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WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 29, 1898-TWELYE PAGES.
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HE WILL NOT WAIT
Shafter Expects to Take Santiago
as Soon as He is Beady.
EiS LAUDED ill HIS ARTILLERY
Reports Spanish Troops Marching
Gen. Shafter reports from Cuba
that he will not wait for reinforce
ments, but will take Santiago as soon
as he is ready to move.
Gen. Shafter ha# reported that
8,000 Spanish troops are advancing
f.'om Manzanillo and are within
fifty-four miles of Santiago.
The Senate passed a resolution ex
tending the thanks of Congress to
Lieut. Xewcomb for gallantry in ac
tion at Cardenas, providing medals
for himself and crew. Capt. Hodgsdon
of the McCulloch was retired with
full pay. The Senate adopted a vote
of thanks to Lieut. Ilobson and his
associates on the M#rrimac and au
thorized his transfer to the line.
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
Allen and Gen. Greely had a confer
ence with the President today in re
gard to the laying of a goverment
cable line from Santiago direct to
Xo disquiet is felt by the officials
as to the attitude of Germany at
Manila. More concern is entertained
regarding the natives of the Philip
Lapt. P. H. Cooper has been se
lected to command the Chicago.
In the nominations sent to the
Senate today Lieut. Bernadou was
advanced ten numbers for eminent
and conspicuous conduct in the
Cardenas tight May 11.
Gen. Shafter has reported to Gen. Miles
that he can take Santiago in forty-eight
hours, but Indicates that the undertaking
might Involve considerable loss. It Is be
lieved here that he intends to take the
town immediately, and that news of a bat
tle may be expected at any time.
General Shafter hus ref>orted two Im
portant developments in the military sit
uation at Santiago. First, he reports, that
he expects to take the city as soon as he
gets ready to move, and that he will not
wait for reinforcements. Second, he re
ports that Spanish reinforcements, num
bering 8,000, accompanied by pack trains
and large droves of animals, are advanc
ing from Manzanillo to the relief of San
tiago, and are now fifty-four miles from
A number of dispatches have been re
ceived from Gen. Shafter covering all the
details of the present military situation.
Some of them are to the Secretary of War,
and others to MaJ. Gen. Miles. They
cover substantially the same ground, but
the most essential features bearing on the
strategic situation are the two above
enumerated. He refers only briefly to his
determination to strike quickly, and said
that he expected to take the place as soon
as he could get ready to move, and that
reinforcements would not reach him.
The reinforcements referred to is the
large body of troops now moving from
Tampa and Newport News. A small de
tachment, under Gen. I>uffleld, has already
arrived, but the larger part, comprising
some 12.IJUJ mei' will not reach Santiago
for some days. It is evidently Gen. Shat
ter's purpose not to wait for these men,
but to make the attack before the 8,000
Spanish troops approaching from the west
can reach the city. The statement that
they are now but fifty-four miles from
Santiago is the most definite information
thus far received. It is about one hundred
mi.es from Manzanillo to Santiago, so that
the Spanish forces had covered about one
half the distance at the time they were
lccated by the American officers. This
was probably a day or two ago, for Gen.
Stafter's dispatch was sent last night,
and in the meantime the Spaniards have
advanced considerably further.
The droves of cattle which the Spanish
army is bringing l long shows a purpose
to lay In ample freth meat in anticipation
of a siege. This and the pack trains ham
per a tapld advance, but even with a bad
road, the Spaniards will probably make
from ten to twenty miles a day. Much re
liance has been placed on (Jen. Garcia's
Cubans to prevent this advance of rein
forcements from the left. But It appears
that Garcia's entire force has been with
drawn from the left, and has now be^n
landed with Gen. Shatter s main body on
the right of the city.
Traaafer of Cuban..
Gen. Shafter also reports the details of
this transfer of Garcia's forces. He says
the transfer from Asceraderos covered fifty
miles, and that 3,on) of Garcia's troops
were landed on the right of the harbor,
making In all over 4,000 Cubans concen
trated with the American troops on the
fight of the city. He does not mention
?peciflcally whether any Cubans remain
to the left, but the Inference is plain from
his detailed report on the transfer of
Cubans to the li^t, that most. If not all,
of them accompanied Garcia in the trans
fers. This move was doubtless made be
fore word had reached Gen. Shafter that
the Spanish reinforcements were fifty-five
milts to the left of Santiago, else It Is felt
that Ga-.cla's forces would have been kept
on the left to hamper the advance of the
epar.lards, and If possible hold them back.
Whether this can be done now is prob
From the fact that Gen. Shafter reports
that he will take the city aa soon as he
can get ready to move, before reinforce
ment# reach him, It Is evident that he
wishea to atrlke the blow before there la
time for the Spanish troops from Man
zanlllo to reach the city.
The unofficial reports have been con
flicting as to th? movements of this Span
ish force from Manzanlllo. Some of the
pres-s reports have stated that the advance
was being made: others have flatly denied
It. But it is clearly the Judgment of the
officers with Gen. Shafter. as shown by
their official reports, that they accept the
view that the reinforcements are on the
way and have covered half the distance.
The First Engagement.
General Shafter's various dispatches also
contained much information on other fea
tures of the military situation. He ex
presses the warmest thanks for the con
gratulations sent to him by the President,
and those of the commanding general. Gen
eral Miles. He refers to the recent affair
In which the rough riders and cavalrymen
participated as "unimportant." lie says
only '.W4 of our men were engaged, but it
was very decisive in our favor, the enemy
retreating precipitately. General Shafter
says that the lack of cavalry was all that
prevented the capture of the Spanish
forces. He expresses the deepest regret at
the loss of so many of our brave men. In
a vein of ridicule, he refers to reports
reaching him from Santiago that the Amer
ican troops were beaten, and that the
Spaniards retired only because the Ameri
cans "persisted In fighting." General Shat
ter emphasizes the need of horses. In par
ticular he wants horses for the 3d Batta
lion of the 1st Cavalry, and for Colonel
Wood's rough riders. He says the horses
he carried on the expedition stood the voy
One of the most satisfactory points re
ported by General Shafter is that the last
of the artillery has been landed. This
means a great deal, as it was feared the
loss of the lighter would seriously delay
the landing of the heavy artillery. He does
not specify that the heavy guns, as well as
the light artillery, were landed, but his
statement that the last of the artillery was
landed yesterday is taken to cover all of
the ordnance. With these siege guns on
shore General Shafter Is now in a position
to support the Infantry and cavalry with
the big guns of the heavy artillery, as well
as the lighter field guns.
It appears also from the reports that the
last of the troops were not landed until
yesterday, this occurring simultaneously
with the landing of the artillery and the
transfer of the Cubans. It was practically
the last move in the preparations for actual
land operations. General Shafter's dis
patches speak of the high spirit of the
troops, and of their excellent health. They
bring out also that the commanding officer
is no less in high spirits than his men, for
he concludes one of his dispatches with the
laconic sentence: "Hope to send favorable
Two ItinpatfheD From Shafter.
The Secretary of War this morning re
ceived a cablegram from Major General
Shafter. dated off Siboney, Cuba, June 27.
by way of Playa del Este, June 28, as fol
"The graves of the dead are marked so
that there will be no mistake m Identifi
cation. The health of the command Is re
ported to me by the surgeon as remarka
ble outside of the woundeu. There are to
day less than 150 men sick. So far no
wounded have died and but two men of
disease since leaving Tampa."
On the 25th instant the Secretary of
War sent a telegram to General Shafter,
commanding tbj military forces in Cuba,
"The President directs me to send his
thanks to you and your army for the gal
lant action of yesterday (battle of L.a
Quasina), which I gladly do."
The following day the Secretary of War
received the following telegraphic response
from General Shafter at Balqulrl, Cuba:
"Sincere thanks to the President for his
So Report About the Water Work*.
No official reports fcuve yet been received
here to confirm the statement that Gen
eral Shafter's troops are In possession of
the water works supi ylng Santiago. It Is
rot doubted that the ticcps, of course, have
crossed the line of aqueducts and could
easily have cut eft the supply to Santiago
If It was desirable to do so. But the opin
ion here Is that If the pipes have been tap
ped by the American troops It has been
dene with the main purpose of supplying
themselves and stock w ith good drir.klng
water. It Is not thotght that there was
deliberate purpose to cut off Santiago's
water supply, for In the minds of persons
best posted on the situation such a method,
while causing the poi ulation of the town
a good deal of disccmfort, would be en
tirely ineffectual in hastening the surren
der of Santiago. The country In the rear
of Santiago to the northward and westward
is said to be well provided with small
streams of fresh water, emptying Into the
bay, and as our troops so far have not
managed to occupy that territory this
source of water supply Is still within reach
of the Spaniards. Also, It is said that In a
city as large ai Santiago there is an
abundance of steam boilers, which could
be very quickly turr.ed into distillers,
by which the salt water of the bay could
be turned in:o large quantities of fresh wa
ter. There is an abundance of coal for
such purposes, so that altogether It Is
thought here that the chances of reducing
Santiago by starvation are much better
than the chances of bringing its surrender
Permitted by Military lisgf.
Inasmuch as a disposition has appeared
In some quarters to question the right of
the American army, under the modern
rules of war, to resort to this medieval
means of shortening a siege. It can be
stated that the military authorities here,
after n careful examination of the matter,
have reached the conclusion tlyit there is
full warrant for cutting o(t the water sun
ply. It would not be permissible to do U is
If the Spanish general had led his forces
out of the town several miles at least to
repel the Invaders, but as he has scon fit,
according to the reports coming here, to
prepare for a defense of the town within
its own limits, there Is ample authority In
i precedent for starving the town or cutting
I off the water as a means of shortening the
resistance of the Spaniards. Moreover, ac
cording to the rules of war, it 'a permis
sible in extreme cases to refuse to allow
the besieged general to send non-com
batants out of the town; the theory being
that by forcing him to maintain them his
powers of resistance would be diminished.
It Is known that Gen. l.tnares nas been
contemplating the remoril from SanJago
of a number of non-combatants. The
steamer Aduia, which was at Kingston a
day or two ago. Is said to have been seek
ing permission from the American consul
there to go to Santiago for Just that pur
pose. So far the consent of our govern
ment r.as not yet been given, and certainly
will not be unless Gen. Shafter so advises.
DlfBeoltlea of the Task.
The dispatches from General Shafter !n
(Continued on Second Page.)
AT THE WHITE HOUSE
A Conference With Assistant Secre- j
tary Allen and Gen. Greely.
A DIRECT CABLE FROM SANTIAGO
The Project Discussed at Length
With the President.
SOME OF TODAY'S CALLERS
President McKlnley was up until well
after 1 o'clock this morning going over the
war situation with Secretary Alger. Adjt.
Gen. Corbin also was with him until a late
hour. During the time the three were to
gether at the White House there was some
informal discussion of the situation, and
sub.3?quently it wr.s stated positively that
the dispatch of reinforcements from hero
would not cause Gen. Shatter to delay any
plans he may have formulated. The Presi
dent frequently of late has been sitting up
until an early hour in the morning watch
ing the developments and waiting for news
from the army in Cuba. Both Secretary
Alger and Adjt. Gen. Corbin are usually
with him until a late hour on thes? occa
As a result of the late hour at which he
retired. President McKlnley was unusually
late in beginning work today.
More Strlngrent Blockade.
Assistant Secretary Allen of the navy
and Gen. Greely of the Signal Corps were
at the White House for a long time this
morning. Their conference with the Presi
dent prevented many visitors seeing the
The President Is understood to desire
that the newly proclaimed blockade of the
southern ports of Cuba shall be so effect
ive as to leave no question. For that rea
son he wanted to ascertain how many ves
sels the navy can spare to maintain this
blockade. Owing to the fact that Secre
tary Long is again suffering from a sprain
ed muscle of a leg the conference was
with the assistant secretary.
The President and all of his military ad
visers are confident that the more thor
oughly the blockade is enforced the shorter
and weaker will be the resistance to the
capitulation of Havana.
A Government Cable Line.
Another important matter said to have
been discussed at the conference was that
of a cable line from Santiago to Key West
direct. The administration, it is said, does
not relish the idea of important telegrams
passing through foreign hands, as is the
case now. Many messages are now de
layed. General Miles, for instance, received
a telegram yesterday from General Shat
ter dated two days before. Such delays as
this might some time prove fatal. At any
time they are likely to be serious.
It is said that a cable line direct from
S&ntiago to Key WeBt could be laid now
at comparatively small cost. This line could
ba used in all future operations along the
northern coast of Cuba.
Of Great Valne.
It would be of immense value when
Uuupa are landed for the attack on
Havana. It is almost certain that If It Is
not decided to lay a line from Santiago to
Key West every arrangement will be made
to establish a line from American army
headquarters to Key West, so soon as a
landing for the Invasion of Havana la
It Is said that there Is money at the
disposal of the administration for this
wcrk. Ships and men are now In the
A cable line from Santiago will be need
ed for months to come. It would be use
i ful in operations against Porto Rico, es
, pecially If the operations are directed from
I Santiago, as may be the case.
The government is now paying out
large cable bills each day. Every mes
sage from Playa del Este to New York
costs the government $1.05 for each word.
With the army and navy both sending and
receiving messages the bill will be a heavy
one. The money paid out would go a long
way toward paying for the establishment
of a cable line" owned by the government.
Repairs to the Furniture.
The furniture In the green and red rooms
of the White House has been upholstered
l'or the first time In several years and pre
sents a pretty appearance. The furniture
In the blue room will also b'e repaired.
These rooms have been practically closed
to the public for several months. Admis
sion to them is secured only by card from
Secretary Porter, and these cards admit
only between the "hours of 12 and I o'clock.
The practice as to opening these parlors
to visitors has differed during the various
administrations. During several adminis
trations the roomB were almost as public
as the east room, which Is visited by hun
dreds of people daily.
Some of Today'* Callers.
Senators Cullom, Clay, Roach, Spooner,
Elklns, Hoar, Lodge, Wetmore, Burrows,
Allen, Cannon, Penrose, Piatt of New York
and Jones of Arkansas were among the
callers at the White House today. Some of
them did not gat to see the President. The
senators liava no definite Idea as to when
Congress will adjourn. All, however, are
hopeful that adjournment will not Be de
layed longer than the last of next wjek.
All are anxlou3 to get to their homes.
Senator Penrose w ent to the White House
with Samuel Randall, son of the famous
democrat and ex-Spjaker. Young Randall
come time ago wanted a political appoint
ment, but he now desires to get Into the
Not Even s Mosquito to Get Through.
"We are going to arrange it so that a
mosquito cannot run the blockade," said I
an official, and this expresses the hope of
the Presidant. The southern cbast of Cuba |
will be dotted with American vessels and
they will prevent even the smallest vessel
getting Into Cuban harbors with relief. The
Spanish stories of vessels running the Ha
vana blockade are declared to be false, but
the number of ships there will be Increased, I
With a stringent enforcement of the new
blockade, the administration falls to see
how Blanco Is to get aid. He will certainly
be in bad condition by the time the Invest-"
ment of his city is undertaken by Ameri
can troops. This may be several months
away, and there are chances that by this
time Blanco will be forced to surrender In
the face of rioting by his own forces.
No fighting vessels of the navy will be
required on the southern blockade of Cuba.
The auxiliary cruisers will b? abundantly
HAVANA SENDS NEWS
Oaptain General Blanco's Account of Our
Strange American Ship Chased a Gun
boat and Captured Several
(Copyright, 1898. by the Associated Press.)
HAVANA, June 28 ? (Delayed ? In trans
mission.)?It 1b said at the palace of the
captain general here, the headquarters for
official news, that the American forces are
finding difficulty in advancing upon San
tiago de Cuba.
It is claimed that they followed the rail
road track to Juragua from the mines situ
ated a short distance from the coast, be
tween Siboney and Aguadores, but were
unable to reach the latter place In spite of
the protection afforded by the Are of the
The commander of the Spanish gunboat
Ardilla reports that while reconnoitering on
June 20, at Coloma, Punta Cortes, and
other places at Coyaela, he was informed
that a strange steamer with one smoke
stack, apparently a warship of 3,000 tons,
was In sight. The stranger soon caught
sight of the Ardilla and pursued her. The
gunboat kept within the Blue sea and suc
ceeded in keeping out of range of the guns
of her pursuer. To the southeastward the
stranger, which turned out to be an Ameri
can ship, appeared to be in company with
several other vessels.
The Ardilla made a reconnaissance on
the following day, June 27, and discovered
that the American ship had captured the
sloops Nemesia of Batabano, province of
Havana; Amistad and Manuellta of Co
loma. province of Pinar del Rio, and the
pilot boats Luz and Jacinte. It is claimed
that when the sloops were sighted the
American si ip hoisted the Spanish flag,
which caused Pilot Joaauin Fernandez of
the Luz to hoist the Spanish flag, believing
he had to do with a Spanish warship. The
pilot also approached the American vessel
and did not And out his mistake until a
blank shot and afterward loaded shells
were fired at the pilot boaf. The shells, It
is claimed, exploded near her.
The American ship by this time seemed
to have driven the Spanish craft into a
bunch, including the Luz, Jacinto, Amistad,
Nemesia and Manuelito. The latter. It is
further alleged, let go their anchors and
were abandoned by their crews, who made
for the shore, golpg in the direction of
Punta de Piedras, on the southwestern ex
tremity of Pinar del RiOi, between the Isle
of Pines and the mainland. The com
mander of the Nemesia, with one of his
crew, remained on board his sloop and was
captured and taken on board the American
ship. Later he was set at liberty,'after
having been Questioned regarding the
Spanish fleet and the general situation of
affairs. , 1
The American ship is described as carry
ing one gun forward, another at her stern
and four guns on each side. She Is said to
have been commanded by a "frigate cap
tain" and to have "carried about six hun
dred men, with blue pants and red fringe,"
who said they were going to Cuba and af
terward to Key West.
THE FOURTH IN SANTIAGO
Hope of Our 8oldiera is to Celebrate It
Thirty-Four Rough Riders Still Miss
ing?Fish Shot Through
Special Dispatch to The Evanlog Star.
ALTARES, Sunday, June 26, via Playa
del Este, June 29.?Our pickets are only
three miles outside of the Santiago har
bor defenses. Lawton's division is In pos
session of Sevllla. In the night Wheeler's
division guards the railroad from Altares
to Morro Castle, the bridge over the Jura
guasita river being thus protected for the
movement of artillery. No further ad
vance Is contemplated until the artillery
arrives. One battery already Is on the
way from Baiijuiri, where the rest is be
General Garcia, with 3,500 Cubans, was
transported to Altares thiB morning and
was ordered to the front on advance
guard. He was greeted with cheers along
The hope Is to celebrate the Fourth of
July In Santiago.
The wounded rough riders are doing well.
Thirty-four are still unaccounted for.
Captain Capron, Hamilton Fish and the
rest who fell were buried on the battlo
lield with an Infantry salute.
The surgeons doubt that the enemy use ,
explosive bullets. The top of Hamilton
Fish's head was taken olf. One man's
skull appears to have been burst open
from within, but at certain ranges the
Mauser bullet waggles, tearing the wide,
rough wound which suggested an explosive
bullet, or mutilation. Two strange wounds
have been treated. In one, the bullet ri
cocheted along a man's arm, entering and
coming out again In four places. Another
entered the top of a negro.'s shoulder, came
out, entered again by the collar bone,
came out once more, entered his neck and
passed through the laryjix. It was ex
tracted on the other stela. \
The correspondent Marshall, has a hole
as big as a pencil sidewise through his
spine, but may live for *ny length of time.
The soldiers say that 1 the . rough riders'
battle is the only occasion on which un
tried volunteers ever fought as well as
The Haitian cable haa. bqen picked up
and we expect to make connection tomor
row with Aguadores.
SPANISH GAME Sl'SPECTED.
Sampson Notified to Watch the Coast
ing Steamer Adnla.
(Copyright, 185)8. by the Associated Press.)
KINGSTON, Jamaica,June 29.?The
coasting steamer Adula has cleared for
Santiago de Cuba and Guantanamo, osten
sibly for fruit and refugees.
Her charters lare understood to be Las
cell'es, de Mercado A iCo.. and her papers
are In every respect' correct; buC United
States Consul Dent suspects that she Is
playing some game fa the Interest of ihe
Spanish. Mr. Dent Hiss not officially pro
tested, but he haa noQhed Washington and
The Adula Is net adapted to blockade
running, as she cannot go ten knots -tn
GEN. MERRITT LEAVES
Expects to Reach Manila Not Later
Than August 1st.
TEEMS OF BIS PBOCLAMMH
Little Ceremony to Mark His Offi
THE NEXT EXPEDITION
SAN FRANCISCO, June 29?The speedy
steamer Newport, bearing Major General
Wesley Merrltt. military governor of the
Philippines, and his staff, besides the As
tor Light Battery and Companies H and
K of the 3d United States Artillery and de
tachments from the signal corps, Is now
on its way to Manila.
As the vessel gradually drew away from
her dock today the blowing of many whis
tles told the people that General Merrltt
had taken his departure. Great crowds
had gathered to witness the departure of
the vessel, and many fashionable equipages
on the dock told of the presence of the
representatives of the "four hundred," who
had come to bid farewell to friends among
the members of the Astor Battery.
Many tug boat3 and yachts chartered for
the occasion a-jcompanied the Newport
down the bay and out through the Golden
Gate to th? Pacific, where the last fare
wells were waved to the departing military
men gathered on the deck of the steamer.
The Newport will make an effort Lo over
take the third fleet of transports, which
sailed on Mor.day after the fleet reaches
Honolulu, where the vessels will coal and
take on fresh supplies before proceeding lo
Manila. Gen. Msrritt Is very anxious to
avoid an encounter with any vessel of the
Spanish ravy and will issue orders to the
fleet at Honolulu to make all possible
speed. It is probable that the Newport will
not wait for the other vessels of the fleet
at Honolulu, but will proceed with as llttie
delay as possible to Manila.
General Merrltt expects to reacn Manila
by July 25 or August 1 at the very latest.
Before his arrival Gen. Greene will have
consulted with Admiral Dewey as to the
advisability of making.a joint attack on
Gen. Merritt's installation as governor
general will be attended with as little cere
mony as possible. In his proclamation he
will assure the people that their forms of
worship and churches will not be interfer
ed with. This will be made clear, as will
also the fact that property Is not to be
confiscated, In order to offset representa
tions to the contrary which have been made
by agents of Spain.
The general has requested the War De
partment to appoint Maj. T. L. Rathbone
as his personal representative in San Fran
The Fourth Expedition.
It is believed that the steamers Peru,
City of Puebla, Acapulco and State of Cal
ifornia will constitute the fourth expedi
tion for the Philippines Information was
received last night from Washington to the
effect that the Alameda, due here today
from Australia, would not be Impressed
Into the government service. It is said that
a fifth and final fleet of transports will
leave this port, so that within a month the
only United States troops left here will be
those assigned to duty for home defense.
It is reported from Tacoma, Washington,
that the Pacific Coast Steamship Company's
steamer Umatilla will be impressed as a
Manila transport. She can accommodate
from 800 to 1,000 troops, besides carrying
8>00 tons of freight.
Mujor Henii Relieved.
Major Hess of the 3d United States Artil
lery, who is soon to go before a retiring
beard, has been rellevjd of the command
of Camp Miller. His successor is Major
Gri-gan of the Cth Artillery, who arrived
on Monday from the east.
Information has been received that the
1st New York Volunteer Regiment, organ
ized In New York city, is coming to San
Francisco, but whether for guard duty or
for work in the Philippines is not yet
An armed guard has been placed around
the hospital at Gamp Merrltt, and here
after no civilians will be allowed within the
lnclosure. This was ordered as a sanitary
The 51st Iowa Regiment gave a drill and
review at the Mechanics' Pavilion last
night. There was a large attendance and
considerable money was netted for the Red
Within the last three weeks an average
of $500 a day, or a total of 111,000, has been
sent away by the soldiers In money orders,
nearly all to relatives at home. There has
a Ho been forwarded about 18,000 by ex
Seat to Their Mother*.
The day after the Kansas regiment was
paid off the express office alone took in
12,700, practically all of which went home
to the mothers of the Kansas volunteers.
Some of these Kansas soldiers sent as much
as $23 out of the 130 received for their first
two months' service, and many gave the
folks at home more than half their earn
Over 20,000 letters and eight sacks of pa
pers are sent away daily by the Camp Mer
rltt post office. From 6,000 to 8,000 letters
and twelve sacks of papers have been the
(ally average of incoming mail for the sol
Frank D. Millet, the noted artist, who is
going to Manila with Gen. Merrltt as the
cori espondent af th? London Times, and
as the representative of American publi
cations, has arrived here.
The Military Secretary.
ATLANTA. Ga? June 29. -Major Geo. P.
Scriyen. signal officer of the department of
the gulf, who was recently appointed mili
tary secretary to Gen. Wesley Me rltt, left
last night for San Francisco.
A Hace to Manila.
The expeditions for the reinforcement of
Admiral Dewey at Manila have been has
tened by the Information concerning the
movement of the Spanish fleet under Ad
miral Camara. The expedition which will
be accompanied by General Merrltt will
start at once, and the department Is entire
ly confident that should the Spanish fleet
be permitted to coal and pass through the
I Suez canal at once, our transports would
be able to reach Manila ahead of tnat fleet.
Even If Camara succeeds In getting coal
and passing through the canal without fur
ther delay, the race between that fleet and
our transports will be extremely exciting,
and will be watched with eager Interest
here. There is no apprehension that Ad
miral Dewey will not be able to deal with
the Camara fleet, reinforced as he Is or
very soon will be by the first expedition
convoyed by the Charleston and by the ar
rival of the Monterey, but it is important
that our transports of troops should reach
their destination before the appearance of
the Spanish fleet in the vicinity of the
Philippines, so that they may be free from
attack by Spanish vessels. Should the Ca
mara fleet get in ahead of our transports.
Admiral Camara, without venturing an at
tack upon Dewey at Manila, might inflict
great damage by intercepting the trans
ports, which would be defenceless.
The First Expedition.
The officials here are confident that Ad
miral Dewey has received the reinforce
ments under Gen. Anderson, which sailed
lrom San Francisco May 25, consisting of
2,500 men, with supplies for one year, on
the City of Pekin. City of Sydney and Aus
tralia. The Charleston certainly has ar
rived, as sha was leading the transports
gome distance after leaving Honolulu, and
with the addition of her 400 sailors and ma
rines Dewey will feel much sater. The
Navy Department did not expect. It now
appears, to hear of the arrival of the troop
transports by the 23d of this month, the date
of the last report frotn Manila. They had
estimated that the troop transports might
be somewhat delayed by a consideration
for their coal consumption, desiring to
avoid reaching Manila with empty bunkers,
as would have been the case if they were
driven at full steam across the Pacific.
Later on there will be a plentiful supply at
Manila, as United States Consul Haywood
at Honolulu has succeeded in purchasing
about 12,000 tons, some of which will be
forwarded immediately to the Philippines.
\o Concern About Germans.
Whatever concern is felt here as to
Dewey's position relates rather to the atti
tude of the natives than to that of Ger
many or any other European power. The
publication of the semi-official note referred
to by an English newspaper this morning
has caused no disquiet here, nor has It
thrown any new light on the situation. It
was stated here positively last week that
there have been no diplomatic exchanges
between the government of the United
States and Germany on the subject of the
landing of German forces In Manila, and
the semi-official note above referred to,
merely confirms that statement and shows
that the same state of affairs still exists.
The declaration in the note of the German
intention to land marines "as soon as it
may become necessary for the protection
of Germans there" la said to be nothing
more than a repetition of the provisions of
international law on that subject. How
ever, Admiral Dewey would doubtless be
consulted as to the existence of such a
necessity if the requirements of neutrality
are to be observed by Germany, and of that
the State Department here entertains no
Nevertheless, it is not disguised hsre that
the administration will feel groatly relieved
when the American military forces have
all arrived and taken up the occupation of
Manila. There are now afloat lust 10,000
United States soldiers destined for the Phil
ippines, ^.nd the last of these ief*. San
Francisco day before yesterday, under com
mand of Gen. Arthur MacArthur. MaJ.
Gen. Merrltt, who has been designated
military commandant of the Philippines,
was to sail today from San Fra.ncls .-o, wi h
his staff, on the Newport. It Is though: to
be very probable that no serious luestion
of Jurisdiction will arise at th? Philippines
as between the American forces anil the
insurgents pending Gen. Merrltt h arriva.
and the announcement of his purpose t>
take military control of the islauis.
A FIGHT TO THE DEATH.
The Spaniard* Promise to Make It at
MADRID, June 29. 10 a.m.?Dlspa'rhes
received from Manila, today, under date of
June 24 say the Spaniards are determined
to fight to the death and that there is
eveiy reason to believe that when the
American troops arrive desperate fighting
will occur on land and sea.
It Is proposed at Manila that the Ger
man warships will prevent the bombard
ment of that place and It Is alleged that
Prince Henry of Prussia is on his way
there on board a warship.
The Spaniards are said to be actively
pushing preparations for the defense of
General Agulnaldo. the insurgent lead
er, declares that the family of Captain
General Augusti who are prisoners in his
hands, are at Panpanga and are well
NO SIGN OF SPANIARDS.
Schooner Kate, With Newspaper Men,
Safely Of Santiago.
Six rial I>Iiipatch to The Evening Star.
Off Santiago de Cuba, June 27 (via King
ston, Jamaica. June 28).?The schooner
Kate, tvlth newspaper correspondents on
board, arrived here from Key West tcday.
She passed within a mile of Cape Maysl.
She saw no sign cf Spaniards. She whs
brought to by the Dolphin at Styrrup light
house, and the correspondents were In
formed that only one Spanish gunboat
had been sighted by the Dolphin since the
outbreak of the war.
QUEEN REGENT'S DECREE.
Spain Will Form ?? Cadis an Ancill
ary Cruiser Division.
MADRID, June 20, 0 a.m.?According to
an announcement printed this morning, the
queen regent intends to Immediately sign a
decree providing for the formation at Cadi*
of an auxiliary cruiser division, consisting
of the Alfonso XIII, Jpquim Del Pelago,
Ciudad de Cadiz and Meteoro.
The Osialksa Claims Bill.
The otmlbus claims bill was by unan
imous consent referred to conference com
mittee yesterday by the House and Mr.
Mahon. Mr. Otjen and Mr. Richardson were
appointed conferees on the part of the
FROM COL HARRIES
A Statement to The Star About th%
THE FOLKS AT HOME ARE WARNED
"We Can't Build Fighting Men
Out of Confectionery."
HINTS HE WANTS HEEDED
Special From a Staff ConT?pnn<]?*nt.
TAMPA, Fla., June 2ft.?The question of
food supply for the boys of the District
regiment has been one that has caused
much annoyance to the officers by reason
of letters from anxious parents at home .-.a
to what their loved ones at the front are
Colonel Harries has received a number of
such letters recently, and In order that the
fathers, mothers, wives and sweethearts of
the boys may rest at ease on the subject ha
has asked The Star representative to pub
lish the following statement from him in
regard to the situation:
"From the day when this regim ent went
into camp at Alger there has been at
least a sufficiency of good food ior every
man in the command. There was one brief
period at Chlckamauga when a variety waa
lacking, but no one was necessarily hungry.
The supply of bacon, hard tuck and sugar
"Since we came to Tamps even the pro
fessional grumbler has had no cause for
complaint. He has g/umbled, of course,
because the government fails to supply him
with chicken, pineapple, oranges, water
melons, lemonade and Ice cream and such
things, which he deems essential to his
welfare, but he has growled without rea
"A consolidated daily mess report taken
haphazard from a number shows that yes
terday's company breakfasts had In them
catineal, milk, fresh bread, beefsteak, with
brown gravy, beefsteak fried, hot biscuits,
cold ham, stewed ham, boiled beans, baked
beans, fried pork, hard tack and coffee.
"The simple breakfast in the lot consist
ed of beefsteak, bread and coffee, plenty of
it, for everybody and splendid material to
drill on. Parents, sweethearts, and friends
should not permit themselves to be Imposed
upon, either by the many artful or the
few faint-hearted men. Occasionally we
can use money In purchasing additional
vegetables, but the demand even for that
purpose ie almost insignificant.
"When the 1st District of Columbia In
fantry suffers from hunger or improper
food while the regiment is within the
United States I will be quick enough to
call upon the good people of Washington
for relief. Meanwhile, X wish the good
people of Washington would assist us In
keeping their boys out of hospital. The
improper food and drink purchased by the
individuals through the frequently mil
taken generosity of the home folks has
wrought more physical harm to the regi
ment than all other causes combined. We
cannot build fighting men out of confection
Learned the Tricks.
The boys in camp are not the same ones
that left Washington six weeks ago by a
Jugful. They have learned all sorts of old
soldier tricks, and from appearances are
working them on the home folks like veter
ans. Most of the sickness In the hospital
has been caused by eating canned goods
sent from home or purchasing all sorts of
me^ses^old by dyspepsia vender* with th?
money sent by sympathetic relatives an!
friends at home. The drill this mominc
was devoted almost entirely to the loading
and firing movements. The men were fur
nished blank cartridges, and for more than
an hour the camp sounded as if a Fourth
cf July celebration was going on. This Is
great practice for the men. They hav?
about ten thousand rounds of blanks which
they will use up.
Yesterday afternoon there was a lively
scrap In the cook tent of Company M.
James M. Carico, the cook, got into a fuss
with a private, who let him have a good
one under the left ear. Carico fell like a
log and struck his head apainst a meat
block. He was at fault and was taken to
the guard tent. Shortly after his arrival
there he. went Into convulsions, but Dr.
Cook soon brought him around all right.
There were no cases of Importance at the
fccspltal this mcrnlng. Corporals Jas. A.
Bresnahan and Charles C. Butterfleid of
Company H have been reduced to the
ranks, and Privates C. F. Bryant ai.d H.
N. Pendleton 0-' the same company have
been promoted to be corporals In their
stead. Discharges have been granted by
the War Department to Privates A. P. Tuff
of Company F ard Wm. E. Nlecy of Com
pany K. These men will return to Wash
Have Their Illue Shirts.
Tl.anks to Quartermaster Field, the men
have all been supplied with the regulation
blue shirts. Capt. Field found a car con
taining 700 yesterday, and he stuck '.o them
until they were issued io him. The lioyn
are very much disappointed over the fact
that at least once a week they are order-id
to march up the Llll and then march down
again. They had hoped at this ft me to
have some definite or&ers. The censor will
not allow news of any kind regarding the
n;ovement of the regiment. The boys had
some bad news yesterday that the censor
will not permit correspondents to chronicle.
If they should get some good news today
or tomorrow, as they expect, he will not
allow that to be published either. B.
TO COMMAWD THE CHICAGO.
AialgBDkent of Capt. Cooper, Saval
'Captain P. H. Cooper, superintendent of
the Naval Acadcmy, has been selected to
ccmmand the cruiser Chicago.
Other officers assigned to that vessel are
Lieut. C. E. Colohan and Chief Engineer
Dixon. The Chicago is one of the pioneers
of the new navy and is what is known as
a Roach cruiser. She was the flagship of
the white squadron which visited Europe
several years ago. Sbe has recently under
gone extensive alterations at the Kew
York navy yard, having received new en
gines, new 'boilers, new machinery and
heavier modern guns. She has been prac
tically rebuilt on modern lines and her ef
ficiency Increased manyfold until she now
compares favorably with other vessels of
her class In foreign navies. It Is expected
that ah* will be completed and ready to
go into commission In about a month. She
will prove a valuable addition to tke fleet
of vessels now engaged ta the war wltfe
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