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Judge Hagner's Order in 16th Street Case. PAYMENT OF AWARDS COMMISSIONERS WILL ACT WHEN * OFFICIALLY NOTIFIED. Total Length of Street Opened Will Be Five Miles?The Cost Estimated. Justice Hagner of the Supreme Court of tho District of Columbia today signed the formal order finally ratifying and confirm ing the verdict of the jury of appraisers in the matter of the pr .posed extension of l'tth street. The order is In keeping with the opinion of Justice Hagner. announced sev eral weeks .igo and published in The Star. The District Commissioners, previous to the signing of the order as indicated above had Instructed the city solicitor. Mr. A. B. Duvall. to notify the court there would be no appeal on the part of the municipal au thorities and to request the execution of a final order confirming the awards and as sessments of the jury of condemnation. As soon as the Commissioners are formally notified of the final action of the court they will forward all the papers In the case, in cluding a transcript of the verdict, to the District auditor. Mr. J T. Petty, who will at once make arrangements to begin the payment of the large amount of damages awarded. The money for this purpose is made available by the act providing for the extension . It will increase the District deficit at the end of the present fiscal year to a great extent. Amount of Damages. The damages awarded by the jury of con demnation amount to $72!?,UT>'-.29. This amount will be paid entirely out of the District revenues. The benefits assessed by the jury amount to Jlos.SU.75. This latter ; sum will probably not be collected for sev- j eral years yet. In the end the net cost to ; the District for the extension now provided j for will be SK21.117.iV4. To this latter ! amount must be added the cost of opening I the street and making it tit for travel, ni the total cost of the con- I summation of the proceedings recently in- j stituted SWI.117.ii4, or, in round numbers, j about $1.i*k>.ooo. Of the estimated as the cost of making the street available j the general government will pay one-half, j according to 11? compact of 1878. The com pact is regarded as still holding good in re gard to th> improvement of streets, while it has been canceled in regard to paying for the land necessary for street extensions. If the payment of the $72?.!Crj.:2> damages be m le bi f ire June So next the District deficit, which, it is now estimated, will be $1.4:>1 will be br.> :ght up to a grand . total of 1^221,317.81 This will ultimately | be reduced to tbe extent of the $108,834.75 , ess. ss. d as benefits as rapidly as the as sessments become due anil are collected, i The Commissi nu-rs are hopeful of securing j Borne geiier 1 legislation during this session of Congr. <s which will take care of tne deficit and also provide for the extraordi nary improvem< nts t : it are projected or are under way in the District. Work of the Jury. The jury be gan its labors, under author- I lty conferred by t' ? gr- -s. on December 4. j 1!*? a; 1 rendert .1 it- verdii t on May 27. 1!??1. The irr. int of parcels condemned w<re about 22-~, the number of houses, she(!s, etc.. about sixty, and the number of parcels ass.-sed amounted to about 2|K>. The total amount ->f damages was J7l">, Of>J and tlie total amount of assess ruir.t- ;v i- <l"s -.m t.",. The length of street ccndt mne-1 through subdivided land was j lineal feet or little over one mile, and the amount condemned through subdi vided l.md was lin< a! feet, or about 1 l-:i mile-. The length of street previously donated was about 1.W lineal feet, or about miies. Out of the total amount of condemnation about one-fifth was al lowed for damage to house.-, the remainder being lamage for taking the land and for change of grade. Th- total length of the street to be open ed from Morris str> et to the District line moas res ab > it five miles, and will cost as follows: Grading, for a width of eighty feet, ??>.??"? cubic yards, at 2T> cents, $150,000; macadamizing. SjSO lineal feet, at $4, llol.om; curb on both sides of roadway, total. |69,060; viaduct across I'iney branch, BOM feet I ng, f7At.lt>*>; cnlv. rts, five, at $1,000 each. total. JRiiK.ooo. The cost as to grading may vary some what when the work is finally done, as grades have not b< en established through the tracts wh>re land has been donated, but has br. n approved through all tracts subject to condemnation. It has been as sumed. however, that there will not be a grade of more than 5 per cent on any por tion of the exti nsion. and that cuts or fills of forty and fifty feet will be necessitated at several points. AFFAIRS IN GEORGETOWN. I General and Personal News From the West End. Faith Tent, a woman's branch of the Ord-r of Rechabites. celebrated its eighth anniversary last evening at Odd Fellows' Hail on .".1st street. There was a large number of persons present. among them be- | Ing \lsitors from Hope and I'nion Tents of Washington. Rev. Frank Day delivered the anniver sary address and a short musicale was ri-.en, in which Mr J> hn Neldfeldt. Miss Gertrude Thompson, Miss Mae Smith and Miss Josephine Simmons participated He- ; marks were made by Mr. Anderson K. | Belt, Mr. Robert W Johnson and Mr. John , Harvey of the Grand Tent and others. A ! handsome gold badge of the order was prt s< r.t?d to Mrs. Kate Waters, a charter j member of the tent, as a testimonial of ap preciation f"r her good work in the cause of the ord* r. Refreshments were served by a committee consisting of Mrs. Dugan, Mrs Smith. Mrs. M yers, Mrs. Irwin and Mrs. B< rnhardt. The report of the audit ing committee showed the tent to bo in a flourishing condition. A dance was given last evening at the Potomac Boat t'lub, at the foot of 31st street. bv members of that organization. Many friends of the memoers of the club Were present. A large force of laborers are at work re pairing the Great Falls railroad line. Mr T Jar.ey Brown is t rating an $*,100 residence on IT'th stree-t north of Q street. Silver Star Lodge, No. 20, I. O. Q. T.. of Tenleytown are making preparations to give a straw ride through Maryland. Mr. John A. Heenan has sold to Mr. Ben jamin J. Cohen the two-story frame store | ar.d dwelllr.i.' at 09 anil R streets for Mr. Richardson Wilkinson for the sum of $3. S0o. Ait enjoyable entertainment was given last evening at Grace Episcopal Church on 32d street. under the ausipces of the ? Boys' Friendly of that church. A musical and literary program was rendered. Mr. John Gartland has tendered his res ignation as a member of the Linthicum Dramatic Club. COL. BARRY TO LEAVE. Will Be Adjutant General of the De partment of the East. Lieutenant Colonel Thom;is H. Barry, as sistant adjutant general, has been relieved from further duty In this city, to date April 80. and will then proceed to Gover nor's Island, New York, and report for duty as adjutant general of the department of the east. He succeeds Gen. M. V. Sheri dan, recently retired. Col. Barry was a brigadier general of volunteers In the Phil ippines for many months. Will Leave Fort Myer. First L4eut. Mack K. Cunningham, Sig nal Corps, has been relieved from duty at the Signal Corps post. Fort Myer, Va., and will proceed to San Francisco for transpor tation -to the Philippine Islands, for as signment to duty. THROUGH THE OKDEAL MEMBEBS OF Y. M. C. A. CLASS I GIVEN CEBTIFICATES. Address by Secretary Shaw of the Treasury?Work of Institution's Educational Department. The announcement that Secretary Leslie M. Shaw of the Treasury Department was to deliver an address at the closing exer cises of the educational department of the Young Men's Christian Association, held last evening in the gymnasium of that In stitution. served to attract a large crowd. Judge Stanton J. Peelle of the United States Court of Appeals, who Is at the head of the educational department of the Institution, presided, and after a ^w se lections by the Y. M. C. A. Orchestra he I called upon Rev. Charles Alvin Smith, pas tor of Peck Memorial Chapel, to offer prayer. Mr. Harry O. Hine, educational di rector, was then introduced and spoke at length on the work of the educational de partment during the past year. "The educational department," said Mr. Hine, among other things, "Is a means whereby young men are enabled to use the scattered fragments of time, which other wise might be frittered away or lost, in securing an education. It is for busy men who are employed during the day. It Is for men who are ambitious to rise to higher levels, who need a start, yet who are so situated, by purse or position, that they car.not take advantage of the regular edu cational opportunities. It is a crucible in which spare moments may be transmuted into golden opportunities." Those Who Passed. At the close of his remarks Director Hine gave the following list of young men who passed the examinations under the sev eral studies: Arithmetic, elementary?R. S. Franklin, Sylvan Kronheim, Charles Lustig, J. Edgar Reed, Robert M. Shea, H. C. Thompson and Richard B. Washington. Arithmetic, advanced?H. A. Herbert, W. F. Sampson and Edwin A. Swingle. Bookkeeping, elementary?C. R. Arundel. Bookkeeping, advanced?H. A. Herbert and W. B. Horne. Business law. elementary?Fred A. Denl *nn, L. F. Everett, Clinton L. Knapp, W. F. Sampson, Fred \V. Swanton and J. T. Todd. Stenography, elementary ? Samuel T. Hazard. Clinton L. Knapp and A. E. Wild, Jr. Stenography, advanced?John Harvey, R. H. Sadler, jr., and W. G. Urner. Typewriting, elementary?Lewis Boneta, W illiam S. Burns, Clarence E. Corwin, F. B. Fitch. Edward C. Haneke.Wilbur Hawx hurst, Charles Lustig, Paul Mackall, Harry K. Pimper and Harry B. Reed. Typewriting, advanced?Geoffrey Creyke, Glenn C. Dorsey, Paul Mackall, James F. Patterson, Harry C. Robb and Alfred E. Wild, jr. Mechanical drawing, advanced?James A. Davles and Irving D. Porter. German, elementary?H. S. Barber and W. W. Childs. Spanish, elementary?C. G. Cushman, H. C. Robb and Aloyslus Wenger. English, advanced?Alton K. Doughertv, H. A. Herbert. Chester Morrill, W. F. Sampson and Edwin A. Swingle. Electricity?John Dillon, Arthur G. Mc Call and R. Rutherford. Made One Hundred Per Cent. Director Hine made special mention of the young men who made 100 per cent In the examinations, and said they deserved credit. They are R. S. Franklin, Sylvan Kronheim, Charles Lustig, H. C. Thompson, Clinton L Kna-pp, Harry C. Robb, Alfred E. Wild, Jr., and R. Rutherford. The Instructors in the course are as fol lows: Harry O. Hine, educational director, rhetoric and English; E. P. Hanna, stenog raphy; Dr. D. G. Davis, typewriting; Fen ton Gall, bookkeeping; Dr. J. C. Hatton, penmanship; Clair R. Hillyer, business law; R. O. Smith, free-hand drawing; Edgar C. Davis, arithmetic; W. H. Kerr, algebra and geometry; A. M. P. Maschmeyer, mechan ical drawing; L. E. C. Colliere, French: A. W. Spanhoofd, German; Manuel Fraille, Spanish; D. B. MacLeod, orchestra; E. O. Sellers, vocal music; H. P. Hoover, accom panist; William E. Todd, jr., mandolin club; W. W. Beattie, telegraphy; Lyman J. liriggs, electricity, and Percival Padgett, Latin. The Method Employed. These examinations are held all over the United States by the various associations the same evening and at the same hour. The reports of the various institutions are sent to the International committee of the M. C. A. in Xew York city, where every student's examination paper is gone over. In nearly every instance the committee sus tains th- marking of the various institu tions. and those who pass are given a cer tificate. which is equivalent to a diploma, and will be accepted at th? majority of the universities of the United States. Mr. E. P. Hanna. a member of the fac ulty of the institution, was next introduced, and gave the results of his observations of the association's work in "A Decade and a Half." He reviewed in detail the work of the past fifteen years, and In conclusion said a young man appeared to the associa tion as a being of three elements?physical, mental and soul. Each of these elements he described. Greeted With Applause. Judge Peele next Introduced Secretary Shaw as the concluding speaker, who was greeted with hearty applause. "Do your work well, boys," urged Secretary Shaw. He said that was the one important thing he wished to impress upon their minds. "The world Is ready," continued the Sec retary, "to pay any price for good work; it Is disinclined to pay anything for poor work. I he world is wealthy enough not to care what it pays for excellent work. Suc cess is not found on the bargain counter It Is not marked down, 1: Is marked up and up." Mr. Shaw assured the boys that the work of the world was not being done well, and that there were excellent opportunities! He said the people do not Improve enough. The speaker took occasion to mention sev eral steps in the way to success, and pic tured how the young man of today should strive. The number of Individual students In the educational department reached 409, with a total class enrollment of tJ2?, the high water mark. CANAL FATALITIES. Number of Lives Lost in James Creek and C. and O. Ditches. A statement of persons who have lost their lives In the James Creek and Chesa peake and Ohio canals since 1891 has been placed before the Senate committee on the District of Columbia. Mr. H. C. Mc Lean, deputy health officer, has written a letter to Mr. W. C. Dodge of this city in relation to this matter. It shows that since 1891 eighty-three persons were drowned In the James Creek and the Chesapeake and Ohio canals. In 1891 the number drowned was twenty-four; 1802, twenty-flve; 1802,five; 1894, seven; 1895, four; making a total of sixty-five drowned in both canals during those five years. From 1898 to July 1, 1901, a period of five and one-half years, eighteen persons were drowned In James Creek canal alone. In 1896 two were drowned; in 1897, five; in 1898. five; 1899, one; 1900, one, and during the first half of 1901. four. This awful showing of death through a cause which Is regarded as at least largely preventable will be taken up by the Senate committee, and it is likely that Bome prompt action will be decided upon In order to as far as possible protect persons from such danger in the future. In the case of the James Creek canal the deaths are re garded as almost entirely preventable. It may be that it will be decided to erect a wooden fence around this canal to act as a protection until something is done to per manently remedy the difficulty. Bange Buoys Carried Away. The heavy Ice, together with the large flow of water in Chesapeake bay the past winter, seriously Interfered with the gov ernment's measured mile course off Barren Island. Md. The range buoys and the two water ranges were carried away and be fore the tr'als of the torpedo boat destroyer Dale can be carried out these must be re placed. ALEXANDRIA AFFAIRS TRAVELERS' PROTECTIVE ASSO CIATION TO MEET FRIDAY. Large Number of Delegates Expected ?Thomas Fisher a Candidate for Police Commissioner. Evening Star Bureau, No. 701 King st. Bell Telephone, No. 106. ALEXANDRIA, Va., April 19, 1902. Between seventy-five and a hundred del egates are expected to attend the annual state convention of the Travelers' Protec tive Association, which will convene Friday morning at 10 o'clock, the 25th instant, in the rooms of the Business Men's League, corner of King and Washington streets. Ihe cities of Richmond, Petersburg, Dan ville. Norfolk and Alexandria will be rep resented. The address of welcome will be delivered by Mayor George L. Simpson, and Col. J. g. Harwood of Richmond will speak | in response. After prayer by the chaplain the business session will be opened. | At 8:30 p.m. a banquet will be served in McBurney s Hall. The representatives in Congress from the districts in which the cities above mentioned are situated, have been invited. Representative Lamb of ?"2 Representative Rixey of this alti ave signified their intention of othpra"25'n aJ! J1 Is exPected that the others will attend also. The program for Saturday includes a business meeting from 9:30 until noon, luncheon in banquet hall at 1:45 p.m. and an excursion to Mount Vernon and Arlington. Returning to Alexadria about < o clock the delegates will leave for their respective homes. Mr. Fisher in the Field. Mr. Thomas Fisher, a well-known resl- i dent of the third ward, will be a candidate 1 for member of the board of police commis sioners at the election this summer. The four-year term of Capt. Herbert Bryant, the present representative of the third ward, will expire this year. It is not gen erally known whether or not Captain Bry ? a can<*idate for re-election. -Ir. Fisher has been a ? prominent local democrat for years. Although he has been recognized as a party leader of influence, he has never before been a candidate for office. The election will take place in the city council next July. Officers Elected. The following officers have been elected for the ensuing year by the Seventeenth Virginia Regiment Chapter, United Daugh ters of the Confederacy: Mrs. Frank J. Brooke, president; Mrs. Thomas Perry, first vice president; Mrs. A. E. Smoot, second vice president; Miss Lula Smoot, recording secretary; Mrs. A. C. Wyckoff, treasurer* Miss Colquhoun, corresponding secretary Miss Lunt, registrar, and Mrs. \V. A. bmoot, historian. Owing to the inability of the president-elect to serve at present Mrs. \V. A. Smoot, the retiring president, wili June1*"'8'8 duties of that office until General Matters. A meeting of the Joint committee of finance and public property will be held next Thursday night, when some action will be taken in regard to the repairs need ed at the city jail. The matter camo up for consideration Thursday night last, but it was deferred until the report of the jail inspectors will have been received. Dr. John S. Powell, state surgeon of the veterans, left here yesterday for Dallas. Tex., where he will attend the reunion of confederate veterans as one of the delegates from Virginia. Ihe Episcopal High School base ball team and the Emerson Institute team of Wash ington will play off their tie this afternoon at the high school grounds. When the teamsmetearHer in the season the score Has 12 to YZ. hl^Le?tefta,nmfnt was he,d at the opera house last evening under the auspices of Golden Light Lodge. No. 337, Good ' , wh,ch several Washington singers and a number of well-known Alex andrians took part. In the police court this morning E. C. At well, James Wade, Harry Davis, French MavorlSim Iliam \Vhalo!1' ir- *ere before Mayor Simpson on the charge of destroying private property. They were fined S5 each A meeting of the Catholic Benevolent Legion will be held tomorrow afternoon at 2:30 o'clock in St. Mary's Hall. " Chinese Hard to Convict. From the New Orleans Times-Demo. rat. Just to show how hard it Is to convict a Chinese accused of participation in one of the highbinders' wars I will cite a single instance that came under the notice of one of the representatives of a great San Fran cisco newspaper. A Chinese gardener named Ah Luk was shot in the back by a binder while he was sitting in the Chinese theater on Jackson street. He was In stantly killed. Immediately following the fatal shot the usual movement took place around the body, but the actors on the stage never even so much as hesitated in the delivery of their lines. When tho man fell from the bench the lookout at the main entrance of the place called out in Chinese tnat the white devils were coming The ^d the shooting so far forgo? himself as to run, and the police on a hot ti?vi and started after the fugi 6 V?an ran out of the side entrance *?. the auditorium and made his way to f'*h aI,e>- The police were close To him a"dsaw him enter a building at the corner of the next block. The squad hurried into the place and captured two well-known binders. Neither of them had a weapon but there were powder burns on the right hand of one of the men. Nothing could be learned from either of the prisoners, and they were locked up with a charge of mur der against each of them. The next nZn ing in court the two brothers of the mur dered man swore that they were with him at the time of their brother s death an" saw the man who did the shooting and positively swore that neither of the prison ers had anything to do with the killing a he accused men were forthwith released' But that night both of the brothers were arrested for killing one of the men who was l?^Se thelr ev'dence in the morn ing and dangerously wounding the other \\hen the wounded man recovered he sworn that neither of the brothers had anything to do with shooting him. Which all goes o prove that it does not matter much what a Chinese has to swear to. and also that in his poor, weak Mongolian way he does not take a great deal of stock In the brand of Justice dispensed by the white devils. Colored Envelopes. From the Minneapolis Journal. Colored envelopes used by some Minneap olis business houses In the dispatch of mail are causing the post offices and the rail way mail clerks considerable annoyance and trouble. Addresses on them, unless written with a typewriter, are almost un decipherable. When the fact that most of the work in handling letters is done un der gaslight and on swaying mall cars is considered, it will not seem strange that clerks regard colored envelopes as a device designed for their particular discomfort. Red Is the worst color in the spectrum for envelope use. Blue is next Unless the address is written In the olackest of !? appears as nothing under artificial light. Colors are more endurable, as they approach white, approved by the scores of men through whose hands mail passes The postmaster has had occasion to make spe cial suggestions to firms that they print their envelopes and wrappers on white pa per. Business houses which have adopted one color and used It so lonnr that it Is a familiar trade mark dislike to m-jke the change, but It Is probable that they will recognize the lust'ee of the request in view of the fact that It will lighten' the burden of the clerks and assist in the rapid and correct delivery of mail. The Morning After. From the Philadelphia Press. Casey?"Whin Dutchmin begins talkln' Ol'm all at say. Shure Oi cud niver git anny Dutch Into me, could you?" Cassldy?"Oi cud; on the 18th av March " Casey?"Ye cud?" Cassldy;?"Ay I Katzsnjanuner." He is Supposed to Have Made Three, CJ J SERIOUS FLAW IN ONE V if, HIS ESTATE IS VALUED AT ABOUT $60,000,OOO. One Will Provides for Extending the Empire?London News and Gossip. Special Correspondence of The Evening Star. LONDON, April 9, 1902. We have not yet been made aware of the whole of the testamentary dispositions of Mr. Cecil Rhodes. There Is another will to be given to the world. That which we have already been permitted to see deals with a sum of ?0,000.000. The second will is concerned with two millions. It provides, I am given to understand, a fund which can be used for the extension of empire upon the lines upon which the British empire has been extended in Uganda and in South Africa Itself. *ln such a bequest there are endless possibilities, not all of them agree able. There will be a large sum In ex istence which can be utilized by private Individuals in seizing the waste corners of the earth and gradually dragging the state Into obligations which it would never other wise incur. Personally, 1 should not be as tonished were it found that there are in all three wills, for it has been pointed out as curious that the testament already pub lished does not deal with the surplus estate of the deceased. The whole estate of the dead empire builder is stated to be about ?12,000,000. His magnificent gift to Oxford is the greatest benefaction which that ancient seat of learning has ever received, and. is nat urally the chief topic of conversation every where. Great surprise must have been felt in America at Rhodes' gift to students there, as he was never known to have fa vored Uncle Sam in any way. From the schools of the United States will be drawn about a hundred scholar* at the rate of thirty a year, and apparently the attractions of Oxford are set against those of the American universities. But it is well known that for years the stream of American graduates has passed Oxford and Cambridge and gone to the German universities, to which they are led purely by the excellence of the high education pro vided there. More students, however, have mainly come to Europe for post-graduate courses, and it would setm almost better if the will had provided for such students rather than for the ordinary under-grad uate course. The Advantages of Oxford. The peculiar advantages which Mr. Rhodes saw in the Oxford system appear to be "breath of view, instruction in life and manners," and (what was to him of the greatest importance), "the residential sys tem." That is to say, it is moral rather than intellectual training that he esteems. To Qualify a student for Oxford, literary and scholastic attainments must be reinforced by "fondness of and success in manly out door sports; by manhood, truth, courage, devotion to duty, sympathy for the protec tion of the weak, kindliness, unselfishness, and fellowship; by moral force and the instinct to lead and take an interest in schoolmates;" because these attr butes will be "likely in after life to guide him to es teem the performance of public duties as his highest aim." His view of the value of the residential system is deeply inbred in the English mind. The scheme of education Involves a very high cost, ?300 a year per scholar. The peculiar advantages of Oxford, as Mr. Rhodes knew, can hardly be obtained at a lower rate, but to men acquainted with the university systems of every nation the fig ure would appear absurdly high. The uni versities of the world, except those of England, have been, and are. accessible to persons of limited means. Hence, indeed, the necessity for endowment. Further, it can hardly have escaped the eye of a man who knew the world so well as this bene factor that all the moral qualities required of his ideal student will he exercised to stand the strain of a mode of life unfa miliar to him, and which he may be unable nfterward to maintain. There are many who think that the high ideals aimed at by Mr. Rhodes would be better attained by the distribution of scholars among the great universities of the world than by the train ing "in life and manners" of a few hundred select schoolboys at a single secluded resi dential center, however costly and distin guished. . Flaw in the Will. According to the lawyers, the will of Mr. Rhodes, as it Is published, contains a very serious flaw. "Indeed, if It were worth any body's while to contest the disposition of these millions," satd,a barrister to me yes terday, "a large slice of the money would come' into our hands." The restrictions which it is sought to put upon the inherit ance of the Palham Hall estato are not legal because thev seek to control the suc cession of freehold property for all time. The law of mortmain has been altered in these davs, and th<- dead hand can no longer stretch down through all the centuries imposing its will upon the living. If t should ever be to the advantage of an heir to break the conditions imposed^he will be able to do so without very much difficulty and so a "loafer," the pet abhorrence of the dead man. might inherit after all. Kensington and St. Johns Wood were busy on last Sunday afternoon with the carriages of society people Invited to the various studios to see the pictures now ready for sending to the academy. On a dav like this it is Impossible to accept half the Invitations received, and only a com narativelv few of the studios can be visit ed Thanks to the collapse this year of the regulation "show Sunday," owing to its co incidence with Easter, most of the minor studios had their turn then, and last Sun dav was devoted to the greater artists. Kensington remains the most favored local itv of artists, and here the president had on view his picture "Storm Nymphs dis porting-with wreckage at the mouth of a cavern Sir Edward Poyntrr is also send ing in a small water color portrait. In the neighboring studio of Mr Val Prinsep. though there are works of sufficient im portance to justify a large contribution to the academv, the artist intends to send in only a small paintWg of an oriental scene. Mr. Alfred Parso?sr Exhibit. Mr Alfred Parso&s has two of bis water side scenes ready. - One Is entitled "Even ing " a scene by." the --Thames, and the other, "Brown Autumn.!*, At Mr. Colin Hunter's studios are three sea scents on the Scotch coast. Mr; Divlfl Murray has not gone so far north ifor .his-subjects. Three of them are paintings in .the Immediate vi cinity of Bolton abbey. -Mr. Luke Fildes may be represented by one or two por traits but the time of the artist has been so taken up with royal commissions that he has not been able to undertake any work specially for the academy In St John's Wo0d the studios were found to be still more interesting. It being Mr. G F Frampton's. first show day as a member of the academy, special interest was taken in his work. The marble bust of the Marchioness of Granby, upon which he is engaged, may not be ready by send ing-in dav. That of Mr. Alfred East is, however complete, as is also a fine bust of Chaucer Mr. M. R- Corbet, the new as sociate had not Issued any general invi tations but he was receiving friends, who found some Italian scenes on the point of completion. Air. Stanhope Forbes, who dees most of his work In Cornwall, has also a studio in St. John's Wood, and here were on view some portraits. His three other pictures are west country scenes. At least two of the last paintings of the late Mr. Sidney Cooper will be on view at the academy. They were begun in his own meadows at Canterbury last summer, and received their finishing touches in the au tumn. The selection committee will have the chance of accepting two others, not quite complete, with the purely sentimental merit that they were the last pictures on which Mr. Cooper was engaged. No fewer than 401 of Cooper's pictures are to bo disposed of at an auction sale, which be gins next Saturday, and lasts over three ^\cts plea^sa^rvtly. ^cts BerxeficiaJly? ^cts truly as-a Laxative^. Syrup of Figs appeals to the cultured and the well-informed and to the healthy, because its com ponent parts are simple and wholesome and be cause it acts without disturbing the natural func tions, as it is w holly free from every objectionable quality or substance. In the process of manufacturing figs are used, as they are pleasant to the taste, but the medicinal virtues of Syrup of Figs are obtained from an excellent combination of plants known to be medicinally laxative and to act most beneficially. To get its beneficial effects?buy the genuine?manufactured by the 16 Syrup Loviisville, Ky for by &11 dru^^iit-s. Saft Frr&.r\cisco. Ca.1. flew York.N.Y. Price- fifty cervts per bcttJo. days. There are only twelve Royal Acad emy pictures in the catalogue, including the one shown last year, "Among the Cliffs of East Kent." Contributions of the Immortals. There are some very interesting paint ings among the contributions of the im mortals. Among the portraits the first place must be given to Mr. Luke Pildes' "King Edward VII," and Mr. Sargent's presentment of the beautiful Duchess of Portland. Sir Alma Tadema draws his in spiration from ancient Rome and paints the Emperor Carcacalla robed In white entering bronze doors. The scene affords full scope for the artist's peculiar skill. All the paintings and other works of art have been sent to the Academy, and are now in the hands of the hanging com mittee. Although room can only be found for some 2,000 works, nearly 12.000 have been submitted to the judgment of the art experts, and as a consequence there are certain, to be 10,000 or more rejected. It is no easy matter to form a decision under such conditions, and if occasionally some meritorious productions are excluded and some mediocrities admitted it is small wonder. As a rule the biggest percentage of the rejected canvases are those of large Qimensions, a fact which ambitious paint ers would do well to reflect upon. Many a fine picture is left unhung owing to lack of room, though it must be admitted that many poor ones of leviathan proportions sometimes find places on the walls of the academy. Many readers of The Star will have an opportunity to judge of the merits of this year's Academy, as hardly an Amer ican who comes to London in the summer neglects to go to Burlington House to see the pictures. Lord Roberts to Retire. All the military clubs accept without question the rumor that Lord Roberts will retire from the office of commander in-chief Immediately after the coronation. The work is undoubtedly very heavy, and it has been heavier during this regime than for many years. Lord Roberts is now, moreover, an old man; and, having assist ed War Minister Brodrlck to frame and launch his scheme of army reform, he is justified in thinking that he is entitled to leisure and freedom from official strain and worry. Great were the hopes when he returned from South Africa that the army was about to undergo sweeping reform, but these hopes have not been realized. As to Lord Roberts' successor, the universal belief in the same military circles is that the Duke Of Connaught is already marked out for the post. It Is said that the ap pointment would bo popular. Undoubtedly it would be as popular in some quarters as it would be unpopular in others. There is nothing to be said against the duke per sonally. He is en industrious soldier, had not traded upon his rank and is described as a competent officer. He has not been tested in the South African war, where many large military reputations have be<.n suddenly pricked, and he therefore remains still a high military potentiality. The chief objection that will be taken to his appointment as commander-in-chief will be that when the Duke of Cambridge had to resign the office the understanding on the part of the public was that it would not be filled again by any member of the royal family. That such an appointment shoulei be in the hands e>f one closely related to the reigning sovereign is regarded by some as not to the public interests; but it will have one merit?'it will check society ladies and aristocratic families from worrying the head of the army on behalf of their rela tives. The more unapproachable he makes himself in this respect the more readily will the general public forgive his birth. New War Office Under Construction. At last some progress is visible in the construction of the rew war office in ?Whitehall. All last year navvies were at work digging a hole twenty-five feet deep, and these were followed by workmen who laid down a concrete foundation six feet thick, with immense retaining walls to keep back the pressure of the street. It was not until last September that the first brick was placed in position, and since that time more than six millions have been laid, while 20,000 cubic feet of worked Portland stone and 800 tons of steel girders have been worked up. Two fle>ors have been com pleted?the basement and subbasemert ? which brings the structure from the foun dation line, to a foot or so above the level of the roadway. But as large as are the quantities already used, they are as nothing compared with what wTill have to be worked up before the building is out of the contractor's hands. When finished the new war office will con tain 400,(HH) cubic feet of worked Portland slone. 4,000 tons of steel and 2f>.<>00.U00 bricks. It may be some consolation to the British taxpayer, who will have to meet the bill, that all the material us. d is of British origin, the contractors being spe cially exempted by string, nt clauses from going abroad for bricks, cement, stone or steel required in the construction. Ladies' Choir Movement. The most Interesting musical development In the West End churches just now is the ladles' choir movement. It is likely to be further stimulated by a competition for la dies' choirs, which was recently held In the Kensington town hall. These choirs arc in no way In rivalry with the ordinary male choir. They do not even sing as a choir on Sunday. What they do is to carry on a musical service on week days, when tiie ordinary choir cannot attend, the boys being at school and the men following their respective business pursuits. On saints' days and other festivals that may occur on week days the ladies' choir steps in and sings the service. The effect is exceedingly good, and a communion servlcs sung by the ladies is generally brighter than that of the average choir, despite the loss of light anil shade owing to the absence of male voices. In the church that I know the ladies' choir sits in the west gail# rv. and is conducted by a lady, who wi Ids th baton with great skill. In the church. where there are no galleries th. ladies choir sits in the front stalls, n< ,tr. *t :he ohancel. L, H. M<kjHK. JUVENILE OFFENDERS. How the Probation System is Work ing in This City. It was his first visit to the country and he wrote to the agent of a fresh air society, which had sent him into this land of new experiences: August 1, 1KI8. Dear Mr. Whelpley: I wish you were here to see the geese hiss at the cat. We have green apples to burn. I ate nine Monday and on Tuesday 1 had the baddeet pain ever known here. I was baddest yesterday. I chucked some tacks in the hen yard. I think the rooster ate one. lie died game. I was sorry for his pains. Yours in haste. DENNIS. W e get glimpses through such means as this into the condition of mind of the ne glected city child and are made to realize his needs and the many means which might be used for his uplifting and happiness. A step with this end in view and which prom ises to be far reaching in its good results has recently been take n in Washington? the establishment of a separate court for the trial of juvenile offenders. With our children's court with its probation agent a board of guardians with discretionary powers in placing its wards, an excellent Industrial school and many co-operative private agencies, the juvenile offenders ot Washington have many friends at court who are earnestly working for their betur I and endeavoring to make them amen | able to good home Influences. I At the root of the probation Idea Is the recognition that youthful criminals are not a : is honest class by themselves, but chii j ,|r"n the same general makeup as the rest of the juvenile world, boys and giris many of whom prefer to be good, but are open to temptation or who have been led astray by unhealthy surroundings. When we consider how large a percentage of juvenile offenders placed on probation in their homes never return to the court room, the efficacy of this method of guardianship proves its value. During March twenty-three children were placed on probation for a period of six months, one was sent to relatives in the country, two were sent to the junior repub lic at the parents' expense, and twenty w. re placed In their homes with their parents. Eighteen of the last are either at work or In school, and are promising to become use ful citizens. The aim of this act has been to guard I beys and girls against exposure to the at mosphere and environment of crime; to keep them from seeing things that might , be prejudicial: to prevent, so far as possi ble, personal contact with the vicious and depraved, and to dispel from vouthful minds as far as circumstances would allow the idea that they were prisoners and cr ru inate. In a city In New Jersey where there Is i no Ju\ enile court the judgre took a common sense view of this class of offenders. In a case where six boys, ranging in age from ten to twelve years, were brought before the court on a minor charge, the iudge in stead of sending them to jail 6entencrd them to a sound spanking to be adminis j tered by two lusty policemen in the pres ence of the children's parents. The sen tence was duly executed and the children were returned to their parents with the ad monition that if they again put in an ap pear.nee the punishment would be repeated with increased severity. While this was a : rath-r unusual method. It was infinitely better than sending these children to Jail where their associations would more than offse' any good that might result from im prisonment. It is literally a case of making the punishment fit the crime and it m'ght be tried with advantage whenever the boy shows an abnormal desire to figure In the police court. There is nothing in spanking that appeals to the boy s perverted ideas of lv roics, and If the spanks are properlv a< ministered it will jar much of the non sense out of him. There is no spanking done in the juvenile court of Washington. Children who are given a probationary period of six months are placed with their parents or guardians on good behavior with advice to the head of the family not to spare the shingle and to make the slipper tea as strong as the case demands. "Specks" in the British Army. From the New York Sun. The following order, nothing short of revolutionary, has just been issued by the British war office: ?'Officers and soldiers of the r- gulars are allowed to wear spectacle s. on or off duty." Hitherto it has been a rule of the British army that no officer below the rank of major could wear glasses; this, of course, prevented all line officers, as well as ail enlisted men, from wearing them. Officers of the guards and other regiments, some of whom needed the aid of glasses, got around the rule by inventing the mono cle, sometimes irreverently called the "eye popper;" and a decision of the war e.ffice made years ago solemnly held that an offi cer might wear a. monocle, because it had only one giass. and so did not fa.l under the rule prohibiting glasses. The new regula tion apparently is the result of the war in South Africa, whicti has eloped that spectacled Boers can shoot, and In some re spects at least will serve to bring thj Brit ish army up to the standard of the German and French armies, the officers and men of which wear spectacles or not, according ?s they ne Ml them. THEIR HUMOROUS SIDE DUELING AFFAIRS ARE NOI ALWAYS SERIOUS. In Fact, There is Generally Far Mor4i Comedy Than Tragedy in the Combats. From Tit-Hit?. Dueling Ft ill flourishes on the continent^ but, although one occasionally hears of IV fatal result, there Is far more comedy than tragedy in the so-called affaires d'honneuf of the present day. Nothing could have been more farcical than the Dcroulede-Ruffet affair. In which, it will he remembered, each party, while loudly proclaiming his intention to light to the death, tc*>k every possible care to avoid the other. The duel between Count Bonl de Castellane and M. de Rodays. director of the Figaro, Is another recent Instance, It Is said that* considerable astonishment was expressed when it was found that the journalist had been wounded. Such an out come of the fight was unlocked for, and when It is considered that the bullets used by French combatants are generally faked, little surprise need be expressed at the farcical termination of so many duels. French Journalists are famous for their dueling propensities. Once every year tho Paris newspapers publish a list of their correspondents and contributors, with their various accomplishments appended after their names. In these lists records of for? mer duels stand out prominently iimonc their achievements. In fact. It would seem from an examination of these lists that it is a sine qua non for the tenure of his posl? tion that every Paris newspaper maa should light at least one duel a year. Fighting Under an Umbrella. However, many of these duelists seem t? enter upon thtlr encounters In a very happy frame of mind The eminent French eritlo Sainte-Beuve during an encounter with an offended author lifted an umbrella to pro* tect himself against a few raindrops. His seconds pointed out that this was offering? a "much better mark to his adversary. "X cannot help it." answered Salnte-Beuve; "I came to stand Are. not water." A good story Is told of a noted Russian swashbuckler who fought a duel with a Polish painter. The latter gentleman was the Insulted party, and on the advice of an ingenious fri?nd selected field cannon ns his weapon, and the offieer. finding that nobody would back him up tn a refusal, had to ac quiesce. Two field pieces were procured, gunners employed to load them, srd the combatants were instructed how to pull the firing string at a given signal. The Russian ought to have known that an up ward Inclination of the cannon, however slight, would cause the balls to go vhiliinf yards above the combatants' heads. Rut he was so unmanned by the novelty of his position that when the guns went off with an appalling noise he gas-e a leap Into the air and fell flat on h's face. A second shot being proposed, he would have none of It, but apologised. Not long ago a French critic was chal lenged to a duel by a comedian wh im ho hail offended. The two combatants formed a striking contrast?the rTltle being ex trem'lv corpulent, while the actor was small and spare. But before they took po sitions the actor gravely approached his op ponent. drew a line w th a pleee of chalk on the latter's waisteoat. and said: "I-et us finalise the rhances: any bit I make out side this line shan't count." Of course, tha critic laughed, and In a moment both were grod friends once mi>re. A Fatal Jest. Unfortunately, present-day affairs do not always end so happily, even though started In Jest. For Instance, a cavalry officer at Cologne got Into a d spute with a young professor. When the epithet "Schafskopf* ? sheep's head> was ut'errd It hi came evi dent that an encounter wi< Inevitable. But the offieer was a good fellow, and decided with his comrades that there should only be a pretense at a duel, as the cause of the quarrrl was so absurd. It was dot-ldf d that the two duelist* should be plated thir'y pices apart and the charge not be ram^i' 1 (a loose charge makfs the tull. t devia'e), but the officer was to 'aH and pretend to be dead, and after the professor hid been well frightened there was to be a reconciliation and k breakfast. The part'es apneared or the KTOtind, tne seconds called "Time." the professor fired, and the offieer fell to the ground, ss had been planned. The young professor Wa? thrown into hysterics of remorse and ter ror. Put when the onlookers were about to explain to him the joke they found t? their horror that 'h< offlcerwas really deadt the professor's bullet had severed the car<M tid artery. His Bad Break. Front thi* <hi? ajn? \>\vs. ??no you smoke cigarettes, young mutt rsk<d the father of the one and only, M ! he came into the parlor. "N-no. sir," stammered the youth. ?hf : was anxi us to make a grand-stand play I for tho o'd man's benefit. "I detest th? vttf I things." .. ? _,m "That's what I caJl tough, said tat CM hyp as he start.d to leave the rota, w as in hcpis I could borrow one.