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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 28, 1904, Image 1

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No. 15,967.
SL __
i nxi ?j VISING STAB.
IMbih Offlot, 11th Stmt u< Ptnnsylraaia Avanaa
The ironing 8tar Newspaper Company.
I. E. KAUTTHAKN, President.
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Sates of advertising made known on application.
St. Petersburg Moved by
Heroism of Jap Soldiers.
Victory of the Russian Squadron is
Overshadowed by the Bravery
of the Victims.
ST. PETERSBURG. April 28. 5:50 p.m.?
iTlie satisfaction of the people of St. Peters
burg at the exploits of the Vladivostok
squadron is tempered with admiration for
the bravery of the Japanese soldiers who
Were on board the sunken transport Kln
?hlu-Maru, and who preferred to drown
rather than surrender.
Rear Admiral Yeszen's full report says
that 200 men went down with the ship.
Russian Had No Alternative.
The admiralty admits that the men acted
heroically, but holds that Admiral Yeszen
had no other alternative than to sink the
transport, since lie could not spare a prize
Rear Admiral Yezsen.
erew or hamper his swift squadron with a
?lower steamer, it is pointed out that the
officers on board the Kinshiu-Maru appre
ciated the situation by accepting Imprison
ment rather than death.
One Crew Sent Ashore.
In the case of the smaller Japanese trans
port sunk by the torpedo boats at "VVon
San. the crow were sent ashore because
there were no accommodations for them on
the torpedo boats.
The crew of the Japanese steamer
Nakamura-Marti, as well as the Japanese
of the Kinshiu-Maru, who surrendered,
have been taken to the Russian cruisers.
Ignorant of Future Plans.
The admiralty here professes ignorance as
to the future pluns of Admiral Yeszen, but
It Is believed he is in communication with
Vladivostok by wireless telegraphy and is
not likely to lie surprised by the Japanese
Squadron sent to prevent his return.
Details of the Encounters ? Russians
Fled Before Fire.
TOKYO. April 2h?7 p.m.?The Japanese
gunboat Maya, <scorting a fleet of torpedo
boats, <ntered the mouth of the Yalu river
on Monday and moved toward Wiju. En
route it fought a series of small engage
ments with the Russian forces protecting
the right bank of the river. These encoun
ters transpired lrequently throughout Mon
day and Tuesd ?>?. Admiral Hosoya, com
manding the third squadron, in reporting
the operations says:
"Our detachment reached the Yalu river
Monday and while going up stream the ene
my's lield guns opened against us without
?fleet. We discovered u, force of the enemy
OR an island In midstieam and when we
fired on them they lied. On Tuesday the
enemy s cavalry, 100 strong, attacked our
launch. Our torpedo boat No. 00 replied and
the enemy (led into the mountains. From
Antsu-Shan we replied to the enemy's guns
and silenced them after half an hour. There
Were no casualties on our side."
Number Who Refused to Surrender Go
Down With Vessel.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 28.?Russian
torpedo boats belonging to the Vladivostok
squadron sank a Japanese military trans
port. the Kinshiu-Maru, of 4,000 tons, dur
ing the night of April 26, with all on board
with the exception of IT ?tticers, 20 soldiers,
k of the crew and 85 coolie carriers. The
others, who refused to surrender, were sent
the bottom with the ship.
Official Report.
The official report of Rear Admiral Yez
sen to the emperor Is as follows:
"During the night of April 26 two Rus
sian torpedo boats met at sea the Japanese
mi'itary transport Kinshiu-Maru of 4.000
tons, laden with rice and other military
Stores and about 1.500 tons of coal. The
transport was armed with four Hotchklss
fun* of 47 millimeters. The Russians cap
tured on board 17 officers, 20 soldiers, bt
military carriers or coolies and 65 of the
i rew, who surrendered. The remainder of
i be men, who were to form a landing party
ind who were left without officers, obsti
: ?te.y refused to surrender or go on board
i , Russian cruiser. Furthermore, they of
1 sred armed resistance to the Russians. In
he end they were sent to the bottom with
1 he transport."
The number of men drowned Is not given.
Jap Steamers Sunk.
Admiral Yezsen reports that besides the
?irking of the Japanese steamer Goyo-Maru
at Won-San (Gen-San) April 25, the Rus
fans sank at sea the same evening the
Japanese steamer Makamura-Maru, of 220
tons, whose crew were saved.
Only Small Body of Japs Crossed Yalu.
CHEFOO, April Zs?5 p.m.?Chinese Junk
men arriving from the Yalu say that a Jap
anese force has occupied Kurliencheng, a
" town Just north of Antung, on the Man
Ofeurlan side of the Yalu river. They say
that only a small body of the Japanese
army has crossed that river.
Admiral Tsah reports the Chinese cruiser
SLitlen a total wreck on Billot Island,
rth of Stianghal.
President Went to the Capitol
at 11 O'clock.
Gov. Atkinson May Be Given the Va
cant District Judgeship?Summer
Plans Not Completed.
President Roosevelt went away from the
White House shortly after 11 o'clock this
morning to go to the Capitol to sign the
work of Congress In its closing houre.
Prior to his departure he waa busily en
gaged receiving meml>ers of Congress, who
called for all kinds of purposes and busi
ness?some to shake hands In farewell,
others to inquire about the statue of bills
and others to introduce friends and request
appointments. Many of those who called
will leave Washington, they told the Presi
dent, tonight, while a score at others will
remain here from a few days to a few
weeks longer, winding up departmental and
other work that is pending. A good many
members of Congress will be kept in Wash
ington until June, as they brought their
children here last fall and entered them In
Washington schools, supposing that the
session of Congress would last until along
in June, if not later. So there will be quite
a colony of statesmen here for five or six
weeks to come. Most of them will have
something to do during that time, too.
Following Pet Local Bills.
A considerable portion of the President's
victors this morning were congressmen
keeping: track of pet local bills and anxious
to prevent them going astray until they
could receive the signature of the President
Representative Bartlqtt of Georgia, Senator
Simmons and Representative Small of
North Carolina, Senators Foster and An
keny of Washington and a half dozen
others were among those pursuing local
bills. Representative Bartlett obtained the
signature of the President to a bill that
the chief executive vetoed at the close of
the last session under a misapprehension It
Is not Infrequent that bills go astray toward
the close of Congress and fail because they
do not obtain the presidential approval in
the proper time. The vigilant senator or
representative temporarily turns himself
into a Pinkerton detective and follows his
pet measure from place to place until he
finds it safely under the right hand of the
A Judgeship for Mr. Atkinson.
Senator Elklns of West Virginia chatted
long enough with the President to ask him
not to settle the vacancy on the supreme
bench of the District of Columbia, caused
by the promotion of Judge Pritchard to be
a circuit Judge, until the West Virginia del
egation has an opportunity to fully present
the claims of ex-Gov. George W. Atkinson
of that state. The President some time ago
determined that he would give Mr. Atkin
son, who Is the United States attorney of
the southern district of West Virginia, a
federal Judgeship, and has told Senators
Elklns and Scott of what he means to do.
The belief, however. Is that Mr. Atkinson
I was scheduled for a future vacancy on the
Court of Claims. Whether the President
I will care to consider him for the District
Judgeship is not known, but it Is quite like
ly that the West Virginia people will press
the President to confer the honor upon Mr.
Atkinson now while there is an opening. It
Is altogether probable that If an outside
man secures the judgeship he will be Mr.
The President's Summer Plans.
The early adjournment of Congress will
not mean the early departure of the Presi
dent for the summer, It is said. Last year
he went away from Washington for his
Oyster Bay home the last of June and
two years ago he left here on the 3d of
July, although hl3 family had preceded him
to Oyster Bay. The President has several
children In Washington schools, and they
will be allowed to wind up their school
terms. Immediately afterward, It Is
thought, the President will go to Oyster
Bay. It is thought probable that he will
be here when he is nominated by the Chi
cago convention, but that he will be In
Oyster Bay when he is notified of his nomi
nation. If the visit of the notification com
mittee will require the members staying
over night the President may not go to
Oyster Bay until he is notified. There are
practically no hotel accommodations in the
home town of the President. One small
hotel takes care of the visitors who are
compelled to stay in town while the Presi
dent is there, but such a large committee
as that on notification would have to tent
on the grass on the President's grounds if
Its program was so arranged as to point
toward a night in the town. The official
notification will be extended early in July
and could take place here. [
The Decision in the Crum Case.
Several senatorial callers discussed with
the President last night and today the sit
uation as to the Crum case. The President
had considered the advisability of calling
the Senate In extra session, but republican
senators told him that the Crum case was
In such a state that Congress would be
kept here a long time if the attempt should
be made to push for confirmation It was
the desire to get away. As to an extra
session it was declared that a race issue
would be precipitated, and that bitter feel
ing would be aroused both hero and
throughout the country. The outcome
would be difficult to foreshadow. After
thinking over the facts as presented, the
i resident reluctantly admitted that the sit
uation was entirely unfavorable to secur
ing the confirmation of Crum before ad
journment or in an extra session, except
one of great length.
Correspondents' Servants Released.
Minister Conger cabled the State Depart
ment from Peking today that United States
Consul Miller at Niuchwang had notified
him that the two Japanese servants who
were removed by the Russian* from the
Chicago Dally News' press boat Fa/wan and
Imprisoned under suspicion of being spies
have been released and have arrived at
Cheefoo. Both Ambassador MoCormick
and Consul Miller have actively interested
themselves in behalf of the unfortunate
servants, and the Russian government has
graciously yielded to their representations.
Minister Powell Going to Haiti.
United States Minister Powell, who has
been 111 for some time, cabled the State
Department today from San Domingo that
he Is about to leave that capital for Port
au Prince, Haiti, to obtain medical treat
ment not to be had In San Domingo. The
minister will not return to that republic
as Congress has provided for a division of
the double ministry to Haiti and San Do
mingo. and Mr. Powell will remain minister
to Haiti, while the post of minister to San
Domingo wUl be Oiled by an original ap
French. Syndicate Will Draw Upon the
Treasury?Panama Wants a
Million at Once.
Attorney General Knox Is expected to
officially notify Secretary Shaw at any time
that the United States is in complete legal
possession of the Panama canal and all the
property that belonged to the Panama
Canal Company, and that the $40,000,000
purchase price may be paid to the proper
authorities. Secretary Shaw has the cash
ready to make the payment when he is in
formed that it may be done and to whom
the payment may be made.
Porty Millions Advanced.
Attorney General Knox has cablegrams
from Messrs. Day and Russell, represent
atives of the Department of Justice in
Paris, saying that all the necessary deeds,
papers, &c., are in their hands, and that a
French syndicate has advanced the $40,000,
000 to the canal company. This syndicate
wili draw upon the Treasury Department
for the money. Just what the details would
bo w^re not known at the treasury today.
Secretary Shaw was at the Capitol with the
President. The French syndicate will prob
ably telegraph to its correspondents in New
York to draw upon the treasury or tele
graph the treasury to pay to its represent
atives in New York the money. If this
course Is not followed then the draft will
come by mail and may not get here for
eight or ten days. The belief at tho treas
ury, however, Is that the money will be
paid within a day or so.
Panama Wants a Million.
The republic of Panama has asked the
Treasury Department to pay to Us fiscal
agents in New York, J. P. Morgan & Co.,
at once $1,000,000 of the -$10,000,000 that is
to be paid that country, and a check for
this amount will be drawn immediately.
This check, it is likely, will be drawn in
favor of the Secretary of State, who will
indorse it to the republic of Panama. The
remaining $0,000,000 will be paid as des
ignated by Panama. There is no official
of that government in the United States
now authorized to receive the money, but
a minister will arrive here some time in
June and he will receive the money if
earlier arrangements are not made A
draft for the $9,000,000 balance will prob
ably be made out to Secretary Hay also
and be placed in his hands for assign
ment as Panama directs. If the republic
wants the money paid to Morgan & Co It
will be turned over to that institution.
The Treasury Balance.
By reason of the constant heavy expendi
tures of the treasury this fiscal year the
government will not have as much spare
change when the $50,000,000 payments are
closed as was at first thought. There was
today approximately a working balance of
$51,000,000 in the treasury.
In national bank depositories in New
York there is accumulated about $27 500 000
to be used in connection with these pay
ments. The $22,500,000 necessary to make
up the total $50,000,000 must be paid out
of the working balance of the department
or another call must be made on national
bank depositories for the amount needed.
Secretary Shaw is apparently disinclined to
do this and will make the payment out of
the working balance. As the figures stand
now this balance will be reduced to less
than $30,000,000?about $28,500,000 to be
more accurate, depending upon the changes
*n the receipts expenditure account dur
ing: the next few laye. The figure will
around $30 000,000. It has alwayl been a
tradition of treasury officials that the work
mgr balance ought not to g*o below $50 000 -
000, but the tradition will be violated' this
time. Secretary Shaw, can at any time
however, increase this working balance by
drawing upon depositories for government
After these depositories
have paid the amount ordered by Secretary
t8haanWmot^C(^aL;hey wiU 8 ? " have mow
their ST000 eovernment money in
Canal Property Transferred.
The canal property has been formally
turned over to Lieut. Mark Brooke of the
Engineer Corps of the United States army,
now at Colon, and the United StntAH <?
not only in legal control, but actual control
of the great canal property. '
At Least 200 American and European
Oorreapondent* in the Field.
The great number of ne>ws paper corre
spondent* dispatched to the far east by en
terprising papers has overwhelmed ths
Japanese government, and United States
Minister Griscom today cabled ths Stats
Department from Tokyo that further appli
cations in behalf of correspondents for per
mission to accompany the Japanese forces
in the field cannot be granted. It is esti
mated that there are already at least 200
American and European correspondents
traveling with the Japanese army, a con
siderable incumbrance, when it is realised
ii?aM.e.aoh ot t,168e i1?" I8 given all of the
facilities accorded a Japanese officer of high
rank, including body servant and inter
preter, supplies of food, transportation and
Special privileges over ths telegraph wires.
Bills Referred to the Cabinet Before
He Signed Them.
President Roosevelt arrived at-*he Capitol
today at 11:25 a.m. to attend to^his official
duties Incident to the adjournment of Con
gress. Nearly all the members'of his cab
inet had preceded him and werg, waiting In
the President's room. He was accompanied
by Mr. Loeb, his secretary, and the -wnole
executive force of the White House. A
number of bills passed last night and today
received his signature.
At 11:26 the President affixed his sig
nature to the last of the general supply
measures?the. post office appropriation bill.
Prior to that time he had signed the sun
dry civil, the general deficiency and the
Military Academy bills, in addition to
scores of measures of minor importance.
The President was In almost constant
consultation with senators and represent
atives concerning measures presented to
him for signature. Bills relating to the
various departments were referred directly
to members of the'cabinet who were pres
ent, and, as usuai, they passed upon them
before they were signed by the President.
At 12:45 p.m. the joint committee of the
two branohes of Congress,' consisting of
Senators Hale and Coekr?li and Represent
atives Payne. Hemenway and T*rilllams, ap
pointed to notify the President that the
Congress was ready to adjourn, called upon
President Roosevelt in his room at the
The President Informed the committee
that he had no further communications to
make to the Congress. The committee re
mained with the President less than Ave
The last of the Important bills to receive
the signature of the President were the
river and harbor and Panama canal meas
ures. All of the surveys which the Senate
provided for In the river and harbor bill
were stricken out in conference.
In one of them the President had a per
sonal Interest, as It was a survey near the
President's home at Oyster Bay. "When he
noted the fact that that, among the other
surveys, had been eliminated, he signed
the bill and remarked, laughingly, that It
was pretty evident that he had no influence
with the present administration.
Mrs. Roosevelt, accompanied by Theo
dore, jr., and Kermit Roosevelt and Miss
Keah, were in the President's gallery of
the Senate at the time of adjournment.
The I resident left the Capitol at 2:05
o'clock and returned to the White House.
Selections Sent to the Senate for Ac
tion Today.
The President today sent to the Senate
the following nomirations:
J. Wliittaker Thompson, United 'States
attorney for the eastern district of Penn
sylvania; Thomas C. Humphrey, Judge of
the United States court for the central dis
trict of Indiaif territory: Louis Sulibacher,
Missouri, judge of the United States court
for the western district of Indian territory;
Wm. R. Lawrence, Illinois, judge of the
United States court for the eastern district
of Indian territory; Oscar 1. Robbins, sur
veyor of customs for the port of Dayton,
Ohio; T. DeWitt C. Parkinson, postmaster
at Monongahela, Pa.
Joseph T. Dickerson of Kansas, to be
Judge of the United States court for the
southern district of Indian territory.
The Senate confirmed all the nominations
sent In today, also the following postmas
Florida?John F. Stunkel, Leestourg; Jas,
Q. Baskln, Dunellon; Thos. H. Alexander,
White Springs; H. C. Budge, Miami; Law
rence Brown, Milton; Roy S. Hunna, St.
Indiana?Japhet F. Lehman, Berne; Henry
F. Radclill, Pierceton.
Georgia?John F. Jenkins, Ashburn.
' ??? ? ? | ??
It is Said That Postmaster General
Payne is Much Better.
Postmaster General aijd Mrs. Payne are
on their way to Washington fro mCharles
ton, S. C., where they left the Onondaga to
return the remainder of tbe distance by
rail. They will 'arrive here tomorrow
morning at 7 o'clock, and It fseXpeoted that
Mr. Payne will be In his office in the Post
Office Department tomorrow; some time.
His health Is said to have greatly improv
ed during Ills sea trip to Galveston and re
turn, and it will be with renewed vigor that
he again takes up his duties at the depart
In the absence of the Postmaster General
Mr. Robert J. Wynne, the flrtt assistant,
has been aotlng postmaster general, and
as such was today at the Capitol with the
other members of the cabinet, In attend
ance on the President during the last day
of the session of Congress.
Death of Mrs. Kerr.
"Word was received here today of the
death, at her home In New : Albany, Ind.,
last Sunday of Mrs. Mary KSerr, widow of
ex-Speaker Kerr of the Hous* of Represent
atives. Mrs. Kerr, who wasiwell known in
Washington, where she wtp one of the
social leaders during her husband's term of
office, was in her ninety-sixth year.
Amerloan Missionaries la Korea.
Mr. Alien, United States sinister to
Seoul, has cabled the State Department a
very reassuring message touching the con
dition of the American missionariee in
Korea- He says in substance they are in
no dancer and will not be as long a* pres
ent conditions conUnua.
Wants Commissioners to Send Copies
of All Records, Evidence and Other
Papers in tlie Matter.
Representative Morrell of Pennsylvania
today Introduced In the House a resolution
calling upon the Commissioners of the Dis
trict of Columbia to transmit to the House
all the papers connected with the recent In
quiry of the local authorities into publlo
school conditions. The resolution is as
"Resolved, That the Commissioners of the
District of Columbia and the board of edu
cation of the District, be. and they are
hereby, directed, to send to this House
copies of all records, evidence and other
papers in their possession, official and
semi-official, forming a part of, or relating
to, an Investigation of conditions in the
public schools of the District originated in
November, 15101, and ended in February,
The resolution will be referred to the
House District committee, and will not be
considered at this session of Congress.
Mr. Worrell is chairman of the subcom
mittee on education, labor and charities of
the House District committee, and as such
he said today he felt it was his duty to call
upon the Commissioners for the evidence
secured during their inquiry in order that
the committee may be completely informed.
Mr. Morrell said the matter of the In
vestigation into the public schools had not
been brought officially to his attention. He
had learned, however, that the Commis
sioners had irade an exhaustive Inquiry
into the school service, and that serious
charges and counter charges had been
made during the Investigation by school
officials. Mr. Morrell declared that no
action had been taken by the Commission
ers as a result of these investigations. He
thought the matter should be placed before
the District committee of the House in
order that reforms may be instituted wher
ever the committee might deem necessary.
The wording of the Morrell resolution Is
such that if it should be adopted by the
House it would result in the printing of all
the evidence and papers called for, and
their promiscuous distribution. The reso
lution does not call for the papers "for the
Information" of a committee, but requests
their transmission to the House, thus mak
ing public documents of all of them.
Passed by the House &t This Morning's
The House this morning passed three
Distrlot bills. One of these was House bill
15438, to amend section 653 of the Distrlot
code in relation to the regulation of assess
ment insurance companies. The second was
House bill 16320, amending the act of June
8, 1886, to regulate the practice of medlolne
and surgery, to license physicians and Bur
geons, and to punish violations thereof.
This bill was prepared by and introduced
at the request of the District Commission
ers. The object of the bill is to allow the board
of medical supervisors to issue Uoneses
without examination to duly licensed phy
sicians of stated experience in other Juris
dictions. It was stated that the desirability
of such legislation is universally recog
The third , bill passed Senate 5583, amend
ing the charter of the General Federation
of Women's Clubs, so as to allow the hold
ing of meetings outside the District of Co
Japan Adopts Regulations Laid Sown
by The Hague Conference.
The advanced position taken by the Japa
nese in the adoption of humane rules of
war is strikingly shown In a report to the
State Department from United States Min
ister Griscom at Tokyo, In which he ln
oloses a communloatlon to himself from
Baron Komura, the Japanese minister of
foreign affairs. The minister shows that
Japan Is the first country to give full effeot
to the elaborate code of laws governing
war laid down by The Hague conference.
He announces that there has already been
put Into operation by the Japanese the rule
of war regulating the dispatoh of letters,
money orders and valuables between pris
oners of war and their friends in their own
oountry. The Japanese government has
X ordered that such prisoners be sup
1 free with postal facilities, communi
cation and means of receiving gifts. Also
they will not be subjeoted to any railway
Personal Mention.
Mr. George W. F. Swartsell has gone to
Los Angeles, C&l., where be will attend the
general convention of the M. E. Church as
a delegate frora the Baltimore conference.
Mr. George H. Smith of this city has
gone to spend several months with his eon,
Alfred A. Smith, In San Juan, Porto fUco.
W. A. L&jigllle of the bureau of forestry
left today for Alaska, where he will be en
gaged until December examining lands te
be Inoludea In proposed forest reserves.
Dramatic Situation of German
Expedition in Africa.
Efforts to Subjugate Hereros Proving
Difficult Problem?Berlin Paper
Defends the Government.
BERLIN, April 28.?Col. Duerr, concern
ing whose return from German Southwest
Africa conflicting reasons have been given,
arrive<J at Hamburg today, and made the
Impression that he was a very sick man.
The commandant of the Grootfonteln dis
trict, German Southwest Africa, cables that
the Germans there have suffered most se
vere losses and lack the necessaries of life.
He adds:
"I beg for lmhiedlate assistance."
A seml-oltlclal publication says the au
thorities here do not expect further engage
ments with the Hweros until the German
forces see the opportunity of striking a de
cisive blow.
The Cologne Zeltung prints today a Ber
lin dispatch, evidently Inspired and de
signed to defend the government against
the charge of lack of energy in suppressing
the rebellion.
"The government pursued a policy," says
the correspondent, "of letting the South
west Africa authorities determine what
forces they needed and sent all they re
It has been variously stated that Col.
Uuerr, who recently went to German South
west Africa as cemmander of the expedi
tion against the rebellious Hereros. had re
turned to Germany on account of sickness,
owing to his failure to agree with Gov.
Leutweln and on account of his having
been suspended and recalled by Emperor
Kaiser's Visit to Italy.
ROME, April 28.?Before passing the Ital
ian frontier last night Emperor William,
who arrived at Venice yesterday on the Im
perial yacht Hohenzollern, on his way to
Karlsruhe, telegraphed to King Victor Em
manuel, and also to Premier Giolettl, ex
pressing his highest satisfaction at the
warm, friendly greeting he had received
throughout entire Italy and thanking them
Settled in Paris That French Banks
Will Place One.
PARIS, April 28.?The Temps In 1U
financial article today, says:
"The question of a Russian loan has not
advanced during the last few diys. The
only thing settled is that a loan will be
placed shortly, and that French banks
have decided to undertake to place it.
Whether It will be one or several transac
tions, the price at which It will be effected
and whether the coupons will be of large or
small denominations are details on which
MM. Hoettinger and Noetzlin, representing
the French financiers, will go to St. Peters
burg Saturday or Monday for the purpose
of conferring with the Russian govern
Russian Column Advancing Toward
Jap Garrison.
PARIS, April 28 ?The Temps correspond
ent at St. Petersburg telegraphs as follows:
"A Russian column Is about twenty miles
fiom Won-San, where the Japanese garri
son has fortified itself. The Vladivostok
squadron supports the movement of the
Russian column.
"Some skirmishes have occurred on the
right bank of the Yalu, resulting favorably
to the Russians. Thus far only the ?%
vance guard of the Japanese has crossed
the river, but the passage of the entire
Japanese army is imminent."
Meeting of National League in Chicago
?Nominating Law.
CHICAGO, April 28?The draft of the
proposed municipal nominating law was
today submitted to the National Munici
pal League when the league began Its
second day's session at the Northwestern
University building. The draft was sub
mitted by the committee on nomination re
form. This committee was appointed at
Boston in 1002 and for two years has care
fully considered the subject.
George W. Guthrie of Pittsburg spoke on
"The right of every citizen to a free and
equai share in the selection of candidates
for municipal elective office."
Mr. Guthrie declared that anything which
limits or impairs the citizen's freedom of
choice or equality of power In the selection
of public officers curtails his sovereignty.
He declared that the existence of any
power which relieves public officials of
direct responsibility to the people, and
protects them from the consequences of
official acts piejudieial to public Interest,
disturbs every vestige of indirect or moral
control. .
"Freedom of ohoice and direct responsi
bility to the people are absolutely essen
tial alike to government by the people and
honest administration," said Mr. Guthrie.
Mr Guthrie concluded by s tying: "Tha
state by the adoption of an official ballot
now so general has greatly increased the
ability of the 'boss* or 'machine,' once In
vested with power, to perpetuate it. If the
state gives a plaoe on the b illot to a polit
ical party or 'boss' or a 'machine' or an
organization which has the right and power
to select the candidates whose names shall
occupy that place evidently the state grants
the 'boss' or 'machine' or organization a
monopoly in the use of the party name and
the support of the public policy for which
that name stands. Such a monopoly is ab
surd. It Is absurd that any set of citizens
should be given a copyright on any public
Entered Yankee Trotter at Moscow and
Won Every Prize.
MOSCOW, April 28.?The trial began here
today of two men, Bagovsky and Ostovsky,
charged with entering an American trotter,
Osland, as a Russian horse and carrying
oft all the prizes.
Three Victims of a Shooting.
CHICAGO, April 23.?George Walsh,
wounded by Peter McGee, watchman at a
stock yards plant, on Saturday, when try
ing to escape after having shot another
watchman, has died. He was caught while
stealing hams, and a revolver fight ensued.
Both the watchmen with whom he fought,
McGee and Arthur Clements, were killed.
Walsh had an acoompllce, whoa* identity
lii unknown and who escaped.
It would take 35,000 circulars
to reach the home# The Star
reaches. At one cent postage
the mailing alone would cost
$350, with twice as much more
for printing, envelopes and ad
dressing, or over $1,000 to say
what Tire Star will print for a
few dollars.
The House Adjourned Until
Next December.
Representative Richardson Called on to
Preside?The Speaker Tlianked
for His Fairness.
With round after round of cheer* for
the Speaker and the singing of "America"
and "Auld Lang Syne," the House of Rep
resentatives at 2:10 o'clock this afternoon
adjourned until December next. Rosolu
Uons offered by Minority Leader William*
thanking the Speaker for the fair and im
partial manner In which he had presided
over the sessions of the House, were
adopted amid scenes of greatest enthu
siasm. Speaker Cannon replied feelingly
and wished every memlier a safe Journey
home and a happy recess.
Folowlng adjournment the chamber was
given over to much merriment. The mem
bers shook hands with each other and
continued to sing songs for quite a long
while. Representative Charles B. Landis
of Indiana assumed cdntrol of the mighty
choir and led the members effectively In
their musical display.
As the time for adjournment approached
the confusion In the House steadily In
creased. The members were in a merry
mood, and few of them after 1 o'clock re
mained in their lespecUve seats. They pre
ferred ifctlier, to roam about the chamber,
gossiping with their colleagues, telling jokes
and talking over plans for the future. From
time to time most of the members would
gradually concentrate Immediately in front
of the Speaker n desk. Here they would
clamor for recognition In order to make
sundry minor requests. To obtain the at
tention of the el air members would raise
their right hands like boys in school and
call "Mr. Speaker" at the tops of their
When the crowd would get so large as to
practically obstruct all passage some of
the distant members from their places on
the floor would call loudly for "Orderl
Then the Speaker would pound long and
loudly on his desk.
It was apparently a great delight to all
the members when the services of the read
ing clerk could be engaged upon lOme long
and unimportant measure. The reading
gave opportunity for social Intercourse as
no one attempted to listen to what the clerk
Mr. Richardson Called to the Chair.
* At 1:50 o'clock Speaker Cannon called
Representative Richardson of Tennessee,
the senior democratic member of the
House, to the chair. A great demonstra
tion followed. It was the first time dur
ing the session that a minority member
had been in the presiding officer's chair.
Republicans and democrats Joined In the
applause and cheering.
From time to time members who had
called up bills of minor Importance, not ex
pecting their passage, would ask unani
mous consent for permission to extend
their remarks in the Record.
Smarting under the defeat dealt out to
the majority yesterday when a special ruie
granting leave to all members to print re
marks in the Record during the three day*
following adjournment, was presented. Kep
resentative Payne of New York, the repub
lican floor leader, objected today to every
request for permission to extend remarks
In the Record. . .
The closing legislative minutes of the
session were occupied by Representative
Llvernash of California on a measure to
open certain Indian lands in that state Mr.
Llvernash's seat is far back on the minority
side of the chamber. In order to be he.ra.
however, he came down to the speaker ?
desk and spoke from that position.
Thanked the Speaker.
At 1:55 o'clock Representative John Sharp
Williams, the minority leader, Interrupted
and obtained permission to offer a resolu
tion. Every one knew that the closing
scenes of the session were at hand and
members returned to their seats and lis
tened attentively to what Mr. Williams had
to say. His resolution returned the thanks
of the House to its S|>enker, Representa
tive J. G. Cannon of Illinois, "for the fair.
Impartial and able manner in which he has
presided over the deliberations of the House
and for the sturdy common sense and the
genial good humor displayed by him. which
have Induced members of the House in imi
tation of him to display the same sterling
American characteristics in their delibera
t'ons and mutual feelings."
Mr. Williams spoke further in tribute to
Mr. Cannon amid applause on both sides.
During the consideration of the resolu
tion Speaker Cannon had been out of the
chamber. Mr. Williams moved that the
resolution be adopted and a committee ap
pointed to escort the Speaker ba$}t to ills
desk. With prolonged cheers tha resolution
was adopted by a standing vote.
Mr. Richardson, the acting speaker, ap
pointed Messrs, Williams of Mississippi,
Payne of New York and Hemenway of In
diana as a committee to wait upon the
Speaker and escort him back to the cham
A few moments later the Speaker and the
escorting party appeared at the main door
of the House. Mr. Cannon and Mr. Wil
liams proceeded down the aisle together
closely followed by Messrs. Payne and
Hemenway. Their progress was a trium
phant one. for the cheering was continuous.
When Mr. Cannon began taking his place
at the Speaker's desk Mr. Richardson ask-".!
that Mr. Williams read the resolution Thl?
was done amid another outburst of en
thusiastic applause.
The Speaker's Response.
Speaker Cannon replied feelingly and
thanked the members of the House for their
generous tribute. He said It had been
great pleasure to him to have presided over
''such a magnificent body, and he wished to
thank both the minority and the majority
for their assistance In so pleasantly dis
posing of the affairs of the nation.
Speaker Cannon then said it was his duty,
under the joint resolution of Congress to
declare the second session of the Fifty
eighth Congress adjourned without day.
Then followed prolonged cheering ami the
singing of "America" and "Auld l.ang
Syne." For a long while after the excite
ment had died away members remained in
their seats gossiping with each other, ar
ranging papers and so forth for their early
Attendance Small.
The House resumed its session at 10:10
o'clock today. It still being the legislative
day of Tuesday. Although it was ad
mittedly the last day of the second session
of the Fifty-eighth Congress, the usual
crowds which throng the galleries ui*>n
such occasions were noticeably absent. 1 he
attendance of members when the Speaker
rapped for order also was small.
fha House at once got down to bust*

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