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ATLANTIC CITY, N. J. MILLER COTTAGE AND AXXKX, 0 North Georgia ave. Capacity. 250. $1.23 dav; 17 aud $8 a week. je]5 56t,4 Mjs I. H MILLER. HOTEL BERKELEVT ON THE BEACH. KENTUCKY AVE. Main corridor leads to boanl walk and ocean front sun parlors. Capacity. 400. All modern con veniences. I ?m ilj- orchestral concerts. Ling-dis tance phone 211. HPEC1AL SPRING RATES. Write for Booklet. mylD-l'M.lQ JAMBS AMD GKOBQK BEW. HOTEL ALTA Ml INT. PENNA. AVE. NEAR Few minutes from " eel pi<T, bathing grounds, amusements. Modern with, every convenience, including elevator from street. D. E. GA1THKR. auH 2fit fi Formerly of Hotel Mt. Vernon. The Be Witt Cottage, 24 South Tennessee Ave., Atlantic City, N. J. Near boardwalk. Beautiful rooms. Hot and cold water, bath, gas and all conveniences. Splendid family table. Write for terms. Jy27?s,3t M. J. DE WITT. BERKSHIRE INN, Virginia ave. and Beach. Modem and comfortable. Elevator, baths, etc. Terms greatly reduced for last of August and September. Teble unexcelled. Booklet. Jy21>-26t.U J. O. A J. E. DICKINSON. HOTEL IROQUOIS, South Carolina ave. and the Beach. Elevator, private baths and every equipment. A ?trictly high-class hotel at moderate rates. Coach meets trains. Booklet. W. F. SHAW. au7-2?>t.<i HOTEL SCARBOROUGH, BEACH FRONT AND MARYLAND AVE. 100 ocean rooms. Opposite famous Steel Pier. Write tor Booklet and rates. Moderate prices. mhr.-ir,rtt.f, ALFRED \VV.MAN. ATLANTIC CITY?DELIGHTFUL AND COMMO dlotis rooms with home comforts and g< od hoard assured to guests at No. 171 Ocean ave.; terms moderate. Address Mrs. F. WILSON. au3-12** THE"RITTENHOUSE: Positively the coolest rooms and l?est cuisine In Atlautii City A refined and new hotel. Strictly lirst-class. Location, New Jersey ave. and Beach. Special rates. H. a. HALLINGER. au3-26tti POKTEK COTTAGE. Virginia avenue, near Beach. Elevator to street ievel; telephone ijt every room. ? apaclty 2inj. New mauajieuirnt. Jel-i8t.5 A. R. SANK. INVALIDS AND CON V A I.ES< ;KNTS AVI) DIA betics can have tirst-clars accommodations and specially prepared .*ood, massage, electricity, etc. References furnished. 1007 Pacific avenue. jy!9-2?>t.4 Tihfi F ilh-emn Tt'nu- an<l Pacific avee.; 11 iiiis; central locatiou; capac ity 250; booklet; rates, $8 to $12. Jel-78t.4 R. B. LUDY, M. D. ALBEMARLE HOTEL AND ANNEX, Virginia ave., near Beaeh and Famous Plera. Elegant and modern Enlarged to capacity 400. Contains elevator, private baths, etc. Speciai terms. $10, $12.50, $15 weekly. Booklet. Jy3o-12t.t! j. p COPE. THE ORIOLE. " 2120 PaclLc ave.?Open all the year; terms, $7 to ? , Mrs. C. T. BUZBV of Baltimore. BOARD IN PRIVATE COTTAGE. SELECT?LO^ cation Ocean view. JU-J15 per week. 120 So. Rhode Island avenue. jy22-2fit.4 O. S. WRIGHT. LITTLE BRIGHTON HOTEL] " Ocean end S. C. ave.; Am. and European plana; feetaurant and bufTet attached; full ocean view; steam beat; open all year. 8. A. SCHWEISFORT. mhl6-156t-4 Hotel IIimperial. it thPerlc^ Full Ocean View from wide Three-story Porches. Maryland ave., 100 yards of Beach, Boardwalk and finest bathing grounds. Excellent table, quick and efficient service. Artesiau water. $2 to J3 per day, ?10 to $18 per week. L O. KEN D RICK. Jell-3m*-7 HOTEL LA MASCOT. 2119-23 Pacific ave., facing ocean. 1 block from Reading Depot. Accommodations complete. S1.28 to $1.5o per day; $7 to $10 per week. Individual table service. Mra. L. E . R BROWNS. je8-78t-6 HOTEL RIO GRANDE, New York Ave. and the Beach. Seventy ocean view rooms. Several with private balconies overlooking ocean and piers. Bathing ribes aud rooms attached, exclusively for guests. Elevator. Cafe. Rates. $10.00#to $15.00 per week. F?r day, $2.00 to $3.00. Special rates to families and those making prolonged stay. Booklet on to> quest. Long distance Bell telephone 8-42. Jel2-12tf J. PAUL K1LPATRICK. The Jackson. " Beach front. Virginia Are. New fireproof hotel of brick and stone. Private baths. Elevator from street. R. J. SENSOR & CO. Je21-7St-B THE BERWICK. Kentucky Ave., half eq. from Beach. Handsomely fur. Com. and homelike. The table equal to the very beat. Terms mod. Je2U-3in 5 JNO. M TAYLOR. HOTEL RALEIGH Oceaa END of St. Charles Place, Atlantic City, N. J., with a capacity of 400 gueats, including every ap polntment and convenience to be found In a flrat rlaas eeaslde hotel. Will make a special rate for Beptemt>e'. spa-lOtf JOHN B. SCOTT. Propr. HOTEL OSBORNE, " One square from Beach. New 7H-room ann?x; $1 50 per day and npward and $8 per week and upward. R. J. OSBORNE. Iny27-78t,4 HOTEL ALDINE? Homelike. ~ Pacific ave near Ohio. Ocean view. Reputation for good table will be maintained. Terms, $1.80 to ?2.50 per day. Special weekly ratea. Send for Booklet. H D. EASTMAN. Prop. JelS-78t-0 Mil 1 XTLMTK CUT, HI. s. 1, Directly on Beach at Ocean end Pacific ave. Kew. quiet, ptctur?*eqne and delightful. Four ecesn frontages; 150 rooms, with baths attached. Orchestra, bathing, etc. Ratea reasonable. my 18-78t-14 _ N. PIER. " HOTEL RICHnOND: ' Three doors from Beach on Kentucky ave. Elevator. etc. M. H. MAGERS of Balta. - ap&-13ot 6 OS THE POTOMAC. COLTO.WS HOTEL, bO MILES DOWN THE POTO mac; good fishing and crabbing; cuisine excel lent, dsn -lug. Spe< ial rates for August and Sen . I??1**- Address H. W. LOVE, Je7-78t.5 Colton's, St. Mary's co., Md. -LOV.KSl.KV HALL (FORMERLY RALEIGH'S), renovated and improved; ou Potomac river near Point L<<?k(jut; fine beach; good table; splendid air; $5 per week. Addreea G. ROGERS, Ridge. Md- Jy30-2flf POTOMAC HOTEL. ST GEORGE S ISLAND. Md. Opeue July 1. Boating, bathing, fishing, etc. Muele aud dancing. Cuisine excellent. Rstea ve.y moderate. Take Stre. "Northumber land." ? Potomac" or "Arrowamith," which atop at Adams' wharf. See Star for aalllng hours. Address ADAMS BROS., St. George'e island Md. Jel8-52t* COLONIAL BEACH, VA. COLONIAL BEACH. VA Johnson house; River front; terms moderate. an9-12t* Mra. O. E. JOHNSON, Proprietress. fcOLONIAL BEACH LOTS FOR SALE; PRICES from $-5 to $5oo each; one cottage and lot for $50o; cottage ou river front, with large lot, $900: easv terms; $100 cash, balance $5o per year- will exchange for lota or cottaae near Washington. Addrea.. J. JAY GOULD. au&-^w Colonial Beach, Vs. Co2onia3 Beach Hotel, Va. HOLTZMAN, RANDALL A CO OPEN JL'LY 1, 1901, FOR SEASON. Randall IJue steamers dally. Special ratea to famillea. Board, $2 per day; $7 to $12 per week. Excellent fare. Good fishing and crabbiug Ac C. B. SMITH, Manager. JylP 2m 1321 F n w.. or Colonial Beach. Va. CAPE MAY, X I STOCKTON HOTEL, CAPE MAY, N. J. Largeat and most apacioua on the coaat. facing dlrvctly on the sea. Morgan's Orchestra, li pieces. Suitea with private bath. .. HOiL\CE M. CAKK. .Also Normandie Hotel, Washington. D. a Huo-l^U-7 THE ALDINE, Cape May N. J Open all the year. Sun parlors. ^unexcelled. Few yarda from the beaeb. - i'rl-ajl?* THEQ. MUELLER HOTEL LAFAYETTE, Best Beach Front Lncation In Cape May. d*7' *15 ^ s"?d upward. - I*28 JOHN TRACY A Qo! Cr^hT? n ?"(TIkEL; CAPK POINT. N. J.. Di. ? VI cb- Accommodations for 400. Orchee SiA ng; tine table: bathing. Bead for Je?5-52t-V "e'k- K ELLY * WEAVER. bxiTED STATES HOTEL?AMERICAN' Pl.iv [r. hejiee. *ith fine grade of liquors. E. GRAHAAL OCEAN CITY, MD. THE GLENMORE. OCEAN CITY. MD. OCEAN FRONT. . ***** aew bouae; C-te view; broad plaxaaa. Mod MI88 MABI SUMMER RESORTS. OCEAN GROVE, W. J. THE ARLINGTON, The leading hotel. Modern appointments. Higb grade family house. Capacity 800. Orchestra. booklet. C. H. MILLAR. Trop. JelS-s.tu&th-26t-S Sirsrav Viiew Nearest to bath* and pa ciJ V 11CW. T|ii0M; directly on beack; spacious verandahs. Booklet. jel3-th.s,t.26f.4 JOSEPH WHITE. SPRINGS AND BATHS. Saratoga, The Oramd Union, For terms and circular address Woolfley & Gerrans, PROPRIETORS. Saratoga Springs, New York. Jyl8-th.s.tu-14tf VARIETY SPRINGS. Augusta Co., Va. (So called because of numerous mineral water*). On main line of C.'and O. railway. Hotel and cottages, nicely furnished; modern Improvements; liot and cold healing baths; rates reasonable; tele graph and telephone communication. Write tor booklet. OPEN JUNE 15. 1901. Address VARIETY SPRINGS. VA.. H. G. EICHELBERGER, Prop. Jel5-M.th-26t-10 MT. CLEMENS FAMOUS MINERAL SPRINGS. These springs relieve and cure rbenmatlsm, neu ralgia, eczema and kindred diseases. Their merits are attested by hundreds of physicians and other prominent people in all parts of the country, to whom reference may be had on request. The location, on Clinton river, near Lake St. Clair and Detroit, and the facilities for boating, fishing, driving and cycling, leave nothing to be desired by visitors seeking rest and recreation. About 200 hotels and boarding bouses at the Springs afford accommodations and rates to suit all tastes and purges. Write fo- handsome and Interesting booklet, with photo views and full descriptions of the baths, bath bouses, hotels, etc . mailed free. Address F. R. EASTMAN, Chamber of Commerce, Mt. Clemcne. Mich. jy2-t.th.s.26t.20 DELAWARE RESORTS. REHOBOTH. Hotel Henlopemi, REHOBOTH. DEL. 100 Oc<i*n-Vlew Rooms. - JOHN SAYERS. Jyl5-2flr*8 SPRING LAKE. N. J. WILBURTON-BY-THE-SEA, DIRECTLY ON OCEAN ?Hot and cold sea water baths; opens June 22; cottage annex now open. J.v30-2Bf R. K. LETCHWORTH. ASBIRY PARK, N. J. THE LAFAYETTE, ASRURY PARK, N. J. Every modern equipment; capacity. 800. Evening dinners. Orchestra. Elevators. Illustrated booklet upon application only. SKEW, WE1GaT 4 FEOSr HOTEL BRIGHTON, Asbury Park. N. J. Now open. Third ave., near ocean; 14th season. Mrs. HAMILTON HUNT. Jel5-s.tu&th-26t-4 ^ ~ ~THE_SURF HOUSE. 't&iZivSSg*'*"- c"""d: A^MAlWf1 THE YORKSHIRE, ' 6th ave.. Asbjry Park; unobstructed ocean view; <tb reason; terms reasonable. C. 8. HUNT. Jel2-52t-4 IN THE MOUNTAINS. HOTEL ROYAL. FRQNT ROYAL, VA?THE coolest and healthiest summer resort In the Blue Ridge mountains. Excellent table service and fine fishing and boating in the Shenandoah river. Terms reasonable. HORBACH & BYRNE Props. au5-m,th.s,till sel Deer Park Hotel, Deer Park, Md. On the creat of the Allegheniee; high "w f't'tude; purest water; excellent golf links; delightful surroundings. Spe cial sleeper leaves Washington, via Bal timore i Ohio R. R., i:io midnight every Sutorday (oi>en for passenger! 10:80 p.H.) Returning, arrives Wash ington, 6:41 a.m. Monday. W. E. Burwell, Mgr., Jyl8-tu&s-14t-30 Deer P*rk. Md. NOW OPEN ~ Enema Vista Spring Hotel, FrankflSn County, Pa., In Uie heart of 'he Blue Ridge, on the Western Wary laud railroad. Orchestra. Gol* Links and 1r^!rT?i!n* i*?'' Only 3 hours from Washington. V-f ibiee furnished cottages, with bath, for rent; i.err hotel. Modern improvements. Wide porches. For booklets, rates, etc.. address J.16-lh.a,t-14 ?E? i"UA ?? F1^^ta*jASa B0AilI> *** THE MOi;xTatw) . . FAIRVTEW COTTAGB. my2S-tu.th.s.S?t? Deer Park. Md. WARREN WHrrB SULPHUR SPRINGS HOTEL.? One of the most healthy resorts on the Massanut ten mountains; good fishing, bathing and boating. jyilTst* ^WELL, WaterllckStatlon, Va. AU RORA-in-the-AJleghanies. THE AURORA HOUSE. Elevation, 3,000 feet: al. wars cool. Beautiful grounds, with fine shade trees and flowers. Large airy rooms; excellent table: tryst*1 Rack spring water; new batha; good music. ICFFor Illustrated booklet addreaa my25-8tf J. H. SHAFFER, Prop., Aurora, W Va. HILL TOP HOUSE,' In the Mountains. Noted for Its table. AU mod* era improvements. Telegraph direct to houae. myl7-10??8S LOVKW' H?rP?r'? *erry. W. Va. THE SUMMIT HOUSE. HARPERS FERRY, W. VA. .?Loc,t? 00 the highest point. Season opens June 17. Address SUMMIT HOUSE. Jel5-52t*^ VERY ACCESSIBLE, 60 M. FROM WASH.. VIA Bluemont; mt., valley end water scenery,' blcy drives, shaded grounds: spring beds: no children taken; fishing, boating, swimming; 2 daily mails; first-class fare; fresh meats, fowla, ,^?m.Per week. Procure circular. MAURICE CASTLEMAN, Castleman's Fernr, Clarke Co.. Va. Jyl6-62t ? THE LOCKWOOD AND ANNEX HARPER'S FERRY, W. Va. Now open. Shady lawns; healthy location; table and service excei ap^ 104 * ^moderate. A. P. DANIEL. Proprietor. "DOUBLING GAP^WHITK SULPHUR SPRINGS. mm sulphur sHmcs HOTEL AN IDEAL MOUNTAIN AND SUMMER RESORT. Twenty square miles of mountain, lake and forest. Refined patronage. Moderate ratea. No extras. Nearei-L mountain resort for southern people. De scriptive circular and terms mailed upon applica tion. GEORGE ALBERT FREYRR, Prop. je6-tf.l6 Hotel Shenandoah. In tuts. Beautiful scenery, fine shade tree*, mag nificent piazzas, dancing pavilion; music; cool nights; mineral water. Good table. Mod. rates. Carriage meets sll trains. Write for booklet. F. W. L. ROACH, Prop., Harper's Ferry, W. Va. )el4-ft2t-8 BUFFALO EXPOSITION. HOTEL FORNES, Corner Court and Pearl Sts. ? Modern, fireproof, central; surrounded by all princi pal hotels and theaters. EUROPEAN RATES, $1.50 UP. Write for Exposition Map and Huide. aul0-3m,7 RJOMS IN A STRICTLY PRIVATE FAMILY FOR PAN-AMERICAN VISITORS- ten minutes to ex position. Terms moderate. References exchanged. R. F. MORGAN, auS-th,s&tu-12t-S 436% Masten St., Buffalo, N.Y. VISIT THE PAN-AMERICAN. The Parkside Homes. We offer you the best accommodations to be bad In Buffalo; elegant rooms In twenty-flve of the best Private Homes and three large Apartment Houses. These places are modern and up-to-date permanent buildings. Free bath; direct line to*Pan-American; S min ute#' ride; cars every minute; 8 minutes' walk through Park-Woods and Zoo. Accommodations for 1,000. Rates. $1.00, $1.25 and $1.80 per day each person; meals, 50 cents. Washington office, 614 13th at. n.w., Jos. W. Trimble, Mgr., or Room 204, Bond bldg. W. E. ILLINGWORTH, 276 Summit are., Buffalo. Jy29.30.aul.tbeB tu,th,s,12t MRS. a B. BROWN. 802 BLMWOOD AVK? First-class accommodations for Pan-Americas visitors; choice rooms; bath; finest residence see* tlon; near exposition; rates reasonable. jylfr-UK-4 . ? MISCELLANEOUS. Loch Lynn Heights Hotel, MT. LAKE PARK. MD. Oa the crest the ft llaghsntes Opes sstil September SO. Writs fiw WOMEN OF THE WORLD Position of the Chinese Wife and Mother ARE USDALLT HELD D SUBJECTION Li Hung Chang's Opinion on Foot Binding. WHOLESALE SUICIDES. 0 Written for The Evening Star by Mary H. Kront. To the foreigner, the semi-civilization of China, from beginning to end, is a mass of contradictions. With their excessively for mal etiquette, the Chinese can be brutally rude; with their classic exhortations to honesty, the bribe is a potent force with the coolie and the mandarin alike. Women and their position partake largely of these contradictions, and, while the mother ol sons literally rules the empire, while she Is reverenced and obeyed as long as she lives, yet for woman in the abstract the Chinese have little respect. The female children are not desired In any oriental country, and. as In India, Chi nese wives offer sacrifices to the Goddess of Mercy that sons may be vouchsafed them. Infanticide?the destruction of fe male children?is rather encouraged than punished, and among the hundreds of girls In the orphan asylum of the Franciscan nuns in Pekin, the greater number who were rescued had been exposed In the streets and fields to perish. While in the capital in the autumn of 1899 I saw a girl of eight that had been brought to one of the missions for protection. 8he had been starved and beaten by her father and then turned into the street to die. The explana tion which the heartless parent gave was that he had been born under the dragon, and the girl under the tiger.- The two ani mals fought and he haijl lost his health in consequence; he would never be any better so long as the child remained in his housf, so he turned her out. The poor child could not be received at the mission, as It would have been known Immediately, and the ladies would have been overwhelmed with abandoned girls! The superintendent, how ever. placed the little creature in the house of a native Christian, became responsible for her maintenance, and, when she reach ed the proper age, she was to be admitted to the school. Boy* Are Welcome. There is one exception to the general disfavor with which girls are regarded, and this is where male chWdren only have been born. When this is the case a daughter is desired, and she is pretty apt to be very much indulged and spoiled. In the better families tutors are employed, who are treated with the utmost respect. The children are taught in a school room with in the court, and occasionally the children of poorer families are instructed, as an act of charity. School houses may be seen here and there in the provinces, by the roadside, the school supported by the fami lies of the neighborhood. Girls and boys study together until the latter are ten years of age, when they are taught sepa rately. A girl's education is very meager, ending at her marriage, which occurs at the age of fourteen or fifteen, after which the cares of her household are supposed to be sufficient occupation. There have been examples, however, where ambitious and clever girls continue their studies !r? after years, and it is said that In the mis sion schools there are prodigies of intelli gence?many of the girl students showing remarkable aptitud3, strangely enough, in mathematics and the natural sciences. When a child Is born the friends ard relatives are notified, and gifts are pre sented. The sex of the child determines the value of the presents, which are of much less value should it be a daughter. Four weeks after birth the child receives her "milk name," which she retains unril marriage. The "milk name ' may be tnat of a flower or Jewel, while the name ac quired at marriage may be some fanciful term like "Delicate Perfume." Girls are taught to sew and embroider, and, among the poor, to cook, to wad the garments with cotton for winter, to re move the wadding in the spring and wasii the clothing for summer. Millions of the poorer classes have but one, or, at most, two suits of clothes, so that the problem of personal cleanliness is one with which they do not concern themselves. Girls also work in the fields, help gather the crops, collect grass and weeds for fuel, rear ducks and fowls, and, of evenings, by the feeble light of a smoky oil lamp, make the cloth-soled shoes which are worn summer and winter. The women of the richer classes pay much attention to their toilet, painting the face with a thick, opaque coat of bismuth, tinting the cheeks and lips a vivid red with carmine. They also pay much attention to their eyebrows, which, delicately arched and pointed and shaped like the willow leaf, the Chinese consider a mark of espe- j cial beauty. They also play upon musical instruments, and, as in the days of the Arabian Nights, are entertained by pro fessional story tellers, readers of romance, and by tl^patrlcal performances in their private theaters. They visit only on stat? occasions, especially at the New Year, and then set out in cart or sedan chair, loaded down with rich garments of silk, brocade and fur, which they must be urged to re move, one after the other, until the proper underdress is revealed. In addition to this, the woman attendant brings other gar ments of great richness, which are be stowed about uj>on chairs and stools for in spection, to be carried away again, when the visitor returns home. At these cere monious visits large quantities of tea are drunk and sweetmeats consumed. The two dreaded ordeals to which Chi- j nese girls look forward, with more or less apprehension, are foot-binding and mar riage. Foot-binding is not so universal as is generally supposed; nor Is it confined to the daughters of the higher classes. The Manchus, to which race the empress dowa ger and the court officials and "banner men"?the military classes?belong, have never observed the senseless custom. It is of an antiquity so hi>ary that Its origin Is lost. But it is supposed that it was gradu ally brought about by tightening the cot ton ligatures, which are worn as a substi tute for hose, until, In the course of time, the feet were purposely dwarfed and crip pled. To fix the custom more firmly, poets and novelists have praised the stunted feet, comparing them to "golden lilies." and the "hobbling gait which follows the crippling to "the swaying of lilies upon their stems." It is extremely difficult for Chinese of the higher classes to find hus bands for their daughters whose feet have attained the natural size. It is thought that women who desire unmaimed feet are actuated by no honorable motive; the crip pling making it difficult for them to go about, and keeping them more closely at home than would be the case if they had full use of the stunted members. Painting and Playing. At the same time bound-foot women may be seen toiling in the fields, carrying heavy burdens?poor, oppressed drudges, who fre quently end their lives by opium, or leaping Into the wells. The binding process begins at the age of six or seven; the heel Is drawn forward, the toes turned under, protruding at the outer edge of the sole, so that the victim walks, at length, upon the great toe and the back of the heel. The feet occasionally mortify and drop off In the process, and if this does not happen they become deadened and benumbed, a lifelong source of suffer ing. Prior to the Boxer outbreak Mrs. Archi bald Little, the author of "Intimate China," who resides at Changking in Szchuen, founded a society for the aboli tion of foot binding. It had spread rapidly throughout the empire, and several influ ential mandarins had lent it their support Li Hung Chang, who stated that his mother had unbound her feet, subscribed $100 with the characteristic remark that "he would give as much more if Mrs. Lit tle would induce the foreign ladies to un bind their waists!" The Chinese have profound faith in west ern physicians, and this had been taken advantage of the physicians addressing large audiences of men upon the effects of the custom of maiming the mother* and undermining their health and strength, as It reacted upon the race. Tfca Mother-ln-Law Rales. Marriage is wholly problematical, being arranged by the omnipresent go-between, husband nor wife never seeing ta oh ether, until the veil !s when the bride alights from her clmed Mdan chair and is oonducted to her <p>|in|her In the bride Soom's house. Frcgp^ciyTdhood Bhe is oon snted with the passivity of life-long unhappiness as a wjjte, qhould she fail to have a son. The. ltfp i*i essentially patri archal. Daughters #re expected to leave their parents' house^o SMurn only for rare and brief visits. Ufcey jgease, after mar riage, to belong tfe^hey parents' family, not even returnin?cto ilake part In the funeral ceremonies, kpom bring their wives home, but are assignee separate apart ments within the ffpmigon court. Over these households ofa daughters-in-law the mother-in-law rules^Jirltli a rod of Iron; the daughters-in-law arp practically her ser vants; they are not nernjfcted to sit or talk in her presence anfj. must perform what ever tasks she asslgns^hem. Love be tween husband an# TO/e, as It exists among Christian BffqpL^i Is unknown In China, and it is a ^ybjsct that It Is not considered decorous Sq disc use. , A Chinese lady once- asked an American "why she married her husband." She re plied simply: "Because I loved him," and the explanation was followed by dead silence and profound embarrassment among the Chinese matrons present. Exceptions to Be Found. There have been occasional examples of real attachment between husband and wife, and while in Pekln I heard of a young man whose wife had Incurred the dislike of her mother-in-law, from whom he suc ceeded in protecting her. She had been an embroiderer, and her mother-in-law con demned her to making the family shoes, the soles of which are studded with heavy nails. Learning this, the husband waited regularly until the mother had fallen to sleep after the final opium pipe, and made shoes all night, relieving the wife of the disagreeable labor. There are no grounds upon which a wo man may divorce her husband, but there are many?too mufch talking, gadding, Ill temper, Indolence and countless others?for which he may send her back to her par ents. If, however, they refuse to receive her, he must take her back again. If a woman Is driven to suicide by the cruelty of her husband or mother-in-law her fam ily can come in a body to the husband's house and literally demolish it, and It Is the unwritten law that no one must inter fere In this summary act of vengeance. Suicide is common among women of ail classes, and, aside from brief after bereave ment, unhappiness in marriage is the most common cause of such tragedies. Hun dreds of wives, it is estimated, end their lives every year in Pekin alone. HOME LIFE OF AN EMPRESS. Domestic Happiness of the Imperial Family s^-Rnssia. From the New York Trlbtone. The birth and christening of the fourth princess in the Russian royal family has called renewed attention to the Ideal do mestic life of the Imperial couple. The empress Is one of the most popular among European royalties, it is said, and was one of thertavorlte grandchildren of Queen Vic toria. Her mother, Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse, wrote to the queen when the little princess waft a year old: "She Is such a sweet, merry little person, always laughing and with a deep dimple in one cheek, Just like Ernie." Her pet name was "Sunny," and the quality Indicated by that still Is a striking characteristic, say her friends. The marriage of Princess Alix to the czar was the climax of a pretty love story. Her eldest sister, the Grand Duchess Serge, was aunt by marriage to the czar, who, when czarowltch, often/met the princess at the-house of her sfefer^They fell in love In the ordinary huragpj^ay, but both fam ilies opposed thelrraaxriage, for various reasons. One of tn8&rcngest was the dif ference In religion, ja? Czarowltch belong ing to the Greek CntfrapR and the princess to the Lutheran. 'pHff ic^irowltch was sent on a tour around ut'.world, in the hope that he might be ^Tvscted from his love affair, but returneifetn^jByyear, as much in love as ever. Plna^r Queen Victoria and the other members at the family were won over by the youn* jnaiTT but the princess herself was reluctant to abandon her creed. She confided her religious scruples to her brother, the Grafilfc DSke of Hesse, who asked: "Then do you not love him?" She answered Just as any "mere girl" might. "Oh, yes! Indeed I Finally she was *thvi?sd to England by her aunt. Princess Lduisbof Battenberg, and the czarowltch, too, received a*n Invitation. He used his opportunity to such good pur pose that the betrothal was announced at the wedding, the next year, of the Grand Duke of Hesse and the Princess Victoria Mellta of Coburg. t Soon came the Illness and death of Alex ander III, and the czarowltch became em peror. His mother urged a speedy mar riage, and the young princess was received Into the Greek Ohurch on November 20, 1694, and the wedcUng took place almost Im mediately. The empress Is greatly Interested In phil anthropic work, and Is at the head of the association for relief of the poor. She Is said to have read all the best works on the English laws relating to the poor. Every thing in her home life Is on the simplest scale possible, and she enjoys herself as any less exalted person might. In riding, rowing, swimming, tennis playing and sketching. Her skill with the brush Is said to be considerable, and she often amuses herself with caricatures In pencil of the members of her household. In a way that no other artist would dare to attempt. She has her children about her almost as constantly as any mother among her people, giving personal supervision to their training in mind, manners and morals. A CLEVER RUSE. The Sequel to a Hot Fight Over a Scalper's Ticket. From the New Orleans Times-Democrat. "Talking about scalpers' tickets," said an old conductor, "the queerest thing I know in that line happened when I was working for the Missouri Paci/lc, back in the '80's. My run was between Kansas City and St. Louis, and one morning as I was pulling out on my eastbouijd trip a fellow gave me an old three-day excursion ticket that had expired at least six months before. 1 told him It was no good, and "after con siderable growling he handed me some small silver. 'That will carry me to ,' he said, naming a little way station, 'and between times I'll think it over.' 'Vtry well/ I replied, 'but I give you notice right now that I won't carry you a foot further unless you put up the money.' "He made no answer and began carefully studying his ticket. When we got to the station I was by his side. 'Well, sir,' I said, 'what do you intend to doT 'I intend to ride on this ticket,' he snarled, l ve read it over and it's perfectly good.' 'I'm not going to argue any more about that,' said I. 'You pay your fare qulcK or get off.' 'Not unless you're the best man,' said he, looking ugly. Well, I threw him off, but It was a tough Job. He fought llks a wildcat and came near licking both me and the brakeman. The station whire this hap pened was in the heart of a wild moonshine district, and the crajmL that .collected all sympathized with th?-j>assenger. As we pulled out they stone^'Ofe train. 1 expected to hear from the fejl/jw almost at once, but I didn't, and the affy^r'Sjoon passed out of my mind. L , _ "Six months laterl^iippened to be lm#he general offices wheiw.jfojny great surprise, I saw him coming out of the manager's pri vate room. 'Who isthat man?" I asked a clerk. He laughed,?^w8y, don't you know him?' he said. and he named a detective who had ta$?y worked up the evidence In a big' rram %bbary case In the very neighborhood ol^he station .where our row had occurred, f ' , "Then I understo&J * You see, he wanted some good excuse Tor jrolng Into the settle ment, and there was. np better role than that of a poor mmxijiufct ejected from * train by a brutal^?gndpetor. He had his scalper's ticket to fifno^She had Just put up a genuine fight, andrneTslalmed to be deaa broke. All that &M?ed to the natives and they took hlnFSft^St once. The result was that he stayed there a month and picked up all the evidence he wanted. It was a shrewd scheme, but I still thlnlc he made that scrap unnecessarily realistic. Scarcity of Platlaam. From the Western Electrician. . Platinum Is now quoted at about $86 an ounce, about twloe the quotation of gold, while five years ago it sold as low of $6 an ounce. Sines the flooding of ths platinum mines in ths Transvaal, which occurred after ths breakhrg out of the Boer war, manufacturers have-had to rely on Hbsrta for their supply of the valuable metal. Some little hops was. held out thai plati num would he found In Alaska and other northern mining countries, but no such discoveries have been marts. Platinum to used In the manufacture of Incandescent lamps and for many electrical and physical appliances, as well as In medicine and for the manufacture of crucibles where high temperatures are required. A comparative ly recent demand for the metal has come from Its use In photography. The plati num-finished photographs have been very popular, and the use of platinum for this purpose has drawn largely on the supply. With a view to regulating the use of the metal, the German reiehstag recently con sidered a measure prohibiting the use of platinum in photography. Tne advocates of the bill claimed that as platinum was absolutely essential in medicine and elec trical work, its use for purposes which were not necessary should be stopped. The measure was not passed, but its introduc tion called attention to a condition which is said by scientists to be rapidly becoming serious. NEW PUBLICATIONS. ? HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. By Francla Newton Thorpe, author of "A Constitu tional History of the United States," etc. Chicago: A. 0. McClurg & Company. Many histories of this country excell in size; some of them are superior in the mat ter of references to special topics; others are noted for the scholarly manner in which problems are analyzed; this work is distinguished for its brevity, Its precision of touch and its readable character. It tells the story of the nation In excellent style, in such narrative form as the na ture of the subject allows, and with a stern determination to exclude minutiae and in concentrate the reader's attention upon the primal workings of the law of cause and effect in republic building. The work is likewise notable for the fact that although of recent construction it does not cover the subject of the territorial expansion of the United States, leaving that theme for future historians to discuss when events have more accurately indicated the future of the new possessions. A chapter on "America in Our Own Times" does indeed give the author's views upon some topics of current interest, notably the vast trade expansion of the country, the suffrage, the rise of labor problems and 4he question of trusts. His concluding words bear upon conditions which are agitating the publio mind today: "In the fundamental laws of the com monwealths admitted since 1876 the indus trial interpretation of the doctrine of the Declaration is unmistakable. Thus North Dakota in its bill of rights defines tho nat ural rights of man to be industrial a? well as political. His is 'the right to labor," and it Is the function of the state to secur?f him both occupation and the fruits of his labor. Between him and monopoly the state shall be a barri6r. The state Is vieWed today in an entirely different light from that of a century ago. The Individ ualism of 1776 complained of too much gov ernment; today it complains of too little. Then the state was not conceived a3 an organism functioned to promote the gen eral welfare; now the state is conceived as the source and fountain of Justice, pro tection and authority. No one In Jeffer son's time conceived of the state as the true and exclusive owner of rights and privileges in our day exercised by common carriers, such as railroad, steamship, tele graph and traction companies. State own ership, county ownership, ctly ownership of such properties is no longer an unfa miliar thought. The later constitutions are full of the latent socialism of which those of the eighteenth century contain no hint. Nor are these later Instruments un supported. A various and voluminous body of legislation embodies an approving pub lic opinion. There Is evidence here of a discontent which turns with confidence to government as the common protector and to the national government as supreme. The confidence bred by prosperity Is strengthened by the hope bred amid adver sity. The socialization of government has begun." MEN AND LETTERS. By Herbert Paul. Naw York: John Lane. Thirteen essays which have heretofore found expression In some measure In the pages of the Nineteenth Century have been given permanent form in this volume, which Is in Its final effect an appeal for scholasticism in these days of hasty edu cation and workmanship. The author re veals his own strong leanings toward classical themes. He shows his love for tho stylists of the days of Greek and Ro man culture. He pleads for the devotion of more thought to the fundamental works of literature than to the ephemeral prod ucts of the more or less commercial tninds of today, which peek the market rather than the affections of a few appreclators. His topics are the classical poems of Ten nyson, Matthew Arnold's letters, the decay of classical quotation, Sterne, Gibbon's life and letters, the Vic torian novel, the philosophical radicals, the art of letter writing, the great tractarlan. Lord Halifax; the father of letters, Cicero; the prince of Journalists, Dean Swift; Ma caulay and his critics and the autocrat of the dinner table, John Selden. These themes are discussed In a style Itself a strong argument for a study of the forms and doctrines of the classics, so pure and refreshing Is It In Its devotion to high lit erary ideals. GEOFFREY STRONG. By Laura E. Richards, au thor of "Captain January," etc. Boston: Dana Estes ft Co. Few stories of such proportions as this little tale of village life contain so many interesting people. They are natural, too, which is more than can be said of some freaks of literary creation. The experi ences of a young physician substituting In a New England town concentrate, as is in evitable In the novel world, around a ro mance which closes In approved manner, but In an exceptional style of telling. Geof frey Strong may have been an Intensely disagreeable person In some surroundings, but he seemed to fit neatly and harmoni ously Into his surroundings in this In stance. It would be Interesting for the au thor to attempt the rather dangerous task of transplanting this energetic and original young man to a broader field. A DRONE AND A DREAMER. By Nelson Lloyd, author of "The Chronic Loafer;" New York: J. M. Taylor & Company. ' The disposition to get close to nature which inspires a school of novelists who are crowding the romancers for popularity forms the mainspring of the story, a rather Interesting tale of Pennsylvania which in volves three city men In their first real oontict with rural life. The love motive sends these men galloping across country on a Quixotic mission and affords a chance for the most interesting character in the book, "Cousin Joe," to express himself at length upon some of the current sociolog ical problems. As long as readers wish merely to be entertained this story will serve the first function of the modern novel. THE LIBRARY OF USEFUL STORIES?THE STORY OF KING ALFRED.- By Walter liea ant. New York: D. Appleton ft Company. A WOMAN ALONE; a NovK. By Mrs. W. K. Clifford, author of "A Flash of Summer," etc. New York: D. Appleton ft Company. CASTING OF BUSTS; a Novel. By Richard Bagot, author of "A Roman Mystery," etc. New York: John Lane. The German Coast Sinking* From the London Standard. The much-discussed question whether the coast of the North sea Is in a perpetual state of rising or sinking has just been answered in the latter sense, at least so far as Germany Is concerned. The latest levels taken In the district near Hamburg have aroused the keenest interest of geologists and topographers, as In a large number of cases thay differ from the accurate record of levels made ffty years ago. The difference is sometimes as much as several yards, one of the most remarkable cases being that of the Wil seder Hill, a trigonometrical station of the first class. The measurements here were accurately computed fifty years ago, and the elevation was then found to be 171 yards. At present it is only 160.25 yards above sea level. That the Hamburg district has undergone considerable fluctuations of level in, geo logically speaking, recent times is proyed by the existence of a diluvial oyster bed on the Krahenberg, near Blanksnese, eighty yards above sea level, and of an extensive mussel bed under Hamburg harbor, as well as by the marked dip of the strata of bard clay, originally horizontal, in the Wilstor fer mountain. She calls herself Cathryn Mae, And yet there are gossips who sae Catherine -Mary's her name, Tn eupportyng whych daym They yn*yst she was chrystened that wae ?Philadelphia Press. men with horns Fresh Scientific Evidence That Such Monstrosities Exist A NUMBER OF CASES ON RECORD Females Are More Often Afflicted Than Males. REPORTED BY SCIENTISTS Written for The Evening Star. Reports descriptive of some remarkable species of horned men, scattered through out the world, have been received at the Medical Museum. In sensational features they rival the accounts of tailed human be ings recently made public. Surgeon J. J. Lamprey of the medical staff of the British army some time ago met with and studied three horned men in Africa. Each had two horns, one on either side of his nose. "While serving on the Gold Coast," says he, "I had opportunities of matting draw ings of these individuals. The first horned man I had an opportunity of observing was a Fantee named Cofea, aged about thirty two years, from the little village of Ama quanta, In Wassan territory. The second horned man was a long-faced youth, aged about eighteen, named Quassie Jabin, from the Gamin territory and not a kinsman of the first one. From a statement made by him through a Fantee interpreter I gath ered that this horn-like growth had been in existence as long as he could remember. The third case was that of Cudjo Danse, aged aboM twenty. He stated through an Interpreter that, as far as he was aware, this horn-like knob had grown of Itself; It certainly had grown larger as he had grown older. It gave him no inconveni ence. He could see and smell perfectly. It grew of itself and had not been artificially produced." Hundreds of cases, more remarkable, have recently been collected In an Interest ing report by Drs. George Gould and Wal ter Pyle, both well-known pathologists. "Human horns," say they, "are far more frequent than ordinarily suppposed. Near ly all the older writers cite examples. Many mention horns on the head. In the ancient times horns were symbolic of wis dom and power. Michael Angelo in his famous sculpture of Moses has given the patriarch a pair of horns. Human Horn* of Modern Time*. "Probably the most remark^le case was that of Paul Rodrigues, a Mexican porter, who. from the upper and lateral part of his head, had a horn fourteen inches in cir cumference, divided into three shafts, which he concealed by constantly wearing a peculiarly shaped cap. There is. in Paris a wax model of a horn, eight or nine inches in length, removed from an old woman by the celebrated Dr. Souberbielle. Dr. War ren mentions a case under the care of Dr. Dubois, of a woman from whose forehead grew a horn six inches in diameter and six Inches in height. In 161W there was an old woman In France who constantly shed long horns from her forehead, one of which was presented to the king. Dr. Voigte cites the case of an old woman who had a horn branching into three portions, coming from her forehead. Dr. Sands speaks of a woman who had a horn 0% inches long growing from her head. There is an ac count of the extirpation of a horn nearly ten Inches In length from the forehead of a woman of eighty-two. Dr. Bejau de scribes a woman of forty from whom he ex cised an excrescence resembling a ram's horn. It began to grow at the age of eleven, and constantly Increased. Dr. VI dal presented before the Academle de Medi cine, France, in 1886, a twisted horn, from the head of a woman. This was ten Inches long, and at the time of its presentation reproduction of fct was taking place in the woman." There is a greater frequency of horns among women than among men, according to these authorities. Several cases have been seen in people over seventy, and In one of ninety-seven. Both Horn! and Tail. The combination of horns and tall on a human being would naturally give rise to extravagant superstition. Such a monster would be an unwelcome object of vision on a dark night, to be sure. There Is a de scription of such a case In a medical re port. The creature, said to have been dub bed the "heodoo of Plato," was born eight years ago In McLeod county, Minnesota, according to the report. It was a boy five weeks eld when described. "He had hair two inches long all over the body; his features were fiendish, and his eyes shone like beads beneath his shaggy brows. He had a tail eighteen inches long, horns from the skull, a full set of teeth and claw-like hands. He snapped like a dog and crawled on all fours, and refused the natural sustenance of a normal child. The country people considered this devil child a punishment for a rebuff that the mother gave to a Jewish peddler selling crucifixion pictures. Vexed by his per sistence, she said she would sooner have the devil in her house than one of these prints." But inasmuch as no scientific re port setting forth this case In detail ap pears to have ever been made, the public must be advised to accept the story "cum grano sails." Horned Human Ruminant. Fabricus, the famous Italian anatomist of the fourteenth century, records that he saw a man with horns on his head and who ruminated?l.e., chewed the cud. Rhod lus, another famous medical authority of those early times, sayB that he observed a Benedictine monk who had a pair of horns and who was addicted to rumination. To the laity these cases would appear to be reversions to a possible bovine ancestry. But, upon the whole, they are not so un reasonable, from a medical point of view, as the case of the "Hoodoo of Plato." Human rumination, or cud chewing, has been recognized as a fact by medical men for years, according to Drs. Gould and Pyle., A Swede, of thirty-five, living in Germany, and apparently wealthy, was ob served, they say, by a Dr. Winthier. to retire after meals to some remote place where he might enjoy this bovine habit. According to the late Dr. Hammond of this city, former surgeon general of the army, the distinguished physiologist, Brown-Se quard, acquired the habit as a result of experiments made upon himself. Dr. Ham mond studied-the case of a young man, similarly addicted, who was cured of the habit by the trephining of his skull. In a recent discussion of human rumination be for the American Neurological Association a physician reported two cases, both in fel low physicians. The president of the asso ciation remarked that the habit seemed to be one common among men of his profes sion. He had a student friend affected in the same way, but who finally overcame the abnormality by exercise of his will power. At the same meeting was discuss ed a man, his father and his grandfather, all of whom ruminated. A Frenchman, named Troulllon, with a large horn on his forehead, resembling that of. a ram, is reported to have exhibited himself in Paris In 1599, while a country boy, just forty years later, presented him self at the hospital of Bologna to hare sawed from his head a horn about the size of the index finger. Rhinoceros Woman. Dr. Chatard of Baltimore some years ago reported that he had seen in that city an old woman with a horn on ^er nose. It was "more than an inch long and near ly shaped like that of the rhinoceros." Hildanus, one ?f the great physicians of the fifteenth century, saw a man with horns on his forehead and another * with such protuberances distributed over his body. Iiusltanus, one of the latter authori ty's contemporaries, observed one growing from a man's heel. In a London museum Is exhibited a human horn 11 inches long and 2% inches In circumference. The frequency of such deformity may best be appreciated from the fact that one physician has collected reports of seventy one cases?thirty-seven in women, thirty one In men and three in Infants. Of these fifteen were on the head, eight on th* face, eighteen on the lower extremities an* eleven on the body. Another physician col lected reports of ninety ? esses forty-toy females, thirty-nine males, the sex of the remainder not being mentioned. Of thepe forty-eight were on the hefcd. Dr. I*bect of Rroslau announces that he has collected RIO such cases. A woman of York. England. seventy-Ova years old, some years ago broke from her face a horn like that of a goat. It Imme diately commenced growing again. An other. inches long, was removed from the temple of an Edinburgh woman. Dr. Saxton of New York reports that he has cut several horns from the ears of pa tients. There are further reports of such protuberances found on the eyelid, ths nape of the neck, the lower lip and ths chin. Dr. Wagstafte of London found a horn growing six Inches below the knee of a woman eighty years old. It was a flattened spiral of more than two turns, and during forty years' growth had reached over fourteen Inches in length. It endeu in a blunt point a half inch thick. A Mexican Indian was similarly afflicted on the left side of his back. The protuberance had been sawed ofT twice by his son. and a doctor who took a third hack at it found that It had again attained a length of a foot. Dr. D. S. Lamb, pathologist of the Med ical Museum, lately announced to the scien tific world his theory that the conceptions of the ancients as to their mythologlo monsters were based for the most p irt upon actual observation of human mon sters brought Into the world. The Cyclops, the two-faced Janus, the three-headed Cer berus and many others are but little mors exaggerated by tradition than by soma sorry freaks of nature. Such monsters, sad to relate, are born In this world even today. Horns frequently adorn the heroes of Greek and Roman mythology. Diana, when Intruded upon while unappareled by Actaeon, caused branching stag's horns to grow from his head. Fan, the Fauns and other deities were adorned with horns. The hypothesis that these horned goda und heroes were suggested to the fertile Im aginations of the ancients, by actual cases of human horns Is consistent with Dr. Lamb s interesting theory. JOHN ELFRETH WAT KINS, JR. OLD (SSOLISH TALLIES. A Box of the Ancient Hanking Sticks Found la London. From th? London Graphic. Charles Dickens, speaking once at Drury Lane Theater upon the question of an Ad ministrative Reform Association, said: Ages ago a savage mode of keeping ac counts on notched sticks was Introduced into the court of exchequer, and the ac counts were kept much as Robinson Crusoe kept his calendar on the desert island. In the course of considerable revolutions of dfil? wei??lebJ"ated Cocker wa? born and n?hame of the "Tutor's Asslst born nnrt hT^ VeS"efl in Ag?res was also born and died, and a multitude of account ants-bookkeepers and actuaries were born thrjir i i ?^|11 ??c,aJ routine Inclined to 8tlck8', 118 ,f they were the pillars of the constitution, and still the ~ T1?1^ founts continued to be kept on certain splints of elm wood, called "Tal weaS? ^ Keign ?f Georse III an inquiry y /"?me revolutionary spirit u. n h? hPieM,? and paper- slates and ptntlls being in existence?this obstinate dnerence to an obsolete custom ougiit to Knue2' and whether a change ought not to be effected. All the red tape In the ?f?W r^de^ at th0 bare mention Jt ? if m a original conception, and t0 Ket these sticks abol ished. In 1834 it was found that there was a considerable accumulation of them, and the question then arose, what was to be aone with such worn-out. worm-eaten, rct ten old bits of wood? The sticks were housed at Westminster, and It would nat occur to any intelligent person that nothing couldl be easier than to allow them to be carried away for firewood by the miserable people who live In that neighbor hood. However, they never have been use ful, and official routine required that they fnZth 4U',fc be* and 80 the order went ,M, h?y weIe to be Privately and confidentially burned. It came to pass that they were burned in a stove In the house of lords. The stove, overgorged with these preposterous sticks, set fire to the panel i fL Pa"e,,n* set fire to the house of lords; the house of lords set flre to the house of commons; the two houses were reduced to ashes; architects were called in to build others; and we are now In the second million of the cost thereof." -*I^U.I?orous M hls speech Is, it Is not strictly accurate. Dickens was no antl quary, and his denunciation of the inno cent exchequer tallies is rather too severe. *ar from never having been useful, they were as a matter of fact. Indispensable to the times In which they ,were used, and were a ready and handy way of reckon ing?more cumbrous, qo doubt, but quite as accurate as reckoning with pens and ink, slates and pencils. Not long ago. in one of ths vaults of a Lombard street banking house, an old bo* ^as *'hich ha<* been in the bank since 1156. When opened it was found to contain bundles of exchequer tallies with 170amPan> in* document8' and dating from These tallies (from talller, to cut) wera part of a system which carries ok back to some of the oldest records of our oountry. for the Normans claim that they gave us the name and thing called the exchequer, and an ancient building at Rouen bears ths l^Hptlon: "Le pere de l'Exchlquler a Londres. In Norman times the court of exchequer was divided into the upper and the lower, or the court of account and tha fatter t exchequer, and it was in tha latter that tallies were used as checks. In those days?and, as has been said, down to the past century?the mode of keeping accounts was for the buyer end ur }? b? Provided each with a tally having a series of notches corre the number or quantity of goods delivered, or to what was due be tween debtor and creditor, the seller or creditor keeping one stick, and the pur chaser or debtor the other. The tally used was a square seasoned rod of hazel or wil low, and was notched on one side, the slsa of the indentations corresponding with tha amount of the sum denoted. On two other sides, opposite to one another, were In scribed the sum paid (in Roman figures), the name of the payer and the date of tha transaction. The rod, so marked, was then split down the middle, producing two ex actly similar pieces, one of which, the stock or tally (hence our term "stocks") wu g1\en to the payer; the other, the counter stock or counter tally, remaining in the exchequer. When the debt was discharged stock and counter stock were tied up to gether. The particular interest of many of the Lombard street bankers' tallies, which we Illustrate (and which are still in pos session of the bank) is that the sets a re in many cases quite complete. And the old box and its contents is thus an interesting relic of the ready reckoning" of our ances tors. Developing Odor In Flowers, From the Boston Transcript. Accounts from St. Louis Inform us that an enthusiastic lover of flowers has suc ceeded in breeding an odoriferous race of tulips, and that he Is now engaged In ex periments with the chrysanthemum, to which he expects eventually to Impart tha fragrance of the rose. We can only say, in reply to an inquiry, that nothing has come to hand throwing any light on these related successes and experiments. From a theoretical point of view It seems Impos sible. Odor comes from the excretion of minute particles of oil. To change the odor the character of the oil would havo to be altered. When this can be done by the cul tivator we may expect turpentine from the sugar cane and get the fragrance of the violet from ailantus flowers. An odoriferous race of tulips Is not as tonishing, for tulips have themselves de veloped scent Tulipa syl?restrls. common In the south of France, and thought bjr many botanists to be only a wild variety of Oesnerlana, from which our many culti vated tulips have sprung, is very pleasant ly fragrant. The truth is that man can only take advantage of some tendency that nature has first originated. He cannot de velop new organs of secretion, and in tha matter of color he can only ring the changes on those colors which the flower he experiments with has i?assed through in the scale from primitive yellow to aesthetic blue. A Chicago professor Is lecturing on "How to Lie When Sleeping." The politicians are much Interested. In the heat of a cam paign much time has been lost because lying has been limited to waking hours. The effects of the learned professor's dis covery upon the next campaign are await ed with Interest.?Nebraska City Conserva tive. A local schoolboy, his examiner tells ma. in an -exercise letter the other day, com menced his epistle with "Dear Tommy, ws was glad to receive your welcome letter telling about the sudden death of your dear father."?Glasgow Evening Times. "The doctor says I must go away for a change of climate," said Mrs. Dukane. -if that's all you need," replied Mr. Dukaaa. "stay right here, and the ohange of cllmato will come to you."?Pittsburg Chronicle* Telegraph.