Newspaper Page Text
No. 15,557. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JAJUARY 5, 1903-SIXTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
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VEWS AS TO TRUSTS
Attorney General's Sugges
tions Awaited With Interest
TO CLEAR SITUATION
LIVELIET INTEEST IN THE
Opinion in Congressional Circles
Comment on Senator Hoar's
As an indication of the earnestness of the
administration in behalf of anti-trust legis
lation and the intention of republicans in
Congress to co-operate, the committee on
judiciary of the Senate and the committee
on judiciary of the House were advised to
day that Attorney General Knox had pre
pared and would submit at once some sug
gestions which, in his opinion, ought to be
incorporated in any anti-trust legislation
contemplated by Congress.
The action of the Attorney General in
this instance was in response to a request
made by the subcommittee of the House
committee on judiciary having the anti
trust bill in charge. The request was pre
ferred some time ago and the Attorney
General has been working upon it diligent
ly. Inasmuch as the Senate committee on
Judiciary now has the subject of anti-trust
legislation before it in the bills introduced
by Senator Cullom. Senator Hoar and
others, the views of the Attorney General
requcsted by the House commttee will
likewise be transmitted to the Senate com
Liveliest Interest Shown.
The communication from the Attorney
General had not been received up to a late
hour this afternoon by either committee.
The liveliest interest is manifested by mem
bers of the House and Senate committees
in the Attorney General's letter. It is as
sumed that he will go into the subject at
length, and that the recommendations
which he will make for anti-trust legisla
tion will be unassalable in so far as the
judgment of the highest legal authority can
make them bomb-proof.
As soon as the Attorney General's com
munication is rcecived the House subcom
mittee will hold a meeting and take it up,
and will probably make it public unless the
information conveyed should be of a highly
confidential character, which is deemed im
In congressional circles the opinion pre
vails that the first practical anti-trust bill
will come out of the House committee. In
dications were plentiful today that the Sen
ate committee on judiciary will not be so
apt to act quickly as some of the intro
ducers of anti-trust measures hope. There
are signs of approaching conflict of opinion
in the Senate committee apparent from ex
pressions dropped by prominent senators
in the course of conversations on the sub
ject. Senator Hoar's bill does not receive
unanimous approval of republican senators.
The senator will be afforded the widest lati
tude of senatorial courtesy in regard to ex
pression of lm upon his measure, but it
is said that ,@a it comes to consideration
of the bill in bmmittee other senators will
exercise the right to present dissenting
views upon the various propositions in
volved in the bill.
It already is apparent that even should
Mr. Hoar's bill pass the Senate it would
not have easy sledding in the House. The
r('n in the House who are charged with
the responsibility of preparing anti-trust
legislation for the consideration of that
body already are on record as opposed to
legislation so far reaching and, as it is
claimed, so radical as that proposed by
To Clear the Situation.
The suggestions of the Attorney General
are expected to clear the situation materi
ally. Senator Hoar's bill was distinctly dis
avowed as being an admnistration meas
ure, and the tentative legislation suggested
by the House committee was not claimed to
bear the imprint of administration approval.
Whatever the Attorney General may recoin
me-nd in this line undoubteoly will be re
eived as official, and republican leaders in
the House and Senate will be confronted
with the responsibility of enacting it into
law or permitting it to perish with the dy
Thu Senate committee on judiciary pro
poses to go ahead immediately with the can
siderationi of the trust question. Senator
Boar secured from the Senate today consent
for his committee to sit during the sessions
of the Senate.
lenator McCumber Would Prohibit the
Watering of Stock.
Senator McCumber of North Dakota after
reading the Hoar anti-trust bill stated his
views on it to a Star reporter today.
"Of course it may be said that all legal
authority contained in this bill," said Mr.
McCumber, "is derived from the interstate
commerce clause of the Conistitution. That
clause has already been extended by judi
cial construction far beyond the limit of
its first intent. Having abandoned the leg
islative intent, one can scarcely say what
shall be the limit for further advancement.
But referring especially to section 4 of the
bill introduced by Senator Hoar, and which
prevents a corporation from selling any ar
ticle for lees than its accustomed price, it
is a serious question whether we are not
going beyond any authority based on this
interstate commerce clause. As I remem
ber, several of the decisions under the Sher
man law injunctions were sustained upon
the ground that the particular contracts
operated to .prevent natural comnpetition.
This section of Senator Hoar's bill would
seem to swing around to the other side and
actually prevent competition by depriving
the corporation of the right to undersell its
competitor. Underselling is the very basis
of competition, and if one may undersell so
as to get a portion of the business of his
competitor, it is difficult to understand how
he could not continue for the purpose of
securing the whole of it. But, as I have
said, this clause of the interstate commerce
law has already been construed so as to
give Congress complete control over any
matter affecting even in a slight degree in
terstafe comrnerce. Hence I would not
wish to say at this time that such power
could not be exercised for the purpose of
preventing one business from driving an
other out of the field of commerce,
"I note that the third section applies only
to corporations, companies or associations
whose stockholders are not personally lia
ble for their debts. I can see no good reason
why any distinction should be made be
tween corporations of this nature and other
corporations, partnerships or individuals.
Rt seems to meo that the light of publicity
should shine as brightly -into the business
of one concern as another,"
"What is your idea as to what should be
done for the further regulation of the
trusts?' Senator McCumber was asked.
"I can only say generally," he replied,
"that the conditions not only in this coun
r try, but in the world demand today the
greatest production with the leasnt amount
of expense or iabor, and that this aa he'
secured only by the honest e-cgm.m og
a great amount of citLThesens WO
shoole do nmthing to mae
We should do everything possible to pre
vent the power of great combinations from
being exercised so as to injuriously affect
the people. I believe that if we can pass
legislation which will prohibit the 'watering
of stock, so that the dividends that are to
be declared and should be declared on all
investments will be in just proportion to
the capital invested, and in addition pass
legis!ation necessary .to prevent exorbitant
charges, we can safely leave all the rest to
M. EACH'S NOMINATION.
Consideration Postponed by the Com
' mittee for a Week.
The Senate committee on the judiciary
met today and it was agreed that the
nomination of Morgan H. Beach to be
United States attorney for the District of
Columbia should go over until the next
meeting of the committee one week hence.
There was no understanding of any kind in
relation to the final disposition of that
The committee spent most of the mol-ning
in discussing the House bill to establish
a system of bankruptcy throughout the
United States, but the bill was not dis
IN JUSTICE GRAY'S MEMORY.
Resolution of the Bar Presented to Su
In the Supreme Court today Attorney
General Knox presented the resolution re
cently adopted by the bar of the court in
commemoration of the services of the late
Justice Horace Gray. In presenting the
.resolutions the Attorney General delivered
a eulogy on Justice Gray, saying that his
opinions would long survive him and re
main a monument to his memory. He
moved that the resolutions be spread upon
the minutes of the court.
Chief Justice Fuller responded for the
THE DISTRICT BILL.
Consideration of the Measure Will Be
The consideration of the District appro
priation bill will be resumed before the sub
committee of the House appropriations
committee at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning.
Members of the school board and of the
board of charities will be heard. Mr. Theo
dore W. Noyes has been Invited to -present
the needs of the Public Library.
GEN. HASBROUCK RETIRES.
Gives Up Active Service After Forty
Gen. Henry C. Hasbrouck, who was re
cently promoted from colonel of artillery to
brigadier general, was placed on the retired
list of the arny today on his own applica
tion after forty years' service. His last
active service was in command of the post
of Fort Adams. R. . He graduated from
the Military Academy in the class of 181l
and served through the civil war in the ar
tillery arm, reaching the grade of colonel
of the 7th Artillery in February, 1899. He
was a brigadier general of volunteers dur
ing the Spanish war. He is a native of
New York. It is expected that the vacancy
in the list of brigadier generals caused by
his retirement will be filled tomorrow.
ONLY TWO APPEARED.
Meeting of Mr. Littlefield's Subcom
Interest in anti-trust leg'slation, so far as
the Littlefield subcommittee is concerned,
seems to be on the wane. Mr. Littlefield
some days ago had a call issued for a meet
ing at 10:30 o'clock this morning. When
that hour arrived no one of the members
had put in an appearance except Mr. Little
field. Later Mr. Powers of Massachusetts
dropped in, but as no one else came the
meeting was postponed until tomorrow.
There are twenty-five bills pending before
this committee, but since Senator Hoar has
entered the field as a trust regulator doubts
are expressed by membe.*s that anything
will come from the House committee.
MR. BRODERICK MA RIES.
British War Secretary Weds Miss
Madeline Stanley in London.
LONDON. January 5.-Mr. Broderick, the
war secretary, and Madeline Stanley,
daughter of Lady Jane'Jeune, were marries
at St. George's Church. Hanover Square. this
afternoon. The scene was brilliant and the
church was crowded with fashionable peo
ple. Premier Balfour was the best man.
The bride, who was givcn away by her
stepfather. Justice Jeune, was supported
by seven bridesmaids. There were upward
of 600 present. King E~dward gave a mas
sive silver gilt inkstand bearing the royal
Among' the guests in the church were
Princess Christian. the Duke of Cambridge,
Lord Lansdowne and other members of the
cabinet, Lord and Lady Roberts, Sir Henry
and Lady Stanley and Mr. White. the
United States charge d'affaire:;. Public in
terest in the event was marked by the
crowd outside, which was so great that peo
ple broke through the police lines and al
most mobbed the carriages containing Jus
tice Jeune and the bride, in their anxiety
to see. the latter.
Sultan of Morocco May Abdicate.
MADRID. January i.-A'special dispatch
from Tangier says the' Sultan of Morocco
is disposed to abdicate in favor of his
brother, Mulal Mohammed. who is acclaim
ed whenever he appears in the streets of
Died After EMkng Speech.
WOONSOCKET, R. I., January 5.-Just as
he resumed his seat at the conclusion of a
speech accepting the presidency of the
Woonsocket board of aldermen Emmanuel
L. Simmons expired in his chair today.
At New York. Mfeasaba from London.
Palatia from Genoa.
I 1 .
Transfers of Rear Admirals.
Thte vacancy created by the recent de
tachment of Rear Admiral Yates Stirling
from command of the Puget Sound navy
yard is to be filled by the transfer of Rear
Admiral Louis Kempff from his present
assignment as commander of the naval de
fense district of the Pacific, to which duty,
it is understood, the Secretary of the Navy
will order Rear Admiral'Silas Casey, re
cently detached from commnand of the Pa
Death of-Xajor XitchelL
The adjutant general is informed that
Major George Mitcho; U. S. A.,. retired.
did * at New Orluans Prvf. Magar
UltehelU .was a vter.. et thi eivi wa. IS
which he serwid as ~mF- et-the UnitedS
tates Veteran Infantry, aat 10a retted
-as ajgr at theMAUa'4sb. S
'on-aeneust ofrt ~ d Imino ie
um ta - .5 wa am matezet'
AT THE WHIR HOUSE
A Conference as to Cuban
SEN. CULLOM CALLS
mUVuB TmAT TER TEEAT
WILL BE ATWINED.
President Also Confident of Ratifica
tion-Declines Invitation of
senator Cullom, chairman of the com
mittee on foreign relations of the Senate,
had an extended conference with the Presi
dent this morning concerning the Cuban
reciprocity treaty, which is pending before
his committee. He is quite as desirous as
the President that the treaty should be
ratified promptly. It is his purpose to have
a meeting of the committee on Wednesday
to consider the treaty. He hopes that it
may be reported from the committee to the
Senate either the latter part of this week
or the first of next. As soon as possible
thereafter Senator Cullom will move for
the consideration of the treaty by the Sen
ate. Senator Cullom believes that, while
some opposition to the treaty has devel
oped, it will be ratified. "I see no reason
why it should not be ratified," he said, "and
I am satisfied it will be."
The President, it may be stated authori
tatively, has carefully reviewed the situ
ation as-to the treaty and feels confident
that it will be ratified. It is now practi
cally assured that the beet sugar men, led
by Henry T. Oxnard, will not make a fight
and will request their friends to desist from
opposition to the measure. Mr.. Oxnard has
indicated this to friends of the administra
tion. With the beet sugar incentive re
moved numerous senators who opposed
tariff reductions to Cuba in the last ses
sion of Congress will have to find some
other reason for opposition to the present
form of this -reduction, and they cannot
well do so, inasmuch as their announced
opposition then was because of the protec
tion needed and desired by the beet sugar
The President is confident that the treaty
will be ratified. While some opposition -is
expected to develop the belief is that it will
be immaterial in its effect upon the final
outcome. The President does not consider
that it will be necessary for him to be com
pelled to urge the ratification and 'so he is
not pressing his views at this time. It is
pretty well understood, however, that if
opposition should develop to the treaty the
administration element in the Senate will
push the question'squarely up to the other
side and insist on a vote. There will be
no opportunity this time for postponement
or delay, and it is not contemplated that ar.
attempt will be made to resort to dilatory
tactics. - The question will resolve itself into
the plain one of ratification or the contrary,
and the administration will see that the
issue must be met. Administration forces
do not believe the democrats would attempt
to complicate the situation by any action
that would betoken opposition, as that
would place the party in a dangerous atti
tude on the reciprocity question. With Lhe
democratic vote and the pro-reciprocity
republican vote there is felt to be no doubt
as to the result.
Is Still in Existence.
The lsthmian canal commission, of which
Admiral Walker is the head, is still in ex
istence, but not as a body. All the ,mem
bers were furloughed in the fall of 1901.
Admiral Walker made this statement today
on leaving the White House. "I saw some
ta'k recently about an attempt to find out
whether the Isthmian canal 'commission
was still in existence and the members
drawing their salaries," said Admiral Wal
ker. "This information could have been
(asily obtained by any one who had seen lit
to address me a note. Something like eigh
tecn months ago-I don't now remember.
the exact time, the members of the com
mission were furloughed without pay, with
the Exception of mysclf. I am still in
charge of the little work that is being done,
and intcnd to continue to care for the pa:
pers and the work that has been doneand
is to bf done until the commission is re
lieved. Yes, I am drawing a salary, is
heretofore. I have a typewriter and ste
nographer under me, and these are the only
members of the staff of clerks now at work.
There is a small amount of the original ap
propriation of $1,000,00 left, and the small
expenses of the commission as now consti
tuted are paid out of this."
Battle Ship to Be Named Vermont.
Senator Proctor talked with the President
today about naming a battle ship after the
state of Vermont. Senator Proctor remind
ed the President that the latter had writ
ten in one of his books that one of the
most important naval conflicts of the war
of 1812 was that on Lake Champlain, in
which McDonough commanded ships built
in Vermont. The ammunition for the con
flict was likewise made in Vermont.
Henry T. Scott of.San Francisco present
ed a number of friends. Mr. Scott's broth
er. Irving M. Scott, is understood to have
just announced himself as a candidate for
United States senator from California to
suck eed Senator Perkins. The two Scott
hbrothers established the Union iron works
in San Francisco, made several millions
apiece. and recently sold out to the ship
building trust. Henry Scott says he
wouldn't go into politics if he could be
senator, while his brother is inclined to
like the fun of the business,
A Masonic Invitation.
A committee of the Knights Templar
bodies of Philadelphia, consisting of
Mathias -Seddinger, George B. Wells, .Joseph
Butler, James Wolstencroft and Charles S.
Bar, called upon the President today to in
vite him to attend a reception to be given
in Exposition Hall, Philadelphia, on the
evening of January 20 by the Knights Temn
plar of that city. The invitation was illumi
nited beautifully and bound in black and.
white kid, the cover bearing the President's
monogram in gold,
President Roosevelt expressed to the com
mittee his regret that he would be uniable
to- attend the reception. According to ar
rangements already completed he will en
tertain that evening the justices of the
United States Supreme Court at a dinne at
the White House.- -
Members of the National Association of
State Universities, consisting of the presi
dents of 'various state colleges and univer
cities, called uppn the President today to
pay their respects. The association is in.
annual session in this city. Those present
were: President MuLean of Idaho; Mans
field, North Dakota; Dropper, South Dako
ta; Prather, Texas; White, Georgia; Fel
lowes, Maine; Swain, Swarthmore; Baker,
Colorado; McLean, Iowa; Fulton-, desa
Nere ligh$ing fog mUttsano
Governor Otero of Now Mealee has ar
rived in Washington with a noble band- of
statehood Aghters from that territory'. In
cluded in the number are Major W. N. H.
LUe~a Usia &taaa-a.ss ~ ewe
to be somewhat tId tO8hearoposition, but
the territorial edhe~ntdftnot believe he
would veto the omrIbuwtl1eaow before the
They Want Teo Audicial istricts.
Repreentative *-Bu0ttt of Nebraska
talked with the Piis&et today about the
desire of memabe4. of Congress of that
state to secure' a -diVion of the state into
two judicial district for court purposes. A
bill to create two federal distfiets In the
state and . fa. the appOintment of a new
Judge will be pumbed by the Nebraska dele
gation. If ft d , *me law during
this Congrs it will b* taken up in the
next and pushed to a then.
Represerntative B rn of North Caro
lina called on the etident.
HWMetng f a agonsulate.
Representaive - Deuglals of New York
called an the Presidst today with Freder
Iek B. Hyde, a yotepg man of New York,
who wants to enter the consular service.
The President said he would consider the
name of Mr. Hyde in connection with a
consulate when there should be a vacanty.
Representative Littauer of New York had
an interview with the President as to sev
eral New York matters. Mr. Littauer has
just come to Washington from New York.
Senators Kean atid Dryden of New Jer
sey, Aldrich of Rhode Island and Foraker
of Ohio. were among the callers who saw
Bishop Grant. colored, of Georgia, paid
his respects, but said he had nothing po
litical to discuss w!th the chief-executive.
COURT OF CLAIMS
ANY DECISIONS WRE HANDED
Most of Them Were Cas Brought by
Officers of the
The United States Court of Claims today
handed down a number ;of decisions, _the
most important of which were those in
nearly a score of cases brought by officers
in the navy under the ai* of March 3, 1899,
"to, reorganize and Increase the efficiency
of the personnel of the navy and the ma
Some of the compldinahts sued for ra
tions at sea. The majority of the court
held that they were not eitimbd to compen
sation because they -*s'e pm under army
pay by the act of March A 1809. Some
sought 10 per cent inresse- of their pay
proper, claiming the same' as army officers
serving on shore. It was held that they
were not entitled to sus pag, as they were
not serving on shore aaarmw-officers do.
Among the complainants were those who
sued for sea pay while en merchant vessels.
It was held they werenot entitled to such
pay because sea service is unli at sea on
vessels designated as auch by the Unied
States Navy Department. Mileage was
granted- in some instaaee, but not to and.
from our island. possessions.;- Mounted pay
was granted in one case.
The cases were all-.argue& orally befi e
the Court of Claim,. JohnrsQ. Thompson
represented the goverlment -and George A.
and William B. Kink were counsel for the
Chief Justice Nott4isena in a nun
ber of th-e decisions. The list of decisions
in the naval personn* -cases Is as follows:
Chauncey Thomas, Jioent for claimant
for $420.81; William W. Chance, petition dis
missed; Walter S. Criodey judgment for
claimant for $394; WiUlam M. Lewin, judg
ment for claimant -f6r $282.74; Chauncey
Thomas, judgment for claimant for $97.22;
Edward D. . Taussig, petition dismissed;
Charles M. Thomas, petition dismissed,
finding filed, with an opinion by *Justice
Peelle, except judgment for $87.42 for mile
age, dissenting opinion by Chief Justice
Nott; William T. Hunt. petition dismissed;
Thomas W. Ryan, petition dismissed; Jas.
S. Taylor, judgment suspended to await
computation for mounted pay; John Lowe,
petition dismissed; E. Roller Richardson,
judgment for claimant for $41.14; Henry
Odeil, petition dismissed; tiamuel R. Col
houn, judgment for plaintiff for $125.
THE INDIANOLA POST OFFICK
Will Be Reopened if 'Intimidation is
Senator McLaurin of Mississippi today
coniferred with Pastmaster Geneal Payne
on the situation at Indianola, Miss., where
the post office has been closed as a result of
antagonism to the negro postmaster. Sub
sequently Senator McLaurin stated that he
believed the office would be reopened this
week. Mr. Payne said that the office will
be recpened if there is b inthmidation of
the postmaster. -
Should the President desire to proceed
criminally against 'aly of the citizens of
Indianola the Attorney qeneral is ready to
supply the law for the case. TI14etw under
which such prosectati~ns could be made is
section 5518 of the .revised statutes, and
provides that if tW6 'or nidre persons shall
conspire to prevent by force, intimnidation,
etc., any person from -accepting or holding
an office of trust ..ar place of confidence
under the gnited ?States, or -shall try to
induce any officer or: :officers to leave any
state or territoi-y. district or place where
his duties as such ogicer are requsired to be
performed or to injqi-e his person or prop
erty on account of~his lawful performance
of -the duties of his oftnce,~ each person shall
be punished by a eig of not less than $500,
or more than $5,OOG or by imprisonment
with or without baa'U'labor for 'not less than
aix mentlhs or more* than .is year, or both
fine and imprionment' .
This statute was epacted at the beginning
of the civil war and ameflded~ in 18711n the
reconstruction perIod. It -covers the case
in hand, it is believed, nand 41 the facts are
as the President a-nd the Attorney General
have heard them the postbnaster was pre
vented from perferming-the duties of her
office through intimidaden, .the persen. so
intimidating her can beteeuded anintnt.
Lieut. W. H. G. Bulled h been ordered
to the Naval Acadegny. anamolis, Nd.
Ensign W. V. Tomb ha~abeen granted
three months'.sick tjeam
Ensign S. W. Bryantaroaesthe Nashville
to the Machiss.
Actinig Boatswain~ Pysprer, from the
Iowa to the .naval ataea an Juan.
Bqntswain A. Regig e Marellus
to the naval statioter
BoatswaIn G. BWoMsm the Mar
cellus to the -rlra
Lleut. V. Blue, from *esmana of the
Hint to home.
Lieut. W. W. *n. the Pral
rie to command of the t.k"
Beddnd Lieutea *t R I. Motley,
Panmppine scents, owmatbe-geneal ho.
pital at Fot Bayagi.R, hiis been hon
orably dUehaled .os ge0et- tebrury
10 .next., . -
-Leaves of abseb a hup been granted ae
followst First Lieutena L. Van gehalak.
TO INEREASE THE NAVY
More Battle Ships to Be Au
thorized This Session.
DOUBLE THE CADETS
PLAN AGMED ON BY TE HOUSE
Representative Dayton Tells Why Such
Xeasures Should Be Adopted
Without Any Delay.
If the program for naval increase, which
has now been fully agreed upon so far as
the leaders of the House are concerned, and
in which President Roosevelt is understood
to have been the prime mover, is carried
out, the result will be the authorization of
two battle ships and- two armored cruisers
and the doubling of the number of cadate
at Annapolis for the next twelve years at
the present session of Congress.
Heretofore since the construction of whit
is termed the- "new navy" was begun, it
has been the practice to authorize' new
ships only once in two years. If the naval
appropriation bill which Is to be reported to
the House shortly conforms to the new de
termination this precedent will have been
abandoned, as a batch of fighting ships
were authorized at the last session. The
reason for the departure from this practice
is said to be the effect of the Venezuelan in
cident-the realization that the United
States may be called upon at any time to
enforce the Monroe doctrine with more
strenuous measures than diplomacy.
Plan of Increase.
The plan for increasing the number of
naval officers which has met the approval
of the President, Secretary Moody and the
members of the House committee on naval
affairs, and which will be carried on the
naval bill under authority of a special rule
from the committee on rules, provides that
instead of appointing a cadet once in four
years, as at present, each senator and mem
ber shall appoint one once in two years for
the next twelve years, when the number of
appointments will be reduced to the present
This doubling the numberof cadets, it is
believed, will make ample provision for
offleering the ships now building and those
to be authorized during that time. The
facilities at the academy are declared to
be adequate for the accommodation of the
larger number of cadets. or will be when
the enlargement of buildings now going on
It is understood that members of the
House committee on rules have been con=
suited on this plan, and have agreed to
bring in a rule when the naval bill Is je
ported, making it germane to consider
both the provision for ships and additional
cadets on the bill. Otherwise, these pro
visions would be subject to a point of order
as "new legislation." and could be stricken
from the bill by the objection of a single
Before the adoption of this plan, there
was a general discussion of the naval situa
tion between the President and members.
In this discussion many features of the
nation's growth heretofore seemingly dis
regarded were brought forward. In case
of war, the necessity of fleets to defend
not only the eastern and western coasts
was pointed out, but it was called to mind,
also, that the United States navy would be
looked to for the defense of the Philippines,
Hawaii, Porto Rico, and, when the con
struction of an isthmian canal begins, for
guarding both entrances to that waterway.
With the exception of coast lines, all of
these points to be necessarily defended by
the navy in the future are in addition to
the duty devolving upon this same navy
a few years ago. For each point. also, a
fleet is required. Then, too. when these de
fensive fleets are all at their stations, there
should be an offensive naval fighting force
adequate to meet the enemy.
Representative Dayton's Views.
It was pointed out in this connection by
Representative Dayton today that in case
the United States should be called upon to
stand for the enforcement of the Monroe
doctrine agaipst a hostile foreign nation,
Englard could at best remain neutral.
."There is not. a single other European na
tion," he said. "which has a community of
interests with the United ?tates so far as
the Monroe doctrine goes, while on the
other hand that doctrine may be said to be
inimical to the interests of the whole of
continental Europe. The ultimate strength
of our navy, then, should be predicated on
this vie* of the case.
"Then.-there is the ever-recurring asser
tion and belief on the uart of both naval
and army officers and public men that
somehow, somewhere and some time we are
going to get into trouble wIth Germany.
For this reason the strength of the German
navy is always held up as the objective
point of the American navv. The navies of
Germany and the Un-ited States are at this
time about equal in strength, However,
Germany. has, perhaps, with the same
things In view, arranged for th.e doubling
of her naval force in the next ten years. it
goes without saying that she will be unable
tb do this if. for no other reason, simply on
account of the lack of construction facili
ties: but she will build as rapidly as pos
sible, wIthout doubt.
One Advantage of the United States.
"The United States possesses one advan
tage in any naval warfare wre may be
called upon to participate in. - That is. we
will be on the defensive. A war betiyeen
the United States and any European power
would undoubtedly be fought in American
waters. The navy of the European power
would have to be at least one-third stronger
In order to be equally as strong as 'the
United States navy when her ships were so
far away from the base of supplies. -The
'effeet upon her men would also be to leasen
their fighting efficiency In a contest so far
away frem home and adjacent to a hostile
shose. Right here comes in the absolute
necessity of the mintenance of the Mon
roe doctrine by this country-the necessity
of forever preventing the establishment of
a base of supply on the western hemisphere
by any European country. Great Britain,
in her posession of Canada, Bermuda. 8t.
Lucia and Jamaica, alohe has such bases
of supply, but the United States has in
finitely less to fear from }Dngland than any
"Our possession of the Philippines, Ha
waii and Porte Rico means that we have
got to 'defend them. This defense means
necessarily a naval defense, and eahde
fense also~ mans= a naval fleet. BM
this, the construction of the istbmlan
is undoubtedly' assured in the near
This waterway will present twovunal
pont of. attackr-the eanenarend wo'
naval llesta would -be sequired to Gefopd St
in ease of heutflities.
OnlyAgnimtf Dugsy, -
"JTiese are a few of the arguments pre,
sented fg the continuance of the constrgc
tion ssegram of the navy, wisich fr be
aarq.ias e 3 y datn g - ja 'e
svt lhe issy. a esa de
estimated will amount to from 20 to 25 per
cent, will all go to the American working
man in some form or other.
"'he statement that the ship yards of the
country were all too crowded with work to
take on extra orders has been absolutely
discredited, as the Newport News yard has
capacity for additional work. This same
condition prevails at the Cramps' yard, at
Fore River. at Camden and other sufficient
ly equipped plants, while the settlement of
tht. 'ecent labor troubles at San Francisco
will .ake it possible to consider the ship
yards in that city as available for addition
al construction. An to the manufacture of
armor plates, the output for many months
has been considerably in excess of the con
tract, and this could be increased, according
to reliable authority."
WILL RETIE THIS YEA&
Officers Who Will Give Up Active Ser
vice in Army and Navy.
Following are the retirements in t e army
on account of age during the year 1903:
Lieut. Col. L. G. Hennissee, 5th Cavalry,
January 16; Col. L. S. Babbitt, ordnance
department, February 18; Col. Charles L.
Davis, 5th Infantry, February 27; Col. J. P.
Farley, ordnance department, March 2;
Lieut. Col. A. L. Varney, ordnance depart
ment, April 5; Maj. Gen. It. P. Hughes,
April 11; Col. J. . Rodgers, artillery corps,
April 18; Col. John V. Furey, quartermaster's
department, May 22; Maj. Charles Newbold,
pay department, June 25; Col. G. A. Good
ale, 17th Infantry, July 4; Gen. M. 1. Lud
ington. quartermaster general, July 19; CoL
Tully McCrea, artillery corps, July 23;
Lieut. Col. W. P. Vose, artillery corps, July
19; Maj. Gen. G. W. Davis, July 23; Lieut.
Col. J. W. Reilly. ordnance department, Au
gust 2; Col. J. B. Rawles. artillery corps,
August 4; Lieut. Gen. Nelson A. Miles, Au
gust 8; Col. Henry Lippincott, medical de
partment, September 22; Col. S. M. Mans
field, corps of engineers, September 25; Maj.
Valentine McNelly, ordnance department,
October 18; Gen.. H. C. Hasbrouck, Octo
ber 26; Lieut. Col. J. A. Kress, ordnance
department, November. 4; Col. P. J. A.
Cleary, medical department, November 7;
Col. Edward Hunter, judge advocate gen
eral's department, November 22; Lieut. CoL
George W. Baird, pay department, Decem
ber 13; Col. T. A. Baldwin, 7th Cavalry,
The following are the retirements in the
Navy during 1903: Rear Admiral G. W.
Melville, January 10; Rear Admiral George
C. Remey, August 10; Rear Admiral Silas
Casey, September 11; Capt. Charles R.
Roelker (ch'ef engineer), September 23;
Rear Admiral Louis Kempff, October 11,
and Rear Admiral G. W. Summer, Decem
ber 31, among the line officers; Medical Di
rector J. A. Hawke. January 31, and Med
ical Director J. B. Parker, June 20, among
medical officers; Pa.y Director A. W. Bacon,
January 5; Rear Admiral Kenny, January
19 and Pay Director W. J. Thomson, April
27, among pay officers; Chaplain A. McAl
lister, March 2; Chief Boatswain B. H.
Smith, February 28; Chief Gunner William
Halford, August 18. The only retirement
in the marine corps during 1903 is that of
its commandant, Gen. Charles Heywood, on
LIEUT. ABBOTT'S ACQUITTAL.
Gen. Randall Expresses Surprise at the
Verdict of the Court.
The record of the case of Lieut. John W.
C. Abbott, Artillery Corps, has been re
ceived at the War. Department. This officer
was tried by court-martial at Vancouver
barracks on charges of neglect of duty and
with -suffering a prisoner committed to his
charge to escape. He was acquitted by the
court, but the proceedings of the court were
disapproved by Gen. Randall, commanding
the department of the Columbla, who was
the reviewing authority.
Gen. Randall said he "could not conceive
how a court, the majority of the members
having seen long service, could arrive at its
findings In .this case."
RESPONSES NOT RECEIVED.
Allies Not Heard Prom Regarding
The responses of the allied powers to
President Castro's last proposition to sub
mit Venezuela's case to the arbitration of
The Hague have not yet been received.
Considering the importance of the subject
and the fact that time is required to ef
feet a perfect understanding among the al
lies this is not surprising, but the officials
here confidently expect that the answer
will not be much longer delayed, as a con
tLinuance of the present state of affairs on
the Vcnezuelan coast is not viewed with
satisfaction here. The blockade is under
stood to be working Injury to American in
terests, therefore the desire is strong to see
the protocol which will ine:ude a provision
for the termination of the blockade speedily
agreed upon. It is not doubted that the
protocol will contain such a provision, for
no one here is willing to. admit the possi
bility of- the continuance of that restric
tion on trade after its necessity has disap
peared. Mr. Bowen's advices from Caracas
show that conditions there are very much
isturbed; that internal revolutionary
troubles have intensified and that President'
Castro Is sorely beset.
GIVES GENER AL APPROVAL
Benator Jones of Arkansas on Kr.
Hoar's Anti-Trust Bill.
Senator Jones of Arkansas in a general
wray approves of Senator Hoar's bill for the
regulation of trusts.
"From the first reading of the bill," said
Benator Jones to a Star reporter today,
"ant without having had time to give care
ful consideration to its provisions and their
effect, it strikes me as being a bill well
considered, carefully drawn and well adapt
ed to a correction of the evils it is intended
to right as is possible under the circum
stances. It is difficult, of course, to prepare
a bill which will meet every requirement of
a great questio like the one now confront
ing Congress and the country, but I believe
the passage of the bill as Introduced by Sen
ator Hoar would go very far toward cor
recting evils from which the country is
"Any crude or extreme measure would do
harm instead of good, and whatever legis
lation is attempted Should be very carefully
ponsidered. Mr. Hoar's ability as a lawyer
mad his experience isn public affairs fit him
as well to prepare a bill to meet the re
juirements of the ease as any man in pub
lic life. I am very much pleased with the
bill presented by hiin, and hope it may
speedily become a law.
"if the raidal working of the bill as
affs-ting> te business of the country shows
that- it needs amenibnent that can be done
at any time in the future, and such naoi
11eionis- as may appear to-be necessary
mnay be-mae while' the bill is' being con
sidered in Congress. I hope Mr. Hiar will
ptems the bill and that it may be favorably
More Land for Xilitary Acaemy.
a8eerstary Root aashed Congress for the
aa.msry.=athority f-or -the purchae ef ad
itional land adjoining the mnanta="I reserva
lses et West aint en the southwest wtate
Irequird in. ceneneten with the peeoed
A IM=ne Pbs.,e
"A few years ago we wet
baking a few pies on a gas
stove. Now we bake a million
pies a year. This growth is due
to the merits of our pies and the
merit of The Star advertising."
says the manager of Holmes'
Home-made Pie Bakery.
Francis B. Loomis Goes to
TO SUCCEED DR. HILL
LATTER WIL BE THE MINISTER
Charles Page Bryan Will Take the
Mission to Portugal Instead
Dr. David Jayne Hill, assistant Fecretary
of state, has been sczketed at minister to
Switzerland. Mr. Francis D. Loomis. now
minister to Portugal, will succeed Dr. Hill
at the State Department. and Mr. Charlee
Page Bryan, who had been appointed to
the Switzerland mission, will go to the Lis
bon post instead.
Dr. Hill ha& held the offiee of assistant
secretary of state -for a longer time than
any of his twenty-four predecessors In thaL
Dr. David Jayne Hill.
offiCe. excepting Mr. Seward. und during a
period cf exceptional dip:cmatlc activity
which has requ!red- his clcee attcrton to
the business cf the dcpartment. The as
Pignment to Switzerland Is undirstod to be
pleaskig to him not cnly for personal and
family reasons, his children bdIng at pre-s
Ent at scli . 4usnge. but bccauze the
post affordP rent.cpportunitic' for the
prosecution of certain rpccial work in wli:ch
he is deeply interested.
Minister Loomis' Career.
Mr. Loomis comes to the Department of
State well qualIfied for the du.tles of a.
ristant tscrctary. not only l:y his cxtcnsive
acquaintance with public life as a former
Iournalls-t and editor, but by his experience
Mr. Francis B. Loomis.
as a consular and diplomatje _oficer. he
taving filled the office of United States con
mut at St. Etienne. France. and mInister to
V~enezuela arrd Portugal.
Mr. Bryan, who has made an excellent
.mpression in Brasil, is one of the few ofR
:ers in the Eervice of the United States who
a acquainted with tho Portugutee Ian
ruage, and his assignment to Portugal. a
nission of equal rank with Switzerland. is
moth acceptable to him as a transfer to the
niother country of Brazil and as cffering an
~xcellent fie..e for his special usefulness.
Extensive Changes in September.
These changes are made possibe in con
iequence of the extensive diplomatic revo
ution that took place last Septcmber. Mr.
Bryan, then minister to Brazil. was named
is mninister to Switzerland, and Mr. Arthur
i. Hardy, then sninister Switzerland, was
made minister to Spain, to succeed Mr.
EBllamy Storer,. transferred to be amnbas
ador at St. Petersburg, In place of Mr.
rowcr, who went to Berlin to succeed Am
baador Andrew D. White, resigned.
Mr. Hardy sailed from New York a few
lays ago for Switserland to present his let
era of recall, and wbgn that is done -he
mrill go to Madrid, accligto the original
program. Mr. Brian, although a&Douttd
md confirmed to be United States minister
o Switserland. has never yet been able to
accupy that post and will not, of -course,
iow do so. He is now in this country, and
vili go hence directly to Lisbon to fill Mr.
Dr. Hill does pot 'expect to 1ste his post .
aere for eeral weeks, atid when he does
a. will do so with the regret of Secretary :
lay and -his colleagues, for he has, as the
lecretary freely admits, been- of almost
nestiuahae service -te the daatment dar
ng the momentous hapnenians-of the last
our year, owin tis peofof knowl
idge of dime'as a proesmmes
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