Newspaper Page Text
No. 14,G94. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, APRL 3, 1900-SIXTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
TH. EVENING SrAR. PgKmSME DAILY. EXCEPT SU43A Timpiory Bausiness Oike, 1109 Peasylva2is Aveise. The Evesig Star Newspaper Companiy. S I. KAUFFM44, Pres't New Verk Otfice: 126 Tribuae 'tillin;. Chicago Ofince: Boyce daildie. Lades Ofince: rrafalar silist.a Traflgar Square. The Eveniog Star is Ored to anukse-bers to the city by carriere. t their en:o . :it 0 ,vts per weeL. or 44 erts per month C-'pl,-a at the Counter. 2 rents eacb. By manl-anywrere in the United States ,r Caned, tagem,. P.vpani-3o) 4'lftb per mnuti. Saturday Quintuple sheet star $1 per year. with foe~irn p, -tatge added. 3.08. (Fntered at the Pept O:,'- at Wasanrgtn. D. 0. ga eo.d-,-la" ina matter.) 7All mall autasrlptlosa mnat he paid it n'i.anee Rates of adrI. a inSt kn -. , - eleofi LIST OF CASUALTIES Roberts Sends Names of Officera Who Fell Near Saunas. B Ill HOLD WATERWORKS British General Praises Work of His Troops Under Fire. BOER STORY 01 FIG HTING LONDON, April 3.-An official list of the casualties sustained by the British officers near the Bloemfontein water works Is as follows. KiHed-Northrumberland Fusiliers, Major Booth: Roberts Horse, Lieutenant Crowler: army medical service. Lieutenant Irvine. Wounded-Artillery, Colonel Rochfort and five others; Royal Horse Guards, LIeuten ant the Hon. A. V. Meade; Roberts Horse, three; mounted infantry, four. Missing-Artillery, Captain Wray: 10th Hussars. Lieutenants the Hon. D. R. H. Anderson-Pelham and C. W. H. Crichton. Fuller news of the disaster to the British army in the neighborhood of Sannas post does not tend to improve matters from a British point of view, but with the dis patches so mystifying it is impossible to accurately portray the present situation or to foretell the ultimate issue of Lord Rob erts' attempt to retrieve the defeat. Dimpatcl From Roberts. The war office has posted a dispatch from Lord Roberts, reading as follows: "iLOEMFONTEIN, April 2, 10:3U) p.m. In continuation of my telegram of March 31, there has been considerable delay in getting accurate returns of the casualties. as the action took place twenty-two miles hence. the telegraph cable has been inter rupted several times, cloudy weather has Interfered with signaling. and although there has been no engagement since the force is continually in touch with the enemy. "There were many nets of conspicuou# gallantry display-d during the day. 'Q' Hattery remained in action under a cross fire at I.:0 yards. for some hours., the of licers serving the guns as the casualties re duel the detachments. Several gallant at tempts were made ito bring in two guns. the teams of which had been killed, but at each attempt the horses were shot. "The Essex. Munster, Shropshire and Northumberland Mounted Infantry anti Roberts Hwse cover-di the retirement of the guns from that position to the crossing of th- drift found by tho- cavalry two miles further south and withstoo the deter mined atta-ks of the enemy. who, in some cae. aolvanced within U(, yards. 'I- at tery -,f the Royal lirse Artillery was sut denly surrounls-d in the drift and the of titers and men were all male prisoners without a sh' t ting fired. But, Major Taylir nd a sergeant major sueeed-l in escaping in tho- c-nlusioi. Five guns were caittur-d at the sain time. Further details ttmorrow.' No Gunn Recovered. Lord Rohrts' dispatch seems to finally dispose of tho earlier report of the recovery of the guns. and the fact that the Boers remain in occupation of the waterworks is taken as an indication that they Intend to make a stod sufficiently long to cover the withdrawal of the guns and wagons to a place of safety. although the absence of definite lnf-,rmatin regarding the move ments of tn. French's cavalry makes it dift-ult to estimate their chances of add ing this crowning success to the blow al ready inflicted. A disiatch from Maseru. Basutoland. datetd Monday. April 2. says the Earl of Rosslyn. who Is acting as war correspond ent for the Daily Mall In South Africa. and who left there April 1 on his way to Thabia N('hu, has prabably fallen into the hands of the Boers. Prean Measages Censored. Mes.ages from Springfontein suggest that the fat that press messages are keenly censoored indicates an early advance north war. although there is a question whether the iss of guns and convoy will not delay the commander-in-chief's movements. The alarming increase In ths mortality among the Boer prisoners at Simons Town has inducl the authorlies to promise to remov- to the mainland the prisoners who are not g.oing to St. Helena. A dispatch from Van Wyksvlel, dated 31onday. April 2, inlicates the pacification -f the northwest part of Cape Colony. The refugees are returning Io their homes. Driver Bradley of the Canadian artillbry died April 1 at Van Wykzvlel as the result of an ac-cident. A dispatch from Pretoria announces the arrival there of twenty-eight prisoners, mostly residents of Ladybrand, who were seIzed when the Boers forced the British to evacuate that place. The German Liner Koenig has again reachei Lorenzo Marques, this time having on board 257 passengers bound for the Transvaal. Odd Opialou.s of Kruger. An interestIng item appears in a period Ical called the Gem, giving the opinIons of the royal family on President Kruger, culled from an album belonging to the Duchess of Fife. The Princea of Wales wrote: "Mr. Kruger is a good judge of tobacco and a bad judge of the English people." The Duik, of Cambridge, former cotm mander-in-chIef of the forces, wrote: "I am an old man, and so is Kruger. As he Is. so am I- ant old soldier. I have so many faults myvself, how can I judge an other?" The queten wrote: "May God guide him and all of us out of our troubles and diff culities." To Absorb the Duteh Republiea. CAPE TOWN. April 3.--At a mass meet lng held here today, at which 20,000 persons were present, a resolution was pssed, amitd senes of groat enthusiasm, declarIng the solemn conviction of those assembledi thai the IncorporatIon of the South African re public andi the Orange Free State into the queen's dominions alone would secure peace,. prosperity and publIc freedom Ira South Africa. The national anthem was then sung. Plummer Defeated Agala. a PRETIORIA, Sunday. April 1.--It is re ported that heavy fightIng occurred Satur day around Mafeking. It is added that Col Plume-'s relief column was compelled to re tire with loss. No detaIls have been re. eived., DEC'i'ION 1% KENTUCKY CASE. Expected That It Wtill R~e Hades Dowa beea. LOlI'SVILLE, Ky.. April 3.-A deetaio1 In the governorship case Is expected fron the court of appeals within a day or so probably tomorrow. At the conc:usion o the argument last night the case was takei under adiysement, and the judges are noi considering the points involved. Pending.a decision interest centers in the proceeding of the grand jury at Frankfort, which expected to return -a number of IndIct ments in connecLion wIth the Goebel cast The conclusion of the investIgation is no expected for fully two weeks. Governor Taylor was expected here toda; etmm bin hoe. in uonantow-n CANAL COMMISSION BACK REAR ADMIRAL WALKER AND PARTY IN NEW YORK. Report on the Isthmian Surre"a Will lo Made to President in December. NEW YORK, April 8.-The canal com missioners., Rear Aimiral Walker, Samuel Pasco, Col. Ernst and Emery Johnson, were passengers on the Atlas line steamer Alleghany. which arrived today from Cen tral America. Rear Admiral Walker said: "We have completed our portion of the work of investigating the possibilities of both the Panama and Nicaragua routes. We have spent three months in the bush and have collected a great mass of data which we will put into shape for our report to be handed into the President next De cember. Nothing can be said on the subject that would give the public a clear idea until this data has been arranged and put into shape." Admiral Walker was asked whether the commission favored a fortified canal. lie replied that he could not enter into that subject. "Our duty will be to state the facts and to present to Congress the result of our survey and work. Both routes have their advantages, and these will be set forth." The admiral added: "Everywhere we were well received and entertained. The sentiment of the people is for the United States to build the canal." CHILDREN ARE "OVER-TAUGHT." Chicago School Trustees Dissatisfied With Modern Methods. CHICAGO. April 3.-Charges that teach ers in public schools are following such "advanced" methods that they are failing to instruct pupils properly in the most nec essary branches of learning are made by members of the board of education. Trustee Austin Sexton told a committee of the board that half of the teachers, the major Ity said to be graduates of local high schools, could not speak or write English correctly or spell correctly. Dr. E. Benja min Andrews, stperintendent of schools, ad mitted that nany of the teachers were de ficient in the points mentioned by Mr. Sex. ton. The foult, he said. was not so much with the teachers as with the system in which they were instructed, and in which they were instructing others. Mr. Sexton urged the requirement of one hour's study of English grammar every day. He said: "The trouble is that the attempt is made to teach spelling without a spelling book, the English language without a grammar, etc. We are advancing too fast: let us stick to the grammar and the spelling book. no matter if they are called old-fashionld. Give the pupils one hour every day with the grammar-not English literature. Hiawatha, .ulius Caesar or anything of that sort, but the old-fashioned. technical grammar." A motion that pupils give one hour each day to the English language, with especial reference to its correct usage, was adopted. NETHERSOLE TRIAL BEGINS. Actress Charged With Offending Public Decency in New York. NEW YORK, April 3.-Olga Nethersole and others, jointly accuscd in a blanket indictment of maintaining a nuisance and offending public decency in the production of a dramatization of Daudet's "Sapho," were put on trial today in the criminal branch of the mapreme court, where Justice Fursman presided. Those indicted with Miss Nethermole are Hamilton Revelle, Mar cus Mayer and Theodore Moss. Miss Neth ersole came into court with her private secretary, and Messrs. Mayer and Revelle. Mr. Moss was not in court, and it was said that he was sick. Assistant District Attorney McIntyre en deavored to secure an adjournment for two weeks in order to get a special jury panel. Justice Fursipan, however, denied the mo tion, saying that he was satisfied a fair jury could be obtained fr.,m the general panel. The examiaation of talesmen then began. Charles G. Becker, a clerk, the first tales man exaridned, was accept.ble to both par ties. Several rejections followed, and then Joseph M. Kaufman, secretary of a manu facturing company, was the second ac cepted. QlEEN REACHES IRELAND. Arrives at Kingstown on Her Yacht This Afternoon. DUBLIN, April .-The royal yacht Vic toria and Albert, with Queen Victoria on board, arrived at Kingstown at 2 o'clock this afternoon, three and a half hours ahead of the scheduled time, and was greet ed with a royal salute from the channel squadron. Rain has been falling all morning. The royal yacht lay off Kingstown, no one disembarking from her, and no one will leave the vessel until tomorrow. Only a handful of persons saw the ar rival of her majesty. LONDON, April 3.-Queen Victoria, who left Windsor Castle at 1):30 o'clock last evening en route for Ireland, arrived at Holyhead at 9:10 a.m. today. The authorities of the place, the officers of the warships in the harbor and a guard of honor waited the arrival of her majesty. The general public was excluded from the station. When the queen alighted she was presented with the usual address of wel come. She gave her reply to Lord Denbigh, who handed it to the officials. It read: "I thank you for your loyal and dutiful welcome and for your expressions of devo tion to my throne and person. The prac tical and generous sympathy for those who have suffered or who are likely to suffer in consequence of the present war, which has been shown by all classes of my suhjects, has been a great consolation to me during the time of suspense and anxiety ihrough which we are passing. I join in your hearty prayer that peace may soon be restored and that the other blessings of heaven be long continued to my empire, and I wish all prosperity to the country you represent." The queen then walked across the plat form, leaning on the arm of an Indian at tendant, and later embarked on board the royal yacht Victoria and Albert. which, piloted by the Irene, escorted by the royal yacht Osborne and the cruisers Galatea and Australia, steamed out of the harbor for Kingstown. ROBBERS KILL NIGHT OPERATOR. Also Rifle Depot at Wiaffeld, Kan. Get Little Booty. WINFIELD, Kan., April 3.-Robbers last night rifled the Santa Fe depot here, and in escaping, shot and hilled D. C. Coates, the night operator. They secund only a few cents. The killIng was evidently committed to prevent identification. Dewey Will Visit Knoxville. KNOXVILLE, Tenn., April 3.-Admiral George Dewey, in respons to an invitation extended by Knoxville. has written that he will be In this city May 11 and 12, speliding two days in order to visit points of his torical interest, and especially the birth place of Admiral Farragut. Knokville is preparing to give Admiral Dewey a cordiai welcome and intends also to make it an oc GEN. WRIGHT'S VIEWS Member of Philippine Commission Disoussee New Possessions. BEIEVER II RIGHT TO EIFAD Says Imperialism is a Sort of Bogey Man. BANQUETED BY FRIENDS M6EMPHIS, Tenn.. April 3.-Gen. Luke Wright of the Philippine commission was tendered a farewell banquet by 200 distin guished men at the Peabody Hotel. After thanking his friends for the sentiments ex pressed, Gen. Wright' spoke on the ques tion- of expansion and reviewed the pur chase of Louisiana and taking in of Flor ida, Texas, California and Alaska. Gen. Wright continued: "We may assume, therefore, if there is any force in the doctrine of practical con struction, that the power to expand is in herent and inexhaustible - in short, that whatever additional territory the people of the United States think they need and can rightfully acquire, they may constitution ally take. "In each instance the question is one of expediency and not of power to be deter mined upon a consideration of all the at tendant advantages of the transaction. "I know of no one who is-certainly I am not-a thick and thin expansionist. It would be both foolish and immoral for us to pursue a policy of greed and aggresslon. especially against our weaker neighbors. On the other hand. it would be equally fool ish and short-sighted to fail to acquire, by negotiations or purchase. any needed terri tory which we think useful t our p-ople." Anti-Imperialisin' Straw Man. The speaker said that the argument against imperialism seemed to him irrele vant. as it sets up a man of straw to be knocked down. The only imperator to whom our allegiance is due the will of the sovereign people. expressed in a manner they have subicribed. General Wright said that it has always been his belief that the* Island of Cuba should be a part of the t'nlted States. It is so situated. as a glance at tihe map will chow, as to be the key to the gulf of Mex leo and the Caribbean tea. In our hands the former becomes. as it ought to be, an American lak. It commands the Nicara gua nnal wihen built. Continuing, the s.wakcr k Iid: "I do not subc-rib' to the d htrine hat wherever the flag ,n-- flats it mist ,at forever: but I d, say that wherever- the flag is right fully rais I it :thoulii nver Ie furled in vio lation of the icltation of <1nty and honor. To ahndon the-sec islytwlit now In my mind would be a blot upon our good name among mankind for all time. "When all opposition to our authority is at an end and not before the question as to how the islands can be hest governed be comes at once and always not only a legit imate, but a highly-important topic for dis cussion. There shall be upon this as upon all other important matters full and free interchange of thought. To Consider Their Best Interests. "'Permilt me to say that I take it we are all agreed that whatever Is best for these, our new wards. is to be first con sidered. Humanity, justice and sound policy alike dictate this. We are further agreed that so far as It is In our power to give it, they shall have the same civil and religious liberty, same rights of per son and property, that we ourselves en joy; and, finally, that we Pre of one mind, that as speedily as can sufely be done, they should have representative government on the lines adopted for our other territories. Just how far we cannot at once go in that direction and just what instrumentality of government shall be presently operative can only be determined after Intelligent and honest investigation, and in the nature of things must largely depend upon the atti tude towan us of the Fililcinos themselves. "These and other grave considerations bar the United States from throwing off the burden of the Philippines. if it he a bur den. The path of duty lies plain before us and we cannot honorably recede if we would." General Wright closed with an affec tionate good-bye to his friends and asso ciates. CLSTONS IN CUBA. Receipts for January and February Compared With Last Year. The division of customs and insular af fairs of the War Department made public today a comparative statement of customs receipts in Cuba for the months of January and February, 181111, with those of January anr February, 1100. The statement shows that the receipts of the island for January and February, 1899, were $2,014,933.80; those of January and February, 1900, were $2,772,619.81, an in crease for the two months of 1900 over the same period of 1899 of $757,085.95. By ports the receipts for the several months and years named were: Baracoa, January and February, 1890, $6,772.10; 1900, $7,4b2.67. Batabano, January and Febru ary, 1899, $943.96; 1900, $839.76. Cienfuegos, January and February, 1899. $151,670.74; 1990, $175,970.71. Cardenas, January and February, 189, $35,758.21; 1900, $09,143.90. Calbarlen, January and February, 1890, $18,000.77; 10, $29.,652.14. Guantanamo. January and February,1899, $10 393.06; 1900 $22.702.15. Gibara, January arA February, 1899, $20,751.21; 1900, 525,556.71; Havana, January and February, 109, $1,452,929.22; 1900, $2,120,145.54; Manzanillo, January and February, 1891, $21,707.76; 1900. $24,050.66. Matanzas, January and February, 1899 $55,29'2.87; 1900, $73,562.73. Nuevitas, Janu ary and February, 7899, $56.4617.90; 1900. $31.216.95. Sagua le Grande, January a-> February, 1899, $22,228.07; 1900, $27.157 - Santa Crus, January and February, 181,9) $311.961; 1900, $1,382.55. Santiago, January and February, 1899, $152,914.95; 1900. $157, 061.17. Trinidad, January- and February, 1899, $1.998.81; 1900, $5,.806.82. Tunas de Zaza, January and February, 1899, 5702.27; 19100, $2317.39. FOR A HALL OF DETENTION'. Proposed Amendment to the District Bill. Mr. McMillan today reported to the Sen ate from the committee on the District of Columbia an amendment to the District of Columbia appropliation bill, as follows: "To enable the Commissioners of the Dis trict of Columbia to provide a suitable place for the reception and detention of the children under sixteen years of age and (in the discretion of the Commtssioners) of girls and women over sixteen years of age, arrested by the police on charge of ofi'ense .against any law in force in the District of Columbia, or hold as witnesses, or hold pending investigation, examination or otherwise, $8,000 or so much thereof as may be necessary; provided that all persons held or detained under public authority prior to the adjudication of cases in which they may be involved shall be held at the place so provided."' The above amendment was a portion of ISenate bill 3681, from which it will be elim inated in order to place it on the District THE CASE OF 10R. QUAY NOT LIKELY TO * " D ON TIS SESMOfN. Nothing to selies se With 4 ropria tien Bthlmu -Herby Ad.. journmeft. Opposition. bas developedte notion at this session on the Puummen resehe4n report ed from the Benete-Philipp committee. This resolution, togdther with appropria tion bills and conferens reports, has pre cedence over the Quay case'and the Quay case if taken up for the purpose of per mitting one or more speeches, to be made, can at any time be displaced by merely calling it up. There-is some uncertainty, however, whether it will be called up at once. The extent of the opposition has not yet been determined. Ther objection is not so much to the terms of the .resolution, but is based principally upon the idea that the public mind is now so mucih inflamed over the Porto Rican tariff, such strong opposi tion to it ex'sting among the people, that it would be better not to enter into another discussion of the government of our new possessions at a time so close to the presi dential election that it might have a dis turbing influence upon polit , and certain ly could not receive the calm and dispas sionate consideration which It might at an other time, and whioh the importance of the question requires. Early Adjournment. The republican leadets having determined that they wanL Congress to adjourn by about the first of June there is no time to spare for consideration of appropriation. bills if this desire is to be accomplished. The purpose is not to keep any appro priation bill waiting on the calender after it has been reported, and is ready for ac tion. It is understood, moreover, that the Quay case is neither to interfere with the disposition of these bills nor with an ad journment. At odd times when there is nothing to do, speeches on the Quay case may be made. but by the agreement entered into, it must give way to those matters which are es sential before adjournment, and when these are disposed of, if the Quay case is still hanging in the air, it will not be taken into account to prolong theisession of Con gress. Under the agreefnent it is also sub ject to a question of cosioderation, and the opinion is held by many that if the coM mittee on elections decides by a practically unanimous vote to unseat Clark of Mon tana, that case. by a vote of the Senate, will be disposed of ahead of that of Mr. Quay, the reason being obvious, that if Clark is not entitled to a seat he should not before being unseated be permitted to vote on the other case, his vote possibly changing the result to favor Quay. PORTO RICANS PAY THE DUTY. Who Bear the Burden of Importing Sugar. The resolution offered by Mr. Grosvenor and passed by the House yesterday, calling for information as to the tariff plaid on im portations from Porto Rico and who paid it, is designed to make it appear that the sugar trust pays the tariff tax and is, there fore, in favor of free trltd.. The purpose is to strike at Senator Jones of Arkansas, who, when the Porto Rican appropriation bill was in the Senate, proposed as an amendment that the tariff collected be re turned to those who paid it. The purpose 1 is to show that the amendment, if adopt ed, would have put the money in the pock ets of the sugar trust, which might have been the case, inasmuch an the people who import the sugar art "officially" known by the department as the ones who pay the duty. The amendment to Mr. Grosvenor's reso lution proposed by Mr. McRea, providing that the names of those from whom the sugar was purchased should be included, if practicable, was designed to get at the real payers of the duty, but It was opposed by Mr. Grosvenor and failed. The importers are, of course, of recard as having paid the duty, 4nd thers is n-3 doubt that the sugar refiners will appear in the response of the Treasury Depart ment as having paid the duty. This is a fiction of formality, based pn the fact that the importers are they who formally mak I the payment to the government. But it appears by the statement of Mr. Payne, chairman of the ways and means commit tee, made on the floor of the House and ex plained to The Star, thgt, while the sugar importers (chiefly the trust) pay the duty in this country, they desuct the amount of the duty from the market price at New York in making payment for the sugar to those from whom it is purchased. The Porto Ricans get paid for their sugar "less the tariff," as Mr. P no put it, which means that the Porto icans pay the tar iff. This hocus-pocus oes not, however, appear on the treasury books. HOME FOR AGED -NEGROES. Mr. Bro llow's Bill to Use Money Due Estates of Deceased Soldiers. Mr. Brownlow of Tennessee has intro duced a bill in the House (H- R. 10305) pro viding that the sum of $100.000, out of all moneys, arrears of pay, and bounty which are due the estates of dceased colored sol diers who served in the-late civil war, and which were In the hands of the commis sioner of the freedmen's bureau and have been repaid into the treasury, and for which no claim or claims heive been or shall hereafter be made, fileg, or presented prior to the 1st day of January, 1901, after which date all such claims not so filed and pre sented shall be foreveg barred, be appro priated for the purpoqo of erecting a na tional memorial heisebr aged and infirm colored people an&toald in maintaining the inmates of the sante. The building for the home to be erected 1I the District of Columbia upon the lane owned by the as sociation known as the Some 2r Aged and Infirm Colored Persons; No money shall be paid to th association under the provisions ofthbis act until the Attorney General of thb United States shall have reported to the Secraary of the Treasury, after propere inesgation, that such association is legg incporated, nor until the deed for te p'om shall have been approved, by RIse Attorney General, nor until the assocliktim 3hs have given good and sufficient bos. congtioned upon the faithful discharge cstheis'duties in the proper expenditure of tM fud The plans and speifcmonstr the build ings to be erected for aid imme shall be submitted and be subjet Ito'the approval of the Secretary of Wars and the Secretary of the Treasury.ea authoise&and directed to pay the money -hergg alropriatcd to the association know-# tM Home for Aged and Infirm Colo Psons in the manner prftided for anmi-upon the fulfill ment of the terms of this act. All other moneys being a part of arrears of pay and bounty, and prize money and other~ allowances that are- due the estates of deceased colored soldiers who served in the late civil- war are appropriated to be in vested as an endtowmxat fund for tb na tional memorial homea'or aged and lifrm nolored persona e the)USited.Atgtes, with the exception of's.oniucaar as may be held ,to pay of ~jc4a that mnay be proven against suchnpwhch shall be -etermined by the la# 1vsegthe set ..iement of those claims, ~. 'Marina Cere- Aeiataments. The appointments of Tboa H, Brown and William H. Pritchett t.o be second lieu tenants in the marinaeorps igea-*=nnnnan at the Navy Dear t tioday. Maj. C. A.- Dop'en mbeen on.mni=sioned major in the marin& eosps, frem January &1 Qon FOR CITY OFFICIALS Blections Being Held in Several Western States Today. EATy yOTE POLLD GEIERLM iot Contests in Several of the Big Western Cities. RESULT IN OHIO YESTERDAY CHICAGO, April .-A brisk vote was olled early today for the election of alder nen and town officials. Politicians had all ilong complained of the lack of interest aken in the campaign and were agreeably lurprised at the large number of voters who, encouraged by perfect spring weather, risited the voting booths before going to work. The "reform" element which has a ma ority in the present council, began work at he peep of dawn to get their constituents :o cast the needful ballots. But they were lot more active then the leaders and the ank and file of the so-called "gang." The raction and other corporate interests have >een active throughout the campaign, work ng against the "reform" candidates, who ;tand for compensation for all public fran hises. Thirty-six aldermen are to be elect d, and assessors, collectors, supervisors nd clerks for the various townships. Exciting Content in Milwaukee. MILWAUKEE, Wis., April 3.-Municipal lections were held throughout Wisconsin oday. The contest in this city was the nost exciting in many years. The street *aliway issue had been the feature of the !ampaign. The weather early in the day was cloudy and threatening rain, but a ieavy vote was polled. The city tickets were headed by Mayor David S. Rose, dem >crat, seeking re-election, against Henry J. laumgartner, republican. Aldermen, super ;isors and a county judge were also voted ]pon. Big Vote in Kansas City. KANSAS CITY, Mo., April 3.-Fine weather brought out almost the entire vote )f the city today. A full city ticket was to )e selected. For mayor, P. S. Brown, Jr., leaded the republican lists, while James Eeed led the democrats. Hot Contest at St. Joe. ST. JOSEPH. Mo., April 3.-The city elec ion here today was hotly contested. The eather was clear and warm and a heavy ote was polled. Early indications pointed o the success of Comije, republican candi late for mayor, and the majority of his icket. Voting in Nebranka Cities. OMAHA, Neb., April 3.-Municipal elec Ions are being held today in all towns and ities of Nebraska. except Omaha. In the arger cities the issues are political, though ocal matters are so thoroughly mixed that t can hardly be called a straight political Ight. In the smaller towns the liquor lcense question vwas predominant. In South )maha, which is generally a democratic tronghold, the fight was political and had een an exceedingly lively one. The weather as perfect and a large Vote was polled. Result in Ohio Yesterday. A summary of the results of the munici >al and township elections in Ohio yester lay indicate more republican than demo ratic gains, but no special cause for it Is issigned, except that the republican fac ions that %ave been fighting for years have !vidently been getting together, and that he democrats have shown more Indiffer mce than usual. This applies especially to he larger cities; but there have been re Dublican gains according to the returns 'rom rural districts and interior towns that ire not thus accounted for. In Cleveland, where the factions have een most intense, the result is also de :isive. A feature of the day was the elec ion of Dr. Washington Gladden as a coun tilman at Columbus, where the question of nunicipal franchises was a special issue. The republicans elected their ticket at Poledo, where Mayor Samuel Jones has ield sway as an independent factor for ,ears. At Dayton the democrats re-elected Aiayor Lindmuth. At some interior points .he republicans elected officers. As local issues were paramount at almost til places, it is difficult to indicate any ause for the drift of public preferences. The republicans never scored such a suc ess over the fusionists as at the election or all the city offices in Cincinnati. They tlso have all members of the new board of miblic service for three years, which con rols everything except the police and fire lepartments. The board of legislation itands twenty-four republicans and seven lemocrats, and the board of education wenty-four republicans and seven demo trats. PROBATE AND DIVORCE. Local Court Proposed in Senator Pritchard's Bill. Mr. Pritchard today introduced in the lenate a bill to ertablish a court of probate Lnd divorce for the District of Columbia. rhe bill provides that the court so created shall be presided over by one justice, to be Lppointed by the President, and who is to iold office during good behavior. This 3ourt is to have exclusive jurisdiction in all ntatters and causes relating to the adminis tration, settlement and distribution of the 'states of deceased persons, the estates and persons of minors and incompetent or in iane persons, to the same extent that the lupreme Court of the District of Columbia low has jurisdiction of such matters and auser. It is provided that all proceedings or divorce and annulment of marriage ihali take place in open court. SENATOR CLARK'S CASE. Argunnent for the Memnorlalista Blegan by Mr. Birney. Argument in the case of Senator Clark if Montana was begun by counsel for the nomnortalista today before the Senate comn niitee on. privileges and elections. Arthur A. Birney, counsel for' the me norialists, wasn the first speaker. He be ran by laying down the conclusions of law ipon which the memoriallsts rest -their ise, but said no effort would be madea to nae much of these, because they tonsidered that their case wasn too strong o rest'It upon any mere technical ground. itrong as was the law in their fa~vor the acts were still stronger. Mr. Birney con ended that Mr. Clerk had become a candi late as early as August. IMS, and had, he arged, determsined to go to the Senate re rardleus of all c'onaderations of yirtue and norality. While olstming the necsty of. irresi the cntrol of stats sutis frotn le. DeyMr. Clark, when on the witnema itand. had been entirely .unable to state my case in which...power. had been exer :ised in opposition to the beat interests of he state. Mr. Birney cenmented at length upon Er. Clark'is testimony, contending that the, esietr had put hnmealf in a most unen viable position. Mr. Birney had not concluded when the lommittee at 1 o'clock adiourned until Phnemainw_ ORATORY IN THE SENATE RESENTMENT OF ITS USE TO MERE LY INFLUENCE P'BLIC MEASURES. Effect of Senator Pettus' Speech Last Week in Ridicaling Fair Words. - Every incident of unusual interest that comes before the United States Senate car ries with it a lesson of some kind, and so it is with the spontaneous burst of ridicule and humor that came from the venerable and solemn senator from Alabama last week. In holding up oratory to ridicule In the Senate Mr. Pettus merely put in form and expressed a sentiment that is well known to every one acquainted with the so called upper house of Congress. This senti ment is one of thorough opposition to the use of fair words strung together in pleas ing cadences to please the ear and to influ ence opinion on public measures. The Sen ate has always to a greater or less extent resented such efforts unless the orator has underlying everything he says a basis ot sound logic which could command attention if entirely separated from his eloquence. The Senate claims to be a reasoning body and especially prides itself on the fact that it is not swayed by popular sentiment when that sentiment is largely emotional. It was this feeling, shared in practically by every senator, that caused Mr. Pettus' sarcasm aimed against "oratory" to strike a respon sive chord In the heart of every one on the floor who listened to him, and made his quaint humor doubly effective. Mr. Depew'. Caution. When Senator Depew was elected to the seat he now occupies in the Senate, his known eminence as perhaps the first orator of the country called forth a good deal of speculation and quiet comment on the part of those with whom he was to be asso Stated at the Capitol. Senators wondered whether Mr. Depew would display his rare powers of oratory and attempt to use it to enhance his prestige in the Senate. It was not the spirit of jealousy that prompted them in this feeling. It was not altogether the fact that he was a new senator. The Senate has always felt that a new enator should look on for a time before arpiring to leadership, or before becoming 2onspicu ous on the floor in any way. But that did not cause the members to look upon him questionably. They merely resented the idea that they might possibly be the vic tims of attempts to influence them by ora tory which, within Itself, they regarded as out of place In a deliberation body. But Mr. Depew is a diplomat even more than an orator. He scented the senatorial atmos phere, and he took warning. Whatever he has said has been said simply and without display of fine language, which he has re served for audiences outside the Senate chamber. When he contemplated speaking on the occasion of a memorial service in the Senate. he hesitated doing so, and talked with some of his senatorial friends about it. They told him, of ourse, he should speak, and he did so. And this is the one occasion when eloquence may give itself full vent in the Senate. Obituary re marks may be embellished with words from silvery tongues, and no one will take ef fense. They are for sentiment, thinks the Senate, and to sentiment they should be confined. Effect of Mr. Pettom' Speech. So it was that Mr. Pettus did not an nounce a new idea when he rebelled against oratory in the Spnate. He merely declared in quelnt humor what everyone felt, and what everyone in the Senate regarded as the natural thing that should prevnil there. If there was ever a day in the time of the "fathers" when eloquence, as elo quence, was a force in the Senate, that day is not now. Brt it is said that the elo quence of leaders In past generations that has come down in history was merely an ornament to logic and did not claim honor for itself alone. The Senate will take it only on rare occasions and in small doses. Crude Farming Tools. Consul Furniss at Bahia, in response to inquiries on the snbject, writes to the State Department telling of the singular absence of modern agricultural implements in east ern Brazil. He says that the spade and a crude sort of hoe are the only implements used in cultivating the soil of that very fer tile section of the country. In many parts the plow is wholly unknown, and upon the few that have found their way into the fields the rust has gathered from non-usage. Consul Furniss adds that he cannot advise as to chances for trade in agricultural im plements In Brazil as a whole, but that the outlook for the same in his consular district is very bad, although he believes that in other potions Of the country more atten tion is devoted to modern farming. The Atlantic During April. The hydrographic office has made the fol lowing forecast of weather conditions on the North Atlantic during the month of April: "Better weather than during March; gales less frequent and less severe. Along the transatlantic routes prevailing westerlies; off the American coast, latitude 8-5 degrees, frequent northerly winds. Frequent gales north of latitude 30 degrees. Fog from latitude 40 degrees north, longitude 40 west, southwestward to the 70th meridian in an area of varying width, reaching a maxi mum at 50 degrees west. lee probable in the region of the Grand Banks and to the northward." Cavalry at Jefferson Barraclis. The War Department has been informed of the arrival at Jefferson barracks, Mis souri, of the squadron of the 5th Cavalry recently returned from the West Indies. The squadron comprises eleven offlcers, 351 men and 297 horses. Department of Justice Building. Bids for the construction of the new De partment of Justice building will be opened by Attorney General Griggs on April 12. It will then be known how much deficiency there is between the original appropriation of $1,000,000, less expenses so far paid out, and the bid of the lowest contractor. Army Order. Capt. Eaton A. Edwardp, 25th Infantry, has been ordered to report to the army re tiring board in this city for examination as to his fitness for active duty. Capt. L. P. Davison, 5th Infantry, now iin this city, has been ord-red to join his com.. pany at Fort Sheridan, Ill. Maj. H. S. Wallace. paymaster, has 'been ordered to pay the troops at Washington barracks to march 81, and Maj. Webster Vinson, paymaster, to pay the troops at Fort Myer, Va., to the same date, Gen. Greene Her. Gen. F. V. Greene, formerly of the volun teer army, and now In busine in New York, is in the city for a few days on pri vate busines Movements of Naval Vessels. The .new battle ship Kearuarge again sailed -out to sea today fromt Hampton Roads on her final offiti trial. The Chai eago and the Montgomery have left Bahia for Ceara and Maranh==. Major, Minhnm Rged.eg lMaj. Frederick A. Mahan. Corps of En gineers, has been plmae upon the attired list upon his own application, after thirty years' service. He Is a brother of (apt. Maan of the nvy, and was formerly en =ineen secretary of the'Mghthsue board. A B3'SIsNES AXIO. Frnm lNltete VOk. Money spent in contint ous advertising in the daily press draws interest that is compounded daily. AT THE WHITE HOUSE Two Hours' Session of the President's Cabinet. MET TARIF SCHEDULE M CUBi Changes Deemed Wise by the War Department. FEDERAL JUDGE NAMED The cabinet was in session about two hours today, but no matter of administraft tion or governmental policy was decided upon. Secretary Root, as usual, took UP most of the time of the session. He pro. sented the telegram from Gen. Otis. printed in another column, reviewing the operations in the Philippines since January 1. Secretary Root touched upon affairs in both Cuba and the Philippines. President McKinley has signed a new tariff for Cuba. It changes a number of things under the former tariff. Secretary Root says the new tariff is based on the experience of the War Department in the operation of the tariff in existence. Representative Mchersme's felecties. After talking with Senator Allison this morning, the President decided upon the appointment of Smith McPherson of Red Oak, Iowa, as judge of the southern district of Iowa, in place of Judge Woolson. re tired. Mr. McPherson is now the repre sentative in Congress from the ninth lowa district, and his appointment will leave a vacancy, which will probably exist until November. Mr. McPherson was district at torney of the third judicial district of Iowa for a number of years, and was attorney general of the state from 11t to 1kK. Mr. McPherson's nomination was sent to the Senate today. Assessor Darueille Calls. Mr. Darneille. District assessor, called at the White House today on District mat ters. May Take No Actie. Senator Allison conferred with the Presi dent this morning regarding some Iowa af fairs. Senator Allison is of opinion that Congress will not attempt to revise the war revenue act at this session. He is one of those who wants to see the national legis lature adjourn early-by the first or second week In June. This cannot be accom plished, he thinks, if Congress is required to handle a revenue measure. It is cal culated by a number of senators that sev eral important necessary measures and the regular appropriation bil!s will take all the time of Congress until early Jun,. By next December. it Is argued, Congress may see its way clear to doing away with tho war revenue act altogether with th, excep tion of a few features. In his last annual report Commaissionet Wilson of the internal revenue bureau recommended certain changes in th-- law. saying they were necessary to clear up dif ferent sections and to enable a satisfactory enforcement. Congress has done uothing to carry out these suggestions, which would take ittle time compared to a general re vision of the act. Broke the Handshakiug Record. President McKinley this morning broke the handshaking record of himself and all former Presidents and statesman. He shook hands with 450 young ladies from Boston in seven and one-half minutes. es tablishing a record of sixty persons to the minute. one each second. The young ladies are pupils of Boston schools and are enjoy ing the spring vacation allowed them each year. They are accompanied by teachers. President McKinley's method of hand-. shaking for large parties is unique. He quickly and firmly grasps the outstrch-d hand and with the same movement gently pulls the person past him. At the same time the President extends a few pleasant words of gresting. When the President formerly held public receptions in the east room he shook hands with 500 or 0NI people in fifteen minutes. but he established a rec ord today which will be hard to beat. Saw Numerous Callers. Senators Scott and Elkins visited the President in the interest of a West Virginia constituent of prominence. Senator Deboe saw the President, with a young Ken tuckian, who wants a position in the Treas ury Department. Senator Hawley introduced some constitu ents, and Senator Fairbanks talked about a legislative matter. Senator McComas discussed a Maryland appointment with the President. Representative Fitzgerald introduced some constituents who wanted to pay their re spects. Altogether the President had a buiy hour prior to the assembling of the cabinet. Webster Davis' Resigaatio. The resignation of Webster Davis as as sistant secretary of the interior , was re eeived at the White House late last night and was not acted upon at once, Mr. Davis has not been t~o the White Hopse himself. -Chilean Clalss Cemm==s=le.. President McKinley has invited the pres ident of Switzerland to name a member of the Chilean claims oommission. The Chilean government has ~already named its com missioner in the person of Its minister resi dent here. Senor Vicuna, and its agent in the person of Senor Cruz. The United States government will also select a mesm ber of the commnission and an agent. and the person named by the president of Switzerland will be the third member of the commnission, and will be its president and the umpire in case any decisions are required. The name of the Swiss minister here, Mr. Plods, has been mentioned in that connection. EFFECT OF PUYR FOOD DILL. Iealth'Offeer Weedward Polats It Oat to the House Comm=.ttee. The Hous, committee on interstate andt 'oreign commere which is considering the pure food hill, has been given an opinion by the attorney for the District of Columbia to the effect that the pure food bI will perate in the District to depriv'e the healtih aMes f rem jurisdiction of food inspection and place it under the Depatent of Agri miture. Health Omeier Woodward called at the samittee room today to pres.nt the open lon. He doss not oppose the- bill in its re lation to the District of Columbiat if the tommittee sees fit to order aMss that way, bt wanted to call the on...tees atten tion to the efect Etimate of the gemetary of the Treary Seat to the tewnsLi 7.House anom-um~t en aggreprlenas ha. received an emate-* from the Die.s iary of the Treasury et an eppropriatin af lS5,000 for espanwes of precuuing agE transporting to the N-.oa w-o.....a Park, Washiingten. D. C.. =e.ed-m.. og hIigenous ania.e of anar ad of eoa. -tutn the necessary -emn emS houses for an.e itoesding all ----ey 1l1eand other epesea and the emptsgt .-- o o- .----vhel -a ---- .