Newspaper Page Text
THE DAY OBSERVED
Washington's Farewell Address Read
in the Senate.
BODT THE PROCEEDS TO BUSIES
New York Legis!ature Indorses the
FEATURES OF CONGRESS
Chaplain Milburn made an allusion to
Washington in his prayer at the opening
.f the Senate today, asking that young
men of the country might be inspired by
In accordance with an order of the Sen
ate. President Pro Tem. Frye called Sena
,or Bacon fGa.) to the president's desk,
from which he read Washington's farewell
The custom of reading the farewell ad
Iress on Washington's birthday was inau
4urated about twelve years ago. Senator
Hoar then offered a resolution that the
nistorie document be read immediately
after the Senate convened on the anniver
.sary of the birth of the nation's first
President. and it has been the Massachu
-tts senator's pleasure and duty to offer
such a resolution each succeeding year
,;ince that time. The late Senator Ingalls
f Kansas. at that time president prodem.
.,f the Senate. formally read the address
the first time to the Senate.
The reading of the address by Mr. Bacon
-eupied fifty minutes. It was accorded
olose attention by the senators present.
Mr. Bacon's reading was in fine, resonant
voice, and at its conclusion he was congrat
ulated by many of his colleagues.
A resolution of the legislature of Kansas
in favor of legislation to prevent unjust
,l11crimination in interstate commerce was
presented by Mr. Harris kKans.). It was
read and referred.
Mr. Depew (N. Y.) presented a resolution
,f the legislature of New York In support
,f the oleomargarine bill.
A bill authorizing the Attorney General.
in request of the Secretary of the Interior.
o appear in suits brought by states rela
:ive to school lands in Indian reservations
Fast Mail Service.
Consideration of the post office appropria
!ion bill was resumed, the pending question
being the amendment offered by Mr. Raw
lins to strike out the two paragraphs pro
viding appropriations for fast mail service
between New York and New Orleans and
between Kansas City and Newton. Kans.
Mr. Vest qM0- opposed the amendment
In an eloquent and forceful speech. what
he had to saying being dictated. he said.
iy a sense of public duty. He challenged
the statements made yesterday by Mr.
Turley and Mr. Bate, democratic senators
from Tene4see, that the proposed appro
priations were subsidies.
Believed in Mail Facilities.
While. he said, he made no pretense of
extraordinary fidelity to the democratic
narty. to which his life had been devoted,
h- deciare,l he never had voted for any
cubsidy or bounty, great or small, and if.
in his opinion. these appropriations were
sub,ilies he would not support them. They
w.re not. however. because subsidies were
mnery given out of the treasury for noth
i:g. hut in the matter under consideration
the apprpriations facilitated the transmil
-n of the mails. le said be never had
failod to vote for increased mall facilities.
.,cau. h. considered the malls one of
the greatest evidences of civilization.
-Nfr. Harris kKan.) declared that the ap
pro.priati.tn was a speciflic payment for a
atuable service rendered by the railroads.
In his judgment. it was in no sense a sub
Mr. Thuraton Grow Humorous.
lfr. Thur,t-n (Neb.), in support of th3
appropriation, made a facetious speech, in
which he said Kansas was in "an unfortu
iat, positl-n with it.s irrepressible conflict
between the unlawful joint and the illegal
"I understand." he continu3d, "that the
'ain leaves Kansas City at a very early
,,ur in the morning and carries to the suf
'ring people of Kansas the consolation of
'he metropolitan newspapers and original
vAckages. Nothing can do so much to save
Kansas as newspapers and original pack
Development of the South.
%fr. Morgan (Ala.), Mr. Pritchard (NC.)
and Mr. Elkins (W.Va.) spoke strongly in
opposition to the pending amendment. Mr.
E.kins said the commercial and Industrial
irterests of the south were developing rap
idly and enormously. The impetus of pros
perilty had come to the south and he be
lieve'd it had come to stay. This appropria
tion, small in comparison to the millions
earried by the bill for the benefit of other
sections of the country, would add to the
filities for transacting the increased bus
li ss of the south, and he urged that it
be retained in the bilL.
Mir. Chiiton (Tex.) argued that there was
no reason for singling Out particular rail
roa.ls and particular sections upon which
to confer special mall facilities. If such
appropriations were to be made they ought
to be made, in his opinion, for the benefit
of every section of the country.
Alr. (affery (La.) saaid the appropriation
p'ropose7d was a subsidy or gratuity that ac
comnpiishedt no specific good. He said that
if the subsidy were withheld he did not
doubt that the people of his section would
receive just as fast mail service as they are
Mr.M 31CEnery (L.a.) made a vigorous ar
grmnt in support of the appropriation,
rninining it could be regarded as a sub
sialv in nio sense of the term, as It was
':'cede to ob:aini specific advantages to
th.. p'ople In the transmission of the mails.
.\ir. Jmnes qArk., declared that the pro
pmed- ap)pr'priatio~n was as absolutely inde
f..-sible ani expenditure of public money as
i -r has come under his experience.
"i ' said he. "the railroads do not ask
i. as has been stated here, and the Post
tfeIS-pairtmfent doesn't want it. In God's
na me what is there behind It to induce Con
er"ss to make the appropriation?" He
urged that if the appropriation was to be
miade. Congress ought to assume the re
tpiznsibilty for It and not attempt to shift
that responsibility to the shoulders of the
Po.st master General.
Mr. Clay (Ga.) interrupted to say that
since the special appropriation was made
the mail facilities from New York to New
Orleans via Atlanta had been materially in
creased; that where one fast mail train was
run before the appropriation was made two
are run now, both on schedules fixed by the
Po'st Office Department.
U nder the agreement made just before
adjournment last night, the first hour in
the House today was devoted to unanimous
consent legislation and the remainder of
the day wis given to the consideration of
private claims bills, and private penasion
Among the bills passed were: To amend
the act granting to railroads the right of
nay through public lands; to authorize the
cc r.struiction of a bridge acroes the Cumber
land river at Carthage,Te'nn.; to authorize the
Fourth Pool Connecting Railroad Company to
cer.struct a bridge across the Monongahela
rim.er, Pennsylvania; authorizing the con
struction of a, bddga saros Pearl river at
Monticello. Miss.; to Incorporate the So
ciety of Asnerictan Florists and Ornamental
orticuituitsts; to establish Douglas, Aria,
as a subport .ef, entry; to authorise the
Citizens' Bridge Company to. construct a
bridge Acroes the MississippI river at Blur
li.gtoa. Iowa; to authorize the Georgia Pine
Railroad Cbapnt to'con*tfuel a bfidge
across the Flint riter Georgia; to anthertse
the President to appeint Nathan.-S. Jarvia a
captain. U!. L A,, en the retired. list..
At~ 1 o'clock. Whdir 1he agriliemient, the
House. vent .Jt cuanmitee of. the -=a
ami entered upon the eensideration of bilk
relorted from the dtntte on emta
L J. Dougherty. collector of %nternal reve
nue for the fifth district of Binom, whose
offi'e was burglarized January 25 last of
35,000 in stamps, of responsiMilty for said
stamps; to pay the loan certifcate held
by Eliza Crawford; for the relief of W. T.
Fitzpatrick of Bedford City. Va.; for the
relief of Mary R. Frost; to reimburse . A.
B. Miles and others for shortage in ad
hesive stamp account in the ofice' of col
lector of internal revenue at Brooklyn. N.
Y.; for the relief of L. 0. Maddux of Cin
INSTRU4CTIONS TO COMMISSIONERS.
Cerreoendenee agaating to the Pene
' Treaty Conference.
The correspondence and instructions with
reference to the Paris treaty with Spain,
which are now printed, confirtAi what was
published with reference to the charlcter
of the instructions when first transmitted
to the Senate in 1899.
They show that the original intructions
contemplated the holding of Luson alone
but that the President. upon representa
tions of a majority of the committee, gave
further instructions contemplating the cO
won by Spain of the whole archipelago.
Mr. Day and Mr. Gray opposed -this policy,
while it was advised by Messrs. Davis,
Frye and Reid. who cabled the President
that "information leads to conviction that
it would be a naval, political and commer
c!a mistake- to divide the archipelago.
Nearly all the expert testimony taken tends
to this effect."
In reply to the commission. Hay cabled,
October 28. 1896:
"The information which has come to the
President since your departure convinces
him that the acceptance of the cession of
Luzon alone *** cannot be justified.
* * * The cession must be of the whole
archipelago or none."
"The latter is wholly inadmissible, and
the former must, therefore, be required.
The President reaches this conclusion after
most thorough consideration of the whole
subject, and is deeply spnsible of the grave
responsibility 'it will impose, believing that
that course will entail less trouble than any
other and besides will best conserve the
interests of the people involved, for whose
welfare we cannot escape responsibility.
NO BREAK AT LINCOLN.
Deadlock Shows Little Chanee of
Being Broken Soon.
Special Dispatch to The Evening Star.
IANCOLN. Neb., February 22.
Aany effect which it was hoped the five
days' adjournment of the republican caucus
last Wednesday night would have on the
senatorial vote on joint ballot, was not ap
'parent this noon, as the deadlock remains
as prominent as before. In fact, the situa
tion exhibited a phase which was even
more than usually hopeless. Both D. E.
Thompson and G. D. Meiklejohn lost prac
t:oally all of the gains which they had se
cured the past two day1.
Thi. was the thirtieth time the legislators
have balloted for senator, and the outlook
is blinder today than it was during the
first week of the deadlock.
Politicians are losing hope of any settle
ment being accomplished. Today's vote
reads: D. E. Thompson. 35; G. D. Meikle
John, 28; Edward Rosewater. 14;F. M.
Currie, 13; T. H. Hinshaw. 12; Francis Mar
tin, 5; Lorenzo Crounse, 7.
PRESBYTERIANS GET TOGETHER.
Missouri Synods Trying to Bridge Old
CHICAGO, February 22.-Missouri has
taken the lead in formulating a plan by
which there shall be co-operation between
the Presbyterian and the Southern Presby
terian churches in the matter of education.
Joint action was taken here by two special
committees of the two synods of the state
recommending co-operation in the work of
education as something not only - "desir
able,' but "Imperative." To clinch the com
pact, the southern committee offered to the
other denomination the privilege of hav
ing joint control with the southern church
of Westminster College, at Fulton. The
presbyterian committee In turn, recommend
ed a similar joint control for the Linden
wood College for young ladies at St. Charles.
Each committee then approved the liberal
ity of the other, and agreed to recommend
the entire plan to its own synod.
Each synod, in appointing its special com
mittee, took pains not only to secure rep
resentation of the best educators in the ie
nomination and of the most level-headed
pastors, but also to have- the committee
composed of members from widely sepa
rated parts of the state who should speak
the opinion of every location and of both
country and city churches.
The action of today, important as it !s
in its bearing on the two schools concern
ed, is considered of even greater moment
as a precedent between co-operation of the
north and south and may establish a course
that shall end in reuniting the two den.,m
FOR TEMPERANCE CAMPAIGN.
Presbyterian Chureh Committee Of
fers Prizes for Essays.
p,TTSBURG, Pa.. February 22.-Plans
were adopted yesterday by the permanent
temperance committee of the general as
sembly of the Presbyterian Church for a na
tional campaign of education on the temper
Cash prises aggregating $500 will be of
fered for literature bearing on the question
that will appeal to the voters of the coun
try and to children. Literature for comn
petition for cash awards must be in the
shape of essays of not less than 500 nor
more than 1,000 words in length, and must
appeal directly to the voter and to adult
Rev. John F. Hill of Canonsburg and
William C. Lilly of Pittsburg were appoint
ed to prepare a leaflet for distribution to ali
Presbyterians setting forth the details of
OTIS HAS TWO COMMANDS NOW.
Asumies Temporary Charge of De
partment of the Dakotas.
ST. PAUL. Minn., February 22.-General
E. S. Otis has assumed temporary charge
of the department of the Dakotas, The
general is now commander of two depart
ments, having been since November sta
tioned at Chicago, in charge of the Depart
ment of the takes. General Wade left last
night for Chicago. He will go to San Fran
cisco by way of Omaha, and will sail for
the Philippines March 12.
General Otis will remain in St. Paul until
the end of the week. He will find it neces
sary to come to St. Paul occasionally. In
spector General C. H. Murray Is with Gen
eral Otis as aid-de-camp.
Rule. and Proposed Law Similar.
A statement has been prepared at the
Navy Department, comparing the amend
ment to suppress hazing at Annapolis, pro
posed by Representative Sherman, With the
existing law on the subject, showing that,
with a single exception, they are materially
alike. Mr. Sherman's am*ndment provides
that 'a cadet found guilty of hazing "shall
be summarily expelled from the academy,
and shall not thereafter be reappointed to
the corps of cadets or be eligible for ap
pointment as a commissioned officer of the
army or navy."
The existing law, act of June 22, 1874,
provides :"And any naval cadet found
guilty of such an offense (hazing) by said
court sall, upon recommendation of said
cout, be dismissed; and such finding, when
approved by said superintendent, shall be
inal; and the cadet so dismissed from the
Naval Academy shall forever be ineligible
for reappointment to said Naval Academy."
Odell Signs the Peieo BIlL
ATBAiNY, N. Y., February 22.-Governor
Odell today signed the bill providing for a
single-headed police commisnton in New
York city. -
Meath et Rolend @G Deigga. --
General Weed -bar informed the War De'
pirment that Reidad C. urggs, eiviman
ewrplofe of the quartmgt? d-epart.
met, 'died at-Bavana'Oa the%E -minstant
fromthe rupturs of a albo'sase 'a- --'
on fro themgali tastpeL -
LOCal 80citis evere the Memory
Address by Rev. D. J. Stafford Be
fore Sons of Revolution.
PROGRAM ' OF EXERCISES
To the accompaniment of patriotic melo
dies, and with the aid of accomplished oga
tors, the anniversary of the birth of the Im
mortal Washington was appropriately cele
brated today by the Sons of the Revolution
in the District of Columbia. The exercises
were held in the New National Theater, and
began at 10:16 o'clock. An audience that
was large in numbers, close in attention, en
thusiastic in appreciation, and which in
cluded many prominent officials and citizens
gathered in response to the invitation ex
tended by the organization.
Colonel Archibald Hopkins, president of
the Sons of the Revolution, officiated as
presiding officer; Rev. Father D. J. Stafford
delivered an address; Mr. Barry Bulkley re
peated the oration of General Henry Lee
on the death of Washington; Rev. John H.
Elliott, chaplain of the Sons of the Rev
olution in the District of Columbia, pro
nounced both the invocation and the bene
diction, and the band of the United States
Marine Corps, with Director William H.
Santelmann, wielding the baton, supplied
the music, which was in accordance with
a specially arranged program. The cele
bration was held by direction of the board
of management of the organization. the ar
rangements being most creditably looked af
ter by a committee consisting of Charles
H. Campbell, chairman: Barry Bulkley, sec
retary; Mark B. Hatch, Dr. H. L. E. John
son, Benjamin Miller. R. W. Bulkley, A.
F. Marsh, H. W. Reed and B. B. Wilson.
The members of the Marine Band, in their
brilliant full dress attire, constituted a fit
ting background for the speakers and the
officials of the day. From overhead were
suspended the national colors and the flag
of the Sons of the Revolution. Palms and
cut flowers were used generously in the
Those who occupied seats on the stage,
in addition to the presiding officer and
the speakers, were Surgeon General Wy
man, Mr. A. K. Parris. Col. Green Clay
Goodloe and Mr. Thomas Blagden.
In the boxes were Mr. Henry B. F. Mac
farland, president of the board of Commis
sioners of the District of Columbia. and
Mrs. Macfarland; Mrs. C. H. Campbell and
party. Mrs. Goodloe. Mr. R. H. Thayer and
party, Messrs. H. W. Childs. S. Huntley
and William Bach of Montana; Mrs. Barry
Bulkley, and Mrs. Ranlet, Mrs. Churchill
and Miss Wheat of Louisville, Ky.
The Opening Proceedings.
As the audience was assembling the band
played "The National Capital Centennial
March." This was followed by the opening
number of the program, Sousa's "Hail to
the Spirit of Liberty." After invocation by
Rev. Dr. Elliott and the intermezzo, "Sa
lome," by the band, Mr. Barry Bulkley read,
with excellent effect, the oration of General
Henry Lee on the death of Washington.
The audience arose and remained stand
ing throughout the rendition by the band
of "The Star Spangled Banner." At the
conclusion of this selection Col. Hopkins
announced that Rev. Father D. J. Stafford,
who would next address the gathering, was
a man who had attained great prominence
In the church, in literature and in all good
causes, and who needed no introduction to
a Washington audience.
In the course of his remarks Rev. Father
Stafford declared that George Washington
was not only the feature but the essential
personage in connection with the building
of a nation upon a principle of natural ju$
tice and equity. The cause was a great
one, a. bold achievement, and it startled the
world. According to the speaker it not only
established a government, but it started a
new era; it. was not only the beginning of
a republic but of a race.
Father Stafford went on to say that we
live in an age of irreverent criticism, and
that Washington has not escaped the crit
ics. We hear it said that "Washington was
not such a great man, after all." But it is
a matter of fact, declared the speaker,
that Washington, by his military genius,
by his unswerving loyalty to the cause, by
his love of justice, by his dogged persever
ance. carried to successful termination the
revolutionary struggle. Without him the
revolution would have failed. When he
went to assume command of the so-called
American army Washington found an ag
gregation of men undisciplined, with no
idea of discipline, unorganized and without
His Greatest Victory.
"Washington. by the strength of his per
sonality, by his love of liberty, kept this
army.-In the field," said Father Stafford.
"To my mind this was his greatest victory,
When the idea of ultimate independence
once entered his heart he became the per
sonification of the American cause. I ad
mire George Washington not so much be
cause he achieved independence, but -by
reason of the fact that nottwithstanding the
tremendous difficulties that confronted him
at the outset he had the courage to under
take the task."
There has been much criticism of Wash
ington from a military point of view, ex
plained the speaker. He added that if
Washington had been less strong, if he had
been less of a man, less of a patriot, the
cause of the revolution would have been
lost. When offered a crown Washington
arose superior to the situation. At a -time
when the glory-seeker would have sought
to get all that was possible out of it, all
Washington asked was that he be- permitted
to retire to Mount Vernon in quiet.
"Washingto,n was the first and greatest
of all Americans." contended Father Staf
ford. "He was the first to recognize the
necessity of a strong central government.
He inaugurated a policy which remains to
day the best American policy. There have
been many generals, many statesmen, many
sages, but there has been only one Wash
ington. Such Is the man that the 2-cent
modern critics seek to belittle. Above all
our statesmen, presidents, benefactors, I
write in letters of gold the name of Wash
ington..-the statesman, the warrior, the
sage, the husband, the man."
Father Stafford was rewarded with long.
continued applause. After the rendition by
the band of the "Marseilles" and "The
Beautiful Blue Danube," Rev. Dr. Elliot
pronounced benediction, and the celebration
was at an end.
Their Celebration at the Columabia
The sixth annual celebration, in obser
vince of Washingtoa's birthday, by the Na
tional Society of the Children of the Amer
lean Revolution at the Columbia Theater
this anorning was a most patriotio one. The
theater was tastefully decorated with bunt
lng and flags, and the children and grown
people in attendance were either patriotic
ally attired or displayed conspicuously the
It is the main aim of the society to keep
alive the patriotism of young America and
exercises furnished this forning were along
well defined lines and of an impr'essive
character. A well-drilled drum corps was
In attendance and kept the restless youngs
toe In their seats. One of the most enjoya
ble features of- the celebration was the sing
ing by the audience of the different national
hymns. the- conclusion 'of each generajiy
being followed by cheers and handclapping.
- Proampt at Re=l==ang.
The exercises were..opened proemet. at
10 o"eloek by the Columbia Theater orehes,
tra, plajing ~ sagtes of patriotic airs 'whielt
w'eV6 iaters#erSed l'itLh cheers frdr the &uf
whick iamI of the:gtletss *f.h
.&10c.D00 of petrty ohiid. tagn
dasai b. uarhed themirtb atag-'tO tilt
=9e" eOisL isaim
ed by the Xoh B. Henderson drum cosP.
msm. Daniel Lothrop them made a short
address of weleoreo which was we de
livered and eth m yreceive Mrs.
Lothrop in her address porticuior at
tention to the chil ot th* iwrioua
Washington. telling nu"rOUS anecdo f
and stories whI gregtly pleased her
young liatenerA we,. unusually inter
eating to the oldkw rl d o e
The presldi* o en called for re
sposes from I#f the society, and
entertaining addrree were made by John
Q. Giles of Brooki and Orville B. Drown
of this city. The Cfrmer told what his so
ciety had doU* for,,Ahe sodiers during the
Spanish war, and s remarks were loudly
applauded. Mr. Drown oonftned himself to
a few patriotic rrds applPPIlAte of the
day, which re delivered and enthu
Eben C. of timore was down for
a responalbt serious Illness
kept him a liness also prevented
Charles Porter Mon" of this city from
taking part In program. the Young
man being down 'b0.13ocal solo.
The remainder af t.1program, which fol
lows below, was ge ,4irthout a hitch, and
proved unusally eoolable, the songs and
addresses te*iag w1t1jpUtriodsm. and an
were greetedlwftl the mbt fiastertng 9
plause and cheerg"
Columbia Receiving the Wations, ren
dered by the Ditrict socetlegS under the
direction ot-AmEdwin ' Foier CO
lumbia, Mas Anae st; rfench; Af&--~b
Swanee River, Th^ . Wright, Trenton
Princeton; Indian , Wi. Price William
son, Capital Society; BriannIa-16l Br-=
tannia, Miss Alice Campbell, George Wash
Ington; Scotland--Campbells are Coming,
Miss Edith Brooks, Capital Society; Ireland
-St. Patrick's Day, Miss Elsie Collier,
George Washington; Germany - German
sorg. Miss Ladra Brooks, Capital Society;
France - Marseilles, Miss Pearl Willis,
Piram Ripley Society; Switzerland-Swiss
song, Miss Ruth Lemman, George Wash
ington; Spain-Spanish Hymn, William Les
lie Combs, Capital Society; Italy-Italian
Hymn, Miss Martha Claxton, George Wash
ington; Holland-Holland National Hymn;
Miss Adelaide QuIsenberry, Capital Society;
Norway and Sweden-Swedish Hymn. Miss
Louise French, Trenton-Princeton; Russia
-Russian Hymn, Chester Morrow Clarke,
Red, White and Blue Society; Turkey-Tur
kish March, Miss Mary Coleman, Trenton
Princeton; China-China air, Miss Ida Ladd,
Trenton-Princeton; Japan-selections from
Ge;sha, Miss Kathryn Wright, Trenton
Princeton; "Hail Columbia," sung by
audience; presentation of medals to mem
bers who volunteered for the Spanish
American war; welcome to the national
president, Mrs. George b. Sternberg, by
the founder and first national president,
Mrs. Daniel Lothrop - response by Mrs.
Sternberg; "The Star Spangled Banner."
rendered by thirteen members of the Nelly
Custis Society, led by the ex-president of
the society, Mrs. Eugene MacComas; min
uet by members of the District societies;
presentation of the award from the Bemis
Heights Society to the member contribut
ing the largest amount to the "prison ship
martyrs fund," by Mrs. George P. Lawton,
president; return of the national emblem
from the Massachusetts societies; presenta
tion of the emblem for 1901 to the Pennsyl
vania societies-response by Mrs. Benjamin
Thompson, state director; "Our Flag of
Liberty" (air, "Old Hundred"), sung by
the audience. The music was under the
direction of Miss Anna Bodell Yeatman,
president of the Capital Society.
The minuet, trained by Mr. J. H. Ver
rmilya, was danced by Misses Carolyn Fes
senden, Ethel Eliot, Caro Maxcy. Bessie
Andrew*, Miriam Stoddart, Helen Simpson,
Mabel Come , M ye Eliot, Messrs. Doug
las Johnston. ora e M. Fulton, Harold H.
Marston, FraU C. Jones, Horace Winter,
William Hildebrand; Orville B. Drown and
Reid Baker. 'The tiajority of these young
people are menbers of the Nellie Custis
Society, of whi'ch Mrs. Saidee Drown Mac
Comas Is the president.
Annual-Trip -to Mt. Vernon.
The National Society of the Children of
the American Rev'olution will have their
annual excursion tomorrow (Saturday),
February 23,"fo B16unt Vernon, with ap
propriate exeuses around the society tree.
SThe wreaths lo be"blaced on Washington's
tomb are from the ramparts of Valley
Forge. All n*4nb0Ad and their friends who
intend to go 'nust Iteet at the Mt. Vernon
and Alexandria aUroad office, 13% and
Pennsylvania. kvenwy, by 11 o'clock-a little
earlier if possjble._
NOBLE b. LANkER ELECTED.
Annnal Meeting of Sons of the Amer
The annual meeting of the Sons of the
American Revolution was held today at
Rauscher's and was largely attended. Much
interest was manifested in the selection of
a successor to the president, Gen.. Thomas
M. Vincent, who, having served in that
position for two years, was ineligible for
Three candidates were nominated for
president-Mr. Noble D. Larner, Dr. John
M. Bayne and Mr. John Goode. The latter
at once asked that his name be not used,
as it would be impossible for him to attend
to the dutiep of the position. He was, how
ever, voted for on all three of the ballots
necessary before a choice was made. Mr.
Larner led In all three over Dr. Bayne and
was chosen on the third ballot by a vote
of 79. Dr. Bayne receiving 68 votes.
When the result was announced Dr.
Bayne, in a graceful speech, moved that
Mr. Larner be made the unanimous choice,
and this motion was adopted.
Previous to the election a resolution con
veying the greetings of the society to the
congress of the Daughters of the American
Revolution, now in session in this city, was
adopted, with an amendment favoring the
passage of the bill by Congress granting
Rawlins Square to the Daughters of the
American Revolution as a site for the pro
posed hall of patriotism to be erected by
A recess was taken for luncheon, after
which the business session was resumed,
Other officers wei-e elected as follows: First
vice president, Dr. John W. Bayne; second
vice president, John Goode; third vice presi
dent, John Paul Earnest; recording secre
tary, Wallace McDonald McLean; corres
pc nding secretary, William H. Pearce;
treasurer, H. P. R. Holt; registrar. Sidney
L. Besselievre; assistant registrar, Dr. Al.
bert C. Peale; historian, Prof. John W.
Chickering; chaplain, Rev, Thomas S.
"TOM" KINSLOW DEAD.
Well - Known Washingtonian and
Prosminent Base Ball Player.
Thomas F. Kinslow, the well-known pro
fessional ball player of this city, died this
morning of consuntption. "Tom" has been
out of the game for the past two or three
years, and for q year has been a victims
of the dread disease.. He is known all over
the country on account of his splendid
record on the diamond. Tom Kinslow be
gan playing bail With the old "Quicks" of
the first ward of -this city and as a young
iter was a stas.
About 1885 -atas signed by the Detroit.
of the Nationl Le4gue, but without a trial
was resold to-.ghe LpWidonl, Ont., team. Tomn
caught every game played by the Ontario
club that season , and In such fine style
that he was immediately gobbled up by
one of the ihor league teems. He prob
ably did his 15t rk with the Brooklyna
under JohnfltWw,In the Brotherhoe~d
year, his batting being well over the coy
eted .300 mark, while his fielding was sen
sational. OU giaL sunny dispostion,
Kinslow made friends by the score, all of
whom will Safh utml taking off
Retn to Her . in,
Laur aHoriI, a neat ut no ~stylsl
yrp e4 y nwoman, who says she li-es
with~ her mo g Clia'Llekton, at lie.
206 Federal street, Philaelphia; was given
transportatiWe 4N bbn tody ;by. SasS.
tary Officer Frank. The young woa was
picked up en; th. est *Iht. by the
-ezapjrecinCt police. It was believegl she
he4been dripking, and the police ues,t her
to thq dAUS *.#VV9 etiiI meS
~e Ays lst oe hdbeedkn
It as Now ome to theismn
COITY BE SEff E1
Feeling in Regard to Relations
With United .States.
(Cprighted, 1901, by 0. N. Pepper.)
Special Correspondence at The Evening Star.
HAVANA, February 19, 1901.
The constitutional convention Is near its
rees. perlod. The recess will be for the
purpoe of seeing, what the United States
thinks of the constitution it has drafted.
a;nd also of th~e propIsed American rela
t1ons. Furthermore, it will enable the del
egates to determine among themselves the
provisions of the electoral 4gw which they
are to adopt in order that the constitution
may be put into effect and a president and
congress be electe& under it. The language of
the constitution is that it shall go into effect
ninety dfts after the promulgation of the
This gives time to wait on Washington.
because this electoral law will be used as a
basis for determining the relations between
the twv-countries. If the signs were that
no agreement could be reached with the
United States regarding relations the rad
icals would insist on the Immediate passage
of the electoral law, but the prospect is
favorable to an agreement.
The closing period of the convention's de
liberations has not been marked by exciting
episodes, because the sessions have been
held In private. In these sessions there
have been heated debates, anti-American
speeches and wild suggestions, yet thus far
conservative counsels have prevailed. The
convention has shown timidity In commit
ting Itself to a formulated plan with refer
ence to the United States. This timidity
has been partly due to 4he fear that what
It did would not be acceptable to the Amer
ican people, and partly due to the desire to
find out what the Cuban people demanded.
A Unanimous Agreement. -
Yet there has been practically unanimous
.agreement that the position of Cuba with
reference to the United States should be de
fined, If not irrevocably, at least as a basis
for further adjustment sad negotiation.
This may surprise many persons In the
United States who have believed that Inde
pendent Cuba meant the complete failure
to recognize any difference in the relation
of Cuba to the United States from that of
A good many letters have been received
by members of the convention urging them
to stand out and formulate no opinions.
Some of the writers were doubtless sincere
and some clearly were moved by partisan
feeling and a wish to embarrass the Amer
ican administration. Whatever the motives,
the delegates who received these letters
have not been inclined to follow the radical
advice given them. The problem with which
they have been wrestling Is how to deter
mine the relation of Cuba to the United
States, and not how to Ignore It.
The convention is a unit in sturdily In
sisting that the Cuban cdnstitution Is one
thing and the relation of the island to the
United States quite a different matter. The
members framed their constitution with that
idea, and they will stand by it with more
force and nerve than seem' to be under
stood in' the United States. This statement
is made for the benefit of American public
men and others who still talk that the flag
will never come down from Morro Castle.
I think the American flag will come down
from Morro and the Cuban flag go up for a
while. The reason is -that Cuba has a pop
ulation of a million and a half, and the
constitutional convention has accurately in
terpreted the sentiments and aspirations.
perhaps even the delusions, of a million and
a quarter of this population. Four-fifths
of the people of Cuba want to see the Cu
ban flag flying over Morro Castle, the gov
ernor general's palace and other- public
buildings and historic places. To flout them
and enter upon a policy which could secure
the support of not more than one-fifth is a
task from which the keep-up-the-flag states
men would shrink when they were brought
face to face with the actual conditions In
Ought to Be No Delay.
Further it might be said that there is no
prospect of satisfying the mass of the pop
ulation by delay. To put the subject over
till the regular session of Congress they
know would mean a year's postponeinent,
and then they argue that some pretext
might be found for another year's delay.
Such a policy will not meet the situation
at all. Whoever advocates it, whether an
army officer or an American business man,
is willfully Ignorant and even reckless. A
few weeks ago a movement was disclosed
in Santiago province to seek to put the
constitution into effect as soon as the con
vention adopted it. Now there is another
movement in Santa Clara province right in
the heart of the Island, and in Pinar del Rio
at the western end. These are local move
ments and reflect local sentiment, yet they
are symptoms of what might becomea
general movement which would prove irre
The most radical delegates to the con
vention and the most violent of the agita
tors know that no nation on earth will
recognize the Cuban republic until the
United States has set the example. They
are all politicians and as such it Is to their
interest to follow a course which will in
sure recognition by the United States and
the good will of the American people in
starting off the new commonwealth. But
they know also that they would be powerless
If the sentiment became widespread among
their own people that the Cuban repub
lic would be thwarted unless the constitu
tion was put into effect within the next few~
months. They keep scrapbooks and have
the opinions of some American public men
that It would be entirely competent for the
Cubans to set up an independent govern
ment without consulting the United States.
That all the leaders are against such a
course Is evidence of their wisdom. They
have taken in good faith the assurance
from Washington that the Cuban question
would not be side-tracked or postponed till
have taken in good faith the assurances
they will be able to satisfy the mass of the
Cuban population while preparing to draft
the electoral law and awaiting adjustment
with the national administration, and, per
haps, with Congress, of the American rela
tions. They could have had the constitu
tion in Washington by the middle of Feb
ruary, but when the assurances were re
ceived that they would be given considera.
tion without h4ying to wait until Decem
ber, they took more time, and It has not
been wasted, because It has helped to makE
a broader basis for determining the rela
tions with the United Sthtes.
That in the opinion of a large majority
of the delegateS it Is desirable to formulate
such relations is manifest from what has
taken place and from the acceptance of
some of .the suggestions which camne from
Washington. Before the subject was taken
up various manifestos were Issued by dele
gates for the purpseof gving their views
and at the same tie feeigpublic opinion.
Only one of these mfanifestos favoredl
nasna simple resolution of thanks to the
nited States, and this cams from a dele
gate who believes that within ten years
Cuba will be annexed. Though be did not
state in so many words, be wanted the is
land to remain absolutely independent of
the United States at present, because he
believed that would be the shortest way: to
annexation.~ No one knowing him ques
tioned the sincerity of this view but it did
not find favor.with his fio-eesa,
A series of propositions which id
favor was put forth by Gen. Aleman, -ope
of the ultra-radica delegates. Re-tfovmla
lated the - view that vr lg ealj
shold lstbeteentfie t o -sountstes ii
merem, in which American products should
= A Cuba the legan of the favored
a a that commercial oon
eswlfts should be nade through reel
prooity. He also agreed that the Cubar
GOTWnment should give preference to the
,tted States without prejudice to its owc
peoPle In the contrattion of loans, and thal
these should never be a mortgage upon the
national territory. I cite these sugges'lono
merely as an indication of the tendency ol
the convention -to recognize the paramoun
InAuence of the United States In Cuba. and
furtherfora a willingness to receive sugges
tions from the United States.
"Let us know officially," Gen. Alemas
said. "what our neighbors wish. In ordei
that we may harmonise it with what we
can give." Neither he nor any of his cc I
leagues took the grounds that the United
States should hold aloof. They were is
fact, very glad to receive the suAWon
conveyed In Secretary Root's letter to la,
Wood. Though they declared vehemently
that formally and specifically to recognize
the right of the United States to Intervene
would be a refiection on the capacity of tho
Cuban people to form a government, andi
though they objected strenuously to con
ceding naval stations to the United States,
or at least to ceding Cuban territory fo
that purpose, their objections, as the dis
cussion has shown, are not insuperable,
Some of them, while protesting that 11
never would be possible to- code an inch ol
Cuban territory for naval stations, thinh
that territory might be leased for that pur
pose, provided the Cuban flag fies along
side the naval fag. I do not know that 11
Is customary In foreign countries where th4
United States has coaling stations or naval
stations for another flag to fy besidea
its own, but this suggestion with referenog
to Cuba Is given as an Illustration of thl
overpowering popular sentiment for the Cu.
Other delegates who objected to nava
stations at Havana or elsewhere on th4
mainland thought they saw a way out b3
having the naval station placed on the Isl
of Pines. When the suggestion was pu
fcrth from Washington months ago tha
under the treaty of Paris the Isle of Pinei
was American territory, Cuban sentimen
surged with indignation. The constitutions
convention met that Issue bravely and
squarely by including the Isle it
the Cuban constitution by description
though not by name. Having don.e this, I
is ready to make the concession whici
would In reality render the Isle Americat
The Real Problem.
At this writing it is not possible to sa
just what form the opinion of the conven
tion regarding the relations with the Unite(
States will take. It may prove more radi
cal and less satisfactory than the presen
signs indicate. Whether this is true or no
there will be a recognition of a certain de
pendence on the United States, and th4
real problem is simply to work out r.ecog
nition satisfactorily. This is the problen
with which the American administratio,
and Congress may have to grapple. Pa
tience will be required, but It is not beyon
Those who think that an easier way on
would be found by an indefinite delay or bl
seeking to override the work of the conven
tion, may well take a look ahead befor
they commit themselves to such a policy
If It be adopted they may prepare to ac
cept the responsibility for increasing th
number of troops In Cuba and for entering
upon a system of military administratioi
pure and simple for a long time to come
The real question is not so complicate<
that it requires this solution. The poin
Is to reconcile In practice the overwhelm
ing desire of a vast majority of the Cubai
people for an independent government an4
a Cuban flag, with their own recognitioi
of the fact that this independence must b
enjoyed under a certain degree of guardian
ship and of protection by the United States
which Is necessary for the good of botl
countries. It is very largely a question o
policy, even of expediency, rather than o
Interest of European Countries.
Perhaps a word should be said about thi
great Interest which the European countrie
represented by consuls in Cuba are takini
in this formulating of the Cuban relationi
with the United States. Apparently moo
of the European governments have a muel
better conception of it than do Americaj
public men, and the American public itself
In the constitution they have watched close
ly the debt provisions and the clauses whicl
concern the rights of foreigners.
All of them expect that at some futur,
period a demand will be made on Cuba to
the payment of the Cuban-Spanish wa
debt, amounting to $00,000,000 or $600,000,
000, but that Is not their immediate con
cern. What they are now watching Is th,
disposition of the convention to commit it
self to special trade relations with th<
United States and also the attitude wit]
regard to naval stations. It might not b
just to call this a chapter of foreign in
trigue, because what has been done ha
been done very adroitly, and the consula
representatives of European nations ar
here to look out for the Interests of thel
own countries and not the interests of th
John Bull, in spite of his brotherly senti
ments of affection, etc.. has been quite ac
tive and persistent in this direction. Trad<
Is trade and sentiment Is sentiment In Cubi
as elsewhere. and Great Britain's trade witi
the Island is large enough to be wort]
making a fight to retain. Hence some o
the subtle suggestions which the delegate
have received through the big commercia
and financial houses and other agenciel
that they should not commit their countra
to special commercial agreements with the
United States, because, after nil. Europ
can do a great deal for Cuba. In the way o
The delegates themselves have been giv
ing more attention to this matter of com
merce. When the convention opened nearl:
all of them were Insisting that their grea
work was to realise the Cuban ideeal of In
dependence, and that sugar and tobacco ani
such things were not part of that Ideal
But now they are becoming more practical
They are not only thinking of sugar ani
tobacco, but of onions and potatoes am4
other articles of commerce. They are al
most of one mind In their belief that the:
must leave the door open for reciprocita
with the United States.
Corncerning the naval stations, there ai
fewer evidences of work by the forei
governments, yet such as there are seen
unmistakable. I do not believe that any
foreign consular representative in Cube
doubts that ultimately the paramount infiu
ence of the United States, both In the com
merce of Cuba and in commanding the
ocean highways of the Isthmlan canal, wil
be established, but they are anxious to real
the temporary benefits which may com<
from postponing the actual recognition o
this condition. In other words, they are
trifle more than willing that the Unite<
States shall be embarrassed and fretted Ia
establishing its relations with Cube.
CHARLES M. PEPPER.
LOCAL GEORGE WASHINGTONS.
Nearly Fifty lEen of the Naime Rest
dentsn of the District.
February 22 Is of more than ordinary im
portance probably to nearly half a hundrei
citizens of Washington who rejoice in pea
sessing the same patronymic as the fathei
of his country. There are no less that
thirty-eight residents here who bear the
name of George Washington, and nini
others who have an Initial between thel,
given and their surnames. Two of the
Georges, whose occupations are not an
nounced in the city directory, live In alleys<
and a number of the others have theib
abodes In similar places. Twenty Georgu
Washingtons are laborers, five are walters,
four are drivers, two are janitors, one Is a
butler, one an engineer, one a clerk, one
an expresaman, one a carriag painter, onu
a dyer and one a bicycle eie.
Probably each was asked fifty time.. to
hiow is your birthday comina
Services in miesry of the late Paul T
Bowen were held last evening by Distriel
Aseambly. No. , EKnights of Labor. Thorn
as f O'Dge;pa:slded -and made ses re
- marks. Otheseawho spoke were Messrs. T
V. Powderly. Ralph ueaumont, L. P. Wild
9.I 'EimrA. II. Lawson, U. :. Dakin
H. 1. Schuthefs and I. B.'Martin.
her *M0tseus sibgsir aWre
am a = tisa to thmisraeyrHdilli
Their Annual Obruan of Wash
IEEf5IW Il HALL OF AEES
Interesting Address by Assistant
Secretary of the Navy Hackett
The 22d of February Is one of the days of
national recognition observed by theAssocia
tion of the Oldest Inhabitants of the District
bw a special meeting. and today the organ
isation ammbled at the Halls of the An
clents, where its members wert pleasantly
entr4i__d by Mr. Franklin W. Smith. in
charge of that institution, by a description
of the building and its purposes. A busi
nes meeting of the association followed, at
which Dr. J. T. Howard read an interesting
paper by Mr. W. W. Birth. giving his
recollections of the city. Mr. Birth is nine
ty-three yeaz of age, the oldest member of
the organization, and has resided herm all
his life. The paper was placed in the
archives of the association. A phblic meet
ing followed, during which Mr. J. Madison
Cutts read- Washington's farewell address
and Mr. Frank W. Hackett. assistant secre
tary of the navy. delivered an address ap
propriate to the day.
In the absence of the president of the as
sociation, Mr. John Marbury. Jr., Mr. A. H.
Ragan, one of it avice presidents, called the
meeting to order. The first business trans
acted was the reading and approval of the
minutes of the previous meeting, after
which Mr. Birth's paper was read by Dr.
Howard. Mr. J. Madison Cutts extended an
invitation to the members to join the Co
lumbia Historical Association. Mr. Wm.
Beron submitted in rhyme sentiments ap
propriate to the occasion, and a copy of
them was placed in the archives of the as
sociation. Mr. Oharles W. Brown and Mr.
Chas. Kattelmann were elected members of
Mr. Haoketts Oration.
At the close of the business meeting, the
invited guests of the association, including
many ladies, having meantime arrived. Mr.
Cutts read, in an impressive manner. Wash
ington's Farewell Address, and then As
sistant Secretary of the Navy Frank W.
Hackett was introduced. He referred to the
fact that his native town was the eastern
most point of Washington's journey in New
England, and spoke of the traditions exislb
ing there today that grew out of the visit
of the first President. Mr. Hackett alluded
to the sorrow felt in England upon the
death of Washington. and to the sorrow felt
in this country upon the death of Queen
That such good relations should exist be
tween these great English-speaking na
tions, said Mr. Hackett, is most gratifying.
and he expressed the hope that they may
never be broken. Yet, the respect paid to
Washington by England, though he rebelled
against her, and the regard felt here for
England's queen were due to ti- 'igh
character of each. Speaking of the 0 het
story as connected with the nan. Mr.
Hackett said that it is unfortunate that
the earlier histories of Washington not
only did not depict him as he was, but in
many instances made him out one for
whose character one could have little re
spect or regard. Later histories, however,
said Mr. Hackett. have given us the real
character of Washington, and therefore the
more we know of him the greater is our
admiration for him in every phase of his
Mr. Hackett briefly sketched the life of
Washington, remarking that to his judg
ment, wise and sagacious, impartial and
unselfish, are due in no small degree the
growth and the position of this country
today. Party ranct,. said Mr. Hackett,
personAl abuse and all that was as preva
lent in the days of Washington as it is
claimed to be today, and yet out of all of
it George Washington came forth unsullied.
A Great All-Around Man.
Washington may not have been, added
Mr. Hackett, a.great military genius or a
great statesman, but he was more than
either, a great all-around man, one who
was equal to every occasion and to every
demand made upon him.
It is well that the American people honor
the man, said Mr. Hackett. for no Amer
ican is more worthy of it. none whose mem
ory Is dearer, none whose life is purer. The
Oldest Inhabitants' Association, he said,
years ago set the example of honoring the
birthday of such a man, and that custom,
he is glad to know, is becoming more. gen
eral every year. and today from one end of
the country to the other the anniversary
of the birth of the first President is ob
served. Happy the country and people.
said Mr. Hackett, that, looking into the
firmament of the past, can fix their gae
upon such a star as the Immortal Washing
Mr. Hackett's address was most enthu
siastically received, and upon its close he
was made, upon the motion of Mr. B. W'.
Reese, an honorary member of the assocla
tion, and he was tendered a vote of thanks
for his address.
Upon the motion of Mr. Cutts. the thanks
of the association were tendered to Mr.
Franklin Webster Smith, president of the
National Galleries Company, for his gener.'
ous hospitality in tendering it the use of
the Halls of the Ancients during its com
memoration of the birthday of Washington.
Among the member, of the association
present were: A. H. Ragan Dr. 3. T. How
ard. Smith Thompson, Dr. J. D. Clarke, J.
A. Wineberger, 3. Madison Cutts W. W.
BIrth, Win. Beron, Max Lansburg. James
Croggon. Robt. V. Laskey. Jos. T. Prather,
B. F. Reese. Thos. Brown, Rudolph Eich
horn, Jacob Viehmeyer, T. H. Langley, 3.
3. Fague, Jas. T. Boiseau. C. F.
Eckloff, Daniel Geneau, W. A. Clarke,
Thomas Brown, Thomas Oliver,
W. D. Crampsey, W. B. Britain, Anson 3.
Taylor, John Johnson, Benjamin T. Lar
combe. A. H. Stockton. R. M. A. Fen-wick,
S. D. Houck, Daniel Hannan, Dr. John R.
Major, W. C. Johnson, Charles Behrens,
Frederick Stuts, Louis Mundheim, Peter
Kornig. R F. King, C. C. Purcell, 3. Rich
ard Riggles, H. M1. Dellinger and Anthony
Gaigler. ____ ___
Deaths in HyattsYille.
Ipecial CorrespIondSee of the Evening Star.
HYATTWVILLE, Md., February 21, ID.
Mrs. Cornelia Harris Rogers, widow of
Dr. 3. W'. Rogers of this place, died this
afternoon after a short illness of acute
pneumonia, in her seventy-fourth year.
The deceased was formerly Miss Cornelia
Harris of Tennessee. She is survived by
five childr'en-dfi5s A. Mase Rogers. Mrs.
Phil Clarke of Waihington and Mesrs. ..
Harris, James C. and William S. Rogers.
The four latter were at her bedside when
Miss Mae Rogers is lying in an adgeining
roomn critically ill with the same analady
It is supposed that she contracted the
pneumonia while serving s nurse to he
mother, of whose death she has not been
made aware. Mrs. Roeswsheld in the
highest esteem by a nube of syngpahia
ing friends. She was a devoted mother and
a loyal friend to all who knew her. Funeral
arrangements have not yet been amade
Mr. Walter C. orsm,son of W. N
Morrison, who resides near thsvfiage ded
this afternoen, after a laeigitaan of
oonsuimptionl. S'he deesdwas Iahis thit
ty-eighth year, three tsiUsa, all boys, tile
eldest fourteen and the yon esfve y0er0
survive hIm. His wife didseres yearS
ago. He was a member of the Masonle fa
ternity of ahigon. The lodge of Wedn
ho was a member wilassist in the funeral
ceremoniee, which will -b-lme 6
Hill cemetery Saturday frzo6
An aztopsy itl be5e0 ser#mm
ing on the body of Lester tt Deai*