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LIVE TO REGRET IT
Soldiers and Sailore Find That Buck ing Does Not Pay. THE ODDS ABE ALL AGAINST THEM Stories of Men Who Have Tried it and Have Failed. ri'XIrfHMKNT IN WAR TIME recent in cident down in the Tampa camp in which a young pri vate of the District Guard, ordered, along with one of his companions, to do a bit of log carrying for misconduct, de clined the issue and resorted to "buck ing"?a foolish re course for any man wearing a uniform? an<l thereby plunged himself into a court martial mess, ought to possess instructive features for new men in both of the ser vices, land and sea. This young man's companion, fully aware that he had vio lated regulations and deserved punish ment. level-headedly accepted his dose of log packing, and after he had walked post with his log weighing down his shoulders for the period specified, he was turned loos*, and probably walked then to his tent and "pounded his ear," as old sol diers term the act of sleeping after unusual exertion. The young man who couldn't see Into the log-packing business, and chucked It to the ground with-the declaration that he hadn't taken on for that sort of thing, will learn. It may require some considera ble ?efTort and hardship on his part, but he will learn. The soldier or sailor who doesn't apprehend the entire meaning of the word obedience when he first jumps into his uniform Is by no means a hopeless case. He generally turns out trig and right-minded after he has done a trick or two in guardhouse or brig. Some recruits, however, remain "buckers" until they achieve their finish. The finish of a uni formed bucker?"bucker" is a phrase em ployed in l>oth services?is always the same. His days are made so dreary and unj< yous for him that he Is usually com pelled to desert. If he fears capture after desertion, and therefore continues in his service, only to keep on bucking, he is due. sooner or later, but inevitably, to wear a number, stamped in big red figures, oft the left shoulder of the striped jumpers dished out to military and naval convicts. The chronic bucker knows this Just as well as his peaceful and obedient comrade or ship mate. It seems, therefore, extraordinary enough that any uniformed man possessing the sense that he was born with should adopt persistent bucking tactics while in the military employ of Uncle Samuel. Alunyt a Few on Hand. Yet the army Is never without its buck ers. and neither is the navy. Scratch a bucker, and you will always discover that he is a man who donned a uniform for the cakes and ale and the beer and skittles.of it. He is not a man who is ready to take the game of soldiering or sailoring as it comes along. He would be a perpetual ki? ker in civilian life. The difference is that, while he might make his incessant kicking as a civilian go through all right, and be a nuisance to his neighbors, he can't make it stick in the army or navy. There is the book of regulations. It was devised for the bucker as well as for the man of obedient disposition. All hands have to . regulate themselves in accordance with that book of regulations. The bucker takes it that the book is all wrong?thereby oe c??mlng known to his companions in arms as a "barrack lawyer'' or a "man-o'-war chaw." according to his service?and begins to buck. Then it is pretty nearly over with him. His wind-up is in plain view, bigger on the horizon than a Liverpool oil barge. So far. the military courts-martial have g?.ne very lightly upon military offenders. The courts-martial have tak^n the com parative rawness of the regulation viola tors into consideration. Now, military reg ulations ir time cf war and in time of I . i ire very different Indeed. War mag nifies minor military ofTenses a good twenty fold. And yet. the volunteer soldiers who have thus far been brought before courts ? martial have received much smaller sen tences than regular army soldiers get for similar ofTenses in time of peace. For ex anipl-. down in Chickamauga a private soldier slugged his first sergeant?"top" sergeant. : rmy name. He got a summary court-martial and thirty days in the guard teat. This, in time of war. If, a month before war w;*s declared, a regular army soldier had thrashed the first sergeant of his outfit, he would have got a general court-martial, and a sentence of three years in a military prison at the very least. But then, regular army soldiers are sup pose .i t>? thoroughly understand the Inevi table aftermath of fractiousness. So are volunteer soldiers, for the matter of that, but they are being given time to permit the rule of obedience to thoroughly soak Into their minds, which Is quite right and prop er. Hut. if this war is protracted, the courts-martial of the future will not be quit- !??> I-nient as they now are. It will then be a bad time for buckers to engage In t>ucklng There are ways in both the army and hig: Graduates of the Washington High School are to be found In every walk of life and In practically every part of the country. Tuere Is a certain spirit of pride h> the Institution that preserves a bond of unity aniang them, and wherever they may f eet they never fall to resume or form ac quaintance on the basis of thtlr local aimu mater. In these war times High School txys are beiig heard ftom in many hon orable connections. The District regiment, now on Its way to Cuba contains a any of these younjr men who re ceived their educational start in the Washington High School. The Star has just receiv *d a copy of a photograph of the High School graduates who were at the tim? members of the regiment. This picture was taken at Tampa before the departure of Adjutant Horton, who Is now la tke adjutant general's depart navy to bring buckers to their senses, and the majority of buckers eventually achieve s# nse enough to appreciate what a hard proposition they are up against in endeavor ing to bring the framers of regulations to an understanding of their incapacity, and they subside Into good soldiers. A few buckers. however, stick it out to the end. 1 her?- was such a bucker soldiering with an artillery battery stationed at Alcatraz Is land. Cal., a few years ago. This man, however, thought he was right, and there fore differed from the ordinary run of buckers. who buck not on princlole, but because they were born that way. He was accused of neglect of duty on post, and the general court-martial sentenced him to three months in the Alcatraz guardhouse. Guardhouse prisoners are turned out at fatigue call every morning to work around the post. This pnronefcv was turned out on the morning foliowing rthe receipt of his sentence, along with half a dozen other minor prisoners. When he was counted oft to walk in the van of a sentry, he turned to the provost sergeant, and said he: "I don't work." "Hey?" inquired the provost sergeint. "I don't work." repeated the prisoner, s "On. I guess yes," said the provost ser geant. "Sentry take this man out behind the officers' line to dump the swill cans." The prisoner gently slipped down an.l stretched himself at full length on the peb f ly walk in front of th? guard house. "Not this morning/' said he. "Nor any other morning. Nor any other evening. No work. This man'c army is just about enter ing upon a huge and determined effort to rc: along without my prisoner's fatigue service. I hope it'll succeed. Bui -n > work. You hear thai, aon't you? I hope I make it clear to you. No work for me, now or here after, for the pushing along of this post cr of the United States army." Then the prisoner yawned, placed his arms under his head and took it easy. The provost sergeant looked at 1'ie man with his eyes st.eking out. Heavy Talk. "Look a-here, my man," said he to the prisoner, who was chewing blades of grass that he ld'y r ucked from the lawn along side the walk; "that's heavy talk. You don't expect to make it stick, do you?" "Watch me," said the bucker, complais ar.tly. The officer of the day was called. "Get up out of that," said the officer of the day to the non-working prisoner. "I'm tired," said the bucker. "And this provost man wants me to work. Not much! No work." Alcatraz was not Fort Sheridan, and so the buckt r was not prodded with bayonets or dragged to the cammanding officer's of fice by a rope, but he was put in the dun geon. The Alcatraz dungeon is below the level of the sea, and the restless and often stormy waters may be heard, from within the dungeon, beating against its outer wails. The Alcatraz dungeon is infested with rats of quite remarkable lerocity. For resting place the occupant of the Alcatraz dungeon has a six-foot plank, ajid for ra tion brtad and water. This bucker was given three days of it. Then he was brought out at fatigue call on the fourth morning, lie was a bit pale, and he didn't look the ISO pounds that he weighed before he went into the dungeon. "Ready to work now, eh?" said the pro vost sergeant to the prisoner. The bucker plucked a wisp of grass from the sward. wi!i*0|?.e' Ka,i'1 l,he Prisoner. "And never ?? * ready, iou can put that down. Uungeon or no dungeon. 1 don't work out of It "0t a day of "? "or a minute or it. Iou hear me, don't you?" Would Xot Give In. The officer of the day got the same re ply. Three more days of the dungeon was dished out to the bucker by order of tha commanding officer. The prisoner was pa.er and thinner-looking yet when he was through with this dose. "iou've learnt sense now, I'll bet." said the provost sergeant. "If sense means work. I'm still a-learn lrg. replied the bucker. Tan be Kept, by regulation, three days locked up in the guardhouse proper before being again relegated to the dungeon. \\ hen the thiee days were up Into the dungeon he went again, this time for a six-day trick He looked ghostly when he was drawn day prisoners' line on the seventh Willing to do a little coal-hauling chore or two naw?*' inquired the provost ser geant. "No. and I never will be. Might as well get that fact drilled Into your thick skull I never will be." Then the man was taken before the commanding officer. He was talked to raiher nicely by the commanding officer and recommended to take a quiet little tumble to himself. Go to work, like the other prisoners my man, and save yourself misery and get yourself restored to duty when your sen tence is worked out." "Never," said the prisoner. And he was a pretty pallid and thin-looking lot, too by this time. lhe ten"day trick in the dungeon that followed this, the man was found in the dungeon in a state of collapse. He was surveyed by the post surgeon. Tlie commanding officer thought it better after the man got out of the hospital, to "bob tail" him outright-that is, dismiss him the service without further ado. The man wculo have died before he would have worked under a sentry. He w&s one of the few buckers who ever came out ahead in a contention with military authority in the regular army. Too Young to Kaon- Better. An apprentice boy aboard one of the gun boats o' our navy performed a star bit of bucking about three years ago, but after getting very much the worst of It his nerve left him, and he succumbed. This boy took a dislike to one of the chief petty officers The lad- was a striker for the chief petty officer's mess, and one day in a lit of temper he threw the chief petty officer's mess stool violently atvay from the mess table. Grown men In the navy are not permitted to spank the apprentice lads, much as the boys occa H SCHOOL BOYS IN THE ment, .with the rank of captain. With this exception, all the men who appear In this r< production are now members of the reg iment. The list herewith given shows the nam*s of th* men arranged according to their seniority of graduation from the school. The preceding numbers, by which they may be Identified, follow the thre<> Ilres of arr.mgc ment, beginning at the upper left-.iand corner as the picture Is fac?d, and following the lines consecu tively from left to right. It Is to be noted that every grade Is Included, from the ma jor. representing the class of '85. to the Piivates of '98, whose diplomas were deliv ered to them on the sands of the tropics rather than on the platform of a com mencement hall. This group Is an effective object lesson Jo Washington boys that love of country is ilgher than personal ambl tion. 15. MaJ. Charles Hlne, '85. 14. Capt. Wm. E. Horton, '86. 16. Capt. Wm. a Hodges, '87. slonally need spanking, so this chief petty officer went to the officer of the deck and told quietly of the occurrence, saying that while he didn't care to have the boy pun ished, he'd hare to insist upon the ap prentice's picking up the mess stool and replacing ft at the mess table. The ap prentice boy was summoned by the officer of the deck, lectured and told to pick up the chief petty officer's mess stool and re place where it belonged. The boy would not do It, and said he wouldn't. This was simply mutiny, but the boy's age was con sidered. He was double-ironed and put in the brig. Ten days later he was given a cha-.ce to put the mess stool back at the mess table, but he wouldn't do It. The stool was permitted to remain Just where the boy had thrown it, even during Sunday inspections and one muster. The lad was general court-martialed for rank disobedi ence of orders, and was sentenced to thirty days' confinement in the solitary brig on bread and water. After doing twenty-sev en days of this hard stunt the lad wilted, babied at the mast and was released. Ha picked up the mess stool. Kate of Mutineer!*. Even when uniformed men of this gen et atiun mutiny, or buck, in a body, they very rarely make their point stick. The icason why seven bells is never struck in the British navy is because, at seven bells one evening over a hundred years ago, there were mutinies?long prearranged? aboard a lot of British ships of war throughout the world. Seven bells has never been struck on the evening watch on a British man-of-war since that occa sion, in order that the absiMice of the half hour tolling at that particular period of the day may be a perpetual reminder of obedience to British naval tars?for* the necks of a slew of the mutineers were stretched when this thing was all over and the mutinies suppressed. But this was a long time ago. Mutiny ddesn't go now. The old Hartford, Farragut's flagship, had as wild and reckless a gang of sailors aboard of her after the war as ever jumped to the piping of mess-gear. This ship's company then included scores of buckers. A few years before the HartfoVd went out of commission the buckers got together and decided that they didn't like the qual ity of the neckerchiefs and tobacco being served out to them by the ship's paymaster. So they declined to accept the tobacco and neckerch'efs. It was a big ship's company, and tha buckers numbered 21". They thought they'd purely overawe all hands with such goodly number. The 217 of them did ail the way from two weeks to two months in double irons for their little job of attempted skipper-bulldozing, ar.d that was the last mutiny in our navy. But the Individual liucker remains, and he probably always shall remain, as long as there is a navy. A 1'teturenqne Hacker. The most picturesque bucker the regular army of the United States ever had was a wild Irish drum major who arrived at his finish at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., a good long while ago. The man was a good dram major, but the commanding officer of the post had to break him time and again to the ranks for all-around tumultu ousness. It wore on the Irish drum major mifelitlly. this thing of being fiequently relegated to the privates' barracks for bad conduct, and his nerves, no doubt, got o.n edge. Anyhow, the last time he was broke to the rank of private, lie went into line at dress parade one afternoon with the determination that he'd gel square with the commanding officer for breaking him. If tie l ad to hang for it. So. as the command was passing in review before the command ing officer, the ex-drum major dropped quietly out of ranks, made for a loose brick walk, picked up a half brick, i nd let the commanding officer have It right In the chest. The commanding officer went dowr. as If he had been hit by a bullet. The soldiers broke ranks and made for the ex iitum major. He -stool them ofT, pelt ing them with bricks, for ten minutes, r nd he ime?l them up a good deal. Then they overpowned him, and h<? got twelvo years at the Fort Leavenworth military prison. The army and navy, Sn brief, are bad places for the man of an analytical turn of mind. He Is liable to moot up with some things that were not devised for analysis, but for performance. There Is Justice, the very best quality of It, in the two United States services no better in fir.y service In the world. But the bucker who sets about to undo the man with the gilt ornaments on his cai> and olouse has got an Inconceivable amount of bitter ex perience In store for him. It is the easiest matter Jn the world for a man to behave himself in our land and sea services. The trouble Is. that it is still easier to misbe have But the cost of misbchavlo- is so he?tvy that the young man of judgment standi by willing to do anything to keep his gaze averted from the cool stare of the judge advocate of a court-martial. What In M<?Nt Needed. From the Chicago Evening Post. "What Is the one thing most njeded to add to the effectiveness of warships?" he inquired with the air of a man who had given considerable attention to the subject. "We had a dispute ubout It, you know, and Jim said it was improve! armament, whil> I claimed It was better armor. We decided to leave it to you.'' "It is neither," replied the navil officer promptly. "There is one thin? that is of vastly more iit.poi tanc;, and if yo 1 can in vent it your fortune will be madj. ' "What Is it?" The naval officer drew nearer and whis pered his reply so 'hat there might be no danger of so important a communication be ing overheard. "It is a machlro for the manufacture of coai," he said. Alm?Nt the Same. From the Chicago Post. "There really isn't much inducement to go to the seashore this summer." "Why not?" "Why. you can stay in the city and wear a bicycle skirt that's almost as short as the skirt of your bathing suit." WAR. 17. First Lieut. F. G. Stutz. '!?. 12. Second Lieut. F. E. Skinner, "p3. 13.-Second Lieut. R. B. Hayes, '03. 18. Second Lieut. S. C. Redman, '93. 1. Rest. Q. M. Sergt. C. G. Mortimer, '02. 19. Act. Com'sary Sergt. Geo.C. Meigs, '91. 2. First Sergt. Sheridan Ferree, '93. 2<). Sergt. N. H. Ferree, '96. ?. Sergt. John Mahany, '98. 7. Sergt. Wm. A. Kent, '91. 11. Sergt. W. P. Keene, '88 2f>. Corp. A. F. Towner. '87. 8. Corp. Charles H. Lyman, 'Mw Private*. 21. J. H. Ontri-h. '94. 24. E. H. Ockert, '93. 22. A. L. Kitchin, '96. 10. A. B. Proctor, "96. 4. T. C. S. Maddox, '96. 8. C. V. Church. '96. 23. C. E. Cross. '96. 9. J. Bethune, '96. #. J. F. Hodgson. 'ML FASHIONABLE PROMENADE COSTUME, ebwiTeht nw. t>r a. FASHION'S FANCIES Just Now the Rage is All for Baby Ribbons. IN DSE OK GOTO ADD UNDERWEAR Design for a Handsome Walking Dress of Cloth. NOVELTIES IN LINGERIE Special Correspondence of The Evening Star. BERLIN, June 23, 1898 Each year fickle Fashion shows despotic favoritism to some particular style of gar ment, or some ec?entrio toilet accessory, I some particular fit of bodice or hang of skirt, somi peculiarity <Jf trimming, which she holds up to her admiring Imitators for a brl ?f time and easts (Into most obscure oblivion afterward. ;u Just at present It Is the narrow baby rib bon which must trim everything that Is fashionable. Baby. ribbvn Is made use of on all materials for all occasions. It is found on lawns and linens, silks and wool I ens, laces and velvets, and it certainly deserves a long-lives prominence, for It is as dainty as It is practical. A pretty illustration fcf this garniture is shown In our desigri* of a fashionable promenade gown o'l gray Venetian cloth. The skirt of silver gray Venetian cloth shows the long pointed, tight-fitting yoke with very full Btrpentfne tlounce lined with white taffeta. A narrow piping of darker gray velvet edges the skirt yoke. The graceful bodice of silver gray Vene I tlon cloth has loose folds in front, which are overlapped by reveres of heavy yellow I guipure lace, the design of which is out lined by gathered white baby ribbon. These | lace leveres, which expose in front a tucked vest of white taffeta, finish at the back in a wide sailor collar falling over another lar^-ar sailor collar of darker gray miroir velvet, elaborately edged and embroidered with crimped baby ribbon and steel beads. The velvet collar forms caps over the | shoulder and ends in two slender points | on either side oT the front of the bodice. Edgetl With Ribbon. A full serpentine basque of gray velvet, embroidered and edged with baby ribbon, like the tailor collar, is attached over the hips, under an applique of yellow guipure, and finishes with long points over the skirt at front tind back. The tight sleeve of Venetian cloth, with I its small shoulder puff, finishes at the I wrist with a cuff of the same dark gray I velvet with baby ribbon and steel bead em I broidery. Nor does this trimming with baby rib I bon confine itself to outdoor wear. Even | the silk underskirt shows the same attrac tive garniture, and Is illustrated by our model of primrose colored taffeta. It is IT UEXERATES HEAT. The Incandescent Electric Lamp Not ns Safe as Supposed. From the Ixmdon Lancet. The incandescent electric lamp is essen tially a device which transforms electricity partly into light, but mostly Into heat. As Ik well known, the carbon filament of the lamp is a substance offering grsat resist ance to the passage of the current, and the product of this resistance is light and neat. It is an Instance of the translation of one form of energy Into another. It may not, however, generally be known that the light produced is but after all only, a small per centage of the energy thus manifested? some 5 or 6 per cent only at the most. This fact Is very important, bearing In mind a very common notion that tha electric In candescent lamp is free from the heat rays. | It Is true that the lamp when working is not comparable with a flfme or naked light, but at the same time the heat evolved is ^uch as may lsad to ignition. We are disposed to emphasize this point because the incan descent electric lamp is used for the pur poses of illumination and decoration in shops without any regard to the possibility, nay, probability, of fancy goods being fired which happen to b?i contiguous. Indead, so I firm is the idea that the incandescent elec tric lamp Is free from/ heat that it is fre quently to be foupd fyjried in a mass o.. easily Ignited and 'highly inflammable ma terial. Thls-is a nflstake, and care should be exercised witht'/the^electrlc lamp -In Its application In this:<ion#ectlon, but the risk, of course, is not so gijeat as where naked lights are employed- ,.We have found by experiment that on lnimerslng a ltj-candle ptwer lamp (100 Volts pressure) In half a pint of water, the wSter boil3 within an hour and in proportionately less time when a 32-candle-power lamp Is substituted. If again the lamp be burled In cotton-wool, the wool soon begina-ito scorch and ulti mately to burst Into flame. In ono experi ment which we tried) the bursting into flame of the wool was accompanied by a loud report, duo to the explosion of the lamp. It clearly appears from this that the Incandescent ?electric lamp cannot be regarded as an unlikely means of starting a serious fire, and shopkeepers, especially those who exhibit highly inflammable fab rics, should know that there is risk in plac ing such goods too close to the lamp. The lamp in contact with celluloid fires it In less than five minutes, and therefore the danger Is particularly obvious in the case of toy shops, where electric Incandescent lamps are often suspended in the midst of toy celluloid balls. Ia This Bra of Good Feeling. | From Puck. Tourist'(In London)?"I suppose we for J eigners give you lots of trouble with our I questions?" . 1 The bobby?"Bless you. ma'am: -we don t I consider Hamericana as foreigners any I morel" bell-shaped and gore less, except for the bias seam at the hack. A wide serpentine llounce adds to the fullness below, and Is attached to the skirt under a narrow ruche of white and black pinked taffeta. The flounce Is trimmed In zigzag design, with heavy black silk lace, edged with black crimped baby ribbon, and the hem is stiffened by two narrow, full ruches of white taffeta and one of black. Each succeeding year adds variety and extravagance to the department of fash ionable Hngerie, and all the novelties In the garments of this season are distin guished for their dainty fineness and beau tiful finish. Hand-made underwear of fine nains-wk. expensively but not elaborately trimmed with embrjideiy or lace, is greatly desired by women of refined taste and abundant means, but the average woman cannot please her taste for this kind of elegance, and the machine-made garments have to tatisfy her. Fortunately, they do not lack either fineness or daintiness, since they are made of the same soft cambrics, lawns or mulls as the handsome pieces and are trimmed with the f-ame laces. Point de Paris Is a favorite and well wearlne laco, and the fashlcn used this season Is ex tremely fine. Pongee Underwear. Pongee has lately been revived for un derwear. and with a purpose, as nothing Is cooler for hot weather use and nothing v. Ill resist the merciless efforts of the laundress as well as this light, washable bilk. It is trimmed with white or butter l? colored laces and insertions through which 1 ribbon is drawn. The prediction that longer coats are to be worn has not yet been realized. On tha contrary, the newest designs for Jackets to be worn when chilly evening zephyrs forewarn the summer girl that her reign Is at an end. are all short nnd close fitting. Eton coats are recommended by the tailors as one of the most desirable styles for the coming seat-on. There are double and tingle breasted Etons, and Eton cods turned back In fancy double reveres, which do not meet or fasten in front at all. The plain short fitting fly-front coat With small reveres turning back Just enough to show the necktie and fasten be irw is shown tmong other models as one of the styles which never die out. Strapped seams are again in evidence and our illustration shows a very natty model of tan brradcloth lined with fancy colored taffeta. It Is cut very short and the straps form the only trimming. The white sailor hat has a round fold of straw at the rim. and the trimming consists of a band of folded velvet ribbon and high standing shaded tan nnd brown qulMp. The tame model has been satisfactorily copied in red broadcloth, and looks very chic when worn over summer gowns of light washable fabrics. Herrmann Gersox (Berl'n.) OI.D FLOURS TO MEND. Hem to Do Awny Willi Summer Penis and Fill the Cruck*. From the Kansas City Star. " When the winter flo<jr coverings are car ried out, though great coolness and cleanli ness is the result, too often an unsightly stretch of board is presented to view. Flooring In any except the best built mod ern houses Is so often 111 laid that the housekeeper Is puzzled how to conceal the small chasms between the planks. Rugs are costly and dusty, and to paint or var nish a straggling floor is love's labor al most lost. Common sense advises her to fill up "the cracks, but how?not with putty? There is a better plan than that. Gather up all the letters from the waste paper basket, until there Is a big bag full; enough paper to stuff a couple of big sofa cushions. Set the Idle or the willing members of the fam ily to shredding into bits the paper board. This accomplished, pile the tatteis into a pot with water and cook it. To every quart of paper and water add a handful of gum arabic, and let the whole simmer to a very thick, thick cream. The sequence is easily guessed. The mix ture must be put hot in the cracks, well packed and neatly smoothed. When cold it is ready for the coat of floor paint, and as hard as the rest of the boards, for It Is really nothing more nor less than a papier mache, and every one knows what a tough article that is. Cracks In floors are altogether too great a temptation for Insects, so it is best to do away with the possibility of their proving a harbinger by adding a little parts green to the paper filling. This poison will ban ish entirely the hideous water beetles that often Infest even the cleanest kitchens and bath rooms. Care must be taken to keep it away from children and pet animals, as it Is very poisonous. A little, mixed with sugar, and put on old plates or saucers o'ver night, and used once or twioe in a season, will be all that Is required. Those familiar with country life know what a boon this green paint has been to farmers In ridding them of the ubiquitous potato beetle, and there hi no reason why the housekeeper should fear this ammunition if used intelligently. There Is yet another hint as to the plac ing of this poison. Those who have studied the habits of the croton or water beetles know how they are routed Immediately by light, and how like a flash they disappear. Their fortress, or home, is generally at the base of the kitchen water and aink pipes, and it is behind these that they scud up and down so mysteriously. Forewarned is forearmed. There is little use in destroy ing a few insects upstairs while allowing them to multiply below. "What was your chief Impression of New York?" "Well. I never before saw * city so full ti unknown celebrities."?Chicago Record. Royal Baking Powder for Army and Navy There is no Baking Powder equal to tlie Royal in leavening strength. The slowness of the action of the Royal Baking Powder, as compared with all others, renders it particularly valuable for use in camp or at military posts. It does not deteriorate with age, and, more than any other brand, gives uniform and satisfactory results under the varying temperatures prevailing and conditions of service required for Army and Navy use. Maintains Full Strength in All Climates. HOUSEHOLD HINTS The wholesome currant Is now at Its j best, and the housewife begins her Held days In the making of Jellies and Jams. The old wives' tradition that currant Jelly won't "jell" after the Fourth of July Is not Infallible; but the truth remains that currants should not be over-ripe nor should they be gathered just after a rain. If firm, clear jelly is desired. Equal parts of red and white currants or red raspberries and currants make a delicately ttavored and colored jelly. If possible, select a clear, sunshiny day for the work of Jelly mak ing, and see that the kitchen is scientific ally clean, and the jars, glasses and cov ers well sterilized with boiling water be fore being used. The requisites for the work are a good quality stone Jar or porce lain or agate kettle, an earthen dish Into which the fruit juice may drip, shallow tins for heating the sugar, a long-handled wooden sjloon. a coarse Jelly bag made or loosely woven white flannel, a little par afflne to cover over the Jelly before setting away and an assortment or jelly glasses. It is not necessary to stem the currants, though they should be picked over, all bits of leaves removed and then washed and drained. Put the currants in the stone jar or preserving kettle, and set this in a large pan of hot water. As it begins to heat mash with a large wooden pestle until the currants are reduced to a pulp. Take the jar off the range, and, scooping up the pulp, put It in the Jelly bag to drain. This may be done the night be fore .the jelly-making proper begins, and the bag left suspended over night with out squeezing, or It may be done in the morning, pressing the steaming Juice out a little at a time. When the Juice is all ex tracted measure It out by pints and return it to the kettle. Take as many pounds of sugar as there are pints of juice and place on the shallow tins to heat in the oven, taking care that they do not get hot enough to discolor the sugar. Boil the Juice Just twenty minutes from the time it begins to botl and throw the heated sugar in, stir ring rapidly all the while. As soon as it is all dissolved remove the spoon, let the Juice just come to a boll again, and re move at once from the fire. The Jelly glasses should then be rolled In hot water and filled with the scalding liquid. They may then be coated with melted parattine or one-third parafllne to two-thirds wax, or sealed with white of egg or sterilized cot ton. Keep in a cool, dry place. Bread and milk tables are among the new nursery furnishings that commend them selves by reason of their practicability They come In oak or enameled wood, and i consist of a child's low table with vls-a vis seats, the three pieces held together at the bottom by a wooden rail. The usual casualties of bowl and pitchers falling into the children's laps will probably be mate rially lessened by the use of this pretty | and convenient bit of furniture, though the price. |0, seems an outlay requiring con sideration. Cherry vinegar is highly esteemed by many bon vivants. and now is the time to make it. Pour over two qu&rts of sour cherries, lightly mashed, one quart of good cider or white-wine vinegar. Put in an earthen bowl and set in a cool place for two days. Then strain through a muslin bag. and to each pint of liquid add three quarters of a pound of sugar and let it boil fifteen minutes. Then strain, set aside to cool and bottle. A little of thit added to a glass half filled with cracked ice makes a cooling summer beverage. Among the pretty curtains for doorways in the summer are the Indian cotton prints in wool effects. These have palm-leaf pat terns. and at a little distance take on the appearance of a fine ca5hmere shawl. A cotton curtain of some sort should always accompany the voyageur or the guest at the summer hotel. With a light portiere hum? over the doorway, the door may be left ofien to get the benefit of all the air that !s stirring. Currant ice made of the fresh fruit is a beautiful color, and Is frequently more ac ceptable than the creams. To prepare it. soak a tablespoonful of gelatin half an hour in enough cold water to cover It. Pour over it a half pint of boiling water, add one pint of granulated sugar, one of currant Juice, one of cold water and the Juice of one lemon. Freeze and pack. The popular Iced drirk among the West Point cadets is made by allowing to each glass of ice water a little less than a tea spoonful of lime juice, two or three drops of Angostura bitters and sugar to sweeten to taste. The rapidity with which this drink can be mixed doubtless adds to the high esteem In which it is held. In case of sunstroke, when the face ts red and the head and body hot and dry. remove the clothing at once, bathe the body, face and head in ice water and lay ice in towels on head and neck, or remove to a private place, strip, lay on wire mat tress and sprinkle with Ice water from a watering pot. Cheese sandwiches are excellent to serve with the salad course at dinner or appetiz ing for the picnic basket. Grate any cheese that is not too dry, rub it to a paste with butter, spread the bread, dust with salt and paprika and cut into strips. An old Catsklll preserve is made of plums and maple sugar. Melt the maple sugar In a little water and cook with the plums, al lowing pound for pound. This gives a tart, sweetness especially agreeable to many palates. An excellent and simple remedy for a sprain Is said to be found by mixing the well-beaten whites of six eggs with a half cupful of table salt. Spread between thin muslin cloths and bind over the sprain. Popular additions to "the cup that cheers but not inebriates" are a few pieces of shredded pineapple, fresh or preserved, three or four preserved or brandied cher ries, or a slice of orange or lemon. In making Jelly it must be borne in mind that the less stirring there is the better. If .stlred too much the Jelly is not clear, whillt the tendency of sugar to granulate Is increased by stirring. Two tablespoonfuls of washing soda dis solved in a gallon of boiling water makes an excellent disinfectant for the kitchen sink. Pour in while boiling hot. A good test for the right consistency of Jelly when boiling is to let it drop from a spoon. If the last drop sticks to the spoon it is sufficiently hard. For canning, pickling and preserving, keep a supply of special cloths and holders, to use, as the stains cannot be removed. A little kerosene mixed with the blacking used to polish stoves before putting away for the summer is said to prevent rust. * . Well Provided With Fiction. From the Chicago Pest. It happened in a book store. "What can I show you, madam T" he asked. "Something in ths line of fiction r' "No," she answered slowly. "I think I'll try history (or a change. I get enough fiction when m/ husband gets home late from the olub." A .MOW IMHSTRY. ?f |*nlm Oil on the Coast of Africa. From tta? Syren ouh:h;rh:nK ?r ***** ?,n'1 nu,? ^ *** tion off ' " y con,uJn at"1 ?he prepara tion of fecdm* stufrB from ,h<. rc>Muc ? fay as En*l*nd is concerned. n com m?? ,V^ r ln<ium> And ? ?< ?at iTL"" "has"' "r ,h'? business ?? of Iht n around the product* of the oil palm. and play, such a crable part In the trade between the wet (oast of Africa and Liverpool This I aim a beautiful tree of the umbrella pat t'-rn flowers about September or October ond the fruit ripenE almut four or five months afterward, the main crop he;n|t gathered from February to May. The ftuit is gathered by r.atives. who wend the trees by means of ropes-sailor fpshion and drtach the masses of nut clusters, or "hands." as they are ca'l.-d with a small ax or cutlass. The nuts are then heaped on the ground, covered with palm leavts. and left for a week in ttx- hot find more or less moist atmosphere, to fer ment. During this proccss the nuts be come loose in their sockets ??<! are re moved by hand and placed in baskets The next processes aim at the r<-pnrR. tlon of the nut proper from the seed ves sel or pericarp. First, hug.- earthenware pots are taken, v ith a capacity of about twelve or fourteen gallons, and in those are placed about half a hundredweight of nuts. Hater is atided and the pot plac-d 1 "w * f'ow w',od '""e After two hours' bo.ling the seed vessel is sufficiently ?oft to be squeezable by the fingers. The nuts are then placed in the bottom of a urawn up on the river bank and the na ' f tread out nuts from the encir cling pericarp with their bare feet. Three n.en will thus tread out "SHi pounds In an to the deoVh ,SethKn I>our,'<i ln,? the canoe rlL ? derth of three or four inches and the nuu treated to the final separating trocess by being rocked, stirred and J?,nls mean? the kernels with Jach^S r shell containing them become de filePericarp and after drv in J SU" are rrarke'1 between stones ^ to separate the "palm kernels" of commerce from the hard shell Inclosinr them. But the water In the canoe has be Th?/ .?V"red, :;"h a yellowlsil ollv s< urn. and .h *rrfuUy collected In calabashes tashld and ?BrPn " '''"eered an.J 81 "V ^ a mu'tar to bfiXt^ <? r^mo|ning particles of oil and being of no further commercial value is aNl,'e to be used as fuel. ?U8,?the ">,t1A,rk'an negroes supply us Ueles ,f ?" Palm W,,h two valuable' ar nels The ^m0r'e^l'a|m o11 ?nd palm ker nels. The processes employed are wasteful no doubt, and the absence of of communication. Fave by the river-- and tcrn': of T".'" ,hat ^nv thoussnd. of Iowed to rot TM? e are annually al sr. bu,k h" En*'?n<?-ftnd their California's Heather Prophet. I mm the Sun Kraticiw.. Chronicle. This Is bound to be a dry year. Scarcely ny rain is to fall during the next twelve month. At least, that Is ? hat the ? oul .r.an of the mountain" says, and the Indians say that never falls ss a weather r,rc,ph?t The old man of the mountain Is a species of sagebrush, so called on account of the soft gray top that forms on it In the fall of the year. In some parts of the state it is "mP|if :a,,"d "?Id man" an<1 ln others maidenhair sage." Its sclentifl.. name to Artemisia California. For countless moons many of the Indian S? 2K. old"mant S ? - lltTle'V/ lo do> but you n,ust kn?w a wh >? hls tan*ua*e before you can tell ??>ts WhVn ,.The ?,'d man 'P,ak* ??"" hto rootB. \\ hen there Is to be plenty of rala mtie^A? s ,rt' and whea lllere to '?? little rain his roots ar; long ?ll man k?ows 'here will be na water from above, so he goes below for it How nolLm^m ,r 1>lant know th, r- '? to 1* no rain. B> the same unknown force that ^ POds ,0 ^ Ullok before a long cold winter, while they are thin when ?S winter Is to be mild. All over the hillsides of Marin county can be found specimens of old man. and iu, loots ere longer now than they have ever of ? r."?Wn to be before. At til- beginning fl t !n>' Beatton the roots of a plant hiKh arf abo"t six inche* T 1 year 1 e Bam'' Plant will be inches long.aVe ^ " mUC" ^ Japanese Maple Hedge. From Meeban'a Monthly. Considering the many wonderful beauti ful effects to be had from the arrange ments of plants unknown to the general public, It is puzzling that some of our wealthy citizens of leisure do not interest themselves more in beautifying the sur roundings of their large and expensive residences. The resources are unlimited Take the subject of this paragraph, for in stance. A hedge of this lovely Japanese maple would surpass any effect ever at tempted ln landscape arrangement, and so simple, too. It would cost no more than a good-sized bed of rhododendrons and be exactly eight times as effective, for the charm of such a bed ceases with the fad ing of the flowers. During the last week in April the writer drew inspiration for this commendation a v ab?ut a dozen nursery rows of these maples, the leaves just expanded. each extending a distance of loo yards. Their beauty was unsurpassed: Can the reader who has seen single specimens im agine such a mass of coloring? IMeklas Pockets With Toes. From the Boston Transcript. The Gauchos, or dwellers ln the extensive plains of Buenos Ayres, are marvelously dexterous with both hands and feet. Many of them have acquired through long prac tice such aklll in using their toes aa If they were fingers that they can fling the lasso and even pick pockets with them. Some time ago a Frenchman who was fishing tn on* of the rivers of Buenoe Ayres was warned to be on his guard against the light-fingered natives. He forthwith kept a vigilant watch on his companions, but nev ertheless one day when his attention was closely riveted on his float a wily Qaucho drew near and. dtllcataly Inserting his foot, extracted the Frenchman's hooks and other valuables from hte pocket. "Why Is It," the daring young man asked, "that your daughter still wears such abort dressesT" "Ota. I keep her dnsssd that way." Mra. Olddlbus answered, with a beautiful blush, "because if she had long skirts on Deo pis would think she was my sister whenther ?aw us together. I have so wish to oonoeal the fact that I have a daughter who to aa tall aa I am."?Cleveland Leader.