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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 15, 1903, Image 1

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No. 15,852.
WASHINGTON, D. C.f TUESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1903-TWENTY PAGES.
TWO CENTS.
t THE EVENINQ STAB.
rUBUSHBD DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY.
BtilatM 081m. lltt Stmt ui PnasjlruU ImM.
The Evening Star Newspaper Company.
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Hrw Tnk OIBm : Trikaa* Building.
Chicago 0#<*: Tritaaa Building.
Tbe BffDtng Star Is Mrred to aobacrlbera hi tl>a
elty by carrion, oo tbelr ?>wa accoout. at lu ceata
per w*ek, or M cents per moatb. ConJea ?t tbe
counter. 3 eenta each By mall- anywhere In the u.
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Saturday Star. 33 paf**. Il ?*r !***? wl*" ?ur"
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aa aeconit claas mall mat tar. 1
CT-Ail mail anbecrlptlooa moat be palfl In artraixa.
Kate* ot advertising mad* knows on apptlcaUon.
JACOB RIIS OK II TOUR
Visits Unsanitary Sections of
National Capital.
SURPRISED AT SIGHTS
WASHINGTON SORELY IN NEED
OP LEGISLATION.
What He Saw Will Be Basis of Lecture
at First Congregational
Church Tonight.
'It's a pity that you cant entice away
ihe j>eople who live there and then drop a
Stick of dynamite In the building."
"You would be a sort of philanthropic
anarchist then."
This little colloquy took place th's fore
noon between Mr. Jacob A. Rlls of New
York and Commissioner H. B. F. Maefar?
land. They were paying a visit to places in
Washington where people live In insanitary
,iouaes. Mr. R is made the first abatement
and Hi. Macfarland was giving a good
natured reply.
Mr. Rlls and Commissioner Macfarland,
together with Mr Charles F. Weiler, sec
retary of the Associated Charities, and rep
resentatives of the local newspapers, made
a tour today of the alleys and the tene
ment districts of the city, to get material
for Mr. Rils' lecture at the First Congre
gational Church this evening on "Washing
ton's Conditions and Needs."
The unhealthy conditions found in certain
districts of the national capital, some of
them within half a stone's throw of aris
tocratic sections and some In close prox
imity to schools and churches, were a reve
lation to the newspaper men and also to
Mr. Rlls. whose knowledge of the condi
tions that obtained in the east side districts
of New York In the days before a radical
reform was instituted had led him to be
lieve that Washington would be the last
placo In the country where similar condi
tions might be found.
First Place Visited.
Mr. Rlls was at th? White House, where
he went directly after the funeral of the
late ClYll Service Commissioner Procter,
when Commissioner Macfarland's carriage
with Mr. Weiler and the newspaper men
called.
The first place visited was what Is known
as "Chinch row," or "Bed Bug row," a se
questered place of filth within the confines
of the block bounded by 18th and 19th
streets and L and M streets northwest.
Only two blocks away is the British em
bassy, in Connecticut avenue, and equally
near the Church of the Covenant. In this
place was found a row of ramshackle frame
buildings that would hardly be fit for the
habitation of horses.
Mr. Weiler explained that as many as
Ave and six persons lived In a single room
within these houses. The outbuildings had
no connection with the sewer, and there
was everything about the locality to sug
gest an excellent place for the starting of
an epidemic.
"Who owns these buildings?" Mr. Riis
asked. "I ache to put a torch to them."
"If we get legislation that we are asking
for we wili be able to condemn them," Com
missioner Macfarland replied.
"But haven't you a law of some kind that
will permit you to reach such a nuisance
and such a menace to health?" Mr. Rlls
asked.
"Not at present, but we hope to get It."
"Why," continued Mr. Rlls. "the man who
owns bul'dlngs and keeps them in such a
condition Is guilty of murder. There is no
other word for it."
"I am glad that you may see for yourself
Just what exists here," said Commissioner
Macfarland. "We are anxious to arouse
ubllc opinion to the extent that there will
e * righteous demand for the proper legis
lation."
Six Sleep in One Boom.
"In on-y house," said Mr. Weiler, "we
found six persons sleeping in one room.
There were five In one bed. There was no
pillow tick, and the few rags that were
used as bed covering were so greasy and
dirty that the policeman who went with us
used his club to move them rather than
use his fingers."
"Too bad! too bad!" said Mr. Riis. "There
Is plenty of need for drastic work hero at
the national cupital. I am surprised. But
you are In the beginning. It Is different
from what we used to find In New York.
There we hitve no alleys. What you want
to do In Washington Is to head oft every
thing that is suggestive of renditions in
sanitary. It Is easier to get in your good
work now than It will be later on."
The next place visited wa6 an open space
In the equare bounded by 24th and 25th
streets and M and N streets northwest.
Mr. Weiler explained that he found here a
man, wife and three children living in a
single room. The baby was only three
weeks old and the mother was out at work.
There was little clothing found within the
house, practically no furniture and only
the fragment of a bed. The outbuilding
was something fierce.
"You have sanitary police, haven't you?"
asked Mr. Rils.
"All that Congress gives us," Mr. Mac
farland replied, significantly. Mr. Rlls'
eyes snapped and his manner suggested
disgust.
Resembled a Dump.
This place was within a block or so of
the weather bureau. The ground about the
buildings. If such they could be called, sug
gested a dump. The outbuildings were
filthy beyond description.
"In one of those houses," said Mr. Wei
ler, "we found an old woman who Is kept
constantly In confinement. She is shut up
and seldom gets out of doors."
"What a mercy," said Mr. Rlls, as he
gazed at the filthy condition all about. "It
la providential that she can't get to a<;a h9r
Surroundings."
In 25th street Mr. Rils pointed out a
house, half of which was under ground, &i:d
In a most Insanitary condition.
"Do you permit this?" Mr. Rlls asked.
"We can't help ourselves," Commissioner
Macfarland replied. "If the house were
unsafe, In danger of falling down and In
juring some one, we could under the pres
ent law condemn it and have it removed.
Bpt we are powerless to do anything with
a building that Is unsanitary And If the
property is owned by a non-resident we are
unable to do anything with him unless we
Can serve him with papers In the District
Of Columbia. He can remain away In
definitely, and we can't even have the work
Of making it sanitary done and charge It
to the property."
"You are certainly handicapped, and It
Is an outrage," said Mr. Rlis.
One Building D?molished.
"I wish you could have seen the building
that stood there," said Mr. Weiler, as the
carriage reached an open space near 26th
and M streets northwest. "The house that
stood there was In a dilapidated condition.
It was one of the filthiest, dirtiest places 1
have ever seen. But we were enabled to
have that removed."
"Thank heavens." said Mr. Rlls. It was
here that Mr. Rlia declared that It would
be a good thing to Inveigle the residents
out of the buildings and then drop a stick
of dynamite.
"Congress and public opinion are the only^
hop* that we have," said Commissioner
Macfarland, and Mr. Weiler nodded his
head In assent.
From here the carriage was driven to a
(Continued on Second Page.)
MORE RIOTING IN OOREA
CORKAN OFFICIALS HURRYING TO
QUELL DISORDERS.
Japanese Mob Wounds Seventeen Per
sons st Mokphe?Russia Has Not
Yet Interfered.
SEOUL., December IB.?More rioting has
occurred at Mokphe, and yesterday a Jap
anese mob wounded seventeen Coreans.
High Corean officials are hurrying to
Mokphe to try and quell the disorders. So
far Russia has not interfered.
United States Minister Allen has demand
ed a definite answer from the Corean gov
ernment In regard to the opening of the
port of Wlju.
Despite American, British and Japanese
pressure Russian Influence over the Corean
government is apparently unshaken, and It
Is expected that Corea will procrastinate in
dealing with the matter, and possibly may
refuse eventually to act at all.
A feeling of unrest Is growing among the
Corean people, who fear that whether It be
peace or war between Russia and Jupan
that the extinction of the empire is Immi
nent.
It Is believed that the outbreak of hostili
ties or the announcement of a protectorate
of any kind will precipitate trouble.
Foreigners In Seoul expect disorder, and
the American residents desire a warship.
The Corean army, numbering 8,000 men,
Is considered one of the most diingerous
factors of the situation, as an insubordinate
element is believed to be beyond control.
In case of trouble It is feared that the
soldiers will be the ilrst to lead the rioting
and begin looting.
A part of the Russian squadron has al
ready departed for Port Arthur, and the
remainder of the fleet will follow, leaving
no warships of that nation In Corean
waters
FOR more ISLAND POSSESSIONS.
Proposed Acquisition of Hayti and
San Domingo.
In the Senate today Senator Heyburn in
troduced a resolution authorizing the Presi
dent of the United States to enter upon ne
gotiations for the acaulsitlon of sovereignty
over the Island of Haytl and San Domingo.
The preamble to the resolution gives the
following reasons for acquiring sovereignty
by this government: On account of the un
stable character of the two governments
on the island; on account of the geographi
cal situation of the Island, and principally
for the reason that the island lies in the
sea road to the entrance of the isthmian
canaL
THE OLD PRLNTERY.
Senator Hoar Wants Its Safety In
quired Into.
Senator Hoar of Massachusetts intro
duced a resolution In the Senate today di
recting the committee on publlo buildings
and grounds to inquire Into the safety of
the old government printing office building,
and if it Is to be used for purposes which
might involve danger to human life.
Senator Hoar said his attention had been
attracted to the subject by a communica
tion from a citizen to a local newspaper,
and he thought the committee should look
Into the case. The article In question alleged
that the building had been condemned, not
withstanding which It Is proposed to load
the structure with a great mass of public
documents, subjecting them to possible de
struction by Are and endangering the struc
ture.
SEEKING INTORMATION.
Senator Morgan Introduces Resolution
of Inquiry Regarding Canal.
Senator Morgan today introduced a reso
lution directing tlie Attorney General to In
form the Senate whether he has made or is
making on behalf of the United States a
purchase of the property of the New Pana
ma Canal Company or Its franchises and
concessions. If so. what authority on the
Isthmus Is recognized in the transaction,
and whether any agreement has been en
tered into between France and the authori
ties on the isthmus In respect to such pur
chase.
TORPERO BOATS SEAWORTHY.
Report From the President of the
Board of Inspection.
All doubt that may have existed regard
ing the seaworthiness of the first torpedo
flotilla, destined for the Asiatic station, has
been removed by the receipt of a dispatch
from Capt. C. J. Train, president of the
board of Inspection, which Is accompanying
the flotilla to Key West, reporting the ar
rival of the fleet at Port Royal, 8. C. The
dispatch is as follows:
"First torpedo flotilla arrived 1:80. En
countered heavy weather for about twelve
hours off Cape Lookout: southeast gale
with heavy sea. Vessels easily maintained
speed ten to twelve knots against sea, with
out damage. Board considers results of trip
conclusively proves flotilla seaworthy for
cruise to Manila."
Lieut. Lloyd Chandler, commanding the
torpedo squadron, also reports his arrival
and states that the board pronounced the
flotilla seaworthy for any service. After
taking on coal Lieut. Chandler will proceed
to Key West
SECRETARY ROOT HEARD.
Gives Information to House Military
Committee.
Secretary Root was before the House
cf n mlttee on military affairs for several
hcurs this morning In regard to the ap
propriations for the military establishment
fot the next flsoal year. The committee
wanted Information on a variety of sub
jects looking to the Increased efficiency of
the army, and questioned the Secretary at
considerable length. None of the questions
cot'Sldered was of special Importance ex
cept the project for the manufacture of ad
ditional field pieces.
Although the matter did not come up be
fore the committee this morning Secretary
Root has expressed his approval of the
bill providing for the manufacture of serv
ice rifle* by private establishments. He
regards It as highly desirable that private^
plrnts should be prepared to assist the
government armories in the manufacture
of the small arms In order that there
should be no delay In arming the reserve
military force in case of an emergency.
Spanish Minister Cannot Attend.
Greatly to his regret, Senor Don OJeda,
the Spanish minister, will be unable to
attend the celebration of the Louisiana
purchase at New Orleans this week because
oi his departure for Europe on leave of ab
serce. If it could have been arranged the
minister would have delayed his departure,
but this was found impossible. The Span
ish consul at New Orleans has been desig
nated to act In his stead.
To Widen V Street.
Senator Galilnger Introduced a bill In the
Senate today to widen V street northwest
from 30th street to the county line to a
width of sixty feet.
Attorney General Knox Re"
sumes His Argument.
COURT ROOM THRONGED
RUSH TO THE HEARING OF THE
FAMOUS CASE.
Points Made by the Chief Prosecuting
Officer of the Government^-G. B.
Young Opens for Companies.
There was no flagging of Interest in the
proceedings before the United States Su
preme Court today in the case of the
Northern Securities Company, the Great
Northern and Northern Pacific railway
companies, James J. Hill, J. Plerpont
Morgan and others against the United
States.
From the doorway leading to the court
room extending for a long distance through
the corridor, was a line of men and women
who had come long before the hour for tha
court to assemble, In order to hear At
torney General Knox deliver lils argument
against the merger.
Within the court wore many distinguished
persons. Mrs. Roosevelt and Mrs. Cowles,
a sister of the President, were among the
spectators. Within the railing marking the
reservation for attorneys were Senators
Heyburn, Clapp, former Senator Chandler,
Representative Curtis of Kansas, Alex
a? der Porter Morse, Richard Randolph
McMahon. Besides the Attorney General,
representing the government, there were
present Assistant Attorneys General Wm.
A Day, Campbell, Russell and Robb.
Among those who came into the court
rcom while the Attorney General was
speaking were Senators Lodge, Fairbanks,
Beverldee, Burrows and Kean.
The impressive pssenibling of the court
was followed by the admission of several
attorneys to practice before the court and
routine business was transacted. At six
minutes after 12 o'clock the case of the
Northern Securities Company was called,
and Attorney General Knox at once took
up his argument from the point he left it
yesterday afternoon when the court ad
journed.
The Attorney General Resumes.
Mr. Knox reviewed tho formation of thl
railway companies Involved In tlio suits,
and. referring to the claim of economU
danger from the enforcement of law against
such combinations, declared with emphasis:
"It Is not the enforcement of law that
creates panics and distress; it Is the willful
violation of the provisions of the laws of
economic health."
He declared that by the union of the
Northern Pacific and the Great Nori-ern in
the Northern Securities Company two com
peting Interstate railroads have been
brought Into such relations that their In
dependence as competitive factors In inter
state commerce is destroyed.
The thing that has been done was de
clared Illegal, he said, when brought about
by the.methods pursued In the Joint traffic
and trans-Missouri cases. These were cases
of contracts or agreements between Inde
pendent and competing lines of railroad for
i the regulation of traffic charges. The gov
ernment charged that these agreements re
strained Interstate commerce, and ??s
court sustained that contention.
Agreements Were Illegal.
"The court heard the cases patiently,"
Mr. Knox said, "and the arguments thrice
presented by the railroads failed to disturb
the court's conclusions that the contracts
or agreements In question violated the law.
The exigencies of the cases rendered nec
essary a complete Interpretation of tha
statute. The power of Congress to enact
the law, the application of the law to com
mon oarriers and specifically Its appllcat'on
to contracts or agreements regulating rated
were all denied. Dark forebodings of re
sultant commercial disaster, should the
government's contention prevail, were sol
emnly and forcefully Impressed upon the
court by gentlemen of eminent personal
and professional standing. These consid
erations Invited and secured patient and
full consideration of the cases and ex
haustive analysis and Interpretation of
the statute In the Judgment.
"After making it perfectly clear that the
court was not to be dissuaded from giiring
effect by Its Judgment to a public policy
declared by a constitutional statute, the
court stated what that public policy Is and
wherein It was infringed by the challenged
agreements."
This exposition of the law Is, Mr. Knox
said, now the government's reliance, "as,"
he added, "It should have been the de
fendant's admonition." He proceeded:
Cause of Panlo.
"The court's decision In the trans-Mis
souri case was not followed by disaster,
but by years of abundant prosperity, undis
turbed until new devices were put into
| operation to accomplish again the destru>
| tion of competition and to thwart the wise
policy of the law. It Is not the observance
of the law or Its enforcement that creates
panics or distress. It Is willful violations
of Its wholesome provisions or defiance o(
the laws of economic health."
The Attorney General said that it was not
his Intention to reargue any of the prop
ositions settled by the trans-Missouri and
Joint Traffic cases, but to do what he
could to show their application to the facts
of this case. He, however, made the fol
lowing statement of the great questions
settled by the court In those cases:
The Principles Stated.
"First. That to shut out the operation of
the general law of competition between
competing interstate railroads is to restrain
Interstate commerce.
"Second. That to bring the operations of
two or more competing interstate railroads
under the control of a single body shuts
out the operation of the general law of
competition and constitutes a restraint
upon interstate commerce.
"Third. That Congress la competent to
forbid any management or combination
among companies competing for interstate
commerce which restrains commerce among
the states by shutting out the operation ot
the general law of competition.
"Fourth. That In order to maintain a
suit the government is not obliged to show
an intent to restrain commerce if such re
straint Is the natural and necessary effect
of the arrangement."
He continued: "The language of the law
is 'combination In the form of trust or
otherwise;' that is, combinations in any
other form. Combinations in the form of
trusts were well understood at the time of
the enactment of this law. They were in
variably formed by transferring the stocks
or property of the constituent units to a
holding trustee, whose will was thus dom
Inantly enthroned over the whole; and
against the stocks or property so trans
ferred, the holding trustee issued certifi
cates to the transferrors, representing their
respective proportions of the whole. This
form of combination was evolved from the
experience that 'a gentlemen's agreement'
to control competition works better when
the collateral Is up.
"Any combination that has these features
Is a combination In the form of u trust and
Is specifically inval dated by the statute.
What Was Organized.
"The testimony shows conclusively, 1
think, that as a matter of foot and law the
thing which these gentlemen did was to
create a combination la the form of a trust,
the form specifically prohibited by the act
of Congress, if it restrained interstate
commerce; and also that Um Northern Se
curities Company was formed ror the pu:
pose of taking over the Control of the
Great Northern and Northern Pacifio rali
roaxis, and actually toon over that control,
and with that control absolute power over
tb? thlng- whlch your honors
have said constltuies such restraint under
SmofttStaBca^b8Ul"UallT th6 """ M
"But the law likewise prohibits combina
tions otherwise formed. That is to sav.
?t? stL^1? and provides that
Us policy shall hever bo defeated by the
exercise of any ingenuity ia the devising of
forma The object of the Jtw once clearly
t xf"? je' ' J1" ?BIfeulty 'C?ases if It is es
tablished that that object Is defeated
through contracts, combjaatlons In the
racies" trU8t ?r otherwls?' 0r fay oonspl
Had Exercised the Power.
He also declared tBat'ttl* power to sup
press competition has beea exercised, and
he declared that Messr?. Morgan and Hill
had the power to suppress competition be
tween these two roads when they held the
control of the majority of the stock of the
two. He also asserted that they executed
that power and actually suppressed and de
stroyed competition between them the mo
ment they parted with the legal title to
their segregated holdings a#d vested them
In the Northern Securities Company with
the power in that company,- as its charter
specifies, "to exercise all tl.e rights of
ownership, Including the right to vote
thereon. This, he contended, actually de
stroyed competition between the two roads,
and In support of this statement lie laid
..?n the '"Homing general propositions:
'To be competition thero must be com
petitors In different interest^.
Any act which eliminate? the competi
tors or unifies the Interests destroys compe
tition. v
"There Is no competition where the net
results of operation go Into a common
purse.
"There may be rivalry between the dif
ferent departments or agencies as to which
will contribute the most to the common
fund or as to which is the most economic
al^ administered or operated, but so long
as all are Interested In the operations of
each by sharing a fixed proportion of a
common fund, unaffected by the proportion
Uon ky each, there iji no competl
The Attorney General Sums Up.
Mr. Knox then summed up his points In
support of his content Ions, that as a fact
this merger is a combination in the form
of trust or otherwise, ai follows:
"That the end it accomplishes lg to
bring under one control tte Northern Pa
cific and Great Northern railroads in such
a way as to destroy competition between
them and to create a monopoly of trans
P?!??tion ,n the sactlon served by them.
That this end was the deliberate pur
pose of the parties defendant, who con
ce'ved and carried out the combination.
That such a combination to ia restraint
Of -rade as your honors have repeatedly
decided, and therefore violates the act of
v ongress.
The Tendency to dombtoe.
"To all of this," he added, "defendants
make vigorous objection, mt&it at which is
wholly Irrelevant. I shall S-ot deny the
fact of a tendency to comb^o$laa through
out the land nor discuss its etdnqmlc value.
"I presume that fact accUfnt? ffcr the
existence of laws designed y& refHilate the
tendency along the lin?s of its manifesta
tion where necessary to protect the rights
and interests of the people.
"I have not the slightest doubt about ft
however, that this particular manifestation
of that tendency has no economic merit. It
I9 enough to bring tlie entire railroad
facilities of an Important section of the
country under monopolistic control, but
when to th? power to fix charges for trans
po,V,t,a you add t,le creation of scores of
millions of flat stock upon which those
charges are expected to pay dividends, you
impose an unjustiflcable burden upon the
people and exact too high a price for a suc
cessful evasion of the law.
"While it may be true that the recapitali
zation of these companies was based upon
existing market values for ?helr stock yet
existing market values rested at that time
upon total forgetfulness of the fact that the
progress of material prosperity Is not con
tinuous. and that those values were lifted
upon the wings of an optimism that had
converted Into stock and stock values all
the prosperity in sight, as well as all hopes
expectations of many future years.
"This thing was done when men who have
been regarded as wise men and safe men
1??, hold upon their Judgment and
failed to withstand the temptation to gather
for their instant personal advantage the
fruits which, conserved, would have lasted
many years and benefited many people."
He then announced that tt was not his
Intention to address himself to considera
tions such as these, but to such objections
??fendants to the government's case as
will be considered by the court
He then took up the doctrine of direct and
immediate effect upon interstate commerce
On that point he said:
"It is argued that It Is only such con
tracts and combinations as directly and
Immediately affect Interstate commerce
that are declared Illegal by the state.
"This Is true, but the Northern Securities
arrangement operates directly upon com
merce. because Its certain effect Is to con
trol every act, poltay and operation of two
gigantic systems of railroads by which
commerce Is carried on.
'!7"r?!Jsport,n?' comn>oditles Ib commerce,
ana ir from one state to or through another
it is interstate commerce." (United States
agt. Freight Association, 166 U. S... 323.)
Purpose of Securities Company.
"Nowhere does it appear by suggestion
even, that the purpose of organizing the
Northern Securities Company was other
than to secure the control of these two
roads.
"The case of United States against Knight
contains nothing that the government need
distinguish or explain in this case. There
the combination was of the instrumentali
ties of production, and production is not
commerce. Here the combination Is of the
(Continued on Eighth Pave.) "
' 11 V- * ? ??
* K
Next Saturday's Star,
The Evening Sta& mil is
sue a special Girisfcmas num
ber next Saturday.
It will include a beautifully
colored supplemert entitled,
"Christmas Morn," which
will be framed and-preserved
by thousands of Star sub
scribers.
The regular Saturday edi
tion will be mammoth in size,
and will contain a large num
ber of holiday features spe
cially prepared for this occa
sion, many of them profusely
and appropriately illustrated
. with both half tones and line
cuts.
Watch for next Saturday's
big Star.
?
Trying to Perfect Party Or
ganization.
TO MAKE SOLID FRONT
democrats will stand by ac
tion OF CAUCUS.
Adoption of Senator Blackburn's Res
olution?Bearing on the New
Canal Treat/.
The democrats of the Senate succeeded
today In perfecting a party organization
which they propose to present to the ma
jority hereafter in solid front on all party
questions. The democratic caucus agreed
to a 'resolution, whlah wu presented by
Seiipjor Blackburn yesterday, that here
after when a caucus of democrats shall
determine by a two-thirds vote upon a line
of party action It shall be adhered to by
all democrats.
This action is expected to have important
bearing upon the considera/tlon of all na?
tional and party questions in the Senate
from now on. The next step of the demo
crats will be to decide in caucus what atti
tude they shall assume toward the isthmian
canal treaty, which will come up Immediate
ly after the holidays. It is said that a
"count of noses indicates'that more ilian
one-third of the democrats are willing to
vote for the ratification of a canal treaty.
That will mean that It will not be pos
sible to secure party action against a treaity
with Panama unless some terms of the
treaty should be absolutely objectionable
to all the democrats.
It is said further, however, that the Pan
ama treaty in its present form would not
command the support of a sufficient num
ber of democrats to present a party front
in favor of it. Some sections Of the pending
treaty are very objectionable to the demo
crats. and It is considered certain that In
caucus those objections entertained ?>y
the minority of the democrats will be con
sidered sufficient to array the caucus
against the treaty in existing form.
One of the main objections to the trea.y
is the proposition to guarantee the inde
pendence of a South American state. Som*
democrats hold that Inasmuch as that state
is now practically at war with Colombia
such guarantee on the part of the United
States would be tantamount to a aec.ara
tlon of war against Colombia by this gov
^The^emocrats are congratulating them
selves upon the success of their efforts to
solidify their party. It is said that cau
cuses will be held on every important ques
tion of legislation coming before the Senate.
In the caucus this forenoon Senator
Cockrell of Missouri protested against the
adoption of a rule binding all democrats to
the verdict of a caucus. . He insisted that
within fifty years there nas been no neces
sity for such action, whereupon It was re
torted that the democrats had been m
power but a very little time in that fifty
JMr. Cockrell's colleague, Senator Stone,
took opposite ground and was In favor of
the binding resolution. .
Senator Cockrell announced his unwill
insrness to be bound, and when the vote
came on the adoption of the
senator raised the point against Mr. (Cock
r?n that as he had said he would not do
bound he ought not to vote on the resolu
tion Nothing further wsu said on the res
oluUon but lenator Cockrell did not vote
Upon it. ?
fob. target practice.
Departure of the Brooklyn From
Beirut for Alexandria.
Rear Admiral Cotton, cabling from Beirut,
reports to the Navy Department that he
has gone with the flagship Brooklyn to
Alexandria, Egypt, for target practice. In
view of the shoal water at that place It
?was deemed the most desirable place be
cause of the opportunity afforded to anchor
the targets. The Brooklyn's departure gave
rise to the rumor that she was ^nd for
Alexandria as an outcome of the Davis
affair, but naval officials explain that that
was due to the similarity of the names of
the two places. A in
completing her target practice at^AIex
andria the Brooklyn will return to Beirut,
and then the 8an Francisco will go to Alex
andria for target practice.
military departments.
Recommendation Changing Present
Boundary Dines Approved.
The Secretary of War today approved the
recommendation of the general staff estab
lishing military divisions and somewhat
changing the present boundary lines of
geographical departments in the unlt?t
States. There will be four divisions In tua
United States and one In the Philippines.
The Atlantic division will constitute the
present Department of the East, except the
state of Louisiana, but added thereto the
state of Tennessee, and will be omposed of
the Department of the East and the T
PaT^ieheadquart?rs"of the Department of
the Gulf will be located at Atlanta, Ga.,
and the headquarters of the division w 11
be at Governor's Island, N. Y. Headquar
ters of the Department of the East will be
temporarily at Governor's Island.
The northern division w 11 be composed of
the present Department of the Lakes, the
Department of Missouri and the Depart
ment of Dakota. The Department of M s
sourl is enlarged by adding thereto the
state of Wyoming, which has been detached
from the Department of Colorado. The
headquarters of the northern division Will
be at St. Louis. , .
The Pacific division will be composed of
the present departments of California ana
Columbia. The headquarters of the divi
sion will be at San Francisco.
The southwestern division will be com
posed of the departments of Colorado and
Texas The department of Texas will be
enlarged by the addition of the states of
Louisiana and Arkansas and Oklahoma
and Indian territories. The headquarter
of this division will be Oklahoma City, Okla.
The Philippine division will remain as
now constituted.
The following division commanders nave
been decided upon: Atlantic division, MaJ.
Gen. Cor bin; northern division, MaJ. Gen.
Bates; Pacific division, MaJ. Gen. MacAr
thur; southwestern division, MaJ. Gen.
Sumner; Philippine division, MaJ. Gen.
Wade. The order takes effect January 16.
ORDERED TO PANAMA.
Torpedo Boat Destroyers Will Patrol
the Coast.
Orders have been Issued at the Navy
Department for putting the torpedo boat
destroyers Preble and Paul Jones into com
mission at the Mare Island navy yard, and
their dispatch to Panama to assist In the
patrol of the Isthmus. The two vessels are
now belrig fitted out at the Union Iron
Works, and will start for Panama In about
ten days. The Preble Is commanded by
Lieut. Comdr. T. C. Fenton, and the Paul
Jones by Lieut. G. T. Davison.
The small gunboat Petrel at 8an Fran
cisco has been attached to the Pacific
squadron, and will undoubtedly Join the
other vessels of that squadron oa the Pa
clflo coast of the Isthmus.
BTJNGIE ON THE STAND
WOOD CASE WITNESS STANDS BY
FORMER TESTIMONY.
Testimony Does Not Redound to
Credit of the Former Gover
nor General.
The Senate committee on miUtaxy af
fairs resumed Its hearing In the General
Wood case today, with Maj. J- -?. Runcie
as the first witness. Statements made by
Ray Stannard Baker, the magazine writer,
concerning the article reflecting upon the
administration of Maj. v^en. John R. Brooke
made it necessary for the recall of Major
Runcle. He was u.eu a number of Ques
tions concerning the origin of the article
in question and stood by his former testi
mony, to the effect that General Wood had
knowledge of the story, and that It was
prepared practically at his suggestion and
dictation.
Inspector General Burton.
The second witness today was Gen.
George H. Burton, inspector general of t?.e
army. He occupied the position of In
spector general In cuba under the adminis
tration of General Wood as governor gen
eral, and It was he who discovered the
postal frauds. He was called f#r the pur
pose of telling the committee the date of
that discovery, and also the date General
Wood made the order revising the judicial
system of Cuba for the admission of ex
parte testimony.
Gen. Burton said that the discovery of
the postal frauds was made In April, 1900,
and that It was two weeks or more later
when the order was issued by Gen. Wood
changing the jurisdiction and powers of the
court. _ . .
Says Wood Cut Salaries.
Alexis E. Frye, formerly superintendent of
public instruction of Cuba, followed Gen.
Burton. Mr. Frye told the committee that
the schools of Cuba were organized under
laws Issued by Gen. Brooke, and that an
order making a cut In salaries of teachers
was Issued by Gen. Wood. He declared that
there had been a breach of faith on the
part of Gen. Wood, which interfered with
the efficiency of the schools. He asserted
that Gen. Wood was untruthful In many
matters affecting public affairs.
Secretary Root win be called by the com
mlttee on military affairs tomorrow. The
committee plans to conclude its inquiry to
morrow.
Wants Wood Summoned.
During the hearings yesterday afternoon
of the Senate military committee Senator
H&nna made a formal request of the com
mittee that Gen. Wood be subpoenaed to
ccme home from the Philippines In order
tfcat he may answer the charges against
him, and that he may be questioned con
cerning his actions In Cuba.
Mr. Lafontlsee was recalled and corrobo
rated the testimony given by Dr.Flsher
relative to the article concerning Beuairs.
Lafontlsee told of the manner In which
be had learned of Bellalra* character, and
swore also that Gen. Wood knew all about
"when Gen. Brooke was before the com
mittee two weeks ago he referred to two
orders, one issued by the War Depart
ment, and the other by himself, to carry
the first In effect, which he was unable at
that time to furnish. He went on the stand
yesterday to present the orders and un
dergo an examination concerning them.
The second order directed Gen. Wood, tn
cemmand of the province of Santiago, not
to make expenditures for publlo purposes
ir. excess of $10,000 a month without first
submitting the question to the military
governor. Gen. Brooke said that Gen.
Wood ignored that order and had gone on
spending public money without authority
from the military governor.
Mr. Morrison, a lawyer of New York,
testified that he was Interested in a Havana
conpany which received contracts for dis
infecting the city. He said that there is
still due to his company $8,000. and that
Cutan officials in Havana swear the money
was paid to Gen. Wood to discharge the
indebtedness. Mr. Morrison said he be
lieves that Gen. Wood received that money.
IMPROVEMENT OF THE ABMY.
Bill in the House Provides for Higher
Scale of Efficiency.
Representative De Armond of Missouri
today Introduced a bill In the House to
Increase the efficiency of the United
States army by providing for the arrang
ing and promotion of officers according
to merit. The bill provides that in special
cases, for services deemed notably meri
torious, officers of the army thought to
be thoroughly qualified for the higher
stations, and whose promotion out of the
regular order shall be considered to be
for the good of the service, may from
time to time, without regard to rank or
seniority, be nominated by the President,
and by and with the advice-and consent
of the Senate, be appointed captains, ma
jors, lieutenant colonels or colonels.
The measure provides, further, that an
nually in each arm of the Service, cavalry,
artillery and Infantry, the officers below the
rank of colonel shall be arranged and listed
in their several grades in the order of
merit, to be determined by zeal and effi
ciency in the discharge of duty, proficiency
In the essential and desirable requirements
of a capable and accomplished officer, ac
cording to the Judgment of boards of army
officers In the several arms of the service,
constituted year after year. The Secretary
of War is directed to formulate suitable
rules and regulations for carrying out the
provisions of the law.
HOUSE CLERICAL CHANGES.
Clerk McDowell Makes Several Trans
fers of the Force.
Herman A. Phillips of Chicago has as
sumed the duties of Journal clerk of the
House of Representatives, having been pro
moted by Clerk McDowell of the House
from his former position as assistant Jour
nal clerk. Capt. Thomas H. McKee, who is
relieved as Journal clerk. Is temporarily
acting as clerk of the committee on ac
counts during the Illness of .Tyler Page.
Capt. McKee will be taken care of in some
appropriate place. His retirement from his
old position was due to his loss of lnfluenoe
through the defeat of members Interested
In him.
Frank H. Wakefield, tally clerk, has also
stepped down. He is from the Detroit dis
trict in Michigan, which this year went
democratic. Mr. Wakefield is succeeded by
Wynne C. Jones of Michigan.
W. H. Wasson, former document and bill
clerk, has become assistant journal clerk.
Ferris D. Mackey of the file olerk's office
succeeds Mr. WaBson.
There Is a suggestion that the office of
calendar clerk may be created for Mr.
Wakefield.
SANITY OF LEGATOR DOUBTFUL.
Bequest That Will Never Be Claimed
by a Spaniard.
LONDON, December IB.?The will of the
late Cardinal Herrero y Esplnosa contains,
aocording to a special dispatch from Mad
rid the extraordinary bequest of $10,000 to
the "first Spanish general landing In United
States territory with an army sufficiently
strong to avenge the defeats of Cuba and
the Philippines." Pending the happening of
this event the legacy Is to remain deposited
in the Bask 1 Spela.
The proof that an articl*
deserves public confidence
is inviting public attention
to it?otherwise advertis
ing. It's only the article of
merit that can stand pub*
licity.
IT THE WHITE HOUSE
Few Callers Received by Pres*
ideat During the Day.
MEETING POSTPONED
CABINET SAY NOT OBSERVED BE
CAUSE OF PROCTER FUNERAL.
National Association of Letter Car*
riers Presented?Santa Fa Want#
Land for School Site.
President Roosevelt was absent from h!S
office for an hour this morning attending
the funeral of John R. Procter, and did
not receive many callers. The cabinet
meeting set for 11 o'clock was postponed
unUl tomorrow morning. The President
left h!s office shortly after 10 o clock. Be
fore his departure, however, he was visited
by Senator Dolllver and Representative
Thomas of Iowa. 8enator Charles of Wis
consin and Senator Lodge of Massachu
setts. Senator Lodge presented the officers
of the National AssociaUon of Letter Car
riers?President Kellar, Vloe President Bun
ton and CurUn, member of the executive
committee. After his return to his office
the President received some other callers,
among them being Representatives Landia
of Indiana and Lamb of Virgin.a.
Representative Landia, .-peaking of politi
cal conditions in Indiana and elsfwhere,
said:
"The time has gone by when a half doien
men in Wall street can go to a luncheon
and decide upon who the nom'noo of A
great party for President shall i>e. The
merchants, professional men, farmers, plas
terers. carpenters and mechanics u' it#
kinds settle those things these days. Presi
dent Roosevelt will be nominated by h*S
party without opposition and he will ba
elected. TTiere is not the slightest quest'on
that he will be able to carry Indiana by a
large majority."
I. Sparks, mayor of Smte Fe, M. Mm.,
paid his respec s to th-' President. Mr.
Sparks is seeking to have the Interior De
part men t turn over to the city of Sante Ke,
for school purposes, what Is known as the
Port Marcy military reservation, n -ar Rante
Fe. Mayor Sparks, like all other New Mex
icans, Is sanguine that his territory wHl se
cure statehood at this session of Congress.
For Canal Commissioner.
Representative Mann of IH'noIs presented
lsham Randolph, the engineer of the CW
cago drainage canal, who is in Washington
on business connected with the Chicago
river tunnel project. Mr. Randolph Is one
of the most prominently backed men for
a position on the Isthmian capal commis
sion. The entire Illinois delegation is striv
ing for his appointment, but the most po
tent thing In hie favor will probably be his
record oi engineering on the Chicago canal.
The President will select the best brains In
the country for the commission and experi
ence and knowledge as an engineer will
have much weight with him.
Presidential Nominations.
The President today sent the following
nominations to the Senate:
To be collector of customs?Charles Hen
ning, for the district of Bi .stol and Warren,
R. I.; Albert R. Day. for the district ot
Bangor, Me.
To be postmaster?Frank W. Rollins at
Ellsworth, Me.
To be first lieutenants in the artillery
corps?Second Lieutenant Henry R. Casey,
Second Lieutenant Moses R. Ross.
Export Duties to Germany.
A conference was held last night at the
White House, at which Secretary Shaw and
Baron Sternburg, the German ambassador,
talked with the President In regard to con
sular Invoices on goods imported from Ger
many. The German ambassador said that
many of the German manufacturers were
unable to understand how it was that the
Invoice price of goods imported from Ger
many Into the United States was frequent
ly advanced by the customs officers at the
ports, and the feeling prevailed In some
quarters, he said, that German goods wore
being discriminated against by the customs
authorities of this country.
Secretary Shaw, in explanaUon, stated
that consular officers abroad could not be
expected to know the real or market value
of many goods shipped from their ports,
and the prices giveu could only be approx
imations of the market price. Under the
customs laws of the United States the
value of goods upon which duties are as
sessed are the market values, and It often
happened, he said, that unscrupulous im
porters make Invoices at a lower value than
the market value In the hope of decreasing
their customs payments. Secretary Shaw
stated to Baron Sternburg that, nothing
'could be further from the purpose of liis
officers than to discriminate against Ger
man exports. All naUons were treated ex
actly aUke, and the regulations of the de
partment were strictly In accordance wlt&
law.
ihe ambassador seemed to be fully satis
fled that no discrimination was made in the
case of German goods, but said that he
would be glad if the German consul at New
York could be permitted to critically ex
amine into the workings of the New York
customs house in the matter of Invoices and
other things, in the expectaUon that he
would be able to satisfy German manufac
turers that there is no ground for the fear
that they are not on an equal footing with
the manufacturers of other nations. Secre
tary Shaw said that he would be glad to
have the German consul visit the customs
house In New York and acquaint himself in
detail with the workings of the customs
system In this country.
Secretary Shaw was a guest of the Presi
dent at luncheon this afternoon, and they
talked over the subject presented by Baron
Sternburg. They are pleased to afford the
German consul in New lork every facility
for ascertaining that there is not the slight
est discrimination against German goods,
and hope to see the Idea of the German ex
porters convinced of their mistake.
FRESH REVOLT IN SAN DOMINGO,
Provisional Government Failed to Ob
tain a Foreign Loan. '
Mr. Simpson, the United States consul at
Puerto Plata, San Domingo, has cabled the
State Department under today's date that
a revoluUon has broken out at SanUago
and that the movement la extensive and
serious. This Is supposed to be the result
of the failure of the provisional govern
ment to secure recognition at the hands of
United States Minister Powell, which fact
operated to prevent that government from
obtaining the money necessary to maintain
Itself through a foreign loan.
The U. S. 8. Newport, which has been at
San Domingo, has gone to San Juan to take
on a supply of coal, and will return to San
Domingo to watch over American Interests.
Nothing Is known officially of the report*
ed plots against the life of Minister PoweU.
but the navy will take all necessary precau
tions to protect the United States legaUon
In San Domingo.
A" new revoluUonary movement headed by
Mends of Woe y GU Is said to have been
started in the south of Santo Domingo, and
it la said that the former president may go
back to Ms country and take ths lead of
the new movement.

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