WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1903-THIRTY-SIX PAGES.
IN THREE PARTS.
COLOMBIA WILL FIGHT
Seven Thousand Troops Are
on Way to Colon.
CONSUL TORRES TALKS
CRITICISES ACTION OF AMERICAN
Says His Government Will Fulfill
Treaty Obligations Regardless
of Our Interference.
PARIS, November 7.?The Patrie this af
ternoon publishes In a dispatch from Ant
werp. Belgium, an interview with Gonzales
Torres, consul general of Colombia, who
?ays he has Just received a dispatch from
Colombia announcing that 7.000 troops are
about to arrVe at Savanilla, on their way
Among the number are 500 men from the
department of Antioqui. The department
of Jioyaca is also furnishing its contingent.
Chides Our Naval Action.
Consul General Torres adds that the ac
tion of the American naval forces at Colon
prevented Colombia from sending troops to
Panama to suppress the uprising, thus pre
venting Colombia from fulfilling her treaty
obligation to maintain order.
He further declares that. In spite of
American Interference, Colombia will ful
fill her treaty duties and will march troops
by land to Panama.
The Patrie asserts that the foregoing in
terview discloses that Colombia has decid
ed "not to permit the I'nlted States to take
part of lier territory under the pretext oi
creating a new republic."
ATLANTA AT COLON.
Big United States Cruiser Arrived
There This Morning.
COLON. Colombia, November 7.?The
United States cruiser Atlanta arrived here
ADHERE TO NEW REPUBLIC.
Municipal Councils Assure Allegiance
COLON. November 7 The municipal
councils of Penonomo. Kmperador, San
Carlos and Arraijan have announced their
adherence to the new republic of Panama.
Gen. Pompllo Gulterrez, who arrived at
Colon Thursday to replace Governor Obal
dia, sailed for Cartagena the same day on
the steamer Orinoco, which took the Colom
bian troops from Colon.
The following provisional appointments
have been made here:
Governor and military chief?Porfiro Me
Secretary of the government?Cristobal
Commandant of police?Manuel Paredes.
FRANTIC WITH DELIGHT.
People of Panama Rejoice at Recogni
tion by United States.
COLON, November i.?The people here
are frantic with delight at the United
States' recognition of the de facto govern
ment of the republic of Panama.
TO REPRESENT PANAMA HERE.
M. Pliillipe Bunau-Varilla Appointed
PANAMA, November 7?0 a.m.?M. Philip
pe Bunau-Varilla has been appointed diplo
matic agent of the republic of Panama at
"Washington, ire Is one of the financial
agents of the Panama Canal Compajiy.
His first official act was to officially notify
the Junta that the United States IkwI recog
nized the de facto government of the repub
lic of Panama
The news caused great rejoicing here and
waa telegraphed throughout the country.
Preparations are being made to celebrate
the event with great enthusiasm.
M. Philippe Bunau-Varilla is now in New
PARIS, November 7. ? M. Philippe
Bunau-\ arllla, who has been appoint
ed diplomatic agent of the republic of
Panama at Washington, is a brother of
Maurice Bunau-Varilla, president of the
Matin Company of Paris, and one of the
engineers who took an active part in the
work done toward the construction of the
FRANCE HOLDS ALOOF.
But Will Recognize Independence of
PARIS, Novemlier 7.?Before giving a
formal recognition by France of the new
republic of Panama, Foreign Minister Del
cause has decided to secure a specific
declaration that the new regime will carry
out Colombia's former obligations in con
nection with the canal and other French
proj erty Interests.
Until this declaration is unmistakably
glv ri French recognition will be with
held. but as soon as it Is given there Is
the best reason to believe that France will
rec< gnize the indcpvudcnce of the new
Cable Inquiries arc now proceeding to
Beu.re the specific assurance requested. The
French consul at Panama cables yesterday
tha' Panama would# assume Colombia's
former treaty and legal obligations.
This is considered by the officials here as
making practically certain the intentions
of the new state toward French property
rights, but in order to remove the slightest
question of doubt a definite declaration
from the new regime is awaited.
W1 en this is received it is expected that
the French course toward the recognition
of the new state will follow substantially
that taken by Washington yesterday, the
French consul at Panama being directed
to enter Into relations with the authorities,
and formal letters of recognition following
The officials here construe the action
taken by the United States as l>eing
equivalent to a full recognition of the new
Anxiety for British Ship.
SAN FRANCISCO. November 7.-Grave
anxiety Is felt for the British ship Van
dura, now out Ilfty-alx days from Puget
sound for Ban Diego. Ten per cent rein
surance has been paid on her.
Representative of the New
WILL BE RECOGNIZED
MR. GUDGER GOES TO THE WHITE
HOUSE FOR INSTRUCTIONS.
Will Be Our Chief Exponent of the Ad
ministration's Policy on
Perhaps the most important announce
ment of the day from the State Depart
ment. as Indicating: a speedy establishment
of full diplomatic relations with the .WW
republic of Panama, was that Mr. Bruit jau
Varilla is to be recognized as the agent of
Panama in the United States. Mr. Varilla
is nt present In New York, but it is said
here he is the resident fiscal agent of the
Panama Canal Company in Paris. With
hlir. the United States government will
transact any necessary business in an un
official way pending the appointment of
regular ministers plenipotentiary. It is
held that the President has power under
the Constitution to appoint ministers or
Consul General Gudger
At the White House this morning.
apents of the United States to a country
under the conditions that now prevail as
to Panama, but he must look to Congress
thereafter to approve his action by provid
ing the necessary salary for the officer.
President Cleveland pursued that course in
the case of Commissioner Paramount
Blount. It is not yet determined, novvver,
that it will be necessary to follow that lead
in the case of Panama.
Instructing Consul General Gudger.
With the full and explicit instructions
furnished to him by Secretary Hay, Mr.
Gudger, the United States consul general
to Panama, who is to sail tomorrow for
that post, may be regarded as fully quali
fied to discharge any diplomatic duties that
may devolve upon him. Mr. Gudger called
at the State Department today for a fur
ther conference with Secretary Hay. who
afterward sent him to the White House to
talk over the situation with the President.
Secretary Hay had previously conferred
with the President Mr. Gudger called with
Justice l'ritchard, his personal friend and
from his own state. North Carolina. He
talked briefly with the President about
Panama affairs and then hurried over to
the State Department.
New Republic Developing.
Such reports as came to the State De
partment overnight and in the early morn
ing indicated a regular development of the
new state of Panama. They were gener
ally confirmatory of the press dispatches
of the night before. For instance. Consul
Malmors reported from Colon, under this
morning's date, as follows: ?
"Absolute tranquillity In Colon. Porfirio
Melendez has been appointed governor of
Colon, and proclaimed at 10 o'clock yes
terday. Knglish, French and American
consuls present. Ixiunch has been sent to
Bocas del Toro to proclaim independence
A cablegram from United States Minister
Beaupre, dated at Bogota, November 3,
"There are rumors in Bogota of serious
disturbances on the isthmus, and it Is
thought there will be an immediate move
ment for independence. It is very difficult
to obtain trustworthy information."
To Protect British Interests.
The British government has formally re
quested the State Department to look after
the Interests of British subjects on the
Isthmus, and similar requests from other
Kuropean nations are expected, all of which
will be promptly granted. It Is said there
are reasons why It is desirable that a large
foreign naval representation In Isthmian
waters should be discouraged Just now and
until the new government Is permanently
established. It is expected here that there
will be little delay about such establish
ment, and as soon as there is a regular gov
ernment in place of the present junta the
State Department expects to take up nego
tiations for the execution of the canal
project. The State Department has de
cided that as far as It is concerned it re
gards as effective and still In force a9 to
the new state of Panama the treaties that
governed as to Colombia, or as to New Gra
nada rather. Consequently It Is stated that
nil of the concessions Including the Panama
Canal Company's concession, are regarded
as valid and in force.
Isthmian Canal Negotiations.
Another important conclusion reached by
the department was that notwithstanding
the fact that the Spooner canal act in
terms required tho United States govern
ment before beginning the canal to con
clude a treaty with Colombia, the spirit of
the act will be met by the conclusion of an
arrangement with the new state of Panama
on the lines of the Spooner act. and it will
proceed to that end. In other words. It is
held that Just as the engagements entered
into by the United States with New Gran
ada have ever since been regarded as bind
ing >n regar l to Colombia, so, accepting the
common-law doctrine in such cases as bind
ing, the department Is authorised to read
"Panama" instead of Colombia, In the
Legislation Deemed Unnecessary.
In that sense the President will tlnd It un
necessary, unless he cares to do so, to go
*NP DEvgfcY rfLio RANt
to Congress for further legislation to au
thorize the construction of the Panama
?Significant of the strength of this deci
sion was the appearance at the Slate De
partment of Rear Admiral John G. Walker,
U. S. X., retired, president of the isthmian
canal commission, who, indeed, for the
past tlireT days has been in conference with
the President and Secretary Hay. Uj.on him
will probably devolve the initiation of the
practical working out of the canal project,
and he is keeping himself fully posted as to
every development here in Washington,
while Major William M. Black, one of th^
ablest engineer officers in the United States
army, who happens by a strange coinci
dence to have been engnged in looking after
the physical aspects of the canal problem
on the isthmus for tlie past few months,
has been furnishing information from that
The Baltimore May Not Be Sent.
A telegram was received at the Navy De
partment this morning, saying that the
cruiser Baltimore arrived at Puerto Plata,
Santo Domingo, this morning, but making
no reference to the state of affairs at that
port, which is in the possession of the in
surrectionists and is under blockade by the
government forces. It appears from re
ports received at the Navy Department
that the Baltimore arrived at Sanchez, a
port on the northern cost of Santo Do
mingo, on the .'id instant. Sanchez and
Puerto Plata are not more than 40U miles
apart, and it is not understood at the de
partment why it took the Baltimore four
days to cover that distance.
Although the Baltimore may eventually
be sent to Colon to reinforce the Nashville,
Dixie and Atlanta, it is said at the Navy
Department that no orders to thit effect
have been issued. In view of the fact that
the situation on the isthmus is now well
under control, with no immediate prosects
of fresh outbreaks, it is believed that the
Baltimore is likely to remain at Santo
Domingo, where there seems to be great
need for the presence of an American war
The original report that the Baltimore
was to be immediately dispatched to Colon
was coupled with the statement that she
would be relieved in Dominican waters by
the gunboat Newport, which at that time
was at Jacksonville. If such was the in
tention of the department, the plan has
certainly been abandoned for word was re
ceived at the department this morning that
the Newport instead of going south, left
Jacksonville yesterday for Savannah, Ga.,
to be repaired and to take part in a local
The Atlanta at Colon.
According to a message received at the
Navy Department the cruiser Atlanta ar
rived at Colon this morning: from Kingston,
Jamaica. Commander Delano commanding
the training ship Dixie, is the senior naval
officer present at Colon, and by virtue of
that fact la In command of the small Ameri
can fleet assembled there.
BITTER COPPER WAR ENDSP
Heinze Said to Have Sold Interests to
PORTLAND Ore., November 7.?The Ore
gonian today prints the following special
from Butte, Mont.:
A report, apparently based upon the very
best authority, indicates that the settlement
of the long and Mtter copper war between
F. Augustus Heinze and the Amalgamated
Copper Company Is in sight, and resump
tion of the latter's mines and smelters la
not far distant.
According to Information, Heinze has sold
out his entire Butte holdings, with the ex
ception of a small Interest, and be will
act as the Amalgamated Copper Company's
manager of all Its mines and smelters.
The price paid by the Amalgamated or
prloe It Is to pay could not be ascertained.
President William Scallon, of the Ana
conda Company and representative of the
Amalgamated, refuses either to affirm or
deny the report. He declared that such
was possible, though, if the settlement bad
been effected with Helns by the Amalga
mated officials in New York, he was not
aware of it.
Upon the most reliable statements made
by the Amalgamated people it is under
stood that Governor Toole will call an
eim session of the legislature within th*
next week, that a fair trial bill of the
Amalgamated Copper Company may be en
HOUSE REPUBLICANS DISINCLIN
ED TO TALK.
Representative Adams Tells of the Ac
tion in Regard to Brazil, Which
Was Equally Prompt.
Republicans of the House were, in gen
eral, disinclined today to discuss for pub
lication the Panama situatibn and the rec
ognition of the new republic by the United
States. Of coursfe, they will stand by the
administration In their public utterances,
especially if the democrats show a dispos
ition to criticise the administration for the
celerity with which action has been taken.
Democratic representatives were also
loath to talk freely at this time, in view,
perhaps, of the possibility of the question
assuming a political aspect at an early
In private conversation both criticism and
commendation were heard among members
of both parties. Some republican represen
tatives expressed the fear that the prompt
ness of the administration in extending rec
ognition would subject this government to
criticism by foreign governments, but even
the men who noticed that apprehension Sidd
in the next breath that the circumstances
of the case left nothing else to be done.
^ The Case of Brazil.
Representative Adams of Pennsylvania, a
member of the foreign affairs committee In
the last Congress and former minister to
Brazil, was asked by a Star reporter his
opinion of the action of this government.
"This is not the first time we have ex
tended quick recognition to a new repub
lic," said Mr. Adams. "I Was the minister
to Brazil when the people *ot that country
threw oft the monarchy aitd established a
republic. The change in government was
wrought within twenty-fOpr hours, and
without disturbance. Wheh we got down
to Rio Janeiro the next morning after the
revolt, we found btf&neps progressing,
stores open and, except for a patrol here
and there doing police duty? there were no
tr.oops on the streets.
"Wlthki tliree days.. antf practically as
soon as cable communication could be re
stored, I was instrucflkl fit) recognize the
new government." if ?
Representative Hull Iowa, who will be
chairman of the military afrairs committee,
commended the recognition of the new re
Representative Mann ?f Illinois said:
"Alter the treatment accorded us, and
the hold up of the Frtnch people by the
government of Bogota, Is tHbik we were
Justified in taking any atep dictated by the
occasion which' would Nave us in a tech
nically safe position."
CHEERS FOB. UBBTfcD STATES.
Big Demonstration at American Con
sulate in Fuamk
A special cablegram from Panama, Co
lombia. via Galveston,' Tax., to the New
York Herald last night says:
The greatest enthusiasm prevails at Pan
ama and Colon over tha departure of the
last of the Colombian troops. The isthmians
now believe that independence has been
won without the necessity of bloodshed.
On every hand cheers for the United
States are heard. During an Immense pa
rade. which was held last night, the popu
lace surrounded the American consulate,
while the bands played patriotic airs.
Cheers were given with a vim for Presi
dent Roosevelt, Commander Hubbard of the
gunboat Nashville, Secretary Hay and the
acting consul general, Mr. Bhrman.
There were torchlight processions over the
city, and hundreds followed the military
bands and joined in the applause tor the
members of the provisional government.
Gen. Heurtas was taken on the shoulders
of the crowd and carried through the
Vine Provinces Join Revolt.
The governments of colon wfl Panama
are now fully organized and are exercising
all the official duties. All nine provinces
have joined in the movement for independ
ence, and perfect union and cordiality reign
throughout the isthmus. No disturbances
have been reported, and the new govern
ment is running smoothly.
The Herald correspondent at Colon tele
graphs that all of the Colombian soldiers
departed on the steamer Orinoco. There
was considerable excitement previous to
the embarkation, as several of the soldiers
refused to go on board unless their chiefs.
Generals Tovar and Amava, were released
in time to go with them. They were finally
induced to go, when it was explained that
the generals wouid be released and follow
The Dixie at Colon.
The Dixie has arrived at Colon and is
now off Porto Bello, north of Colon. She
has landed marines. The Nashville will
leave tonight for a cruise along the coast, |
the Dixie remaining on guard at Colon.
The Atlanta is expected Saturday from
The new flag is floating over all the sta
tions along the railroad from Colon to Pan -
WORK FOB 5,000 MORE MEN.
Steel Mills to Resume Operations After
Three Weeks' Shut-Down.
PITTSBURG, Pa., November 7.?Resump
tions of operations of plants along the
Monongahela liver will give employment to
more than 5,000 additional men within the
next forty-eight hours.
Notices have been posted at the Duquesne
works of the Carnegie Company to the
effect that work will be resumed in all de
partments tomorrow night, after a suspen
sion of three weeks. Two additional sheet
mills at the Dewees works will be placed
In operation for the first time Sunday,
and several additional departments at the
National Tube Works will start Monday.
At Glassport the ax and tool works and
the plant of the Pittsburg steel foundry,
which has been running half time, will re
sume in full Monday morning, and at
Clairton the bar mills and the blast fur
naces that have been closed for over a
month will resume work Sunday night.
DECREASE IN COTTON GINNED.
Census Bureau Bulletin on Operations
Up to October 18.
A bulletin issued by the census bureau
today on the cotton ginned from the
growth of the present year up to October
18 places the amount at 8,839,627 com
mercial bales, as against 5,925,872 bales
ginned up to the same date last year.
The complete returns on production for
1902 showed that 53.5 per cent of the total
crop had been ginned prior to October 18
f>l that year, but the percentage of the
glnnage prior to October 18 of this year
cannot be known until the final report for
the year is made. Meantime two other
reports will be submitted, on November
18 and December 18. The statistics for
the present year were collected by 631 lo
cal agents, who found that 27,723 ginneries
had been operated prior to October 18,
while to the corresponding date last year
29,814 ginneries had been operated. The
only comment made In the bulletin on the
falling oft of this year's production is the
following: "In comparing the statistics of
tlie two years due allowance must be made
for the different conditions of the two
seasons.' The following figures show the
production ginned In the various states for
the present year up to October 18:
Alabama, 446,102; Arkansas, 129,833; Flor
ida, 23,436; Georgia. 619,644; Indian Terri
tory. 66,823; Kentucky, 211; Louisiana,
241,100; Mississippi, 479,103; Missouri, 8,027;
North Carolina, 232,626; Oklahoma, 40,526;
South Carolina, 414,709; Tennessee, 69,748;
Texas, 1,065,229; Virginia, 2.611.
Carlisle Team See the Commissioner.
The members of the foot ball team from
Carlisle Indian school called at the Indian
bureau this morning and saw Commissioner
Jones and Major Charles F. Larabee, chief
of the land division of the bureau. The In
dians play the Georgetown University team
this afternoon, and the commissioner prom
ised to attend the game if his official duties
The Worst Climate of Any in
SPAIN'S OLD CAPITAL
FOUNDED IN THE EARLY CEN
TURIES, IT IS CALLED MODERN.
Has Some Attractive Streets and Many
Fine Buildings Occupied as Gov
Spocinl <'orr'-sjxHKjfnr'e of The EveuliiK Star ami
Chicago Uecord-Herald. ?
MADRID. October 2S, 1903.
According to tlie geography Madrid Is sit
uated on the banks of the Manzanares
river, 2,130 feet above the sea, and has
512,000 inhabitants; but as there is no wa
ter In the river for seven or eight months
in the year except little pools among the
bowlders, the Manzanares is useless ex
cept as a theme for jokes. The best one I
have seen or heard was perpetrated by a
witty French woman. When she first saw
the magnificent bridge which Philip IV had
built to cross it, she remarked that if the
king were wise he would buy a river or else
sell his bridge.
During the early spring, when there are
heavy rains, and the hot sun beats upon the
snow banks of the Guadarrama mountains
and melts them, floods come down with a
rush. The river often overflows its banks.
The bare hard ground, baked in the sun,
sheds it like a roof, and it rushes off to the
sea without serving any useful purpose. A
scheme to preserve and utilize these floods
for irrigation purposes has partially been
carried out, and when it is completed, if
that should ever happen, the ancient cli
mate of the Spanish capital, which the ear
ly writers tell us was delightful, may possi
bly be restored. Already there are several
isolated examples of what might be done in
this respect, and attempts to grow timber
around the city have been remarkably suc
cessful, especially one made by the Queen
Christina during the last eight or nine
Queen Christina's Park.
When Christina came to Madrid -there
was not an acre of ground upon which the
royal family might exercise or find recrea
tion without going into the public streets.
On the slope of the hill beneath the palace,
however, was an open tract of land be
longing to the state, called the Campo del
Moro, because one of the Moorish invaders
pitched his camp there in 1100 "when he was
besieging the city. When Philip II adopted
Madrid for the capital he planted a lew
trees and bushes and laid out some drives,
but the place has since been neglected, and
until the queen took hold of it was the re
sort of the most depraved classes in Ma
drid. Honest people never ventured there.
In 1890 she had a wall built around the
place, compelling the roughs and tramps
and loafers to seek other spots for loaf
ing and sunning themselves. She was crit
icised for it, as she is criticised for every
thing; it was charged that she had deprived
the poor people of their recreation grounds,
but she is a far-sighted woman and had
the welfare of the baby king at heart.
She knew that his delicate constitution
could be strengthened only by exercise in
the open air, which it was impossible for
him to take in the street. To give him an
area in which he could run at large, road
ways where he could drive his ponies and
lanes where he could gallop on horseback,
she employed a landscape architect, dug
irrigating ditches, planted trees and shrubs,
and laid out twenty-four acres of park and
garden. Nature has supported her purpose
so bravely that it is said that every tree
and shrub has grown well. It is not only
an Interesting incident in her career as re
gent and illustrates her solicitude for her
son, but is also an object lesson of valiie
which few of the Spanish families are imi
You will read in many books that Span
iards do not like trees. That is a mistake
which originated in early days when they
stripped the slopes and plains of the coun
try of timber on the false theory that the
trees attracted and sheltered the birds that
ate up their wheat and corn. Writers as
early as 1582 gave this explanation, and it
has been repeated by successive generations
who have written about the hideous naked
ness of the Castilian mountains and hills.
Earlier writers describe the country as be
ing well timbered. They speak of extensive
forests peopled with wild animals, but dur
ing the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
most of the timber was cut off and three
fourths of the country was left a bleak and
arid land. What became of the timber we
cannot say, but to destroy it was the great
est folly, and during the present generation
the planting of forests has so changed the
climate that people are beginning to notice
The Worst Climate in the World.
Madrid has the reputation of possessing
the worst climate of any city in the world,
which Is due to sudden and extreme varia
tions In temperature Its winds are worse
than those of Chicago, and they shift from
one quarter to another without the slightest
wariyng. The temperature changes ac
cordingly. The morning may be sunny and
serene and the atmosphere bright and
warm, when suddenly the sun will be over
cast and an Icy blast will sweep down from
the mountains across the treeless plains like
a messenger of death. Then an hour or two
later the sky will be cleared, the sun will
pour down Its burning rays again and the
entire town will be bathed in perspiration.
When a Madrid gentleman starts out In the
morning he is never certain whether he
ought to carry a fur overcoat or put on a
suit of linen. The result is a large death
rate, the mortality being mostly due to fev
ers and diseases of the lungs and throat.
Several proverbs have been suggested by
the extremes of climate. One of them says
that Madrid has nine months of winter (el
invlerno) and three months of hell (inferno).
Another says. "Hasta el quarenta del mayo
no te quites 'el sayo" (Walt till the 40th of
May before you lay aside your cloaks), and
still another. "El aire de Madrid est tan
sutll que mata a un hombre y no apaga a
un candll" (The air of Madrid is so keen
that it will kill a man while it will not blow
out a candle).
The meteorological conditions are due
chiefly to the altitude of the city, the great
stretch of bare plain that surrounds it, and
(Continued on Tenth Page.)
IHE ISTHMIAN CANAL
Delay in Beginning Construc
TREATY WITH PANAMA
RATIFICATION WOULD REQUIRE
Views of Many Members of the Senate
and House as to Prospects of
However the events at the Isthmus of
Panama may terminate. It is conceded by
many senators and representatives that
considerable delay Is likely to follow In be*
(Tinning the construction of the canal there
or anywhere else. This feeling Is so strong
that those who do not favor any canal aro
just now feeling very comfortable.
It is thoroughly understood that Presi
dent Roosevelt is inclined to have a canal
at Panama. At the same time men who
know his purposes best declare that he has
been so strongly in favor of beginning
work on some canal to connect the two
occans that he would not hesitate to
abandon the project at Panama at any
time he thought It would be hopeless to
await longer a favorable outcome of the
negotiations for that property.
They are confident that his disposition
has been not to countenance a continuance
But now that the department of Panama
has declared Its independence the entire
situation has changed In a way to affect
the provision of the Spooner bill, providing
that the President should allow a "reason
able time" in which to secure the Panama
canal property, and falling in that should
turn to Nicaragua for a concession. Act
ing strictly under that authorization the
friends of the Nicaragua canal thi.ik the
President should proceed at once to a' u lire
the right to build a canal at Nicaragua
Change in the Situation.
But other counsels declare that the
events of the past few days entirely change
the aspect of the question of what a "rea
sonable time" means. A reasonable timo
under ordinary circumstances, they declare,
has terminated, and with Colombia to deal
with no more time, in view of the congres
sional authorisation, should be allowed In
order to secure the Panama route. The
course of the President would be to turn
to Nicaragua at once. But with the inde
pendence of Panama established they say
the President is confronted with an entirely
The power of the administration to secure
the Panama route through Colomb'a has
been exliausted. Every one had practically
ceased to hope for any favorable outcome
from further negotiations. With the sover
eignty of that route in the possession of the
republic of Panama the case is entirely dif
Sentiment on the Isthmus.
The sentiment of the people of Panama,
backed by their personal interests In the
encouragement of the work in their midst,
is all one way. They all want the canal.
They are believed to be more than ready
to make an arrangement with the United
States for its construction. Whereas the
interests of other parts of Colombia relate
almost entirely to what can be obtained
from this country and from the canal com
pany as compensation for the canal, the
interest in the project on the part of the
people of the Isthmus of Panama is In the
work of construction.
Their property and their various activi
ties. which have suffered heavily, form their
chief interest in the work. It is the l>en'>fit
they will derive from having *1!5IV>00.000
among them in the next few years. This
great prospect makes them more than ready
to lia%-e the canal built, and they will want
it begun as soon as possible.
Legislation Regarded as Necessary.
Although it may seem easy to effect an
agreement with the new republic of Pan
ama. it is contended by many that can be
done only after further congressional legis
lation. The Spooner bill provided specifi
cally for the purchase of rights from Co
lombia. Under that law the canal could
not, it is contended, be secured from the
new government at Panama.
Before legislation can be obtained for
that purpose another debate will be had,
and as the national campaign is in the
near future it Is generally believed that a
large part of the democrats will make
what capital they can of the President's
aption in promptly recognizing the new
government at Panama.
If a new treaty with Panama is offered
to the Senate it must, of course, have the
vote of two-thirds of the senators for rati
fication. Just what the view of the minor
ity on this subject will be cannot now be
Democrats and republicans alike at this
time hesitate saying anything about the
devfiopments at Panama. They declare
that they want more Information before
forming an opinion.
Little, Lofland and Chaffee Dismissed
From Naval Academy.
The Secretary of the Navy has signed the
orders dismissing Midshipmen Joseph
Diummond Little, John Henry Lofland and
Earl Worden Chaffee from the service of
the United States. All three midshipmen
were members of the first class at the
Naval Academy. They were tried and con
victed by court-martial on the charge of
hr.zing. Little was appointed from Ohio,
Lofland from Iowa and Chaffee from Wis
consin. all in 1900.
ANNAPOLIS, Md.. November 7.?The
three midshipmen. Earl Worden Chaffeo,
John Henry Lofland and Joseph DrummonJ
Little, who were tried by court-martial at
the Naval Academy for hazing members of
the fourth class, and found guilty of ,*>?
charge, were brought before Sup?-rin>? nlent
Brownson this morning and officially in
formed of their dismissal from the service
of the I'nited States. The announcement
was in the form of the order signed by
Secretary Moody. Superintendent Brown
son, who was in Washington yesterday in
connection with the hazing cases said,
when he returned home last night, that he
regretted much the necessity that the mid
shipmen should be dismissed. The three
midshipmen were members of the first class
and would have graduated next June. They
stood well up In their classes, which has a
membership of 117. Chaffee ranked No.
20. Little 21 and Lofland 41t. The dismissed
middies are expected to leave the academy
by this evening.
Fundamental Feature of American
Character, Says a German.
BERLIN. November 7.?Prof. Johannes
von Mikulicz, the well-known surgeon, lec
turing at Breslau yesterday on his recent
trip to the United States, said he found
more fruitful Ideas among the American
surgeons than among the French and
English. He added:
"The time la past when we were the gtv~
xml | txt