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WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1901-S1XTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
THE EVENING STAB. PUBLISHED DAILY, EXCEPT 8UNDAT. ~ Offiaa, 11 th Street and Pennsylvania Armas. Tho Eyonius; Star Newspaper Company. 8. H. KAQTFMANK, PrWt Few York Offioei 126 Tribnne Baildii^. Chicago Office: Doyen Buiidiag. Tbe Evening Star la aerml to subscriber* In tbe Ity by carrier*, on tbelr own account, at 10 centa per week, or 44 centa per month. Coplea at tbe cocnter. 2 cents each. By tr.ail~ anywhere In tba V.S. orCanoda?postage prepaid?5ncenta per month. Saturday Quintuple Sheet Star, |1 per year; with foreJjrn p< stnee added. 11.08. (Et'ten-d at the Poet Oflioo at Waablngton. D. O., as second-class mall matter.) C7A11 mall k ibsi rli.ttorx must be paid !n adrance. Kate* of advertising made known on appllcatim. THE BROOKLYN LOOP Gommander Heilner Before the Court of Inquiry. HIS EXPERIENCE ON THE TEXAS Official Chart Admitted to Be In accurate. COAL SUPPLY DISCUSSED An improvement has been made In the court room In which the Schley court of Inquiry Is holding Us sessions at the navy yard. The difficulty in hearing what has been said by the witnesses has been so great that only those within the ratlins surrounding the court and lt3 officers could clearly understand the testimony at all -tirms, and occasionally even those within eight or ten feet from the witness could not hear what has been said on the stand. The difficulty In hearing has been regarded as largely responsible for the la'Ung off In the attendance of newspaper men on the sessions of the court during the short time it has been in existence. The general public attending the sessions has been seated back of the reservation provided for th<* press, and it has not been able to hear enough of the proceedings to gain any In telllgent idea of what has been going on. In order to remedy this acoustic defect a celling of cotton material has been placed Jndite Advocate General Lenity. over the room, shutting out the great space ur.der the rafters. It has 8hut off thtf telegraph room and lessened the noise from the telegraph instruments, and is a great Improvement In the general acoustic prop erties of the court room. The members of the court were prompt, an usual, h\ reaching the navy yard, but when they arrived they found Capt. Lemly and his assistant, Mr. Hanna. already there, busily engaged In getting ready for the day's work. Among the witnesses who reported this morning were Admiral C. 8. Cotton, Com manders James Madison Miller, A. B. Bates and S. C. Heilner, Captains B. H. McCalla and IVm. C. Wise and Lleuts. John Hood and Spencer 8. Wood. Admiral Schley and his counsel arrived at 10:45 o'clock. It was authoritatively stated today that the Navy Department has no In tention at present of bringing Admiral Sampson to Washington as a witness or to participate In any other manner at the in quiry. The hands of the old-fashioned hall clock standing back of the seats occupied by the court pointed directly to the hour of 11 o'clock when Admiral Dewey with a sharp rap of his gavel called the court to order. There was at that time a somewhat larger attendance on the part of the general pub lic than there had heretofore been at the sittings, but there were fewer distinguished personages occupying the reserved seats. Logm Offered. The first business was the offering in evidence of deck log b?ok? of the Brooklyn, Texa?. Iowa, Marblehead Oastine, Massa chusetts. Minneapolis. Me* Oneans, Ore gon, St. Paul, Scorpion, Yale, Vixen, Eagle, Dupont, Hawk and Merrimac by Judge Ad vocate Lemly. "How about the log of the New York?" inquired Mr. Wilson, as these logs had been recounted by the judge advocate. The Judge advocate said he had no objec tion to having that log. He then proceeded to state the dates of the logs of these ships that he had had copied to be printed in the record. At first counsel for Admiral Schley i made no objection to this proceeding, but as s<K?n as the Judge advocate had read the dates of the logs he proposed to print ! in the record Mr. Wilson was on his feet j and insisting that the entire log should be j printed. 'The Judge advocate is proposing to print only that part of the logs he Is going to j rely on In making up his case," said Mr. Wilson. Mr. Ravner declared that the log books should be printed from May 18 to July .'1, ! from the day the fleet left Key West until the battle was over. Tills proposition was agreed to by the Judge, advooate. who also offered In evi dence the "slfdm logs" of the Brooklyn, Texas. Massachusetts, Iowa. Marblehead, and, at the request of counsel for Admiral Schley, the New York. Commander Schroeder was then recalled to the stand to certify to the official re port of hfs testimony given b&te.re the court last Saturday. After indicating his approval of the report of his testimony Mr. Hanna asked the witness if he knew how much coal there was on board the Massa chusetts, of which he was executive officer, on May 26. 1808. He replied he did not, and Mr. Hanna wanted him to refresh his memory from the log of the Massachusetts, which was objected to by counsel on the ground that the log was in evidence before the court, and that the witness could not refresh his memory by examining a record hi had not made. Cosl on the Maa?arha*<tt?. Commander Schroeder was then asked concerning the coal supply of the Massa chusetts, and when he replied that he had no information oa that point he was asked to read the log to secure this Information. Counsel for Admiral Schley objected, but Assistant Judge Avocate Hanna insisted, saying that Admiral Schley's counsel were 'merely creating delay by their objections. "1 propose to develop the facts in this case, and technical objections will not avail to prevent," he said. The purpose of this inquiry was to de velop what Messrs. Lemly and Hanna con siders! an error in Admiral Hlgginson's testimony. He had said that the Massa chusetts could not have remained on block ade lor more than twelve days, and that then the vessel would be without coal and powerless to proceed to coal. The objection to the question was not pressed, and upon reading from the log Comr.iandcr Schroeder said it showed that the Massachusetts had 842 tons 1.728 pounds of coal aboard when It arrived at Santiago. Mr. Hanna?"Assuming that the Massa ! k _ chusetts on blockade duty would use thirty to forty tons of coal per day, how 'onS could the Massachusetts have remained on blockade before Santiago with that supply of coal?" "That would depend entirely upon the nature of the blockade and upon whether we would have to go some distance to re plenish the coal supply. By keeping under way at night, as we did up to the 1st of June, of course, we used a little more coal than we would have by keeping stationary blockade, as was done afterward. "I do not remember the coal consump tion rer day. My recollection was that during the stationary blockade the noon signal was to go to '25 or 30 tons a day." "Assuming it then to be 30 to 40 tons, how long could the Massachusetts have remained on blockade?" "At 40 tons a day, of course, she would remain about twenty days If there was a coal supply at hand, so we would not have to go oft and get some, and there was coal there at the time on the Merrimac." "Steaming at ten knots, about how much coal would the Massachusetts consume on a day's run?" "That I do not remember." "Assuming that it was fifty tons a day, that would give her a steaming radius of what?" "My recollection is that we could make four and a half miles per ton of coal. So that would be about 2*J0 miles a day on fifty tons, and I think this probably not far from what was the case." "Allowing then sufficient coal on the Massachusetts with an equipment of 800 tons to reach Key West, how long could she have remained on blockade steaming backward and forward as she did from May to June 1?" "If she used forty tons a day she could have remained twenty days." He then stated that she could have re mained sixteen days and would then have had sufficient coal left to reach Key West. Assuming the distance to Key West to be 700 miles, what coal would have been necessary?" asked Captain Lemly. Commander Schroeder?"I should think 150 to 175 tons would probably have taken us there. We can always rely upon that because as a rule the engineers keep a little ahead rather than behind their coal account." Before the Massachusetts went to Guan tanamo for coal, the witness said, he thought there was a good supply on board. The log book showed that the Massachu setts then had 470 tons and 1,500 pounds of coal. "1 am not sure," he said, "that we went to Guantanamo so much for coal as we did to' give a respite to the men. We had seventy men in the fighting force of the army and we had been keeping special watches and lost rest, and 1 think our trip to Guant&namo might have been as much to rest the men for a day or two as It was to get coal." Capt. Schroeder, upon the conclusion of his testimony, asked if he could make ar rangements to return to Guam, and, no ob jection being made, he was told he could do so, except that he would appear before the court tomorrow to certify to the cor rectness of his testimony. Commander Heilaer'i Testimony. The next witness was Comntattder George C. Heilner, now stationed at the navy yard, Brooklyn, and who served during the war with Spain as navigator on board the Texas with the rank of lieutenant. He was with the Texas from the time it be came a part of the flying squadron until after the battle of July 3. The Judge advocate?"Did you hear any guns fire when the squadron approached Cienfuegos, May 21?" The witness?"I did not." Q. When you arrived at Cienfuegos what efforts, if any, were made under orders of the commander-in-chief to ascertain if the Spanish squadron was in the port of Cien fuegos or to indicate what insurgents were there? A. None, to my knowledge. The witness remembered seeing the Mar blehead steam to the westward, and when it returned he was informed that she had communicated with insurgents. Q. Was any effort made then to your knowledge to destroy forts or to prevent further work on forts on shore at Cien fuegos? A. Not to my knowledge. Q. What kind of weather did the Texas meet while off that port? A. Very good. Q. Did she take coal while there? A. No, sir. We were to take coal the day we left. It was rough In the morning, and my recollection is the collier did not want to come alongside, and in the evening, l after we had an order to form line, the Texas left the line to go alongside the col lier, but by signal returned to the line. I think the signal was "Never mind coal." The Weather During the Ban. Leaving Cienfuegos the squadron first went twenty or twenty-flve miles to the south and a little to the eastward of San tiago. Q. What kind of weather did you meet? A. We met good weather. Of course, we had fresh winds, so that it was moderately rough at times. Q. Did the Texas delay the squadron on this passage? A. She did not. Q. What vessel, if any, did delay the squadron? A. None of the fighting ships. The Eagle did. Q. Did the Texas coal 28th of May? A. I think it was the 28th of May when we went alongside of the Merrimac for coal. We were considerably to the westward Captain Parker. from where we were when we stopped. Q. How did you get to the westward? Dirt you drift or steam there? A. Steamed. Q. Where was the Texas at the time of the bombardment of the Colon in the har bor of Santiago? A. We were coaling from one of the colliers seven or eight miles from the port. The witness was on the deck of the Texas when the bombardment of the Colon In the harbor of Santiago occurred, and he saw the shots from the enemy fall short of our ships and he also saw one or two of the American shots strike the water. The Brooklyn's Loop. Q. Where were you on July 3, at the time the American squadron went into ac tion with Cervera's fleet. A. I was on board the Texas during the engagement, in the conning tower. Q. Describe the part the Texas took in that action? A. The Texas had bees head ing about east when the enemy was seen coming out from Santiago. Lieut. Bristol, officer of the deck, rang to go ahead at full speed, and put the helm hard to star board to make turn. When I got on deck the captain told me to find which way the ships were going, and he rang half speed, i 1 suggested full speed, but he said better not full speed until ready to fire. I told him we would be ready before the ship was in position to fire, and he said to ring full speed. When the Becond of the ene my's ships followed the first to the west ward he put his helm hard to starboard. I made several reports to him about the (.Continued on Becond RECIPROCITY PLAN Economic Policy Announced in Mc Kinley's Last Speech. A CABINET OFFICER'S VIEWS President Roosevelt to Follow in His Predecessor's Line. PRESSURE ON CONGRESS Before President McKinley delivered his notable speech in Buffalo, in which he an nounced his espousal of the cause of reel- | procity as the coming economic policy of this government, he talked the subject over with his cabinet earnestly and thoroughly. His deliverance therefore was deliberate and well considered. It was in a measure of a somewhat general character dealing with the question in its larger sense, th# details to be worked out later. The members of the cabinet are remem bering his talks with them upon that line and treasuring them for their future guid ance in dealing with the important and ex tremely delicate question of reciprocity. One member of the cabinet, who took much interest in the President's plans, gives a very interesting and very important elab oration of the subject, representing Mr. McKlnley's views at that time. According to this official the President's ideas could be stated about as follows: Reciprocal Trade Arrangements. That Mr. McKinley believed the senti ment of the country was setting in the di rection of revision of the tariff. Indeed that revision was Inevitable, and he thought the best way to meet the demand to be through reciprocity, by which we could get something back for our revision. In other words. Instead of making a straight cut in the tariff, to trade off the revision for a compensation through recip rocal trade arrangements. , . President McKinley, It Is said, had be come very much Impressed by the argu ments of the western men in Congress that the people were demanding tariff revision on those lines of manufactures that were being made in this country and sold in for eign lands cheaper than at home. He also saw a continuance of the existing prosper ity dependent upon less restricted trade re lations, and all of this was visible through the opening door of reciprocity. The President realized, it is said, the great difficulty attending the proposition to teven set this door ajar. He was thor oughly aware of the difficulties that had confronted the efforts for reciprocity in the last Congress and knew the source and cause of each obstruction placed in the way. He believed, however, that the ex perience that was gained last year would serve next time to make the effoft easier. It was his idea that the conflicting inter ests could be compromised and opposition placated by discussion of the subject, even if a campaign of education were necessary. As the recognized apostle of an economic policy that had enriched the people, he had faith in his ability to convince the people of the necessity for variations in the policy to meet the changing conditions of the times. Roosevelt Believe* In Reciprocity. President Roosevelt has announced his intention to carry out the policies of his pred-3ces8c>r, and that pledge Includes, of course, his adoption of reciprocity. Prior to that, however, Mr. Roosevelt had de clared his adherence to the general prin ciple of reciprocity. There is great curiosity in congressional circles, where the tariff question is already I looming up as one of the probable big is sues of the coming session, to know what President Roosevelt will recommend, and how he will suggest carrying out the recl I procity plan. It is assumed that he will take the advice of the old tariff bill mak | ers in Congress before he plunges into the subject. Indeed, it is said he fc*s already intimated his Intention to pursue a con servative course in this direction. Whatever the President recommends, one thing is assured; If any reciprocity treaties are framed, the work is to be done under the supervision and with the consent of the men who have made the tariff bills for the republican party, and who are still in Congress. In the last Congress the treaties pro posed for ratification were made up in a large mersure, it is understood, without full and free consultation with the tariff-mak ers of the House and Senate. When the treaties were mau^ public there was an im mediate rush of the Industries considering themselves menaced to their Senators and Representatives to protest against the pro posed reductions in tariff. Interests That Protested. The wool growers, whose Industry has been Immeasurably stimulated under the Dlngley bill, protested against the Argen tine treaty which proposed a reduction on Argentine wool, although great favors were granted American agricultural machinery and other products going into the Argen tine Republic. The French treaty stirred up the knit goods manufacturers, the makers of cheap jewelry and bric-a-brac, the glove makers of New York, some branches of the glass industry, and all of these branded together were powerful enough to prevent the ratification of the treaties. The position of the opposing senators was, that while they did not object to re ciprocity as a policy, its application should be made with great care, so as not to dis turb the protected industries of this coun try. They felt that the time was not pro pitious for an effort on their part to re cast the treaties. It now remains to be seen whether there will be a sufficient sentiment in the Senate strong enough to bring about an effort to build up some treaties of reciprocity in accordance with the senatorial ideas thus expressed. Pressure From the West. From the west will come renewed press ure for tariff revision; that is certain. The exponents of Mr. McKlnley's plans will urge the accomplishment of revision through reciprocity. From the east, large ly from New England, will come protests In behalf of various industries likely to be affected by reciprocal arrangements with foreign countries. The Senate will have to compose these varying and in many cases conflicting In terests. In the meantime. It is considered likely that the House will take a part In the proceedings, the western element in troducing bills proposing reductions in some of the tariff schedules. The high pro tectionists are in the majority of the re publican membership of the ways and means committee, however, and It is not considered probable that the other faction will enlist the aid of the democrats. In fact, the great cry of the revisionists Is, "Let us revise the tariff according to re publican principles, and not wait until forced to do it along free trade lines." Army Orders. Capt. Samuel B. Bootes, commissary, haB been assigned to duty at San Francisco. Contract Surgeon O. H. Richardson, at Plattaburg barracks. N. Y., has been as signed to duty at Fort Apache, Ariz. IsrgVCs General on the Thomas. A cable message was received at the War Department today, saying that Surgeon General Sternberg, who recently made a tour of Inspection in the Philippines, Is ex pected to arrive at San Francisco on the ; transport Thomas on the 1st proximo. TO INVESTIGATE HEMP SOANOAk Meeting of the Senate Military Com mittee Next Friday. Senators Proctor, Cockrell and Harris of the Senate military committee, charged with the Investigation of the charges pre ferred against Lieut. Col. H. O. S. Heistand of the adjutant general's de partment In connection with' the so called hemp scandal, has completed ar rangements for beginning the investigation next Friday. The committee his obtained from the War Department copies of cap tain official records in the case and is nguv | prepared for the examination of witnesses. Lieut. Col. Heistand, who haa been ftn ' duty at San Francisco in connection with i the mustering out of the volunteers since his return from China a few months ago, has been ordered to proceed to this city without delay for the purpose o? appearing before the Senate committee. Adjutant General Corbin, whose testimony is also desired by the committee, is expected to reach this city tomorrow morning. He has ! just concluded an extensive tour of inspec tion in the Philippines. I Senator Harris, as chairman of the inves tigating committee, last week wrote to Major E. L. Hawks, who made the original charges against Col. Heistand, asking him to submit to the committee a nill sworn written statement of the charges he had to make against Col. Heistand as a basis for the future action of the committee. In reply Maior Hawks iuidressul A. letter Ao the senator saying: "I beg to say that I have preferred charges against Lieut. Col. H. O. S. Heis tand before the War Department, which charges are now, presumably, to be investi gated by it. I do not desire to prefer charges before your committee against Lieut. Col. H. O. S. Heistand, but stand ready to obey any summons to go before you, and am prepared to bring with me many documents shedding lighf upon the subject matter of the Investigation with which you are charged. "Others who have material knowledge or documents germane to your investigation, who should be called before you, are: Col. Wm. C. Mclntire, attorney-at-Iaw, Wash ington, D. C.; Gen. W. W. Dudley, attor ney-at-law, Washington, D. C.; L. T. Mich ener, attorney-at-law, Washington. -D. C.; Major General H. C. Corbin. U. S. A.; Gov. Allen, late of Porto Rico; Judge James E. Boyd, Greensboro, N. C.; Mr. G. D. Meikle john, late assistant secretary of war; Capt. W. E. Whorton, United States census, and others. "I presume the Secretary of War will furnish the committee a copy of cliarges preferred against Col. Heistand and his answer to said charges." ? ' AUDITOR PERSON'S REPORT. Improvement In the New System of Pension Rolls. R. S. Person, auditor for the Interior Department, has submitted his gsnual re port to the Secretary of the Treasury. It covers the Work ot his office for the Uveal year ended June 00, 1901. The report shows that the work of the office IB up to date. Mr. Person says that the new fcard sys tem of pension rolls has been a waving of over |2t>,00() In Clerk hire, besides b?kig more economical In space and more conven ient of reference and insuring greater ac curacy. Speaking of the need of more file room, Mr. Person says: "1 invite particular attention to.the emer gency confronting this office in the matter of providing shelving space for the preser vation of its records. The shelving space in the main flies rooms of the office"is.en tirely exhausted and the ??i>ldly Ac cumulating records are being, and hgve been for many months, distributed aleng the narrow passageways between the tiers of shelv'ng. Recourse to this unsatisfac tory an! Inconvenient expedient has re sulted li. a condition of congestion, endan gering the proper preservation of these Im portant public records, rendering their or derly arrangement Impossible and greatly increasing the labor of the employes as signed to the flies rooms. These papers are accumulating at the rate of about 170 cubic feet each month, and some provision for their preservation has become a most urgent necessity." The report shows that there Is only one pensioner of the war of 1812 left on the pension rolls. The sum paid is $90 a year. HAVANA FLOATING DRY DOCK. Will Probably Be Sent to a Naval Station in the Philippines. Present indications are that the big float ing steel dry dock at Havana, recently purchased by this government from Spain, will be sent to the new Olongapo naval Ra tion in the Philippines. Secretly Long to day authorized the repairs recommended by Naval Constructor Gilmour, who was sent down to Havana to prepare an estimate of the work necessary to put the dock fat per fect condition. Naval Constructor Gilmour placed the estimate of cost at $66,000, but this estimate was made with the belief that an extra dock force would have to be en gaged for the work. It is now thought that much of the repair work can be done by the regular force, and the total cost of repairs brought considerably within the fig ure named. The dock Is to be painted and thoroughly cleaned. New suction pipes are to be pro vided for the air pumps, so as to Insure a freer flow of water, and the electrical ma chinery Is In need of considerable repair. POTOMAC IMPROVEMENT. Progress Made in the Dredging Opera tions SatiMfaetory. Colonel Allen, the engineer officer in charge of the improvement of the Potcgnac, reports to the War Department that recent dredging operations in the Virginia chan nel above the Long bridge by the Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf Company have resulted in the completion of a channel 400 feet wide for a length of 3,200 feet from the lower end of the bar. During the past month 143,009 cubic yards of material .were dredged and deposited on the reclaimed area, being the largest amount of *imch work ever done in a month on this Im provement. Similarly good progress is reported in the dredging operations In the Potomac river below Washington,-, the project for > which contemplates a channel 24 feet deep and 200 feet wide through the various bars. The work has ben completed at Mattawo man Shoal and at Smith's Point Shoals, upper and lower, and Rittenhoose Moore, the contractor, has begtin dredging at Maryland Point Shoal. Case of Llcnti Howell. The record In the case of Second Lieuten ant James F. Howell, 12th^Batter)r of Weld Artillery, has been received at the "War Department. Lieutenant Bowell was tried In the Philippines on the Charge of drunk enness on duty. He was convicted and sen tenced to be dismissed. After the Indorse ment of the Judge advocate general ot the army is put on the papers they will go to President Roosevelt before the case Is ulti mately disposed of. Personal Mention. ! Dr. Charles W. Richardson has recovered from a five weeks' illness. Dr. Louease N. Lenman has returned to this city. < J. L. Tranger, manager of the German i newspaper the Westbote of Columbus, jDhio, J Is at the Raleigh. _ ? Secretary Hay has left. th? city for a^ visit to his summer home at gunapee, N. Hf Among the officers of the democratic con gressional committee who are In thgclty are 'Chairman Richardson, Secretary Kerr, Assistant Secretary Jesse and Assistant Ser ge&nt-at-arms Marmaduk*. JURY IS COMPLETED Good Progress Being Made in the Czolgosz Trial. THE ASSASSIN PLEADS GJJILTT This Changed to the Legal For mality by Counsel. HIS DEMEANOR IN COURT BUFFALO, N. Y? September 23.?Leon F. Czolgosz was placed on trial today for the murder of President McKinley on Sep tember 6. The trial was In the supreme court of Erie county, Judge Truman C. White presiding. The trial began at 10 o'clock, but long before that hour the streets in the vicinity of the city hall were the objective of many curious persons. They were willing to take chances on being admitted to the court room, even though they knew that there were but 150 seats available. The various entrances to the great building, with the exception of that on Franklin street, were closed and guarded. Police men were everywhere and rigid discipline was the order of the day. Squads of blue coated mtn were stationed on every land ing and in a double line far outside the entrance to keep back the crowds, while in a station not far away reserves were ready to reinforce the detail on duty should the feelings of the people become aroused to the extent of rioting. Mounted officers paced slowly around every side of the structure and no one was allowed to stand on the sidewalk for a moment, so tnat at no time was the crowd large. Prisoner Brought Throngh Tnnnel. No one outside of the building saw the prisoner as he was taken from his cell to the court room. His guardians made use of the Tunnel of Sobs" under the Btreet from the jail to the city hall, and Czolgosz was brought into the court room only a few momenta before the hour set for the open ing of his trial. No person was admitted . ^ without a pass signed by e chief of police, and It was necessary to snow this to every policeman on every every corridor. The officer at the door of the court room waa especially vigilant, and not only ex amined the passes, but scrutinized the bearers critically before admitting them to the rpom. The interior of the city hall as I % ?UtSld^' fetU1 bore the somber diapering of mourning, and quiet was en h IS. ^"s befitting the occasion. The counsel for Czolgosz, former Supreme [ Ccyrt Justices Loren L. Lewis and Robert , C. Titus and Carlton E. Ladd, saw him again this morning before the time for the opening of the court, but he had no more to say to them than on the previous occa | "ens when they have visited him. In view l of the meagerness of the opportunity for a defense and the fact that the prisoner re fuses absolutely to aid them it is not im probable that the entire proceedings mav be completed within two days. In(Knlt>- the i < The mental condition of the assassin will be absolutely the only defense to be offered," are the words of Judge Titus, and there is no little expectation that they will publicly abandon the case today or tomorrow and merely represent Czolgosz formally during the trial. As-a result of the examination of two alienists. Dr. Chas. T. McDonald and Dr. Allen McLane Hamil ton of New York city, the question of in ??iTj w ^ eliminated from the subjects on Which the defense, can rely for support. Part II of the supreme court of Erie county la a small room in the south side of the .econd floor of the city hall. It is lighted only at the south end by latticed windows and here the justices' bench and witness stand is placed. On the right of tne room are the jurymen's seats, and thev have an unobstructed view of the entire room. There la no railing in front of the Jurymen, and the chairs are placed on a platform some six inches above the floor. The room has a high ceiling studded with drab walls which are seamed with cracks The lnclosure for the bench and bar occu pies over one-half of the floor space, while the remainder is given over to seats for the general public. Not over 130 of the latter-could be accommodated, and these seats today were mainly occupied by the men summoned to serve upon the jury. Czolgosz, with his counsel, occupied seats directly in front of the Justices' bench. Where the Prisoner Sat. The prisoner's chair was Just back of that of Judge Titus, and deputy sheriffs with their staves of office were placed at various points In the room and quiet was enforced upon all. The spectators' seats were filled very slowly, owing to the ex treme care shown by the officers in the corridors in admitting those who applied, and it was not until "court" was announced that the last one was occupied. Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton of New York city was one of the first of those connectcd with the case to take a position inside of the lnclosure. Dr. Hamilton, who was the chief insanity expert at the trial of Gar field's assassin, Ouiteau, occupied a seat at the table reserved for the prosecution. District Attorney Penney and his assist ant, Frederick Haller, were the next to put in an appearance, and were followed by judges Lewis and Titus, counsel for the prisoner. Just behind them came Mrs. Jus tice White and her daughter, who were given seats within the inclosure. At 10 o'clock the formal opening of the court was announced. Justice Truman C. White entered through the center aisle and took his seat upon the bench. The first business of the session had no relation to the case of Czolgosz. It consisted merely of calling the roll of grand jurors for the coming session, and they were then excused until October 7. Clerk of Courts Fisher, after a prelimi nary "Hear ye! Hear ye!" by the crier, proceeded with the calling of the jurors summoned for the trial of the Czolgosz caae in part three. Judge White allowed the grand jurors who had previously been called to leave the room, if they desired, but only two did so, the others preferring to stay and witness the trial. ( One Juror Asked to Be Excmed. Of the thirty-six trial jurors called only one asked to be excused. He had a sawmill In process of erection, which, he said, must be finished at once on account of low water, and he Was excused. Justice White then requested the other justices of parts one and two, then in session, not to discharge their Jurors, but to hold them in readi ness for an Impaneling in the Czolgosz case. At 10:16 there was a bustle In the corridor and a squad of policemen brought In the prisoner. He was handcuffed to an officer on e4ch side, while in front and behind him walked other uniformed policemen. The prisoner was attired in a new suit of dark gray, a white shirt and a collar and a light blue bow tie. His face was cleanly shaven and his hair combed. He sat down behind his counsel, with two officers in plain clothing Immediately in his rear. s District Attorney Penney proceeded at once with the reading of the Indictment. He spoke to Czolgosz In a low voice; In fact, so low that when the prisoner was asked to plead he seemed not to understand what had been said. Justice White asked him, "What have you to say?" There was a moment's hesitation. Then the prisoner's lips moved as if to make re ply. but before he could do so his Junior counsel, Mr. Lewis, arose to speak, not having seen the prisoner's motion. Justice White, however, insisted that Czolgos* should speak, and the prisoner said: Prisoner Did Not Hear. "I didn't hear what he said." District Attorney Penney then read the indictment again in a louder voice, and to the demand for a reply the prisoner, who was standing at the time, said in a very low voice, "Guilty." This plea was, however, not permitted to stand under the law, and a plea of "not guilty" was at once ordered by the court. Mr. Titus, Junior counsel for the defense, then arose and stated to the court the facts already known as to his connection with the case. He explained that the position of himself and his associates, Judge lyewls and Mr. Ladd, was a peculiar one and con sisted mainly in making sure that all the forms of law and Justice were observed in the prosecution. Justice White, in reply, complimented counsel for the defense and said that the prisoner could have no better counsel, and that whatever the outcome, It would re flect only credit and honor on them. The examination and swearing in of the jurors was then begun, the prisoner stand ing as each was sworn. The first Juror was summoned at 10:2rt. His name is Frederick V. Lauer, a plumb er. He was examined briefly by the dis trict attorney and counsel for the defense. No objection was made and Lauer was ac cepted. Richard J. Garwood, a street railway foreman, was next summoned. One of the questions put to him by District Attorney Penney was: "Do you believe in the pres ent form of government?" to which Gar wood responded, "Yes." Judge Lewis asked Garwood if he would acquit a man If it was clearly proven that he was insane at the time the murder was committed. Mr. Garwood replied that he would. After a few more questions from Judge Lewis, Garwood was accepted. Third Mui of the Panel Excnoed. The third of the panel called to the bar was Joshua Winner, a farmer of North Collins. He was objected to by the de fendant and excused. Henry W. Wendt. a local manufacturer, when called, announced that he had formed no definite opinion on the case: his opinion would be governed by the evidence alone. He was sworn in. Horatio M. Winspear, a farmer of Elma, was called. "Do you believe in capital pun ishment?" was asked by the district attor ney. After some hesitation the talesman replied: "Well, yes." The questions asked by Mr. Lewis, for the defense, of nearly all the Jurors were particularly as to whether or not they were present In the Temple of Music at the time of the crime. Winspear said he was not there, but while the defense were not opposed to his acceptance on the panel, he was challenged by the people. George Kuhn, a baker, of Buffalo, born in Germany, but a citizen of this country for twenty-five years, was next called. His opinion of the guilt of the prisoner, he said, was so firmly established that no evi dence could change It, and he was excused. John D. Elliott, a farmer of Grand Island, was opposed to capital punishment, and was challenged by the people. He was ex cused Silas Carmer, another farmer living at Clarence, had already made up his mind as to the guilt of the defendant; he could give him a fair trial, however, on the evi dence. He was accepted by both sides and sworn in as the fourth Juror at 11:04 a.m-, less than an hour after the court opened During the examination of ihe Jurors the prisoner sat ere<jt in his chair and ga*ed straight ahead at the back of his senior counsel. Beyond the rapid blinking of his eyes, he appeared unconcerned. He made jja ttfftjrf'f* cejiimunicatlon with his coun sel, nor they wftfr him. Fifth Juror Secured. James 8. Stygall, a plumber, after a brief examination, was accepted, making the fifth juror secured at 11:35. Frank J. Litz, a clerk, had not formed any opinion. He was confused by the ques tions of the counsel and made several con tradictions. He was excused by the de fense., . I John G. Milburn, the host of President McKlnley, at whose home the death"- of the President occurred, came Into the court room at 11:30. There were only four women In the court room, three inside the railing as guests of the court and one in the spectators' seats. One by one the government*8 witnesses had come in, and at 11:30 there were pres ent Assistant Superintendent P. B. Cuslck of the police. Dr. Herman Mynter apd Dr. M. D. Mann, who attended the President; Dr. James W. Putnam, Drs. Joseph FoVler and Floyd S. Crego, local physicians. Michael McGloIn, a carpenter, was ex cused by the people' because he had ex pressed an opinion on the case. Wm. Loton, a farmer ot Edon, was. chosen as the sixth Juror at 11:43. Judge Sherman of the superior court and Judge Hammond of the supreme court of Massachusetts came into the court room Just as Benjamin I<ang, a Buffalo grocer, was called. They were introduced to Jus tice White and were given seats at the .clerk's desk. Judge ? Titus, for the defense, conducted the examination of Lang. The latter was excused', on the ground that he had a.n in terest ' in a corporation owning property, though he had none in his own right. Error In Panel List. An error in the panel list was found when Otto F. Hager, a Buffalo music dealer, was called for examination. Otto F. Hager of Grand Island presented himself instead, and he was excused. The next man called was Walter E. Ever ett, a blacksmith. He was satisfactory to both sides, and so was accepted as the sev enth Juror Just as the bells struck for noon. After the acceptance of this juror Judge Lewis addressed the court, saying that in asmuch as he and his principal associate were aged men, and owing to the sudden ness of their connection with the case, and the fact that they had little time for prep aration, he desired the sessions of the court to be as short as possible. He believed the progress of the case would in no way be hindered or delayed by short hours. He suggested that court convene at 10 a.m. and close at 4 p.m., and that there be an intermission from 12 noon until 2 p.m. Judge White expressed himself as being agreeable to this arrangement,- believing the request to be a reasonable one. He therefore made the hours of the court to conform with Mr. Lewis' request. Benjamin J. Ralph, a bank cashier, was called to the stand at noon. After the usual questions from counsel on both sides | he was accepted, and took the eighth seat in the Jury box. The adjournment of court until 2 o'clock was then announced. The spectators were ordered to keep their seats until the judge, jury and counsel had passed out. At the same time Czolgosz was handcuffed to the deputies and hurried from the court room back to the jail. For the first time since he came into the court room today he spoke to one of the guards. "Get my hat," he said, and the officer placed It upon his head as he walked out. Evidently the general public appreciated the fact that It would be practically impos sible to get a glimpse of the scenes within the city hall, for very few persons stood about the entrance when the witnesses and attorneys began to file back Into the build ing after the noon recess. The prisoner was brought in manacled, as before, to two officers, and at 2 o'clock Justice White re sumed the session. The second talesman called after the re convening of court was Samuel P. Waldo. He was accepted, making the ninth juror. Andrew J. Smith of Buffalo was chosen the tenth Juror at 2:18 p.m. The eleventh juror was sworn at 2:40. He is Joachln H. Mertens of Buffalo, dealer in boots and shoes. The twelfth and last Juror was accepted at 2:43. His name Is Robert J. Adams, a contractor of Buffalo. Capt. Stafford's Resignation. The resignation of Capt. H. E. Stafford, assistant surgeon, United States Volun teers, has been" accepted by the President, to taks effect at once. As a Business Bringer there Is nothing: in Washington equal to an advertisement in The Even Star. A dollar planted in its columns will bear fruit an hun dred fold. AT THE WHITE HOUSE Many Persons Pay Their Respects to the President MR. BABCOCK'S CONGRATULATIONS A Talk Over Pennsylvania Post Offices. UNION VETERANS CALL Until the usual acts of civility from vari ous officials of the government to a new chief executive are paid. President Roose velt will not have much time during his morning hours to give to public business. The President was engaged for several hours today in receiving callers who desired to make their devoirs. These callers arrived singly, in pairs and In groups, large and small. President Roosevelt Is using the same room for the general run of visitors as did the late President, reserving his own office, the cabinet room, for such visitors as he cares to see alone. The President arrived at his office at 9:30 o'lcock, walking to the Executive Mansion from the home of his sister. The callers began arriving shortly after the President had gone to his office, where he first spent some time with Secretary Cortelyou. Headt d by Assistant Secretaries Spauldlng, Alias and Taylor, all the bureau chiefs and prom inent officials of the Treasury Department called in a body and were introduced by Secretary Gage, who had been in conference with the President. Martin A. Knapp and James D. Yeomans of the Interstate commerce commission, ac companied by Edward A. Moseley, secre tary of the commission, were received. The other Callers were Postmaster Gen eral Smith, Secretary Long, Justice Mc Kenna, Senator Penrose. 8enator Prltch ard. Senator Millard, Senator Cockerell, Senator McComber, Representatives Bab cock of Wisconsin. Bingham of Pennsyl vania, Lester of Georgia. Long of Kansas, Martin of South Dakota, Kehoe of Ken tucky, Prince of Illinois, Gibson of Ten nessee, ex-Secretary John W. Poster, ex Senator Blair, ex-Senator Carter, ex-Rep resentative Handy of Delaware, Governor Merrlam, director of the census; Commis sioner Evans, Assistant Secretary Ryan of the Interior Department and Dr. I. 8. Stone of this city. Good Wishes of at Democrat. Representative Kehoe was elected from the ninth Kentucky district to succeed Samuel J. Pugh. Mr. Kehoe lufQTOed the President that as a democrat he would be glad to give his cordial support to a Presi dent who would be the ruler of the entire country. He thought aU democrats would feel that way. , , w ? . _ President Roosevelt thanked Mr. Kehoe for his encouragement and remarked tnaX i during his public career he had never irit-d to embarrass any administration or throw obstacles in its way. Mr. Bsheoek'a Cstgtstslatiosa. Representative Babcock congratulated the President on the good feeling shown by the people of this ?otootry ?nd of foreign coun tries, to the head of the new administra tion and of the universal feeling of confi dence everywhere exhibited. The Presi dent said he felt gratified over the kindly sentiments of the people. President Roosevelt's ranch in the west lies partly in South Dakota and partly In North Dakota, and he was glad to ?e? Representative Martin of the former state. "President Roosevelt has thousands of sin cere friends and admirers In the west." said Mr. Martin. "We regard him as a national.man first, as a New Yorker sec ond and as a Dakotan third." Poat Office Appolstaasta. Postmaster General Smith talked with the President about matters in the Post Office Department,. and particularly the question of some pressing appointments of postmasters. The terms of a number of postmasters have expired and their suc cessors must be appointed. It Is said that Senator Penrose, who was at the White" House today, will take up with the Presi dent in a short Ume the Philadelphia post office. The understanding is that Post master Hicks, against whom there has for several years been a bitter fight, will be al lowed to serve his term out, when he will be succeeded by a new man. The term ex pires in January and a successor has prob ably been decided upon. Senator Penrose and Representative Bingham talked over several Pennsylvania matters with the President. Veterau? Officials Caill. Israel Stone, commander of the District G. A. R.. and Past Commanders Slaybaugh and Pickford paid their respects, and were invited to call again. R. G. Dyrenforth, commander of the U. V. U., called upon the President to request the appointment of Capt. H. L Street, former commander-in chief of the U. V. U.. as a quartermaster in the army. Capt. Street was appointed to a commissary's position in the army during the war with Spain, and served until a few months ago. Commander Dyren forth handed him his commission when the organization held Its annual meeting In Rock Island three years ago. The next annual meeting of the organisation will be held in Chicago October ii, 2a and 24. and Commander Dyrenforth hopes to have Capt. Street's permanent commission signed by that time. President Roosevelt directed that the matter be brought to his attention at an early day. Domiciled In the White House. President Roosevelt Is now domiciled In the White House and Wednesday will be joined by Mrs. Roosevelt and members of the family. The President took lunch In the building today, will have dinner there this evening and tonight will sleep there. The effects of the late President and of Mrs. McKinley are rapidly being prepared for*shipment and will all be sent away by tomorrow night. Secretary Cortelyou is gathering together the private papers of President McKinley. Private Secretary Loeb went to New York yesterday to transfer the papers and documents of President Roosevelt from Oyster Bay to Washington. Mr. Roosevelt had quite a collection of private papers be fore he was elected Vice President. Joseph J. Langer of Nebraska was today appointed consul of the United States at Sollngen, Germany. Representative Hooker of Mississippi, Mr. Charles R. Miller of New York and W. Calvin Chase, the colored republican leader of the District, paid their respects in the afternoon. A Troop Horse for the President. At the request of President Roosevelt Lieut. Col. Whitney of Lieut. Gen. Miles' staff, who was recentiy assigned to tem porary duty as aid to the President, lias secured an army troop horse for the use of Mr. Roosevelt The horse, which is a typi cal cavalry mount, Is now in the White House stables and win, it is said, be used frequently. A regular cavalry saddle and trappings were also secured ty Col. Whit ney, to be used by President Roosevelt. Col. Leefe Retired. Lieut. Col. John G. Leefe, 30th Infantry, now at San Francisco, has been authorized to proceed to his horn* to await retirement.