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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 07, 1901, Image 1

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No. 15,115. WASHINGTON, D. O., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1901?TEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
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STRIKE ORDER OUT
President Shaffer Calls on Steel
Workers to Quit Work,
MAHOFACTDHERS NOT DNEAST
Next Saturday the Day Set for the
Walk Out
INCIDENTS OF TODAY
PITTSBURG, Pa., August 7.?With the is
suance ftf the general strike order of Presi
dent Shaffer, the tension which kept every
body in suspense last week as to what
would be the outcome of the dilly-dallying
conferences and meetings has now been re
lieved. The suspense is over, and, although
while the Immediate effect is deplorable,
those directly interested are not so much af
fected as the graveness of their position
would warrant.
The text of President Shaffer's call,
which was issued last night, follows:
"Brethren: The officials of the United
States Steel Trust have refused to recog
nize as union men those who are now striv
ing for the right to organize. The execu
tive board has authorized me to issue a call
upon all Amalgamated and other union men
in name and heart to join in the movement
to fight for labor's rights.
"We must fight or give up forever our
personal liberties.
"You will be told that you have signed
contracts, but you never agreed to sur
render those contracts to the United Stages
Steel Corporation. Its officers think you
were sold to them just as the'mills were,
contracts and all.
OhliKiitlon Before Confront.
"Remeber. before you agreed to any con
tract you took an obligation to the Amal
gamated Association. It now calls you to
help in this hour of need.
"Unless the trouble is settled on or before
Saturday. August 10, li??l, the mills will
close when the last turn is made on that
day.
"Brethren, this is the call to preserve our
organization. We trust you and need you.
Come and help us, and may right come to
a Just cause.
"Fraternally yours,
"T. J. SHAFFER."
It Is now generally accepted as a fact that
the struggle is on "for good"?as it were?
and it will not be terminated until either
the one or the other of the contending par
ties is defeated. Who this will be is yet a
subject of speculation. Still there are some,
endowed with more hopefulness than most
people, who express the opinion that the
order of President Shaffer will not go into
effect, and that a compromise will be made
before the week is out.
As far as Pittsburg is concerned, although
it is the headquarters of the Amalgamated
Association, few men are immediately in
volved in the strike in comparison with
other sections, the total number throughout
the country being almost 100,000 men.
Will Start Ip the Mill*.
There is no question that the various com
panies of the United States steel corpora
tion will make ejfforts to start up some of
the idle plants immediately, and thus pre
vent the strike, if jK>ssible, before its incep
tion. Such a move was made at Clark's
plant in this city this morning, and con
sternation reigned among the Strikers in
the Lawrenceville district when they
learned that Capt. Louis T. Brown, general
superintende-nt e?f the mill, had stolen a
march on them and started up the ten and
twelve-inch mills. A few of the strikers
were around the plant early, and when they
saw the two mills in operation they were
speechless with surprise and hurried away
to inform their companions. Soon many of
them were seen flocking to the works to
witness the sight for themselves, as they
could hardly belltve their fellows. It was
true, nevertheless. The mills started at the
regular hour this morning with about 1<?0
men and boys, and Capt. Brown says the
entife plant will be running before the end
of the week. When interviewed this morn
ing Capt. Brown said:
"We had no trouble whatever in getting
men. Of those that went to work this
morning, some are old inen and some new
men. We have many applications on hand
and will send out word today to those to
whom we can give employment, just when
to report for duty. The twenty-inch mill
has been running steadily since the strike
began, the men operating this one refus
ing to go out with the strikers. Every
thing is running along smoothly and we
expect no trouble whatever."
Mi-n SeckiiiK Work.
About the entrance many men were
found who said they were seeding work.
In regard to the upper and l.'wer union
mills of the Carnegie company. located at
33d and ?tth streets. Capt. Brown, who
has these mills also under his supervision,
said they were running along qu'e-tly and
he does not expect the men to go out on
Saturday, when President ShatTi-r's order
goes into effect, lie said the lowir mid
was not organized by the Amalgamated,
and at neither of the mills has tlu?re been
any indication that the men would strike.
Everything is very quiet around all the
mills. The strikers around Clark's mill are
very orderly and say they will make no at
tempt to get the men out that went to
work this morning, nor will they molest
them In any way.
A report was circulating in Lawranceville
this morning that two deteclives were
watching for any trouble about ine Clark
mill, but it could not be verified.
At Painters' mill on the south side, and
the Lindsay-M<-Cutcheon mill in Allegheny,
everything was very quiet. On.y a few
strikers were around to watch lor any at
tempt to start the works.
At the Pennsylvania tube works, 2d ave
nue, which, it is said, will be affected by
the strike order, everything w?.s running
along smoothly and the management said
there was not the least indication that the
men would strike. They havo heard no I
talk among the men and expect no trouble, j
.M?iiu(artorrr? Mot Alitrined.
The steel manufacturers generally do not
view the strike order with alarm. The
combine officials preserved the same reti
cence shown from the beginning of the
trouble, but prlvate-ly commented upon it,
refusing to be quoted. One prominent man
ufacturer said that he was very sorry that
President Shaffer had taken the step. He
said that he ftslt sorry for the men, but
that he believed the strike would speedily
end and that at its conclusion there would
be no Amalgamated Association to worry
the manufacturers in the future. He said
that there was no tension in the mills on
the part of the company.
Another said It would be a fight to
finish, and he did not think the negotia
tions would be reopened. "In the National
Steel Company I do not expect them to
close any mills except the Bessemer plant
and rolling mills at Newcastle and Mingo
Junction. At Newcastle they will m^-ke
2 men idle and at Mingo Junction about
l.TiOO. They can probably throw into idle
ness between 15,000 and 10,000 men, chiefly
at Chicago. Joliet and Milwaukee. I do
not think they can get out more than M
per cent of the ."0,000 men of the National
Tube Company."
One other manufacturer said that ma
only fear was the customary sympathy or
worklngmen for workingmen. He said that
in a strike of such proportions and for such
a cause no one can tell the outcome until
the strike order Is actually effective. Pie
feared the strike would be more extensive
than any are now willing to admit.
W. K. Corey Would Not Talk.
W. F. Corey, president of the Carnegie
Steel Company, the National Steel Com
pany and the American Steel Hoop Com
pany, refused to make any comrtient on
the threatened extension of the strike. This
has always been the i>oliey of Andrew Car
negie, and Mr. Corey was one of Mr. Car
negie's young partners. The effect of
President Shaffer's order on the employes
of the Carnegie Steel Company is being
watched with interest. It is generally un
derstood that the mills of the Carnegie
Company are depended upon by the United
States Steel corporation to keep the strike
from closing down its business. The plants
are so extensive, the men so thoioughly
non-union, the products so varied and ol
such a nature that they can be but little
affected by the refusal of union men in
other trades to handle them, that the situa
tion seems to be pretty well in the hands
of the United States Steel Corporation so
long as they are kept running.
In recognition of this the Amalgamated
Association is making desnerate attempts
to break down the bulwarks of non-union
ism in these mills. Organizers are at work
at Homestead. Duquesne, Braddoc* and
the upper and lower mills In this city, and
the Amalgamated people claim to have
made many converts In these non-union
strongholds.
Innble to Or?anl*e Home*tea?l.
Since the great strike of?lSJ)2 three unsuc
cessful attempts have been made to organ
ize the Homestead workers. A mass meet
ing of the workmen of the upper and lower
mills will be held tomorrow night, when
President Shaffer will address the men and
endeavor to induce them to Join the asso
ciation. The union men who are arranging
the meeting say they will close the mills
when the strike assumes its new proportions
Saturday night.
The action of President Shaffer in giving
the men until Saturday night to work be
fore entering on strike has given the cor
poration officials an opportunity of canvass
ing the situation. It is stated that every
foreman will be Instructed to ascertain the
sentiments of every man under his charge.
This will be tabulated by mills and dis
tricts, so that before next Saturday night
the president of the corporation will know
how each man in the employ of the corpora
tion stands.
A rumor was current today that an etiort
will be made to keep some of the workers
from striking by offering them an advance
r in wages. It is doubtful whether this will
be done so late In the day.
Interview With Mr. Shaffer.
The Amalgamated national officers were
late in reaching the headquarters this
morning, having been busy till long alter
midnight last night. In reply to the ques
tion as to whether he thought the men em
ployed by the Federal Steel Company would
: come o\it. President Shaffer said: "1 hat we
1 leave to the men. They have no scale that
1 can hold them from their obligations to the
Amalgamated Association. They have no
scale that can be transferred to another
company. Our people signed scales with
I certain companies. These companies have
transferred their stock to the United States
! Steel Corporation. This they have no right
to do. All contracts that are made by our
people are made with a full knowledge cn
the part of others. Such contracts are de
pendent upon the fundamental law of the
organization." ^ ,
"Will Mr. Gompers be here today?
"That you will have to get from him,
he said.
f- "Will there be any surprises today? was
the next question put to him, but this he
refused to answer.
Mr. Shaffer gave out today notice that
there will be a monster mass meeting held
at New Castle, Pa., on Saturday afternoon,
and said he would be there if nothing
prevents him.
Secretary John Williams was seen short
ly after his arrival at the headquarters,
but said that there was nothing new and
nothing to give out. He predicted that
there would be surprises in store for the
! people before a week had gone by.
! B I. Davis, editor of the Amalgamated
I Journal, and one of the association's na
i tional officers, speaking on the same sub
ject observed: "If this strike gets started
right it is likely to expand to proportions
not now suspected. You need not be sur
1 prised, in such event, to hear of trouble
In the Carnegie mills."
MachinlittB May Strike, Too.
The extension of the steel strike to the
machinists employed in ihe mills affected
by the strikes is a possible development.
There are between 800 and 1,000 machinists
in the steel mills. President O'Connell said
today that a request for a sympathetic
strike from President Shaffer of the Amal
gamated Association would, of course, be
given serious consideration, but that such
a request had not been received so far. He
added, however, that the employment of
non-union men In place of the strikers un
doubtedly would precipitate a strike of the
machinists, w-ho would not work beside
non-union men. The general strike of the
machinists inaugurated weeks ago is still
on and no final settlement or revocation
of the strike order is In sight. About
4,000 machinists are still claimed to be
out on the machinists' strike, including
about 1,500 on the Pacific coast, where
there also are several thousand other em
ployes, not machinists, engaged in the
strike. It is claimed that a settlement of
the water front trouble In San Francisco
unquestionably would tend to expedite the
adjustment of the machinists' strike,
whieh. however. Is not now in sight.
When word was received at the Amalga
mated headquarters that Clark's mill was
in partial operation Vice President Gibson
hurried to the scene. When he returned he
said only one striker had gone back to
work, and the rest were negroes. Where
they come from he could not say, but sup
posed that they were brought into the city
last night. He denied Captain Brown's
statement that two mills were in operation,
and said only one was running. He said
the starting of the mill would have no ef
fect upon the strikers. They were not dis
couraged. and no effort would be made to
get the men out that were now working.
Concerning the upper and lower Carnegie
mills he asserted that when the order went
into effect on Saturday it would be found
that both mills would be tied up, regardless
of what the owners say.
AFTER NOX-l'XlOS MEX.
I
Trouble Expected at -McKeenport If
Unionist* Catch Them.
McKEESPORT, Pa., August 7.?Six non
union men arrived from Scottdale this
morning and escaped the strikers by get
ting off the train before It reached the sta
tion. The strikers are searching for them
and if caught there may be trouble.
The strike order was received with quiet
satisfaction by the majority of skilled men
at the tube works, and as the Amalgamated
and Federation of Labor control almost all
of the skilled workmen the plant will close
on Saturday night.
Great excitement was caused here this
morning by the discovery by the strikers
that yesterday evening after dark six car
loads of pig Iron had been run Into the W.
Dewees Wood mill. The movement escaped
the observation of the pickets, who were
expecting nothing of the kind. The .lntro
(Continued on Second Pa#sl)
MACHIAS TO BE SENT
Gunboat Going to the Isthmus of
Panama.
HO PURPOSE TO INTERFERE
But Warship Will Be an Observer
of Events.
THE WORDS OF THE TREATY
An order was issued by the acting secre
tary of the navy this afternoon for the
gunboat Machias, now at the Boston navy
yard, to proceed without delay to Hampton
Roads and there to prepare for departure
to Colon, near the eastern terminus of the
Panama railroad.
At the Navy Department it is explained
that this movement has been ordered with
a view of having the Machias take obser
vations in the vicinity of the isthmus. In
announcing the action of the department
it was officially stated that "it is deemed
needful that a United States war vessel be
in that vicinity at this time."
Result of a Conference.
The order to the Machias followed a con
ference held at the Navy Department be
tween Acting Secretary of State Adee and
Mr. Hackett. Mr. Adee had the dispatch
received from Consul Gudger last night,
stating that the revolutionists had held up
a train for an hour on the line of the rail
road across the isthmus, and only about
fifteen miles from Panama City. While
this was not regarded as threatening an in
terruption of traffic, or giving anv ground
for intervention by the United States, yet
it was deemed advisable by the officials that
one of our ships should be in the neigh
borhood in order that suitable observations
could be made and steps taken to meet any
serious emergency that might arise. The
authorities do not feel called upon to set
tle in advance whether United States ma
rines will or will not be landed, as that will
I en*'re'>" upon future developments.
Twice in the past our marines have been
landed in that locality, but that was due to
special circumstances connected with an in
cident in 1885, and was not so much an
exercise of any rights we may have to
maintain free transit across the isthmus.
However, for the present there is no belief
among officials that there will be any need
of landing marines, and the Machias goes
chiefly as a watchful observer of coming
events. Her commander, Lieut. Commander
Mason Sargent, is regarded as an officer of
tact and ability, and besides this he has had
recent experience in West Indian waters,
being in command of the Scorpion when
she made her recent trip to La Guayra to
keep a watch on American interests in
Venezuela.
The Machias is a gunboat of 1,177 tons
displacement, with twin screws and good
steam capacity. She has eight four-inch
guns in her main battery, six rapid-fires
and one automatic gun. Her arrival at the
isthmus depends somewhat on the length of
her stay at Hampton Roads. It is believed
she will be ready to proceed with little or
no delay, and the trip will take about ten
days or two weeks. Her stop at Hampton
Roads will also permit Commander Sargent
to be advised of any late developments at
the isthmus. *
Maintenance of Traffic.
A careful reading of the treaty between
the United States and Colombia satisfies
those in authority that there is no present
occasion for the exercise of any rights
which the L nited States may have under
the treaty to maintain the free transit
across the Isthmus of Panama. The treaty
recites that "the government of New Gran
ada (Colombia) guarantees to the govern
ment of the United States that the right of
way of transit acre>ss the Isthmus of Pan
ama shall be open and free to the govern
ment and citizens of the United States,"
etc. It further provides that "the United
States guarantees positively and effica
ciously to New Granada the perfect neu
trality of the isthmus, witfi a view that the
free transit from the one to the other sea
may not be interrupted or embarrassed in
any future time while this treaty exists."
Colombia'* Obligation.
While a casual reading Of this treaty has
given rise to the view that the United
States was obligated to maintain free tran
sit across the isthmus, yet the view now
accepted, and the one on which the gov
ernment will doubtless proceed, is that Co
lombia is in the first place the guarantor
of free transit across the isthmus, and that
the United States is simply in the position
of an indorser of that obligation by Co
lombia.
"Under these circumstances it is for Co
lombia to maintain the free transk, and
not until she became utterly crippled in
carrying on her sovereign right of pro
tecting this territory could the United
States intervene to secure free transit. Any
other course would amount to a recogni
tion of the belligerency of the element now
ranged against the Colombian government.
Aside from the technical details of the
treaty, the view prevails among those best
qualified to judge its provisions that the
Intervention of the United States is de
signed more to protect the Colombian gov
ernment from any stoppage of isthmian
traffic by an invasion by a foreign power.
In the present trouble on the isthmus no
foreign power is involved, and the brief
interruption of the traffic has been caused
by revolutionists. For this reason the pro
visions of the troaty are not likely to be
Invoked for the present.
RevolutionUta Stop a Railway Train.
Consul Gudger at Panajna has cabled
the State Department as follows:
"Liberals detained for r-ne hour passen
ger train at Matachin this (yesterday)
morning; captured some government offi
cials; no looting; no damages."
CONTRACTS FOR SUPPLIES.
Awnrd* for St. Eli*abetli and Howard
University.
Contracts have been awarded by '.he In
terior Department for furnishing supplies
for the Government Hospital for the In
sane for the fiscal year ending June 30,
1902, the aggregate of these contracts
amounting to ?2S,C00.50. The successful
bidders were as follows: Wm. J. Zeli, (100
tons coal, $2,970; Johnson Bros., 300 tons
furnace coal, $1,221; National Coal Com
pany, 7,000 tons Cumberland coal, $18,060;
Thomas W. Smith. 00,000 feet stock culls
white pine, $1,320; Church & Stephenson,
several bids for lumber, aggregating
$3,206.50; Thomas W. Biley, bids for lum
ber aggregating $1,342.50; National Mortar
Company, 400 barrels lime. J1S8; Grove
Lime and Coal Company, 50 barrels plaster
of paris, $82.50; National Mortar Company
300 barrels cement, $219.
Contracts have been awarded for furnish
ing supplies, aggregating $4,000 in value, to
the Howard University for the present fis
cal year, to the following: Allegheny Com
pany, D. C.. coal; Bausch & Lomb Optical
Company, Rochester, N. Y.; Church & Ste
venson, D. C.. lumber; Amariah G Cox
Chicago; Ford estate, D. C., brick; W. T*
Galliher & Bro., D. C., lumber; Louis Har
tig, D. C.f hardware; James B. Lambie
D. C.. hardware; Geo. F. Muth & Co d'
C., paints and oils; National Mortar Comi
pany. D. C.; W. A. Pate, D. C., general
supplies; Queen Company, Philadelphia op
tical Instruments; Hugh Reilly, D. ' C
paints and oils; Thomas R. Riley D c"
lumber; Rudolph, West & Co., D. C.. hard
ware; Shoemaker & Busch, PhiladelDhla.
chemical supplies. P"4*.
TIMELY ARRIVAL ?F GOLD
LARGE ADDITION TO THE COUNTRY'S
STOCK OF MOXET.
Will Allay Apprehension Caused by
the Steel Strike and Will Keep
the Market Easy.
Great satisfaction is expressed at the of
fice of the director of thej mint over a large
influx of newly mined void expected within
the next sixty days. At'the mint bureau
today it was stated that fully $25,000,000 of
the met** will find it* Way into the United
States from the Alaskan fields before No
vember 1. Preparations are accordingly be
ing made for the strain upon the assay of
flee at Seattle and the mint at San Fran
cisco for the payment of the required sum
of money out of the treasury funds for this
bullion. Money will be forwarded to the
New York subtreasury within a short time
to meet these payment*, it being the cus
torn of the assay office at Seattle and the
mint at San Francisco to draw upon this
establishment for the amount required.
The expected incursion of the $25,000,000
of gold will place in general circulation an
equal sum of money, payment of which In
gold is guaranteed by the government, and
for several reasons its arrival is a source
of much satisfaction to the financial ele
ment of the country. The United States
subtreasury at New York yesterday paid
$JMS,0<IO for new gold from Alaska, and the
sum of $(186,<KX) Monday. The shipments
from the gold fields during the past few
months have been large, but within the
next sixty days, as enumerated, will be
much larger. The prospective Increase is
due to climatic conditions prevailing in the
north. The gold which Is expected to ar
rive before November 1 Is largely of the
placer variety, and its redundance within
the next sixty days is due to the fact that
the ice of the north is thawing, thus en
abling placer miners to find large quanti
ties of this sort of bullion. The $25,000,000
expected will come from both British and
American territory, the greater proportion
of it, however, from the former. It is ex
pected that the British gold regions will
produce about $18,000,000 of the total, and
the Nome region the remainder.
In speaking of the anticipated importa
tion. an official of the Treasury Department
today said:
"This latest addition to the country's
stock of money will undoubtedly have the
effect of allaying, to some extent at least,
whatever scare may be engendered by the
unfavorable condition of the market, due
to the steel strike. To a great extent this
influx of gold will offset the Uneasy feeling
which may prevail. The anticipated ple
thora of the yellow metal will tend to keep
the money market condition* easy, and of
course the general outlook is vastly en
couraging on this accotint. All this gold
must, of course, be paid for, but the money
used in payment is put Into circulation to
a great extent, and constitutes a substan
tial addition to the stock of our circulating
medium. There is plenty of money on the
market now. judging from reports received
The unfavorable crop Conditions were a
source of some little worriment for some
time, but it appears now that this has been
assuaged. The now gold coming In will
tend to put a damper on any fear remain
ing on this score."
THE AWARD APPROVED.
Contract for It* I id in k* for the
Government Insane Hospital.
Acting Secretary Ryan of the Department
of the Interior today approved the award
of the board which considered bids for ad
ditional buildings for the Government Hos
pital for the Insane. This award was, as
I stated in The Star yesterday, for $5110,000
and was to Horton & Hemenway of Provi
dence, R. I. This firm will give a bond for
$445,000 to guarantee the faithful perform
ance of its contract. Its original bid was
for the construction of fifteen building?, to
cost $l,.fc>l,082, but three buildings were
omitted from the contract; which brought
i the whole amount down to $910,000, within
the amount of the appropriation 'available.
They will finish the work in 550 working
days.
NEW BUILDINGS AT FT. MONROE.
A Iloard C oiislderlnif a I'Iiiu for Gen
erul Improvements.
Extensive improvements are contemplat
ed at the important military posts at Fort
Monroe, Va., Fort Leavenworth, Kan.,
Fort Sheridan, 111., and San Francisco, Cal.
Since the transfer of the military prison at
Leavenworth, Kan., to the general govern
ment several years ago the posts named
have been used for the imprisonment of
general military prisoners. Under the gen
eral plans of the department, it is con
templated to improve and enlarge the
prison facilities at the above named posts.
Fort Monroe has been the military prison
for the Department of the East ever since
the general military prison at Fort Leaven
worth was turned over to the civil author
ities, and the present plans are simply lor
its continuance as such. In view, however,
of the fact that the garrison Is to be large
ly increased by the transfer of artillery
companies from other posts, It has been
deemed expedient to Increase the facilities
for the care and safekeeping of soldiers
v*?'atIng the articles of war.
A board of army officers is now consider
ing a plan for the general improvement of
the post at Fort Monroe. The plans con
template several large new buildings, and
It is possible that a prison house will be
included in the number. *
INCREASE IX ARTILLERY.
Consequent Promotions of a Nnniber
of Officer*?
Under the instructions of Secretary Root
that the artillery arm be increased one
sixth whenever 1,800 .men have been re
cruited, the War Department has directed
the issue of an order for a further increase
to date August 1. This will cause the pro
motion of the following named officers:
Lieut. Col. J. R. Myriek, to be colonel; Ma
jors A. H. Merrill and ^r. Ennis, to be
lieutenant colonels; Captains H. L. Harris,
A. A. Murray, W. E. BirHhlmer, T. R.
Adams and J. A. Luntfeen, to be majors.
First lieutenants to be captains: A. S.
Fleming, Brooke Payne# H. F. Jackson. R.
E" S* Guln*ard. E. Landon, C.
H. McNeil, J. p. Tracv\ L". England, J. W.
Hinkley. jr., P. M. messier, J. Hagood.
J. T. Patterson, F; li. Fergrusson. R. S.
Abernethy, E. O. Sarfstt, A. J. Bowley,
B. C. Gilbert and L. S. Miller.
This will also cause*thfe organization of
n:n? companies fcftjliery, to be assigned
at different posts throughout 4he country.
REPORTED DELAY AT PEKIN.
< - _ ^ ? ?
Nothing: Ha* Been Heard From Mr.
Rockhlll Regarding: It.
The State Department has heard nothing
from Mr. Rockhlll for several days as to
the situation of uffairs at Pekln, and is at
a loss to understand the reasons for the
reported delay in signing the protocol. It
Is expected, however, Mr. Rockhlll
will be heard from verjrt fully on the sub
ject In case the delay ftodes any serious
issue over the coqclusidn of the negotla
tlons. There fs an* earnest desire through
out official quarters to Jj^ve done with the
long - drawn - out-controversy, and as all
parties seem agreed on this. It Is not ap
prehended that the present delay will af
feet any of the vital features of the agree
| meat.
TO REPLACE OLD GUN
High School Cadets May Receive
Krag-Jorgecsen.
CAPT. PABKHDRST'S REPORT
Result of Inspection of Govern
ment Property.
DIRECTOR LANE'S REQUEST
It is possible that the High School Cadet
Corps will receive a new issue of modem
arms and ammunition from the government
to replace the old Springfield rifles and
equipments that have been In use by it
for so many years. A strong recommenda
tion to that effect has been made to the
War Department by Capt. Charles D. Park
hurst of the artillery, attached to the 4th
Field Battery at the Washington barracks.
Capt. Parkhurst has Just concluded an in
spection of the government property in the
possession of the Washington high schools
(white and colored), which inspection was
made in pursuance of orders of May 6, 1901.
His report was submitted to Gen. Joseph C.
Breckinridge, inspector general of the army,
and Is now under consideration by that offi
cer.
Capt. Parkhnrit'i Observations.
The results of Capt. Parkhurst's Inspec
tion are summarized as follows:
Eastern High School?There were found
to be at this school 100 Springfield rifles,
with steel triangular bayonets, leather belts
and leather cartridge pouches. This school
is organized into two companies, ' F and
"G." The officers' swords appear not to be
furnished by the government, but are the
private property of the school.
Business High School.?There were found
to be 54 Springfield rifles now in use and
in the racks, with equipments. The re
mainder not now in use were packed away
in packing boxes. These guns were all in
fair order, but minor repairs are needed.
? ? ? This school is organized as one
company, "E."
Central High School.?There were found
to be 187 rifles in the racks in fair condi
tion, two gun barrels and ramrods sep
arate, but with stock and parts complete
readv to assemble.
At this school the janitor acts as armorer,
and takes especial care of the guns. This
school is organized into four companies?
A, B, C and D.
Western High School.?There were found
to be fifty-seven guns, with equipments, in
the arm racks, in fair condition. This
school is organized as one company?H.
Colored High School.?This school was
found to be organized into three companies,
A. B and C, with uniforms; dark blue
blouse and trousers, light blue stripes and
chevrons, cadet caps. The armory and drill
hall were found to be in a fine room, the
arm racks first-class in every particular,
with sliding glass doors. The guns and
equipments were in very fair order. They
were being cleaned and oiled by hired labor
at the time of inspection, preparatory to
being stored for the summer.
It was reported that five stocks had been
broken during the year, but that they had
been replaced by stocks purchased by the
school.
Captain Parkhurst gives the following
summarv of arms: Eastern High School,
100; Business, 70; Central, 189; Western,
59; Colored High School, 125; total, 543.
The acc5untability appears to show a
shortage of twelve guns.
Correspondence passed between Captain
Parkhurst and Dr. F. R. Lane, director of
high schools, in regard to this alleged
shortage, and reduced the number to five.
Cost of Keeping: Guns and Accouter
menti.
Dr. Lane, In a letter to Captain Park
hurst, says that it costs approximately
$100 a year to keep the guns and accouter
ments in repair.
'Vntil this year," said he, "this money
has been raised in the various schools by
concerts given by the pupils. This and all
other methods of raising money are now
forbidden by the board of education. An
attempt to pay for these expenses during
this scholastic year from the contingent
fund of the public schools encountered the
opposition of the District auditor, making
an appeal to Congress for this item neces
sarv. I should be glad to nave you recom
mend, if you see your way clear to do so,
that legitimate repairs be made at the ex
pense of the United States government,
under the provisions of the public resolu
tion which gives us guns, accouterments,
ammunition, etc. It is my impression that
between 1883 and 1890 150 of these guns
were issued to us, in lots of fifty, as the
cadet companies grew in numbers. Within
the last ten years the branch schools and
the Colored High School have been estab
lished, and to the best of my belief the re
mainder of the guns were issued within
that period."
Capt. Parlchurat's Recommendations.
Captain Parkhurst, In his report, urgently
recommends that the expense of furnishing
spare parts for repairs and a supply of
cleaning material be at the government's
expense, on proper requisitions from the
schools. These spare parts and cleaning
material, he says, could be supplied by the
ordnance department from the large stock
of spare parts doubtless now on hand for
these rifles, and the stock of cleaning ma
terial always kept on hand.
"Attention is also invited," says Captain
Parkhurst, "to the fact that these rifles
have now been on hand a long time in the
hands of the High School cadets; that
they are in a condition for such use as
arming these cadets with a gun for a man
ual and the ordinary drills of armed men,
but they are generally worn and defaced,
with the finish about worn off, and do not
present a very good appearance, and never
will until they are reflnished, which, of
course, can only be done by experts at a
government arsenal.
"The cadets would take more pride in a
fine looking gun than in their present arm.
At the Western High School particularly I
was told that the arms now in use were
the cullings from the arms that had been
previously issued to the other schools, this
Western High School not being armed and
equipped until long after the other schools
had received their guns.
"A new issue of arms and equipments is
therefore recommended. In place of the
leather belts and boxes, the woven web
thimble belt Is recommended for issue as
of more modern form and also as being
easier kept clean, as they require no black
ing oil or other material for their care."
Although Inspector General Breckinridge
has as yet taken no action on this report
it is confidently predicted by persons fa
miliar with his views on the general Fub
Ject of arming the militia with modern
guns *.hat he will add his Indorsement to
the recommendations made by Capt. Park
hurst.
POSTMEN WEAR THEIR COATS.
pew Carriers Avail Themselves of the
Shirt Sleeves Privilege.
Although it took several years of peti
tioning on the part of the letter carriers
of the country to be allowed to become
shirt-waist men. few of them have taken
advantage of this privilege which was ac
corded at the beginning of "the present
summer season by Postmaster General
Smith.
In speaking of this fact to a Star reporter
today, A. W. Machen, general superinten
dent of free delivery, said that there had
been but one order Issued on this matter.
"That order did not prescribe the way in
which the shirt waist should be made,"
he continued, "but simply the color and
quality of the material to be used. As a
matter of fact very few of the letter car
riers of the country have taken advantage
of the privilege of going without their
coats, although they are left free to choose
any style of shirt they fancy."
The new shirt-coat, of which so Much
was said at the beginning of the summer,
has failed to attract admiration on the
part of the letter carriers, either here or
elsewhere, and wherever the shirt waist
is worn, it is simply an ordinary gray
shirt.
LIEUTENANTS ASSIGNED.
Order* lamed to Army OIHcers Re
cently Promoted.
Officers recently promoted have been as
signed to regiments as follows :
First lieutenants?George E. Lovell, 7th
Cavalry; Sam Van Leer, 15th Cavalry; Al
van C. tSlllem, 14th Cavalry; William B.
Gracie, 27th Infantry; Harris Pendleton,
jr., 18th Infantry; Samuel A. Price, 28th
Infantry.
Second lieutenants?Bradley J. Wootten,
7th Cavalry; William H. Clopton, jr., 13th
Cavalry; Frank B. Edwards. 4th Cavalry;
Archie Miller. 2d Cavalry; Orlando G. Pal
mer, 7th Cavalry; Fred H. Turner, 2'ld In
fantry; William F. Rlttler, 15th Infantry;
Harry W. Gregg. 14th Infantry; Charles
W. Barber, 2d Infantry'; Campbell W.
Flake, 27th Infantry; Edgar S. Stayer. 2Id
Infantry; Clarence M. Furay, 2d Infantry;
Benjamin R. Wade, 10th Infantry; John K.
Cowan. 18th Infantry; Jason M. Walling,
19th Infantry; Norris Stay ton. 51st Com
pany, Coast Artillery; Ralph M. Mitchell,
42d Company, Coast Artillery; John C.
Ohnstad, iWth Company, Coast Artillery;
Francis C. Ralston, jr.. 07th Company,
Coast Artillery; Henry H. Scott, 84th Com
pany, Coast Artillery.
CONDOLENCE TO KING EDWARD.
Preiildent McKlnley ( nlile* nn Expres
sion of HI* Sympathy.
The President has sent the following ca
ble message of condolence to the King of
England:
"His Majesty. Edward VII, London:
"I tender to your majesty sincere condo
lences by reason of the death of your be
loved sister, her majesty, the Dowager
Empress Frederick of Germany.
"WILLIAM McKINLEY."
MAJOR ALMl'S FUNERAL..
Services Will Be Held in Philadelphia
Next Monday.
The War Department is informed that
the funeral of MaJ. William E. Almy of the
Porto Rlcan Regiment will take place in
Philadelphia next Monday, and will be
marked by the usual military ceremonies.
MaJ. Almy died in San Juan several days
ago, and his remains are expected to arrive
at Brooklyn next Saturday. Nearly all the
members of his family are now in Phila
delphia as the guests of Mr. John Sellers.
A military escort for the funeral will prob
ably be supplied from Fort Mott, Delaware.
GOV. McMILLIN PRESENTS VOUCHERS
Asks for Expenses for Attendance on
Capital Centennial.
An agreement has been reached by Gov.
McMillin and Gov. Tyler of Virginia in
the Tennessee boundary matter. The boun
dary in dispute Is now being resurveyed.
Upon the completion of this work a report
on the subject will be submitted to the
United States Supreme Courti
Governor McMillin was at the Treasury
Department today. He presented to the
bookkeeping and warrant divisions vouch
ers for expenses incurred by him and
his staff on the occasion of their visit to
this city during the centennial celebration
of last December. Appropriation was made
for the expenses of the various governors
and their staffs during that event. They
average about ?250 each.
Gov. McMillin will leave the city for
New York tonight.
TO TEST HEAVY ORDNANCE.
Comlnar Trial of the Gathmann Gnn at
Sandy Hook.
Barring a few finishing touches to be
placed on the two big targets to be used in
its test, the big Gathmann gun stands
ready for trial at the Sandy Hook proving
ground, and this event, which will be
watched with unusual interest, is scheduled
to take place next month, probably in the
early part. The law provides that this test
be a comparative one to measure the effica
cy of the twelve-inch army rifle against
that of this new departure In military
weapons. The twelve-inch gun represents
the highest development so far reached in
this country in armor-piercing guns of the
army. It sends solid steel projectiles at
high velocity and depends on the force of
their impact to perforate the target, while,
on the other hand, the Gathmann gun re
lies on the rending power of its explosive
laden shells to do this work, the projectile
Itself falling apart when it strikes its mark.
The targets will be exactly similar, rep
resenting the side of a big battle ship, and
provided with side armor to correspond.
The mixed board of army and naval ord
nance experts which was charged with the
work of getting the Gathmann gun ready
for test has ceased Its sessions, and now
nothing remains but to read the story that
will be written on the targets of the two
weapons after they are fired next month.
INCREASED CUSTOMS RECEIPTS.
Collector BldTrcll Reports Effect of
New Regulations.
George R. Bidwell, collector of customs
for New York city, was at the Treasury
Department today, and submitted a report
to Assistant Secretary Spauldlng of the
operations for the past few months of the
New York customs house. This report
shows, among other things, that during
the month of July there was a diminution
in passenger traffic to New York from
abroad, as compared with the same month
of the previous year, but an increase in
baggage collections. The figures are: July,
1000, 13,557 passengers, with $18,971 collec
tions on baggage: July, 1901, 11,442 passen
gers, with $71,456 of collections. "Mr. Bid
well also reported that from March 1 to
July 31 there had been collected in general
customs the sum of 5301,018, as against
$06,550 for a corresponding periol of last
year. The increase is due to the new cus
toms regulations inaugurated in March.
Personal Mention.
Mr. Walter A. Brooks has returned to
the city after an extensive trip through
western Pennsylvania and a visit to the
Pan-American exposition and Niagara
Falls.
Mr. Hiram Lewis left here Tuesday for
Buffalo, Niagara Falls and Canada.
Mr. R. T. Willis of 1411 N street, after
two years abroad, studying painting in
Paris, is visiting his home here. He will
remain about one week.
Mr. Charles E. Howe, the manager of the
Financial' Review, has returned from a trip
to California, which occupied about a
month. He went from here to San Fran
cisco and then after a visit to Los Angeles
journeyed to Portland and Seattle and took
the homeward journey through British Co
lumbia.
John O'Qagan and Edmund Clifford have
gone to the Pan-Amerfcan exposition for a
short stay.
THE STAR BY MAIL. 1
Persons leaving the eltjr for any
period can have The Star mailed to
them by ordering It at this office. In
person or by letter. Terma: 13 cents
per week; 25 cents for two weeks, or
60 cents per month. Invariably in
advance. The address may be
changed as frequently as desired.
Always give the last address, as well
as the new one.
FUNERAL ON TUESDAY
Remains of Empress Dowagsr to Rest
at Friedens Kirche.
ARMY TO 60 INTO MODRMIG
Some of the Papers Find Fault
With Kaiser's Orders.
PRINCE HENRY EN ROUTE
BERLIN. August 7.?It has been definite
ly decided that the funeral of the Dowager
Empress Frederick will take place Tuesday
next. August 13. The remains will be de
posited in the Friedens Kirrhe mausoleum,
near Potsdam.
Emperor William has issued a decree or
dering the army to go Into mourning for
six weeks and giving minute details as to
how the mourning emblems are to be worn.
There will be no military music for eight
days.
Court circles have been notified as to
how the ladies and gentlemen of the court
must dress till November f?. The ladles axe
to wear full mourning until August Urt, me
dium mourning until September 23 and
minor mourning until November 5. ftime
of the papers take exception to the mourn
ing orders. One paper, referring to the
prohibition of public entertainments and
musical and theatrical performances until
after the funeral, says it believes this will
hinder, to a certain degree, the purpose for
which it was designed.
Frederick'* Order Contracted.
It contrasts with this order Emperor
Frederick's order upon the death of Em
peror William I, in which he declined to
make any mourning regulations, leaving
the people to show their sympathy In their
own way.
The Hamburger Nachrlchten (Prince Bis
marck's old organ) draws upon its editors'
reminiscences by saying Prince lJismarck
repeatedly asserted in private conversa
tion that it was quite untrue that the Em
press Frederick caused him great obstacles
during Emperor Frederick's reign, adding
that on the contrary there was no time In
his entire career in which he was freer
from friction than during the "ninety-nine
days."
The Berliner Neueste Nachrichten. an in
fluential conservative organ, which also
cherlshcs Bismarckian traditions, has re
peatedly denied that Empress Frederick
took p:irt in the intrigues which caused
Prince Bismarck's downfall, saying "she
was much too shrewd a woman to do so.
BRITISH ROYALTY'S PLANS.
KIiik and Queen to Start for Honbarg
Friday.
LONDON, August 7.?King Edward.
Queen Alexandria, Princess Victoria and
Prince Nicholas of Greece, who is the guest
of their majesties, will start for Homburg
Friday to attend the funeral services of
Empress Frederick to be held In the pres
ence of the family next Sunday.
A resolution providing for an address ot
condolence with King Edward and sym
pathy with Emperor William on the death
of the Dowager Empress Frederick, their
sister and mother, respectively, was unani
mously adopted in the house of commons
todav. Mr. Balfour, the government leader.
In moving the resolution, highly eulogized
the exemplary life' of the daughter, wife
and mother, who, throughout her lire,
strove to the utmost to promote mutual
comprehension and sympathy between two
great nations, upon whom so much of the
future of civilization depends.
BREST. August 7.?Prince Henry of Prus
sia, who has been at Cadiz with the Gcr
man fleet, is to land here. A special train
Is waiting to convey him to Homburg.
PARIS, August 7.?The French rapers
print long obituary notices of the death ol
the Dowager Empress of Germany. Most
of them dwell at length upon the energy
! which she displayed in the struggle with
j Bismarck. gas
THE FRANCO-TURKISH INCIDENT.
Relief In PariH That Mlnlnter* Will
Hot Re Recalled.
PARIS. August 7.?A high official of the
French foreign office today explained to the
correspondent of the Associated Press here
the nature of the difficulty at Constanti
nople between the French ambassador
there, M. Constans, and the Turkish gov
ernment.
There are two matters pending between
France and Turkey. The affair of the quay
company and a number of ejaims of
Frenchmen against the porte, the amount
of which was fixed and payment promised
long ago. M. Constans has been unable to
obtain satisfaction in either matter, and in
May he intimated that he would be forced
to ask for his recall if the Turkish govern
ment persisted in its procrastinating tac
lies*
The French foreign minister, M. Delcasse,
returned to Paris yesterday. In the after
noon he went to Rambouillet and dined
with President Loubet.
He will see the Turkish ambassador this
afternoon or tomorrow. It is possible that
he may have to ?-enew M. Constans' Inti
mation regarding his recall, but It is more
likely that the incident will not reach that
point. In fact, it is probable that the mat
ter will be speedily settled in a manner
satisfactory to France. The members of
the Turkish embassy here maintain diplo
matic silence.
STRIKE SITUATION AT 'FRISCO.
Cycle Hoard of Trade Anxlon* to Ef
fect a Compromise.
SAN FRANCISCO, August 7.?Governor
Gage has not yet been requested to act as
mediator in the great Strike now on in this
city. The city federation has extended tho
strike so as to include the ports of Benecla
and Redwood City.
The San Francisco cycle board of trade
has undertaken the task of enlisting all
the retail dealers' associations of the city
in a united effort to bring about a compro
mise. The labor leaders, however, stato
that the struggle is not likely to be ended
for some time. A mass meeting to con
sider the situation has been called for to
morrow night.
GALILEAN FISHERMEN MEETING.
Proposition to Establish a Bank at
Hampton, Va.
BALTIMORE, August 7.?The establish
ment of a bank at Hampton, Va., and the
adoption of an additional plan of life in
surance will absorb the attention of the
delegates to the forty-fifth annual session
of the National Grand Tabernacle of Gali
lean Fishermen, a colored beneficial organ
ization now in convention here. It Is stated
that the bank has already been chartered.
Plans for Its establishment and govern
ment will be formulated during the ses
sion. The bank will not only be a deposi
tory for the funds of the fishermen, but
will also be a savings bank for colored
people. The order is said to have upward
of 30,000 members, scattered over the
United States and the West Indies.

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