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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 22, 1902, Image 19

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HAVING THIS
TRADE
0
(burned in the enamel) are SAFE
\YK CI?AIM ri'HITY AM* SAFETY, and
SUBSTA NTIATK THIS CLAIM WITH
CII KM IS I S' t'EHTinCATE.
Note the blue label used by us <nnd
fullv sustaiued by recent lT. S. Circuit A
Court decision) to dist itiRuisU our abso- Y
lutely pure Ai;ate Nickel-Steel VN are. A
This label is pasted on every piece of V
genuine Agate Ware. \
A full assortment or these goods for sale by (J
all the eadlnir IiKI'ARTMENT aiul HOUSE x
FI"RNISHING STORES.
Booklet showing fae-slmile of our label, etc., a
free to any address. {/
Lalance & Grosjean Mfg. Co.
NEW ^ < ?KK. Bosrri >N. CHICAGO.
ARE SAFE.
"Ceres" Flour
Y 1? renowned
for purity.
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?1"Ceres" Flour Ss
the foundation of
?fits
aty and wealth of
make it the best
flour of modern
timeSo
?i6Geres" [Flour
makes success Sn
baking absolutely
certain.
?It Is used and
praised by all good
cooks and by house=
wives who have
solved the secret
66
it Is a good thing
j know that
Ceres" yields more
bread?lighter bread
?whiter bread and
more wholesome
bread than any
other floun
can prove
to your own
satisfaction.
"Cere*" Flour is
by all grocers.
Take no other.
y
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Wmm. M. Qallt <& Co.,
Wholesalers, ist and Ind. ave.
it
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Silver in chamber, dining room !
and hall
oyg?^
cleans and polishes it all,
And without a scratch or blemish.?Grocers.
Food of the
Canary Islarnders0
The Canary Islanders are among the most healthy
people in the world. They live on gofio, which con
sists of wheat and corn parched or deztrlnfzed In
an Iron kettle over a tire, then ground and eaten
mixed with water. Attention was first called to
this f?-*i l?y an eminent physician visiting the
Canary Islands, who was cured of chronic dys
pasia by eating gofio. A prominent Chicago phy
sician lived on gotio for many years, which he
obtained from the Hat tie Creek Sanitarium, where
it was formerly used in the treatment of various
digestive disorders. By an important discovery a
gr?-at improvement was made in the preparation,
which Is now known as Toasted Wheat Flakes,
nwfrM-tened with Malt Honey, crisp and delicately
sweet; its use cures indigestion and chronic con
st i pat ion.
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AS* A
HOHE
there's nothing as good as
Culmbacher
flT.MMACIIKR is a delicious tonic
th.it It i? a itb-BMiirc to drink. It is
fu'lv aged and has more hotly and bet
ter tlator than other HKKJt. Try it.
i!4 pts.. delivered iu unlettered wagons,
for $1.25.
?Washsngtora Brewery Co.
4th and F Sts. X.E. 'Phone E. 254.
mh22 ?.tu,th,36
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*
Matter of Color.
From the '"til< ago News.
"When it comes to standing by my
friends," remarked the dear girl, "I'm true
blue."
"I don t doubt it," rejoined the young
man, as he brushed a peculiar substance
from the lapel of his coat, "but your pink
?eems to be a little off color."
THE SATURDAY STAR
By Mail $1.00 a Year.
Table and Kitchen.
Seasonable Dainties to Be Made With
Ice.
"A thousand different shapes It bears.
Comely in thousand shapes appears."
Cold desserts are always enjoyable, and
especially at the end of a somewhat heavy
dinner; and there are any number of de
lirious preparations which may be made
without freezing, and with very little ex
pense or expenditure of time. In fact, the
housekeeper who desires may serve a dif
ferent cold dessert each day of the three
hundred and sixty-five without resorting to
the ice cream freezer.
To those who think this particular branch
of the culinary art is a very important one
all new suggestions in this line will be most
welcome, especially if the materials used
are not too extravagant in price or difficult
to obtain.
Few housekeepers realize, without closer
study than is usually given to groups ot
recipes given in cook books, how many de
lightful desserts may be made from a sim
ple boiled custard used as the foundation,
upon which fancy may build without let or
hindrance.
One essential thing to remember in mak
ing desserts with the milk and egg com
bination Is that success in this line depends
on slow cooking.
For Making Cold Desserts.
If you wish to become an expert in mak
ing cold deserts supply yourself with all
the necessary utensils needed to facilitate
the work and give you the best results for
your pains. A double boiler is all important
for the work, especially for making those
desserts which have for their foundation
the boiled or steamed custard.
W ooden paddles are best for stirring
either the hot or cold mixtures.
Two sizes of charlotte molds, a melon
moid, ring mold and cylinder mold are re
quired.
For whipping cream an egg beater or
wire whip may be used, but a very dif
ferent quality of whipped cream is obtained
by usfing a whip churn: there are two well
known kinds on the market, the old-fash
ioned syllabub and the more modern whip
churn, which can also be used for making
a small quantity of butter, whippng a large !
quantity of eggs. etc. Whipped cream
should be drained before adding it to the
other materials. For this purpose you need
a fine double wire or puree sieve. Pastry
bags and tubes are not expensive and very
needful in this work. The bags are easily
made at home. A few china mixing bowls,
tin basins for holding the ice and small
sieves and you are well equipped for your
work.
Boiled Egg Custard.
In milking this, simple as it is, the suc
cess all depends on the cooking It "just
right. To remove it from the fire a mo
ment too soon leaves it watery, while too
much cooking will harden the yolk of the i
egg into flakes and it is spoiled so far as
appearance goes. The double boiler must j
be used to insure best results. Cook the
custard, stirring it slowly to keep the tem- I
perature uniform top and bottom until it
is smooth and like very thick cream. Put
a pint of milk in a double boiler and let it I
heat to scalding point (when the water
boils in the under part). Beat the volks of
i/hf ^gS With h^lf n cu" of su*ar until
light, then pour the hot milk si owl v into
them beating all the time. When well
mixed return all to double boiler and cook
until > 011 have the creamy, smooth con
des?r?f, Dip H s,h'er knife In the I
(ii. tard, and if it coats it remove it from
he fire add a flavoring of vanilla and pour
into a dish as soon as it is cool and place
on ice,where it will get very cold.
Italian Bavarian Cream.
Fse the above recipe, and when the cus
tard is ready to remove from the fire add
half a package of gelatine soaked in a half
cup of cold water until soft. .Stir until gel
atine is dissolved, then strain into a basin
and set in a pan of cracked ice. Stir until
it begins to stiffen: then fold in the whites
of the three eggs beaten to a stiff froth
Turn into a mold which has been wet with
cold water and set away on ice to harden.
Pudding Surprise.
Make the above recipe, but flavor with
sherry instead of vanilla. Take stale
sponge cake and cut thin slices into tiny
rounds: spread these with an apricot mar
malade or apple jelly and sprinkle with a
few finely chopped English walnuts. Put
together like sandwiches and moisten them
in orange juice.
,a CUw Sfe,1<id raisins until soft
then chop them. Put a layer of the cream
in a mold, then a layer of the cake: sprinkle
with the chopped raisins and cover with
more of the cream: continue to fill up the
harden! Way> Th,*n on ice to
Ginger Cream Bavarlose.
Chop fine, pound and rub through a sieve
quarter of a pound of candied ginger, mix
ing it with a pint of hot manilla syrup; add
three-quarters of a box of gelatine soaked '
in three-fourths of a cup of cold water, and
stir until dissolved; then strain carefully
into a quart of dry. whipped cream.
Stir over a basin of cracked ice. snrink
c-uffli1 \ If " ,ii" l v shreds of
candied pilfer. When it begins to s:iffen
turn mto a mold and let harden. Serve
with iee?I lucly fingers.
Potato Flour Pudding.
Take a quarter of a pound of butter and
beat to a cream; then stir In gradually the
yolks of ten eggs and three-quarters of a
pound of sifted sugar and grated peel of a
lemon with the juice and half a teaspoon
f"l of sa?t- Then add half a pound of po
tato flour and the whites of the eggs beaten
to a stiff froth. Pour into a pudding dish
'. We,1cgrreased' and bftke In a mod
erate o\en. Serve with currant jelly or
raspberry sauce. This is a Jewish recipe
butter refined soose oil instead of
Railroad Betterments.
From the^New York Tribune.
Many great railroad systems in America
are preparing to spend millions of dollars
upon the betterment of gradients, the
straightening of curves, the abolition of
surface crossings, and upon large Increases
in rolling stock. In these wars immense
sums will be so distributed as to stimulate
and expand general prosperity. This year
of 1902 is already a busy one among" the
transportation companies, and it will be
come busier in improvements and develop
ments as the months go by.
A Free Queen.
From Tit Ritf.
Queen Wilhelmina of Holland, unlike
other European sovereigns, can leave her
dominions when she likes, and is at no time
obliged to remain in her kingdom. In this
respect she is more fortunate than, for in
stance, the young ruler of Spain and his
mother, who cannot leave the peninsula
without previously obtaining a full-fledged
permission from the national legislature.
The only obligation placed upon Queen Wil
helmina in this respect is that of spending
a minimum of ten days each year at Am
sterdam. which is the real metropolis The
Hague being only the seat of government
Thanks to this freedom, she has traveled
extensively?mostly under assumed names?
in Switzerland. Germany, Austria, italv
England and France. * " *
For Golfers.
Sportsmen. and
all who travel ?
much sustenance
m little bulK.
\ _
COMPANYS
^EXTRACT
V#. op
.BEEF
in Blue
THE ISLE OF PINES
May Become a Possession of
the United States.
ITS CLIMATE DELICIOUS
CURE IN ITS PURE AIR AND
BENEFICIAL WATERS.
Land of Rich Soil?Marble Fine
Enough for Sculpture?Products
of Great Variety.
The* division of insular affair? has pre
pared an interesting pamphlet under the
title of "The Isle of Pines," its situation,
physical features, inhabitants, resources
and industries, with maps."
The army bill, approved March 2. 1901.
providing for the establishment of civil gov
ernment in Cuba, in the definition of the
future relations with the United States, de
clared as the sixth proposition "That the
Isle of Pines shall be omitted from the pro
posed constitutional boundaries of Cuba, the
title thereto beii.g left to future adjustment
by treaty."
As the new* constitutional government of
Cuba will be shortly inaugurated, the sub
ject of treaties with the island government
will be taken up and, among other ques
tions, the determination of the status of the
Isle of Pines.
Dimensions of the Island.
This island lies in a deep bight off the
southern coast of western Cuba, about
thirty-five miles from the nearest point of
the mainland. It is sixty-five milts 9.S.W.
of Batabano, the Cuban end of the steamer
line, and is in communication with the
United States via Batabano (sixty-five miles
water), and Havana (twenty-five mile": rail)
to Miami, Fla.. "J'ts miles (total distance,
water and rail); .'i.r>0 miles to Tampa, Fla.;
?Slo miles to New Orleans, La.; and 713
miles to Pensacola. Fla.
From the first two points the Pennsylva
nia railroad and southern connection reaeh
all parts of the I nited States, the single
rate New York to Havana being 0~>4.50, and
from Habana to Isle of Pines, $10-50 (gold).
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad and
Steamboat Company also have facilities of
intercourse between the island and the
United States. The nearest cable and tele
graph station is Batabano, sixty-five miles
on the mainland of Cuba. There is a tele
phone between Nueva Gerona and Santa
Fe with a projected extension to Jucaro.
In a strategic point of view the island lies
730 miles from the entrance to the Nicara
gua canal, S.V) miles from the Panama
canal and 370 miles from Jamaica.
Owing to the numerous keys which sur
round the island on tthe Caribbean sea side,
its defense can be accomplished at very
little expense by means of mines.
The Isle of Pines is 986 square miles in
area, or very nearly the size of the state
of Rhode Island. It has a population of
3,11)9.
Its Physical Features.
In its physical features it is very pic
turesque.
In general, the surface is a plateau of 50 j
to 1?m) feet above the sea ievel, broken by i
ridges, the most remarkable summits be- j
ing the Slefra de la Canada, 1,(300 feet; Da
guilla, 1,500 (from the summit of which
may be had a view of the entire island);
Sierra de los Caballos, 1,074 feet; Mount
Casas, composed of beautiful marbles of
various colors, anil Mount Cristales of
moderate height, its sides being covered
with green-rock crystals.
The southern part, comprising about one
third of the entire area, is an impassable
cienaga or salt bayou and lagoon, inter
spersed by Islets and rocky ledges and oc
cupied by fishermen.
The island has a number of rivers of
excellent water, the most important of
which are the Xuevas, five to ten feet deep,
and navigable four or five miles; the Sierra
de Casas, near the mouth of whicfa is situ
ated Nueva Gerona, and accessible by ves
sels drawing five feet.
The Isle of Pines is connected with a
labyrinth of reefs and islets, of which the
best known are the Jardines, so named
from verdure-clad islets strewn like "gar
dens" amid blue waters, and from which
fresh water bubbles up from the deep,
flowing probably in subterranean galleries
from the mainland.
?
The Mineral Springs.
The mineral springs, for which the is
land has a world-wide reputation, are re
markable especially in pulmonary, rheu
matic and throat affections.
A chemical analysis shows the waters to
be impregnated with oxygen and carbonic
acid gases, chloride of sodium, sulphate of
lime, carbonate of lime, iron, magnesia,
chloride of calcium, nitrate of lime, silex
and extractic organic matter. Tempera
ture of water, 82 F.
The climate is described as "delicious,
the air pure and balmy and, notwithstand
ing the island being surrounded by water,
is considered dry. The winds coming from
the sea and passing over the pine forests
are gentle and invigorating." The year is
divided Into two seasons. The wet (llu
viosa) or summer, June until October. The
hottest hours are from 10 to 12 a.m. About
2:30 p.m. the breeze (la virazon) blowing
In from the sea moderates the temperature.
The dry season (seca), or winter, extends
from October to June, with occasional
visitations from November to February of
los nortes. The annual rainfall ranges
from fifty to fifty-two Inches, or less than
on the gulf coast of the states. The aver
age rainy days is ten in the month, and the
average humidity for the year, 75 per cent.
The Climate.
The mean annual temperature is 75 de
grees. The prevailing winds are the north
east trades, which blow with but little va
riation throughout the year, rendering the
nights cool both in winter and summer.
The range of temperature between sum
pier and winter rarely exceeds a mean of
li degrees.
Hurricanes are less frequent than in
Cuba.
The "Derrotero de las Antilles," referring
to the climatic conditions, says:
'The climate of Plnos Is an^ig the
healthiest known. No yellow fever, nor
cholera,- which in former years decimated
the population of Cuba, ever made its ap- j
pearance here. Although south of Cuba, its
temperature is lower on account of the
winds which are always blowing. From all
purts. from Cuba as well as from the
t'liited States, the sick come to be cured by
the pure air and beneficial waters of its
springs and creeks."
The inhabitants of the island are Span
ish and colored, and exhibit in their inter
course with strangers a dignified and kind
ly spirit. The language is Spanish.
More Important Places.
The island has two towns and one port.
Xueva Gerona (New Gerona), the capital
and second town <11 size, is on the left bank
of the Sierra de las Casas river, two miles
above its mouth on the north coast. It Is
advantageously situated on a picturesque
plateau, between the Caballos and Casas
mountains at the base of the latter, about
thirty feet above the sea. It is well drained
and, exposed to the constant breezes from
the sea, free from malarial influence. Its
water conies from a magnesian spring, said
to be very beneficial in cases of stomach
trouble, and baths have been built into
which water from the same spring is con
ducted* Population, 1,000. Invalids arriv
ing at this town proceed to Santa Fe, about
the center of the island, fifteen miles in a
southeasterly direction, over an American
built road. It Is also an American post of
fice.
Santa Fe Is situated on the left bank of
the river of the same name, fifteen miles
south southeast of Xueva Gerona, and has
an American post office. The port of the
town. Jucaro, is about seven miles distant.
Santa Fe is a place of 1,050 inhabitants
and has thermal baths and medicinal
springs of magnesia and iron, favorably
known and patronized from Havana in the
summer.
Jucaro, the port of Santa Fe at a dis
tance of seven miles. Is connected by a
fine road. A steamer touches here once a
week. The means of communication with
Santa Fe is by the volatile or ox cart.
There is also a telephone to Santa Fe pro
jected.
In addition to these three important cen
ters are twenty-six villages and haciendas
scattered throughout the Island. Of the
land lying north of the Cienaga, the swamp
and low ground with mangroves is esti
mated at 25 per cent; the savannas or
meadows covered with these mangroves
and scrub palmetto at 25 per cent; land of
doubtful agricultural value, lo per cent;
rich land. 10 per cent; mountains and steep
hills, 5 per cent; pine lands unsuitable for
agriculture, 25 per cent.
Products of the Soil.
Of the land denominated rich, a very
small percentage is actually under cultiva
tion. but the nature of the growth upon it
shows the value of the soil.
As an example of the variety of product,
a finca or farm of less than thirty-three
acres actual cultivation produces coffee,
sugar, chocolate (cocoa), cocoanuts, .plan
tains, bananas, boniatos (sweet potatoes),
rice, beans, lettuce, tobacco, honey, fowls,
pigs and cattle.
Of the staple, tobacco, the island exported
in 1SW about 5,ooo bales (of 100 pounds
each), selling in Havana at the highest
market rates. The cultivation of sugar in
l'.<?0 was confined to a single estate. It is
also reported that the Island is adapted to
the growth of rubber.
Fine Marble.
The minerals are marble, kaolin, gold,
iron and salt. The quality of the marble is
reported to be available for the finest stat
uary, the color being the purest white.
Other varieties of different hues are suita
ble for ornamentation, as they take on an
excellent polish. The stone is free from
cracks and will furnish slabs of any size,
the deposits varying from 5 to 25 feet in
thickness. They are also situated to meet
all requirements of convenient and econom
ical transportation to points of shipment
on the coast.
Its valuable trees are mahogany, lignum
vitae. Coco-wood from which reed instru
ments are made, cedrella odorata, used to
make cigar boxes, log wood, pine and royal
palm.
Fruits and nuts, both cultivated and wild,
are celebrated for their quality and abund
ant varieties, the principal being alligator
pear, banana, cocoanuts, guava, mangoes,
oranges and pineapples.
The mechanical industries are tobacco
manufacturing, quarrying, weaving for
home consumption, cutting and sawing
lumber and working into poles and rail
road ties, and charcoal burning; also forest
products, turpentine, pitch and tar.
Another industry is fishing, the shallow
adjacent waters abounding in fine marketa
ble fish, lobsters and turtles.
At the close of 18!>i> there were 4,164
horned cattle, 1,231 horses, 144 mules and
3,35)6 hogs and goats.
Discovered by Columbus.
The island was discovered by Columbus
in 14ft4, who named it "La Evangelista."
In the administration of Cuba it became a
dependency of Havana, of which province
it is a municipality (district). It constitutes
an ayuntamlento or municipal district of
the judicial district of Bejucal, province of
Habana, instituted in 18t*>, with its seat at
Xueva Gerona. It was reorganized in July,
1899, under United States military control.
Among the various American enterprises
may be mentioned a new hotel, an ice
plant, a dentist's office, a grocery establish
ment, blacksmith shop, turpentine plant,and
orange growing and truck gardening for
United States markets. Prospectors inter
ested in other occupations are also looking
over the ground.
Turned the Sea Bed.
From the London Telegraph.
An extraordinary thing has happened to*
the blue Mediterranean. M. Santos-Dumont
has turned it red. The inffeition of his bal
loon commenced, as announced, early yes
terday morning, in $e si^ed of the bay of
Monaco, and was continued until toward 2
o'clock in the afternoon. But at that hour
a sinister rumor, whtch had been gradually
spreading in the principality, reached the
ears of the authorities. Alarmed inhabi
tants rushed from the beach with the
strange news that the afftfre waves of the
bay had been dyed bl0od red. Officials went
down and saw with their own eyes that the
remarkable rumor was true. It was a deep
red sea. and not the blue Mediterranean, on
which the yachts In the bay were sailing.
A messenger was at once dispatched to the
balloon shed to stop the inflating opera
tion. An official from the prince subse
quently went to the Aerostatic Park, and
M. Sfvptos-Dumont's secretary, M. Em
manuel Aime, explained the mystery.
Iron sulphate thrown off in the production
of the hydrogen gas for the balloon, and
running into the sea, had combined with
the sodium chloride, otherwise the salt, of
the latter, forming a precipitate of oxide
of iron of a deep red hue?that of rust,
which is the same substance, and of strong
coloring properties. M. Emmanuel Aline
assured the official.that no harm could pos
sibly come to the fish In the bay, or to any
other creature, from the change of tint of
the sea.
REAL COLD WEATHER
THIS WINTER HAS NOT BEEN
BAD BT COMPARISON.
Records of Tears When the Mercury
Went Down and Stayed
There.
Washingtonians who have complained of
the cold of the past winter may obtain
some satisfaction by knowing that there
have been many colder seasons. Thomas
Jefferson in his "Notes on Virginia,*' de
scribing the severity of the winter of 1780,
says: "The winter was so cold that the
Chesapeake bay was frozen from its head
to the mouth of the Potomac river, and at
Annapolis, where the bay is five miles
wide, the ice was five inches thick."
The winter of 1827, according to Richard
P. Jackson's "Chronicles of Georgetown,
was of remarkable severity in this latitude.
Alexandria was nearly burned down on the
18th of January of that year, and many
citizens of Georgetown skated on the Ice
to Alexandria and assisted in extinguishing
the conflagration. The winter of 1829-30
was very cold and the Ice broke up with
a freshet, carrying away the schooner
Washington from Crittenden's wharf. The
cables with which she was made fast were
rent like pipe stems and the vessel was
carried down the river until she grounded
on Easby's Point.
At the same time the Long bridge was
shattered to pieces by the ice. fourteen
gaps being made by the force of the fresh
et. Congress then purchased the remnant
of the bridge from the Potomac BridjJ
Company for *20,000 and afterwards erod
ed the present structure. The winter of
1831-32 was very long and extremely cold.
Mr. Jackson was at that time a scholar at
Prof. Hallowell's school, Alexandria, and
he remembered the conditions well.
The cold weather commenced in Novem
ber. 1831; the Potomac was soon ice bound
and the boys enjoyed fine skating. On com
ing home to spend Christmas ne crossed
the river at the ferry near the aqueduct
and saw on the ice at the time a wagon
loaded with wood being drawn by four
horses. The mercury dropped to four de
grees below zero. In the fore part of Jan
uary there was a thaw and the ice went
away without causing damage; but in the
latter part of the month the weather again
turned cold and the Potomac was frozen
over. ? ,
"On the 28th of January," Mr. Jackson
writes, "after two nights' freeze, I at
tempted to come home from Alexandria by
the way of Long Bridge. On arriving at
the bridge I found no track broken for the
ferry boat, and to cross the ice was con
sidered impossible, as the river is more
than a mile wide. Having my skates with
me, and not liking to turn back, I put them
on and, taking the branch of a tree in mv
hands, I crossed over in safety, to the
satisfaction of the crowd who stood look
ing on at my foolhardy venture.
"As 1 skated on the ice it was so thin
that it would crack and bend under my
light weight, and I could distinctly see the
leaves and twigs floating in the water un
der my feet. Having arrived on the Wash
ington shore. I felt so well satistiwl that
I would not have returned for the fortune
of Stephen Girard.
Coldest on Record.
"The winter of 1835 was the coldest ever
experienced in this latitude. We had some
weeks a thaw, and then the weather would
turn extremely cold. The mercury at one
time in January indicated sixteen degrees
below zero. We had three severe cold spells
during that year, one of which was in
March. On the third of that month 1
skated on the Potomac, playing 'bandy and
'prisoner's base.'
"The winter of 1839-40 was long and cold.
The ice broke up in the Potomac on the
10th of February, 1840. and carried away
the Chain bridge and the draw of the Long
bridge. The winter of 1840-41 was long and
cold, though not as severe as some pre
vious winters. "
"The 12th of February, 1841. was the
coldest day during the season, and it is well
remembered by the older inhabitants as
the day that General Harrison paid
Georgetown a visit just before his in
auguration as President of the 1 nited
Slates. We all remembf-r the winters of
1N55. 1830 and K.T. The snows were deep
and the cold was severe. During the win
ter of 18*7 sleighing was enjoyed.
"Fleet horses were brought from other
cities to race on Pennsylvania avenue, and
when the drivers would be arrested for
going at an improper speed they would pay
the tine, crack the whip over the head of
the justice and go at it again. This was
the winter that a locomotive was run on
the ice across the river from Maryland to
Alexandria. Sleepers and rails were laid
upon the ice at Havre de Grace, on the
Susquehanna river, and trains of cars
crossed over for more than a month.
"There is a law of nature that one ex
treme follows another. The extreme hot
summer of 1834 was followed by the cold
weather of 1N35. The centennial year of ls??.
was very warm. The heat set in about the
2oth of June and never broke until the 20th
of July, when we had a few pleasant days,
oniv to be followed bv intense heat that
la?led until the 1st of September. The win
ter of 1870-77 was severe. The extreme
cold set in on Saturday, the S'th of De
cember. and continutd until the 13th of
January, when we had a thaw."
THE BLACK CELL.
Terrible Form of Punishment in
French New Caledonia.
From the Scotsman.
It was in lie Nou that Mr. Griffith saw
the terrible Clhacot Noir or Black Cell?
"that engine of mental murder which the
eentimentalism communards has substi
tuted for the infinitely more merciful lash."
The Cachots Noirs were never opened ex
cept at stated intervals?onc^ every morn
ing for inspection and once every thirty
days for exercise and a medical examina
tion of the prisoner. Mr. Griffith stopped
at the doors of two cases of "ten years'
solitary confinement in the dark," and
asked for the doors to be opened. The
commandant demurred for a moment, Mr.
Griffith's credentials were explicit and the
doors were opened.
"Out of the corner in one came some
thing in human shape, crouching forward,
rubbing its eyes and blinking at the un
accustomed light. It had been three and a
half years in that horrible hole, about
three feet long by one and a half broad.
I gave him a feast of sunshine and outer
air by taking his place for a few minutes.
"After the first two or three the min
utes lengthened out into hours. I had ab
solutely no sense of sight. I was as blind
as though I had been born without eyes.
The blackness seemed to come down on me
like some solid thing, and drive my strain
ing eyes back into my head, and the si
lence was like the silence of upper space.
"WThen the double doors opened again
the rays of light seemed to strike my eyes
like daggers. The criminal whose place
I had taken had a record of infamy which
no printable words could describe, and yet
I confess that I pitied him as he went
back into that living death of darkness
and silence."
It is scarcely three years since Mr. Grif
fith witnessed this atrocity. It Is a relief
to know, as he informs us In a note, that
since then?not. however, by legislation,
but on the authority of the minister of
colonies?this terrible punishment has been
made less severe.
A Trireme for the Coronation.
From the London Chronicle.
The Rev. E. Warre, the head master of
Eton, Is an enthusiast on everything con
nected with ships and rowing, and he Is
especially Interested in the subject of an
cient naval architecture. He is proposing
to build a classic ship, probably a trireme
of the best Punic or best Attic period, and
to moor It In the Thames opposite the ter
race of the houses of parliament during
the coronation week. It would seem more
appropriate that such a vessel should take
part in the great coronation naval review,
and thus allow Englishmen to compare a
man-of-war of ancient Greece with a mod
ern first-class battle ship. The', trireme
would, of course, be propelled by oars,
some thirty rowers on each side being re
quired. It will be interesting to see Dr.
Warre's practical solution of the problem
of the trireme and the way in which the
men in the top tier ply their oars.
The crab, soft or hanl shell, never loses
its place In the esteem of the epicure, Its
crisply flavored flesh being specially wel
come after the round of heavier winter
foods. *
The fresher crabs are from the water the
better their taste. Deviled crabs make a
delicious supper dish mot for children or
Invalids), or a course at a company lunch
eon. Drop six h.ird-shelled crabs Into boil
ing water and cook ten or twelve minutes.
Take out with a skimmer, and as soon as
cold open and pick out all the meat.
Put a tablespoonful of butter Into a
saucepan and when hot add three table
spoonfuls of onion, minced very fine, and
half a crushed clove of garllo. Cook five
minutes, add one cupful of veal or chicken
broth, half a teaspoonful of salt, the same
of mustard, a teaspoonful of parsley chop
ped fine, a cupful of minced mushrooms
and the crab meat. Cook fifteen minutes,
stirring frequently. Set back on stove and
add the yolks of three well-beaten eggs.
Have ready a half dozen cleaned crab
shells, divide the mixture and place In the
shells, smoothing the top over with the
blade of a knife. Sprinkle half a teaspoon
ful of fine buttered bread crumbs over each
half, set the shells In a shallow tin and
bake In a hot oven until a golden brown.
Serve at once on hot plates, garnished with
water cress, parsley or lettuce, and sauce
tartar. If at a course luncheon the bread
and butter plate and knife, with fresh white
bread and pat of butter, accompany the
crab.
Tartar sauce is not only delicious served
with fish, but is excellent for potato salad
or with cauliflower. It is easy to make,
the crucial point being the careful adding
of the oil.
Stir the yolks of two eggs to a cream,
add gradually, while stirring constantly,
three-quarters of a cup of olive oil, and as
it begins to thicken, a half teaspoonful of
salt, a half teaspoonful each of mustard
and powdered sugar and a quarter salt
spoon of cayenne. When the dressing Is
quite thick alternate the oil with lt-mon
juice and vinegar, using two tablespoonfujs
of each. This makes the regular mstyon
naise, but now the addition of a teaspoon
ful each of chopped shallots and capers,
pickles or olives, with a teaspoonful of
onion juice, transforms it into tartar
sauce. Lastly add one-half cupful whipped
cream. Mix well and serve.
In a parlor talk given recently Veasons
were adduced to account for the faW that
the French woman, with more primitive
uttnsils, fewer conveniences and hlfcjjer
prices to pay for foods and fuel, is^^t
only able to live better and much rn^^k
economically than her American sisteW
but succeeds in keeping her health, vivacltjl
and good looks, which the latter does not
always do. Although the French woman of
fashion is an exceedingly busy woman, she
understands her limitations, does not at
tempt more than she cj.n carry out, lives
more simply and knows how to save her
self.
The French people keep very late hours,
but then they rest mornings. The woman
ol affairs has her breakfast in bed, but
breakfast in France is a movable feast,
requiring no planning, for it is simply a
cup of coffee or chocolate, a slice of bread
or a roll. There is an unwritten law among
all classes as to the manner of eating
food. Table manners are not always re
fined, but all people eat slowly, and keep
up a general conversation of a light, bright
kind, which helps digestion. In reading a
French cook book it may seem as though
all the dishes are fussy and elaborate, so
many things are combined in one dish.
This is, however, a matter of economy. The
French make a course of a single dish. In
the dejeuner a la fourchette, which comes
at noon, the first course is usually eggs
and bread, the second chops garnished
with a vegetable and the third bread,
fruit Jam and cheese. The jam is served in
gfasses, a teaspoonful being the usual al
lotment. Much of the work of every French
household is done outside. The laundry
work is all sent out. and to economize new
enameled cloths are frequently used in
stead of tablecloths.
The struggle to keep up appearances is
naturally lacking in France. No one is
ashamed of economy in living, economy in
dress, economy in the saving of strength,
ana herein lies the difference.
Tn the Greek Church the eve of Palm
Sunday is held sacred to I.azarus.
"Lazarus has come and Palm Sunday and
the great and holy day," sing the people in
the streets. "Maidens mine, cross your
selves and honor the good gentleman and
the good and stately lady." Then follows a
curious medley of dialogue between Christ,
Martha. Mary and Lazarus, mingled with
complimentary speeches and good wishes to
the neighbors. In Smyrna an old custom is
for tho carpenters to present wooden rat
tles to the children of their employers, and
all day long these instruments of torture
are swung to the refrain of
"Palm. Palm. Palm Sunday!
Kolie fish we eat today.
And when next Sunday corn's
We eat red eggs."
While *e American mothers are spared
this aural reminder of a time-honored cus
tom. we all agree that fish, fresh, salt or
shell, must occupy a prominent place on
Palm Sunday's bill of fare. Another week,
and though "good red herring" and all his
kin charm never so wisely, his sovereignty
will be no longer absolute. lie will have
to divide honors with "flesh and fowl."
On the principle of all temporal things,
blessings brighten as they take their flight.
Shad is coming in. herring is at its best and
the rare brook trout would "tempt the
dying anchorite to eat."
In the prevalence of spring colds, cold
sores and chapped lips the virtues of honey
shovdd not be overlooked. In all catarrhal
disorders It will be found most excellent,
while used as an ointment It is both purify
ing and healing. A teaspoonful of honey
boiled in one cupful of water makes a re
liable gargle for a sore throat or a healing
lotion for inflamed eyes. Dip a little linen
cloth In the liquid and lay over the eyes.
Anv dressing over the eye should be very
light.
A tablespoonful of the pure honey boiled
in water makes a tonic drink for the aged
that has the recommendation of centuries
behind it.
An excellent salad dressing for cabbage
or potatoes is made with sour cream as a
foundation. Add to a small cupful of
thick sour cream three tablespoonfuls of
cider or tarragon vinegar, a teaspoonful of
salt, a teaspoonful of sugar and a salt
spoonful of paprika or a few grains of cay
enne. For a potato salad a teaspoonful of
onion Juice or a few chives chopped fine
will be found an addition.
The acids of eranberry and lemon make
a delicious combination, especially grate
ful at this sea.s?m. An especially pretty
as well as "tasty" table Jelly may be made
In this wise: Soak one-half box of gela
tine in one-half pint of cold water for a
half hour. Add one scant pint of boiling
water, three-quarters of a cup of sugar
and a gill of water In which a few bits of
the yellow rind have been steeped. Stir
until well dissolved, add the Juice of two
lemons and strain. Have ready a half cup
ful of preserved cranberries. Pour some
of the lemon into a mold, set on the ice
or cellar bottom, and as it begins to harden
drop in a few of the cranberries. Keep
the rest of the strained Jelly liquid by
standing in a dish of warm water on the
back of the range. As fast as one layer
of the Jelly hardens holding the cranber
ries. pour in a little more of the liquid,
adding more berries as it sets. Proceed
in this way until all the jelly ts used, hav
ing a few of the berries on top.
Among the most attractive covers for
cushions in common use are the heavy
Japanese cotton squares having Japanese
scenes ?queer dragons and conventional
flowers upon them. They come in blues
and reds and cost 25 cents each. The pil
lows may be made with the squares on
each side or with one plain side. There
are pretty and inexpensive oriental braids
for binding them.
The following strenuous" protest, issued
by the Women's Health Protective Asso
ciation of Brooklyn Vgainet the littering of
streets with papers, circulars and rubbish,
spitting in public places, the slovenly ex
posure of garbage, the over-filling of ash
barrels, etc., might be copied with advan
tage and pinned on every kitchen wall In
the lan<1 r? a gentle reminder to ths pre*
siding genius:
Do not throw papers", circular* or fruit
skins on the street.
Do not put garbage jn unsightly
Do not put rubbish with your ashes.
Do not put ashcti In anything but sound
barrels or cans.
Do not All them higher than four Inches
below the top.
Do not expose waste longer than neces
sary.
Do not place garbage, ashes or any kind
of refuse on the sidewalk; keep it within
your fence line until cHlled for.
A narrow, deep cuff of ticking stitched
together and hemmed top and bottom,
makes hu admirable cover for a feather
duster. When slipped over the feathers It
not only keeps them from dust, but from
springing out and getting "frazzled" as
well.
Appetizing caviare sandwiches are made
by cutting a white loaf In thin even rounds,
buttering lightly, spreading with caviare
and rleing over it the powdered yolks of
hard-boiled eggs.
Pretty and attractive are the t'hinese
studs with Chinese lettering, for the sum
mer shirt waists. They come In sets of
three in both gold and silver? $10 for the
gold and $1.00 for the silver. *
Lenten entertainments this year have
been largely copied from Parisian so< iety
fads. Corinthian dinner parties, where the
diners wait upon themselves and dispense
with servants, have be^n specially popular
among young people, while the more se
date have taken their pleasure in the form
of a French tea. From 3 until 4 o'clock a
conversazione Is usually held; from 4 to 5
there is a musical program, followed by
tea. Not a word of English must be
spoken during the afternoon.
SPIRITUALISTS LECTURED.
Chairman of Psychical Society Cau
tions Against Credulity.
From the London Standard.
The opening meeting of the session of
the Society of Psychical Research took
place at Westminster Town Hall, when Dr.
Oliver Lodge, F. R. }*., delivered his presi
dential address. He said he wished to deal
with trance lucidity and clairvoyance in
particular. On trance lucidity he took tha
view that an explanation based on telep
athy as a vera causa could be pressed too
far. Telepathy was the one ultrn-m>rmal
human faculty to the reality of which
every one who had engaged In these re
searches was prepared to assent; that was.
to assent to It as a bare fact, a summary
of certain observed phenomena; but its
laws were unknown and Its scope and
meaning were not yet apparent. It was
probably but one of a whole chapter of
scientifically unrecorded and unrecognised
human faculties, and It might turn out to
be a mistake to attempt to employ it for
the purpose of explaining a great number
of other powers which might be co-exten
sive or equivalent with itself, though the
attempt was a natural and proper one to
huake, for a time. Telepathy itself. how
was in need of explanation. Until
^^^^^oul<l answer that question it was
li^B^^^M?ssib]e to regard telepathy as an
expi^^^^^i of clairvoyance or lucidity in
genera^^^?^ hypothesis which sought to
explain ^^^^hutrol of a medium's body In
trance by^^^^^wicy of discarnate spirits
presumed that^^^htaliorate machine lik?
our boilies was ca^^^^^f being occasion
ally used not only by^^^b^vl or intelli
gence which manufactur*M^^^^^to speak,
but temporarily and wnl^^^^P>uHy by
other minds or Intelligence permitted to
make ? pe of It. ,
The main assumption here was that such
other intelligences existed. But that he
confessed was to him not a very Improb
able assumption; for. knowing what they
already certainly knew of the material uni
verse, of its immense scope, and the num
ber of habitable worlds It contained the did
not say inhabited, for that the evidence did
not yet reveal, but habitable worlds!, real
izing also the absurdity of the idea that
their few senses had Instructed them con
cerning alt the possibilities of existence
which could lie associated in their minds
with the generalized idea of "habitable;"
perceiving also the Immense variety of life
which luxuriated everywhere on this planet
wherever the conditions permitted,he found
it impossible to deny the pr >bab'.lity that
there might be in space an immense rango
of life and intelligence of which at present
they know nothing. Indeed, they were on
this planet and in this body for only a few
score revolutions of the earth round tho
sun; a thousand months exceeded what
they called the "lifetime" of most of them.
Where or what they were before, and
where or what they should be after, were
questions which as yet remained unan
swered. and apparently unanswerable. Ob
servationally, they learned that, as a gen
eral rule, the visible and sensible inhabit
ants of this world were, to all appearance,
left to pursue their own policy undisturbed
except by mutual collision, conflict or co
operation. In the psychological world had
they ever experienced any ultra-normal
phenomenon, any interference from with
out of the<lr normal aud placid condition,
any Inrush of intelligence or of moral
character beyond the standard of human
ity. any avenue to information not normal
ly accessible, any revolution In their ideas
of God and of humanity, and of the mean
ing of existence? It was a question <?f evi
dence whether such things have occurred,
and opinions differ. Science had a horror
of the unintelligible; it could make nothing
of a capricious and disorderly agent, and
it preferred to ignore the existence of any
such.
"Feel of the Road."
From the Xew York Times.
What is this "feel of the road" to which
the railway men testifying In the tunnel
accident Investigation refer so often? To
them, apparently. It is something at once
real and familiar?something that gives
them Information quite apart from the reg
ular signals, and yet both trustworthy and
trusted.
One engineer said that he would not take
a passenger train through the tunnel until
he had made the passage an unmentioned
number of times with the responsibility for
safety resting upon somebody else, but with
"the feel of the road" once acquired. h?
would apparently have little fear, however
thick the smoke, steam and fog might be.
So far as a layman can guess at the mys
terious phrase. It hints that after an engi
neer has passed over a given piece of track
repeatedly its minute Irregularities, con
sciously or unconsciously noticed, inform
him of his position, even when he can see
no signals, but memory of the strange pow
ers credited by Mr. Clemens to the old
time pilots on the Mississippi hints that
there may be something more to "the feel
of the road" than the Interpretation of
slight Jars and lurches.
Of course, the problem thus presented is
less difficult, and therefore less interesting,
than the one to be found when a great man
ufacturer of electric apparatus condemns
the use of electricity for traction purposes,
but still it has Its charms, and the lovers
of the mystical ought to get to work.
The Desert Blooms.
From the Philadelphia RiM-nnl.
The population of the Colorado Desert, in
Southedn California, has grown from noth
ing to about a thousand persons within a
year, and a still more rapid Increase Is
looked for. irrigation is turning the desert
into farm lands. It is calculated that
within two or three years at least 1 0:i0,000
acres will be thus reclaimed In southern
California. Arizona and lower California.
The lands lie in the basin of the Colorado
river, where the great heat and extreme
dryness of the air are not unfavorable tt>
human beings, provided plenty of water Is
to be had. Most of the water used in irri
gation comes from the river, but in south
ern California much is supplied by artesian
wells. The irrigated lands are very fertile.
Did Smith Write BurnsP
From the Chicago Tribune.
The recent attempt to revive the Bacon
ian-Shakespeare controversy, although it
has fallen flat and been laughed out of
court, seems to have stirred up some other
absurd persons to declare that Robert
Burns did not write Burns' poems. Their
authorship is ascribed to the last man in
the world who would ever be suspected of
having dealings with Parnassus?Adttn
Smith, who achieved great fame with his
"Wealth of Nations" and his "Theory of
Moral Sentiments" and other economic and
didactic works as far remote from poetry,
either in sentiment, expression or form, a|
it is possible to conceive.

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