To the Youing Hen.
Appreciating the demand for really HIGH-CLASS MADE
TO-ORDER SI ITS at a price below prevailing prices for such
garments?we have added to our rapidly increasing business a
new department, which will be known as our YOUNG MEN'S
DEPARTMENT?we say "Young Men's" because it's the young
men who demand "SMART CLOTHES"?clothes with character
?and we propose to supply them with
to Order for $25
?a price within the means of the average young man.
All garments will be tried on "in the baste"?and the SAME
IIIGH QUALITY TAILORING will prevail as now obtains in
our regular tailoring department.
Furthermore, our large stock of fashionable woolens will af
ford a wide range for the gratification of individual taste.
The FIRST SHIPMENT of our spring woolens has arrived
?call and "look them over"?we'll be glad to show them to you.
G. Warfiefld Simpsonn,
Merdfoaint Taallor, 112?S F Stirest.
^Main Office, 12th and F N.W.
HERE you are sure of the best heating results, quick but
HERE you are sure that it is well screened, free from dirt,
slate and impurities.
HERE you are sure that you get the legal weight, 2,240
pounds to every ton.
HERE veil are sure that every attention is paid your or
der. courteous and intelligent advice given.
HERE you are sure that it can be delivered promptly, no
disappointment or delay.
ITDd? DOaagOo?^ dtpgiaD?? ?if d?amO?
21 st and I N.W.
1206 H N.W.
'Phones, Main 380, 307. 460; East 641.
? U U ?
1626 M N.W.
45 G N.E.
CHARGED WITH HOMICIDE.
Trial of Yorke Nelson, Colored, Will
Be Concluded Today.
The trial of Yorke Nt-lson. colored, in
flicted for manslaughter in connection with
the death of Charles Washington, colored,
last October, will be concluded late thi3
afternoon before Justice Anderson and a
Jury in Criminal Court No. 1. Nelson and
Washington had some trouble about a
woman while they were in the eating es
tablishment of Charles Adams, tHO 2t".th
street, the ^d of October. Nelson claims
that Washington insulted him. followed
him along the street and finally assaulted
him. After he had been struck three times.
Nelson says, he cut Washington with a
knife and death resulted. Nelson is rep
resented by Attorneys Thompson &. Las
To Spend an Evening With Mr. Bell.
Invitations have oeen received by mem
bers of the Washington Stock Exchange
from Mr. Charles J. Bell, to spend Friday
evening at his home. i:i*J7 Connecticut ave
nue. The form of the invitation i; novel,
being a fae-sdmile of the sheet issued daily
by the exchange giving the quotations of
the securities. The reproduction is com
plete in all details, wim the exception that
the paper us?.-d is of better quality and of
a different color than is that of the of
In addition, the space at the heau usual
ly occupied with the record of the current
sales, is in this instance taken up with an
announcement entitled "notice." by which
the members are informed that "an irregu
lar meeting" of the exchange will be held
at Mr. Bell's residence Friday evening.
A certificate of incorporation of the He
brew Free School of Washington city was
placed on record this afternoon. The in
corporators are Moses Kann, Moses R.
Jotlson. A. J. Sugar. Isaac Applestein.
Morris Lewis. Paul Browdy, Josep.. Rosrn
baum. Joseph Kuthstein, Mayer L. i.aza
tow, Louis Lipkin and Aha Kershenbaum.
Exhibition to Continue.
Owing to the bad weather conditions of
last week the officers of the Cosmos Club
hive consented to continue the txhibi- '
tion of the work of the Art Students'
League in the assembly room of the club
for the present week.
Still in Critical Condition.
Mrs. Marion Dalton. who was taken from
her mom on G street at an early hour
yesterday morning, suffering from alco
holism. is still confined to the Emergency
Hospital. She was apparently a trifle bet
ter today, although her condition is still
DEATH OF A. E. L. KEESE.
Prominent Citizen, Who Resided for
Sixty Years in This City.
Augustus E. L. Keese, a resident of this
city for more than sixty years, and a well
known and highly respected citizen, died
yesterday, at the age of eighty, at his res
idence, 407 X street, after suffering for
about ten days with an attack of asthma.
Mr. Keese was actively engaged In busi
ness. his office being at 5?>4 E street, as a
notary, .commissioner and numismatist. He
was born in Hanover, Germany,. and came
to Washington when he was nineteen
years of age. Surviving him are his wife
and two children, Mrs. Louis Behrens and
Henrietta Keese, and his brother, Louis
The deceased Mr. Keese was twice mar
ried, and was the father of eleven chil
dren, all of whom are dead except the two
mentioned. He had formerly served as
constable, court crier and detective, but of
late years devoted most of his time to the
duties of notary public.
Mr. Keese was an active member of sev
eral organizations, including the G. A. R..
the Knights of Pythias, the Oth Battalion,
District of Columbia Volunteers, the Saen
gerbund and the Odd Fellows. During the
civil war he held commission as major of
the Oth Battalion, District of Columbia
The G. A. R. will have charge of the
funeral, which will take place tomorrow
at 1:30 p.m. Interment will be in Rock
Baltimore Against Washington.
The Baltimore association congress will
debate with the lyceum of the Young Men's
Christian Association of this city Friday
evening, February 2S, on the subject, "Re
solved, That a formal alliance between the
United States and Great Britain for the
protection and advancement of common
interests is desirable." The debate will be
followed by a banquet and an hour of social
Drop in Price of Eggs.
Information from Baltimore shows that
there has been a decided drop in the price
of eggs this week. Yesterday the whole
sale price ranged from 2."> to 27 cents. Some
sales, however, were made as high as 30
cents. Last week In this city eggs re
tailed as high as cents a dozen.
Forgot to Return It.
James Johnson, a fifteen-year-old colored
boy, was placed in the custody of the board
of children's guardians by Judge Scott In
the Juvenile Court this afternoon for a pe
riod of six months in default of a fine of
$30. The boy was found near the post office
last night by Policeman Catts with a re
volver in his possession. James explained
to the court that he got the revolver from
a friend and forgot to return it.
The Musical Hit in the
Ward and Vokes Show.
The abore I* * strain from the march two-step, "Creole Belles." which has made snch a de
cided hit lu the Ward & Vokes show, where It Is played by the Tuxedo Ladies' Band. The melody
Is so sweet and the air goea with such a swing and dash that It is alnJhst Impossible to resist hum
ming It wMl? it la belug played. "Creole Belles" haa established Itself in popular faTor wherever
heard. It is sung and whistled all orer the country, and hundred* of orchestraa are delighting
tl.elr audiences with thla catchy air. The piece baa real merit, which will enable it to outlaat
many of the vapid compositions which tickle the popular ear fop a short time and are soon forgot
ten. "Creole Bellea," like aeveral other meritorious compositions, emanates from Detroit, Mieb.,
which baa earned a reputation as the birthplace of many musical hits. It will be remembered
that the famoua and still popular "Georgia Camp Meeting" came from Detroit. The success of
"Creole Belles" haa had m precedent since that at the far BMC BMiodj. It 1* MtUllll great. It
?bine... ,. . I call kmt
love her well A? round my heart She*
THE HEALTH OF MANILA
Work of Medical Department
of the Philippines.
NEW SANITARY LAWS
ELEVATING THE STANDARD OF
THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE.
Crusade on the Plague-Infected Houses
?The, Scourge Stamped Out?Plans
for the Leper Colony.
Surgeon General Sternberg has received a
private letter from Col. L. M. Majs of the
medical department, commissioner of pub
lic health of the Philippines, in which he
says that sickness among soldiers in the
Philippines appears to be decreasing, and
that there are no longer any complaints in
regard to proper care of patients. j
Sanitary Laws Drafted.
The first two months after accepting the
position of commissioner," says Col. Maus,
"I devoted myself to preparing suitable
medical and sanitary laws for the Philip
pine Islands, In addition to the routine
work in the office. So far bills have been
submitted to the commission for the prac
tice of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, vet
erinary surgery, embalming and undertak
ing, for provincial and municipal boards of
health, compulsory vaccination, for the con
trol of leprosy and a bill for the manufac
ture and sale of liquors, in addition to a
large number of ordinances which have
been prepared for the city of Manila. Of
the bills presented to the commission those
for the practice of medicines, compulsory
vaccination and the establishment of pro
vincial and municipal boards of health have
already become laws. The remainder are
to be brought up in the very near future.
I am pleased to say that the board of ex
aminers for candidates who desire to prac
tice medicine In the Philippine Islands has
already organized and is in session, and I
believe that hereafter the practice of medi
cine in the Philippine Islands will be placed
upon as high a plane as in any state of
Sanitation of Manila.
"Notwithstanding the fact that the prep
aration of these bills has consumed a great
deal of my time, the sanitation of the city
of Manila has by no means been neglected.
A regular crusade has been made against
the rats of Manila and the plague houses,
and a large sum of-money spent on both
of these important matters. So far fifteen
or sixteen thousand rats have been exam
ined at the laboratory for plague, the result
of which has prjven that from 2 to 3 per
cent have been affected. I do not believe
that the 13,000 caught in traps represent
more than one-tenth of those destroyed by
"We have cleaned up thoroughly over
3,0(H) houses in the city of Manila, in many
of which plague cases had occurred or rats
a fleeted with the disease had been found,
and their cleaning has been so thorough
that in many instances the board of health
has required their remodeling to the extent
of two or three thousand dollars. Pre
vious to this crusade on insanitary houses
the board submitted a resolution to the
municipal board declaring all houses in
which cases of plague had occurred or rats
found affected with the disease a menace to
the public hea.ih and a nuisance, and ob
tained authority for the closure of such
houses and their remodeling to the satisfac
tion of the board of health.
Decline of the Plague.
"From August until the 22d of October
plague began to decline, on which later
date the last case occurred until the mid
dle of December, when curiously enough a
group of six cases occurred within a week.
From that date to the present we have
had no further cases. It is also pleasing to
state that the biological examination of
rats at the laboratory shows a decline of
rats afTected with the disease, which fact
argues well in our favor.
"The organization of provincial and mu
nicipal boards of health, the compulsory
vaccinations and the installation of the pail
system in the city of Manila are other
important matters on which we are at
The Colony for Lepers.
"Quite recently I was on a visit with
Prof. Worcester and the sanitary engineer
of the board to the Island of Kulion, which
has been selected for the leprosy colony.
Thi3 island lies In the Calamianes group,
about twenty hours distant from Manila
by steamer, and appears admirably suited
for the colony. It is about twenty miles
lor.g. ten miles broad and contains many
fertile valleys suitable for agricultural pur
poses. Besides, the island is well watered
and timbered, and it is admirably adapted
to the cattle industry. It is intended to
make the colony self-supporting. I have
taken great Interest In this matter and
would like to see the scheme carried out
thoroughly, but, of course, it will require
years. We expect, however, to transport
500 or G?>0 lepers to the Island between
this and the 1st of April, and thus get the
SUGGESTS SEVERAL CHANGES.
City Solicitor's Comment on House
A. B. Duvall, the city solicitor, has sub
mitted to the District Commissioners an
opinion on House bill 11173, authorizing the
purchase of the Georgetown Gas Light
Company by the Washington Gas Light
Company, and has suggested several
changes in wording in order to remove am
biguities. The solicitor says he has no
comments to make upon the process pro
vided by which the Washington company
may purchase the Georgetown company,
the rights of the stockholders of the latter
company seeming to be protected.
AGED FARMER DEAD.
Valentine Kline Passes Away at Brook
Valentine Kline, a well-known and highly
esteemed truck farmer, died yesterday
morning at his home near Brookland, D. C.
He was sixty-nine years old and spent most
of his life in the District of Columbia. He
was a member of St. Mary's Catholic
Church, from which church he is to be
burled Wednesday morning at 9:30 o'clock.
Mrs. Kline and several children survive
OPENING MINOR STREET.
Application Made for the Summoning
of a Jury.
Acting upon the recommendation of the
city solicitor the Commissioners have made
application to the marshal of the District
to summon a jury in the matter of opening
a minor street through square 24. The city
solicitor forwarded to the Commissioners a
form of application to be transmitted. Pro
ceedings preliminary to the opening of the
said street were taken last summer and a
request made to the marshal under the
laws then in force. In order to ascer
tain the names of the owners of the
land in the said square, so that the notices
required by law should be served upon the
proper persons, the city solicitor referred
the matter to the Washington Title Insur
ance Company for such information, but
owing to the complicated state of the title
he was not able to obtain the information
until the present time. In the meantime
the new code of law had gone into effect,
and Mr. Duvall deemed it advisable to com
ply with its provisions, and therefore rec
ommended this second application to the
"I want a good foot rule," said the cus
tomer, who was looking for the hardware
"Don't wear tight shoes," replied the face
i tious new floorwalker.?Philadelphia Press.
QOLDENBEKQ'S, 7th & K
3 lgSS tn^?l
SSlaces and embroideries
A handsome line of Point de Paris and Tor
ebon Uom, in Match Sets, both Ijwertlnga
and edgings. Choicest spring
?tyles. Qualities well worth
8c. and l(>e. yard, for _ _
Black Point de Esprlte ?nd Fish Net Draper
ies; strictly all silk. 45 inches
wide. Qualities that readily com- aQ
mand $1.25 elsewhere. Here to- (UlA^r
morrow ^ v-'wo
Exceptionally fine lot of Embroideries, In
Nainsook, Cambric and Sheer Swiss. Beauti
ful new patterns, fresh with the charm of
daintiest needlework. Included are the pop
ular Heading". Hare been
selling right along at 12V4c.?
and are worth more. Special
Battenberg Rings, all sizes. 2 dozen 5c.
Battenberg Thread, all numbers, spool...2%c.
Battenberg Thread, in 36-yard pieces, usually
2c. yard?per piece 25c.
Regular 10c. Battenberg Handkerchief and
Doiley Patterns, new designs?for 5c.
A special purchase and special sale of these
500 pieces of All-silk I?ulsine Ribbons; 0
inches wide, in all the wanted colors, includ
ing white, light blue. pink. Ac. c=
Qualities never sold for less than Jr pbC*
39c. l>efore. Special tomorrow.... wo
One hundred pieces of Slmiwon's Best Qual
ity SH'collnes, full yard wide?In a splendid
choice of the new spring color- Q ^5 / _
Ings and printings. Regular
price, 12%c. yard. Special.... /^jf
Fifty p'eces of Figured Art Denims, in a
signs and bi
Regular 15c. qHalitlcfl
s or Hgurea *\ri i?enims, in :
line of new de- ^"2 / _
FOR THE KITCHEN.
10-qnart Seamless Granite Covered
Saucepans, worth 89c. Special tomor
Granite Iron Frying Pans, special to
Granite Iron Seamless Cups and
Saucers, special tomorrow for
lo-quart Granite Iron Dish Pans, spe
cial tomorrow for
3-quart (Jmnite Iron Drip Coffee
Pots, s|>ecial for
8-quart Seamless Granite Iron Tea
Kettles, special for
Ijarge Granite Iron Baking Pans, spe
cial tomorrow for
A sale that should command instant attention?be
cause it provides all the little things that are so important?
at wonderfully little prices. Everything is marked at a sav
ing?and you will wisely buy enough for the next six
6 spools of Bralnard & Armstrong's Silk, In
black and colors. 50-yard spools?6 for. .21c.
8c. an<J 10c. Black Silk Dress Trimmings. In
"fancy patterns, per yard l%e.
3c. Alexander King's 2<)0-yard spool Cot
5c. large Wood Cabinets of Hairpins 21/ac.
12c. "F. F. F." Whalebones, dozen 8c.
Clark's "O. N. T." Darning Cotton, 3 for. .5c.
3c. boxes of Fancy Glass-head Pins lc.
5c. Assorted Book Pins 2c.
10c. 24-yard pieces Twilled Tape 5c.
2 Aluminum Thimbles for lc.
8c. Collar Buttons, dozen 3c.
Black Spool Silk, each l'-ic.
12c. Silk-frilled Garter Webbing 7c.
Double Corset Steels for 3*?c.
29c. Skeleton Waist and llose SupjKirters. .21c.
5c. Steel Dress Slides 2c.
10c. Superfine Tape, 10-yard pieces 5c.
3c. "Niagara" Wood Cabinets Hairpins.. .lc.
Warren's Gros Grain Silk Featherbone... .14c.
2 dozen Hooks and Eyes lc.
Kleinert's 12c. ond 15c. Dress Shields, In dou
ble Nainsook and Stockinet, per pair....8c.
10c. plain and ball-shape White Pearl But
tons, per dozen 5c.
5c. Kirby, Beard & Co.'s Hairpins 2c.
Dressmakers' Pins, six papers for 5c.
5c. Non-Twist Tai>e. bundle 2<-jc.
50-inch Tape Measure, with metal ends...lc.
39c. CliifTon Applique Trimming, In black or
white, yard 25c.
500-yard spools Alexander King's Spool Cot
10c. Silk Anchors, all col
5c. Smith's Best Needle
7c. Horn Bones, dozen 3c.
35c. Al!-silk Whalebone Casing, 9-yard pieces,
Morse & Kelley's Darning Cott"n, spool lc.
10c. Peat's Invisible Hooks and Kyes 5c.
Rubber Coat and Vest Buttons, usually 10c.
dozen, 2 dozen for 5c.
A sjteclal lot of 25 dozen only. We must
limit the quautlty t? half ? d?*cn to ea<*h
buyer. Cotton Honeycomb Rath Towels, size
18x30 -good weight and Arm A P?/ _
texture. Special for tomor
A big lot of fine quality Tooth Brnsheg,
strong English bristle. Qualities f=j
usually sold at 12c. and 15c.- special / if
tomorrow for ? V*
The "Wellesley" and "Florodora"
Back Combs of clear, perfect shell ? UJ/(C*
?l?eclal tomorrow for
2-quart size Fountain Syringe guaranteed
perfect quality. Our regular price
is 69c.. and that's less than any
body else's. Here tomorrow at... '
"47" White Ri?se Glycerine
Soap, pure and pleasantly scented.
Tomorrow we'll sell three cakes In
a box for
Allen's Talcum Powder, perfumed
and l>orated. Regular price. 5c. a box. 5^)rf/ _
Tomorrow we'll sell two tioxes for..
5c. Nutmeg Graters 2c.
5c. Cooking Sjioons 2c.
5c. Tack Claws 2c.
5c. Sand Soap, cake ....lc.
5c. Itoxes Tacks. 3 boxes for 5c.
8c. Dippers 3c.
10c. Oil Cans 5c.
5c. Screwdrivers 2c.
loc. Lightning Cream and Kgg Beater... .5c.
5c. Imttles Machine OI1 2c.
Best quality Clothes Pins dozen lc.
I'eteriuan's celebrated Itat Food, can 5e.
15c. Granite Iron Comb Cases for ?.10c.
Good quality Dinner Plates 4*2<\
10c. Clothes lJnes 5c.
Best quality Cedar Wash Tubs, with gal
vanized Iron hoops; best Tub made.
Small size 53c.
Medium size ?BH\
I-arge size 79c.
Moired French Pen-alines, in warranted
fast black and a complete line of n?^w spring
shades. Our regular 10c. gra.
lowered for tomorrow's spec
Warranted Shrunk Canvas, in black, light
and dark slate, tan
and everyhere else. S]iecial for. 0
25 pieces of Warranted Fast Black Per
calines; soft and silky in
is. in black, ligh
nn and while. ? "T) /
farranted Fast Black Pet
I silky In
appearance. Always counted <1 /f> IT /
an excellent 15c. value. I (I
Tomorrow for ^
y ? ~
' ck? \
1 ^ .
N ^ /
12 dozen Agate Buttons for 4c.
SUM?': ssSfSSSSS* ??-?
THE ENOfLIS# THINK MEN OF
UNITED STATES ARE RUDE.
Youths From This Country Should
Polish Themselves in Albion?
Approval for Our Girls.
From the London Mall.
Americans come to Engfand for the con
templation and the acquisition of Eng
land's learning; they come to study its art
and to buy its curios, they come to meet
its great men aiid women, they come to
visit its historical spots and to gaze upon
its scenery, they even come for clothes?
when they know no better. But if they can
afford it in time and money, they come also
for English manners. Sometimes they go
to France for manners, but England is the
American men are notoriously bad-man
nered* as a class. The mothers are doubt
less to blame for it in the beginning, for
they do not give the same care to this part
of their sons' education that they give to
their daughters'. Few of the boys, as they
grow to manhood, have the time or the in
clination to come to England to be "fin
ished," but if business brings them fre
quently to the old world, they are quick to
acquire an air of courtesy and an elegance
in dress which distinguishes them at once.
It is rather curious that the few American
men who do come to England for "finish"
return home, as a rule, the greatest snobs
on the American continent. They adopt
all the extravagances of the Englishman's
eyeglass, his broad vowels, his imperlous
nesa to inferiors, and his obsequiousness to
superiors. They get along well in certain
circles in New York, where anything with
an English label is considered better than
the American, but in Chicago and the west
they have rather a hard time at first, and
are apt to be told that they are "blooming
Anglo-maniacs." If their native common
sense comes to the rescue, they develop in
time into the most charming combination
of all that is best In the men of the two
nations. One meets today In America many
Buch men who are a pleasure merely to
look upon for their dignified, graceful car
riage and their perfect taste in dress, while
their numerous little accomplishments of
speech and action are a constant source of
delight to their women friends.
Teach Us to Talk.
Most American girls have heard a great
deal about good manners before they come
to England, even If their brothers and cou
sins have not, and they seldom make an
altogether unfavorable impression when
first introduced in England. But they con
fess?among themselves?that the English
woman can teach them much. The English
"grande dame" Is a revelation of stateli
ness and elegance, and even the snobbish
ness of the less exalted matron has its
lesson, for did not Thackeray prove, and
does not all England acknowledge, that it
is a land of snobs? From the English wo
man the American learns the value and
uses of reserve, and she gradually tones
down and refines her American vivacity.
In England the American girl learns how
to use her native tongue in a tone that is
smooth, that is soft without being indis
tinct, that falls gently and musically upon
the ear, In expressions that are accurate
and discriminating and free from the abom
inations of s^ng. -In England American
girls learn the>art of the hostesB and how
to dispense that faipous English hospitality
which Is lnispit&bl$> in Its simplicity, its
freedom of .consideration for individual
tastes, and 4ts genuine thoughtfulness.
Even the high walla .which hedge It in come
In time to be.flfPr*1dated as an advantage
over the open-door characteristic of gen
erous American hospitality. In England a
guest concludes visit knowing that he will
not be forgotten, ?,while In America the
hostess Is frequently so occupied with her
multitude of guests succedlng one another
at her table that to-remmeber them all is
a difficult task.
T ? '
Bay State Dead Letter Laws.
From the BostoqJ Adrertlaer.
The legislative conualttee on fisheries and
game has decided not to repeal the laws
against Sunday fi^tfpg or shooting. To kill
the laws would offend a large number of
good people, and would change matters lit
tle. Since the stale game commission in
structed its deputies not to enforce the law
against Sunday fishing that law has become
a dead letter, just like the law against Sun
day sports. The people who play golf on
8unday know that they staad in no danger
of arrest. The people who flah on Sunday
understand perfectly that so long as the
fish wardens do not interfere nobody else
is likely ? to- do so. The fish wardens who
believe In the enforcement of the Sunday
law do not dare to.make any arrests since
the game commission issued Its warning
against such interference. Consequently
the Sunday'law amounts tor nothing, to
strike it' opt would only offehd many re
ligious people and benefit nobody in par
ticular. r r ^
MAKING OF MONARCHS.
Plebeian Descent of the Servian King
Origin of Mings and Manchus.
From the London Standard.
The last century has stories of the mak
ing of monarchs every whit as romantic as
those of the ages of chivalry. A tablet on
a little, tumble-down house in one of the
dingiest streets of Pau declares the build
ing to be the birthplace of Jean Baptiste
Jules Bernadotte, who became King of
Sweden. The elder Bernadotte was a law
yer in a small way of business, but instead
of following his father's profession, the
son enlisted in the French army. After nine
j ears service, he was only a sergeant, but
the revolution and its wars gave him his
opportunity. He rose rapidly, and Napo
leon, though disliking him, made Berna
dotte a marshal, and in 18W> Prince of Ponte
Corvo. Then Bernadotte was nominated
heir to childless Charles XII of Sweden.
To his acceptance of this Napoleon was
"What," exclaimed Bernadotte, with fine
sarcasm to the emperor, Wwill you make
me greater than yourself by compelling me
to refuse a crown?"
"Go," said Napoleon, "our fates must be
And In this case they transformed the
Pau attorney's son into a king and founder
of the royal house of Sweden.
Of even more plebeian descent than King
Oscar is Alexander of Servla. That mon
arch is merely three generations removed
from the swineherd. The Servian Crom
well, or Wiliam Tell, who rose to deliver
his country from Turkish misrule, was
Michael Obrenovitch. Leaving his pigs to
feed and tend themselves, he headed his
countrymen, who rewarded his success by
electing him Prince of Servia. On his
death. In 1868, he was succeeded by the
late ex-King Milan, who handed over the
crown to his son in 1889. Of English sav
ereigns. Queen Mary II and Queen Anne
were the granddaughters of a domestic ser
vant. While he was Duke of York, James
II married Anne Hyde, the daughter of
Lord Clarendon, and the two queens wcr-i
the children of the union. As a briefless
barrister, Lord Chancellor Clarendon had
married a housemaid, and her grandchildren
sat on the British throne.
Victor Emmanuel offered the tributa?y
crown of Sicily to Garibaldi, but the old
sailor refused to exchange his red shirt for
the purple robe. The founder of the Ming
dynasty of China was a Buddhist prest,
the son of a Chinese potter. After occupy
ing the celestial throne for three centuries,
the Mings were overthrown and succeeded
by the Manchus of Tartar freebooting ori
gin. They have been royal for only IKW
years. But the imperial house of Turkey
has absolutely authentic descent from Mo
hammed. the long line being unbroken fiom
570 A. D. With exceptions, such as that of
the Mikado, Disraeli was right in declar
ing that "the most powerful people in tht
world, male and female, a few years back,
were adventurers, exiles and demireps."
TIMBER OF HAWAII.
Durion, Koa and Other Woods on the
Island of Kauai.
From the Honolulu Star.
Territorial Forester David Haughs and
Expert Forester Griffiths from Washington
are expected back from Molokai, on the
Lehua, on Saturday. Mr. Griffiths is near
ing the end of the time allotted for these
islands before proceeding on to Manila, but
will probably make a trip to Kauai before
he leaves the Islands.
The soil on Kauai being probably older
than that of the rest of the group, and its
position and latitude being also perhaps In
Its favor, there are several trees that grow
easily on Kauai that have never flourished
very well on the other Islands. Among
these Is the durlan, a tall elm-like tree well
known to travelers In the East Indies for
Its delicious custard-like pitfp and intolera
ble smell. Its seeds are eaten roasted like
chestnuts. Mr. Griffiths will have a lengthy
report to make on the Hawaiian forests,
and his trip will have proved an interesting
one, as several of the native woods are
practically new to the United States. Koa,
for example, Is but little known as a wood
superior to mahogany, and monkey-pod
timber has never come Into prominence as
a furniture wood.
A prominent California saddle maker ex
pressed considerable curiosity about the
supply of a certain Hawaiian wood that
was sent to him to be made into trees. The
wood was very light and extremely tough,
as strong as steel and, on inquiry, capable
of lasting an indefinite number of years.
This wood was the product of the hau tree
and has been patronized quite extensively
for the manufacture of saddle-trees. All
these attributes of Hawaiian timber, with
the possibilities of sandal wood when the
young trees which are now to be preserved
5Prinfif up. will be taken cognisance of by
Mr. Griffiths In his report to Washington
Fran the Chicago Tribune.
"Joaiah," asked Mrs. Chugwater, "what
is a bucket shop?"
?It's a Place, I auppose,** replied Mr.
Chugwater, looklrigimpatjently up from his
newspaper, "where thejr empty the water
out of stock*." '
Afghanistan's New Ameer Presents a
Bold Front to the British.
From the Xew York Sun.
The now ameer of Afghanistan. Habibul
lah Khan, appears to be a masterful spirit,
if he may be judged by his reply to the
Mohammedan deputation sent by the vice
roy of India, Lord Curzon, to congratulat
him on his accession to the Afghan thron*
It lacked nothing in directness or clear
ness of expression. He assured Lord Cur
zon that he meant to follow in the foot
steps of his father in all his relations with
the British government, and on no account
would he permit the extension of ran ways
or telegraphs from India into his territor
,?f f, ?1" ? European British agent to
^ f* ? . dec,are<i that he would
, guard the interests of the country against
foreign aggression and permit no'violation
wLm ? ?! ,, boundaries. Missionaries
allowed to enter the countrv
nor wou.d English education nor English
would he per?i"ed- but public schools
? ?P^ed ,n a)I Parts of th* country
for the teaching of the Arabic and Persian
fZ",or * "?"cy ot Afsha"
Confident, apparently, in the strength of
f16 has ,nv'ted most of those
in*\Zert ?tX,1.ed ,f0r various reasons dur!
ing h.s fathers lifetime to return to the
selvesr>ofathe have availed them
ious tn atferi. appears also anx
5ht?hn ^ .? himself those tribes out
side his boundaries which inhabit the coun
terri^tWeen them and the British Indian
constitu^e?raPer whlch haa recently been
1 Rrttlih ^ separate jurisdiction by the
British government. With this object In
view, according to the m.?st recent infor"
Spa?iso?edmelIndha' fh<? Sent a han<ls"melv
caparisoned elephant as a present to th'o
celebrated Ha,Ida Mullah, who has on dif
tv, 1 VJui ? ?? to come to Kabul.
h Mullah of Tirah. Said Akbar
Snt'a depu *aUMalo KabSf colu'""3'
Foot Ball in Turkey.
from, the London Telegraph.
Sport does not meet with much encour
agement in Turkey, and is pursued under
great difficulties. A young Turk called
Rechad Bey. inspired by the Smvrna and
Constantinople foot ball match, organized
a club among his friends, together with
some Greeks and Armenians, and began
practicing. A few days ago. in the piiddle
of the night, police came to his house and
carried him off to Scutari. There he was
submitted to a long interrogation as to
the club and the game of foot ball Mat
ters only grew more complicated, as the
Turkish word for ball is top, the same as
for a cannon. The authorities were con
\ inced that they had found a great plot,
and that the club must be a secret society!
A special messenger was sent for the bail!
and that was duly examined, and found to
be an infernal machine. The regulations of
the club were considered to be another
piece of damning evidence, and still worse
were the jerseys and colors of the club,
which showed a complete organization, even
to a uniform. After long deliberation, the
culprit Was sent to the higher police au
thorities in Stamboul. who went through a
second long examination, and came to the
conclusion that the empire had been saved
from disintegration by the earlv discovery
of a great plot. They dispatched the whole
matter to be examined into at Yildiz So
the young man, the foot ball, the rules and
the sweaters and kickers were all solemnly
taken to the palace, and a special commis
sion took the matter in hand. After much
careful thought and examination of the evl
U. was declded that there might be
nothing in it, but it must not be done again.
Accordingly, the young man was appointed
vice consul at Teheran and bundled off the
same day. This may appear perfectly in
credible, but it is absolutely true.
| Chaperons in the West.
From the San FrancUco Examiner.
All unmarried females of means and posi
tion are chaperoned here. Age doesn't mat
ter. They are spinsters?that's enough. No
tender maid of thirty goes unattended In
California. No single woman of any age
goes to the theater alone with a man, and
as for "buggy riding"?the custom is un
known. No girl goes to a restaurant for
lunch with a youth she has known from
the cradle. It would not be correct. And it
would not be entirely correct, either, for
her to get another girl. No; she must have
the chaperon?the tried and seasoned vet
eran of matrimony?or else the proprieties
will be spilt up the back. The ardor with
which the cult of the chaperon has been
taken up in the west should make the
thoughtful pause. At the rate we're going
we'll soon be where they are in France,
and It would be hopelessly compromising
for %njr of as to walk two blocks on the
public street with a man of our acquaint
ance In fact, at the end of the two blocks,
If 1b should be so lacking in his duty as a
well-bred man to. neglect proposing, we
will have to remind him of it
VALUE OF THE SUPPLIES FOUND
IN THE ISLANDS.
Demand for Gutta-Percha Increase!,
While the Number of Trees De
From the Now York Evening Post.
In writing on gutta-percha in the Elec
trical World and Engineer Major J. Orton
Kerbey says that the supply in the Philip
pines should be husbanded, and quotes the
report of the Philippine commission on the
subject, as follows: "It appears that, while
many trees produce gutta mixed with
resinous and other substances, the main
source of gutta which is available for com
mercial purposes is afforded by trees be
longing to two genera, dichopsis and pay
cena, the former species producing the best
gutta known. The destructive method of
exhausting by the natives, who cut the
I trees down and ring them, is unnecessary.
It is possible to obtain more satisfactory
results by careful tapping without injuring
the tree. In lS4:i gutta-percha trees were
abundant on Singapore Island and on the
Malay Peninsula, but they have been so
thoroughly cleaned out that the botanical
gardens at Singapore cannot obtain plants.
The destruction cf gutta trees In Su
matra and Borneo has been widespread.
The demand for gutta steadily increases,
like that of rubber, while the supply as
steadily decreases. The gutta trade is prin
cipally in the hands of the I'hinese of Sin
gapore. who adulterate in every conceivable
way. There is a demand 000 times greater
than the supply."
Danger of Outta Famine.
He declares that the danger of a famine
in gutta is as great as that of rubber, and
says that the officers of the I'nited States
Signal Corps, many of whom are expert
cable operators and practical electricians,
are giving the subject of gutta their ener
getic attention, and beneficial results may
be expected. "The signal officers." he says,
"will give the matter of the product of
trees, like those of gutta and rubber, espe
cial consideration, with a view to ad
vancing the telegraph and cable enterprise
of the government. The trouble heretofore
has been that the forestry bureau of the
Philippines, which is a product of the Span
ish occupation and basing their report on
the work of the native forester, only look
to the value of a forest by the number of
trees that are useful as timber for its va
rious purposes of supplying hardwoods for
furniture, or trunks of trees adapted for
piling, or woods for railroad ties, building
A gutta-percha or rubber tree standing is
worth an avenge of $_'?> per tree each sea
son for forty years, and several hundred
trees may be cultivated to the acre at rela
tively less cost with greater returns than
from any growing product of the earth. It
is estimated by the commission that 300,
tM)0,000 iKHinds of gutta-percha have been
exported from Singapore during the last
fifty years, involving the destruction of at
least 150,000.000 trees, and the waste by Im
perfect collection of some 3,?HIO.OOO pounds.
New and Old Lands.
"Great Britain and Holland are the coun
tries owning all known gutta-percha lands
outside of the Philippines. They are taking
active steps not only to preserve the trees,
but to establish new plantations. Germany
has long had an agent in gutta and rubber
producing countries with a view to the In
troduction of the trees into her African
and New Guinea possessions. Some years
ago France sent gutta seedlings to all her
tropical possessions, and a representative
of that government visited Borneo. An
other representative is now investigating in
Java. Yet our government is slow to take
up a matter of such Importance and hesi
tates at appointing a practical expert to
assist in developing a great Industry: Hol
land at present monopolizes all gutta seed,
which has become so valuable because of
the ruthless destruction of trees that it Is
found more profitable to keep trees for the^
seed than to extract gutta from them. A1-*
though the best gutta producing tree, dl
chopls gutta. Is not yet found in the present
open territory, there Is no doubt that if It
does not already exist the best species can
be grown in our own possessions, which Is
in the same latitude with the habitat In
North Borneo. The Identification of the
genuine rubber and gutta tree must ba de
termined by practical experts. Unques
tionably the rubber trees from the Amason
may be transplanted and be grown In the
new possessions, sever.a.1 varieties already
being found to be indigenous."
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