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THE EVENING STAR.
VUIJWO DAILY. EXCU T SUNDAY,
AT THU STAB BUULDINGSF"
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Exercises Under the Auspices of Local
IEYOLTIOIARY SIRES' DESCENDANTS
Addresses by Messrs. Henry E Davis
and R. Ross Perry.
The celebration of the Fourth of July at
the Columbia Th"ater today was a notable
event. In the past the joint celebration of
the day by the Sons of the Revolution and
the Sons of the American Revolution of the
District of Columbia has been held at the
base of the Washington monument, where
considerable discomfort has been usually
experienced as a result of an out-of-door
meeting during the hottest part of the day.
For this reason the Columbia Theater was
chosen for the purpose, and the general
satisfaction expressed over the change is
likely to cause these patriotic meetings to
be held indoors in the future.
The decoration of the theater for the oc
casion was confined to the draping of a
n.Lmmoth American flag over the stage.
where there was a large assemblage of
members of the societies having charge of
the ceremonies. The theater was tilled
with a :listinguished audience. The French
minister, Mr. Cambon, accompanied by
mi mubers of his legation, occupied a box on
the right of the stage, and during the cere
monies he received marked attention from
the speakers and audience as the repre
sentative of that sister republic which had
helped make the day possible.
Those on the Stage.
Among those on the stage were Col.
Green Clay Goodloe, president of the Sons
of the Revolution, who acted as presiding
officer of the meeting, Gen. Thomas M.
Vincent, president of the Sons of the Amer
ican Revolution: Commissioner John B.
Wight, Rev. Dr. Rankin, Admiral Greer,
Chas. E. Grice, Surgeon General Wyman,
John Paul Earnest, W. J. Rhees, Wm. A.
De Caindry, Col. Blount, Barry Bulkley,
James A. Sample. A. K. Paris, Wm. H.
Bayly, W. H. Pearce, Gen. J. C. Breckin
ridge, Bernard R. Green. R. Ross Perry,
W. S. Shallenberger, Rev. Dr. Thomas S.
Childs. Henry E. Davis, John B. Larner,
J. B. Thompson, Louis J. Davis and Cha
The Marine Band rendered music during
the ceremonies, which were opened with an
invocation by Rev. Thomas S. Childs, chap
lain of the Sons of the American Revolu
tion. The "Star-Spangled Banner" was
played by the hand, and Mr. Henry E. Da
vis delivered an oration appropriate to the
Mr. Davis' Address.
The American people, he said, today pre
sert to the view of the world the full fruition
of the best seal planted by the revolution
ary fathers. He spoke of the atmosphere
of American freedom and the influence of
the English law in giving liberty to the
people. The American people were no
longer children. but, as men, have the duty
thrnst upon them to extend this law and
its accompanying liberty. Wherever En
glish law and American institutions have
gone men stand upright and are free men.
Th.e very spirit of these institutions
mak.s slavery and tyranny impossible, and
the American people are now chargsd with
the grandest duty they have met since
th ir national life began, this duty being to
carry the lihertiss of the flag to other peo
I.les. and this duty they share with men of
their own blood. He had no fault to find
wi:h hyphenated Americans, but when it
comes to rallying around the flag there
should be only Americans.
Mr. Davis paid a delicate compliment
to the French minister. He referred to
th representative of the eldest child in
the family of republics as being present,
and. Mr. Cambon bowing his acknowledg
ment, all the members of the two patriotic
societies on the stage arose and returned
the salute of thz representative of France.
Mr. Davis then referred to the attitude
of France today in giving justice to her
prisoner, lately brought from Devil's Island
for trial in court. and said the French na
tion is today giving the world an example
of suprem_ moral courage.
Address by Mr. Perry.
After another musical number Mr. Barry
Bulkley read the Declaration of Independ
ence in an Impressive style. Mr. R. Ross
Pr rry, the second orator of the day, spoke
of the new American of 1S08 and of the
events that had taken place In the history
of his ancestry to make him the man he is.
tie had been developed by 151) years of a
life that had been illed with needs for
courage in fighting his way in a new world.
Mr. Perry spnke of the friendly attitude of
France and of her generous assistance ren
d-,rel when help was needed, and expressed
the h Ie tnat the blood of the two nations
wnuld never be spilled together unless as
The "Mfarseiliaise" wa played by the Ma
ri." itarol. after which benediction was pro
n unced by Rev. Dr. John H. Elliott.
"E ERi.s IN THE ARMY.
Return of Volunteers Will Have No
E~eet on Their statuu.
It i.s saisl at the War Department that the
ret urn of the volunteer orgatizgationis from
the Philippines will have no effect on the
rank of the volunteer general officers now
on duty there. The number of general offl
curs dlepends not on the particular organi
gations in the service, but on the total num
ber of men. The law provides for one major
gerkral to every 12,004O men. There will be
In the joint establishment when the pre
ent recruiting arrangements are completed
about 7T,000 men. There are now three
major generals in the regular establishment,
Miles. Merritt and Brooke, and in the vol
unteers Shafter, Otis, Lawton andt Mae
Art hur. This arrangement will probahly
stand, as there is a fraction over the geota
of men for six major generals. There are
now on dluty in the Philippines the follow
ing brigadiers. In the order of seniority
asmed: Bates. Young. Schwan, Hail, Wheat
on, Grant. Hughes and Ovenshine. It Is
understoul that these will all retain their
commands, it is practically settled that the
Increase in the joint establishment will not
neestt the appointment of any more
brigadier generals, there being already a
surplus in Cuba and elsewhere. which have
been carrierd under the provisIon of the six
mnt~hs voluntee.r law.
The Pay of 'taval Omeers.
hMr. L. P. Mitchell. the acting controller
of ihe treasury, has Issued the following
to the auditor for the Navy D~epartment
and others concerned:
"The navy personnel act of March 3, 1899
(30 Stat., loom,. having assimilated the pay
of the line and medical and pay corp. of
the navy to that of officers of corresponding
rank in the army, subject to the reduction
of 15 per cent for shore service, after June
50, I1le, in the settlement of accounts after
that date the pay of all oficeers and enlisted
men of the navy will be computed accord
lag to the rules applied for the computatIon
of the pay of ofmcers and enlisted men of
the army, whether such persons are en
gaged on monthly or annual salaries, by
treating the year as divided into twelve
montias of thirty days each, corresponding
to the emdr imahs et the year end
rearding the inaTlities in the dumrtion
KILLING OF FLANNAGAN
Feeling in Powbatan Causes Removal of
Pilkinton to Richmond.
Dramatic Scene When the Widow of
the Dead Man Confronted His
Slayer-Detals of Interest.
Special Dispatch to The Evening Star.
RICHMOND, Va., July 4.-W. G. Piu
kinton, the young lawyer who yesterday
killed William M. Flannagan, the re
publican state senator from Powhatan
county, and commonwealth's attorney of
the same county, is in jail here In a, state
of almost nervous prostration over the af
fair. The political camp has long been di
vided in Powhatan, and the bitter fight
made in May between Pilkinton and Flan
nagan for the commonwealth attorneyship,
in which Plikinton came within 176 votes of
wresting the office from Flannagan, which
he had held for fourteen years, left many
people arrayed against each other. Much
feeling was displayed yesterday when the
shooting occurred, and the judge of the
county wisely sent Pilkinton here for safe
keeping. Since It has been shown by eye
witnesses that Flannagan made a sudden
and unexpected attack on Pilkinton, as he
was standing in the vestibule of the court
house talking quietly to an officer of the
county, the excitement has subsided.
Struck by Senator Flood.
Flannagan was an aggressive but level
headed man, and his attack on Pilkinton
in the manner in which it was done is a
surprise to all who knew him, and is sup
posed to have been the sudden outbreak of
passion culminating frcm the long and bit
ter cintest between the two men, in which
many uncomplimentary things were said.
Flannagan was the only republican rep
resentative in the last state senate, and
never declined combat with the debaters of
the democratic body.
He was always parliamentary, but very
aggressive. and his readiness to uphold the
measure of his party terminated at the
close of the session in an altercation with
Senator H. D. Flood, who struck Flanna
gan over the head with a stick, and for
some time it was thought it would prove
A very intensely dramatic scene was en
acted yesterday immediately after the kill
ing. Flannagan's house is within 100 yards
of the court house. His family came wild
ly running to his side. His body lay cov
ered with blood, and his widow threw her
self upon it in uncontrollable raroxysm of
grief for a few mcments, and then, arising,
demanded to know who shot her husband.
Some one pointed to Pilkinton, and she ad
vanced toward him.
"Why did you kill my husband?" she
Pilkinton replied that he was attacked,
and there was nothing else left for him to
He was led away, and bystanders took
Mrs. Flannagan home. The case will come
to trial at the present term of the court,
which was in session when the killing oc
curred. Judge Miller of Powhatan has
summoned the commonwealth's attorney
of an adjoining county to conduct the trial.
Little doubt exists that Pilkinton will be
cleared on the ground of self-defense.
Flannagan's life was insured for $10,000.
TAKING HORSES TO MANILA.
Sailing of the Wyefeld-Another Trip
for the Tacoma.
Quartermaster Gen. Ludington received a
telegram this morning from Col. Long,
quartermaster at San Francisco, saying
that the transport Tacoma arrived there
this morning from Manila, and that he will
inspect her as saon as possible and report
repairs necessary for another trip to Ma
nila in case the department desired to re
tain her for that purpose. In reply, Gen.
Ludington instructed Col. Long to retain
the Tacoma for another trip to Manila for
the purpose of carrying horses. for the 4th
Cavalry. He was also Instructed to report
the cost of repairs necessary to make the
animals comfortable on the long voyage
across the Pacific. The vessel is especially
adapted for the transportation of horses
and general freight.
The quartermaster general has been noti
fled of the sailing of the transport Wyetield,
one of the newly chartered stock boats,
from San Francisco for Manila. She car
ries one officer, twenty-three enlisted men
and 140 horses for service in the Philip
pines. In addition to her load of animals,
she has 7,000 tons of stores and supplies.
SECRETARY ALGER'S LOSS.
Has Been Telegraphed Regarding the
Burning of His Pulp Mills.
Secretary Alger has received telegraphic
confirmation of the fire at the large pulp
mills in which he is interested at Grand
Mere, Canada. He received only a brief
telegram. It simply stated that the mills
had been partly destroyed, and giving no
details. Ie has telegraphed for particu
lars, but so far has not received them
owing to the difficulty of communicating
with Grand Mere. According to Secretary
Alger, the mills were valued at $3,000,000.
H~e does not know the ambount of insurance
carried, as that was a matter left to his
agents In Michigan. The principal owners
of the mills are Secretary Alger and Sir
William C. Van Horn of Montreal. Mr.
Russell A. Alger, jr.. the Secretary's son,
is secretary of the company and represents
his father in Its management. The Secre
tary has received general sympathy in his
QUEEN KAPIOLANI DEAD.
Rellet -of FClmg ainkana Passes
Away at Remlniu.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 4.-The steam
ship Coptic arrived late last night from
Bong Kong and Yokohama via Honolulu.
Rhe bring news of the death at Honolulu
on Juno 24 of Dowager Queen Kapiolani,
widowt ef King Kalakaus. Her death
had been expected for some time. She
was sixty-five years of age, and was a
sufferer from cancer and recently had a
stroke of paralysis. She was much es
teemed In the islands and her death was
sincerely mourned. Her remains lay in
state for eight days and were buried with
lmpressive ceremonies. She left no chil
dren and during her life devoted much of
her time to charitable work, the Kapallonia
Home for Leper Girls and other institutions
having. been founded by her. She visited
San Virancisco In state in 1887 with her
sister-in-law. Princess Lilluokalani, and
was given a royal welcome.
There was no sickness on the steamer
Coptic, and her passengers report that
fear of the bubonic plague had abated
at Honolulu. Among those on the vessel
were Col. Ames of the 1st Minnesota Vol
unteers, who is on furlough, and Dr. Shel
don, U. S. A., who Is returning from Ma
nila. The Coptic brought 95 cabin and f117
Sounded the United State.
LONDON. July 4.-The Daily Mali pub
lishies the following dispatch from Copen
"'.The United States government has been
seretly sounded regarding its disposItion
to support Denmark's efforta to secure a
with apeia referne to ay aval war in
Spellbinders Help Saohems and Braves
to Celebrate the Day.
Democracy's Cardinal Principles Are
the Chicago Platform.
A THRUST AT THE TRUSTS
NEW YORK, July 4.-The Fourth of July
was celebrated here under glorious weather
conditions, with much noise, merrymaking,
a profusion of flags and excursions and
sports of all kinds. It was stated that
there were more fireworks sold and more
excursion boats running than on any pre
vious Independence day, and, therefore,
the police and lire departments expected
to have more than their usual troubles.
Tammany Hall celebrated with formal
exercises in the wigwam. Among the
speakers were Joseph Willett, president of
the Alabama Bar Association; ex-Represen
tative Asher G. Caruth, James D. Richard
son of Tennessee, Norman E. Mack of
Buffalo, Thomas F. Grady of this city
James W. Ridgway of Brooklyn, Wm. E.
Gourley of New Jersey, A. Gaston of Penn
sylvania and C. Vey Holman of Maine.
Thera was the usual musical program by
the 69th Regiment Band and the Tammany
Hall Glee Club.
Cioker Cables Congratulations.
The following cable dispatch from Rich
ard Croker, who is in London, was read:
"Congratulations on the glorious Fourth,
the day we celebrate. My heart is with you
always. Let us rejoice over the coming
triumph of democracy and the. people's
"(Signed) RICHARD CROKER."
Ex-Representative Caruth's Speech.
After speaking of the day then being cele
brated throughout the Union and the les
sons taught by the Declaration of Inde
pendence, Mr. Caruth announced his al
legiance to the principles of that great doc
ument, the Charter of American Liberty,
and sounded a note of warning against any
departure from the theories of government
therein contained. Proud as he was of the
glorious achievements of our army and
navy, he would think that those victories
were dearly purchased If they had to be
paid for by a departure from the funda
mental ideas on which the Union has been
formed and had grown so great and mighty.
He thought the doctrine of human liberty
announced in the Declaration which Jeffer
son wrote and Adams advocated intended
for all time, and he stood ready to say with
the latter, "Sink or swim, live or. die, sur
vive or perish, I am for the Declaration.
It is my living sentiment, and by the bless
ing of God, it shall be my ding sentiment,
independence now, and Independence for
He announced his adherence to the theory
of the Monroe doctrine and his opposition
to imperialism. In speaking of the terri
tory acquired under the treaty of Paris, he
expressed regret at the acquisition of the
Philippines, but trusted that when the flag
floated in peace over these possessions we
would with wise statesmanship regulate
the affairs in those far-away Isles of the
Pacific so that the people would be learned
the blessings of self-government, and could
be intrusted with the management of their
own affairs. Coming down to and speaking
of the issue of the campaign of 1900, Mr.
The Defeat in 1SOG,
"Eighteen hundred and ninety-six lies in
our rear; 1900 is in front of us. It is use
less for us to talk of the causes of the de
feat in 1896. We know that we cast nearly
one million more democratic votes than
were ever given to our candidates for Presi
dent before, and yet we lost. Everything
that human ingenuity could contrive, every
expedient which desperation could suggest,
were used in order to corrupt the franchise
and to secure the presidency of the repub
110. It is not necessary to particularize, but
the 'votingest' people in the Union seemed
to live in Ohio, where one out of every three
of the population was a voter In 1890, a
proportion startling, previously unheard of
and grossly untrue. Take old Kentucky,
my state, which gave Bryan in 1896 217,000
votes to 175,u14 votes given Cleveland in
1892, an increase of 42.000, and yet, in 1892,
we carried the state by 40,ss, and lost It
by 281 in 18906. It was the desperate effort
on the part of the moneyed and corporate
powers of this country to accomplish the
defeat of the will of the- people by false
clamor, and, failing in that, by a false
count. But 1890 lies in the past, and no
'regret, repentance or repining' can bring
it back again.
'Let us cease to lament for that we can
And study help for that which we lament.'
"Nineteen hundred is before us, and to
that year we must turn for succor.
The Issue in 1900.
"We cannot, men of Tammany, expect
that 6,500,000 votes of this country will ig
nore the principles for which they cast their
suffrages less than three short years ago.
Although defeat came to them, democrats
over this country believe, or at least a ma
jority of them believe, and democracy is
but the will of the majority, that the plat
form laid down in Chicago in 1896 states the
cardinal doctrines of the democratic faith,
and on that platform they propose to fight
the battle of 1900. Although you may not
be In thorough accord with the princIples
of faIth therein enumerated, those principles
are so far better and so much more prefer
able to those of the republican party that I
believe the people will rally around our
standard and carry it to triumphant vic
The Trusts and Proteetion.
"But there is one Issue," said Mr. Caruth,
"which has become more permanent in the
years that have gone since 1890, than it was
when the great popular convention assem
bled at ChIcago and constructed the demo
cratic platform, and upon that subject we
must speak with no uncertain voice In 1900.
The evil of which we complain Is the
natural offspring of the miscalled American
policy of the republican party. The evil is
upon us because, as a nation we have been
false to the principles of equality proclaimed
in the Declaration of Ihdependence. It is
because we have not given 'equal rights to
all men and exclusive privileges to no man.'
We fostered manufacturers and encouraged
'infant industries' until, warmed into life
and strength, they have turned to strike
with their poisonous stings the generous
bosoma which nourished them. All through
a life co-extensive with the life of the re
PublIc, democracy has sounded a warning
to the people, yet, inch by inch, step by
step, the so-called doctrine of 'protection'
has advanced. Its advocates won their way
by insidious pleas and false representations,
but now, conscious of strength, they boldly
throw off the mask and demand 'protectIon
for protection's salje."
"On the floor of the House of Representa
thvee of the United States, in the session at
which both the Me~inley tariff bili1 andj the
anti-trust measure weepas4 I heard
Representative Win. L. Wilson, a demo
cratic leader, a .thoghtful and scholarly
stadnit of ohlt namEs~m d te anter
that th. McKinley-bt il be a br'eser
af temsS. em eanMhtas, . a , a.. im.
tration of the danger, 11 remember an old
rhyme, which rins s ing like this:
"'I heard a lion in tiobby-roar.
Pray. Mr. Speaker, shall we shut the door
And keep him there, or shall we let him in
To try if we can turn him out again?'
"'This is your position, in regard to
trusts; instead of keeping the lion out,
Brother McKinley comes opening the door,
and says: 'Let him in, and then We are go
ing to chase him ardund and try to get him
"The republicans not only opened the door,
but they coaxed- him In, and, pleased with
his quarters, he has stayed in, and, become
more fierce, terrible and destructive than
any Hlon ever was before.
"A bright newspaper man out in Minne
apolis has given the brute a name. He de
scribes him as a species of the hippopota
mus. because that animal has the thickest
of hides and the biggest of jaws, and is the
ugliest of all of God's creatures. How Noah
and his family stayed in the same ark with
a pair of them I have never been able to
understand. He calls the beast the hippo
gat, and says of It:
" 'Look out, look out, ye merchant men all,
Look out for the hippogat,
Who eateth industries great and small
And waxeth so big and fat.
" 'Cradles and coffins and babies' milk;
Oil and sugar, refined and raw;
Newspaper print and the heldames' milk
All go to the monster's maw.'"
Mr. Caruth spoke words of eulogy of Wil
liam Jennings Bryan, "the great apostle of
the plain people," and, refering to Tam
many, said that her "past loyalty is an
earnest of her future course. It matters not
who is chosen leader, she will be found In
1900. as she has always been found, fighting
the people's fight. She will not hang back
when the cry to battle rings through the
air. Lusty will be her war cry and deadly
her onslaught. The enemies of the people
will find her tomahawk at their heads, and
around her wigwam will be hung the scalps
of her slain."
Other Observances in Gotham.
The New York Scottish Celtic Society, the
employes of the Metropolitan street rail
way, the New York Letter Carriers' Asso
ciation, and many other organizations, held
picnics near the city.
About seventy sailors and marines of the
United States cruiser Brooklyn took a train
for Plainfield, N. J., in the morning, to par
ticipate in the Fourth of July celebration at
The casualties had begun as early as 8
o'clock in the morning, when John Noman,
twelve years old, shot himself with a pistol
and was taken to a hospital in a serious
BRYAN AND THURMAN IN 1900.
This Ticket Favored at a Conference
William Jennings Bryan of Nebraska for
President and Allen W. Thurman of Ohio,
for Vice President is a tiolket that was dis
cussed and strongly favored at a confer
ence held at the Shersian House, Chicago.
There were present, besides Messrs. Bryan
and Thurman. W. H. Hiarichsen, M. F.
Dunlap, and 0. P. Thompson, all of Jask
sonville, Ill.: R. M. Ditty of Columbus, Ohio,
and S. B. Cook, manager 9f the ways and
means bureau of the democratic national
Tne desire to put Mr. Thurman in line
for Vice President a.s to be based on
representations made by himself and Mr.
Ditty that he could carry Ohio for the dem
ocratic ticket. They told of republican dis
affection in that state, which, according to
their views, gives the denmcrats an ex
cellent chance to elect their state ticket this
year. In the event of success next Novem
ber, they said the way to victory in the
national election of 1900 would be easy.
In case Mr. Thurman Is made the vice
presidential nominee, it was said the demo
cratic party would make Ohio one op its
chief battlegrounds, hoping, in case Presi
dent McKinley is renominated, to defeat
him in his own state.
THE NEWARK AT VALPARAISO.
Commander Goodricb Wires That the
Abarenda Has Gone to Samoa.
The Navy Department received a dispatch
tcday from Commander Goodrich of the
Newark at Valparaiso, saying that the Aba
renda sailed from there last night for Sa
moa. She carries a steel wharf and sheds
in sections, to build a coaling station at
This is the first news that has been re
ceived by the department from the Newark
since she narrowly escaped being blown
into the Antarctic regions when running
out of coal near the Straits of Magellan.
She was helped out of this awkward pre
dicament by a supply of coal sent her by
the Chilean government, and now has ap
parently reached Valparlso in safety. Her
destination Is not made known by the Navy
Department, but it is understood that her
proposed trip to Apia to take the place of
the Philadelphia has been abandoned.
CAMP MEADE RERENTED.
The War Departmen( Decides to Con
tinue Its Use.
The War Department has decided to con
tinue the use of Camp Meade, Middletown,
Pa., for the benefit of recruits raised in
the east for service in the Philippines. The
camp, which covers an area of thirty acres
of farm lands, belongs to the Young estate,
and has been released untIl March 31, 1900.
The lease includes the big field where the
tents are erected, the land containing the
buildings, the storage yard, the corrals,
wagon parks and raIlroad yard. The only
troops now in that camp are the 19th in
fantry, which regiment is making prepara
tions to go to San Francisco for transpor
tation to Manila.
RETU'RN OF THE VOLUNTEERS.
Gen. Otis Wire- the Department in
Regard- to the Transports.
Gen. Otis has notiied 'tle War Depart
rent of 'the following aregements made
for the home Cmaling of the volunteers in
"M TUL, July 4, 1899.
*Adjutant General, W~ahgton:
"California infantr' and artillery, numa
ber fourteen hundred, and discharged men
take Sheridan, uew .loadieg at Negros.
Warren takes Colorado, eleven hundred;
now preparing preparatory gbapers; difficult
to lighter transports hi tyehoon now pre
vailing. Grant unloa $; in four days will
take on Idaho, North Dbota and Wyo
ming, sixty-five offiegrs, dfteeb hundred
men, with other discharged gnen. -OTIS."~
Hawaiian Repesetate at Omuaha.
The State Department has received from
Consul General Hayweed of Honolulu, un
der date of May 28 -gopy of a report to
the chamber of capamei'e, recommending
that an exhibit of the .products of the is
lands be made at the e:xposition to be held
at Omaha. The exhibit will comprise na
tive fruits and plants, coffee, rice, sugar,
etc.; vhotograplAid awtdquities, -woods,
shells, curios, eten; alsRv a display of the
educational instititions (of the country, In
cluding the handitorik dony by seminary
Mr. -David Talty 'and 'r: ohn Pearsop
are at the Viceerb oa. The~wi
leave' next week be' rta#m#hif tepi'
through England, Bsotleand and maand.
Ifir. Gleorge a a insphew of AIa
Hager", who eag~ g e~ to ti
now kann as on~un. ~ I
HUGO GHOTIUS' TOMB
Imposing Ceremonies in Which All
Nations Are Represented.
AIBASSADOR V1ITES ADDRESS
Peace Conference Delegates Hear
Most Impressive Words.
INSCRIPTION ON WREATH
DELFT, Holland, July 4.-There was a
picturesque and impressive ceremony at
the Nieuve Kirck this morning. The
church was filled with delegates, diplo
mats, high officials and ladies. The cere
mony began with a chorus singing Men
delssohn's "How Lovely Are the Messen
gers that Bring Us Good Tidings of
Peace," after which A. P. C. Van Karne
beck, the former foreign minister and head
of the Dutch delegation at the peace con
ference, who presided at today's ceremony,
briefly outlined Its nature.
"Nowhere has the conference met with
heartier sympathy than in the United
States, and it is as a token of this feeling
and in acknowledgment of the reception of
the conference by the Netherlands that the
American delegates, in the name of their
government desire to pay tribute to the
memory of Hugo Grotius. In order to give
this additional significance they have
chosen for its accomplishment their great
national feast day."
Ambassador White's Remarks.
After the national hymn of the Nether
lands had been sung Andrew D. White, the
United States ambassador to Germany, and
head of the American delegation to the
peace conference, in a long, scholarly ad
dress, paid an eloquent tribute to Grotius,
"to carry out whose ideas are now assem
bled delegates from all nations."
Mr. White added: "I feel that my own
country unites not only in her gratitude,
but in that of the civilized world."
After tracing Grotius' work and the ef
feet of his ideas. Mr. White said:
"From this tomb of Grotius I seem to
hear a message to go on with the work of
strengthening peace and humanizing war,
and, above all, to give to the world at least
a beginning of an effective, practical scheme
Wreath and Inscription.
At the end of his address Mr. White laid
on the tomb of Grotius, in behalf of his col
leagues, a wreath of silver oak and laurel
leaves, bearing the inscription:
"To the memory of Hugo Grotius, on the
occasion of the peace conference at The
Hague, in reverence and gratitude from the
The wreath was three feet in diameter
and was in a big beach case, ornamented
with silver, bearing the inscription:
"To the government of the Netherlands
from the .United States, on the occasion of
the conference, 181."
The names of the delegates to the peace
Dr. De Beanfort's Acceptance.
The address of acceptance was made by
Dr. W. H. De Beaufort, the minister of
foreign affairs and president of the minis
terial council of the Netherlands. He said:
"Today's ceremony will make a deep im
pression throughout the country. We Hol
landers are proud of our country, its glo
rious history and the memory of our great
1men. We are pleased to see them appre
ciated by foreigners and the citizens of a
country for which we have such respect
anr regard. We are closely connected with
the historical traditions of America. The
first settlers on the banks of the Hudson
were Hollanders, and we shall always re
member with a certain pride that it was a
Dutch captain who first saluted the stars
and stripes. Today we salute your star
spangled banner in our own country. Your
country is one of the largest in the world,
ours is one of the smallest, but we have
one thing in common, which is that we both
won our country and its independence by
our own valor."
Seth Low's Remarks.
In conclusion Dr. De Beaufort said he
hoped the day's ceremony and wreath
a ould act as a stimulus to future genera
tions in their exertions in behalf of still
further reforms in international law, and
that the wreath would be an everlasting
emblem of the historical friendship of
America and Holland.
President Seth Low of Columbia Uni
versity. and a delegate to the conference,
in returning thanks, said:
"We do not make light of what we owe
to England, but we gladly believe we owe
in a large measure to the Dutch many of
the things which we count as most pre
cious in our heritage."
The ceremony concluded with the singing
of "The Star Spangled Banner."
COLUMBIA AND SHAMROCK.
They Resemble Each Other Strongly
Chance ot Latter Good.
LONDON, July 4.-The Daily News this
morning publishes an article, with Illustra
tive designs, comparing the yachts Colum
bla and Shamrock. The writer gives the
following as the dimensions of the cup
challenger: Length, 132 feet 2 inches;
length on water line, 89 feet 8 inches; beam,
24 feet 6 inches. and draught, 20 feet. He
says the Shamrock's sail area is 14,125
square feet and her displacement 147 tons.
According to this authority she is con
structed of nickel steel and manganese
bronze. He says:
"There Is a strong resemblance between
the two hulls. The Columbia's fin keel is
more aft, and she has a more graceful fore
line than that of the Shamrock. It Is prob
able that the latter's sail area will be en
larged during the preliminary trials.
"She has a finer model than Valkyrie HL
and sill cut easier through the water. She
is much lighter than that yacht, has a
larger sail arcs, and is by far the most
dangerous competitor for the cup that ever
crossed the Atlantic. The Shamrock stands
a very good chance of proving'the victor.'*
MO19mmW TO THOMAS WmITE.
Devolutionary Patriot Who Helped to
Spill the Tea Ia Betea Harbor.
Special Dispatch to The Evening Star.
CUMBERILAND, Md., July 4.-An event
of unusual interest was the unveiling to
day in Evans' cemetery, near Rlddlesburg,
a few miles north of Cumberland, of a
monument erected to the memory of
Tihomas White. a revolutionary hero, by
his descendants In this section. White is
said to be the only man bied is Pennsyl
vanla- sefi who assted in the destruction
of tea in the Boston harbor. He was with
Washington In many of his battles. White
was horn in 1TS, and was a tailor by trade,.
Me samed in Philindsphta andl edgrated
WNI~ MIE wwSP1eku asd deha the
seened, ware in the wrof 152 Ussetm
DREYFUS IN BETTER SPIRITS
HiB Demeanor Taken am Sting Proof of
Astonished at the Attitude of VarIos
Persons Simee His Deportation
to Devil's Island.
RENNES, July 4.-Maitre Labori paid an
other visit to Captain Dreyfus at 10 o'clock
this morning, remaining with him until
noon. The lawyer found the prisoner to
be in even better spirits than yesterday,
and in the resistance Dreyfus has shown
to the frightful blow he suffered in the
judgment of the court-martial and his ter
rible existence on Devil's Island, combined
with his narvelous recuperation of phy
sical and mental strength since he left
Cayenne, Maitre Labori saw the strongest
proofs of his innocence. Counsel was al
most joyful in appearance on leaving the
military prison today, and beyond doubt
his interviews with Dreyfus have given
him the most favorable impression respect
ing the outcome of the court-martial.
Dreyfus spent yesterday evening and this
morning in studying the documents relat
ing to the Esterhazy and Zola trials.
Maitre Labori during this morning's con
ference, explained to him the obscure
points. Dreyfus was naturally astonished
at many incidents, and at the attitude of
various persons since his deportation.
Madame and Matthieu Dreyfus are to see
the prisoner this afternoon, when Maitre
Labori will again visit him,
Madame Dreyfus. it is asserted in Paris.
is not only permitted to see her husband
daily, but is allowed to attend personally
to the preparation of his meals.
His memoirs, which he wrote on Devil's
Island, were left there, but they will be
forwarded to the government with his
There is a good deal of comment upon a
speech made yesterday by Paul Deroulede.
founder of the League of Patriots, and
long known as one of the most violent op
ponents of revision. M. Deroulede said, in
substance, that if Dreyfus should be found
innocent by the new court-martial. "no
punishment would be sufficiently heavy, no
pillory sufficiently infamous, for all the
ministers, civil or military, who were re
sponsible for his conviction, and no honors
high enough for the martyr and victim."
SITUATION AT HOMESTEAD.
Secret Effort to Keep Men at Home
and Cripple the Mills.
PITTSBURG, July 4.-The open strike
campaign at Homestead has been abandon
ed, and emissaries of the Amalgamated As
sociation have adopted the plan of making
a house-to-house canvass of all the men
employed in the plant. It is claimed that
a secret effort Is being made to keep the
men at home tomorrow morning and crip
ple the mills to such an extent as to bring
about a complete shut down. If there is a
good showing the fight will b3 pushed. If
not there will be a throwing up of hands.
Among the citizens and business men of
Homestead there is a feeling that the
movement is a failure, but the leaders
maintain a mysterious air and say that it
will be well to watch for developments
within the next forty-eight hours.
DECIDED NOT TO STRIKE.
Cleveland Street Railway Trouble
Left to City Council Committee.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, July 4.-The street
railway men's union drew up a statement
of their complaint that the Big Consoli
dated Railway Company is not living up to
its agreement upon which the recent strike
was settled, and presented it to the special
city council committee that negotiated the
settlement. The union held an all-night
meeting last night and decided not to strike
again, but leave the matter in the hands of
SALUTED BY BRITISH WARSHIPS.
Significant Demonstration at Ply
mouth in Honor of Monongahela.
PLYMOUTH, England, July 4. - The
presence here today of the United States
training ship Monongahela was the occa
sion of an interesting ceremony in the
harbor at noon. All the British warships
were decorated with flags, and the Ameri
can ensign was run up- to the mastheads
and saluted with twenty-one guns, to which
the Monongahela responded.
MERGING OF COAL INTERESTS.
The Combine Said by a Director to Be
PITTSBURG, Pa., July 4.-Geo. I. Whit
ney, a director in the New river ooal com
bine, says the merging of all the river coal
interests Is practically assured. All options
have been taken on a strictly cash basis,
and the question of the acceptance or re
jection of the properties at the prices that
have been named will be decided in a few
days. The combine is to issue capital stock
amounting to $30,000,000 and 310,000,000 in
The big combine of rallroad coal Interests
of the Pittsburg district is believed by those
interested to be also in a fair way of being
carried through. There is much bard work
yet for the promoters, and a good deal~ to
be done to compromise options and ap
pralsements, which, in some cases, are at
considerable variance. The capital stock of
this enterprise is to be 360,000,000 or more.
CHARGED WITH COUNTERFEITING.
Secret Service Omeer. Arrest Five
Men in Pittsburg.
PITTSBURG, Pa., July 4.-United States
secret service agents arrested five men here
today on suspicion of being implicated in a
It is said that certain parts of the city
have been flooded with bogus dollars, and
the secret service men claim that the men
under arrest know somethitag about it. One
of the prisoners is suppesed to have sipur
ious coin with a face value of $1,500 hidden
within a few miles of Pittsburg. It is al
leged that those who made the coin sold
it at the rate of 87.50 for U10 worth.
In All Continental CitIes Amerieams
Show Great Enthusmam.
LONDON, July 4.-13he Americans abroad
are celebrating the Fourth with great en
thusiasm. The American flag is displayed
in nearly every eoaital of Europe.
In Berlin many members of the AmserI
can colony are starting on a special steama
er for a picnic on the River' Spree. There
wili be dancing and fireworks in the even
The United States emae 4n Berlin,
Paris, Romne and other coatninanesss erm
In London American dlags were nummer
on., and many of the businss heouses eised
and gave the emploee a holiday.
Ermaed Whine ttag en ese Tsaan.
Epels Elbigteb in the Beisp Dlm.
MUMaS~AMDen Mi.. JayuS tmta
jassa, wes twenlty-tOe stes m aet ta
late Thease liers, whso was a 3nmUhes
-a Ob psene - .amam wase se
4 he. - L.na.
AT THE WHITE HOUSE
The Day Quietly Observed by the
President and Mrs. McKinley.
'IAIIED II FALT AP&:I I
Looking Over the Executive
A CALL FROM SECRETA RY HAY
President and Mrs. McKinley celebrated
the Fourth of July by remaining in the
private apartments of the White House and
taking a rest. The President did not go
to his office until late in the morning and
then did not remain long. lie looked over
some of the newspapers and a few private
papers. He found time to enjoy his cigars
and to meditate without interruption. The
President smokes many cigars., but they
are always of a particular brand and flavor.
He smokes few of the many varieties sent
to him as presents. These cone from all
directions. They have been more plentiful
than ever before since the acquisition of
islands where fine tobacco Is pr..iueed. For
some time, however, the Presldent has been
smoking a brand of cigars sent to him by
a friend in Cuba. They are exactly of the
brand which the President has smoked for
years. They would sell for ab..ut 15 cents
apiece and are what are known as pure
Havannas. The President d.ws not smoke
to excess. although he often has a lighted
cigar in his mouth.
Mrs. McKinley continues to Improve slow
ly. She will probably be able to resume
her morning drives in a short time. The
President leaves his ofilce at intervals Nur
ing the day to talk with her and to ascer
tain her wants.
Acting Secretary Cortelyou spent part of
the day at home, lie rarely has occasion
to do this. He is one of the hardest worked
men in the government service. but has a
splendid constitution and control of him
Assistant Secretary Pruden. Colonel Mont
gomery and others were on duty during the
day. The heavy mals cannot he allowed
to accumulate, and consequently a portion
of the White House force is always on duty.
After completing his official duties Major
Pruden finished a flower painting. lie is
an artist of no mean ability.
Secretary Hay, clad In a flannel suit of
cream color, called for a fe*w minutes on
the President. The Secretary said he wouldl
spend the day at home working on his
There have been no fireworks in the
.White House grounds on the Fourth of
July for many years. In fact. ther has
been no noisy celebration of the day at the
White House since President Arthur's time.
The President's son. Allan Arthur. had full
freedom for celebrating the day and did so
by exploding many dollars' worth of fire
works. He invited his youn friends to the
White House in large numbers and there
would be a joLly celebration of the day.
The general explosion of fireworks today
did not annoy Mrs. McKinley. The nt'iie
hrere beard at the White House, but were
too distant to be disagreeable.
The Csar and Finland.
ST. PETERSBURG. July 4.-While r. .;
Ing to receive the Finniah deputati.on. the
czar has issued a rescript declaring that
when he ascended the throne he took up
the sacred duty of watching over the w.1
fare of all the people under the tus-ian
sceptre, and deemed it well to "ir.s re .o
Finland the special fabric of in"rnal I-.cie
lation conferred on it by my migh!y fftrr
His majesty then expressed the hope that
the loyal devotion of the Finnish "would be
proved to the satisfaction of their governor
Brewing Trust Keartag Began.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, July 4.-The hearing
was begun in the suit of Attorney General
Monnett against the Cleveland and San
dusky Brewing Company, otherwise the
brewing trust, to ascertain whether it can
be smashed, under the anti-trust law of
the state. The principal witness was G. H.
Gund of this city, president of an independ
ent brewing company, who described the
methods used to destroy competition.
Asived From Havama.
NEW YORK. July 4.-Among the passen
gers who arrived on board the steamer Ha
vana from Havana wcre Rear Admiral B.
J. Cromwell, Lieut. J. F. Stephens and
Gen. Carlos Garcia.
Agree te Goveramet. Preopsal.
BRUSSELS. July 4.-The members of the
right in the chambers have unanimously
agreed to the government proposal ref r
ring the electoral bills to a committf-e of
all parties. The left has also aswinted,
with a resolution limiting the time of the
committee's deliberations. It is beli,.ved
this wili solve the trouble for the present.
Stam Plant Destroyed by Fire.
NEW YORK, July 4.-The large platnt of
the Beacon Light Lamp Company at New
Brunswick, N. J., was totally dlestroyed
by fire early this morning. The boss is
about S100,0l10 and is partiailyecovere'd by
insurance. Tht origin of the tire is wm
known. No one is known to have been In
Dietusrbaes Ctimm to *arete.
B.ARCEEONA, July 4.-The disturtences
were resumed here this morning. Manay
stores were comapelled to cas and the
horse car service was suended. A. the
lines are worked by an English company, iS
is reported Momatic reprementations wilU
be smade to the governament on the subject
of the damage sustesaea.
ghaspsetvle Strike Cemetanee.
SHIARON, Pa., July 4.-lthe strike of the
blast furnace wor kers at Uharpsville still
continues. The operators have seen meour
ing the country for neen to take the places
of the strikers. One omsa stated today
that he expected m0 sen to be mat tW
arpneville before the tater. pert ef tihe
week, ad they would be put to woe s opn
their arrivaL. The strikes's are orderly amt
say that they will smake no trouble unles
foreign labor is imsported.
Desmestrosi==a La Belgium.
LIaEE July 4.--The opening of the pro
vincial council hetde today was attended by~
great contusion. The governor generaJ. N.
Pety de Thesse. in cessag his speech, asnG
tie words "Long live the king," wherempea
the membker. of thle left sheeted "Lo4 ng
nivereal estrge," "Lwm' live the sep -
nec." The royansts mane a euater-d
tatim, and the Uii was elmeed aneda
AmbrW~e Une~E Pbee Vbstm.
UARATIMA. K. Y., Sedr 4.-Kmi s~meng
L P. Wasistet Nfew TM eliy, wo. a
-etm~ burned deag- Wabmm Mi
se as , es w
e.. . A