Na 14,838. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1900?FOURTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
J - ?
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THE STRIKE SPREADS
Fewer Men at Work Today in the
FIRST INDICATIONS OF TROUBLE
Hungarian Women Armed With
Clubs March to a Mine.
WORKS UNDER GUARD
PHILADELPHIA, September IS.?If. as
President Mitchell of the United Aline
Workers' claimed last night, 112.<*iO of the
141,?*Xt mine workers in the Pennsylvania
anthracite coal fields were idle yesterday,
it is certain that this number has been con
siderably augmented today by additions to
the strikers' ranks. Reports from the four
big districts embracing the hard coal re
gion are to the effect that fewer men are
at work today than were working yester
day, and that collieries that worked full
handed or nearly so yesterday are either
badly crippled or shut down today.
The weather has grown much colder since
yesterday, and this change is greeted with
joy by the mine workers, who believe it
will greatly increase the demand for coal
and thus force an early adjustment of the
differences between them and their em
Talk of arbitration is so persistent that
the hope is growing that this method of
settling the strik.- will finally be adopted,
although the mine owners declare that
they will deal only with their employes as
individuals, and the strike leaders say they
will insist upon formal recognition of the
union. This difference would appear sutli
ciently strong to keep employer and em
ploye apart forever if persisted in.
One little band of miners In the Wyoming
valley, those of the West End Coal Com
pany at Mocanaqua, numbering a few hun
dred men, stand out prominently as the
only men at work out of nearly 90,000 in
the Lackawanna and Wyoming region. Ef
forts to induce them to Join the strikers
have failed. They say they have always
been treated kindly, they have no griev
ance and they will, therefore, remain loyal
to their employers.
Most of the Men nt Work.
General Manager Henderson of the Phil
adelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Com
pany. in a statement to the Associated
Press today, said: ?
"Ihirty-six of the thirty-nine collieries
operated by this company are in operation
today, two additional ones being shut down
this morning. These are the Henry Clay
and Bear \ alley collieries, which were
working short-handed yesterday. As with
the Lturnside colliery, which closed yester
day. a number of men reported for work,
but not sufficient to start up. A number of
the remaining collieries are working short
handed. The average daily output of our
collieries yesterday was a little over 1<M)
cars less than usual. This condition can be
attributed to the closing of the Uurnside
colliery and the extent to which the re
nia.nmg collieries are running short
Pennaylvanfa Company'* Mines.
George H. Ross, secretary of the collieries
operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company, in a statement to the Associated
Press today, said:
"The situation today In our collieries is
about the same as yesterday, except the
Lykens, Luke Fidler and Cameron collier
ies were unable to be operated because suf
ficient men did not report for duty. Yester
day the only collieries idle -were those at
Nanticoke and Glen Lyon. Today the Wil
llamstown colliery is running full. Luke
Fidler and Cameron would be in operation
today were it not for the fact that the men
are kept, through intimidation, from work.
About 1,800 are employed at these collieries,
and a large number were ready and willing
to begin work, when the intimidation I
speak of occurred. The withdrawal of the
men at Nantieoke and Glen Lyon yesterday
u explained. Last year they were on
strike for five months, having practically
made the same demands the mine workers
union Is now making. They returned to
work at the expiration of this time after
th- company had made some slight conces
sions in the nature of allowance for work
In the breasts, where the difficulty in min
ing the coal was greater than had been
nnm'v". y have brt" satisfied since,
unt.l about six weeks ago, when the labor
strike appeared umi urged them to
-M,r' when asked as to the possibility
of the company increasing the price of its
The question of an increase has not
been considered by the management."
STKIKKKS STO\E WOK K M EX.
Operator* at Mount Carniel Call for
SHAMOKIN, September IS.?About 13> per
cent of the men who worked at Mount Car
mel yesterday joined the strikers this morn
ing. having cleaned up their work yester
day afternoon, and the strike leaders de
clare that the Indications are that all the
mini s there will be tied up as tight as those
In the vicinity of Shamokln.
Some of the strikers at Mount Carmel this
morning gathered In the neighborhood of
the mines operated by the Reading Coal
and iron Company and the Union Coal
Company and stoned the men who persisted
in going to work. The operators are call
ing in the services of a large force of dep
uties, and they declare they will protect
those men who choose to work at their
Superintendent P. Rrennan of the Phila
delphia and Reading Coal and iron Com
pany gave out a statement today to the ef
fect that the Henry Clay and other mines
belonging to this company in the vicinity of
bnarnokin w??uhl not resume work until the
strike has been settled. He said that less
men have come to work than yesterday,
and it Is useless to attempt to operate these
mines, lie left for Trevorton this morning,
and says that unless conditions there are
more favorable he will close up those mines
also. The Mineral Coal Company's mines
are in the same condition.
AT WOHK I.N SCHI YLKILL REGIO.V
Only Two Colllerle* Are Short handed
POTTSVILLE. Pa.. Sept. 1S.-A11 the
Sihuylkill region collieries resumed work
this morning, with the single exception of
Morea, operated by Dodson & Co. The
Vulcan and Buck Mountain, near Mahanoy
City, arc shorthanded, however. The lat
ter was idle yesterday owing to the ab
sence of men Who Were in attendance at a
big Polish wedding.
1 he Lehigh Coal Company's Centralla
colliery, which shut down at noon yester
day, owing to scarcity of coal, rturned
this morning with a less number of men
at work than yesterday. It is said that
work will be suspended at noon again to
day or perhaps earlier. It is reported from
Nesquehoning that last night, when HuKh
Dempsey of Scranton and James Galla
gher of Ha*leton, labor leuders, attempted
t i address a meeting they were jeered and
pelted with stale vegetables and had to
stop. National President Mitchell and Or
ganizer James will speak at Mahanoy City,
v. here a larce number of mine workers did
not report for work today.
MOCAXAQlA COLLIERY RIJNNING.
Otlifmhe the Wyoming Valley Re
ulon In Idle Toilny.
WILKESBARRE, Pa.. September 18.?
There if no change in the strike situation
in the Wyoming valley this morning. All
the collieries that were compelled to sus
pend operations yesterday are idle today.
The companies had steam up at some of
the mines, ready to start the machinery,
but the men did not put in an appearance.
The United Mine Workers had watchers
in the vicinity of every colliery to see If
any miners reported for work. The Lehigh
and Wilkesbarre Coal Company has a small
washery in operation, employing twelve
The colliery at Mocanaqua operated by
the West End Coal Company, which was in
operation yesterday, started up again this
morning with a full force of men. The
I'nited Mine Workers have tried hard to
get the men at this colliery to join them,
but so far without success. It is the only
mine in this district that is working.
IX THE HAZLETON DISTRICT.
More Miner* Quit Work?First Pre
monition of Trouble.
HAZLETON, Pa., September IS.?The sec
ond day of the anthracite coal miners'
strike began very quietly In this district.
What little change there was in the situa
tion this morning was in favor of the
striking miners. As far as reports have
been received from all parts of the region
there was not one break In the ranks of
the strikers, and in many mines there were
fewer men working than on yesterday.
Some of the collieries are so short of men
that it is doubtful if they can continue
work during the entire day.
Every official connected with the United
Mine Workers now in the district, with
the exception of President Mitchell, started
out before 0 o'clock this morning for picket
duty at various collieries. All had returned
to headquarters by 8 o'clock and reported
that they had been successful in inducing
men to stay away from various workings.
A number of the leaders also reported
that several of the mines are being guard
ed by watchmen to prevent union men from
attempting to induce non-strikers to quit
First March of Strikers.
The first march of strikers in this region
took place early this morning, when about
one hundred men from McAdoo, Audenried
and Yorktown, headed by a brass band,
marched through the south side, en route
to the Coieraine colliery, with a view to in
ducing the men at that place to quit work.
The strikers did not attempt to force them
to suspend work, but merely asked them to
do so. In this the strikers were quite suc
cessful, as a number of non-union men re
turned to their homes. The marching min
ers then went back to McAdoo and dis
A crowd of Hungarian women of McAdoo,
some of them carrying clubs, surrounded
the Crawford and Dugan strippings at that
place this- morning and requested the men
working there to quit. Matters looked
squally for a few minutes, but the women
were told that the work being done there
did not interfere with the strike, and they
returned to their homes satisfied.
At Jeanesville washery last night a num
ber of men were held up on the Hazleton
road while returning from work, and were
forced to promise not to go to the mines
today. They kept their promise.
Workmen of the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre
Coal Company at Audenried were engaged
this morning in pulling the fires from under
the boilers at those strippings. This Indi
cates a suspension of work there.
Other reports from the south side today
give instances of individual cases of vio
lence yesterday against miners who did not
Quit work. No one was seriously hurt.
It was estimated at noon today that the
number of additional men In this district
who joined the strikers this morning was
about 500. Most of these recruits belong to
mines on the north side, where all but
three or four collieries are operating with
more or less reduced force.
Claim of the Superintendent*.
Many mine superintendents say they have
more men at work than the union men will
admit. Strikers say some workings on the
north side are not mining coal, but running
the machinery to give outsiders the impres
sion that the strike has not affected them.
With one exception, that of the Ecley col
lieries. reports show that fewer men
are working at all the mines on the north
side of Hazleton.
President Mitchell at noon said that he
had received no information thus far today
from the Schulykill or the Wyoming and
Lackawanna districts in regard to the
spread of the strike. All he would say
about the Hazleton district is that a con
siderable number of additional men had re
fused to so to work today. He had not
enough information on which to give fig
Output at Hazleton Today.
The total number of cars of coal shipped
by the Hazleton division of the Lehigh
Valley railroad, which taps every mine in
this district, with the exception of six
operations owned by Coxe Brothers & Co.,
lb about 800 per day. On Monday, the first
day of the strike, all the coal crews were
at work, and about 75 per cent of the total
average daily production was shipped. This
includes some coal which was mined on
Saturday, and therefore does not give the
estimate of the production of the various
collieries yesterday. No coal crews on the
Hazleton division have yet been laid ott
owing to reduced coal production, although
this is only the second day of the stiike.
The report of the total shipment for today
will not be ready until tomorrow morning.
When Lehigh Valley Division Superin
tendent Keith was asked today whether he
had heard that the union railroaders woull
refuse to handle non-union coal, he said:
"I have no Idea of the men joining in any
such thing, although if they were about to
do so I would be the last to hear of it."
So far as can be learned here, from both
Brotherhood and official circles, the Broth
erhood has not issued orders to Its mem
bers that they refuse to handle coal that is
mined during the strike.
LACKAWANNA REGION TIED IP.
The Only Collieries Running Have
Sticned Miner** Scale.
SCRANTON, September 18.?There Is no
break in the ranks of the United Mine
Workers ^n the Lackawanna region, and
every colliery and breaker tied up yester
day morning, when the great strike of the
anthrucite miners was officially begun, Is
The only places in this extensive indus
trial valley, with its nearly 46,000 mine
workers, which are operating this morning
are the Diamond washery, a Delaware,
Lackawanna and Western company, em
ploying twenty-five men and boys* capable
of turning out l.ooo tons of screened birds
eye and buckwheat coal a day; the Oxford
washery, an individual concern, employing
ab<ut twenty hands; the Anthony washery,
on the souih side, and the Gibbons drift
lti the ?;ime locality, the former working
thirty men and bo;s and the latter about
The Anthony and the Oxford wnsherles
are supplying local trade only, and they
granted increases to their employe* this
morning before work commenced. The
Gibbons drift has the contract for the
Stranton public schools, some forty large
buildings, and the proprietors this morning
entered upon an agreement to pay the ad
vanced wages to their employe* fill none
but the school demands, and to retail to
none but private families, fortifying their
agreement by a bond to hold good while
the strike lasts.
This, then. Is the situation. Scarcely 100
men and boys at work throughout the en
tContinued on Second Page.) "
The Conditions at Galveston Are
LABORERS NOW CREDITED FOR TIME
Supplies and Money From the Out
side Coming !n.
CONTINUATION OF EXODUS
GALVESTON, Tex., September 18.?"The
situation continues to Improve" is what one
is told now when one applies at any of the
various headquarters for information. In I
fart, this statement is being made with J
gratifying monotony all over the city. The I
work has been brought down to a business I
basis as far as possible, and the amount of I
system and order displayed in the various I
departments would furnish cause for con- I
siderable surprise to any one who might re- I
turn to Galveston after an absence of three I
or four days.
One feature that has caused a better feel- I
ing and a more pronounced willingness to I
work Is afforded by the fact that the I
"time" of all the laborers employed Is be- I
ing kept at headquarters. The men have
been assured of compensation for their I
labor and, quite naturally, they now go
about their unpleasant tasks with a much I
better grace than heretofore.
Then, too, there are not so many irritating
little conflicts of authority as there have I
been in the past, wl^en the progress of the
work was in some eases materially hin- I
dered by petty demonstrations of personal I
feeling, a thorough investigation reveals
the fact that every department is as well
organized as is possible under the circum- I
stances, and that every one is harmonious. I
This is eminently as it should be.
Supplier uml Money I'onrlng In.
Supplies and money are now pouring in |
from all over the country. It is stated that I
at least seven figures are needed to express I
the amount of cash so far received. This Is I
being used judiciously, and the good effects I
of the presence of such a relief fund in the I
city are already becoming apparent.
The state militia companies which have I
been stationed here have been doing splen- I
did work, and many of the men are now 06 I
the belief ihat they should now be allowed
to return to their homes and troops sent I
from other parts of the state to till their I
places. They have seen hard and almost I
continuous duty, and it would really be the I
proper thing to do, if the matter of trans
portation does not stand in the way, to I
let them return and send others to replace I
Reluctantly one is forced to the opinion I
that the number of dead, which has been I
placed at 5,000, is too low, and that the |
number will go as high as O.imk) and per- I
haps above- that number. The conclusion I
has not been reached without considerable
thought and careful investigation. The |
death list will reach the total of 4.437 with I
the additions sent out today. In addition I
to all this, it must be remembered that I
only a comparatively small number of the I
negroes who perished in the storm have J
been reported. After considering all these I
facts, one can hardly do anything else but I
conclude that the total to be finally reached I
will be above 6,000.
Effort to Be Conservative.
Every one has tried to be as conservative |
as possible in making estimates, both as to I
the losses of life and property, but in view I
of all the features of this part of the situ- I
atlon to be seen now, it is not possible to I
reiterate the former estimate of 5,000. Judge I
Morgan Mann stated today that in his
opinion the lisi would go as high as 7,000.
The exact number, of course, will never be
definitely known. One can only hope that
these larger estimates will prove too higti,
and that, at least, a part of the horror of
the work of the storm will not be so
strongly in evidence.
There are no developments which would
lead to the belief that the estimate of a
property loss of 522.500,000 is too high.
While one occasionally finds a business man
whose property has not suffered greatly, it
must be stated that the class is hopelessly
in the minority, and that large losses are
The people are becoming more cheerful
every day, and it is more than remarkable
to observe the composure exhibited by some
of them under the terrible circumstances.
The individual's woe has been lost in the
community's grief, and on every hand may
be seen cases of people who have lost their
all doing everything in their power to com
fort a neighbor, who perhaps has not been
so unfortunate. Everybody seems to be
doing all there is to do toward ultimate re
habilitation. and the determination to build
a city which will be bigger and broader in
every way than the one which has been de
stroyed appears to be general.
People Still EmlKratlnv.
The people are still leaving the city lo
considerable numbers, but the relief work
locally has now been gotten down to such a
fine point that it Is likely that there will be
a marked diminution of the exodus during
the next two or three days. The fears of
an epidemic have been allayed by the pres
ence and the distribution of medicines and
disinfectants, and therefore a feature which
would undoubtedly have had the effect of
causing many to seek succor elsewhere has
been eliminated from the situation.
GERMANY'S ATTITUDE TO CHINA.
Demand* Flrnt Deliverance of Thoie
Re*pon*lhle for OntraKei.
BERLIN, September 18.?The foreign
office has sent a circular note to all the
powers announcing that the German gov
ernment considers that an indispensable
preliminary to the beginning of peace nego
tiations with China is the delivering up of
those who were responsible for the outrages.
ChlneNt' Troop* Drilling;.
HONG KONG, September 18.?It Is report
ed In the West river district that Chinese
troops are visible in every town, and that
they are actively drilling. A Chinese gun
boat is again patrolling the river, and it is
evident that some action is contemplated.
The Sandpiper, which has been patrolling
the delta, has proceeded to Canton.
Walderiee at Hong Kong.
HONG KONG, September 18.?The Ger
man steamer Sachsen, having on board
Field Marshal Count von Wuldersee, com
mander-in-chief of the International forces
in China, and his staff, has arrived here.
CAR Jl'MPED THE TRACK.
Elfflit Person* Injured In Accident at
CINCINNATI, Ohio, September 18.?A car
on the Hamilton and College Hill traction
line Jumped the track late last night near
College Hill, severely Injuring eight per
sons. The injured:
Motorman Shirley of Hamilton, Mr. Hun
ter of Clendale, Mrs. Joseph Enger of Col
lege Hill, J. C. Smith, Miss Heider, Mrs.
Miller and two chi'dren of Cincinnati. Other
passengers received slight Injuries.
Old-Time Telegrapher*' Plan*.
ST. PAUL. Minn., September 18.?The
Old-time Telegraphers' Association, in ses
sion here today, chose Montreal aa the
next place of meeting.
FORMAL. MANIFESTATIONS REGARD
ING THE GALVESTON DISASTER.
Condolcnrei of the Chilean President
Ackaowled?(e<l b) President
Formal manifestations of sympathy with
the people of Galveston In their great afflic
tion continue to come from all parts of the
world. In addition to those already re
ceived, such expressions have come from
the president of Chile, the Spanish minis
ter, the Belgian minister, the Mexican min
ister. the Peruvian minister and the Haiti
an minister. Where these communications
come directly from the head of state they
are acknowledged by the President himself
personally. The others are formally ac
cepted and acknowledged by the Depart
ment of State. The messages above re
ferred to are as follows:
SANTIAGO, Chile, September 16, 1900.
To the President of the United States,
The president of Chile, deeply moved by
the catastrophe of Galveston, shares, with
all his heart, the sorrow of your country.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, September 1?>, 1<J00.
Excelentisimo President de Chile, Santiago:
On behalf of the sufferers at Galveston
and in the name of the sorrowing people
of this country, I gratefully acknowledge
your excellency's message of condolence.
SPRING LAKE, N. J., September 14, 1900.
His Excellency, the Acting Secretary of
The secretary of foreign relations in
structs me to transmit the deep sympathy
of the president and government and peo
ple of Mexico with the President and the
government of the United States of Amer
ica, on occasion, of the recent calamity at
Galveston In doing so, through you, I beg
to add my own symuathy.
M. DE AZPIROZ.
LONG BRANCH. N. J., September 12, 11)00.
Secretary of State, Washington, D.?C.:
I am charged by my government to ex
press to your excellency the painful and
keen sympathy which is felt in Belgium for
the disaster in Texas.
LEGATION OF SPAIN IN WASHING
Washington, September 12, 1000.
I am charged by the government of her
majesty to la3" before that of the United
States the expression of Its sentiments of
deep sympathy for the awful disasters
caused by the recent cyclone in Texas.
Her njajesty the queen regent equally
joins In thrse expressions af sympathy for
such horrible calamltfei by which her maj
esty and her government have been pain
I improve this opportunity to reiterate to
you the assurances af my highest consid
HOTEL DEL COROWADO, CALIFORNIA.
Sept-ember 17, 1900.
The Honorable, fhe Secretary of State,
Washlngtgn, D. C.:
Allow me to express to your excellency
the profound sorrow that the calamities of
Galveston hav? produced on the people and
congress and the government of Peru, and
my personal sympathies ior thfr unfortu-'
nate town. ?
MANUEt ALVAREZ CALDERON.
LEGATION OF HAITI.
Washington, September 15, 1900.
Mr. Secretary of State: 1
I hasten to Inform you that I have re- ;
turned to Washington. I was sorry to
hear, on my landing at New York, the sor
rowful news of the Galveston disaster. Per
mit me to join In the mourning o? so many
distressed families, and to lament with
you the losses that the country has just
Be pleased to accept, Mr. Secretary of
State, the renewed assurances of my high
est consideration. J. N. LEGER.
BRITISH EMBASSY. Newport. R. I.,
September 15, 1900.
The Hon.- David J. Hill.
Sir: I have the honor to state that I
have been commanded by the queen to ex
press to the President of the United States
the great sorrow with which her majesty
has learnt the details of the terrible dis- j
aster at Galveston.
Her majesty wishes me to convey to the
President the assurance of her sincere sym
pathy with the unfortunate sufferers from
I have therefore to request that you will
be good enough to transmit this message to
its high destination.. I have the honor to ,
be, with the highest consideration, sir.
Your most obedient, humble servant.
NO EMERGENCY EXISTS
THE PRESIDENT NOT CALLED RACK
11%' CHINESE AFFAIRS.
It is said at the State Department that
no emergency exists In connection with the
Chinese matter or any of the foreign rela
tions of the country which demands the
presence of the President in Washington.
But when President McKinley left Wash
ington for Somerset, and thence for Can
ton, it was the understanding that he
should make periodical visits to Washing
ton at intervals of a week or ten days,
and his departure from Canton today is
said to be merely one of these engage
It is again positively stated that there
has been no change in the Chinese situa
tion. at least In Its diplomatic aspects. Mr.
de Wollant. the Russian charge, having re
turned to Washington from Cape May, is a
frequent caller at the State Department,
but he has no new proposition to submit,
and does not admit that the Russian at
titude has changed In amy respect since
its definition In the note U? the State De
partment relative te the withdrawal of
troops from Pekln.
The minister was exceedingly annoyed
at a publication alleging that he jmd vio
lated the diplomatic proprieties by "urnlsh
ing to the press in Wfcsilnffton an advance
copy of the State Vepaidnent's note of
August 29, replying te the Russian proposi
tion, and thereby deliberately defeating the
purpose of the note. He. called to talk
over this matter wttfa Acting Secretary
Adee this morning, sad to ask that atten
tion be called to the facts In the case.
These were, briefly stated, that Mr. de
Wollant was not In Washington, but was
at Cape May when the Bote was made
public In Washington, and furthermore, the
State Department itself gave the communi
cation to the press on the day it appeared
in print, so that the Russian charge was in
no w^y connected with the publication.
It is learned here that the discussion now
proceeding in Berlin of an alleged Ameri
can proposition to limit the occupying
forces in China to 1,000 in Pekin, 2,000 out
side the walls and 20,000 elsewhere is not
based upon any plan suggested by the
State Department here. If It has any
basis In fact then it relates to some ex
changes that took place between the mili
tary commanders in Pekin. It can be
stated positively that It has not figured in
fhe diplomatic negotiations.
lie tarn of the Preiiiicnt.
It 1? expected n,t the White House that
President McKinley will return to Wash
ington tomorrow ? mqpnlng at 7:44 o'clock
and that He will spet^i the day and several
others at the White |Iouse going over offi
cial matters that have accumulated during
his absence of eight yr alas days.
Representative Kerr Predicts a
Majority of 40,000.
PHILIPPINES LEGITIMATELY OURS
The Country Must Provide an Out
let for Its Exports.
OHIO FOR SOUND MONEY
j Special Dispatch to The Evening Star.
MANSFIELD, Ohio, September 18.?Prior
to his election to the Fifty-fourth Congress,
Representative Wlnfleld S. Kerr, chairman
of the committee on patents, served four
years in the Ohio state senate. He is in
active practice as an attorney, and knows
the buckeye '*tate thoroughly from end to
In discussing the political battle at pres
ent raging In the President's own state
with a correspondent of The Star today,
Mr. Kerr expressed the greatest confidence
as to the ultimate result.
HilT Majority to Reliake Bryan.
"The republican majority in Ohio will be
not less than -Hl.OOO, and we will certainly
retain our present membership in the
House," he said. "No one who is familiar
with the situation doubts the election of
McKinley, but that we must make a vig
orous fight for the House is certain. With
everything in our favor, yet such is the sit
"The President's course upon the great
.and important question of his administra
tion has been eminently satisfactory to a
great majority of the people of the coun
try. The business, commercial and indus
trial conditions of the country during the
last three years have satisfied everybody
except a few political buccaneers who are
searching in vain for wrecks along the
shrres of a quiet sea.
"The republican party today stands for
the most prosperous years the country
ever had. The democratic party stands for
four of the most miserable years the coun
try ever had. As between these I have
faith that the people who have a stake in
the country's .naterial interest will stand
for the republican party and a continua
tion of prosperity. If they do McKinley
will he elected by the largest popular ma
jority ever given a presidential candidate.
"The only issue should be the condition
of the country during the last two adminis
trations. The only question is whether we
shall continue prosperous under the repub
lican party or endanger and likely lose
prosperity by putting the democrats in
"But the democratic brethren, having
much the worst of this position, were
driven to a new question or to new ques
tions. It is a small public or popular sen
timent, that w'll not result in a shifting of
the sails on the democratic ship.
The Democracy Bankrupt fop lanueh.
"Four years ago the world In its fullness
or leanness depended upon free silver, ac
cording to the democratic creed. This year
there is. no democratic, orator so small and
insignificant that he can afford to argue
the ltt to 1 ^rhlch was to fill the land with
"The tariff, the great absorbing clamor of
the years, has died out and is no deader,
only a little older, than the free silver of
four years ago. The robber tariff barons
and the silver barons rest In peace together,
and even the gold bugs buzz lazily along,
disturbed only by an occasional democrat
whose populistic tendency has made him
"The trusts even receive only an occa
sional notice from the democratic colum
biads, and this in order that in their pil
grimage they may strike an occasional ob
ject with which they are familiar.
"The democratic party is making its cam
paign upon what it denominates 'imperial
ism. If the Spanish war had not come on,
and with the resultant acquisition of terri
tory, the democrats would have been abso
lutely bankrupt this year for an issue. They
had 'paramounted' everything one campaign
after another, until the stock was exhaust
ed. For that reason, I suppose, they 'took
the republican party by the scruff of the
neck and dragged it into the war,' hoping
that out of the war some misfortune might
comeupon thecountry upon which they could
base a clamor. Instead of misfortune there
lif-gan with the Spanish war the inaugura^
tion of the most glorious era of the coun
try s history, if we only take advantage of
the opportunity, as we will, If.we are per
mitted to remain in power.
Republican* Propone No Curtailment
"Why all this talk recently about the
Declaration of Independence, the inherent
rights of liberty, the consent of the gov
erned, etc.? Does the republican party pro
pose to infract any principle upon which
the government and the institutions are
founded? Not one.
''Before the Spanish war the people of the
Philippines came to us as the legitimate
fruits of war, living under the most cruel
and inhuman despotism that could be found
within the circuit of the sun. The Spanish
rule in these islands was and had been al
ways bloodthirsty and oppressive. From
this condition we propose to lift these peo
ple up and up to enjoy under our or their
government the blessings of liberty. Is
this wrong and in violation of their "rights
or the principles of our government?
"Under safeguards which we will provide
or have provided we will Insure them peace
instead of perpetual revolution. The bur
dens of taxation will be light as air com
pared with the^ Spanish exactions.
'?'And yet they say we are going to do
them a wrong, these people who have strug
gled under a grinding tyranny for a thou
sand years and are now going out into the
liberty and freedom of American institu
We Naat Have Foreign Markets.
"But they say the people must 'consent'
to all this. They will, I assume, n they
are fit to distinguish between the two kinds
of living. But if they do not, is that an in
superable barrier to our doing anything?
When in all this world was the consent
of the people or inhabitants of conquered
territory held a condition precedent to the
establishment of a government over them?
Never. When was the 'consent of the gov
erned' ever asked of the inhabitants of ter
ritory acquired by purchase or taken by
right of discovery? Never.
"We ourselves are an illustrious example
of the right to take territory and establish
a government without consulting the
wishes or tastes of the inhabitants. Harsh
ly we began our dealings with the Indian
but who will insist that his .right could or
should have stood a barrier across the oath
"We need the Philippines, or a portion of
them, in our business, and having the
double title of conquest and purchase we
should utilize them. From this op we must
devote ourselves more and more to com
merce with foreign countries. We have
reached a point where we must find an out
let for our products or shrink internally
In a sense it is a question of self-preserva
tion. A\e are building, not for the next
century alone, but for many centuries, and
this_J>eing our duty, we should plan and
Advaatage* of Philippine PohmiIah.
"Without these islands every commercial
nation of Europe has an advantage of us.
them we have the advantage of every
MHfciun of Barope. and, nursing our oppor
tunity, we can be -ome supreme upon the
seas, not only in peace, but In war.
"The talk of the 'crumbling of the repub
lic' Issues from the same disordered imag
ination that sounded many false alarms in
the past. A few years ago the tariff barons
were undermining the nation. But they
have ceased to dig. A little later the gold
Moloch had the republic in the last throes,
but this year there Is nothing wrong, only
that we are in danger of becoming too big.
I have no fears of us becoming too large.
I hope to live to see the day when me sun
throughout the twenty-four hours will
shine on the flag of our country floating
over American possessions or American
IX IXTEREST OF PURE DRIGS.
Wholesale DrnKKlstx Will Strive for a.
CHICAGO, September 18.?The twenty
sixth annual convention of the National
Wholesale Druggists' Association convened
at the Auditorium Hotel today for a four
days' session. At the same time the Pro
prietary Association of America opened Its
convention to act in conjunction with the
druggists. The two associations represent
800 of the leading wholesale druggists of
the country. Between 400 and 500 delegates
The enactment of a national pure drug
law to be urged by the convention will be
an attempt to regulate the Inspection and
sale of drugs by a general law Instead of.
as at present, by the laws of the various
states. A memorial will be prepared for
Congress embodying the claims of the drug
gists that the present state laws conflict
and injure the interstate drug trade. Modi
fication of the war stamp tax also will be
urged. Before the adjournment on Friday
the associations expect to have a commit
tee on its way to Washington to present
their projects before the congressional
GROWTH IX THEIR ASSETS.
Report on District Hank* anil Trnst
A summary of the condition of the na
tional banks and trust companies in the
District of Columbia at the close of busi
ness September 5 shows the aggregate re
sources and liabilities of the twelve na
tional banks to be $20,205 244.17, and of
the trust companies $10,047,722.21.
As compared with the statement for
June 2S?. the date of the previous call, these
reports show an increase in resources and
liabilities of the banks of. $24,025.15, and of
the trust companies $270,771.80, making a
total increase of $301,700.05.
On June 20 the aggregate of assets held
by the banks and trust companies of the
District, under the supervision of the con
tioiler of the currency, was the largest in
their history. The increase since that date
of $301,700.115 shows a steady growth, and
is found in the individual deposits and the
DEATHS IX THE l'HIMPI'IXES.
General MocArthnr Reports Victim*
of Disease. Etc.
General MacArthur reports to the War
Department *hat the following deaths have
occurred since last report:
Dysentery?August 15, Company C, 10th
Infantry, Charles Sharp; August hos
pital corps, Edward Nichols; August 20,
Company L, 18th Infantry, Herman Na
gele; September 13, Company M, 23th Vol
unteer Infantry, Corporal Harold McLaugh
lin; September 8, Troop L, 3d Cavalry,
Fred Lacharite; Company L, 30th Volun
teer Infantry, Lawrence Curley; September
7, Company G, 13th Infantry, Henry C.
Hillman; August 21. Company C, 43d Vol
unteer Infantry, Foy F. Gearhart; Septem
ber 14, Company G, 40th Volunteer Infan
try, James P. Gardner; July 18, Company
A, 31st Volunteer Infantry, I>aurel Brown;
August 5, Company M, 0th Infantry, John
Diarrhoea?September 11, Company L.
20th Volunteer Infantry, Ha*ry Foin; Com
pany L, 30th Volunteer Infantry, George
M. Sampsel; September 10, Company L,
30th Volunteer Infantry, John Stone.
Typhoid fever?September 12, Company
H, 24th Infantry, James T. Watson; Sep
tember 1, Company F, 47th Volunteer In
fantry, Musician Arthur W. Miles; August
20, Company B, 43d Volunteer Infantry,
James R. Campbell.
Malarial fever?August 20, Company I,
47th Volunteer Infantry, John E. Bryan.
Drowned?September 0, Company ai, :!4th
Volunteer Infanry, Milton E. Anderson,
Frank W. Johnson; August 4, Company K,
ISth Infantry, Albert C. Laigle; August 24,
Troop M, 4-th Cavalry. James Dixon.
Killed by comrade?September 12. Com
pany C, 17th Infantry, Sergeant Joseph Me
Uraemic poisoning?September 10, Com
pany I, 37th Volunteer Infantry, Quarter
master Sergeant Raymond Clark.
Anaemia?September 2, Company C, 20th
Volunteer Infantry, Edson B. Moore.
Oedematus laryngitis?August 2?, Com
pany L, cook, Henry J. Klockingamper.
appendicitis?September 8, Troop G, 11th
Volunteer Cavalry, Frederick Gibson; Sep
tember 14, Company M, 22.1 Infantry, Frank
Pneumonia?September 11, Troop E, 4th
Cavalry, George Manderville.
Cardiac degeneration?Company L, 30th
Volunteer Infantry, Herman W. Kramer.
ATTENDED WITH SOME DELAY.
Installation of Electric Plant at the
The substitution of electricity for steam
as the motive power of the elevator at the
Washington monument, which change was
provided for by Congress at the last ses
sion, is being attended with some delay. An
appropriation of $20,500 was made for this
purpose, of which $20,000 was for a dyna
mo and connections and $0,500 was for
building an addition to the boiler house at
the monument. Bids were invited and
opened for the dynamo and connections by
Colonel Bingham, the engineer officer in
charge of public buildings and grounds. As
they were all in excess of the appropria
tion, they were rejected. New bids will be
Invited, and it is hoped that they will be of
a figure to permit of the prosecution of the
work. Inasmuch as the approved project
contemplates the erection of the proposed
addition to the boiler house by hired labor,
there will be no delay in that work- The
material for that building will be purchased
by contract. Work has already begun on
the proposed addition1, and ii'wiii be pushed
Mr. Hugh L. Pope of Baltimore, former
ly of Washington, is recovering from an
attack of typhoid fever.
Irwin H. Linton, who graduated from the
Central High School in June last, son of
Mr. Irwin B. Linton, left yesterday for
Due West, S. C., where he will enter the
sophomore class in Erskine College.
Dr. W. K. Butler has .returned from his
vacation at Blue Ridge Summit, Pa, where
his family has been spending the summer.
Dr. W. W. Johnston has returned to the
city from Shelter Island, where he spent
the summer with his family.
Movement* of Army Transports.
The War Department has been notiiied
of the. arrival at Kobe, Japan, of the
transport Strathnagle. Two officers and
seventy-seven men of the 0th Cavalry are
aboard, as well as 670 horses and forty-four
mules. The Strathnagle will proceed to
The department has also been advised of
the arrival of the transports Warren and
Sherman at Manila. The Warren has on
board two squadrons of the 9th Cavalry
and recruits. The Sherman carries one bat
talion each of the 2d, 5th and 8th Infantry
THE PORTTW BRIBTOEH.
Frequent and constant,
advertising brought me all
I own.?A. T. Stewart.
A VIEW OF THE WEST
Observations of Mr. McKee, a Vet
CONFIDENT OF M'KINLEY'S SUCCESS
He Regards Indiana and Illinois as
SENTIMENT OF TIIE GERMANS
Thomas II. McKee, clerk of the House of
Representatives, who has been at the head
oT the campaign document bureau or the
republican national committee, returned
today from Chicago, the document distri
bution or the national committee having
been completed except for a few odds and
ends. He says that (10,000.000 documents
have been distributed by the national com
mittee, printed In nine different languages
German, Norwegian, Swede, Bohemian.
Italian, Polish, French and Finnish. In
181K5, 108,000,000 documents. In thirteen dif
ferent languages, were circulated by tho
republican national committee.
Mr. McKee, who is regarded in Washing
ton as one of the best political prognosti
cators in official life, says that he does not
believe it possible for the democrats to de
feat President McKlnley. This judgment,
he says, is based 011 as careful and im
partial a study of the situation as he ia
capable of making.
He says that he has gone among the
Germans a great deal and flnds that what
ever loss the republicans may suffer among
that class of voters on account of the cry
of imperialism and militarism is much more
than compensated for by the German dem
ocratic vote which will be cast for Mc
Kinley. He says that he ttnds that ?'i very
large number of German democrats who
are going to vote the democratic local
ticket declare openly that when It comes
to the national ticket they will vote for
McKinley, and, moreover, that whatever
German defection to amount to anything
there Is on the republican side does not ex
tend to the national ticket. He says that
he found this to be the case in Illinois and
In his own county In Indiana he says
that a large number of German democrats
told him personally that while they will
vote the democratic local ticket through
cut they will vote for McKinley. The rea
son given Is In all cases the same: That
they are making more money than they
ever made before during a corresponding
period, and that they intend to vote to
maintain present business conditions and
to sustain the sound money policy.
Mr. McKee says that he has reliable In
formation with reference to the situation in
New York that a large bulk of the Tam
many vote, while It will be cast ror the
democratic local ticket, will go to McKln
ley. The same thlug is true, he says, In
Two States In Dancer.
The two naturally republican states which
are In greatest danger, he says, are In
diana and Illinois In Indiana, which is
his oyn state, he says that the trust ques
tion Is hurting the republicans. In his own
county the republicans will make gains,
which. If they could be sustained through
out the state, would give McKinley a large
majority. But that In other sections of
the state, especially in the gas belt, condi
tions are different, and he fears that it
will be almost a miracle for the republicans
to carry the state.
The trouble about Illinois, he says. Is the
extraordinary labor conditions In Chicago.
The condition there, he says. Is the worst
the republicans have ever had to deal with,
industry, he says, is almost prostrated by
the difficulty in dealing with labor. It
would be difficult, he says, tor peop'e not
familiar with the situation there to com
prehend how terrible it is; and the repub
licans will have to get an extraordinary
majority In the state outside to counteract
the effect or what threatens to be the vote
Excellent Proiiperti Eltewhere.
Outside of these two states, and Mary
land and Kentucky, he says, the republi
cans are in excellent shape, and he regards
McKinley's re-election as assured.
WILL GO OS THE ?T1*P.
Exprem Aftent FltaGlbtton Rei(ni
J. K. FitzGlbbon, who has been the treas
ury agent of the United States Express
Company for more than four years, has
resigned, and will leave the treasury of
fice of the company the last of this month.
Mr. FitzGibbon has been with the com
pany tor ten years, and In that time has
made a creditable record. As treasury ager.t
Mr. FitzGlbbon has handled all the monies
and securities of the United States govern
ment aggregating billions of dollars. A pen
ny has never been stolen or lost. From May
1, 1899, to the same time this year, Mr. Fitz- !
Gibbon's office handled $l,WK>,4?tl0,o0?) in
monies and securities. Since 1800 the or
fiee has handled over live billion. During
the bond Issue or 1898 the office handled,
in addition to the regular business. 250,000
packages or bonds, containing bonds valued
at from $"2o to They went to all
parts of the world, but none went astray.
Mr. FltzGlHbon intends to spend a month
In New York state stumping for Stanch
field, the democratic nominee for governor. >
PHILIPPINE MAIL. SERVICE.
rhe Director General of Poata C?aa
The Postmaster General today received a
letter rrom the director general or posts in
the Philippines, Mr. F. W. Vaille, In which
the latter says his accounts had been ex
amined by the Inspector general, and that
he had been Informed by Lieut. Col. Crow
iler, secretary to the military government,
that the report on that examination had
been very complimentary, and that he >
wished to congratulate the director general
of posts on the good condition of his ac
"This letter is written," concluded Mr.
Vaille, "to allay any uneasiness there may
be on your part as to the situation here."
PIea*ed With Postal Facilities.
The Post Office Department has received
a letter from a resident of a Pennsylvania
town In which great satisfaction la ex
pressed over the way the post office there
is administered. Arter expressing the de- ^
light of the entire town over the way the
mail is handled the writer concludes:
"Nothing has made the present adminis
tration more popular than Its postal ac-'
commodations In this town, and I think
the vote thte rail will rully show this. 1
am a democrat myseir, and this Is really
the only thing which will possibly influence
me to support McKinley and Roosevelt."
Two t able Line* to China.
The War Department has been notified,
by the Great Northern Cable Company of
the opening of the Shanghai-Chefoo cable,
established by the Eastern Extension Com
pany, and the opening abe Chefoo-Taku
Port Arthur cable anfffeonaectlons with
Wei-Hei*WeL Thla pats two Ha? to CUn\
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