Newspaper Page Text
No 14,844. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1900-SIXTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
THE EVENING STAR. PUSUSHEO DAILY, EXCEPT SL'NDAY. 0BSineu Office. Iltk Street and Penasjlvania A?crti: The Evening Star Newspaper Company. S. H. KAUFFMANN, Pr?s't. (few York Office: IZt Tribaat BuiUlnf. CkicJf) Office: Boyce Baii.'inf. Lsadea Office: Trafalgar Baildloga. Trafalgar Sqmra. The Erenlng Star la serred to subscribers In the city by carriers, on tbeir own account. at 10 eeuts per week, or 44 cents per month Ceplea at tb* Counter. 2 cent* each. By mail?anywhere in ths I' 8. orCanada-postage prepaid?ftocems i>er mouth. Saturday Quintuple Sheet Star. $1 per year; wit# foreign postage added *3 t>8. tKntered at the I* >at OflJ'-e at Waahlngton, D. G., as seoond-olasa mall matter.) C7A11 mail subscriptions must be paid In advance. ILatea of advertialdm made kDuwn oo aoslicatlon. FEWER MEN AT WORK Strikers Show Great Activity at the Pennsylvania Mines, AVOID CLASHES WITH THE TROOPS Reported That Markle & Co. Have Offered Compromise. LITTLE COAL BEING MIXED PHILADELPHIA, September 2K.?There Is more activity today In the coal miners' strike situation than for several clays past. Men are marching from mine to mine in the Hazleton district, are inducing men to quit work, but are careful to so conduct themselves as not to transgress the law. Near Wilkesbarre several small washeries ?were idle.. producing no fuel today, and around Scranton the operators show a dis position in one way or another to move things. In the neighborhood of Shenan doah. where the soldiers are located, every thing is quiet, though the Reading company has three less mines at work today than were ?working yesterday. Taking the entire coal field as a whole it may be said that fewer men are at work today than at any time since the strike began and consequently lesa coal is being produced. From Hazleton comes the interesting re port that Markle & Co. have granted some of the demands made by their men ten days ago, leaving to arbitration, however, the main question of a reduction In the price charged to miners for powder. ?More Mine* Clotted. Where thirty-four of the thirty-nine col lieries ope rated by the Philadelphia and Reading t'oal and Iron Company were in operation a week ago, thirteen were work ing today, three less than yesterday, ar cording to reports received at the office of President Harris of the Reading company today. West Shenandoah, which began op eration yesterday morning, after being shut down from Friday, was unable to resume today on account of being short-handed. Pre.-ton Colliery. just outside of Shenando ah. where the militia is centered, also failed to start tip today. Wadesville colliery, near Pottsville. one of the largest operated by the Reading company, did not start up because, according to the officials of the company, a shaft had broken. Kl >IOK OK A COMPROMISE. Markle A Co. Agree to Arbitrate Qnestlona in Dinpiite. HAZLETON. Pa.. September 2.".?A re p rt was received from Jeddo that Clement Elliott, chairman of the grievance commit tee of the Markle employes, had called the ni?:i together at the bottom of No. 5 sli p* this m..rning and informed them that the company had granted all the demands presented t< n days ago, with the exception of the one calling for a reduction of the price of powder, and that the company ugr> ed to arbitrate this grievance. When John Markle, managing partner < f G. B. Markle & Co., was told by a re porter for the Associated Press of the re port, he refused either to confirm or deny it. but referred the reporter to the com mittee. The members of this body are sev eial hundred feet below the earth's surface, and cannot now be seen. Mr. Markle said ht* would deliver tl>? answer to the Asso ciated Press at 4 o'clock, and that the mine workers would have It before that hour. He would not say whether they already know the company's intention. The list of grievances was presented on Friday. September 14. after a meeting, and the men decided to allow the Markles ten days in which to answer, and agreed to dts r. g:ird the strike order and remain at work p? ndiiig a reply. They ask for the enforcement of the semi-monthly pay law, ten hours' pay for ten hours' work, that men engaged in the robbing of pillars be paid for the dead work, that when the slope is over and men present themselves at the bottom to be hoisted to the surface a car be provided, so a< not to oblige them to wait until the bot tom men get ready; that powder be re duced to as low a rate as possible, that the company provide a tool car In the morning an>i evening to take all tools up and down the slope, tnat the men receiving $1.75 at ptesent get an advance of 5 per cent, and those below $1.75 an Increase of 10 per cent. NO (RANGE 1\ LACKAWANNA. 'Mint Itckion in still Pretty lOffectnnlly Tied (p. Sf'RANTON*. Pa.. September 25.?No ap parent change today in the anthracite mln ers strike in the Lackawanna region, but e>tra guards are being placed about some of the breakers, and the owners are Inclosing their property with wire-rope fences. The Lackawanna Company's washeries? Oxford, Diamond and Bellevue?are at v. >rk. but wi;h the forces reduced by some of the foremen quitting. At several mines where attempts were made to get engineers and foremen to take up the work of labor ers today the men refused and they were a' once discharged. This was the case at Briggs, Archbuld and iiolden mines. The P.owen washery at Taylor was finally closed this morning. Watchmen at the Bellevue colliery kept tip tiring -it intervals during the night, but no crowds were attracted, as the strike leaders had warned the me n to keep clear of any alarming Indications and give the mine operators no excuse for saying a mob was assembling. The strikers hereabouts continue to shnw a solid front, and there is no evidence to day of a disposition on the part of any of them to return to work. The c orning of bituminous" coal to several Scranton factories heretofore using anthra cite !? stirring up the miners, and repre sentations thereon were this morning tele I honed to President Mitchell at Hazleton. What course he will pursue Is eagerly awaited, as well as the course which the railroad switchmen and trainmen will take on the question of hauling non-union coal. STRIKERS SI ARCHTN'G AGAIN. They Succeed In lierplnv Men Ana>' From Mines, HAZELTON. Pa.. September 25.?About 1 o'clock this morning 300 men gath ered about the Cranberry colliery of A. Pardee & Co. and marched to Tom hlcken, nine miles west of here, for the purjKise of endeavoring to prevent the men employed at that place from going to work. They reached there before daylight. No trouble has thus far sesulted. The march was kept a secret, and the first that whs known of it was when squads of men frium different parts of Hazleton were seen going In the direction of Cranberry near midnight. McAdoo, Jtanesville, Audenreld and several other towns were represented in tha crowd, these indexations coming to this city on the last trolley car from the place* mentioned. As soon as the coal and Iron police, on duty at Cranberry colliery, discovered the men congregating they quickly summoned Sheriff Harvey, who was spending the night at Jeddo. He, accompanied by a tew deputies, all miners, reached Cran berry about 2 o'clock. The sheriff tried to induce the men to disperse, but they in sisted on marching. He followed them to Humboldt, three miles from the starting place, and then returned to summon a posse of thirty deputies. These were quick ly gathered, and they left on a spcctal train and arrived at Tomhicken after tne marchers had-reached there. Squad Left at H?rwood. On the way to Tomhicken the strikers passed through Harwood and left a squad of men at that place to carry out the work of getting the men to quit at the colliery located there. At Tomhicken the strikers broke up into four groups and stationed themselves along the public road to the mine there. Men also watched the road to the mines at Derringer and Gowen, one and a half miles distant. The sherifT and his thirty men did not interfere with the strikers so long as refrained from intimidating any one and did not trespass on company property. One unruly striker was arrested. Tomhicken, Derringer and Gowen eacn have one slope, and the coal from these three mines is prepared for market at the breaker located at Derringer, which is be tween the other two places. The mines are owned by Coxe Brothers & Co. The men employed in these operations are not well organized, the union leaders admit. Marchers Were Snccensfol The marchers were quite successful, the operators admit, in intercepting the mine workers who came over the hills from Nurenburg and Weston on the way to Tomhicken, Derringer and Gowen. The working forcos at the two latter places were badly crippled. The Tomhicken mine, however, was only slightly affected. No actual clash occurred between the sheriff's posse and the strikers, but there was a war of words. Three other men were arrested, they, writh the first man taken Into custody, being charged with breach of the peace. After the strikers had finished their work of getting men out at these three places they marched over the hills, two by two and about NX) feet apart. In the direction of Weston. It is believed they will continue on to the Potts mines at Oneida. STRIKERS LOSE AT WILKBSBARRE. Several "Wanherlea Reanmed Work There Thin Mornlnjr. WILKESBARRE, Pa., September 23.? The coal operators of the Wyoming valley claim to have a shade the best of the situa tion this morning. Several washeries that were idle yesterday resumed operations to day. Not many men are employed, but the operators claim It is a gain nevertheless over yesterday. At the North American washery, in Luzerne borough, about twenty men are at work. The washery at the Stanton mine of the Lehigh and Wllkes barre Coal Company has about thirty men employed. The v-* heries of the Pennsyl vania Coal Company at Pittston are also In partial operation. The big mines are all , idle, with the exception of the colliery of the West End Company at Mocanaqua. The West End officials say they are in bet ter shape this morning than any day since the strike began, fully 90 per cent of their men being at work. At strikers' headquarters they make light of the resumption .of work at the wash eries. They say the employes are mostly bosses and older employes working on monthly salaries, and that none of the union men have gone back to work. ASSAILTED BY STRIKERS. | \oii-lnioii Laborer at Lykrim Colli ery I Ken HI* Revolver. HARRISnrna. Pa., September 25.-A noB-unlon laborer employed in the Lykens colliery was pelted with stones by a small party of strikers this morning at Wicon sinco while or. his way to work. He de fended himself with a revolver, and soon drove his assailants away without doing them any harm. This Is the flrst disturb ance that has occurred in the Lykens val ley region since the strike was declared. A meeting of miners was called last night at Tower City, at which forty made appli cation for membership In the Mine Work ers' Union. The men are still at work in the colliery, but the indications are that they will join the strike before the close of the week. There is no change in the sit uation at Williamstown, where 1,21X1 men and boys are at work. SHENANDOAH MINES IDLE. Military Did Mot Repeat Demount ra tion of Yenterday. SHENANDOAH, Pa., September 25.? There is no change in the strike situation here today. All the mines in this immedi ate vicinity, with the exception of the Cambridge colliery, a small Individual op eration. are idle. There appeared to be no disposition on the part of the mine em ployes to go to the collieries this morning, and the demonstration made by the militia yesterday was not repeated. The gov ernor's troop marched over toward Preston No. 3, at Girardville, and passed other col lieries in that vicinity, but no trouble was reported. Provost Marshal Miller took the guard over to Cambridge colliery, but no attempt was made by the strikers to molest the employes of that operation. The strike leaders express great satis faction over the result of their efforts. Or ganizer George Harris, who is here to en roll the English-speaking mine workers, says he considers the fight practically won. An employe at the Hammond colliery, in the Ashland district. Is authority for the statement that not twenty-five of the 800 mine workers there were members of the union when the strike was inaugurated. Now at least 90 per cent belong. Gen. Gobin said today that it was alto gether likely that he would move a portion of his command to Mahanoy City. The scant water supply here has become a ser ious question, and as there appears but lit tle likelihood of the evil being remedied it will be necessary to select a more suitable camp site. Report* From Collieries. Reports received here today from various points Indicate that out of flfty-flve collier ies in the Shamokin, Mahanoy City, Mount Carmel and local district only five are in operation?the Trevorton, at North Frank lin; Locust Spring, at Locust Gap; Bast, at Ashland, and the Cambridge and Park Place collieries. Four hundred miners last night marched from Centralla to Locustdale, a distance of four miles, and held a mass meeting. As a result the Pott colliery at that place, em ploying 2UU men, is Idle today. General Gobin at noon today said he had received no report of any disturbances in the region. The Governor's Troop returned from its practice march with the announce ment that no crowds had been encountered. J. C. McGinnis of the Cambridge Coal Company made a statement today In which he denied emphatically the story telegraph ed from here yesterday that he advised his men at work to shoot to kill in the event of strikers attacking them. Cameron Colliery Shut Down. SHAMOKIN, Pa., September 25.?The offi cials of the Cameron colliery, one of the largest operations in this place, endeavored to start the works this morning, but no min ers responded to the blowing of the whistles. A fruitless attempt was made to resume work at several other collieries between here and Centralla, but the men remained away. The North Franklin and Locust Spring collieries at Trevorton and Locust Gap, op erated by the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company, are still working. Everything is quiet In this district. v Indicted for Ticket Scalping:. ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., September 25 ? George F.mig and C. R. O'Donnell, charged with scalping railroad tickets, were sen tenced to two months each In Jail. Ther? were four Indictments against the men, and in view of the fact that they pleaded guilty the court gave them a light sentence. ENGLAND IS WITH US Sends Identical Note Answering Germany's Latest Proposal. RUSSIA AND JAPAH ALSO REPLY Both Agree to Some Extent With Germany. TRIADS THREATEN CANTON LONDON, September 25.?Lord Salisbury has replied to the German note In terms identical with those of the United States'* leply. According to a dispatch received here from Berlin, the Russian and Japanese re piles to Germany's proposal, received yes terday, asserted that Russia "assents in principle," while Japan's answer 1b an "em phatic approval." A news agency dispatch from Hong Kong says that 20,000 triads have congregated in the neighborhood of Chung-chuln and threaten to make an attack on Canton. NAVAL MANEUVERS AT NEWPORT. Defending: Fleet Will Next Attempt to Break Blockade. NEWPORT. R. I., September 25.?The maneuvers of the ships of the United States, under the direction of the Naval War Col lege, which began yesterday, continued to day. The two fleets which last night came into conflict for a few hours occupy their respective positions. The ships which com prise the blockading fleet include the battle ship Kearsarge, flagship: Indiana, Texas, Scorpion and Eagle, and the torpedo boats Porter, Dupont, Dahlgren. Gwynn, Morris and Stiletto, are lying out at sea, watching the entrance to the harbor. The defending fleet, which is distributed in the inner harbor, include the cruiser New York, battle ship Massachusetts, gun boat Vicksburg and tug Leyden. All interested nre awaiting the next move ment in the problem, which is expected to be an attempt of the defending squadron to break the blockade. This may be done dur ing the day, but It is considered more prob able that It will be deferred until night. INSPECTOR S1ALTHON DROPPED. Chnritrd Willi Admitting; nu Inuni Krnnt for u llriltc. NEW YORK, September 25.?Treasurer Lawrence Lee of the immigration service, today announced that by order of the treas ury officials at Washington the name of Inspector Henry Malthon. jr., had been stricken from the list of employes of that service on September 15. Malthon was suspended eight months ago for alleged bribery in connection with aid ing a Greek immigrant to land at this port after he had been excluded by tho board of special inquiry. FRENCH TROOPS IN CHINA. Gen. Yoyran Adviiteii His Government of Their PoNitioua. PARIS, September 25?General Voyran, the commander-in-chief of the French forces in China, telegraphs that his troops landed at Taku September 21, and that his headquarters have been established at Tien Tsin. The following Is the present disposition of General Voyran's troops: Artillery, between Pekin and Tien Tsin; 18th marine infantry, Echelonned between Pekln and Tien Tsin; 17ih marine Infantry, at Pekln; 10th marine infantry left Pekin for Tien Tsin. A bat talion from China has quarters at Tien Tsin. EIGHT KliiLKU, SIX INJURED. Terrible Dinnntcr at the Town of Morrlatonn, Minn. FAIRBAULT, Minn., September 25.?The following is a corrected list of the killed and injured by the tornado which struck Morristown yesterday: Dead?Harry S. Wait, a farmer, leaves wife and family; Otto Gatzke, son of Paul Gatzke; Frank Plttman of Waterville; John Rohrer, Elmer Brooks, Jacob Miller, jr., Jacob Weber, Peterson, a hired man. Total, eight. Injured?Paul Gatzke, proprietor of the saloon, injured internally, may die; Frank E. Wilder, injured internally, may die; Frank Pittman, son of Frank Plttman, may die; Porier, head bruised, condition serious; Bernard A. Schmidt, slightly; Wm. Brooks, slightly. Total, six. This is the third disaster that has visited Morristown this year. In February the entire business district was destroyed by fire, and among the structures rebuilt was Gatzke's saloon. The village was visited by another tire in May, which did damage amounting to $10,000. Morristown is a village of 0W Inhabitants. A terrible catastrophe visited the village of Morristown shortly l>efore 0 o'clock yes terday evening. The village was struck by a cyclone and a barn was raised in the air and dropped directly on top of Paul Gatzke's saloon, where sixteen persons had taken refuge from the storm. The saloon collapsed and all the occupants were bur ied in the debris. DISASTROUS PRAIRIE FIRE. Damaice at Occidental. Cal., Estimated at fl.mMMMtO. SANTA ROSA, Cal., September 25.?Fire which has been burning for several days about Occidental has covered 150 square miles, .find the damage is estimated at $1,500,000. A stranger, who has been fight ing the flames, is missing, and several of the volunteers have had narrow escapes from suffocation. A fire built, started for the purpose of burning brush at Freestone, was the beginning of the conflagration. So desj>erate was the situation that the wo men and children of the town were p'aced In cars and carried out of the burning dis trict. Gov. Tyler to Call Extra Session. 8peclal Dispatch to The Kreniog Star. RICHMOND, Va.. September 25.?It was learned today that Governor Tyler will not convene an extra session of the legislature for November 15, as originally intended, but will call the body together on Wednes day, January 2, to arrange for the constitu tional convention. Heavy Rainfall at Calcutta. CALCUTTA, September 25.?The total rainfall to September 22 Is stated to have been thirty-nine inches, and since that date about seven inches has fallen. The weather is brighter and Is believed to be settled. X. O. Murphy for Delegate. PHOENIX, Ariz., September 25.?The re publican territorial convention has nomi nated N. O. Murphy for delegate to Con gress. ? ? ? Steamship Arrivals. At New York, Kaiser Wilhel~ *?r Grosse. from Bremen; Friesland, from Antwerp. STORM AT CAPE NOME SHIPPING DRIVE* ASHORB ALL ALONG BEACH. Great Damage to Property and a Number of Llve? Reported Loat. SEATTLE, Wash.. September 25.?The steamer Roanoke brings news of a most disastrous storm at Nome. It raged with unusual violence for nearly two days up to the evening of September 13, and was the severest that ever visited northwestern Alaska. A number of barges and lighters were driven ashore and totally wrecked. All along the beach for miles, both east and west of Nome, the wind and water have created havoc with tents and mining ma chinery. A number of lives are believed to have been lost. It is known that Andrew A. Ryan of Los Angeles was drowned. Sev eral captains and seamen on small tugs are missing, and it is thought they are lost. Fully 000 people are homeless, while the loss to property and supplies Is over a half million dollars. There Is not an alley leading to the beach that is not filled with debris. Many of the front-street buildings abutting on the beach have been damaged. Numerous small build ings were swept completely away. The heaviest individual losers are proba bly the Alaska Commercial Company and Wlldgoose Mining and Trading Company. A serious loss is the disappearance of over 2,000 tons of coal. Aid Prom the Government. Capt. French, in command of troops, has thrown open the government reservation to those rendered homeless by the storm, and will extend such other assistance as Is pos sible. In the great storm at Nome on September 11, 12 and 13 the tug Islam sank with her crew of three. The launch America, while trying to aid the big barge Skookum, went down with Capt. Madison, her commander, and the engineer. Three or four men, working along the water front, in an effort to save something from the wreckage, are said to have been swept out to sea, but their names are not known. From Benny river came a report of the wreck of the schooner Prosper and the drowning of Capt. Oeiser, together with one of his seamen. At Nome the Alaska Commercial Com pany's barge York, heavily laden with win ter provisions, went ashore. An hour after the barpre Skookum dragged her anchors and was wrecked on the beach. The North American Transportation Company lost the tug Bob, valued at Other Wrecked. The steam launch Strae sank at anchor and the Belvidere is a wreck at the mou'h of Snake river. The little schooner Zenith, Which attempted to put to sea, was blown about two mileB up the beach. Having her passengers aboard, the Roan oke sailed on the evening of September 13. The storm had abated somewhat, but after gelling to Sea it Increased. The Roanoke was completely at the mercy of the gale. On the third day out the storm subsided and the vessel succeeded in reaching port uninjured. The steamer Robert Dollar, which sailed from 1'uget Sound four weeks ago, had not arrived at Nome when the Roanoke sailed. The steamer Charles Nelson sailed from Nome three days ahead of the Roanoke and has not arrived. She had a large number of passengers. * DEMAND FOR SMALL NOTES. Mr. Vanderlip Say* That the Treasury Can Meet All Calls for Them. Assistant Secretary Vanderlip has re turned to the city from New York, where he had a conference with the subtreasury officials in regard to supplying the present demand for small notes to move the crops now being gathered. Mr. Vanderlip said today that while the demand came a little earlier and *?n a slightly stronger volume than last year, It was not In any sense ex traordinary. The treasury, he said, was never in a better condition to meet all de mands than at present. This was equally true of notes of small denominations. Small silver certificates in any quantity could in stantly be supplied to meet any call, and upon the deposit of silver certificates of large denominations, ones, twos, and fives or tens would be forthcoming. For the present the department would meet the call by exchanging small gold certificates and United States notes for large ones, In about equal proportions. The higher price of cotton in the south, Mr. Vanderlip explained, had stimulated an ear ly movement of the crop, and the high price had called for larger amounts of small notes than last year. Chicago and the west generally had thought that the call for small notes from that section would be less urgent this year than last, but latterly the demand has increased- to or quite be yond that of last year. This, together with the calls from the south, had found the Now York bankers rather shorthanded In small notes, but It was expected that all demands would be promptly met after a very few days. MAJOR FITZGERALD'S CASE. Effort to Find the Officer Has Not Been Successful. The case of Major Henry Cecil Fitzger ald, formerly a paymaster of volunteers, continues to excite comment at the War Department. That officer, after a service of a year, was mustered out In June, 1809. Since then the auditor for the War Depart ment has advised the authorities that the accounts of Major Fitzgerald are open to suspicion. The irregularity, so far as dis covered, amounts according to the auditor's report to about An effort has been made to find the officer, but without suc cess. An interesting legal aspect Is presented by this case, in the chance that the officer may escape trial by court-martial by raising the question of the constitutionality of article (50 of the articles of war, which authorizes the process of military Justice against a dismissed or discharged oflleer of the army against whom there may be grave allega tions. The question has never been raised, and there is naturally much interest In the matter. In any event the bondsmen of Major Fitzgerald can be beld for the al leged discrepancy to the extent of their bond, which In this case Is $20>,0o0. Personal Mention. Mr. M. A. Green, who has been seriously 111 of typhoid fever and whose brother, Charles Augustus Green, died of the dis ease recently, has entirely recovered and has resumed the conduct of his active busi ness affairs. Ex-Representative George C. Hazelton, who Is still confined to his room on account of an injury received In getting off an elec tric car a week since, Is much better and hopes soon to be out again. Dr. J. R. McChesney is lying seriously ill of typhoid fever at his home in Chillum, Md. Mr. George A. Bentley, Jr., has returned from a pleasure trip, coming from New York city by water. He .*as entertained by classmates in Norfolk fcnd Portsmouth, Va., and was the guest Of the Players' Club in New York .city. During his trip Mr. Bentley visited West Point and New burg on the Hudson and several seaside re sorts on the Atlantic ocean. Mr. Aaron Sommers was among those who recently returned from Europe aboard the St. Paul. Mr. Sommers has reached Washington after an absence of five months abroad. Mr. F. J. Fisher Is In Lynchburg, Va., and will probably remain there a week. JOHN M. PALMER DEAD Candidate lor President in 1896 as Gold Democrat. HE HAD A DISTINGUISHED CAREER Governor of Illinois and United States Senator From There. HIS RECORD AS A SOLDIER SPRINGFIELD, 111., September 25.?Gen. John M. Palmer, ex-senator from Illinois, died at his hone In this city at 8 o'clock this morning. He had been In Ill-health for more than two years. Last Saturday he attended the funeral of Gen McClernand, acting as hon orary pallbearer. After viewing a cam paign parade last night, the general retired apparently as well as usual. Symptoms of the fatal stroke manifested themselves about 3 a.m. The general rested uneasily until that hour when he complain ed of severe pains in the chest. As he had felt them before the family did not feel seriously alarmed. However, a physician was summoned at once. The general fell asleep again and did not awake until 7 o'clock. The pains in his chest became JthB M. Palmer. Photograph by Bell. more severe, and nothing could be done to afford relief. The dying man conversed calmly with his wife for a time, then pass ed away. Gen. John Mcfauley Palmer, first pres idential candliste of the national demo cratic party, was born at Eagle Creek, Scott county, Ky., September 13. 1817. He received a common school education. In 1851 his father, a strong anti-slavery man, removed to Ili.nois, a free state, settling near Alton, -n Madison county. In the spring of 1834 John M. and his brother Ellhu entered Alton College, organized on the manual labor system; but the want of money soon compelled him to leave col lege. He worked a while in a cooper's shop, then became a peddler and finally, in the fall of 1838, became a teacher of a dis trict school mar Canton. In the following summer he cast his first vote for the dem ocratic ticket. Senator Douglas then being a candidate for Congress. During the winter of 1888-'fi he obtained a copy of Blackstone, and began reading with a view to the study of law; and the following spring he entered the office of John L. Greathouse, then a lawyer of con siderable note in Carlinville, Macoupin county. Thither he walked from St. Louis, and on his arrival found himself possessed of $14 in money, an indifferent suit of clothes and one extra shirt. Candidate for County Clerk. Less than two months after this, at the request of leading democratic politicians, he became a candidate for county clerk, entered actively Into the canvass, but was defeated. He was admitted to the bar in 1839, but had a hard struggle to earn a sufficient income. In 1810 he engaged ac tively in the presidential canvass, support ing Mr. Van Buren. He was married in December, 1842. He was elected probate Judge in 1S43. In 1847 he was elected to the Illinois state constitutional convention, but owing to a combination against him was defeated for probate justice at the same election. In 1848, however, his vic torious competitor having resigned, he was elected by a large majority. In 1841), under the new constitution, he was fleeted coun ty judge, which office he held until 1851, when he was elected to the state senate for four years. In 1854 he opposed the Nebraska bill; and, differing from his party, he resigned, went before the people on the new issue and was again returned to the Senate in 1855, when he became the warm supporter of the free school system, homestead law and other important meas ures. In 1856 he was president of the first Illinois republican state convention at Bloomington. He was also a member of the national republican convention, and ad vocated the nomination of Judge McLean, although personally preferring Fremont. Having resigned his seat in the Senate on the ground that, having changed his politi cal views and connections rubsequent to his election, self-respect and proper re gard for the true principles of representa tive government demanded such a course, he engaged actively In the canvass for Fre mont. Nominated for Congrei*. In 185!) he was nominated for Congress, but was defeated, but In 1800 he was chosen elector-at-large on the republican ticket and cast his vote for Abraham Lincoln. In 1861 he was a delegate to the peace con-? gress at Washington, and favored the com promise measures adopted by the conven tion. When the second call for troops was made he came forward and was unani mously elected colonel of the 14th Illinois Volunteers. In November, 1861, he was commissioned brigadier general, and waS In the army under Bragg on its retreat to Chattanooga. In 1862 he commanded a di vision under General Pope in the operations against New Madrid and Island No. 10, and later took part In the operations against Corinth. He was engaged In the battle of Murfreesboro', in December, 1862. For his gallantry at the battle of Stone river he was promoted to be major general of volunteers. He commanded a division at the battle of Chickamauga, and was pro moted to command the 14th Army Corps in October, 1803, and took part in the opera tions around Chattanooga, including the battles of Lookout Mountain and Mission ary Ridge, in November. He took part in the operations against the confederates In the Atlanta campaign, and was relieved at his own request on August 4, 18fi4. He was placed in command of the military de partment of Kentucky in February, 1865. and retained it till May of the following year. He resigned his command in 1866. Governor of Illlnola. The next year he removed to Springfield, 111. In 1868 he was elected governor of Illi nois as a republican. In 1872 he left the republican party on account of what he re garded as its tendency toward federal cen tralization. In 1876 he was prominently mentioned In the St. Louis democratic con vention as a candidate for the presidency as a "hard-money" man, in opposition to the greenback inflationists. He was one or the democratic visitors to Louisiana after I the presidential election in 1870. In 1877 he was the democratic candidate for sen ator from Illinois, but was defeated, as he was twice thereafter. He was a delegate at-Iarge to the national convention of 1884. and in 1888 was nominated for governor of Illinois, but made an unsuccessful contest. In INK) Gen. Palmer was again nominated for the United States Senate, and this time was successful. His adherents carried the state by 30,000 majority; there were 101 1 democratic members of the Illinois legis lature elected, who voted for him on 153 ballots. On the 154th the independents voted with th" democrats, and he was elected United States senator for the term [ expiring March 4. 1897. MR. GORMAN'S OPINION. | Believe* That the Political Drift Now Favors Bryan's Election. Ex-Senator Gorman appears to believe that there is a very fair chance of Bryan's election. "I do not believe either party has made a canvass which would warrant a conclusion as to the probable result of the election," he said to a Star reporter today. "It Is several weeks before the election and cam paigns run more or less In waves. There is a drift?a very decided drift?In favor of the democrats, which justifies the hope that Bryan will be elected, political conditions seem much as they were in '02." "Is it your opinion that the gold demo crats are generally supporting the ticket?" was asked. The men who are politicians or naturally party men, and the moderate men?that Is those of moderate wealth?are back in the party supporting the ticket. The smaller number of men of great wealth who are at the head of some great corporations and moneyed institutions are not generallv coming to the support of Mr. Bryan. The men of moderate fortune, the middle class of business men and those who want to get back Into their party are going to give the ticket their support." ^How about the situation In New York"*" L^Vnnot ?P?ak f^om personal knowledge as to New York. The men who are manag ing politics for the democrats in that state say that they are going to carry It. Thev are sincerely confident. They believe they t0 8V,cceed- Th* democratic managers generally feel confidence in the general situation and believe that Mr Bryan is going to be elected. The drift i* strongly in that direction." ? ISTHCI AN CANAL DATA. | The Commission Will lie Ahlc to Re port to Congress. The Isthmian canal commission has made such progress with its work that It was stated today that It would be able to sub mit a report to Congress sufficiently com prehensive to serve as a basis for the action ' of that body at the approaching session if it should be desirable to act. The field par ties have all reported, and only a few of the hydrographie parties and several boring parties remain on the Isthmus clearing up the work. Most of what remains to be done in the way of surveys relates to the charac ter of the under strata near the sites for the dams. The commission's report will be preliminary, and the great mass of data col M1 i56 embodit(1 in a supplemental and detailed report, to be submitted later. ? ? - THE GALVESTON ARMY POST. It* Future Depends on Conclnaloa the Engineer Board. The re-establishment of the army post at San Jacinto, Galveston, will depend entire ly upon the report of the board of engineer officers recently appointed by General Wil son, chief of engineers, to consider the feasablllty and advisability of the recon struction of the fortifications at that and other points in the harbor. The San Jacinto garrison suffered severely from the recent hurricane. All the buildings were destroyed and nearly twenty soldiers were drowned in the flood. The fortifications were badly damaged, and it is questionable whether they can be rebuilt. The surviving soldiers have been withdrawn and the post is tem porarily abandoned. It is said that it mav become necessary to build a seawall as a prerequisite to the re-establishment of the military post on the island. The engineer board, of which Colonel Robert Is president will meet at Galveston on the 2<>th prox imo, and Captain Riche, the station en gineer. is now gathering Information con cerning the condition of the public works in and about the harbdr for its considera' CASLALTIES IN PHILIPPINES. Latest List Cabled by Gen. Mae Arthur. Gen. MacArthur today cabled the follow ing additional list jof casualties among the troops in the Philippines: Killed?August 31, Carmen. Luzon, Com pany C, 44th Volunteer Infantry, Alpha E. Marshall; September 14, Manicling, Luzon, Company C, 34th Volunteer Infantry, Ed mond Johnson: September 18, Novaliches, Luzon, Company I, 27th Volunteer Infan I try, Isadore Hanson; September 14, Carig, : Luzon, Richard C. Cummings; September j 4, Binan, Luzon, Company M, 28th Volun j teer Infantry, David Allen; September 13, [ Manicling, Company C, 24th Infantry', Sergeant Walter L. Washington; August 26 San Miguel, Leyte, Company F, 43d Volun teer Infantry, Corporal Michael F Mc Govern; September 21, Naic, Luzon, Troop B, 4th Cavalry, Corporal Levi B. Eich holtz. Wounded?September 18, Novaliches, Com pany I, 27th Volunteer Infantry, Marbel McCutcheon, wounded in hand, moderate; August 1. Pagsaneoan, Luzon, Troop a' 11th Cavalry, Joseph W. Ford, wounded in neck, slight; August 31, Carmen, Luzon Company C, 44th Volunteer Infantry, Win. J. Coan, wounded in hand, serious; Mike Martonchick, wounded in hand, slight; Ernest B. Noel, wounded In arm, mod erate; John H. Brown, wounded In back, slight; William C. Harris, wounded in back, serious: Corporal Andrew McDonald", wounded In head, serious; August 12, Cat balogan, Samar, Company C, 2l)th Volun teer Infantry, Zeb Grant, wounded In abdo men, slight; David J. Hornsby, wounded in hand, slight; Corporal Thomas Blackmon, wounded in buttock, slight: Sergeant James P. Hajnby, wounded In abdomen, moderate; September 12, Sinalt, Luzon, Company G, 12th Infantry, Sergeant John F. 8entman; September 10. Gulguinto, London, Company G, 3d Infantry, Isaac J. Lamon, Max G. C. Helocke, wounded in hand, moderate; September 15, Ackle, Luzon, Capt. William C. Schrieber, 35th United States Volunteer Infantry, wounded In thorax, severe: Sep tember 1, Cabanatuan, Luzon, Company 11, 34th Volunteer Infantry, Herbert Carpen ter, wounded In shoulder, slight; September 20, Malolos, Company L, 3d Infantry, "Un burn Patton, wounded in hand, serl:>us. Gen. MacArthur says: "With reference to my telegram 10th, re porting Neal, Duggan, Kaufman. Company L, 15th Infantry, killed, incorrect; wound ed. Wounded In arm,, moderate: wounded in thigh, serious; wounded in arm, mod erate, respectively." Supplanting English Goods. The State Department is informed that the British consul at Smyrna recently made the following report to his government: "During the past decade the preponder ance of Manchester In the cotton imports of Smyrna ha* been substantially shaken. In T cloth American competition, which supplies more durable goods, has supplant ed the English manufactures. In shirtings the Americans have also acquired the greater part cf the market. America is likewise supplying prints, the people of the Levant regarding with high favor such goods from that country." THE FORTISE BRIXGER. Frequent and constant advertising brought me all I own.?A. T. Stewart. WAITING ON EARL LI Diplomats in Pekin Can Do Nothing Till He Comes. QUESTION AS TO HIS AUTHORITY General Desire to Establish Some Form of Chinese Rule. MINISTER CONGER'S VIEWS (Copyright, 190ft, the Aworiated Prwa.) PEKIN. September 20. via Taku, Septem ber 24.?The diplomatic and military author ities here are anxiously awaiting the ar rival of Li Hung Chan*. There is a gen eral desire for the establishment of some semblance of Chinese authority, which, when done, it is believed, will tend to a clearing of the situation. The military w deemed unable to secure a return of peaca to the country. The authority of I.i Hung Chang to treat for peace is still doubted. Referring to this matter United States Minister Conger paid: "Our first task Is to examine and pan upon the credentials of L; liung Chang. Beyond that we have no policy or plan ot action." Mr. William Woodville Rockhlll, special United States representative In China, probably will not await the arrival here of Earl LI. He is busy conferring with the ministers and investigating the situation. The Russians are inaugurating a Red Cross hospital, under the patronage of the czarina. The Institution will be opened to J soldiers of all nationalities. Thirty British who were wounded in tha Tun Choo explosion are dead. VIEWS OK LI Ht\G CHANG. _______ ( Early Pence Settlement I ni|irolin Me Because of tlie Mnny I liferentn. (Copyright, 1900, the Associated l'refg.) TIEN TSIN, September 23, via Taku, Sep tember 24.?Li Hung Chang will proceed to Pekln In a few days. He remains under close Russian guard and access to him Is difficult. In the course of a conversation with a representative of the Associated Press Earl LI said he did not believe that an early settlement of the difficulty was probable, because of the number of nations to be treated with, and he did not think the attack upon the Pel Tang forts com plicated the situation. KISSIASS OCCl'PY Ll-TAL They Are Rebuilding Stations Along Railroad to Pekin. TAKU, September 24.?A Russian force of six companies of infantry and two squad rons of cavalry occupied the Lu-tai forts last night without suffering any casualties. The Chinese had previously fled. The Russians are building the Tien T?In railroad statipn and others, and the pros pect that the railway will be handed over to another power is remote. The Russian minister. M. de Glers, will remain in Pekrn for the present. An expedition will start from Taku for Pao-ting-fu September 29. RUSSIA AND JAPAN ANSWER. They Agree to Have Ministers Desig nate Guilty Chinese. BERLIN, September 2,r>.?The foreign of fice officials here inform the Associated Press that Russia and Japan have for mally answered the German note, "partic ularly emphasising their agreement to the proposition to have the ministers designate the guilty." Great Britain has not yet formally an swered. The correspondent of the Associated Press finds that political circles here are confident Great Britain will not adopt the United States' position. TO RECAPTI RE PEK1X. Dowager Km pre** Issues Secret Edict to LI Hung Chang. SHANGHAI, September 25.?It Is report ed from Chinese sources that the dowager empress has issued a secret edict com manding Li Hung Chang to raise an army anri recapture Pekin. Germans Leave for Takn. BERLIN, September 25?The German naval division left Shanghai today for Taku. German Trn import Disabled. SAN FRANCISCO, September 25?The transport Samoa, which sailed for Taku on September 23, with a load of horses for the German troops, has put back to porl on account of the breaking down of her elec tric air-pumping apparatus. BIG FIRE AT BARING CROSS, ARK. Iron Mountain Railway Shops De stroyed?I.oss is ip2.*i0.04MI. LITTLE ROCK, Ark.. September 25.?The Iron Mountain shops located at Baring Cross, Ark., were totally destroyed by fire early today. Four hundred men are thrown out of employment. The shops were the largest in this section of the country, and were the main shops of the Iron .\iountain system. The loss will reach I25U.OUU. WILL BRING BODIES BACK. Inspector Rhodes Starts for Philip pines After Soldiers' Remains. SAN FRANCISCO, September 25.-D. V. Rhodes, inspector of national cemeteries, and fifteen assistant? have arrived here from Washington. They will take passage on the transport Hancock on October 1 for the Philippines, where they will attend to the transportation to the United States of the remains of soldiers, sailors and ma rines who lost their lives and were buried in the Island possessions of the United States and In China. The approximate number of bodies to be exhumed is 1,351, distributed as follows: Honolulu?Thirty-six enlisted men of the army and one marine. Guam?Bight men of the navy. China?Two officers of the army, fifty eight enlisted men of the army and thirty seven men of the navy. ' Philippines?Seventeen officers of the army, 1,150 enlisted men of the army and 28 men of the navy. Another Death From the Plague. GLASGOW, September 25.?Another deal h from bubonic plague was reported here to day, making the seventh since the ou? break. Only forty persons are now under observation. Gov. Stone Appoints Judges. HARRISBURG, Pa., September 25.?Gov ernor Stone today appointed Wm. P. Potter of Pittsburg, to the supreme court vacancy caused by the death of Justice Henry Green. Marshall Brown of Pittsburg, was ap pointed to succeed the late Judge Stagle of Allegheny.