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Birds, Beasts and Fishes That Are Bern From Eggs. QUEER CREATURES OF AUSTRALIA How Mother Nature Takes Care of Her Embryo Creatures. SOME INTERESTING FACTS F- ri; r?i? St. Glob?'-lVm?x rat. "Whit is th*? significance of the word egg? "A ImmIj whifh contains th* embryo of bird or other anim.il.'* So says the dic tionary. ? ind adds, by way of a fuller ex planation "Spawn of fish." Now. al; hough perfectly correct, this an swer f ifs t.> convey in any but a vague manner :h?* breadth of possibility covered by the if t tie three-letter word. \\ hen we consider that by far the larger number of cr^afures dwelling: upon the ?arth rr? this moment h??an their existence within the walls of ;i more or less hard or tough en\>*i??|?e. popularly known as an bwomi s ai parent that the appella tion must do duty for a very varied as semblage of objects. It will, perhaps, be interesting, then, to enumerate a few of these: for, although everybody is perfectly familiar with the form and appearance of a common bird's egg. comparatively few know anything at all about the eggs of other creatures. Not \ cry many people are aware, for in stance. that at least three of the great class of mammalia, or animals that suckle thvir young, lay eggs; yet such is undoubt edly the case. These three creatures all belong to that continent of curious ani mals-?Australia-?although two of them, the ?chidnas. extend ir.to New Guinea. These echidnas are queer, ant-eater-like rfnimaJs, having a very forbidding coat of sharp pointed quills. Of their habits very little appears to be known, save that they sub sist ciii -fly on insects, and that they really tl>> lay ??ggs. Duck-Rilled Platypus. Much more detailed accounts are extant Xespecting the life history of the thinJ egg-laying mammal?the duck-billed platy pus. Ornithorhyncus paradoxus (for this is the long-win*led name with which science saddled the poor animals) is not unlike a gigantie mole in general shape, except thai it possesses a remarkable tail, with 1 ? : and bill of duck-like design. Its habits seem to closeiy resemble those of our common water rat. Frequenting the rivers and streams of southern and east ern Australia, it makes its nest in a bur row scooped out in a bank. Here mother piatpus iays two flexible, white-shelled about equal to a martin's in size. When tirst hatched the tiny duckbills are very ill prepared to face the vicissitudes of this cruel wor d, for they are both blind and nukt d. However, in the course of time, arid ur, Ifr the tender care of their watch ful parents, they eventually issue from the r?esi holA into the water, ther#? to frolic and feed Just like other duckbills. Ml Bird* l.ity Kgg?. leaving th** mammalia, we find that all existing l.frds lay eggs. of these the os trich lays the biggest. The common cuckoo lays the relatively smallest egg. For instance, the jackdaw and the cuckoo are about equal in size, yet the jackdaw's egg is some five or six limes larger than the- cuckoo's. The fa? r that the cuckoo is wont to de posit its ? ugs in the nests of birds very much srnal ? r than itself doubtless in meas ure explains this. The re atively largest egg is laid by the kiwi ii . urtou.H New Zealand bird. The egg is r, in i,,ng. although the bird Itself i-p.ly ni>;>snies about U? inches. * re ..liles eggs may be seen in mo*t museums Tl ey are white and hard ?h> 1, at:,I about the equal in size to those ?.f a Ih<- M|MHm turtles lay flexible. soft thciled eggs. while, on the other hand, the eggs of tortoises an hard-shelled. The eg^s of most fishes are sma'l, soft ai.d more or less inconspicuous, but this la< k of individuality is amply compensated by the remarkable numbers deposited. Are I.aid Singly. A striking exception to the piscine rule of numerous. Inconspicuous eggs is found ttmong the sharks and their allies, for the eggs of these ferocious ocean denizens are ?large in size, few in number and laid *i"K'y, instead of in masses." To discuss a possible reason for this dif ference would be outside the purpose of this article, but it may be noted in passing that nature has a very plainly written law under which rapacious flesh-eating animals reproduce I heir kind to a very limited ex tent in con iNirlson with many of th.- harm less vegetable feeders. Among the flotsam and jetsam of our fX 'v'", " ,"ur"?u? horny jn.d shaped bolster, with a long, spirally coiled jendrti ,lt . i,h corner, may often he found Ihis object. popularly known as .1 mermaid purse. ? is the egg case of the common dogfish. Another similar object, but with short, pointed arms at the corners in place of tendrils is equally common, and is the egg t-f the thorn back skate. It will be noticed that both th-fe?, . rkrr?" '? 'ns fr'"' -orners. What 1- th^ meaning of this- Every ooultrv rearer is aware that ,-gg, mJt hut ? ^"kr:"edr-u.'l 1h Jt *"r,n "f life f..r- ,emng e **** r"n,Ur-'1 In like manntr If the . ggs ?f sharks were < V h '! r ,af"' thither among the biilows or dashed rudely upon the ro.-ks they w , II v.-y speeHly he rendered unfertile > n.-r" /??re n.i.ure has provide,| corner projections -"Pikes or tendrils, as the case may h< fr'nrtJentangled among ft -nds .?f seaweed. m-ior rhe .-trc- and l- . ^ anchor^ fr'mi harm- uk?' ? ship'at l.iUe Hot lloune Grapeii leaving the flshes but not the o,,an have you ever hear.) of sea grapes? Some times when wander ng along the shore bunches or purple globules, possessing a distinct liken eft# to the luscious hot house waves""'' Iyintr ,hc wash ?t the llut though fruitlike in aspect, the resem '-ancc g.w? no further. Taste one ,,r s-a graje-., and you would not ?,.i? / 'hese nuch disappointe<i but' v. rv mu^h gusted also, for these clusters "are i,, r ... 'he egg masses of th ?ut le t'is! Y Among the near relations of the c , ,"e are snails slugs ?^} ,Nh-. f kiiMLs. a.ii i in this gre.,- Krou? ,f u,"n "\ egg? of so many different are f.Tund tl.at a large volume would be se,IU;r,..t ? -.1 > enumerate their varieties It u obvious th-refore. that v.rv lit;'* Ih- mid respe "ting them: one or :w j ?Ji' .'rse examples h .w . r. may I- clt?l. J,-'"rse If the ,gg, of molluska are varied in an r^n,:v :\rr ,f iuZ,x Z Moreover many of them are ?j" ,u" beautiful m f,.rm and design J his beautj eann,,. be other than un known and linenj? .. . i? ln att-mpt t* dMrrtba I ... word,' i? n n:gh hop. less task. 8 13 a WlM" Of Wondrous lleaiiiy Who would supiv.se that the egg of our common white butterfly^ ^hhilKe ^ was a thing of wondrocs l^auty. Yet such the case. A tinv sp.? u,? ? a cabba ,f "" to ,ruut''?- al>out so small a matter ?such would he ,h(. verdict Thu man intellect. But nature , way, are dif f.rent: the smaller the object the greater the care she seeirs to tx?-riIse. Ir. p..int of beauty the butterfly. ranks far above the ostrich's, despite *ast difference In siz. Magnify ,h !, u on the cabbage leaf, and vou find a blumCH con*, perfect ln shape th,. surfa. e r^ by a score of longitudinal riba tra<-ed Why these ribs'.' Why this shape? Would r^a plain globe have answen d every p"r Three obvtoua question,; and yet reaao* retires abashed, almost before we have formed the thoughts Into words. Examine nature in any of her phases, and the end is always the same?we discover sooner or later, that lack of knowledge has reared up an Impassable barrier in our path. AS TO THE FILIPIXOS. I.nnilnn Paper Thinks Good He?nit? AVill tome I rani Our Rule. From the London S|ieetator. Why should a Tagal peasant, who will probably bo mure free from official op pression than any man in the world except a Hindostanee peasant, risk his life, and his house, and his means of subsistence to enter on a contest with rulers whom he sees from the experience of Sunday he is hope lessly unable to defeat? He has no regret for the Spaniards, he has no patriotism in the European sense, and if the American governs him "well"?that is. lets him strict ly alone as long as he obeys the law?he will be content, will devote himself to cul tivation and small trade, and will admire the eloquence of agitators, if there are any. without the smallest intention of following their advice. He will tind careers open to him in commerce and manufactures; and. though he will never like the American any more than he tliil the Spaniard?true liking ' between the colors Is Impossible?he will like the peace and order and comparative prosperity that the American brings. Ail (hat is necessary to make of him an acquiescent citizen is good government, and We believe that within twelve months he will obtain it. The Americans have an Idem, we know?derived from the melan choly experience of their great cities?that they have not the men whom they can trust to govern well, but they underrate their own capacity for fitting the supply to the need. They have scores of thousands of lads who, if decently paid and trained for three years, would make excellent subpre feets, and among them a percentage of men who. with experience, will be found fit to govern provinces. A hostile witness?or at all events a witness without prejudice ill their favor-declares that they have al ready found such a proconsul in Cuba, and that the whole island is willing to obey a Air. Gould, the civil commissioner, simply because he considers their prejudices, and is just. There are dozens of undeveloped Mr. Goulds in the states, and as the Americans must tind them or fail in a task which con cerns their reputation in history, we have no doubt of their ultimate success in the search. They have not our traditions, our conviction, for instance, that under a regime of unswerving justice any popula tion in Asia will remain tranquil. The new rulers will concentrate their efforts at first upon Luzon, and in that grand island, the size of England, and one of the most fertile in the tropics, they have a strategical ad vantage such as Great Britain possesses in Bengal, a commercial capital for base which is almost beyond attack. The fleets of the world might menace Calcutta with out disturbing a single coolie's mind, for nothing but a miracle could bring them within thirty miles of the city. HOI MJI\G IP OF LOOS. The Work of Felling a i!i? Stick is Performed Artistically. From the Philadelphia Record. The white pine industry thrives greatest in the northwestern parts of the states of Wisconsin. Minnesota and Michigan. The logging operations in these forests are con ducted principally In the winter season, be ginning early in November and continuing until about the end of March. For the housing of the men, horses and oxen suit able camps or shanties are provided, gener ally built of logs and situated within con venient reuch of the densest part of the timber to be cut. An average set of camps will house from thirty to seventy-five men. who are under the charge of the foreman of the camp. In felling the trees the men work in pairs, two to each tree. They use both the ax and the double-handed saw. The fall of the tree is regulated by the use of wedges inserted into the saw-cut at the proper time and place, and so .expert do the op erators become that a tree is dropped be tween any two stumps that may be selected in a way that amazes a novice, and within twenty minues from the time the men com mence work. After the felier comes the swamper, whose duty it is to "side-mark" each log with an individual mark, usually called the water mark. In addition to cut ting a narrow path through the brush for the fall u timber to the nearest logging road. Close upon the fellers come also the cross-cut sawyers, who cut the trunk into logs of convenient length with a double handed saw. A skidding team thejj follows and drags the logs to the nearest skidway on the logging road. The skidway is gen erally situated at the side of a slight nat ural rise to enable the skidding teams to deposit their logs more easily from above. The loading of the sleighs is then proceed ed with, and this is accomplished by the aid of two men with a pair of horses, chains and suitable tackle. From forty to 17."> logs, depending on the size, constitute a load, sometimes weigiiing as much as loo tons, for one of these immense, sleighs, upon which the iogs are hauled to the '"banking grounds" on the frozen surface of the river, where they are piled up to wait for the thaw or opening of naviga tion. It tip Id Growth of Salmon. From the San Francisco Call. The recent capture of a full-grown twen ty-four-pound salmon in the Sacram-nto river has exploded the theories of Dr. Gil l>ert and Dr. David Starr Jordan, the scien tists, who are rat?d as authorities on fish questions. These learned gentlem;-n have asserted that it takes three or four years for the Pa.-ifie ocean salmon to attain its grewth in the de :-p waters of the ocian. In the spring of 1KP7 several thousand salmon fry were liberated in the waters of the Co lumbia river, at the 1'nlted States fish com mission hatchery, Clackamas. In ord?r that these tish might bs Identified when they should again ascend the river their adipose fins were removed. Circulars were sent out asking that th; capture of any of the fish be reported to the commission, with full particulars as to weight and size, the commission desiring to learn the time that young salmon spend in the ocean, pro gress in the matter of growth and other in t -resting points. This year a few of the little fellows, scm?-whac improved as to size, were caught in the Columbia river, but none weighed over eight pounds. J. P. Haller, manager of the Sacramsnto River Packers' Associa tion. offered $1 for every salmon caught bearing the fish commissioner's identifying mark. The other day the salmon men tioned in the foregoing was landed in a fish.rman's net. It weigh -<1 twenty-four pounds, and was thirty-six inches in length. !> sating its fellows by many pounds and inches. So important do the state fish com missioners regard the capture that they will s.-nd the marked part of the fish to the commissioners at Washington. Modern Daiuaarna. From Harper'? Magazine. Compared with Jerusalem. Damascus is Parisian. The Jerusalem air presses heav ily with i*s melancholy past. Half a score of sects make it a rendezvous for pillage or for mummery, and its memorials of im perishable events have to be looked at through the dust of perished dynasties. It is mystic, solemn, arcane. Damascus is practical, positive and even merry. The wail of Israel sounds along the arid valleys of Zion, but Damascus sings a voluptuous carol by means of its ice-cool, fabled river. The tinkle of its bells mingles forever with the gurgle of its waters, and above all vou hear the silvery laughter of the Syrian girls and catch the ilancing humor of "their dark eyes through their little veils. Jerusalem has its austere character to sustain. Its temples are tombs. Its weight of poignant history keeps It grave. But In Damascus you are under no obligations to the past that the present cannot make you forget. Its innumerable shuttles and armories cali you back to the bustling exigencies of life The coffee bazaars defy melancholy. So this stranded city on the shores of time? the gold on whose mosques never corrodes basks In the sun and eats figs merrily Jvst as it did when Saul of Tarsus Journeyed that way. Ilia Nodeit Way. From Puck. Brudder' Johnsing ? "Mlstah Slewfoot. what yo' gwine eiurge me fah de use ob yo' new black coat foh a couple ob weeks?" Brudder Slewfoot?"What yo' want wid a black coat foh two weeks?" Brudder Johnsing?"Muh sistah-in-law dene died dls mawnin', an' I want* to take a abort mourn." TWILIGHT IN THE TROPICS Gow Long It Beally Lasts After tbe Son Has Set Shortcut At the Rqantor mid Increase* With the Latitude?Where It is Longest. From the San Fronrlsco Ctaroniele. The belief that there is little or no twi light within the great tropical belt enclr c'ing our planet i3 a very widespread one. History, however warns us that beliefs need not necessarily accord with facts. It might indeed almost be said that they usually do not. The toiling and moiling millions, the humble unit^that, taken in the bulk, constitute what is called a "great power," have neither the time noi* the in clination to overhaul their opinions. They are not assailed by doubts as to whether the intellectual coffee which they have at odd moments imbibed may not have been mostly chicory. Such a state of mind un questionably makes more happiness, and although such happiness may bear rather too much resemblance to that of, say, the cow. it is n^ne the less real for all that. Twilight is at its shortest at the equator and increases wttih the latitude?at the equinoxes?at about the same rate as that at which the meridians decrease their dis tance from one another. The increase is. therefore, very slow in low latitudes and very rapid near the poles. Practical, or civil, twilight Is the time which elapses between the moment of the sun's setting and the moment when he is seven degrees of a great circle below the horizon. At the equator this time cannot, of course, be less than twenty-eight min utes. At the edges of the tropic zone it is about thirty-one minutes. A person with good evesight will, should he care to make the experiment, find that when at sea and on or near the equator he is able to read average type on deck for at least twenty eight minutes after the sun has set without the aid of artificial ligftt and when there is no moonlight. This is the common sense experiment by which the duration of prac tical twilight has been determined. The actual duration is considerably longer than the practical, and. even at the equator, something like seventy minutes will elapse before night holds undisputed sway. Tins is the length of the true?ike astronomical ?twilight. It is at or near the equinoxes that the phenomenon under consideration is at its shortest all over the globe. At those periods it lasts at Honolulu thirty minutes; at San Francisco, thirty-five; at I^ondon, forty-five; at St. Petersburg, fifty-seven; at the arctic and antarctic circles, seventy two. and at the poles, eighteen days. When, then, we say tha<t the poles have six months' light and six months' dark ness, it is little more than a facon de par ler. The north pole has no less than 222 days of practical daylight each year, the south pole 21 .*> days, the equator 107 days. Xansen, when in high northern latitudes, was able to read the "Verdensgang" many days before the longed-for sunrise follow ing the long winter night. The gnat length of the twilight in polar regions is a boon indeed to explorers. Th<* popular imagination usually attaches itself to the great cold they have to endure, but the reaJ enemy is the long darkness, which is trying to the enthusiasm of even a Nan sen, a Peary or a Jackson. Th?-re is practically no difference in the length of the twilight at the equator at the equinoxes and solstices. Even at Hon olulu it will not vary by more than a couple of minutes. But in the higher lat itudes the varying duration is very marked In latitude ~A*y2 degrees, for instance, it lasts fifty-six minutes at the equinoxes, out at the summer solstice it lasts from sunset to sunri'se?tha?t is to say. from 0:10 o'clock till 2:50, or for five hours and forty minutes. Norrh or south of 9P, decrees practical twilight lasts all "night" at the equinoxes. The sun is, it Is true, only twelve hours above the horizon, but as he can not get more than seven degrees below k there is continual daylight for the twenty-four hours. In such cities its Stockholm and St. Petersburg there are close on to four teen hours of dayligtit at those seasons when day and night are said to be equal, and at the equator itself the day all the jcar round is made up of thirteen hours daylight and eleven hours darkness. It must also be not forgotten that in those latitudes where the sun remains for months below the horizon there is during that period a good deal of daylight, so that along the eightieth parallel north (a little north of which the Jackson-Harmsworth expedition spent three consecutive years in the Franz Josef Islands), although the sun does not rise between October li> and February 22, there is a period of three weeks following the final sunset and an other of the same length preceding the first sunrise of the year, on each day of which good type can be read for a few minutes up to some hours without arti ficial light. - FIBST SILK HAT. ItH W*arpr for drench of the Pence. From the Hatter*' Gazette. January 15. 17*.?7. was the date flxe<l by Mr. Hetherington for his first appearance in public with the new hat, the silk hat of today. He believed that In the natural course of events he would create a sensa tion, but he was not prepared for the com motion which followed. It was with no little trepidation that, about 11 o'clock in the forenoon, Mr. Hetherington emerged from his shop in the Strand. His family advised asainst it. but he was determined, ?nd 'ort'n he sallied. The Strand, as now. was one of the busy streets of London, and Mr. Hetheringfton had not walked ten feet before merchants and others, attracted by the unusual sight, Stopped and gazed in wonder. Mr. Hether ington, however, moved on, but men who had only stopped to look now followed after hint, and In less time than It takes to tell It the street was crowded with a howl ing mob. Those on the outskirts of the crowd did no* know the nature of the trou ble. If there was any. but they helped to swell the din. How Mr. Hetherington fare'!, however. Is best told by the Journals of that date, whose piiges have been searched by the Tailors and Cutters' spe cial commissioner. One gazette gave this account of the remarkable event: "John Hetherington. haberdasher, of the Strand was arraigned before the lord may or yesterday nn a charge of breach of the peace and In'-Itlng to riot, r.nd was required to give bond in the sum. of It was In evidence that Mr. Hetherington, who Is well connected, apipeared upon the public hiehway wearing upon his head what he called a silk hat (which was offered in ev idence), n tall structure having a shiny luster, and calculated to frighten timid peo ple. As a matter of fact, the officers of the crown stated that several women faln-ted at the unusual sight, while children screamed. dog;i yelped, and a young son of Oordwainer Thomas, who was returning from a chandler's shop, was thrown down by the crowd which had collected, and had his right arm broken. For these reasons the defendant was seized by the guards and taken before the lord mayor. In ex tenuation of his crime, defendant clalmei thaj he had not violated any law of the kingdom, hut was merely exercising a right to appear In a headdress of his own design ?a right not denied to any Englishman." Another paper of the same date (January IB, 17!V7>. in commenting on Mr. Hethering ton's appearance, said: "In these days of enlightenment it must be considered an advance in dress reform, and one which is bound, .sooner or later, to stamp its character upon the entire com munity. The new hat Is destined to work a revolution in headgear, and we think the officers of the crown erred In placing the defendant under arrest." A device to prevent sleepwalking is to lay upon the floor, by the side of the som nambulist's bed, a sheet of iron, zinc or other metal, wide enough to insure that he will stev upon It. When the sleepwalk ing tits come upon him. his foot touches the cold surface of the metal, and he instinct ively draws that leg into the bed again. After two or three attempts the somnam bulist gives it up and settles down in bed. On the roof of a brewery at Maidstone is to be seen one of the most remarkable vanes in Kngland. It represents an old brown Jug and glass. The jug, which is made of copper, stands three feet six inches in height and three feet in diameter and is cai'<i.i>le of holding 1<J8 gallons. RANDOM VERSE. The Days Written for The Evening Perk I These are the (lays Ths brown of wintj And springtime's c< The silent trees ar And not n bud is sh?j5rtftg pet We know the folde Today the air is colc And skies are gray fcmd the ?en. Annie Landreth between ie wane [?w of green. [at 1! f in "8 graft and bare. lea la are there. erce, ittcr wind* As keenly as an :irr?fF pie re. Tomorrow comes, wlfcds are mild, And all the deep. bli? skies are like The soft eyes of a little phild! ?I?i lone. Written for The Evening Star by Do Witt C. Sprague The spring has come again. lone. Bringing the bird* ami early flowers. And, oil! it orings to me the hours. The happiest 1 e'er have known. 'Twas spring, we wandered o'er the mead To gather flowers - again you heard A tale of lov**, then spake a word That made earth paradise indeed. lone, that springtime quickly fled, Its vernal beanties withered lay. Too quickly flow that cold en day, How suddenly Death's arrow sped! But now I tread these scenes alone To pluck the fairest flowers in bloom. Sweet memory lays them on a tomb, Yet thou, thou art not dead, lone! True love can never die. lone. For love is God and God is love. In those transcendent realms abovo Our love eterue will live. My Own! The Stopping; of the Clock, From Youth's Companion. Surprising falls the instantaneous <*alrn. The sudden silence in my chamber small; I. starting, lift my head in half alarm? The cl ick has stopped?that's all. The clock has stopped! Yet why have I so found Ay Instant feeling almost like dismay? Why note its silence sooner than its sound? For it has ticked all day. So many a life beside my own go on. And such companionship unheeded keep; Companionship scarce recognized till gone, And lest in sudden sleep. And so ihe blessings heaven daily grants Are in their very commonness forgot; We little heed whit nnswereth our wants? Until it answers not. A strangeness falleth on familiar ways. As if some pulse were gone beyond recall? Something unthought of. linked with all our days Some clock has stopped?that's all. Trntliful JfiineM anil the Klondike!*. Bret Ilarte in the Independent. We woz sitf.In' free?like ez you and me?In our camp on the Stanislow. Round a roariu* fire of bresh and briar, stirred up by a pitch-pine bough. And Jones of Yolo bad finished his solo on Bllson's prospect in* pan. And we all woz gay until Jefferson Clay kem in with a Klondike man. Now 1 most despise low language and lies, as I used to remark to Nye. But the soul of Truth though lie was but a youth? looked out of that stranger's eye. And the things he said I had frequent read In the papers down on "The Bay." And the words he choosed woz the kind wot's used in the best theayter play. I Hi talked of snows, and "f whisky wot froze in the soiidest kind of chunk. Which it took just a pniin I to go fairly around when the boys had a first-clas&. dximfc. And of j*irk that w.a< tlrllVd a^id with dynnmlte filled before it would yield to a blow, For things will be strange when thermometers range to sixty degrees below. How they made soup of I toot*? which the oldest best suits?and a "fry" from a d.tnein* shoe. How in Yukon valley a ?*opj?e ?ie bally might get up a fine "me!i'?o." But th'-ir regular fare when they'd nothin* to spare and bad finished their ihifrl mWc Was the harness leather which with hides went to gether, though the last iKdn'tyount as a rule. Now nil this seemed true. and 'quite natural too, ami then he spoke of the gold. And w all pot np. and refilled his cup. anfl this is the yarn he told: There wa.s gold in heaps?but tt*B there it keeps, and will keep till the Judgment day. For it's very rare that a m.trt aets there?and the man that is there musj stay! It's a thoMRand mile* by Unit? %?kjan isles till jSu come outo "Fort Get There** * (Which the same y<.u are no;-if you'll look at the s|?ot on the map that of cold is bare). Then a rlv?r begins that the Auiazou skins and the big Misslss![?pi knocks out. For it's seventy miles 'cross its month when it smiles, and you've only Ixfgun your route. Here Bilson arose with a keerless-llke pose and he gazed on that Klondike youth. And he say*: "Fair Mr. d. not think I infer that your words are not words of truth. But I'd simply ask why since that all men must die?your sperrlt is wanderln' here When at Dawson City -the more's tho pity?you've been frozen up nigh a year." "You need not. < are. for I nevvr was there," said that simple Klondike man. "I'm a company floater and business promoter, and tills is iny little plan: I show you the dangers to which you are strangers, and now for a sum you'll learn What prb-e you expect* u? as jut this prospectus? to insure your safe* return." Then Bilson stared, and lie almost r'ared, but be ^ spoke In a calm-like tone: "You 11 excuse me for say in' you're rather delayln* your^ change to insure your own! For we're wayworn ami weary, your style isn't cheery, wo vo bad quite enough of your game." But what did affect us lie took that prospectus and chucked it right Into the flame! Then our roarin' fire of bresh and briar flashed up on the Stanislow, And JiflT?-rson Clay went softly away with that youth with a downcast brow. And Jones of Yolo repeated his solo on that still. calm evening air. And we thought with a shiver of Yukon river and the fort that was called "Get There!" The Love of Dcuialil Xalr. J. I. 0. Clarke In tho Criterion. I would 1 were near to my aln love As she spins the wool sae tine; I would I could stan' by the bvreside As she's drlvin' ha me* the klne. But wae's me; out on the moor it's dark. The wind blaws cauld off sea, And what has a man to do wl' love When he's left alone to dee? When's deein' alone an' wounded salr, And her brother he dealt the l?low To me wha wadna hae hurt a hair Of her kinsmen, high or low? But ah, I would I were near my lova To see her on bended knee Pray In' for mother an' brother an' a' Afore I turn an' dee. I would I could see my love asleep, Not drowsy wl* death like ine. But smiliri' saft in a dream sae sweet Of my love that ne'er can be; For ah, my bluid's on the tall, wet grass. An' the lock of her hair's dyed red, An' what Is love when the eyes gang blind. An' what when a man is dead? I could hae killed him, her brother, here; Yet I wadna turn an' flee. He thoeht I came court in' the lass he wooed; The secret will dee wi' me. O love, my aln, my winsome love, I'd ask but your face to see As it laughs on your brother tomorrow morn, To see it afore 1 dee. Phantom. Laura G. Carr in the Boston Transcript. Whence do they come? What may their import be? The flitting, flashing phantoms of the mind? That half awake and half in dream we see; That never can be captured or defined? They hint at something lost, something desired. Something whose ownership would make us glad - Perhaps at thoughts with subtile meaning fired, Or t rut lis unrecognized because unclad. They may be glints of ha If-forgotten dreams, They may be memories long bnried deep. That from their ashes give jfeut fitful gleams Before they sink to their wng final sleep. Perhajw electric lines fromjjgther brain Are tapped and flashed jy crossing with our own. Perhaps some floating shre<|?ror hits remain Of former life that we som^hjte have known. Perhaps they are the signals loved ones send Who wait our coming on the other shore; Too spirit-full with earthly sense to blend, Too finely soft to fully pierce life's roar. Perhaps! Perhaps! Conjectures cannot teach I We clutch at shadows and we grasp the air! The mystery is aye beyond our reach? An ignis fatuus no art can snare. Old Friend*. Prom the Spectator. Ah yes, onr bauds met here and there. Our wandering eyes met- now and then, About life's crowded thoroughfare? But coldly seeing we were men. And looks are slight, and* hands are slow. And words so hard to say, and weak; Bv.mi the liest the poets know Mean more than even they can speak. Then Death struck lightning through the air; A rock was rent, set free a heart; And two old friends communion share When one lie# speechless and apart. FOREIGNERS IN LONDON A Floating Population of Some Ten Thousand Asiatics. They Go a Long Wars Toward Mak ing I p the Cr??? of the Bis English Ships. From the Par!* Messenger. London has a floating population of some 10,000 Asiatics?equaling that of a small town; and. If a little malodorous some times, and inclined to linger outside the pale of modern civilization, it is interesting to make their acquaintance, note their hab its and the places they frequent. Kven ! their vices have a certain element of plc turcsqueness. and?especially among the Chinese?some of their ceremonies obtrude upon the attention. For high life among the Asiatic population you must go to Bayswater, which is spoken of among for eigners* as "Asia Minor." Here reside the rich orientals who are engaged In commerce or have come for purposes of education or pleasure. These are the small and cul tured minority. For the large majority, the Asiatics of the slums, you must go out to Poplar and Shartwell?to the neighbor hood 'if the East India docks by preference. It is here the oriental is to be seen In all the richness of his infinite variety. Poplar, it m?y be remembered, is the original home of the Asiatic in London. The East India do.Jcg were the docks of the old John Com pany, which first brought oriental labor into repute in British shipping. Bow Com mon, hard by the docks, where the com pany's Asiat js were housed in huts, has long since been built over, and the foreign er has had to mingle with the dock laborer In the slums of Poplar and Blackwall. The first thing one finds out is the in de.finlteness of the term "Lascar" so com monly used. Properly speaking, it is only applicable to sailors from India; but In general use the term Is bestowed upon ali foreign seamen. There are about twelve shipping companies using Asiatic and Afri can labor. Of these the Peninsular and Oriental Company is the largest. It Is in teresting to ferret out the details. Take the Peninsular and Oriental Company's large ships. They are vessels of some seven thousand tons. On such a vessel they will | have at least 120 foreigners on board. Starting with the deck crew, you will lind tha.t they are all from India, mostly from the vicinity of Bombay, and Mohammedans, as a matter of course. The engineer's crew will be a mixture. There will be. in all probability, twelve men from the Punjaub, and among the others, Pathans. from Af ghanistan. and a number of Swahllis. or what they call Sidi boys?boy. of course, being a corruption of the Indian bhal, which means brother. Humorous are some of the corruptions of Indian words used on board. Khabadar. which means "take care." becomes "cup board door;" "khrab," which means "bad," main s an easy descent into "crab." There will also be Arabs and Africans?every im aginable class of people?from the Red sea. the Nile, Aden, Zanzibar and even the in terior of Africa. These last mentioned are rescued slaves from the interior, and first rate men in the engine room, standing any amount of heat and working well. They are easily recognized, for they are black as ebony, with woolly heads. The only other foreigner on board is the barber, who, somewhat curiously, is always a Cingalee. I While this is the usual proportion of Asl I atlcs on Peninsular and Oriental boats, j other companies employ only Arabs, and others only Chinese. The British Steam ! Navigation Company, the next largest to the Peninsular and Oriental, employs most I ly Bengalese; the Clan Line favors Hin doos, mostly from Madras, but they only I come into Tilbury dock, and the Arab Line ; only carries Arabs. On the other hand, the Dinral Line has ceased fo carry Lascars. ! With such a large oriental population one naturally expects to find an oriental quar ter. But they are not so gregarious as the I Jews, and do not exclusively occupy streets and districts. In many parts of the East End the Jews object to Christians living among them; but out Sin-dwell way the Asiatics are scattered, though there are many houses devoted entirely to them, and presided over by Chinese. Malays and In dians. most of whom have married English women, it is curious to hear these women addressed as Mrs. Munhamed. Chirtese Em ma. Lascar Sally, according to their hus bands' nationality?for they rarely adopt the proper name of the men they consort with. They seem entirely on the down grade, but the half-caste children one sees running about are often decidedly good looking, and it is amusing to hear them prattling Chinese or Swahili, and singing native ditties. MAKING MEXICAN 1'IXQIE. Manufacture of the Vntional Drlulc nn Enorniotitt Industry. Prom the New York Times. The making of pulque, the national drink, is an enormous industry In Mexico. The natives look upon it as an essential part of their diet, and its consumption is universal among all classes of people. The intoxica tion produced by pulque is thorough and apparently satisfactory in all essentials, if one can Judge by the slumbering forms often seen in the gutters adjacent to the pulquerias or pulque shops in the City of Mexico as the night grows old. Pulque trade from the maguey, a species of cen tury plant. The peons gather the sap from the plant by a rough siphon and empty it into a pigskin. It is passed through a simple process of fermentation and in twenty-four hours it is fit for use as a bev erage. When fermented it has the appear ance of iced buttermilk, which it somewhat resembles in taste, though to one unaccus tamed to its flavor it is mawkish and re pugnant. This distaste soon wears off, and a liking for the drink is not long in assert ing itself. It is said to be a sovereign remedy for kidney* affections, and there Is a saying that If a man from the north who has spent nearly all his money In trying to cure kidney trouble has enough left to carry him down to Mexico and will drink pulque for two months he will be cured. A good maguey field is a profitable piece of prop erty. Each well-developed plant will yield from I'D to 15<> gallons of sap. The sap is gathered dally for several weeks before it ceases to flow. Mexico City alone con sumes lon.iMi pints of pulque a lay. besides large quantities of mescal and tequilia. These are very intoxicating spirits, ob tained by distillation from the heart and root of the maguey. Although to th-2 ordi nary person to drink them is like swallow ing a fiery furnace, to the palate of the peon they are as grateful as would be the softest "old Scotch" to a northerner. MIGRATION TO SIBERIA. Fascination Eserelsrd I'pon the Run nlnnn by the Great East. Moscow Correspondence of the London Standard. In the last three years nearly half a mil lion Russians of the peasant class are known officially to have migrated from European Russia to various parts of Si beria. They are chiefly drawn from the grain-growing districts, which have suf fered four serious famines since the year 1891. Although the peasant cannot legally quit his land without special permission fiom the government, very many cases are recorded of peasants slipping away from all their liabilities at home and making for the El Dorado which they believe Si beria to be. It is certain that the full to. tal of migrations Is much more than ac counted for by the official figures. These reached 107.(KNl for the first eight months of last year alone. Siberia appears to the starving peasant of European Russia as a promised land of freedom and plenty; but, owing to the constantly recurring reiports of gold being found in widely separated dis tricts, Siberia also appeals to a better class of emigrants. A curious case occurred recently at Tomsk of the fascination which the coun try is beginning to have upon the Russian. Two young men, brothers, determined to seek their fortunes in the gold-bearing re gions suinposed to be within reach of that town. They were residents of one of the western Polish provinces, and having no money to pay their way to the land of gold they went to the local police, and. an nouncing that they were Siberian "resi dent" exiles who had "forgotten their place of origin," were sent with the usual convict gang at the government expense to Tomsk. There tfcey revealed their ruse to the authorities, and were imprisoned white tho customary voluminous corres pondence took place between the villous authorities Concerned. They are said to be still lying In prison si>me three months after their attempt to better themselves In this original manner. The trick of "for getting" one's name and place of origin is an old ruse employed by escaped con victs to get back to Siberia with only the tb gging invariably inflicted on that class, but without the Increase of sentence Im posed If the authorities can trace the man. These tricksters are known as "Johnny Punno-My-Namp," and their numbers lind plenty of employment for the police all o\er the country. It is an interesting sign of the times that these two young men. who had received a good education, should be following the example of the peasant, who is always only too ready to listen to any stories of the promised land of plenty. WheUiiT, as now. it be located in Siberia or. as was the case a f.-w year* ago, in South America. . A PKATHKRKI) WO\DRR. Hlril Worth (onuMernble More Than II* Wclirlil in From the I>on<o>n Mail. Possibly the rarest of all feathered crea tures Is the "takahe" bird of New Zealand. Science l ames it Notornls Mantelll. The first one ever seen by white eyes was caught In 1N4!>. A second came to white hands in 1851. Like the first, it was tracked over snow and c:.ught with dogs, fighting stoutly and uttering piercing screams of rage until overmastered. Both became the property of the British Museum. After that it was not seen again until INT!'. That year's specimen went to the Dresden Museum, at the cost of $TiOO. The fourth, which was captured last fall in the 1i%>rds of I.ake 'IV Allan, in New Zealand, lias been offered to the government there for the tidy sum of $1,250. Thus it appears that the bird is precious; worth very much more than its weight in gold. The value, of course, comes of rarity. The wise men were beginning to set it down as extinct. Scarcity aside, it must be worth looking at-a gorgeous creature about the size of a big goose, with breast, head and n-^ok of the richest dark blue, growing duil ish as It reaches the under parts. Back, wings and tail feathers are olive green, and the plumage throughout has a metallic lus ter. The tail is very short, and has under neath It a thick patch of soft pure white feathers. Having wings, the takahe flies not. The wings are not rudimentary, but the bird makes no attempt to use them. The legs are longish and very stout, the feet not webbed, and furnished with sharp, power ful claws. The oddest feature of all is ?he bill, an equilateral triangle of hard pink horn. Along the edge, wher<**t Joins the head, there is a strip of soft tissue much like the rudimentary comb or a barnvard fowl. ??? STiRTED AV AVAlA*fllE, Soand of n Mmi'n Voire Precipitated a Calntatrophe. From the Rorlsy Mountain News. Ts It true that the sound of the human vrvice may start ft. snowsllde? James Perchard, clerk of . the state court of ap P< als. Is Inclined to answer the question In the affirmative. He has for twenty years past been almoin of the belief that a word of farewell which he shouted in one of the mountain canyons cost the lives of two persons. "I never think of tho event without a shudder," said Mr. Perchard yesterday. "I was mining at the time In the r>?1on above Georgetown. The snow had fallen to an unusual depth that winter and min ers moving from one cabin to another were warned to lo.>k out for slides. 1 stopped in tine of my trips at the cabin of an ac quaintance and took dinner with him and his wife. At the close of the meal my host urged me to stay a while and take a smoke with him, but I felt nervous and impatient f??r s-jme reason which It was imposiblc for me to explain and declined as politely as possible the kin 1 invitation. 1 arose from the tatrfe and without delay started on my Journey. Crossing the can yon I turned *o wave a farewell to the friends who had entertained me. The man and his wife were standing at the door of the cabin and a third person was in the house. The air was perfectly still. Not the slightest Intimation was given of the awful disaster which was abour to happen. 1 waved my hand and shouted "Good-bye." "Hardly had the echoes of my voice died away before a muffled sound struck the ear?a noise like the boom of a cannon? and the whole side of the mountain seemed to be in motion. The snow, ice, trees and rocks started toward the bottom of the gulch and within five seconds the cabin was overwhelmed and the spot on which 1 stood one or two minutes before was buried under fifty feet of snow. I sum moned assistance as quickly as it could be d< ne and we frantically dug out two dead bodies. The third person afterward recov ered from the injuries Inflicted by the slide, but I have never entirely forgiven myself for the word which I shouted on that never-to-be-forgotten day." SMILING S V MOANS. When They Arc Klicri They Can Fight I.ike Fiend*. From Leslie's Weekly The men are noble specimens, physically? tall, muscular, with the erect carriage and elastic step of an American Indian. They, too, are smiling and kindly?in time of peace?and are clad In mantles of the gay prints which they have l?ought at the store; they greet you with a wave of the hand and a courteous "Alofa." They tattoo the legs from the waist to the knee, and as they stride along these members appear between the folds of their drapery as if they >yere decently clothed in skin-tight trousers. They are indolent and. when not roused to hostility, as amiable and fun-lov ing as children. They work as little as is pos sible, and why should they? The forest abounds in wild bananas, bread-fruit and yams, which may lie had for the taking; the sea is full of fish, which they are ex pert in catching, and if Providence deigns to send Hum a fattened pig once or twice a ye<ar they are blessed. Clothing they do not require, nor fuel; the^r taxes are only nominal, and they are consequently exempt from the chief demands of life, and which, but for the expense and difficulty of get ting buried, make it far easier for the average American to die than to live. But these gentle creatures can fight, and fight cruelly, although their method of warfare is peculiar; they eat and drink lie tween rounds, when a sort of truce is de clared. then go at it again, shoot at short range and shoot to kill. Formerly, until the practice was abolished by Chief Justice Ide. the killing was followed by beheading, and this ceremony was not always deferred, where the victim had been only wounded, until life was extinct. The heads were then collected and presented to the king as an especial proof of prowess. This barbarous practice the chief Justice had the utmost difficulty in dealing with, and it was not discontinued until the other representatives of the triple protectorate consented to en act a law to punish offenders by fining them heavily, and adding to this penalty a lengthy term of imprisonment. He t'onldn't Foremi That. From Tit Blt?. It was in Bradford. An old man was about to step in front of a steam tram going at full speed, when a hand seized him and flung him back. It was a narrow shave, and as soon as the old man realized It he extended his hand to his rescuer and exclaimed: "You have saved my life, and I can never repay the debt!" "I deserve no thanks," was the modest reply. "But you deserve more than thanks. I fim a rich man, and I want to givs you some substantial token of my gratitude. Here?let me write you a check for ' "I couldn't accept anything?really, I wouldn't," protested the other, "but there s something you might do for me all the sam?." "Speak and it shall be done." "You are a rieh man, and I know you by name. 1 am secretary of the Gas Com pany. Every month when you come In to 3a.y your bill you make a tremendous row tor haif an hour, and declare that we are lighway robbers. If you would only agre> "Not to make a row over my gas bill. Sever, sir, never! You saved my life, and [ am ready to draw you a check for ?10,000, >?t as for foregoing a privilege granted inly to free-barn Britons, I can't surrender t?couldn't do it if you sav;d my life a iuzc-n times over!" PUNISHMENT IN SIAM Barbarous Cruelties That Are Prac ticed on .Criminals, HOW THE BEADSMAN DOES BIS WORK Some of the Ways of Disposing of Undesirable Subjects. THE TRIAL BY UKDEAL I ; >m Ih s Km r?rl Pmh Although the King of Si am style* himself a civilised m^r :uvh and his small kingdom has been undergoing a rogonoratinf pro cess. the traveler in that strange country will still find r lies of barbarism. Among the most cirri .is practices still In vogue are those for the punishment of criminals. Men are often subjected to severe pun ishments for very trivial offenses. It is not an uncommon thing; for the king to sentence two men to l>e chained together, who are then compelled to go about yoked in this manner peihnjw for years, as no one dare release them without the king s permission. And the king often f?>rgets to give it. An instance of this kind was brought out recently when on*- of the pris oners died, and the other unfortunate wretch * ?is seen dragging the body of his late companion about beside him. unable to escape from his horrible yoke. The European consuls endeavored to obtain his release, but during the delay occasioned bv Um absence of the kint the poor victim Itecarw insane and soon afterward died. When the king goes abroad through the city or appears at any public function ex tieme care is taken by bin officers that no person is In any way on the same level or above him. For this reason h<? Is placed on a raised dais when inside ? building, and wl en proceeding: through the streets all persons are wartie<l to refrain from looking from balconies or windows white his maj esty is passim?. Method of Execution. Executions are of frequent occurrence, and the method of execution is interesting, although revolting In detail. The locality mostly used for this pur|>oee is situated in a valley a short distance from Itangkok. Morning is the time generally selected, when crowds of natives may be seen mov ing: toward the spot, arrayed in their gay est colors, and one would imagine that some pleasant and enjoyable fete whs about to be held. The assembled thous ands. arrived at the seene of action, chant merrily and bet among themselves h?* to whether the executioner will cut his man's head off at one blow. The executioner is dressed in red rags and armed with a large "dab." or sword. The condemned man is then led up by an escort drawn by lot from his own station, who have charge of the entire affair, and who are directly responsible to the king t-?r the successful carrying out of his orders. Aft^r a procession through the streets of the city, in which the unfortunate victim is compelled to carry the weapon which is to take his life, the cavalcade moves to the execution ground. A (?riiCNome Ceremony. The headsman then proceeds to shackle the prisoner's ankles together, bind his hands behind his back, stuff his ears with clay and bandage his eyes. The spectators meanwhile take advantage of this occasion to indulge in the most animated speculation on a variety of subjects, oftentimes wager ing th*ir entire possessions as to the ex act mom* nt when the victim will be killed, or whether he will retain his composure. The prisoner is led forward ami p aced on an elevated dais of earth In a kneeling po sition. and a mark is drawn upon his ne- k with colored earth to indicate the exact spot to strike. The headsmaVi retires to a distance of about twenty paces, and commences to leap and caper about, uttering cries and brand ishing his "dah." all the time advancing: toward his victim until within striking dis tance, when he raises his sword as if to give the fatal blow, but does not do so. Again he returns to the same place as be fore. and goes through a similar perform ance. which he repeats for the third time, when, rushing suddenly forward, with one sweep of his weajon he severs the head from the body, amid the applause of the assembled multitude or the gloomy silence of those unfortunate bettors who have wagered against his succcssful performance of the feat. Horrible Spectacle. Sometimes it happens that the execu tioner, through lack of skill in dealing the final blow, misses his aim and gashes his man in a frightful manner. Should this happen he is immediately seised by an as sistant executioner and condemned to death, another taking his place, who pro ceeds to go all through the performance anew, while the unfortunate wretch is writhing in agony and slowly bleeding to death. As soon as the condemned is suc cessfully beheaded, the offi'-ial who has had charge of the affair chops off the heels of the victim and siij? Um Imi <?v. r tin left These are conveyed to the king as testi mony of his having faithfully performed the duty intrusted to him. This is. however, but one of many cus toms in which undesirable subjects may be disposed of. Such minor transgressions as theft, wife stealing and combating of offi cial authority visit upon the hnad of the offender punishment ranging in scale ac cording to the enormity of the offense. Thus a man may consider himself fortunate if for his peccadillos he is subjected to no greater physical inconvenience than having the nails of his fingers and toes torn out by the roots, suffering the loss of an eye, tongue, nose or. in more aggravated in stances. probably his hands and feet. A punishment which Is reserved for extraor dinary cases is the building up of the vic tim in plaster of paris?one of the most diabolical and inhuman tortures that tho mind can conceive. Squeezed to Heath. A large hole is dug in the ground of suf ficient length and depth to hold the body of the intended victim, and into this hole he Is placed, with his hands and feet securely I tied. Liquid plaster of paris is poured in over the body, incasing it in a mold. On cooling it hardens and contracts, gradually squeezing the victim to death in an ada mantine mold, and causing the most excru ciating torture. The body is allowed to re main in this state for weeks and months after death as a warning to other offenders. Similar aboriginal methods are likewise observed In the trial of those accused <?f crime. This is more true outside of Bang kok. for in the latter city civilisation h.*s had some appreciable influence in lessening these abus s. In Slam in general, howevci, the practice of trial by ordeal is still com mon. The commonest method is to give the accused p. handful of rice to chew, and when the rice is masticated it is placed upon a small sheet of cloth. If traces of blood are found, the guilt of the accused i3 assured, and he is immediately punished; shouid there be no trace he is given his freedom. And Then lie Fainted. From Tit Itits. At a dinner party not long ago a certain young, gentleman (an enthusiastic golfer) Started off with the whitebait to eriumert-te to his partner the details of a match that he had been playing that day. It wag not until the dessert was brought on that he suddenly bethought himself that he had been doing all the talking; indeed, the young lady had not said a single word dur ing the progress of the meal. It was pos sible that she was not interested in the sub ject?incredible. but still possible. "1 am afraid I have been boring you with this talk of the shop/* he said, in half apology. "Oh, no; not at all," was the pretty maid en's polite response. "Only, what is golf?*' Watts?"Seems to have been some trouble over at Wick's house." Potts?"Well, yes His wife told him to advertise for a x>arlor maid, and he goes and puts In tne advertisement, 'blonde pre ferred!.' "?Pearson's Weekly.