Japanese statesmen, takes up the de
fense of his country against those who are
of opinion that Japan had been spending
on its army and navy and on the develop
ment of its industries more than was Jus
tified by the extent of its resources. Count
Okuma has had experience In almost all
departments of government, and he Is es
pecially strong In all that deals with
finance. He was called to the position of
minister of finance at a very critical peri
od of his country's history, and by his
wise measures he overcame the difficulties
in the way. As minister of foreign affairs
he has shown that he can pursue a policy
at once firm and conciliatory. In the ar
ticle alluded to he combats the idea that
Japan is living beyond her means, and that
her 'esources are overtaxed by the large
undertakings upon which she lias launched
in the sequel of the war with China. He
admits that victory came to Japan more
easily than was perhaps altogether whole
some, and that It created an industrial and
commercial stimulus stronger than the cir
cumstances actually warranted; but he Is
persuaded that the situation contains no
really disquieting elements, and that the
country's future may be regarded with
hope and confidence. The line of argu
ment leading to that conclusion is that the
development of the material resources dur
ing the past twenty years more than justi
flts the hold course now pursued.
Mr. Brenan states that in 1x7^ the whole
value of manufactured articles exported
by Japan did not amount to )500,ooo. and
that in 1 KMi it reached $15,000,000, or 40 per
cent of her total exports. In the earlier
year the whole import trade may be said
to have been in manufactured articles';
now the value of the raw materials im
ported into the country amounts to
000,00(1, or some 30 per cent of her tofctl
imports. It is chiefly in her trade with
Asiatic countries that this increasing Im
portation of raw material is noticeable.
Speaking generally. Japan's trade with
these Asiatic countries may be said to con
sist of imports of raw materials and ex
ports of manufactured articles. Mr. Bren
an, however. Is of the opinion that at least
for a considerable time to come Japan will
not be a competitor to any great extent
with European nations in eastern markets,
and that she will supply the semi-civilized
nations of Asia with such articles as she
already manufactures for her own use. and
with others imitated from foreign patterns
and designs, which are already in demand
In Asiatic countries. The commercial pol
icy advocated by those In authority is to
strive to attain perfection by assiduous
practice, and meantime to sell the work of
their 'prentice hands to semi-civilized peo
ples who are satisfied with cheap and in
ferior Commodities.
One of the Mont Extraordinary Gam
bling Schemes In the World.
From the London Mall.
The Australian race lottery in which Mr.
Stoddart, captain of the English cricketers,
won ?1,300 the other day is one of the most
extraordinary gambling schemes in the
world. It is best known as "Tattersail s
Sweeps," and has been in existence for
very many years at the Antipodes. The
breath of scandal has never touched it, and
the "drawings'' for the bigger events are
supervised by a committee of leading citi
zens and pressmen of the city in which it
is at the time located.
George Adams, the organizer, makes it a
business to get up sweeps on all the chief
Australian races, and owing to the strong
support he receives, is enabled to give
prizes that even singly would De taken as
modest fortunes by most people. It has
been estimated that during a twelve month
?1.500,000 of the public's money passes
through Adams' hands.
Take the Melbourne Cup. for instance.
On this race the Lig sweep Is 100,000 sub
scribers at ?1 each, and the prize for draw
ing the horse that wins the cup is ?30,000.
The holder of the second horse ticket re
ceives ?7,500, and ?2,500 goes to the third
horse ticket. In addition, some thousands
of pounds are distributed among those who
get horses whether they start in the race
or not, and there are hundreds of cash
prizes, ranging from ?100 to the modest
"fiver" each. On this race there will be
oilier sweeps at prices to suit the most
humble contributor. Two consultations, as
they are termed, of 50,000 at half a sov
ereign each, and one of 100,000 at five shil
lings each.
All through the year racing Is going on
in Australia, where the htorse is idolized,
and nearly every week there Is a sweep.
As mentioned previously, no doubt has ever
been cast on the honesty of the organizer,
who deducts 10 per cent from all winnings
so as to recoup himself for his expenditure
and exertion. He employs as many clerks
as a large bank, spends thousands of
pounds annually in advertising, and now
holds in his possession nearly a quarter of
a million pounds' worth of unclaimed
Legislation has time after time been put
Into force to wipe out "Tattersall's," but
without success. The New South Wales
government, by act of parliament, drove
Adams from Sydney, and he without delay
settled in Brisbane. After twelve months'
location there the Queensland parliament
did the same thing, and Hobart was the
next site removed to, and where the sweeps
are merrily conducted now, under the pa
tronage in person of the prominent citi
zens. The Australian postal laws compel
that all letters containing value must be
leglstered, and it has been stated that Tat
tersall's brings ?10,000 per annum in rev
enue to the coffers of the colony where its
offices are.
A Good Opportunity to Jodce.
From Pack.
Penholder (the poet)?"Our editors are
tho most unpatriotic class of men In the
country. Half of the time I believe they
sympathize with Spain." ;
Admirer?"How can -you tell?"
Penholder?"Why?er?er?, I have writ
ten one of the most spirited war poems I
ever read I"
Columbia Stock Company
Will Present a Revival of the Satirical Comedy,
Rewritten and Revised,
As Flayed With Great Success by
Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Florence
D>D> ? Evenings. .25c., 5<?c. and 75c.
? ? Matinee 25c. and 50c.
It .
Glee Echo,
Free Admission to the Grounds
Tnmnrrrfc\m7AFTERNOON a<f 3 o'clock
mense ORGAN.
\l& Bso^ffidDinrs
with AM. THE CLD favorites IX THE
A REALISTIC FARM yari> scene. with
Open dav and evening-service a la carte.
Week beginning June 27?"FRA DIAVOLO.**
Conduit Road.
June H8, at 8 P.M.
Admission 25c., 50c., 75c.
Tike National Opera SjmI^ny
Cavalleria Rusticana
SKnT1 Pinafore. | HATS.
Complete productions of both operas.
next week, i Prices,
riicHEsa*" ) 25. 5?> 75C.
J?>?-18tf .
It InapireM the Men to Be nritve and
to Endure.
Fmm the Forum.
To the present day. In all the armies of
the world, musical war signals are con
sidered not only musical, but absolutely in
dispensable. The infantry drill regulations
of the United States army give the music
and significance of more than sixty trumpet
signals?calls of warning, or of assembly,
of alarm, of service, with such names as
"guard mounting." "drill," "stable." "to
arms," "fire." "retreat," "church," "fa
tigue." "attention," "forward." "quick
time," "double time," "charge," "lie down."
"rise," etc., besides a dozen or more drum
and-fife sisnals. all of which must l>e
known to the soldiers, to whom they are a
definite language, in the sense of Wag
nerian I.eit-motive. Every one is familiar
with such expressions as "drumming up
recruits," "drumming out deserters," and
so on.
Besides its importance for signaling pur
poses, there are no fewer than five other
lor music in the army. A few words about
each of these must suffice. Zoller. the Af
rican traveler, says that "among ail sav
age and half-civilized rates song and dance
are considered as indispensable aids to mili
tary training, as drilling and drumming in
our armies."
The marvelous precision with which these
primitive races execute their war soi.gs and
dances has been commented upon by many
admiring explorers, and as the value of
perfect drill and co-operation is well under
stood. music, which supplies the regularity
of rhythm, is seen to be of paramount im
portance. Whe.i our armies parade they
always do so to the measured beat of mili
tary band or drum and fife.
Another very curious vse of music in war
is suggested by the word "panic." The his
torian Rowbotham says that ?'all panic is
derivable from the trumpet-like sound, if
we may trust the derivation of the word,
which refers the first panic to the time
when the great god Pan put to flight an
army by a sudden shout." Many savages
use wild songs and shouts, or drums and
horns, to inspire terror and to create a
panic in the enemy's ranks. So horrible is
the sound of this music, both in itself and
by its bloody associations, that it is said
the Spanish settlers in some parts of South
America to this day cannot bear the awlul
trumpets of the Indians without being
It Is irteresting to note that Homer rep
resents the Trojans as going to baitle with
howling war cries, while the Greeks are
silent, and that Thucydldes make? Brasldas
say: "They are cowards who think they can
frighten us by their loud shouting." thus
Indicating that the more civilized Greeks
did not resort to this method of creating a
panic. It Is believed that one cause of the
defeat of the Chinese In their last war was
that they at first relied too much on the
effect of their war songs to frighten away
the Japanese.
A military writer says that the drum in
the army is used "especially for Inspiring
the soldiers undet the fatigue of march or
battle." This function of military music
reminds one of the primitive custom of
singing in order to facilitate work. It Is
recognized by the greatest authorities.
Field Marshal Lord Wolseley, for instance,
wrote not long ago in the preface to the
"Soldier's Song Book" that:
"Troops that sing as they march will not
only reach their destination more quickly
and in better fighting condition than those
who march in silence, but. inspired by the
music and words of national songs, will
feel that self-confioence which is the
mother of victory."
The German army Includes more than
10.000 military musicians, able-bodied men
who might as well be soldiers. We may
feel sure that the great and shrewd com
manders of the German army would not
employ in times of war such an enormous
number of musicians unless they believed
that in this way these players could do
more good than an equal number of fight
ing men. In other words, the generals fully
appreciate and indorse the utility of music.
Even in times of peace there is a use for
these musicians, for they make excellent
bands, which, at their daily parades and
weekly concerts, not only edify the military
men, but entertain the populace, who thus
get some return for the taxes they have to
pay to support the army.
Summing up the evolution of war music,
we see that its original function of inspir
ing terror and creating panic was grad
ually abandoned, while its usefulness as an
aid in drilling, in tactics. In signaling. In
arousing courage and patriotic enthusiasm,
in sustaining flagging energies, and in pro
viding entertainment in times of war and
peace, is now more fully acknowledged than
The British government is the owner of
over 25,000 camels. Several thousand are
used in India to carry stores and equip
ment when companies axe changing quar
ters by line of march.
Excursion to
I riday. June 24th,
Under the Auspices and
for the Benefit of the St.
Rose Industrial Schoa! of
Washington, D. C.
Spfrlil truins will have Washington and
Baltimore Mt p.m . via Bay Ktdge.
fCPMfftim with host f??r ritiU?rnc and
six ? isl train t?? o<run <*11y
Returning Sjm :?1 train w ill leave ?
City at 5 S lidav evening. Hrrhmi
In .Washington fci*?ut 10:110 p.in. and Hal
tlmore at 11 p. in
Excursion Limited to COO
from Washington.
Fare for t!ie round tnj>. including
a stay at "THK ATLANTIC HO
TEL" from Friday until Sunday
evening, for only $7.
CL7*Th<ise d*sirii>c to take admiti^e
of this t?po< i. 'ly ibc.ip trt|> will N- re
quired to register. on or before Thurs
day, Juiu* 23d. at the offices ?>f J? li?i K.
Waggauian. 700 14th at., Washington,
l>. c.
Lots at Auction.
K^There will hp a grand and unrf
served fal' of I.'ITS at aucti< n on Sat
urday. June 25th.
John F. Waggarnan,
700 14th St., Washington, I). C.
Spend Sunday
At Marshall Hi all.
St amer '"diaries Macalcster** Captain L.
L. Blake?hs\es 7th at. wharf at 11 a ai.
and 2:3o p.m. 1 Wctk day a at 1" a.m. an?l
2:30 p.m. ?
Fare ( Round Trip) 25c.
PI.AXKK1? siiAh PIXXKB on arrival of
steamer at Marshall Hall. ineludiu? Chun
C'h>wd"r. ftc. 7:?f.
All am^seireiits -everything firm-?lass.
CTMcsic hy Prof. fr-hr.ador a Band
Steamer Chas. flacalester,
To Moimot Vernon,
<t< .;?! tt ??r \v -.shi xgt<?x ?
?from 7th st wh;.rf at lo a m ind 2:30
p.m. Far*-, p und trip. 5oc. Admission to
ground* aii,t n r.t i?. 25<v
C .--"The Ht<. iu*?i t'hurles Mnrafintw was
hull- ? \j-. f. ? t he I.A1 IS MOF XT
YKKN'iN Ass< m'I.vTIon. X? other com
pai.y L; t- . I 1] 1 1 sell ad:. salon tickets
to lit nt \ ? ism b
8TKA M if ? \ 1 LIMIT!!'
Business Men's
Family Outing,
Take Steamer Sainl. .1. lVn'r. at 11 a : . i.*:45 and
G:15 p.m.. Steamer KSstelle Randall u 3:4ft p.m.
Plenty of Aiuus**: .--i, and 'Viurr: h> ltlvef
View Orche-tr.i ?>?. >,'??.i n*r and *.r > ,:ids.
it b. s kanpall. prqpiwm,
19th Annual Excursion
of the Caledonian Club
to River View,
FKlPvY. .11 M. 24 lM*h
ICT'Steamcr SAM' KL 1 Pl'NTZ haves her
wharf at 10 a iu.. 2 mid 6:3o p.m. Oeiundng,
loaves River View at 12 t. 5. 8 and p.m.
UsFAL C AMKS AX! ? 1 i.t/LS F<?R ' IHLPBKN*.
Children under eight yours free
TICKETS. 25 CENTS. __ J? 17 Ot 14
Excursions Pally.
Wedneadaja at 10 a.m., 2:i5 aud ;t?i p m.,
stopping at Alex.-t- dri.i on all trips. Suudaje at
11 a.m.. 2:45. ti 15 p.m.
Panoing daj* and i-voinug. V. < ic.,>sday eonoert
mufci<\ Bivor View Orehosira Suini.<'.
rniLPBKX 15 I'K.vrs
A few cb??i<*e days open for < Larter.
JelO-tf K. S I.*ANi?VLL, Proprietor.
SEASON oj'i xs s\Ti KI'aY. .11 NE 18.
Leaves X st. wharf .'.ail; . tS:.'J0 a.m.; Saturday,
8:30 p.m.
For state rminis. ? i? and tickets, apply to
Gl'ZUAN. In V. F. Pr .op*s Mt.sU* S'ore.
PL-" !':? av??. ii u.
JelS-15 APAM F. W1RACII. Mrnagor.
*'' Ericsson Li^e Excursions"
To 1 hiladelpli.a (diyhght trips?, Mondays,
\V<diu?5?l.iys and I'ridays. at 7 :.*?o a.m fl 00
To Pldladclphla might st- :; i t-rsi S2.<?0
To Fhlladi lphia and r? turn 1 ?\ tall $.'> "0
To Cape May (from Philadelphia hy ralB fiL25
To Cape May aud txturu (ton days) f4.2o
To Ca|ie May and return <*??:..? nt
To Atlantic City U'"ni Philadelphia hy railj.. .f2.75
To AManti-' City and return <t-n d 1 yst 75
To Atlantic Citj* ?'d return (m asoni $4.0d
To Ashury Park, < ?? .-nn C.p.vo, Ix?ng Braneh . .$4.00
To Ashuty Pi'1 k.Oe??an <i ove. I,". ^ Brain ! and
return, s.*a^'n (from Philadelphia hy rail). . .?*?.0<f
To Now York (from Fhihidelphia l y rail!
To New Y'ork and r turn (. h v? n d tysi
Paily steamers (<?>??? pt Suiidayst from w harf.
Light and I'ratt stieei-. at 5 p.m. Write f'?r de?
s<riptive pamphlet of the ro?it?* ai^l the gieat fish
ing grounds at Betterton Tiel.ets for salt at <JF?
F1CK ONLY. Also th i:-ts to Albany. Troy. Sara'
toga Springs. Newrojt. It. I.; Fall Biver N? w 11a'
veil. Brldgejn-rt ( ? nt>. !'? rt'.aud. Me . und point!
north. Tlekets to Ph ladelphia <?n sal. in Washing
ton at B & <>. Ticket * >!!i. ??. P.*nr?ylvania avenue,
and B. ft O. depot < i.ABKXCK SHBIVF.lt Agent,
2o4 Light St., Baltimore Mt'.. Je8-32tf
Take the New F S. Mull Steamer,
Pally except Sundaj* to GLYMONT and r?'turn.
Leaving River View wharf, foot 7th St., at 9:30
a.m. Returning about 3 p.m.
Tickets, rtund tiip. good day of *sstic, 25c.
Children, round trip. ?:<M?d day of Issue. 15c.
je2-tf F. S. RANPA.LL. Proprietor.
or evening. Row bout*, a ii kinds, for hire, sale
aud stored. J NO. Cl'MIIKRLAN'D A: SOX. foot
of F st. and N II ive B.ff, Je2 lm
^|orffoik & ^yyashington
Every day iu the year for Fortress Monroe,
Norfolk. Newpt rt Ntws und all imlnts south
by the superb powerful steel palare steamers
"Newport News." "X<rfolL" and " AasLiug
ton" on the following schedule:
Lv. Washington..6:3? p.i. Lv. Portsmoath. .5:00 pm
Lv. Alexandria. .7:?><> pm i.v. Norfolk 5:45 pm
Ar. Ft. Monroe. .7:0(1 n ;t Lv. Ft Monroe. .6:45 pne
Ar. Norfolk 8:OC. nrn \r. Alexandria. .0:3?? jui
Ar. Portsmouth..8:15 am I Ar. Washington.7:Oo am
Tickets jn sale at 513. 619. 817. 1421 IVnn.
are., B. and O ticket otfice, eor. 15th st and
N. Y. ave.. and on U>ard steamers
C5-For further iuformatlon apply nt general
offices, 7th st wharf. Wash P.C "Phone 750.
del-2sd JXO. CAi.LAHAX. General Manager.
For Arlington, Fort ilyer
and Falls Church?Take
the F st. or l'enn. ave. cars ? and
the electric cars at Aqueduct bridge.
?u7 10tf
taken in exchange lor light niniinp Pom<*stlea
lately; various kinds; ail iu g?*>d working order;
all fully warranted; must l>e sold to make room;
from $5 up. C. Al KRBACH, 7th and H
the most excellent manner. "Fit guaranteed."
FURS altered at rednced rates. K. HOBGAN,
Tailor and Furrier. 806 K st. n.w. ap26 tf
Corns aud Bunions Instantly Believed.
Prof. J. J. Georges & Son,
U1B Pa. ar*. Next to Rcidgh Hotel. Hours. 8 to ^

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