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THE EVENING STAR.
PUBLSNED DMLY. ECE SUWAT Oaom rIce. Wrm Strees amd Psesvafta e eeeee The Evening Star Newspaper Company. 8. t. KAUFFTAN. Pres't. ftw York OnMCL: 126 Tribuse Baliding.P r . ae Chicage O111ca: BPwe Balding. b. Evening Star to served to subscribers in the city by carrer, on their own acunt at 10 eents ve week or 44 cents per month Coples at the t.. ~ ie amc cotater, "at eeh By mail-anyw re In lb" C. S, OrCauada -post&Ve prepaild- -504muta per n,ontb. pel ase a te Saturday Quin Sheet star. $1 per ye-r with foreign postage =ude 5|!ees - Entered at the P-st Ace at Washington. D. 0.. as second-class mail matter.) 9PAU mall subseipio ns be paid in advanc . o.knn " aaleatLn S HTOat1 ANNUAL STATEMENT Commissioners' Report Submitted to the President Today. EXHIBIT FOR FISCAL YEAR Police and Fire Departments and Public Schools. THE NEEDS OF DISTRICT The Commissioners of the District today submitted to the President for the informa tion of Congress, as required by law, their ar.nual report for the fiscal year which ended June 30. 1900. It is as follows: Appropriations and Revenues. The appropriations for the year, which were payable out of the general revenues and embraced all but the appropriations for the water department, were $7,132,41.58. This included $258,295.70 of disbursements on account of damages incident to the ex tension of streets, and for other purposes, wholly out of the revenues derived from taxation of private property and privileges. The receipts from taxes and other re sources applicable to the payment of sai.1 appropriations (including the amount con tr:butable by the United States as its share of the District expenses, and a surpla.3 of S03.255.28 of District revenues of former years) were $7.520.418.76. The expenditures of the water department were S407.174.42, and were wholly payable out of the revenues received from water rents and assessments. The revenues of said department, including a balance of for mer years amounting to $351,712.08, were 3715.661.42. The details of the revenues and expendi tures for the year are stated in the accom Danying reports of the collector of taxes - and the auditor, respectively. Funded Debt. The funded debt of the District of Colum bia on June 30, 1900. was $15,094.570.18. No portion of it was incurred under the pres ent form of the District government. The ,treasurer of the United States, who is charged with its management, reports !t in detail, as follows: Ci X a W Cr a StS : : I : : -r C. g. In addition to this Indebtedness the Dts trict had a small floating debt for current arAi emergent expenses not authorized by anteceden , appropriations: but this floating d.-t was not more than the revenues were !-:fficient to meet, as well as to provide for the current annual expenses. Trust Obligations. The District o- Columbia Is required to r-iceive in payment of special assessmen-rs vr of arrvars of general taxes $10,447.2V ol d:rawhaek certificates which were Issued! undor acts of Congress approved June 19, alm 2pg 6; Jue2,17,vlm 21 pge:AJuy , 38, olme23 pg 13, ndJne2,190 vlme26 ag 14 nd lbition to is inuetdofs the genera . 10 entita mAll flatn dtorvd for uren dispoite nof sssent ceresntiiautoied byth poses about more thherevenesi were :nnum ct tol mee, 189s wels toresente fore depi othe extent ofnuthoseenswo amTthe District olia prcica rqiredebto d o threaors ofera tae ert,447ate ..n b1ak certificates teiJun 30,e899 isspro undiedb at rc of Cobia appro ue11 priatio law papproved;March 2, 1899.lm Th.epae was,outltanding84 ulvolume82, pag 1the ands Junvae 2.h olues, pa,76.e of4 li(nsoagainst privateapropertntforevpeciay IY'm rmupagoverments: and seue yseisalas ufscri igseaginsto privte ofer genr fbyd udertecptionw of the cty of Marci Irgton9, and.iao sen ctuoroide for ea amoint of ec assessmentties. of case anytr.. ofi Colusmi,entshd for otny rea pes, boue wholenbeve ah erns ouscr would74 bearingeemabres aut 10 te cenera fund unde tJuyid act0 if Maresente for9 re dtionhoath extentanblgt of the w * Amn batita the District is prcialndet edn tcont ofny of said certificates .is muc-horeo thn life. The isse spefa drs ba-mentifts afether Junetr,ict ,ning pro 31.1.2by and Disruiterestlumbatheroa theiateof law aprvent Mar annumfor haer ae ouotann Julny years9, nd ithe hands of prte trealuers of thej ofte . Sats amontpigte proer,00r0,eia Chrroeaeake and secure Cbya specia. The isct of Cotiglumbi,a threesc byo the munatpa corporation s ofthctyoWa rn hngo and Ggtw, also pourdss nequal aznoi,,nf al assessme750 nts bon caste aChefsaiak and Oe hounl oany.a Tse m bondsaretibpe te liepn osi wAild of rhihdeerbe osued o the genyraf Wandone ~and a25t o Grchetown.9 an * xc hatgextent arlie amobligton sock the sany obligiaties. Thahey Disrei udepr unde an aut of anysa of aCryates ai provedh mor 1t,hich austhory the caa "-- et comue the Dcanaic, andomating them1 a. endo accred ievnesto theo atm taie. rTe ondspe matr Mayn31, for It ere of due than twnty Juyar, and Ti hol ecrtins ore snuhe ussts owh ithhnoftetreasurer of the UnitedStesae-oco nmitnafte District of a, s hhe u. sirking fund, who refers at length to their status on pages 15 and 16 of his sixth an nual report, pages 15 and 16 of his seventh annual report and pages 14 and 15 of his eighth annual report. Estimates for 1901. Estimates for the support of the govern ment of the District for the fiscal year to end June 30, 1901. were prepared and sub mitted to the Secretary of the Treasury in compliance with law. They amounted to $7,657,773.31, including $135,341 to be paid out of the water fund. The details of these estimates are contained In the book of es timates for that year, which was published by the Treasury Department. General Assessment. The assessor reports the assessment of taxable real and personal property in the District of Columbia on June 30, 1900, and the estimated tax derivable therefrom, as follows: Washington city: Taxable on land.....$82,737,086.00 Taxable on improve ments.............. 70.843.235.00 .. Washington county: Taxable on land at $1.54) .............$11.643.067.00 Taxable on improve ments at $1.54. 8,707,100.00 20,350,167.00 Taxable on land at $1.00............. $4.501.423.00 Taxable on improve ments at $1.00..... 919,900.00 5421.323.00 Total assessed value of taxable real estate............... -$179.351,811.00 Personal property ..... $10.326.585.00 Street railways taxed on gross receipts..... 1,371,348.00 11,697,0300 Total assessed value of taxable real estate and personal prop erty in the District of Oolum bia on July 1, 1900..........$191.049,744.00 Amount of tax: Washington city, at $1.50.............. $2,303,704.82 Washin on county, at $1. ........... 805,232.51 Washington county, at $1.00........... 54,218.28 Total real estate tax..............- 2,6=3,170.56 $10.826.585 personal property, at $1.50... 0$~808.78 $1.371.848 gross re ceipts street railway, at 4 per cent........ 54.853.92 Total tax on personal property..... 209.752.70 Total tax on real and personal property........................ $2,872,923.26 Rate of General Tax. The rate of general tax for. the year was fixed at $1.50 on each $100 of all taxable personal property and of all real property, except that used solely for agricultural purposes, the rate of which was $1 per $100 of assessed valuation. Population. The population of the District of Colum bia, according to the census of 1900, is 278.718. A Municipal Building. Among the many pressing needs of the District goVernment there is not one which constitutes more of an emergency than the want of a fireproof municipal bul.ding. For nearly thirty years the local government has been compelled to rely upon such rent ed buildings as could from time to time be found most available. When it is considered that all plats and records of underground construction, as well as all records relating to assessments and taxes, are stored in a building which may be destroyed by fire, and that such destruction would involve an injury to United States and District interests -yhich would be irreparable and wholly beyond computation in money values, the invest ment of an amount necessary to construct an appropriate fireproof District bul .ng, which would avoid such a catastrophe, would seem to be required by common sense and by the ordinary precautions which a business man would take for the protec tion of his own interests. The Assessor. In the office of the assessor the card index system has been instituted with regard to arrears of taxe-, the numerical index, and all outstanding tax sales since 1878. The inauguration of -his system will greatly ex pedite the transaction of the public busi ness, and will conduce to the convenience of all who have business with that office. Recently the office of the clerk In charge of special assessments, and that of the clerk having charge of assessments for water mains, have been consolidated with the as sessor's office. It is believed that thereby the convenience of taxpayers will be sub served and a better system of facilitating the issuance of tax bills and certificates of taxes will ensue. The Collector of Taxes. The Commissioners invite special atten tion to the estimate for an increase of the force in the collector's office, the business of which has grown far beyond the ability of the present employes to properly perform it. The numerous subdivisions of land which have been made In recent years have by increasing the number of separate par cels of land correspondingly added to the number of tax accounts with which the collector's office has to deal. While this'in crease in the number of accounts Is burden some in every branch of the office, it makes partl2ularly onerous the work of preparing the statements and certificates in connec tion with the sales for delinquent taxes, which have to be completed within a very limited period. Over five thousand of such certl..cates have been prepared and Issued during each of the last two years, and the number will probably be as large or larger in the future. This work has made It ne cessary to provide assistance for the col lector during its progress by detailing clerks from other offices, to the prejudice of the work in the offices to which they belong. As the most of those so detailed are un familiar with the tax records, frequent and serious errors occur, which might be avoid ed by clerks accustomed to the records by reason of their regular employment. From time to time new duties with respect to various forms of special assessments and permits have been Imposed, and contribute to augment an amount of work already largely disproportionate to the force allot ted to Its performance, and render the rec ommended increases necessary for the ade quate accommodation of the public, and the keeping of a proper system of accounts, Street Cleaning. The hand system of cleaning the streets of Washington, which was adopted July 1, 1897, has been continued with unqualified success; and the area cleaned by hand Is being Increased as rapidly as the appro priations therefor will allow, The daily area cleaned during the first year was 394,128 square yards, at a contract price of 32 cents per 1,000 square yards. The second year the daily hand cleaning sched ule was increased to 702.640 square yards, of which 308,512 were cleaned directly by the District, the average cost of which was 18 cents per 1,000 square yards, as com pared with 32 cents per 1,000 square yards paid the contractor for the same work. The excellent showing made by the super intendent of street cleaning in demonstrat ing that the work for which a dontractor was paid 32 cents per 1,000 square yards could be done under his supervision without contract for 18 cents per 1,000, caused the insertion of a provision in the appropria tion act for the fiscal year ended June 80, 1900, which limited the rate to be paid un der contract to 22 cents per 1,000 square yards, thereby enabling the Commission ers to secure a contract at the rate of 213( cents per 1,000 square yards. By this re duction In the rate they were enabled to in crease the daily schedule to 1,230,778 square yards. In the current appropriation act Congress further reduced the limit tobe paid under contract to 20 cents per .000 square yards, and in the event of failure to secure a contract at 20 cents or less, authorized the Commissioners to do the work without contract. As no bids were received, the work is being done by day labor without contract, the cost of which will not be more than 18 cents er1,000 penses of equipping the department with twenty horses, eight large modern wagons, bag carriers, bags, brooms, sprinklers, shovels and all other Implements necessary to perfect organization. This reduction In the cost has enabled them to further en large the daily schedule to 1,565.809 square yards, upon which is employed 201 deserv Ing men at a fair rate of compensation promptly paid. The machine sweeping, which comprises a daily schedule of 730,000 square yards of street surface, the most of which Is swept between the nours of 8 p.m. and 5 a.m., Is being done u ider contract, at the low rate of 18 cents per 1,000 square yards. The work under the present contractor Is being performed in a very efficient and satisfac tory manner; but as under the allotment of $35,000 it is Impossible to sweep any of the streets oftener than twice a week, It is hoped that the appropriation may be so In creased as to allow some of the more Im poi tant streets to be swept three times per week. Disposal of City Refuse. The collection and disposal of city refuse has been one of the long-standing prob lems with which the Commissioners have had to contend. In the approprlition act for the current year an appropriation of $115,000 was made for the collection and disposal of all kinds of city refuse; and the Commissioners were authorized to enter into a contract or con tracts for a period of five years for the performance of such work. The method of disposal of garbage heretofore has to a certain extent resulted in nuisance. The collection thereof, under the careful super vision of the .iealth officer, has for several years past been performed in a most effi cient and thorough manner; but the method of conveying the material down the river upon scows and depositing -it along the shores has been a source of endless com plaint. The Commissioners, after careful consid eration, decided that the entire subject matter of the disposal of city waste should be placed under the Eupervision of the su perintendent of street cleaning, his depart ment appearing to them to be the one to which the work most pftoerly belonged. The health office, which had supervised the collection of garbage and.night soil so efficiently for many years, was thereby re lieved of this burdensome duty and left to devote'its entire time to the special duties for which It was established. Regulations and specifications were there fore prepared, under the supervision of the superintendent of street cleaning, and pro posals were solicited for the various classes of work. For the collection and disposal of garbage and dead animals the Washing ton Fertilizer Co. were the successful bid ders, at the contract price of $51,600 per annum. The garbage and dead animals will, under the contract with this company, be disposed of by what is known as a re duction process, in regard to which It is 2lalmed that in no instance has it failed to give entire satisfaction. The material will be conveyed twenty miles beyond the city limts, and In such air-tight receptacles as to cause the least possible nuisance; and the people of Washington are to be con gratulated upon the fact that the shores of the Potomac river will be freed from the deposits of garbage apd refuse whose of fensive odors have so long been a source of annoyance to travelers upon that river. rhe contract with the Washington Fertil Lzer Company will go Into effect December 1, 1900. The accepted proposal for the collection of ashes wair that made by R. V. Rusk, for a weekly collection service from private residences, at $29,979 per annum. The ap propriation was not sufficient to allow the acceptance of proposals for such removals from other than private residences, nor for more frequent collections. The contractor began operations August 1, 1900, and while the service is not yet all that might be de sired, yet It Is very commendable consider ing the time it has been in operation and the time required to inaugurate a new sys tem. The proposals of R. V. Rusk for the col ection and disposal of night soil, at $17,000, and waste paper and miscellaneous refuse, at $8,000, were accepted; and the services rendered have been found to be a marked mprovement over the old methods. With a proper spirit of co-operation be tween the citizens and the collectors in the various branches of the service Washing ton will soon realize an ideal condition of ,leanliness and comfort. The Metropolitan Police Force. During the past fiscal year the police force of the District has maintained the ligh record of efficiency which has char acterized it for a long period of time. On the 30th of June, 1900, the force con sisted of 571 members. By reason of sick ness, details and assignments to post duty inly 315 privates could be assigned to pa trol duty. Of these only seventy-eight men could be assigned to duty during the day time and 157 during the night. Yet this in sufficient force upon actual patrol duty is expected to protect the capital city of the United Sthtes, with Its population of 278,718, E,nd an area of seventy-one square miles. In the list of cities given in the report of the major and superintendent. showing po lice areas and numbers of policemen, It ap pears that St. Louis, with a precnct area of 10,000 acres, has a force of 976 men, while the District of Columbia, with an area of 14,320 acres, has a force numbering only 571. Of this force fifty-seven are assigned to important post duties, and eigWy-four to special duty at localities where tre services of policemen cannot be dispensed with. The major and superintendent has asked for an iracrease in his force of 160 men. The Com missioners have approved this estimate, and they will earnestly urge that an appropria tion embodying tifls Increase be enacted into law This increase would be but just were the interests here to be protected merely those of sn ordinary municipality. When It Is considered that the police force of Wash ington have in their keeping the security of the Executive Mansion, the homes of the representatives of foreign powers, of sena tors and representatives, and of all the resi dential offhcials of the federal government, It will be seen that the responsibilities rest ing upon them ax e "of the most serious and delicate, nature, and that no policy of un wise economy should curtail this Important branch of the public service to a number Inconsistent with the dignity of Washington among the great capite.ls of the world. The major and superintendent notes many recommendations in his report looking to the improvement of existing conditions, to which the attention of Congress Is earnestly invited. There is embodied in his last annual re port the codification of the statutes relating to the police force and analogous subjects. This proposed legislation has, as to the gen eral subject matter, received the approval of the courts, the board of trade and the Bar Association, and should, in the opinion of the Commissioners, be enacted into law. The Commissioners Invite the favorable consideration of the Congress to the recom mendation of the major and superintendent that appropriate legislation be enacted in order that the superior facilities afforded by the institution known as'the Junior Repub lic, located in the state of Maryland, for the reforma,&ion of youthful offenders, may be utilized for the wayward youth of the Dis trict. There should also he made adequate pro vision for the payment of pensions to the disabled members of the metropolitan police force, Including Its oflcers highest. in rank. While the half-and-halt provision for the payment of all legitimate expenses of the District should apply also to the police pen sion fund, yet. In case the eommittees of the two houses should refuse to authorise such equal payment on the part of the United States, there will be an absolute necessity of providing by law in some manner for the deficlency which annually exists In the fund provided for this most just recognition of faithful men who have become disabled In the line of duty. Bathing Deaek. The Commissioners are gratifled to note the continued popularity of the bathing beach, and commend it to general favor. The reports of the superintendent and of the committee having general' supervision of this branch of. the mnicipal service give an Interesting and instructive aecount of its ando poin o seLure b hih t beyond the stage of eNperiment, and in re garded by thousands as. an indispensable adjunct to the facilities s4orded to the pub lic for diversion, coMfOr% and useful in struction. The experience on which those recom mendations are based entitle the views therein expressed to the favorable consider ation of Congress. There Is a pressing dMand for certain municipal Improvements, which- have from time to time received congideratin from the committees &f Congress, And which, in the opinion of the Commis-siomers, Mnnot long er be ignored. It would be:an Insult to the public spirit of our natiOalJ kgislators to intimate that these necessary improve ments would for a moment be postponed if the revenues of the District were now sufficient to meet the 3PIti-CVt's one-half of the expenditures requreil -1or their com pletion. This demand include a municipal build Ing; the completion of the sewerage dis posal system; the construction of a water filtration plant and the instalation of a complete system for the maintenance of an abundant water supply to all parts of the District. The Commissioners do not believe that these important and urgent matters should be postponed until the revenues of the Dis trict become sufficient in amount to pro vide for the payment of the one-half chargeable to the municipality. In view of their paramount importance to the very wellbeing of the people of the District, and, so far as the most of theil are concerned, to the health of the public officials residing here, the public works mentioned should be begun at once and carried to their earliest possible completion. To accomplish this purpose one of two plans should be authorized by the Con gress: 1st, an advance by the United States of the amount necessary to meet the Dis trict's one-half of the necessary expendi tures. to be repaid in annual installments; or, second, the issuance of bonds to an amount necessary to meet the District's one-half of the necessary expenditures, to. bear interest at the rate of 2 per' centum per annum, with the payment of the prin cipal and interest guaranteed by the United States. The benefits to be derived from these proposed public works would Inure to the benefit of the people of the United States and the District of Columbia during the next century. The Commissioners believe that it would be a wise policy to make these Improvements for the Washington of the future and to pledge future revenues for the payment of the same. Improvement of the Anaeostia River. In response to a joint resqlution approved April 11. 1898, which required the Secretary of War to prepare and submit to the Con gress forthwith a project for the improve ment of the Anacostia river and the rec larnation of its flats from the line of the District of Columbia to the mouth of said river and an estimate of the cost of the same, and to report on the area and owner ship of the land to be reclaimed, and If any portion of the said land be vested in private persons to estimate the cost of acquiring ths same, the acting secretary of war sub mitted a report on the 14th of December, 1698, embodying 'a communication from Brigadier General John M. Wilson, chief of engineers, U. S. A., and a report with maps by Lieutenant Colonel Charles J. Allen, corps of engineers, of a surviy of Anacostia river, estimating the cost of the reclama tior. of the Potomac flats from the mouth of the Anacostia to the Navy Yard bridge an.I from the Navy Yard bridge to Benning bridge, at $2,194,720. with a statement that $400,000 could be judiciously expended an nually under that plan. While this matter is wholly under the control of the federal government, the Com mhsioners deem it only fair to the people of the District to state that they regard this proposed improvement as one of the highest importance to the best interests of the national capital. A recent statement has been prepared for the use of the Commissioners showing the number of cases of malarial disease re ported by 433 physicians during the months of July, August and September, 1900. For the purpose of the computatien.an estimate made by the health officer in December, 1898, showing a population of 287,462, was used. From the said report it appears that. in the northeast section of the' city, with a population of 11 per cent of the said total, there were found 21 per cent of the total nur-ber of malarial cases; in the southeast section, with 10 per cent of the total pop ulation, 17 per cent of the total number of rr.alarial cases were found; and east of the Anacostia river, with 4 per cent of the total population, the number of malarial cases amounted to 14 per cent of the total. The annual report of Surgeon General Van Reypen states that in 1895, 98 per cent of the persons employed at the navy yard became ill with malaria at various times during that year. A report to the Commissioners from the stperintendent of the Government Hospital for the Insane, during the months of July, August and September, 1900, shows as fol lows: Intermittent, 317; remittent, 67; ir regular, 119; making a total of 508 malarial cases in that institution during three m(r:ths. The Commissioners believe that no stronger argument could be presented, showing the urgent necessity for an im mediate beginning of this important work. - Board of Charities. Upon the recommendation of the superin tendent of charities, Herbert W. Lewis. who crowned his faithful service to the District with this act, and in response to the request of many of the citizens who are interested in philanthropic work. Con gress abolished, at its last session, the of flee of the superintendent of charities, and created in its stead a board, of charities to be appointed by the President of the United States and to have supervision, under the authority of. the-. Comissioners, of all penal, reformatory and charitable institu tions sustained in whole or- iin part by pub lic funds within the District of Columbia. The board of charities was provided by Congress "to promote the -effective and economical -management of #f affail'd" of the institutions under its supervision and to co-ordinate their efforts so as to bring them into genuine co-uperation. It is be lieved that such a board, made up of emi nent citizens, serving without compensa tion, will be able to do this work better than a superintendent of charities, required by law to be a non-resident and receiving a salary for his services. The people of the District were gratified by the appointment of S. W. Woodward, John Joy Edson, Si mon Wolf, George W. Cook and Charles P. Neill as members of this board of charities. They promptiy took up the work assigned to them by the act of Congress, and trwi be prepared to submit the preliminary re port respecting it at the 'boming session of Congress, transmitting, In 'the meantime, an estimate for substantially the same ap Dro priation as was made last year for the Institutions under the supervision of the board. It is believed thaM this board will be able to ca.rry' out the purpose of .the act. and thus bring about a 1stter steem of public charities. The reports of thekharita ble and -reformatory, institutions 'for the past fiscal year indicate that they have done their work as well as in former years. The comp'etion of the new building at the Reform E jol for Girls wilt give incr eased accommoo-ons that will geatly facilitate its work. The plans for a chapel and as sembly hall at the Reform Scoo for Boys have been approved' and paations made for beginning building, Realth Dptartet. - The health department, 'whose operations are of such vital imorta to the wel fare of the District, has bee n edeing as eficierit service as possilegith its Inade quate force. The health serm dens all that could possibly be ea.ets to improve the health conditions ofi ad ministering his office wiUjg c and energy. The Co j' ~in11 a~ prove the recommendatios mes Iis annual report. - The population of the, as showsa by the United States ifnnJuneJ 11100 was 378,7I, consgi es thaan been anticipated, In ponce een she of April, 1611. 1en=hm.' of deaths durin the ered by this repoet was ath rate was, - therefore, ft sI- theiaad. s ahows a slight d -e t yeiu is, however, slightly in excess of the aver age for the past five years. Of tne de cedents, 3,25 were white and 2.28 colored. No definite statement can be made, how ever, as to the relative death rate In the two races in view of the fact that the fed eral census has not yet reached a point where it will permit such calculations to be made. The most regrettable feature of the reported mortality Is the Increase in the ntimber of deaths from typhoid fever. The total number 'f such deaths, 221, Is not large, yet it points to the existence of a ccnsiderable number of cases of this dis ease which, being preventable, should not have existed. It is hoped did expected that the proposed filtration of the public water supply will materially diminish the preva lence of typhoid fever in this District, even If it does not prevent it altogether. Scarlet fever has been less prevalent than during last year, but the number of cases of diphtheria has increased. The health de partment was enabled, through the agency of the milk law, to suppress an outbreak of the former disease, involving thirty-three cases, due to milk infection. The wards for the reception of minor contagious dis eases, which have been constructed in con nection with Providence and Garfield Memorial Hospitals, have been constantly occupied by Patients suffering from such diseases. for whom, prior to the existence of such wards, no hospital accommodations whatsoever were available. Many of these patients were treated at public expense, but some came from well-to-do families, and sought hospital treatment solely on ac count of the advantages offered by It. Smallpox ha... been present during the greater part of the year. The mild charac ter of the disease, and the repeated impor tation of it from other places, have ren dered its suppression difficult, and a few cases remain under treatment at the close of the period covered by this report. The abolition of the box privy nuisance proceeds more slowly each year as he total number of such structures diminishes. Only 38 have been done away with during the yea-. Difficulty has been experienced in securing the abolition of box privies on property belonging to non-residents because of the absence of an appropriation enabling the Commissioners to have such conne:> tions made and to assess the cost against the property benefited. This difficulty has, however, been removed to a certain extent by a small appropriation for use during the present fisca! yeSr. A further obstacle is being pla.ced in the way of the abatement of this nuisance. by secret conveyances ot property on which box privies exist. In such cases no deeds are placed on record, so that the health department is unable to discover either the name or the address of the supposed real owner, the owner 01 record relieving himself from liability by filing with the district attorney an affi davit alleging a sale of the property, or by going on the witness stand at the trial and alleging such a sale. The manifest purpose of such transactions is the evasion of re sponeib'lity for the sanitary condition ot premises in this District. It suggests the advisability of legislation requiring dee,ls to be recorded within some specified lengt;i of time after they take effect. Prosecutions instituted during the year for violation of the provision of an act to prevent th- manufacture and sale of adul terated foods anc. drugs resulted in an appeal !n one case to the Court of Appeate. The court, however, in an opinion handed down on February 7. 1900, sustained the law. The auth6rity of the health depart ment with reference to such matters has, therefore, been strengthened. Inspeetion of dairy farms and of dairy products under the laws enacted for that purpose has been carried on as thoroughly as the available inspection force would permit. The general quality of milk brought into the District has, from a chemical standpoint, been good. There is, however, need for the extension of the inspection service to outlying farms from which milk is shippet. into this District. The sanitary condition of the prefilses on which mi.k is produced,- and the physical condition of the cows producing It, are of vital im portance to the consumer, and yet cannot be satisfactorily determined by chemical methods. The milk law needs certain amendments which have been pointed out in a special report made during the year. The inspection of live stock is on an un satisfactory basis because of the absence of needed legislation and of a sufficient in spection force. The establishment of one or two public abattoirs would solve the problem in respect to this work. In the ab sence of such abattoirs, however, legisla tion is needed to authorize the licensing of slaughter houses and to regulate the hours of slaughter. Slaughtering at night and on Sunday, so as to avoid inspection, have been resorted to In some cases, and cannot be prevented under existing law. In the preceding report of the Commis sioners it was noted tnat a case involving the validity of the act for the prevention nf smoke was pending in the Court of Appeals. The opinion in this case was banded down on May 8. 1900, and fully sustained the law. Prostecutions that were ins,ltuted prior to this test case have been discontinued, as in view of the length of time since the al leged offenses occurre# It was believed that no good results could be secured by contin uing them. Since the decision of the Court of Appeals all reasonable effort has been made to induce parties responsible for smoky chimneys to adopt such measures as were necessary to enable them to comply with the law. In some cases such efforts have been successful, but in others viola tions of. the statute continue. One prosecu ton has already been instituted and is now pending, and others are about to be begun. It has been suggested that the smoke law requires certain amendments, but in view of the fact that Its validity, and, to a certain extent, its construction, have al ready been passed upon by the Court of Ap peals, it seems undestrable to tamper with it. An effort has been made to enforce the act to cause the removal of weeds, but with out perceptible effect. The weed nuis ance is so extensive that It has been impos sible to undertake more than to secure the removal of weeds upon complaint and in cases in which they were causing nuisance in fact. No effort has been made to cause the removal of all such vegetation, as the Inspection foyce at the disposal of the health department 'hsbeen entirely inadequate for such a task, and as there has been no appropriation to enable the Commis sioners to cause the removal of weeds from the property of non-resident own ers under the assessment system. Such an appropriation having been made It will be possible during the present fiscal year to do someth.ng toward remov ing vegetation of this character from prop erty belonging to non-residents, but until the inspection force of the health depart ment is increased the law cannot be en forced generally. It has been suggested that the removal of weeds could be more ef fectually secured by .requiring all owners or occupants of property to cut them and carry them away on or before certain speci-I fied dates without notice, and authorizingI the Comissioners to have thenm cOt in all cases where the law has not been thus com-i plied with, without further notice, the costI of such work to be assessed against the property whether belonging to residents or non-residents. It is respectfully recoin-: mended that the legislation necessary to secure this result be enacted. The increased work done by the pound service during the year has demonstrated more forcibly than has ever been demon strated before the necessity for a new pound. The present structure used for this purpose was designed for temporary occu ancy only; it is badly located and poorly constructed.' It is urged that prevision be made for the ereotfon of a new pound, and in connection with it a suitable stable for the use of the health department to replace the nsatisfactory rented structure now occupied.. It is a, remarkable fact that in this Dis trict there are no public bathing" faeilties available during cool and cold weath, and that the only such facflities available dup ing the summer a..n at the bathing beach are at best a manke.hift, so far gg re gards purposes of simple clanne. As a large number of citens are se unfortu natl. situated as to have no bathing fa cilities' in their reuidenees, they are in aetual need of public baths. The example ot other eities to the importance of that neieia b nual report of the coroner is that which calls attention once imore to the need for a suitable morgue, which. as he says, 'Is so self-evident as to require no demonstra tion." The Commissioners recommend an appropriation of $15,000 for a building for that purpose. It is hoped that the District may no longer be obliged to use a por tion of the stable in the rear of one of the police stations, which is the only place now available for a morgue The total number of deaths investigated by the coroner during the fiscal year was 775, a decrease of six from the number in vestigated in the year before. Electric Department. The greatly increased use of electricity in the District of Columbia has made it necessary to establish a new department of the District government, which ought to have full recognition commensurate with the importance of its work, which also in cludes the gas a-1 naphtha lighting sys tem, telephone service and fire alarm tele graph. A portion of the officers and em ployes of this department are on the per mane2t rolls of the District government. but a considerable number are simply on tne per diem rolls. The efficient head of the department, the electrical engineer, is himself carried on the per diem rolls. As a matter of business organization, and for the good effect it would have upon the men engaged in the work, this department ought to be placed on the same basis as other departments of the District govern ment. The volume and Importance of the work done by the electrical engineer appear in his annual report. Gas Lighting. The results obtained from the few Wels bach street lignts pow maintained are so successful as to warrant the recommenda tion that the system be extended, a-d foe that purpose it is recommended that the amount be increased from $5,000 to $15,000. Incandescent Electric Lighting. The extension of this satisfactory system of lighting is prohibited east of Rock creek by lack of authority in the Commissioners to grant permission for the stringing of the necessary wires and the erection of poles. It is recommended that the Com missioners be given such authority as will enable them to erect wires and poles east of Rock creek and outside of the fire limits. Electric Are Lighting. . .e extension of this system of lighting beyond the city limits can be made under tae prezent wording of the appropriation act only where coi luits exist or where the buiding of conduits would -be remunerative to the electric lighting company. There are a .few main thoroughfares into the city where the gas lighting facilities are --tolly inadequte and where arc lights could be maintained to great advantage. To do iis, however, it would be necessary to erect overhead wires, either upon existing poles or upon poles erected especially for that purpose. It is recommended, therefore, that the wording of this appropriation be changed as follows: "Provided, however, that the Commission ers of the District of Columbia are hereby authorized to permit the erection of poles and the stringing of wires thereon outside of the limits of the city of Washington, as in their judgment may be necessary for the maintenance of public electric arc lamps, such poles and wires to be used only for public electric arc lighting." Another change which seems desirable is that, where there are railroad conduits now laid, having sufficient available duct room for lighting wires, the Commissioners should be authorized to grant permission to the owners of said conduits to connect them to public arc lamps. On New York avenue from 7th street northwest to Florida ave nue northeast, on C and D 9treets northeast from 2d to 13th streets and on 5th street from Massachusetts to New York avenues there are conduits originally laid by the City and Suburban Railway Company, in which there are available ducts controlled by the two lighting companies. By the wording of the act approved June 27, .98, amending the charter of the Eckington and Soldiers' Home Railway Company the raIl way company is prohibited from using their conduit or cables or electrical conductors of any character whatever for the purpose of electric lighting and power, except for the operation of their road. It is suggested that this act be amended as follows: "That so much of public act No. 156, ap proved June 27, 1898, amending 4he charter of the Eckington and Soldiers' Home Rail way Company of the District of Columbia, and fox other purposes, which provides, 'That nothing herein contained shall be construed as authorizing or permitting said company to use their conduits or cables or electrical conductors of any character whatever for the purpose of electric light ing or power, except such as may be neces sary for the lighting and propelling of the cars and other machinery of such road and the power house of said company, or other property owned or acquired by said com Pany adjacent to the lines of the road and necessary for the operation of said road.' is hereby repealed, and the Commissioners of the District of Columbia are hereby author ized in their judgment to permit the use of the conduits and cables and electrical con auctors of the City and Suburban Railway Company to be used for public lighting pur poses, and qre authorized to permit connec tions for such purposes to be made to the conduits of this company." It is very desirable that a portion, at least, of the above mentioned streets should be lighted by means of arc lights, and this proposed legislation will permit this to be done without the bullding of additional street conduits. Telephone Conduit. Attention is invited to the fact that the Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Comn pany is prevented from buUlng conduits, either to bury its existing wires or to make extensions to Its existing underground sys tem, while the electric lighting companies enjoy unlimited privileges in this direction. The telephone company is ready and willing_ to take down a great many of their over-. head lines, which they cannot do, however, without the building of additional conduits. A carefully drawn-up bill was introduced in Congress at its last session, which would not only relieve this restricted condition of affairs, but enable the company to extend its house connections by means of over head yires outside of the city limits, which they are now prohibited from doing by the existing law. This bill (H. R., No. 9058) has many features which it would be desirable to have enacted. Under the present law no telephone wires of any description or character can be erected outside of the city limits, and with in those limits only such wires as can be strung from alley pole to alley pole. This restriction has resulted in depriving nu merous citizens of telephone service and has worked hardship to many. Some relief in this direction is urgently demanded. District Wires. The electric department has succeeded in rebuilding the majority of thie telephone lines maintained by the District, substitut ing metallic cfrcuits for old grounded cir cuits, There remain but three engine houses, one pollee station and five schools to be changed. In addition to this about one mile of pole lne, carrying over thirty seven miles of wire, has been removed and the equivalent wires plcdin underground conduits of the telph ncmany. With libeal agp rsao from Congress this workwDI arrid onuntil a large portion of the District wires are placed under ground. =coettie -awas A bHi was again introduced at the last semin of Co.sgress requiring each and every railway oanyn in the District to install and use asetallic circuit trolley sys temis,-either Overheail or underground, and to abandon the use of-rail and ground re turas. This billty of ecnsMarable impor tenel hilaWPSUS to subservice sivesarles,rp w ether mtaniic con #8seMons be asse. sThe trolley system, but is operating only one of such lines with that system. Electrie Wiring. A bill requiring that all electrical con tractors and wiremen should be licensed. creating a board of electrical control to supervise electrical installations and re quiring that the District shall inspect the installation of all electric wires and plants in buildings has been introduced and its passage will be urged by the Commission ers. With this enacted the danger from cheap and unworkmanlike construction in electric wiring would be reduced to a min imum and the danger from fires greatly re duced. Fire Department. The fire department has maintained its reputation for efficiency, although during the year it had no remarkable fires to fight. It responded, however, to 689 alarms during the fiscal year and did good service as usual. The need for an enlargement of the department and for the improvement of the existing buildings belonging to it is still great, notwithstanding the fact that through the action of Congress two addi tional truck companies and one chemical engine company have been provided. The increased facilities for rapid transit have spread the population of the District over all portions of It, so that there has been a general and rapid increase in the number of buildings in the suburban places which, therefore, appeal, with reason, for fire pro tection that cannot be given without weak ening that to which the older portions of the District are entitled. At the same time the normal increase of population and the number of buildings in the city of Washington. including Georgetown, demand an increase of fire p%tection there. The chief of the fire delrtment gives good reasons in nis annual report for an in crease of three new engines companies a'nd two new truck companies. The Commis sioners would gladly ask for all of these, but, in view of the other pressing needs of the District, they have asked in their esti mates for only one new engine company and one new truck company, and defer the others until next year. A stable where the sick and disabled horses of the fire department may be treated and extra horses kept is greatly needed, and Is once more asked for. As a mere matter of justice, a :fteen per cent increase of the salaries of the offi cers and men of the fire department, fthich has been asked in this year's estimates by the Commissioners, should be granted. For some reason the fire department has never received the same rates of com pensation as other departments under the District government, although its members work as hard, and with as great and con stant risk, as any other employes of the District, while they are separated from their families as no other employes are. It has become difficult to retain frst-class men In the department because of the fact that their compensation is so inadequate. The increase of the department and the expansion of the city demand that the number of assistant ihiefs shall be in creased from two to four. At present each of the assistant chiefs has to respond to all alarms in one-half of the District, n!ght and day. This is more than any man can do easily and well, and there is no doubt that the service will be improved by dou bling the number of these officers. The fire alarm system of the District of Cclumbia continues to give great satisfac tion. The electrical engineer and his as siritants,in immediate charge of fire alarm hEadquarters have adoptei every improve ment that can be devised to increase its efficiency. The employes in charge of it show a singular fidelity and irrustry under very uncomfortable conditions at head quarters. CentennIal Celebratien. Under the action of Congress and the steps taken by the committees authorized to make arrangements for the celebration of the centennial of the establishzent of the seat of government in the District of Co lumbla, Wednesday, December 12, has been selected as the day for the ceremonies. A simple but dignified and worthy celebratlon Is provided in the program prepared by -.he executive committee, representing Congr s, the governors of the states and territories and the citizens of the District of Columbia, who have had the co-operation of the Pres ident of the United States in their prepare tions. A reception by the President in honor of the governors of the states and territories at the Executive Mansion in the morning, during which brief addresses on the history of the White House. the history of the Dis trict of Columbia. and the development of the nation will be delivered, and addresses on the subject of the celebration, by emi-. nent senators and representatives, at a joint session of the Senate and House, In the afternoon, are the principal features of the program. A trilitary and naval parade is to escort the President and his distinguished guests from the White House to the Capitol at noon. The people of the District of Co lumbia have shown a deep Interest in the preparations for the celebration of this memorable anniversary, and there is every remon to believt that it will prove to be a notable occasion. Sealer of Weights and Measures. whe sealer of weights and measures is able to report continued improvement in the work of his office, which has been carried forward with seal and discretion. He re ports that there is very evident improve ment made in the scales and measures in use in the District. He recommends that there should be an annual inspection of all measures, 'instead of simply one inspection in each case. He also recommends an in sI.ection and sealing of milk Jars for the protection of the public, which would re quire an additional assistant sealer at a sal ary of 1900 per annum, which outgo would be more than counterbalanced by the in come from fees. The sealer makes other in telligent and interesting suggestions, which are worthy of consideration. Harbermaster. The harbor master has done the best he could to police the waters of the District of Columbia with his police boat, "Vigilant," and has accomplished wonders when it is considered that his boat is probably the slowest on the river, and that he nas only a day crew. It-is high time that the Dis trict should have a suitable boat for this necessary business and that the harbor master should have a night crew as well as a day crew. This Is more necessary than ever, now that new duties have been placed upon the Commissioners respecting the wharfage of the water front. it seems plain that there should be no further delay in this matter, and the modest estimate sub mitted by the harbor master will be earn estly commended to the attention of Con gress. Excise Beard. The excise board reports that 515 retail Uicenses were Issued in the year ending Oc tober 81, 1900, which Is one less than dur big the same period of the preceding year; while the total number of wholesale licenses issued was 125. the same as In the former period. The Commissioners desire to repeat their commendation of the excise bili now pend lng in Congress, providing needed amend ments for the exie law. Beard of Edmeatien. Congress having provided at its last see ilon as a result of an investIgation made by the Senate committee on the District of Coinmbia for a reorgnieation of the public school system, creating- a board of education of seven members, in place of the board of school trustees of the pubis schools, and a superintendent with two assistant superintendents 'in place ot the superintendent of .white schools and the superintendent of colored schools, the Corn misEnners,. acording to the direction of Congress, appointed the board of educa tion to serve beginningr the first day of July. As the act reguired that memhbes of the board must have been far five yeats Immedatetly precesig the apstasa** resMeants and taxpsyers, and as the usk oWr eragens.aeenn which the hardm was te'