Newspaper Page Text
No. 15,557. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JAJUARY 5, 1903-SIXTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
TnU yUNInG STA. PUnran1an DADY, MOer SUNDAY. kaissi OCS, iMno atet ms Pasyta Arns, Te Eenng 8r Newspapr Cosay. . 3. LAG hiSM, PresdaeL. am Tak aS: Tmane &iig. ChiaP 000: 2Tr1as6Ml ing. The Evening Star is served to subscribers in the city by carriers, on their own account. at 10 rets per week, or 44 cents per month. Copies at the tounter 2 cents each. By mil-anywhere in the U.S. or anada-postage prepaid--0o cents per mouth. Saturday Star. 32 pnes, 41 per year; wjb fbP *ign postage added. f3.00. tjatered at the Post Ofice at Washington, D. C., as second-class mail matter.) g7AII mail subscriptions must be paid in advanW Rates of advertising made known on spulicatiar, VEWS AS TO TRUSTS Attorney General's Sugges tions Awaited With Interest TO CLEAR SITUATION LIVELIET INTEEST IN THE COX1UNICATION XANITESTED. Opinion in Congressional Circles Comment on Senator Hoar's Xeasure. As an indication of the earnestness of the administration in behalf of anti-trust legis lation and the intention of republicans in Congress to co-operate, the committee on judiciary of the Senate and the committee on judiciary of the House were advised to day that Attorney General Knox had pre pared and would submit at once some sug gestions which, in his opinion, ought to be incorporated in any anti-trust legislation contemplated by Congress. The action of the Attorney General in this instance was in response to a request made by the subcommittee of the House committee on judiciary having the anti trust bill in charge. The request was pre ferred some time ago and the Attorney General has been working upon it diligent ly. Inasmuch as the Senate committee on Judiciary now has the subject of anti-trust legislation before it in the bills introduced by Senator Cullom. Senator Hoar and others, the views of the Attorney General requcsted by the House commttee will likewise be transmitted to the Senate com mittee. Liveliest Interest Shown. The communication from the Attorney General had not been received up to a late hour this afternoon by either committee. The liveliest interest is manifested by mem bers of the House and Senate committees in the Attorney General's letter. It is as sumed that he will go into the subject at length, and that the recommendations which he will make for anti-trust legisla tion will be unassalable in so far as the judgment of the highest legal authority can make them bomb-proof. As soon as the Attorney General's com munication is rcecived the House subcom mittee will hold a meeting and take it up, and will probably make it public unless the information conveyed should be of a highly confidential character, which is deemed im probable. Congressional Opinion. In congressional circles the opinion pre vails that the first practical anti-trust bill will come out of the House committee. In dications were plentiful today that the Sen ate committee on judiciary will not be so apt to act quickly as some of the intro ducers of anti-trust measures hope. There are signs of approaching conflict of opinion in the Senate committee apparent from ex pressions dropped by prominent senators in the course of conversations on the sub ject. Senator Hoar's bill does not receive unanimous approval of republican senators. The senator will be afforded the widest lati tude of senatorial courtesy in regard to ex pression of lm upon his measure, but it is said that ,@a it comes to consideration of the bill in bmmittee other senators will exercise the right to present dissenting views upon the various propositions in volved in the bill. It already is apparent that even should Mr. Hoar's bill pass the Senate it would not have easy sledding in the House. The r('n in the House who are charged with the responsibility of preparing anti-trust legislation for the consideration of that body already are on record as opposed to legislation so far reaching and, as it is claimed, so radical as that proposed by Acnator Hoar. To Clear the Situation. The suggestions of the Attorney General are expected to clear the situation materi ally. Senator Hoar's bill was distinctly dis avowed as being an admnistration meas ure, and the tentative legislation suggested by the House committee was not claimed to bear the imprint of administration approval. Whatever the Attorney General may recoin me-nd in this line undoubteoly will be re eived as official, and republican leaders in the House and Senate will be confronted with the responsibility of enacting it into law or permitting it to perish with the dy ing Congress. Thu Senate committee on judiciary pro poses to go ahead immediately with the can siderationi of the trust question. Senator Boar secured from the Senate today consent for his committee to sit during the sessions of the Senate. ANTI-TEUST LEGISLATION. lenator McCumber Would Prohibit the Watering of Stock. Senator McCumber of North Dakota after reading the Hoar anti-trust bill stated his views on it to a Star reporter today. "Of course it may be said that all legal authority contained in this bill," said Mr. McCumber, "is derived from the interstate commerce clause of the Conistitution. That clause has already been extended by judi cial construction far beyond the limit of its first intent. Having abandoned the leg islative intent, one can scarcely say what shall be the limit for further advancement. But referring especially to section 4 of the bill introduced by Senator Hoar, and which prevents a corporation from selling any ar ticle for lees than its accustomed price, it is a serious question whether we are not going beyond any authority based on this interstate commerce clause. As I remem ber, several of the decisions under the Sher man law injunctions were sustained upon the ground that the particular contracts operated to .prevent natural comnpetition. This section of Senator Hoar's bill would seem to swing around to the other side and actually prevent competition by depriving the corporation of the right to undersell its competitor. Underselling is the very basis of competition, and if one may undersell so as to get a portion of the business of his competitor, it is difficult to understand how he could not continue for the purpose of securing the whole of it. But, as I have said, this clause of the interstate commerce law has already been construed so as to give Congress complete control over any matter affecting even in a slight degree in terstafe comrnerce. Hence I would not wish to say at this time that such power could not be exercised for the purpose of preventing one business from driving an other out of the field of commerce, "I note that the third section applies only to corporations, companies or associations whose stockholders are not personally lia ble for their debts. I can see no good reason why any distinction should be made be tween corporations of this nature and other corporations, partnerships or individuals. Rt seems to meo that the light of publicity should shine as brightly -into the business of one concern as another," "What is your idea as to what should be done for the further regulation of the trusts?' Senator McCumber was asked. "I can only say generally," he replied, "that the conditions not only in this coun r try, but in the world demand today the greatest production with the leasnt amount of expense or iabor, and that this aa he' secured only by the honest e-cgm.m og a great amount of citLThesens WO shoole do nmthing to mae We should do everything possible to pre vent the power of great combinations from being exercised so as to injuriously affect the people. I believe that if we can pass legislation which will prohibit the 'watering of stock, so that the dividends that are to be declared and should be declared on all investments will be in just proportion to the capital invested, and in addition pass legis!ation necessary .to prevent exorbitant charges, we can safely leave all the rest to compnetition." M. EACH'S NOMINATION. Consideration Postponed by the Com ' mittee for a Week. The Senate committee on the judiciary met today and it was agreed that the nomination of Morgan H. Beach to be United States attorney for the District of Columbia should go over until the next meeting of the committee one week hence. There was no understanding of any kind in relation to the final disposition of that nomination. The committee spent most of the mol-ning in discussing the House bill to establish a system of bankruptcy throughout the United States, but the bill was not dis posed of. IN JUSTICE GRAY'S MEMORY. Resolution of the Bar Presented to Su preme Court. In the Supreme Court today Attorney General Knox presented the resolution re cently adopted by the bar of the court in commemoration of the services of the late Justice Horace Gray. In presenting the .resolutions the Attorney General delivered a eulogy on Justice Gray, saying that his opinions would long survive him and re main a monument to his memory. He moved that the resolutions be spread upon the minutes of the court. Chief Justice Fuller responded for the court. THE DISTRICT BILL. Consideration of the Measure Will Be Resumed Tomorrow.' The consideration of the District appro priation bill will be resumed before the sub committee of the House appropriations committee at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning. Members of the school board and of the board of charities will be heard. Mr. Theo dore W. Noyes has been Invited to -present the needs of the Public Library. GEN. HASBROUCK RETIRES. Gives Up Active Service After Forty Years. Gen. Henry C. Hasbrouck, who was re cently promoted from colonel of artillery to brigadier general, was placed on the retired list of the arny today on his own applica tion after forty years' service. His last active service was in command of the post of Fort Adams. R. . He graduated from the Military Academy in the class of 181l and served through the civil war in the ar tillery arm, reaching the grade of colonel of the 7th Artillery in February, 1899. He was a brigadier general of volunteers dur ing the Spanish war. He is a native of New York. It is expected that the vacancy in the list of brigadier generals caused by his retirement will be filled tomorrow. ONLY TWO APPEARED. Meeting of Mr. Littlefield's Subcom mittee Postponed. Interest in anti-trust leg'slation, so far as the Littlefield subcommittee is concerned, seems to be on the wane. Mr. Littlefield some days ago had a call issued for a meet ing at 10:30 o'clock this morning. When that hour arrived no one of the members had put in an appearance except Mr. Little field. Later Mr. Powers of Massachusetts dropped in, but as no one else came the meeting was postponed until tomorrow. There are twenty-five bills pending before this committee, but since Senator Hoar has entered the field as a trust regulator doubts are expressed by membe.*s that anything will come from the House committee. MR. BRODERICK MA RIES. British War Secretary Weds Miss Madeline Stanley in London. LONDON. January 5.-Mr. Broderick, the war secretary, and Madeline Stanley, daughter of Lady Jane'Jeune, were marries at St. George's Church. Hanover Square. this afternoon. The scene was brilliant and the church was crowded with fashionable peo ple. Premier Balfour was the best man. The bride, who was givcn away by her stepfather. Justice Jeune, was supported by seven bridesmaids. There were upward of 600 present. King E~dward gave a mas sive silver gilt inkstand bearing the royal arms. Among' the guests in the church were Princess Christian. the Duke of Cambridge, Lord Lansdowne and other members of the cabinet, Lord and Lady Roberts, Sir Henry and Lady Stanley and Mr. White. the United States charge d'affaire:;. Public in terest in the event was marked by the crowd outside, which was so great that peo ple broke through the police lines and al most mobbed the carriages containing Jus tice Jeune and the bride, in their anxiety to see. the latter. Sultan of Morocco May Abdicate. MADRID. January i.-A'special dispatch from Tangier says the' Sultan of Morocco is disposed to abdicate in favor of his brother, Mulal Mohammed. who is acclaim ed whenever he appears in the streets of Fez. I I Died After EMkng Speech. WOONSOCKET, R. I., January 5.-Just as he resumed his seat at the conclusion of a speech accepting the presidency of the Woonsocket board of aldermen Emmanuel L. Simmons expired in his chair today. Steamship Arrivals. At New York. Mfeasaba from London. Palatia from Genoa. I 1 . Transfers of Rear Admirals. Thte vacancy created by the recent de tachment of Rear Admiral Yates Stirling from command of the Puget Sound navy yard is to be filled by the transfer of Rear Admiral Louis Kempff from his present assignment as commander of the naval de fense district of the Pacific, to which duty, it is understood, the Secretary of the Navy will order Rear Admiral'Silas Casey, re cently detached from commnand of the Pa cific squadron. Death of-Xajor XitchelL The adjutant general is informed that Major George Mitcho; U. S. A.,. retired. did * at New Orluans Prvf. Magar UltehelU .was a vter.. et thi eivi wa. IS which he serwid as ~mF- et-the UnitedS tates Veteran Infantry, aat 10a retted -as ajgr at theMAUa'4sb. S 'on-aeneust ofrt ~ d Imino ie um ta - .5 wa am matezet' AT THE WHIR HOUSE A Conference as to Cuban Reciprocity. SEN. CULLOM CALLS mUVuB TmAT TER TEEAT WILL BE ATWINED. President Also Confident of Ratifica tion-Declines Invitation of Knights Templar. senator Cullom, chairman of the com mittee on foreign relations of the Senate, had an extended conference with the Presi dent this morning concerning the Cuban reciprocity treaty, which is pending before his committee. He is quite as desirous as the President that the treaty should be ratified promptly. It is his purpose to have a meeting of the committee on Wednesday to consider the treaty. He hopes that it may be reported from the committee to the Senate either the latter part of this week or the first of next. As soon as possible thereafter Senator Cullom will move for the consideration of the treaty by the Sen ate. Senator Cullom believes that, while some opposition to the treaty has devel oped, it will be ratified. "I see no reason why it should not be ratified," he said, "and I am satisfied it will be." The President, it may be stated authori tatively, has carefully reviewed the situ ation as-to the treaty and feels confident that it will be ratified. It is now practi cally assured that the beet sugar men, led by Henry T. Oxnard, will not make a fight and will request their friends to desist from opposition to the measure. Mr.. Oxnard has indicated this to friends of the administra tion. With the beet sugar incentive re moved numerous senators who opposed tariff reductions to Cuba in the last ses sion of Congress will have to find some other reason for opposition to the present form of this -reduction, and they cannot well do so, inasmuch as their announced opposition then was because of the protec tion needed and desired by the beet sugar industry. The President is confident that the treaty will be ratified. While some opposition -is expected to develop the belief is that it will be immaterial in its effect upon the final outcome. The President does not consider that it will be necessary for him to be com pelled to urge the ratification and 'so he is not pressing his views at this time. It is pretty well understood, however, that if opposition should develop to the treaty the administration element in the Senate will push the question'squarely up to the other side and insist on a vote. There will be no opportunity this time for postponement or delay, and it is not contemplated that ar. attempt will be made to resort to dilatory tactics. - The question will resolve itself into the plain one of ratification or the contrary, and the administration will see that the issue must be met. Administration forces do not believe the democrats would attempt to complicate the situation by any action that would betoken opposition, as that would place the party in a dangerous atti tude on the reciprocity question. With Lhe democratic vote and the pro-reciprocity republican vote there is felt to be no doubt as to the result. Is Still in Existence. The lsthmian canal commission, of which Admiral Walker is the head, is still in ex istence, but not as a body. All the ,mem bers were furloughed in the fall of 1901. Admiral Walker made this statement today on leaving the White House. "I saw some ta'k recently about an attempt to find out whether the Isthmian canal 'commission was still in existence and the members drawing their salaries," said Admiral Wal ker. "This information could have been (asily obtained by any one who had seen lit to address me a note. Something like eigh tecn months ago-I don't now remember. the exact time, the members of the com mission were furloughed without pay, with the Exception of mysclf. I am still in charge of the little work that is being done, and intcnd to continue to care for the pa: pers and the work that has been doneand is to bf done until the commission is re lieved. Yes, I am drawing a salary, is heretofore. I have a typewriter and ste nographer under me, and these are the only members of the staff of clerks now at work. There is a small amount of the original ap propriation of $1,000,00 left, and the small expenses of the commission as now consti tuted are paid out of this." Battle Ship to Be Named Vermont. Senator Proctor talked with the President today about naming a battle ship after the state of Vermont. Senator Proctor remind ed the President that the latter had writ ten in one of his books that one of the most important naval conflicts of the war of 1812 was that on Lake Champlain, in which McDonough commanded ships built in Vermont. The ammunition for the con flict was likewise made in Vermont. Henry T. Scott of.San Francisco present ed a number of friends. Mr. Scott's broth er. Irving M. Scott, is understood to have just announced himself as a candidate for United States senator from California to suck eed Senator Perkins. The two Scott hbrothers established the Union iron works in San Francisco, made several millions apiece. and recently sold out to the ship building trust. Henry Scott says he wouldn't go into politics if he could be senator, while his brother is inclined to like the fun of the business, A Masonic Invitation. A committee of the Knights Templar bodies of Philadelphia, consisting of Mathias -Seddinger, George B. Wells, .Joseph Butler, James Wolstencroft and Charles S. Bar, called upon the President today to in vite him to attend a reception to be given in Exposition Hall, Philadelphia, on the evening of January 20 by the Knights Temn plar of that city. The invitation was illumi nited beautifully and bound in black and. white kid, the cover bearing the President's monogram in gold, President Roosevelt expressed to the com mittee his regret that he would be uniable to- attend the reception. According to ar rangements already completed he will en tertain that evening the justices of the United States Supreme Court at a dinne at the White House.- - Members of the National Association of State Universities, consisting of the presi dents of 'various state colleges and univer cities, called uppn the President today to pay their respects. The association is in. annual session in this city. Those present were: President MuLean of Idaho; Mans field, North Dakota; Dropper, South Dako ta; Prather, Texas; White, Georgia; Fel lowes, Maine; Swain, Swarthmore; Baker, Colorado; McLean, Iowa; Fulton-, desa sippi. Nere ligh$ing fog mUttsano Governor Otero of Now Mealee has ar rived in Washington with a noble band- of statehood Aghters from that territory'. In cluded in the number are Major W. N. H. LUe~a Usia &taaa-a.ss ~ ewe to be somewhat tId tO8hearoposition, but the territorial edhe~ntdftnot believe he would veto the omrIbuwtl1eaow before the Senate. They Want Teo Audicial istricts. Repreentative *-Bu0ttt of Nebraska talked with the Piis&et today about the desire of memabe4. of Congress of that state to secure' a -diVion of the state into two judicial district for court purposes. A bill to create two federal distfiets In the state and . fa. the appOintment of a new Judge will be pumbed by the Nebraska dele gation. If ft d , *me law during this Congrs it will b* taken up in the next and pushed to a then. Represerntative B rn of North Caro lina called on the etident. HWMetng f a agonsulate. Representaive - Deuglals of New York called an the Presidst today with Freder Iek B. Hyde, a yotepg man of New York, who wants to enter the consular service. The President said he would consider the name of Mr. Hyde in connection with a consulate when there should be a vacanty. Representative Littauer of New York had an interview with the President as to sev eral New York matters. Mr. Littauer has just come to Washington from New York. Senators Kean atid Dryden of New Jer sey, Aldrich of Rhode Island and Foraker of Ohio. were among the callers who saw the President. Bishop Grant. colored, of Georgia, paid his respects, but said he had nothing po litical to discuss w!th the chief-executive. COURT OF CLAIMS ANY DECISIONS WRE HANDED DOWN TOD&Y. Most of Them Were Cas Brought by Officers of the Navy. The United States Court of Claims today handed down a number ;of decisions, _the most important of which were those in nearly a score of cases brought by officers in the navy under the ai* of March 3, 1899, "to, reorganize and Increase the efficiency of the personnel of the navy and the ma rine corps." Some of the compldinahts sued for ra tions at sea. The majority of the court held that they were not eitimbd to compen sation because they -*s'e pm under army pay by the act of March A 1809. Some sought 10 per cent inresse- of their pay proper, claiming the same' as army officers serving on shore. It was held that they were not entitled to sus pag, as they were not serving on shore aaarmw-officers do. Among the complainants were those who sued for sea pay while en merchant vessels. It was held they werenot entitled to such pay because sea service is unli at sea on vessels designated as auch by the Unied States Navy Department. Mileage was granted- in some instaaee, but not to and. from our island. possessions.;- Mounted pay was granted in one case. The cases were all-.argue& orally befi e the Court of Claim,. JohnrsQ. Thompson represented the goverlment -and George A. and William B. Kink were counsel for the complainants. Chief Justice Nott4isena in a nun ber of th-e decisions. The list of decisions in the naval personn* -cases Is as follows: Chauncey Thomas, Jioent for claimant for $420.81; William W. Chance, petition dis missed; Walter S. Criodey judgment for claimant for $394; WiUlam M. Lewin, judg ment for claimant -f6r $282.74; Chauncey Thomas, judgment for claimant for $97.22; Edward D. . Taussig, petition dismissed; Charles M. Thomas, petition dismissed, finding filed, with an opinion by *Justice Peelle, except judgment for $87.42 for mile age, dissenting opinion by Chief Justice Nott; William T. Hunt. petition dismissed; Thomas W. Ryan, petition dismissed; Jas. S. Taylor, judgment suspended to await computation for mounted pay; John Lowe, petition dismissed; E. Roller Richardson, judgment for claimant for $41.14; Henry Odeil, petition dismissed; tiamuel R. Col houn, judgment for plaintiff for $125. THE INDIANOLA POST OFFICK Will Be Reopened if 'Intimidation is Not Reguied. Senator McLaurin of Mississippi today coniferred with Pastmaster Geneal Payne on the situation at Indianola, Miss., where the post office has been closed as a result of antagonism to the negro postmaster. Sub sequently Senator McLaurin stated that he believed the office would be reopened this week. Mr. Payne said that the office will be recpened if there is b inthmidation of the postmaster. - Should the President desire to proceed criminally against 'aly of the citizens of Indianola the Attorney qeneral is ready to supply the law for the case. TI14etw under which such prosectati~ns could be made is section 5518 of the .revised statutes, and provides that if tW6 'or nidre persons shall conspire to prevent by force, intimnidation, etc., any person from -accepting or holding an office of trust ..ar place of confidence under the gnited ?States, or -shall try to induce any officer or: :officers to leave any state or territoi-y. district or place where his duties as such ogicer are requsired to be performed or to injqi-e his person or prop erty on account of~his lawful performance of -the duties of his oftnce,~ each person shall be punished by a eig of not less than $500, or more than $5,OOG or by imprisonment with or without baa'U'labor for 'not less than aix mentlhs or more* than .is year, or both fine and imprionment' . This statute was epacted at the beginning of the civil war and ameflded~ in 18711n the reconstruction perIod. It -covers the case in hand, it is believed, nand 41 the facts are as the President a-nd the Attorney General have heard them the postbnaster was pre vented from perferming-the duties of her office through intimidaden, .the persen. so intimidating her can beteeuded anintnt. Navaa Mle Lieut. W. H. G. Bulled h been ordered to the Naval Acadegny. anamolis, Nd. Ensign W. V. Tomb ha~abeen granted three months'.sick tjeam Ensign S. W. Bryantaroaesthe Nashville to the Machiss. Actinig Boatswain~ Pysprer, from the Iowa to the .naval ataea an Juan. Bqntswain A. Regig e Marellus to the naval statioter BoatswaIn G. BWoMsm the Mar cellus to the -rlra Lleut. V. Blue, from *esmana of the Hint to home. Lieut. W. W. *n. the Pral rie to command of the t.k" Beddnd Lieutea *t R I. Motley, Panmppine scents, owmatbe-geneal ho. pital at Fot Bayagi.R, hiis been hon orably dUehaled .os ge0et- tebrury 10 .next., . - -Leaves of abseb a hup been granted ae followst First Lieutena L. Van gehalak. TO INEREASE THE NAVY More Battle Ships to Be Au thorized This Session. DOUBLE THE CADETS PLAN AGMED ON BY TE HOUSE COmTTTEE Representative Dayton Tells Why Such Xeasures Should Be Adopted Without Any Delay. If the program for naval increase, which has now been fully agreed upon so far as the leaders of the House are concerned, and in which President Roosevelt is understood to have been the prime mover, is carried out, the result will be the authorization of two battle ships and- two armored cruisers and the doubling of the number of cadate at Annapolis for the next twelve years at the present session of Congress. Heretofore since the construction of whit is termed the- "new navy" was begun, it has been the practice to authorize' new ships only once in two years. If the naval appropriation bill which Is to be reported to the House shortly conforms to the new de termination this precedent will have been abandoned, as a batch of fighting ships were authorized at the last session. The reason for the departure from this practice is said to be the effect of the Venezuelan in cident-the realization that the United States may be called upon at any time to enforce the Monroe doctrine with more strenuous measures than diplomacy. Plan of Increase. The plan for increasing the number of naval officers which has met the approval of the President, Secretary Moody and the members of the House committee on naval affairs, and which will be carried on the naval bill under authority of a special rule from the committee on rules, provides that instead of appointing a cadet once in four years, as at present, each senator and mem ber shall appoint one once in two years for the next twelve years, when the number of appointments will be reduced to the present basis. This doubling the numberof cadets, it is believed, will make ample provision for offleering the ships now building and those to be authorized during that time. The facilities at the academy are declared to be adequate for the accommodation of the larger number of cadets. or will be when the enlargement of buildings now going on is completed. It is understood that members of the House committee on rules have been con= suited on this plan, and have agreed to bring in a rule when the naval bill Is je ported, making it germane to consider both the provision for ships and additional cadets on the bill. Otherwise, these pro visions would be subject to a point of order as "new legislation." and could be stricken from the bill by the objection of a single member. * Before the adoption of this plan, there was a general discussion of the naval situa tion between the President and members. In this discussion many features of the nation's growth heretofore seemingly dis regarded were brought forward. In case of war, the necessity of fleets to defend not only the eastern and western coasts was pointed out, but it was called to mind, also, that the United States navy would be looked to for the defense of the Philippines, Hawaii, Porto Rico, and, when the con struction of an isthmian canal begins, for guarding both entrances to that waterway. With the exception of coast lines, all of these points to be necessarily defended by the navy in the future are in addition to the duty devolving upon this same navy a few years ago. For each point. also, a fleet is required. Then, too. when these de fensive fleets are all at their stations, there should be an offensive naval fighting force adequate to meet the enemy. Representative Dayton's Views. It was pointed out in this connection by Representative Dayton today that in case the United States should be called upon to stand for the enforcement of the Monroe doctrine agaipst a hostile foreign nation, Englard could at best remain neutral. ."There is not. a single other European na tion," he said. "which has a community of interests with the United ?tates so far as the Monroe doctrine goes, while on the other hand that doctrine may be said to be inimical to the interests of the whole of continental Europe. The ultimate strength of our navy, then, should be predicated on this vie* of the case. "Then.-there is the ever-recurring asser tion and belief on the uart of both naval and army officers and public men that somehow, somewhere and some time we are going to get into trouble wIth Germany. For this reason the strength of the German navy is always held up as the objective point of the American navv. The navies of Germany and the Un-ited States are at this time about equal in strength, However, Germany. has, perhaps, with the same things In view, arranged for th.e doubling of her naval force in the next ten years. it goes without saying that she will be unable tb do this if. for no other reason, simply on account of the lack of construction facili ties: but she will build as rapidly as pos sible, wIthout doubt. One Advantage of the United States. "The United States possesses one advan tage in any naval warfare wre may be called upon to participate in. - That is. we will be on the defensive. A war betiyeen the United States and any European power would undoubtedly be fought in American waters. The navy of the European power would have to be at least one-third stronger In order to be equally as strong as 'the United States navy when her ships were so far away from the base of supplies. -The 'effeet upon her men would also be to leasen their fighting efficiency In a contest so far away frem home and adjacent to a hostile shose. Right here comes in the absolute necessity of the mintenance of the Mon roe doctrine by this country-the necessity of forever preventing the establishment of a base of supply on the western hemisphere by any European country. Great Britain, in her posession of Canada, Bermuda. 8t. Lucia and Jamaica, alohe has such bases of supply, but the United States has in finitely less to fear from }Dngland than any other country. "Our possession of the Philippines, Ha waii and Porte Rico means that we have got to 'defend them. This defense means necessarily a naval defense, and eahde fense also~ mans= a naval fleet. BM this, the construction of the istbmlan is undoubtedly' assured in the near This waterway will present twovunal pont of. attackr-the eanenarend wo' naval llesta would -be sequired to Gefopd St in ease of heutflities. OnlyAgnimtf Dugsy, - "JTiese are a few of the arguments pre, sented fg the continuance of the constrgc tion ssegram of the navy, wisich fr be aarq.ias e 3 y datn g - ja 'e svt lhe issy. a esa de estimated will amount to from 20 to 25 per cent, will all go to the American working man in some form or other. "'he statement that the ship yards of the country were all too crowded with work to take on extra orders has been absolutely discredited, as the Newport News yard has capacity for additional work. This same condition prevails at the Cramps' yard, at Fore River. at Camden and other sufficient ly equipped plants, while the settlement of tht. 'ecent labor troubles at San Francisco will .ake it possible to consider the ship yards in that city as available for addition al construction. An to the manufacture of armor plates, the output for many months has been considerably in excess of the con tract, and this could be increased, according to reliable authority." WILL RETIE THIS YEA& Officers Who Will Give Up Active Ser vice in Army and Navy. Following are the retirements in t e army on account of age during the year 1903: Lieut. Col. L. G. Hennissee, 5th Cavalry, January 16; Col. L. S. Babbitt, ordnance department, February 18; Col. Charles L. Davis, 5th Infantry, February 27; Col. J. P. Farley, ordnance department, March 2; Lieut. Col. A. L. Varney, ordnance depart ment, April 5; Maj. Gen. It. P. Hughes, April 11; Col. J. . Rodgers, artillery corps, April 18; Col. John V. Furey, quartermaster's department, May 22; Maj. Charles Newbold, pay department, June 25; Col. G. A. Good ale, 17th Infantry, July 4; Gen. M. 1. Lud ington. quartermaster general, July 19; CoL Tully McCrea, artillery corps, July 23; Lieut. Col. W. P. Vose, artillery corps, July 19; Maj. Gen. G. W. Davis, July 23; Lieut. Col. J. W. Reilly. ordnance department, Au gust 2; Col. J. B. Rawles. artillery corps, August 4; Lieut. Gen. Nelson A. Miles, Au gust 8; Col. Henry Lippincott, medical de partment, September 22; Col. S. M. Mans field, corps of engineers, September 25; Maj. Valentine McNelly, ordnance department, October 18; Gen.. H. C. Hasbrouck, Octo ber 26; Lieut. Col. J. A. Kress, ordnance department, November. 4; Col. P. J. A. Cleary, medical department, November 7; Col. Edward Hunter, judge advocate gen eral's department, November 22; Lieut. CoL George W. Baird, pay department, Decem ber 13; Col. T. A. Baldwin, 7th Cavalry, December 31. The following are the retirements in the Navy during 1903: Rear Admiral G. W. Melville, January 10; Rear Admiral George C. Remey, August 10; Rear Admiral Silas Casey, September 11; Capt. Charles R. Roelker (ch'ef engineer), September 23; Rear Admiral Louis Kempff, October 11, and Rear Admiral G. W. Summer, Decem ber 31, among the line officers; Medical Di rector J. A. Hawke. January 31, and Med ical Director J. B. Parker, June 20, among medical officers; Pa.y Director A. W. Bacon, January 5; Rear Admiral Kenny, January 19 and Pay Director W. J. Thomson, April 27, among pay officers; Chaplain A. McAl lister, March 2; Chief Boatswain B. H. Smith, February 28; Chief Gunner William Halford, August 18. The only retirement in the marine corps during 1903 is that of its commandant, Gen. Charles Heywood, on October 3. LIEUT. ABBOTT'S ACQUITTAL. Gen. Randall Expresses Surprise at the Verdict of the Court. The record of the case of Lieut. John W. C. Abbott, Artillery Corps, has been re ceived at the War. Department. This officer was tried by court-martial at Vancouver barracks on charges of neglect of duty and with -suffering a prisoner committed to his charge to escape. He was acquitted by the court, but the proceedings of the court were disapproved by Gen. Randall, commanding the department of the Columbla, who was the reviewing authority. Gen. Randall said he "could not conceive how a court, the majority of the members having seen long service, could arrive at its findings In .this case." RESPONSES NOT RECEIVED. Allies Not Heard Prom Regarding Castro's Proposition. The responses of the allied powers to President Castro's last proposition to sub mit Venezuela's case to the arbitration of The Hague have not yet been received. Considering the importance of the subject and the fact that time is required to ef feet a perfect understanding among the al lies this is not surprising, but the officials here confidently expect that the answer will not be much longer delayed, as a con tLinuance of the present state of affairs on the Vcnezuelan coast is not viewed with satisfaction here. The blockade is under stood to be working Injury to American in terests, therefore the desire is strong to see the protocol which will ine:ude a provision for the termination of the blockade speedily agreed upon. It is not doubted that the protocol will contain such a provision, for no one here is willing to. admit the possi bility of- the continuance of that restric tion on trade after its necessity has disap peared. Mr. Bowen's advices from Caracas show that conditions there are very much isturbed; that internal revolutionary troubles have intensified and that President' Castro Is sorely beset. GIVES GENER AL APPROVAL Benator Jones of Arkansas on Kr. Hoar's Anti-Trust Bill. Senator Jones of Arkansas in a general wray approves of Senator Hoar's bill for the regulation of trusts. "From the first reading of the bill," said Benator Jones to a Star reporter today, "ant without having had time to give care ful consideration to its provisions and their effect, it strikes me as being a bill well considered, carefully drawn and well adapt ed to a correction of the evils it is intended to right as is possible under the circum stances. It is difficult, of course, to prepare a bill which will meet every requirement of a great questio like the one now confront ing Congress and the country, but I believe the passage of the bill as Introduced by Sen ator Hoar would go very far toward cor recting evils from which the country is suffering. "Any crude or extreme measure would do harm instead of good, and whatever legis lation is attempted Should be very carefully ponsidered. Mr. Hoar's ability as a lawyer mad his experience isn public affairs fit him as well to prepare a bill to meet the re juirements of the ease as any man in pub lic life. I am very much pleased with the bill presented by hiin, and hope it may speedily become a law. "if the raidal working of the bill as affs-ting> te business of the country shows that- it needs amenibnent that can be done at any time in the future, and such naoi 11eionis- as may appear to-be necessary mnay be-mae while' the bill is' being con sidered in Congress. I hope Mr. Hiar will ptems the bill and that it may be favorably mted..n. More Land for Xilitary Acaemy. a8eerstary Root aashed Congress for the aa.msry.=athority f-or -the purchae ef ad itional land adjoining the mnanta="I reserva lses et West aint en the southwest wtate Irequird in. ceneneten with the peeoed A IM=ne Pbs.,e "A few years ago we wet baking a few pies on a gas stove. Now we bake a million pies a year. This growth is due to the merits of our pies and the merit of The Star advertising." says the manager of Holmes' Home-made Pie Bakery. IMPORTANT CHANGES Francis B. Loomis Goes to State Department. TO SUCCEED DR. HILL LATTER WIL BE THE MINISTER TO SWITZERLAND. Charles Page Bryan Will Take the Mission to Portugal Instead of Switzerland. Dr. David Jayne Hill, assistant Fecretary of state, has been sczketed at minister to Switzerland. Mr. Francis D. Loomis. now minister to Portugal, will succeed Dr. Hill at the State Department. and Mr. Charlee Page Bryan, who had been appointed to the Switzerland mission, will go to the Lis bon post instead. Dr. Hill ha& held the offiee of assistant secretary of state -for a longer time than any of his twenty-four predecessors In thaL Dr. David Jayne Hill. offiCe. excepting Mr. Seward. und during a period cf exceptional dip:cmatlc activity which has requ!red- his clcee attcrton to the business cf the dcpartment. The as Pignment to Switzerland Is undirstod to be pleaskig to him not cnly for personal and family reasons, his children bdIng at pre-s Ent at scli . 4usnge. but bccauze the post affordP rent.cpportunitic' for the prosecution of certain rpccial work in wli:ch he is deeply interested. Minister Loomis' Career. Mr. Loomis comes to the Department of State well qualIfied for the du.tles of a. ristant tscrctary. not only l:y his cxtcnsive acquaintance with public life as a former Iournalls-t and editor, but by his experience Mr. Francis B. Loomis. as a consular and diplomatje _oficer. he taving filled the office of United States con mut at St. Etienne. France. and mInister to V~enezuela arrd Portugal. Mr. Bryan, who has made an excellent .mpression in Brasil, is one of the few ofR :ers in the Eervice of the United States who a acquainted with tho Portugutee Ian ruage, and his assignment to Portugal. a nission of equal rank with Switzerland. is moth acceptable to him as a transfer to the niother country of Brazil and as cffering an ~xcellent fie..e for his special usefulness. Extensive Changes in September. These changes are made possibe in con iequence of the extensive diplomatic revo ution that took place last Septcmber. Mr. Bryan, then minister to Brazil. was named is mninister to Switzerland, and Mr. Arthur i. Hardy, then sninister Switzerland, was made minister to Spain, to succeed Mr. EBllamy Storer,. transferred to be amnbas ador at St. Petersburg, In place of Mr. rowcr, who went to Berlin to succeed Am baador Andrew D. White, resigned. Mr. Hardy sailed from New York a few lays ago for Switserland to present his let era of recall, and wbgn that is done -he mrill go to Madrid, accligto the original program. Mr. Brian, although a&Douttd md confirmed to be United States minister o Switserland. has never yet been able to accupy that post and will not, of -course, iow do so. He is now in this country, and vili go hence directly to Lisbon to fill Mr. Goomis' place. Dr. Hill does pot 'expect to 1ste his post . aere for eeral weeks, atid when he does a. will do so with the regret of Secretary : lay and -his colleagues, for he has, as the lecretary freely admits, been- of almost nestiuahae service -te the daatment dar ng the momentous hapnenians-of the last our year, owin tis peofof knowl idge of dime'as a proesmmes NEEEflU BONT A3hWTnb, what at Neut Eme gele beast wisk hase bogs sm4a with he er...#.. pengsas ar ny ml nsaes a- esse the mUsirmse al 1s s lMe taaslb i-a whe isk thepet e