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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 27, 1900, Image 1

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No. 14,846. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, SEPTE#l|5fR 27, 1900?FOURTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
THE EVENING STAR.
PUBLISHED DAILY. EXCEPT SUNDAY.
OfTke. lltt Street aad PeaaayW*"* Amm
The Evening Star Newspaper Company*
S. H. KAUFFMANN. Preat.
New Yaffc OTOca: Itt Trtkaae BalMla*
Chkafo Office: Bayce
Laatfaa Office: Trafaltar BaiMlafa. Tralalpr Sqaara.
The Erenlnf Star la aerre? to wbjteribewlnth#
city by carrier*, on their own acc.mD^atlOc*tit?
per KNk. or 44 rente wr month. Oplea at the
Counter. 2 mu each. B|' ionth
TrF.?r,r>iVt, .. ?. a.
mm wrond-rliKa mail matter.) - ?
rr All mall nobaerlptlona mast be paM ?? ajraaea.
Birea of adrertlalng made known on application.
GAIN FOR STRIKERS
What Changes Have Occurred Are in
Their Favor.
MANY OUT AT MAKKLE M1SES
Locust Spring Colliery Also Shut
Down Today.
SHEARING IX DEPUTIES
PHILADELPHIA. September 27.?Where
there were any changes In the coal strike
situation today the changed conditions
were in favor of the strikers.
The Locust Spring colliery, an important
mine near Mount Carmel. Schuylkill
county, which has been working with a re
duced force, finally closed this morning,
the strike leaders having induced the
workers to quit. The mine Is owned by the
Philadelphia and Reading company. The
leaders claim that the North Franklin, an
other of the Reading company's collieries,
will be closed down by tomorrow evening.
The mine workers at Minersville, Schuyl
kill county, were formed into an organiza
tion late last night, and they announce
they will go on strike tonight.
In the Wyoming and Lackawanna re
gions, which have been practically tied up
for some time, the situation today remains
unchanged.
Interrat in the Markle Mine*.
In the Lehigh region the point of interest
centered on the Markle mines. It is report
ed that many of the employes at these
mines remained away from the mines this
morning because of the refusal of the firm
to grant the increase in wages asked for.
It could not be ascertained how many of
the men were at work there today. The
sujm rintendent declined to discuss the sub
jtct beyond the statement that work was
started up in the mines this morning.
The official daily report of the situation
at the collieries operated by the Philadel
phia and Reading Coal and Iron Company
shows: a slight change from yesterday.
Thirteen collieries were working today, one
less than yesterday. The Locust Gap col
liery, which has been working since the j
strike began, was the one that did not ]
atart up today. Twenty-six collieries own
ed by the Reading company are now idle. j
An effort was made to see President Har
ris of the Philadelphia and Reading rail
aay today in reference to the reported
meeting of the presidents of the coal roads
in New York yesterday to discuss the mine
workers' demands. Mr. Harris declined to
be seen or to have anything to say on the
subject.
STRIKE HAS NOT BEEX SETTLED.
Prenldrnt Mitchell of Miner*' I'nlon
l>eii ie* a Humor.
HAZLETON. Pa.. September 27.?Presi
dent. Mitchell of the United Mine Workers
was asked this afternoon what he knew of
a report that the strike had been settled,
it being explained to him that rumors to
that effect were in circulation in New York
and other parts of the country. In reply
he said:
"The report that the anthracite coal
atrike had been settled is absolutely un
true. The strike cannot be ended without
my knowing it. and I have no knowledge; of
any efforts which would lead to an imme
diate settlement. No overtures have been
made to me."
IX THE WYOMIXG VALLEY.
Men ConHilent of Winning?Statement
hy the Operator*.
WILKESBARRE, Pa., September 27.?
Everything is quiet In the Wyoming valley
this morning. The striking miners in the
Pittston division are today receiving their
pay due them. The mine at Monaqua, the
only one in operation in the valley, Is work
ing almost full handed, i- st night some
breaker boys tore down the shutters at the
Stanton mine, operated by the Lehigh and
Wilkesbarre company. The damage was
repaired this morning. The company offers
a reward for the detection of the guilty
partb s.
At the strikers* headquarters the infor
mation was given out that the men are
confident of winning and that they are
diiiy gaining accessions t<> their ranks.
The operators issued this statement this
tnorn.r.g:
"Everything quiet in the Wyoming valley
this morning. The 'West End Coal Mining
Company's mine at Mcnaqua has i*J per
eer.t of its r> gular force at work. The Le
high and Wilkes bar re Coal Company re
tiurts that thirty men raided their culm
bank at the Stanton mine last night and
tore down the chutes. In the Shamokin re
gion there has been no change since yester
day. The colliery at Williamstown is work
lag force. In the Lehigh region the follow
ing collieries are working: Hazleton No. 1,
Hazleton shaft, Markle, Hazlebrook, Cran
berry. Latimer and Coxe Bros.
"In the Mahanoy region the mines work
ing are the Bast and Potts of the Phila
delphia and Reading company, 'i iie Midvale
mine is working short-handed. The men at
Work there were stoned on their way home
last night. This materially reduced the
force this morning. The Locust Spring and
Cambridge mines were compelled to suspend
Operations this morning. The Reading col
lieries south of Broad mountain are report
ed to be working. The Heading company is
t?kif>g out its mules in the Mahanoy and
Shenandoah regions. The same thing is be
ing done at the William Penn mine."
WEIXUW HAJLS AT SHEXAXDOAH.
Soldier* (an Xow (iet Water?Strike
<'omlition Inehniined.
SHENANDOAH, Pa.. September 27.?The
long period -of dry weather was ended tarly
today by a heavy tain which came as a
gr* at relief to everybody here, especially
the soldiers, who have suffered from lack
of water.
The strike situation In the region between
Mahanoy City and Ashland is unchanged.
At the latter place, according to reports
r< reived here, the Bast and the Potts col
lieries are still in operation, while the Lo
cust Spring colliery at Locust Gap failed to
resume today.
Tin- mules at most of the Reading com
pany's colli, ries in this vicinity are being
removed frt>m the mines. This town is
orderly and peaceful.
MA i Tin TO BREAK STRIKE.
V I
LhvihiiliII Operator* Expected to
Start I p Xe*t Week.
BCRANTON. Pa.. September 27.?There Is
no ra<U?aJ change in the anthracite strike i
situation in the Lackawanna region. The
Only places n't whifh work is being done
are the washeries, five in Scranton. one at
Taylor and small drifts at Carbondale,
Murrins Mid Burtons. The latter two
places may be closed by Mine Inspector
Roderick, his attention today being called
to alleged flagrant violations of the mining
laws there.
The departure of General Superintendent
?omis of the Lackawanna Company early
it fnorntng has given credence to rumors
that he ha* been summoned to New York
tr> discuss the situation with the heads of
the coal companies. Mr. Ixiomis is chair
man of the Mining Superintendenta' Aiwo
elation. Much secrecy is maintained at his
offices as to the movements, but it is ad
mitted he is out of the city. The commis
sioning of sex-eral hundred coal and iron
poliee by Gov. Stone, at the request of the
several companies here, is taken to mean
that each of these companies will under
take to break the strike the coming week
by operating at least one each of their col
lieries. The strike leaders say the attempt
will be a failure.
The return of Grand Master Hawley of
the Switchmen's Union to Scranton from
New York and his statement that there
would be no action by the switchmen just
now, does not disconcert affairs at the
headquarters of District No. 1. Secretary
Dempsey this morning said the switchimn
had not been asked to take part In the
strike, and wh&t they had been doing was
of their own accord. It appears they had
grievances of their own, and they U6ed the
miners' strike as a means whereby to have
them rectified, and this, it is said, tliey
have accomplished.
ANOTHER MINE SHITS DOWN.
I.ocust Spring Colliery's Men Quit
Work Today.
SHAMOKIN, Pa.. September 27.?The
Locust Spring colliery, near Mount Carmel,
went on strike this morning, the big mine
being tied up completely. Before the gen
eral strike was ordered by President Mitch
ell between 1,200 and 1,300 men and boys
were given employment. It Is owned by the
Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron
Company, and had been in constant opera
tion.
Strike leaders held numerous mass meet
ings to induce the men to stop. About half
the total number ceased toil from day to
day. until only the Ashland and Lavelle
men remained. Their failure to come .to
work this morning left the mine with no
one to cut coal. The strike leaders are
highly gratified, and predict the closing
down of the North Franklin colliery by to
morrow night. That colliery is also ope
rated by the Reading Company. It employs
Wjo men and boys, and is working today
with only thirty miners on strike.
MANY OF MARKLE'S MEN QUIT.
Proprietor. However. Says He Started
Up This Morntnjr.
HAZLETON, Pa.. September '27.?Interest
In the mine workers' strike in the Lehigh
valley today centered around the mines of
G.- B. Markle & Co., at Jeddo, Oakdale and
Highland. It was predicted yesterday that
the firm would lose many men today be
cause of the refusal of the employers to
grant the advance in wages asked for by
the workers. It Is difficult to learn the
exact number of men who returned to
work this morning after yesterday's holi
day. The strikers, however, say the firm's
collieries are practically "dead" as far as
mining coal Is concerned. No. 5 Jeddo col
liery Is reported to be completely idle, while
the number of men at work in the other
Markle slopes is said to be small. When j
W. H. Smith, general superintendent of the
Markle mines, was asked today by a re
porter for the Associated Press how many
miners are at work, he replied: "All I will
say is that we started up this morning."
Of the twelve collieries located on the
north side seven are reported by the op
erators to be mining coal. Several of these
are hardly doing anything, while the others
are getting out more or less of their nor
mal daily production. Not one, however,
is working full. On the south side, where
there are nine collieries, the tie-up re
mains almost complete. Only one colliery
in that locality, the Beaver Meadow opera
tion of Coxe Brothers & Co., is working.
The mine is short handed. The four col
lieries on the west side are in operation
with reduced fortes, while the quartet of
collieries of the Lehigh Valley Coal Com
pany in and about Hazleton are reported
by the company to be producing more coal
than on any previous day during the strike.
The Stockton colliery, on the east side, is
not In operation.
President Mitchell, for the strikers, esti
mates that fully '.?0 per cent of the miners
in this district are now idle.
The entire valley is quiet this morning.
Mlnersvllle Men Will Strike.
POTTSYILLE, Pa., September 27.?The
mine workers of Minersville were late last
night addressed by Division President John
Fahey of the United Mine Workers, "Moth
er" Jones and others. Upon conclusion of
the speaking at midnight a branch organi
zation was forme!, and it was decided that
all the members should tonight lay down
their tools and join in the strike.
EXTRA SESSION IX VIRGINIA.
Governor and Member* Seem to De at
Cross l'urposes.
Sjierial Disi<ateh to The Evening Star.
RICHMOND, Va., September 27.?Gov
ernor Tyler will probably not be allowed to
settle the whole matter of whether a spe
cial session of the legislature shall be
called to act on the constitutional conven
tion question. There Is a strong determina
tion among many of the members of the.
legislature to deal with this matter. When
they voted for it in the last legislature they
e>pccted to have a voice in its disposal.
If the legislature is not convened before
next March, then a new legislature would
have to pass upon it. It is confidentially
stated here that If the governor falls to
call an extra session two-thirds of the
members of the legislature will call it over
his head. It is also pointed out that should
the governor not call the extra session the
election of a judge of the supreme court to
succeed Judge Reiley would also go over to
a new legislature. This would naturally
strengthen the chances of Judge P-hlegar,
the governor's friend, whom he appointed
temporarily to the position. The governor
had apparently decided to call the extra
session for January 2 next, but has since
changed his mind.
OTIS ANl> W IIEEI.ER IN XEW YORK.
They Will Re Guests at ? Grand Army
liaiitiuet.
NEW YORK, September 27.?Major Gen
eral Elweil L. Otis, with his aids. Major
Henry Greene and Capt. David Stanley,
are at the Murray Hill Hotel today. Major
General Otis having come to this city to
attend the dinner to be given in his honor
tonight at Delmonico's by the members
of Lafayette Post. No. 140, G. A. R., of
which he is a member.
At noon Gen Joseph Wheeler, late com
mander of the department of the lakes,
arrived at the same hotel from Alabama)
also for the purpose of attending the din
ner tonight.
Gen. Otis was given a complimentary
breakfast at the Murray Hill Hotel toduy
by Commander Allen C. Bakewell of La
fayette Post.
JlDOE JENKINS NEARLY ULl\"D.
Submits to an Operation jOP Cataract*
at Milwaukee.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., September 27.?
Judge James G. Jenkins of the 'United*
States court is at present In a darkened
room at St. Joseph's Hospital, in this city,
after an operation performed mr-hitf ey*s~
for cataracts. It will not be known for sev
eral days how successful the operation has
been in restoring the judge's sight. The
surgeons believe it will be restored.
Should the operation fail to give him the
use of his eyes to some degree he may re
tire from the bench. ??
Three months ago the judge submitted to
a preliminary operation, and !?tnre that time
he has transacted all the business of his
court, although practically'Tjllnd.
Nominated for Cobbkii.
CINCINNATI. Ohio, September 2S>-Jofin
B. Peaslee and Heniy Keller were ,nomi
r.ated today for Congress by the' demo
crats of the firet and seoond districts re
si>ectlvfcljr.
QUESTION OF TERMS
%
Denial of Salisbury's Reply to Ger
many a Mere Quibble.
FACTS SUBSTANTIALLY STATED
Pending "Formal Reply" Germany
May Modify Her Proposal.
TO AVOID COERCION
LONDON, September 27.?The statement
that Lord Salisbury had verbally answered
the German ambassador, Count von Hatz
feldt-Wildenburg, In the same terms as the
United States government used In replying
to the German note regarding China"has
called forth many denials throughout
Europe. In the first place, it may be re
Iterated that Tuesday last the British pre
mier told the German ambassador here
that Germany's idea of the surrender of the
authors of the outrages as a precedent to
peace negotiations was not feasible, and in
doing so Lord Salisbury employed terms
similar^ to those used in the note from
Washington. Though this was intended as
a refusal of what is regarded in Downing
street as the only really important feature
of the German note, it was not accepted
as such by the German ambassador, on the
ground that Lord Salisbury did not "for
mally" answer the note, and left the latter
part of the German proposal (i. e., that the
ministers at Pekin should designate the of
fenders) unanswered, pending an hourly ex
pected message from Sir Claude MacDon
ald, the British minister at Pekin.
A Constructive Denial.
The British foreign office has issued
what may be taken in England to be a
denial of the statement made to the Asso
ciated Press, saying that the British an
swer has "not yet been sent." This was
expressly set forth in the dispatch an
nouncing Lord Salisbury's reply to the
German ambassador, and it was added that
the answer might not be sent for several
days.
There Is no reason to believe that the
awaited message from Pekin will have any
bearing on Lord Salisbury's determination
to agre# with the United States in refusing
to consent to the only proposition of any
weight contained in the German note,
though the formal pronouncement of such
disagreement may be staved off at the last
moment by Germany receding from the
position she has taken up and submitting
to a compromise. If such is the case (and
a high German official in London has al
ready hinted to the Associated Press that
it might come about! it is only natural that
Berlin and the other capitals in accord with
Germany will use every effort to conceal
the fact that Germany was coerced Into a
compromise arrangement by the action of
Great Britain and the United States.
Other Diplomat* Informed.
Count von Hatzfeldt-Wildenbiyg was not
the only recipient of Lord Salisbury's views
Tuesday, for during the usual foreign office
reception several foreign representatives
sounded the premier on Great Britain's at
titude toward the German proposal and
they were all satisfied Lord Salisbury's de
cision was against Germany.
HER SISTER WAS Ml'RDERED.
Mrs. Clapp of Minneapolis Hears Bad
Hews From China.
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., September 27.?
Mrs. M. D. Clapp of this city today re
ceived a letter containing the information
that her sister, Mrs. G. F. Ward, formerly
of this city, together with her two little
children, were murdered by Boxers in China
about eight weeks ago. Mra Ward, with
her husband, who is an English missionary,
were at Chang San, southern Ohina, for
several years. They remained at their post
until it beearile evident their lives were en
dangered.
Mr. Ward placed his wife and children on
a boat and started them down the river,
while he and some native Christians start
ed overland. When Mr. Ward reached the
river a hundred or more miles from Chang
san he was horrified to learn that his wife
and children and all others on the boat had
been murdered. Their bodies had been ter
ribly mutilated.
MORE MISSIONS DESTROYED.
I'riest In Charge at Shelc-Lang: Makes
His Eseape.
HONG KONG, September 27.?The Amer
ican Presbyterian and Catholic missions at
Shek-lung, on the East river, have been
destroyed. The priest in charge of the
Catholic mission escaped and was protected
by a mandarin.
Numerous anti-Christian disturbances are
taking place in the provinces of Kwang
su and Kwang-tung. The authorities are
employing active measures to suppress the
outbreaks and there have been several exe
cutions.
Native Christiana are flocking to Canton.
FEl'D ENDS IX TRAGEDY.
Serious Shooting Afray In Depot at
Wllkesbarre, Pa.
WILKESBARRE, Pa , September 27?A
shooting affray occurred at the Lehigh Val
ley depot In this city shortly before noon
today, which may result in the death of
one of the victims, for some years past
bad blood has existed between the families
of Wm. O'Day and Archibald Campbell of
this city. Campbell and his wife were at
the depot ready to take the 11 o'clock train
when O'Day came up. A few words were
exchanged and then O'Day pulled a re
volver and fired two shots at Campbell and
his wife. One bullet lodged in Campbell's
back and the other bullet went through
Mrs. Campbell's right arm.
The woman's wound is not considered
serious, but Campbell is in a critical con
dition and his recovery Is said to be doubt
ful. O'Day was promptly arrested and
committed to jail.
WITHIN HIS JURISDICTION.
Alexandria's Mayor to Proceed
Against St. Asaph Pool Room.
Special UlsjMitch to Tbe Evening Star.
ALEXANDRIA, Va., September 27.?By
direction of Mayor Simpson City Engineer
Ilolcombe measured the shortest distance
?between the corporation limit and the St.
Asaph's race track shortly before noon to
day. The space .vas found to be less than
a mile, and the pool room to be within that
area, and consequently within the mayor's
jurisdiction, which extends'a full mile from
the city. The engineer was accompanied
by the mayor. The latter stated this after
noon that proceedings will be instituted
against the Hill Brothers, directors of tne
pool room and track, as soon as the proper
papers can be made out.
? Shot His Wife and Took Poison.
CHICAGO, September 27.?Joseph Sloup,
employed as a watchman, shot and fatally
wounded his wife yesterday. Sloup then
swallowed carbolic acid, and, pressing his
revolver against his temple, fired. Death
was immediate.
_ ?
SEEKING NEW/1 HQMES
1*
Increased Immigration to ^his Coun
try Reptrtad.
DECREASE FROM DRTHEffi EUROPE
Coming From Kaly and the Balkan
States.
EXCLUDING CONTRACT LABOR
Thomas FItchie, commissioner of immi
gration at New York, has submitted his an
nual report of the work done at the New
York station for the fiscal year ended June
30. That year marks the close of the first
ten years of federal control of immigration.
The total number of aliens arriving at the
port of New York for the year was 400,842.
In addition to these there were 99,760
American citizens who came within the
scope of the Inspection process by reason
of the fact that they shipped in a manner
to secure tickets at immigration rates and
to save the usual expensed Nearly one
fourth of this number shipped as steerage
passengers.
Mr. Fitchie submits some tables showing
the illiteracy of the races of people that
arrived. The Portuguese and Italians rank
about in the same order in Illiteracy. The
figures show that the greater the illiteracy
the smaller the amount of money per capita
brought in. In every instance the race or
people having less illiteracy bring more
money. The English, French and German
people brought close to the same amount of
money per capita this year. For Instance,
a south Italian would reach this country
with an average of less than $9 in his
Pocket, while an Englishman, Frenchman
or a German would have about $30.
Immigration From Southern Europe.
Commissioner Fitchie says that the stead
ily increasing tendency of immigration
from south European and oriental countries
has become more marked than ever during
the past year. He says: "Notwithstanding
the fact that the immigration for this year
shows an increase of nearly 100,000 over
that of the previous year, our old source of
Immigration, namely, the Scandinavian
countries, the German empire and the
united kingdom, altogether, contributed but
9,722 immigrants toward this increase, while
Great Britain itself actually ?ent us a
smaller number of immigrants than ever
before. The immigration from these coun
tries is, therefore, rapidly reaching a point
where it may be considered as a negligible
quantity. Immigration from Austrla-Hun
gary has increased from 63.0MI to 90,000
since the last annual report, and although
Russia shows a considerable numerical and
relative increase, still this Immigration con
tains no new elements. It is made up of
about the same proportion of Hebrews,
Poles, Germans and Finns as usual. No
other elements in Russia's complex popu
lation evince any inclination to come here,
and It is highly improvable that they ever
will. There are, frOwever, ahuadant Indi
cations that for new develop meats in im
migration we should not only look to these
elements in Austria-Hungary's population
now well represented, but also realize that
this movement Is steadily extending to the
southeast and is going to show increasing
numbers from the Baikal* states, Greece
and Turkey.
From Southeastern Europe.
"The immigration of the Croatlans and
Slovenes, which started but a few years
ago, Is now more than double that of the
English. Roumanla sends us practically
as many as Norway, and, while the immi
gration from Roumanla itself is confined
entirely to the Hebrew population, Rou
manians from within the borders of Hun
gary have started here in sufficient num
bers to suggest an extension of the move
ment among all people of their language.
The Servians and the Bulgarians also form
the njcleus for colonies in several of our
large cities. From just such small begin
ning a few years ago the Or*eks and Sy
rians have come to have important colonies
In nearly every city in this country.
HanKe of Illiteracy.
Speaking of illiteracy and money per
capita, Mr. Fitchie savs tjiat the variation
is great. He says: "It nfay be noted that
whije the southern Italian has an illiteracy
of 4(R? per cent, and brings $8.79 per capita,
the northern Italian has an illiteracy of 11
per cent and brings The latter, how
ever, judging from the sntaller ratio of fe
males, has even less desire to remain here
than the southern compatriot." He points
out that the Bohemians have a very small
percentage of illiterate,, but the other races
from the same empire show an illiteracy
of from 15 to 40 per cent. The Hebrew
from Russia and Galicia show an illiteracy
of at least 10 per cent less than their Sla
vonic neighbors.
Classified l?y Races.
Mr. Fitchie says that the occupation sta
tistics given by him are only valuable so
far as they show the calling which the im
migrant pursues prior to leaving his na
tive country. This does not Imply a de
sire or ability to follow the same pursuit
in this country. An immigrant's race,
however, is a fairly good criterion of the
field of Industry which he will enter in
this country. Races having a common
tongue and interests go into certain occu
pations.
Of the total Immigration, 228,414 were
males and 113,298. were females. By races
and people the immigration was as follows:
Armenian and Syrian, 3,000; Bohemian,
2.329; Croatians ana Dalhiatlans, 9,521;
Dutch and Flemish, 1,510; English, Scotch
and Welsh. 5,917, against 6.187 last year;
Finnish, 0,783, against 3,849 last year;
French, 1,956; Germans, 23,821; Greek, 3,734;
Hebrews, 44,520; Irish. 23,20ft; Northern
Italy, 10,090; Southern Italy, 82,329, against
03.475 last year; LithunUfia, 9.170; Maygars,
11,353; Polish, 36,835, against 23.015 iast
Sear; Portuguese, 3,779; Rutbenlans, 2,*153;
candlnavians, 22,817; ^loivacs,.26,392; Span
ish, 309; all others, 897.
Only the English, ScoteM-and Welsh, the
French and the Armenian Syrian show a
decrease from the previous y*?r.
The report states that |IS5 alien immi
grants who became public (barges within a
year after their arrival lp tjhe united States
were deported. The commissioner suggests
legislation to compel tjie steamship compa
nies to accept as passe^ifcerp to Europe per
sons who have beconte lnpaae within one
year after their arrival f jom causes that
have arisen subsequent to their landing.
Necessity for,a.Standard.
Mr. Fitchie contends thqj a standard of
eligibility for 4he admis?ioh of Immigrants
can and ought to be established and main
tained;
Regarding the contract labor law Mr.
Fitchie says: "It is my earnest convic
tion that since the nassage of the law a
large proportion of tne aliens deported as
coming in violation of the alien contract
labor law were of the very best class of
aliens coming here. I further' believe tha^
their deportations were of no benefit to
the American workingmen, and, in fact,
were worked to his disadvantage. because
he was lulled Into a belief of security, when,
in fact, his principal danger was the alien
coming here without a cent or any means of
livelihood, who was compelled to take what
was offered him or starvfe, and was his
principal opponent and most dangerous
enemy in the labor market* Contract labor
Is one of the two prinrfpallfeauses of exclu
sion from fandlng, the otMr being that of
persons likely to beojmoHpubliC charges
from lack <ft resources pr from physical de
fects or J?ere rfcental or physical Infe
riority." ?
TUAN'SAPPOINTMENT
Action Not the Besult of Our Chinese
Policy.
STATEMENT OE THE OFEfCIilS
Secretary Hay and the President
in Full Accord.
MORE VESSELS FOR REMEY
The State Department has been advised
by Sheng, the Taotai of Shanghai, of the
appointment of Princ^ Tuan, the father of
the heir apparent of China, as grand secre
tary to the emperor. He says nothing of
the reported designation of Tuan as presi
dent, or a* a member, of the privy council,
but it Is believed here that it is entirely ac
cording to Chinese forms for a prince of
Tuan's rank to All both posts simultane
ously. This Is the more easy of accom
plishment in his case by reason of the fact
that a Chinese privy councilor Is, like hie
English prototype, merely an advisory offi
cial, and is not necessarily in constant at
tendance upon the throne.
Foreign Mlnapprehenilon.
The tone of the foreign press comment
respecting Tuan's appointment has gone far
to convince the officials here that, either
through rigid censorship, or because of very
inadequate sources of news, the course of
the United States in that matter Is being
criticised upon an entire misapprehension
of the facts. Thus, for instance, it has
been asserted with great energy in some of
the continental papers that the course of
the United States In rejecting the German
proposition relative to the surrender of
Chinese officials directly inspired the em
press dowager to appoint Tuan to be grand
secretary in defiance of the powers. As a
matter of fact the records of the State De
partment show that Tuan's appointment
was publicly announced September 23. hav
ing occurred several days previously. On
the other hand, the State Department did
not make public its answer to the German
note until September 23. and then at a time
of day which made it impossible for the
note to have been received in China, and
particularly at the imperial court* in the in
terior, for at least one or two days there
after. In the opinion of the offlciiiis that
is convincing evidence that the action of
the United States government in that par
ticular case did not influence the appoint
ment of Tuan.
EnKland'ii Attitude.
The State Department has not as yet
been made acquainted with the character of
the reply to be made by Great Britain to
the German proposition, but confidence is
felt that It will, like its own reply, except
to the leading feature of that proposition,
namely, the demand for the surrender of
the perpetrators of the Pekin outrages as a
preliminary to the negotiations, and in view
of the answers already received from other
powers In the same line, the officials are
at a loss to account for the statement in
some of the European papers that the
United States stands "isolated" in respect
to this German note.
Mr. Hay and the President.
In view of the reiteration of the report
that Secretary Hay Is not In touch with the
administration, the statement was made
today by Assistant Secretary Adee that not
a single day, excepting Sundays, has passed
within the last month without the receipt
of a letter from Secretary Hay treating
upon the current business of the State De
partment by either Dr. Hill or himself.
Furthermore, as showing the character of
the connection kept up by the Secretary
with the department, it Is positively de
clared that on almost every Important mat
ter, and especially the Chinese negotiations,
Secretary Hay has not only been fully ad
vised of the developments, but has actually
shaped them himself, while in'additlon it Is
stated that there has been the closest possi
ble agreement between the views of the
President and those of Secretary Hay.
The Secretary has improved rapidly of
late In physical condition, and it is now ex
pected he will return to Washington early
next week and resume the duties of his
office, relieving Dr. Hill, the acting secre
tary, who has been suffering froiji a ma
larial attack.
The Warihlpo Destined for China.
Of the six warships which were last week
ordered to proceed to the orient to rein
force the Asiatic squadron, the Albany and
the Wilmington have already started on
their long journey. The Albany sailed
from Piraeus yesterday and today the Wil
mington left Montevideo for Bahia, Brazil.
Thence she will cross the Atlantic and pro
ceed via the Mediterranean. It was ex
pected that the big battle ship Kentucky,
one of the vessels ordered to the east,
would not be delayed beyond a few days In
her preparations, but after going into dry
dock at the New York yard yesterday it
was decided, after consultation with the
naval authorities here, to make some
changes which will probably delay her de
parture for three weeks. The principal
alterations will be made in connection with
her turret guns. Capt. Chester, who com
mands the Kentucky, found, after firing,
t?at the turret guns ran out too quickly
and made too great a shock on the gun
carriages. The ordnance bureau therefore
decided to put in counter recoil checks to
remedy that defect. The work will prob
ably require ten days or two weeks.
The converted yacht Dorothea, fitting out
at the League Island yard, is expected to
be able to sail In the course of ten days.
Capt. Helm, who Is to command her, was
in command of the Hornet during the
Spanish war, and is considered one of the
ablest of the younger line officers. Some
question has arisen concerning the ability
of the Dorothea to make the long sea voy
age owing to her limited coal capacity.
She Is a thlrteen-knot ship, of 600 tons
burden, but carries only about ninety tons
of coal In her bunkers. Even if she cross
ed the Atlantic via the Bermudas and Cape
Verde Island, which would reduce her unin
terrupted run to the lowest possible dis
tance, it would require six and possibly
seven days for her to cover the Btretch
between the Bermudas and Cape Verde. As
her coal consumption ts about fifteen tons
a day this would exhaust the coal capac
ity of her bunkers. It will therefore be
necessary to put a deck load of coal aboard
of her or else find room for more coal In
her hold.
The gunboat Vlcksburg is fitting out at
the Norfolk yard and the gunboat Annap
olis at the Boston yard. The preparations
aboard the Annapolis will require several
weeks, as she was fitted out after the Span
ish war for use as a training ship.
_
MR. SHAFROTH'S VIEWS.
Snyft Interiununtain State* Are Abno
lutely Sure for Bryan.
Representative Shafroth of Colorado ar
rived in Washington last night and will b<i
here a few days. He says that t-e claims
of the republicans that they are going to
carry some of the intermountaln states
which were carried by Bryan in '90 are
simply absurd. Colorado, Utah, Montana
and Idaho are, he says, absolutely sure for
Bryan. He says that the democrats of
California claim that they are going to
carry that state. As to Washington, he
says he has no information; Wyoming is
Very close and uncertain, and he does not
think the democrats are counting on being
able to capture Oregon. "The way the
situation seems to me," he said to a Star
reporter this morning, "we are losing? a lit
tle in the number of votes in the far west
and afe graining very considerably in the
middle west and in the east. The question,
of course, is whether the gains where they
are being made are going to be sufficient
to turn the electoral vote of any of the
states, and whether- where there are losses
they will be enough to effect the electoral
vote. I know that in Colorado, Utah, Idaho
and Montana the shrinkage in the Bryan
vote will not be enough to endanger either
of those states. In the middle west there
Is evidence everywhere of the Increase of
Bryan's strength. It is plain enough to be
seen by any one that he Is very much
stronger than he ^vas 'n '9?, and the pros
pects of his election are exceedingly bright.'
Speaking of the rough treatment of
Roosevelt at Victor, Col., yesterday, Mr.
Shafroth said that he was sure no political
organisation was responsible for it. Victor i
and all the Cripple Creek country, where
the republicans seem to think they can do
something, is in the gold mining district,
not silver; but, he said, the miners are not
influenced in favor of the republicans be
cause of that fact, since it is a labor ques
tion with them, and the mining of gold
gives less employment in proportion to the
value of the product of the mines than
does the mining of silver. The Cripple
Creek country, producing about twenty mil
lions of gold a year, employs only about
3,000 men, while silver mining, when at its
best, employed about 1,000 men to each
million dollars of product. In 'tn> Victor
cast about 3.000 votes, and only nineteen
votes were cast for McKlnley.
Bl'ILOING WILL. BE READY.
Col. Michael Look* After Govern
ment's Interest* at Buffalo Exposition
Chief Clerk Michael of the State Depart
ment has returned to the city from a visit
to Buffalo, where he inspected the govern
ment building now in process of construc
tion at the Pan-American exhibition
grounds. He found that the building had
not been so badly damaged by the recent
storm on L<ake Erie as was supposed. The
contractors informed him that they expect
ed to be able to fully repair the damage
and complete the construction of the build
ing within the time specified in the con
tract. Col. Michael is a member of the
government board at the exposition. A
meeting of this board was held at the State
Department yesterday afternoon, and Col.
Michael took pleasure in assuring the mem
bers that the government building would
certainly be ready for occupancy in time
for the opening of the exhibition. May 1
next.
? 4 ?
ABOl'T ILLINOIS.
No Reason for Republican Apprehen
sion in the State.
Mr. Holmes, a lawyer ot Chicago, who
has been on the stump in that city and in
the state, was at the republican congres
sional headquarters this morning. He says
that he sees no reason why the republicans
should be apprehensive about Illinois. The
political meetings which he has attended,
he says, have been larger than they were in
181W, and in the matter of interest thus
shown in the campaign they are about two
weeks ahead of the 1MW campaign. He had
thought the labor conditions might afreet
the situation in Chicago to some extent,
but the large attendance at the republican
meetings indicated that the republicans
were not losing any ground in Chicago. He
expresses the opinion tiw?t the republican
majority in the state outside of Cook coun
ty will be larger than usual.
. > ?
WHAT SENATOR MASON THINKS.
Republicans Making Gains in the
Rural Districts of Illinois.
Senator Mason passed through Washing
ton today on his way west. Speaking with
a Star reporter about the situation in Illi
nois, he said:
"I have held twenty-flvs or thirty meet
ings In Illinois, and not one of them has
been a failure either in attendance or en
thusiasm. In the rural districts we are
making gains. No one can tell at this time
what is the condition in Chicago, but indi
cations are that we are holding our own.
The question is one of majority. Of course,
democrats are claiming that we have the
same fight that we did on Harrison for sec
ond term, but there is an element in this
campaign few people understand rightly;
that is the personal following of President
McKinley. President Harrison did not
make the sort of friends McKinley does, by
personal contact. Practically every man
who has had business with McKinley, al
most regardless of party, is anxious to see
him re-elected."
? ? t
Bids Wanted on a Telegraph Line.
The State Department has been Informed
by Vice Consul General Albert at Constanti
nople that bids will be opened in that city
on the 10th proximo, or as soon thereafter
as possible, for supplies for a new telegraph
line in Turkey. The telegraphic supplies
hitherto furnished the Ottoman autnorities
have been of English and German manufac
ture. Consul Norton at Harput says that
one of the leading firms of Constantinople
Is desirous of securing quotations from a
first-class American house to use in the
coming competition. The firm feels that
the time Is ripe for American material of
the character in question to enter the Turk
lsh market with a fair prospect of success.
Lieut. Danner Accidentally Shot.
Gen. MacArthur has notified the War
Department that Second Lieut. James D.
Danner, 2Sth United States Volunteer In
fantry, died at Manila today as the result
of the accidental discharge of his pistol.
Lieut. Danner was a native of Pennsyl
vania and had prior service as private in
the 8th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry
during the Spanish-American war.
The Trial of the Sierra.
The Navy Department has ordered a
board of inspection to be present at the
trial of the Sierra, a merchant ship, built
by the Cramps, under the provisions of the
postal subsidy act. Under provisions of
the law the ship must be capable of being
converted into a war ship by the govern
ment In case of a war emergency.
Trial of the Wisconsin.
The battle ship Wisconsin has gone Into
dry dock at Puget Sound yard preparatory
to her trial trip, which will occur next
week. She will leave the dry dock Satur
day next and sail immediately for Santa
Barbara channel, where the course is laid.
The Adams will be present at the trial.
Personal Jlentlon.
Secretary Long has returned from an ex
ceedingly brief \1slt to New York and was
at the Navy Department today.
Dr. Wilbur M. Phelps of Colonial Beach.
Va., a recent graduate of Washington
schools, will leave today for Cape Breton
Island. Canada, to conduct some scientific
experiments for Mr. Alex. Graham Bell.
Volunteer Officers Honorably Dis
charged.
First Lieut. Jesse L. Hall and Second
Lieut. John A. Jackson, 33d Volunteer In
fantry, have been honorably discharged
from the service of the United States, on
account of physical disability.
Capt. Charles W. JefTerson. 40th Volun
teer Infantry, having tendered his resigna
tion, has been honorably discharged.
?
Assigned to the McClellan.
Captain Charles M. Auger, assistant quar
termaster, U. S. v., now In New York city,
has been assigned to duty on the transport
McCtellan.
.??
The Craven Sails for Newport.
The torpedo boat Craven has sailed from
Portsmouth, N. H.. for Newport.
THE ROAD TO FOKTfTNV.
The Road to Fortune it
through Printer's Ink.?P.
T. Bar num.
TO DRAFT A TREATY
Suggestion That Ministers in Pekin
Be Given Authority.
PLAN JAVORED BY FRANCE
Action of United States Discon
certing to the Powers.
RUSSIA'S LATEST DESIGNS
PARIS, September 27.?The practical
deadlock In the efforts to open peace nego
tiations with China has given an Impetus
to the suggestion that the ministers at
Pekin be instructed to hold meetings for'
the purpose of drawing up the terms of a
treaty of peace. The fact that the powers,
through the exchange of views between
their respective foreign offices, are unable
to reach any agreement, has, it is claimed,
clearly emphasized the difficulty of settling
on terms regarding occurrences at so great
a distance, and, It Is added, it has shown
that the ministers on the spot are the per
sons most fitted for and capable of working
out a common ground of settlement. Gen- 1
eral instructions only, it is further suggest
ed, should be given to the ministers, the
details to be left largely to their discre
tion.
Favored at French Foreign Office.
An official of the foreign office here ex
pressed th? hope today that such instruc
tions would be forthcoming within a week,
and that the general instructions would be
under three heads?first, punishment of tha
conspirators; second, compensation for loss
es sustained, and third, guarantees for the
future.
The determination of the United States to
withdraw her troops from China, while at
the same time increasing the strength of
her fleet in Chines*? waters, is rather discon
certing to the powers. But the interpretation
put upon It in official circles is that the
United States is resolved to protect the
policy of the open door to the extremity,
and is therefore preparing a fleet for the
purpose of maintaining that policy by a
show of force.
The publication of an alleged Russian
edict announcing the annexation of Man
churia has caused a tlecideclly uneasy feel
ing, but no one seen here was able to defi
nitely affirm or deny Its authenticity.
Afcalnnt Partition of CUiiia.
In discussing this point the same foreign
office official quoted above expressed em
phatically a desire that the United States
should know that France has no sympathy
with any movement toward the partition of
China, and that she will lend all her influ
ence toward averting what she consider^
would be a mistake and a wrong.
Rumors are plentiful in diplomatic circles.
The latest is that Great Britain had ac
quiesced to Germany's position.
A representative of the Associated Press
has learned that France has not sent a
formal note to Germany, her position "being
made known rerlnily to Germany's charge
d'affaires at a call he made at the foreign'
office here.
SEARCHING FOR WINTER BASE.
Gen. Chaffee Will Select Camp Some*
where Xear Tien Tain.
(Copyright, 1900, the A?ooiatetf Prees.)
TIEN TSIN, September 24, via Taku,
September 2f>.?Gen. Chaffee has arrived
and conferred with the staff officers of
different departments with a view of es
tablishing a winter base in the "vicinity of
Tien Tsin. He paid a visit to Tongku,
making a general inspection. The present
plan is understood to be tentative and
based upon the possible retention of the
existing force. The plan contemplates
placing the troops under canvas outside the
city.
Gen. Chaffee paid a visit to Li Hung
Chang and informally discussed the out-,
look for a settlement. It is understood he
proffered an American officer to accom- j
pany the viceroy to Pekin. No other power
cxcept Russia has yet officially recognized
Li Hung Chang's presence.
Field Marshal Count von Waldersee,
commander-in-chief of the international
forces, will arrive here tomorrow. He will
be received by a review of the troops of
all the allied nations.
It is reported that the Russians, after
the capture of the Lu-tai forts, began rush
ing troops north along the railroad for the
purpose of occupying Shan-hai-kuan.
I1RYAN STARTS CAMPAIGNING.
I
He Will Speak Aimoiit Continuously
Till Election.
LINCOLN, Neb., September 27.?W. J.
Bryan started today upon his last tour of:
the country in the interest of his presiden
tial campaign. His departure was in every
way simple and unostentatious. No un
usual crowd gathered at the depot, but
among the number were many personal
friends. Only Mr. Bryan's private secre-|
tary and three of four representatives of
the press accompanied the candidate. To
day was to be spent in eastern Nebraska
and tonight Mr. Bryan will cross the Mis
souri river to Sioux City, Iowa, where to
morrow morning he will take the special j
car provided by the national committee fo*
his accommodation during the remainder o?
the campaign. Mr. Bryan expressed him-.;
self as feeling in excellent physical condl?
tion. He said:
"Beyond experiencing a little fatigue front
the loss of sleep last night, due to the late ,
return from the Nebraska City meeting, ^
I am in excellent order, and am confident i
that barring unforeseen contingencies, I
shall continue in good order for the cam?
P Mr. Bryan also expressed himself hopeful
aa to the outlook, and said that he would
not return to Lincoln until two or three
days before election. He will speak in this
city Saturday night preceding the election.
EMMA ABBOTT'S FATHER INSANE.
__________ I
His Son Applies for Guardian In
Milwaukee.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., September 27.?Ap?
plication has been made to Judge Wallber
for the appointment of a guardian for Seth
Abbott, father of the late Emma Abbott.
Mr. Abbott was adjudged insane in the
Chicago courts last Friday and his com
mitment ordered to a sanitarium at \\ au
watosa.
The application for a guardian is made
by Frederick Abbott, aJteon, who asks that .
he or somu other suitable person be ap
pointed guardian. Judge Wallber has tix^d
the hearing for October 22.
PERIL. OF INSANE MAN.
Found CkftBKlnK to the Top of High
Sniokentack.
CHICAGO, September 27.?Fired by a re
ligious frenzy, Michael Folaski, a Polish
laborer, yesterday climbed to the top of a.
130-foot smokestack at the Illinois steel
works at South Chicago, and clung there,
muttering prayers and shouting hymns,
preparatory to taking the leap which he
fancied would land him In heaven. He
was rescued by John Sonalaski, a fellow- 1
workman, who climbed up after him and
persuaded him to come down. Once on the
ground Folaski was overpowered and re-'
moved to the detention hospital.

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