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No. 14,G94. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, APRL 3, 1900-SIXTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
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LIST OF CASUALTIES
Roberts Sends Names of Officera Who
Fell Near Saunas.
B Ill HOLD WATERWORKS
British General Praises Work of His
Troops Under Fire.
BOER STORY 01 FIG HTING
LONDON, April 3.-An official list of the
casualties sustained by the British officers
near the Bloemfontein water works Is as
KiHed-Northrumberland Fusiliers, Major
Booth: Roberts Horse, Lieutenant Crowler:
army medical service. Lieutenant Irvine.
Wounded-Artillery, Colonel Rochfort and
five others; Royal Horse Guards, LIeuten
ant the Hon. A. V. Meade; Roberts Horse,
three; mounted infantry, four.
Missing-Artillery, Captain Wray: 10th
Hussars. Lieutenants the Hon. D. R. H.
Anderson-Pelham and C. W. H. Crichton.
Fuller news of the disaster to the British
army in the neighborhood of Sannas post
does not tend to improve matters from a
British point of view, but with the dis
patches so mystifying it is impossible to
accurately portray the present situation or
to foretell the ultimate issue of Lord Rob
erts' attempt to retrieve the defeat.
Dimpatcl From Roberts.
The war office has posted a dispatch
from Lord Roberts, reading as follows:
"iLOEMFONTEIN, April 2, 10:3U) p.m.
In continuation of my telegram of March
31, there has been considerable delay in
getting accurate returns of the casualties.
as the action took place twenty-two miles
hence. the telegraph cable has been inter
rupted several times, cloudy weather has
Interfered with signaling. and although
there has been no engagement since the
force is continually in touch with the
"There were many nets of conspicuou#
gallantry display-d during the day. 'Q'
Hattery remained in action under a cross
fire at I.:0 yards. for some hours., the of
licers serving the guns as the casualties re
duel the detachments. Several gallant at
tempts were made ito bring in two guns.
the teams of which had been killed, but at
each attempt the horses were shot.
"The Essex. Munster, Shropshire and
Northumberland Mounted Infantry anti
Roberts Hwse cover-di the retirement of
the guns from that position to the crossing
of th- drift found by tho- cavalry two miles
further south and withstoo the deter
mined atta-ks of the enemy. who, in some
cae. aolvanced within U(, yards. 'I- at
tery -,f the Royal lirse Artillery was sut
denly surrounls-d in the drift and the of
titers and men were all male prisoners
without a sh' t ting fired. But, Major
Taylir nd a sergeant major sueeed-l in
escaping in tho- c-nlusioi. Five guns were
caittur-d at the sain time. Further details
No Gunn Recovered.
Lord Rohrts' dispatch seems to finally
dispose of tho earlier report of the recovery
of the guns. and the fact that the Boers
remain in occupation of the waterworks is
taken as an indication that they Intend to
make a stod sufficiently long to cover the
withdrawal of the guns and wagons to a
place of safety. although the absence of
definite lnf-,rmatin regarding the move
ments of tn. French's cavalry makes it
dift-ult to estimate their chances of add
ing this crowning success to the blow al
A disiatch from Maseru. Basutoland.
datetd Monday. April 2. says the Earl of
Rosslyn. who Is acting as war correspond
ent for the Daily Mall In South Africa. and
who left there April 1 on his way to Thabia
N('hu, has prabably fallen into the hands
of the Boers.
Prean Measages Censored.
Mes.ages from Springfontein suggest that
the fat that press messages are keenly
censoored indicates an early advance north
war. although there is a question whether
the iss of guns and convoy will not delay
the commander-in-chief's movements.
The alarming increase In ths mortality
among the Boer prisoners at Simons Town
has inducl the authorlies to promise to
remov- to the mainland the prisoners who
are not g.oing to St. Helena.
A dispatch from Van Wyksvlel, dated
31onday. April 2, inlicates the pacification
-f the northwest part of Cape Colony. The
refugees are returning Io their homes.
Driver Bradley of the Canadian artillbry
died April 1 at Van Wykzvlel as the result
of an ac-cident.
A dispatch from Pretoria announces the
arrival there of twenty-eight prisoners,
mostly residents of Ladybrand, who were
seIzed when the Boers forced the British
to evacuate that place.
The German Liner Koenig has again
reachei Lorenzo Marques, this time having
on board 257 passengers bound for the
Odd Opialou.s of Kruger.
An interestIng item appears in a period
Ical called the Gem, giving the opinIons of
the royal family on President Kruger,
culled from an album belonging to the
Duchess of Fife. The Princea of Wales
"Mr. Kruger is a good judge of tobacco
and a bad judge of the English people."
The Duik, of Cambridge, former cotm
mander-in-chIef of the forces, wrote:
"I am an old man, and so is Kruger. As
he Is. so am I- ant old soldier. I have so
many faults myvself, how can I judge an
The queten wrote: "May God guide him
and all of us out of our troubles and diff
To Absorb the Duteh Republiea.
CAPE TOWN. April 3.--At a mass meet
lng held here today, at which 20,000 persons
were present, a resolution was pssed, amitd
senes of groat enthusiasm, declarIng the
solemn conviction of those assembledi thai
the IncorporatIon of the South African re
public andi the Orange Free State into the
queen's dominions alone would secure
peace,. prosperity and publIc freedom Ira
South Africa. The national anthem was
Plummer Defeated Agala.
a PRETIORIA, Sunday. April 1.--It is re
ported that heavy fightIng occurred Satur
day around Mafeking. It is added that Col
Plume-'s relief column was compelled to re
tire with loss. No detaIls have been re.
DEC'i'ION 1% KENTUCKY CASE.
Expected That It Wtill R~e Hades
LOlI'SVILLE, Ky.. April 3.-A deetaio1
In the governorship case Is expected fron
the court of appeals within a day or so
probably tomorrow. At the conc:usion o
the argument last night the case was takei
under adiysement, and the judges are noi
considering the points involved. Pending.a
decision interest centers in the proceeding
of the grand jury at Frankfort, which
expected to return -a number of IndIct
ments in connecLion wIth the Goebel cast
The conclusion of the investIgation is no
expected for fully two weeks.
Governor Taylor was expected here toda;
etmm bin hoe. in uonantow-n
CANAL COMMISSION BACK
REAR ADMIRAL WALKER AND
PARTY IN NEW YORK.
Report on the Isthmian Surre"a Will
lo Made to President
NEW YORK, April 8.-The canal com
missioners., Rear Aimiral Walker, Samuel
Pasco, Col. Ernst and Emery Johnson,
were passengers on the Atlas line steamer
Alleghany. which arrived today from Cen
tral America. Rear Admiral Walker said:
"We have completed our portion of the
work of investigating the possibilities of
both the Panama and Nicaragua routes.
We have spent three months in the bush
and have collected a great mass of data
which we will put into shape for our report
to be handed into the President next De
cember. Nothing can be said on the subject
that would give the public a clear idea
until this data has been arranged and put
Admiral Walker was asked whether the
commission favored a fortified canal. lie
replied that he could not enter into that
subject. "Our duty will be to state the
facts and to present to Congress the result
of our survey and work. Both routes have
their advantages, and these will be set
The admiral added:
"Everywhere we were well received and
entertained. The sentiment of the people
is for the United States to build the canal."
CHILDREN ARE "OVER-TAUGHT."
Chicago School Trustees Dissatisfied
With Modern Methods.
CHICAGO. April 3.-Charges that teach
ers in public schools are following such
"advanced" methods that they are failing
to instruct pupils properly in the most nec
essary branches of learning are made by
members of the board of education. Trustee
Austin Sexton told a committee of the
board that half of the teachers, the major
Ity said to be graduates of local high
schools, could not speak or write English
correctly or spell correctly. Dr. E. Benja
min Andrews, stperintendent of schools, ad
mitted that nany of the teachers were de
ficient in the points mentioned by Mr. Sex.
ton. The foult, he said. was not so much
with the teachers as with the system in
which they were instructed, and in which
they were instructing others.
Mr. Sexton urged the requirement of one
hour's study of English grammar every
day. He said:
"The trouble is that the attempt is made
to teach spelling without a spelling book,
the English language without a grammar,
etc. We are advancing too fast: let us stick
to the grammar and the spelling book. no
matter if they are called old-fashionld.
Give the pupils one hour every day with the
grammar-not English literature. Hiawatha,
.ulius Caesar or anything of that sort, but
the old-fashioned. technical grammar."
A motion that pupils give one hour each
day to the English language, with especial
reference to its correct usage, was adopted.
NETHERSOLE TRIAL BEGINS.
Actress Charged With Offending
Public Decency in New York.
NEW YORK, April 3.-Olga Nethersole
and others, jointly accuscd in a blanket
indictment of maintaining a nuisance and
offending public decency in the production
of a dramatization of Daudet's "Sapho,"
were put on trial today in the criminal
branch of the mapreme court, where Justice
Fursman presided. Those indicted with
Miss Nethermole are Hamilton Revelle, Mar
cus Mayer and Theodore Moss. Miss Neth
ersole came into court with her private
secretary, and Messrs. Mayer and Revelle.
Mr. Moss was not in court, and it was said
that he was sick.
Assistant District Attorney McIntyre en
deavored to secure an adjournment for two
weeks in order to get a special jury panel.
Justice Fursipan, however, denied the mo
tion, saying that he was satisfied a fair
jury could be obtained fr.,m the general
panel. The examiaation of talesmen then
Charles G. Becker, a clerk, the first tales
man exaridned, was accept.ble to both par
ties. Several rejections followed, and then
Joseph M. Kaufman, secretary of a manu
facturing company, was the second ac
QlEEN REACHES IRELAND.
Arrives at Kingstown on Her Yacht
DUBLIN, April .-The royal yacht Vic
toria and Albert, with Queen Victoria on
board, arrived at Kingstown at 2 o'clock
this afternoon, three and a half hours
ahead of the scheduled time, and was greet
ed with a royal salute from the channel
Rain has been falling all morning.
The royal yacht lay off Kingstown, no
one disembarking from her, and no one will
leave the vessel until tomorrow.
Only a handful of persons saw the ar
rival of her majesty.
LONDON, April 3.-Queen Victoria, who
left Windsor Castle at 1):30 o'clock last
evening en route for Ireland, arrived at
Holyhead at 9:10 a.m. today.
The authorities of the place, the officers
of the warships in the harbor and a guard
of honor waited the arrival of her majesty.
The general public was excluded from the
station. When the queen alighted she was
presented with the usual address of wel
come. She gave her reply to Lord Denbigh,
who handed it to the officials. It read:
"I thank you for your loyal and dutiful
welcome and for your expressions of devo
tion to my throne and person. The prac
tical and generous sympathy for those who
have suffered or who are likely to suffer in
consequence of the present war, which has
been shown by all classes of my suhjects,
has been a great consolation to me during
the time of suspense and anxiety ihrough
which we are passing. I join in your hearty
prayer that peace may soon be restored
and that the other blessings of heaven be
long continued to my empire, and I wish
all prosperity to the country you represent."
The queen then walked across the plat
form, leaning on the arm of an Indian at
tendant, and later embarked on board the
royal yacht Victoria and Albert. which,
piloted by the Irene, escorted by the royal
yacht Osborne and the cruisers Galatea
and Australia, steamed out of the harbor
ROBBERS KILL NIGHT OPERATOR.
Also Rifle Depot at Wiaffeld, Kan.
Get Little Booty.
WINFIELD, Kan., April 3.-Robbers last
night rifled the Santa Fe depot here, and in
escaping, shot and hilled D. C. Coates, the
night operator. They secund only a few
cents. The killIng was evidently committed
to prevent identification.
Dewey Will Visit Knoxville.
KNOXVILLE, Tenn., April 3.-Admiral
George Dewey, in respons to an invitation
extended by Knoxville. has written that he
will be In this city May 11 and 12, speliding
two days in order to visit points of his
torical interest, and especially the birth
place of Admiral Farragut. Knokville is
preparing to give Admiral Dewey a cordiai
welcome and intends also to make it an oc
GEN. WRIGHT'S VIEWS
Member of Philippine Commission
Disoussee New Possessions.
BEIEVER II RIGHT TO EIFAD
Says Imperialism is a Sort of
BANQUETED BY FRIENDS
M6EMPHIS, Tenn.. April 3.-Gen. Luke
Wright of the Philippine commission was
tendered a farewell banquet by 200 distin
guished men at the Peabody Hotel. After
thanking his friends for the sentiments ex
pressed, Gen. Wright' spoke on the ques
tion- of expansion and reviewed the pur
chase of Louisiana and taking in of Flor
ida, Texas, California and Alaska. Gen.
"We may assume, therefore, if there is
any force in the doctrine of practical con
struction, that the power to expand is in
herent and inexhaustible - in short, that
whatever additional territory the people of
the United States think they need and can
rightfully acquire, they may constitution
"In each instance the question is one of
expediency and not of power to be deter
mined upon a consideration of all the at
tendant advantages of the transaction.
"I know of no one who is-certainly I am
not-a thick and thin expansionist. It
would be both foolish and immoral for us
to pursue a policy of greed and aggresslon.
especially against our weaker neighbors.
On the other hand. it would be equally fool
ish and short-sighted to fail to acquire, by
negotiations or purchase. any needed terri
tory which we think useful t our p-ople."
Anti-Imperialisin' Straw Man.
The speaker said that the argument
against imperialism seemed to him irrele
vant. as it sets up a man of straw to be
knocked down. The only imperator to
whom our allegiance is due the will of the
sovereign people. expressed in a manner
they have subicribed.
General Wright said that it has always
been his belief that the* Island of Cuba
should be a part of the t'nlted States. It
is so situated. as a glance at tihe map will
chow, as to be the key to the gulf of Mex
leo and the Caribbean tea. In our hands
the former becomes. as it ought to be, an
American lak. It commands the Nicara
gua nnal wihen built.
Continuing, the s.wakcr k Iid: "I do not
subc-rib' to the d htrine hat wherever the
flag ,n-- flats it mist ,at forever: but
I d, say that wherever- the flag is right
fully rais I it :thoulii nver Ie furled in vio
lation of the icltation of <1nty and honor.
To ahndon the-sec islytwlit now In my mind
would be a blot upon our good name among
mankind for all time.
"When all opposition to our authority is
at an end and not before the question as to
how the islands can be hest governed be
comes at once and always not only a legit
imate, but a highly-important topic for dis
cussion. There shall be upon this as upon
all other important matters full and free
interchange of thought.
To Consider Their Best Interests.
"'Permilt me to say that I take it we
are all agreed that whatever Is best for
these, our new wards. is to be first con
sidered. Humanity, justice and sound
policy alike dictate this. We are further
agreed that so far as It is In our power
to give it, they shall have the same civil
and religious liberty, same rights of per
son and property, that we ourselves en
joy; and, finally, that we Pre of one mind,
that as speedily as can sufely be done, they
should have representative government on
the lines adopted for our other territories.
Just how far we cannot at once go in that
direction and just what instrumentality of
government shall be presently operative can
only be determined after Intelligent and
honest investigation, and in the nature of
things must largely depend upon the atti
tude towan us of the Fililcinos themselves.
"These and other grave considerations bar
the United States from throwing off the
burden of the Philippines. if it he a bur
den. The path of duty lies plain before
us and we cannot honorably recede if we
General Wright closed with an affec
tionate good-bye to his friends and asso
CLSTONS IN CUBA.
Receipts for January and February
Compared With Last Year.
The division of customs and insular af
fairs of the War Department made public
today a comparative statement of customs
receipts in Cuba for the months of January
and February, 181111, with those of January
anr February, 1100.
The statement shows that the receipts of
the island for January and February, 1899,
were $2,014,933.80; those of January and
February, 1900, were $2,772,619.81, an in
crease for the two months of 1900 over the
same period of 1899 of $757,085.95.
By ports the receipts for the several
months and years named were: Baracoa,
January and February, 1890, $6,772.10; 1900,
$7,4b2.67. Batabano, January and Febru
ary, 1899, $943.96; 1900, $839.76. Cienfuegos,
January and February, 1899. $151,670.74;
1990, $175,970.71. Cardenas, January and
February, 189, $35,758.21; 1900, $09,143.90.
Calbarlen, January and February, 1890,
$18,000.77; 10, $29.,652.14. Guantanamo.
January and February,1899, $10 393.06; 1900
$22.702.15. Gibara, January arA February,
1899, $20,751.21; 1900, 525,556.71; Havana,
January and February, 109, $1,452,929.22;
1900, $2,120,145.54; Manzanillo, January and
February, 1891, $21,707.76; 1900. $24,050.66.
Matanzas, January and February, 1899
$55,29'2.87; 1900, $73,562.73. Nuevitas, Janu
ary and February, 7899, $56.4617.90; 1900.
$31.216.95. Sagua le Grande, January a->
February, 1899, $22,228.07; 1900, $27.157 -
Santa Crus, January and February, 181,9)
$311.961; 1900, $1,382.55. Santiago, January
and February, 1899, $152,914.95; 1900. $157,
061.17. Trinidad, January- and February,
1899, $1.998.81; 1900, $5,.806.82. Tunas de
Zaza, January and February, 1899, 5702.27;
FOR A HALL OF DETENTION'.
Proposed Amendment to the District
Mr. McMillan today reported to the Sen
ate from the committee on the District of
Columbia an amendment to the District of
Columbia appropliation bill, as follows:
"To enable the Commissioners of the Dis
trict of Columbia to provide a suitable
place for the reception and detention of the
children under sixteen years of age and (in
the discretion of the Commtssioners) of
girls and women over sixteen years of age,
arrested by the police on charge of ofi'ense
.against any law in force in the District of
Columbia, or hold as witnesses, or hold
pending investigation, examination or
otherwise, $8,000 or so much thereof as may
be necessary; provided that all persons held
or detained under public authority prior to
the adjudication of cases in which they
may be involved shall be held at the place
The above amendment was a portion of
ISenate bill 3681, from which it will be elim
inated in order to place it on the District
THE CASE OF 10R. QUAY
NOT LIKELY TO * " D ON TIS
Nothing to selies se With 4 ropria
tien Bthlmu -Herby Ad..
Opposition. bas developedte notion at this
session on the Puummen resehe4n report
ed from the Benete-Philipp committee.
This resolution, togdther with appropria
tion bills and conferens reports, has pre
cedence over the Quay case'and the Quay
case if taken up for the purpose of per
mitting one or more speeches, to be made,
can at any time be displaced by merely
calling it up. There-is some uncertainty,
however, whether it will be called up at
once. The extent of the opposition has not
yet been determined. Ther objection is not
so much to the terms of the .resolution, but
is based principally upon the idea that the
public mind is now so mucih inflamed over
the Porto Rican tariff, such strong opposi
tion to it ex'sting among the people, that it
would be better not to enter into another
discussion of the government of our new
possessions at a time so close to the presi
dential election that it might have a dis
turbing influence upon polit , and certain
ly could not receive the calm and dispas
sionate consideration which It might at an
other time, and whioh the importance of
the question requires.
The republican leadets having determined
that they wanL Congress to adjourn by
about the first of June there is no time to
spare for consideration of appropriation.
bills if this desire is to be accomplished.
The purpose is not to keep any appro
priation bill waiting on the calender after
it has been reported, and is ready for ac
tion. It is understood, moreover, that the
Quay case is neither to interfere with the
disposition of these bills nor with an ad
At odd times when there is nothing to do,
speeches on the Quay case may be made.
but by the agreement entered into, it must
give way to those matters which are es
sential before adjournment, and when these
are disposed of, if the Quay case is still
hanging in the air, it will not be taken
into account to prolong theisession of Con
gress. Under the agreefnent it is also sub
ject to a question of cosioderation, and the
opinion is held by many that if the coM
mittee on elections decides by a practically
unanimous vote to unseat Clark of Mon
tana, that case. by a vote of the Senate,
will be disposed of ahead of that of Mr.
Quay, the reason being obvious, that if
Clark is not entitled to a seat he should
not before being unseated be permitted to
vote on the other case, his vote possibly
changing the result to favor Quay.
PORTO RICANS PAY THE DUTY.
Who Bear the Burden of Importing
The resolution offered by Mr. Grosvenor
and passed by the House yesterday, calling
for information as to the tariff plaid on im
portations from Porto Rico and who paid
it, is designed to make it appear that the
sugar trust pays the tariff tax and is, there
fore, in favor of free trltd.. The purpose is
to strike at Senator Jones of Arkansas,
who, when the Porto Rican appropriation
bill was in the Senate, proposed as an
amendment that the tariff collected be re
turned to those who paid it. The purpose 1
is to show that the amendment, if adopt
ed, would have put the money in the pock
ets of the sugar trust, which might have
been the case, inasmuch an the people who
import the sugar art "officially" known by
the department as the ones who pay the
The amendment to Mr. Grosvenor's reso
lution proposed by Mr. McRea, providing
that the names of those from whom the
sugar was purchased should be included, if
practicable, was designed to get at the real
payers of the duty, but It was opposed by
Mr. Grosvenor and failed.
The importers are, of course, of recard
as having paid the duty, 4nd thers is n-3
doubt that the sugar refiners will appear
in the response of the Treasury Depart
ment as having paid the duty. This is a
fiction of formality, based pn the fact that
the importers are they who formally mak I
the payment to the government. But it
appears by the statement of Mr. Payne,
chairman of the ways and means commit
tee, made on the floor of the House and ex
plained to The Star, thgt, while the sugar
importers (chiefly the trust) pay the duty
in this country, they desuct the amount of
the duty from the market price at New
York in making payment for the sugar to
those from whom it is purchased. The
Porto Ricans get paid for their sugar "less
the tariff," as Mr. P no put it, which
means that the Porto icans pay the tar
iff. This hocus-pocus oes not, however,
appear on the treasury books.
HOME FOR AGED -NEGROES.
Mr. Bro llow's Bill to Use Money Due
Estates of Deceased Soldiers.
Mr. Brownlow of Tennessee has intro
duced a bill in the House (H- R. 10305) pro
viding that the sum of $100.000, out of all
moneys, arrears of pay, and bounty which
are due the estates of dceased colored sol
diers who served in the-late civil war, and
which were In the hands of the commis
sioner of the freedmen's bureau and have
been repaid into the treasury, and for
which no claim or claims heive been or shall
hereafter be made, fileg, or presented prior
to the 1st day of January, 1901, after which
date all such claims not so filed and pre
sented shall be foreveg barred, be appro
priated for the purpoqo of erecting a na
tional memorial heisebr aged and infirm
colored people an&toald in maintaining
the inmates of the sante. The building for
the home to be erected 1I the District of
Columbia upon the lane owned by the as
sociation known as the Some 2r Aged and
Infirm Colored Persons;
No money shall be paid to th association
under the provisions ofthbis act until the
Attorney General of thb United States shall
have reported to the Secraary of the
Treasury, after propere inesgation, that
such association is legg incporated, nor
until the deed for te p'om shall have
been approved, by RIse Attorney General,
nor until the assocliktim 3hs have given
good and sufficient bos. congtioned upon
the faithful discharge cstheis'duties in the
proper expenditure of tM fud
The plans and speifcmonstr the build
ings to be erected for aid imme shall be
submitted and be subjet Ito'the approval
of the Secretary of Wars and the Secretary
of the Treasury.ea authoise&and directed
to pay the money -hergg alropriatcd to
the association know-# tM Home for
Aged and Infirm Colo Psons in the
manner prftided for anmi-upon the fulfill
ment of the terms of this act.
All other moneys being a part of arrears
of pay and bounty, and prize money and
other~ allowances that are- due the estates
of deceased colored soldiers who served in
the late civil- war are appropriated to be in
vested as an endtowmxat fund for tb na
tional memorial homea'or aged and lifrm
nolored persona e the)USited.Atgtes, with
the exception of's.oniucaar as may
be held ,to pay of ~jc4a that mnay be
proven against suchnpwhch shall be
-etermined by the la# 1vsegthe set
..iement of those claims, ~.
'Marina Cere- Aeiataments.
The appointments of Tboa H, Brown
and William H. Pritchett t.o be second lieu
tenants in the marinaeorps igea-*=nnnnan
at the Navy Dear t tioday.
Maj. C. A.- Dop'en mbeen on.mni=sioned
major in the marin& eosps, frem January
FOR CITY OFFICIALS
Blections Being Held in Several
Western States Today.
EATy yOTE POLLD GEIERLM
iot Contests in Several of the Big
RESULT IN OHIO YESTERDAY
CHICAGO, April .-A brisk vote was
olled early today for the election of alder
nen and town officials. Politicians had all
ilong complained of the lack of interest
aken in the campaign and were agreeably
lurprised at the large number of voters
who, encouraged by perfect spring weather,
risited the voting booths before going to
The "reform" element which has a ma
ority in the present council, began work at
he peep of dawn to get their constituents
:o cast the needful ballots. But they were
lot more active then the leaders and the
ank and file of the so-called "gang." The
raction and other corporate interests have
>een active throughout the campaign, work
ng against the "reform" candidates, who
;tand for compensation for all public fran
hises. Thirty-six aldermen are to be elect
d, and assessors, collectors, supervisors
nd clerks for the various townships.
Exciting Content in Milwaukee.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., April 3.-Municipal
lections were held throughout Wisconsin
oday. The contest in this city was the
nost exciting in many years. The street
*aliway issue had been the feature of the
!ampaign. The weather early in the day
was cloudy and threatening rain, but a
ieavy vote was polled. The city tickets
were headed by Mayor David S. Rose, dem
>crat, seeking re-election, against Henry J.
laumgartner, republican. Aldermen, super
;isors and a county judge were also voted
Big Vote in Kansas City.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., April 3.-Fine
weather brought out almost the entire vote
)f the city today. A full city ticket was to
)e selected. For mayor, P. S. Brown, Jr.,
leaded the republican lists, while James
Eeed led the democrats.
Hot Contest at St. Joe.
ST. JOSEPH. Mo., April 3.-The city elec
ion here today was hotly contested. The
eather was clear and warm and a heavy
ote was polled. Early indications pointed
o the success of Comije, republican candi
late for mayor, and the majority of his
Voting in Nebranka Cities.
OMAHA, Neb., April 3.-Municipal elec
Ions are being held today in all towns and
ities of Nebraska. except Omaha. In the
arger cities the issues are political, though
ocal matters are so thoroughly mixed that
t can hardly be called a straight political
Ight. In the smaller towns the liquor
lcense question vwas predominant. In South
)maha, which is generally a democratic
tronghold, the fight was political and had
een an exceedingly lively one. The weather
as perfect and a large Vote was polled.
Result in Ohio Yesterday.
A summary of the results of the munici
>al and township elections in Ohio yester
lay indicate more republican than demo
ratic gains, but no special cause for it Is
issigned, except that the republican fac
ions that %ave been fighting for years have
!vidently been getting together, and that
he democrats have shown more Indiffer
mce than usual. This applies especially to
he larger cities; but there have been re
Dublican gains according to the returns
'rom rural districts and interior towns that
ire not thus accounted for.
In Cleveland, where the factions have
een most intense, the result is also de
:isive. A feature of the day was the elec
ion of Dr. Washington Gladden as a coun
tilman at Columbus, where the question of
nunicipal franchises was a special issue.
The republicans elected their ticket at
Poledo, where Mayor Samuel Jones has
ield sway as an independent factor for
,ears. At Dayton the democrats re-elected
Aiayor Lindmuth. At some interior points
.he republicans elected officers.
As local issues were paramount at almost
til places, it is difficult to indicate any
ause for the drift of public preferences.
The republicans never scored such a suc
ess over the fusionists as at the election
or all the city offices in Cincinnati. They
tlso have all members of the new board of
miblic service for three years, which con
rols everything except the police and fire
lepartments. The board of legislation
itands twenty-four republicans and seven
lemocrats, and the board of education
wenty-four republicans and seven demo
PROBATE AND DIVORCE.
Local Court Proposed in Senator
Mr. Pritchard today introduced in the
lenate a bill to ertablish a court of probate
Lnd divorce for the District of Columbia.
rhe bill provides that the court so created
shall be presided over by one justice, to be
Lppointed by the President, and who is to
iold office during good behavior. This
3ourt is to have exclusive jurisdiction in all
ntatters and causes relating to the adminis
tration, settlement and distribution of the
'states of deceased persons, the estates and
persons of minors and incompetent or in
iane persons, to the same extent that the
lupreme Court of the District of Columbia
low has jurisdiction of such matters and
auser. It is provided that all proceedings
or divorce and annulment of marriage
ihali take place in open court.
SENATOR CLARK'S CASE.
Argunnent for the Memnorlalista Blegan
by Mr. Birney.
Argument in the case of Senator Clark
if Montana was begun by counsel for the
nomnortalista today before the Senate comn
niitee on. privileges and elections.
Arthur A. Birney, counsel for' the me
norialists, wasn the first speaker. He be
ran by laying down the conclusions of law
ipon which the memoriallsts rest -their
ise, but said no effort would be madea to
nae much of these, because they
tonsidered that their case wasn too strong
o rest'It upon any mere technical ground.
itrong as was the law in their fa~vor the
acts were still stronger. Mr. Birney con
ended that Mr. Clerk had become a candi
late as early as August. IMS, and had, he
arged, determsined to go to the Senate re
rardleus of all c'onaderations of yirtue and
norality. While olstming the necsty of.
irresi the cntrol of stats sutis frotn
le. DeyMr. Clark, when on the witnema
itand. had been entirely .unable to state
my case in which...power. had been exer
:ised in opposition to the beat interests of
Mr. Birney cenmented at length upon
Er. Clark'is testimony, contending that the,
esietr had put hnmealf in a most unen
Mr. Birney had not concluded when the
lommittee at 1 o'clock adiourned until
ORATORY IN THE SENATE
RESENTMENT OF ITS USE TO MERE
LY INFLUENCE P'BLIC MEASURES.
Effect of Senator Pettus' Speech Last
Week in Ridicaling
Fair Words. -
Every incident of unusual interest that
comes before the United States Senate car
ries with it a lesson of some kind, and so it
is with the spontaneous burst of ridicule
and humor that came from the venerable
and solemn senator from Alabama last
week. In holding up oratory to ridicule In
the Senate Mr. Pettus merely put in form
and expressed a sentiment that is well
known to every one acquainted with the so
called upper house of Congress. This senti
ment is one of thorough opposition to the
use of fair words strung together in pleas
ing cadences to please the ear and to influ
ence opinion on public measures. The Sen
ate has always to a greater or less extent
resented such efforts unless the orator has
underlying everything he says a basis ot
sound logic which could command attention
if entirely separated from his eloquence.
The Senate claims to be a reasoning body
and especially prides itself on the fact that
it is not swayed by popular sentiment when
that sentiment is largely emotional. It was
this feeling, shared in practically by every
senator, that caused Mr. Pettus' sarcasm
aimed against "oratory" to strike a respon
sive chord In the heart of every one on the
floor who listened to him, and made his
quaint humor doubly effective.
Mr. Depew'. Caution.
When Senator Depew was elected to the
seat he now occupies in the Senate, his
known eminence as perhaps the first orator
of the country called forth a good deal of
speculation and quiet comment on the part
of those with whom he was to be asso
Stated at the Capitol. Senators wondered
whether Mr. Depew would display his rare
powers of oratory and attempt to use it to
enhance his prestige in the Senate. It was
not the spirit of jealousy that prompted
them in this feeling. It was not altogether
the fact that he was a new senator. The
Senate has always felt that a new enator
should look on for a time before arpiring
to leadership, or before becoming 2onspicu
ous on the floor in any way. But that did
not cause the members to look upon him
questionably. They merely resented the
idea that they might possibly be the vic
tims of attempts to influence them by ora
tory which, within Itself, they regarded as
out of place In a deliberation body. But
Mr. Depew is a diplomat even more than an
orator. He scented the senatorial atmos
phere, and he took warning. Whatever he
has said has been said simply and without
display of fine language, which he has re
served for audiences outside the Senate
chamber. When he contemplated speaking
on the occasion of a memorial service in
the Senate. he hesitated doing so, and
talked with some of his senatorial friends
about it. They told him, of ourse, he
should speak, and he did so. And this is
the one occasion when eloquence may give
itself full vent in the Senate. Obituary re
marks may be embellished with words from
silvery tongues, and no one will take ef
fense. They are for sentiment, thinks the
Senate, and to sentiment they should be
Effect of Mr. Pettom' Speech.
So it was that Mr. Pettus did not an
nounce a new idea when he rebelled against
oratory in the Spnate. He merely declared
in quelnt humor what everyone felt, and
what everyone in the Senate regarded as
the natural thing that should prevnil there.
If there was ever a day in the time of
the "fathers" when eloquence, as elo
quence, was a force in the Senate, that day
is not now. Brt it is said that the elo
quence of leaders In past generations that
has come down in history was merely an
ornament to logic and did not claim honor
for itself alone. The Senate will take it
only on rare occasions and in small doses.
Crude Farming Tools.
Consul Furniss at Bahia, in response to
inquiries on the snbject, writes to the State
Department telling of the singular absence
of modern agricultural implements in east
ern Brazil. He says that the spade and a
crude sort of hoe are the only implements
used in cultivating the soil of that very fer
tile section of the country. In many parts
the plow is wholly unknown, and upon the
few that have found their way into the
fields the rust has gathered from non-usage.
Consul Furniss adds that he cannot advise
as to chances for trade in agricultural im
plements In Brazil as a whole, but that the
outlook for the same in his consular district
is very bad, although he believes that in
other potions Of the country more atten
tion is devoted to modern farming.
The Atlantic During April.
The hydrographic office has made the fol
lowing forecast of weather conditions on
the North Atlantic during the month of
"Better weather than during March; gales
less frequent and less severe. Along the
transatlantic routes prevailing westerlies;
off the American coast, latitude 8-5 degrees,
frequent northerly winds. Frequent gales
north of latitude 30 degrees. Fog from
latitude 40 degrees north, longitude 40 west,
southwestward to the 70th meridian in an
area of varying width, reaching a maxi
mum at 50 degrees west. lee probable in
the region of the Grand Banks and to the
Cavalry at Jefferson Barraclis.
The War Department has been informed
of the arrival at Jefferson barracks, Mis
souri, of the squadron of the 5th Cavalry
recently returned from the West Indies.
The squadron comprises eleven offlcers, 351
men and 297 horses.
Department of Justice Building.
Bids for the construction of the new De
partment of Justice building will be opened
by Attorney General Griggs on April 12. It
will then be known how much deficiency
there is between the original appropriation
of $1,000,000, less expenses so far paid out,
and the bid of the lowest contractor.
Capt. Eaton A. Edwardp, 25th Infantry,
has been ordered to report to the army re
tiring board in this city for examination as
to his fitness for active duty.
Capt. L. P. Davison, 5th Infantry, now iin
this city, has been ord-red to join his com..
pany at Fort Sheridan, Ill.
Maj. H. S. Wallace. paymaster, has 'been
ordered to pay the troops at Washington
barracks to march 81, and Maj. Webster
Vinson, paymaster, to pay the troops at
Fort Myer, Va., to the same date,
Gen. Greene Her.
Gen. F. V. Greene, formerly of the volun
teer army, and now In busine in New
York, is in the city for a few days on pri
Movements of Naval Vessels.
The .new battle ship Kearuarge again
sailed -out to sea today fromt Hampton
Roads on her final offiti trial. The Chai
eago and the Montgomery have left Bahia
for Ceara and Maranh==.
Major, Minhnm Rged.eg
lMaj. Frederick A. Mahan. Corps of En
gineers, has been plmae upon the attired
list upon his own application, after thirty
years' service. He Is a brother of (apt.
Maan of the nvy, and was formerly en
=ineen secretary of the'Mghthsue board.
A B3'SIsNES AXIO.
Frnm lNltete VOk.
Money spent in contint
ous advertising in the daily
press draws interest that is
AT THE WHITE HOUSE
Two Hours' Session of the President's
MET TARIF SCHEDULE M CUBi
Changes Deemed Wise by the War
FEDERAL JUDGE NAMED
The cabinet was in session about two
hours today, but no matter of administraft
tion or governmental policy was decided
upon. Secretary Root, as usual, took UP
most of the time of the session. He pro.
sented the telegram from Gen. Otis. printed
in another column, reviewing the operations
in the Philippines since January 1.
Secretary Root touched upon affairs in
both Cuba and the Philippines. President
McKinley has signed a new tariff for Cuba.
It changes a number of things under the
former tariff. Secretary Root says the new
tariff is based on the experience of the War
Department in the operation of the tariff
Representative Mchersme's felecties.
After talking with Senator Allison this
morning, the President decided upon the
appointment of Smith McPherson of Red
Oak, Iowa, as judge of the southern district
of Iowa, in place of Judge Woolson. re
tired. Mr. McPherson is now the repre
sentative in Congress from the ninth lowa
district, and his appointment will leave a
vacancy, which will probably exist until
November. Mr. McPherson was district at
torney of the third judicial district of Iowa
for a number of years, and was attorney
general of the state from 11t to 1kK. Mr.
McPherson's nomination was sent to the
Assessor Darueille Calls.
Mr. Darneille. District assessor, called at
the White House today on District mat
May Take No Actie.
Senator Allison conferred with the Presi
dent this morning regarding some Iowa af
fairs. Senator Allison is of opinion that
Congress will not attempt to revise the war
revenue act at this session. He is one of
those who wants to see the national legis
lature adjourn early-by the first or second
week In June. This cannot be accom
plished, he thinks, if Congress is required
to handle a revenue measure. It is cal
culated by a number of senators that sev
eral important necessary measures and the
regular appropriation bil!s will take all
the time of Congress until early Jun,. By
next December. it Is argued, Congress may
see its way clear to doing away with tho
war revenue act altogether with th, excep
tion of a few features.
In his last annual report Commaissionet
Wilson of the internal revenue bureau
recommended certain changes in th-- law.
saying they were necessary to clear up dif
ferent sections and to enable a satisfactory
enforcement. Congress has done uothing
to carry out these suggestions, which would
take ittle time compared to a general re
vision of the act.
Broke the Handshakiug Record.
President McKinley this morning broke
the handshaking record of himself and all
former Presidents and statesman. He
shook hands with 450 young ladies from
Boston in seven and one-half minutes. es
tablishing a record of sixty persons to the
minute. one each second. The young ladies
are pupils of Boston schools and are enjoy
ing the spring vacation allowed them each
year. They are accompanied by teachers.
President McKinley's method of hand-.
shaking for large parties is unique. He
quickly and firmly grasps the outstrch-d
hand and with the same movement gently
pulls the person past him. At the same
time the President extends a few pleasant
words of gresting. When the President
formerly held public receptions in the east
room he shook hands with 500 or 0NI people
in fifteen minutes. but he established a rec
ord today which will be hard to beat.
Saw Numerous Callers.
Senators Scott and Elkins visited the
President in the interest of a West Virginia
constituent of prominence. Senator Deboe
saw the President, with a young Ken
tuckian, who wants a position in the Treas
Senator Hawley introduced some constitu
ents, and Senator Fairbanks talked about
a legislative matter.
Senator McComas discussed a Maryland
appointment with the President.
Representative Fitzgerald introduced some
constituents who wanted to pay their re
Altogether the President had a buiy
hour prior to the assembling of the cabinet.
Webster Davis' Resigaatio.
The resignation of Webster Davis as as
sistant secretary of the interior , was re
eeived at the White House late last night
and was not acted upon at once, Mr. Davis
has not been t~o the White Hopse himself.
-Chilean Clalss Cemm==s=le..
President McKinley has invited the pres
ident of Switzerland to name a member of
the Chilean claims oommission. The Chilean
government has ~already named its com
missioner in the person of Its minister resi
dent here. Senor Vicuna, and its agent in
the person of Senor Cruz. The United
States government will also select a mesm
ber of the commnission and an agent. and
the person named by the president of
Switzerland will be the third member of
the commnission, and will be its president
and the umpire in case any decisions are
required. The name of the Swiss minister
here, Mr. Plods, has been mentioned in
EFFECT OF PUYR FOOD DILL.
Iealth'Offeer Weedward Polats It
Oat to the House Comm=.ttee.
The Hous, committee on interstate andt
'oreign commere which is considering the
pure food hill, has been given an opinion by
the attorney for the District of Columbia
to the effect that the pure food bI will
perate in the District to depriv'e the healtih
aMes f rem jurisdiction of food inspection
and place it under the Depatent of Agri
Health Omeier Woodward called at the
samittee room today to pres.nt the open
lon. He doss not oppose the- bill in its re
lation to the District of Columbiat if the
tommittee sees fit to order aMss that way,
bt wanted to call the on...tees atten
tion to the efect
Etimate of the gemetary of the
Treary Seat to the tewnsLi
7.House anom-um~t en aggreprlenas
ha. received an emate-* from the Die.s
iary of the Treasury et an eppropriatin
af lS5,000 for espanwes of precuuing agE
transporting to the N-.oa w-o.....a
Park, Washiingten. D. C.. =e.ed-m.. og
hIigenous ania.e of anar ad of eoa.
-tutn the necessary -emn emS
houses for an.e itoesding all ----ey
1l1eand other epesea and the emptsgt
.-- o o- .----vhel -a ---- .