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TRIAL OF CZOLGOSZ
Probable That It Will Begin Next Monday. CODHSEL AGREE TO DEFEND HIM They Refuse, However, to Give Any Outline of Defense. \VITNESSES SUBPOENAED BI"FFALO. N. Y.. September 21? Former Justices Loran L. Lewis and Robt. C. Titus of the supreme court today accepted their assignment as counsel to defend Leon F. Czolgosz, Indicted for murder in the first degree in killing President McKinley. They do not. at present, know of any reason why they will not be ready for trial next Mon day morning when District Attorney Pen ney moves the case for trial in part III of the supreme court, whence it was trans ferred today by order of Judge Edward K. Emory in the county court, who also ap pointed Carlton E. Ladd. law partner of Judge Titus, to assist in the defense. Although both attorneys tentatively ac cepted the assignment a few days ago, no definite announcement was made until to day. Judge Titus conferred with Judge Lewis in the latter's office for half an hour this morning, after which Judge Titus an nounced that they had decided to conduct the defense of the prisoner. Would >ot DIm'iiha the Cane. Neither Judge Lewis nor Judge Titus would discuss the subject of the defense to be interposed, and both stated that they had not given the question of insanity any thought. They said that they would not seek an interview with the assassin in the jail unless they were Informed that he desired to see and talk with them. How ever, they said if the prisoner continued his stubborn refusal to talk to his coun sel, it would not make any difference in regard to preparing his defense. The at torneys have not, as yet, decided whether or n<>t to request the court to appoint alienists to examine into the mental con dition of the prisoner, but stated that if such action was desired it would not delay the trial, as such examination could be had during the progress of the people's case. Immediately after the conference both judges called upon the district attorney at the city hall and conferred with him for twenty minutes, after which Mr. Penney accompanied them into the county court. Wonld Do nx Requested. Judge Lewis addressed Judge Emery, stating that he and Judge Titus had de cided not to ask to be excused, although they accepted against their wishes, but that they did not see their way ciear to shirk their duty. He said that there was a great deal of work to be done in the case which neither he nor Judge Titus should be compelled to perform. He urged that a younger lawyer be assigned to assist them, and suggested Attorney Carlton E. Ladd, who. Judge I^ewls said, was formerly a clerk in his office. Mr. Penney said that he thought the course was a proper one. Judge Emery asked if it was known whether or not Mr. Ladd would consent to act. Judge Lewis replied that Mr. Ladd was the part ner of Judge Titus, and that he would ac cept the assignment. Judge Emery then granted an order appointing Mr. Ladd, and also granted the district attorney's motion for the formal transfer of the indictment to the supreme court for trial, as the county court has no jurisdiction to try murder in dictments. District Attorney Penney has notice! tha case for trial in part III of the sunrem > court at 10 o'clock next Monday morn.ng. All the Arrangements Made. Witnesses have been subpoenaed and all arrangements made to proceed with the trial at that time. Justice Truman C. White Is! scheduled to preside over that terin of court, and will do so unless Justice. Childs. the senior justice^ of the judicial district, should be asked by the other jus tices to preside, which is not at all prob able. Counsel for the defense stated today that they would not delay the trial unneces sarily in securing a jury, and that all that they would insist upon would be that the jury be composed of substantial men. who, though they have opinions, would give the prisoner a fair and impartial trial upon the evidence. ESPECIALLY FOR CHILDREN. Room at Smithitonlan Institution for Their Instruction. Under the direction of Dr. S. P. Langley of the Smithsonian Institution a room will be opened In that building Monday, designed exclusively for the instruction and enter tainment of children. The project has been long considered by Prof. Langley, but only recently has he completed his plans and equipped the room from the use of which he expects Washington's young people to derive so much pleasure and profit. The room will contain a variegated ex hibit. Including species of birds from the largest to the smallest, and from the most fierce of the carnlverous class to the gen tlest of the sweet singers. The room will also contain an aquarium containing fishes of every description, and a compartment for the beaver and Various Interesting in sects. A deep-sea collection, which, with Its at tendant mystery, always amuses the young people, will be furnished, and will include many specimens of coral, minerals and fos sils of all kinds and many other objects illustrative of nature. The collection will be a most Interesting one to the youngsters, and Is expected to be very successful. One of the practical fea tures of the exhibit is that everything on view is placed at a low elevation from the tioor, in order that even the smallest tot may get a good view. A NULO-A M ER1CA N ROM AXC'E. Two I iii'le* In the I lilted State* Kn rieli an EaKllMhiuaa in Need. From the London Chronicle. To few men is it given to make a fair competence, lose It and suddenly and with out expectation find two fortunes thrown at their feet. That has been the experi ence of Mr. Joseph Samuel Stadden Rus sell. At the beginning of this year he was employed In the humble capacity of groom; today he is in possession of a fortune of ?UX>,?J<>0, most of it invested in freehold property in New York and Pittsburg. The story has most of those elements of romance with which the popular Imagina tion clothes the unexpected acquisition of wealth. As In so many other cases, it Is the rich uncle In America?would there were more of them!?who has played the part of a generous Providence. In Mr. Russell's case, however, there were two uncles, but from neither fiid he entertain any expectations of an Inheritance. One lived In Pittsburg, the other In New York; one was his uncle on his father's side, the other was the brother of his father's sec ond wife. Mr. Russell himself was born In London "within the sound of Bow Bells," but he has spent fully thirty years in the states. Both his uncles went out there when very young and very poor, but tf.cy rapidly advanced and became considerable property owners. Recently Mr. Russell returned to this country and started a pub lic house at Maidstone, at the same lime depositing all the money he had saved in America with Dumbell's Bank. When the bank failed he lost everything, and at fifty had to face the world penniless. It was then that he took a place as groorn, but be had not been long in that situation when the news came that Ms father's brother had left him a fortune, whlcn was originally stated to be ?50.000 odd, but in reality came to something more, i.oarly approaching ?T?)0,000. That, however, did not exhaust Mr. Russell's luck. Only the other day he received intimation from a firm of solicitors In New York that his unole-ln-law had bequeathed to him a sum which, with the previous windfall, put him in possession of ?160,000. It Is an extraordinary revolution in the fortunes of an unambitious man. and all the more extraordinary, perhaps, b-rMus?e It was quite unexpected. Mr. Russell is a shrewd, level-headed Londoner, who is un der no apprehension that he will be tempt ed to squander his fortune. WRECK OM XORTHRR5 PACIFIC. Two Srctlom of PanwiiKer Train Col lide at Lake. TACOMA. Wash.. September 21.?By the collision of two sections of a train on the Northern Pacific line at Lake yesterday a number of persons were Injured, one se riously. The cause assigned for the acci dent Is the failure of air brakes to work. An old man named Crankle of Grant's Pass. Ore., was the most seriously Injured. He was brought to Yakima and given med ical assistance as soon as possible. Among the members of the "Female Drummer" company who were injured were Albert Elds, leader of the orchestra; Miss Vinna Hawkins, Miss Q. Payson Gra ham. Manager M. Rice and Mrs. George Henry. ? ? ? A Monument to am Actress. From the Pall Mall Gasette. Mile. Clalron. the tragedienne of the eighteenth century, is to have a monument. The little town of Conde-sur-Escant, where Claire Lerys. daughter of a sergeant, was bora, has Just witnessed the unveiling of a bust of the woman whom Voltaire called "the divine Clalron" and Diderot styled "the unique." The inscription on the mon ument is simplicity itself?"A Clalron, 1723 1808" Is all. Yet what a career is there underlined. She was the first to rebel against stage conventions and appear dressed for her part in appropriate attire. She was also the first to revolt against the treatment of actors and actresses as social pariahs. The people used to shout "Vive le Rol et Mile. Clalron!" when she appear ed at the theater. Her numerous love af fairs only increased this popularity. At a comparatively early age she forsook her profession to become the Aspasia of the court of Anspach. Many years later, when the last century was young, an old, wiz ened, starving, barefooted charwoman died' in a Parisian garret. It was the Clairon. Believers In omens may hold up the ac tress' earliest experience. Neither her mother nor her grandmother thought the baby would survive her natal day. She was, therefore, hurried to church for bap tism. But the clergy were spending carni val In time-honored dances and feasting. When the priest was at length found he had on a Jester's dress and the curate wore clown's attire. Grandmamma was, how ever. in such a hurry that the rites had to be performed there and then without change of costume. * ? -? Amusements of the Russian Soldier. From Foarson's. How simple are the Russian soldiers may be judged from their amusements. Their only games are of the most primitive char acter, like our "Aunt Sally." Their great est pleasures are singing, dancing and playing on the "harmonlka," a musical In strument like a concertina, or on the "bal lailalka," a national musical instrument something like a banjo, which will keep them amused for hours. If he can only play two or three tunes. Ivan Ivanovltch will be able to enjoy himself rapturously. Singing, however. Is his greatest pleas ure, and chorus singing is a great feature in the Russian army's accomplishments. The number of songs an ordinary soldier knows is beyond belief. Singing Is en couraged by the officers, and the men with the best voices are specially rewarded. Among illiterate people the singer will al ways be able to exert a great influence. One has only to see a Russian regiment on the march to understand what moral power the singers can give the soldiers. Ivan Ivanovltch stands greatly In need of cheap forms of amusement, for he is wretchedly paid. He is the worst-paid sol dier in Europe, and therefore has a very hard time during his four years of service, unless his good folks at home are Inclined to be generous. California Fruits in Europe. From Success. The latest American "Invasion" of Eu rope is the carrying of fresh California fruits to London and Paris In the face of the competition of the Spanish and Italian fruit-growers. A Valencia, Spain, paper says: "California oranges, peaches, apples and pears r^ach Paris, after traversing six thousand miles, in a more appetizing con dition than ours," and adds that her fruit growers can only compete with America by employing America's improved methods of cultivation., California Is a. natural fruit garden, and its crops 'are far too ?large tt> bfc consumed In fhe hortftfTfrarkets. For years the California orchardist has been seriously considering the foreign de mand, and many wonderful schemes have been devised to ship fresh fruit abroad. California prunes have, generally, taken the place of the French article, and Cali fornia oranges have been cultivated until they have reached a state of perfection never before attained. Bids Opened at District Building* Bids were opened today at the District building for constructing the proposed pumping station of the water department on Trumbull street south of the Howard University reservoir. Bids were received from Cramp & Co. of Philadelphia; Arthur Cowsill, Washington; E. M. Noel, Balti more; the Pennsylvania Bridge Company, Beaver Falls, Pa.; Richardson & Burgess, Washington; I. Malone & Son, Washington; George A. Fuller Company, Chicago; B. J. Carlln, Brooklyn, and William E. Spier, Washington. The bids range from $298,000 to $441,000, the lowest being by Noel & Co. and the highest the Pennsylvania Bridge Company. Separate bids were also opened for the steam generating plant for the Trumbull street pumping station, the bidders being Crook, Horner & Co., Baltimore, $51,803; Westinghouse-Chester-Kerr Company. New York, $51,184, and Babcock & Wilcox Com pany, Philadelphia, $55,193. Bids were also opened today for the four room school house on Bladensburg road. BONA-FIDE CIRCULATION. A reference to the statement be low will show that the circulation sworn to is a bona-fide one. It Is easily possible for a news paper with an elastic conscience to swell Its legitimate circulation enor mously, in order to deceive adver tisers, by sending out thousands of papers to newsstands which are re turnable, and which are, in fact, re turned, but nevertheless are In cluded In what purports to be an honest statement of circulation. Intelligent advertisers, however, judge by results, and bogus circula tions don't give them. The family circulation of The Star is many thousands in excess of any other Washington paper. Circulation of The "Evening Star.*' Saturday. September 11, 1901 .55,653 Monday, September 16, 1901. .....35,114 Tuesday, September 17, 1901 41,364 Wednesday, September 18, l!X)l 35,994 Thursday, September 19, 1901... 34,186 Friday, September 20, 1901 . ?33,477 Total .235,788 Dally average- ? 39,298 I solemnly swear that the above statement represents only the number of copies of THE EVENING STAR circulated during the six secular days ending Friday, Sept. 20, 1901?that is, the number of copies ac tually sold, delivered, furnished or mailed, for valuable consideration, to bona-fide pur chasers or subscribers, and that the copies so counted are not returnable *to or remain In the office unsold. J. WHIT. HERRON, Cashier, The Evening Star Newspaper Company. . ? Subscribed and sworn to before me this twenty-first day of September, A. D. 1901. HERBERT L. FRANC, Notary Public, IX C. 1 TRAVIS IN THE LEAD Looks as if He Would Hold Golf Championship. CLEVER MATCH IT ATLANTIC CITY Egan, His Opponent, Held Him Closely All Through. THE SCORES MADE ATLANTIC CITY, September 21.?It iooks as If Travis would again be champion. After having been postponed for a week owing to the death of President McKlnley, the golf match between Waiter J. Travis, the champion, and Walter Egan of Chicago for the amateur championship of the Lnited States Golf Association was begun this morning on the links of the Atlantic City Golf Club at-Northfleld. There was only a small attendance at the opening of play. Although experts believe that Travis ?will retain the championship, there are some who expect the western player to give hi? a hard battle, If, indeed, he does not defeat him. Egan, during the tournament, has proved himself a good, steady player. His defeat of Seeley in the semi-finals last week was a brilliant performance and won htm many admirers. Both men have taken hard practice during the past week A fog hung over the links during the early morning, and the heavy dew made the links just a trifle wet. The sun came out strongly toward 10 o clock and the course was soon dry. The air J*as rol<^ and everybody wore a top coat. Travis and Egan came out early and practiced some before starting the match. Play Starts at 0?40 A. M. Play was started at 0:40 o'clock. Tho champion had the honor and his tee ?i.lvc was twenty yards better than that of Eg?n. Both overran the green In their approach, but on two good puts they halved the hole in four. Travis again outdrove the western man on the tee off for the second hole. Egan's approach fell short, while Travis again overran the green. They tried haru to hole out In four, but it took five to do it and the hole was halved. Egan's opening drive to the next hole lacked direction and he got into the long grass. In trying to straighten himself out he made matters worse by getting behmd several trees. . Travis reached the green In three pretty strokes and holed out in four by a brll!!?int 20-foot put. It took Egan six to hole out. This made Travis one up. , Travis landed his tee drive to the .ourth hole on the edge of the green. Egan's fell fifty feet shorter. He approached well, however, and made the hole in four. Travis had a chance to hole out In three, but he rimmed the cup, and It took h'm five to get in the hole, thus making the match all even. About Eqnal at Fifth Hole. There was not much difference In the first two drives of the men to the fifth bole, except that the champion had the better direction. The latter put his third shot right on one corner of the green, while Egan's. fell short. Another short stroke each landed them near the edge of the cup. Both missed on their next, and the hole was divided in six strokes. Both men got into trouble on their way to the sixth hole. Travis' tee drive struck a tree and he landed In a bunker. Egan, too, got into the bunker, but not through strik ing the tree. The champion made a beauti ful approach and holed out on a short put in four, Egan taking five to negotiate the hole. This again put Travis in the lead, A wide and deep sand pit lies directly in front of the seventh hole, and they played their drives with great caution. They cleared the hazard safely and landed four feet from the hole in four strokes each. Their fifth missed, and then the champion missed another easy chance to score by rimming the cup,.^nd it was l?is opponent's hole in six, which again made the match all square. TravLs was dead on the'green' in his opening drive to the eighth hole, while Egan was a little short. The tetter, however, approached well and managed to halve the hole in three. Both Make Good Drives. Both men made good tee drives on their way to the ninth. On the second ?hot, however, Travis got into another bunker. Egan had better fortune and cleared it. The latter held his advantage by a neat ap proach and made the hole In five to Travis' six. This made, the western man one up for the outward Journey. The card: Travis 4 5 4 5 8 4 7 3 6?44 Egan 4 6 6 4 0 5 fl 3 5?44 Travis used his iron club on the tee-off for the tenth hole and was well on the green. Egan landed on the edge with a wooden club drive. They were dead on in their second and halved the hole in three. Their progress to the next hope was a repetition of the tenth, both men holing out in three in par golf. Travis seemed a trifle careless going to the twelfth hole and hit into a bunker. Egan also got into a bunker, but Ms ap proach was fine and he won the hole, 6 to 7. Travis took the thirteenth hole by a won derful approach after a bad drive. He won by 4 to 5. He also won the fourteenth hole. Each was on the green In three, but- Egan rimmed the cup and Travis holed out in 4 to Egan's 6. This made them all even. Egan won the fifteenth hole, chiefly be cause of a poor put by the champion. This again placed the Chlcagoan In the lead, but matters were all even at the sixteenth hole, when by a wonderful approach of seventy yards Travis placed his ball within four feet of the cup. He holed out in 3 to Egan's 4. Egan's approach for the seventeenth hole was short, and Travis won the hole In 5. This put Travis 1 up. Travis got into a bunker playing for the last hole of the morning round and Egan evened the match by taking the hole 5 to 6. The card for the second half of the min ing play follows: Travis 3 3 7 4 4 5 3 5 6-40 Egan 3 3 6 5 6 4 4 6 5?42 In the afternoon round Travis was one up at the third hole. Travis took the fourth hole through mis erable work on Egan's part. The latter took the fifth, making the Chicago player one down. The sixth hole went to the Chlcagoan, making the match all even. Egan was unable to get over the bunkers safely, and lost the seventh and eighth holes, making him 2 down. The ninth was halved, making the match Travis 2 up for the first nine holes. The card: Travis 45446564 5?43 Egan 45555485 5?46 Travis won the tenth and eleventh holes. The match now stands: Travis, 4 up, with only seven to go. FRANCHISES TRANSFERRED. Deed Conveying Railway Placed Upon Record. By deed placed on record here today the Union Trust Company of Philadelphia, trustee; Franklin EL Gregory, Edward J. Brown and wife, Tallmadge A. Lambert and wife and Henry W. Watson and wife grant to the Washington, Potomac and Chesapeake Railroad Company all the rail road of the Washington and Potomac Railroad Company beginning at Point Lookout and extending to this city. The consideration, according to the stamps attached to the deed, is (100,000. Clias. C. Delmonlco Dead. Charles C. Delmonico, managing pro prietor of Delmonlco's restaurants in New Tork city since his, uncle's death some years ago, died from lung trouble and heart disease in Colorado Springs yesterday. He went to Colorado Springs in June for his health. Mrs. Delmonico and a nurse were with him during his stay. Mr. Delmonico steadily grew worse from day to day, in spite of the efforts of his physicians. The body was shipped to the pelmonico home in New York city. Mereary Down t* 72. The temperature registered today by House & Herrmann's standard thermome ter was as follows: 9 a.m. 62; 12 noon, <8; 3 p.m., 72. HAR&fcfi RESUMES \ ??2. . (Continued from First Page.) ever withdrjwgfafter that date a distance or more than snHmifes?"' "I have not." By the court?"Prom the distance at which the blockade wai maintained at night could yoo have seen any vessel at tempting to leave Santiago under ordinary condl tlons of %featherT* Admiral Higginson?"I think It would have been difficult on account of the high land and the shadows under the lan<L Admiral Hlgginson was then excused, and the co\flrt, ftSit 1 o'clock, took recess lor luncheon. Sehroeder Teetlflea. 1 ? When the court met at 2 o'clock Com mander Sehroeder. the executive officer on the Massachusetts during the Spanish war, took the stand. Judge Advocate Lemly conducted the examination covering the period from the time the battle ship Joined the flying squadron to Its appearance be fore Santiago, going Into detail regarding the arrival at Cienfuegos and the blockade in front of Santiago. Regarding Cienfue gos the witness said that no effort was made to communicate with the natives on shore on the night of the arrival of the squadron, and that no efforts were made to destroy the fortifications and earthworks which were being erected there. The wit ness was on the sfck list from the time the vessel left Cienfuegos until Its arrival at Santiago and could give no testimony oi that time. He was asked regarding the blockade of Santiago harbor, and said that the vessels ran In column about six or seven miles frbm the shore. He said that the battle ship Colon was visible In the mouth of the harbor on the 28th of May and also on the following day. Judge Advocate Lemly asked the wit ness how far the ships in the blockading squadron wetvt on either side of the har bor. This the witness could not answer. He did not know either how far apart the ships were, but said that he thought they were "a#t distance," which was about four oable-lengths. The blockade at night, he said, was maintained at about the same distance from shore as during the day. The ships had no lights on them at night, but, he said, it was considered safer to have them close enough to see each other in the darkness. He thought the course of the vessels dur ing the blockade off the harbor was eight, ten or twelve miles, but he could not say positively. He said their speed was possi bly six knots an hour. He thought It was that much because It kept the vessels un der good control and under good headway. The Firing on the Colon. The Judge advocate?"You were on board the Massachusetts and on deck on the day on which the Colon was bombarded. What did you see from the batteries on shore? Did they Are?" The witness?"I saw several puffs of smoke from the Colon before we withdrew." The witness during this action was on top of the thlrteen-inch turret and also on the after turret. Q. When the commander-in-chief came on board what did he say? A. He said, speaking to the captain in the presence of us both, he yrould undertake to pot the Colon. Q. What time was this? A. Eleven or half-past in the morning. Q. What timf<d|d you get In? A. It was after the men s dinner. We were cleared for action about 2 o'clock. We ran in, I suppose, a 'mife 'ind a half or two miles, and then ra'n eastward and westward, and then withdnew? -ft . The witness said that when they headed Into the harbor it was understood the range would be 9,000 yards. As they approached the navigator, fretting his range as well as he could from Morro, made It 8,000 yards, and they started, across the entrance and opened fire/ The witness said he got a clear view of the first shot from the top of the thlrteen inch turret, and he saw it go straight to ward the mainsail of the Colon and drop a thousand yards short of It. He told the gunner to Increase his range a thousand yards. He said that during this action they were going about ten knots. They i went to the eastward, then to the west ward and thfeft retired. The Massachusetts led and was fotyQ^ed by the New Orleans and the Iowa. Q.?What was tfc? effect of this bombard ment upon :tUe Colon?. A.?There was no effect produced, tpa.t I could see. Q.?Stttte fully everything within your knowledge' that was done by the Flying ! Squadron on that day toward destroying or capturing ^the Colon. A.?We passed across the entrance at a distance of about 5,000 yards from the Colon, or 8,000 yards from the entrance, once running east and firing as many guns as we could, and then again westward. We fired our 13-inch guns and 8-lnch guns. Q. State fully and in detail what was left undone looking to the destruction or capture of the Colon. A. One thing which was not done was going in at closer range. I suppose this might have been done, and also passing the mouth of the harbor slower so as to have time to find the range. Judge Advocate Lemly asked the witness to repeat any conversation which he had with the commander-in-chief, meaning Ad miral Schley, or which he might have overheard on that day. The witness stated that when he was in the conning tower he had been instructed to turn the vessel at port helm after tho eastward trip past the harbor. He then started to say that he suggested that If this was done It would bring the Massa chusetts between the Iowa and the Colon. He was asked If the commander heard this conversation, and stated that he did not know whether he heard It or not, as he was just then leaving the conning tower. Schley's Counsel Object. Objection was made to this question by counsel for Admiral Schley, and an argir ment between counsel ensued on the mat ter. Mr. Rayner held that the defendant could not be judged by any conversation which he did not hear. He said the ques tion was not one of the probability of his hearing It, but that it must be positively known that he did hear It. Judge Advocate Lemly then suggested that the court should adopt some rule re garding the argument over objections. He suggested that after an objection he should be given an opportunity to reply, and that the objecting counsel should also be given another hearing. The objection to the question regarding a conversation was sustained by the court. The judge advocate concluded with the witness by asking him how much coal was aboard on the arrival of the squadron at Santiago. Question Ruled Out. The witness did not know exactly, and upon objection td the question for this rea son by the attorneys for. Admiral Schley, the question was ruled out. Attorney Wilson, for Admiral Schley, then took the witness in hand. He asked him whether the Massachusetts had taken coal at Key Westl ib He said sh^-had'/taken some coal there. Mr. Wflsoii1 fchen' "asked regarding the sig nals on shore at Cienfuegos. The witnes# feaJ? that he knew nothing regarding" any1 sigtiftls, but that there were three fires o#*shOTe, which had been taken for signals W !'*mie kind. He said that when the Marblehehd arrived later she had gone over to* the westward in the direction of the signal*1 Whfether she communicated with the shOW' or not the witness did ijot know. He 's*tidf t# answer to another ques tion .that he had learned afterward that the fires weM tftfAals, but did not know It at the time. ttaWtUt Bells. From the Loudon ChrtfSlcle. A quaint bik dying custom dating from the mlddle 'aSfes,'Mhlch still obtains in a few country^fcarfltoes, is that of ringing the harvest beh nnornhig and evening. The time varies In different localities. For In stance, at ^Driffeld, In Yorkshire, the bell rings at 5 ."In the morning, while at Wil Ungham. In. Cambridgeshire. It rings at 7. and the times, too, vary in the evening. Authorities differ as to the origin of the custom, some antiquaries holding that the morning and evening prayers In the Roman Church were hefcl earlier and later in har vest time, hence the gleaners' bell. Others maintain the use of the bell Is that all gleaners may have a fair start, no one being allowed in th^ fields before or after bell-ringing; in fact, that the custom is similar to the signal given to the collectors of vralck In the Channel Islands, a custom sanctioned there by an old Norman law. The ringer was formerly paid by a por tion of corn front each crop, but payment | Is now usually made by money. I 'it UNABLE TO ATTEND President Roosevelt Declines Invita tion to Memorial Service. REASONS STATED TO THE COMMITTEE Arrangements Completed for Meeting at Grand Opera House. PROGRAM OF EXERCISES All arrangements were practically com pleted late this afternoon for the non-sec tarian mass meeting which ui to be held out of respect for the memory of the late President at Chase's Orand Opera House tomorrow afternoon. The amended program of the exercises adopted at a meeting of the executive committee this afternoon is as follows: Prelude, "Meditation," Bach, by the United States Marine Band; calling of the meeting to order by Mr. E. Southard Park er and introduction of H. B. F. Macfar land, president of the board of District Commissioners, as presiding officer. Invocation by Rev. George P. Wilson of Assembly's Presbyterian Church. "Dead March," by the Marine Band, Chopin. Address of Rev. George Bucyler, Metho dist Episcopal Church. Address of Rev. George Buckler, Metho Church. Address of Rev. D. J. Stafford, St. Pat rick's Roman Catholic Church. Solo, "Face to Face," Miss May Bucker. Address, Rev. J. M. Schick, Reformed Church. Address, Dr. Merrill E. Gates. "Lead Kindly Light," quartet from St. Patrick's Church. Address, Rev. Teunis S. Hamlin, Presby terian Church. Hymn, "Nearer, My God, To Thee," by entire audience, with accompaniment of Marine Band, led by Mr. William H. San tlemann. Address, Rev. J. J. Mulr, Baptist Church. Address, Rev. E. B. Bagby, Christian Church. Address, Rev. U. G. B. Pierce, Unitarian Church. "Jesus, Lover of My Soul" (Refuge), by Harmony Lodge quartet of the Masonic choir. Address, Rev. John Van Schalck, Unl versallst Church. Address, Rev. Luclen Clarke, Methodist Episcopal Church. Solo, "Some Time We'll Understand," Mrs. Thomas C. Noyes. Address, Rev. Louis Stern, Hebrew Con gregation. Address, Rev. Herbert S. Smith, Epis copal Church. Addresses, representatives of denomina tions not Included in the foregoing. National hymn, "America," by the Marine Band, the audience singing. Exercises to Open at 2 O'clock. The exercises, according to this program, will begin promptly at 2 o'clock. There will be only one entrance to the theater, that upon Pennsylvania avenue. It will be opened at 1:30 o'clock. There are but very few persons holding invitations to seats, so that virtually the entire theater will be thrown open to the public. The supply of these Invitations was exhausted this afternoon. The private boxes will be occupied by members of the President's cabinet. A section of the lower floor has been reserved for members of the diplomatic corps, a few army and navy officers and several other prominent gov ernment officlal3, but otherwise the whole of each floor will be occupied by the pub lic, regardless of Invitation. In answer to an invitation extended by the invitations committee to the President to be present, Mr. Roosevelt expresses his regrets that he is unable to attend the services. President Roosevelt has received many similar invitations from different places, and, having already declined these, he feels that he cannot consistently ac cept in this instance. Arrangements for Mule. The clergy and Marine Band will be seat ed upon the stage. In order that there may be as much rhythm and cadence of the au dience in rendering the hymn "Nearer, My God, to Thee" and "America," it is Intend ed to place as many members of the vari ous church choirs of the city throughout the house as possible, although no attempt will be made to secure a consolidation of choirs. Some of the changes made in the program announced this afternoon were due to the inability to appear on the part of persons who had been scheduled to be present and participate in the ceremonies. Rev. J. M. Grimke of the Fifteenth Street Presbyter ian Church, colored, was eliminated from the list made up last night on this account, as was Mrs. Nellie Wilson Shir-ClifT, who notified the music committee that an en gagement entered Into previously would compel her absence. Recruits for Artillery Service. Flfty-flve new recruits for the United States army arrived heie this morning, and were sent to the coast artillery post at Fort Hunt, Virginia, to fill out the quota of the 47th Company. They replace the men who were detached from Fort Hunt about ten days ago and sent to Fort Mc Henry, near Baltimore, to form the nu cleus of the new 118th Company of Coast Artillery. The recruits were under the command of Second Lieut. Edgar S. Stay er of the 23d Infantry. This new addition nearly fills the 47th Company to the size allowed by the army regulations. Buildinar Permits Issued. Building permits were issued today as follows: Earl W. Seltz, brick addition to 9 Grant street northwest; cost, $1,200. Stilson Hutclilns, addition to 1003 Massa chusetts avenue northwest; cost, $700. S. P. Calef, Improvements to 010 15th street northwest; cost, $000. Edward Volland, brick stable at 1724 5th street northwest; cost, $550. Mrs. Mary M. Ryan, repairs to 1112 8th street southeast; cost, $175. Employe Unjustly Accused. It is stated at the War Department that there Is no truth in a report which has obtained general circulation that an ele vator conductor in that building had been summarily dismissed for expressing grati fication at the assassination of Mr. Mc Kinley. It Is admitted, however, that an employe had been accused of expressing such sentiments, and had been suspended. An Investigation conducted by Superin tendent Balrd showed clearly, however, that the charge was unfounded, and the accused employe was restored to duty. Movements of NstsI Vessels. The Castlne has arrived at Philadelphia. The Ranger sailed yesterday from Aca pulco for Plchilinque. The Atlanta has reached B&hla. The Hartford is at Ma deira. The Michigan sailed from Buffalo for Erie yesterday. T&e Hannibal Is at Lambert's Point, while the Leonldas Is at San Juan and the Alvardo at Chestertown. Secretary Hitchcock's Departure. Secretary Hitchcock has gone to his sum mer home at Monadnock, N. H. He will be home in time for the cabinet session next Friday. . Admiral Sampson Returns to Boston. A dispatch from Boston, Mass., says: Rear Admiral and Mrs. Sampson, with their two sons, have returned to the Charlestown navy yard from Lake Suna pee, N. H. The admiral has derived a great deal of benefit from his sojourn In New Hampshire. Occasionally Correct. From tbe Cincinnati Time*-Star. In the list of important diplomatic posts maintained by the Chinese empire, Wash ln8ton^?tanda flrsC^The hssthsn Chinee "-Or . \ VIRGINIA CONVENTION THE TREAT-GREGORY CASE STILL i:\DEClDKO. DlaeiMion of Proposition to Changr Mecttan of the Legrtalatnre to Four Yram. Special Dispatch to The Evening Star. RICHMOND. Va.. September 21?The contested election case of Treat vs. Greg ory was brought to the attention of the constitutional convention today In the shape of a third report by John Garland Pollard, the eleventh member of the com mittee, who signed neither the majority nor minority reports presented on yesterday. Mr. Pollard's report makes the vote a tie, whereas the majority report gave Mr. Treat a majority of two, while the minority gave Mr. Gregory one, Mr. Pollard recom mends that a new election be ordered. The report was ordered printed. There was another deluge of petitions from all sections of the state praying the adoption of the Barbour resolution to regu late the liquor traffic. Mr. Willis of Warwick presented a reso lution empowering councils of cities and board8 of supervisors of counties to exempt for ten years new manufacturing enter prises from local taxation, provided that the exemption shall not exceed four times the amount actually paid for wages during the preceding year. Delegate Dunaway of Lancaster presented a substitute for section 8 of the bill of rights, as reported by the committee and adopted in committee of the whole. The section affects trial by Jury and was dis cussed for more than a week. The convention, on motion of Mr. Moore of Fairfax, went into committee of the whole and resumed consideration of the report of the legislative committee, the amendment of Delegate Harrison of Fred erick, to substitute biennial sessions of the legislature instead of quadrennial, as rec ommended by the committee. Mr. Flood of Appomattox called attention to the fact that the attendance was small and moved that the section be passed by temporarily. Mr. Moore opposed the motion, saying the report had been before the members for a month and they were cognizant of its contents. The motion to postpone was lost. Dole gate Kendall of Northampton advocated the amendment, saying that the people should be respected by having an opportun ity to exercise their approval or disap proval of measures and policies of govern ment. Delegate Richmond of Scott championed the report, declaring in favor of the elec tion of all officers by the people. Delegate Ayers of Wise supported the amendment, saying that it was the people's forum, he believed in trusting the people, but four years was too long a time for the law-making power to be removed from the people. Mr. Withers of Danville suggested that the report be so amended as to allow the calling of extra sessions by a majority in stead of a two-thirds vote of the members of the general assembly, which was ac ceptable to the committee. Senator Daniel at 2 o'clock began a speech in favor of biennial sessions. ? ? ? WILL NOT BE FLAGSHIPS. Change In Original Plana for New Protected Crnlsers. The original plans for the protected cruis ers of the St. Louis class now under con struction contemplated their use as flag ships, and quarters were provided for ad mirals. It has Just been decided, however, not to use this class of vessels foK -iuch service, and the order for the construction of admirals' quarters has been counter manded. This action is based on the con clusion that armored cruisers are better adapted for service as flagships than cruis ers of the protective type. ONE HEAT FOR EACH. Creacena and The Abbot Running: for Big Stake. READVILLE, Mass., September 21.?A beautiful sky and a track well dried out after last night's rain gave promise of a grand contest between the two champion stallions, Cresceus and The Abbot. Ths only thing which threatened to mar the contest was a stiff northwest breese, which blew across the track. Nearly 2O.000 people saw the race. The entire gate receipts will be given to the West End nursery, through the generosity of Thomas W. Law son, who gave the purse of $20,000 for the match. Cresceus won the first heat handily. The Abbot broke badly In the first eighth and at one time he was fully thirteen lengths behind. Time by quarters, 82%, 1.05, 1.38%, 2.10%. The Abbot won the second heat by half a length. Paper linn Hera' Strike Not Yet Ended. No arrangements have yet been made by which the present strike between the Paperhangers' Assembly and the Masters' Association may come to an early close. Both sides are still holding out, and claim to be alble to do without the assistance of the other. It Is claimed by members of the masters' organization that with the constantly In creasing supply of new men it will be only a matter of time, and that a comparatively short period, when all of the places made vacant by the strikers will be filled. Fifteen outside men. It Is stated, have oome to this city within the last two days. On the other hand, the strikers assert taht they are more confident of holdiug out than at any period In the history of the strike. Men are going to Richmond, Norfolk, and even so far as Charleston, to work until there is an end of the trouble in this city. This morning a large contract was start ed by the union at Forest Glen, where work will be provided, It is stated, for several months for a good force of men. It Is stated by several officials of the striking assembly that they have inside In formation that several of the men imported to this city by the masters have not "made good," and that they have been sent out of the city. Baltimore Markets. BALTIMORE, Md., September 21.?Flour quiet, unchanged?receipts, 11,196 barrels; exports, 344 barrels. Wheat steady?spot and the month, 72% a~2%; October, 72%a72%; December, 74%a75Vfc; steamer No. 2 red, 68%a68%; receipts, 131,963 bushels; exports, 40.000 bushels; southern by sam ple, 60a74; southern on grade, 68%a73%. Corn steady?mixed, spot and the month, 61a61%; Oc tober, 61% asked; year, 68%a58%; steamer mixed, 60a60%; receipts, 10,943 bushels; exports, none; southern white corn, 60a64; southern yellow corn, 01a64. Oats steady?No. 2 white, 39 sales; No. 2 mixed, 38 sales; receipts, 12,683 bushels; exports, none. Bye dull and easy?No. 2 nearby, 55%; No. 2 weatern, 56%; receipts, 6,767 bushels: exports, none. Hay steady?No. 1 timothy, 18.50. Grain freights dull and easy?steam to Liverpool, per bushel, %d., September; Cork, for orders, per quar ter, la. 7%d., September. Butter Arm, unchanged? fancy Imitation, 17al8; fancy creamery, 21; fancy ladle, 16al7; store packed, 12al4. Egga firm, un changed?freah, 17%al8%. Qjeeae firm, unchanged ?large. 9%al0; medium, 10Vfcal0%; small, 10%a 10%. Sugar firm, unchanged?fine and coarse gran ulated, 5.25. Government Bonds. Bid. Asked. 2 per centa, registered. 108% 109 2 per centa, coupon 109 109% 3 per cents, registered. 1906-1928... 106 109 3 per centa, coupon, 1908-1928 108* 109 4 per centa, registered, 1907 112 113 4 per cents, coupon, 1907 113 114 4 per centa, registered, 192S 139 140% 4 per cents, coupon, 1925 139 140% 8 per cents, registered. 1904 1Q8 109 6 per centa, coupon, 1904 108 108 Grain. Provisions and Cotton Markets. CHICAGO, September 21.?Grain: Open. High. Low. Close. Wheat-Dee 71% 71% 70%-1 71 May......... 74^1 ^ Corn?Dec 68% May 61 81_ Oata?Dec May !peu. aigu. u 71% 71% 7i 74% 74% 7. 58% 58%-8 01 SI 61 at at* CHICAGO, September 21.?Provisions: Open. High. Low. Close. Pork?Oct 16.00 ..... ..... ..... Jan 18.40 16.40 18.86 18.27 Lard?Oct 10-26 10.26 10.18 10.18 Jan 970 8.73 8.80 9.60 Bibs?Oct. 8.06 8.06 846 9.06 Jas......... 8.87 .... .... .... NEW YORK, September 21?Csttoo: High- Low. Close. October 7.7* 7.76 7.78 7.74 December 7.77 7.77 7.77 7.77 January 7.76 7.T8 7.74 7.78 March.. 7.78 7.78 7.78 T.78 FINANCE AND TRADE Amalgamated Copper Today Lost About Seven Points OK ACCOUNT OF THE DIVIDEND Southern Railway Shares the Strong Feature of the Day. GENERAL MARKET REPORTS Special Dispatch to Tbe Evening Star. NEW YORK, September 21.?The mar ket for American railway shares In the London stock market was extremely dull and prices there showed Irregularity. With the exception of Southern railway issues, which were % per cent above our closing figures here, the general market in London was from % to per cent below New York parity. In the local stock market the particular feature to monopolise attention at the open ing was Amalgamated Copper stock, which, after opening off over six points from last night's closing figures?on account of not declaring the extra % per cent dividend at yesterday's meeting of the directors?lost over a point more on a renewal of the heavy liquidating sales, which have been in evidence all the week. The general market at the opening showed a slight Im provement over yesterday's closing prices, and an effort was made to rally the active stocks and overcome the weakness in Amalgamated Copper by bidding up the local traction shares. Manhattan, Metropolitan and Brooklyn Rapid Transit all responded strongly to this movement, the former advancing sharply to 122^ for a gain of over 2 points, while Metropolitan and Brooklyn Rapid Transit each gained nearly 2 per cent. Tiie general list, too, was helped to a fractional rally In sympathy with the strength dis played by the traction shares. Southern railway issues were fairly well bought, but prices did not reach the high est quotations of yesterday for these spe cialties. Good buying orders were said to have been given in both the common and preferred stocks of the United States Steel corporation, on the good showing the com pany made in earnings for July and Au gust. notwithstanding the strike. After the first hour's trading a moderate reaction set In on a further weakening of the copper stocks, but after the publica tion of the bank statement, which was favorably construed by the traders, .an other rally in the general list occurred, led by the traction shares. In this advance Manhattan scored another 1 per cent ad vance, while Metropolitan gained 1% per cent over the first rally. The other strong features near the close were Louisville and Nashville and Chicago Terminal, the former stock, under an in creased demand, advancing over a point, while the latter stocks, preferred and com mon, sold up over a point, on rumors of favorable developments regarding control of the property. Confidence In the monetary outlook; a growing belief In the conservatism of the new President; continued good railway earnings, together with satisfying trade ac counts. were the controlling bullish in fluences. On the other hand, the unset tled speculation in copper stocks and Lon don's hesitation were adverse elemeivta. made mtich of by the bearlshly Inclined traders, but which, however, were with out much effect upon general sentiment. On the whole, the market cloned with some irregularity In prices, but with some strong features In evidence. Government bonds were unchanged; railway bonds firm and a llttie more active. The bank statement follows: Reserve, increase, $f>,543,67$; loans, decrease, 900; specie, increase, $7.44<1.100; legals, de crease, *1,170,200; deposits, decrease, Jl, 0Tl,li)0; circulation, Increase, $302,200. ". i FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. tot yA % sit * *nZ New Yorlc Stock Market. Furnished by W. B. Hlbbs & Co., banker* and br<?kens, 14I9-F St., members New York stock exchange, correspondents Messrs i .Ol denburg, Thalmann & Co., New York. Open. High. Low. CIom. Amalgamated Coppept- 166 106 10| io<W4 Amer. Car * Foundry.. 90^ ?*>% 90 ao Am.car* Foundry. _ American SUuar pf 133% 133* 132* 13/* American Smelter 46 46% 45% ? Atchison 76U 77 " 76Q ? Atchisou. pfd 96% 97* ??% Baltimore A Ohio 109*2 164* 103\ Baltimore A Ohio. pfd__ ......! ...... Brook I vnRapld Transit- 66% 69* 'tftQ Chesapeake a Ohio 46% 47 4tpi Chicago. B. a Q ; * Chic, a Northwestern C.. M. and St Paul 168* 164* 163* 1~63* Cnicago. R. 1. a Pacific. 148* 143* 143* 143* Cmc.a v?. Western- . 24.^ VJ4* 24 24 Col. Fuel and Iron 99 99% 99 99% Consolidated Uas_ 222* 222*4 222* 222% Con. Tobacco. . ... ^ ?'? Con. Tobacco. pfd? _ Delaware a Hudson " 5^'? ? ? 43 48>j 43* 43% F"e. 1st ? 71 71% 71 71 % General Electric.. 26374 263% 263% 263* Illinois Central? 146 14fl?| 146 146 Louisville a Nashville? 106 106% 104% 106* Metropolitan Traction.. 166% 168* 106* 1(K Manhattan Elevated 120 123* 120 12*% Missouri Pacific ? 104% 104% 104* 104-! M.K.aT pfd 66i< 56* 56* National Lead Co_ .... _ New Jersey Central . "*~ New York Central N Y. .Ontario i Western. Norfolk ? ... 56% 55% 65l, Northern Pacifio, pfd Pacific MatL Pennsylvania K. K.? People's Uas.X Rights.. PhUa. a Readlnx.lst.... Reading torn Reading 2nds Southern Pacific Southern Railway?.... Southern Kallwav. pfd. Texas Pacific Tenu. Coal and iron Lnion Pacific Union Pacific pfd? L'. S J.eather U S. Leather. pfd....._. U.S.liubber 18* U.8 Steel? _ 43% U B Steel, ofd i>4 Wabash pfd? 40!^ 40% 40* 40 . Western Union Tel "?2% ?2% ?2* 92* Washington Stock Eiehssge. Sales?regular call, 12 o'clock m.?United States I registered 3s. 91,1)00 at 108%. United States cou pon 3a, 40 at 108. Mergentbaler Linotype, & st I66V4. Lanston Monotype, 100 st lib*. 100 at 12%, 1 100 at 12%. American Grspbophoue Company com.. : 100 at 8%. After call?W ashlngton Traction and Electric 4%s, 1,000 at 63%, 1,000 at 63%. 1,000 at 6?%. Lanston Monotype, 100 at 12%. 100 at 1S% (buyer 90). Capital Traction, 6 at 103%. District of Columbia Bonds.?Funding currency 3.65s, 126 bid. Miscellaneous Bonds.?Capital Traction Railroad 4s, 108 bid, 110 asked. Wsshlngton Traction and Electric coll. 4%s, 63V. bid, 64% asked. Metropoli tan Railroad 6s, 116 bid, 119 asked. Metropolitan Railroad cert, lndebt., A, 100 bid. Metropolitan Railroad cert, lndebt., B, 106 bid. Columbia Hall road 6s, 117 bid. Columbia Railroad 2d mort. 5a, 106 bid, 110 asked. Washington Gas Company 6s, ser. A, 107 bid. Wsshlngton Gas Company 6s. sit. B, 107 bid. United States Klectrlc Light deb. Imp. 6s, 106% bid. United States Klectrlc Light cert, lndebt. 6s, 106 bid, 106% asked. Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone 5a, 104 bid, 106% asked. Amer ican Security and Trust 4s, 100 hkl. Washington Market Company lat 6s, 110 bid. Wsshlngton Market Company imp. 6s, 110 bid. Washington Market Company exten. 6s, 110 bid. Masonic Usll Association 6s, 104 bid. American Orsphopboue deb. 6s, 100 asked. Safe Deposit and Trust Companies.- National Safe Deposit and Truat, 146 bid. Washington Loan and Trust, 170 bid. 174 aaked. American Security and Trust, 218 bid, 220 aaked. Washington Safe Deposit, 00 bid. Union Trust and Storage, 106 bid, 108 aaked. Natienal Bank Stocks.?Bank of Washington, 970 bid, 460 aaked. Central, 230 bid. Farmers and Mechanlca', 226 bid. Second,, 165 bid. Cltlxena', 166 btd. Columbia, 170 bid. Capital, 166 bid, 170 aaked. West End, 120 bid, 120 aaked. Traders', 140 bid. Lincoln, 128 bid. Railroad Storks.?Capital Traction Company, xl03% bid, 104 aaked. Insurance Stocks.?Firemen's. 27% asked. Frank lin, 40 bid. Metropolitan, 76 bid- Corcoran. 60 bid. Potomac. 68 bid. Arlington. M bid. German American, 216 bid. Natienal Union. 7% bid, ? aaked. Columbia, 10 bid. Klggs. 7% bid, 8 asked. People's, 8 bid, 6% asked/ Commercial, 4 bid, 6 asked. Title Insurance Stocks.?Real Estate Title, M bid. 86 aaked. Columbia Title, 4% bid, 8 aaked. District Title, 4 bid. Telephone Stocks.?Cbseapeake and Potomsc. a bid. Oss Stocks.?Washington Gas, 60% bid. 61% asked. Miscellaneous Stocks. ? Mergentbaler Linotype, xl66 hid, 166% aaked. lanston Monotype, 13% bid, 12% aaked* American Graphopbone com.. xSU bid, 8% asked. American Oraf*opbone pfd., 8% bid, 10 asked. Pneumatic Chin Carriage. .06 bid, .10 aaked. Washington Market. 14 bid. Norfolt and Washington Steamboat, 160 bid. ISO asked. a Ex. dividend.