Newspaper Page Text
No. 15,117. * WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY", A^JGtjST 9, 1901?TWELVE PAGES. TWO CENTS.
THE ETBTfOrO STAB. PTJBLI89ED DAILY, EXCEPT 8UTDAT. $m/am Offloa, lift Stmt tad PtaujlTub Aetna*. The Evening Star Hewgpaper Company. 8. H. KAT7FFKANN. Praat S?t York Officei 128 Tribune" Bafldinj. CUomo Offioat Boyoe Boildiag. The Erenfnr Star la aerveA to aabaorlben to tb? rtty by cfrrtan, oo their own account. at 10 cent* wr week, or 44 centa per month. Coptea at tba ronater. 2 centa each. By mall?anywbera la tha U.S. or Canada?poet age prepaid?SO ceota per month. Saturday Quintuple Sheet Star. 91 per year; wttk foreign postage added. 13.08. (Entered at the Poet Office at Waahlngton. D. <X, aa aecond-claa* mall matter.) C7A11 mall anbacrlptlons mu*t be paid to advance. Batea of advert lain* made knows oo application. ALL-AKE IN THE DARK No One Can Foretell Effect of Shaf fer's Strike Order. MEN THEMSELVES UNDECIDED Strong Effort Being Made to Get Them to Go Out. MEETINGS EVERY NIGHT Si>eoIal From a Staff Corresjondent. PITTSBURG, Pa., August 9.?No one really knows whether President Shaffer's genera] strike order will be obeyed in full Saturday night, or can even approximate the extent. The strike managers are in the dark, the steel trust people are more uncertain, the men themselves do not know. A wave of obstinacy may sweep through the mills Saturday and keep the men at work. On the other hand, the strike fever, w hlch is sudden and irresistible when it is fairly started, as was shown in the coal niine strikes last fall, may seize the men and result in one great sympathetic move together by union and non-union workers. The statement that the men themselves are uncertain is true. Yesterday I spent six hours in the contested district, talking with the workers, with the storekeepers, with townsmen generally, touching elbows as closely as possible with the situation as it exists in this smoke-begrimed, noisy, busy, manufacturing region. The result of six hours' questioning, interviewing and observation left me as wise when I came out as when I went in. No concensus of opinion could be obtained upon the inten tions of the workers. It will take the crucial moment of Saturday night, when the last shift goes off and the next shift is to come on. to show the extent of the organization of the Amalgamated Association and the sympathy of the non-organized workers. Employer* In the Dark, Too. In Pittsburg I have talked, not only with the steel trust representatives, but have seen men from other sections, men whose works are dependent upon these mills for supplying material and who are here to estimate the chances of a general shut do wn. They were no more enlightened as a result of their inquiries than any one else. The contested district is mainly in the immediate vicinity of Pittsburg. Lying along both banks of the Monongahela rixer for ten or fifteen miles from Pitts burg is the busiest and richest industrial community in the United States. Mill after mill, employing thousands of skilled and unskilled workers, occupy the narrow strip of land between the foothills and the river, fi'ling the air with the roar of their ma chinery and begriming the sky with the smoke of their countless furnaces. Back ot them in the spaces begrudgingly left b> the railroads cluster the tenements of the poorer laborers and clinging to the sides and tops of the precipitous hills are the residences of the skilled men. On the river there is a continuous naval parade of towboatsand fleets of coal barges. It is one great jumble, animated picture o teeming human life and strenuous in dustry. In these hives and swarms of humanity rest the fate of the present movement of the Amalgamated Associa tion. If one portion of these communities strikes and the other does not, there will be a struggle, riots, bloodshed, until the militia comes in, with the usual result. If the strike order is accepted by the men who are not bound to obey, but who do so because they believe the statement of the Amalgamated orders that this Is a struggle tor life between the trusts and labor, this great industrial heart will stop and count less arteries of trade will cease their flow. All Pittsburg In Xervoun. No wonder, then, that all Pittsburg waits with apprehension for Saturday's sun to set and wonders whether Sunday's dawn will break upon troublous scenes. In the meantime the Amalgamated leaders are working with might and main to strength en their lines and make Saturday s blow a telling stroke against the steel trust. Gompers and Shaffer, as this dispatch is written, have resumed their conference of yesterday. Gompers is uncertain how far the Federation of Labor can or should be drawn into the fight. He offers money, l>ut that is practically immaterial at this stage. What the Amalgamated men ne-?d now, and need it badly, is sympathy from allied trades to make the shut-down com plete. In Gompers' association are thousands of organized ore miners, ore handlers, 'long shoremen, furnacemen, workers in struc tural iron and laborers generally in Iron And steel making. Shaffer begs him to get these men out on Saturday night to help uphold the hands of the Amalgam.'ted. Open-air meetings of workmen are being held day and night in the industrial dis tricts when the shifts come off duty. These are addressed by the organizers of the Amalgamates who earnestly appeal to the wavering, hesitating workmen to Join the movement. Shaffer himself talks to a great gathering each night, and, with fiery invective against the trust, warns his hear ers that this is labor s last stand against the encroachments of capital. Fierce vitu peration sometimes marks these outdoor addresses. Here is an extract from Shaf fers remarks made to a great crowd last night gathered in the murk and smoke of the mill region, the grave, earnest faces of the workmen lighted by the glare of a neighboring furnace that the strikers want: Some of Shaffer's Remarks. "I went into the mill when seventeen years old as a rugged boy, and yet bear the marks of the effort I made to make Andrew Carnegie and others rich, and they say to me we can organize, but you can not. Isn t it a preposterous proposition"" I say to you men 1 sweated in the miils for years t? make the owners rich. I am proud tonight to sweat in addressing you and in trvirig and I hope successfully, to press upon you the position you should take in this grand fight. What is their money used I.r I urehasing and sailing yachts on the -Atlantic; buying automobiles to run down pedestrians; palaces in fashionable and luxurious parts of the larger cities and a expensive country places." ' ihe women are as earnest as the men. ^ es erday a crowd of strikers' wives, whose nt 5t?ands had gone to work in other towns swooped down upon a mill that was belne started with non-union labor, and in one nour of nrgument and appeal induced the l? ?,uit" BefoPe nightfall the non nn.i I,WS. had returnfd to their homes and the glowing furnaces had become dark again. Offer to Arbitrate Refused. The latest of many recent efforts Iron* the outside to arbitrate between the steel trust and the Amalgamated Association failed this afternoon. A proposition of me diation was made to Shaffer, who refused it outright, but referred the would-be medi ator to Gompers, who was inclined to use his endeavors. At that juncture word came from New York that the steel trust abso lutely refused to hold further conference upon the subject. * N. O. M. CLAIM MILLS ARE CRIPPLED. Striker*' Statement, Hojvever, Denied by Agents of the Treat. Bj Associated Press. PITTSBURG, August 9.?The steel strike situation underwent but little change over night. The steel corporation made no at tempt during the/flight to reopen the Painter mill, and the strikers claim that they blocked the plan to start tl\c plant by winning over the non-union men who had agreed to go to work. The mill officials deny that there has been any interference with their plans, and say that in due tiine the mill will be started up. President Shaffer and his brother officials of the Amalgamated Association are still engaged in the effort to secure the co-op eration of the American Federation of Labor. They say they are sure of obtaining it and that thefr complete success is thereby assured. Neither President Shaffer nor President Gompers nor any of the men en gaged in conference with them has given any intimation of their plans, but it is pre dicted that they will make the bold stroke of transferring bodily to the Amalgamated Association all members of the Federation of Labor who may be affected by the strike. In the iron and steel trades are many men whose labor has not been sufficieptly skilled to admit them to membership in the Amal gamated Association. The federation has for some time past been organizing these men, and it is said that there exists an agreement between the Amalgamated and Federation that in the event of trouble they are to be trans ferred to the former. If such a plan were carried out it would add thousands of men to the membership oMhe Amalgamated As sociation. Claims Clark Mill i? Crippled. Secretary Williams was the first of the Amalgamated officials to reach the strike headquarters this morning. He claimed that the meeting at Lawrenceville last night had crippled the Clark mill again. He said: "Our meeting last night was a great success, for as a result of it there is but one mill in operation at the Clark plant. That is the 'break-down twenty-inch' mill, and it has been going ever since the strike occurred. If the steel corporation had 400 men in the Clark mill we have taken 300 cf I them away from them." F. M. Shaffer, brother of President Shaf fer of the Amalgamated Association, was also at headquarters, and he, too, claimed that the Clark plant was again crippled a3 a result of the meeting which he and his brother addressed last night. The local steel officials give an absolute denial to the statement that the Clark irill is again crippled. They admit that one roller was won from them by the efforts of the strikers last night, but assert that they had another roller ready to take his place, and that four of the five mills of the plant ar^ running again today. They have made no effort, they say, to start the fifth mill, but will probably do so early next week. The Farm mill at the Lindsay & McCutcheon works was in operation again today. Yesterday, accord ing to the managers of the mill, it went within 70 per cent of a full run, and will do better today because there was an ear lier start made. Another Chance to Get Itack. Manager Jinks says the old men will be given another chance to come back, but if they fall to, non-union workers will be put in their places, and another mill opened up next week. Advices from Hyde Park are to the effect that every mill in the plant is in opera tion, and that the work being turned out is quite satisfactory. There will probably be nothing done at the Painter mill for a few days. It is evident that preparations are being made to open the Dewees Wood works at McKeesport. The repairs are being rushed and large quantities of raw material are being brought to the mills. Negroes are employed on the repairs and the strikers are watching them closely, fearing that there may be iron and .steel workers among them. Their presence is resented by the strikers, and the company has reinforced the guards and closed the gates to all men not engaged by the com pany. President Gompers and Secretary Morri son of the American Federation of Labor reached the strike headquarters at 10 o'clock. President Shaffer had not ap peared at that time, but Secretary Wil liams and several of the vice presid-nts received them. Mr. Gompers declined to say anything about the attitude of the Federation or the possible outcome of the conference. President Shaffer reached the headquar ters at 10:30 o'clock and announced a few moments later that his conference with President Gompers was off until 1:30 o'clock in the afternoon. "Is it possible that the Federation of Labor will turn over to the Amalgamated Association all its lodges affected by the strike?" President Shaffer was asked. "That is a question which I cannot an swer," said Mr. Shaffer. "You will have to get that from Mr. Gompers. TTiere is nothing new this morning, and there is nothing about the strike that I can tell you." It is reported that President Gompers has a plan of discussing the situation with the steel officials, with a view to bringing about a settlement, but the story cannot be con firmed. ChlcaKo Men Advene to'the Strike. CHICAGO, August 9.?William C. Davis, vice president of the fourth district of the Amalgamated Association, in discussing the prospect of the men walking out of the mills of the Illinois Steel Company at South Chicago, today said: "While I am not able to predict unerring ly what the mei. will do at the lodge meet ings Sunday, I feel that from the present temper of the men, there will be no strike. Since my return from -Milwaukee, I have been unable to mingle with the men, but the reports brought to me indicate such a friendly feeling toward the company that I feel that the men will not go out. The men themselves feel that they are between two fires. For fourteen years we? have been working steadily without any trouble, and. as a whole, the men feel loyal to their old contracts. Yet, at the same lime, we all feel pledged to the Amalgamated Association. "I do not wish in any way to Influence the action of the men. I am acting lor my self alone In resigning." Mr. Davis resigned his position yesterday as an employe of the steel company, and it is to that action he refers in the last sentence of his statement. Switchmen May Aid Striker*. LIMA, Ohio, August 9.?At a secret meeting of the Switchmen's Union here last night Grand Master Ames discussed the steel workers' strike, and It is under stood the union was in favor of standing by the Amalgamated Association. In an interview Mr. Ames stated the present strike may extend over the whoje country, but declined to answer what the switchmen would do. or whether they would go out if asked to. Civil EniKneer Commits Suicide. NEW YORK, August Charles A. Cre gin. a civil engineer and superintendent ot construction for Michael J. Dady of Brook lyn, committed suicide .today in'his room at the Hotel St. George, Broevklyn. He shot himself in the left side near the heart. No reason is known for the act- Cregin was about forty-seven years old. He had charge of work being done In Cardenas, Cuba, by M. J. Dady. TRUST'S BOLD MOVE Dewees Wood Plant at McKeesport Ordered Away, GOES TO KISKIMWETAS YALLEY Action Due to Hostility of the * N People at McKeesport OTHER PLANTS MAY MOVE PITTSBURG, August 9. ? The "United States Steel Corporation issued an order today . directing that the Dewees-'W ood plant at McKeesport be dismantled and re moved to the Kiskiminetas valley. The de cision is ascribed to the hostility of the people of that city. The official announce ment of the decision was made to a rep resentative of the Associated Press by Prr sifor F. Smith, district manager of the American Sheet Steel Company. He said: "I have orders from President McMurtry of the American Sheet Steel Company to at once tear down the Dewees Wood plant at McKeesport and remove the same to Kiskiminetas valley. This I shall proceed to do immediately." OI?l, Weil-Known Plant. The Dewees-Wood works is one of the oldest and best known plants in Pennsyl vania. It was founded nearly forty years ago, and its shops and mills covered from twelve to fourteen acres. It employed an average of 000 men, but in the busiest times the pay roll carried 1,200 names. The plant cost several million dollars. The company recently announced its in tention of expending a large sum of money in improvements, but the order to dis mantle the mill terminates that plan. The sentiment of the citizens and officials of McKeesport has been against the steel cor poration, and it is believed here that the latter preferred to get out rather than at tempt to resume. Tube Company May Move, Too. Although no order has been issued, there is a possibility that the National Tube works at McKeesport will be removed, and the Carnegie plant for tube development at Conneaut, Ohio, revived. A year ago plans for a twelve million dollar plant at Conneaut, to be the largest works of the kind in the world, were formulated, but never carried out. The National Tube Company recently planned extensive improvements at the Mc Keesport plant, but it is now said they will not be made. The National Tube officials were disappointed when their men were drawn into the Amalgamated dispute, and are now considering a plan to move. They have said that the authorities of the town will not permit men to work, and that they believe It would be easier to move the plants than to attempt to operate them. ... THIXK THEY HAVE THE BURGLAR. Police at Selby Smelter Claim a Cane Against Winter*. SAN FRANCISCO, August II.?It is claim ed by the police that Jiehn Winters, alias "Buck" Taylor, now in custody, was the man who planned and executed the rob bery of the Selby smelter at Vallejo, which netted *283,000. The stolen bullion, the po- ( lice believe, is buried near Winters' cabin, not far from the smelting Works, or sunk | in the shallow waters of the bay, nearby, j Winters Is a man of some education; but, from the day he landed in America from Prussia, he had led a roving life, seldom staying more than a few months in any city. Since he arrived in Crockett, seven years ago, he has lived a hermit's life. The fact that his cap was found in the tunnel is considered one of the most damaging bits of evidence against him. His preliminary examination was set for today. Fifty men today grappled along the bot tom of the Carquinez straits in the hope of locating the stolen gold. Capt. Seymour outlined the evidence on which Winters is being held as follows: "A man's cap, which was found in the railroad tunnel last Tuesday morning, has been positively identified as a head cover ing worn by Winters, and to strengthen thi? fact there is the further one that the suspect has been wearing a new cap ever since the time of the robbery. He ex plains his loss of the old one by saying it blew away. "The cover of the tunnel excavated by the thieves was constructed of laths, upon which some cloth was fastened With tacks of a peculiar pattern, and tacks similar to these were found today in Winters' cabin. Portions of laths similar to those composing the framework of the cover have been found at the same place. "A pistol owned by Winters and found in his cabin is covered with mud which corresponds exactly with the earth taken from the tunnel. "In the tunnel were found several cubes of peculiar chalk, which had evidently been used to smother the grinding sound made by the drill by which the floor plate of the vault had been bored, and pieces of chalk like them were discovered in Winters' res idence. "In the cabin was also found a new im plement designed to cut gas pipe. A small electric battery and a tiny electric bulb, the latter being covered with dirt similar to that in the tunnel undei* the vault, was found in the cabin. "Winters had been seen late at night in the vicinity of the railroad tunnel several times by persons who had occasion to pass that way." Winters, however, stoutly maintains that he knows nothing whatever about the rob bery. ? ? HEAT AFFECTED HIS MIND. Peter Berger. a Salesman, Shoot* ill lime If at Warren, Pa. POTTSVILLE, Pa., August 9.?Peter Ber ger of Cressona, a traveling salesman for a Schuylkill Haven shoe manufacturing firm, shot himself dead at a hotel in War ren, Pa., last night. He leaves a widow. The act is attributed by his friends to the heat. He was the principal of the high schools at Mahanoy Plains, Pa., until about fifteen years ago, which position he relin quished owing to his ^mind becoming af fected. After treatment he recovered and entered upon the duties he was performing at the time of his death. SEW INVASION OF VENEZUELA. Colombian Forces Led by the Secre tary of War. WILL.EMSTAD, Island of Curacoa, Au gust 0.?The Venezuelan government an nounces that a new Colombian invasion oc curred yesterday morning near Colon. The invading force is commanded by the Colombian minister of war. THE REPLY OF JUDGE NOYES DESIES EACH AND EVERY CHARGE AGAINST HIM. Defends HI* Administration of Affair* at Nome, Alaska^-Operating; tire Gold Claims. The reply of Judge Arthur H. Noyes to charges made against him as to the admin istration of his office of United States dis trict judge at Nome, Alaska, covers the history of his career from the time of his appointment. June 6. 1900, to the present time. Judge Noyes details the story of his trip to Alaska, giving an account of the ac quaintances made upon that journey, more particularly the acquaintance of Messrs. McKenzie and Chipps, who have figured so largely in connection with the charges against the judge, and denies that he had any communication with either of these gentlemen with respect to the business of his court on his journey or at any other time. He takes up in detail the various cases in respect to which irregularity has been charged against him, and specific ally denies each and every allegation thereof, as already stated in The Star. Conditions at Nome. He describes the chaotic conditions exist ing at Nome at the time of his arrival, wherein he states he found in the neigh borhood of 20,000 people of all classes, and the utmost confusion and disorder prevail ing. He sets out that every lot of ground in the whole town had two or more claim ants; that possession was held in a great many instances by armed force, and that he Was besieged upon every hand imme diately up^n his arrival by parties seeking relief against those whom they claimed to be wrongfully and unlawfully in possession of their property, divesting it of value and shipping the proceeds out of the country and the jurisdiction of the court. He then details his efforts to organize his court and the importunities to which he was sub jected by litigants and counsel, and de scribes favors that were attempted to be thrust upon him by solicitous individuals. He then recounts the circumstances under which he appointed Alexander McKenzie receiver of certain mining claims, alleging that it had not been prearranged that Mc Kenzie should act as receiver, but that Mc Kenzie's name was suggested along with others, to one of whom the place had been tendered before it was'ofTered to McKenzie, and in his answer the judge reaffirms the wisdom of that choice and compliments McKenzle's administration of the property. Receiver for J^iniagr Claims. Defending his appointment of a receiver for the placer mining claims. Judge Noyes denies that he first suggested that remedy, and he justifies his action upon the ground that there were scattered along the beach thousands of unemployed men who had ! been allured to Nome by the fabulous tales of wealth which had been given out and preuicai? 1 upon the'result of the workings of the previous year; 'that these men were unemployed, without food or money, and desperate, and that to have closed down by injunction the operation of the placer claim's would have added largely to the number of unemployed in the camp; that he followed in this respect the precedents established by former judges of the district of Alaska, and adds to his answer copies of a decree in a similar case. He admits that in most cases wheVe he appointed re ? ceivers the representations made to the I court were largely untrUe as to the capa bilities of the mines. This, however, was not determine*! until later, and his action was predicated upon the fairness of the presentation of the cases. This accounted for the comparatively excessive expense of operation by the receivers. Operating the Claims. Judge Noyes also claims that as an addi tional precaution for the 'protection of the parties in interest he required in all cases, when either of the parties requested it, I that the gold dusit realized by the receiver I should be deposited at the safe deposit I vault, not subject to withdrawal-except by J order of the court, with notice to the par ties interested, and that he further ordered j In each case when requested that all par- I ties having any interest or claiming inter- I est in the property might at any time go upon the property worked by the receiver for the purpose of observing the work, and I might be; present at each and every clean- j ing-up made by the receiver, and that he I in every way possiole tried to throw every safeguard about the property in the hands of the receiver, that it might be conserved for the benefit of the party who might finally be^adjudged its owner. Judge Noyes takes up the several charges in their order and replies in detail, denying I each and every allegation that reflected upon the integrity and conscientious admin- | istration of the affairs of his office. In conclusion, he apologizes for the ap delay ln answering the charges, I which, he claims, did not reach him until the 4th day of July, this year, although sent out some time in March, a delay that I ne claims he cannot account for, although he had instituted an investigation to deter mine its cause. i ESTABLISHES A PRECEDENT. Naval Reserve Officers Assigned to I Admiral Hiffitinson's Squadron. In accordance with the latest policy of I the Navy Department for the practical in- I struction ot naval militia officers on board I warships, two officers of the>naval reserve I of New Jersey have be?n assigned to reg- I ular duty with the North Atlantic squad- I ron now engaged in target practice in New I England waters. These officers are Lieuts. I Patton and Davenport. They reported in I person to Rear Admiral Higginson, com- I manding the North Atlantic squadron at I Newport, and were regiilarly assigned to I duty, Lieut. Patton on the battle ship Ala bama and Lieut. Daveqport on the battle ship Massachusetts. Their assignment is for one week in each frise, during which time they will perform, watch and other I duty and be subject to' the regulations of I the navy. The action Jn these cases was taken at the personal request of the officers I concerned, but is important, as it estab- I lishes a precedent in the matter of the as- I signment of naval militiamen to regular I service on board men of war. Personal Mention. Messrs. Benjamin & Favorite and How ard Fisk will leave tomorrow afternoon for a trip through wflfttern Ohio. A. M. McLachleti today for an out ing on the eastern sllbre ot Maryland. J. Bradley Baker df the city post office is spending his vacation in Charlestown. W. Va. * Dr. W. K. Butler Is In the city, having returned from his vacation, spent in Cape Cod. Mr. W. P. Van Wickie reports the fol lowing parties as sailing'by the Merchants and Miners' line steamers, Baltimore to Boston: Miss Annie B. Cameron, Miss Mary A. Cramer, Mr. M. Morris, Mr. P. Loftus, Mr. A. R. Holden, Mrs. A. R. Hol den. Master Randail Ifolden, Mr. L. Hein inger, Mr. Henry Frtee. Master Frank Price, Mr. John. P, Ahern. Miss Mary A. Ahern, Mr. E. I. RcfeeSfeld, Mrs. E. I. Ro senfeld, Mrs. A 3? Jitter and Mr. H. F. McDevitt. Mr. Warner Stutter,- tte superintendent of the street cleaning department, has re turned from his siimmer vacation, which he spent at West Union W. Va., his old home. Mr. Stutler reports having spent a most enjoyable holiday term. IF DEFEAT HAD COME Arguing Conversely in the Current Naval Controversy. THE RESPONSIBILITY OFF SANTIAGO View of One Who is Friendly to Sampson. THE CASE OF CAPT. EVANS A great deal of comment has been aroused in naval and other circ les closely observant of the Schley-Sampson controversy bv the interview with Senator Burton of Kansas, published in The Star yesterday, in which he declared that no matter what the re sult of the work of the Schley naval court of inquiry may be 1H> per cent of the Ameri can people will remain undisturbed in the conviction clatmad to be held that credit for the victory is due to Admiral Schley. That feature of the interview in which Senator Burton declared that had the battle of Santiago resulted in a defeat for the American naval forces Admiral Schley would have been condemned, was particu larly a subject of discussion, for the reason that the followers of Admiral Sampson claim the contrary. The friends of Ad miral Sampson utate that the idea that had the American ships been conquered Sohley would have been blamed is entirely erroneous. Sampson, they aver, was the commanding officer, and upon the same ground that credit for the victory should be given him, an unfavorable verdict would have been rendered had the outcome been disastrous. \ Ie?v of a Friend of Sampson. A Sampson supporter, who is entirely conversant with official naval procedure, in speaking of this phase of the controversy, said to a Star reporter today: "As a matter of fact it does not necessar ily follow that if American defeat had been sustained either Admiral Schley or Samp son would have been blamed. Such a de feat might possibly have occured through the sheer physical superiority of the Spanish squadron, and in that event our vanquishment could only have been laid to the door of lesser strength. Any court which might have examined into the re sult under such circumstances would, of course, have completely exonerated br-th men from blame. It would not then have been a matter of superior officership, but a question of main strength of forces. "Aside from that consideration, however, if the United States fleet had been van quished through lact of tact, strategy, training or general incompetency of man agement, the commanding officer could have been held responsible. The man who prepared the American ships for the affray was Sampson. He gave the immediate training to the officers and men for the battle and it was he who superintended the arrangement of the ships and provided for the maneuvers as ^oon as the Span ish vessels should appear at the inoutn of the harbor in tljeir expected effort to es cape. When the first Spanish vessel shoved its nose out of the harbor, followed by its sister ships, the commanding officer of each American craft knew from his orders given by Sampson exactly how to meet the situation and each man proceeded at once to place those orders into execution. It was all a question of preparation for the event which had previously been outlined by Sampson. The orders of the command ing officer stood promulgated and they only remained to be obeyed. "Again, if this engagement had been lost to our forces while Admiral Sampson was away there can be no doubt in the minds of people who reason with the facts that Sampson would have been held blamable for the defeat. Though the department would probably not have so regarded the matter a great many persons would no doubt have said: 'Well, Sampson was away. He ought to have been on the spot. If he had been there to command, instead of being ten miles away, we would have won. He is to blame.' It is a hard argu ment to answer. Admiral Sampson would have been in a very embarrassing situation ail due to a fortuitous circumstance which prevented his actual presence at the time of the battle. Can it be gainsaid that Admiral Samp son would have been generally blamed un der the circumstances. I think not. Everything, therefore, points to the empti ness of the contention that had the battle been lost Admiral Schley would have been held responsible. He would, in my opinion ye.u.en\fr&ed *rom the catastrophe with 2? s'f?Cu?d?. ?' upon The Ca?e of Capt. Evans. In regard to the argument that Admiral Schley was not In command at the time of the Santiago engagement, considerable attention has been attracted to a passage in the book recently published by Rear Ad miral Evans, captain of the Iowa during the Cuban campaign, entitled "A Sailor's Log. The section referred to bears upon ?*enera^ subject of command by a sub ordinate officer in the absence of the actual commander of a fleet or squadron, and the situation described by Admiral Evans bears a close analog to that existing at the time or Admiral Sampson's absence from the thf .e,n^gement. The passage deals with the blockade off Havana harbor, and !?acf!nt?lnTed chapter 35, page 412 of the Sailor s Log," as follows: "Shortly after we sighted the land a ves sel was seen well inshore, attempting to escape to the eastward, and the New York i left her place in the column and gave chase, at the same time flying the signal, Disregard movements of the commanicr in-chlef. I, as next in rank to Sampson, hoisted the guide flag, and," as senior officer present, held the fleet to its course direct for the Morro Castle at the entrance to the harbor of Havana. The New York ran out of sight, and I saw nothing more of her until about 2 o'clock the next morn ing. The partisans of Admiral Schley point to" this section of Admiral Evans' own writing as evidence that when the commander-in chief of the fleet hoisted the signal men tioned the command devolved absolutely upon the next ranking officer, which in this case was Admiral, then Captain. Evans. The fact that the same signal was hoisted by Admiral Sampson when the New York separated from the other vessels of the fleet just prior to the battle off Santiago is therefore, regarded by the Schley follow ers as conferring similar authority uDon Admiral Schley at that time, placing him in complete command and throwing upon him all burden of responsibility for the actions of the American ships. Admiral Evans, it te claimed admits in this writing that he directed the movements of the fleet Upon receipt of the signal quoted; therefore, it is asked, why should not Schley have been clothed with the same authority and con sidered as in actual command of the fleet at the time of the battle? Position of Partisans Reversed. The suggestion is made in discussion of the interview with Senator Burton that if Cervera and his fleet had escaped from the American squadron the positions of the Sampson and Schley advocates would have been exactly reversed from thone which they now occupy, in other words, the Schley men would contend that Samp son was in practical command, and the Sampson men would throw the burden of responsibility on 8chley. The latter's ad vocates would remonstrate against hold Ins him responsible tor the disaster. "He I had nothing to do," they would say. "with the plans which proved so ineffective. Sampson had displaced him, condemned his methods of blockade, reversed his plans of solving the problem and made htm prac tically a guest Or observer on the Brooklyn. "Then Sampson had weakened the battle line by sending the Massachusetts away ^o coal, and by taking the New York away when he might have used a dispatch boat. And though the orders which failed to crush the enemy were not given personally and at the moment by Sampson, they were Imposed by him upon the squadron long previously, and he is just as responsible for the ineffectiveness of these plans as if he had been first to sight the outcoming enemy." And the Sampson men would have said: "Sampson planned the blockade admirably, but his necessary absence on the New York threw the execution of these plans on Schley, who bungled them, as he had pre viously done when in charge of the flying squadron in front of Cienfuegos and Santi ago." THE DELAY AT PEKIN. Great Britain Object* to Proponed Tariff I'omiuiKilon. A cable dispatch received from Mr. Rock hill late yesterday reports that the delay in signing the final protocol of agreement between the powers and China is due to ob jections raised by Great Britain against the international commission for the revision of the tariff. The nature of the British ob jections is not stated. It also appears that the British government asks the recon sideration of some clauses as to which no agreement had been heretofore reached owing to the opposition of several powers. DISASTER AT PORTSMOUTH YARD. Two Peritonei Killed by the Fall of a Shed. News of a disastrous storm at Ports mouth, N. H., yesterday was received at the Navy Department this morning in the following telegram from Hear Admiral John J. Read, commandant of the Portsmouth navy yard: "During a very tevere wind and rain squall at 3:20 this (yesterday) afternoon the floating dry dock carried away two of the south stone dolphin moorings, nearly becoming entirely adrift; succeeded in hauling Jock into basin secured. The largo timber and eanvas shed used by stonecut ters for new dry dock was blown down and completely demolished, most unfortu nately killing a woman and a man and in juring three other persons. Yard medical officers rendered every assistance possible; no yard employes injured; board to inves tigate ordered; will forward report as soon as made." Acting Secretary Hackett telegraphed Admiral Read in reply as follows: "The department learns with profound regret of the killing of a woman and a man and the injuring of three other per sons as a result of the storm yesterday afternoon. The fact is noted that the yard medical officers rendered every assistance. The department is sure that everything was done that mii;ht alleviate the distress of relatives and friends of the deceased, and that the injured j>ersons will be well taken care of." SEX, NATIVITY AXD COLOR. Cen*o? Bulletin ReKnrdinR Michigan, Minnesota and MiMHiKNimn. The sex, general nativity and color of the population of Michigan, Minnesota and Mis sissippi, according to the returns of the twelfth census, are given In a bulletin is sued by the cen?*us bureau, today. The total population of Michigan in 1900 was 2,420,982, of which number there Is an excess of nearly 77,000 of males. Of the total population of Michigan 1,248,905 are males and 1,172,077 are females, or 51.0 per cent males and 48.4 per cent females. The males predominate in each of the three states considered in this bulletin in Minne sota being 53.2 per cent, and in Mississippi 50.4 per cent of the whole population. The loreign born population in Mississippi is small, being but 7,981. In Michigan there are 541,053 and in Minnesota 505,318 foreign born. Of the native whites in Michigan 831,053 have foreign parents; in Minnesota 800,321 have foreign parents, while in Mis sissippi only 19,508 of the native whites have parents who were born abroad. The colored population in Michigan is 22,419, in Minnesota 14,358 and in Mississippi 908,370. In all these states the Indians make up a material portion of the "colored" popula tion. In Michigan there are 0,354, in Min nesota 7,414, and in Mississippi 2,203 In dians taxed, while in Minnesota there are 1.708 Indians untaxed. The excess of males in the population of these states is very largely made up among the foreign-born population. In Michigan 50,425, in Minne sota 70,210 and in Mississippi 2,709 of the excess of male over the female population is among the foreign born. In Mississippi there were among the negro population nearly a 1,000 more females than males. BENEFITED BY DRILLS. Admiral Coney Reports on Maneuvers of Iowa and Wisconsin. The Navy Department has received from Rear Admiral Silas Casey, aboard the flag ship Iowa, a report upon the drills and ex ercises recently held by that vessel and the Wisconsin while on the way from Port An geles to Bremerton. The admiral says that the two ships were exercised in fleet ma neuvers, and performed them exceedingly well, showing the benefits of keeping ships in company. He says that there was a marked Improvement in the appearance of the ships and that of their crews as a re sult of the drills. Ma.rln* Corps Orders. Col. P. C. Pope has been ordered to Bos ton, Mass., on duty in connection with the marine barracks. Major Thomas N. Wood has been granted leave of absence for one month. Capt. Dion Williams and First Lieut. Lee B. Purcell have been detailed judge advo cates of the general court-martials at the Boston navy yard, and at Annapolis, re spectively. Second Lieut. James K. Tracy has been assigned to duty as a member of the general court-martial at Annapolis. Capt. Bertram S. Neumann has been de tached from command of the marine guard on board the Kentucky and ordered to Mare Island for duty, Second Lieut. Eli T. Fryer from the ma rine barracks. New York navy yard, to marine barracks, naval training station at Newport, R. I. First Lieut. J. C. Beaumont, to duty on summary court-martial at Washington bar racks, D. C. Lieut. Col. A. C. Kelton of the Marine Corps has been detached from duty with the 1st Brigade of Marines at the naval station, Cavlte, P. I., and ordered home. Lieut. Col. O. C. Berryman has been or dered to hold himself In readiness to sail from San Francisco on the army trans port, leaving' on the 15th proximo for duty with the 1st Brigade of Marines at Cavite. Col. Kelton has been on duty at Cavlte since October, 1900, a little less than a year. Col. Berryman is now on duty at the marine barracks, Portsmouth. Will Attend Triple Launching. A delegation of naval officials, including Acting Secretary Hackett, Captain Cowles, acting chief of the bureau of navigation, and Acting Judge Advocate General Hanna, will attend the launching of the three tor pedo boat destroyers, Truxtun, Whipple and Worden, at Sparrow's Point, Baltimore, next Thursday afternoon at 2 o'clock. The party will make the trip in a special train which will leave here at U o'clock in the morning. THK STAR BT MATE. Persons leaving the city for an> period can have The Star mailed to them by ordering It at this office. In person or by letter. Terms: 13 cents per week; 23 cents for two weeks, or 60 cents per month. Invariably In advance. The address may be changed as frequently as desired. Always give the last address, as well as the new one. WILL BANISH BOERS Gen. Kitchener Issues a Proclamation in South Africa. WAR HOST CEASE BT SEPTEMBER 15 Property of Men in Field After That Will Be Taken. TO MAINTAIN REFUGEES LONDON, August 0.?A parliamentary paper has been issued containing the proc lamation issued by Lord Kitchener August 7, In accordance with instructions from the imperial government, the governments of Cape Colony and Natal concurring. The proclamation says: "All commandants, field cornets and lead ers of armed bands, being burghers of tho late republics and still engaged in resisting his majesty's force3, whether in the Orange Colony, the Transvaal or other portion of his majesty's South African dominions, and all members of the governments of the late Orange Free State and Transvaal shall, unless they surrender before September 15, be permanently banished from South Afri ca. The cost of the maintenance of the families of all burghers In the field who have not surrendered by September 15 shall be recoverable from such burghers and shall be a charge t!jK>n their property, re movable and immovable, in the two colo nies." The preliminarv correspondence shows that the proclamation is based upon sug gestions which ihe government of Natal forwarded to Colonial Secretary Chamber lain, July 24, and that the date September 15 was recommended by Lord Mllner. Preamble to Proclamation. The reasons of the government for the proclamation of Lord Kitchener of August 7 are set forth in a preamble to the procla mation. as follows: "Whereas, The late Orange Free State and South African republic have been an nexed to his majesty's dominions; and, "Whereas, His majesty's forces are, and have been, for some considerable time In complete possession of the seats of gov ernment of both the aforesaid territories, with their public offices and the whole ma chinery of administration, as well as of all the principal towns and the whole of the railways; and, "Whereas, A great majority of the burghers of the two late republics, to the number of 35.000. exclusive of those who have fallen In the war, are now either prisoners or have submitted to his majes ty's government, and are living peaccably In towns and,camps under control of his majesty's forces; and, "Whereas. The burghers of the late re publics still In arms are not only few In number, but have lost almost all their guns and munitions of war and are devoid of regular military organization, and are. therefore, unable to carry on regular war fare or to offer any organized resistance to his majesty's forces In any part of the country; and, "Whereas, Those burghers who are still In arms, though unable to carry on regular warfare, continue to make isolated at tacks upon small posts and detachments of his majesty's forces, to plunder or destroy property and to damage railway and tele graph lines; and, "Whereas. The country Is thus kept In a state of disturbance, checking the resump tion of agricultural and industrial pursuits; and, I'nneeeemiary Ruin and IHoodiihed. "Whereas his majesty's government Is determined to put an end to a state of things which is aimlessly prolonging blood shed and destruction and Inflicting ruin upon a great majority of the inhabitants, who are anxious to live In peace and earn a livelihood for themselves and their fam ilies; and, "Whereas it Is just to proceed against those still resisting, and especially against those persons who, being in a position of authority, are responsible for the contin uance of the present state of lawlessness and are instigating their fellow burghers to continue their hopeless resistance to hi3 majesty's government." Then follows the proclamation as given above. The afternoon newspapers comment ap provingly upon the proclamation of Lord Kitchener. Even the Westminster Gazette says there is no fault to find with It, nor is there any objection to make on the score of justice. It thinks, however, that It is extremely doubtful if it will have any ef fect In shortening the war. Most of the fighting Boers are already completely ruined, and nothing distrains them, owing to the devastation of the country. The Globe says the proclamation Is as judicious as it is drastic, and that the only question is whether it is strong enough, adding: "Not even the wildest pro-Boer can find fault with it on the score of Inhumanity. It has long been obvious that such a step was Imperative in order to avert ruin from the inhabitants desirous of peace." PARIS, August 9.?It was reported on the bourse today that Mr. Steyn, the former president of th'e Orange Free State, will shortly join Mr. Kruger in Holland with the view of reaching a definite understand ing in regard to the peace overtures. SAVINGS DAXK IX TROUBLE, Proceeding;* A?ralnat Cleveland Iniitl tntlon by Ohio Attorney General. CLEVELAND. Ohio, August 9.?As a re sult of the proceedings Instituted by At torney General Sheets to wind up the af fairs of the Guarantee Savings and Loan Company of this city, the offices of tho company were not opened for business this morning. President A. L. Mix and the directors, together with the attorneys for the concern, were In conference throughout the day. It was said that a statement would be issued later by the directors. The last general statement Issued by the Institution, under date of June 15 last, showed tho total resources to be $f!87,Jsl5, with liabilities the same. The Institution did a very large business, not only in Cleveland, but throughout the state as well. The company, it Is said, will take advan tage of the law requiring sixty days' notice from depositors. Meantime the deficit will be made good, it is believed, and business resumed. PRINCE HENRY OF ORLEANS DEAD. He Waa on HI* Way Here When Death Came. SAIGON. French Cochin China, August 9.?Prince Henry of Orfeans died at 3:30 p.m. today. Prince Henry of Orleans is the eldest son of the Duke of Chartres and a cousin of the Duke of Orleans. He was born In 1867 and was not married. The prince has been dangerously ill for some time past. He was on his way to the United' States by way of San Francisco, and was to have passed some time at Newport this fall. His name has been mentioned as a suitor for the hand of a well-known American heiress, and at one time he figured as a suitor for the hand of the eldest sister of the young King of Spain, the Infanta Maria de Las Mercedes, who was married In February ot the present year to Prince Charles of Bour bon, son of the Count of Caserta.