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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 20, 1901, Image 15

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The Albemarle, "'"Tar'B.
This elegant,. in-rn h'ol, n-w throughout. con
taining elevator, steam heat. i..auttful sun parlors,
etc.. is offering large. sunny rooms, many with
bath, exceptionally good csne and superior ac
eommodations. for reduced rate, during April, May
and June of $' t), $lo.t) and $1,.W0 weekly. Ca
pacity. Mk/. Booklet. J. 1'. COPE.
fe2.- 7't. I.
Til: i'IERtltEPONT.
fleean end New .Jersey ave. Now open.
Full .cean viw; r..oms en suite and with bath;
elevator to street level. Special spring rates.
apl-52t-5 J. I.. BECIITEL.
Tilt: l'l.I' ihIM Ii. IN liiT EL,
3irectiy on tho bu.aeh, O.ean City. M1d. Open
April :?. Liberal rates for spring s..ason. Spe'ial
It. I. , . urt.n tickets fr. on itsIt more.
spir26~t*.-, Mrs. 1.. T. SIIR1EVE
toim Beach,. offers pe.cially low I .s to July 1.
Thor.ughly n..-ern. lIto.klet.
apli-7t-4 .is;. >tNE & ll!LI.t.1ARt.
- New, It's 1' nfor Spring. Elegant.
N ew York Ave and the Beah
with the broad-minded. liberal management of this
. Miodern hotel. and as a result It adds new fr~inds
each year. Attractis' open-grate fires, elevator,
sea-water baths. Capacity. 3ht. Reduced asring
rates. Ask for booklet. J. 1'1. KILPATItI.
- New Seaside House,
Directly on the lwach front. Replete with all
mod -rn appointments. t*pen all the year.
apl5-26t-s CHAS. EVANS & SON.
Hotel Belmont,
Virginia are. and Beach. Oti'EN ALL YEAR.
Strictly fireproosf; steam heat, elevator, aun parlor,
hit and cold sea nater baths. Special rates for
April. E. S. WATSON, Manager.
SPECIAL iiATES- $12 'IN, $15 l'Et WImK-ARIE
madle by Atlanti' City's newest hotel.
New Jersey are. and Reach,
Puring April and May. Thi. reduction is made to
introduce the house. Ev.-rything new, with *sery
known convenlence. Asrowu dations. :Po. Fifty
o-cean front rooms. Service and cuisine the best.
Booklet. 11. (. HALLLN(;ER.
Three doors from Beach
on Kentucky ave.
Elevator. etc. M. H. MAGERS cf Balto.
ap5- 7St.5
First hbsne from Beach. Newly furnished; first
class app.ointiwnts; $1.50 to $2.51 per day. Spe
cial weekly rates to June 1. Write
mh2f5-26t-5 M. J. LEE.
On the' Be.asch, with unobstructed view of ocean
from sun parlor. dining room and apartments. Its
equipient is unexcelled by any other resort hotel.
Fifty suites, with hot and cold sea water baths.
Write for spring rates and illbstrated booklet.
al.l1-2it-10 FAIIAllIR;N & WILLIAMS.
Ocean END of St. Charles Place,
Atlantic City, N. J.,
with a capacity of 300 guests, Including every
app.intment and conveni.n- to be found in a
first-class seaside hotel. Will make an excep
tisnally low rate f..r April. May and June. For
Booklet. rat-s, &c., writ.- t"" atbsve address or call
on '-r. It. E. MI'lTHELI. at the Howard House,
- Washington, I. C. JOILN B. SCOTT. Propr.
all the year. Steam heat. Sun parlor. Special
spring rates. J. A. MYERS, formerly Brexton,
Baltimore and Cape May. mhll-52t-4
Tennessee Ave. ansi Beach.
Fnlarged and refirnished thrsgbont. Capacity.
20. Elevator. steam heat. sun parlors. private
baths. $S. $10, $12.5u weekly. Mrs. J. F. NEALL.
ap8- 7t.5
South Carolina ave. and Beach.
Best location. Moderate rates for the best ae
tommo.dations and servi e. Elevator, steam beat.
sun parlor, private baths with suites. Large.
cunny ro..ms with southern exposure. Write for
bsiklet and special spring terms.
mhi7-52t. n RYAN & WI.LTTAMS.
Atlantlc City. N. J.
100 ocean-front rooms. Quiet, refined, select.
1'rivate baths and every modern convenience-op
a site famous Steel Pier. Moderate weekly rates.
I'rite for Booklet. ALFRED WYMAN.
The San Marcos Hotel,
Pacific and Massachusetts aves.,
Atlantic City, N. J.
Now Open.
This beautiful hotel has been thoroughly reno
vated, remodeled and refurnished. and is a peer
of excellence and comfort. Steam heat, elevators
and sun parlors overlwking the ocean. Terms.
$2 per day; $8. $10 and $12 by week. Have some
very cozy and comfortable rooms at $7 per week
each person. Capacity, 3'10 guests.
ap2-26t-14 of Washington. D. 0.
Hotel Dennis,
Atlantic City. N. J.
Directly on the ocean front. Generally moderm
fied since last season, including additional pri
vate baths, with hot and cold sea water.
f..21-78t-10 WALTER J. BUZIIY. Proprietor.
Ocean end Michigan are.
New management; newl.y furnished and decorated;
all modern Improvements- C'OMS'r K &ODWOLTP.
Pro.ps.. formmerly room clerks at flotel Walton, Phila.
Southi Carolina ave. and beach. Delightful loca
tion. Near both piers. 25i0 gucat rooms-many
with bath. Eievator and everyr tmodern appoint
ment. Special apring rates. S10. $12. $15 weekly.
Ullustrated booklet. Coneh meets all traIns.
.Hotel Adoliphus,
Kentucky ave. near the Beach.
Every nasdern convenience. lHot and cold water
Laths. Cafe. Buffet. Send for bookleta.
Now opein.
mblis .2 3 (I .1Al1Er. . BA AKE, Proprietor.
Directly on the o ea&n fronut and adjoIning the
fame-i Boardwalk. fireproof; built entirely of brick
and iron: c apacity, 400. The hotel is one of the
anoot luvnu-ious; furnished and most modern of re
sort houses. Elevator; steam heat; sun pavilions
on Boardwalk. Spring rates are reduced; booklet.
ROrT. T. Ill NLiMP. f.>rmerly manager of Hotel
linp.-ril and Vcto~ria, New York. mhl8-52t-10J
Virginia Avenue and Beach.
,New managtement; mosdern hotel; most popular
section; baths, steam heat. elevatosr, cuisine and
serviee features. Special spring terms. $10 to $18
wreekly. Bosukiet. J. 43. and J.- E. DICKINSON(.
feel-Tt it
Tennessee Ave. and Reach.
Fine enisine; liberal management; populiar prices.
mba-26t.4 BER.T & iRU'BtA K ER.
"It won't born."
DietyBleak House.
* ietyon the ocean front. Stritlty European.
$1.50. le.r day and up. ifodern. Ahsolutely fire
pr'.of. The hotel "par essellence"' for Washing
tonians. 4'. private baths. Capacity. 4100. Luxuri
ously apps~inted. Booklet maIled.
mi. h I I" CEO. H. CORYELL.
N'irginia ame. near Beach. Niow epen. Spca
spring rates. ih2-78t-4) M. D. NEIMAN.
Ocean end 5. (. ave.; Am. and )European plans;
restaurant and bef'et attached; full ocean view;
'steam heat; open all year. 8. A- 8iCIIW~issrOR'I'.
nibli- 154t-4
The Frontenac.
1Wancky ave near beach; new hotel: steamn beat;
e.e itor; pleasant rooms; exaellent cnalne. Spring
- ire. Sit to 510) weekly, $1.50, to $2 daily. Booklet.
Mrs. H. Y. MUY3R. formerly of the WetherilL,
nI ~5Rt.6
Directly on the ocean front.
Rooms en suite, with bath attached; sun parlor;
elevator to level of street. Rates. $3 er day.
Upeetal weekly rates. COOK & WUIT .
Virginia ave. and Beach. Atlantic City. Ni. .
-Many new improvements. IncludIng new hydraalle
elevator. Write for booklet and Sp'ltaerms.
usb1-731- K S HOggg.
Ktew York awe. near beach. Enlarged to ca~amelti
.f 300 Flevator. Rtoe us single and en solte, wita
bath. Op--n all year. Booklet mailed. D. KNAUER.
Hotel Ponce de Leon.
* Vrginia ave..- second hosuse from beach; steaUl
beat; elevator; ap.b rates, $2 and up dafly. Pt
end ap aeekly; b.s*e.
fe20-78t.li S E. SWEKENT. Owner and Prop.
On the Beaeh.
Ugwards of @0.00 baa just been elpesin a4.
uittonal improvements, whIch incld nil ew psi
vate bath rooms, Miced in Italian inarble. witS
bet and cold fehandI sea-water attacmat
ebwers. bc.ee. htel contalns amore prlvate
..btethan ay resort botes ta th.ecountry. Writi
for nokl.t. *ja2-10i4t-10) 3. B. REILLY. Pop.
Teneee ava. and Beach. Steam hest: mee
erate rates. Excelleat table. ooklet.
-aSa.t,4 0.n =- m RM.AN.
The Islesworth,
Directly on the Beach.
Ope all the year.
ieern to every detail,
Fresh and salt water in every bat
are. Orceaettls
Write foe book
fe2-78t-30 L . SCDlL Manager.
Kentucky ave. near beach; steam beat; man parlor;
elevator to level of street. Special png rtes.
mb2-78t CHAS. BUR.
Kentucky Ave. and Beach.
Capacity 300. First-class hotel at moderata
rateS. Elevator to street level. steam beat. sun
parlors, etc. Rooklet. J. T. ROBERTS. fel5-104t-5
Hotel Traymore,
Every modern luxury. Dining Room inclosed
in glass. Over fifty private baths attached to
suites with salt and fresh water. Baggage checked
from hotel to all parts of the country.
D. 8. WH ITE. Jr.,
fe2-104t-10 Owner and Proprietor.
250 beantiful rooms; bot and cold sea water
baths in hotel and attached to sites. The hotel
exchange is the largest and most luzuriously for
talhed. Terms,. $2.50 per day. Special weekly.
Correspondence solicited. Coaches .meet all trains.
fe21-58t-10 CHARLES I. CPE.
TH E EVARD K*tuk' ave ys
, from beach; $ to $2.60
per day; special weekly; steam heat.
mnl-52t-4 J. RAUFFENBART.
Every modern appointment and comfort.
Hot and cold sea water baths. Golf hua.
Write for illustrated literature,
Ja14-10tf LEnS & LIPPTNCOTT.
Open Pavilion and Heated Sun Parlor directly
ever boardwalk. Porches on a level with and
loined to boardwalk.
Sea and fresh private baths. Golf privileges.
ee2S-165t-10 JOSIAH WHITE & SON.
bath root. 100 feet from .wenn. $"0 season; Inn:
Table board. $6. B.ALLTAON BEACH CO..
mhl6-s-7t West New Brighton. N. Y.
[email protected]@'S SPRMl SEASON
It onen until June 1.
Golf, Polo and Driving,
Its two famous hotels are
The Laurel House,
A. J. MURPHY, Asst. Mgr.
The Laurel=in=the=Pines,
HORACE PORTER, Associate Mgr.
Both under the management of
de22-20tf DAVID B. PLUMER.
Capon Springs and Baths
This noted Mountain Resort will open June 1.
Large and pleasant company every season. For
booklet. Information, rates, etc., address
CiAS. F. NELSON, P. O. Capon Springs, W. Va.
mer home, situated on top of the Alleghenies, at
Oakland. Garrett Co., Maryland, on the main
line of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad; beauti
ful place of over three acres, with tine growth
of old trees; large frame two-story dwelling,
containing parlor, dining room, sitting room,
pantry, kitchen, eight bed rooms, two bath rooms,
linen room and Store room: large porch on front
and side; tine well of pure water, with wind mill
and hot-air engine over same; plumbing in the
house modern and complete; large ice house and
wood house on the grounds. All buildings in good
order and the house largely furnished. Altitude
over 2.50 feet. Fine, cool climate throughout
the summer.
Apply to CILMORE S. HA1MILL, Oakland. Gar
rett Cu., \]d.. or to E)WARD S. BUCKLEY. Jr.,
5s5 4hetnut at. Philadelphia. Penna. apl8-12t*
Delightful climate; high elevation; NATURAL
LITiIA WATER; comfortable, well equipped,
healthful summer resort, at Basic City, Va., on
C and +). and N. and W. railroads. June to Oct.
Mrs. BOLLING, 819 Park ave.. Baltimore, Md.
Three Cottages for Rent at
Buena Vista Spring, Pa.
* * * - In the heart of the "BLUE IIDGE"-for
* * * the season-FURNISHEI>-9, 10 and 12
* a rooms, with baths. Convenient to the hotel.
* * * Large porches. beautiful grounds and trees.
* * * Only 3 hours from Washington.
* * * I7Apply by letter to GEO. A. MILIS,
* * * Jr.. Manager Buena Vista Spring Hotel,
* * * 1335 F st., Washington. D. C. ap2O-tf-14
Elevation above sea level, 1,100 feet. No mos
quitoes. Cool nights. Will open June 1. Send
for booklet. ap15-lOtf
Virginia Hot Springs.
Water very beneficial for persons suffering with
rhenmatism, gout and nervous troubles. New
HOTEL ALPHIN open all the year. Rates. $2.60
to $3.50 per day, $17.50 per week and upward.
mile below Atlantic City; connected by trolley
every S minutea; 120 bed rooms; private baths;
elevator; bufret; directly on the ocean and
speedway. Also hotels, cottages, improved and
nimproved Iota in all prts of AtlantleC City and
Yentnor. I. 0. ADAMS& CO.. Iaw huilding,
Atlantic City. N. J. fe28-52t-8
Egypt and the Cat.
From the Gentlieman's Mfagazine.
In old Egypt there was a burial place for
sacred cats as well as sacred bulls; and
the reason was no doubt the same-namely,
that they had a place In the symbolic wor
ship. A cemetery of cats existed near Blu
bastis, which is the modern Tel Basta, not
far from Zag-a-zig Junction on the rail
way. Rurled in the mound, M. Naville, a
few years ago, found the ruined temple of
Bast or Pasht. the Cat goddess, who gave
her name to the city. The foundation of
Rubastis carries us back to the beginning
of the historical times of Egypt, and is
contemporary with the pyramids, the old
est monuments. Herodotus says: "The
te mple stands in the middle of the city,
and is visible on all sides as one walks
round it; for, as the city has been raised
up by an embankment, while the temple
has been left untouched in its original con
dition. yott look down upon it wherever
you are. A low wail runs round the in
closure, having figures engraved upon it,
and Inside there is a grove of beautiful
tall trees growing round the shrine, which
contains the image of the goddess." And
concerning the goddess herself he says:
"The Bubastis of the Egyptians is the
same as the Artemis of the Greeks." To
this we may add that the Artemis of the
Greeks is generally said to be the same as
the Diana of the Romans, a goddess of
light, representing the moon. Thus we see
that Bast, or Pasht, was connected with
the cat on the one hand, and the moon on
the other. So it is quite feasible that puss,
when she figures as a symbol in the Egyp
tian worship, represents something in th4
domain .of astronomy and the calendar.
Ovid calls the cat the sister of the moon,
and says that Pasht took the form of a
cat to avoid Typhon. According to Plu
tarch. a cat placed in a lustrum denoted
the moon. It is a night animal, and its
eyes glistlen in the dark. Mr. Hyde Clarke
remarks that there are phenomena of pe
riodicity in the cat, which are supposed to
have given rise to Its relationship to the
moon. What I think I have discovered
or at least made clearer than it was before
--i9. that the cat was an intercalary month,
added In the one hundred and twentieth
year, to rectify the calendar.
A Flah and Lizard Story.
Fromt Field and Stream.
One afternoon I thought I would go down
the river and troll. I had on my hook a
live minnow, and in a little while had a
strike and I hooked my first fish, which
seemed to be quite a large one. I reeled
him where I could see him and found it
was a large pike, twenty-five or thirty
meches long. I pulled him up to my boat,
but when I lifted him from thd water he
was as light as a feather. I measured him
and found he was just thirty inches long,
and should have weighed eight or nine
pounds. while he only weighed two. He
was just skin and bones, I killed himn, took
my knife and cut him open, and found a
live lizard, five inches long, in his stomach.
The reptile was as black as coal and very
lively, living twenty-four hours after I took
him from his prison.
For Sale, with or without Furniture, or might be Rented'gr the Season.
The estate of Anson -Phelps Stokes, Maq., on Stockbridge Bowl (Mahkeenac like), consisting of
about 1,000 acres.
There are 32 buildings on the place, consisting of mansion, lodges. stabl. greenhouses, ice
houses, cottages, farm buildings, dairy, carpenter and blacksmith shops, boat hoties. etc., etc.
Main house-Architecture is old English country house of the Elizabethan period.
The first floor contains library, ball room (5'x55'), drawing room, den, large entrance hall, large
reception room, staircase hall, wash room, etc.; dining room, breakfast room, wditers' pantry, acul
lery, kitchen, second hall and stairway, store room, servanta' hall, man's roof, ice houses and
covered place for carriages to stand (16'x25').
The second floor contains 20 bed and dressing rooms nnd two servants' rooms am six bath rooms.
The third floor contains 8 famiy rooms (including billiard room). 2 bath rooms and 11 servants'
The house is lighted by gasoline and is wired throughout for electricity; is heated by hot water
and open fireplaces, and is in every way suited for winter residence.
Large private supply of excellent water from 2 large reservoirs.
Deer park, trout pond, etc.
The park and residence will be sold or rented without the farm if desired.
Further particulars may be had, and maps, plans and views may be seen at the office of the
SAMUEL FROTHINGHAM, No. 51 Liberty St., New York.
A Confederate Ensign Found Among
the Samoan Natives.
A Chief's Legacy From an Un
known White Man.
Soon after Judge Chambers. who is now
a member of the Spanish war claims com
mission. was sent to Samoa by President
Cleveland he attended one o" the great gala
festivities and feasts so famous among the
natives of these Pacific islands. These
feasts are never to be forgotten by those
wg once attend. The natives come from
many miles around the islands. Most of
them reach Apia, where the feasts take
place, in boats. Sometimes there are over
500 boats, with from two to eighty-four
oars each, and containing people enough to
fill them. The scene is one of the most
picturesque to be found in any part of the
world. Before the feasts boat races and
aquatic sports take place in the harbor of
Apia, and up to the time the islands were
partitioned the representatives of the for
eign governments were interested specta
tors, and the natives considered the pres
ence of the foreigners a great and Impor
tant honor.
The feasts might be called picnics, for
they are held in the open air, but instead
of pies, pickles, cakes, sandwiches and lem
onade. the customary refreshments at pic
nics, the natives kill and roast hundreds of
pigs, geese, chickens and other fowl. be
sides having many varieties of fish. Some
beautiful grove is the only table, and the
ground where the food is spread Is covered
with the rich green leaves of the banana
tree. The greatest hospitality is always
evidenced, the natives paying especial at
tention to their guests. At the conclusion
of the feast it Is the custom to divide the
remaining food among moe people, it being
proportioned according to position-the
higher a man stands the larger the amount
of left-over food he has sent to his house.
In this. as during the course of the feast,
there is the greatest precision in the man
agement. At no time is there a scramble.
The occasion is a delightful one to people
unaccustomed to it.
Flags of All Nations.
"All the native chiefs bring flags of some
kind when coming to the feasts, and take
the greatest care of them," said Judge
Chambers in describing a Samoan feast to
a group of friends the other day. "They
are fond of any kind of a flag. Those
chiefs who cannot secure the flags of na
tions use fancy pieces of cloth and tattered
garments. He Is a poor and unimportant
chief who does not own a flag. Looking
out on the beautiful scene in the harbor
of Samoa on this gala day that I have
spoken of I noticed a boat flying a flag
that I could not make out. I took a glass
and saw what I thought was a confederate
flag. I could not believe it possible, how
ever, and waited until the boat came near
er. Then I saw plainly that it was a genu
ine flag of the confederacy. I naturally
was greatly interested, and sent one of my
servants to ask the chief to come to see me.
When he came I began questioning him
about the flag, but. he would give me no
information, and his reticence excited my
curiosity. He was a man of good features
and was apparently a chief of consequence
in his neighborhood. I, of course, wanted
to get possession of the flag, and did not
suppose that I would have the least trouble
in doing so, particularly as the natives
were fond of exchanging flags, and that
of the United States was a favorite with
them, the flag of England being next and
of Germany next.
/0 The Chiefs Refusal.
"I offered the chief a flag of the United
States for his confederate flag. He said
quietly that he could not make the ex
change. I then offered him a new flag of
England or of Germany. He refused these
also, and I suspected that he was trying
to drive a shrewd bargain with me. I next
offered him a bolt of cloth worth con
siderable money, and when he refused that
I offered him a barrel of meat, the most
tempting and costly thing in the mind of
a native. As nothing could induce him to
make the exchange I asked him his rea
sons for refusing.
The Strange White Man.
"In reply he said that one day long ago
a white man came to his hut. He suppos
ed the man had come from Apia. He had
several bundles in his possession and pre
served them with the utmost care. The
stranger, the chief told me, was a man of
great dignity and of an amiable disposi
tion. The natives soon came to love him
much and took pleasure in providing him
with every delicacy they could obtain. The
chief himself became deeply attached to
him, and when the white man's health be
gan to fall there was universal regret
among the natives. Wihen the stranger
saw that his end was near he called the
chief to him and directed that one of the
bundles in his possession be opened. Then
there was displayed a beautiful silk flag,
but worn by handling.
A Dying Mian's Requent.
"'See that flag.' said the stranger; "well,
it was the flag of my nation-a great peo
ple. It went down in defeat, but I decided
that it should never be surrendered. So I
left home, kinsmen and friends and camne
here with It. I am going to give It to you.
Never let a white man have it In his
"That was the dying injunction of the
stranger, and the chief had sworn that
the flag should always remain with him.
He had made his tribe swear to keep it
and never part with It, that when he died
the succeeding chief should take it and
bury it where no other human being would
ever know of Its hiding place.
Fruitless Effort.
"The chief's story was told in simple
but affecting words. I made many other
offers to secure the flag, but he was tlrm
to the end and went away that afternoon
with the flag in his boat. I instituted some
inquiries later and sent several trusted
natives to the chief's home to make offers,
but they were unsuccessful.
"When I came back to this country and
told the story to some confederate friends
they agreed to take steps to recover the
flag if possible. Some years later they
began a systematic effort, but the old chief
had passed away, the flag had disappeared
and the members of the tribe would give
no information as to its whereabouts."
Horse. Knew the Noon Hour.
From the New York San.
A pair of Intelligent horses attracted the
attention of a large crowd on Nassau street
at noon one day last week. They were at
tached to a heavily loaded ice wagon com
ing down the steep grade between Cedar
street and Maiden lane and were holding
back the wagon with a noticeable effort.
When they were half way down the whis
ties blew for 12 o'clock. Suddenly the
horses drew in toward the curb, and began
to plant their bind feet well forward to
stop the wagon.
The driver made no effort to check them
and their hard work at once attracted no
tice. Pedestrians looked at the hotsee and
then at the driver, who had a broad grith
on his face. By hard work the wagon was
stopped. The driver sat still aiad watched
his animals. One of them immediately be
gan rubbing his head against the neck of
the other and with nods and pushes suc
ceeded in rubbing bis bridle off. Then the
other' horse took his turn at rubbing, and
his bridle. came off.
Fully two hundred persons had watched
this, and when it was completed the driver
got down from his seat .and swung a bag
of oats from over the nose of each animaL
They stood there and ate their mid-day
meal. The driver was patient. ann proud
of his team. -He petted thern and talked to
them, and when they wr hog rv
off whistling.weetouldov
"Talk about the laboring man dropping
his shovel at the sound ot the noon whis
tle,"' said one man. "That beats anything
I ever saw. -No one hereafter need try to
convinee me of the . intelligence of the
The Preliminar'es Neoeeary Before
Entering Upon Wedded Life,
Those Authorized to Issue Them
and to Join Loving Couples.
Persons who contemplate entering the
holy state of wedlock may find it to their
Interest to consult a publication recently
issued under the superintendence of Mr.
Carroll D. Wright on the subject of "Mar
riage." From this work it is learned that
In nearly all the states and territories a
license-termed by the laws of some states
a certificate-is required to be procured
by parties intending matriage prior to the
consummation thereof, for the issuance of
which fees are exacted.
Probably the most unique regulations on
the subject exist In Delaware, where the
fees appear to vary according to the 10
cality and the officer of whom the license
is obtained. The law provides in the first
place that the state shall receive a reve
nue of $2 for each marriage license issued.
In addition to this the "clerk of the peace"
is entitled to a fee of 33 cents. It is also
made the duty of the latter official to des
ignate at least six justices of the peace
in his county to dispense marriage licenses,
and the justice disipensing such liceise is
entitled to a fee of ,- cents. In the city
of Wilmington it is made the duty of the
"clerk of the peace" to appoint a suitable
person to dispense licenses of all kinds,
for which service the person so apointed
shall receive a fee of 25 cents in each case
in addition to the fee to the clerk.
In the District of Columbia the license
to marry is issued by the clerk of the Mu
preme Court and the fee is $1. In Ala
bama the probate judge is the issuing offi
cer, and the fee $1.500; in Arizona. the.
county recorder, fee. $2.-0; in Arkansas.
the clerk of the county court, fee, $2.50; in
California, the county clerk, fee. 32; in Col
orado, county clerk, fee, $1; in Conne-ticut,
register of births, marriages and deaths.
fee, 50 cents; in Florida, clerk of circuit
court, fee, $2: in Georgia, ordinary or clerit
to ordinary. fee. $2: in Illinois. county clerk,
fee, $1.50; In Indiana, clerk of circuit court,
fee, $2; in Iowa, clerk of circuit court. fee.
$1; In Kansas, probate judge, fee. $2; In
Kentucky, county clerk, fee, $1.50: in Louis
lana, clerk of district court, fee, $2; in
Maine, the town clerk. fee, 50 cents; in
Maryland, clerk of circuit court, fee. $1;
in Massachusetts. town clerk or registrar.
fee, 50 cents; In Michigan, county clerk, fee,
50 cents; in Minnesota, clerk of district
court, fee, $2; in Mississippi, clerk of cir
cuit court, fee, $3; In Missouri, the county
recorder, fee, $1: in Montana, the probate
judge, fee, $2: in Nebraska, the county
judge, fee, $1.50; in Nevada, the county
clerk, fee, $1: in New Hampshire. town
clerk, fee. 31; in North Carolina, the regis
ter of deeds, fee. $1.50: in Ohio, probate
judge, fee, 75 cents: in Oregon, count'
clerk, fee, $2.67: in Pennsylvania. clerk of
orphans' court, fee, 50 cents; in Rhode Is
land, town or city clerk, fee, 5:0 cents; In
Tennessee, clerk of county court, fee. $1'
in Texas, clerk of county court, fee, $1.500;
in Utah, clerk of probate court, fee. $2.25;
In Vermont, the town clerk, fee, .A cents;
In Virginia. clerk of county, city or cor
poration court, fee. $1; in Washington,
county auditor, fee, $3; in West Virginia.
clerk of county court, fee, $1. and in Wy
oming, the county clerk, fee, $3.
Authorized to Perform Ceremony.
The statutes of all the states and terri
tories except Pennsylvania and South Caro
lina expressly stipulate the classes of per
sons authorized to perform the marriage
ceremony. In Pennsylvania no legal provi
sions are found directly authorizing or re
stricting the right to solemnize marriage
to any particular classes of persons or of
ficers, except in the laws of 1885, which
provide that the parties may solemnize
their own marriage. In an act passed in
1701 it was stipulated that an act previ
ously in force which provided for publica
tion, parental consent, form of solemniza
tion, etc., and specified penalties for its vio
lation, "shall not extend to any who shall
marry or be remarried in the religious so
ciety to which they belong, so as notice
shall be given by either of the parties, to
the parents, masters, mistresses or guard
ians, one full month at least before any
such marriage be solemnized." This provi
sion seems to authorize religious societies
to celebrate marriage according to their
In South Carolina the only reference to
the parties by whom marriages may be
solemnized is found in the general statutes
of 1882. which provide a penalty for the
solemnization of marriage between white
and colored persons by "any clergyman.
minister of the gospel, magistrate or other
person authorized by law to perform the
marriage ceremony."
The persons most commonly authorized
by statute to perform marriage ceremonies
are the following: Ministers, priests or
preachers of the gospel in all the states and
territorIes; judges of one or more classes
of courts. In all the states, except Djela
ware, D)istrict of ColumbIa, Maine, Mary
land, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hamp
shire. North CarolIna. Ohio. Vermont, Vir
ginia and WVest Virginia: justices of the
peace in all except Delaware. District of
Columbia, Maryland. Rhode Island. Virgin
la-and West Virginia: Quakers or other re
ligious societies having as such any pecu
liar mode of celebrating marrIage in all ex
cept Arizona, California, Colorado. C onnec
ticut, Dakota. District of Coiumbiaj, Flori
da, Idaho, Louisiana. Tennessee, Texas and
In those states and territories whose
statutes provide for solemnizatIon of mar
riage by Quakers or other religious socie
ties, having as such any peculiar mode of
celebrating marriage, It is generslly pro
vided that the ceremony or other act of
marriage may be in accordance with their'
customs; and where not so specially stat
ed It is, of course, implied.
Other Requiresseata.
In California and Idaho the person per
forming the marriage ceremony must have
personal knowledge of. or ascertain prior
to solemnization, the identity, names and
residence of the parties, their legal right
to marry, and that parental consent has
been given, if necessary. In Dakota he
must ascertain to his satisfaction the iden
tity, names and residence of the parties.
and that they are of sufficient age, to
gether with the name and residence of the
witness or witnesses to the marridge. Also
In the following states, the person per
forming a marriage ceremony must first
ascertain (if, unknown to him) whether the
parties are legally entitled to marry: Min
nesota, New Mexico, New York and Wis
consin. In Ohio, if the marriage Is of a
minor, without the authority of a license,
the person solemnizing is required to as
certain that the intention of marriage be
tween the parties has been duly published,
and that parental consent has been ob
The presence of one witness at the cere
mony is required in Dakota and New York.
Two witnesses are required to be present
in Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana,
Nebraska, Nevada, Oregon, Rhode Island,
Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming. In
Louisiana three witnesses are required.
[n Pennsylvania the original statutory re
:uirement of twelve witnesses has not been
In terms repealed, but the requirement is
no longer enforced. Two witnesses must
be present when any marriage is solem
ized by tire parties themselves. Marriage
writhout ceremony is provided for in Ari
zcna, California, Dakota, New Hampshire
and New York.
When the marriage rites have been per
formed by a person professing to be au
thorized, but not authorized by law, for
that purpose, it is provided In twenty-one
states and territories, below specified, that
the validity of the marriage Is not affected
:by such lack of authority, If it is in other
respects valid and consummated with the
:elief by the parties, or either of them,
that they have been lawfully married,
L'hese states are Delaware, Georgia, Idaho,
ndiana, Kentucky. Maine, Massachusetts,
Mlichigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nehb-naire
evada, New Hampshire. Oregon, Utah,
Vermont, Virginia, Washington (state),
West Virginia. Wisconsin and Wyoming.
Legal Fees fesw MasySmg.
The statutes of many of the states and
Dr. Humphreys.
After fifty yeas Dr. Runebreys' Feclics enjW
the greatest popularity and largest sale I their
hiabry, due to intrinsic merit. THEY CURE 711T
-iNo f'Ri ES. P~k1 .
I--FEVERf, ('Itgestoks. Isiamusatiees...... .2.
2 WORMS. Worm Fever. Wormi (4ie........ .23
3- TETIttIl'. '.4lie. 'rytng. Wakefulness. . .23
4-IAltltiEA. of c"hildren or Adults........ .2l
T-Ci it-edI "s. . hrtnehitta............... .2S
8 NI''AI IA. Totbache. Fae.'a.'he ....... .2:.
i -ltitAliACilF. 51.-k ll.-adache Verttgo...... .23
10 reft'l-;1'.1lA. Indigestion. W-eak Stenianch . .23
i1-St'lTRF,*.lI Oilt PAINIlI, I'EltIleS.4... .23
12 -WIIITls. To. 1-refuse Periods. .......... .2:.
13--CtRtNi*. lAIIYN ITIS. liann.es.m'........ .
14 SiAlT ItHEIM- Eryaipe'las. EruptiO.us......
IeR-EItI ATIs~t. Itheumatie 'ain......... .
16 M.AI.ARtIA. {'htll' Fever and Agu........ 2-:
Ite -CATAltiH. ilutienza. Cold in the ll'ad. .. .2.
2A tillmiI\' -t-.h di...................... 2-.
2:- KllNEY Ils;ANI -:s.................
25 -NFtVaitr l's titn rTI-I ................... 1 .s,
30 -t'llN l.ttY wi'Atk f 8, t-et ting l.td..... .2:
77 (;RIP. Hay 'ever........................ .;.
Sold by druggists, or sent a receipt of prie.
E71i t. HIt-"rninErs' NEW Po{KrEr V A i A1.
Huniphrey.' M.di.ine Co. lour. William andt Joha
Sta., New Tort.
the legal fees for performing the rite of
marriage. These provisions extend, as a
rule, only to the civil officers authorized
by law to perform the ceremony. In one
state only lVirginIa) is any special penalty
Providied for charging a greater fee than
that provldei by l:w. The statutes of this
state state that the person officiating at
a marriage is entitled to a fee of Si thore
for, and any person exacting a greater fee'
shall forfeit to the party aggrieved 3:e1. (n
the other hand, in West Virginia. it is pro
vided that the fee shall be at least $1, and
in Idaho that the few shall be $5. or any
other or greater sum voluntarlly given by
the parties to such marriage.
In sixteen states and territories pro
vision is made for the giving if 'ert iiat-s
of marriage to the eontracting part hee,
usually upon their request. Thee, are:
California, IDakoita, Idaho, Iowa. Marylacti,
Michigan, Minnesota. Montana, N.erasks.
Nevaila. New York, Oregon. Pennsylvania,
Washington, Wlsconsifn and Wyomig.
In Arkansas, after the return to the clerk
of a marriage license. officially signed as
having been executed, and after the same
has been recorded, such license is returned
by the clerk to the party, certified as have.
ing been recorded.
Better Faciitties for Ceetting i oad
Out of Washimmtes.
Special Correspondence of The Evening Star.
(O1LFEGE PARK, Md., April 2J, 11.401.
News has been received here that the
officials of the City and Suburb~n Railway
Company have promised a new time table
for the running of cars from Berwyn to
the city. This schedule will, it is said, af
ford passengers of this section of the line
better facilities for getting in and out of
The gymnasium of the Berwyn Athletic
Association. under the supervision of Ber
wyn Chapel, a branch of the Fourth Pres
byterian Church of Washington. Is becom
ing more and more the source of much en
joi ment to the conim city at larg.'. lie
sides the teams of base ball, tennis and
crolquet. composed of the seniors of the
association. there is being organized a bri
gade of the Juveniles of the Sunday school
of the church. The name given the n-w
movement is the "luys' Brigade of ter
wyn." and the organization is under the
direction of a military cadet of Washing
ton. Athletic appurtenances are being
added to the gymnasium, which at present
is equal to many such outfits in large
The residents of Berwyn have organized
a Belgian hare association. which will se
cure a large stock of hares with pedigrees.
The association will have an election of
officers within the next month.
Mr. W. T. Wallace of Berwyn, who has
been confined to his home by ill health for
the past week, Is out again and has re
turned to his duties in Washington.
The condition of Mr. Francis Shanna
brook, who for the last eight months has
been housed on account of illness, has
greatly improved.
Mr. E. Newman of Washington is having
dug on premises owned by him in this lo
cality a large lake, which is to cover, when
completed, an area of ten acres. He pro
poses to stock the lake with fish. In the
winter he will have it made into a .hatng
Mr. Jay Van of Lakeland is confined to
his home by an attack of the grip.
The annual oratorical contest of the
Maryland Intercollegiate Association, which
was to occur the 2'th instant at the Mary
land Agricultural College. has been post
poned to May 3 next. Among the colleges
to be represented at the contest are St.
John's. Annapolis. Washington ('allege,
Chestertown. Western Maryland. Westmin
ster and the Maryland Agricultural 'ol
lege, which last has chosen Mr. P. L.
Peach and Mr. W. Wilfred Cabey as prin
cipal and alternate, respectively, to repire
sent it. A program of interesting featureS,
in addition to the contest, has been ar'
Ohio and Marysad Eteetom Laws.
To the Failtor of The Evening Star:
I read this sentence in the editorial of
The Star yesterday on the subject of "The
Supreme Court Vacancy," concerning Mr.
Thomas H. Anderson. now district ,attor
ney. who Is thought to be the most likely
candidate for the vacant judgeship: "it is
generally understood that Mr. Anderson
has his legal domicile in Ohio, and -is a
citizen of and a toter in that state." How
harshly strange this sounds to the ears of
a native-born Marylander. who never lived
outside of his state nor voted anywhere
else, but unfortunately Is now employed in
the government service here, too far from
his home to go hither and thither each day,
and hence is comnlelled to "domicile" here
in the light of the new election law recent
ly passed by the extra session of the Mary
land legislature. It is w-eli known that Mr.
Anderson has been engaged for a number
of years in private business in this city.
and not "continuously in the government
service." And yet Mr. Anderson Is classed
as and understood to be a "citizen" of Ohio.
having his "legal residence" and being a
"voter" there, while the Marylander who
is only here in the government employ tem
porarily, for he may be separated from the
serv ice at any moment, and fully intend.
to resume his residence in the state when
so separated from the public service, is de
clared an alien from his state and deprived
of his citizenship and right of franchise
therein, because. forsooth, he can't walk
backward and forth eachi day to his home
in the state, nor go on the railway train
there. ThIs classes him with felons or uan
naturalized persons. And the case would
be the same if he owned a mnililon dollars'
worth of property and paid taxes thereo
in the state. He must have a velocipede or
an automobile of some kind to carry him
to his state domicile each day, or he can't
vote! No such ungenerous or unreasonable
law has ever before been passed by any
state, although in some quarters and in
some newspapers the law Is pronounced the
"best election law ever passed in any state"
and "ought to be adopted by all the states."
The writers of such "rot" don't understand
the purport of the law or what they are
talking about. But "the best laid plans of
men and mice att gang aglee." A hasty
trip over into Maryland to endeavor to
comply with this law and save his heaven
born right of franchise in the state ho was
born In convinced the writer that, unless
many signs faiL, the law will fall short of
its purpose. 5. T.
fletes- if Ee En=.
From the Ime King.
Coming home rather late one night, old
Jones discovered a country yoke! with a
lantern standing by the kitchen door.
"Young man." said he, "what are you
doing here?'
"Fve come a-courting, mur."
"A-courting? What do you mean"
"WelL, Im a follower of Mary, the kitch
en enaid aur."
"Do you usually carry a lantern who
you are on such errands?' ashed the old
mant, sarcastically,
"Yes, air, ai'ays."
"Don't toll me such nonemne. Time had
betrbe olf quickly-eourting with lmas
tern. Indeed. In my young days E w
used such a thing."
"No. aur." replied the yabies muum off;
"judging by yer misses.= K 'shsmds't think
Large Amounts Which Are Distribut
ed Among Forty.Diferent
"Various estimates have been made from
time to time as to the amount of money
Americans leave abroad in their foreign
pilgrimages, but at best these results are
matters of conjecture," said a postal of
ficial to a Star reporter this morning.
"We may arrive at the number of peo
ple who leave our shores from the records
of the steamship companies, but the amount
of money they spend abroad individually
and collectively is not a matter of record,
and must be guessed at with characteristic
American extravagance as a. basis.
"In the windows of banks in the various
large cities may be observed small signs
bearing these words:
" 'Drafts on Europe for ?1 and upward.'
"If it were possible to ascertain the
amounts of the thousands of the
drafts which carry our money to
foreign shores it would make an
interesting addition to the subject, as they
aggregate millions~ There is one source,
however, from which we may derive accu
rate knowledge and figures as to the
amount of money we send abroad and the
amount we receive back in the see-saw
process of exchange, and that Is the inter
national money order system. An analysis
of the inflow and outflow of this tide of
shifting dollars will be found a decidedly
instructive study when put in comprehen
sive form, as the distribution and amounts
are not generally known outside of official
Where Our Money Goes.
"It is understood, of course, that while
we export goods to the value of hundreds
of millions annually, their value in cash
comes back to us. When we export cash,
however, It is another matter. We get
some of it back, but as this is a money
producing country to foreign residents who
send a part or all of their surplus earnings
to their native lands, the balance sheet will
always be heavily against us.
"Incidentally, it will be of interest to
know the amount of business the Wash
ington post office does in a year, as a fair
proportion of the total goes abroad.
"Last sear the Washington office issued
26,378 money orders, to the amount of
$343,000. In New York the figures are
quite monumental. That office last year
issued 054,000 orders, to the amount of
$7,900,000. The amounts fluctuate with
the times, but each year shows a heavy
"Of course, money orders being a me
dium of exchange, in domestic business the
money goes from one Inland point to an
other. While Washington sends out near
ly half a million of dollars a year, much
of it comes back in orders cashed here.
"The money went out of the country last
year in international orders among forty
different countries to the amount of $16,
700,000, as against $13,700,000 the year pre
vious. The good times accounts largely
for the increase of over $3,000,000, or 22
per cent. The distribution of this money
and the increase in a single year shows
what nationality of our alien population
prospers over others, as most of it goes to
friends or relatives. For the sake of Il
lustration we will take but ten of the prin
cipal countries, as follows:
Countries Getting the Lion's Share.
"Great Britain, $5,106,200; increase, $500,
000. Germany, $2,560,000; increase, $260,
000. Canada, $1,800,010; increase, $200,000.
Sweden, $1.000,000; increase, $224,000. Aus
tria, $939,000; increase. $292.04X0. Hungary,
$556,000; increase, $274,000. Japan, $536,000;
increase, $2"0,000.
"To Norway we sent $635,000: France,
$44,,,00. and to Switzerland, $:08,000.
"To Italy we sent an increase of $355,000
over the previous year, which would ap
pear to indicate that the fruit business and
organ industry are looking up.
"It is worthy of special note that little
Japan ranks eighth in the list of total
amounts sent out, and the fourth in the list
of Increase. A jump of $280,000 in one year
to the empire of the mikado indicates the
presence of many thrifty Japanese here.
Most of them reside on the Pacific coast.
A large proportion of the amount sent to
Great Britain goes to Ireland.
The Inflow.
"So much for the money that goes out.
Now for what comes in. We will take but
six countries showing the largest amounts,
as follows:
"Cuba, $3,100,000; Porto Rico, $1,940,000;
Canada, $1,680,000; Germany, $1,475,000;
Great Britain, $1,200,000, and Austria, $220,
"The fact that $5,000,000 came into this
country from the two small islands of
Cuba and Porto Rico in a single year is
worthy of more than passing comment, es
pecially since we sent only $123,000 into
Cuba by means of money orders during the
same period. In fact, we received from
Cuba nearly as much as from Great Brit
ain, Canada, Germany and Austria com
"The large amount credited Cuba and
Porto Rico came from money sent home by
soldiers and other Americans on the is
lands, and money sent by banks and firms
by way of money orders instead of by
drafts of exchange. In fact, the increase
for the past year was quite remarkable,
Cuba showing $2,565,000; Porto Rico, $1,840,
000, and Mexico, $64,000. The amounts sent
us~ from Great Britain fell off $50,000, and
the remittances from Germany decreased
about the same sum.
We Transmit Largely in Excess.
"These figures show that a large amount
of money leaves this country every year
for distribution abroad very heavily in ex
cess of the amounts we receive.' For in
stance. we sent to Great Britain $3,960,000,
to Germany $1,000,000 and to Austria $700,
000 in excess of the amounts they sent us.
"With Canada there was only a little
over $100,000 difference in moneyr order ex
change between the two countries, and It
was against the United States, Muchi of
the money that goes into the dominion
from this country comes from New Eng
land, where thousanda of Canadians are
employed in the mills.
"While the volume of- exportg is very
hea'vily in our favor, the balance of the
foreign exchange account of cash as rep
resented by the only means of which we
have an exact and accurate record is
against us. These comparatively large to
tals are made up of thousands of small
amounts, ranging from under $1 to 350 to
some countries and 8100 to others, .de
pending upon the maximum amount which
may be sent to the respective countries.
To Great Britain it is $50 in one remittance,
as an example. ~Most of the remittances
are under $25, and thousands are for $4.87,
or ?1. The money, mainly coming from the
wage-earning class, linds its way abroad
into tens of thousands of homes of the
sme class of people, and it is distributed
all over the* globe, from 'the antipodes to
the icy wastes of Siberia."
The Austrian Enipernr Has Golden
Dishes - The White
House Way.
If one wishes to be very Anglomaniac in
regard to table etiquette, or rather table
furnishings, fish knives must be dispensed
This is a peculiarity of the King of Eng
land's dinner table. His majesty substi
tutes two forks when upon the fish course
he concentrates his attention. Nor does he
eat bread with his fish; in fact, he eats no
bread either at dinner or luncheon, but
only a specially prepared toast, cut in
small pieces. The king, it may be re
marked, drinks but little wine with his
meals, his abstemiousness in this respect
being most marked.
Fine silver does not play an important
part on the royal table, save on state oc
casions, crystal and fine porcelain being
more in evidence. Simplicity in other re
spects as regards meals has always been
a characteristic of Sandringham and Marl
borough House, both the king and queen
abhorring long or elaborate menus, and ab
solutely refusing to remain at dinner over
an hour. Forty minutes is the length of
time preferred and often adhered to.
The menus for dinner are printed on
prettily illuminated cards, surmounted by
the royal arms, and with a dainty view in
sepia of Windsor Castle, or Buckingham
Palace, whichever place the court may be.
The menu is headed "His Majesty's Din
ner." Then there comes the date, and
after that the French names of the various
dishes, including two kinds of soup, two
kinds of fish, two entrees, two releves, two
roasts, three entremety, with a side table
of various cold meats.
A Late Dinner Hour.
It is worthy of note that during Queen
Victoria's time the dinner provided for the
ladies and gentlemen' of her majesty's
household, in another apartment, was an
infinitely more elaborate affair than her
own. The dinner hour Is 9 o'clock.
Royalty takes its breakfast and luncheon
in private, as a rule; that is, members of
the royal family only are present; at din
ner. are ladies and gentlemen of the house
hold and guests.
Each royalty has his or her own servant.
King Edward VII as the Prince of Wales
traveled everywhere, with a footman to
wait on him at meals; in addition, his
valets always accompanied him, two gillies
who took charge of his guns, and, of
course, an equerry.
Queen Victoria was waited on at table by
her two Indian servants, to whom she spoke
in Hindoostan; if these servants made the
mistake of becoming too proficient in the
English language they were returned to
India and new ones substituted.
Guests at Windsor rarely see their royal
host and hostess until dinner time; it Is
usually arranged that guests arrive late in
the afternoon; they are received possibly
by the Princess Victoria, the king and queen
only receiving royalty in person. The next
morning guests breakfast in their own
rooms. A visit usually extends to the second
day; one is seldom invited for more than
two days, very often only to dine and sleep.
At the Austrian Court.
In striking contrast to the comparative
simplicity of English royalty at table are
the marvelous epicurean feasts of the Aus
trian court. There the menus are nearly a
yard long, and everything else in proportion.
An army of flunkies bears rare gold and
silver dishes, which they deftly balance on
three fingers. The dish placed before one,
however, is scarcely tasted before the court
marshal has tapped his golden cane on the
marble floor, and the dish is removed to
make place for the next. This is a state
dinner. Upon ordinary occasions the Em
peror of Austria takes all his meals alone,
even his dinner, each course being brought
in on a tray. His dinner consists of four
courses, his luncheon of two. Neither butter
nor sugar is ever allowed on his private
Another potentate who takes all his meals
alone is the pope; this is a papal traditional
custom. The sultan, too, dines alone, and
wherever he may happen to be at the mo
When their royalties of Russia dine with
out guess the dishes are of the most simple
and even bourgeois description, the czar,
although a hearty eater, preferring simple
food. Whenever the repast assumes a cere
monial form the cuisine is of the most elab
orate character. The chef's staff numbers
over 1,200 persons; these include 24 "officers
of the mouth," 50 yeomen of the buffet
and 120 chefs of first, second and third rank.
A custom observed in all countries in re
spect to the ruler of the land is that he is
always helped first. Even in our democratic
country, when the President of the United
States sits at table, even as host, and there
are ladies present, he is served first. His
place is at the center of the north side of
the table, the length of which extends from
east to west.
Book Devourer*.
From Good Words.
The death watch (Ans9biumn domesticum)
sometimes plays havoc among the books,
especially where they are Uttle used and
comprise some of the gdqd old sort, leather
bound ,with thick, heave boards. But not
only may the bindings bet attacked; the
more important readind may suffer also,
Kirby and Spence quote afrom Horne's
'Bibliography" a remaritable case in which
twenty-seven folio Voldmtns ..hat had long
reposed side by side had been bored clean
through in a straight liite, go that the set
could be threaded on a piece of string
passed through the slikrpe' round boles.
Occasional reading of tilie bdoks instead of
merely gazing at their labels is the remedy
for-or rather preventive of-damage of
this wholesale character -
The caterpillar of the 'tablie moth (Aglos
ma pinguinalis) has been charged with de
stroying bindings, and therlate Prof. West
wood reported upon ao cokony of exotic
wood-boring beetles (Hypothenemus erudi
tus) discovered tunneling into the bindings.
The name eruditus, or learned, which West
wood gave to this alien criminal, is an in
stance of that humor which scientidc men
are commonly supposed to lack, but many
a Latin name of bird or. beast, of fish or
insect, the naturalist knows bears witness
to the waggishness of the savant. An
other of these insects of literary tastes Is
the book louse (Atropds), a. minute wingless
creature that remninds' one, when -viewed
through a po'rerful lens' of its big reia
tion, the white ant. This pest, whose very
smallness causes it to be treated yrdinarily
with contempt, can yet do a great deal of
damage. It will eat the~ surface of! en
ameled paper or card, make the bindings of
books shabby by the same process, gnaw ati
the' edges of the leaves, and even carry on
Its nefarious operations ibetween thq pages,
and destroy the glue and paste that have
been used In binding the sheets together.
Crickets and cockroaches will also de
stroy leather bindings i.they can get ac
cae tn them,

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