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THU EVENIN 8TAB.
PU Eei DAISY, aNOePT SUNDAY. .iass ar, no~w m umlnas- *Gendlemen: 1..i.. OeNa, nTA N.wa... Ouupmy. From one stlad three no 6enn star Newespeor COmpany.casiebunss"d"iTh a.m nvor m , rn.dlt.R tr w aer Jbiw Taek 04a.: rdb.nt sDidingeee, ig j h MwTskS.Yae. kibn....an.ise s"d"apae u The Evening Star In served to subscribers In tht etty by carriers, on their own account, at 10 cett-t per week or 44 rents 'r month. Co 'le at the Yours counter, ..tents each. By mnll-anyw6ore in the U.S.orCanada--posage prepid-50 cents per toth. .g postg" added. * '" lItered at the >mce at Washington. D. N., ad mal matter.) N 5,541. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESI AY D 17, 1902-TWENTY PAGES. TWOaeENTS t1A anh.dt sust ";pidt dvn sare or uavrauu .... . . -- SAYS WAR EXISTS Balfour Answers Oues tions in Commons ASKED BY MR, HEALY Neutrals Wishes Ignored in the Blockade. NO FAVORED NATIONS SAYS WAR IS NOT TO BECOVEB DEBTS. Germany Complains of Criticisms and Declares England is Equally Responsible. LONDON. December 17.-In the course of a long statement in the house of com mons today Premier Balfour said there was no such thing as a "pacific blockade." A state of war actually existed with Ven ezuela, and an intimation of the blockade would shortly be given to the powers. Mr. Balfour added that the blockade would be carried out with as little incon venience to neutrals as possible. Nothing definite had occurred with reference to the arbitration proposal since his previous statement on the subject. The premier also said the operations were reluctantly undertaken, not to recover debts, but, after a long and patient delay, to recover compensation for assaults on British subjects and the seizure of British vessels. He believed that the Germans also had claims besides the financial ones. Mr. Healy, Irish nationalist, asked if the United States assented to a blockade which would exclude United States vessels. Mr. Balfour replied: Neutrals Not to Be Consulted. "Neutrals are not consulted when you are in a state of war with a third party." *Is war declared?" asked Mr. Healy. The premier replied: "Does the honor able member suppose that without a state of war you can take vessels and have a bicekade?" Replying to further questions, Mr. Bal four said he had nothing to add regarding arbitration beyond what was contained in h,s previous statement on the subject. Pa pers were being prepared and would be presented to the house as soon as possible. He assumed they would -include the com rr.unications which had passed on the sub jert of the blockade between the United States and Great Britain. Mr. Balfour's statement was made- in reply to the desire of the liberal leader. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman. for in formation on the Venezuelan situation. Af ter reiterating Lord Lansdowne's brief statement in the house of lords yesterday, the premier continued: "The blockade will be carried out by Great Britain and Germany along different portions of the coast, and though the two fleets will have the same objects they will not act as one force. Will Not Occupy Territory. "We never had any intention of landing troops in Venezuela or of occupying ter ritory even temporarily. We do not think it desirable on e"iti.r military or other grounds. All the conditions g'verning such a b:ockade have b.en carefully cr,nsi'ered and will be pub:ished in due tin,e f r the inf rn-ation of neutrals. The govern;nent are most anxious that th:ec .'ent'r: the Se< es-Itv for which wo dee':y regret. cnould be as little Inconvenient to n.-utrals as they can possibly be made. No difference will PmutIDENT CIU be made between the vessels of the various meutral powers. I think it ise quite likely that the United States will think that there cannot oe such a thing as a 'pacific block ade.' and I, personally, take the same view. Evidently a blockade involves a state of war." Mr. Balfour concluded his itatement with saying he eould flake no announcement as to whether the offer of arbitration from Venesuela would be accepted by Great Britain. NOT ANE TRBBITORY. German loreign O5cer Complains of Jalse Representations. ===r.J. namemnbr 3-Th, foreigen of fice here denies explicitly that the German squadron in Venezuelan waters has orders to seize Margerita Island, adding that no occupation of the territory of Venezuela will occur. The foreign office officials allege that e systematic effort is apparently being made to ' represent Germany as the propelling power in the coercion .of Venezuela and as being responsible for all the harsh meas ures. For instance, they say, fte bombard ment of the- forts at Porto- Cabello is as scribed to German initlative, whereas the foreign office officials. sag without reserva tion that the bemierdment was at the Bit ish conmuander's suamtion. the Topas be ing a British ship. The German oommande" particjpated in the firing as a loyal ally. The German government is insisting on more severe measures than the original plan contemplated, and regards the sinking of the "two diminutive, wholly unseawor thy craft" as an "insignificant incident." Germany and Great Britain are still con sidering President Castro's arbitration proposition, but the deliberations have not yet reached' a stage where the results can be published. The Berlin newspapers today print from Kiel a statement that the German cruisers Ariadne. Amazone and Niobe are being equipped for departure to Venezuela, but the correspondent of the Associated Press is informed officially that no such orders have been given, and that it will depend later upon the demands of the blockade whether additional vessels will be sent. MUST ADMIT OUR SHIPS. Determination Here Regarding the "Peaceful Blockade." A cable dispatch from Caracas says: "The Spanish minister to Venezuela, Senor Gay tan de Ayala, and the Belgian charge d'af faires, M. Van Der Heyden, have presented a joint letter to the Venezuelan minister of foreign affairs, in which they ask, in case the claims of other foreign powers are paid by Venezuela, that the same treatment given those powers be accorded to Spain and Belgium." Senor Ojeda, the Spanish minister, and Baron Moncheur, the Belgian minister, have not received official advices relative to the joint note their governments have ad dressed to President Castro asking that in the event of a sett:ement of the claims of the allied powers Spain and Belgium be given similar treatment. The Spanish min ister denies that there is the slightet prob abdlity of further action on the part of Spain unless events in Caracas make it nec essary for the Spanish representative to withdraw. Minister Ojeda does not antici pate that result in view of the strong ties of friendship that exist between his govern ment and the South American republic. Baron Moncheut regards the position of his country as thus far neutral, but in case circumstances change that attitude it is likely that Minister Bowen will be request ed to look after Belgian interests in the Venezuelan capital. Belgium having no navy, it will not be possible for that coun try to join in the naval demonstration of the allied fleet. Cannot Keep Out Our hips. Some attention has been given here to the projected "peaceful blockade" proposed to be established, and after a mature con sideration, the officials have come to the conclusion that a blockade of that charac ter cannot be recognized, as against United States shipping, at least. According to the position taken, if the allies seek to exclude Venezuelan shipping from entry to Venezu elan ports that might be permitted, but they may not exclude United States ships in rEgular business unless a genuine state of war is recognized. Regardless of the merits of the present controversy, the State Department fels that the vast interests of American trade demand that that rule be adopted and adhered to, else American trade may be crippled at the will of any naval power that sought to resort to the anomalous "peaceful blockade." If Great Britain and Germany wish to exclude American merchantmen from Venezuelan ports they must exclude all shipping, in cluding their own, a condition. which can be met only by recognizing the existence of a state of war, and the dismissal of the present fiction. Italy's Request. The only cablegram received from United States Minister Bowen overnight was to the effect that the Italian minister at Car acas had requested him to look after the Italian interests in Venezuela, a charge which Mr. Bowen, under instructions from the State Department, has accepted. The Italian minister, therefore, was about to leave Caracas. Mr. Bowen's position is realized to be one of extraordinary diffi culty. He is now in charge of the intereatts of Great Britain, Germany, Italy and Hol land, besides those of the United States, and may be called upon to take charge of 1T11O CASTRO. those of the remainder of the Europeai countries, with the' possible exception of France, which remains on pleasant rela tions with Venezuela. Now most of these cuntries are practically hostile, even ti the point of warfare with Venezuela, and at the same time Mr. Boean issecting enew getically in the interest of Venesseja, and bring about an arbittraton. If he een suc coed in carrying these conSsttng interest writhout collision to a satsactoy settl. ment he wi undoubtediy have soejit gamt triumph as a diplomaL Arbitration OfEr Ignem&. The State Department has, received no re sponse so far to the meagie sent to the European foreign offices relati7e 'to thi made in parliament, as well as in Berlin, touching the difficulties in the wayy of ar bitration in this particular instance .have been noted, but none of these difficulties is regarded as insurmountable, because it would be comparatively easy to meet the demands of outraged British or German honor by an apology, and at the same time to submit to arbitration the other matters, mainly financial, _Which form the basis of complaint , against Venanela.. It. is not known here whether President Castro will consent to apologie as a condition prece dent to arbitration, but it S hoped that Minister Bowen can induce him to doso if that will be sufficient to meet the demands of the allies. It is pain"a out he, how ever, that the further prosecution at at tacka an Tesesuelan forts wf m*e an ad justment just that much mre dism"ft I apologies are t =t and aceepted AM the critical phase of the situation will-be removed and some time may be spent in an arrangement of the basis upon which the arbitration should be conducted. This will be a difficult problem, for it is anticipated that the allies will base their acceptance of the arbitration upon an agreement by Venezuela to instruct the arbitrators to ac cept certain principles in advance, which would commit Venezuela to a recognition of an Indebtedness of about $15,000,000. Still the State Department is hopeful that ar bitration will prevail, for the alternative is now realized to be actual war between the allies and Venezuela. and it is believed here that Germany at least is not anxious to enter upon that state. Effect of Declaration of War. A declaration of war would at once clothe the Venezuelans with the full rights of belligerency, and that might greatly pro tract the efforts of the allies to subdue Castro. Herr von Holleben, the German ambassa dor, has gone to New York, and Count Quadt, the secretary and charge &faffalres, is transacting whatever business the em bassy has with the State pepartment, and forwarding to Berlin such matters of in formation touching the situation in Vene zuela as are forthcoming from Mr. Bowen. The explanation given for the ambassador's visit to New York is simply "business," and the length of his absence is not stated. Orders to Dewey's Ships. In the Navy Department it was stated that they had no announcement yet to make respecting the orders to be given to Dewey's ships, and it was repeated that the sole purpose and aim of the depart ment is to place vessels, a few at each im portant port in the Caribbean, so that the men may enjoy themselves Christmas week without overtaxing the faciuties at any one point. Secretary Moody spent a good part of the day before the House naval commit tee in continuation of his explanation of the recommendations made by him in his annual report for the betterment of the navy. EARTHQUAKE DESTROYS TOWN. The Few Survivors of Andijan Threatened by Famine. ASHKABAD, Russian Turkestan, De cember 16.-The town of -Andijan, Ferghana government, was totally destroyed by an earthquake today. The number of fatali ties is not yet ascertained. The popula tion is threatened with starvation. Shocks were felt in New Marghelan and surround ing villages and a railway at Andijan was destroyed for a considerable distance. Food and clothing are being sent to Andijan. Andijan is a town of Russian Central Asia, seventy-three miles from Khokand. It had a population of about 30,000. WISCONSIN'S ORDERS RECA'LLED. Battle Ship Will Not Sail for Puget Sound Immediately. SAN FRANCISCO, December 17.-Orders from Washington which would have taken the battle ship Wisconsin to sea, bound for the Bremerton dock on Puget sound, have been canceled, and Lieutenant Commander Mayo, temporarily in command, awaits further instructions from the Navy Depart ment. The reason for canceling the origi nal orders is not known here, but the offi cers of the vessel expect still to go to Bremerton within a few days. WATER IN MINES RECEDING. Production of Coal Will Not Be Greatly Hampered. PHILADELPHIA, December 17.--Reports received this morning from the mining re gione are to the effect that the waters are fast receding, and the damage to mines will not be so great as was first expected. A few mines in the Pottsville and Hazleton region were slightly damaged by the high water, but the suspensions caused by the flood will be of short duration. The Sus quehanna and Schuylkill rivers, which rose rapidly last night, and in many places over flowed their banks, are falling. ME. CARNEGIE'S OFFER. Will Endow a Theater if the Govern ment Will Lend Its Aid. A joint resolution which provides "that a site upon which to erect a national theater be provided in the District of Columbia" has been introduced in the House off Repre sentatives by Mr. Miers of Indiana, by re quest. Inquiry developed thle fact that Mr. James Paxton Voorhees of this city is the moving spirit behind the resolution, and that the establishment of a national thea ter has been agitated by Mr. Voorhees since 1896. The plan, according to Mr. Voorhees, has received the indorsement of the leading actors and many of the journals of the country devoted to the histrionic art.' Mr. Voorhees is also very sanguine that should Congress see fit to provide a site for a na tional theater Mr. Andrew Carnegie will foW up the provision with a money en dowment sufficient to build the theater and assure its operation upon the lines In tended. These- lines, as stated by Mr. Voorhees to a. Star reporter today, are: "The establish ment of a national theater, to produce plays lust the same as a playhouse under prtv&te management, with the exception that these play's are to-be the selection- of a-bhost of management, and limited to much plays as are best. for the temperamental, social and ethical, -as well as professional, interesta ot the public and profession." 'Mr. Voorhees, in reviewing briefly the work he has been doing in the direction of the establishment of a national theater, said: "The resolution introduced is the result of six years of missionary work on the sula jeet of a national theater. In 1896 I orig inated the first bill on the subject that was ever introduced, so far as I kno' w, and it has largely devolved upon me since that time'to keep the subject of a nsama=l= the eter under consideration. Since that time prominent members of- the proession have given the matter their cfeul considera tion, and indorsements have been biertil) gen by such actors as Richard MansMal, ery Irving, Nd. H. Sothern, Henry E. Dixey, Frank Daniels and many others, "The movemenk has also secured an offer from Mr. Carnegie to endow a playhouse, with the essential qualification that the government shonid taksU ae in the tfir, I -nM s . ts.bae loies etstep National thamsm are .ma kLs n Frane, whers the Thesae Jt3pss W a. table as the ofe at me where the1:r o41f Ritf mhiaa gamay, ntly* the neoesity or national ~~a ste in thiscouttratotte the stegs, Al IEI! WIS A Large N , =~of' ( olrs on 1W*Wdent GANAL 18 'ON FEDBYa W6NT*ZIVJ HN. No Appointmentto $f -ade t-the 8oute is 8dttled- napaij President Roosevelt hae all he -ould -do today seeing and talkig'ith eners. He was especially busy ditig the -aorning hours -before assembling bf Congre'ss. A number of repreaentatis caiena on all kinds of subjects,-4 gog portlai' t- them having constituents they d$sired to present. The number inchided thea,follo* ng: Rep resentative Gibson of Tendessee:snd E. S. Cunningham, censul of the Unied States at Alden, Arabia; R?epreseatitve,Goldfogle of New York and ft-iends; Representative Martin of South Da4ota nd O. S. Swen son of Sioux Falls, warten of the South Dakota penitentiary; Representative Need ham of California and frieids; Representa tive Calderhead of Kansas and his brother. J. K: Calderhead, state auditor of Montana; Secretary Shaw and frttds; Arthur W. Fergusson, executive seereta e of the Philippine commission; Senator nna and his brother, H. M. Hantl. of 'Cleveland; Representative CocIran Of MUsouri and friends; Senator McEnery df Loelsiana and friend; Senator Kears of Ptah and friend; Hugh McGowan of Indi oltspAepreen tative Burton of Ohio or :DillIngham of Vermont, Senatot Bu a of Kansas, Senator Proctor of Vermo t3ei.tor Alger of Michigan, Representa ae owers of Maine, Representative Tai*ney. of Minne eota, RepresentatiV4 )! Kentucky; Crowley, Illinois; Ski O Senator For aker of Ohio, John of New York, Senator Aldrich of Island. The Isthmian .cam1 on. Representative Manl dN.EQ gp today placed before the Preidfft b name of Isham Randolph for pislngas a mem ber of the isthmlan ca4i aEortission. Mr. Randolph is chief engitleer of e Chicago driainage canai, and is represented as .4i egpgptionably able man, just the; kind of a man the President is lookiag fIt Mr-Mann detiff-natiW what will tbe done, but be U110 q i.i Isadolph will stand slinechati'(i of bing named on trie btg6omesion. -The President said he will natiaiie the com mission until- the -siatter of g route for a canal has been settled. Cadetshipg l* Anas . Representative Boutitd caled, on the Iresident with A. H. Mifed, a sos of the late Lieut. Charles R. Miles, sU. S. -N. Young Miles has asked the- l*dIentsto appoint him to a cadetship at Annapolis. Lieut. Miles died of yellow fever on board the Yantic in 1888. He 'cotracta* the fever during the stay of> the Yantic at Port au Prince when the ship W(as sent thee to pro tect American interests during a revplution on the islaitl. Young Miles is nineteen years old. Senators Spooner and Quarles saw the President to ask the appointment of a Con stituent to Annapolis. RsprpsentatLe Davidson of Wisconsin paid a call of reopect, and likeWiee told the President the people of Oshkosh and sur rounding region wanted an 90portuflity to see him and hoped he Would pay Wiscon sin a visit during the coming summer, when he makes a long trip av/8y from Washing ton. * Representative Mercer - had an interview with the President as tp some Nebraska matters. Attorney General Knoa rotirwed from a trip to Florida and called og the President this morning to discuss jo departmental matters with him. Secrtta Root was a caller and remained with - t President a short time. Invited to a -Dinner. Representative Douglass .gf New York presented a committee -frrm the West Side Republican Club of New 'York to invite the President to attend the annual dinner of the club at the Waldorf-Astoria Thursday evening, January 23. This is the anniver sary o, the birth of the latePresident Mc Kinley, and the annual dlnnwr of the club will hereafter be given on that date. The President said the date oonflicted with a re ception to be held in the White House by him and he would not be able to accept the invitation. The committee consisted of Frank K. Kohler, Charles h. Taintor and Fred H. Wilson. - Capt. John G. Capers, republican national committeeman of South Caroltra. presented Dr. V. P. Clayton, candidate for marshal of that state, and Priston Rion, post master at Winnsboro'. -S. C. Mr. Rion is a candidate to succeed hiaelf. The President Tahi ja German. President Roosevelt enjoyed a long con versation in German todgy with -ReDresent atives Wachter and Scihirra of Baltimore and Louis Michel, editot of the Deutsch Amerikaner of Uliltimore. These men called at a time when the Prebideut wasn't busy, and they had a long .tailk in.-b6th the Ger man and Dutoh languages. 1-r1he President repeated in Dutch an -old yolk lore song popular for many years among the Soutif African Dutch, "The - ows Are in the ClGver." The 'President talked about Goethe, Sehiller, Leugir, Theodore Koer ner and.many ot tj$terary men of Germany. He ka stg of each No Meeting of MLt.r It is understood bpe i be nd meeting of the ~ unon sta tion bill until attesl Senators Gallinger, DDil were ap poisted .just be o~wnt into executive seadm s oon as confeees on tha tw ardto seursnafre in a day or two,'-o h bW as it paset there-ase a hq it will be oete 6bBlisplae' 7 It is not known- ~ te there wil -be any..&g the feaues of -t House in- respeet * h asnopnt of mooney pate ere 'tea has yet been no '~ E bearwell4 in lttheh witheatbut olbe . e se' UNCLE SAl : "EASY, GENTLEMEN, EASY !" THE PUBLIC LIBRARY IN THE PHILIPPINES MR. CABNEGIE ACCEPTS INVITA- BILL TO REDUCE THE TARIPP BE TION TO OPENING. PORTED TODAY. Limited Number of Invitations to Be Next Step Will Be to Establish the Sent Out-Simple Program Gold Standard-Secretary of Prepared. War's Recommendations. Mr. Andrew Carnegie, donor of the fund The House committee on ways and means of ;30,000 with which the new Public Li- today favorably reported a bill reducing brary building in Mount Vernon Square the tariff levied on products of the Philip Ws-eenstructed, has very cordially ac- pine Islands to a rate equivalent to 23 per canad the invitation to be present and de- cent of the Dingley rates. The existing liver. an address on the occasion of the duty is 75 per cent of the Dingley rates. opening of the library January 7 next. During consderation of the bill an amend comimissioner Macfarland, president of the ment was offered by Mr. Richardson of Public Library building commission, has re- Tennessee repealing the existing Philippines ceived Mr. Carnegie's acceptance, and with tariff law. This was opposed by the ma the other members of the commission is jority on the ground that the revenue nuch pleased at the assuranee of the pres- which tariff produces is needed; and, fur ence of the man who made the magnificent ther, that under the treaty of Paris Spain new building possible. The opening of the has an equal tariff footing with the United library promises to be a notable event. States in the Philippines. Prdtst Roosevelt has seeepted an invi- Under existing-law the duties collected o tation to be present, and there will be an products of the Philippines go Into the altogether representative gathering of high government officials and men of national treasroh ds. t u oa t prominence. Mr. arngie' Ineret. trif. frm 7 to23 pr cnt,claiming that Mr.exports to the United States will be stmu Mr. Carnegie's health is now fully re- lated and revenues Increased. stored, and it is said he will allow nothing To Establish the Gold Standard. to keep him from being in Washington on this occasion. Mr. Carnegie takes an es- The next move for the betterment of in pedalinterest in the library building here, dustrial and financial conditions In the for it is not only one of the most important Philippines will be the passage of a bill es and imposing he has ever given to a mu- tablishing the gold standard' for ttr Pniiip niciliklty, but. in addition, its presence in pines. The committee on ia"ular al.rs of the capital city of the nation gives to it the House now is working on such a bill, a certain national character. The donor and will have it ready to report immediate feels glad to have had a share in the ad- ly after the holiday recess. vancement of Washington. He has now Both the tariff reduction ad the gold given about 1,000 library building; to va- standard are recommended by the Philip rious cities in response to requests which pine civil government. The Secretary of have come from all around the civilized War has made recommehdation upon the world. His address at the opening of the subject as follows: Washington Public Library -i9 expected to show something of the fruit of his unprece- Secretary of War's ReCOmmendations. dented experience in dealing with libraries. "I do not wish to delay In asking the at Limited Number of Invitations. tention of Congress to two subjects upon Commissioner Macfarland stated today which, I think, if the conditions and needs that the formal invitations for the opening of the islands could be fully understood. of the library are about to be sent. The there would be but little controversy, and capacity of the library hall, where the ex- upon which very simple enactments would ercises are to be held, is comparatively be of immense value to the people of the small, and in consequence the commission Islands, whose welfare the government of has been obliged to limit the invitation the United States Is bound to promote. I list to official and representative men. As earnestly urge, first, that the duties levied stated above, the President of the United In the United States upon products of the Phiippne rchpelgoimported therefrom States has already signified his intention be reduced toc25per cent h Dingley of being present. The members of the cabi- tariff rates; second, that the government net, the chief justice and associate justices of the island be permitted to establish the of the United States Supreme Court, sen- gold standard for its currency, and to take atore, representatives, the Commissioners such measures as it finds to be practicable of the District of Columbia, prominent ofi- adpuett eptesle ong cers of the army and navy, members of thewhcitsauoredoiseatpiy DistrIct judiciary, the trustees of the Car- wt od ihu naywycmitn negie Institution, representatives of the col- teUie ttst epniiiytee leges and universities and officers of the fr Washington Board of Trade and Business Ls yDcieo ivr Men's Association are among those to be invited. heiulrgvren ha,nte A Simple Program.motslsovr100,0gldbthde It is ,stated that the invitations are not dn nsle eas twsoeaigo transferable, and it is the hope of the cam- as'e ai,adti a hne h mission that a prompt response will beSuluofeensitoadicttth made, so that all the arrangemnents can beveytm whnheoercusmnind properly completed. The program will pro-haecudanetoriryem dfr vide for simple exercises. Commissionerthueofhervnsfrterliff commission, willTe Husecommttesonway and mak re c shmee n icua ed.All addrss.He wll urn verthe uiling the ptal prties n outhe ofPhilpies url to heibrry ruseesandMr.Thedor pgntl eandt a cage ofian the 2 prer W. Noyes, presid ~~ent of the borDftus Sm eiefwoldey raffed The etn tees wil mak thespeeh ofaccetanc. uty as7 ptbe maent i the nied tates. Musc fr te ocason illbeurnshebytoheurosdrtsiof he isheds till graerd theUniedStaes arne and wth ieu. mente wouasb ffrded by deiharisn the Sanelmnn n carg. Te frma opn- eusnesse reeaf the exan sfrting Phlpinsa lugexecies il tae lac a 2:0 'clck truiffecw.Thws ofpposelied n the ri,-o in he ftron ad illocupyproaby sjor an the flctaoun ina ethae, revnue an hur' tie, ftewardduingthef-pwting trf upodues sub ntiald bais ofur-e ternon ad eenin, te lirarybuidinggol statndr currey hic Pris Sin willbe pento he enealublc. h as Unie Ses,a were fooen wih the Utd Marie Bad wll rmai en anddurig nteir bustins, wc texists olethed con a greter prtionof th timeoduets of uroe Phndiine god .anto the tasuro theopindf 'hiheI nw Der _______"Ten da econeind the reduoftilverf hs tarife- Mromcan o.25lpr don froimartat Commndan of arin Cor.toBe poto to one United Stoae raio of over Major GeneraLto and reonelft ne,adthased born Esalishn the coldecaStard.t ThePrsidnttody ea th flloi he~ onext wave earnte ttren," n dustrials t th Sand: fiaca- odtosi h Chares e~wod.K Cn..io Ph ilipes Moody be te reaste ofabill es Also everl prmotls inthebrvenhingV Oth f ld sandard fr ths Philip cins.ThtcoriteWeYinulr air o an wilhaei read to e reporimeat ly aftr the olidafreces Boths te tari edtionandtegl ~*~ o~y ~tin pbr inge'scii goermet The eraryo War has made recomendation__upon_th subjec4asm elOws tenton f Co gres totwo subjcts upo whc,I-hn,iftecndtosan ed ofteilad ol befll ndrtod thee oud e utlitlecotrvesy and~ upon whic vey ipl natenswol POWER PANT SHORT Fuel Famine Threatens U. S. Electric Company. SHUT-DOWN AVERTED ONLY BY PROET ABUTYAL O 4 FEW TONS OF PEA COAL. Car on Washington Traction Ltaes Night Have ]een Stopped and City Darkened. Estimated shortage of normal re serve of anthracite coal in Washing ton before cold weather arrived, 129,ooo tons. Average daily receipts of anthra cite coal in Washington in Decem ber, 1901, 3,500 tons. Average daily receipts of anthra cite coal in Washington at present estimated at 2,100 tons. Estimate of the amount of anthra cite coal actually needed in Washing ton daily at present, 4,000 to 6,oo tons. The big power house of the United States Electric Lighting Company. 14th and B streets northwest, ran short of coal last night, and for a time it looked as if the plant would have to shut down. This plant provides power for the street railroad lines operated by the Washington Electric and Railway Company, and also the street electric lights for the city. The hurried arrival of a few tons of pea coal from a local dealer tided over a crIti cal period and prevented a temporary suas pension of operation of the cars on the street railroads and darkness in the streets of the city. At the offices of the United States Else tric Lighting Company this afternoon u was said that great difficulty was expert cn&ed in getting coal to run the plant. People Thoroughly Awakens The proiil of Washington are becoming thoroughly awakened to the serious situa tion that confronts them because of the famine of fuel. The terror aroused at the approach of winter without a prospect of sufflicnt coal is evidenced on every hand. Not to mince matters, but to discuss the situation plainly, there Is not the aUghtsI auggestion of conditions being better $. on the contrary, there is every indication that conditions will be worse. Several months ago, before colder weather Csme,at-wieC'Af r ,A!ha peop}e, ne a rule, have a supply in their lats for'Mt ter, it was estimated by a prominent niem' her of the Washington coal. exchange there was a sbertage In the nor of anthracite copl estimafed' 9t lbas. This means that the city was short pprS imately that amount which was usuaDyIn the cellars of the consumers or in the yards of the local dealers. There Was Absolutely No Reserve. The strike in the anthracite mines was inaugurated in the late spring, at a thee when furnace fires were not needed. Work in the mines was not resumed until about the time when it was necessary for com fort to set the furnaces going. Washington people entered the esd weathrr without a reserve. What coal was in the- cellars of the consumers, or In the yards of the local dealers, with one or two exceptions, was-a hiere. bagatelle. Shuald a spell of severe weather such may be expected at this time of year v Washington 'the[ suffering and. distem among all classes will be fearful. if the-miners in the anthracite region la7 off fcr the holidays, as has been the case In other years, the shipments to Washington will- be cut off during the period that they are idle. There is no accumulated reserve bf coal at the mines as in previous years. The entire output is shipped away as soon as it is mined. Reading May Withdraw Schedule. From Philadelphia comes the information that the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company may be forced to withdraw its schedule of prices to dealers, by which its coal sent to dealers here is sold at $7. a ton. This is being contemplated, it is said, be cause of the protests of the stockholders of the company ,who maintain that it is unfelr to provide coal at a figure so much lower than is received by the Independent opera tors. Demand Greater Than Ever. The demand for coal from the local deal ers was greater than at any time since the famine began. Some of the dealers, it Is said, have abandoned the use of their tele phones temporarily, answering only those questions regarding the situation and ap plications for coal that are made in per son. The offices of the dealers were- besieged throughout the day by persons in quest of fuel. The greater portion of the applicants were women, muany of whom told pitIful stories of sufferings at their homes. It is a safe estimate that not one person in a dozen was rewarded, and then in the smallest quantities, in some instances get ting the promise of an eighth or a quarter of a ton. Diffculties in Unloading. The distribution in small amounts of the coral that comes to the city has created am extraordinary deandn for vehicles of every description. Unloading the cars, many, because their abitorma l ss, is a source ofgra inconvenience to the dalexO A dealer si today that he had seeca for ome of the government oBesam id that he had asbed the Pennsylvania railroad to moeve the cas two blocks away fromn where they were sammao In order to feeBitate the ualonAatmp Thne reresmntative of the railroad amatad to doe- soilanytg that the dala would bave to be taen from. the caaeb the aId of a buchetand rope, a n opain th dealer gta freiabIs~ a eahlas emeer sgthe mk as a 1'ni saner, .the dner but r I hv e hieard as to the sen t"L (a- a ama The same. Sealer et a' pernurnal ras. pessative to m --a Sunday t s0 with an sUshIl et the Chesapeaha and (is