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Jaf. No. 15,852. WASHINGTON, D. C.f TUESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1903-TWENTY PAGES. TWO CENTS. t THE EVENINQ STAB. rUBUSHBD DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY. BtilatM 081m. lltt Stmt ui PnasjlruU ImM. The Evening Star Newspaper Company. S. H.. KAUTTKANN, PresMsat Hrw Tnk OIBm : Trikaa* Building. Chicago 0#<*: Tritaaa Building. Tbe BffDtng Star Is Mrred to aobacrlbera hi tl>a elty by carrion, oo tbelr ?>wa accoout. at lu ceata per w*ek, or M cents per moatb. ConJea ?t tbe counter. 3 eenta each By mall- anywhere In the u. 6 or Canada?l>oit age prepaid?6^ centa per moatb. Saturday Star. 33 paf**. Il ?*r !***? wl*" ?ur" ?Ifn poarae* aririwl f* AO (Enteivd at tbe Fust Office at Waabiurton. l?. v., aa aeconit claas mall mat tar. 1 CT-Ail mail anbecrlptlooa moat be palfl In artraixa. Kate* ot advertising mad* knows on apptlcaUon. JACOB RIIS OK II TOUR Visits Unsanitary Sections of National Capital. SURPRISED AT SIGHTS WASHINGTON SORELY IN NEED OP LEGISLATION. What He Saw Will Be Basis of Lecture at First Congregational Church Tonight. 'It's a pity that you cant entice away ihe j>eople who live there and then drop a Stick of dynamite In the building." "You would be a sort of philanthropic anarchist then." This little colloquy took place th's fore noon between Mr. Jacob A. Rlls of New York and Commissioner H. B. F. Maefar? land. They were paying a visit to places in Washington where people live In insanitary ,iouaes. Mr. R is made the first abatement and Hi. Macfarland was giving a good natured reply. Mr. Rlls and Commissioner Macfarland, together with Mr Charles F. Weiler, sec retary of the Associated Charities, and rep resentatives of the local newspapers, made a tour today of the alleys and the tene ment districts of the city, to get material for Mr. Rils' lecture at the First Congre gational Church this evening on "Washing ton's Conditions and Needs." The unhealthy conditions found in certain districts of the national capital, some of them within half a stone's throw of aris tocratic sections and some In close prox imity to schools and churches, were a reve lation to the newspaper men and also to Mr. Rlls. whose knowledge of the condi tions that obtained in the east side districts of New York In the days before a radical reform was instituted had led him to be lieve that Washington would be the last placo In the country where similar condi tions might be found. First Place Visited. Mr. Rlls was at th? White House, where he went directly after the funeral of the late ClYll Service Commissioner Procter, when Commissioner Macfarland's carriage with Mr. Weiler and the newspaper men called. The first place visited was what Is known as "Chinch row," or "Bed Bug row," a se questered place of filth within the confines of the block bounded by 18th and 19th streets and L and M streets northwest. Only two blocks away is the British em bassy, in Connecticut avenue, and equally near the Church of the Covenant. In this place was found a row of ramshackle frame buildings that would hardly be fit for the habitation of horses. Mr. Weiler explained that as many as Ave and six persons lived In a single room within these houses. The outbuildings had no connection with the sewer, and there was everything about the locality to sug gest an excellent place for the starting of an epidemic. "Who owns these buildings?" Mr. Riis asked. "I ache to put a torch to them." "If we get legislation that we are asking for we wili be able to condemn them," Com missioner Macfarland replied. "But haven't you a law of some kind that will permit you to reach such a nuisance and such a menace to health?" Mr. Rlls asked. "Not at present, but we hope to get It." "Why," continued Mr. Rlls. "the man who owns bul'dlngs and keeps them in such a condition Is guilty of murder. There is no other word for it." "I am glad that you may see for yourself Just what exists here," said Commissioner Macfarland. "We are anxious to arouse ubllc opinion to the extent that there will e * righteous demand for the proper legis lation." Six Sleep in One Boom. "In on-y house," said Mr. Weiler, "we found six persons sleeping in one room. There were five In one bed. There was no pillow tick, and the few rags that were used as bed covering were so greasy and dirty that the policeman who went with us used his club to move them rather than use his fingers." "Too bad! too bad!" said Mr. Riis. "There Is plenty of need for drastic work hero at the national cupital. I am surprised. But you are In the beginning. It Is different from what we used to find In New York. There we hitve no alleys. What you want to do In Washington Is to head oft every thing that is suggestive of renditions in sanitary. It Is easier to get in your good work now than It will be later on." The next place visited wa6 an open space In the equare bounded by 24th and 25th streets and M and N streets northwest. Mr. Weiler explained that he found here a man, wife and three children living in a single room. The baby was only three weeks old and the mother was out at work. There was little clothing found within the house, practically no furniture and only the fragment of a bed. The outbuilding was something fierce. "You have sanitary police, haven't you?" asked Mr. Rils. "All that Congress gives us," Mr. Mac farland replied, significantly. Mr. Rlls' eyes snapped and his manner suggested disgust. Resembled a Dump. This place was within a block or so of the weather bureau. The ground about the buildings. If such they could be called, sug gested a dump. The outbuildings were filthy beyond description. "In one of those houses," said Mr. Wei ler, "we found an old woman who Is kept constantly In confinement. She is shut up and seldom gets out of doors." "What a mercy," said Mr. Rlls, as he gazed at the filthy condition all about. "It la providential that she can't get to a<;a h9r Surroundings." In 25th street Mr. Rils pointed out a house, half of which was under ground, &i:d In a most Insanitary condition. "Do you permit this?" Mr. Rlls asked. "We can't help ourselves," Commissioner Macfarland replied. "If the house were unsafe, In danger of falling down and In juring some one, we could under the pres ent law condemn it and have it removed. Bpt we are powerless to do anything with a building that Is unsanitary And If the property is owned by a non-resident we are unable to do anything with him unless we Can serve him with papers In the District Of Columbia. He can remain away In definitely, and we can't even have the work Of making it sanitary done and charge It to the property." "You are certainly handicapped, and It Is an outrage," said Mr. Rlis. One Building D?molished. "I wish you could have seen the building that stood there," said Mr. Weiler, as the carriage reached an open space near 26th and M streets northwest. "The house that stood there was In a dilapidated condition. It was one of the filthiest, dirtiest places 1 have ever seen. But we were enabled to have that removed." "Thank heavens." said Mr. Rlls. It was here that Mr. Rlia declared that It would be a good thing to Inveigle the residents out of the buildings and then drop a stick of dynamite. "Congress and public opinion are the only^ hop* that we have," said Commissioner Macfarland, and Mr. Weiler nodded his head In assent. From here the carriage was driven to a (Continued on Second Page.) MORE RIOTING IN OOREA CORKAN OFFICIALS HURRYING TO QUELL DISORDERS. Japanese Mob Wounds Seventeen Per sons st Mokphe?Russia Has Not Yet Interfered. SEOUL., December IB.?More rioting has occurred at Mokphe, and yesterday a Jap anese mob wounded seventeen Coreans. High Corean officials are hurrying to Mokphe to try and quell the disorders. So far Russia has not interfered. United States Minister Allen has demand ed a definite answer from the Corean gov ernment In regard to the opening of the port of Wlju. Despite American, British and Japanese pressure Russian Influence over the Corean government is apparently unshaken, and It Is expected that Corea will procrastinate in dealing with the matter, and possibly may refuse eventually to act at all. A feeling of unrest Is growing among the Corean people, who fear that whether It be peace or war between Russia and Jupan that the extinction of the empire is Immi nent. It Is believed that the outbreak of hostili ties or the announcement of a protectorate of any kind will precipitate trouble. Foreigners In Seoul expect disorder, and the American residents desire a warship. The Corean army, numbering 8,000 men, Is considered one of the most diingerous factors of the situation, as an insubordinate element is believed to be beyond control. In case of trouble It is feared that the soldiers will be the ilrst to lead the rioting and begin looting. A part of the Russian squadron has al ready departed for Port Arthur, and the remainder of the fleet will follow, leaving no warships of that nation In Corean waters FOR more ISLAND POSSESSIONS. Proposed Acquisition of Hayti and San Domingo. In the Senate today Senator Heyburn in troduced a resolution authorizing the Presi dent of the United States to enter upon ne gotiations for the acaulsitlon of sovereignty over the Island of Haytl and San Domingo. The preamble to the resolution gives the following reasons for acquiring sovereignty by this government: On account of the un stable character of the two governments on the island; on account of the geographi cal situation of the Island, and principally for the reason that the island lies in the sea road to the entrance of the isthmian canaL THE OLD PRLNTERY. Senator Hoar Wants Its Safety In quired Into. Senator Hoar of Massachusetts intro duced a resolution In the Senate today di recting the committee on publlo buildings and grounds to inquire Into the safety of the old government printing office building, and if it Is to be used for purposes which might involve danger to human life. Senator Hoar said his attention had been attracted to the subject by a communica tion from a citizen to a local newspaper, and he thought the committee should look Into the case. The article In question alleged that the building had been condemned, not withstanding which It Is proposed to load the structure with a great mass of public documents, subjecting them to possible de struction by Are and endangering the struc ture. SEEKING INTORMATION. Senator Morgan Introduces Resolution of Inquiry Regarding Canal. Senator Morgan today introduced a reso lution directing tlie Attorney General to In form the Senate whether he has made or is making on behalf of the United States a purchase of the property of the New Pana ma Canal Company or Its franchises and concessions. If so. what authority on the Isthmus Is recognized in the transaction, and whether any agreement has been en tered into between France and the authori ties on the isthmus In respect to such pur chase. TORPERO BOATS SEAWORTHY. Report From the President of the Board of Inspection. All doubt that may have existed regard ing the seaworthiness of the first torpedo flotilla, destined for the Asiatic station, has been removed by the receipt of a dispatch from Capt. C. J. Train, president of the board of Inspection, which Is accompanying the flotilla to Key West, reporting the ar rival of the fleet at Port Royal, 8. C. The dispatch is as follows: "First torpedo flotilla arrived 1:80. En countered heavy weather for about twelve hours off Cape Lookout: southeast gale with heavy sea. Vessels easily maintained speed ten to twelve knots against sea, with out damage. Board considers results of trip conclusively proves flotilla seaworthy for cruise to Manila." Lieut. Lloyd Chandler, commanding the torpedo squadron, also reports his arrival and states that the board pronounced the flotilla seaworthy for any service. After taking on coal Lieut. Chandler will proceed to Key West SECRETARY ROOT HEARD. Gives Information to House Military Committee. Secretary Root was before the House cf n mlttee on military affairs for several hcurs this morning In regard to the ap propriations for the military establishment fot the next flsoal year. The committee wanted Information on a variety of sub jects looking to the Increased efficiency of the army, and questioned the Secretary at considerable length. None of the questions cot'Sldered was of special Importance ex cept the project for the manufacture of ad ditional field pieces. Although the matter did not come up be fore the committee this morning Secretary Root has expressed his approval of the bill providing for the manufacture of serv ice rifle* by private establishments. He regards It as highly desirable that private^ plrnts should be prepared to assist the government armories in the manufacture of the small arms In order that there should be no delay In arming the reserve military force in case of an emergency. Spanish Minister Cannot Attend. Greatly to his regret, Senor Don OJeda, the Spanish minister, will be unable to attend the celebration of the Louisiana purchase at New Orleans this week because oi his departure for Europe on leave of ab serce. If it could have been arranged the minister would have delayed his departure, but this was found impossible. The Span ish consul at New Orleans has been desig nated to act In his stead. To Widen V Street. Senator Galilnger Introduced a bill In the Senate today to widen V street northwest from 30th street to the county line to a width of sixty feet. Attorney General Knox Re" sumes His Argument. COURT ROOM THRONGED RUSH TO THE HEARING OF THE FAMOUS CASE. Points Made by the Chief Prosecuting Officer of the Government^-G. B. Young Opens for Companies. There was no flagging of Interest in the proceedings before the United States Su preme Court today in the case of the Northern Securities Company, the Great Northern and Northern Pacific railway companies, James J. Hill, J. Plerpont Morgan and others against the United States. From the doorway leading to the court room extending for a long distance through the corridor, was a line of men and women who had come long before the hour for tha court to assemble, In order to hear At torney General Knox deliver lils argument against the merger. Within the court wore many distinguished persons. Mrs. Roosevelt and Mrs. Cowles, a sister of the President, were among the spectators. Within the railing marking the reservation for attorneys were Senators Heyburn, Clapp, former Senator Chandler, Representative Curtis of Kansas, Alex a? der Porter Morse, Richard Randolph McMahon. Besides the Attorney General, representing the government, there were present Assistant Attorneys General Wm. A Day, Campbell, Russell and Robb. Among those who came into the court rcom while the Attorney General was speaking were Senators Lodge, Fairbanks, Beverldee, Burrows and Kean. The impressive pssenibling of the court was followed by the admission of several attorneys to practice before the court and routine business was transacted. At six minutes after 12 o'clock the case of the Northern Securities Company was called, and Attorney General Knox at once took up his argument from the point he left it yesterday afternoon when the court ad journed. The Attorney General Resumes. Mr. Knox reviewed tho formation of thl railway companies Involved In tlio suits, and. referring to the claim of economU danger from the enforcement of law against such combinations, declared with emphasis: "It Is not the enforcement of law that creates panics and distress; it Is the willful violation of the provisions of the laws of economic health." He declared that by the union of the Northern Pacific and the Great Nori-ern in the Northern Securities Company two com peting Interstate railroads have been brought Into such relations that their In dependence as competitive factors In inter state commerce is destroyed. The thing that has been done was de clared Illegal, he said, when brought about by the.methods pursued In the Joint traffic and trans-Missouri cases. These were cases of contracts or agreements between Inde pendent and competing lines of railroad for i the regulation of traffic charges. The gov ernment charged that these agreements re strained Interstate commerce, and ??s court sustained that contention. Agreements Were Illegal. "The court heard the cases patiently," Mr. Knox said, "and the arguments thrice presented by the railroads failed to disturb the court's conclusions that the contracts or agreements In question violated the law. The exigencies of the cases rendered nec essary a complete Interpretation of tha statute. The power of Congress to enact the law, the application of the law to com mon oarriers and specifically Its appllcat'on to contracts or agreements regulating rated were all denied. Dark forebodings of re sultant commercial disaster, should the government's contention prevail, were sol emnly and forcefully Impressed upon the court by gentlemen of eminent personal and professional standing. These consid erations Invited and secured patient and full consideration of the cases and ex haustive analysis and Interpretation of the statute In the Judgment. "After making it perfectly clear that the court was not to be dissuaded from giiring effect by Its Judgment to a public policy declared by a constitutional statute, the court stated what that public policy Is and wherein It was infringed by the challenged agreements." This exposition of the law Is, Mr. Knox said, now the government's reliance, "as," he added, "It should have been the de fendant's admonition." He proceeded: Cause of Panlo. "The court's decision In the trans-Mis souri case was not followed by disaster, but by years of abundant prosperity, undis turbed until new devices were put into | operation to accomplish again the destru> | tion of competition and to thwart the wise policy of the law. It Is not the observance of the law or Its enforcement that creates panics or distress. It Is willful violations of Its wholesome provisions or defiance o( the laws of economic health." The Attorney General said that it was not his Intention to reargue any of the prop ositions settled by the trans-Missouri and Joint Traffic cases, but to do what he could to show their application to the facts of this case. He, however, made the fol lowing statement of the great questions settled by the court In those cases: The Principles Stated. "First. That to shut out the operation of the general law of competition between competing interstate railroads is to restrain Interstate commerce. "Second. That to bring the operations of two or more competing interstate railroads under the control of a single body shuts out the operation of the general law of competition and constitutes a restraint upon interstate commerce. "Third. That Congress la competent to forbid any management or combination among companies competing for interstate commerce which restrains commerce among the states by shutting out the operation ot the general law of competition. "Fourth. That In order to maintain a suit the government is not obliged to show an intent to restrain commerce if such re straint Is the natural and necessary effect of the arrangement." He continued: "The language of the law is 'combination In the form of trust or otherwise;' that is, combinations in any other form. Combinations in the form of trusts were well understood at the time of the enactment of this law. They were in variably formed by transferring the stocks or property of the constituent units to a holding trustee, whose will was thus dom Inantly enthroned over the whole; and against the stocks or property so trans ferred, the holding trustee issued certifi cates to the transferrors, representing their respective proportions of the whole. This form of combination was evolved from the experience that 'a gentlemen's agreement' to control competition works better when the collateral Is up. "Any combination that has these features Is a combination In the form of u trust and Is specifically inval dated by the statute. What Was Organized. "The testimony shows conclusively, 1 think, that as a matter of foot and law the thing which these gentlemen did was to create a combination la the form of a trust, the form specifically prohibited by the act of Congress, if it restrained interstate commerce; and also that Um Northern Se curities Company was formed ror the pu: pose of taking over the Control of the Great Northern and Northern Pacifio rali roaxis, and actually toon over that control, and with that control absolute power over tb? thlng- whlch your honors have said constltuies such restraint under SmofttStaBca^b8Ul"UallT th6 """ M "But the law likewise prohibits combina tions otherwise formed. That is to sav. ?t? stL^1? and provides that Us policy shall hever bo defeated by the exercise of any ingenuity ia the devising of forma The object of the Jtw once clearly t xf"? je' ' J1" ?BIfeulty 'C?ases if It is es tablished that that object Is defeated through contracts, combjaatlons In the racies" trU8t ?r otherwls?' 0r fay oonspl Had Exercised the Power. He also declared tBat'ttl* power to sup press competition has beea exercised, and he declared that Messr?. Morgan and Hill had the power to suppress competition be tween these two roads when they held the control of the majority of the stock of the two. He also asserted that they executed that power and actually suppressed and de stroyed competition between them the mo ment they parted with the legal title to their segregated holdings a#d vested them In the Northern Securities Company with the power in that company,- as its charter specifies, "to exercise all tl.e rights of ownership, Including the right to vote thereon. This, he contended, actually de stroyed competition between the two roads, and In support of this statement lie laid ..?n the '"Homing general propositions: 'To be competition thero must be com petitors In different interest^. Any act which eliminate? the competi tors or unifies the Interests destroys compe tition. v "There Is no competition where the net results of operation go Into a common purse. "There may be rivalry between the dif ferent departments or agencies as to which will contribute the most to the common fund or as to which is the most economic al^ administered or operated, but so long as all are Interested In the operations of each by sharing a fixed proportion of a common fund, unaffected by the proportion Uon ky each, there iji no competl The Attorney General Sums Up. Mr. Knox then summed up his points In support of his content Ions, that as a fact this merger is a combination in the form of trust or otherwise, ai follows: "That the end it accomplishes lg to bring under one control tte Northern Pa cific and Great Northern railroads in such a way as to destroy competition between them and to create a monopoly of trans P?!??tion ,n the sactlon served by them. That this end was the deliberate pur pose of the parties defendant, who con ce'ved and carried out the combination. That such a combination to ia restraint Of -rade as your honors have repeatedly decided, and therefore violates the act of v ongress. The Tendency to dombtoe. "To all of this," he added, "defendants make vigorous objection, mt&it at which is wholly Irrelevant. I shall S-ot deny the fact of a tendency to comb^o$laa through out the land nor discuss its etdnqmlc value. "I presume that fact accUfnt? ffcr the existence of laws designed y& refHilate the tendency along the lin?s of its manifesta tion where necessary to protect the rights and interests of the people. "I have not the slightest doubt about ft however, that this particular manifestation of that tendency has no economic merit. It I9 enough to bring tlie entire railroad facilities of an Important section of the country under monopolistic control, but when to th? power to fix charges for trans po,V,t,a you add t,le creation of scores of millions of flat stock upon which those charges are expected to pay dividends, you impose an unjustiflcable burden upon the people and exact too high a price for a suc cessful evasion of the law. "While it may be true that the recapitali zation of these companies was based upon existing market values for ?helr stock yet existing market values rested at that time upon total forgetfulness of the fact that the progress of material prosperity Is not con tinuous. and that those values were lifted upon the wings of an optimism that had converted Into stock and stock values all the prosperity in sight, as well as all hopes expectations of many future years. "This thing was done when men who have been regarded as wise men and safe men 1??, hold upon their Judgment and failed to withstand the temptation to gather for their instant personal advantage the fruits which, conserved, would have lasted many years and benefited many people." He then announced that tt was not his Intention to address himself to considera tions such as these, but to such objections ??fendants to the government's case as will be considered by the court He then took up the doctrine of direct and immediate effect upon interstate commerce On that point he said: "It is argued that It Is only such con tracts and combinations as directly and Immediately affect Interstate commerce that are declared Illegal by the state. "This Is true, but the Northern Securities arrangement operates directly upon com merce. because Its certain effect Is to con trol every act, poltay and operation of two gigantic systems of railroads by which commerce Is carried on. '!7"r?!Jsport,n?' comn>oditles Ib commerce, ana ir from one state to or through another it is interstate commerce." (United States agt. Freight Association, 166 U. S... 323.) Purpose of Securities Company. "Nowhere does it appear by suggestion even, that the purpose of organizing the Northern Securities Company was other than to secure the control of these two roads. "The case of United States against Knight contains nothing that the government need distinguish or explain in this case. There the combination was of the instrumentali ties of production, and production is not commerce. Here the combination Is of the (Continued on Eighth Pave.) " ' 11 V- * ? ?? * K Next Saturday's Star, The Evening Sta& mil is sue a special Girisfcmas num ber next Saturday. It will include a beautifully colored supplemert entitled, "Christmas Morn," which will be framed and-preserved by thousands of Star sub scribers. The regular Saturday edi tion will be mammoth in size, and will contain a large num ber of holiday features spe cially prepared for this occa sion, many of them profusely and appropriately illustrated . with both half tones and line cuts. Watch for next Saturday's big Star. ? Trying to Perfect Party Or ganization. TO MAKE SOLID FRONT democrats will stand by ac tion OF CAUCUS. Adoption of Senator Blackburn's Res olution?Bearing on the New Canal Treat/. The democrats of the Senate succeeded today In perfecting a party organization which they propose to present to the ma jority hereafter in solid front on all party questions. The democratic caucus agreed to a 'resolution, whlah wu presented by Seiipjor Blackburn yesterday, that here after when a caucus of democrats shall determine by a two-thirds vote upon a line of party action It shall be adhered to by all democrats. This action is expected to have important bearing upon the considera/tlon of all na? tional and party questions in the Senate from now on. The next step of the demo crats will be to decide in caucus what atti tude they shall assume toward the isthmian canal treaty, which will come up Immediate ly after the holidays. It is said that a "count of noses indicates'that more ilian one-third of the democrats are willing to vote for the ratification of a canal treaty. That will mean that It will not be pos sible to secure party action against a treaity with Panama unless some terms of the treaty should be absolutely objectionable to all the democrats. It is said further, however, that the Pan ama treaty in its present form would not command the support of a sufficient num ber of democrats to present a party front in favor of it. Some sections Of the pending treaty are very objectionable to the demo crats. and It is considered certain that In caucus those objections entertained ?>y the minority of the democrats will be con sidered sufficient to array the caucus against the treaty in existing form. One of the main objections to the trea.y is the proposition to guarantee the inde pendence of a South American state. Som* democrats hold that Inasmuch as that state is now practically at war with Colombia such guarantee on the part of the United States would be tantamount to a aec.ara tlon of war against Colombia by this gov ^The^emocrats are congratulating them selves upon the success of their efforts to solidify their party. It is said that cau cuses will be held on every important ques tion of legislation coming before the Senate. In the caucus this forenoon Senator Cockrell of Missouri protested against the adoption of a rule binding all democrats to the verdict of a caucus. . He insisted that within fifty years there nas been no neces sity for such action, whereupon It was re torted that the democrats had been m power but a very little time in that fifty JMr. Cockrell's colleague, Senator Stone, took opposite ground and was In favor of the binding resolution. . Senator Cockrell announced his unwill insrness to be bound, and when the vote came on the adoption of the senator raised the point against Mr. (Cock r?n that as he had said he would not do bound he ought not to vote on the resolu tion Nothing further wsu said on the res oluUon but lenator Cockrell did not vote Upon it. ? fob. target practice. Departure of the Brooklyn From Beirut for Alexandria. Rear Admiral Cotton, cabling from Beirut, reports to the Navy Department that he has gone with the flagship Brooklyn to Alexandria, Egypt, for target practice. In view of the shoal water at that place It ?was deemed the most desirable place be cause of the opportunity afforded to anchor the targets. The Brooklyn's departure gave rise to the rumor that she was ^nd for Alexandria as an outcome of the Davis affair, but naval officials explain that that was due to the similarity of the names of the two places. A in completing her target practice at^AIex andria the Brooklyn will return to Beirut, and then the 8an Francisco will go to Alex andria for target practice. military departments. Recommendation Changing Present Boundary Dines Approved. The Secretary of War today approved the recommendation of the general staff estab lishing military divisions and somewhat changing the present boundary lines of geographical departments in the unlt?t States. There will be four divisions In tua United States and one In the Philippines. The Atlantic division will constitute the present Department of the East, except the state of Louisiana, but added thereto the state of Tennessee, and will be omposed of the Department of the East and the T PaT^ieheadquart?rs"of the Department of the Gulf will be located at Atlanta, Ga., and the headquarters of the division w 11 be at Governor's Island, N. Y. Headquar ters of the Department of the East will be temporarily at Governor's Island. The northern division w 11 be composed of the present Department of the Lakes, the Department of Missouri and the Depart ment of Dakota. The Department of M s sourl is enlarged by adding thereto the state of Wyoming, which has been detached from the Department of Colorado. The headquarters of the northern division Will be at St. Louis. , . The Pacific division will be composed of the present departments of California ana Columbia. The headquarters of the divi sion will be at San Francisco. The southwestern division will be com posed of the departments of Colorado and Texas The department of Texas will be enlarged by the addition of the states of Louisiana and Arkansas and Oklahoma and Indian territories. The headquarter of this division will be Oklahoma City, Okla. The Philippine division will remain as now constituted. The following division commanders nave been decided upon: Atlantic division, MaJ. Gen. Cor bin; northern division, MaJ. Gen. Bates; Pacific division, MaJ. Gen. MacAr thur; southwestern division, MaJ. Gen. Sumner; Philippine division, MaJ. Gen. Wade. The order takes effect January 16. ORDERED TO PANAMA. Torpedo Boat Destroyers Will Patrol the Coast. Orders have been Issued at the Navy Department for putting the torpedo boat destroyers Preble and Paul Jones into com mission at the Mare Island navy yard, and their dispatch to Panama to assist In the patrol of the Isthmus. The two vessels are now belrig fitted out at the Union Iron Works, and will start for Panama In about ten days. The Preble Is commanded by Lieut. Comdr. T. C. Fenton, and the Paul Jones by Lieut. G. T. Davison. The small gunboat Petrel at 8an Fran cisco has been attached to the Pacific squadron, and will undoubtedly Join the other vessels of that squadron oa the Pa clflo coast of the Isthmus. BTJNGIE ON THE STAND WOOD CASE WITNESS STANDS BY FORMER TESTIMONY. Testimony Does Not Redound to Credit of the Former Gover nor General. The Senate committee on miUtaxy af fairs resumed Its hearing In the General Wood case today, with Maj. J- -?. Runcie as the first witness. Statements made by Ray Stannard Baker, the magazine writer, concerning the article reflecting upon the administration of Maj. v^en. John R. Brooke made it necessary for the recall of Major Runcle. He was u.eu a number of Ques tions concerning the origin of the article in question and stood by his former testi mony, to the effect that General Wood had knowledge of the story, and that It was prepared practically at his suggestion and dictation. Inspector General Burton. The second witness today was Gen. George H. Burton, inspector general of t?.e army. He occupied the position of In spector general In cuba under the adminis tration of General Wood as governor gen eral, and It was he who discovered the postal frauds. He was called f#r the pur pose of telling the committee the date of that discovery, and also the date General Wood made the order revising the judicial system of Cuba for the admission of ex parte testimony. Gen. Burton said that the discovery of the postal frauds was made In April, 1900, and that It was two weeks or more later when the order was issued by Gen. Wood changing the jurisdiction and powers of the court. _ . . Says Wood Cut Salaries. Alexis E. Frye, formerly superintendent of public instruction of Cuba, followed Gen. Burton. Mr. Frye told the committee that the schools of Cuba were organized under laws Issued by Gen. Brooke, and that an order making a cut In salaries of teachers was Issued by Gen. Wood. He declared that there had been a breach of faith on the part of Gen. Wood, which interfered with the efficiency of the schools. He asserted that Gen. Wood was untruthful In many matters affecting public affairs. Secretary Root win be called by the com mlttee on military affairs tomorrow. The committee plans to conclude its inquiry to morrow. Wants Wood Summoned. During the hearings yesterday afternoon of the Senate military committee Senator H&nna made a formal request of the com mittee that Gen. Wood be subpoenaed to ccme home from the Philippines In order tfcat he may answer the charges against him, and that he may be questioned con cerning his actions In Cuba. Mr. Lafontlsee was recalled and corrobo rated the testimony given by Dr.Flsher relative to the article concerning Beuairs. Lafontlsee told of the manner In which be had learned of Bellalra* character, and swore also that Gen. Wood knew all about "when Gen. Brooke was before the com mittee two weeks ago he referred to two orders, one issued by the War Depart ment, and the other by himself, to carry the first In effect, which he was unable at that time to furnish. He went on the stand yesterday to present the orders and un dergo an examination concerning them. The second order directed Gen. Wood, tn cemmand of the province of Santiago, not to make expenditures for publlo purposes ir. excess of $10,000 a month without first submitting the question to the military governor. Gen. Brooke said that Gen. Wood ignored that order and had gone on spending public money without authority from the military governor. Mr. Morrison, a lawyer of New York, testified that he was Interested in a Havana conpany which received contracts for dis infecting the city. He said that there is still due to his company $8,000. and that Cutan officials in Havana swear the money was paid to Gen. Wood to discharge the indebtedness. Mr. Morrison said he be lieves that Gen. Wood received that money. IMPROVEMENT OF THE ABMY. Bill in the House Provides for Higher Scale of Efficiency. Representative De Armond of Missouri today Introduced a bill In the House to Increase the efficiency of the United States army by providing for the arrang ing and promotion of officers according to merit. The bill provides that in special cases, for services deemed notably meri torious, officers of the army thought to be thoroughly qualified for the higher stations, and whose promotion out of the regular order shall be considered to be for the good of the service, may from time to time, without regard to rank or seniority, be nominated by the President, and by and with the advice-and consent of the Senate, be appointed captains, ma jors, lieutenant colonels or colonels. The measure provides, further, that an nually in each arm of the Service, cavalry, artillery and Infantry, the officers below the rank of colonel shall be arranged and listed in their several grades in the order of merit, to be determined by zeal and effi ciency in the discharge of duty, proficiency In the essential and desirable requirements of a capable and accomplished officer, ac cording to the Judgment of boards of army officers In the several arms of the service, constituted year after year. The Secretary of War is directed to formulate suitable rules and regulations for carrying out the provisions of the law. HOUSE CLERICAL CHANGES. Clerk McDowell Makes Several Trans fers of the Force. Herman A. Phillips of Chicago has as sumed the duties of Journal clerk of the House of Representatives, having been pro moted by Clerk McDowell of the House from his former position as assistant Jour nal clerk. Capt. Thomas H. McKee, who is relieved as Journal clerk. Is temporarily acting as clerk of the committee on ac counts during the Illness of .Tyler Page. Capt. McKee will be taken care of in some appropriate place. His retirement from his old position was due to his loss of lnfluenoe through the defeat of members Interested In him. Frank H. Wakefield, tally clerk, has also stepped down. He is from the Detroit dis trict in Michigan, which this year went democratic. Mr. Wakefield is succeeded by Wynne C. Jones of Michigan. W. H. Wasson, former document and bill clerk, has become assistant journal clerk. Ferris D. Mackey of the file olerk's office succeeds Mr. WaBson. There Is a suggestion that the office of calendar clerk may be created for Mr. Wakefield. SANITY OF LEGATOR DOUBTFUL. Bequest That Will Never Be Claimed by a Spaniard. LONDON, December IB.?The will of the late Cardinal Herrero y Esplnosa contains, aocording to a special dispatch from Mad rid the extraordinary bequest of $10,000 to the "first Spanish general landing In United States territory with an army sufficiently strong to avenge the defeats of Cuba and the Philippines." Pending the happening of this event the legacy Is to remain deposited in the Bask 1 Spela. The proof that an articl* deserves public confidence is inviting public attention to it?otherwise advertis ing. It's only the article of merit that can stand pub* licity. IT THE WHITE HOUSE Few Callers Received by Pres* ideat During the Day. MEETING POSTPONED CABINET SAY NOT OBSERVED BE CAUSE OF PROCTER FUNERAL. National Association of Letter Car* riers Presented?Santa Fa Want# Land for School Site. President Roosevelt was absent from h!S office for an hour this morning attending the funeral of John R. Procter, and did not receive many callers. The cabinet meeting set for 11 o'clock was postponed unUl tomorrow morning. The President left h!s office shortly after 10 o clock. Be fore his departure, however, he was visited by Senator Dolllver and Representative Thomas of Iowa. 8enator Charles of Wis consin and Senator Lodge of Massachu setts. Senator Lodge presented the officers of the National AssociaUon of Letter Car riers?President Kellar, Vloe President Bun ton and CurUn, member of the executive committee. After his return to his office the President received some other callers, among them being Representatives Landia of Indiana and Lamb of Virgin.a. Representative Landia, .-peaking of politi cal conditions in Indiana and elsfwhere, said: "The time has gone by when a half doien men in Wall street can go to a luncheon and decide upon who the nom'noo of A great party for President shall i>e. The merchants, professional men, farmers, plas terers. carpenters and mechanics u' it# kinds settle those things these days. Presi dent Roosevelt will be nominated by h*S party without opposition and he will ba elected. TTiere is not the slightest quest'on that he will be able to carry Indiana by a large majority." I. Sparks, mayor of Smte Fe, M. Mm., paid his respec s to th-' President. Mr. Sparks is seeking to have the Interior De part men t turn over to the city of Sante Ke, for school purposes, what Is known as the Port Marcy military reservation, n -ar Rante Fe. Mayor Sparks, like all other New Mex icans, Is sanguine that his territory wHl se cure statehood at this session of Congress. For Canal Commissioner. Representative Mann of IH'noIs presented lsham Randolph, the engineer of the CW cago drainage canal, who is in Washington on business connected with the Chicago river tunnel project. Mr. Randolph Is one of the most prominently backed men for a position on the Isthmian capal commis sion. The entire Illinois delegation is striv ing for his appointment, but the most po tent thing In hie favor will probably be his record oi engineering on the Chicago canal. The President will select the best brains In the country for the commission and experi ence and knowledge as an engineer will have much weight with him. Presidential Nominations. The President today sent the following nominations to the Senate: To be collector of customs?Charles Hen ning, for the district of Bi .stol and Warren, R. I.; Albert R. Day. for the district ot Bangor, Me. To be postmaster?Frank W. Rollins at Ellsworth, Me. To be first lieutenants in the artillery corps?Second Lieutenant Henry R. Casey, Second Lieutenant Moses R. Ross. Export Duties to Germany. A conference was held last night at the White House, at which Secretary Shaw and Baron Sternburg, the German ambassador, talked with the President In regard to con sular Invoices on goods imported from Ger many. The German ambassador said that many of the German manufacturers were unable to understand how it was that the Invoice price of goods imported from Ger many Into the United States was frequent ly advanced by the customs officers at the ports, and the feeling prevailed In some quarters, he said, that German goods wore being discriminated against by the customs authorities of this country. Secretary Shaw, in explanaUon, stated that consular officers abroad could not be expected to know the real or market value of many goods shipped from their ports, and the prices giveu could only be approx imations of the market price. Under the customs laws of the United States the value of goods upon which duties are as sessed are the market values, and It often happened, he said, that unscrupulous im porters make Invoices at a lower value than the market value In the hope of decreasing their customs payments. Secretary Shaw stated to Baron Sternburg that, nothing 'could be further from the purpose of liis officers than to discriminate against Ger man exports. All naUons were treated ex actly aUke, and the regulations of the de partment were strictly In accordance wlt& law. ihe ambassador seemed to be fully satis fled that no discrimination was made in the case of German goods, but said that he would be glad if the German consul at New York could be permitted to critically ex amine into the workings of the New York customs house in the matter of Invoices and other things, in the expectaUon that he would be able to satisfy German manufac turers that there is no ground for the fear that they are not on an equal footing with the manufacturers of other nations. Secre tary Shaw said that he would be glad to have the German consul visit the customs house In New York and acquaint himself in detail with the workings of the customs system In this country. Secretary Shaw was a guest of the Presi dent at luncheon this afternoon, and they talked over the subject presented by Baron Sternburg. They are pleased to afford the German consul in New lork every facility for ascertaining that there is not the slight est discrimination against German goods, and hope to see the Idea of the German ex porters convinced of their mistake. FRESH REVOLT IN SAN DOMINGO, Provisional Government Failed to Ob tain a Foreign Loan. ' Mr. Simpson, the United States consul at Puerto Plata, San Domingo, has cabled the State Department under today's date that a revoluUon has broken out at SanUago and that the movement la extensive and serious. This Is supposed to be the result of the failure of the provisional govern ment to secure recognition at the hands of United States Minister Powell, which fact operated to prevent that government from obtaining the money necessary to maintain Itself through a foreign loan. The U. S. 8. Newport, which has been at San Domingo, has gone to San Juan to take on a supply of coal, and will return to San Domingo to watch over American Interests. Nothing Is known officially of the report* ed plots against the life of Minister PoweU. but the navy will take all necessary precau tions to protect the United States legaUon In San Domingo. A" new revoluUonary movement headed by Mends of Woe y GU Is said to have been started in the south of Santo Domingo, and it la said that the former president may go back to Ms country and take ths lead of the new movement.