Newspaper Page Text
No. 15,558. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, JaA"AMIY 6, 1903-TWENTY PAGES. TWO CENTS.
YEN NYNNIN STAR. PUBISHED DAILY, UZOUPT SUNDAT. Duse 0es6, 11k 2-t and 14mmnylvan.a A1a6. The Eening Star Newspaper ompsay. . I. EAUNllN, 1MIldIuL New Tark 04m: Tribune Baling. Obip 0Ue: Triban Building. The Evening Star Is served to subscribers in the city by carriers, on their own account at 10 ceNts per week or 44 cents ner month. (ples at the counter, (cn$* each. By mail-anywhere in the U.S. orCanada-postage prepaid-50cents per month. Saturday Star, 82 page. $1 per year; with o, *lnpsaeadded. $300. ert at the Post Offie at Washington, D. C.. as second-class mail matter.) g7Al mail subscriptions moast be paid In advan& Rates of advertisina made known on apiteso FOUR PERISH IN FIRE Mother, Two Daughters and a Young Womans BLAZE IN A HOTEL ELEVATOR MAX SAVES MOST OF THE GUESTS. Somerset House, in Chicago, Scene of the Disaster-Porter Under Arrest. CHICAGO. January CL-Three persons lost their lives and a fourth was fatally injured in a fire at the Hotel Somerset. an eight story brick structure at Wabash avenue and 1:th street, early today. Three of the vic tims. Mrs. E. T. Perry, aged thirty-five, and her two daughters, eight and nine years old, respectively, were burned or suffocated to death in their room on the fourth floor. The fourth victim, a woman whose name has not been learned, jumped from the window of a room on the same floor to the street and was fatally hurt. William A. Parker, a guest, jumped from the window of a room on the fourth floor to the roof of a two-story building adjoin ig the hotel. He sustained a broken ankle and severe bruises. The financial loss was about $2,000. Arrest of the Porter. A short time after it was discovered that lives had been lost William Clemons, a porter, was arrested. The police explain that from what could be learned from panic-stricken guests the fire originated mysteriously. Clemons was awake, it is said, at the time, and the police will hold him until the fire has been investigated. There were about 100 guests in the hotel at the time. From admissions made by Clemons it is believed that he caused the fire by accident ally Igniting his bedclothes while smoking a cigarette. The fourth victim. believed to be Miss Ethel Saunders, 2535 Indiana avenue, died in the ambulance on her way to the hos pital. She is said to have been the niece of Mrs. Perry. The injured: T. W. Parker, jumped from window to ad joining building two stories 'below; inter nally injured. Emile Sancacz, cut by broken glass. C. A. Wrightman, badly cut about face and hands. William Pears, elevator boy, affected by smoke and cut by flying glass. It is thought that Mrs. Perry first be came aware of the fire and aroused her daughters. The latter, however, appear to have been quickly overcome, both having been found on their beds, while the body of Mrs. Perry lay on the floor near the win dow. Elevator Man's Presence of Mind. The elevator conductor ran his car to the top floor, shouting a warning and carrying many of the guests from the building. Although the woman and her daughters who perished in the fire were registered at and known about the hotel under the name of Perry, Edward Saunders, a coachman employed on the Sou..i Side, declared them to be his wife and daughters, and gave the names of the children as Rita and Marie. It was learned, however, that Saunders was known in Toronto as Perry and as gumed the former name when he came to Chicago. The young woman who died in the ambu lance and who was partially identified as Ethel Saunders, is now believed to be an other daughter of Mrs. Perry. EUENED IN VAPOR ACCIDENT. Xiss Evelyn Eurden Meets With Se vere Accident. NEW YORK, January 0.-Miss Evelyn Burden, a daughter of I. Townsend Burden, was seriously burned In a fire at the fami ly residence in East 2tith street, Madison square, today. She was taking a vapor bath. In some way the lamp upset and Miss Burden was severely burned about the limbs. She was carried into the residence of Mrs. Iselin nearby. A maid whose name Was said to be Garda Fagerquest was se verely burned while trying to rescue Miss Burden and was placed in a cab and taken to a hospital. Members of a hook and ladder company raised a ladder in front of the house and two maids who were on the upper floor were carried down. Several messenger boys from a nearby messenger office rushed to the house and gave timely assistance during the first moments of the fire. The house, a four-story brown stone mansion. was considerably damaged. DEATH OF GEN. A. L PEAmSON. Veteran of the Civil War and Promi nent in U. V. L. PITTSBURG. Pa.. January O.-Gen. A. L. Pearson. past national commander of the Union Veteran Legion, and one of the founders of that organization, died today of pneumonia. At the close of the cIvil war Gen. Pearson was brevetted major general for bravery, and later was awarded a medal of honor by Congress. During the railroad riots of 1877 he was in command of the National Guard in this city. At the time of his death he was a member of a board of managers of the na tional homes for disabled soldiers. ENGLAND liM ANE PBO'TES'T Against Turkey Allowing Russian De stroyers Through Dardanelles. CONSTANTiNOPLE. January S.-Great Britain has vigorously protested to the Turkish government against the permis sion granted in September last to four un armed Russian torpedo-boat destroyers to pass through the Dardanellem into the Black sea, under the commercial flag of Russia. These vessels were about to start on the proposed trip. The British note says the passage of the Dardanelles by the torpedo boat dlest royers would be a violation of the existing international treaties, and that if Russian warships are thus allowed to use the Dardanelles Great Britain will reserve the right to demand similar privileges. The protest has caused irritation in Rus sian circles ahd concern on the part of the Turkish authorities, who fear that other powers will follow the example of Great Britain. Will Command the Wisconsin. Capt. Uriel liebree, until recently com mandant of the naval station at Samoa, has been ordered to take command of the battie ship Wisconsin s the relief of Capt. George C. Reiter, who has been placed on Waiting orders. The Wisconsin is now un emoing repairs at the Puget mound navy yaand is under orders to join the Asiatic squadrem. BIDS FOR WARSHIPS Opened at the Navy Depart ment Today. MANY PROPOSALS MADE SHTPBUILDING TRUST SEEMS TO HAVE BEST OF IT. Some Features That Excited Interest Character of the Vessels to Be Built. Bids for building $9,000,000 worth of war ships were opened at the Navy Department today in the presence of representatives of nearly every shipbuilding concern of note In the country, together with a host of sub contractors who supply structural material for the big ships. The bidding was close and exciting, and on the face of the bids it appears that the' shipbuilding trust has t..e best of the struggle. A feature of the event was the submission of a proposition to sup ply the enormous horse power required to drive the Tennessee and Washington, the speediest ships of war the United States navy will carry on its lists, with the new turbine motors, the latter to be supplied by an American company. Another feature was the submission of a statement from one of the largest bidders to the effect that they had satisfied themselves that no less than 25,000 horse power would be required to drive the big ships at the calculated speed, thus verifying the estimates of EngI neer-in-chief Melville, when he took excep tion to the findings of the majority of the board which designed the ships. The Bids. The bids were as follows: Newport News Shipbuilding Company One ship in forty-two months on depart ment's designs for $4,325,000. Fore River Ship and Engine Works of Quincy, Mass.-One ship on department's designs in forty-two months for $4,578,000. Bath Iron Works-One ship in forty-two months on department's designs for $4,500, 000. Union Iron Works of San Francisco-One ship in forty-two months, $4,365,000. New York Ship Building Company of Camden, N. J.-One ship In forty-two months, department's designs, for $4,250,000. Two ships same class for $4,150,000 each, to be delivered in forty and forty-two months. Same company on its own designs provid ing for twenty-two-knot ships to be de livered In forty and forty-two months, $4,280,000 each. It was in connection with this bid that the letter was submitted de manding an allowance of 25,000 horse power. Moran Brothers & Co. of Seattle, one ship in forty-two months, for $4,397,000. Wm. Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia, one ship on department's designs, thirty-nine months, $4,200,000. Same company on its own designs, ships to be delivered in thirty six and thirty-nine months, and to be of twenty-two knots speed, one ship for $4, 100,000, two ships on same plans for $4,000, 000 each. Same company, on plans of Its own providing for the use of steam tur bines and watertube boilers, $4,100,000 for one and $4,000,000 each for two. The judgment of the board of bureau chiefs will be necessary to determine the awards. Character of the Ships. The two first-class armored cruisers for which the above bids were received were authorized by act of Congress, approved July .1, 1902, the cost of each not to exceed $4,650,000. Forty-two months is allowed for their construction and a minimum speed of twenty-one and a half knots Is required. Each cruiser will measure on load water line 502 feet In length and 72 feet 10% inches at extreme breadth. They will have each a trial displacement of not more than 14,500 tons. a total coal bunker capacity of about 2.000 tons and a mean draft at trial displacement of 25 feet. The hull is to be of steel throughout, and the armament will consist of a main bat tery of four 10-inch breech-loading rifles, sixteen 6-inch breech-loading rifles. twenty two 3-inch rapid-fire guns and a secondary battery of twelve 3-pounder semi-automatic rapid-fire guns, two 1-pounder automatic guns, two 1-pounder rapid-fire guns, two .30-caliber Gatling guns, six .30-caliber Colt automatic and two 3-Inch field guns. The hulls of the cruisers will be protected by a water-line belt of armor worked in vertical strakes, amidships, where it will be about eighteen feet in height. The armor will be of uniform thickness of five inches throughout the machinery and magazine space and three inches forward and aft. The protective deck will extend from stern to stern, being fiat amidships, but sloping at the sides and at each end. It will be built up of twenty-pound lower plating throughout, with nickel steel forty pounds on the flat and 140 pounds on the slopes. Hoists driven by an electric motor and delivering seven pieces per minute will convey the ammunition for six-inch and smaller guns directly from the ammunition rooms to the deck where it is required. The turret guns will have regular ammunition hoists, operated by electric power, leadi'Wg directly from the handling room to the tur rets.. The new men-of-war will be propelled by vertical twin screw, four-cylinder triple expansion engines of a combined indicated horse power of not less than 23.000. There will be sixteen Babcock and Wilcox boil ers of the straight water-tube type on each cruiser, placed in eight water-tight -com partments. These will furnish steam for the main engines and all the necessary auxiliary and other machinery throughout the ship. Each cruiser will be fitted with four funnels, 100 feet high above the base line. The cruisers will be lighted throughout with electricity. With the exception of cer tain auxiliaries to be operated by steam, all power on board will be electric, including boat cranes, turret-tuilng motors, ventua, tion-fan motor. etc. Designed as flagships, the new cruisers. will each provide accommodation for the following complement: Flag officer, com manding officer, chief of staff, nineteen, ward room, twelve junior and ten warrant' officers, and not less than 814 men, includ ing sixty marines.* Each cruiser carries steel masts forward and aft. and the specifications require that they shall be arranged for wireless teleg raphy. WILL BE PEOMOTED. Lieut. H. H. Morrow to 3e Appointed a Major. First Lieut. Henry M. Morrow of the in Cavalry, stationed at the Presidio of . San Francisco, will be appointed a major in the judge' advocate general's department on the retirement of Maj. Louis B. Lawton of the 25th Infantry, just promoted on account of gallant service in the Chinese eampaign Major Morrow is a graduate of the law de partmnent of the University of Michigan, class of 1888, and rendered good service in the Spanish war, first as second lieutenaat of the 3d Nebraoa Infantry and afterward as first lieutenant ot the 3M United States Infantry. In February, 11, Ite was ap osened rat lieutenant of the dth pagular inatad in' the feitowtag iiwa TO CURB THE TRUSTS Recommendations of Attor ney General Knox. LEG(ILATION ADVISED FIBST STEP TO PUNISH USCMX INATORY PEACTIC=B, Appointment of a Commission to Ex amine the Whole Question Suggested. The recommendations of Attorney Gen eral Knox were received by Mr. Little field's su-bcommittee on trusts of the Judi ciary committee of the*House this morn ing, just as the members of the subcom mittee were beginning their session. The two hours of the session were given up en tirely to a discussion of the Knox state ment. It was in the form of a printed pamphlet of forty-seven pages, the last fif teen of which were devoted to recommen dations for legislation. In commenting on the Attorney General's statements Mr. Littlefield said they were most excellent. The committee, he said, did not have time to get entirely through the report, but devoted most of the time to the recommendations for legislation. -Of these, he said, some were new. One sug gested the appointment of a commission to examine into the whole question. Another was that a penalty should be provided against persons receiving rebates, as well as against those who gave rebates. Mr. Knox first reviews the cases that have been reviewed by the courts and those now pending. The Recommendations. The recommendations respecting legisla tion are as follows: The end desired by the overwhelming ma lority of the people of all sections of the country is that combinations of capital should-be regulated and not destroyed, and that measures should be taken to correct the tendency toward monopolization of the Industrial business of the country. I as sume a thing to be avoided, even by sug gestion, is legislation regulating the busi riess interests of the country beyond such as will accomplish this end. In my judgment, a monopoly in any in lustry would be impossible in this country, where money is abundant and cheap and In the hands or within the reach of keen and capable men, if competition were as sured of a fair and open field and protected against unfair, artificial and discriminating practices. Two or more persons,or corporations can riot by any combination or arrangement be tween themselves either contract or expend the rights of others to engage in a similar buslness. The utmost they can do is to dis courage the disposition to do so by restrict ing the opportunities, or by securing to themselves some exclusive facilities or the enjoyment of some common facilities upon exclusive terms. If the law will guarantee to the small producer protection against piratical meth ods in competition and. keep the highways to the markets open and available to him for the same tolls charged to his powerful competitor he will manage to. live and thrive to an astonishing degree. Individualism in production has its ad vantages as well as combination. Small In dividual enterprises not uncommonly spring tip and thrive within the shadow of the larger ones, thoughienjoying none of their supposed advantages of control of sources of raw material, fuel and transportation facilities, yet realizing large profit per ton of output *ecause of the closer economies possible through direct, personal, interested management. Indeed, it is true that the great concerns whose stocks have been gathered in by the holding companies (the real trusts) are themselves largely but ag gregations of successful smaller ones, which, one by one, have made their com petition so severely felt by an ambitious rival that he has absorbed them. I believe the rebates and kindred advan tages granted by carriers to large opera tors in the leading industries of the coun try, as against their competitors, in many years amounted to a sum that would rep resent fair interest upon the actual money Invested in the business of such operators. Effect of Konopoly. If substantially all of a given business is controlled by one company, the more threatening to potential competition does this Iniquity become, and with greater timidity does such competition approach the field. In some respects the holding company is weaker than its Independent rivals. It paye as much, if not more, for labor. Advantage in the saving of an intermediate profit upon raw material and fuel is largely offset by the enormous cost of the sources of sup ply represented in high capitalization. This capitalization, in almost every case of a holding company, represents far more than the aggregate Intrinsic value of its co'hstituent companies. The method of com puting values for purpose of concentration has invariably been upon earning power, and rebates have frequently swelled earn ings so that enormous volumes of capital stock represent nothing but unfair advan tage obtained over rivals. The situation is much improved In respect :o transportation discriminations within the ast two years. This is the result, first, of a letermined effort upon the part of the gov rmnent to apply existing laws in an effec tive way against discrimination.. and, eec-. end, to the fact that some of the higher reinded railroad managers of the country have exerted their -large influence .In the firection of equitable dealing with the ship pers of the territory which they serve. Whether it is. a consequence of these influ ences or a. miete coincidence, it is neverthe ies stated on; high authority to be a fact that the embarktation of new capital in en terprises in competition with the pupposedly controlled industries within the perjod named probably equals the capital of tha trusts. The effect of certainty of protec tion against predatory competition can'be safely prolphesied to increase tisi figure. The country is filled wiih men whose lives have been devoted to Industry, who havs developed and made profitable the prop srtips now possessed by the trusts at pricas far in excess of the cost of moderniz.1 duplicates, who will not long remain Irdle when assured that their capital and experi enee can be securely employed in the busi oess to which they were trained. Too much has been cneeded in public dis cussion to the trusts In this respect. Or-. ganizations in one state to control produc tion in other states of commodities con sumed in all the states are as a rule devices o'f shrewd men to capitalize for thre'.r own tenefit the country's prosperity. They are begotten in prosperous times, Poor times offer no inducements. They are essentially different from the combinations effected by producers, of their own motion, for eco nomic reasons. Those which have been recklessly conceived contain w~thln them selves the germ of their own undoing They have, as a rule, only acquired the owner ship of the stocks of the industries of the country which had already attained their gigantic stpture. Their existence -doe gent inerease the productive capacity of h country, except as high prices o 4s have 'simulated copetitio now bseause of their avsapma fhe uamad, as the au4ssa ~ a (centinued as a as th Page. AT THE - "IOUsE Veneln n Dis JUB& RS5InjOCI4TY ffiLZJw MWE "1 TERATY WILL Australian Educators Introduced Next Minister to eria Will Be From Maryland. The cabinet was in. session an hour and a half today, several matters of importance being brought to the attention of the Presi lent and his advisers. Serious consideration was given to the status of the Venezuelan. embroglio. No answer yet has been returned by the allies to the proposition submitted through this government by President Castro. Mean time. with fair words to tilwUnited States, they are pursuing the polley they mapped Dut originally as to Venezuela. The block ade of Venezuelan 1.orts J still in force, commerce with the - SoutE American re public is being hampared siilously and al ready the Castro gove nt has lost through the action ofithe "Oka an amount mufficient to liquidate their &ims against it. The charge is mpade; but with what basis scarcely can be estimated In this .country, Ihat the Venezuelan revolutionist leaders ire being aided materially. by some of the allies with a view either of bringing Presi lent Castro to terms orgot'qffeeting a com bination with the revolutionists whereby the flat claims of the salies are to be paid in the event of the dowsatl of the Castro ;overnment. Thus far.- |i|s government as paid little heed to thi charge, but it ias not been disre #ded entirely. As riewed by some went4n rmed officials iere. It is the evident inte n of the allies :o crush President Casts f possible, and nake terms for a sedtl of their claims Lfterward. It is sute' at therein nay lie the reason for tle lein respond ng to the Venezuelan on. How ver. with the collectioi of flust claims Lgainst the Venezuelam govwnment the [Jnited States has no contern,wrovided al ways that the Mnethod purmed do not :ench upon American thtsnad interests. [t is probable, thereforelj thazilhe attitude >f this government will pat bemitered from me of awaiting develoipentar Think It Will 3 1N diA. The status of the bulbm reepaWlty treaty n the Senate - mi. walsisoie d. Confl lence was expresed' tht and niembera of the cabind tthea the treaty would be ratified' I& the I&Mosition of some of -the advop 6S 6the JW a r in :erests to coupeAie t n t S la ththe )ending Phiillppie -*W bifliwas depre :ated. It baa thR the reduc Jion on the duties . inasugar to 25 yer cent of the D y rate w paralyMe he domestic ry. t e eet sugar a vah ae *10preheiz dve.of this reduc in du n of-the oncessions extened by. thlie ing treaty o the Cuban sugar planteis. They are dis osed, however; to tie the two together and Ppose them at inimical to an important Amprican industry. Ausfralias ducational System. Two prominent educator* of Australia were presented' to -the- President this morn ng by Retresentalve Dougfas of New fork. who lived In AusVj'aUa several years. rhey were G. H. Kniblms of the University >f Sydney'and J. W. Turner of a training :ollege at Sydney. They are commissioners if education for New South Wales. Austra Ia, and in April last started an a tour of he world to stiq4y qducational methods. rhey are traveling as pepresentatIves of the kustralian governmjet M - arrived in gew York several da s ag^, having spent nany months in Eu - "We are going -to send some time in this :ountry," said Mr. Knibbs. 'We desire to study educational methods il all parts of he United State, .from the primary on up, so that the best to be had-herwiumay be ap )lied to our own 'ountry. We are locking 'orward with pleasure to acquiring much 7aluable information In theUpited States. leographically an4. politicaily the two :ountries are much.alike, the spirit of the american and Australian'Jpeople is much tlike, and there Isa greaLdeel in common yetween us. This..countr ''has given wide itudy to educational metds aand to search .ng inquiry, and we expeft t' derive profit from our trip." "One thing I like about bihs matters in his country is that 'the tat have control >f their own eduectipnal inttutions and ;hat there is no general law covering the ichools or interfeing with their manage nent. By your methoed the~ best system idapted to a particular community or 1o ~ality can be put into force, local condi ions determining which is best. Our fed ~ration of states wrill allow us to do the amne thing." Not Discuss the Trust ILegislation. Senator Hoar was among the 'large num er of senators liho called 'at -the White louse this morning. to talk with the Presi lent. The supposition- would be natural hat he would probably taME with the Tresident about trust legislation since the ntroduction of his bill along those lines. "Could I say that you- were here discuss nig the quesien of trust Iegisigtion with he PresIdent?" a reporter inquired of Sen Ltor Hoar. "Oh, yes, you isad y that," responded he Masabelh- eto th a smile mnd es mo el~~j~ ds, "but it irouldn't be true. I aaltempson an alto gether dimmen mmttet. Senators Mtof N~~*pLodge, Mc Enery7, Pet Dfl Representa ive Pearra af see~ among -the yther- calpm. e tr~as the Arst ,aller during the morni.. Preuafg oinem 1 ~ ton. President Ronampelt -, wted an in. ,itation to attend a baa l~ be given a he Canton RepumblicanzgU in Canton, )hio, on the. avenijig ~ay2T. The anquet is -in hei of tayof Mr. hicKinley. The late U glsbirthday tyniversary~ is as the ths a itate function in thEnnouea -that 1ight and Preqient R uoat go hen, so the tlimCwa4S. the 27th hat the Pre=Mean att a the 19th. The P wjeie.n Mon lay evening, 4 ~~turn to W ashington e Rev. Dr. a o'4u Baltimiore, to Liberta. o succeed D.th erdrej resenttive of .th~ Liv~- A zerian republic. Te rq Bd anumnber 4 RUSH AT NAVY YARD TRUST REGULATION WORK SAID TO BE MORE THAN A UNDER SUPERVISION OF DEPART YEAR BEHTND. KENT OF COMMERCE. Increase in Naval Power Demands Provision for Bureau of Insurance and More Guns-Double Shifts of Corporations Inserted in Bill at Workmen. President's Request. The Washington navy yard is a busy The proposed regulation of trus If place these days. Those who claim to be authorized by Congress, will be conducted In a position to know say that work in the under the supervision of the new depart machine shops, where guns are manufac- ment of commerce and labor. The report tured for new war vessels, is more than a of the House Interstate commerce commit year behind. The plan to increase the tee favorably reporting a substitute for the navy; which has been agreed upon so far Senate bill, which was presented today by as the leaders of the House are concerned, Representative Mann of Chicago, makes and which bids fair to be approved by Con- provision for a bureau of Insurance and gress at the present session, means thatcorporations which shall be under the super the inhe e navy yard will be more thanvon of the secretary of the new depart doIby creaed. Naal officers have llure o ano along contended that there is a possibility by Representative Mann, is intended to be of trouble with Germany within a few the vehicle -of the executive branch of the yeaft Abd wh~e .hoqdite uayh one- government, Jo carrying Into effect the pro Aix whe ostWes may be counter "a ,4- bpacife diplomatic measure, it is~ pokd iegttold dil- the uubjoi oe trust the desire of the Navy Department, back- coMbinations. ed by the administration, that the United At Request of President. States shall be prepared for an emergency. It in said that fully 500 more men are The provisioa for the bureau of insurance needed at the Washington navy yard. Al- and corporations In the' bill was at the ready a second shift of men in the second- direct request of President Roosevelt The ary mount shop and in -tie miscellaneous machine shop has been ordered, it is said, and as soon as men may be procured an Mr. Mann since the latter was Instructed additional force will be put to work in the by the Interstate and foreign commerce shops at the yard. committee to write the report on the new The men now employed in the shops at department, and In this regard the report the navy yadr are perturbed. The officers was drafted In compliance with the recom in ckyrge have, it is said, intimated to the mendations made by President Roosevelt men that, if they are willing to forego the. at these mtetings. price-and-a-half pay and accept straight In his talks with the members of the pay for overtime, two shifts only of twelve House who have been prime movers for hours each will be maintained; otherwise a the department of commerce and labor the system of three shifts of eight hours each President has made It plain thathe does will be inaugurated. Heretofore the men not desire any legislation which will be have received price-and-a-half pay for all Impractical or which will prove a burden overtime. The foregoing of extra pay for to small corporations. For this reason he extra time is contrary to labor union prin- will, While he would have the publicity ciples. provisions of the anti-trust bill as rigid Sh~ftsand effective as words can make them, Shifts of Twelve Hours Favored, also have them so drafted that the The men are said to favor two shifts secretary of commerce and labor would of twelve hours each, in preference to have some discretion In their enforcement. three shifts of eight hours each, as in the Aimed at But Few Corporations. latter case they would have to correct In There are thousandi of corporations In their own time the errors of the new and the country doing Interstate commerce inexperienced men employed. They are business, but the present anti-trust crusade said to be perfectly willing to work twelve of the administration Is aimed at but con hours, but feel that in so doing they would paratively few of them. Mr. Roosevelt be entitled to the scale rate of extra pay In said to understand that It would prove a for the- four hours in excess of the regu lar day's work time of eight hours. Considerable dissatisfaction is said to ex- porations should they be forced to Ate re Ist among the employes in the shops at the ports with the secretary of commerce and navy yard by reason of what they term nartic unfair treatment of them on-the New Yearlaobetithrdinso holiday. Christmnas they were accorded a 'oneutlhebivsehatlli half holiday, with pay. Prior to January 1 h ulct rbe'le nteapit they were assured, it is said, that they mn fabadudrtesceayo should have the same half holiday on New comreadlbrwihsllavau Year with pay. As the story goes, they were told shortly toiyt ivslaetut n eur before noon of that day that the half holi-mtoso uies hnvrodrdt day was not forthcoming. Many of thedos.Alw ritnnths ayte employes had arranged to spend the half Peietbleeacrigt hs day in their own diversion. Some had comestemnwudprithefoc et to their work with better clothes so as to o nitutlgsainaanttoecr not make it necessary to return to their prtoswihatal r fedn n homes to dress. Others did not carry their wudpri toew~~ r odctn luncheons with them and were compelled tothibunesncopanewttelw patronize nearby restaurants. They were adpbi olyt otneumlse not only discommoedobut regulation and tnuurdened Liot. olJonstn t R Apoined atharizg eguCnges by lSubeconducted BriadirdGerrl.tharguervo the tesneweat Te resdenthasdirctedtheappont- Wor was comegun toad aor. The Dsricot mentof ~cu Co. Jhn . Jonst o th thepopatin bilrsytte scomm itee oft adjtan geera's epatmet a a rig,-the Haoseappyroprtin acsubsitte fort diergeneal o fil te vaanycauedSbenfte moing sessio was esen toda to the etiemet ofGen H.C. abruc - hearntat.iveodore of Chicago, makes Geneal ohnson esiged cmmisionneesiof the Puli bu brarof inancte re in te arya ew eeksago n orer orpoirions ofhthe publc schoolsdere tuper devoe hi entre tme t thesettemen iof onofhed Aetao the onsessionarhe thelare etat of~h faherin-awandboado caresnttie then so trtees andb his esinaton ws aceped, o tkeffeth vereenticeof the Disctict mitanho te on thegosernrextmcarriinelevationftcttheeheard rankoofdalegneral of1- ereisuintended assa simpe reogniionof hs exellnt mlitay oPNiansL. I GSAUE emoluments. athRsqrueignafon willetak effet imedatey, n hscnfimatonhyeRprviso Have ah Maureau of 1ur4c thedSenate.atioin th bllt. t h GenralJonstn s anatveof eosy diHrtrequstof. PaesidenuRoevy. 0.The va~Mr. andnasgraeuate oftthe MilitaryrAcad emyof he lassof 79 Heervdi bth heylaiaeslaturen forgnsedmmerceo trasferedto he djuantgenrals dpar. omApi1.Ttee wrpicansh hepr on majority mot.Durin the panis war ndt epartmeint, alle of 14.this assre the reor Phippie inurrctio h haddirctc wrg el ftio d o n Ucompdliances wethoth Bem of theeedatitnsntabrabchPofsthenteRaosevelt and erfrme tha auou andimprtat Pnre his thek woith conenioer of then ouste ho hand been prim mcottr ofora Ui)9 *,?I ~ the.departm en cowmrendr tlaof h The PrePresidenodaas madtheifoploiinthaheheedoes nimpracticatOoriwhich will proveaaiburde Sto small.corporations. For ttes aereport thee some disretion in ther enforcement AiedatBu Fw orortins Thr-r huad o oprtosi the ounry oin inersatecomerce buins, u.te rsetani-rstcusd Wanted-. The name of an article of general consumption that cannot be advertised suc cessfully in The Star. Address "Advertising,* Star office. COMMISSION M[ETS More Testimony Regarding the Miners' Strike. NON-UNION MEN HEARD WAGE STATEMENT OP INDEPEN DENT COMPANIES PEL=. Judge Gray Surprised to Hear Coal Operators Paid Salaries of Deputies. PHILADELPHIA, January 6.-After a recess over the holidays. the anthracite coal strike commission resumed its work today of hearing the non-union men's side of the controversy in the great industrial war in the anthracite coal regions during the past year. The sessions of the com mission in this city are being held in the United States circuit court room in the fed eral building. ahd it is expected that fully a month will be occupied in taking the testi mony of the non-union men, the coal oper ators and the mine workers in rebuttal. When the commission adjourned at Scran ton the miners had closed their case, and the non-union men were engaged in pre senting their side of the conflict. Up to the holiday recess the lawyers for the non union men had taken up about three days in calling witnesses who testified to acts of violence, boycotting and intimidation al leged to have been committed by members of the miners' union. The witnesses heard were principally from the upper region, in the vicinity of Scranton and Wilkesbarre. The sess!cn began at 11 o'clock. The court room was well filled when the com missioners filed in and took their seats. All the prominent attorneys were. present ex cepting C. S. Darrow. leading counsel for the miners, who was delayed in the west. Independent Companies' Wage State ment. The first business brought up was the presentation by their counsel of the wage statements of several of the small inde pendent coal companies in the Hanieton region. John J. Williams. a mining engineer, em ployed by the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre Coal Company, was the first witness. He told how tie was set upon and beaten while on his way to work, but be could not swear that the strikers committed the assault. Sheriff Schadt of Lackawanna county gave in detail his experiences during the strike and finally his call upon Gov. Stone forb assistance. The sheriff said that Presi dent Mitchell had several times assisted him in preventing trouble. President Mitchell cross-examined Sheriff Schadt, and the latter admitted that be had employed about fifty deputies whilt the coal companies had paid for. He would not smy that a general state of lawleassnes prevailed in the county, but a reign of ter ror existed in some localities. Why Did. Not the County Pay? QeN..W~aea.askne thi. sheriff why the county did- notay the depity sheriffi, aA counsel for the witness exlaied thnat it was the law in Pennsylvania that the com pany pay the cost for protection. Chairman Gray, evidently surprised at the statement, said: "I am not familiar with such an un-American law. When the county or the state relinquishes the duty of maintaining order, protecting life and keeping the peace then matters are reach Ing a sorry state." Three additional witnesses were heard, after which a recess was taken until 2:15. BoEBS VISIT rCHAMlEg LAN.a r Attend Entertainment in His Honor Given at Pretoria. PRETORIA. Transvaal, January E.-All doubts as to whether the Boers would par ticipate in the entertainments given in honor of Colonial Secretary Chamberlain and Mrs. Chamberlain were dissipated by the appearance of Gens. Botha, Delarey, Cronje and Smuts at the garden party given by the governor yesterday. The at tendance of the town. Boers, however, was not large. Mrs. Chamberlain is .taetfuily aiding the colonial secretary in his pacifica tory mission. When Gen. Cronje was introduced she at first did not catch his name, but immediate ly after she head it was Gen. Cronje Mrs. C~hamberlain sent for him and engaged in z lengthy conversation with the noted gen eral. GREAT BBITAIN HEaRn P3OK. [t is Believed That Venezuelan Di. pute Will Surely Go to The Hague. Secretary Hay has received the British enswer to Castro's latest proposal relative to arbitration, It is assumed that the British note reflects the views of the Ger nan government as the allies have been Icting in harmony so far. The note is In terlocutory, but in substance states that if Venezuela wishes a conference with a view .o submitting the differences between :he two countries to arbitration Great Britain will accede. The conditions at tached are slightly different from the orn nal British proposition, but in the judg nent of official, here the differences be tween the allies and Venezuela in respect o arbitration are much diminished, and there is warrant for the expectation that the case will now surely go to The Hague. 1'he ne xt step will be a reply from Presi lent Castro. GEN. COBBIN ACCE PTS. Wll Serve as Grand Marshal of the' Parade in St. Louis in April. Major General H. C. Corbin, adjutant general of the army, has accepted an invi ation to serve as grand marshal for the arade and dedicatory ceremonies incident :o the one hundredth anniversary of the . Louisiana purchase to be held at St. Louis A.prii SI next. He has selected Lieutenant 36:cnel Edward. A. Godwin. 1oth Cavalry, is his chief of staff for.that occasion. Col mel Godwin is now on duty at the exposi ion grounds at St. Louis, ORDEBED NOT TO RETURN. Eatimidation of a Negro Nail Caruieg in Lonisana. Post Ofile Jaspecter Peters of New Or earns has been ordered to mae an invest! ration qf the reported intimnatioa of Tharles Jadkson, a negre maai carrier at 3oeufriver, Ia. In a di4=tc .0 the Poet' master General yesterday isfomado was ueved togh~e airect that Sm--y figkt a ae uf sWiemek ees--Meer ordered r*m aMnt ~t it e usA en hia ofta me bp g wIii~as a the ene to aab a |M&laln i