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No. 15,116. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, _AUGUST 8, 1901?TWELVE PAGES. TWO CENTS.
* THE EYETOQ STAB. PUBLISHED DULY, EZOEPT ST7HDAY. Mm OffW>, 11th Stmt ul husjlTnit Aveta* The Broiling Star Howapapar Oompanj. 8. H. LiPFFMANN, Pres'fc Hew York Office: 126 Tribune Building. Chicago Office) Boyoe Building. Tbe ETPnlnir Star la serreA to subscriber* In the elty by canters, on their own account, at 10 cents oar week, or 44 cents per month. Copies at the eounter, 2 cents each. By mail?anywhere in tba U.S. orCanada?postage prepaid -COcenta per month. Saturday Qulntuplo Sheet Star. $1 per year; wltfe foreign postage added. >3.08. (Entered at the I'ost Office at Washington, D. (X, as second-claw mall matter.) E7A11 mall subscription* must be paid in advance. Bates of advert tains made known on application TRUST SCORES FIRST Advantage in Steal Strike Seems With Employ jrs So Far. IDLE MILLS STARTING EVERY DAY President Shaffer Declares These Are Empty Victories, However. SATURDAY WILL. DECIDE Special From a Staff Oorreni>on<!ent. PITTSBURG, Pa., August 8.?The suc ctss or failure ->f the great steel strike still wavers in the balance. Even n#w, be fore the order for a general strike has gone into effect, the steel manufacturers are showing daily their ability to start, with non-union labor, mills that had been shut down bv the striktrs. This is regarded as omnious for the strikers. It weakens the coniident asser tion of the strike organizers that there will be a wholesale exodus of men from the running mills next Saturday night, and lends color to the statement of the mill managers that th^y can secure non-union labor to operate a sufficient number of mills to prevent a general cessation of op erations. Every day this week one or more mills, whose furnaces were cold and whose men were on strike, have been fired up and the wheels started by non-union men, in every instance, without offer of hindrance from the strikers. In most cases the success of the mill managers was a complete surpi lse to the strikers. l.arjfe Mill Starts* I p. This morning one of the large Pittsburg mills was started in this manner, much to the consternation of the strike man agers. who had persistently denied the power of the company to get workmen. But workmen had been obtained, quietly admitted to the mill, and the first notice the strikers had of the proceedings was the roar of the machinery as the mill started. The policy of Messrs. Morgan and Schwab and the steel trust managers in handling this strike is even now clearly outlined. They propose to take the idle mills singlv after the union men have left them, fill them with non-union men and go to work. It is doubtful that any mill thus started ever again becomes union. This policy will be pursued in widely separated localities, and if it is successful, as seems probable, the steel trust will, before the end of next week, be again putting its products on the market in considerable quantities. Moral Effect on the Striker*. The moral effect upon the strikers of the starting of the idle mills is disastrous to the ends of the strike managers. The men, already restless, see the mills firing up and their old places filled by non-union J workmen. It suggests to them the power of the steel trust and hints at the lack of organization that Is alleged to exist in the ranks of the Amalgamated Association. It will be necessary for the strike man agers to hurry their organization and call out a great number of men when the gen eral order goes into effect next Saturday night if this is to be overcome. Monday morning next will pretty nearly tell the tale. If Shaffer's order for Satur day night succeeds in closing -.l->wn a con siderable number of the plants, the pros pects of the strike will brighten. If it does not it will bedtime to loo out for stampedes of workmen returning to their places. A riot, the shedding of strikers' blood in the meantime, might change the whole as pect of affairs, however. The steel trust managers recognize this and are trying to avoid trouble. Feeling is blue- rigair.st the trust In all industrial branches in this section, and a small outbreak would arouse a whirlwind of trouble. This is particularly true at McKeisport, a steel town of Ho,000 inhabitants, within half an hour's ride of Pittsburg. There are about ti.OUO men on strike In ihit place, and feeling runs high among all classes. Steel Trust Shy of McKeexport. It is said that the steel trust has hesi tated to attempt starting mills at McKees port for fear of precipitating another Homestead horror. The strikers are at ons disadvantage, which they are beginning to realize. The mills are widely separated throughout three or four states. With the exception of this immediate vicinity the workmen comprise only a small portion of tne com munities in which they dwell. They are thus deprived of the moral support of numbers. They stand in idleness while other branches of industry are active around their homes, and when a mill which they thought they controlled starts up, it is discouraging. 1 he oae aim of the strike managers at this time is to get the suppo.-t of other labor organizations. Earnest appeals arc going out from headquarters to the heads of organizations in every station, Ul based upon the statement that if this strike fails, unionism Is doomed in every branch of labor. Labor Very Plentiful. It is a source of great surprise to the strike managers that the steel trust should find labor so plentiful. The fact Is this evidences the weakness of the organiza tion of the Amalgamated Association. It Is not necessarily fatal, however, viewed in the light of past experience. East fall, when the great strike occurred In the an thracite coal region, the mine workers' union opened the game with loss than 10, members of the union. But within a week they had brought out a hundred thousand men. This is what the strike managers are now counting upon. They claim that the non-union steel workers will have to come out with the union men and Join the union In order to assure themselves of work when business is resumed. The Amalgamated Association is a great, unwieldly body and it is doubtful if any of the leaders have a full idea of its strength or weakness. This will be tested Saturday night. Two Important Statements. The Star correspondent received two statements this afternoon that may be considered Important, coming, as they did, from sources absolutely reliable, and all the more trustworthy In that they were not connected with the strikers. First. That the sentiment among the eight or nine thousand non-union workmen in McKeesport la strongly favorable to Joining the strike and coming out on Sat urday night with the union men. This would have, It is said, weighty effect upon non-union men throughout the region. Second. That the anticipation of possible friction at Homestead ami Carnegie be tween strike sympathizers and non-union men who want work is causing unusual precautions to be taken in secret to quell disturbances if they arise. All well-posted persons here are apprehensive of trouble in the territory lying along the river be tween Pittsburg and McKeesport, including Carnegie, Homestead and Bessemer. President Gompers of the American Fed eration of I^abor arrived here this morn ing and talked with the Star correspon dent. He said It was too early to predict what action he would take. He intended to have an interview with President Shaf fer this afternoon, but it might be several days before he acted definitely. It is evi dent that Mr. Gompers desires to look care fully into the situation before he jnakes a move. He no doubt intends to sound the strength of the present movement and esti mate Its probable outcome before commit ting his organization to active participation in it. N. O. M. more: mills start up. One In Allegheny anil Another in Lawreneevllle at Wbrk. By Associated Press. PITTSBURG, August 8.?The "Farm" mill of the Lindsay & MeCutcheon Com pany in Allegheny was started at 7 o'clock this morning with non-union men. Early yesterday afternoon the fires were lighted and everything was placed in readiness for resuming work. No opposition was met with from the striking mill men, for almost to a man they are working in other union mills. They were away at their work when the Farm mill was started. Guards patrolled every entrance to the mill, and it was next to impossible for a stranger to gain admission to the mills while the preparations for starting were being made. The mill that was put into operation is a finishing mill and manufactures haif-inch steel hoops. It is one of three finishing mills in the Lindsay & McCutcheon estab lishment. There is another mill in tne works which turns out billets, but neither it nor the other two finishing mills were started this morning. It is reported that an attempt will be made to start these just as soon as men can be secured. Few of the strike breakers were taken into the mill until almost time for the starting whistle to blow, and everything was as quiet as a cemetery until that time, except for the noise of a few laborers working on repairs. It required the finding of only twenty mill men to start the Farm mill, for all the laborers needed were easily obtainable, Little or no excitement prevailed in the neighborhood, because practically none of the strikers from the McCutcheon mills were at home. A watchman said early this morning, however, that there would "prob ably be a large and curious crowd along the railroad In the mill yards today watch ing the operations, and he predicted that there might be trouble. Clark Plant Mill Start*. The nine-inch mill of the Clark plant, 3r>th street, Lawrenceville, opened this morning with forty-two men. It is claimed by the company that this makes the total number of men in the mill 403, and leaves but one mill idle. It is said the 9, 10, 12 and U(Mnch mills are now working full turn. All the men employed are non-union. By Monday morning the management claim the eight-inch mjll will be running and the plant will be in full operation. But few strikers were seen about the place, and everything was quiet. Capt. Louis Brown of the mill said that the report concerning the men 3leepi:>g in the mill was unfounded. He said they left when their work was completed and re turned in time for the turn, and that the strikers were not molesting them. He said further that the work turned out bv the men yesterday was up to the standard and that not a bar of material was lost, some thing remarkable, he claimed, in a mill where men who have not worktd together before are employed. Painter's mill of the American Steel Hoop Company on the South Side, It is said, will start operations today or tomorrow. The furnaces have been lighted for two days. One policeman is standing guard at the en trance to the plant, but a reserve force of six men is being held at number 8 police station. Xot Regarded an Important. President Shaffer, when shown the report of the starting of the Lindsay and Mc Cutcheon plant of the American Steel Hoop Company, said: "There Is nothing in it. I have a report from Vice President Gibson informing me that there are only two men at the works. One is a roller and the other a common laborer. It would do them no good and would do the company harm to take men from other mills and put them there, as they would only break the machinery and spoil the material. "There is no place for them to get raw material, as they cannot get puddlers to make it, so how can they run the finishing mills? ? ''Why, I can't get puddlers for union mills. I have an order for ninety puddlers to go to work at once at the Slieo mills on the South Side and cannot get them Men are wanted at St. Louis. Birmingham,' Ala., and all over the country. We have advertisements in the Amalgamated Jour ^ .k,11 S,a88es of 8kl?led men, and It Ls impossible for us to get them. . Q?r?Vhal 1 cant 8ee ,s how the trust can ^. ??.Jnen u? work in their milis that are on strike when we cannot get them to fill good union jobs in union mills. Other Mills Wantlnfi Men. The Pork House mills of Lower Alle gheny have been after me for some time to get them men, but I cannot furnish them. "I have a report from Vice President John Ward at Cleveland, stating that the men there are strong and will stick by their brethren, and also word from Vice President Chappell at New Castle, who says all is well and quiet." Mr. Shaffer was asked as to the allejred refusal of the furnace men in Shenango said- 1 B valleys to come out, and "I have not ordered them out." The furnace m?R in- question are In the American Federation of Labor The union men in the Lawrenceville dis trict are making great preparations for their open meetings in Lafayette Ha.ll tn night The Carnegie upper and lower millj are in this district, as well as the Clark plant, and the strikers say they expect to accomplish much evangelistic work The meeting will be addressed by Presid^nt Shaffer and other officers of the Amaltra. mated Association. Amalga qu^tion uppermost in the minds of Mckeesporters is whether or not the Na dayl^nlgh?e mUlS WiU *? ?n a Strlke Satur l ?'?an?e2 men In the pipe mills be lalm lt k. ntl0n.?f Labor' and some the ? of the constitution of the Federation for members to come out on a sympathetic strike. The Amalgamat and*the rw" tih? Nat,onal rolling mill and the Boston iron and steel mill will surely stop work on Saturday. They say LhTh ni? qiiest'?n on that point. As to dJfinuff p!pe milIs w,n come out is not -JST ?f.? beaX t0w"hUe SlW " t?edMS ?? ?? ? ? Death of Joseph Farndale. LONDON, August 8,-Joseph Farndale, who was chief constable of Birmingham atJh* tlme ?f the Fenian movement, in DUMONT FAILS AGAIN Aeronaut Nearly Loses His Life in Balloon Trip Today. M. DEDTSCH SAW THE PERFORMANCE Air Ship Collapsed After Turning the Eiffel Tower. DUMONT NOT DISCOURAGED PARIS, August 8.?M. Santos Dumont, the aeronaut, this morning again attempt ed to cricle Eiffel tower. He succeeded in rounding the tower with difficulty. The ballbon was then unable to make headway against strong winds and fell near a house in the vicinity, remaining suspended for some time. M. Santos Dumont was not in jured. Santos Dumont started from the Pare de St. Cloud at 6:10 a.m. amid hearty cheers. His initial movements were promising, as the balloon turned around Eiffel Tower nine minutes and thirty-four seconds after starting and reheaded for St. Cloud. Just over the Avenwe Heqri Marion, however, a &ust of wind struck the aerostat, which veered violently to one side, almost simultaneously bounding backward a dis tance of fifty yards. The hydrogen gas was forced from the front to the back part of the balloon, creating a sudden expan sion, which caused the machine to dip. Her screw touched the steel cords and broke them. M. Santos Dumont immediately stopped the motor and the balloon began to descend. Unfortunately the cover of the hnn^Vrfi stAruck th? corner of a six-story S? V u ,r*P?rt "ke the shot of a can J r Tfie balloon collapsed and fell rapidly. Luckily the frame caught on the coping of the building and the balloon remained suspended, otherwise Santos Du mont would have been killed. Hons: in Dangerous Place. As it was the aeronaut hung in a most dangerous position in midair for half an hcur, until by a great effort he succeeded in catching the iron bar of a window, to which he clung until rescued with some lty b,V t!ht use of r?Pes- The balloon t-k p without a scratch, however the explosion of the balloon attracted crowds- and the reception of M. fcantos Dumont upon reaching: the street was most enthusiastic, many ladies cling '"f \r *L neck and kissin& him repeatedly. as ju. bantos Dumont superintended the removal of the machine he said he was quite ready to recommence operations. . 'V? Deutsch, who offered the prize of 10O. 000 francs for the rounding of Eiffel tower anil the return to the starting point within fv. Jen period of time, was so affected by the danger that Santos Dumont hail passed through that he told him that he would rather present him with the prize at once than to see him kill himself with his ex periments, but the balloonist replied that he hail rounded Eiffel tower in such a short period of time that he considered the re suU too satisfactorily to permit the relin quishment of his attempts in the future. Not the Motor's Fault. M. Santos-Dumont gave the following ac count of his trip: "This time it is not the fault of the mo tor, which worked admirably. It was the balloon which caused the accident. I rounded the Eiffel tower with admirable speed as I had a favorable wind, and was already returning over the Bois de Bou logne when the wind freshened suddenly and struck me sideways. Like a ship in a storm the balloon pitched and rolled, now and then recovering its normal position. Another sudden veering of the wind caused the front of the balloon to pitch downward and the ropes connecting it with the frame caught in the propeller, which struck the balloon wires. They broke. I saw the dan ger, and my only thought was to descend as quickly as possible. This I was doine successfully, but 1 was driven by a con trary wind in the direction of the Eiffel tower. Again the breeze veered and thr<>w me against a building. The balloon buist like a toy gas balloon and the fragments fell, completely covering me. The rest you know. I am unhurt. I have not a scratch ana will soon recommence. The motor is uninsured. I have worked f?f j" routes. I will now send it to , ( loud and set to work repairing the bal loon. It is simply a matter of sewing the pieces together. "The cause of the accident was that the t?i???WaS t,nSVfflc,ently fi,led- 1 knew V?'ventilator also worked badly." M. Deutsch, who was present at the start in,an interview said: ' "I am afraid the experiments will not be conclusive, as his balloon will always be at ?f the wind, which is not the kind of airship we have dreamed of." ? ? ? VOX WALDERSEE AT HAMBURG. German Field Marshal Warmly Greet ed by Populace. HAMBURG, August 8.?The steamer Gura, with Count Von Waldersee on board, arrived here today. The field marshal land ed immediately amid ringing cheers from the crowds assembled. General von Wittich, representing Em peror William, welcomed Von Waldersee. After an inspection of the guard of honor the field marshal, accompanied by Gen eral von Wittich and escorted by a squad ron of the King's Uhlands, proceeded to the town hall. He was warmly applauded as he passed through the thronged and dec orated streets. At the town hall the field marshal was received by the senate, which, body subsequently gave a luncheon in his honor. 3 Petition From Hoiueseekem. LAWTON, O. T.. August 8.?A movement has been started here among the home seekers, who failed to win in the recent land drawings, to have the government open up the three reserves set aside in the Lawton district. These embrace about 8,330 quarter sections, and were set aside, presumably, to help out cattlemen who had all of the Kiowa-Comanche country leased for pastures. A petition will be made at once to^the Interior Department. ? ? Tvrenty-Flve British Captured. LONDON, August 8.?Lord Kitchener, In a dispatch from Pretoria today, announces !haLa, P08,1 of twenty-five men. belonging to Steinacker s Horse, on the Sabi rive * has been surprised and captured by the Ttmberlake Stable Burns. Special Dispatch to The Evening Star. NEWPORT NEWS, Va., August 8.?R. L. Timberlake's stable was burned yesterday the fire starting from lime slacked by the rain. Thirteen horses and two mules were burned, two horses being saved. Movements of Naval Vessels. Admiral Kempff has Informed the Navy Department of the following distribution of vessels in the waters of the Philippine Islands: Frolic at Cebu, Vicksburg at Zamboanga, Paragua coaling at Hollo and then to proceed to Cuyoe. The Indiana, ^wlth the naval cadat. SSf&JiE Kft P2LtIand- Me., for HaUfax! Th? Brutus has arrived at Brooklyn. NEGOTIATIONS jAT PEKIN STATEMENT ?VBH FROM AUTHORI TATIVE SOURCES. Agreement Reached ?? the Tariff Mat ter?EieJarin" W Firearms and Manfttlen* at War. The following exact statement of certain phases of the Chinese negotiations is given from authoritative sources in order to cor rect some misapprehension which has arisen from published reports as to the possible causes of delay in signing the protocol at Pekin: "All the negotiators are agreed on the tariff matter. The present ad valorem tariff ia to be converted into a specific tariff at the average rates Of the present treaty tariff, 5 per centum, effective, and articles now on the free list are to be included in the new specific schedule. The details of this arrangement are to be left to a special commission, to *iit hereafter, probably at Shanghai. * "The details of the arrangement for the prohibition of the importation of firearms, munitions and materials for their manufac ture, were settled some months ago. They provided for the seizure by the foreign warships of any <- hlnese or foreign ships entering Chinese waters with the prohibited articles on board, end also for such steps as each of the several foreign govern ments may deem it proper or be in a po sition to take in order to prohibit the ex portation of arms and supplies from their respective countries to China. The State Department is not officially advised of the provisions of an amendment to this ar ticle of the protocol, which Is reported to have been recently Introduced, but its ob ject would seem to be to require the Chi nese authorities to actively co-operate In enforcing the prohibition, which the Chi nese negotiators have already accepted In principle." f This government has received represen tations, made by Pacific coast commercial bodies, saying the proposed 5 per cent duty, on a gold basis, will work serious hardship on our trade in fiour going In the orient. EXCURSION TRAIN WRECK TWO SECTIONS OF ATLANTIC EX-, PRESS IN COLLISION. PITTSBURG, August 8.?Two sections of an Atlantic City excursion train collided near Confluence, Pa., on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, eighty-four miles east of Pittsburg, about 11 o'clock this morning. Ten persons were seriously Injured and a number of others slightly hurt. Those seriously hurt were: Fireman S. Hannoa Pittsburg, Pa., prob ably fatally hurt. P. J. Collins, wife, and infant, Youngs town, badly bruised, serious, but not dan gerous. J. H. Davis, Newcastle, Pa., arm broken and badly bruised. Mrs. J. H. Lewis, Newcastle, Pa., cut on head and otherwise injured. A. G. Shaw, Pittsburg, badly cut about head. Miss Helen I,emont, Pittsburg, head cut. Miss Dora Hartzell, Newcastle, both legs fractured. J. E. Stillwagon, Connellsvllle, superin tendent water works, arms crushed. The trains left here shortly after 8 o'clock this morning. At Confluence the first section was stopped and the second section rounding the curve going at the rate of thirty-five miles crashed into it. The engine of the second section and three cars were wrecked and traffic was delayed sev eral hours. The injured named were re moved to the hospital and the others con tinued on their way to Atlantic City. The accident is supposed to have been caused by a mistake in signals. ? ? ? TRIBUTE TO COL. RAYMOND. PlilladelphianN Regret His Transfer to Another Place. General Gillespie, chief of engineers, has received a communication from the joint executive committee of Philadelphia coun cils on the Improvement of the harbor of that city and the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers, paying a high tribute to Col. C. i W. Raymond, corps of engineers, and ex pressing regret ihat the necessities of the service required his transfer to another field of usefulness. Col. Raymond has been assigned to duty at Now York as a mem ber of the general board of engineers. In a letter to Col. Raymond (a copy of which was forwarded to the Secretary of War) the Philadelphia committee referred to the. important engineering works which had been commenced, developed and carried to successful completion In the vicinity of Philadelphia under Col. Raymond's per sonal direction, and said that these works had resulted in giving the port of Phila delphia harbor facilities commensurate with the demand of modern commerce. "The result of ten years' of service," says the letter, "has not only created en during records of your (Col. Raymond's) professional skill, but it has also given our trade, commerce and maritime interests the possibility of development which would not otherwise exist." General Gillespie, refer ring to Col. Raymond, said he was one of the brightest and most popular officers In the corps, and that the work he had done at Delaware breakwater was "a sufficient monument to any engineer of any age." Col. Raymond was formerly Engineer Commissioner of the District. Naval Orders. Commander A. C. Dillingham, Lieutenant Commander W. P. White and Lieutenants F. H. Clark, jr., and A. A. Pratt have been commissioned. Lieutenant Commander M. L. Wood has been detached from dvty as navigator of the Kearsarge and -ordered to duty as ex ecutive of that ship, as relief to Lieutenant Commander Merriam, who is ordered home on waiting orders. Lieutenant Waldo Eva11? *? Chicago, 111., to assume charge of branch hydrographic office. Lieutenant C. C. Marsh from the Essex to the Kearsarge. Surgeon F. J. B. Cordeiro to the Pensa cola navy yard. Passed Assistant Surgeon D. H. Morgan from the Pensacola navy yard to the Nor folk hospital. Paymaster M. M. BathhWiV from the bu reau of supplies ai|A accounts to duty in connection with the fitting out of the Illi nois and for duty on board that vessel when commissioned. Passed Assistant Eaymaater G. M. Lu kesh to the Portsmouth. N. H., navy yard. Passed Assistant Baymaffter G. L. Dyer to the bureau of supplies and accounts. Passed Assistant Paymaster T. J. Arms from San Juan station and home on wait ing orders. Passed Assistant Paymaster W. A. Mer rltt from bureau *bf supplies and accounts to San Juan station. Ensign Adolphus E. Watson from the General Alava to the Frolic. Ensign William B. Wells from the Frolic to the bureau of navigation. f Photographers Eleet Officers. DETROIT, August 8.?The Photograph ers' Association of America, which is hold ing its annual convention* in this city to day, elected the following officers: President?George M. Edmondson, Clove land. t Vice presidents?J.* George Nuaspaumer Philadelphia; H. & Klein, Milwaukee. Secretary?C. ?. peeves, Anderson, lad. AFFAIRS ON ISTHMUS Panama Railway President Appre hensive. WANTS ANOTHER SHIP SENT THERE Officials Here Regard the Machias as Sufficient THE TROUBLE IN 1885 The State Department received a com I munication today from Mr. J. Edward Sim I mons of New York, president of the Pana I ma Railway Company, expressing appre j hension over the condition of affairs on the I isthmus, and the possible interruption of I traffic along the line of the road. The sug gestion was made by Mr. Simmons that an I American warship be sent to the Atlantic I side of the Isthmus, and also to Panama on I the Pacific side. The ordering of the Machias to Colon is regarded by officials here as sufficient to meet the requirements I of the situation so far as disclosed up to this time, and no move has been made thus far to send a warship to the Pacific .vide of I the isthmus. Under these circumstances no I requests were made of the Navy Depart ment during the early part of the day for I further action in the dispatch of vessels. I The Navy Department is expecting hourly I to hear from the commander of the I Machias that he has sailed from Boston lor I Hampton Roads. His orders thus far are I simply a direction to sail, without any de I tailed instructions as to the course of action he shall pursue at the isthmus. If I any necessity arises for more explicit I directions, these will be communicated on I the arrival of the Machias at Hampton I Roads. The communication from Mr. Simmons is I the first request received by the govern I ment for the protection of American inter I ests on the isthmus. It is understood that I the Panama Railway Company is an Amer I lean organization, being separate from the I Panama Canal Company, although their I interests are somewhat alike. As some of I its officers and stockholders are American citizens, this would operate to give it an American status warranting the exercise of governmental protection over its property I when imperiled. Naval officials state that there is onlv a small contingent of marines on the Machias I and no commissioned officer of ma'rines, as it is not usual to equip a gunboat with a commissioned officer and large force of I marines. In case a landing party is re quired this is made up in part of blue Jackets and in part of marines, with a I commissioned officer of the navy in com j mand of the united party. Occasionally a I commissioned officer of marines is assigned to a gunboat when she is likely to be called upon for emergency service, but thus far no such officer of marines has been as I signed to the Machias. Admiral Jouett's Action in 1885. The position of the United States as to maintaining free tariff across the Isthmus of Panama was fully defined in 1885, when extensive naval operations were carried on I there. An outbreak somewhat similar to the present one occurred early in the year, I and the insurgents captured Panama and burned Aspinwall. When traffic became effectually blocked the United States de I termined to act, and the north Atlantic squadron, under Rear Admiral Jouett, was sent to the isthmus. " At the same time the Navy Department sent an expeditionary force from New York, consisting of 750 sea I men and marines, commanded bv Com mander B. H. McCalla, and including three gattllngs and three 3-inch rifled guns. Ad miral Jouett arrived at the isthmus Apfil I 10, and at once landed marines and issued orders to open transit across the isthmus. Two armored cars, fitted with howitzers, I gatliog and hotchkiss guns, were sent over the line, clearing the way and making the entire transit. Garrisons of marines were placed at Aspinwall and Matachin, the latter place being where the revolution ists held up a train a few days ago, ac I cording to Consul Gudgers. Commander I McCalla s expedition established headquar ters at Panama. Here the revolutionary leader. Aizpuru, was in full control, and I was erecting barricades, expecting a battle I with the Colombian army. Commander McCalla acted energetically, and, gathering his full force, occupied Panama on April 24, arrested Aizpuru and the other leaders, and held them prisoners until an agreement was signed that fighting should not take place within the city. Three days later the Colombian army arrived, and at a con ference between the governor general, Aiz puru and Admiral Jouett the insurgents capitulated. American Forces Withdrawn. All of the United States forces were then withdrawn and were back in New York May 16. The Secretary of the Navy, in reporting the incident, pointed out that the [ action of the navy was carefully confined to enforcing treaty stipulations for free transit across the isthmus, and that our interference ceased fche moment that ob ject had been accomplished. President Cleveland's message to Congress, and the correspondence of Secretary Bayard, also made clear that the sole purpose of the United States in employing force was to fulfill its guaranty under the treaty of 1846, to keep the transit open across the isthmus. The Present Tronble. The present trquble on the isthmus is far less formidable than that of 18S5, but the procedure is made clear in case the insur gents obstruct traffic. There is no present purpose of sending a ship down frcfm the Pacific side, as all the large ships are Pacific side. In case the State Department determines later to ask for a ship on the Pacific side of the isthmus, naval officials are rather In doubt as to what ship can be utilized It was stated by those in chief authority that the Iowa and Wisconsin were probably most serviceable, but these battle ships are undergoing repairs, and they would not or dinarily be called upon for such minor service. The Alert, Mohican and Ranger are also on the Pacific side, but no one of them Is considered suitable for such ser vice. PASSAGE ON TRANSPORTS. Order Issued in Regard to the Filing of Applications. The Secretary of War has made an order that all applications for transportation of their families on army transports made by officers and enlisted men discharged from the army, and by civilian employes not In the Insular service who have remained in the Philippine Islands with a view to enter ing into private pursuits there, must be forwarded to the War Department through the commanding general, division of the Philippines, with his recommenda tion. Applications from officers, soldiers and civilian employes who were discharged from the service in the United States for, permission to travel on government trans ports from San Francisco to the Philip pines must be made to the quartermaster general at Washington. In all cases the applicant Is required to set forth in detail his record of service and the reasons for desiring to go to the Philippines, and to state whether or not he has a definite ob ject in view or really hopes to And employ ment after arrival. Persons thus availing | themselves of permission to travel on gov- I eminent transports are required to pay | thf fixe<* charges In advance before the sailing of the ship, anci those who accept transportation for themselves or their families must do so with the expressed un derstanding that no obligation rests with the government to furnish return transpor tation. ICE AT DAWSON Consul McCook Says That It Costs Two Cents a Pound. Ice has gone down to two cents a pound and rents promise to be cheaper, says Con sul McCook In an interesting report to the State Department upon conditions at Daw son City, Alaska. Dawson, he says, is im proving rapidly, with modern dwellings go ing up, a new court house about completed and work started on the new administra tion buildings and a residence for the gov ernor, not to mention a continuous supply of pure water. The gold output, the con sul states, will probably fall short of the estimate made earlier in the year, and he believes $20,000,000 to be a fair estimate of this year's product. By orders from the Canadian government the whole country under its Jurisdiction has been thrown open to prospectors, no claims being re served for the crown, as formerly, and the royalty on the gross output of the mines has been reduced from 10 to 5 per cent. Mr. McCook ea>*3 that good roads are badly needed in the mining country of Alas ka, and the government has started to supply this deficit. The consul speaks of encouraging reports from Chandler river, 1U0 miles north of Fort Yukon, from Charley river and from other points. MIST SUFFER THE PENALTY. The President Approves Death Sen tence of an Enlittted Man. For the first time since the outbreak of the Spanish war President McKinley has approved the death sentence in the case of an enlisted man. The case is that of Pri vate Phineas Foutz, Company K. 19th In fantry- This soldier was convicted by gen eral court-martial at Cebu, P. I., of the murder of Geneviva T\>rres, a native Fili pino girl, by stabbing her to death with a sword cane in her home, at Mandaue. Cebu, November 15. 1000. It is said that the girl was his mistress. The crime was regarded as a particularly atrocious one. The court sentenced the accused to be hanged by the neck until dead. The case being one requiring the action of t#.? President, he confirmed the sentence and directed its execution at such time and place as may be designated by the com manding general, Department of the Vis ayas, P. I. GRAND STAND COLLAPSES. Many Persons Injured at the Pais ley Race Meeting* PAISLEY, Scotland, August 8.?At the race meeting here today the grand stand, which was crowded with people, collapsed. Many persons are reported to have been injured. There were no fatalities, but forty per sons were injured, a number of them sus taining broken limbs. ? ? PASSED STOLEN CHECKS. Man Calling: Himself E. C. Holies Ar rested In Berlin. BERLIN, August 8.?Dresdner Bank of ficials have informed the representative of the Associated Press that the checks pre sented by the man representing himself to be E. C. Bolles of San Francisco, but who registered at the Kaiserhof as Bolles of Boston, and who was arrested yesterday, amounted to $300. Bolles claims that he acquired them in a regular manner at Bos ton. The checks which were presented at a branch of the Dresdner Bank have been [ identified as part of the booty secured at the robbery of the American Express Com pany's Paris office. Bolles has not yet ap plied for help at the American embassy. The Kaiserhof people say that he acted in i a suspicious fashion, and that he had or dered his bill and his baggage made readv, ; evidently planning to leave the town im mediately after cashing the checks. The police have seized the baggage of the pris oner. ANTIDOTE FOR MOSQUITOES. Prof. Starr of Chicago Makes an Im portant Discovery. CHICAGO, August 8.?Mosquitoes, ac cording to the Chronicle, are to be banished from the Chicago parks, if a recommenda tion recently made to the commissioners by Prof. Frederick Starr of the University of Chicago is carried out. All that is neces sary to drive the pests away, says the pro fessor, are castor bean plants. This discovery was made by Prof. Starr while he was traveling in tropical coun tries. He was supposed to be studying an thropology during these travels, but the exigencies of the situation forced him for a time to study the best method of driving olt the clouds of mosquitoes which made life a burden. "One night," said the professor, "I was annoyed more than usual. Thousands of little' insects hummed and buzzed about me. Finally in desperation I tore some branches from a plant with which to brush them away. I soon found that I did not have to brush. The mosquitoes had disap peared, and did not come back that night "The plant from which I had torn the branches was that of the castor bean. The next evening I again tried it, with the same success." Prof. C. M.. Childs of the department of entomology of the University of Chicago confirms the statements of Prof. Starr. He says there is something in the castor bean plant which is antipathetic to the mosquito but that he does not know what it is. SERIOUS SITUATION IN 'FRISCO. Majiy Coasters and Deep-Sea Vessels Tied Up. SAN FRANCISCO, August 8.?Although the Municipal League has not abandoned its attempt to have the labor troubles in this city settled by a compromise, both sides are preparing for a protracted strug gle. The labor leaders are holding almost continuous sessions for the purpose of get ting their forces in readiness to meet every move of the opposition, and the employers are bending every energy to get men to take the places vacated by the strikers. The tie-up of shipping is becoming se rious. There are at least ninety coasters and twenty deep-water vessels at anchor in the bay. Some of these cannot be unloaded and others cannot be loaded under existing conditions. The Sand Teamsters' Union has decided to call out all men, not except ing those employed by the street cleaning contractors, who had been excepted in the strike of the labor council. Artist Cox Falls Dead. BOULDER, Col., August 8.?Charley, H. Cojf, a landscape painter and teacher of water color painting at the Chautauqua, fell dead in the State University. Mr. Cox came here from Thousand Islands, Canada, but is a resident of Waco, Tex. He has been a teacher on the grounds every ses sion of the Chautauqua. He was seventy three years old and a widower. M. Cambon Pleased With America. PARIS, August 8.?The Figaro publishes an interview with M. Jules Cambon, in which the French ambassador to the United States expresses gratification at the sympathy manifested in America with everything French, THE STAR BT HAIL, ~ \ Persons leaving the city for an/ period can have The Star mailed to them by ordering It at this office. In person or by letter. Terms: 13 cents per week: 25 cents for two weeks, or 60 cents per month. Invariably In advance. The address may b? changed as frequently as desired. Always give the last address, as well as the new one. SEVEN MEN DROWNED Steamer Kincora Sunk by the Oceanio in Irish Channel. HALF OF THE CREW SAVED Brief Panic on the Liner Quieted by Captain Cameron. HEAVY FOG ON AT TIME QUEENSTOWN, August 8.?The White Star line steamer Oceanic, Capt. Cameron, which sailed from Liverpool yesterday for New York via Queenstown, arrived here this morning and reported having been in collision last night In the Irish channel with the stearner Kincora of Waterford. Ireland. The Kincora sank. Seven per sons were drowned. The damage sustained by the Oceanic will not prevent her proceeding on her journey. The collision occurred In a fog. The bow of the Oceanic was damaged. The Kincora was a coasting \essel trading between Waterford and Limerick. She "had a crew of fourteen men. The Oceanic brought the seven survivors to this port. Later details of the collision were ob tained, and it was learned that the only damage sustained by the Oceanic consisted in a few dents to her port plates. She pro ceeded at 3:50 p.m. The collision occurred this side of Tus kar, at about 1:30 in the morning. Ihe fog was very dense. The Kincora was struck amidshlp. All the passengers of the Oceanic were in bed at the time, and there was some commotion until Oapt. Cameron assured them that there was not the least cause for alaim. Headway was kept on the Oceanic after she struck the Kincora in order to give the crew of the latter a chance to clamor on board the Oceanic. The boats of the White Star liner were lowered to rescue every man possible. The Kincora sank very rapidly. The Oceanic remained in the vicinity of the collision until daylight, but nothing was then visible beyond some floating wreckage. The Kincora was a steel screw steamer of 403 tons. She belonged to the \\ ater ford Steamship Company. selby smelter robbery. One Snxpeet Arrntfd mid I'ollcf on Track of Other*. SAN FRANCISCO, August 8.?The police have now In custody a man known as "Buck" Taylor, who Is suspected of com plicity in the robbery of the Selby smelting works. He was employed In the works until about six weeks ago. when he quit, saying that he was 111. He lived in a cabin half a mile from the smelting plant, and it is said had been missing from Sunday night until he was taken Into custody yesterday. He has been subjected to a rigid examina tion by the authorities. They refuse to re veal any facts they may have learned, but express confidence that they are on the trail of the criminals. It is also reported that men now in ine employ of the smelting company are under suspicion, and with the facts they have in hand, the pqllce appear to be eonndent of being able to make further arrests within the next few hours. The authorities me disposed to believe that some experienced eastern crooks were connected with the robbery, owing to the clever manner of its execution. , Special guards are now stationed at night In the neighborhood of the works, armed with shotguns. As a stimulus to the efforts of the army of detectives who are working on the case\ the Selby Smelting Company has increased the reward offered from to This reward will be paid for the arrest and conviction of the criminals and for the re turn of the gold. The company places Its exact loss at $283,005.01. ? ? ? TOO BUSY FOR POLITICS. Senator Barton Says Presidential Nominee* Are Sot Reins; Disemised. Senator J. R. Burton of Kansas, who is in the city, was asked today if he ex pected any legislation In the direction of tariff revision during the coming session of Congress. He said: "Some changes in the present law may be found necessary, but as far as a general revision Is concerned I do not think there Is much favorable sentiment In that direc tion. The democratic element of the coun try may be crying for a reduction in the tariff rates, but who, In the republican ranks, will pay any attention to these peo ple? The democracy doesn't know any thing about business and never will. In my judgment. Congress can.iot afford to con sult the democratic party on any action contemplated in this respect. As for the proposition to remove the duty from products of the trusts, I think that when this was projected It caused a general smile. My candid opinion is that it Is generally regarded as a joke." Mr Burton was questioned concerning the reported presidential gossip now being Indulged in in Kansas. He said: The people of the staie are not talking politics of any kind. Is Roosevelt being boomed for the nomination three years hence? No, he is not. Nobody is being boomed, in fact. The truth is that there is so much business being transacted in Ivan gas that the state has no time to be specu lating on who will be nominated for Pres ident three years hence. "Business throughout the state is flour ishing. There is nothing now the matter with Kansas. There Is a surplus there of everything, even money. The farmers are all prosperous and in all walks of com merce and Industry the pulse of profit Is beating high. The report of ruined crops which came east were all nonsense. Corn was damaged to a certain extent, but not so much as reported. The wheat crop of the season has been gigantic." Mr. Burton came to Washington for the purpose of presenting to Attorney Gen eral Knox an answer to charges filed against B. H. Tracy, who wants to be dis trict attorney for Kansas. The papers in the case have been forwarded to the Pres ident at Canton. Mr. Burton says Mr. Tracy will be appointed notwithstanding the opposition to his selection. Peraoual Mention. Mr. Joseph W. Trimble left this morning for the Pan-American exposition. Wu Hsueh-lien. nephew and private sec retary to the Chinese minister, and Ou Bhotchun, also one of the officials of the Chinese legation, are making quite a stay at Atlantic City. Samuel T. Klawans has left for Orkney Springs. Va., where he will remain until September 1. Mr. John F. Connolly, chief of revisers of the government printing office, has left Washington for an extended tour, Including New York. Montreal and Buffalo. While In Buffalo he will take part in the exercises at the exposition on the District of Co lumbia day. Dr. C. C. Marbury has returned from Europe. George K. O'Donnell and Harry Johnson of Capitol Hill are spending their vacation at Bridgeton, N. J., and Cape May.