"Strictly reliable qualities."
business hours, 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Each year bilnp* forth novelties In Glove
wear. Iiut no year is as prolific of fad* an
tills Fleased to show you?whether you're
ready to buy or not.
Just received our full line of Ladles' 2
clas|> Mocha Gloves, in
W,.,J,.'S.aml.,an"SB & $ 1.25
The New One-hntton lleindeer ffifl E(H\
Gloves, lu tans and trrays. at... vl"""
All the new styles In the Famous Cente
meri Gloves, for which we are sole District
Sl'EClAIy?Ix>t of Rhutton Mousquetaire
Suede Gloves. in tans, modes
and a few jrrays; north ?2; Q S/-?
Prcttv conceits in Ladies' Fall
New Kutuiiu; Ties,
New Ta?*el-en<l Ties.
lively I'unleil Tsiffeta Ties.
Pretty I jive Barfeee*.
Hamlsotue l*??uipa<lour Ruches.
Wmm. Hi. McKnew, 933 Pa.av
?? THE 1 SALT ' OF 5ALT5 "
The Salt Extracted from the Juices of Fresh Fruits.
Charles G. I'urdy. M I'., states: "The most #
effective and elegant aperient Salt for ''learing .
the ? ?astrieinlei-tinal tract is AMm-j's Kffer- #
res cent Salt. It is the only one which I have #
found suit aide for children, and for my own #
use. 1 liHv ne*er found a preparation so sat- #
Sold I>y most drncjrists or sent by mail. ?
25c.. Mic.. j>er bottle. *
THE AHBKY EFFEItVESCENT SALT CO., *
? Rooms-- 1?-15. 11 Murray Street. N. Y. #
Itooklet free on request. ?
? pe4 tiutf 4?tf
The new and only direct
Cable to Germany
is operated sra connraectlomi
ar.d is the omUy one In
direct commiuimeatnoini with
the telegraph lines off
D y e i im
Suits arnl Over
coats to a I)yo
House of nearly
7o years' exp? ri
don't crock. YYY
rail* if yo:i <ln>j>
K. K WHEATUiY, l?*tti Jefferson ave., Geo'town.
SlU! 3 tS,
OA gentleman's 14k. Watch,
worth $7?"i. :tt $r?o. Will sell on
monthly payments if satisfactory ref
erence given Call at
A. K A UN'S, 935 F st. n.w.
PIANOS AND OKGANS.
AnJ repaired by our first-class workmen. Prices
very reasonable. Deave your orders with us and
we will guarantee the work. Telephone 1218.
John F. Ellis <& Co.,
sel 937 I'ENX. AVE.
It doesn't pay
-to buy a cheap piano?cheap in <iuall(y. Good
pianos a-e made to sell at su<!i reasonable prb ? s
nowadays that you can afford to buy a piano that
will give satisfaction. A
for Instance, Is of a quality to give perfect satis
faction t h-h or easy monthly payments.
929 F Street.
Great standard of the world.
FOR SAI.E OR RENT.
Moderate prices, Accommodating terms.
John F. Ellis & Co.,
?el 637 I'ENX. AVE.
BRANCH WAREKOOM3 OK FACTORY.
?22 Eleventh St. N.W.
)eis.I2tf i C. OOKUyy. Mauaeer.
Halitet <& Davis Pianos.
I'rices and lermj reasonable.
John F. Ellis <& Co.,
?el 937 I'ENN. AVE.
Yen will find lust what jr"ti want In a GRAND
VFRIGHT, SQCARE PIANO, or ORGAX. at sur
prln'ngiy low figure. and reasonable terms.
FIANOS FOR RENT. TUNING AND MO VINO.
Win. Knafoe & Co
?209 Pa. Ave. N. W.,
Bij24-21tf WASHINGTON. D. U
NEW UPRIGHT PIANO, I
I'ayable $10 per month; mahogany or walnut c..?e; J
?tool and cover.
John F. Ellis <& Co.,
Ml 937 PfcNNA. AVE. N.W.
;!- :' .. ' 1
ii-v-'i ii' Mn ?: u mi'in
OUR REHOVAL SALE STARTS OFF WITH AN ENORMOUS CROWD!
MONDAY WAS ONE OF THE BUSIES? DAYS
WE EVER HAD. - -
We expected this bona fide REMOVAL SALE to bring a crowd, but were
hardly prepared for such big numbers!
Consider carefully what 25% DISCOUNT from cash prices really means?then
you'll buy. On a single Watch or Diamond it would mean a saving of $25 or more.
25 % OFF OX DIAMONDS means that you can buy them here now at over 50% less than pres
ent values. ()ur stock was marked at old values?with present discount you buy them for less than
Have you seen our BARGAIN TABLES?goods at 50% discount and less.
Isn't this a grand time to buy a reliable watch?
SOME PRICES THAT HUNT AT THE
Fine leather Pocket
Itiwik--, sterling silver trim
med. that were $1.50. for.
Hundreds of fancy Ster
linn Silver Br
were 5oc.. 75c.
$ 1 otfMD
Sterling Silver Neck and
Belt Buckles, that were
Silver top Salt
Sterling Silver Manicure
Pieces?Curlers. Horns, it c.,
were $1.<(0 and $1.50, for..
Sterling Sliver Match
Boxes, were $1.50, for
Klegant Toilet Combs,
silver tcps, were $1.00,
Sterling Silver Salt Cel
lars. gold lined, were
Cut Glass and Solid Sil
Ter-top Inkstands, that
were $2.00, now
Fine Peurl Opera
Glasses, gold - plated
trimmings, with ease,
were $?!.50, for
l ancy Cut Glass
\ a sell ne Jars, gold
plated, solid sliver
tops. Inlaid wlili min
iatures and jewels,
were $4 and $5, now
R. HARRIS & CO.,
TESTIMONY GIVEN BEFORE THE l\
IUSTRIAI. COMMISSION TODAY.
Mr. Gilbert. I'resident of the Yew York
State Hoard, Give* 111m
Mr. Jamns M. Gilbert, president of the
board of mediation and arbitration of New
York, was before the industrial commission
Mr. O'lbert said he was of the opinion
that the most rational solution of labor
differences lies in the making: of agree
ments between employer and employe, by
which all disputes shall be referred for set
tlement to boards of reconciliation, made
up in part of employes and in part of em
ployers. This method of settling strikes
presupposes the right on the part of work
ing men to organize, their right to know
the fa its concerning the true condition of
the trade which may be involved and their
equality is men with their employers.
('om |i u 1 Nor y A r bit rat ion,
"I believe in the principle of compulsory
arbitration," Mi. Gilbert said. "The con- |
sunn r and tin- pubiic are interested in the
enterprises of employt-rs and employes, and
disturbances between them, which become
a public menace, are a proper subject for
control on the j art of the public.
"The usual argument against the principle
is that its enforcement would be in viola
tion of the personal rights of one or both j
of the parties intea-sted. But it is an I
everyday occurrence for people to submit j
their differences to interpretation of laws j
in which there is more or less of compul- I
sion. A compulsory arbitration board
would be clothed with the authority of a
court, and it does not seem to me there
would be less readiness to acquiesce in its
decisions than there is in the decisions of
other courts. Employers are now in many
cases compelled to submit against their
wishes to the force of trades unions or go
out of business, and employes are com- i
p< lied to accept the wages and conditions j
forced upon them by capital.
"It is not reasonable to suppose that they i
would both be ready to accept the decisions j
of an impartial arbitration board before j
which they have had a hearing. The great j
objection to compulsory arbitration boards, j
however, is that tht-re is little public senti- |
ment in their favor The great majority of ?
the workingmen in New York state, at
least. lw?ve not been forced by hard ex
periences to see the necessity or expedi
ency of such a law, and a law which had
no public sentiment at its back would be a
The witness thought there was a good
deal of public s-ntiment in favor of com
pulsory arbitration in the case of corpora
tions which derive rights and franchises
from the public.
Ah to State Arbitration.
"I believe," he said, "that state boards of
arbitration in the present condition of la
bor affairs have a place which entitles them
to consideration. Their organization is a
recognition on the part of the state of the
principle of arbitration and mediation.
Those who are at all familiar with the
work of the New York state board must
recognize the fact that it has been of great
service in settling labor differences. Its
offices have been almost entirely in the di
rection of mediation, and even in cases
where the board has not directly effected
settlements their efforts have been of serv
ice in the final determination. In the year
lS'.o there were -153 strikes in New York
s^tate. Of this number the board took part
in seventy-three and settled twenty. Tnere
were r>,H75 employes involved in t.?e strikes
settled by the board and involved in
the strikes which the board attended ofli
"Our statistics showing the number of
strikes during the year cover every lock
out which came to our knowledge, however
small. Of the total number m>re than litn
lasted less than a week and more than
per cent lasted less than three days. 1
give these figures to show why tne board
did not give oilicial attention to more of
them. Many of them were settled before
we had knowledge of them. The seventy
three sti kvs which 1 h ? b >artl at tendee were
the principal strikes of the year. There
was an increase of 7'* per cent in the num
ber of strikes in ls'.rft over and in the
current year the proportion of increase
over lXts has been about the same. From
January 1 to September 1 of this year there
were strikes. 75 per cent of which are I
for higher wages or shorter hours. In both
years the strikes took place on a rising '
labor marker and were in the main sue- i
IMI'ltOI I\G THE l'AHKS.
Government Work on the Smaller
Ucnerv lit ion it.
In addition to the regular care of the
many improved public parks and reserva
tions in the District. Col Bingham, the offi
cer in charge, lias begun the improvement
of several of the smaller unimproved reser
vations. Two of these now receiving atten
tion are reservation No. liop, Maryland ave
nue, liith and E streets northeast, and res
ervation No. 230, North Carolina avenue,
7th and B streets southeast.
An Important change has been made in
the Washington monument reservation,
being the relocation or the gravel roadway
entrance to the northeast corner of the
grounds leading out to 1) street, several
yards farther east, so that It now opens di
rectly opposite the foot of 15th street and
permits a straight drive from that street.
The new road is about thirty feet wide and
35T. feet long, and connects with other roads
leading through the mall.
John B. Chase, a clerk In the United
States Treasury Department, this after
noon filed' a petition In voluntary bank
ruptcy. His summary of debts is stated to
be *7.177.?, and his assets $275.
1 lie Heat Prescription for Malaria
Cblll? ?n<1 Vtrtr )? a bottle of GROVE'S TASTB
LEXH CHILL TONIC. It is simply iron and qui Din*
in a tastrleaa form. No cure?oo pa/. Price, 80c.
WHITE IIOI SK SAFEGI ARDS.
Automatic Fire Alarm I'lared in the
Col. Bingham, the engineer officer In
charge of public buildings and grounds, as
a matter of extreme precaution, has placed
an automatic tire alarm system in the attic
of the White House, with connections to
the street fire alarm box and warning sig
nals to the front door. The system con
sists of three standard thermometers with
electrical contacts, one at the east end, one
at the west end and one under the floor in
the center of I he room. The connections
are so arranged 'hat notice will be given
when the temperature has reached 1L!."> de
grees Fahrenheit, and if it continues to
rise will, when reaching 1S>5 degrees, auto
matically spring the street box and bring
the fire department at once to the scene.
MAMFACTLHIXU IN ECROITj.
It AppenrH to Have Entered I pon n
t'erioi! of i>e|>r<-Msioi).
I'nitod States Consul Mahin at Richen
burg reports to the State Department that
the manufacturing business of Europe
seems to have entered on a period of se
vere depression. He adds, however, that
the causes are such as to justify the belief
that it will not be of long duration. On ac
count of scarcity of orders factories at
Bradford and other textile centers of Eng
land have been forced to reduce their prod
uct. In one instance thirteen cotton spinning
concerns, with over a million spindles, sus
pended operations for two weeks te> cheek
the- overstocking of the markets with un
salable goods. Doubt is expressed as to
whether this temporary suspen.-ion will ap
preciably relieve the situation. The dis
turbance in China is assigned as a partia'
cau.;e of the manufacturing depression in
Great Britain. Reports of stagnation in
manufacturing industries, more especially
in the textile branches, are also received
from many parts of Germany. Rhenish
Prussia and Saxony seem to be most af
fected. As indicating in some degree the
extent to which the- German textile indus
try has lost ground this year it is reported
that during the first six months of lt*so the
imports of wool into Germany declined
per cent in quantity and 4."> per cent in
value as compared with the corresponding
period of lWfc>. The- loss in business has
been slightly mitigated by the receipt at
various Saxon textile factories of large
orders for underclothing fur German sol
diers destined to China. The Chinese isn
breiglio is charged with but small share in
the causes of German industrial depression.
Consul Mahln says that the German tex
tile exports to the orient have been too
small for their utter extinction to account
in any mark<-<i degree for the present con
traction of business. The cause is general- .
ly assigned, he says, to the universally dis
couraging state of the textile markets, due
mainly to overproduction during the pros
perous season of 1K!K). The future looks
sufficiently dubious to deter any one from
venturing at present into large contracts of
any se>rt. A similar state of affairs is re
ported in Polish Russia and in Austria, but
nrjt to the same extent in the last-named
country. The consul says that considering
the unsettled state <if government, it is sur
prising that trade conditions in Austria
should be* even as good as those of other
European countries at this time, instead of
being rather better, as tiny apparently are.
REJECTED A I.I. IllliS.
CoinmiMMionerN' Action ItexiiectiiiK
Restoration of I'ortriiitM.
In the matter of the restoration of the
portraits belonging to the District of Co
lumbia in the District building and in the
city hall the Commissioners have rejected
all the bids received by them in response to
their advertised request, principally on the
ground that It was impracticable to give
out work of this kind on the basis of com
petition. Even in the matter of skill, the
Commissioners found, it is stateif, great
difficulty in coming to a conclusion, and in
order to practically test the matter, they
gave one of the portraits to Mr. William H.
Duckstein, who has charge of the paintings
at the Capitol building and has had much
experience in such work; another to Miss
Guiilaume, the drawing teacher of the
public schools in Georgetown, who had
many years of experience with her father
in restoring pictures, and another to Mr.
William Veerhoff. The Commissioners hope
from an expert comparison of these pic
tures, when finished, to be able to form
their judgment as to the be-st methods to be
used in restoring the other pictures, and as
to the most competent persons to whom to
award the contract for the rest of the work.
There are still two of the smaller portraits
to be restored ami the three large ones in
the city hall.
AXSAII/r WITH A KNIEE.
Col ii in Imin WIIhoii to AtiNwer the
('hnrfce in Court.
Columbus Wilson of "th street between T
street and Florida avenue northwest was
arrested this morning by Sergeant S!attery
and locked up at No. S police station to
answer the charge of assaulting John Ben
nard with a knife. Bennard was taken
to the Homeopathic Hospital, where the
opinion was expressed this afternoon that
he would recover.
It is stated by the police authorities that
Wilson admits the charge, but claims he
did not attack Bennard until after the lat
ter had struck him twice in the face with
Particulars of the affair are quite meager,
as"neither of the men most directly inter
ested will talk on the subject. Between 12
and 1 o'clock this morning Officer Trussell
of the seconel precinct noticed the wounded
man sitting on 7th street near R street,
and as he seemeel to be in distress the
officer spoke to him. Bennard Informed
the officer that he hatl been cut in the siele,
but declined to sav who cut him. The
wounded man was at once removed to the
Homeopathic Hospital, where his injury
was attended to. At a later hour the au
thorities were advised that Wilson was
Bennard's assailant, and, as above stated,
he was taken into custody.
Return of General Mile*.
Lieut. Gen. Miles, who at present is in
specting the military schools at Fort
Leavenworth and Fort Riley, Kan., is ex
pected to return to this city next Saturday.
TAKES AN ADVERSE VIEW
ATTORNEY Dl'VAI.L'8 OI'ISIOS OF
AI'I'LICATIOJi FOR A PERMIT.
Advises Co in in Inn loners to Reject?
.Mrs. Pate's Claim for DniniiKen?
Ir. the case of the application of Mr.
Leo Simmons, attorney for Mrs. Fannie
Pate, for permission to move the house
situated on lot 21. block 27, Ho:mead
31 a nor, to another part of the tot, the at
torney for the District, Mr. A. Ii. Duvall.
today advised the Commissioners to deny
The house proposed to be moved, ex
plains Mr. Duvall, extends over the east
line of 11th street, as extended, and in
the proceedings for the condemnation of the
land Wcessary for the extension of the
street the jury, in addition to the amount
allowed as the value, of the part of the
lot within the lines of the condemnation,
awarded Mrs. Pate the sum of as
compensation for all damages resulting to
her house by reason of "the extension of
the street. The awunV of the jury was duly
confirmed by the court, states Mr. Duva:l.
and the entire Umount thereof has be< n
paid to Mrs. I'ate. Therefore, it is his
opinion that the portion of the house with
in the lines of 11th street, as extended,
is the property Of the District, and not lae
property of Mrs. fate.
"The jury," says Mr. Duvall, "allowed
her and she ha.* been paid for all dam
ages of every pnss'ble description which
may result to her bourse by the removal cf
so much thereof as lies within the lines
of the street, as extended. After having
acquiesced in the award of tin- jury, and
after having received payment fur all dam
ages to said house, she now requests a do
natiop of the property for which she has
been paid, at the same time retaining the
m ney i aid to her fur damages, which could
never be sustained by her.
Evidence 1 nad misHi l>!e.
"When the jury was considering the case
evidence was offered in behalf of the Com
missioners to show that this housa, as well
as several other houses within the lines "of
the street, as extended, could be removed
for a relatively small sum, with a view of
taking an award on that basis and allow
ing the owner to remove the buildings, but
objection was made in behalf of Mrs. Pate
and the other owners to the introduction of
such testimony, and the court ruled the
evidence was inadmissible, and according
ly it was excluded from the consideration
of the jury. The present application, un
der these circumstances, in my opinion,
cjmes with very bad grace.
"Mrs. Pate insisted before the jury of
condemnation upon her strict legal rights
in reference to the allowance of these dam
ages for her house, and expressly declined
to consent to an award representing the
damages, costs and expenses resulting from
the removal of her house just as now pro
posed, and having thus obtained her full
legal rights in the matter, in manner and
form as she insisted, there should now be
no revision of the award by which she
would secure a double benefit at public ex
pense. Mr. Simmons has handed me a
communication on the subject, which I in
close herewith. I am of the opinion that
the application should be denied."
Cost of Movinu Property.
In the communication referred to by Mr.
Duvall Mr. Simmons stated that it will
cost Mrs. Pate $.'l,2S.'i to move back that
part of her house which the District, he
contends, admits she owns, and that when
moved back it will be worth not more than
half of its appraised value, or about $?'!,<*>?,
making her a loser by the operation of
much more than the difference between the
cost of moving it and the amount awarded
her. which difference, he estimates to be
"So it comes down," says Mr. Simmons,
"to the plain question of whether or not the
Commissioners desire to wage a war of
destruction, tearing away that part of the
house within the lines of the street and
throwing the same to the winds, to be
gathered up by mendicants, sooner than al
low the owner of the remaining part to
have it. For it certainly has no value to
any one but her. What would it sell for if
the District were to offer it for sale? Not
enough to pay for Its removal."
('apt. Beach, the Eng.neer Commissioner,
who has immediate supervision of the mat
ter, has approved the opinion rendered by
Mr. Duvall, but it is understood Mr. Sim
mons will ask for a rehearing of the case.
IX DIVORCE COl'RTS.
Judge Rules 'i'hut Alfred Holmead is
ill : .Contempt.
In connection With "the proceedings as
a result of which Mary Frances Holmead
was, March 2S, lSini, granted a divorce
from Alfred Holmead, Justice Cole today
ruled the latter to be In contempt for fail
ure to pay alimohy decreed to be paid the
petitioner. The coiuft thereupon ordered
Mr. Holmead to pay., the arrears of ali
mony within a stipulated period.
The order concluded: "The United States
marshal is authorized to release, the re
spondent from actual custody until default
is made In payment of any installment of
moneys hereby required."
Justice Cole today signed an order in
the suit for divorce instituted by Annie
Revells against Thomas Revells, upon mo
tion of the complainant's solictor, Edward
G. Niles, ordering the defendant to pay the
complainant flo a month alimony.
tiood Government mid Sound Money.
A number of prominent citizens have de
cided to form a good government and sound
money organization in the District, and a
meeting to consider the project will be held
at 8 o'clock Friday evening, September 21.
A club will most probably be formed then,
and all those who are interested in such
an association are expected to be present.
Xluke of Manchester Bankrupt.
LONDON. September 18.?The Duke of
Manchester has concluded that It is useless
to attempt to compound with his creditors
and has signed his consant to b* adjudi
cated ? bankrupt.
DEAD TO BE BROUGHT HOME
SOLDIERS AND SAII,ORS WHO FELL
IX FAR-OFF LANDS.
Arrunitrmenti Being; Made to Tram
port Their Remain* to the I'nlled
States for Honorable Bnrlal.
Colonel William S. Patten of the quar
termaster's department, on duty at the War
Department, who has special charge of
that branch of the service, has completed
arrangements for the free transportation
to the United Stiftes of the remains of sol
diers and sailors and civilians who lost
their lives and were buried In the Island
possessions of the United States and In
China. According to the present plans of
the department a burial corps will take
passage on the transport Hancock,
scheduled to leave San Francisco on the
1st proximo for the Philippines. This
party was originally organized for the pur
pose of exhuming and preparing for ship
ment to the United States the remains of
soldiers and civilians connected with the
United States military service buried in the
far distant countries of the Pacific.
At the request of the Secretary of the
Navy the same burial corps will undertake
to perform the same service with respect to
officers and enlisted men of the navy and
marine corps that may be located in China
and the islands of the Pacific. The corps
will be In charge of Mr. D. H. Rhodes, in
spector of national cemeteries, who was
sent to the Philippines in November, 1SSW,
on a similar errand, and performed the ser
vice to the entire satisfaction of all con
cerned. When the transport stops at Hono
lulu to coal the bodies buried there will be
taken up and made part of her ?argo. Sim
ilar action will be taken at the Island of
Guam and in the Philippines.
Col. Patten says that the prevailing condi
tions in China will scarcely render practi
cable any disinfectants in that country
earlier than next spring, but that it may
be possible at that time to take up the work
of removing the American dead there. All
the remains recovered are to be given hon
orable burial in the United States, at places
selected by the next of kin.
In all cases where not otherwise ordered
the interment will be made in the national
cemeteries, with preference for the cem
etery at the Presidio at San Francisco and
the Arlington cemetery.
The approximate number of remains to
be exhumed is 1,331, distributed in the fol
Honolulu?Thirty-six enlisted men of the
army, one marine.
Guam?Eight men of the navy.
Chinji?Two officers of the army, fifty
eight enlisted men of the army and thirty
seven men of the navy.
Philippines ? Seventeen officers of the
army. 1,150 enlisted men of the army and
twenty-eight men of the navy.
VETERAX AT REST.
Bnrlnl of (ion. Browne at Arlington
The funeral of the late General William
Henry Browne of this city, who died at
Chariestown. W. Va? Saturday last, took
place this morning at 11 o'clock, the serv
ices being held at St. John's Episcopal
Church, H'th and H streets.* The sad cere
monies were attended by a large number
of the personal friends and relatives of
the deceased, and by special delegations
from the Masonic and military orders to
which General Browne belonged.
The services were ((inducted by Rev. Mr.
Paddock," assistant rector of St. John's;
Rev. Mr. Harding of St. Paul's Church and
Rev. Mr. Snyder of the Church of the in
carnation The honorary pallbearers were
Chaplain J. H. Bradford, Colonel Robert
Reyburn, Captain R. G. Rutherford and
Captain William Gibson from the Military
Order of the Loyal Legion; Judge A. I'..
Hagner and Messrs. H'-nry E. Davis. Wil
liam A. Gordon and J. Holdsworth Gordon
of the District bar and Messrs. Pettus and
George Gibson from the Masonic frater
The interment was made at Arlington na
tional cemetery, the funeral party being
met at the gates by a firing squad and
bugler from the 5th Cavalry, stationed at
Fort Myer. The services at the grave
were conducted by Rev. Mr. Snyder. A
volley was fired and taps sounded.
When the District Supreme Court ad
journed yesterday afternoon it was out r f
respect to the memory of General Browne.
REPI'BLIC'A \ FLAG RAISING.
< aimpniun Opened by (he Republican*
of <.n i t Ixt>Imi rn District,
Slxrlal Correspondence of The Evening Star.
GAITHERSBURG, Md., September 17. WOO.
Saturday was a gala day with the re
publicans of this district. In a grove on
the Laytonsville road several hundred peo
ple braved the drenching rain to attend the
old-fashioned barbecue and flag raising.
The event was under the direction of the
Lincoln Republican Club, celebrating the
third anniversary of the McKinley Repub
lican Club. Mr. Wm. R. Fulks, chairman
of the arrangement committee, and Presi
dent J H. Bailey and Mr. Moses F. Wil
son made brief addresses before the din
ner, which was served at 1 o'clock. Ev
erybody feasted of the roast steer, cooked
whole over night. The Goshen Cornet Band
rendered music durintr the day.
In the afternoon Mr. Ashley M. Gould
and Mr. Charles Edmunds discussed the Is
sues of the campaign at the Moses Hall,
where a mass meeting was held. Mr. Jas.
Gooch, president of the Lincoln Republican
Club, made the introductory address.
Mr. John W. Strother, who was arrested
on a charge of desertion and breaking up
his wife's home, had a hearing today. Jus
tice John B. Brewer of Rockville came over
to Gaithersburg and heard the case In Jus
tice Warfield's office. Mrs. Strother, the
prosecutor in the case, could not be found
and the case was disinl.-'sed. Mr. Strother
has entered suit for a divorce. Mr. Wm.
H. Talbott appeared for Mr. Strother.
Porto RiciiiiM and Naturalization.
To tin' Editor of The Evening Star:
Referring to my letter on the case of An
tonio Castro, the Porto Rican, kindly ad
mitted to the columns of The Star of last
Friday evening, I have been asked how can
a citizen of Pirto Rico or of the Philippines
become a citizen of the United States? Some
of the people of those islands may wish to
change their residence to this country and
become citizens. How can they do it? Let
me explain my view of it. It is absurd to
say they can be naturalized, like all for
eigners. because since the treaty of Paris
they have ceased to owe allegiance to Spain.
Porto Rico is not a foreign state, nor are
the Filipinos a foreign nation, but all are
subject to the sovereignty of the United
States, which has displaced- that of Spain.
It Is therefore equally absurd to say that
they can forswear allegiance to the United
States. The truth is, it is a new and anom
alous situation, but it is not difficult of
comprehension. Congress might exclude
these people entirely from our shorts, just
as it has excluded the Chinese, on grounds
of pubiic policy, and on the same principle
that it can put a tariff on the productions
of the islands coming into the United
States, as it has done, as l t.ilnk, constitu
tionally, on the products of Porto Rico. If
not excluded, it will remain for Congress to
pass a general law by which the islanders,
on coming here, can become citizens of the
United States. There Is nothing so terrible,
after all, or Inconsistent with the theory of
our government, in holding subject depen
dencies and peoples. Every foreigner In
this country, before he becomes naturalized,
is a "subject;" that is to say, he owes sub
mission and obedience to our laws, and is
amenable for violations of them in our
courts. R. HUTCIIESON.
Capt. Lansing H. Beach, the Engineer
Commissioner of the District, returned to
his desk at the District building from At
lantic City. The captain is much improved
Eciemat No Cure No Pay.
Your druggist will refund your money If PAZO
OINTMENT falls to cure Ringworm. Tetter, Old
t"lcer? and Sore*. Pimples and Blackheads on the
face. Itching Humors, Dandruff and all Skin Dis
eases, no matter of bow long standing. Price, 50e.
If your druggist should fall to have It send us SOc.
In postage stance and we will forward aame by
mall, and at any time you notify us that the cure
was uot satisfactory we will promptly return your
money. Your druggist will tell you that wo are re
liable as our LAXATIVR BKOMO-QCINIXE Tab
let:, which have iknational reputation for colds, are
handled by all drugglsta. Addresa l'ARIS MEDI
CINE CO., St. Louis, Mo.
What the "Shirt Sleeve" Diplomat
BIGGEST BATTLE IN RECENT HISTORY
Outcome Fraught With Important
Results to This Country.
COM M ERCIATj HUP R E M A C Y
The etiquette of peacemaking which Is to
supplant tne s-vord and gun among the al
lied powers In China brings prominently
Into the limelight the angular figure of
Uncle Sam. All 'he nations save the repub
lic of the United States are playing for a
great stake?the surface of the earth. They
want control, because with It follow com
mercial privileges, which are the twen
tieth centnry Sncentives to power, in place
of the land hunger and the military glory
of the past. China's vast art a is a prize so
rich in potential outcome that every nation
with a possible say-so in its dismemberment
waits eagerly for -he award.
But the self-appointed arbiters of China's
destiny?the four great nations of Europe
and the newly rejuvenated brown men of
Japan?have to deal in the present situation
with a new figure in the diplomatic group,
the "shirt-sleeved" diplomat nf the United
States. Whether the delicate questions of
diplomatic negotiations over China are to be
discussed and disposed of through the me
dium of an 'nternational conference or
through the slower channels of exchange of
pourparlers from capital to capital, the de
tails will have absorbing interest for the
people of this country.
Now that the United States has had time
to "take stock" of its interests in China,
and to mane an inventory of its property,
real and tangible, as well as prospective, it
begins to more nearly appreciate the tre
mendous influence it ought to yield in a
just and equitable settlement. Piercing the
horizon of today and taking note of the out
look for tomorrow, this country sees that,
what is really going forward in China is.
first, a war for supremacy of the Anglo
Saxon. the German and the Slav. and. sec
ond, a scheme to handicap this republic,
whose wonderful strides in commerce, whose
business growth and enterprise, have star
tled and pe.-plexed the nations whose busi
ness rival it is. in nearly every field of
Urrnttiit Diplomatic Iluttle.
For all these reasons, the United States Is
on the eve of the greatest battle in its re
cent history with the diplomats of the
world. The currents of commerce may be
changed. A blunder now on the part of the
administration and the State Department
would be nearly irretrievable. The piece
meal parceling out of the middle kingdom
would naturally result in the abrogation of
the "open door." The widening of ter
ritorial spheres of influence on the part of
Great Britain, Russia. Germany and France
would reduce American opportunity for
trade development, and would make of
China a menace instead of a market.
Thorough appreciation of all these points
on the part of the United States gives add
ed interest to the proceedings as the dip
lomats by Slow degrees make their way
towards the central arena, where will take
place the great gladiatorial contest in
which pen and ink and words, words,
words, will be the weapons.
"Shirt sleeve" diplomacy is to have In
this contest Its severest trial since that
historic day in the early sixties, when Sec
retary Seward sent to Napoleon III a cable
message with the bark on. which cost in
tolls *ir?,(HtO, caused France and Austria to
abandon their scheme to plant an empire
on this continent, resulted in the death of
the abandoned Maximilian at Queretaro,
and proclaimed to all the nations that this
was to be a throneless new world. Origin
ally "shirt sleeve" diplomacy was a term
used by political dilettanti to indicate con
tempt. It was the invective of ignorance.
That diplomacy stands today for statecraft
directed to the accomplishment of practi
cal results. It is strictly in accord with
American policy. Forcefulness and decis
ion characterize It. It neither splits hairs
nor cultivates intrigue. It will demand in
China a stable government and an open
trade. It will bring to the settlement of
the great problem in the east the methods
of a nation that eats dinner at noon. It
will reject soft soap and honeyed phrases?
and back of it will be the whole American
Outcome Bin With CoiiNeiiucncex.
As he enters the list for this contest with
the powers the "shirt sleeve" diplomat
bears well In mind that the outcome In
China will be big with consequences for
his country. The United States is now big
enough to shake the commercial world, and
China is the legitimate greatest field of fu
ture American opportunity. We are to com
pete in the twentieth century for a fair
share of the trade of the 51)0,000,000 people
who live in lands washed by the waters of
the Pacific after it has left the shores of
Washington, of Oregon and of California.
These people want the products of Ameri
can corn, wheat, flour, watches, clocks,
lamps, bicycles, railroad cars, trolley cars,
locomotives, steel rails, wines. fruits,
meats, textile fabrics, canned goods, min
ing machinery, electrical machinery, and
American diplomacy is to secure the op
portunity for them and us, or it will have
to acknowledge itself outwitted.
The sphere of influence policy, as is well
vinderstood here, means the virtual serving
of notice to this country to keep out of
China. Every American merchant desiring
to trade there would under Its workings be
at a disadvantage as compared with mer
chants having the extra territorial influ
ence of their governments to sustain them
and discriminate in their favor.
The "shirt sleeve" diplomat knows, too,
that while more than one-half of the
world's population has its abiding place in
the lands which look out upon the Pacific,
this is the greatest of all the nations bor
dering upon this greatest of oceans. Other
nations have colonies overlooking It. The
I'nited States has homes. This country
must be. in the century- to come, the fore
most of the Pacific powers. Great Britain,
with all its island colonies, is thousands of
miles away. So are Germany and France,
while Russia reaches the ocean only through
miles of a country half habitable at best.
And. again, he has to keep always in view
the destiny of the United States upon the
Pacific. If he is outwitted in the diplo
matic contest by the predatory powers of
Europe this country will have to police
the Pacific. A strong fleet of good war
ships will have to be kept there in readi
ness for any possible trouble at its back
door with neighbors not too friendly at any
time, and made bolder by the acquisition of
points of vantage in China.
ClianKc* in the Lasit Four Yearn.
As the diplomat without a coat proceeds
to business, he will strengthen his position
and stiffen his backbone by a careful re
view of the changes in the Pacific brought
about in less than four years. That long
ago the coast of Asia opposite the Pacific
shore line of the United States belonged to
Chlra. We had then the same trade privi
leges as the other nations. Then Germany
possessed itself of a harbor with contigu
ous territory. The Russian flag went up
over an important peninsula. Great Brit
ain and France appreciably broadened their
spheres and added to their holdings in
eastern China. These movements changed
totally the complexion of the opposite coast
of Asia. Glancing at it today, the Amer
ican diplomat sees a startling transforma
tion. Trade barriers have been erected;
trade rivalries have been created. Stra
tegic points in the warfare of commerce, as
well as that of quick-firing guns, have been
secured by the commercial rivals of the
United States. And in this same period a
gnawing hunger for island iterritory In the
Pacific has possessed them all. Foreknowl
edge that the Pacific is to become the chief
theater of events in the century at hand
incited Germany to secure the Marshall
group, France to add to its already large
holdings In New Caledonia, the Marquesas
and Society Islands, and Great Britain to
declare protectorates over numerous groups
?Gilbert, Ellis, Phoenix and most of the
territory of the southern Pacific on the
route from British Columbia to Australia
and New Zealand. In this way they were
attempting to nullify the geographical and
individual relaUons of the United States
with the world's largest ocean.
At the beginning of this contest with tb?
powers Uncle Sam's "shirt ilMvi" dlplo
TTic particular coat well tell
of today is an all-wool Oxford,
lined to the edge with Skinner's
silk, at $15.
It's cut the proper length and
fullness?and has the new and
nobby broad shoulder effect.
Both making and material
are of the finest?and we
marked them $15 instead of $20
as a special opening offer.
Don't think of buying a top
coat until vou see our line.
mat finds that the north Pacific Is an Amer
ican ocean. The United Stales possesses
there a sphere of influence equivalent to
paramount control. ThrouRh this control
it is nearer the eastern harbors of China
tl.an any European country As the Chi
nese trade of the future is not to be con
fined to the exchange of commodities at the
seacoast, but Is to real with the general
exploitation of the empire, this country
must become an effective element in the
Asiatic situation, or it must give up the
trade it has there and prepare to defend its
western coast. Next to China the Pacific
possessions of the Pnited States are the
must Inviting objects of attack to the ruth
less powers of Europe. Once strongly In- i
trenched upon the opposite coast of the Pa
cific, Russia. Germany. France and Great
Rrltain could turn to the northern part of
that great ocean and threaten to combine
their forces against the westward roll of
progress which has brought the Atlantic
states to a Pacific frontage and pointed to
the I'nited States as the coming commer
cial conqueror of the world.
So the task before the "shirt sleeve" di
plomat is broader and farther reaching, is
fraught with greater consequences to the
nation he represents in the world pow-wow. '
than securing a big money Indemnity for
the I'nited States. He is to protect "our
weakest frontier, the Pacific; to guard the
golden shore of the republic and to win a
new glory on that wide sea."
The drift that Henry Grady sajw?the
drift that forever moves onward?has been
gradually establishing itself on the Pacific. .
It has led to the grouping of the nations
about the greit Ocean, and in the interna
tional diplomatic contest now on. with con
trol of the Pacific as its ultimate aim. the
central figure is the representative of the
MI.XEltS' (;KIKVA\( KS .MINIMIZED.
John l?. Garrett Explains Heal Animus
of the Strike.
John B. Garrett, vice president of the Le
high Valley Coal Company, made the fol
lowing statement yesterday in review of the
various grievances alleged by the I'nited
Mine Workers to exist in the anthracite coal
This company conducts no storep, nup
does it exert any influence upon employes
j to prefer one merchant above another; this
I believe to be also the case with the large '
mining companies generally.
"This company employs no doctors and
makes no charges against Its employes for
medical service to them or their families.
Inquiry has satisfied me that this is also the
case with the companies generally, and that
the company doctor is charged for only by
individual operators, anil by very few of ?
"Semi-monthly pay Is observed bv us In )
a few cases, being all in which the men ?
have demanded it. It would be observed I
anywhere were the d< mand made as called '
for by law. I may frankly state, however, '
that in my Judgment more frequent pay
ment is undesirable for both the employer
and employe, as pay days, whenever and as
often as they occur, are followed by de- ,
creased efficiency on the part of the men.
resulting In reduced time, lessened output
and consequently increased cost
"The use of the word 'ton' as applied to
3..KI0 pounds is a misnomer; it is simply a I
unit of measure, which might be called a 1
car or a cartload, or by any other name. !
and is the quantity of the actual coal plus 1
bone, slate and other foreign material, for
the removal of which a certain payment Is '
made under the agreed scale of wages. It 1
was probably originally adopted as repre
senting approximately the amount of crude
material from which a ton of prepared coal .
could be expected, but the amount would
necessarily vary at several mines and from f
the same mine at the hands of different :
"The price charged for powder Is an ap
parent but not a real grievance. In some
regions $2.75 per keg is charged. In others
"1-50 per keg. This of itself should be suffi
cient evidence that the compensation of the
miner is jet Independently of the price of
powder, as a net return for a day s labor
must be essentially the same in neiKhboring
fields where one or the other price is
charged for the powder. To Illustrate: If '
a man Is employed for a special piece of
work in which powder must be used the su
perintendent agrees with him as to the
amount which he should earn with indus
try and with care of the materials Intrusted
to him, the value of the powder required in
a day's woik is added to the Intended daily
wage, and the sum of the two Is agreed
upon as the pay of that man for the work
in question; thus, if a man were valued at
$2.50 per day. and with due care he would
use a keg of powder valued at $2.75 in five
days, the day's consumption of powder. 55
cents, would be added to $2.50. and he would
be engaged on a basis of per day. and
charged with powder used at the price
agreed upon. The same method is adopted
in fixing the price of work paid for by the
"Another evidence that the price of pow
der does not create an injury to the miner
is shown by the fact that when the subject
was agitated some time ago one of the
larger companies offered to reduce the
charge for powder to Its then current value
provided the men would consent to such re
vision of their wages as would continue the
same compensation for their labor as they
had previously received under the agree
ment which was then operative. This whs
promptly rejected, showing that their pur
pose was to effect an increase of wages,
and that if this could not be obtained they
preferred to maintain the apparent griev
ance, which could be and has been from
that time to this used as a ground of com
plaint of unfair treatment.
"It is well that the public should under
stand that there would be no occasion for
the price of powder to enter into the pay of
the miners were it not that safety of per
son and property absolutely requires that
the operator should keep a firm hand upon
both the quality and quantity of powder
taken Into the mines.
"Eliminating the foregoing alleged griev
ances from the list formulated by the
United Mine Workers nothing whatever re
mains but a general demand for Increased
pay and recognition of the order as the
agency through which differences should be
adjusted. That the methods of the order
are arbitrary and unjust Is evidenced by
the Inclusion in the list of grievances of
matters which are purely local and apply
to very few indeed of the anthracite em
ployes. while they are put before the pub
lic as general grievances for which the op
erators as a body are responsible and which
they have the power to correct; also bv
their determination to provoke tens of
thousands of men to strike who neither
have nor profess to have any grievance
whatever against their employers Under
such circumstances it is not to be wondered
at that employers should resist the inter
ference. and condemn such an agency as
one utterly unworthy of use in the adjust
ment of differences between themselves and
Lieut. Hill's Reatvnatlon.
The President has accepted the resigna
tion of First Lieut. Louis E. Hill, 4th In
fantry, as an officer of the army, to take
effect September 20.
Moses' Annual September Furniture Sale.
Moses' Sale of Curtains and Upholsteries.?
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