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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 21, 1900, Image 1

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hsbeti Office, lltfe Street aid Peassylvasia Avesse
The Evening Star Newspaper Company.
S. H. WAUPfMANN. Prcs't.
New York Office: Itt Trlksse BalUlof.
Ckkafo Office: Beyce BalUiaf.
Lea lea Office: Trafalgar BalMlafs, Trafalgar Sqaare.
Tte Evening Star la aerred to anbscrlbera In tbe
city by carriers, on their own account, Qt 10 cents
per weak, or 4 cents per month. Coplea at the
counter, 3 cen.s each. By mall?anyn-Bere in tbs
U.S. flrOsnada?postage prepaid?flOcents per month,
Saturday Quintuple Sheet Star. $1 per year; wltJi
foreign postage added. tS.Oft.
(Entered at the Toat Office at Washington, D. <X,
?a second-class mall matter.)
F7AU mall subscriptions most be paid In advance.
Bates of advertlalng made known on application.
Communication With Allies in Pekin
Has Been Cut Off.
Italian Commander at Taku Reports
Call for Reinforcements.
SHANGHAI, Augrust 21.?The foreign of
ficials here learn that the. telegTaph from
Tien TWln has been cut. The position of
the allies Is uncertain and a large body of
Chinese troops has taken the field.
TIEN TSIN (Thursday), August 16.?
About 5,000 Chinese troops, which are re
ported to have been at Sung-Llu-Chlng, left
today for Pel-tsang. and 2,000 more Chinese
troops have gone toward Tung-Chaw.
PARIS. August 21.?The French foreign
office has received from LI Hung Chang a
request similar to the one addressed to the
United States government, asking for the
appointment jf M. Pichon, the French min
ister at Pekln. or another person to repre
sent France at the peace negotiations. It is
said that all the powers have received a
like message.
SHANGHAI. August 21.?Yuan-shi-Kal,
the governor of Shan-tung, Is dead.
LONDON, August 21.?The following dis
patch has been received from Rear Admiral
"TAKF, August 19 (8unday).?The allies
are reported to have entered the Sacred
City of Pekin August 17."
Italian Commander at Takn Semis
-IIIO Marines to Pekin.
LONDON, August 21.?Owing, probably,
to the Pekin wire being cut, little news of
conditions in the Chinese capital has come
through this morning. What has reached
London indicates that the allies are In need
of reinforcements.
The commander of the Italian second
class cruiser Fleramosca telegraphs from
Taku. according to the Rome correspondent
of the Daily Mall, that very urgent re
quests were coming from Pekin on Satur
day for the immediate dispatch of further
troops, and that, in answer to these, 4U0
Italian marines were sent off posthaste.
The Japanese minister in London is said
to have received a telegram last evening
announcing that subsequent to the entry
Into Pekin a Japanese detachment went
to the Imperial palace to afford whatever
protection was necessary. The enemy were
In strength, and fighting was still proceed
ing when the message was sent to Tokyo.
The main lM>dy otf the Japanese was then at
An Ting Men gate, the Tartar city, with
headquarters at the Japanese legation.
Where in the Imperial Family?
Divers paragraphs as to the movements of
the Chinese Imperial family continue to be
received at the treaty ports and are thence
faithfully transmitted to the European capi
tals. Those representing the court as hav
ing left Pekin are of exclusive Chinese ori
gin. According to them their majesties are
well on their way to Sian-fu, about i>J0
miles inland.
Fight'ng was going on at Pekln Saturday,
according to one rej>ort. but according to
>i dispatch received by the admiralty from
Rear Admiral Bruce the allies entered
the sacred city of Pekln Friday.
If the Chinese government is at Sian-fu
there is no means of getting at them, ac
cording to the military men. without a pro
longed campaign anil with an army as largi
as Lord Roberts' to secure the bases of
Advices from the provincial capitals show
that the attitude of the southern mandar
ins has been far more friendly since the
allies reached Pekln. Some of the magis
trates have been issuing proclamations
commanding the Chinese to attend to busi
ness, to avoid sedition and acknowledging
that the invasion of the foreigners is justi
Transport Thomas Expected to Mall
Aliont September 1H.
SAN FRANCISCO. August 21? Light Bat
tery C, 7th Artillery, under command of
Capt. Macomb, has arrived from Fort Riley,
Kan., and are encamped at the Presidio.
Battery C will be recruited to its maximum
strength of 1<>2 men by drawing from the
force of Light Battery C, ltd Artillery, now
on garrison duty at the Presidio.
The 1st Battalion of the 1st Infantry,
which is encamped at the Presidio, will
probably sail on the Logan September 1
with another battalion of the 1st and a bat- j
tallon of the 2d Infantry, which recently re
turned from Cuba and are outfitting at j
F<?rt Thomas. Ky. The transport Thomas,
due here about August 2T> with 216 sick and j
wounded from Manila, will sail for China 1
September 16 with a battalion each of the
1st and Mh Infantry.
I)r. Roberts Safe With Allies.
CHICA(K), August 21.?A special to the
Tribune from Bucyrus, Ohio, says:
The news of the safety of Dr. Roberts has
just reached here in a cablegram from
Shanghai. The message states that Dr.
Roberta and several missing missionaries
who had been stationed on a farm at Koo
fan have tiei-n located with the legation at
Pekin and are now with the allied forces,
having l>een liberated on August 16
Two women who were nietnbers of the
rty are missing. They are Mrs. Charles I
>l*?rts and Mrs. Nellie Parker. Mrs.
l*arker Is known to have been killed by the
Boxers who surrounded the Koofan "farm
early in July, and grave fears are enter
tained as to the safety of Mrs. Roberts, who
Is almost eertaln to have been captured by
the Boxers.
Result of Showmen's Hlot at Prairie
ilu Chlen. Wis.
PRAIRIE Dl' CHI EN, Wis., August 21.
?In the riot started last night by members
of a wild west show exhibiting here four
men were badly hurt. They were:
Charles Freyaugle, formerly of the 5th
Vnlted States Cavalry.
Harry Cinqunas. formerly of the 7th
I'nltfd States Cavalry.
City Marshal Charles Lindner.
Patrolman John Merrill.
It is believed the city marshal's wounds
will prove fatal. No further trouble oc
curred after midnight.
Collapse of a Floating Rath House at
Carthajcetoa. Spain.
OAKTHAGENA, Spain. Augjet 21.?
While a dance was In progress in a floating
bath house here yesterday the flooring gave
way and ISO persons, mostly children, were
precipitated Into the sea. M&ny of them
were wounded and bruised, but no one was
drowned. It Is believed the catastrophe
was the work of a miscreant, as the screws
of the flooring were found to be missing.
Rreset Wants Trial Postfesed.
ROME. August 21.?Breset, the assassin of
King Humbert, has asked for a postpone
ment of his trial until witnesses can arrive
from the United Stats*.
Strong: Resolutions Pai?ed at Meeting
of Republican State Committee
at Philadelphia*
PHILADELPHIA, August 21.?The re
publican state committee held a special
meeting in this city today and passed strong
resolutions denouncing the action of the
anti Quay or "insurgent" faction of the
party in advocating fusion with the demo
cratic party in certain legislative districts,
and providing for the disciplining of repub
licans who thus disregard the party rules.
The preamble to the resolutions sets forth
that "it is openly charged that certain per
sons claiming to be republicans are engaged
In an effort to form a fusion with the dem
ocratic party, even to the extent of voting
for democrats when necessary, whereby the
success of republican candidates in congres
sional, senatorial and representative dis
.o be republican*
arc guilty of the treachery of making con
tests at republican primary elections and
conventions and with a dishonorable
ttard .if the result of such primaries and
conventions proceed at once to conspire for
the defeat of the nominees of such conven
tions. where they have not been success
'"'The candidates nominated In regular
nam- convention where such fusion repub
licans havp been successful in many ca-^s
openly boast of their intention not to enter
a republican caucus at the next session of
the legislature, and in many cases have
sought the Indorsement of the democratic
nartv. while at the same time planning to
defeat any colleagues they may have upon
tlThe resolutions provide for a committee
of seven to Investigate and report to the
state committee "the names of any l>ers?
or persons claiming to be republicans and
guilty of the dlshonarble practices afore
said. and the counties or districts in which
such efforts at fusion may exist, bo that the
state committee may take prompt and ef
fective action, and may be able to
such recommendations to the next state
convention as will enable that body to pro
vide such rules and regulations as^will pre
vent such practices in the future.
The committee placed W illiam Henry
Saven on the ticket as an elector-nt-large
in "place of ex-Representative Arnold, who
resigned, and named Dr. Ely of Lacka
wanna county as a district elector in place
of F. L. Kinner, resigned.
United States Senator Penrose made a
brief speech, urging the necessity of elect
ing republican congressmen and straight
out, strong republican to the United States
Old Resident of Frederick County and
Mexican War Veteran.
Special PI (patch to The Evening Star.
FREDERICK, Md., August 21.?Capain
David Kaoler, probably the oldest resident
of Frederick county, died this morning at
the residence of his daughter, Mrs. George
Koogle, aged ninety-seven years. Captain
Kaoler was a veteran of the Mexican war,
having organized a Mohawk company,
which he equipped for service at his own
expense. During the latter part of his life
he has been engaged In the wool manufac
turing business. Captain Kaoler during his
life voted seventy-five times, casting his
first vo' o for Andrew Jackson in 1*2*, and
has never failed to vote since that time.
During his lifetime he held various political
offices. He is survived by five sons. Messrs.
Thomas of Washington county. David *.
of Wichita, Kan.; John of Columbus. Ohio;
Ezra J. of Oregon, 111., and George \\ . of
Pennsvlvania. and two daughters. Mrs.
George Koogle of this city and Mrs. Free
man Newland of Hagerstown. He also
leaves thirty-one grandchildren and eight
Southern Cotton Mill Owners' View off
I,nl?nr Trouble*.
Special Dispatch to The Evening s,ar
PORTSMOUTH, Va., August 21.?It is
generally accepted as a fact among south
ern cotton mill men that the cotton mill
men of New England who have been most
seriously afTected by the great increase of
cotton mills in the south are aiding in the
organization of the southern employes.
The mill owners in the south charge that
this sudden interest in the welfare of their
employes is really a covert attack upon
the southern mills by attempting to cre
ate disaffection among the operatives. The
mill owners are opposing the organization
and several strikes have developed as a
result in the North Carolina mills.
One hundred and fifty union operatives
who left the Erwln cotton mills at Dur
ham are yet out. Other union operatives
who did not strike will work out their
notices. President Erwln of this mill noti
fied them that no union men would be em
ployed and gave them two weeks" notice.
Union operatives at the Pearl mills at Dur
ham have decided not to strike for ,the
present. Vnion organizers have gone from
Durham to Haw River to organize the
operatives in former Governor Holt's mills.
They have been Quietly at work on this
movement in North Carolina mills for
months. The movement ostensibly was In
augurated by New England labor unions
to get all the operatives In southern mills
in the union. ^
Probable Choice off Wisconsin Demo
crats for Governorship.
MILWAUKEE. Wis.. August 21.?Demo
crats of Wisconsin meet here tomorrow to
nominate a state ticket. Clark L. Hood of
Lacrosse will be the temporary presiding of
It Is probable that Louis G. Bohmrlch of
Kenosha will be chosen to head the ticket
unless a radical change takes place during
the proceedings. Enough delegates have
been elected and Instructed for Mr. Bohm
rlch to insure him of the nomination. The
populists will meet In state convention on
the same dayt and some talk of fusion of
the two parties has been Indulged In.
Populist leaders, however, express them
selves against the nomination of Bohmrich,
and In case the Kenosha man heads the
ticket it Is likely the populists will nomi
nate an independent ticket, with A. A.
Worrley of Racine at the head.
The Kansas City platform will be In
dorsed and the primary election law plank
offered two years ago will likely be re
peated In the resolutions. *
Death off Frederick Koetlg in City off
CITY OF MEXICO, August 21.?Frederic
Koetlg, a native of Austria and one of the
surviving members of the entourage of
Emperor Maximilian, is dead in this city,
aged sixty-seven years. He was one of the
six #cav ? lry officers selected' by Empress
Carlotu as her escort on public occasions.
Latterl: he held the rank of captain in the
Mexicai army and was much esteemed by
President Diaz, whose hunting expeditions
he always organised.
Christian Bsdeavoreri Ball for Home.
SOUTHAMPTON, August 21.?The North
German Lloyd steamer Ailer, which sailed
from this port for New York this afternoon,
had on board 500 returning Christian Ed
Extracts F rom Telegram Beceived Last
Night Made Public.
? |
He Does Not Yet Know Where
Imperial Family Is.
The meeting of the cabinet at 11 o'clock
today centered attention on the Chinese
question, as it was known that the govern
ment had received an Important message
from Minister Conger and communications
and advices from many sources which would
occupy the attention of the President and
his advisers. Early in the day the Chinese
minister arrived at the State Department
and delivered a formal request from the
viceroys of Nanking and Hunan that the
emperor and dowager empress be not sub
jected to indignity and humiliation, and
giving assurance that if this was done they
would continue their work of maintaining
quiet in the empire south of Pekin.
Already the European powers had re
ceived this appeal, and there had been an
exchange between the governim-nts on the
subject. The French government was ready
to answer that the persons of their majes
ties would not be violated, and it was be
lieved this would be the general course
adopted. There was also the application of
the Chinese government, made yesterday
through Li Hung Chang, for the appoint
ment of Minister Conger or some other
commissioner to negotiate for the cessation
of hostilities and a general peace.
Reply to Li Hihik'm Appeal.
It developed further today that Earl Li
had signified his intention of leaving Shang
hai for Pekin as soon as he could hear from
the powers. The official statement was
made just prior to the meeting of the cab
inet that the reply of the United States
to China's application would be one of the
main questions to come before the cabinet.
Although the nature of the reply was not
made known, it was still considered as cer
tain that it would in effect reject China's
overture because of the failure to comply
with the American demand of August 12.
The officials were desirous, however, of re
fraining from conjecture, and stated that
when the government's attitude was made
known it would be by a formal announce
ment, giving both the application of China
and the response of the United States.
Late Advlee* From Conger.
But much more Interesting and important
than the diplomatic maneuvering was the
knowledge that the cabinet would have be
fore it full and late advices from Minister
Conger. It became known early in the day
that a message had been received from the
American minister at Pekin. It came last
night, but pending its consideration by the
cabinet both its subject and text were
withheld. It nevertheless opened a wide
field for conjecture and formed the basis for
many speculative reports. As the message
did not come through Minister Wu, it was
evident that the government was receiving
communications direct from Minister Con
Besides the Conger message the State De
partment had heard from Consul Fowler
at Chefoo, but this message related to tech
nical routine affairs, and was not made
Today's application of the Chinese vice
roys is in effect a request that the Chinese
sovereigns shall not be made prisoners of
war. It is said that the powers are author
ized, under the rules and practice of inter
national law, to accede to this request or
not, as they may deem best. The request
is not one of right, but its granting is de
pended entirely upon what the powers
may consider best for their own interests.
It is an established principle of interna
tional law that "members of the enemy's
royal family, his chief of state and his
diplomatic agents are liable to capture, even
though they may not be actually engaged
in hostile operations. Their position makes
them so important to the enemy in the con
duct of his war that they cannot be treated
as ordinary non-combatants."
In the present case there Is well-grounded
belief that the sovereigns, especially the
, empress dowager, have been instrumental
in directing hostile movements, and Minis
ter Conger's advices have stated that the
Imperial forces were besieging the lega
Kxtraot? From the Telegrum.
Shortly before noon the State Depart
ment made public extracts from a tele
gram received last night from Minister
Conger, it was given in the following of
ficial statement:
Via Chefoo, August 23.
Received U:50 a.m.
Secretary of State, Washington:
Saved. Relief arrived today. Entered
city with little trouble. Do not yet know
where imperial family Is. Except deaths
already reported, all Americans alive and
well. Desperate effort made last night to
exterminate us. Mitchell. American sailor,
and a Russian and Japanese wounded; Ger
man killed. Advise Woodward, Chicago;
Conger, Des Moines; Sims, Council Bluffs;
Conger, Pasadena; Porter, Paris.
By Fowler, Chefoo, August 20.
It will be observed that the portions
given are but extracts from Minister Con
ger's message. It was stated that these
portions cover such features of Minister
Conger's message as the government do
sires to make public at this time. The en
tire message was before the cabinet, and
the portions not given out doubtless refer
to questions of policy and to Chinese inter
nal affairs, upon which the minister speaks
as the adviser of the government rather
than as the medium of communicating ac
tual occurrences.
Aa to Reinforcement*.
The War Department has no information
concerning the report from London that
additional troops for the allied armies are
urgently needed. It this was the case noth
ing more could be douc by this government
at present. Th<? troops now under orders
fpr the far east will continue to go forward,
and as soon as they reach Nagasaki It wUI
be determined whether they will go on to
China or to Manila, the Philippines being
the original destination of some of the
troops under orders. There are now In
China the 9th Infantry, eight companies of
the 14th Infantry. Battery F, 5th Artillery,
eight troops of the 6th Cavalry and tour
companies of the 16th Infantry, the latter
having recently arrived. There are now at
sea destined for China four batteries of the I
3d Artillery, Company E of the engineers,
four troops of the 3d Cfavalry. eight troops
of the 1st CRvaJry and six troops of the 9th
Cavalry. Besides, there called on the Sher
man today four companies each of the 2d,
5th and 8th infantries. Some of the troops
at sea should reach Taku within a week or
ten days. The kitest arrivals were the
four companies of the 15th Infantry, who
arrived with General Barry. When General
Barry reported from Taku h? announced
that he would at once go to the front, and
it was expected that the detachment of the
l(?th Infantry would accompany him to
ward Pekfn. It Is believed that this force
will be able to restore the telegraph line,
which seems to have been Interrupted.
Chinese Mob* at Amoy.
The Japanese legation has received a dis
patch from the Japanese consul at Amoy,
saying that Chinese mobs continue to work
devastation in that neighborhood and have
destroyed several chapels.
Have Left l'ekin.
The government has received positive
confirmation from official Chinese sources
of the departure of the emperor and em
press dowager from Pekin. They went
westward, but the point at which they are
now located was not given.
Population of Minneapolis! and St.
Panl Announced.
The census bureau today announced the
population of Minneapolis, Minn., as 202,718
and St. Paul, Minn., as 163,632. Following
are the official bulletins:
The population of the city of Minneapolis,
according to the official count of the re
turns of the twelfth census, is as follows:
Minneapolis city, 202,718 in 1900, against
1W,738 in 18!M>.
These figures show for the city as a
whole an Increase In population of 37,980,
or 23.05 per cent, from 1H00 to 1900.
The population in 1*80 was 46.887, showing
an increase of 117,851, or 251.35 per cent,
from 1880 to 1890.
The next city whose census will be an
nounced probably will be Philadelphia, the
official figures of which will be made pub
lic by tomorrow. The census of each of
the remainder of the thirty .largest cities in
the country, including Boston, St. Louis,
Baltimore, etc., Is expected to be made pub
lic by the end of this week.
?? ?
Expected to lie Fallowed by a Similar
One From Senator Joiicm.
The statement of Senator Stewart of Ne
vada declaring that he will vote for Mc
Kinley is received with satisfaction by the
republicans in Washington, and his clear
statement in defease of the President's
foreign policy. It la declared, will have
great effect on voters, especially in the
mountain and Pacific caast states. It is
stated on excelleut authority that Senator
Stewart's statement and declaration of i-s
Intention to vote the republican ticket this
fall will be followed by a statement from
his colleague. Senator Jehn P. Jones of
Nevada, on the sam?. line. It was stated
here today that Senator Jones expects to
announce his intention ^within a day or
t wo. j
i , r
In Maryland Tliey* Are Taxable a*
The commissioner of inlernaf revenue has
modified the ruling of Ms office on the sub
ject dated August 22, 18S<5>, and "now holds
that the form of deed used in the state of
Maryland in ground rent conveyanplng is
taxa~..e as a lease and not as a deed of
conveyance. Aftep an investigation of the
subject the commissioner finds that the
system prevailing in Maryland is altogether
different from that in some other places.
The estates created in Maryland by these
instruments are leasehold estates and per
sonal property, while In Pennsylvania they
are'conveyances of real estate descending
to the heirs, and not passing to the per
sr nal representatives, as in the case of
Maryland. Under the former ruling i-e
tax on a conveyance where the considera
tion was $10,000 would be $10, while under
the ruling today thp tax could not ex
ceed $1.
; ?- ? ?
Personal Mention.
Mr. Carroll Purman returned from the
west with Senator Thurston and starts now
for the coast of Massachusetts.
Mr. Claude B. Cooksey, after a sojourn
of ten days at Rehoboth Beach, Del., will
visit Atlantic City for three weeks before
his return to Washington.
Mr. John Humphrpy of this city has re
turned from his vacation in the mountains
of West Virginia.
Mr. Maurice D. Rosenberg, who has been
In the Thousand Islands, will return to the
city the early part of the coming month,
visiting on his homeward journey several
Canadian cities and Saratoga.
Assistant Secretary Spaulding hns return
ed to the treasury after a long official trip
to Alaska and the Pacific coast.
Mr. J. G. MeCreigfct of the quartermas
ter general's office, and his sons Howard,
Arthur and Valentine, have returned to the
city, after a pleasant visit to relatives and
friends at Memphis, Tenn.
Mr. D. E. Stephan and Mr. W. C.
Parker are at the Greenbrier White Sul
phur Springs, W. Va.
? > ><
Movement* of Naval Ve**el*.
The new Alabama sailed yesterday from
Philadelphia for New York on her way
to the New England- coast, where she Is
to have her initial trial trip between Cape
Ann and Cape Porpoise the early part of
next week. The Kearsarge and the In
diana of the North Atlantic squadron sail
ed yesterday from Rockland, Me., for Bos
ton. They will indulge in target practice
en route. The Mayflower arrived at San
Juan, Porto Rico, yesterday. The train
ing ship Buffalo' haa sailed from Cavite,
P. I., for Singapore. The Navy Depart
ment has authorized two weeks' repairs on
the Albany, now In the'Mediterranean.
Action In Litsi Sitter'* Cane.
The Navy Department has been notified
of the action of tfte retiring board in the
case of Senior Lieut, jl. S. Ritter, who has
been retired for disabilities incurred in the
service. Lieut. Ritter was unable to ap
pear before the board 1? Washington, and
a special meeting was held at his home in
Reading, Pa. Lieut. Ritter entered the
service in 1886, and'durlng the war was at
tached to the Newark on the Cuban block
ade. It was from this -point that his ill
health dated, culminating recently in com
plete' nervous breakdown. _
Honorably DMeharged.
Capt. G. W. S. Stevens, signal officer,
volunteers, and first lieutenant, 6th Ar
tillery, having tendered his resignation as
an officer of the volunteer army and hav
ing resigned his commission in the regular
army, has been honorably discharged from
the service of the TTnlted States.
Government Receipts.
National bank:' notes received, today for
redemption, Internal revenue, $709,
143; customs, $S46,ft)B; miscellaneous, $32,
621; expenditure* $|.T1&.000.
? i
The flnmnr|- at Manila.
General MacArttru* has informed the
War Department of the arrival of the trans
port Sumner at Manila today. The Sumner
carried a portion-of the 15th Infantry, des
tined for Chinese Service, as far as Naga
saki. there transshipped the troops to the
Indiana and then proceeded on her way to
the Philippine*
Li Hung Chang's Request for a Peace
Commissioner Denied.
Not Certain There is a Responsible
Government in China.
Li Hung Chang la to receive an answer to
his proposition for the appointment of a
commission to discuss the question of peace.
This answer states that the United States
will be unable to consent to the appointment
of such a commission until it is aware that
there Is a government in China with which
this government can deal In the matter of
making terms of peace. The wording of
the note to LI Hung Chang will be diplo
matlc, but In substance it will be that there
is now no evidence that a government of
any kind worthy the name exists In China.
More Grave Than Ever.
The answer to Li Hung Chang, together
with a dispatch ihat had been received from
Minister Conger, was discussed at the cabi
net session, with the conclusion stated. The
cabinet regards the situation In China now
as more grave than ever before. The Presi
dent and his cabinet virtually regard the
country and its millions of inhabitants as an
enormous, headless affair?without knowl
edge of what it wants or intends to do, but
capable, by reason of its enormity and
strength, of being dangerous to those who
are attempting once again to warp it into
shape fit to know and recognize its duties
to the world.
The flight of the empress and emperor.
If the latter Is alive, has apparently left
China in a state of chaos. The empress
harei't the strength, through herself, the
viceroys, or the remaining troops, to re
store order. She has virtually abdicated
and left the situation to care for itself. If
this Is the case the civilized countries have
before them the great proposition of estab
lishing a government or seeing that one Is
No Government Exlit* In China.
There has been grave fear in administra
tion circles for many weeks that virtually
no government existed in China. That im
pression has been steadily gaining ground
since, and the conclusion Is now almost
unanimous that China is without a govern
ment. Prior to the present troubles It had
been practically nothing, in the viceroys Is
vested most of the power of China. Their
appointment is due to the central govern
ment, but there has been nothing to pre
vent their doing as they pleased toward
that government. If the little government
that ever existed at Pekin has been under
mined by the rioting, or went over to the
rioters, then that leaves a great empire
without a responsible source, and the civil
ized world will be compelled to remain at
Pekin uiftil a government of some kind is
established?until a stable government Is
established. In fact. Too far ahead, and too
grave. Is the (|uestlon of what that govern
ment shall be and of what It shall consist.
The President virtually takes the position
that China must prove that she has a gov
ernment capable of keeping its promises
and keeping the peace hereafter before he
can enter into negotiations. He has no
knowledge of what he is negotiating with.
While he looks upon Li Hung Chang a? a
great and eminent Chinaman, he does not
know that Earl Ll is the chosen represent
ative of a government capable of dealing
with another government.
May Remain in China.
Should the final position of this country
be that China Is without a government tht
United States Is then committed to remain
ing In China until a government Is made
and unti! the vast empire Is again running
smoothly. In that respect this country will
again be identified with Europe, whose obli
gations will be equal In giving the world
a responsible government in China. The
many questions to come up before a stable
government could be put in operation are
appreciated, but the President feels that
he has a duty to perform anil that he can
not shirk this duty owing to Immense work
The matter of Indemnity Is now far away.
Indemnity, in the shape of cash at least,
cannot be had when there is no government
capable of making a sound guarantee of
payment. It is too well known that China
has no money now. Whatever cash would
be demanded by this country would have to
be paid In the course of years. This coun
try does not care to have the promise of
an alleged government that will break the
promise a few years after It is made. It
I wants assurance that a sound government
Is yet standing or can stand in China, and
I It must have this assurance before It con
tinues negotiations other than those carried
i on by the force of arms, as at present.
The Havana I'ntveralty l'rntext.
Dr. J. A. Frlas, a prominent Cuban, was
at the White House today and left for the
[ President a memorial from the professors
of the University o'f Havana and repre
l sentatives of scientific societies of Cuba
protesting against orders issued by Gen.
Wood for the reorganization of that insti
tution. Accompanying the memorial was a
1 letter from Dr. Frias, who is an attorney,
a professor in the university and former
mayor of Cienfuegos, Cuba.
In his letter to the President Dr. Frias
I says that the reforms made by Gen Wood
are unanimously opposed by Cubans. He
urges that Cuba should be allowed to look
after her own schools, just as each state
in this country has that right. "Cuba
should be left to reorganize her university
by herself," he says. He sees no hurry
to change conditions in the university.
Dr. Frias says that Gen. Wood has ig
| nored the "vested right of nearly fifty
Cuban teachers, professors who entered the
university by means of competition or had
been in their chairs more than twenty
years." He asserts that the importance
of the university has been lowered. He
says that a proof of the sentiment of Cuba
is found in the fact that the only request
made of the President by the 1,400 teach
ers who were in Washington a few days
ago was that he revoke the orders of Gen.
Wood and allow the Cubans to manage the
institution themselves.
Representative Taylor a Caller.
Representative Taylor of Ohio was at the
White House today and had a talk with
the President. Mr. Taylor represents the
President's district in the House, and the
Ohio campaign will be opened in that dis
trict at Youngstown, on September a Mr.
Taylor is perfectly confident of republican
success In the country this year. Of Ohio,
he said: "There Is nothing in the state that
is unusual. It Is going to give Its usual
majority for the republican ticket. Im
perialism will not reduce the republican
majority. It will cut no figure to speak of.
If there are any Germans in Ohio whose
souls are vexed by the ghost of imperialism
and militarism I don't know where they
are. The Germans in Ohio are Americans
and are Just as firm In their convictions as
other Americana."
> ?
Exportation From Cuba.
According to a statement made today by
the division of customs and insular affairs,
War Department, the total exportation
from Cuba through the port of Havana for
the seven months ended July SI, 1900, was
*10,flea006, as against *16,796,971 for the
same period of last year, a decrease of
Proapecta of Harmony in Meetlatc of
National Committee Not So
Good Now.
CHICAGO, August 21.?The latest reports
received here Indicate that the populist na
tional committee, which is to meet in this
city August 28, may not be as harmonious
as predicted when the executive committee
was in session here early in the month.
The meeting is called for the purpose of
selecting a candidate for the Vice Presi
dency. When Mr. Towne declined the nom
ination of the populists it was generally
supposed that Mr. Stevenson would recelvo
the populist Indorsement by general con
sent. The correspondence whl^h has taken
place among members of the national com
mittee of that party since the executive
committee meeting in this city ten days ago
make it plain that this result, while appar
ently still probable, will not be accomplish
ed without a struggle. Indeed, It is under
stood that many of the leaders of the party
are strongly urging that the committee
shall name an independent candidate.
Those who t^ike this position include a ma
jority of the officers of the national com
mittee, among them being Chairman But
ler and Treasurer Washburne, who are pro
nounced in their views. Vice Chairman" Kd
mlston is also said to incline toward the
opinion that wisdom demands that the
populists have a candidate of their own In !
the- field. Secretary Edgerton is credited |
with being the only officer of the organiza
tion who is friendly to the indorsement of
Mr Stevenson's candidacy.
Mr. Stevenson's friends claim that Edger
ton is working effectively in their behalf.
The best canvass of the committee they
have been able to make causes them to feel
hopeful of the result. Still, those now com
mitted to this course are considerably below
a majority in numbers.
Senator Butler and others who agree with
him'contend that it will be suicidal for their
party not to have a candidate of their own
political faith In the field. They also hold
that unless there is a populist candidate for
second place many populist votes will be
driven from Mr. Bryan.
The national committee has full power to
act in accordance with the instructions of
the Sioux Falls convention, and it is pre
sumed that its decision when made will be
Fell as She Got Off the Train In
Sj>eclnl Dinpntch to The Evening Star.
ROCKVILLE. Md? August 21? Miss
Maude M. Smith of Washington, who is
spending the summer in Roekville, met
with a painful accident at the Baltimore
and Ohio depot here last evening in cross
ing the railroad tracks. As she alighted
from the Washington train which reached
here about 8 o'clock she stumbled and
fell heavily. Her head was cut in several
places, and she also sustained injuries to
her knees. No one noticed her fall, and she
lay on the track unable to move for half
an hour or longer. She finally succeeded
in attracting the attention of a colored
man who happened along. He went to
her assistance and carried her into a near
by house and a physician was summoned.
Miss Smith had not been in robust health,
and consequently suffered considerably
from the shock. Her injuries, while pain
ful, are not regarded as serious.
Four Men Shot liy Drxperadori in
Street Eneounter.
WHEELING. W. Va.. August 21.?La?t
night at Hundred, in Wetzle county, this
state, four men named Condy proceeded to
visit the various resorts of the town. In an
altercation with an officer they knocked
him down and beat him badly.
A posse of citizens appeared on the scene,
but were fired upon by the desperadoes.
The posse fired back, shooting and captur
ing three of the Condys. The other escaped
and is still at large. Among the persons in
jured are:
William Haught, shot through the arm.
Newton Roberts, shot above the ear.
E. Vanhorn. shot in the arm.
Charles Tennett. shot in the leg.
Nntionnl ('oncremi Asaenittlea ut Col
orado SprlnKM Today.
COLORADO SPRINGS. Col.. August 21.?
The farmers' national congress will assem
ble in this city today, and a large number
of delegates from various sections of the
country have arrived. The visitors will be
welcomed by Mayor J. R. Rob!nson on the
part of the city. Today's speakers will in
clude Gen. B. P. Clayton. H. J. Redd'ng of
Georgia, F. L. Whitmore of Sutherland.
Mass., and Prof. Elwood Head of Cheyenne.
Citizen* of Portland Raise a Parse pf
PORTLAND. Ore., August 21.?A fund of
$300 has been raised in this city for the
ransom of Arthur Venville, the brave young
apprentice who was wounded In Lieuten
ant Gilmore's boat at Baler, Luzon, in
April of last year. He is the only one of
Gilmore's party who has not been account
ed for, and it is thought that he is held
captive by the Filipinos.
Venville's mother is a resident of this
Chief Haien Says They May Not Be
Liberated Soon.
NEW YORK, August 21.?Chief Hazen of
the United States secret service, said today
that he should see Commissioner of Immi
gration Fitchle of this port during the day
In relation to the detention of the two al
leged anarchists, Moresca and Gulda. He
thought it possible the commissioner might
have something to say later. He believed
it likely that the men would be detained for
come time. Chief Hazen said he had not
seen the anonymous letter sent to United
States Consul Byington of Naples, in which
the writer claimed to have overheard Mo
resca say to another Italian that he was
coming to America to kill President McKip
Son of Sir Edwin Moat Stand Trial in
SAN FRANCISCO. August 21.?Julian
Tregenna Blddulph Arnold, son of Sir Ed
win Arnold, has been ordered extradited to
England by United States Commissioner
Heacock on the charge of embezzling over
$80,000 of .the estate of John Thomas Don
ville Taylor. Arnold had already been or
dered extradited on two charges, and will
be given a hearing on still another charge.
Coatless Man at a Party.
Special Dispatch to The Evening Star.
CUMBERLAND. Md., August 21.?Miss
Mary O. Gsasnes, popular young lady,
last night gave a party In honor of her
birthday anniversary which was unique in
that all the gentlemen guests were welcome
In shirt waists, and all so appeared. Danc
ing was one of the diversion* of the even
ing. V
Persona leaving the city for aaf
period can have The Star mailed to
them to any address In the United
States or Canada, by ordering it at
this office. In person or by letter.
Terms: 13 cents per week; 25 cents
for two weeks, or 50 cents per
month. Invariably In advance. Sub
scribers changing their address from
one Post-office to another should
give the last address as well as the
new on*
Estimated Effect of Forest Fires in
Colorado and Wyoming.
Ranchmen There Fear Their Homes
Will Be Destroyed.
DENVER. Col.. August 21.?Ten million
dollars' damage is estimated to be the re
sult of the forest fires in Colorado and
Wyoming. This estimate was made by
C. E. Wantland, general agent of the
I nion Pacific railroad. According to that
official, the loss on timber Is only a com
paratively small item. Mr. Wantland said
"In many places the fires are spreading
over almost bare country, land where
there is nothing but young growth, which
might have made the forests of ten and
twenty years hence if it had not been for
these fires.
"Land Avhich could have been sold for
homes because of the pleasant surround
ings will now for years not be worth much.
The vicinity of OK nwood Springs and such
places, where the tourists resort, will be
much affected In a commercial way. be
cause the scenery will be Impaired."
In Middle Park the fires are burning so
fiercely that ranchmen are beginning to
fear that Jhclr homes will be swept away.
A dispatch from Saratoga. Wyo., says
the fires In Sierra Madre range have been
checked by rain.
Several Prritoni* Injured tit Richmond,
Ind.. I.nat Mr In.
RICHMOND. Ind.. August 21.?During a
wind storm last night several buildings
were unroofed and the triumphal arch of
the street fair was blown down, Injuring
several persons and creating a panic among
the hundreds of persons In attendance at
the pageant. The injured:
Elsie Busna. struck by flying timber from
triumphal arch, right arm broken.
George Demorest. struck by falling arch,
right shoulder dislocated.
Charles Gundmark. crushed under arch,
right leg broken.
Frank Schultz. crushed by falling arch,
internal Injuries.
Elsie Pogeno. Japanese performer, crush
ed under falling timber. Internal Injuries.
Nearly lOO RnllillntfN Destroyed, bat
>o LItm Lant
SHEBOYGAN, Wis., August 2L?A re
count of the buildings wrecked here In the
tornado yesterday shows that first reports
were considerably exaggerated. Neverthe
less, nearly 100 buildings wpre destroyed,
and the monetary losses foot up about
tlOO.flOO. The most remarkable feature of
the storm is that not a life was lost. Most
of the wrecked buildings were frame af
fairs of small worth.
Reports from the north show that the
storm originated at Marinette and followed
the line of the Chicago and Northwestern
railroad south to Oshkosh. There it veered
to the eastward and spent its fury on Lake
Michigan. While it did considerable dam
age all along its track, it was most severe
here. The width of the storm was about
half a mile. It did not move close to the
earth, only touching at wide intervals.
EI tvb t Shocked by I,in lit ill hr.
PORTSMOUTH. Ohio, August 21.?Four
dwellings were struck by lightning last
night, eight inmates being seriously shock
ed. Two of the dwellings were burned to
the ground. A number of barns were
struck and stock and other property dam
Will in m Pittmun of l.iiKiuixiiort, Ind.,
llttitK" Hliunelf.
CHICAGO. August 21.?A special to the
Chronicle from Loganspurt, Ind., says:
To help his son escape arrest and sure
conviction on the charge of forgery, Wil
liam Pittman of Burnettsville allowed him
self to be introduced as "Dan Witters," a
wealthy cattle buyer, and then signed the
lntter's name to his son's note in the pres
ence of Sam Closson, a money broker of
this city. The son was finally caught in
his forging business, and the presence of
the old gentltman In the deal came out.
He promised to pay by Monday, sr.d
early in the morning went out in a shed
and hanged himself. He left a note savin*
that his son hail caused it all. The latter
!?? in JefTersonville prison serving his time,
and was notified today of his father's death.
The old gentleman preferred death to
Cuban Teacher* Vl*lt Grant'* Tomb
and Columbia I ulverwlty.
NEW YORK. August 21.?The Cuban
teachers started out early today to see the
sights of the city. They were collected
from the transports by the iron steamboat
Taurus, which took them to Recreation
pier, at the foot of West 120th street. As
soon as the visitors were got into proces
sional order they were marched to Grant's
tomb. Tlie procession was headed by a de
tail of police. ?From Grant's tomb the pro
cession went to Columbia University, and
thence along Riverside drive.
Commissioners Will Frame a Bill as
Soon as Installed.
MANILA, August 21. ? The Philippine
commissioners, when installed on Septem
bei 1. will consider a bill for municipal
organizations. General Otis' municipal
scheme, as modified, Includes provisions re
garding la,nd taxation and a civil service
bill empowering the commission to make
appointments by a system of civil service
advancement, by which It will be possible
for the incumbents of the lowest offices,
through efficient service and competitive
examination, to attain positions at the
headB of departments and under secretary
The heads of the civil service depart
ments are empowered to discharge em
ployes for cause, but are powerless to
till vacancies except through the regular
path of promotion.
The commission's executive sessions will
probably be open to the public.
Still Hot la St. LobIi.
ST. LCJIS. Aug. 21.?Intense heat, which
has prevailed here for several weeks al
most without Intermission, continued today
with apparently no prospect of cessation
Two deaths and eleven prostrations were
reported as the result of yesterday's high
Stesauhlv Arrivals.
At New York?Spaarndam, from BottM*
lam; Sardinian, from Glasgow.

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