No, 15,300. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, MARCH 21, 1902-SIXTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
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Considered at the Cabinet
TALK OF KETIREMENT
NO ACTION MAY BE TAKEN AT
President, However, Considers State
ments Before Senate Committee
Disrespectful to His Superiors.
The administration will undoubtedly fake
some action in the case of Lieut. lien.
Miles, whose testimony yesterday before
th?* Senate committee on military affairs
has created such a stir. Kxactly what the
action will be had not been finally deter
mined upon at the White House litis alter
noon. although the matter was discussed
before the cabinet for some time. It is
understood that the cabinet and the l'resi
d? nt are agreed that Gen. Miles has acted
toward his superior officer. Secretary Koot,
as he wotdd not desire a subordinate to act
toward him. Therefore the administration
proposes that Gen. Miles shall be punished
just as the President thinks he would insist
on punishiug a subordinate who had se
verely criticised his motives and intentions.
Besides, (Jen. Miles' conduct before the
Senate committee, the administration de
sires harmony in the War Department, "in-I
Is said to be satisfied that this cannot b"
had so long as Gen. Miles remains at the
head of the army and other officials remain
where they are. The hidden friction oe
tween Gen. Miles and his friends on one
side and Secretary Root, Gen. Corbin and i
others on the other, has been going on Ion*
enough, the administration declares, and
threatens to involve the entire army. Every
attempt has been made to cover up and
suppress this friction, but it has appeared
In many unexpected places and in di\ers
Will Stand by Secretary Root.
As between Secretary Root and other offi
cers of the army and General Miles the
President will stand by Secretary Root.
He will stand for discipline and the respect
he thinks is due from a subordinate to a
superior, it is declared on authority xoday.
He will likewise act promptly and decisive
ly, uproot the existing menace to the army
if possible, and aeci-pt the responsibility of
the entire matter, be the consequences po
litical or otherwise. The only question, as
stated, is as to just what action is consid
ered to be merited, or at least what should
be taken. The President is understood to
have exprffs? <1 himself freely to his cabinet
as to the evil consequences of overlooking
General Miles' criticism of Secretary Root
and to have pointed out the dangers of
merely whitewashing a thing of that kind,
lie indicated that It would not be his way
of doing business.
The President talked with several call* rs
during the day about tlie case. One of
these callers was an exceedingly close
frit nd of the late President McKinley. This
caller, an influential member of Congress,
said that one of the criticisms that could be
made of President McKinley was that he
had permitted a condition of affairs to con
tinue in the War Department that prom
ised serious future results without prompt
ly taking hold of and disposing of it. Much
friction existed in the War Department
growing out of General Miles inability to i
g.-t along with other officials, or they with
him. as far back as the administration of ,
Secretary Alger, it is said, and this friction :
was. overlooked repeatedly rather than
bring the issue to a close by an investiga
tion and the punishment of the person or
per.- >ns really r? sponsible for the existence
Among well-posted men the supposition i
is that the must likely step by the Presi
dent will be the retirement of Gen. Miles j
under the age limit. The President is said
to have this right. Whether he would ac- I
company such action by censure or repri- ,
niand is not known. The President himself ;
has probably not determined.
Privilege May Affect Attitude.
At the close of the cabinet meeting today j
It was stated on excellent authority that
?whatever may have been the President s
first intentions as to action In General
Miles" case, his future determination may
be affected by the fact that It has been j
represented to him that General Miles* tes- j
tlmony and statements before the Senate
committee were privileged. Therefore, it
would be impossible to base definite action
on what occurred before the committee. If
this view of the case finally prevails with
the President, nothing may be done for
the piesent as to General Miles.
The President is going to investigate the
facts fully. He wil lprobably read the tes
timony and th< n confer with members of
the S? nate committee.
It is strongly believed in official circles,
however, that if the President is prevented
from doing anything by the privileged na
ture of G-n. Miles' statements to the com
mittee it is merely a question of time when j
for some reason or other action will have
to be taken as to Gen. Miles. The Presi
dent would not have been deterred from
acting by most powerful political influ
ences. but he may permit the question of
privilege to cause him to lay aside a mat
ter that he might conclude really ought to
be acted upon now.
Secretary Root and Postmaster General
Payne remained with the President long
after the cabinet had adjourned this after
noon. They were In the President's room
at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, at which time
Mr. Payne went away. He was soon fol
lowed by Secretary Root.
From an official source announcement
was made that pending an investigation of
the facts as to Gen. Miles no action was
taken by the President and cabinet.
At the War Department.
Lieutenant General Miles declines to be
drawn into any public discussion In regard
to his statements before the Senate mili
tary committee yesterday. He was in his
office at army headquarters all day today
and conducted business as usual. Many
visitors called, including a number of
newspaper men desiring to obtain definite
Informtlon In regard to what actually oc
curred at the Capitol.
To one and all he stated that he was not
in any way responsible for the newspaper
reports of the hearing and he could not
understand why there was so much excite
ment over the matter. He was regularly
summoned by the committee to give his
views on certain military legislation, anl
he had done so to the best of his ability.
The committee met behind closed doors i
and what took place he regarded as con
Regarding the newspaper reports of his
testimony he would only say that they con
tained errors in several points. He did not
care to specify the particular points, and
would have nothing further to say on the
pubject until alter he had received the xe- ,
port of the committee hearing and verified
its accuracy or corrected any statements
which may' have been misunderstood by
the official stenographer.
Fie said he understood that a printed cop}
of the committee hearing would be sent to
him tomorrow "for revision." When
is done, he added, he would then decide
whether he had anything to say on the
subject for publication, it was his unue -
standing that the report of the hearing
will be made public by the committee, it
that is done he thought it would be o.nly
fair to him for the newspapers to publish
his statement in full, and not gne It
brief and distorted manner.
The incident continued to be the subject
of general comment at the War Depart
ment and official circles generally today,
but none of the leading figures in the con
troversy would consent to be interviewed
on the subject. They were even more reti
cent today than they were last e\ ening,
when the sensation was fresh in 'hepublic
mind. Last night General Miles said that
h< did not expect, when he gave his 1testi
mony, that it would be made pubhc in an>
form but was perfectly willing that
should be published by the committee.
He said that the statements regarding it
published in the newspapers were unauthor
ized and exaggerated. He made no secret,
however, of the tact that lie had
ously opposed the passage of the so-called
I general staff bill 1 repared by oificers of the
adjutant general's department. niustri_
? I have too much respect for the lllustr
ous men who have preceded nie. said Gen
eral Miles," "and for the office ^\hich
have the honor to occupy to be a part> to
a measure that, in my judgment, must do
serious injury to the army and endanger
the welfare of the republic.
Secretary Boot's Statement.
Secretary Root exhibited little feeling
when his attention was called to the al
leged statements before the Senate com
mittee. "I am sorry," said he "that Gen
eral Miles is opposed to the bill, as it means
much to the efficiency of the army. I nder
section 7 of the bill, of which General Miles
is said to have complained, the
general will hold the office of chief o? start
and have largely increased powers in army
management." ? , ....
As to the question whether General Miles
had said anything which would require ac
tion at the hands of the department or the
President, the Secretary firmly declined to
express any opinion, for the present, at
least, preferring to await an official cop>
of the committee hearing before reaching
There was a very general inquiry as to
whether by passing the criticisms upon
various officials, as reported in the press,
Gen. Miles had not exposed himself to dis
ciplinary treatment. The answer to this
must be based on the exact amount of
privilege which attaches to testimony given
before a committee of Congress.
This question arose last week in the
course of Gen. Hughes' testimony before
the Senate Philippine committee, when the
general sought te? escape answering ejues
tions which would involve criticism by him
of his superior officer. Gen. Otis. It ap
peared that there was a variance of opinion
in the committee itself as to how far Gen.
Hughes was at liberty to violate army
I rules and proprieties, even in answi r to
committee questions, and the question itse'll
was left unsettled.
There were various reports as to the con
sequences of General Milts' allege*d reflec
tions upon the Secretary of War and the
adjutant general. Some officials seem to
think that the President would e-xe-rcise his
prerogative and place General Miles on the
retired list under the statute authorizing
such action in the case r?f an officer \\ho
had reached the age of sixty-two years.
Better informe-d officials stated positively
this afternoon, however, that no such
course of action had been determined upe>n
by the President up to this time at least,
and that nothing of that kind was likely,
unless required by future developments.
View at the Capitol.
Persons who were present at the hearing
before the Senate committee on military
affairs yesterday afternoon, when Gen.
Miles testified concerning the War De
partment's bill for the reorganization of
the army, express regret at what they de
clare was an unfortunate sensational col
oring given to the statements of the com
manding general of the army. The hear
ing was conducted with closed doors, and
Gen. Miles was discussing the bill in a
confidential way with the committee. When
n.- was questioned concerning that feature
of the hill which makes the commanding
general chief of staff, he was asked how
that would affect him. He was silent a
moment, and then, addressing the com
mittee. declared that as the committee
asked him questions lie hael to reply to
them. , ^
I "Hut." he added, "this must not be taken
down as a part of the testimony. 1 can
only reply to this question in confidence to
He then proce-edeel to say that in his
judgment the bill would in its operation, if
it should become a law, be so detrimental
to the army and so harmful to the best in
terests of the republic that he would retire
from the service upon its enactment into
law. As he has reached the age e>f sixty
two vears, it is declared that he would
have a perfect right to retire. It is said
that the statement that he said he would
"r?-sign" from the army was not made by
him. and that such statement must have
gained publicity through a misapprehension.
It is also stated by persons present at the
hearing that the demeanor of General Miles
was calm and dispassionate, anei that at no
' time did he show evidence of any excite
It is declared that Gen. Miles did say
he could name five officers who would be
preferred bv the War Department for posi
tions of honor and responsibility under the
I hilt should it become a law, but that state
i nient was also made by him with the un
derstanding that it was given in confidence
and was not to be taken down by the ste
nographer, and made only because he was
questioned in a way to bring it out.
Gen. Miles when he went before the com
mittee had a typewritten statement con
cerning the bill, which he read and which
those who heard him declared would prove
an historical docume-nt of unusual value.
As he read this manuscript he was oc
casionally questioned by members of the
committee. 11** undertook to show, quoting
the law frequently, that bureaus of the
War Department had without legal author
ity gradually usurped powers which had
been vested in the commanding general of
the army. He quoted the language of great
military leaders, such a Napoleon, Wel
lington. Washington and Grant, to the ef
fect that there should be a" responsible
head of the army who could at all times
act promptly and without being hampered
according to the exigencies that might
arise. His paper was very fully reinforced
with quotations from these authorities.
It is declared by those who heard the
testimony of Gen. Miles yesterday that he
cannot be reprimanded or in any way
caused trouble because of his language.
They say his general statement was digni
fied and couched In such language that
would relieve him from any criticism. The
statements which have caused criticism,
they say, so far as they have been accu
rately published, were made in a way to
relieve Gen. Miles from any responsibility
for them. They say had he refused to
reply freely to the committee's questions
he would have rendered himself liable to
some kind of rebuke, and that the condition
of confidence with which he made the re
plies is such as to protect him from rebuke
of his superior officers.
Contract Dental Surgeons.
The Secretary of War has rendered a de
cision that contract dental surgeons have
no official relation to the surgeon of a post,
neither have their enlisted assistants, ex
cept that they may occasionally be at
tached to the hospital corps detachment for
rations and quarters. Should it for any
reason be necessary to recommend the ex
cuse from duty of an officer or enlisted man
on account of dental disease the contract
dental surgeon will report the ease to the
Burgeon of the post, who will take It up on
his register of sick and wounded, but- in
other cases no report of dental operations
will be made except by the contract Cental
surgeon. . _
Curious Case Brought to Light
RESULT OF SHOOTING
VICTIM SAID TO EE AN ALL
But Was Living as a Respected Citi
zen in Palos Park, a
CHICAGO. March 21.?A? a result of
what seemed a common shooting yesterday
the police have become suddenly active
and today are bending their energies to
connect Joseph Hopkins, the injured man,
with the $70,000 post ohiet robbery of last
Hopkins was shot by "Dan" Kipley, a
nephew of former Chief of Police Kipley,
and himself a former detective, yesterday
in a flat occupied by Lillle Arlington, oth
erwise known as "Diamond Lill." Kipley,
who, with the woman, is under arrest,
claims self-defense. At St. Luke's Hospi
tal today Hopkins' condition is said to be
critical. Following the shooting it develop
ed that Hopkins had been leading a Jekyl
Hyde existence. He was identified, accord
ing to the police, as a bank robber and
burglar of national notoriety, but in Palos
Park, where he had a cozy little home in
a secluded spot sheltered by trees, it was
found that he had a reputation as a dis
penser of charities, a giver to the church,
and a man of standing in society.
His wife's standing was also of the best,
but when she was brought into the police
station policemen claim to have recognized
her as a woman they had known as
Kipley, while in his cell, told a friend
that Hopkins was a man fur whom the po
lice had been searching in connection with
the post office robbery. What the connec
tion is has not been made plain," but it is
pointed out that Hopkins is an electrician,
and that the holes drilled in the bottoms
of the safes in the post office were by tools
receiving power from some electrical de
vice. An attempt to search the house yes
terday failed because no search warrant
had been taken out. The warrant was se
[ cured today and Post Office Inspector Stu- j
art today started for Paios Park to make
KITCHENER SHORT OF TROOPS.
London Times Correspondent Says
Boers Continue Fighting.
LONDON, March 21.?A dispatch to the
Times from Klerksdorp, Transvaal colony,
says that the Boers in the western Trans
vaal are well supplied with guns and ammu
nition and have unlimited support and a
large amount of stock, that their numbers
give them confidence, while the block house
system has not yet been extended enough
to alarm them.
What is possible has been done, continues
the correspondent, but owing to the insuffi
ciency of troops the British columns have
been too small to cope adequately with the
Boer forces, which are all composed of
fighting men, without any intention of sur
HAS A REASSURING EFFECT. j
Views of Russian Press on Recent
ST. PETERSBURG. March 21.-The Rus
sian press agrees that the Franco-Russian
declaration on the subject of the Anglo
Japanese agreement will dispose of misun
derstandings and have a reassuring effect
th:- world over. The Xovoye Vremya says:
"The Franco-Russian alliance was com
pelled to restore the balance of power in
the Pacific, which was disturbed by the
Anglo-Japanese agreement. The policy of
a free hand expressed in the declaration is
in accordance with Russia's interests."
In connection with the eastward move
ment of Russian troops it is announced
that th< first section of Cossacks is already
in the far east and that the second section
has been mobilized.
DECISION AGAINST MRS. OKIE.
Verdict in Montana Court in Favor of
CHEYENNE, Wyo., March 21.?The suit
of Mrs. Susan B. Okie of Washington, D.
C., against her son, John B. Okie, the
wealthy sheep owner of Lost Cabin, Wyo.,
to recover $100,1 >00, claimed by her to be
due as her share of the son's sheep busi
ness since 1898, when she contracted to
sell out to him, has been decided adversely
by Judge Riner of the federal court. She
sought to have the contract set aside, al
leging. among other things, that it was
brought about through misrepresentation
of the status of the business.
DIVORCE FOR LORD HOPE.
Englishman Who Married May Yohe,
LONDON. March 21.?Lord Francis Hope
was granted a divorce today on the ground
of the misconduct of his wife (May Tohe)
with Putnam Bradlee Strong of New York.
Counsel for Lord Hope lengthily detailed
the marriage of his client to May Yohe,
their visit to the United States in 1900, the
meeting with Strong and the subsequent
intimacy of the respondent and co-respon
dent, ending with their departure for Japan
under the name of Mr. and Mrs. J. P.
Smith. Lord Hope, who is still suffering
from the amputation of his leg, corroborat
ed counsel's statements. He said he had
no suspicion -vhatever of his wife when he
left her alone in a flat in New York. Ha
first noticed ? change in her behavior at
the end of March, 1901, and In April his
wife insisted on a separation.
Affidavits in proof of the misconduct of
Lady Hope were read and the decree, with
costs, was pronounced.
REGULARS JOIN REVOLUTIONIST
Rebellion in China Growing More
Serious Every Day.
HONG KO>JG, March 21.?Advices from
Canton say It is credibly reported there
that the viceroy has received telegrams
from Lung Chan, on the Annam border, al
leging that the whole of Marshal Su's
troops have deserted and joined the rebels.
If this be true, says the advices, it adds
to the revolutionists 20,000 foreign armed
and drilled troops, capable of defeating any
force the imperialists can raise.
Telegrams further say the country to un
doubtedly ripe for rebellion. Robberies are
of frequent occurrence, the long-continued
drought prevents the planting of spring rice
and this has led the farm laborers to be
Well informed persons consider a rebel
lion similar to that ot th* Taping* prob
WILL DECIDE TODAY
Anthracite Miners Will Fin
ish Up a: Scranton.
MAY BE PEACE OR WAR
DELEGATES EXTREMELY RETI
CENT AS TO THEIR ACTION.
Impression That Officials Wiil Be
Given the Authority to De
SHAMOKIN, Fa., March 21.?Unless ;ili
indications fail today's proceedings <>i the
convention of the districts 1. 7 and !?.
United Aline Workers of America, will de
cide the question of peace or war between
the operators and miners. The report of
the scale committee has been completed
and will be submitted to the convention
this afternoon. Upon this report hinges
the final decision of the delegates, and the
atmosphere of expectancy was more pro
nounced this morning than at any time
during the deliberations of the convention.
The resolutions adopted yesterday are
believed to indicate the determination of
the mine workers to insist upon further
concessions than the posted notices of she
operators provide for, and the delegates
wtre noticeably eager to hear the report
of the scale committee.
The idea prevails among those not in the
confidence of the leaders that the conven
tion will invest in National President
Mitchell and the district presidents the au
thoritv to render the tinal decision.
Denied by President Mitchell,
In this connection President Mitchell *s;ti>l
to the Associated Press correspondent:
"There has been no intimation of such
action being taken by the convention, at
least I have not heard of it."
Another official stated that this proposi
tion is not particularly agreeable to th?;
officers, but they would accede to the de
mands of the delegates. The convention
went into executive session shortly aft -r
!? o'clock, and began the consideration of
resolutions left over from yesterday.
The morning session adjourned at 1!
o'clock, no business of importance having
been transacted. Several resolutions were
adopted, but they were similar to those
presented at yesterday's session and n t
of general interest.
? ? ? ?
BEET SUGAR MEN
MICHIGAN DELEGATION WILL
VOTE AGAINST RECIPROCITY.
Repoivt of Manufacturers on Babcock
Tariff Revision Bill?Minnesota
Delegation May Join.
The Michigan delegation in the House,
numbering twelve representatives, have
notified Chairman Payne that they will
vote against the Cuban reciprocity bill to
the last. The California and Washington
delegations will probably pursue the same
The House leaders hope to secure re
publican votes equal in number to a re
publican majority of the House, so that
the bill may be said to have passed with
out the ai<l of democrats. There if? no
question of the bill passing, however.
The ways and means leaders are very
anxious to ascertain the strength of the
tariff revisionists. Some very emphatic
threats have been made that the reduc
tion of the sugar tariff shall not be made
unless tin re are reductions of the schedules
in which the great trusts are interested
iron, steel, glass, wood pulp, etc. The
way the House leaders have the legislative
program arranged, however,*it will be dif
ficult for the revisionists to break the lines
without democratic aid.
The Babcock Revision Bill.
Members of the House have received
copies of a report on the Babcock revision
bill made by a special committee of the
Manufacturers' Association of Ntw York.
The report is as follows:
"Your oo-mmlttee, to whom was referred
the H. R. bill U056 of the Fifty-seventh
Congress, first session (known as the Bab
cock bill), would report that this bill Is a
modification of the H. R. bill 14145 of tnie
Fifty-sixth Congress, second session, and
that It reduces the present custom duties
on nearly all varieties of the crude Shapes
of iron and steel, an a.verag>e of 50 per cent,
and adds to the free list more advanccu
than pig and less advanced than bar and all
Ingots, beams, channels, plates, tee rails,
etc. (which are generally regarded as the
steel trust products).
"The bill will, we believe, protect the
wage prices of the capable mechanics and
assist the manufacturers of the United
States in the attempt to obtain and retain
the market for our surplus goods of the
higher grades, and continue here the era
of good times when all who honestly want
work may have it at prioes better than any
where else in the world .
"While we do not believe that the product
of any organization should be selected for
a reduction of their legitimate profits, yet,
when one company controls the market ol
the United States and Is able to declare
profits by reason of the protection custom
duties in excs3a of the amount considered
legitimate in all business experience, the
time has come when these dunes should be
gradually lowered at such a rate that other
lines of business depending on the products,
on which the duties ax* lowered, may not
be thrown Into confusloa.
"Your committee, when the- previous bill
was referred to them, held aa open meet
ing to hear the interested members, but, as
previously stated, there was*a very small
attendance considering the Importance Jt
the subject, and the opinion *>f your com
mittee then formed after a discussion ap
plies to this bill, and we -would offer the fol
"Resolved, That the Bfpnufeeturers' Asso
ciation of New York facers ~the passage of
the present H. R. bill t066 (known as the
Babcock bill), believing that* the Interests
of the manufacturers ot the country, aa
well as of the workingatea, be advanc
ed by this modification in the tariff bill of
1897, particularly 11 it will assist in the
work of reciprocity to which this associa
tion stands committed."
Encouraged by Senators.
The Michigan representatives conferred
today with the two sectors from that
state and the deeteton was'reached to fight
the reciprocity bill without ceasing. The
senators encouraged the House delegation
to oppose the bill at every point and do
8ome members- e? the lfljiMMIts delega
tion have Joined the )K!ch)g*ih aim, ami, it
is said, will efler amendments remove
the protection which the sugar "trust now
?jajP2? aa xefloe^jRugai*
ENGLISH TOBACCO WAR
Ketail Dealers Take Sides
IN SEVERAL BIG CITIES
DECLARE IMPERIAL COMPANY
MAKES ABSURD DEMANDS.
British Combine Denounced as Out
Americanizing the Americans?
LONDON, March 21.?At a meeting of the
Edinburgh Association of Retail Tobacco
nists today a resolution was adopted, unani
mously, declining: to sign the Imperial To
bacco Companj's agreement not to sell
American goods for a term of years, but
expressing willingness, if the minimum
price is raised so as to allow a fair profit
to dealers, to do what is possible, bonus or
no bonus, for the sake of British goods.
The chairman declared that no one, outside
of a lunatic asylum, would sign such an
agreement, which would make them the
servants of the Imperial Tobacco Company.
While the Americans offered a large bonus,
no restrictions were placed upon the deal
The Belfast tobacco dealers, at a meeting
today, decided to accept the American
The feeling among the London tobacco
nists. exemplified ;;t a big meeting held this
afternoon to consider the rival bonus
schemes, was one <>f bitter opposition to the
boycotting clause of ihe agreement pro
positi by tin- imperial Tobacco Company,
which was described as arbitrary and un
London Dealers Also Refused.
Ultimately the London tobacconists, after
a long discussion, passed a resolution unani
mously. absolutely refusing to sign the
imperial Tobacco Company's agreement, as
being "unjust and unfair to the dealers and
The retailers were not content with re
jecting the proposed boycott of American
tobacco. but went a step further, passing a
resolution to support any manufacturers
willing to guarantee, on proprietary arti
cles. a minimum profit to the retailer of
2?> per cent on tobacco to 25 per cent on ci
garettes. The speakers bitterly denounced
the British combine, declared the latter had
' out-Americanized the Americans" and said
that its recent action would only result in
forcing the remaining independent tobacco
concerns in England into the arms of the
The resolutions were adopted with much
cheering, mingled with groans for the im
TO DISCUSS CUBA.
Important Conference to Be Held Here
An important conference will be held in
this city tomorrow in regard to Cuban af
fairs between Governor-General Wood and
the President and the Secretary of War.
It is probable that Mr. Palma, president
elect of Cuba, who is expected to be in
this city tomorrow, will also be invited to
confer with the President in regard to the
proposed transfer of the government of
the island to his charge. Gen. Wood was
specially summoned to Washington by the
President to arrange for the transfer. If
it can be arranged it is the policy of the
administration to relinquish active control
of affairs In Cuba by the 1st of May. All
the military and civil officers of the United
States connected with the administration
of affairs in Cuba are now busily engaged
in closing up the business affairs of their
respective offices with a view to the trans
fer of all property and accounts to their
duly chosen successors.
it is expected that final arrangements
for the relinquishment of American mili
tary control in Cuba will be perfected dur
ing the next week or so as a result of con
ferences with Gen. Wood and President
elect Palma. During his visit to this city
Gen. Wood will undoubtedly be consulted
by the republican leaders in Congress in
regard to economic conditions of Cuba,
especially with reference to the legislation
necessary to relieve the sugar and other
commercial Interests in the island.
MAJOR TAYLOR'S SUCCESSOR.
Maj. H. M. Kendall Will Be Secretary
and Treasurer of Soldiers' Home.
Maj. Henry M. Kendall, retired, having
been selected by the President for the of
fice of secretary and treasurer of the Sol
dier's Home, this city, has been directed
to enter upon duty accordingly, relieving
Maj. Charles W. Taylor, 13th Cavalry re
cently promoted, who Is ordered to join
his regiment. Maj. Taylor haB been station
ed at Soldier's Home since 1898, when he re
turned from service in Cuba severely
During the administration of Maj. Tay
lor of the office of secretary and treasurer,
new stables and splendid greenhouses have
been erected and he has done much toward
the beautificatlon of the entire reservation.
He was appointed to the Military Academy
in 1879 from the state of New York.
GAVE NO SUCH PLEDGE.
Mr. Hull Denies That He Said He
Would Not Be Candidate Again.
"I should like to state that during my
recent campaign for renominatlon I did
not make any statement that I would not
be a candidate for re-election again." This
was the remark of Representative Hull of
Iowa, to a Star reporter today, Mr. Hull
arrived In Washington from Iowa yester
day, and was much surprised to find that
reports had been circulated here that he
was having a hard time to maintain his
political position, and that it had been nec
essary for him to make promises of a "last
Mr. Hull's fight was at no time serious.
The only opponent he had confined his work
to one county, and retired from the race
altogether after a short preliminary skir
Continuing on the subject of ante-election
promises, Mr. Hull said it was not usually
his way to plan his personal affairs so long
ahead, and that as yet he had given the
matter of his retirement no serious con
AMBASSADOR TO GERMANY.
Dr. Hill May Be Chosen if Andrew D.
There is a general understanding in of
ficial circles that Dr. David J. Hill, assist
ant secretary of state, will become United
States ambassador to Germany in the event
of the retirement of Ambassador Andrew
D. White. Mr. White will be seventy years
of age November 7 next.
Assistant Secretary Hill has made a good
record in the State Department, and is re
garded as well qualified for the Important
mssion to Berlin. He is a German scholar
and has hud considerable experience in the
Mr. Herbert H. D. Peirce, third assistant
secretary of state, declines to be considered
an aspirant for appointment to the first
secretaryship, even should that become
vacant through the dispatch of Dr. Hill to
Berlin. Mr. Peirce is deeply interested in
the considar work of the Department of
State which falls to his share, and he
says he would not seek or accept the other
ASSIGNED TO REGIMENTS.
Army Officers Recently Appointed and
Officers, recently promoted, have been as
signed as follows: Col. Charles Morris.
Lieut. Col. A. C. Taylor. Major G. F. K.
Harrison, to the Coast Artillery; Capts. J.
B. Christian, to the !>th Cavalry: W. 1>.
Conrad, to the 15th Infantry: Paul Glil
dings. to the 17th Infantry; K. S. Walton, to
the 19th Infantry; A. T. Smith, to the 12th
Infantry: B. H. Merchant, to the 15th In
fantry; F. L. Munson, to the 24th Infantry;
T. M. Anderson, jr., to the 7th Infantry;
J. E. Hunt, to the 25th Infantry: C. 1>.
Roberts, to the 7th Infantry, and Leroy
Eltlnge, to the 15th Cavalry.
Officers, recently appointed, have been as
signed to duty as follows: First Lieuts.
L. T. Waldron, to the lMth Company, Coast
Artillery; Philip Yost, to the H>2d Company,
Coast Artillery: Second Lieuts. v?. E. De
Sombre, to the 9th Battery. Field Artillery:
John Philbriek. to the 2d Company. Coast
Artillery; Rex Van Den Corput, to the <Hitli
Company, Coast Artillery: L. L. Law son,
to the 8th Battery, Field Artillery: A. H.
Stevens, to the 03d Company. Coast Artil
lery; C. K. N. Howard, to the 01st Com
pany. Coast Artillery: G. W. Biegler, to the
7th Cavalry; E. N\ Coffey, to the 12th Cav
alry: W. C. Short, to the 25th Infantry: J.
B. Shuman. to the 2Sth Infantry, and J. \N .
Everington. to the Md Infantry.
GOVERNMENT OF PHILIPPINES.
The Senate Committee Continues to
Work on the Bill.
The Senate committee on the Philippines
today continued its discussion of the Phil
ippine government bill, taking up the ques
tions of proceedings in the courts and mu
nicipal indebtedness. The provision in re
gard to appeals from decisions of the su- 1
preme court of the archipelago to the Su
preme Court of the I'nited States was
amended so as to permit them in cases in
which the value of property involved ex
Authority was given to municipalities to
contract a bonded indebtedness to the ex
tent of 3 ptr cent of their assessed valua
tion for the purpose of making public im
provements. This provision is general, but
a special clause was inserted giving to the
city of Manila the privilege of exceeding
this indebtedness to the extent of $4,000,OM*
for the purpose of instituting a sewer sys
tem in that city.
The portion of the bill referring to fran
chises was read, but no action was taken.
Considerable of the time of the meeting
was devoted to a discussion of an amend- \
ment suggested by Senator Rawlins provid
ing for appeals to the I'nited States Su
preme Court in habeas corpus cases, but no
action was taken upon it. The questions
relating to friars' lands and the regulation
of the mineral laws were passed over on
account of the absence of some of the
members of the committee.
MAY REGAIN HIS PLACE.
Understood That Capt. Coghlan Will
Be Advanced Five Numbers.
It is understood that Capt. Jos. B. Cogh
lan of "Hoch der Kaiser" fame Is about
to be advanced five numbers on the list
of naval captains, through the remission
by the President of part of the sentence of
a court-martial from which he is now suf
fering. Years ago, when the captain was
a junior officer he clashed with the detail
officer of the Navy Department, and for
writing a sharp letter, was court-martialed
and sentenced to lose eleven numbers in
By the special act rewarding the captains
of the I'nited States fleet engaged in the
battle of Manila bay. Captain Coghlan re
gained some of the lost numbers, and he
now seeks to^be completely reinstated in
the plai'e on the naval list which he would
have occupied save for this indiscretion.
This would place Captain Coghlan second
on the list of naval captains, just below
Captain Sands. Jumping him over Captains
Clark, Cook. Wise and Stirling, and he
would become a rear admiral in the course
of the year through the,retirements of Ad
mirals Remey and Farquhar.
THE SHEEP AND THE GOATS.
Tabulation Completed by the Census
The agricultural division of the census
has completed its tabulation of the number
of eheep and goats on hand June 1. 1000,
and the number of fleeces and the weight
and value of the clip of wool, mohair and
goat hair in the fall of 181)9 and spring of
1900. The chief items of that report fol
There were in the United States June 1,
1900. 31,919,298 ewes one year and over;
8,018,275 rams and wethers one year and
over, and 21,068,238 lambs under one year.
From the 39,937,573 ewes, rams and weth
ers one year and more were shown in the
fall of 1899 and spring of 1900 44.092.943
fleeces of an aggregate weight of 270,991,812
pounds of unwashed wool.
Of goats, the census reports a total of all
ages of 1,871.252. of which Texas contains
the largest number, an aggregate exceed
ing one-third of all in the United States,
and New Mexico contains the next largest
number, a total of 224,130. Exclusive of the
kids less than one year old, only a portion
of the goats reported are kept for their
mohair or goat hair, hence there are report
ed only 454.5)32 fleeces of an aggregate
weight of 901,328 pounds of unwashed fiber.
The total value, as reported for the wool,
was 145.723,739, and of the mohair and goat
MR. LTON'S SUCCESSOR.
J. R. Halvorsen to Be Superintendent
of House Folding Room.
The vacancy in the superintendence- of
the House folding room, caused by the pro
motion of F. B. Lyon to succeed the late
W. J. Glenn as doorkeeper, was filled today
by the appointment as superintendent of
the folding room of Mr. J. R. Halvorsen of
Albert Dee, Minn.
The place has for some time been regard
ed as belonging to New York, and has been
considered the personal patronage of the
Mr. Lyon, however, waived this preroga
tive and requested Representative Sherman
of New York to name one of his constitu
ents for the place.
Mr. Sherman named Walter F. Scott of
Blassvale, N. Y., but as Mr. Scott has had
no experience along the line required, it
was decided to promote Mr. Halvorsen,
who was chief clerk, and appoint Mr. Scott
to that position.
Mr. Halvorsen is Mr. Tawney'? ap
pointee, and has been chief clerk of the
House folding room for several years.
He lives with his family at 508 2d street
The Philadelphia at Panama
The Navy Department has been Informed
of the arrival of the cruiser Philadelphia
at Panama jestardax*
Today advertising is as neces
sary to the transaction of cer
tain linos of business as steam
and electricity are to machin
[ cry, and the place to advertise
is in a paper like The Evening
Star, that is read by everybody
| in Washington?rich and poor,
the busy man and the man of
Chemist Wiley Before the
AN ARRAY OF SAMPLES
PROCESSES OF MANUFACTURE OF
IMPURE FOODS DESCRIBED.
Staple Products Not Adulterated in
This Country?Results of His
The committee table of the House com
mittee on commt rce presented u unique ap
pearance this morning when the pure fooil
hearing began. I)r. II. \V. Wiley, chief of
the bureau of chemistry of the lVpartm* lit
of Agriculture, had arranged to take up
the time of the committee today, and the
display of >.imples of adulterated foods
which he presented, appeared to be enough
to stock a corner grocery.
Dr. Wiley ealously advocated the l>ro
sius-Hepburn bill. Before he began t'hair
man Hepburn asked if he was familiar with
all sections o. this bill, and If so if he
would some time during his argument take
up the bill section by section and explain
it. Dr. Wiley replied that he would be glad
to do this. Hdwever, he wished to divide
his argument into two sections. Today s
talk would be on the subject of adultera
tion of foods .?'d tomorrow he would take
up the various pending bills.
Mr. Wiley said he had been making foo.l
adulteration a study for the past ten years;
that Congress had made an appropriation
for this purpose for the past fifteen years,
and he was prepared to give the commit
tee the benefit of this'study.
Staple Products Not Adulterated.
Staple products, such as Hour and sugar.
Dr. Wiley said, were not adulterated in tats
country, notwithstanding the popular belief
that the grocer mixed sand with his sugar
and that white earth was mixed In flour.
Dr. Wiley exhibited a sample ??f this
ground white earth and explained that no
attempt had been made to put it on 'he
market because the pure product was too
plentiful anil cheap in this countr>.
In referring to his display of samples. Dr.
Wiley said some were pure foods and some
adulterated. He lure explained that the
Department of Agriculture never publas-v ?i
a food as adulterated before notifying tli
manufacturer of the particular product ami
giving him an opportunity to make a <ie
\s an illustration of this Dr. \\ iley said
he would refer to the firm of Bishop & t o.
of California, which, he said, was one of
the most reputable firms of fruit packers
in the country. In a certain preser\?-a
fruit put up by this firm the department
had found red analine dye. A correspond
ence with the firm brought out the fact that
the packers believed they were using a
purely vegetable dye. They sent sampjcs
of this dye, which was labeled "pure vege
' "Our ^ analysis showed it to have^ been
made of coal" tar. or pure analine dye,' con
tinued the doctor, "and we have so not.fled
hThe next illustration was an "Ohio wine.
It was made from coal tar dye, alcohol and
sugar. "It does not contain any product
of the vine," said Dr. \\ iley.
Fruit products were next taken up. Dr.
Wiley explained that he had been one of
those who from the first had maintained
that glucose is a wholesome food. When
he had first proclaimed this belief he said
it made him very unpopular with the
honey makers, who then claimed that glu
cose, which was used as an adulterant to
honev, was poisonous. No one now le
garded glucose as injurious to health.
There was two uses of the word glu^o^e,
explained Dr. Wiley. In chemistry :t
means anv liquid sugar, and may apply to
any one of half a dozen products, but
commercially it means only a single i>ri*i
uet, generally made from corn. A sample
of irlucose was shown, being a pure wat?r
white. heavy sprup. The method of man
ufacture of glucose had very materially
changed during the past few years, with
the result that the article hail been greatly
perfected. The old process is still us*d in
Europe, and differs from the present
method in that in the former way sul
phuric acid was used, while now muriatic
acid is used, and only a small quantity of
"A mixture of glucose with food products.
I maintain, is not injurious to health," said
Dr. Wiley. "Neither is it a fraud."
Samples of pure fruit jellies were passed
around the committee table for inspection,
and Dr. Wiley explained how the housewife
made the product. When asked if the
sugar was pure, Dr. Wiley replied that, al
though sugar was made by a trust. It was
pure, almost chemically pure. He said he
had never been able to find any adulterated
sugar on the market.
"How about pulverized sugar* asked
"That is pure also," was the reply.
"Doctor, you have rt moved a prejudice
from my mind and an apprehension from
my stomach." replied the member.
Manufacture of Jellies.
Dr. Wiley said he should not go into the
subject of the manufacture of jams and
jelly for commerce. The manufacturers
who had testified had told the exact truth.
It was a well-known fact that the basis of
jelly was apple skins and cores. He also
said that large quant'ties of this bl-pro
duct of apples was shipped to Europe,
where it is said it is used in making cham
pagne. . ,
Some of this apple jelly was pas??d
around in jars and under labels showing It
had been sold as strawberry preserves and
other berry preserves. With the jar was
also shown a piece of woolen cloth, colored
in various red hues, which showed the
coloring matter taken from the jelly, as
the cloth in the first instance was white.
The strawberry preserves consisted of *
large jar of the apple base and glucose,
with twelve strawberries distributed
through It. ...
One of the most persistent and one of
the oldest adulterations was shown by two
j&rs of what was labeled "pure honey."
One jar was the real product and one mads
from glucose with a slight quantity of
honey in it to supply the flavor.
Bottles of pure cane sirup were pre
sented to members of the committee to
take home, and Dr. Wiley explained that
one would have to learn to like this sirup,
but after that had been done no sirup
would equal it. The difference between
molasses and sirup was explained. Ma
lasses is the residue after the sugar ass
been extracted from the cane while sirup
contains all the properties of the cm#.
Molasses in order to be pnlatable most
be diluted with glucose. v M
The bottled sirup shown. Dr. Wiley said,
was more in the nature of a home Projwrt
than a commercial article, and he wasaia
a Dlea for the farmer. He
lieved that some way of protecting thisj
article from Imitation- should be orovld
The difference between beet and cane_we?
_,r waa explained to the committee. TM?
difference consists solely in an often***
odor which Is very pronounced In raw Mat
sugar, And can b* 40t6ctc4 In the rtftiii.
This odor comes from the salts of potssfc
and other soapy substances tn the beet.
Dr. Wiley will continue his testimony to
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