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THE EVENING STAR.
PCBLKHKn UtlCl EXCEPT SUDiY. AT THE STAR BUILDINGS, J1C1 r>nr.fv!T8r'a Areniie, Cer. li'h 8t., by The Evening Star New?paper Company S. H. KAUFFMANN, Prea't. Sew York 0<5ce, 49 Potter Bn.idiaj. Ttoe Evening Star 1* serred to snt?acrlb??rs In tbo eity by ci triers, on tbetr own aoconut. at 10 cent* per wtn-k or 44 cents per ninntb. Copies at the cei.oter 2 ?*etts earh. By mail? anywhere la the Lnited States <r Caoada- postage prepaid?ftd ccnis per mouth. Satarday Qnintnpl- Sbe*>t Star, $1 per year, with for?-'grn postage add*?d. $3.08. <Entered at the Po t OrfW at Washington. D. C.. se^v ?n<t-rlnMi rua'l matter.) C7A11 mall ?n?!*r?rfpt!o!i9 most be paid In ndrance. Bares of adrertlslng made known on application. No. 14,145. WASHINGTON FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1898. TWO CENTS. THE STAR BY MAIL. m Persons leaving the city for any period can have The Star mailed to then to any address In the Vnlted Statei or Canada, by ordering It at thla office. In person or by letter. Terms- 13 cents per week; 25 cento for two weeks, or SO cents per month. Invariably In advanoe. Sub ?crlbora changing their address from one Post-office to another should (rive the last address as well as tho new one. TRA! 2:15 O'CLOCK P. M. BATTLE BEGUN Assault on Santo iy American Laid ail Sea Forces. Tie VBsuTius' Dynamite Gnns Am M ffitl Telling; Effect Upon Forts. EFFECTIVE BOMBARDMENT OF MORRO Spanish Fleet in the Harbor Fired on Our Troops Near the City. HARD FIGHTING ALL ALONG THjd LINE (Oprrisht. 1S9S, by the Amcbtcd Profs.) PLAY A DEL ESTE, Province of Santiago de Cuba, July 1,11 '-20 a.m. A. general assault on the city of San tiago (le Cuba by the land and sea forces of the United States began at 7 o'clock this morning. Gen. Lawton advanced and toqk possession of Cabona, a suburb of Santiago. Morro Castle and the other forts at the entrance of the harbor were bombarded by our fleet. The \ esu vius used her dynamite guns with good effect. The Spanish fleet in the harbor fired on the American troops, who were very close to the city. Hard fighting all along the Ameri can line was in progress at 11 o'clock. Xine wounded Cubans have been brought in. FIGHTING NEAR CANEY. Gen. Lawton Will Hove on San tiago. Secretary Alger this morning re ceived the following dispatch from Gen. Shafter, dated at 9:54 a.m. to day: CAMP AT SAY ILL A, CUBA, July 1.?Action now going on, but firing light and desultory. Begun on right near Caney, Lawton's division. He will move an northeast part of town of Santiago. Will keep you continually advised of progress. (Signed) SHAFTER. Major General, commanding. THE ATTACK ON MORRO CASTLE A dispatch was read in the cabinet meeting from Colonel Allen, in charge of the signal station at Playa del Este. He said that the fight was growing furious in all directions. At the time he sent the telegram eight Americans and nine Cubans had been wounded. The Spanish fleet was shelling the American forces as they advanced. Admiral Sampson was firing upon the forts and everything Spanish in sight It is momentarily expected that Morro Castle will be taken by the American forces and that Admiral Sampson win then advance through the channel and attack the Spanish fleet. The description given by Colonel Alien was a splendid one and en thused the cabinet gathering to the greatest extent Cabinet members pictured the battle as an awful one. "I would like to be there," said one. "Just think of the two fleets firing and the armies engaged in combat. It must be a grand sight. Of course we are confident that the Americans will win." It is learned that the attack of Gen. Lawton is simply a feint and that the real attack was made on the left. GETTING THE NEWS. Agiltlion Canned by Gen. Shafter'* Dispatch. The battle of Santiago has begun. Such was the startling news conveyed in the brief dispatch received from General Shat ter at 10 o'clock this morning, announcing that action had been begun near Santiago. Brief as, it was !t told the thrilling story that the first shots of the long-expec'.ed crash of arms, probably the first great land engagement of the war, was under way. It Gen. II. W. I.nnion. sent a thrill through official circles, from the highest to the lowest. Secretary Alger was the first to read it. He passed it to General Corbin, adjutant general of the army, and directed him to take it at once to tho White House. General Corbin went to the President, carrying the original dis patch. He was back shortly, and then a bulletin was posted giving the dispatch verbatim. Until then only the higher of ficials had known that the decisive hour was at hand. But now the news spread through the corridor, and a wave of agita tion and expectancy took hold of every one. A great crowd of correspondents struggled about the bulletin board; messenger boys dashed off with dispatches, the clerks, men and women, turned from their desks and gathered at the doorways. Meantime Secretary Alger remained at his desk, while the usual train of callers pushed their way forward. The Secretary has a deep personal Interest in the fight, for the reason that his son, young Captain Alger, on the staff of General Duffleld, was participating in the engagement. As the Secretary started to the cabinet meeting ha spoke with satisfaction of the fact that sufficient time had elapsed to permit Gen eral Shafter to get his army well concen trated at the front, and thrown out Into good battle formation. The Secretary felt that our forces were on the aggressive, and that the mere fact that the action was now going on showed that Shafter had bided his time and was now ready to strike a de cisive blow. Word had come, prior to the Shafter dispatch, showing that the artil lery which had been brought to the front was well placed. Gen. Miles, commanding the army, re ceittd a copy of the dispatch soon after it arrived. He had expected It, for only a ftwjiours before a dispatch came to him from c^n. Breckinridge, inspector general ? SANTIAGO IIARDOR AND VICINITY. of the army, stating that the spirit of the troops was high, and that they we re eager 8t.d expectant for action. Gen. Breckin ridge's dispatch indicated that successful results might be expected very soon. Viewfil From Balloon. Gen. Miles also received another dis patch. s<nt quite early this morning from Shafter's headquarters, saying that the big n.ilitary balloon was now high in the air and was giving ojporUnity for observa tion over a great tweep of country. This in itself was of Incalculable value to our troops. Brave reconnoissances had been made, but these were of little value com pared to what could ba seen from a bal loon a mile or more in the air, command ing a radius of observation of from twenty to forty miles with powerful telescopes. Gen. Miles had seen these war balloons ifi successful use at Aldershott, again during the French military maneuvers, when a six-horse wagon to which the great air ship was anchored followed a squadron of cavalry on the dead run. He says Ger man ships going at eighteen knots have hauled these captive balloons along with J them. At St. Petersburg also he saw them operated during maneuvers. This was the first actual use by the American army in the present war, and the commanding gen Grn. I.In 11 res, Governor of Hnntlanro. eral sets much store on the definite infor mation they will give as to the exact loca tion of all the Spanish forc?s, their points of concentration, the location of Cervera's warships in the harbor, and possibly the progress of Spanish reinforcements. After the first announcement of Shatter was bulletined. th? time dragged wearily, with nothing from the Held to answer the Intense anxiety to which every one was wrought. Gen. Shafter's assurance that he would "Keep you continually advised of progress" gavj promise of early details, and there was the keenest awaiting of these reports. It had been arranged that they should go first to the White House while the cabir.et was in s?ssion, and then should be bulletined, so far as warranted. The officials showed every disposition to keep j the public completely advised of actual oc ! currances. Urn. Latvlou'M Division. According to Gen. Shafter's report, thi attack on Santiago was begun by the 2d Division of the 5th Army Corps, commanded by Brig. Gen. H. W. Law ton. This divi sion consists of three brigades, made up as follows: First Brigade, commanded by Col. J. J. Van Horn?Mil United States Infantry, 22d United States Infantry and 2d Massachu setts Infantry. Second Brigadi, commanding officer un j known, but supposed to be Col. Bates?1st I United States Infantry. 4th United Sti-.tes , Infantry and 25th U;4U'd Slates Infantry. Third Brigade, commanded by Brig.%Gen. 1 A. K. Chaffee?7th United States Infantry, | J2th United States Infantry and 17tl\ United Statss Infantry. it thus appears that the division which opened the hostilities of the day Is com posed entirely of regular troops, seasoned and experienced in battle, with the ;xcep tlon of the 2d Massachusetts Volunteer In fantry, regarded as one of the best volun teer organizations of the army. Gen. Lawlon'a Record. General Lawton, who wan chosen for the Important and responsible duty of opening the battle by the capture of Caney and the Interception of Spanish reinforcements now ncarlng Santiago, is a good fighter and a soldier of experience and ability. He served in the Union army throughout the war, having entered as sergeant of Com pany E, !)th Indiara Volunteer Infantry, in April, 1*61, and being successively pro moted through merit on the field of battle to flrst lieutenant of the 30th Indiana In fantry, In August, 1901; to captain in May, 1 1862, and lieutenant colonel In November, 1864. In March, 1865, he was brevetted ool cnel for gallant and meritorious services during the war. He entered the regular es tablishment in July, 1866 as second lieuten ant of the 41st Infantry (colored), and ra il ained with that branch or the army until January. 1871, when he was transferred to the 4th Cavalry, with which he remained until September, 1988. when he was ap pointed Inspector general, with the rank of major. He was subsequently promoted to tho rank of lieutenant colonel, and held that rank until the opening of the present war with Spain, when the President ap pointed him brigadier general of volun teers. and assigned him to the command of a division of the 5th Army Corps, com manded by Gmeral Shatter. CAPTURE OF CASEY. Thin la the Object of the Attack by I.mrrim'K Division. (Copyright, 1808, by the A??xUted Pr?s.) Off Juragua. Provinee of Santiago tie Cuba. Thursday, June 30, 7 p.m., per th? Associated Press dispatch boat Wanda, via Port Antonio, Jamaica. July 1, 6 a.m? and Kingston, Jamaica. July 1, 8:15 a.m.-Over fifteen thousand American soldiers, includ ing all the regular troops now operating in Cuba, and three volunteer regiments, sup ported by four thousand Cubans under General Garcia, lie tonight within v<ew of the Spanish entrenchments, north and east of Santiago de Cuba, ready for a forward movement in the morning, which may lead immediately to a general assault upon the city. 1 he advance will be made by General I^awton s division, forming the right v/ing, and if the Spaniards show signs of re treating or circumstances otherwise war ran: it. General Wheeler's division and General Kent's division will doubtless join in the advance, endeavor to drive the Spaniards before them, itnd enter the city. While the movement nay not reach this extent tomorrow its purjiuse is to force the 5,000 men of General L&wton's command two miles further forward than they are now, to the little village of Caney and oc cupy the ridge overlooking the city and harbor, from which our artillery Are can be rained upon the Spanish entrenchments in front of the city and upon the large body of Spanish soldiers holding them. A Further Advnnce. It may be that they will be satisfied to accomplish this movement in one day and then postpone a further advance until the light artillery and siege fjins can be placed in position on the ridg.- <nd preparations can be made to pour a t'?adly Are of shell and shrapnel into the entrenchments, dis lodging tho enemy and enabling the main body of the American forces to carry the city by storm. It is believed that as General Lawton ad vances General Kent's di\islon, on the left, will attack Aguadores, or, the sea coast,' four miles east of Morro Castle, which would give our army a case much nearer Santiago than the presenjf one at Juragua. Until today our men at the front have been subsisting on half cations, but, owing to the excellent work of <foionel John Wes ton, chief of commissarj4departpient, sup plies have been sent to Ihe front by pack trains with great dispatcj) all the day and night, and our soldiers fare no longer in want of food. Though Jihey have been urenched with rain forfteveral days and have been suffering fro* lack of sufficient food the spirit of our s-rtdiers is all that could be desired, and ttey are eager Tor the general attack ukon the enemy's stronghold. Went to the Front. The 3d and 20th Infancy, the last regu lars to remain at Juragua, went to the front today, and the 33di Michigan and one battalion of the 34th Michigan will break camp early this morning and Join General Kent s division on the' seacoast, leaving nothing at Juragua except supplies and a large field hospital in charge of the chief surgeon of corps, prepared to attend the wounded who may be there from the field hospitals at the frc^t. "SVith our troops closing in on the Spanish entrenchments and lylii almost at the gates of Santiago, supported by the great Admiral Ctrvera. fleet of our war.hlpr ly|ngr jU8t outaI<]e the entrance of the harbor, prepared to demolish the Spanish shfrre batterie. if they attempt to stop the proves, of our army, the fall of the city of Santiago de Cuba seem, to be near at hand, and the great majority of our 8oldlsrtj ?eeplnfr tonigbt on the eve of event, which are to occur tomorrow, believe the American flag will float over Santiago on the nation's birth day, Monday next. j WITH THE ARMY. (Copyright, 1898, hy th, ^ , With the United State. Army. Five Miles East of Santiago de Cuba, Thursday, June 3<>, Noon, via Play del Este, Province of Santiago de Cuba, June SO. Evening.?The American forces, now numbering nearly 17,000 men, still occupy a position. In a long lino, five miles east of Santiago de Cuba, but no forward movement has been made for the past twenty-four hours, ow ing to the difficulty experienced 111 forward ing sufficient supplies .from the base at Juragua and the fact that it has not been possible to send light artillery and siege guns to the front from Baiqulri up to the present. Major General Shatter is at the front and is conducting the reconnaissance In per son. American troops have made no attack as yet upon Agudores, on the coast, near the left wing of the insurgent army, where tlie new base may be established later. The town of Caney, which commands the land entrance into Santiago de Cuba, lies close to the American right wing, and will probably be taken without difficulty Boon, as It Is held by only a small guard of Spanish troops. Tlir Pimm. American scouting parties have been with in a thousand yards of Caney without be ing attacked, and the roads in that vicinity Gen. GiirrU. have been repaired and improved by our troops, indicating that the artillery will be moved in that direction. It is believed that the investment of Santiago de Cuba will follow the capture of Caney. There are about 5/100 Cubans operating with the American army at the front, and the Spanish force defending Santiago de Cuba is estimated at from 12,000 to 1!0,000 men. In addition, as already cabled, Gen eral Pando, the Spanish military com mander in the field, is marching from Man zanillo, some 127 miles west, with about 8,1X10 men, and, unless checked by the small force of Cubans holding the mountain passes, he ought to reach Santiago, in his efforts to support General Linares, in a few days. The American camps have been soaked by the recent rains, and the roads are in bad condition, but our officers and men are confident they will be able to make a gen eral attack soon, and that Santiago will fall before them. The cable was placed in operation this morning at Juragua, Altares and Siboney, and communication is now open between the invading army and Washington. READY TO UO FORWARD. Preparation* for the AmmuoII on Santl uk<> TIiIm Mornlnit. OFF JURAGUA, Thursday, June 30, 7 p.m., via Kingston, Jamaica, July 1, 8:18 J a.m.?The American troops are ready for a forward movement in the morning, which may lead to a general assault upon Santi ago de Cuba. General Lawton's command will be push ed two miles further forward and capture Caney, from which place the Spanish in trenchments can be bombarded. MORHO WAS SILENT. | The Ti'ian Approached Within l.TOO Yards of the C'antle. Special Dispatch to The Evening Star. Siboney, Thursday Evening, June 30, via Playa del Este, July 1.?A reconnoltering party started today to Aguadores by the railroad, bub can go no further, a trestle being broken. The fleet Is coaling at Guantanamo to its full capacity and the colliers will be sent north for complete cargoes, In order to be prepared for a long distance. Nothing further is heard of the coming of Gen. Pando's troops. The Texas last night approached within 1,700 yards of the Morro under orders and used her searchlights, but failed to attract notice. The Spanish are saving their am munition. Admiral Sampson can reduce ! the outer defenses when the army is ready to have him. It has rained again, and the military road to Siboney Is muddler than ever, but re pairs are proceeding. Cable communica tion was established this morning by the signal corps under Allen. The army base is at Siboney, with a navy base at Playa del Este. BLANCO SCORNS CCRTERA, Cool Feelliifr Between the Spanish Leaders in Cnbau LONDON, July 1.?The Pall Mall Ga zette's correspondent In Madrid telegraph* from that city today saying that coldness exists between Captain General Blanco and Admiral Cervera, adding that Blanco or dered Cervera to leave Santiago de Cuba and the admiral replied that he would be glad to leave, but his guns were dismount ed, he was without coal and the American admiral was waiting outside. EXPECTED AN ATTACK. Spanish Guard* Withdraws Front Forta Ontaide Intrenchmenta. Special From a Staff Correspondent. Cuban Army Outpost Tuesday Evening, June 28, via Port Antonio.?Tha Cuban picket line haa been pushed one mile ahead of the main support of American troops. No fire haa yet been drawn from tha ene my within the fortifications. The mala body ot the troops cannot advanoe mock DYNAMITE (Kl I further until the artillery opens the way. Four batteries of light artillery are being placed in position here at the front of the line of pickets, and they expect attack hourly. The Spanish guards were withdrawn from the forts outside the entrenchments last night. A reconnaissance has been made close enough to hear the sentinels call to each other. The Spaniards have been using: helio graphs and searchlights. A close inspection shows that the guns taken from the ships have been placed I mainly at the northwest entrance to the I city. The Spaniards still hold authority over j the village of Caney. An emissary, who came from within San tiago, arrived today and reports that the defensive force numbers 12.UU0, and tt.UUO of the volunteers are living on rice and horse j meat. The Spaniards expect an immediate attack. General Luque is reported to have arrived from Holquin with reinforcements, and forces are also reported marching from Manzaniiia, but these reports are not con firmed. PEPPER. RI SE OK THE SPANIARDS. Mun> Kril CroM I'lim* on Snntlaso linll<lliiK? Lead to Saapletun. Special Dispatch to The Erenlng Slur. Siboney Anchorage, Wednesday. June ID, via Pkiya del Este, July l.-Tlie flret rail road train is being made up ashore to transport supplies toward Santiago. The harbor locomotive this morning, In charge of Capt. Fitch of the engineer corps, went up the track with a tender full of Infantry. The roadted was all right. They passed one bridge, approaching within five miles of Morro. They were sliol upon by Spanish G*n. Jacob F. Kent. infantry, but none was hurt. It was pleas ant to hear the engines and the homelike whistle. Capt. Chandler made a reconnoissance and discovered the Spaniards busily work ing on their entrenchments around Santi ago. Red Cross flairs were flying on many buildings and church steeples in the city. It has been suggested here that this may be a ruse to prevent cannonading. Our of ficers declir.e to believe that the enemy would resort to a subterfuge so irregular and depreciative of an emblam so sacred, but it must mean either this or that the city is a vast hospital. It certainly has many wounded. A Cuban spy reports that seventy dead were brought to it from the fight with the Rough Riders and the 1st Cavalry regulars. With the forty bodies found in the field, this would make HO lost by the Spanish on that day The soldiers told the spy that the Ameri cans rushed surprisingly close, and said. "They almost caught us with their hands." Several mule trains, with rations and am munition, were zig-zagged over the hill trail toward the front today. GARCIA'S DASH WESTW ARD. Penetrated Nearer S.?tic*? IJefen.e. Than Any Other Force. Special Dispatch to The Evening Star. Sevllla, Cuba, Thursday, June SO. via Playa del Este, July l.-Garda s Cubans made a dash westward this afternoon and penetrated nearer the defenses of Santiago than any hostile force yet. Led by the J. B. Plllsbarr. Commanding Ten^u. gray-haired general they skirted Caney, a cluster of villas two miles from the arsetial. and passed In plain view of the Spanish pickets. Tonight they are camped near Ly, pre paring for aa attack as soon as permission ta obtained. The Cubans have rations for twaatr-tour tours, and argue that aa SER VESIVIIS. early advance Is probable from these cir cumstances. Many of Garcia's men formerly re.?idcl In Santiago, being driven thence bv the barbarity of General Wevler, and today, when they caught a glimpse of their former homes, they gave a tremendous cheer and demanded to be led forward lmm?diately. General Garcia and his officers restraining them with difficulty. Caney Is composed of residences of ths wealthy classes, and General Garcia ex? pects to occupy It without difficulty, as th* Spanish evidently are disposed to abandon the town. From Caney the main road en ters Santiago from the northeast, thus making it an Important point In the [vend ing operations. General Garcia expects to have the honor of leading the grand assault, and has ex horted his men to fight desperately. GI EHRILI.U n CAREY* Five Hundred of Them. With One t.on. In an Old Church. 8peel?l Dispatch to The RreninK 8t?r. Camp of the 1st Regiment, Wednesday, June :Kt (via Playa del Este). July 1.?I ac companied an advanced reconnaissance to Caney today. Five hundred Spanish guer rillas were encamped there, entrenched be hind a barbed wire fence and a ditch. They had one small gun. and an old church had been turned Into a fort by the Spanish. There were no scouts or advanced outpostn and no earthwork in the direction of Caney. This place probably will fall tomorrow. G< neral Sliafler came to the Iront today and camped. He has stopped the wagon trains, because the wagons stuck in the mud. The heavy rains yesterday will cause further delay. Troops are on extremely short rations, on account of the difficulty of packing pro visions to the front. Working details from many regiments are roadinaklng. Our outposts are now at El Poso. five miles from Santiago. A thou sand Cubans, under Gonzales, hover about our front, performing good scout service. Tin: SEN ATE RECEDED. Aerced m Sundry Civil and ludlaa Appropriation llllla. The Senate late yesterday afternoon cleared th; legislative decks for what may l<e the final action upon the Hawaiian an nexation resolutions. Through Its action the last of the appropriation bills thai has l>een pending In conference was disposeJ of and was a lew before midnight. After a debatj lasting three hours the Senate finally receded from Its amendments to the sundry civil and adopted the con ference report on the Indian api>ropriallort bill. Mr. Allison (Iowa), In charge of the bills, explained that It was necessary that the r< ports should be agreed to last night, as that was the last of the fiscal year. H? pointed out that If the bills were not !iti by midnight they would have to be passsd again by the two branches of Congress. The delay consequent upon such action would seriously embarrass the government and might force Congress lo remain in ses sion several weeks longer. In denouncing the action of the conferees for striking out the free homes provision of the Indian bill. Mr. Pettigrew (3 D.) charged the republican party with being dominated by the "mon>y power" and with the election of senators by the corrupt use of money. * Mr. Uate (Ternn.) and Mr. Tlllmnn (S. C.) discussed at length the Hawaiian annexa tion resolutions. The latter discussed tne raca problem from the standpoint of a southern man. and was chancterinlcaily vigorous in his remarks. He xccountod for the slight Interest manifested in the Ha waiian debate by saying that the question was fully discussed In executive session sarly last winter, and that It win only nat ural that there should be a lack of Interest and an unwillingness to listen to a repeti tion of speeches delivered then. At <1:34 p.m. the Senate went Into sxecu tlve session, and at <1:87 adjourned. W ATSOX JOINS SAMPSOS. ' The Commodore Reports His Arrival Off SivntlaKO. Commodore Watson has reported to the Navy Department his arrival oft Santiago. He is In consultation with Admiral Samp son respecting the details of the cruise to Spain, which it is expected will oceupy fully four months, provided the war en dures that length of time. The delays to I which the Spaniards are subject at Fort I Said will redound very greatly to the ad I vantage of Admiral Dewey If Camara ia still In reality bound for the Philippines, | for they insure the arrival of almost the j whole of General Merrltt's military force and almost certainly of the cruiser Charles ton and the monitors Monterey and Mo I nadnock before the Spanish squadron could reach Manila harbor. The Wounded of Uuaalna. The Secretary of War has received a dis patch from General Shatter, datvd Biboney, Cuba, June a). Saying: "Edward Marshall reported better. Oli vette should be kept here. About forty men that doctors will send back by first opportunity to Key West." General Shafter's dispatch shows that the men wounded at the battle of (Juasina will be sera to Key West as soon os possi ble, but not by the hospital ship Olivette, which will be retained ill Cuban waters to meet any emergency which may require her services. The Military Telegraph. General Grecly, chief signal officer, has received a dispatch from Lieutenant Col onel Allen, chief signal corps In Cuba, an nouncing that a telegraph and telephone station had been established at a point within two miles of the city of Santiago. Thia information is of the highest im portance to the officials of the War Depart ment, as It Insures to them practically di rect communication with General Shatter. Mr. Altra Made Xa Bach Itatemeat. Assistant Secretary Allen la indignant on being quoted in a New Tork afternoon paper as saying that Watson's squadron would sail for Spain Monday and that the coast of Spain would be bombarded within three weeks. Mr. Allen says he has mad* r.o such statement and repudiates th* al leged Interview. Pnn-Aaeerleaa Baak Bill. The House spent yesterday In Ml Inef fectual efTort to pasa the the International bank bill, but action was prevsnfed by fili bustering on the part of opponents of th? bill.