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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 08, 1901, Image 1

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Mm OffW>, 11th Stmt ul husjlTnit Aveta*
The Broiling Star Howapapar Oompanj.
8. H. LiPFFMANN, Pres'fc
Hew York Office: 126 Tribune Building.
Chicago Office) Boyoe Building.
Tbe ETPnlnir Star la serreA to subscriber* In the
elty by canters, on their own account, at 10 cents
oar week, or 44 cents per month. Copies at the
eounter, 2 cents each. By mail?anywhere in tba
U.S. orCanada?postage prepaid -COcenta per month.
Saturday Qulntuplo Sheet Star. $1 per year; wltfe
foreign postage added. >3.08.
(Entered at the I'ost Office at Washington, D. (X,
as second-claw mall matter.)
E7A11 mall subscription* must be paid in advance.
Bates of advert tains made known on application
Advantage in Steal Strike Seems
With Employ jrs So Far.
President Shaffer Declares These
Are Empty Victories, However.
Special From a Staff Oorreni>on<!ent.
PITTSBURG, Pa., August 8.?The suc
ctss or failure ->f the great steel strike
still wavers in the balance. Even n#w, be
fore the order for a general strike has
gone into effect, the steel manufacturers
are showing daily their ability to start,
with non-union labor, mills that had been
shut down bv the striktrs.
This is regarded as omnious for the
strikers. It weakens the coniident asser
tion of the strike organizers that there
will be a wholesale exodus of men from
the running mills next Saturday night, and
lends color to the statement of the mill
managers that th^y can secure non-union
labor to operate a sufficient number of
mills to prevent a general cessation of op
Every day this week one or more mills,
whose furnaces were cold and whose men
were on strike, have been fired up and the
wheels started by non-union men, in every
instance, without offer of hindrance from
the strikers. In most cases the success of
the mill managers was a complete surpi lse
to the strikers.
l.arjfe Mill Starts* I p.
This morning one of the large Pittsburg
mills was started in this manner, much
to the consternation of the strike man
agers. who had persistently denied the
power of the company to get workmen.
But workmen had been obtained, quietly
admitted to the mill, and the first notice
the strikers had of the proceedings was
the roar of the machinery as the mill
The policy of Messrs. Morgan and Schwab
and the steel trust managers in handling
this strike is even now clearly outlined.
They propose to take the idle mills singlv
after the union men have left them, fill
them with non-union men and go to work.
It is doubtful that any mill thus started
ever again becomes union. This policy will
be pursued in widely separated localities,
and if it is successful, as seems probable,
the steel trust will, before the end of next
week, be again putting its products on the
market in considerable quantities.
Moral Effect on the Striker*.
The moral effect upon the strikers of the
starting of the idle mills is disastrous to
the ends of the strike managers. The men,
already restless, see the mills firing up
and their old places filled by non-union J
workmen. It suggests to them the power
of the steel trust and hints at the lack of
organization that Is alleged to exist in the
ranks of the Amalgamated Association.
It will be necessary for the strike man
agers to hurry their organization and call
out a great number of men when the gen
eral order goes into effect next Saturday
night if this is to be overcome.
Monday morning next will pretty nearly
tell the tale. If Shaffer's order for Satur
day night succeeds in closing -.l->wn a con
siderable number of the plants, the pros
pects of the strike will brighten. If it
does not it will bedtime to loo out for
stampedes of workmen returning to their
A riot, the shedding of strikers' blood in
the meantime, might change the whole as
pect of affairs, however. The steel trust
managers recognize this and are trying to
avoid trouble. Feeling is blue- rigair.st
the trust In all industrial branches in this
section, and a small outbreak would arouse
a whirlwind of trouble.
This is particularly true at McKeisport,
a steel town of Ho,000 inhabitants, within
half an hour's ride of Pittsburg. There are
about ti.OUO men on strike In ihit place, and
feeling runs high among all classes.
Steel Trust Shy of McKeexport.
It is said that the steel trust has hesi
tated to attempt starting mills at McKees
port for fear of precipitating another
Homestead horror.
The strikers are at ons disadvantage,
which they are beginning to realize. The
mills are widely separated throughout
three or four states. With the exception
of this immediate vicinity the workmen
comprise only a small portion of tne com
munities in which they dwell. They are
thus deprived of the moral support of
numbers. They stand in idleness while
other branches of industry are active
around their homes, and when a mill
which they thought they controlled starts
up, it is discouraging.
1 he oae aim of the strike managers at
this time is to get the suppo.-t of other
labor organizations. Earnest appeals arc
going out from headquarters to the heads
of organizations in every station, Ul based
upon the statement that if this strike fails,
unionism Is doomed in every branch of
Labor Very Plentiful.
It is a source of great surprise to the
strike managers that the steel trust should
find labor so plentiful. The fact Is this
evidences the weakness of the organiza
tion of the Amalgamated Association. It
Is not necessarily fatal, however, viewed in
the light of past experience. East fall,
when the great strike occurred In the an
thracite coal region, the mine workers'
union opened the game with loss than 10,
members of the union. But within a
week they had brought out a hundred
thousand men.
This is what the strike managers are
now counting upon. They claim that the
non-union steel workers will have to come
out with the union men and Join the union
In order to assure themselves of work
when business is resumed.
The Amalgamated Association is a great,
unwieldly body and it is doubtful if any
of the leaders have a full idea of its
strength or weakness. This will be tested
Saturday night.
Two Important Statements.
The Star correspondent received two
statements this afternoon that may be
considered Important, coming, as they did,
from sources absolutely reliable, and all
the more trustworthy In that they were not
connected with the strikers.
First. That the sentiment among the
eight or nine thousand non-union workmen
in McKeesport la strongly favorable to
Joining the strike and coming out on Sat
urday night with the union men. This
would have, It is said, weighty effect upon
non-union men throughout the region.
Second. That the anticipation of possible
friction at Homestead ami Carnegie be
tween strike sympathizers and non-union
men who want work is causing unusual
precautions to be taken in secret to quell
disturbances if they arise. All well-posted
persons here are apprehensive of trouble
in the territory lying along the river be
tween Pittsburg and McKeesport, including
Carnegie, Homestead and Bessemer.
President Gompers of the American Fed
eration of I^abor arrived here this morn
ing and talked with the Star correspon
dent. He said It was too early to predict
what action he would take. He intended
to have an interview with President Shaf
fer this afternoon, but it might be several
days before he acted definitely. It is evi
dent that Mr. Gompers desires to look care
fully into the situation before he jnakes a
He no doubt intends to sound the
strength of the present movement and esti
mate Its probable outcome before commit
ting his organization to active participation
in it.
N. O. M.
more: mills start up.
One In Allegheny anil Another in
Lawreneevllle at Wbrk.
By Associated Press.
PITTSBURG, August 8.?The "Farm"
mill of the Lindsay & MeCutcheon Com
pany in Allegheny was started at 7 o'clock
this morning with non-union men. Early
yesterday afternoon the fires were lighted
and everything was placed in readiness for
resuming work. No opposition was met
with from the striking mill men, for almost
to a man they are working in other union
mills. They were away at their work when
the Farm mill was started.
Guards patrolled every entrance to the
mill, and it was next to impossible for a
stranger to gain admission to the mills
while the preparations for starting were
being made.
The mill that was put into operation is a
finishing mill and manufactures haif-inch
steel hoops. It is one of three finishing
mills in the Lindsay & McCutcheon estab
lishment. There is another mill in tne
works which turns out billets, but neither
it nor the other two finishing mills were
started this morning. It is reported that
an attempt will be made to start these just
as soon as men can be secured.
Few of the strike breakers were taken
into the mill until almost time for the
starting whistle to blow, and everything
was as quiet as a cemetery until that time,
except for the noise of a few laborers
working on repairs. It required the finding
of only twenty mill men to start the Farm
mill, for all the laborers needed were easily
Little or no excitement prevailed in the
neighborhood, because practically none of
the strikers from the McCutcheon mills
were at home. A watchman said early this
morning, however, that there would "prob
ably be a large and curious crowd along
the railroad In the mill yards today watch
ing the operations, and he predicted that
there might be trouble.
Clark Plant Mill Start*.
The nine-inch mill of the Clark plant,
3r>th street, Lawrenceville, opened this
morning with forty-two men. It is claimed
by the company that this makes the total
number of men in the mill 403, and leaves
but one mill idle. It is said the 9, 10, 12
and U(Mnch mills are now working full
turn. All the men employed are non-union.
By Monday morning the management claim
the eight-inch mjll will be running and the
plant will be in full operation. But few
strikers were seen about the place, and
everything was quiet.
Capt. Louis Brown of the mill said that
the report concerning the men 3leepi:>g in
the mill was unfounded. He said they left
when their work was completed and re
turned in time for the turn, and that the
strikers were not molesting them. He said
further that the work turned out bv the
men yesterday was up to the standard and
that not a bar of material was lost, some
thing remarkable, he claimed, in a mill
where men who have not worktd together
before are employed.
Painter's mill of the American Steel Hoop
Company on the South Side, It is said, will
start operations today or tomorrow. The
furnaces have been lighted for two days.
One policeman is standing guard at the en
trance to the plant, but a reserve force of
six men is being held at number 8 police
Xot Regarded an Important.
President Shaffer, when shown the report
of the starting of the Lindsay and Mc
Cutcheon plant of the American Steel Hoop
Company, said: "There Is nothing in it. I
have a report from Vice President Gibson
informing me that there are only two men
at the works. One is a roller and the
other a common laborer. It would do them
no good and would do the company harm
to take men from other mills and put
them there, as they would only break the
machinery and spoil the material.
"There is no place for them to get raw
material, as they cannot get puddlers to
make it, so how can they run the finishing
mills? ?
''Why, I can't get puddlers for union
mills. I have an order for ninety puddlers
to go to work at once at the Slieo mills
on the South Side and cannot get them
Men are wanted at St. Louis. Birmingham,'
Ala., and all over the country. We have
advertisements in the Amalgamated Jour
^ .k,11 S,a88es of 8kl?led men, and It Ls
impossible for us to get them. .
Q?r?Vhal 1 cant 8ee ,s how the trust can
^. ??.Jnen u? work in their milis that are
on strike when we cannot get them to fill
good union jobs in union mills.
Other Mills Wantlnfi Men.
The Pork House mills of Lower Alle
gheny have been after me for some time to
get them men, but I cannot furnish them.
"I have a report from Vice President
John Ward at Cleveland, stating that the
men there are strong and will stick by
their brethren, and also word from Vice
President Chappell at New Castle, who
says all is well and quiet."
Mr. Shaffer was asked as to the allejred
refusal of the furnace men in Shenango
said- 1 B valleys to come out, and
"I have not ordered them out."
The furnace m?R in- question are In the
American Federation of Labor
The union men in the Lawrenceville dis
trict are making great preparations for
their open meetings in Lafayette Ha.ll tn
night The Carnegie upper and lower millj
are in this district, as well as the Clark
plant, and the strikers say they expect to
accomplish much evangelistic work The
meeting will be addressed by Presid^nt
Shaffer and other officers of the Amaltra.
mated Association. Amalga
qu^tion uppermost in the minds of
Mckeesporters is whether or not the Na
dayl^nlgh?e mUlS WiU *? ?n a Strlke Satur
l ?'?an?e2 men In the pipe mills be
lalm lt k. ntl0n.?f Labor' and some
the ? of the constitution of
the Federation for members to come out
on a sympathetic strike. The Amalgamat
and*the rw" tih? Nat,onal rolling mill
and the Boston iron and steel mill will
surely stop work on Saturday. They say
LhTh ni? qiiest'?n on that point. As to
dJfinuff p!pe milIs w,n come out is not
-JST ?f.? beaX t0w"hUe
SlW " t?edMS
?? ?? ? ?
Death of Joseph Farndale.
LONDON, August 8,-Joseph Farndale,
who was chief constable of Birmingham
atJh* tlme ?f the Fenian movement, in
Aeronaut Nearly Loses His Life in
Balloon Trip Today.
Air Ship Collapsed After Turning
the Eiffel Tower.
PARIS, August 8.?M. Santos Dumont,
the aeronaut, this morning again attempt
ed to cricle Eiffel tower. He succeeded in
rounding the tower with difficulty. The
ballbon was then unable to make headway
against strong winds and fell near a house
in the vicinity, remaining suspended for
some time. M. Santos Dumont was not in
Santos Dumont started from the Pare de
St. Cloud at 6:10 a.m. amid hearty cheers.
His initial movements were promising, as
the balloon turned around Eiffel Tower
nine minutes and thirty-four seconds after
starting and reheaded for St. Cloud. Just
over the Avenwe Heqri Marion, however,
a &ust of wind struck the aerostat,
which veered violently to one side, almost
simultaneously bounding backward a dis
tance of fifty yards. The hydrogen gas
was forced from the front to the back part
of the balloon, creating a sudden expan
sion, which caused the machine to dip. Her
screw touched the steel cords and broke
them. M. Santos Dumont immediately
stopped the motor and the balloon began
to descend. Unfortunately the cover of the
hnn^Vrfi stAruck th? corner of a six-story
S? V u ,r*P?rt "ke the shot of a can
J r Tfie balloon collapsed and
fell rapidly. Luckily the frame caught on
the coping of the building and the balloon
remained suspended, otherwise Santos Du
mont would have been killed.
Hons: in Dangerous Place.
As it was the aeronaut hung in a most
dangerous position in midair for half an
hcur, until by a great effort he succeeded
in catching the iron bar of a window, to
which he clung until rescued with some
lty b,V t!ht use of r?Pes- The balloon
t-k p without a scratch, however
the explosion of the balloon attracted
crowds- and the reception of M.
fcantos Dumont upon reaching: the street
was most enthusiastic, many ladies cling
'"f \r *L neck and kissin& him repeatedly.
as ju. bantos Dumont superintended the
removal of the machine he said he was
quite ready to recommence operations.
. 'V? Deutsch, who offered the prize of 10O.
000 francs for the rounding of Eiffel tower
anil the return to the starting point within
fv. Jen period of time, was so affected by
the danger that Santos Dumont hail passed
through that he told him that he would
rather present him with the prize at once
than to see him kill himself with his ex
periments, but the balloonist replied that
he hail rounded Eiffel tower in such a short
period of time that he considered the re
suU too satisfactorily to permit the relin
quishment of his attempts in the future.
Not the Motor's Fault.
M. Santos-Dumont gave the following ac
count of his trip:
"This time it is not the fault of the mo
tor, which worked admirably. It was the
balloon which caused the accident. I
rounded the Eiffel tower with admirable
speed as I had a favorable wind, and was
already returning over the Bois de Bou
logne when the wind freshened suddenly
and struck me sideways. Like a ship in a
storm the balloon pitched and rolled, now
and then recovering its normal position.
Another sudden veering of the wind caused
the front of the balloon to pitch downward
and the ropes connecting it with the frame
caught in the propeller, which struck the
balloon wires. They broke. I saw the dan
ger, and my only thought was to descend
as quickly as possible. This I was doine
successfully, but 1 was driven by a con
trary wind in the direction of the Eiffel
tower. Again the breeze veered and thr<>w
me against a building. The balloon buist
like a toy gas balloon and the fragments
fell, completely covering me. The rest you
know. I am unhurt. I have not a scratch
ana will soon recommence.
The motor is uninsured. I have worked
f?f j" routes. I will now send it to
, ( loud and set to work repairing the bal
loon. It is simply a matter of sewing the
pieces together.
"The cause of the accident was that the
t?i???WaS t,nSVfflc,ently fi,led- 1 knew
V?'ventilator also worked badly."
M. Deutsch, who was present at the start
in,an interview said: '
"I am afraid the experiments will not be
conclusive, as his balloon will always be at
?f the wind, which is not the
kind of airship we have dreamed of."
? ? ?
German Field Marshal Warmly Greet
ed by Populace.
HAMBURG, August 8.?The steamer
Gura, with Count Von Waldersee on board,
arrived here today. The field marshal land
ed immediately amid ringing cheers from
the crowds assembled.
General von Wittich, representing Em
peror William, welcomed Von Waldersee.
After an inspection of the guard of honor
the field marshal, accompanied by Gen
eral von Wittich and escorted by a squad
ron of the King's Uhlands, proceeded to
the town hall. He was warmly applauded
as he passed through the thronged and dec
orated streets. At the town hall the field
marshal was received by the senate, which,
body subsequently gave a luncheon in his
honor. 3
Petition From Hoiueseekem.
LAWTON, O. T.. August 8.?A movement
has been started here among the home
seekers, who failed to win in the recent
land drawings, to have the government
open up the three reserves set aside in the
Lawton district. These embrace about
8,330 quarter sections, and were set aside,
presumably, to help out cattlemen who had
all of the Kiowa-Comanche country leased
for pastures. A petition will be made at
once to^the Interior Department.
? ?
Tvrenty-Flve British Captured.
LONDON, August 8.?Lord Kitchener, In
a dispatch from Pretoria today, announces
!haLa, P08,1 of twenty-five men. belonging
to Steinacker s Horse, on the Sabi rive *
has been surprised and captured by the
Ttmberlake Stable Burns.
Special Dispatch to The Evening Star.
NEWPORT NEWS, Va., August 8.?R. L.
Timberlake's stable was burned yesterday
the fire starting from lime slacked by the
rain. Thirteen horses and two mules were
burned, two horses being saved.
Movements of Naval Vessels.
Admiral Kempff has Informed the Navy
Department of the following distribution
of vessels in the waters of the Philippine
Islands: Frolic at Cebu, Vicksburg at
Zamboanga, Paragua coaling at Hollo and
then to proceed to Cuyoe.
The Indiana, ^wlth the naval cadat.
SSf&JiE Kft P2LtIand- Me., for HaUfax!
Th? Brutus has arrived at Brooklyn.
Agreement Reached ?? the Tariff Mat
ter?EieJarin" W Firearms and
Manfttlen* at War.
The following exact statement of certain
phases of the Chinese negotiations is given
from authoritative sources in order to cor
rect some misapprehension which has
arisen from published reports as to the
possible causes of delay in signing the
protocol at Pekin:
"All the negotiators are agreed on the
tariff matter. The present ad valorem tariff
ia to be converted into a specific tariff at
the average rates Of the present treaty
tariff, 5 per centum, effective, and articles
now on the free list are to be included in
the new specific schedule. The details of
this arrangement are to be left to a special
commission, to *iit hereafter, probably at
Shanghai. *
"The details of the arrangement for the
prohibition of the importation of firearms,
munitions and materials for their manufac
ture, were settled some months ago. They
provided for the seizure by the foreign
warships of any <- hlnese or foreign ships
entering Chinese waters with the prohibited
articles on board, end also for such steps
as each of the several foreign govern
ments may deem it proper or be in a po
sition to take in order to prohibit the ex
portation of arms and supplies from their
respective countries to China. The State
Department is not officially advised of the
provisions of an amendment to this ar
ticle of the protocol, which Is reported to
have been recently Introduced, but its ob
ject would seem to be to require the Chi
nese authorities to actively co-operate In
enforcing the prohibition, which the Chi
nese negotiators have already accepted In
principle." f
This government has received represen
tations, made by Pacific coast commercial
bodies, saying the proposed 5 per cent duty,
on a gold basis, will work serious hardship
on our trade in fiour going In the orient.
PITTSBURG, August 8.?Two sections of
an Atlantic City excursion train collided
near Confluence, Pa., on the Baltimore and
Ohio railroad, eighty-four miles east of
Pittsburg, about 11 o'clock this morning.
Ten persons were seriously Injured and
a number of others slightly hurt. Those
seriously hurt were:
Fireman S. Hannoa Pittsburg, Pa., prob
ably fatally hurt.
P. J. Collins, wife, and infant, Youngs
town, badly bruised, serious, but not dan
J. H. Davis, Newcastle, Pa., arm broken
and badly bruised.
Mrs. J. H. Lewis, Newcastle, Pa., cut on
head and otherwise injured.
A. G. Shaw, Pittsburg, badly cut about
Miss Helen I,emont, Pittsburg, head cut.
Miss Dora Hartzell, Newcastle, both legs
J. E. Stillwagon, Connellsvllle, superin
tendent water works, arms crushed.
The trains left here shortly after 8
o'clock this morning. At Confluence the
first section was stopped and the second
section rounding the curve going at the
rate of thirty-five miles crashed into it. The
engine of the second section and three cars
were wrecked and traffic was delayed sev
eral hours. The injured named were re
moved to the hospital and the others con
tinued on their way to Atlantic City. The
accident is supposed to have been caused
by a mistake in signals.
? ? ?
PlilladelphianN Regret His Transfer
to Another Place.
General Gillespie, chief of engineers, has
received a communication from the joint
executive committee of Philadelphia coun
cils on the Improvement of the harbor of
that city and the Delaware and Schuylkill
rivers, paying a high tribute to Col. C. i
W. Raymond, corps of engineers, and ex
pressing regret ihat the necessities of the
service required his transfer to another
field of usefulness. Col. Raymond has been
assigned to duty at Now York as a mem
ber of the general board of engineers. In
a letter to Col. Raymond (a copy of which
was forwarded to the Secretary of War)
the Philadelphia committee referred to the.
important engineering works which had
been commenced, developed and carried to
successful completion In the vicinity of
Philadelphia under Col. Raymond's per
sonal direction, and said that these works
had resulted in giving the port of Phila
delphia harbor facilities commensurate
with the demand of modern commerce.
"The result of ten years' of service,"
says the letter, "has not only created en
during records of your (Col. Raymond's)
professional skill, but it has also given our
trade, commerce and maritime interests the
possibility of development which would not
otherwise exist." General Gillespie, refer
ring to Col. Raymond, said he was one of
the brightest and most popular officers In
the corps, and that the work he had done
at Delaware breakwater was "a sufficient
monument to any engineer of any age."
Col. Raymond was formerly Engineer
Commissioner of the District.
Naval Orders.
Commander A. C. Dillingham, Lieutenant
Commander W. P. White and Lieutenants
F. H. Clark, jr., and A. A. Pratt have been
Lieutenant Commander M. L. Wood has
been detached from dvty as navigator of
the Kearsarge and -ordered to duty as ex
ecutive of that ship, as relief to Lieutenant
Commander Merriam, who is ordered home
on waiting orders.
Lieutenant Waldo Eva11? *? Chicago, 111.,
to assume charge of branch hydrographic
Lieutenant C. C. Marsh from the Essex
to the Kearsarge.
Surgeon F. J. B. Cordeiro to the Pensa
cola navy yard.
Passed Assistant Surgeon D. H. Morgan
from the Pensacola navy yard to the Nor
folk hospital.
Paymaster M. M. BathhWiV from the bu
reau of supplies ai|A accounts to duty in
connection with the fitting out of the Illi
nois and for duty on board that vessel
when commissioned.
Passed Assistant Eaymaater G. M. Lu
kesh to the Portsmouth. N. H., navy yard.
Passed Assistant Baymaffter G. L. Dyer
to the bureau of supplies and accounts.
Passed Assistant Paymaster T. J. Arms
from San Juan station and home on wait
ing orders.
Passed Assistant Paymaster W. A. Mer
rltt from bureau *bf supplies and accounts
to San Juan station.
Ensign Adolphus E. Watson from the
General Alava to the Frolic.
Ensign William B. Wells from the Frolic
to the bureau of navigation. f
Photographers Eleet Officers.
DETROIT, August 8.?The Photograph
ers' Association of America, which is hold
ing its annual convention* in this city to
day, elected the following officers:
President?George M. Edmondson, Clove
land. t
Vice presidents?J.* George Nuaspaumer
Philadelphia; H. & Klein, Milwaukee.
Secretary?C. ?. peeves, Anderson, lad.
Panama Railway President Appre
Officials Here Regard the Machias
as Sufficient
The State Department received a com
I munication today from Mr. J. Edward Sim
I mons of New York, president of the Pana
I ma Railway Company, expressing appre
j hension over the condition of affairs on the
I isthmus, and the possible interruption of
I traffic along the line of the road. The sug
gestion was made by Mr. Simmons that an
I American warship be sent to the Atlantic
I side of the Isthmus, and also to Panama on
I the Pacific side. The ordering of the
Machias to Colon is regarded by officials
here as sufficient to meet the requirements
I of the situation so far as disclosed up to
this time, and no move has been made thus
far to send a warship to the Pacific .vide of
I the isthmus. Under these circumstances no
I requests were made of the Navy Depart
ment during the early part of the day for
I further action in the dispatch of vessels.
I The Navy Department is expecting hourly
I to hear from the commander of the
I Machias that he has sailed from Boston lor
I Hampton Roads. His orders thus far are
I simply a direction to sail, without any de
I tailed instructions as to the course of
action he shall pursue at the isthmus. If
I any necessity arises for more explicit
I directions, these will be communicated on
I the arrival of the Machias at Hampton
I Roads.
The communication from Mr. Simmons is
I the first request received by the govern
I ment for the protection of American inter
I ests on the isthmus. It is understood that
I the Panama Railway Company is an Amer
I lean organization, being separate from the
I Panama Canal Company, although their
I interests are somewhat alike. As some of
I its officers and stockholders are American
citizens, this would operate to give it an
American status warranting the exercise of
governmental protection over its property
I when imperiled.
Naval officials state that there is onlv a
small contingent of marines on the Machias
I and no commissioned officer of ma'rines, as
it is not usual to equip a gunboat with a
commissioned officer and large force of
I marines. In case a landing party is re
quired this is made up in part of blue
Jackets and in part of marines, with a
I commissioned officer of the navy in com
j mand of the united party. Occasionally a
I commissioned officer of marines is assigned
to a gunboat when she is likely to be called
upon for emergency service, but thus far
no such officer of marines has been as
I signed to the Machias.
Admiral Jouett's Action in 1885.
The position of the United States as to
maintaining free tariff across the Isthmus
of Panama was fully defined in 1885, when
extensive naval operations were carried on
I there. An outbreak somewhat similar to
the present one occurred early in the year,
I and the insurgents captured Panama and
burned Aspinwall. When traffic became
effectually blocked the United States de
I termined to act, and the north Atlantic
squadron, under Rear Admiral Jouett, was
sent to the isthmus. " At the same time the
Navy Department sent an expeditionary
force from New York, consisting of 750 sea
I men and marines, commanded bv Com
mander B. H. McCalla, and including three
gattllngs and three 3-inch rifled guns. Ad
miral Jouett arrived at the isthmus Apfil
I 10, and at once landed marines and issued
orders to open transit across the isthmus.
Two armored cars, fitted with howitzers,
I gatliog and hotchkiss guns, were sent
over the line, clearing the way and making
the entire transit. Garrisons of marines
were placed at Aspinwall and Matachin,
the latter place being where the revolution
ists held up a train a few days ago, ac
I cording to Consul Gudgers. Commander
I McCalla s expedition established headquar
ters at Panama. Here the revolutionary
leader. Aizpuru, was in full control, and
I was erecting barricades, expecting a battle
I with the Colombian army. Commander
McCalla acted energetically, and, gathering
his full force, occupied Panama on April
24, arrested Aizpuru and the other leaders,
and held them prisoners until an agreement
was signed that fighting should not take
place within the city. Three days later
the Colombian army arrived, and at a con
ference between the governor general, Aiz
puru and Admiral Jouett the insurgents
American Forces Withdrawn.
All of the United States forces were then
withdrawn and were back in New York
May 16. The Secretary of the Navy, in
reporting the incident, pointed out that the
[ action of the navy was carefully confined
to enforcing treaty stipulations for free
transit across the isthmus, and that our
interference ceased fche moment that ob
ject had been accomplished. President
Cleveland's message to Congress, and the
correspondence of Secretary Bayard, also
made clear that the sole purpose of the
United States in employing force was to
fulfill its guaranty under the treaty of
1846, to keep the transit open across the
The Present Tronble.
The present trquble on the isthmus is far
less formidable than that of 18S5, but the
procedure is made clear in case the insur
gents obstruct traffic. There is no present
purpose of sending a ship down frcfm the
Pacific side, as all the large ships are
Pacific side.
In case the State Department determines
later to ask for a ship on the Pacific side
of the isthmus, naval officials are rather
In doubt as to what ship can be utilized It
was stated by those in chief authority that
the Iowa and Wisconsin were probably
most serviceable, but these battle ships are
undergoing repairs, and they would not or
dinarily be called upon for such minor
service. The Alert, Mohican and Ranger
are also on the Pacific side, but no one of
them Is considered suitable for such ser
Order Issued in Regard to the Filing
of Applications.
The Secretary of War has made an order
that all applications for transportation of
their families on army transports made by
officers and enlisted men discharged from
the army, and by civilian employes not In
the Insular service who have remained in
the Philippine Islands with a view to enter
ing into private pursuits there, must be
forwarded to the War Department
through the commanding general, division
of the Philippines, with his recommenda
tion. Applications from officers, soldiers
and civilian employes who were discharged
from the service in the United States for,
permission to travel on government trans
ports from San Francisco to the Philip
pines must be made to the quartermaster
general at Washington. In all cases the
applicant Is required to set forth in detail
his record of service and the reasons for
desiring to go to the Philippines, and to
state whether or not he has a definite ob
ject in view or really hopes to And employ
ment after arrival. Persons thus availing |
themselves of permission to travel on gov- I
eminent transports are required to pay |
thf fixe<* charges In advance before the
sailing of the ship, anci those who accept
transportation for themselves or their
families must do so with the expressed un
derstanding that no obligation rests with
the government to furnish return transpor
Consul McCook Says That It Costs
Two Cents a Pound.
Ice has gone down to two cents a pound
and rents promise to be cheaper, says Con
sul McCook In an interesting report to the
State Department upon conditions at Daw
son City, Alaska. Dawson, he says, is im
proving rapidly, with modern dwellings go
ing up, a new court house about completed
and work started on the new administra
tion buildings and a residence for the gov
ernor, not to mention a continuous supply
of pure water. The gold output, the con
sul states, will probably fall short of the
estimate made earlier in the year, and he
believes $20,000,000 to be a fair estimate of
this year's product. By orders from the
Canadian government the whole country
under its Jurisdiction has been thrown
open to prospectors, no claims being re
served for the crown, as formerly, and
the royalty on the gross output of the
mines has been reduced from 10 to 5 per
Mr. McCook ea>*3 that good roads are
badly needed in the mining country of Alas
ka, and the government has started to
supply this deficit. The consul speaks of
encouraging reports from Chandler river,
1U0 miles north of Fort Yukon, from
Charley river and from other points.
The President Approves Death Sen
tence of an Enlittted Man.
For the first time since the outbreak of
the Spanish war President McKinley has
approved the death sentence in the case of
an enlisted man. The case is that of Pri
vate Phineas Foutz, Company K. 19th In
fantry- This soldier was convicted by gen
eral court-martial at Cebu, P. I., of the
murder of Geneviva T\>rres, a native Fili
pino girl, by stabbing her to death with a
sword cane in her home, at Mandaue. Cebu,
November 15. 1000. It is said that the girl
was his mistress. The crime was regarded
as a particularly atrocious one. The court
sentenced the accused to be hanged by the
neck until dead.
The case being one requiring the action
of t#.? President, he confirmed the sentence
and directed its execution at such time and
place as may be designated by the com
manding general, Department of the Vis
ayas, P. I.
Many Persons Injured at the Pais
ley Race Meeting*
PAISLEY, Scotland, August 8.?At the
race meeting here today the grand stand,
which was crowded with people, collapsed.
Many persons are reported to have been
There were no fatalities, but forty per
sons were injured, a number of them sus
taining broken limbs.
? ?
Man Calling: Himself E. C. Holies Ar
rested In Berlin.
BERLIN, August 8.?Dresdner Bank of
ficials have informed the representative of
the Associated Press that the checks pre
sented by the man representing himself to
be E. C. Bolles of San Francisco, but who
registered at the Kaiserhof as Bolles of
Boston, and who was arrested yesterday,
amounted to $300. Bolles claims that he
acquired them in a regular manner at Bos
The checks which were presented at a
branch of the Dresdner Bank have been
[ identified as part of the booty secured at
the robbery of the American Express Com
pany's Paris office. Bolles has not yet ap
plied for help at the American embassy.
The Kaiserhof people say that he acted in
i a suspicious fashion, and that he had or
dered his bill and his baggage made readv,
; evidently planning to leave the town im
mediately after cashing the checks. The
police have seized the baggage of the pris
Prof. Starr of Chicago Makes an Im
portant Discovery.
CHICAGO, August 8.?Mosquitoes, ac
cording to the Chronicle, are to be banished
from the Chicago parks, if a recommenda
tion recently made to the commissioners by
Prof. Frederick Starr of the University of
Chicago is carried out. All that is neces
sary to drive the pests away, says the pro
fessor, are castor bean plants.
This discovery was made by Prof. Starr
while he was traveling in tropical coun
tries. He was supposed to be studying an
thropology during these travels, but the
exigencies of the situation forced him for
a time to study the best method of driving
olt the clouds of mosquitoes which made
life a burden.
"One night," said the professor, "I was
annoyed more than usual. Thousands of
little' insects hummed and buzzed about
me. Finally in desperation I tore some
branches from a plant with which to brush
them away. I soon found that I did not
have to brush. The mosquitoes had disap
peared, and did not come back that night
"The plant from which I had torn the
branches was that of the castor bean. The
next evening I again tried it, with the same
Prof. C. M.. Childs of the department of
entomology of the University of Chicago
confirms the statements of Prof. Starr. He
says there is something in the castor bean
plant which is antipathetic to the mosquito
but that he does not know what it is.
Majiy Coasters and Deep-Sea Vessels
Tied Up.
SAN FRANCISCO, August 8.?Although
the Municipal League has not abandoned
its attempt to have the labor troubles in
this city settled by a compromise, both
sides are preparing for a protracted strug
gle. The labor leaders are holding almost
continuous sessions for the purpose of get
ting their forces in readiness to meet every
move of the opposition, and the employers
are bending every energy to get men to
take the places vacated by the strikers.
The tie-up of shipping is becoming se
rious. There are at least ninety coasters
and twenty deep-water vessels at anchor in
the bay. Some of these cannot be unloaded
and others cannot be loaded under existing
conditions. The Sand Teamsters' Union
has decided to call out all men, not except
ing those employed by the street cleaning
contractors, who had been excepted in the
strike of the labor council.
Artist Cox Falls Dead.
BOULDER, Col., August 8.?Charley, H.
Cojf, a landscape painter and teacher of
water color painting at the Chautauqua,
fell dead in the State University. Mr. Cox
came here from Thousand Islands, Canada,
but is a resident of Waco, Tex. He has
been a teacher on the grounds every ses
sion of the Chautauqua. He was seventy
three years old and a widower.
M. Cambon Pleased With America.
PARIS, August 8.?The Figaro publishes
an interview with M. Jules Cambon, in
which the French ambassador to the
United States expresses gratification at the
sympathy manifested in America with
everything French,
Persons leaving the city for an/
period can have The Star mailed to
them by ordering It at this office. In
person or by letter. Terms: 13 cents
per week: 25 cents for two weeks, or
60 cents per month. Invariably In
advance. The address may b?
changed as frequently as desired.
Always give the last address, as well
as the new one.
Steamer Kincora Sunk by the Oceanio
in Irish Channel.
Brief Panic on the Liner Quieted
by Captain Cameron.
QUEENSTOWN, August 8.?The White
Star line steamer Oceanic, Capt. Cameron,
which sailed from Liverpool yesterday for
New York via Queenstown, arrived here
this morning and reported having been in
collision last night In the Irish channel
with the stearner Kincora of Waterford.
Ireland. The Kincora sank. Seven per
sons were drowned.
The damage sustained by the Oceanic
will not prevent her proceeding on her
The collision occurred In a fog. The bow
of the Oceanic was damaged. The Kincora
was a coasting \essel trading between
Waterford and Limerick. She "had a crew
of fourteen men. The Oceanic brought
the seven survivors to this port.
Later details of the collision were ob
tained, and it was learned that the only
damage sustained by the Oceanic consisted
in a few dents to her port plates. She pro
ceeded at 3:50 p.m.
The collision occurred this side of Tus
kar, at about 1:30 in the morning. Ihe
fog was very dense. The Kincora was
struck amidshlp. All the passengers of
the Oceanic were in bed at the time, and
there was some commotion until Oapt.
Cameron assured them that there was not
the least cause for alaim.
Headway was kept on the Oceanic after
she struck the Kincora in order to give the
crew of the latter a chance to clamor on
board the Oceanic. The boats of the White
Star liner were lowered to rescue every
man possible. The Kincora sank very
rapidly. The Oceanic remained in the
vicinity of the collision until daylight, but
nothing was then visible beyond some
floating wreckage.
The Kincora was a steel screw steamer
of 403 tons. She belonged to the \\ ater
ford Steamship Company.
selby smelter robbery.
One Snxpeet Arrntfd mid I'ollcf on
Track of Other*.
SAN FRANCISCO, August 8.?The police
have now In custody a man known as
"Buck" Taylor, who Is suspected of com
plicity in the robbery of the Selby smelting
works. He was employed In the works until
about six weeks ago. when he quit, saying
that he was 111. He lived in a cabin half
a mile from the smelting plant, and it is
said had been missing from Sunday night
until he was taken Into custody yesterday.
He has been subjected to a rigid examina
tion by the authorities. They refuse to re
veal any facts they may have learned, but
express confidence that they are on the
trail of the criminals.
It is also reported that men now in ine
employ of the smelting company are under
suspicion, and with the facts they have in
hand, the pqllce appear to be eonndent of
being able to make further arrests within
the next few hours. The authorities me
disposed to believe that some experienced
eastern crooks were connected with the
robbery, owing to the clever manner of its
execution. ,
Special guards are now stationed at night
In the neighborhood of the works, armed
with shotguns.
As a stimulus to the efforts of the army
of detectives who are working on the case\
the Selby Smelting Company has increased
the reward offered from to
This reward will be paid for the arrest and
conviction of the criminals and for the re
turn of the gold.
The company places Its exact loss at
? ? ?
Senator Barton Says Presidential
Nominee* Are Sot Reins; Disemised.
Senator J. R. Burton of Kansas, who is
in the city, was asked today if he ex
pected any legislation In the direction of
tariff revision during the coming session of
Congress. He said:
"Some changes in the present law may
be found necessary, but as far as a general
revision Is concerned I do not think there
Is much favorable sentiment In that direc
tion. The democratic element of the coun
try may be crying for a reduction in the
tariff rates, but who, In the republican
ranks, will pay any attention to these peo
ple? The democracy doesn't know any
thing about business and never will. In my
judgment. Congress can.iot afford to con
sult the democratic party on any action
contemplated in this respect. As for the
proposition to remove the duty from
products of the trusts, I think that when
this was projected It caused a general
smile. My candid opinion is that it Is
generally regarded as a joke."
Mr Burton was questioned concerning
the reported presidential gossip now being
Indulged in in Kansas. He said:
The people of the staie are not talking
politics of any kind. Is Roosevelt being
boomed for the nomination three years
hence? No, he is not. Nobody is being
boomed, in fact. The truth is that there is
so much business being transacted in Ivan
gas that the state has no time to be specu
lating on who will be nominated for Pres
ident three years hence.
"Business throughout the state is flour
ishing. There is nothing now the matter
with Kansas. There Is a surplus there of
everything, even money. The farmers are
all prosperous and in all walks of com
merce and Industry the pulse of profit Is
beating high. The report of ruined crops
which came east were all nonsense. Corn
was damaged to a certain extent, but not
so much as reported. The wheat crop of
the season has been gigantic."
Mr. Burton came to Washington for the
purpose of presenting to Attorney Gen
eral Knox an answer to charges filed
against B. H. Tracy, who wants to be dis
trict attorney for Kansas. The papers in
the case have been forwarded to the Pres
ident at Canton. Mr. Burton says Mr.
Tracy will be appointed notwithstanding
the opposition to his selection.
Peraoual Mention.
Mr. Joseph W. Trimble left this morning
for the Pan-American exposition.
Wu Hsueh-lien. nephew and private sec
retary to the Chinese minister, and Ou
Bhotchun, also one of the officials of the
Chinese legation, are making quite a stay
at Atlantic City.
Samuel T. Klawans has left for Orkney
Springs. Va., where he will remain until
September 1.
Mr. John F. Connolly, chief of revisers of
the government printing office, has left
Washington for an extended tour, Including
New York. Montreal and Buffalo. While
In Buffalo he will take part in the exercises
at the exposition on the District of Co
lumbia day.
Dr. C. C. Marbury has returned from
George K. O'Donnell and Harry Johnson
of Capitol Hill are spending their vacation
at Bridgeton, N. J., and Cape May.

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