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the doctors were inspired by the sin
cerest effort to give the best judg ment which medical science could render. As Mr. Roosevelt and Senator Hanna turned to their carriage an attempt was made to photograph the Vice President, but he turned away hurriedly with a "No, no," indicat ing that it was not a time for such scenes. t aller* In n Cheerful Mood. Robert T. Lincoln, son of Presi dent Lincoln, and former Secretary of War, came from the Milburn house soon after Mr. Roosevelt and Senator Hanna retired. Mr. Lin coln expressed the same hopeful view of the situation and regarded the condition of the patient as alto gether favorable. Shortly after the departure of Vice President Roosevelt and Senator Hanna, Secretary Gage, Secretary Root, Secretary Hitchcock and At torney General Knox emerged and walked down Delaware avenue to gether. All of them shared in the cheerful feeling which prevailed at the Milburn house. "The President is not only doing well," said the Attorney General, "but he gives promise of doing bet ter." Each of these members of the cab inet was exceedingly optimistic, al though admitting the possibility and danger of future complications. Secretary Gage said that if an other day passed without an indica tion of peritonitis the physicians felt that the danger from that source would be over. If the suppuration should appear in the neighborhood of the bullet later they seemed to feel that no difficulty would be experi enced in removing it. The members of the cabinet will remain here until the issue of the President's illness is definitely deter mined. If the physicians pronounce him out of danger they will return at once to Washington, where they can be together and in frequent consul tation if necessity arises. Word From Secretary Hay. Word was received from Secre tary of State Hay today that he would reach here tomorrow. Secre tary Long has not yet signified his intention of coming. Secretary Hay was heard from this morning from Newbury, N. H. A telegram coming to Chief Clerk Michael of the State Department, who is here, stated that the Secretary would leave for Buffalo tomorrow morning. It is expected that he will be able to reach here late Monday night. When he arrives there will be a full representation of the cab inet, with the exception of Secretary Long. On the arrival of Mr. Hay answers will be framed to many messages of condolence which have come from crowned heads and rulers through out the world. These messages con tinue to arrive, one of them being a deeply sympathetic message from President Diaz of Mexico. All of the foreign representatives who have been here have now depart ed for Washington, the Japanese minister, Mr. Takahira, being the last to leave this morning. "Where the I'reitldent May Be Taken. 1 here has yet been little discussion of the place to which President Mc Kinley will be moved in the event of his convalescence. The prevailing impression seems to be that if he could be moved shortly he would be taken to Canton instead of Washing ton. But if his convalescence were delayed until cooler weather set in he probably would be taken to the White House. The opinion of the physicians would probably govern, however. Mr?. McKlnley Taken a Drive. At 2:30 this afternoon Mrs. Mc Kinley went out for a drive. A closed carriage drew up to the side entrance. Mrs. McKinley was as sisted into the carriage by Secretary Cortelvou. Mrs. Lafayette McWill iams of Chicago, accompanied her. 1 hey drove out Delaware avenue to ward the park. The batteries of the X-ray ma chine were charged early this after noon, and the machine is ready for instant use. According to all the in formation obtainable, however, it will not be employed for the pres ent unless the bullet in the muscles of the President's back grows trou blesome. Mrs. McKinley returned from a drive at 3:20, having been out in the sunshine for about an hour. She seemed refreshed, and it needed but slight assistance from Mr. Milburn to aid her in alighting. The l*o?tnta?ter General Confident. Postmaster General Smith, ac companied by ex-Postmaster Gen eral Bissell of this city and Senator Hanna, called shortly after 3 o'clock. The two former remained only a short time. When they left Postmas ter General Smith expressed great confidence in the President's ability to pull through. He said there hail been no unfavorable symptoms and that in another twenty-four hours the physicians believed danger of peritonitis would be passed. nORNINQ BULLETINS. BUFFALO, N. Y., September 8. ?The following bulletin was issued by the President's physicians at 3:20 a.m.: The President has passed a fairly good night. Pulse, 122; tempera ture, 102.4; respiration, 24. P. M. RIXEY, H. MYNTER, GEORGE B. CORTELYOU, Secretary to*he President. The following bulletin was issued by the President's physician's at 9 a.m.: "The President passed a good night, and his condition this morning is quite encouraging. His mind is clear and he is resting'well; wound dressed at 8:30, and found in a very satisfactory condition. There is no indication of peritonitis. Pulse, 132; temperature, 102.8; respiration, 24. "(Signed) "P. M. RIXEY, .. "M. D. MANN, "ROSWELL PARR, "HERMAN MYNTER, "EUGENE WASDIN, "GEORGE B. CORTELYOU, "Secretary to the President." MOST EXCOIRAGIXG REPORT. Mr. Roosevelt Told to Telegraph That President Will Recover. NEW YORK, September 8.?A special to the Times from Buffalo says: The attending physicians told Vice President Roosevelt that he could send word to Senator Proctor, Sena tor -Lodge and other party leaders and personal friends to the effect that the President would recover. The doctors realized the gravity of the situation, for when the Vice Presi dent demanded the best knowledge and belief, they held a consultation before giving him the message which he sent outr A REA8SIRING MESSAGE. Controller Dawes Telegraphs That Strong Hopes are Entertained. MARIETTA, Ohio, September 8. ?A telegram was received here last night by A. D. Alderman from Chas. G. Dawes, controller of the curren cy, now in Buffalo, which says strong hopes are entertained for the President's recovery. ? ? ? Day of Prayer in Illinois. ALEXANDRIA BAY, N. Y., September 8.?Governor Yates of Il linois, who is here, said to a reporter of the Associated Press today: "I am sure Lieut. Gov. North cott's proclamation designating a day of prayer for the President's recov ery will be complied with in every part of Illinois. President McKin ley's many admirable qualities have so endeared him to the people of our commonwealth that his dangerous and possibly fatal injury will cause them the most profound and univer sal grief." Abner MeKinley Reaches Chicago. CHICAGO, September 8.?Ab ner MeKinley, brother to the Presi dent, passed through here today on his way to Buffalo from Colorado. The party occupied a private car which was attached to the Lake Shore train leaving at 8130 a.m. and due to arrive at Buffalo at 10 p.m. ? ? ? THE POPE'S ACTIO*. Feeling of the Roman Press Over the Shooting. ROME, September 8.?The pope has di rected Cardinal Martlnelll, papal delegate to the United States, to express to the gov ernment the feeling of deep indignation of his holiness at the attempted assassination of the I'resident, and his earnest prayer for Mr. McKinley's recovery-. The press strongly condemn the outrage and demand the stringent suppression of anarchists. ? ? ? CLERGYMAN STRONGLY MOVED. Almost Converted to the Advocacy of Lynching. Rev. R. H. Naylor, presiding elder of the Washington conference, conducted services in President MoKiniey's church today. During his sermon he said: "The occurrence at Buffalo Indicates that no man is safe- from the" shafts of death, and while I have ever been loyal to the law and have ever contended for its strict en forcement, 1 must say tha* the affair of 4 o'clock last Friday has almost converted me into an advocate of lynch law. Surely there was no occasion, no reason, for that dreadful deed, and, whether the work of a sane man or a lunatic, there can be no Justillcation for it." Rejoicing of Anarchists. Special Dispatch to The Kvening Star. McKEESPORT, Pa., September 8.?The anarchists at Duffy Hollow, near here, are celebrating the assassination of MeKinley. They are the largest group in the country. The anarchist paper, the Firebrand, was published here before its removal to Chi cago. Czolgoaz is known to them. They were also interested in Humbert's assassi nation. Pare Snlphar Waated. From the Scientific American. The Agricultural Society of Italy has of fered prizes of nearly 1200 for a reliable method of ascertaining the quality of sul phur and of mixtures of sulphur with sul phate of copper. Sulphur Is largely used in Italy for diseases of plants, and much of the product sold Is Inferior. The competi tion is international. BOTH SHOT TWICE President McKinley's and Fresident Garfield's Gases. EACH RECEIVED ONE SE7EBE WOUND In Neither Case Could the Bullet Be Located. GARFIELD'S LONG SIEGE President McKinley was shot about 4 o'clock p.m., Friday, September 6, In the Temple of Music on the Pan-American ex position grounds at Buffalo. Two bullets took oflfect. One struck him in the upper portion of the breast bone, but glanced without penetrating. The second bullet penetrated the abdomen live inches below the left nipple and one and a half Inches to the left of the median line. It penetrated and passed through the stomach. The openings in the front and back walls of the stomach made by the missile were closed with silk stitches. Careful search failed to discover the further course of the bullet. The abdominal wound was closed without drainage. No injury to the intestines or other abdominal organ was discovered. The operation was conducted within an. hour and a half of the time the wounds were Inflicted at the Emergency Hospital in Buffalo, by Drs. Matthew Mann, Ros well Park, Herman Mynter and John Par menter. It was announced at the conclu sion of the operation that the President had stood It well, with a pulse of good quality, rate 130, and that his condition was gra.l fying. Upon reviving from the effect of the anaesthetic?ether?which had been admin istered, the President expressed a wish to be removed to the residence of Mr. John Q. Milburn, president of the Pan-American exposition, whose guest he was in Buffalo, and at 7:25 p.m. he was removed there from the hospital in a motor ambulance. The Story of the Bulletins. At 10:50 p.m. the following bulletin was issued by Secretary Cortelyou: "The President Is rallying satisfactorily and Is resting comfortably 10:50 p.m. Temperature, 100.4; pulse, 124; respiration, 24. "P. M. RIXEY, "M. B. MANN, "R. E. PARKE, "H. MYNTER. "EUGENE WASBIN." Other bulletins issued indicating the con dition of the President showed as fol lows: September 7?1 a.m.?Pulse, 124; temper ature, 100.4; respiration, 24. 3 a.m.?Pulse, 110; temperature, 10L6; respiration, 24. 6 a.m.?Pulse, 110; temperature, 102; res piration, 24. 9 a.m.?Pulse, 146; temperature, 102; res piration, 24. 12 m.?Pulse, 130; temperature, 102; res piration, 28. 3:30 p.m.?Pulse, 140; temperature, 102.2; respiration, 24. 6 p.m.?Pulse, 130; temperature, 102.5; respiration, 29. 9 p.m.?Pulse, 132; temperature, 102.5; respiration, 25. September 8?3:20 a.m.?Pulse, 122; tem perature, 102.4; respiration, 25. 9 a.m.?Pulse, 132; temperature, 102.8; respiration, 24. 12 m.?Pulse, 128; temperature, 101. Half an hour previous to the 9 o'clock bulletin the wound was dressed and found to be in a very satisfactory condition. He slept several hours during the night, and his slumber was reposeful. President Gsrleld'i Cm?. President James A. Garfleld was shot at 9:30 a.m.. July 2, 1881, In the ladles' waiting room of the Pennsylvania depot, this city, while walking arm In arm with James O. Blaine. Like President McKinley, he re ceived two bullets; the first in the right arm just below the shoulder, causing a painful but not dangerous wound, and the second and fatal one In the back just above the right hip and near the kidney. He was taken first to a private room In the depot and thence removed to the White House. He was starting on a trip through New England, and jwas to meet Mrs. Garfield and some members of his cabinet at Jersey City when he was shot down. Surgeons hastily called probed for the bail in the back without success, but an nounced that Its course had been downward and forward Into the groin, and while serious, was not likely to be fatal. Presi dent Garfield's recovery from the shock of the wounds was very gradual. Later at tempts to find the bullet failed. There were no Immediate signs of internal hemor rhage, and there was little external bleed ing. Bad Symptom* Develop. These symptoms developed during the afternoon, however, accompanied by vom iting. Sunday. July 3, he was better, and the surgeons' hopes were high, but at night serious inflammation set in and the case looked so desperate that Vice President Arthur was told to await a summons to take the oath of office as President Gar field's successor. By noon of Monday the doctors had relieved the pain, but the pa tient hovered between life and death. Tuesday and Wednesday were compara tively comfortable days, but the fear of blood poisoning was ever present. From the rise of the surgical fever, July 3, to July 6, the variations of pulse were from 98 to 126; of temperature, from 98.9 to 101.9, and of respiration, from 19 to 24. Pun Makes Its Appearance. On Friday pus?which the physicians said showed that the wound was healing?was seen . Ten days after the shooting the patient's temperature reached the highest point? 102.8. The doctors all this time believed that the bullet had passed between the eleventh and twelfth ribs, through the liver, and to the abnomlnal cavity, where they said it had lodged in the anterior wall of the abdomen, from which they expected to be able to remove It readily, In due time, without danger. Perttonltia at Laiit Announced. It was only learned by the public on July 13 that the President had "circumscribed peritonitis," and that he had had it since the second day of his. illness. This circum scribed peritonitis was defined by a tender ness in the abdomen and it was believed by the surgeons that this located the bullet. They thought that the tenderness due to the peritonitis marked where the bullet had found lodgment, but a little lump therfe which they thought was the bullet they concluded after the autopsy must have been hard pus at the end of a canal which it had bored for Itself from a point near the beginning of the bullet wound. The pus worked forward, while the bullet had gone sldewlse across the back; but it was many wetks before this was lfearned. There had been at least two occasions of sirlous relapse In the latter part of July, and at length Dr. Agnew made an Incision! Explorations were made along.the pus ca nal, the supposed course of the bullet, where there was a channel several Inches deep, but the results were not satisfactory. Improvement and relapse continued through August, and on September 6 the President was removed from the White House to Elberon, his case then being really hopeless. Three thousand five hun dred feet of track were laid from the rail road station at Elberon to the Francklyn cottage, to which the President was taken, so that the train could run practically to the .door. His condition fluctuated from that time until his death at 10:35 p.m. on September IB. The autopsy was made the next day, the knife being used by Dr. D. 8. Lamb of the medical museum at Wash ington In the presence of the other sur geons. The official announcement of its results said: Result of Astow "It was found that the ball, after frac turing the right eleventh rib, had passed through the spinal column In front of the spinal canal,- fracturing the body of the first lumbar vertebra, driving a number of small fragments of bone into the ad jacent soft parts and lodging below the pancreas, about two inches and a half to the left of the spine and behind the peri toneum, where it had become completely encysted. The Immediate cause of death was secondary hemorrhage from one of the mesenteric arteries adjoining the track of the ball ,the blood rupturing the peri toneum and nearly a pint escaping into the abdominal cavity.* * An abcess cavity, six Inches by four In dimensions, was found in the vicinity of the gall bladder, between the liver and the transverse colon, which were strongly adherent. It did not involve the substance of the liver and no communication was found between ft and the wound. A long suppurating channel extended from the external wound be tween the loin musfcles and the right kid ney almost to the groin. Thl? channel, now known to be due to the burrowing of pus from the wound, was supposed dur ing life to be the track of the ball." The report of the autopsy was signed by Drs. D. W. Bliss. J. K. Barnes, J. J. Wood ward, Robert Reyburn, Frank H. Hamil ton, D. Hayes Agnew, Andrew D. Smith and D. 8. Lamb. Experiment With Induction Balance. After Dr. Agnew's operation during the latter part of July experiments to locate the bullet were made with the "Induction balance" by Professor Alexander Graham Bell and an assistant. Professor Taintor, under supervision of the attending sur geons. The result was declared to be the reasonably certain location of the bullet was in the front wall of the abdomen im mediately over the groin about five inches below and to the right of the navel. The bullet In President McKinley will probably be located with more definite certainty by means of the X-rays. POSSIBILITY OF PERITONITIS. Interesting Talk o* a Prominent Local Surgeon. A prominent local surgeon, who request ed that the use of his name be not made in connection with the interview, talked most interestingly this morning of the President's evident condition and the pos sibility of peritonitis setting in. He also described the symptoms and treatment of peritonitis. "I do not believe any of the President's symptoms of today are of importance. Cer tainly they are not to medical men looking at the case from this distance," said the practitioner. "The increase In the pulse and the slight rise of temperature Indi cated In today's dispatches may be due to local conditions entirely, and may have no bearing on the Important elements of the patient's condition. "From all I can gather, this much seems certain, the President will not die either from shock or hemmorhage. He seems to gave gotten entirely beyond any danger from those quarters. If peritonitis is to ensue, it would probably not make Its presence felt until tomorrow or perhaps Tuesday. Therefore all that the world can do is to wait. Peritonitis would follow such a wound as the President received and the operation following It in from three to five days. "Peritonitis Is an acute inflammation of the peritoneum. The peritoneum Is the membraneous lining of the abdominal cav ity. It i^ ,a sjic which covers the vital organs of ihe.%bdorninal regions. The per -3iqp?taosnS p'tj'B a*Bonap &***? uinauojj The least bit bt foreign matter allowed to come lnt6 contact with it would Induce inflammation. ( In peritonitis a greenish matter covers, "the peritoneum, and it is this matter which gets into the blood and brings abput blood poison. "The symptbins of peritonitis are a dis tension o^ the abdomen, a rapid and wiry pulse, acute j>ain and vomiting. The ab domen Is very tender and cannot be touch ed without gfeat pain to the patient. It is a dread condition, and the chances of recovery,'in a case like that of the Presi dent, where' the patient has passed through & great shock are but about one In a thousand. "The treatment of peritonitis is usually by applying ice coils and other cooling ap pliances to the abdomen. This treatment is usually, however, but a method of bring ing as much comfort as possible to the pa tient, pending the end. Another and more severe treatment is the opening of the ab dcmen and the constant flushing of the abdominal cavity. This could hardly be re sorted to now in the President's case. The results do not always warrant the opera tion, either. "President McKinley has had the most eminent surgeons to serve him. The end all depends upon whether or not the for eign matter which drained from the stom ach into the abdominal cavity was entirely removed. "It is, after all is said and done, simply a question of waiting for a few days longer, when the worst or the best will be known." AT THE WHITE HOUSE. Dispatches Received by Employes at the Executive Munition. Secretary Cortelyou kept the employes at the White House posted on the President's condition today by transmitting bulletins from time to time. The mansion force was delighted to receive a dispatch from Mr. Cortelyou at 9 o'clock this morning saying that the President had passed a good night, that his condition was quite encouraging, his mind was clear and he was resting well. The wound had been dressed at 8:30 and was found to be In a satisfactory con dition. without any indication of perito nitis. At 12:15 a dispatch was received stating that the improvement in the President's condition continued sine* the previous bul letin. The temperature had dropped from 102.8 to 101 uegrees. A Nurse from Washington. The surgeon general 'of the army was notified today by telegraph that Acting Steward Eliot and Privates Hodgins and Vollmyer of the Hospital Corps of the United States army have been detached from service at the government building in the Pan-American exposition grounds and assigned as nurses to President McKinley. This action was taken by Capt. Munson of the medical department of the army, who is in charge of the hospital exhibit at the fair. All of the men assigned to care for the chief executive in the hour of his peril are said, to be carefully trained and .ml nently fitted for the important duty which they have taken up. The news is of par ticular interest to Washingtonians tro^g the fact: that, Acting Steward Eliot is a Washington zfian, a son of Mr. Eliot, at 11th and M streets. i. i i? i Pussed d Schooner Bottom Up. NEW YORK* September 8.?The steamer Vimeira.. which arrived today from Pro gresso, reportq, September 8, latitude 24.25, longitude 80.37? passing a vessel, apparently a schooner of 100 tons, bottom up, coppered and yellow spars floating alongside; copper in good condition. MESSAGES OF CONDOLENCE KING EDWARD OF ENGLAND SENDS WORDS OF SYMPATHY. Qneen Regent of Spain Expresses Her Horror at the Attempt oa the President's Life. Expression of condolences from all quar ters of the world continue to flow In upon the State Department. Today's messages were largely from crowned heads and gov ernments. Among them were the follow ing: LONDON, September 7, 1901. Secretary State, Washington: Following message of condolence was re ceived from his majesty the king to Amer ican embassy: "Offer my deepest sympa thy at the dastardly attempt on the Pres ident's life. Have telegraphed direct to President." (Signed) CHOATE, Ambassador. NEWPORT, R. I., September 7, 1901. . Secretary of State. Washington, D. C.: The prime minister of Canada, command ed by the governor general, desires me to ccnvey to you his expression of the sense of horror with which the government and the people of Canada have learned of the fiendish attempt upon the life of the Pres ident, and the deep sympathy they feel In the distress of the American nation and the President's family; they fervently hope and pray that it may please Providence to foil the hand of the assassin, and to preserve a life held in high reverence, not only by the people of the United States, but all other nations, and particularly the people of Canada. LOWTHER, Charge, On Behalf of Canada and Colonies. The king and his government pray your excellency to transmit to President and Mrs. McKinley their sympathy, with in dignant feelings for the shocking attempt on the President, and they hope a prompt recovery. WAUTERS, Charge of Beluim. Viceroy Taomu, dreadfully shocked, asks me convey, through you, heartfelt sympa thies, President, Mrs. McKinley. Says God surely would not permit so good a man die through assassin s bullet. McWADE, U. S. Consul at Canton, China. His majesty, King of Wurtemburg. sends, through me, his deepest sorrow and sym pathy, expressing hope that the despiscable murderous attempt will have no serious consequence upon the President's life. Please convey also my sincerest condol ences. OXMUN, U. S. Consul at Stuttgart. Beg my deepest sorrow, sympathy, be of fered to President and Mrs. McKinley. The minister of state, at queen regent's order, called yesterday and today to ask that all news be sent to her Immediately. STORER, U. S. Minister to Spain. Royal hignness. Prince Regent Luitpold, absent, telegraphs me to convey to Presi dent and people profound sympathy; wishes speedy recovery. FAJLK, U. S. Vice Consul at Munich, Bavaria. The senate of Peru expresses to the peo ple and government of the United States the profound feeling inspired by the Iniqui tous attempt of which the person of Presi dent McKinley has been a victim. CANDAMO, President. The Queen Regent of Spain and her gov ernment direct me to express the horror with which they have heard of the dastard ly atte<mpt to assassinate the President of the United States and their hopes of his speedy recovery. ARCOS, Spanish Minister. The chamber of deputies of Chile sincere ly laments the criminal attempt on the life of the distinguished chief magistrate, Mr. McKinley, and makes wishes for his recov ery. CONCHO. President. BLANCO, Secretary. Buenos Ayres, 7th. To the President of the Senate of the United States, Washington: The senate of the Argentine nation, in the session of today, has protested, rising* against the attempt of which the illustrious President of the United States has been the victim, and wishes that God may pre serve the life of so worthy a ruler. I send you greetings. NORBERTO QUIRNO COSTA. President of the Senate, OCAMPO, Secretary. BANKS WAS DROWNED. His Body Recovered Near Grnuton and Brought to the City. The body of James Banks, a young col ored man living at No. 1 Capital avenue, Ivy City, was recovered this morning by Detective Browne of police headquarters at Gunston, Va., a few miles below Mar shall Hall. Banks mysteriously disap peared from a river steamboat a few nights ago and his friends reported him as drowned. It was stated that the boat was returning to the city from one of the lower resorts and that no trace of the man could be found on board, except his cap, which was upon one of the decks. The police re ceived word yesterday that the body of a colored man who had been drowned had been recovered near Gunston and buried there. The authorities immediately con cluded that It was that of Banks. Accom panieu by John Holmes, the young man's uncle, Detective Browne went down to Gunston this morning on board the police boat. The remains were exhumed and the body Identified as that of Banks. It was brought to this city and is now at the morgue. The police believe that the youne fe" asleep while sitting near the rail of the boat and dropped overboard while on the way up the river. ? DISTRESS IN THE FAR EAST. Famine Threatened la Corea?Earth ??ake In Japan. PORTLAND, Ore., September 8.?The steamship Knight Companion of the Port land and Asiatic line arrived yesterday from Kong Kong and Yokohama. The Kobe Herald of August 1 says: "Yes terday the Corean government issued an order that no rice or grain should be ex ported, the cause being that little short of a famine threatens the country, on ac count of a lack of rain. The whole coun try is In a most dreadful state. Mai\y far mers have planted other crops in the rice fields, and these are fast dying for want at rain." The Kobe Herald of August 12 says* "An earthquake of a more serious character than has been experienced in Japan for many years occurred at Aomeriken on Sat urday. Railways were badly damaged There were considerable subsidences be tween the towns of Shiriuchi and Numa ZftKl. HAWAIIAN LAKE'S DEPTH. Believed to Be One Thonsand Feet to the Bottoai and Is but Forty. From the Honolulu Star. The question of the depth of the small lake on the summit of Mauna Kea, 13,SOU feet above sea level, was settled recently by one of the most expensive sounding parties on record, for such a small trip. The lake has been popularly reputed to be 1,000 feet deep, or to have no botton at all, and its formation was regarded aa one of the wonders of the great mountain, though not accessible to the average sightseer. The sounders found that the lake is only forty feet deep. In -1802 Prof. Alexander at the head of a surveying party went to the top of the mountain and made the first accurate kur veys of the mountain that had ever been made. A surrey of the lake was made, but no soundings of its depth were attempted. All the pack anlmsls of the party were re quired to carry the Instruments for the very accurate surreys Intended, so that it was Impossible to carry material for a float or raft on which to go out and make the soundings. One of the party proposed to swim out and drop a lead, but the others would not allow It. The water Is intensely cold, and they feared for his life. So the Alexander party returned without finding out the depth of the lake. The mountain climbers who were suc cessful went up headed by H. B. Qehr of the Hilo-Kohala railway, with a view to using the water of the lake, by piping it to the lowlands on the Kohala side. A lake, a thousand feet in depth meant an inex haustible supply of water. The pressure from a drop of 13,000 feet would have been almost incalculable, and the work of piping strongly enough for such purpose would have been no small Job. It was thought, however, that a small pipe of steel would stand the pressure and give out a stream that would be one of the wonders of the Islands. The area of the lake is something over an acre and It IS fed by the melting snows from the top of the mountain. There was a good deal of trouble in get ting a thousand feet of line to do the sounding, but by exhausting about all the stores in Hilo the line was secured. The sounders also secured lumber with which to construct a raft from which the lead might be sunk, and they started for the beautlftil mountain summit. It was a Ave days' Job to get to the lake and complete preparations for the sound ing,. The climb, .carrying the lumber, over coming the sickness and pains in the head caused by the rare atmosphere of the high altitude, and then fixing up the raft, took up the time. A line was fastened across the lake and the sounding line was fixed to the center of the line, so that It could be operated from shore. The raft was floated and sent out to carry the weight and for the purpose of making the necessary fas tenings. Then the sounding began. It was a keen disappointment. At forty feet the lead struck bottom. A party of weary moun tain climbers looked daggers at one an other, but they were "too full for utter ance." They sadly gathered their things together and started for home. A big water supply enterprise had come to noth ing, an interesting geological phenomenon had been proved to be a good deal of a fake, and Gehr was out the price of a thousand feet of line and the expense of the trip. Four hundred feet depth would not have occasioned surprise, and It would have been satisfactory, but forty feet set tled the matter. GAMING SYSTEMS. Many Plana l?y Which Men Hope to Break the Bank. From the London Express. Like the dear old sea serpent, which has become so familiar to us all, Is the man with wild visionary ideas of wealth to be won from the roulette tables at Monte Carlo by means of an "Infallible" system of his own. The latest inventor is a gen tleman by the name of Senhor Almeida, a Portuguese, who claims to have a most valuable secret method of beating the tables. According to an Express telegram from Lisbon, which was published In Tues day's issue, Senhor Almeida asserts that he has already won thousands, but he will sell the secret for ?50,000. It is very no ticeable that these great inventors of gam bling systems are always willing to share their easy road to wealth with others?that is, for a trifling consideration, of course. The ordinary man may perhaps wonder why, if it is so sure and so easy, Senhor Almeida does not win the ?50,000 on the tables and still retain his secret. On the other hand it Is refreshing to find that the age of public philanthropy is not yet en tirely past. There have been many sys tems and many inventors. The Monte Carlo rooms still rake in the gold, but where are the palaces built by the owners of the get-rich schemes? Echo answers where. A few years ago an Englishman, who was well known in the south of France, had an Idea which he kept to himself, and worked at the famous gambling tables. At the end of three months he hung himself behind his office door, after having lost thousands of his own money as well as that belonging to other people. The sys tem, as he called It, was based on a mathe matical calculation. He simply took a list of all the winning numbers in one evening and then worked out the chances of their turning up again the next day. Another man had the idea of trebling his stake every time he lost, and going back to his original stake when he won. A Frenchman said he had won thousands of francs by always betting on ten numbers arranged in the form of a cross. More curious still was the idea of a Russian, who used to put the thirty-six numbers on slips of paper Into a hat and shake them 'up.' Then his French poodle would pick out a slip of paper with his mouth, and he would Hack the number it contained. The dog was gaily dressed, and wore a dia mond collar, which was bought out of the winnings. Senor Almeida may have discovered the real thing, and one of the gambling house proprietors is said to have ofTered him ?10^)00 for his secret. Gambling men are, as a rule, pretty hard propositions to get much score out of, and when their opinion is asked on such schemes are rather apt to speak in coarse terms of the Inventor, and do not lose any sleep on his account. It would take a good-sized volume to give the names of all the Monte Carlo bank breakers, but the successful ones could be written on a postage stamp. Now is the slack season at Monte Carlo, and it is just about time for the Casino press agent to wake up and get In his fine work to lure over some fresh pigeons for the coming season. The gentlemen In charge of the tables will doubtless be very pleased to meet Senhor Almeida with his Invention and extend all the assistance in their power to separate him from any money with which he may be encumbered. TONS OF LITERATURE. Cities That Lead In the Production of Printed Matter. From the New York Sun. Nearly 28,000,000 pounds of printed mat ter, designed for general dissemination, was shipped in one month last year by publishers at the rate of a cent a pound at the hundred largest post offices In the United States, ranging from New York at the top to Fort Worth, Texas, at the toot, the total amount of such shipments having risen from 206,000,000 pounds In 1890 to 450,000,000 in 1900. These shipments of printed matter, collected and transmitted by the Post Officee Department, constitute a very fair gauge of the distributing points of news and literature In the United States, and the relation which they bear to each other is peculiar and has little reference to population. New York stands at the head with more than 25 per cent of the whole shipments of the country. Chicago follows with about two-thirds of the shipments of New York. Then follow St. Louis, Philadelphia and Boston, in the order named, Boston's ship ments seeming unduly low, and then Kan sas City, Cincinnati and Augusta, Me., the shipments of Augusta seeming unduly high. Mlnnekpblis, ' San Francisco, Pittsburg, Detroit, St. Paul. Cleveland and Milwaukee follow?all of them minor but populous cities?and then come Springfield, Ohio, and ?11 gin, 111., two small places, Springfield being notable on account of Its output of agricultural machinery, and Elgin on ac oount of ita manufacture of watches and its shipments of condensed milk. Baltimore comes next, then Denver, Omaha. Des Moines, Atlanta, Lincoln, Nashville, Louisville, Indianapolis and Washington. Bangor, Me., exceeds Buf falo; Dallas, Texas, exceeds New Orleans; Brooklyn has shipments little larger than those of Watervllle, Me., and Rochester, N. Y.; Wllliamsport, Texas, and Memphis, Tenn., have about the same shipments. Albany. N. Y.. and Providence. R. I., are far down on the list. Newark, N. J., Is still further down, and Charleston. 8. C., ranks below Racine, Wis. It would take 25.000 postal cars, it Is estimated, to carry these second-class mail matter shipments. The Independence of Riches. From the Chicago Record-Herald. "My daughter," said the lady with the chin that lapped over itself, "Is going to marry a very wealthy young man. I can't tell you exactly how much he is worth, but he can afford to go In a private car when he travels." "That's nothing so very great," replied the beautiful old thing who thought she still had the world guessing as to. whether sl)e was thirty-five or thirty-six, "my daughter's engaged to a man who 1s so rich that he can afford to go around wear ing a 50-cent straw hat." FAST RAILROAD RUNS LONG-DISTANCE SPEED RECORQ MADE BY TRAINS. Work of Amrleu aid Eigllak Vm eomotlToa u< E?gl???r? Itao 1*K With Time. From the New Tort Jvnntl of Commerce. Thirteen years ago the rivalry of the eaa* and west shore lines between London an4 Edinburgh established a new record la long-distance railroad runs, which was ?nr? passed by the Empire State Express in 13U2. There was more racing between London and Edinburgh In ltfc? and a new record was established, but twenty-flve minutes was afterward taken ofT the time of ths Empire State Express. There is now a new outbreak of racing between London and Edinburgh due to the effort of the Midland road to regain Its lost popularity with travelers. In 1888 the run from London to Edin burgh was made in eight and a half hours and was claimed to be easily the fastest long-distance run in the world. In UM2 the Empire State Express began running from thLs city to Buffalo, forty miles longer than the distance between London and Edin burgh. in only ten minutes more time. In 1MU5 the British records established wert from London to Dundee, 4.V2 miles. In eight hours, and from London to Perth, 4,'i"i miles, in seven hours and forty-Eve minutes. Ths runs to Aberdeen, MO miles by the w?>st shore and 527 by the east shore routes, were made in eight hours and flfty-elghfc minutes and nine hours and eleven mlnut? % respectively. New York to Buffalo. Three years ago the London "Times"* special commissioner made the run front here to Buffalo, 440 miles, in eight hours and a quarter, which he compared with the run from London to Perth by the east shore, a mile and a half longer and only a minute less than nine hours, and the west coast route, eight and a half miles and twenty-one minutes longer than the run of the Eihplre State Express. He re turned by the Black Diamond Express, which he compared with the Midland train. London to Perth, a little longer and with more stops. "A handsome allowance for the extra miles and the extra stops would be forty-five minutes; but the extra time allowed by the Midland Is. in fact, over two hours." The London "Times" admit ted a couple of years ago that the fastest regular trains were run In this country and France. A German engineering author ity a year ago gave the priority decidedly to France, but most of the very fast runs on French roads were much shorter than those of the Scotch expresses or the dis tances between this city and Buffalo. London to Edinburgh. The east and west coast lines have been dispatching trains from London at 10 o'clock which reached Edinburgh at 6:15. The Midland put on a train to leave halt an hour earlier and reach Its destination ten minutes earlier. The running times, therefore, were eight hours fifteen minutes for two lines and eight hours thirty-five minutes for the third, for a distance forty miles less than the distance from here to Buffalo, which is done in eight hours fif teen minutes. One of the British trains, however, initiated the racing by disre garding the time when it was duo in Edin burgh, and getting there as soon as it could. The east shore train arrived thir teen minutes ahead of time and the Mid land train was one minute behind time. The former left London half an hour after the latter and reached Edinburgh four min utes ahead of it. The' west shore train lost time all along and arrived nineteen minutes behind time. CHILDREN Or THE SLIMS. Pitiful Scenes In the Wards of s Los* don Hospital. From the Londoa Express. "Come along with me through ths wards," said the doctor. "I'll show you what is meant by an 'East End waster.* Telling conveys nothing?you need to ses It to understand." He led the.way Into ths long ward, shady with green Venetian blinds, cool with airy ventilators, and bright with fresh flowers; its double row of cots down each side, and a line of cribs up the center. He stopped at one, saying, "Look here," as he circled a finger into a tiny hand to open it and show its awful thinness. From wrist to finger-tip It seemed absolutely fleshness. Tiny, threadlike bones, almost transparent skin just holding them together. "Look at Its feet," he went on, gravely, "If you want to know how these East End children live and die." And he untucked the covers to find and show the Incredibly small things. But the child was six months old?only it was slowly dying of marasmus ?"baby wasting" they call it in simple English. "Here is another," and he crossed the ward. "Have you ever seen arms like this?" He unfastened its things to show Rs shoulders and chest. Its upper arm was distinctly smaller than the man's little finger. The wizened little face, the gaping mouth, the shriveled, loose, all unattached skin at Its throat and shoulders, simply made one shiver. It was three months old. Think of the gay, cooing, crowing, kicking mites that one can rubble up and play with at three months that don't grow in slumsl In the next cot was an elghteen-months old child. Faint, panting and languorous, he lay there outside the covers for cool ness' sake. Unheeding, unseeing eyes, a dolly cuddled In his arms, and the pitlful est, whitish, gauntest, little legs imagina tion can conceive?it seemed impossibls they could be part of any living thing. We wenit into another. It seemed a rep etition, but he said: "No. These are rather 'baby-wasting' cases. These are rather older children, suffering from summer ali mentary disorders. Insufficient nourish ment weakens them: then what food they do get 1s mostly stuff utterly unfit for them to touch?unripe fruit, over-ripe fruit, stale vegetable stuff from yesterday's costers' carts?then this kind of thing sets in. "The child mortality during July and Au gust every year in the East End, produced by bad food, is too fearful to contemplate. This child is dying from It now." and he turned to a cot in which over the face of a little chap of two and a half was already dawning the unmistakable hue that Hood once described as? "Death's own violets, that he gives When he steals Life's roses." "Then I take it that a large proportion of your cases and of your mortality are simply the direct consequence of bad environment and wrong conditions of living?" "Undoubtedly; far the greater proportion. With cleanliness, pure air and proper food the greater part of the East End chil dren's sickness would be simply Impossible. To the babies it comes as this wasting; to the older ones there are all the malnutri tion and alimentary disorders which make the special mortality of the hot months. Then right on, there are still the crippled lives and the mortality produced by all the scrofulous diseases and hip cases. "Down here they live and sleep, con stantly, six in a rooom, and of course ths window is nailed up. You can't induce an East End woman to open the window?she won't. Yet fresh air Is the children's only possible chance. Every hour's fresh air, every single meal of wholesome and proper food, is just so much salvation to the East End child." Ireland's Next Viceroy. From the London Fcprw? There Is some probability, spoken of In parliamentary circles, that when Earl Cad ogan retires from the lord lieutenancy of Ireland his place will be taken by ths young Duke of Marlborough. Earl Cado gan desired to retire last year, but was persuaded to retain office until the Prinoe and Princess of Wales had paid their im pending visit. Queen Victoria's death de layed the royal journey, and Lord Cadogan is understood to be holding office until his majesty osn fulfill his promise. When ths young Duke of Marlborough suoceeds him he will not be given a place In the cabinet* The chief secretary, Mr. George Wyndham, will be asked to All the vscancy. Twenty flve years ago another Marlborough?grand* father of the present duke?was viceroy. Foellaf Hor Friends. From the Boa too Transcript. Sal?"What did Lis want to go on thai merry-go-round for?" Fan?"Bo's she could say she was sea sick. Folks might think she'd been on s se% voyage, you know."