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"Strictly reliable qualities." business hours, 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Fashion's m Qlovewear. Each year bilnp* forth novelties In Glove wear. Iiut no year is as prolific of fad* an tills Fleased to show you?whether you're ready to buy or not. Just received our full line of Ladles' 2 clas|> Mocha Gloves, in W,.,J,.'S.aml.,an"SB & $ 1.25 The New One-hntton lleindeer ffifl E(H\ Gloves, lu tans and trrays. at... vl""" All the new styles In the Famous Cente meri Gloves, for which we are sole District ajrents. Sl'EClAIy?Ix>t of Rhutton Mousquetaire Suede Gloves. in tans, modes and a few jrrays; north ?2; Q S/-? rrdocrd to Prcttv conceits in Ladies' Fall Neckwear. New Kutuiiu; Ties, New Ta?*el-en<l Ties. lively I'unleil Tsiffeta Ties. Pretty I jive Barfeee*. Renaissance Ties. Hamlsotue l*??uipa<lour Ruches. Wmm. Hi. McKnew, 933 Pa.av selS ?? THE 1 SALT ' OF 5ALT5 " '* i SALT The Salt Extracted from the Juices of Fresh Fruits. ...CURES... Headache, Constipation, Indigestion. ? ; ? ? ? ?i ? Charles G. I'urdy. M I'., states: "The most # effective and elegant aperient Salt for ''learing . the ? ?astrieinlei-tinal tract is AMm-j's Kffer- # res cent Salt. It is the only one which I have # found suit aide for children, and for my own # use. 1 liHv ne*er found a preparation so sat- # Isfli.-tory." # Sold I>y most drncjrists or sent by mail. ? 25c.. Mic.. j>er bottle. * THE AHBKY EFFEItVESCENT SALT CO., * ? Rooms-- 1?-15. 11 Murray Street. N. Y. # Itooklet free on request. ? ? pe4 tiutf 4?tf ? The new and only direct Cable to Germany is operated sra connraectlomi with the Postal Telegraph ff*\ ?V?-1 Commercial Cable Systems, ar.d is the omUy one In direct commiuimeatnoini with the telegraph lines off Germarsy. selUC! D y e i im Trust your Suits arnl Over coats to a I)yo House of nearly 7o years' exp? ri enc*\ Colors don't crock. YYY rail* if yo:i <ln>j> jx-stal. i K. K WHEATUiY, l?*tti Jefferson ave., Geo'town. sel7-3in.l2 SlU! 3 tS, Overcoats, OA gentleman's 14k. Watch, worth $7?"i. :tt $r?o. Will sell on monthly payments if satisfactory ref erence given Call at A. K A UN'S, 935 F st. n.w. sel5-6t# PIANOS AND OKGANS. Pianos Tumiedl AnJ repaired by our first-class workmen. Prices very reasonable. Deave your orders with us and we will guarantee the work. Telephone 1218. John F. Ellis <& Co., sel 937 I'ENX. AVE. It doesn't pay -to buy a cheap piano?cheap in <iuall(y. Good pianos a-e made to sell at su<!i reasonable prb ? s nowadays that you can afford to buy a piano that will give satisfaction. A PIANO, for Instance, Is of a quality to give perfect satis faction t h-h or easy monthly payments. Pfesffer'sPiano Warerooms! 929 F Street. fielT f Ghickering Pianos Great standard of the world. FOR SAI.E OR RENT. Moderate prices, Accommodating terms. John F. Ellis & Co., ?el 637 I'ENX. AVE. ESTABLISHED 184Z Stieff PianoSo BRANCH WAREKOOM3 OK FACTORY. ?22 Eleventh St. N.W. )eis.I2tf i C. OOKUyy. Mauaeer. Halitet <& Davis Pianos. I'rices and lermj reasonable. John F. Ellis <& Co., ?el 937 I'ENN. AVE. KNABE Yen will find lust what jr"ti want In a GRAND VFRIGHT, SQCARE PIANO, or ORGAX. at sur prln'ngiy low figure. and reasonable terms. FIANOS FOR RENT. TUNING AND MO VINO. Win. Knafoe & Co ?209 Pa. Ave. N. W., Bij24-21tf WASHINGTON. D. U 9 ONLY g/Th NEW UPRIGHT PIANO, I I'ayable $10 per month; mahogany or walnut c..?e; J ?tool and cover. John F. Ellis <& Co., Ml 937 PfcNNA. AVE. N.W. ;!- :' .. ' 1 ii-v-'i ii' Mn ?: u mi'in OUR REHOVAL SALE STARTS OFF WITH AN ENORMOUS CROWD! MONDAY WAS ONE OF THE BUSIES? DAYS WE EVER HAD. - - We expected this bona fide REMOVAL SALE to bring a crowd, but were hardly prepared for such big numbers! Consider carefully what 25% DISCOUNT from cash prices really means?then you'll buy. On a single Watch or Diamond it would mean a saving of $25 or more. 25 % OFF OX DIAMONDS means that you can buy them here now at over 50% less than pres ent values. ()ur stock was marked at old values?with present discount you buy them for less than wholesale prices. Have you seen our BARGAIN TABLES?goods at 50% discount and less. Isn't this a grand time to buy a reliable watch? SOME PRICES THAT HUNT AT THE Fine leather Pocket Itiwik--, sterling silver trim med. that were $1.50. for. Hundreds of fancy Ster astpins rtiHt 1 $1.00, linn Silver Br were 5oc.. 75c. 75Co 2(0)Co 75c. $ 1 otfMD Sterling Silver Neck and Belt Buckles, that were $150. for.. Cut tilHSS Silver top Salt ties, that for Sterling Silver Manicure Pieces?Curlers. Horns, it c., were $1.<(0 and $1.50, for.. Sterling Sliver Match Boxes, were $1.50, for Klegant Toilet Combs, silver tcps, were $1.00, for Sterling Silver Salt Cel lars. gold lined, were $1.09. for 5<D)Co 75c, 50c. 37Co Cut Glass and Solid Sil Ter-top Inkstands, that were $2.00, now Fine Peurl Opera Glasses, gold - plated trimmings, with ease, were $?!.50, for 75c, l ancy Cut Glass \ a sell ne Jars, gold plated, solid sliver tops. Inlaid wlili min iatures and jewels, were $4 and $5, now .$1.50 R. HARRIS & CO., U.iUtll-HHUIllH'-ioiiWW .1 ??ni.tuwiniicu mwwmwmwst COMPULSORY ARBITRATION TESTIMONY GIVEN BEFORE THE l\ IUSTRIAI. COMMISSION TODAY. Mr. Gilbert. I'resident of the Yew York State Hoard, Give* 111m YU'wu. Mr. Jamns M. Gilbert, president of the board of mediation and arbitration of New York, was before the industrial commission today. Mr. O'lbert said he was of the opinion that the most rational solution of labor differences lies in the making: of agree ments between employer and employe, by which all disputes shall be referred for set tlement to boards of reconciliation, made up in part of employes and in part of em ployers. This method of settling strikes presupposes the right on the part of work ing men to organize, their right to know the fa its concerning the true condition of the trade which may be involved and their equality is men with their employers. ('om |i u 1 Nor y A r bit rat ion, "I believe in the principle of compulsory arbitration," Mi. Gilbert said. "The con- | sunn r and tin- pubiic are interested in the enterprises of employt-rs and employes, and disturbances between them, which become a public menace, are a proper subject for control on the j art of the public. "The usual argument against the principle is that its enforcement would be in viola tion of the personal rights of one or both j of the parties intea-sted. But it is an I everyday occurrence for people to submit j their differences to interpretation of laws j in which there is more or less of compul- I sion. A compulsory arbitration board would be clothed with the authority of a court, and it does not seem to me there would be less readiness to acquiesce in its decisions than there is in the decisions of other courts. Employers are now in many cases compelled to submit against their wishes to the force of trades unions or go out of business, and employes are com- i p< lied to accept the wages and conditions j forced upon them by capital. "It is not reasonable to suppose that they i would both be ready to accept the decisions j of an impartial arbitration board before j which they have had a hearing. The great j objection to compulsory arbitration boards, j however, is that tht-re is little public senti- | ment in their favor The great majority of ? the workingmen in New York state, at least. lw?ve not been forced by hard ex periences to see the necessity or expedi ency of such a law, and a law which had no public sentiment at its back would be a dead letter." The witness thought there was a good deal of public s-ntiment in favor of com pulsory arbitration in the case of corpora tions which derive rights and franchises from the public. Ah to State Arbitration. "I believe," he said, "that state boards of arbitration in the present condition of la bor affairs have a place which entitles them to consideration. Their organization is a recognition on the part of the state of the principle of arbitration and mediation. Those who are at all familiar with the work of the New York state board must recognize the fact that it has been of great service in settling labor differences. Its offices have been almost entirely in the di rection of mediation, and even in cases where the board has not directly effected settlements their efforts have been of serv ice in the final determination. In the year lS'.o there were -153 strikes in New York s^tate. Of this number the board took part in seventy-three and settled twenty. Tnere were r>,H75 employes involved in t.?e strikes settled by the board and involved in the strikes which the board attended ofli ciaily. "Our statistics showing the number of strikes during the year cover every lock out which came to our knowledge, however small. Of the total number m>re than litn lasted less than a week and more than per cent lasted less than three days. 1 give these figures to show why tne board did not give oilicial attention to more of them. Many of them were settled before we had knowledge of them. The seventy three sti kvs which 1 h ? b >artl at tendee were the principal strikes of the year. There was an increase of 7'* per cent in the num ber of strikes in ls'.rft over and in the current year the proportion of increase over lXts has been about the same. From January 1 to September 1 of this year there were strikes. 75 per cent of which are I for higher wages or shorter hours. In both years the strikes took place on a rising ' labor marker and were in the main sue- i cessful." IMI'ltOI I\G THE l'AHKS. Government Work on the Smaller Ucnerv lit ion it. In addition to the regular care of the many improved public parks and reserva tions in the District. Col Bingham, the offi cer in charge, lias begun the improvement of several of the smaller unimproved reser vations. Two of these now receiving atten tion are reservation No. liop, Maryland ave nue, liith and E streets northeast, and res ervation No. 230, North Carolina avenue, 7th and B streets southeast. An Important change has been made in the Washington monument reservation, being the relocation or the gravel roadway entrance to the northeast corner of the grounds leading out to 1) street, several yards farther east, so that It now opens di rectly opposite the foot of 15th street and permits a straight drive from that street. The new road is about thirty feet wide and 35T. feet long, and connects with other roads leading through the mall. Yolnntnry Uankrnptoy. John B. Chase, a clerk In the United States Treasury Department, this after noon filed' a petition In voluntary bank ruptcy. His summary of debts is stated to be *7.177.?, and his assets $275. 1 lie Heat Prescription for Malaria Cblll? ?n<1 Vtrtr )? a bottle of GROVE'S TASTB LEXH CHILL TONIC. It is simply iron and qui Din* in a tastrleaa form. No cure?oo pa/. Price, 80c. WHITE IIOI SK SAFEGI ARDS. Automatic Fire Alarm I'lared in the Attic. Col. Bingham, the engineer officer In charge of public buildings and grounds, as a matter of extreme precaution, has placed an automatic tire alarm system in the attic of the White House, with connections to the street fire alarm box and warning sig nals to the front door. The system con sists of three standard thermometers with electrical contacts, one at the east end, one at the west end and one under the floor in the center of I he room. The connections are so arranged 'hat notice will be given when the temperature has reached 1L!."> de grees Fahrenheit, and if it continues to rise will, when reaching 1S>5 degrees, auto matically spring the street box and bring the fire department at once to the scene. MAMFACTLHIXU IN ECROITj. It AppenrH to Have Entered I pon n t'erioi! of i>e|>r<-Msioi). I'nitod States Consul Mahin at Richen burg reports to the State Department that the manufacturing business of Europe seems to have entered on a period of se vere depression. He adds, however, that the causes are such as to justify the belief that it will not be of long duration. On ac count of scarcity of orders factories at Bradford and other textile centers of Eng land have been forced to reduce their prod uct. In one instance thirteen cotton spinning concerns, with over a million spindles, sus pended operations for two weeks te> cheek the- overstocking of the markets with un salable goods. Doubt is expressed as to whether this temporary suspen.-ion will ap preciably relieve the situation. The dis turbance in China is assigned as a partia' cau.;e of the manufacturing depression in Great Britain. Reports of stagnation in manufacturing industries, more especially in the textile branches, are also received from many parts of Germany. Rhenish Prussia and Saxony seem to be most af fected. As indicating in some degree the extent to which the- German textile indus try has lost ground this year it is reported that during the first six months of lt*so the imports of wool into Germany declined per cent in quantity and 4."> per cent in value as compared with the corresponding period of lWfc>. The- loss in business has been slightly mitigated by the receipt at various Saxon textile factories of large orders for underclothing fur German sol diers destined to China. The Chinese isn breiglio is charged with but small share in the causes of German industrial depression. Consul Mahln says that the German tex tile exports to the orient have been too small for their utter extinction to account in any mark<-<i degree for the present con traction of business. The cause is general- . ly assigned, he says, to the universally dis couraging state of the textile markets, due mainly to overproduction during the pros perous season of 1K!K). The future looks sufficiently dubious to deter any one from venturing at present into large contracts of any se>rt. A similar state of affairs is re ported in Polish Russia and in Austria, but nrjt to the same extent in the last-named country. The consul says that considering the unsettled state <if government, it is sur prising that trade conditions in Austria should be* even as good as those of other European countries at this time, instead of being rather better, as tiny apparently are. REJECTED A I.I. IllliS. CoinmiMMionerN' Action ItexiiectiiiK Restoration of I'ortriiitM. In the matter of the restoration of the portraits belonging to the District of Co lumbia in the District building and in the city hall the Commissioners have rejected all the bids received by them in response to their advertised request, principally on the ground that It was impracticable to give out work of this kind on the basis of com petition. Even in the matter of skill, the Commissioners found, it is stateif, great difficulty in coming to a conclusion, and in order to practically test the matter, they gave one of the portraits to Mr. William H. Duckstein, who has charge of the paintings at the Capitol building and has had much experience in such work; another to Miss Guiilaume, the drawing teacher of the public schools in Georgetown, who had many years of experience with her father in restoring pictures, and another to Mr. William Veerhoff. The Commissioners hope from an expert comparison of these pic tures, when finished, to be able to form their judgment as to the be-st methods to be used in restoring the other pictures, and as to the most competent persons to whom to award the contract for the rest of the work. There are still two of the smaller portraits to be restored ami the three large ones in the city hall. AXSAII/r WITH A KNIEE. Col ii in Imin WIIhoii to AtiNwer the ('hnrfce in Court. Columbus Wilson of "th street between T street and Florida avenue northwest was arrested this morning by Sergeant S!attery and locked up at No. S police station to answer the charge of assaulting John Ben nard with a knife. Bennard was taken to the Homeopathic Hospital, where the opinion was expressed this afternoon that he would recover. It is stated by the police authorities that Wilson admits the charge, but claims he did not attack Bennard until after the lat ter had struck him twice in the face with bis fist. Particulars of the affair are quite meager, as"neither of the men most directly inter ested will talk on the subject. Between 12 and 1 o'clock this morning Officer Trussell of the seconel precinct noticed the wounded man sitting on 7th street near R street, and as he seemeel to be in distress the officer spoke to him. Bennard Informed the officer that he hatl been cut in the siele, but declined to sav who cut him. The wounded man was at once removed to the Homeopathic Hospital, where his injury was attended to. At a later hour the au thorities were advised that Wilson was Bennard's assailant, and, as above stated, he was taken into custody. Return of General Mile*. Lieut. Gen. Miles, who at present is in specting the military schools at Fort Leavenworth and Fort Riley, Kan., is ex pected to return to this city next Saturday. TAKES AN ADVERSE VIEW ATTORNEY Dl'VAI.L'8 OI'ISIOS OF AI'I'LICATIOJi FOR A PERMIT. Advises Co in in Inn loners to Reject? .Mrs. Pate's Claim for DniniiKen? RelienriiiK Probable. Ir. the case of the application of Mr. Leo Simmons, attorney for Mrs. Fannie Pate, for permission to move the house situated on lot 21. block 27, Ho:mead 31 a nor, to another part of the tot, the at torney for the District, Mr. A. Ii. Duvall. today advised the Commissioners to deny the same. The house proposed to be moved, ex plains Mr. Duvall, extends over the east line of 11th street, as extended, and in the proceedings for the condemnation of the land Wcessary for the extension of the street the jury, in addition to the amount allowed as the value, of the part of the lot within the lines of the condemnation, awarded Mrs. Pate the sum of as compensation for all damages resulting to her house by reason of "the extension of the street. The awunV of the jury was duly confirmed by the court, states Mr. Duva:l. and the entire Umount thereof has be< n paid to Mrs. I'ate. Therefore, it is his opinion that the portion of the house with in the lines of 11th street, as extended, is the property Of the District, and not lae property of Mrs. fate. "The jury," says Mr. Duvall, "allowed her and she ha.* been paid for all dam ages of every pnss'ble description which may result to her bourse by the removal cf so much thereof as lies within the lines of the street, as extended. After having acquiesced in the award of tin- jury, and after having received payment fur all dam ages to said house, she now requests a do natiop of the property for which she has been paid, at the same time retaining the m ney i aid to her fur damages, which could never be sustained by her. Evidence 1 nad misHi l>!e. "When the jury was considering the case evidence was offered in behalf of the Com missioners to show that this housa, as well as several other houses within the lines "of the street, as extended, could be removed for a relatively small sum, with a view of taking an award on that basis and allow ing the owner to remove the buildings, but objection was made in behalf of Mrs. Pate and the other owners to the introduction of such testimony, and the court ruled the evidence was inadmissible, and according ly it was excluded from the consideration of the jury. The present application, un der these circumstances, in my opinion, cjmes with very bad grace. "Mrs. Pate insisted before the jury of condemnation upon her strict legal rights in reference to the allowance of these dam ages for her house, and expressly declined to consent to an award representing the damages, costs and expenses resulting from the removal of her house just as now pro posed, and having thus obtained her full legal rights in the matter, in manner and form as she insisted, there should now be no revision of the award by which she would secure a double benefit at public ex pense. Mr. Simmons has handed me a communication on the subject, which I in close herewith. I am of the opinion that the application should be denied." Cost of Movinu Property. In the communication referred to by Mr. Duvall Mr. Simmons stated that it will cost Mrs. Pate $.'l,2S.'i to move back that part of her house which the District, he contends, admits she owns, and that when moved back it will be worth not more than half of its appraised value, or about $?'!,<*>?, making her a loser by the operation of much more than the difference between the cost of moving it and the amount awarded her. which difference, he estimates to be *717. "So it comes down," says Mr. Simmons, "to the plain question of whether or not the Commissioners desire to wage a war of destruction, tearing away that part of the house within the lines of the street and throwing the same to the winds, to be gathered up by mendicants, sooner than al low the owner of the remaining part to have it. For it certainly has no value to any one but her. What would it sell for if the District were to offer it for sale? Not enough to pay for Its removal." ('apt. Beach, the Eng.neer Commissioner, who has immediate supervision of the mat ter, has approved the opinion rendered by Mr. Duvall, but it is understood Mr. Sim mons will ask for a rehearing of the case. IX DIVORCE COl'RTS. Judge Rules 'i'hut Alfred Holmead is ill : .Contempt. In connection With "the proceedings as a result of which Mary Frances Holmead was, March 2S, lSini, granted a divorce from Alfred Holmead, Justice Cole today ruled the latter to be In contempt for fail ure to pay alimohy decreed to be paid the petitioner. The coiuft thereupon ordered Mr. Holmead to pay., the arrears of ali mony within a stipulated period. The order concluded: "The United States marshal is authorized to release, the re spondent from actual custody until default is made In payment of any installment of moneys hereby required." Justice Cole today signed an order in the suit for divorce instituted by Annie Revells against Thomas Revells, upon mo tion of the complainant's solictor, Edward G. Niles, ordering the defendant to pay the complainant flo a month alimony. tiood Government mid Sound Money. A number of prominent citizens have de cided to form a good government and sound money organization in the District, and a meeting to consider the project will be held at 8 o'clock Friday evening, September 21. A club will most probably be formed then, and all those who are interested in such an association are expected to be present. Xluke of Manchester Bankrupt. LONDON. September 18.?The Duke of Manchester has concluded that It is useless to attempt to compound with his creditors and has signed his consant to b* adjudi cated ? bankrupt. DEAD TO BE BROUGHT HOME SOLDIERS AND SAII,ORS WHO FELL IX FAR-OFF LANDS. Arrunitrmenti Being; Made to Tram port Their Remain* to the I'nlled States for Honorable Bnrlal. Colonel William S. Patten of the quar termaster's department, on duty at the War Department, who has special charge of that branch of the service, has completed arrangements for the free transportation to the United Stiftes of the remains of sol diers and sailors and civilians who lost their lives and were buried In the Island possessions of the United States and In China. According to the present plans of the department a burial corps will take passage on the transport Hancock, scheduled to leave San Francisco on the 1st proximo for the Philippines. This party was originally organized for the pur pose of exhuming and preparing for ship ment to the United States the remains of soldiers and civilians connected with the United States military service buried in the far distant countries of the Pacific. At the request of the Secretary of the Navy the same burial corps will undertake to perform the same service with respect to officers and enlisted men of the navy and marine corps that may be located in China and the islands of the Pacific. The corps will be In charge of Mr. D. H. Rhodes, in spector of national cemeteries, who was sent to the Philippines in November, 1SSW, on a similar errand, and performed the ser vice to the entire satisfaction of all con cerned. When the transport stops at Hono lulu to coal the bodies buried there will be taken up and made part of her ?argo. Sim ilar action will be taken at the Island of Guam and in the Philippines. Col. Patten says that the prevailing condi tions in China will scarcely render practi cable any disinfectants in that country earlier than next spring, but that it may be possible at that time to take up the work of removing the American dead there. All the remains recovered are to be given hon orable burial in the United States, at places selected by the next of kin. In all cases where not otherwise ordered the interment will be made in the national cemeteries, with preference for the cem etery at the Presidio at San Francisco and the Arlington cemetery. The approximate number of remains to be exhumed is 1,331, distributed in the fol lowing places: Honolulu?Thirty-six enlisted men of the army, one marine. Guam?Eight men of the navy. Chinji?Two officers of the army, fifty eight enlisted men of the army and thirty seven men of the navy. Philippines ? Seventeen officers of the army. 1,150 enlisted men of the army and twenty-eight men of the navy. VETERAX AT REST. Bnrlnl of (ion. Browne at Arlington Cemetery. The funeral of the late General William Henry Browne of this city, who died at Chariestown. W. Va? Saturday last, took place this morning at 11 o'clock, the serv ices being held at St. John's Episcopal Church, H'th and H streets.* The sad cere monies were attended by a large number of the personal friends and relatives of the deceased, and by special delegations from the Masonic and military orders to which General Browne belonged. The services were ((inducted by Rev. Mr. Paddock," assistant rector of St. John's; Rev. Mr. Harding of St. Paul's Church and Rev. Mr. Snyder of the Church of the in carnation The honorary pallbearers were Chaplain J. H. Bradford, Colonel Robert Reyburn, Captain R. G. Rutherford and Captain William Gibson from the Military Order of the Loyal Legion; Judge A. I'.. Hagner and Messrs. H'-nry E. Davis. Wil liam A. Gordon and J. Holdsworth Gordon of the District bar and Messrs. Pettus and George Gibson from the Masonic frater nity. The interment was made at Arlington na tional cemetery, the funeral party being met at the gates by a firing squad and bugler from the 5th Cavalry, stationed at Fort Myer. The services at the grave were conducted by Rev. Mr. Snyder. A volley was fired and taps sounded. When the District Supreme Court ad journed yesterday afternoon it was out r f respect to the memory of General Browne. REPI'BLIC'A \ FLAG RAISING. < aimpniun Opened by (he Republican* of <.n i t Ixt>Imi rn District, Slxrlal Correspondence of The Evening Star. GAITHERSBURG, Md., September 17. WOO. Saturday was a gala day with the re publicans of this district. In a grove on the Laytonsville road several hundred peo ple braved the drenching rain to attend the old-fashioned barbecue and flag raising. The event was under the direction of the Lincoln Republican Club, celebrating the third anniversary of the McKinley Repub lican Club. Mr. Wm. R. Fulks, chairman of the arrangement committee, and Presi dent J H. Bailey and Mr. Moses F. Wil son made brief addresses before the din ner, which was served at 1 o'clock. Ev erybody feasted of the roast steer, cooked whole over night. The Goshen Cornet Band rendered music durintr the day. In the afternoon Mr. Ashley M. Gould and Mr. Charles Edmunds discussed the Is sues of the campaign at the Moses Hall, where a mass meeting was held. Mr. Jas. Gooch, president of the Lincoln Republican Club, made the introductory address. Mr. John W. Strother, who was arrested on a charge of desertion and breaking up his wife's home, had a hearing today. Jus tice John B. Brewer of Rockville came over to Gaithersburg and heard the case In Jus tice Warfield's office. Mrs. Strother, the prosecutor in the case, could not be found and the case was disinl.-'sed. Mr. Strother has entered suit for a divorce. Mr. Wm. H. Talbott appeared for Mr. Strother. Porto RiciiiiM and Naturalization. To tin' Editor of The Evening Star: Referring to my letter on the case of An tonio Castro, the Porto Rican, kindly ad mitted to the columns of The Star of last Friday evening, I have been asked how can a citizen of Pirto Rico or of the Philippines become a citizen of the United States? Some of the people of those islands may wish to change their residence to this country and become citizens. How can they do it? Let me explain my view of it. It is absurd to say they can be naturalized, like all for eigners. because since the treaty of Paris they have ceased to owe allegiance to Spain. Porto Rico is not a foreign state, nor are the Filipinos a foreign nation, but all are subject to the sovereignty of the United States, which has displaced- that of Spain. It Is therefore equally absurd to say that they can forswear allegiance to the United States. The truth is, it is a new and anom alous situation, but it is not difficult of comprehension. Congress might exclude these people entirely from our shorts, just as it has excluded the Chinese, on grounds of pubiic policy, and on the same principle that it can put a tariff on the productions of the islands coming into the United States, as it has done, as l t.ilnk, constitu tionally, on the products of Porto Rico. If not excluded, it will remain for Congress to pass a general law by which the islanders, on coming here, can become citizens of the United States. There Is nothing so terrible, after all, or Inconsistent with the theory of our government, in holding subject depen dencies and peoples. Every foreigner In this country, before he becomes naturalized, is a "subject;" that is to say, he owes sub mission and obedience to our laws, and is amenable for violations of them in our courts. R. HUTCIIESON. Capt. Lansing H. Beach, the Engineer Commissioner of the District, returned to his desk at the District building from At lantic City. The captain is much improved In healtb. Eciemat No Cure No Pay. Your druggist will refund your money If PAZO OINTMENT falls to cure Ringworm. Tetter, Old t"lcer? and Sore*. Pimples and Blackheads on the face. Itching Humors, Dandruff and all Skin Dis eases, no matter of bow long standing. Price, 50e. If your druggist should fall to have It send us SOc. In postage stance and we will forward aame by mall, and at any time you notify us that the cure was uot satisfactory we will promptly return your money. Your druggist will tell you that wo are re liable as our LAXATIVR BKOMO-QCINIXE Tab let:, which have iknational reputation for colds, are handled by all drugglsta. Addresa l'ARIS MEDI CINE CO., St. Louis, Mo. What the "Shirt Sleeve" Diplomat Must Consider. BIGGEST BATTLE IN RECENT HISTORY Outcome Fraught With Important Results to This Country. COM M ERCIATj HUP R E M A C Y The etiquette of peacemaking which Is to supplant tne s-vord and gun among the al lied powers In China brings prominently Into the limelight the angular figure of Uncle Sam. All 'he nations save the repub lic of the United States are playing for a great stake?the surface of the earth. They want control, because with It follow com mercial privileges, which are the twen tieth centnry Sncentives to power, in place of the land hunger and the military glory of the past. China's vast art a is a prize so rich in potential outcome that every nation with a possible say-so in its dismemberment waits eagerly for -he award. But the self-appointed arbiters of China's destiny?the four great nations of Europe and the newly rejuvenated brown men of Japan?have to deal in the present situation with a new figure in the diplomatic group, the "shirt-sleeved" diplomat nf the United States. Whether the delicate questions of diplomatic negotiations over China are to be discussed and disposed of through the me dium of an 'nternational conference or through the slower channels of exchange of pourparlers from capital to capital, the de tails will have absorbing interest for the people of this country. Now that the United States has had time to "take stock" of its interests in China, and to mane an inventory of its property, real and tangible, as well as prospective, it begins to more nearly appreciate the tre mendous influence it ought to yield in a just and equitable settlement. Piercing the horizon of today and taking note of the out look for tomorrow, this country sees that, what is really going forward in China is. first, a war for supremacy of the Anglo Saxon. the German and the Slav. and. sec ond, a scheme to handicap this republic, whose wonderful strides in commerce, whose business growth and enterprise, have star tled and pe.-plexed the nations whose busi ness rival it is. in nearly every field of wealth-increasing industry. Urrnttiit Diplomatic Iluttle. For all these reasons, the United States Is on the eve of the greatest battle in its re cent history with the diplomats of the world. The currents of commerce may be changed. A blunder now on the part of the administration and the State Department would be nearly irretrievable. The piece meal parceling out of the middle kingdom would naturally result in the abrogation of the "open door." The widening of ter ritorial spheres of influence on the part of Great Britain, Russia. Germany and France would reduce American opportunity for trade development, and would make of China a menace instead of a market. Thorough appreciation of all these points on the part of the United States gives add ed interest to the proceedings as the dip lomats by Slow degrees make their way towards the central arena, where will take place the great gladiatorial contest in which pen and ink and words, words, words, will be the weapons. "Shirt sleeve" diplomacy is to have In this contest Its severest trial since that historic day in the early sixties, when Sec retary Seward sent to Napoleon III a cable message with the bark on. which cost in tolls *ir?,(HtO, caused France and Austria to abandon their scheme to plant an empire on this continent, resulted in the death of the abandoned Maximilian at Queretaro, and proclaimed to all the nations that this was to be a throneless new world. Origin ally "shirt sleeve" diplomacy was a term used by political dilettanti to indicate con tempt. It was the invective of ignorance. That diplomacy stands today for statecraft directed to the accomplishment of practi cal results. It is strictly in accord with American policy. Forcefulness and decis ion characterize It. It neither splits hairs nor cultivates intrigue. It will demand in China a stable government and an open trade. It will bring to the settlement of the great problem in the east the methods of a nation that eats dinner at noon. It will reject soft soap and honeyed phrases? and back of it will be the whole American people. Outcome Bin With CoiiNeiiucncex. As he enters the list for this contest with the powers the "shirt sleeve" diplomat bears well In mind that the outcome In China will be big with consequences for his country. The United States is now big enough to shake the commercial world, and China is the legitimate greatest field of fu ture American opportunity. We are to com pete in the twentieth century for a fair share of the trade of the 51)0,000,000 people who live in lands washed by the waters of the Pacific after it has left the shores of Washington, of Oregon and of California. These people want the products of Ameri can corn, wheat, flour, watches, clocks, lamps, bicycles, railroad cars, trolley cars, locomotives, steel rails, wines. fruits, meats, textile fabrics, canned goods, min ing machinery, electrical machinery, and American diplomacy is to secure the op portunity for them and us, or it will have to acknowledge itself outwitted. The sphere of influence policy, as is well vinderstood here, means the virtual serving of notice to this country to keep out of China. Every American merchant desiring to trade there would under Its workings be at a disadvantage as compared with mer chants having the extra territorial influ ence of their governments to sustain them and discriminate in their favor. The "shirt sleeve" diplomat knows, too, that while more than one-half of the world's population has its abiding place in the lands which look out upon the Pacific, this is the greatest of all the nations bor dering upon this greatest of oceans. Other nations have colonies overlooking It. The I'nited States has homes. This country must be. in the century- to come, the fore most of the Pacific powers. Great Britain, with all its island colonies, is thousands of miles away. So are Germany and France, while Russia reaches the ocean only through miles of a country half habitable at best. And. again, he has to keep always in view the destiny of the United States upon the Pacific. If he is outwitted in the diplo matic contest by the predatory powers of Europe this country will have to police the Pacific. A strong fleet of good war ships will have to be kept there in readi ness for any possible trouble at its back door with neighbors not too friendly at any time, and made bolder by the acquisition of points of vantage in China. ClianKc* in the Lasit Four Yearn. As the diplomat without a coat proceeds to business, he will strengthen his position and stiffen his backbone by a careful re view of the changes in the Pacific brought about in less than four years. That long ago the coast of Asia opposite the Pacific shore line of the United States belonged to Chlra. We had then the same trade privi leges as the other nations. Then Germany possessed itself of a harbor with contigu ous territory. The Russian flag went up over an important peninsula. Great Brit ain and France appreciably broadened their spheres and added to their holdings in eastern China. These movements changed totally the complexion of the opposite coast of Asia. Glancing at it today, the Amer ican diplomat sees a startling transforma tion. Trade barriers have been erected; trade rivalries have been created. Stra tegic points in the warfare of commerce, as well as that of quick-firing guns, have been secured by the commercial rivals of the United States. And in this same period a gnawing hunger for island iterritory In the Pacific has possessed them all. Foreknowl edge that the Pacific is to become the chief theater of events in the century at hand incited Germany to secure the Marshall group, France to add to its already large holdings In New Caledonia, the Marquesas and Society Islands, and Great Britain to declare protectorates over numerous groups ?Gilbert, Ellis, Phoenix and most of the territory of the southern Pacific on the route from British Columbia to Australia and New Zealand. In this way they were attempting to nullify the geographical and individual relaUons of the United States with the world's largest ocean. At the beginning of this contest with tb? powers Uncle Sam's "shirt ilMvi" dlplo TTic particular coat well tell of today is an all-wool Oxford, lined to the edge with Skinner's silk, at $15. It's cut the proper length and fullness?and has the new and nobby broad shoulder effect. Both making and material are of the finest?and we marked them $15 instead of $20 as a special opening offer. Don't think of buying a top coat until vou see our line. $ vvv v-x-M'vv mat finds that the north Pacific Is an Amer ican ocean. The United Stales possesses there a sphere of influence equivalent to paramount control. ThrouRh this control it is nearer the eastern harbors of China tl.an any European country As the Chi nese trade of the future is not to be con fined to the exchange of commodities at the seacoast, but Is to real with the general exploitation of the empire, this country must become an effective element in the Asiatic situation, or it must give up the trade it has there and prepare to defend its western coast. Next to China the Pacific possessions of the Pnited States are the must Inviting objects of attack to the ruth less powers of Europe. Once strongly In- i trenched upon the opposite coast of the Pa cific, Russia. Germany. France and Great Rrltain could turn to the northern part of that great ocean and threaten to combine their forces against the westward roll of progress which has brought the Atlantic states to a Pacific frontage and pointed to the I'nited States as the coming commer cial conqueror of the world. So the task before the "shirt sleeve" di plomat is broader and farther reaching, is fraught with greater consequences to the nation he represents in the world pow-wow. ' than securing a big money Indemnity for the I'nited States. He is to protect "our weakest frontier, the Pacific; to guard the golden shore of the republic and to win a new glory on that wide sea." The drift that Henry Grady sajw?the drift that forever moves onward?has been gradually establishing itself on the Pacific. . It has led to the grouping of the nations about the greit Ocean, and in the interna tional diplomatic contest now on. with con trol of the Pacific as its ultimate aim. the central figure is the representative of the United States MI.XEltS' (;KIKVA\( KS .MINIMIZED. John l?. Garrett Explains Heal Animus of the Strike. John B. Garrett, vice president of the Le high Valley Coal Company, made the fol lowing statement yesterday in review of the various grievances alleged by the I'nited Mine Workers to exist in the anthracite coal fields: This company conducts no storep, nup does it exert any influence upon employes j to prefer one merchant above another; this I believe to be also the case with the large ' mining companies generally. "This company employs no doctors and makes no charges against Its employes for medical service to them or their families. Inquiry has satisfied me that this is also the case with the companies generally, and that the company doctor is charged for only by individual operators, anil by very few of ? these. "Semi-monthly pay Is observed bv us In ) a few cases, being all in which the men ? have demanded it. It would be observed I anywhere were the d< mand made as called ' for by law. I may frankly state, however, ' that in my Judgment more frequent pay ment is undesirable for both the employer and employe, as pay days, whenever and as often as they occur, are followed by de- , creased efficiency on the part of the men. resulting In reduced time, lessened output and consequently increased cost "The use of the word 'ton' as applied to 3..KI0 pounds is a misnomer; it is simply a I unit of measure, which might be called a 1 car or a cartload, or by any other name. ! and is the quantity of the actual coal plus 1 bone, slate and other foreign material, for the removal of which a certain payment Is ' made under the agreed scale of wages. It 1 was probably originally adopted as repre senting approximately the amount of crude material from which a ton of prepared coal . could be expected, but the amount would necessarily vary at several mines and from f the same mine at the hands of different : workmen. "The price charged for powder Is an ap parent but not a real grievance. In some regions $2.75 per keg is charged. In others "1-50 per keg. This of itself should be suffi cient evidence that the compensation of the miner is jet Independently of the price of powder, as a net return for a day s labor must be essentially the same in neiKhboring fields where one or the other price is charged for the powder. To Illustrate: If ' a man Is employed for a special piece of work in which powder must be used the su perintendent agrees with him as to the amount which he should earn with indus try and with care of the materials Intrusted to him, the value of the powder required in a day's woik is added to the Intended daily wage, and the sum of the two Is agreed upon as the pay of that man for the work in question; thus, if a man were valued at $2.50 per day. and with due care he would use a keg of powder valued at $2.75 in five days, the day's consumption of powder. 55 cents, would be added to $2.50. and he would be engaged on a basis of per day. and charged with powder used at the price agreed upon. The same method is adopted in fixing the price of work paid for by the car. "Another evidence that the price of pow der does not create an injury to the miner is shown by the fact that when the subject was agitated some time ago one of the larger companies offered to reduce the charge for powder to Its then current value provided the men would consent to such re vision of their wages as would continue the same compensation for their labor as they had previously received under the agree ment which was then operative. This whs promptly rejected, showing that their pur pose was to effect an increase of wages, and that if this could not be obtained they preferred to maintain the apparent griev ance, which could be and has been from that time to this used as a ground of com plaint of unfair treatment. "It is well that the public should under stand that there would be no occasion for the price of powder to enter into the pay of the miners were it not that safety of per son and property absolutely requires that the operator should keep a firm hand upon both the quality and quantity of powder taken Into the mines. "Eliminating the foregoing alleged griev ances from the list formulated by the United Mine Workers nothing whatever re mains but a general demand for Increased pay and recognition of the order as the agency through which differences should be adjusted. That the methods of the order are arbitrary and unjust Is evidenced by the Inclusion in the list of grievances of matters which are purely local and apply to very few indeed of the anthracite em ployes. while they are put before the pub lic as general grievances for which the op erators as a body are responsible and which they have the power to correct; also bv their determination to provoke tens of thousands of men to strike who neither have nor profess to have any grievance whatever against their employers Under such circumstances it is not to be wondered at that employers should resist the inter ference. and condemn such an agency as one utterly unworthy of use in the adjust ment of differences between themselves and their employes." Lieut. Hill's Reatvnatlon. The President has accepted the resigna tion of First Lieut. Louis E. Hill, 4th In fantry, as an officer of the army, to take effect September 20. Moses' Annual September Furniture Sale. 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