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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 23, 1903, Image 11

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MONE FOR-- FRJPII
Is Now Baing Wade in Undo
Bam' Mints.
FE808 AND OENTAVOE
AL1oG3Tmk urn= AA sZVZN
VAMTwrm 'ow.ConS,
Zarger Than Our lver Pieces, be
Worth Only 3aM as
Mtich.
(Cogpight. 190, by John Elfreth Watkins, Jr.)
'Writtee for The Evening Star.
It seems odd that Uncle Bam should be
coining pesos and centavos for his owl
subjects, doesn't it? His new Philippin
silver. nickel and copper coins bearini
these denominations will be anomalies ane
curiosities of the numrismatical world whet
put in circulation. They will be the law
ful money of a people under the sovereign
ty of the United State^ yet will not b
legal tender on this side of the Pacifie-no
even in HawaiU nor Tutuila.
Our Philadelphia and San Franciscc
mints are already.stamping out 2500,000 o
these coins per month, and will continu
to manufacture them at that rate for a
year or more. The Philippine governmen
desires to inaugurate its new financial sys
tem oa July 1, which is Uncle Sam's fisca
New Year day wherever his flag floats
Congress authorized a coinage of 75,000,00
pesos for the archipelago, but it is unlikel:
that such a great number of the new coins
will be required in the near future. Forty
millions at the outside will replace the
Philippine coin now In circulation. BIl
sides these 40,000,000 pesos, about 10,000,000
of the new subsidiary coins, at the outside
will be enough to last many years.
Perhaps you will never see one of thes
odd coins-nine-tenths of us American citi
sons probably will not. And, moreover, I
is very unlikely that you will see pictures
of them, inasmuch as It is unlawful to pic
torially reproduce any of Uncle Sam'
money. I held one of each of the finished
denominations in my hand yesterday. They
were fresh frofn our new Philadelphia
money mill, and were in the desk drawe
of George E. Roberts, director of the min
bureau of the Treasury Department.
What They Look Like.
There will be seven different aoOns, fou
of silver, one of nickel and two of copper
The four silver pieces, which have already
been coined, are the, peso, fifty centavos
twenty- oentaoes and ten centavos. Thd
nickel, not yet coined, will be a five-cen
tavo piece, and the coppers-also uncom
pleted - a one-centave and one-half-con
tavo piece. One hundred centavos are
equal to one peso. All will bear the same
designs. They will differ only in size, met
al and denominational designation.
The obverse or "head" was designed by
a Filipino artist. A native Filipino girl
barefooted and in the short, loosely-draped
frock of her race, stands with her righ1
hand grasping a hammer, which rests upot
an anvil in the left foreground. Her loose
locks flow in the breeze and in the righi
background smokes a formidable volcano
This figure symbolizes the young Philippine
government working out her destiny. Abov4
this design words designating the coin--al
"One Peso"-are arched. Beneath, on al:
of the coins, is "FILIPINAS." The re
verse side of each coin has a design em
blematic of the sovereignty of the United
States. It is the American shield sur
mounted by the American eagle. Above in
"United States of America;" below, "1908.'
The peso is the size of the Mexican all
ver dollar. Although larger than our silver
dollar and containing more silver, It wil:
be worth just one-half as much on ex.
change. The fifty-centavo piece is a trill
larger than our half dollar, but will be
worth only as much as our quarter. The
twenty-centavo piece, while only a mite
smaller than our quarter, will be equal to
our dime on exchange, while the ten-cen
tavo piece, also in silver. while large1
than our dime, will be equal only to ou
nickel. The nickel five-centavo piece
about. the size of our nickel, will be worth
only 2% United States pennies. The one
centavo copper piece will be almost twic<
as heavy. as our cent, and worth just hal
as much. The one-half-centavo piece wil
have nearly the weight of our penny, bu
will be worth one-quarter as much.
Buying Silver.
Thess new coins contain the same alloy al
is placed in ours of similar size. The sil
vor pieces are now worth just about the
Intrsic value. Should silver rise consid
erably theme silver Philippine coins woulb
probably be sold for bullion, melted up ani
wrought into forks, spoons and what not
It is estimated that this would be the casn
should the value of the silver in one pose
reach 04 cents as a result of a 'searcity a
the white metal. But no one apprehendi
that any such rise will take place in man;
a day. The price of silver has advanced!
cents per Ounce since our treasury ..corn
menaced to purchase bullion for the new
coins, but 1s still comparatively low, havinj
just about recovered its drop of last gealu
caused by the condition of affairs in China
Smnelting and mining firms are now mnkinj
tenders of silver to Director Roberts ox
Mondays and Thursdays of each week
when he purchases as much as he needs foi
the Philippino coinage. After the silver 1b
*bought here in Washington it is delivete<
at either thne Philadelphia or San Fran
cisco mint. It is coming .in from Montana
and the adjacent regions all the way UI
and down the silver mining belt. Some o
that delivered. at San Francisco Is cominj
from Mexico and some delivered at Phila
delphia coines' lerhaps through the port o
New York. Most of that coming from tI:
country is being produced as a by-produc
of gold, copper or lead.
The Philippine officials will not see thesn
new coins until .about June 1. The firs
shipment was made from I~an Francisc4
on May 1, when .the army transport Thomai
sailed out of the Golden (late with 1,200,001
pesos. On the 15th instant 2,500,000 pesoi
and 500,000 of the subsidiary coin wern
shipped by steamship froin Philadelphia ti
reach Manila -by way of the Sues canal
Both of these shipments. were fully coy
ered by marine insurance, as a proviutoi
against a catastrouhe -such as that whic1
made the 1804 dollar famous, not to sa;
valuable.
Mints Charge for Coining.
The Philippine government Is payinj
'Uncle Sam one cent for each peso coined
What will be charged for turning out th
subsidiary and minor coins has not ye
been determined, but it will probably aver
age % cent each. o nodSa
We came into posession o nodSa
iih mint in Manila and Congress left it te
the discretion of the Philippine governmnen
whether its new coins should be manufac
tured there or in our mints. The Manili
mint is an old affair without the equipmen
necessary for such an undertaking. It was
therefore, decided thatit would be cheape.
in the long run for our mints to do the
work. This they will do at a reasonable
charge until a new Manila mint Is comn
pleted. The new Philadelphia mint has
turned out the greater number of the new
coins ths bar,. but that at San Francisea
will do mer'e than half the work in future
Only Results Count,
and therein lies the-vakse of
Hale's Hloiey of Hore
hound and Tar. It cures
conghs and end; quickly re
lieves sore throat 'and bron.
chitis. All druggists. 35C.,
Soc., $Lo a bottle.
because of the greater uC ship
ment-from that citY. 'ethet U
factories ae now workg -ton blast
Az-fast as the bricks .of metal am as
livered at each mint -by the smatbn ant
mining firms they are ftug hursed -tothe
meltiigr room, thrown into the khg-lnbped
pinmbe=o eruelbles and --set up The
liquid metal in than ladled out In thre*
spouted ga" dippers and poured Into elOsp
molds. The molds ase damed Into tanks of
cold water. The Ingots thus hardee4 am.
deanse, numbered amay" rolled into leng
lath-like strips, tempered and roled-agai.
The silver Ingots. which when leavfng the
molds resemble bars of solder, In point of
sime, leave the last roling pencamin long
flat straps, those for the thinnest colns be
ing sii feet in length. These are passed
through the cutting machines. a man on
one side feeding and one on the other tak
lng out the straps, which emerge flled with
rows of round holes, from which have been
punched the planchets or blanks, which fall
Into a tray beneath. Planchet. about the
she of a twenty centavo piece are cut In a
single row from each strap, the smallet,
coins in double rows.
The Finishing Touches.
Uncle Sam is as strict In every Vartoular
with the Philippine coins as he is with his
own money. All of their blanks pass to
automatic weighing machines. which, almost
as quickly, as the eye can follow them,
sort these smooth disks Into piles of "stand
ards." "lights" and "heavies." All of the
"light" planchets are, being condemned
and melted over. The others are then
"milled."-that Is, given their raised rims.
The American girl s putting the finishing
touches upon these strange oriental coins.
The milled planchets In the exact sizes of
the peso and subaidiary centavo denomina
tions are fed by deft-fingered young women
to rows of tall, flatdaced, steel machines.
Each fair operative sits before a sort of
manger filled with the glistening disks.
which she piles Into cylindrical stacks and
drops Into a vertical tube In the center of
the machine. Two dies coming together
stamp the obverse and reverse design upon
each coin at'the one blow, and at the same
time the saw-edge Is added. Each of these
young women Is turning out pesos at the
rate of 83 per minute; 50 centavo and W0
I centavo pieces, 90 per minute; 5 centavo,
110 per minute.,and copper pieces, 120 per
minute. The finished coins are then spread
upon boards which count them out at a
tremendous speed. Ten thousand little 10
centavo pieces are counted In eighteen sec
onds. The new coins are then placed in
bags inolosed In Iron-hooped cases, sealed
with wax. Then they are ready for ship
ment to the orient
Why System Was Neodary.
I asked Director Roberts to explain to the
popular mind why thesecoins, no different
from our own, were adopted for a people
under the sovereignty of the United States.
"The Filipinos in the past have used a
Mexican dollar." said..he, "but since silver
has been so greatly discarded as money
metal throughout the world fluctuations in
Its value have been so frequent and 9,
wide that commerce is very seriously em
barrassed in any country which attempts
to use a silver standard. go there has been
a disposition in Mexico, Indo-China, Slam
and the Straits Settlements to abandon sil
ver and adopt a gold standard, and the
same considerations which have led them
to do so have led the government of the
Philippines to adopt the same policy.
"When discarding the old currency the
government was obliged to decide whether
to adopt the currency of the United States
or that which had obtained in the Philip
pines. The objectaon to adopting the cur
rency of the United States was that there
would be violent change in wages, prices
and existing contracts, - and it was feared
that great.friction would result. Take, for
example, a man who is getting 20 pesos a
month in wages. American money is intro
duced with $1 equal to $2.50 Mexican. This
wage-earner would get $8 per month equal
to his 20 pesos, each a little larger than the
new dollar offered him. He would not un
derstand this. It was feared to undertake
such a violent change which would have In
volved the -islands in labor disturbances,
have threatened peace and deterred invest
ments. It was thought better to adopt a
new coin about the size of that to. which the
people had been accustomed, to put it in
circulation at one-half the value of the
American dollar, to restrict the coinage, to
redeem it on demand, and to hold it to a
fixed relation to the money of the United
States. It Is believed that this will give
the Filipinos a staple currency without fric
tion. The gold coins of the United States
will be legal tender in the Philippines and
will be used In large transactions on a basis
of two pedos to one gold dollar.
"Porto Rico and Hawaii will both have
the currency of the United States. Tha old
Philippine coins will probably be shippEd to
Hong Kong and sold."
Summer Resort Catalogues.
It will be a great convenience for people
who have not already decided where they
will go this summer. to call at The Star
office and look over the catalogues of sum
mer resort hotels, retaining any that they
may wish.
These catalogues have been classified and
conveniently arranged, and an Index of
those that may be had at The Star office is
on page 27, together with the summer re
sort advertisements.
ISSi~ TJ1EREXW'S CONCRT.
Many Medals Awarded to Successful
PuPils.
The annual pupils' concert given by Miss
LUeberman last evening In the National
Theater attracted an audience that filled
every available seat in the playhouse, In
cluding those in the main body of the thea
ter and In the two galleries. The pupils
were assisted in the concert by the Marine
Band Orchestra and Miss Sadie Gompers,
soprano. A great deal of Interest had been
occasioned by this musical event among
reildents of this city, both on account of
the merit of the program and also because
of the awarding of medals and primes to the
pupils for excellence of performance, prog
ress in studies, and other musicianly quali
ties displayed during the past sear. The
general standard of the perforolance last
night was excellent and each participant
was greeted with hearty applause.
The scene presented upon the stage wa
notable. Within a semi-circle formed by
sixteen pianos, sat the members of the
-Marine Band Orchestra in uniforms of
white, while extending across the entire
front of the stage was a bank of beautiful
bouquets of cut flowers, gifts to the pupils
from parent and admiring friends.
The prizes and medals were awarded to
the pupils at the close of the program.
District Commissioner Henry L. West made
the announcements of winners and Mr.
Edward H. Droop awarded the prises. The
competition for the diamond brooqh had
been the subject of more than ordinary In
terest among the pupils, and their friends.
A scholarship had been awarded to
pupils named by the local newpapers, who
competed for the diamond brooch. Miss
Daphne Deldee Thompaon, named by the
Washington Post, won this prize, together
with the scholarship for next year, The
next prize was won by Miss Florence Bean,
named by The Evening Star. This consist
ed of a brooch and also a scholarship for
next year. Miss Meacham, named by the
Washington Times, was awarded a gold
medal. A scholarship prime was divided
between Miss Mamie Moore and Maater
Uriel Davis.
Miss Marie Angela Howe was awarded a
medal for progress during the year. She
also received the only prize offered for ex
cellence in theory. This prise wak a
handsome brooch seb~ with diamonds and
pal.The Droop medals were awarded
to rs.Doglaswho won a competition
prie, nd issMaud Bates. In aiddition
to these prizes Miss Lieberman gave ied
als to the following pupils for dilgce
ambition and progress: Dr. Julia Webb,
Miss naagle, Miss Bennick11Miss Dsvis,
Miss. ,)ulah Winter, Miss ulah adlrr
Minss aardner, Miss Mikr, Miss King, Miss
Robbins, Miss C. Macam and Mien
Thwing.
Miss Howe played the =nna .e eno
"raua." by Legebmetsa, $Ur the loftha
alone, and as an ernst she played Msg
dheh..-.,nnet.. ..n
Alter the award of the prints th S0wts
were distuibotie to the goe bsemaa
enek went away with her asa - A
meassve Seral hormesheeswmI
the yahen Badt
-a wassely -a ~
-en of the eas.
lies. IiE agn m e
as. was et4
as-ie '- - ea d
a~rL InTULLA0
-Cf"S tke First Pw.
Rico, w as a agsumaw owndv but
we objeoumMs to the cosrdaer as a
precedent Unftr i enquestIoned dit~ef
tim the department eesee ths 0 by
aowing ieressed --o---m-- th
auditor could not adh e 0 nsired.
"Two items of $i esb, *per di as s
-s..=kw were disallowed fo irreguladItis
revealed yTuoch and unknown at the
auditor's o In one case the defect was
cured and the amount was agat credited
to- the postmaster. We have no record of a
subsequent credit as to the other.
"One tem of $4.3= for Improper charges
in an expense bill of C. C. Magee, a postal
clerk, was disallowed.
"One Item of .45, a drug bill of W. S.
Larner, was disallowed as personal ex
"This accounts for the $MB nominally
'disallowed' in the certificate of diference.
The official files, verifying this statement
with minute detaL, will be exhibited to you.
"The two Items last named, aggregating
$7, thus represent absolutely the entire dis
agreement between the auditor and the con
troller, so far as the evidence was eessi
ble to both. It is not surprising that the
auditor's office felt vindicated by this out
come of the most searching scrutiny to
which a postal account was ever subjected.
The credits finally and effectively disal
-lowed out of a total of $255,996.02 were $165,
whereof only $7 can justly be debited to the
auditor's office.
"While this revision was thus barren of
financial gain it was Indirectly profitable.
Through Tulloch's private interviews with
Gilmer irregularities were pointed out
which did not appear on the face of the
papers and were unknown to the auditor.
These Controller Tracewell exercised the
authority of his office to correct.
"This Is the whole story of the revision
of an account wherein Mr. Tulloch alleges
that the controller disallowed $80.000 or
$40.000 previously approved by the auditor.
and upon which he bases an assumption
that subsequent accounts would have re
vealed immensely larger extravagances. It
saved $165 to the' government and convict
ed the auditor's office of $7 incorrectly au
dited.
Payment of Salaries by Vouchers.
"Separate vouchers for salaries are the
orignnal and proper form of receipts, the
pay roll being simply a labor-saVing de
vice. In current practice these 'separate
vouchers' are supposed to represent clerks,
carriers. etc., who are temporarily absent.
The custom is universal in government of
fices. and If abused in the manner Mr. Tul
loch intimates, the auditor's office would
have noepossible means of ascertaling the
fact
Disbursements Through Local Post
Offies.
"The attempt to base a criticism of the
Auditor on the fact that 'local funds' were
improperly expended for departmental uses
will fail. The funds (postal receipts) at a
post office belong to the general postal rev
enues. The surplus is legally subject to
draft by the Postmaster General for postal
purposes. This practice was inaugurated
as early as 1815; postmasters of all money
order offices are disbursing officers. and the
offices In leading cities are designated de
positories of the surplus receipts of smaller
offices. Even the balance found due a re
tiring postmaster on final settlement is
paid by draft, not on the United States
treasury, but on the postmaster of some
large city. There Is, consequently, no in
justice and no Irregularity In drawing on
a postmaster or ordering him to make any
lawful expenditure, as the wnole transac
tion must be reported and debited to the
proper appropriations on t'ie auditor's
books.
"Although not illegal this custom some
times violates rules of correct accounting.
Hence, the auditor frequently suggests to
the department that certain expenditures
should not be ordered paid by postmasters.
Among these are the accounts of depart
mental officials for traveling expenses. But
our critic unjustly reproaches the auditor
for permitting a practice which he had no
power to prohibit. Mr. Heath's expense
bill, to which he specially alludes, was
charged to the proper appropriation and
not to any allowance for the Washington
post office.
Case of Sheman P. Bristow.
"Complaint is made of a failure to col
lect an alleged defalcation of Sherman P.
Bristow. money order clerk at Ponce, Porto
Rico. This case can be quickly disposed of.
Porto Rico was held under military occupa
tion. The question as to whether our laws,
civil or criminal. extended over it had not
been determined, but the Supreme Court
has since decided that they did not. The
auditor, however, has nothing to do with
criminal prosecutions. Mr. Bristow gave
bonds to Postmaster Willett. who, after the
default occurred, was legally advised that
he could not for the above reason enforce
the same. After consideration, both the
Post Office Department and this bureau
determined that It would be equally Im
possible to maintain an action against
Postmaster Willett. as no naw bond had
been secured by the department, and such
additional liability upon the bond of
Mr. Willett and his sureties could
not be created without their consent.
Agreeing In the opinion that a collection of
the amount at Issue was Impossible, the
Post Office Department and the auditor's
office united In consenting to accept the
best attainable compromise payment under
section 400. Revised Statutes. The amount
received was clear gain to the treasury.
Employes Who Performed No Service.
"The allegation that Meertain employes
were paid on the rolls of the Washington
post office who never performed service
therein, if anywhere,-seems to be made an
imputation on the auditor's methods. But
no accounting officer can possibly know in
each case whether service was actually
performed or not. We trust to the scimtiny
of departmental officials and the honesty of
postmasters. -The postmaster at Washing
ton attached to his pay roil a esttficate
that the statement of services rendered
was correct. He also made affidavit on his
quarterly account 'that the credits claimed
In the said accounts are just and true, as I
verily believe.' This affidavit has been
de'emed sufficient, anid it is hard to believe
that it could be misinterpreted.
"I se no other points in the extracts
transmitted to me which reflect on the au
ditor's office to an extent requiring detailed
notice. As to Gilmer's personal controver
sies with Mr. Lawaha, then deputy auditor,
I know nothing. Mr. Tulloch's allegation
that one serious charge against Gilmer was
that he entered Deputy Auditor Lawube's
room with his hat on is a palpable ab
surdity.
"If further details as to these matters are
desired at ai4y time they will be promptly
supplied from our official files. Upon the
correctness of the settlements there pre
served the efficiency of the auditor .and his.
staff of trusted emploes must be fairly
sustained or fatally impreached. I. have no
power or desire to change tha$ record.
"As the accusations herein traversed have
been given wide publicity I respectfujly
suggest that this reply be released for early
publication."- -
THE 00NTBOL.EER? STATEMNTI.
Also Replies in Detail to Kr. Tulloch's
The statement of Controller Traceweli of
the Treasury Department is dated May 2Z1,
and Is as follows:
"I -am in receipt of your commuacation
dated the 19th instnt, In which you eay:.
" *inelse herewith estraese fromn a esm
municaiti. dated May Eg 3S, from Mr.
Seymour W. Tul~eeb, whaela he makes
aertain statemets cnnenming the audit of
certain acounts of this departmeat, duing
the yea ase ad certeen e-ain eal
culted to bing dicoredit Sea the ~e
of the amaser et the trery 1we 10
Onea -nD -*a! typ e~ of the
theae oftea a~
aammaina g fe~mnitaa
Kow tkbi-t~trong 4
H ERE'S the st&yof a man wh<
saved by using Swamp-Root.
If he came to you and said: "My fi
trouble? Does your back ache? Do
you feel bad all over and can't tell
exactly what's the matter? Have
you tried medicines-or doctors with
out benefit? Are you about discour
aged? Then do as I did, and get
well-Use Dr. Kiliner's Swamp
Root ! I know. it will cure you.'
If he did this, would you believe
him?
Wouldn't you, if you were a suf
ferer, follow his advice, knowing that
he bore living, sentient, vital testi
mony to the wonderful virtues of this
great natural remedy?
W ELL, that is just iyhat Hugo
Hutt, strongest man in the
Philadelphia Fire b)epartment, hero
of a hundred battles with the flames,
is doing now through the medium of
this newspaper.
Hugo Hutt has been connected
with the Philadelphia Fire Depart
ment for the past four years. He is
stationed at the 'engine house .at
Nineteenth and Callowhill Streets.
Mr. Hutt is known as the strongesi
has taken many -prizes at athletic tol
field of sports.
He is also an Ox-sergeant of th
several years been stationed at For
served with the Sbith Pennsylvani
American war.
NA
EDITORIAL NOTICE-Sm
who have not afieay tried it, may
Address Dr. Kilmer & Co., Bingi
Star. The regeig fifty-cent and :
Root, and the address, Binghamtol
4O0;00sor the. quarter-in question, known
as revion No. 2&34, L G., April -2s,
818.'.
"The letter referred to was not a disal
lowance, and this Mr. Tullodh well knows.
it was a letter of inquiry. It required the
postmaster at Washington. in some ih
stances, to explain and make more specific
the nature of certain services; but generally
it called for explanation why certain claims
had been paid from one fund instead of an
other. In other words, it related to seem
Ing irregularities.
"To this letter the postmaster made a de
tailed reply, as is usual under such cir
cumnstances, and thereupon all the items
were allowed except about $950. Mr. Tul
loch himself, who had actually paid the
money, admits that he prepared the reply,
caused it to be typewritten, and sent to
me. Relying upon these explanations, I al
lowed all the claims except about $9M0,
and Mr. Tulloch does not now claim, as I
understand him, that I allowed any claim
that should not have been allowed upon the
explanations which he made.
Jlatly Contradicts Tulloch.
"Again he says: Some time later I called
pon him and informed him I had been re
oved from my position as cashier for
supposed assistance given his own expert
uring the investigation.'
"This statement is untrue. I nleve? spoke
o Mr. Tulloch in my life, and he never
spoke to me. Upon inquiry I have learned
hat he came to my office -and stated to
my chief law clerk. Judge- Terrill, in effect,
hat he had been accused of giving Mr.
ilmer information. This he said he want
d to deny; he had given Mr. Gilmer no
nformation whatever. ' Judge Terrili did
ot introduce him to me, and he did not
peak to me. I did not know him, nor did
Iinquire his name nor his errand.
Excepted From. 1xaminationl.
"But what Mr. Tuiloch lays greatest
tress upon is a letter to Mr. Gilmer, as
folows:
"'reasury Department, office of the con
troller of the treasury.
" "WASHINGTON, D. C., Sept. 19, 1809.
"'"Mr. Gilmer: You may take up for ex
amination any postmaster's account for the
iscal year 1899, except New York city and
Washington, D. C.
(Signed) "'R. J. TRACEWEILI.
'Controller.'
"The impresai-m sought to be created by
publishing this letter is that I called ogf mlY
xpert when he was on the eve of discor
ring grave frauds. This letter is in Mfr.
Gilmer's own handwritin~g. He preparpd it
ithout suggestion from me a-nd asked me
o sign it.
"I have four experts furnished by the
government with which to investigate, onl
y own motion, the accounts passed iA the
oUees of all six auditors, empl-oying an
uditing force of ovar 3O0s oei. I give
hese experts the geatlatitude. Mr.
3ilmer bad insrctiozaogil'e his time
snd'attention to the itrfor the Btats
and other deiartmentspdxcept one-sixth,2
whbich he was to divideigm.nearly as prac
tiable,.- between the.. Office DoeV
ment and the Navy t.The othW
tree experts hadat aarenad
all gave some time t' this Post ollce De
partment. dwe-r.
Irregularity, But No Wraut.
"Mr. Gilmer had go~ vtthe work of
he Washington post loe for one~ whdie
qarter and spent four iponths thereenU. IO
faud was discovered~'4 irregulare
ad been discovered- BosctL
chaimes had been ps4nshetfitU
pepIatlon, but they paM asi
audtet adnudesemmestancess
Rha theS~w ans ny UPioISi
it, the areat KI
) was near death's door and was
iend, do you suffer with. kidney
.
HUGO HUTT, PHILAD:
t man in the Fire Department and
urnaments for his prowess in the
e United States Ipliantry, having for
Niobrara, Neb. Mr. Hutt also
a Regiment during the Spanish
- Kimer's
TURE'S GREATEST Al
ramp-Root is so remarkably successfu
have a sample bottle sent absolutely f
iamton, N. Y. In writing, be sure to
>ne-dollar size bottles are sold by all d
1,N. Y., on every bottle.
pad -precedent. Therefore the letter did
pot arouse any suspicion, nor did I then
suppose it was obtained for improper pur
poses"
A Painful Interview.
"Mr, Gilm'er, however, did not have it
copied in my offce, and when he left he
took it with him, and took with him also
the original working draft of the demands
upon the postmaster for explanations.
After Mr. Tulloch published his statement
I discovered this abstraction, and asked
Mr. Gilmer for them. He brought them to
my offce, and when asked why he had
taken them away and given them to Mr,
Tulloch he broke down and in tears told
me that he blamed me for his removal
from my o1Rce. His removal was not at
my instance. I even interceded for his re
tention in the service, though I did not ask
that he be retained in my emopce. I knew
that he was objectionable to the Depart
ment of Justice, thre Post offce Depart
ment, the interstate commerce comission,
the appointment division of the Treasury
Department and to the auditor's omce for
the District of Columbia. I was willing to
get rid of him personally, but in view of his
ability as a clerk I recommanded that he be
retained in the service at a desk where he
could not make himself obnoxious.
Courts a Full Inquiry.
"And now, Mr. Postmaster General, I
beg to suggest that I am an owcial of the
Treasury Department, and am directly re
sponsible to the Secretary of the Treasury
for my offcial conduct. All my offcei'l acts
are of record in my oice, and on that rec
ord I must stand and am willing to stand;
and of that record I court a full and com
plete investigation by the constituted an
thorities of the Treasury Department. Do
not understand me, however, as objecting
to your Inquiry. It is very proper, and I
am glad to furnish the information, and
you are at liberty ~ to make such use of it
as you may deem proper. Jn view of the
publications that have been made, I hope
you will give it to the press.
"If I can be of further assistance to
you, I am at your service."
IN CHESS CIRCLES
The telegraph match between the Brook
fyn and Chicago clubs has been fixed for
Decoration day, play to begin at 10 a.m.
Napier, Howell, Helmn, A. W. Fox, Zirn,
Curt, Blmarm, Ruth, Ewel, Robinson
a.nd Dr. Tabor will figure among the prin
cIpal players of tbas Brooklyn. The .upper
crust of the Chicago. are Johnn, Phillips,
Wedeman, Medinus, Houghialing. L. W.
Parke, Lee, -I/'Homm~ede' and Aate. This
last mounds like our Dr. Qeorge F. Adair,
who, when stationed at Fort Sheridan, con
sorted with the Chicago club and is a for
midable player, but he Is now located at
Fort Wadsworth, New York harbor.
Mr. Kemeny has returned to Philaeilia
and resusned the publication of the Ameri
can Chess Weekly. H exainsM its lapse
while . wsat Mente Carlo and his fail
ure to nmt to subscribers the daily re
pott of g'anes, as undertaken, to sickne=s
at both. ends of the line and unfavorable
condtons at Mont tarlo to getathe desired
newt together in tme Two numbers haVe
aHpuaegiving intereetin~g desaa ef the
tourny, - the unfortunate exclusios. of
Tschlgmrln and all of Dr. Trae' gammas
in the de.t The scn ~e.Mrm'
U~ta*e M of the -itren
h t sts - hehm
er s $to~r
ea
HtiaiMj1 14 Fire
Iney and Bladder
H ERE is thestory as he gave it I
delphia's Great- Newspaper, "
-Yea wo arfi hsefee it whem I ti
a diseaed emaditiom that say relatven s
LPHIA FIRBMAN.
A Nl' this is only one man's story
per cotid be-persuaded to read
which come to Dr. Kilmer's Swamp
aflict humanity would be cut dow
For. these testimonials all prov
cure for kidney, liver and bladder ti
Swam p=R no
D TO THE SUFFERIN
I that a.special arrangement has been
ree by mail, also a book that tells all
mention that you read this generous
ruggists. Don't make any mistake, bt
tages, of playing the opposing pieces and
not, the man that moves them, as Stenitz,
the' organizer'of this school, put it, and
finally, once In a long while playing off a
brillancy When that is simply the shortest
-way of eiding the game, not forgetting to
do a whole'lot of jockeying while giving the
other fellow a. chance to . make a break.
Morphy. while the "cliess fever was on him.
could play both sound and brilliant, be
cause while playing with due care he could
see further into the game by a move or two
than the first rates of his day; his rank is
therefore established above he best of
the plodding school.
The study of the Rice gambit would seem
to be. doing one service, good or bad, not
before anticipated. That is that analysis
is no good because it settles nothing. From'
the beginning of the agitation of the ques
tion to 'the present, extending over a num
ber of years, moves have been made only
to be battered down. Sometimes quite an
extended game has stood for some time,
and then some fellow comes along and
proves that a move way back Is bad and
all the other side rush to the breach to
find the true continuation. Professor Rice
from the beginningr has struggled at this
as If It were a life's work, and all through
has had the able assistance of Mr. Lip
scheuts to heal. every breach on that side,
and occasionally the help of other very
able players. Mr. Laskenes name will ap
pear below as trying to plug up a new and
seriotis leak. To come back it seems In a
case like this when .experts of little differ
ence of standing are pegging away at. each
other, nothing stands.
TO, illustrate, MElwaine playing black
against Parkinson won the first game of
the tourney, and did It by playing on his
tenth move a discarded variation (B-B4),
once dead and buried and now. unearthed.
Mr. Mortimer's book, gotten out by Pro
fessor Rice for the benefit of the partici
pators in the tourney as up to date, gives
black's sixteenth move as B-Kt5, but here
Mr. McIlwaine varied, again, and played
Kt-B5, ajnd Par):lnson threw up the sponge.
That game ran as. follows:
- Rce Gambit.
Parkin.sa. Msenwaine. Parkisn. Mcdlwaine.
1 P-K4 - NK4 1 P-BB - B-B4
2 P-KD4 PiP 11P-Q4 A
SKt-KBB P-KKta 1g B-KtS OateQB
4 P-KB4 P-KtS 18 ExP Et-BA
5 Kt-KD Rt-KBS .- MBa: QiP
* B-4 -Be 15Bra P-Kts
7 PaP Kt-B5
g.0astls -
to-.K ly h~fIIWn f ly
Thereupon.- .Cbamveltni kr.gos o
work to regai*m he.- whole structure
ahd suggestatetlg.wn line o lya
te teplyin a- situation, after
careful considerati2,.gave his double
barred. opinion as to 'tosurety of the play
he re n-- aa i '4amateur, probably
knowing nqtinge of say controversy about
It,: suyplied .the moe -that overthrew It,
the right man-saw It and made it public,
and 'so goes ana1ul.-The Lasker -In
tended improvement on white's play fol
~L. Nashr White. Blast,
aP-KBM PiP 1S PiB
&KEt-KUS P-KKtt 12 P
4.P-KBE P--EtS '14 P 'R
P KP 7 -KN
S5== Kt-Eta
Albert W. Fog, formerly one of the lead
g eof tha:Washington Club, now
aw ne the Nag=e In th.
nflowingame3gr.m MCharles Curt,
~leding
Depa -Ant- Once
h, by Using
Remedy.
o a special representative of Phila..
The North American:"
0 yen there was a tise Whe my body was in stek
4 fris wenid her. at ne time, been 9nrrmed
to learm of my death. It was aln de to fiene
trouble, which I -edI seemit ne reliet. I
wes mdi the care of oy ftamBy phbyseiaa efo
a number of years, but be wan Unable to do
me an good. I alse ceemited two MOted spe
cialists on kidney diseases, but they were un
able to give me more tha- temporary relief. I
bad already made aplicatkia to join the army,
but was turned down on account of my bad
physical eosition.
"0 was advised to try that greatest of all
remwdiesWAMP-ROOT.
"I wrote to Dr. Kilmer & Co.. at Binghamton.
N. Y , for a sample bottle, and Its effeet upon
me 'as so noticeable that I went Immediately
and b~ught a supply from my druggist, with
the result that In a comparatively short time I
bad entirely recovered and became the man you
see me now.
"I served a number of years In the army, and
for the past four years I have been connected
with the PhIladelphIa Fire Department. My
work, both in the army and fighting- fires In
Philadelphia, has been of the most ardoaM, and
work that I could not do did I not have a
strong physique.
"I do not know what the words 'Kidney
Tremble' mesa now, and do not ezpket to. I
cannot speak too highly of Swamp-Root. A few
bottles of this great remedy did more for me
than a dosen physicians could."
(Signed)- HUGO FU TT,
22 Vine at.. Philadelphia, Pa.
-if the average reader of a newspa
the thousands of such testimonials
Root, the kidney troubles which now
n 50 per cent.
e beyond a doubt that the greatest
oubles is
Gee
made by which all of our readers
about it and its wonderful cures.
offer in The Washington Daily
it remember the name, Swamp
Lasker bas recently Initiated with great suceet
against the Sicilian Defense.
(b) Threatening to win the exchange. shoul
Black defend the pawn with P-KS, by KtxKt and
B-B5. t
(c) This sacridceof the exchange -em to be
sound and necessary In order to free Black's game.
(d) The game was prolOnged for about a dosea
moves and fnally drawn. Black afterward pointed
out this method of winning: 50 . P-R4; 51
K-R. K-Re; 52 K-Kt, P-Kt4; 53 K-R, P-Kt5;
54 K-Kt, P-Rt5; 55 K-R. P-Kt6 and wins. if
51 K-Kt, K-6; 62 K-t, P-K8.
Here follow a few short games from
Vienna:
Bishop's Gambit.
Pillsbury. Swiderski. Pillsbury. Swiderekt.
1 P-K4 P-K4 8 B-B4 Q-Ktsch
2 P-KB4 PxP 9 P-Q4 BxKt
3 B-B4 P-Q4 10 PxB KtxP
4 BxQP KKt-BI 11 QB1P Kt-Q2
5 QKt-B& B-Q~t5 12 Q-Q3 KKt.-i3
6 Kt-B3 Cst 13B-QS E-K
I Castles P-11 14 Kt-Eta BssignS.
Muzio Gambit.
gehleeter. Tebigorin. schlecter. Thsohirift.
1 P-K4 P-K4 16 Kt-QS QR-KB
2 P-KB4 PaP IT Kt-B4
a Kt-KBS P-KKtA 11 Kt-K& P-BS
41B-B4 P-KtI 19 P-KKt4 Kt-KS
5 Castles PNKt 20 Kt-B~ek KtxKi
* QKP Q-K2 21 KPzKt Et-Kti
7 P-e KtQBS 21 P-B~eh RaP
8 QP B-R1 23 E3 KalR
9 34 R-B~eh K-Kte
30 - 3243-3T KtzB
11 P- BaB 28 RaB Kt-B5
12 ExB Kt-R3 27 K-RI
111B-R5 P28 EtQP P
14 R-B K Refns
15 P-KRS B-4@
Yndar of Besert Catalogus.
For th~e convenience of every one desirous
of information In regard to summer re
sorts. The Star has collected a quantity of
catalogues and booklets from the summer
hotels. These have been clamsified end con
veniently arranged, and an index of the
catalogues that are now at The Star office,
copies of which any one may have for the
askring, may be found on page 37.
Building Permits.
Building permits were Issued today as fol
lows:
Washington Sanitary Improvement Com
pny, sixteen two-story brick dwellings,
200, 202, 204, 206, 206, 210, 212, 214, 216, 218,
220, 222, 224, 226, 228 and 230 Q street
northwest; cost. $48,000.
Wyashington Sanitary- Improvemet Com
pny, twelve tosrybrick dwellings,
1528, 151, 1583, 1585, 153T, 1589, 1541, 1543,
1545, 154T, 1548 and 1551 3d street north
west; cost, $38,000.
National Capital Brewing Company, two
story brick additions and repairs to 301.5 K
street northwest; eost, $1,000.
-Home for Incurahte= .repaira, Idnthlcum
estate, Dent's subdiviion, on Inthicum
place; cost. $300.
a.B Pltsgerald; two~tory frame addition
oed repairs to 206 K street northwest; cost.
George H. Littleford, two-story frame
addition and repairs to iEE K street south
east; eost, $100.U.
Boy's Aria lraotur.
Carl Conisman a twelve-yea'fOi& boy, wan
thrown from his biscycle near the corner
of 27th and N ditebts, about 122 o'cleck
today. and =a==ed- a fracture of the left
rmn. He was resoed to the oe of a
r.eby physidma, who gave surgical aid,
aftr which he west tqahis hornia, a8o Cam
bresret
wh.. -n-aen- d a e.e & e...su
as deseset 'p.'

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