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Woodward <& Lotflirop,
New York?WASHINGTON?Paris. Store closes at 5:30. spring Opening of Paris and London Novelties ? fn Infants' and Little Children's Outfittings, Women's French Lin gerie and Wedding Trousseaux, Paris Corsets, Matinees, the New Matinee Suits, Boudoir Gowns, Negligees, Tea Gowns, Kimonas and Silk Petticoats. Offering Rich Taffeta Silk Petticoats At $7.50 Eaclh. Value, $10.00. Tomorrow, Thursday, Special Showing off New Models in Paris Corsets And Hotuse Qirdiles miade off superb Siflks and Satins, French Couitils, Ern= broldered Batistes, etc., incflimding those off fine white French CoutiS, hand= painted or embroidered in black shamrock design. iievonil floor Teutli at. February Sale off M ou sef u rn ish i fags, Comprising China and Glassware, Kitchen Utensils and the hundred and one requisites and helps for all over the house. A collection of new goods of strictly first quality and thoroughly reliable, at prices which are uniformly low and which should interest every housekeeper in and about Washington. We quote a few items from scores of others equally as interesting: Toilet Sets. A new lot of daintily Decorated Toilet Sets, in nine-piece combina tion, at $11.95 Per Set. & & ?? New Pattern Glassware. We are showing the latest creation in American Pressed Glassware. This is the brightest and neatest pat tern produced this year, and is very attractive. Having purchased in large quantities we offer it at the fol lowing low prices: 7-lneh Berry Bowls. Each ?-Inch Berry Bowls. Ka<-b. Sauee Dishes. Pozen...... Water Tumblers. Dozen. Water ntcbers. Eu<b.. Sugar Bowls. Each Cream IMtehers. Eaeh. 8l>oon Holders. Eaeh Cracker Jars. Eaeh Fi<-kle DUhes. Each Olery Trays. Each Rose Bowls, small. Each. R'-se Bowls, large. Each.. BSc. 20c. 50c. 65c. 45c. H5c. 10c. 10c. 35c. 10c. 15c. , 10c. 35c. French China Oining Room Plaques. We call especial attention to the Hand-finished French China Dining Room Plaques, decorated in fancy game designs and in rich col orings, which we are offering at 75c. Each. Shamrock Coat Hangers. We offer a special value in Bent wood Coat Hangers, which are usu ally much more expensive. 3c. Each; 2 for 5c. Brass Top Cuspidors. New Wood Fiber Cuspidors, with removable brass tops, which are usu ally much more expensive, at 19c. Each. Japanese Chana Dining Room Plaques. We offer a special lot of new 12 inch Blue and White Japanese China Plaques. They are very pretty and make excellent dining room decora tions. 35c. Each. New Jardinieres. We call special attention to the large Jardiniere, in pink and green and yellow and green blends, and in plain colorings, etc., and which measures 10 inches 011 inside of top. ?t $1.00 Each. Other Tardinieres, 1 sc. to $6 Each. Fifth "fltor. Flashslkin for Cleaning Metals. Flashskin Cloths, 16 inches square, which make it easy to clean and polish silver, nickel, brass, etc., and which were made to sell at I2^c. We secured this lot at a sacrifice and offer same at Sc. for Two Cloths; 25c. Per Dozen Cloths. New Asbestos Iron Holders. We offer three special values in Asbestos Iron Holders, as follows: Merino-covered Asbestos Iron Holders... 4C. Adams' Canvas-covered Asbestos Iron T7'f Holders v*" Adams' Improved Canvas-covered Ashes- fl tos Iron Holders 11 Improved Shelf Paper. We are now showing a full line of new heavy Shelf Paper, with pretty openwork edges, in pink, nile green, light blue, yellow and white. 10c. Per 10=Yard Piece; 3 Pieces for 25c. Sale of Women's Walking" and House Boots. We offer at less than regular prices several lines of Women's House Shoes and Walking Boots. Some are made of box calf with extension soles, and on correctly shaped lasts. Others are made of bright don gola or vici kid, with tips of same or patent leather, and have extension soles and military or Cuban heels.' All sizes and widths in each lot. We oftVr them at the Special Price, $3.00 a Pair. They were made to sell at a higher price. In connection with the above we offer a line of Women's 8-inch Box Calf Walking or Storm Boots, With Solid Soles and Neat Round Toe, At $2.50 a Pair. Value, $3.50. l%<rd floor. 44House and Garden" for February is devoted to The Twentieth Century Washington As proposed by the following Park Commission appointed by the U. S. Senate committee on the District of Columbia: Charles F. McKim, Augustus St. Gaudens, Daniel H. Burnham, Fredk. Law Olmstead, jr. An elaborate reconstruction of that part of Washington lying between the Capitol and the Monument has been proposed by which future public buildings will flank a spacious avenue and with the Lincoln Memorial and Monumental bridges will form the most magnificent architectural and park arrangement in the world. Descriptive text contributed by Glenn Brown: there are many illustrations from photographs, especial ly taken for House and Garden, and models in addition to actual views of the present condition of the city. Magnificent illustrations, printed on plate paper; an invaluable rec ord for the library, for preservation. Price, 50c* Copy. Book Department?Basement. Exhibiting the Denton Collection of Rare and Beautiful Butterflies. Art Qaliery, Fourth Floor. Specimens for Sale. Woodward & Lothrop. Special Sale of Unframed Pictures and Passe-Partouts. Several lots, aggregating about a thousand in all, consisting of Passe partouts and Unframed Pictures, iti various sizes, and comprising the most interesting popular sub jects. Also Colored Posters of the favorite foot ball play ers of \ ale, Harvard, Princeton and Georgetown, by Air. John E. Sheri dan of \V ashington. Also George town College Girls, the Fallowfield Hunt Pictures and many others. \Y e shall place these on sale to morrow, Thursday, at the lowest prices ever quoted for similar goods. uhieV en,brar,n* one hundred seJr u rinl" horw*' l"ndscapes, nur Z.T1ZS"""" u"Lh ?" Special Price, Sc. LOT 2?Fourteen-lnch Pictures |n color*. on gray mats, comprising landscapes, rural scenes. tiK?r,., U* WtaHnw aud a great variety Speciall Price, 10c. LOT 3-Faase-partout Picture*, in red or green andPm.n? *lrU- " ??.isJ ready to yha??g : C?,DPlete WUh rln*? ln b?'k Special Price, 25c. ? V?T.T4~.P"S,M"partout ^tures of "The Fallow Hunt> matted lu red or green and passe ^ rL'U~COB,plete wlth r,nKS In back read/ Special! Price, 50c. ^?-Comb,nation Pictures of George and Mar ^ "st'ington. with Mt. Vernon In eenter mounted on heavy gray mats; also a lot of George end Martha Washington, separate. Special Price, 11 Sc. LOT 6-Urge Colored Posters of favorite foot ball players of Yale. Harvard. Princeton and Oeorgetov.n colleges, by John Sheridan of Wash ington; mounted on heavy tarda and bound ln black passe-partout payor. Special Price, 50c. LOT 7-"Poker" Pictures in colors, mounted on green or reu mats and bound in passe partout paper; subjects Include "A Deal on the Bowery " A Deal in Washington," "A Bluff In Chleaco" and others. Special Price, 38c. fourth floor. (Guaranteed Sewing Machines. As spring approaches the house keeper has sewing to do, and natur ally needs a good machine. We in vite you to come in and see our full line of the very latest improved Sew ing Machines, ranging in price from $10.50 to $40.00. The $10.50 is a hand machine. Special attention is directed to our Disappearing Head Sewing Machine. It is made of Flemish oak, piano finish, with disappearing head, and is a complete and ornamental piece of furniture. Especially desirable for families living in rooms or flats, as it can be used for table. With "Automatic lift," Price is $30.00. Swell front, without "Automatic lift," Price is $25.00. Second floor. Two Books of Special Interest. "HOME THOUGHTS," by C. Essays of simple sincerity dealing with all the elemental conditions which make for happiness in a true home. The interdependent relations of husband and wife, parent and child, and the broad field of domestic government, give the chief theme. These essays are eminently the pro duct of thinking and living. Ex perience, not theory, is their basis. Price, $1.15. THE CHILDREN'S HEALTH, By Florence Hull Wlntoibotn. The third la lira. Wtnterburn'a series, "The Parents' Library." A practical treatise on tba cara of children from 14 to ? ?>U*etioo of on tried theories, bat remits from yean et ?nee and study. .???,. Prlce Secretary's Cross-Examina tion oflniividual Petitioners. a " ? BAGGAGE INSPECTION ? 1 SPECIFICATIONS DESIHED BY SEC RETARY SHAW. Secretary of Local Committee Objects to This Treatment of the Petitioners. The following circular letter was sent by the Secretary or the Treasury to each of the- thousand ladies in different cities of th ? country who recently signed petitions making complaints regarding the methods employed by the inspectors of baggage: The Secretary's Letter. Dear Madam: A paper has been presented to the department complaining of the prac tice of inspecting personal baggage at the various wharves of the United States, and your r.ame appears among those asking redress of grievances. That the department may be fully ad vised in the premises, the following ques tions are askeii. it is hoped you will af ford the department every opportunity of discovering the actual facts, to the end that it may act advisedly and wisely in its efforts to correct all abuses and objec tionable practices. Inasmuch as you have signed the petition, you will certainly show the department the courtesy of affording such information as may be in your pos session. State as near as you can the dates when, and the names of the vessels upon which you have returned from abroad within the past three years. State the amount ;is near as you can of dutiable articles you declared. State the amount as near as you can claimed by the o(ficer as dutiable. Were von compelled to pay on any arti cles iii fact not dutiable? If you have answered the last Question affirmatively, please state what these arti cles were and where and when they were purchased by you. Did you hive receipted bills as proof or the value of the goods purchased abroad? Were these receipted bills accepted as proof of value? Was your trunk emptied on the wharf? Were you persnnallj humiliated by any Impertinent Questions asked you? Will you please repeat, as nearly as you can. these impertinent questions.' Were you induced to sign the petition referred to because of your own unpleasant experiences' in returning to the I nited States, or did you sisn !t upon the repre sentation that others had been ill treated.' That th.* departm-nt may get. at the very base of the protest, please state whether your objection is directed against the man ner of the inspeetion of personal baggage, or against the law limiting the amount of goods of foreign purchase the tourist is per mitted to bring to this country free of duty. .. , Will von kindly suggest some method by which the law against smuggling can be enforced with less annoyance to pas sengers? ... . In your opinion, would it be wiser to relax somewhat In the scrutiny of bag gage and then enforce to the letter the penalty, namely, forfeiture of goods and payment of thr*** times the value, wnon articles not declared are discovered In bag gage on ex am hi at Ion. Very truly yours, U M. SHAW, Secretary. Response to the Circular Letter. As a substitute for Individual responses to this circular letter the secretary of the Washington cotnmittee which presented the petitions to the President and Secretary of the Treasury has dispatched the following answer: Dear Sir: 1 have your circular letter, sending me a number of questions as to the petition lately presented to you In re spect to the collection of duties upon pas se tigers' luggage. These questions appear to me to be in the nature of a cross-examination of the ladies who signed that petition, apparently for the purpose of enabling you to judge whether or not they were justified in so signing it. Of course, all of us desire "to show the department the courtesy of afford ing it such information as may be in our possession," but most of your questions st em to us to be quite beside the mark, for the thing of importance here is not the In formation which may be in our possession, but rather what action do you purpose to take upon the information which is al ready In the possession of your department? Some of your questions relate to the mutters covered by the third paragraph of our petition, which is a mere statement of the effect of the treasury regulations; and it seems to us that the real question in respect to these matters Is. whether or not you propose to maintain those regula- j tions or to alter them. Yen say, for in stance: "Did you have receipted bills as proof of the value of the goods purchased abroad, and were these receipted bills ac cepted as proof of value?" As we under stand It, you already have the answer to these questions, and you know that the receipted bills are not accepted as proof of value, because the department's instruc tions to the appraisers require that after having seen the receipted bills they should In every case examine the article covered by the bill?at least, they say so. Other of your questions relate to the recollection of travelers as to what hap pened on different voyages during a period of three years. It is as Impossible for the majority of people to answer such ques tions as It Is for anybody to make the affidavit In respect to his or her purchases abroad required by the regulations: and the futility of these questions in your cir cular letters suggests that they were pre pared by the same one of your subordinates as drafted the impossible regulations. The last part of your questle>ns appears to us to be fully covered by the last para graph of our petition. It is not for us to say how you should administer the law. We are not charged with its administration, but it seems to us proper to point out to you, aa we have pointed out In our petition, wherein the regulations of your department constitute an ofTense. If you should desire to cross-examine the petitioners, or such of them as can be got at. as your letter appears to indicate, and you will arrange for a hearing for that purpose and wljl allow some counsel to be I selected by us, to be present, and will also submit yfrar syheirdinate officials and the ! cuetom. oltlclals in, New York to his cross | examination, we .shall be happy to meet ! you, atld We 'eel. *u*e that any doubt which the department ,may have as to the exist ! ence of lis ovn regulations or their opera I tlon. we>uld ,liL that way be effectively ; cleared up, and we thin* also the unrea i sonableneps botja of those regulations and j of the law Itself, would be clearly demon strated. .. ?? Respect fully yours, ELIZABETH C. HOBSON, l Secretary for the Committee. T The Bnll Bon Battle Park. To the F.elltor at IV Evening Star: You published on Monday my letter to the Wai* Department regarding the Bull Run battjefleld/l. As some of my Grand Army comrade* seem to fear that my prop osition may injurs the Fredericksburg Mili tary. Park will you permit a few words on that point 7 The Fredericksburg Park Is a large prop osition, and, Uke the Gettysburg, Chatta nooga and Shlloh parks, will take years to bring to perfection. My suggestion Is a more modern one. Probably one-hundredth part Of what has been spent at Gettysburg*. I would be more than ample. The Grand | Army, to which I belonged for four rears, i Immediately after their national enoamp 1 ment and grand review of May, I860, went i to work to set lip memorial stones on the 1 two battlefields of Bull Run and dedicated them In the most solemn and Impressive manner, as wai tally reported In The Even ing Star (or Monday, June 12, 1808. Our comrades of that day evidently thought there were special reasons why thoss fields were worthy of special consideration. Long before any of the grand military parks were projected this beginning was ! made at Bull Run. I respectfully submit that the United States is committed, and will stand forever committed, to carrying out the plans then begun. Whether they should go further and erect the towers of observation I suggested to the Secretary of War is so far one to which the government is not committed. The United States has. however, spent hundreds of thousands of dollars on the Pitt-John Porter case, a single feature of one of those battles. And yet a student of our history could learn more of that matter and a hundred other important military movements by standing nve minutes on a steel tower 100 feet high on Henry Hill than he could by driving over a hundred miles of park or reading the ponderous publications of the govern* ment. ? Let each proposition stand on its own merits. The United States cannot afford to stand for another year as a trespasser on private property. Let them offer the own ers of the soil a reasonable sum for their holdings and claims. The government paid fUiO.OOO for Arlington. Similar motives should induce Congress to pass Mr. Rlxey's biil putting $2."?,000 In the hands of the Sec retary of War, to be expended at his dis cretion. A large number of old soldiers who aided In erecting and dedicating these monuments will be in Washington for the last time at the Grand Army encampment of 1902. Let Congress pass the bill at once, so our sol diers can visit this ground set apart by sol emn ceremonials, without trespassing on private property. GEORGE C. ROUND. Manassas, Va. MB. BARRETT'S DINNER. He Entertained the Pacific Coast Delegates. Mr. John Barrett of Oregon, former min ister of the United States to Siam, gave a banquet in the presidential suite of the New Willard last evening to the Pacific coast delegations in Congress. The din ner was given on the eye of Mr. Barrett's departure for Asia, where he will repre sent the St. Louis exposition commission. During the evening Mr. Barrett pro posed a toast to the health of President Roosevelt, which was drunk standing and was responded to by Senator Perkins, who spoke of the President as knowing the far west and Pacific coast better than most eastern men. Mr. Barrett gave an Interesting account of his experiences as a member of the Pan-American. Congress. Senator John Mitchell of Oregon responded to the toast, "The Pacific Coast." Mr. Barrett read let ters of regret because of their inability to be present from Senators Stewart and Jones of Nevada. Representative New lands was Introduced to speak of Nevada, and during the course of his remarks made an eloquent plea for the development of home industries before the Insular posses sions are attended to. Other addresses were made by Represr ntntive Cushman of Washington, Senator Clark of Montana and Frederick Holls, one of the prominent members of the I'nited States delegation to the peace conference held at The Hague several years ago. SENTIMENT OF THE BOERS. Letter Received by Representative Cochran From Delegation at Brussels. Representative Cochran of Missouri, who is the author of a resolution pending In the House to invite Paul Kruger to visit the United States, has received a letter of congratulation and indorsement from three members of the Boer delegation at Brus sels. The letter reviews, from the Boer stand point, the causes which led up to the war and declares that Great Britain invented pretext after pretext to bring on the con flict and that her whole purpose was to se cure the extensive gold mines of the Transvaal in pursuance of a settled na tional policy to control all gold mines wherever possible, either by purchase or seizure, in order that Great Britain may command the world's industries. The let ter in closing appeals to "heroic and gen erous America" to intervene in behalf of the Boers and says: "Since England will not permit friendly intervention. Invite her to a congress of the nations and see wheth er such a congress called in the interest of peace will be ignored. England would not dare to refuse to attend such a con gress if called by the United States and participated In by four or five of the great powers. "The maxims of your republic?'equality,' ?justice,' 'liberty'?have been the chief means of building the great republic, and Its highest purpose should be the preserva tion of other lands whose people aspire to similar blessings. We shall continue to hope that you and other members of your Congress, whose hearts have been touched by the noble sacrifices and brave deeds of the people of our republics, may prevail upon your great country to undertake the termination of the war In South Africa." Anacostia and Vicinity. William White, formerly a gardener, who has been a resident of this place for fifty y<ars, was last evening sent to Providence Hospital on the certificate of a local physi cian. Frederick Allen, who was a widely known citizen of Forestville, Prince George's county. Md.. died recently at an advanced age His funeral was held from St. Bar nabas' Church, where the Interment was al?o made. The fourth quarterly conference of the official members of the several Methodist churches composing the Forestville, Prinpe George's county. Md., circuit took place Monday at the parsonage of the Forest ville Methodist Church. Rev. Dr. Naylor, presiding elder, was present, with Mr. Geo. F. Pyles. one of the official members, from Anacostia. As a result of examination the business affairs of the various charges were pronounced to be In a satisfactory condi tion. Resolutions were adopted asking for the return of Dr. Naylor as presiding elder of Washington district and of Rev. A. E. Speilman as pastor of the charges in the Forestville circuit. Miss Crook, teacher of the fourth grade at the Congress Heights school. Is confined to her home in the city by illness. Her po sition is being filled by Miss Ray of Con gress Heights. Japanese Paint Brushes. From the Independent. The Japanese artist has made a most careful study of how to convey truth in the most pleasurable way; how to make his lines most beautiful, as though a speak er would use but words of most exquisite sound. To do this he has cultivated his "touch" until it is but mockery to com pare it with that of his European brother. He has learned to handle his brush with a directness-and precision which' is a thing of wonder, and he has studied with a pa tience beyond compare the possibilities of each particular kind of brush. He knows, for instance, that one kind of brush may be used to express a bamboo stem and that another brush will be less efficacious. He knows how to fill each particular part of that brush with a certain amount of color or of water, so that a single movement of the hand over the paper will paint the stem. Its light and shade, its peculiar char acteristics, complete. And to the perfect ing of that single movement of his hand ! over the paper he and his ancestors have given years of study. Listen to a description by a Japanese. He is not an artist himself, but is ex plaining how artists use a certain brush: "The brush with color is passed over a piece of paper with a heavy stroke that spreads the bristles of the brush, at the same time bending them at the tip. The brush Is then turned so that the bristles curve toward the artist, and a light stroke will produce the hairlike lines. This is one of the ways of painting the hair or fur of animals." Transforming Westminster Abbey. . From Modern Society. Westminster Abbey is to be closed for four months in order that preparations may be made for the coronation. What is to be done in these four months' work o^ the i abbey T Is ft to be turned by the carpenter , into a conglomeration of boxes, stalls, pit and gallery, with a "view of the stage . from every seat?" We fear that is the idea and that the whole character of the mag nlfloent Interior is to be temporarily de stroyed. In that case would it not be better to hold the coronation ceremony at the Hippodrome or the Crystal Palace, which are built for such spectacular purposes? The whole point of an abbey coronation is destroyed if it be not the abbey, but a ramshackle edifice of timber and red cloth in which the coronation takes place. < ' ?<. -v. - v xj^ ^ <_? - Mr. Kennedy Before the Im migration Committee. FURTHER RESTRICTION OUTLINE OF ATTITUDE 07 LABOR ORGANIZATIONS. He Thinks Present Laws Should Be Strengthened and Enforced? Illiteracy No Crime. The committee on Immigration of the House met this morning at 10:30 o'clock and heard Mr. John L?. Kennedy, a mem ber of the Industrial commission, which has just concluded Its work, and a former president of Columbia Typographical Union. Mr. Kennedy gave the committee an out lint of the attitude of labor organizations on the subject of immigration and gave reasons for his own belief that a rigid en forcement of the present immigration laws would accomplish everything desired by labor. He spoke against an educational test for immigrants. Mr. Kennedy ex plained that he came before the committee at the request of its chairman, and not as the representative of organized labor or any organization. "It is beyond question," he said, "that organized labor is in favor of a further restriction of Immigration. The truthful ness of this statement will be established in the mind of any member of this com mittee who will take the trouble to read the testimony of the representatives of organized labor who appeared before the industrial commission. The representatives of all the national and international organi zations gave testimony on this subject. Without a single exception that I now re call they said the members of their unions were in favor of restricting immigration. Some of those chiefs were born In foreign lan<js?England, Ireland. Scotland, Wales; some of them are the sons of immigrants, very few of them are natives whose Amer ican lineage runs back through several generations. So when you hear that this, that or the other foreign element in our population Is opposed to restrictive immi gration measures you should exercise some caution before accepting such statements. It is barely possible that such sentiments are promoted by great Interests-foreign interests at that?which would be afTected by such legislation. "When it comes to the method of re stricting Immigration, the labor chiefs are divided. Some favor the educational test, others a property qualification; a twenty one years' residence is advocated, likewise a complete restriction of immigration for a number of years, and It is also believed that a strict enforcement of the present laws would give all the needed relief. The Educational Test. "And now about the educational test: I want you to bear In mind that when I use the word 'educated.* I do not necessarily mean to stretch It beyond the limited mean ing which It has for the 'educational teat' advocates. I believe that " would be the most cruel, the most shameful and, from our country's standpoint, the most harm ful barrier which America could po?slbly put up against any Caucasian people. No enlightened American will decry education. We all know that It is a great blessing;. We all know that it is the chief cornerstone of our Christian civilization. It has led the world out of the dark ages up to the bright, golden twentieth century. No language can be too extravagant in picturing what learn ing has done for the world, but. Illiteracy is not a crime, and if it be an evil. It isnot unmixed with much that is good. W ho among you shall say that the foreigner seeking admission to our shores, who is sound In body, of average moral character, willing to work, anxious to submit to our laws and become a good citizen, must take his place with paupers, criminals, the dis eased and alien contract laborers, and go back to his native land, simply because he has been denied the blessing of the rudi ments of an education? Have w-e place for such a man in this country. W ho doubts it? He will work at what his hands find to do. He is far more willing to take up with what we call unskilled labor than his fellow-immigrant who can read and write. "The blessings of American education are taking the American youth away from un skilled labor. In the discussion of this question we hear much about what Massa chusetts has done for education. All praise to Massachusetts. Her example is glorious and worthy of emulation; but what Massa chusetts boy. a graduate of one of her high schools, will get out with pick and shovel and do construction work on her railroads or tear up the streets of Boston to make a sewer or lay a gas main? This immigrant will do It, and gladly, and there is a vast amount of such work for him to do. The progress of invention in mechanics and electricity may go on to such triumphs that in the end all that will be necessary to build railroads and construct sewers will be the pulling of a few levers and the pushing of a few buttons, but that time is a long distance in the future, and while we have work of this character to do. we should do the best we can. The best we can do at present is to admit assimilable Caucasian people who are willing to work and are not in the objectionable classes pointed out In the law. * Will Thirst for Learning. "And If you admit this illiterate Immi grant it will be a present benefit to the country and good for the future of Ameri can manhood and womanhood, else the evidence of the past cannot be relied upon. It is the evidence of the ages that the race is forever being nourished at the bottom and forever dying out at the top. It is the law of nature. This honest Illiterate will thirst for learning, and if possible he will drink at the fountain of knowledge. In any event he will have children. For that the lowly and illiterate are proverbial. It is one of God's great blessings on the race. It the father cannot have learning the chil dren may, and will have it. and if they do not make the very best use of it. the ex perience of the past is again at fault. All of the gentlemen of this committee know that the sons of such men have been the pillars of the state, the captains of com merce and Industry, the bright stars or Journalism and every branch of literature, and that in short, in every profession and avocation they work to the front. Their daughters add strength and beauty to Americanism. It is safe to say that the sons and daughters of such men have al ways done their full share In working out the high destiny of their beloved land. And it is not only the sons of illiterate im-" migrants who have shone in such striking contrast to the sources from which they sprang. Abraham Lincoln's father was 'densely ignorant,' according to one chron icler. At the time of his marriage he was unable to read or write. Thanks to his wife's efforts he learned to write his name and to laboriously spell his way through a chapter of the Bible. President Andrew Johnson never went to school a day in his life. It was w*hile he was a tailor's ap prentice that he learned to read. After marriage his wife taught him to write and cipher. It is therefore more than prob able Chat he was the son of Illiterate par ent a. President Jackson's father, who was an Irish immigrant, may not have been an illiterate, but he did not give his son mucft of an education. The boy "learned to read, to write, to cast up accounts?little more.' I dare say every member of this committee knows many Instances of the sons of illit erate immigrants working their way from poverty through education and industry to the front ranks in every walk of- life. Can anyone of you be induced to put any impediment in the way of this rich nourish ment to our national life? "It has been said that illiteracy is a cause of drunkenness. It may be true, but who can look about him and truthfully avoucti It? Think If you will of the men of Whom you have knowledge who are drunkards and answer If the literates do not outnum ber the Illiterates many fold. The illiterate immigrant who comes to our shores for work does not have much time for drunken ness?at least not so much as the average literate. Not a Cause of Crime. "Then we hear that illiteracy Is one of the great cane? at ertaae. la that truer Who knows tt? ran It truthfully be mm that illiteracy any more than literacy la a cause of crlmer Look backward and think of th? great crimes yf the ages. Tou have Angers enough on two hands tb count up those committed by Illiterate*. Could you eVer' finish enumerating those committed by educated men and women? Think of the crimes committed in your own llmo and In your own atate. Ia it not your ver dict that the great majority of them have been committed by educated persons? I believe It la true that the lowly even to the Illiterates have a greater reverence for law than the educated. When It la not a sentiment of reverence which they have for the law it la one of awe. and Its re straining Influence Is Just as potent. If la some places, perchance, a remarkable percentage of Illiterates were imprisoned for infractions of the law. that fact would not be conclusive tor me that Illiteracy Is particularly a causa of crime. I should rather set it down In substantiation of what I know to be true, namely, that as men descend In the scale toward the low est class, the less likely they are to es cape the vengeance of the law. They have not the Influence of wealth or great friends, which are such powerful faelors In securing Immunity for crime. I am sure that this idea will be neither novel nor startling to the lawyers of this committee. "You have been told that organised labor has Indorsed the educational test. As I said In the beginning, I am not speaking for organised labor, but I think I know enough about the subject to say that or ganised labor has not specifically indorsed the educational test. And furthermore, I am sure that they never will do so. I have heard your chairman's question as to what would be the attitude of organised labor toward two Immigrants, both healthy, strong, of good character, will ing to work, standing at our gates knocking for admission. Mr. Chairman, I hope I know organized labor well enough to say that there is not a labor union in America which. If it were given Jurisdiction in such a case, would say to the unfortunate who could not read, 'You go back,' and to the other, 'Stay.' This would be the verdict: 'If one stays, both stay; if the one goes back, both go.' Present Laws Enforced. "No, It Is not the educational test that the people want. They want the pres ent laws strengthened and enforced. They want the officers charged with the execu tion of the laws given ample authority. There should not be a scattered and, there fore, Impotent authority, as Is now the case. The authority to execute the laws should be placed in the hands of one man and he held to strict responsibility. Crimi nals, paupers, contract laborers, diseased persons and other objectionable persons contemplated In the law should be kept out. You should make the law strong enough to do this. The loopholes have been pointed out to you. Close them and then vote the last dollar and commission the last officer to carry out the law. Do this, gentlemen, and then no matter what your party faith, you can go before your constituents with a feeling of security and sense of duty well done. The doc trinaires who preach the educational test will not be able to make an impression on your constituents. You can say to your constituents; *1 voted to strengthen the laws and make them adequate; I voted to place the authority for the execution of the laws where there could be no ques tion as to the responsibility; I voted the last dollar and the last man necessary to execute those laws, but I did not and never will vote against the worthy and desirable immigrant who has been so un fortunate as not to be able to read.' Place yourself in the attitude to be able to make that speech to your constituents and have no fear that the enlightened, humane sen timent of your people will condemn you or the rank and file of cgrganlzed labor be hostile toward you." Dangerous Flannelette. From the London Globe. It Is a safe presumption that a considera ble percentage of the 1.400 and odd children who lost their lives last year through their clothes catching fire at unguarded fire places owed their deaths largely to their wearing flannelette. This fabric?a very useful one in its way?looks so like flannel that many parents naturally assume the same degree of Inflammability. That la a misconception. Flannel Is extremely diffi cult to Ignite accidentally, while even then It does not burst Into flame, but merely smolders. Flannelette, "Ml the contrary, lights up very quickly, and the wearer finds himself enveloped In fleroe flames in an instant. It is the fluff}- surface that iirst catches Are; the slightest contact with any burning substance histantly sets It blazing, and the flames spread over the whole sm face in a few seconds. A correspondent of a Lancashire paper who lately blazed up in this manner through incautiously approach ing too close to the prate declares that he could not have believed that any cotton fab ric possessed such a high degree of inflam mability. Fortunately, he did not lose his presence of mind, and by rolling on the floor the flames were extinguished without any harm resulting except to the garment. But had the accident befallen a young child It would have run about screaming for rescue, and before that arrived must have been badly burned. As these casual ties have become of frequent occurence since flannelette came Into vogue. Its ven dors should caution purchasers about lis liability to instantaneous ignition. Automobile Customes. Prom the London Chronicle. We have not yet managed to dress be comingly for the motor car, for it supplies a novel form of motion which is speedy enough to leave the modiste panting and out of sight. A waterproof, with goggles and a peaked hat, may be comfortable, but they certainly do not make an attractive costume. As Barry Pain once remarked, the procession of a motor car implies at least moderate wealth, but the possessors Invariably look poor?dog poor. While the engineers are busy devising a shape of motor which Is not hideous, the ca-rtume designers?male and female?might discover a dress to go with the graceful car which is. we hope, on the way. Meanwhile the king has begun the process of bringing the motor car into line with current custom. His majesty sees that the automobile is not a traction engine, but a private carriage that differs only in speed and motive power from the royal landau. So In front of the royal motor are placed a couple of liveried servants, who in a double sense take the air. Moreover, fash ion is setting against the driver in sergo suit and peaked cap, and many coachmen are being induced to transfer their skill and their costume from the box seat of the brougham to the guiding lever of the motor. Automobiles on Curves. Prom Alimlee'a Magazine. It is a curious thing to see a racing auto mobile in full career, its chauffeur arrayed in leather cap and jerkin, with black gog gles over his eyes, bent forward so as to offer the leaBt resistance to the wind. While rounding curves at top speed he may be seen leaning far inward, so as to offset the effect of centrifugal force. The automobile, it must be remembered, is unprovided with any means of counter acting the effect of centrifugal force. When a railway rounds a curve the inner rail is slightly raised, so as to Incline the cars within that curve. The wheels are held SB the track by their flanges. With automo biles running around curves without In clines. as they mostly do. the centrifugal force tends constantly to throw the car riage from its true course. This force is counteracted only by the friction between the tires and the ground. When the cen trifugal force overcomes this friction, as Is bound to happen on slippery roads, the equilibrium is destroyed, and the carriage, while sliding on Its wheels, is thrown with out the curve. To apply the brake in such cases would only make matters worse. There Is nothing to be done but to correct the equilibrium by counterbalancing de vices. > ? ? Slaughter of Parrots. from the London Spectator. When Lord Curzon, during his recent visit to Burmah, spoke of the need of'a close season for Indian game, he may per haps have referred also to birds, among them the egrets and certain of the rarer kinds of parrot. Parrot killing for the sake of the skins Is possibly a modern practice in India; but it is said to be op the In crease, as the skins are iff demand for mak ing screens, lamp ornaments and other "fancy" articles in Paris. As parrots are some of the most intelligent and not the least beautiful of birds, they deserve all the protection which they can get. consist ently with reaped to the ryot's crops.