Newspaper Page Text
No. 16,235. WASHINGTON, D. C., TTESDAY, MARCH 7, 1905-EIGHTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS.
THN ZVZMIIG STAL. PU 1MANd DAILY, 10W MUAY. sados Omsk flie ke Wi m " - AMM The mng Star Newspr OMPay. .n. nU"MAnn, Pr-Ms.. lew Trk 0ne: Tkm B0dg. cMege 038.: TrCWWW s.dlio. The Evenirg Star I served to subwbere in th4 city by carriers,. on their own account, at 10 cents per week, or 44 cenp, per month. Copies at the counter. 2 cents each. By mail-anywhere in the U. S. or Canada-postage prepaid-50 cents per month Saturday Star. 32 ages, $1 per year; wit,h for elffn pontag ed $ 60 lEntred at the Poet Office at Washington, D. 0. iia seennrd-(in.s mall matter.) C7AII mall Pubscriptions must be paid In advanM Rates of advertIsing made known on applicatIon. HOPE VANISHINC Kuropatkin's Position Causes Gloom ATTHE CZAR'S COUR1 Situation of Russian Army Keenly Aporeciated. DESPERATE FIMHTING BATTLE RESUMN AT DAYLIGH7 THIS MORNING. JLussian Forces Almost Cut Off Fron Retreat-Must Fight It Out With Enemy. Dispatches from the far east to dav indicate that the situation o General Kuropatkin's army Im grown desperately critical. St Petersburg is, therefore, alarmet over the possibility that he will i unable to extricate himself. The junction of the Japanese 1e1 army at a point northwest of Muk den, on the Sinmintin road, with a flanking column from the west, 'f fers the gravest danger. It is a this point where terrific fighting i: in progress. It is already reported that retrext has been ordered, but it is believed that such a course is now impossilt and that Kuropatkin must fight it out in his present position. It is also reported that the czai has ordered Kuropatkin to hold lukden as long as possible. ST. PETERSB'RG, March 7, 1:50 p.m. All hope that General Kuropatkin will bg able to turn defeat into victory is rapidly vanishing. The position of the Russiar army has be-,n growing increasingly des perate during the last twenty-four hours The gravest danger is from the Japanese left. which has been pushed northward or the Sinmintin road to a point eight mileg northwest of Mukden, where it has joined a flanking column from the west around the village of Tatchekiao, which is located at this point. The battle raged with terrible bitternes: throughout yesterday with all the reserves hurried to the scene to block the stroke a the Russian line of communication. The Desperate Situation. General Baron Kaulbars. who is defend. -ing this wing, is only able to hold his own 4On account of the desperate situation there Gr-neral Kuropatkin has not attempted t< drive home his counter stroke at the Jap, ar.cs- center, and his offensive, which wa' abortive, h:, s bee n abandoncd. .At the same time, encouraged by the progress of the main turning movemeni v, st, G;eneral Kureki again pressed forwart froem the en.et ycsterday against Genera: Li invitch, forcin:g the Russians to give . ground. It is rumored that Kuropatkin has al ready giv'en the order to retreat, and thai he is gradually withdrawing forces frorr the center. but experts are inclined to be lieve that lhe has waited too long; that hi must fight it out in hiis present positionl a ni that it is Impossible to extrictt mo,re thian the remnants of his atrmy. At the war oflice it is said that the Jap a nes. siege- gu ns from Port Arthur, witi a range of eigh:t nilies, are causing ter. ruble puni shmnent. Nothing can stam~ up against them. Main Fight at Tatchekiao. The only news received at the war of flee till this hour is that the battle wnt resumed at daylight this morning at Tatch:ekiao. During the night both sideE brought up additional guns, and at day break a perfect hail of artillery pro jectiles filled the- air. if tie Japanese (rush Gen. Kaulbars to. * day the Russian retreat will be cut oli and K uropatkin's army will hie almosl rurrounded. There is the greatest feal that telegrapilc communications may be cut at any nmoment. The paublic is pessimistic as usual. Thi 3ther:Its especially look forwardi to the com picte defeat of K uropatkin's armny witl eq ua .imity on the theory that a Russia1 yietery wouldi stiffen the backbonec of tih re ace naries. According to the libera view the more the government is emba: rassed the more it wiAi be obliged to yield Evacuation Imperative. NE:w YORK, March T.-A cablegrai from St. Petersburg says: Gen. Kuropatki: has adv ised the czar that the general situ atllin of the Manchurian army Is such a C 7/ AT/1C N -A .-mree to make it imperative that Mukden be evacuated at once. The czar, it is reported, has ordered the Russian commander to hold the city as long as possible. ALONG THE HUN RIVER. Energetic Advance of Japanese is Stubbornly Resisted. MUKDEN. March 7.-At the beginning of the operations westward the Russians after a succession of fights occupied five ad vanced positions and a front extended along the Hun river and resting on the villages of Chiantsanhetan, where the Liaoyang-Sinmintin road crosses the Hun river, and Chandetal further west where the first corps was stationed. The energetic advance of the Japanese on Tsinkhetchen caused General Kuropat kin to send reinforcements eastward. The first corps was withdrawn and its place was occupied by regiments of riflemen. The Japanese on being informed of this weakening of the Russian line threw nine divisions against this advanced force. The attacks the first day were repulsed, but news coming in that the Japanese had four columns moving up the Liao valley and turning the Russian right, the rifle men were ordered to retire along the east bank of the river. The Japanese. March 1, were reinforced, and attacked Syaotin puzi, taking the riflemen and the adjoin ing corps northward in the flank and rout ing them with the heaviest losses. At this juncture General Kaulbars or dered the divisions under the command of General Olembatoffsky to attack and take the villages of Peithousi and Sathaixi, on the Schach river, a tributary of the Hun, at any cost, to cover the retirement of the rest of the force. In the face of a terrible fire from five bat teries, two of them firing shells loaded with Shimose powder, the regiments accomplish ed their task, capturing the villages, seven machine guns and three hundred prisoners, and holding the positions until the retire ment was effected. The evacuation of the position took place during the night. At this time the Japanese were attack ing Gen. Birega on the Tachekiao-Sinmin tin road and desperate fights were in progress at Sanlinpon and Snchlnpu. As the Japanese were moving more north ward it became evident that a further change of front was necessary, particularly as the position at Sududyapu was uncov ured by the retirement of Gen. Ivanoff froa Tatayan. The Japanese directed a series of heavy attacks in that direction and the village changed hands several times, but finally remained in the possession of the Japanese. The operation of changing front was conducted with speed. During this opera tion it was found necessary to burn the C large commissariat warehouses at Suhude pu, Chantan and Sifontai. COUNTER-ATTACKS. Russian and Japanese in Stubborn t Contests for Positions. TOKYO. March 7. 5 p.m.-The following I dispatch was received today from the head- e quarters of the Japadnesc armies in the t field: "In the Singking (Yenden) direction the enemy in the neighborhood of Tita made several counter-attacks Monday, which were repulsed. Our attacks against Ma chuntan, despite the obstinate resistance, proceed. Gradually part of our force, at 8 o'clock Morday night, occupied the north eastern heights of Huantal, about four miles south of Machuntan. "In the Bentsiaputze direction on Monday afternoon our, force occupied a line of helghts at Paitzukou, seven miles south of Machuntan. The enemy retreated toward Sanghiatzu, three miles southwest of Ma chuntan. On Sunday night the enemy counter-attacked on our front near Kaotai c pass, but was repulsed. d "In the Sha river direction. east of the t railroad, Sunday night the enemy counter- t attacked north of Tunghiafen, but was re pulsed. Otherwise the situation is un- . changed. L "West of the railroad our force is now engaging the enemy, occupying positions east of Hanchenopoa and Erthtaitzu. The enemy is resisting stubbornly. "On the right of the Hun river, Monday morning, one division of the enemy, with seventy guns, counter-attacked in the vicinity of Tatchekiao, ten miles northwest of Mukden, but was repuised." I Russian Squadron Coaling. TANGIER, Morocco. March 7.-The third Russian Pacific squadron is coaling at the Gaffarine Islands, off the Riff coast. RUSSIANS FORCED BACK. Heavy Losses Marked Firece Fight ing Last Night. GENERAL RENNENKAMPFF'S HEAD QUARTERS, OUBENEPUSA, Monday, I March 6. midnight.-EvEnts took an un favorable turn for the Russians this even ing. After a day of a marked succession of t d*te-rmined attacks t.e Japanese ousted the Ru ssans from an-important position on the It ceter of the eaern army. The Japar.se r al:o prs-ing the right center hard. Th tsiians havi besn ordered to I retake the isitioh at any cost. There wsere heavy losses today on both sides. AWFUL DEATH BOLL. Many Japanese Officers and Men Dead at Goatu Pass. ST. PETERSBURG, March 7.-Gen. Kuropatkin, in a dispatch dated March 6, says lhe counted thirty dead Japanese of ficers and 2,0040 men in front of the Goatu Pass position. The Russians buried many bodies. RETREAT TO TIE PASS. Reported Russians Preparing to Leave Xukden and Fushun. TOKYO, March 7. noon.-It is reported that the Russians are preparing to aban don Mukden and Fush'un and to retreat to Tie pass. Battle Renewed at Break of Day. MUKDEN, March 7, 4:20 a.m.-The battle ~.XDE'N - THIE reacher: "John, Look at the Boa, round Mukden was renewed at the break f day. The artillery fire Is becoming very heavy. Russians Xust Hold Fushun. TOKYO, March 7.-Thegreatest concentra ion of the Russians defending Fushun seems > be along the line from Tita to Machun tn. General Kuropatkin continues to res lutely defend the Russian positions at 'ushun. The operations in that vicinity o not indicate whether Kuropatkin in ends to fight or retire, but hie must hold lushun to protect the army on the Sha ver. )EFEAT IS REPORTED ,PECIFIC REPORT THAT RUSSIAN CENTER IS BROKEN. ST. PETERSBURG, March 7, 7:10 p.m. very specife report is circulating in ex edingly well-informed quarters that the ay has gone badly wi'th Gen. Kuropatkin, at the Russian center is broken and that hIrteen heavy siege guns have been cap ured by the Japanese. If this Is true, it o pointed out here, the battle Is lost. PMESIDENTIAL NOXINATIONS. ;harles H. Treat Named to Be United States Treasurer. The following nominations were sent by he Presidnt to the Senate today: State-To be secretary of embassy, John dgely Carter of Maryland, at London, :eryglanid; to be second seciretary of em Passy, Cra'ag WV. Wadsworth of New York, e London, England; to be third secretaries f embassies, Lewis Einstein of New York, t London, England; William Blumenthal f New York, at Paris, France; to be see taries of egations, Charles S. Wilson of aine, Greece and Montenegro and the dip >rwatic age ncy in Bulgaria; Henry P. letoier of Pennsylvar a, at Lisbon, Portu al; to be secretary of legation and consul ereral, Thomas Ewing Moore of the Dis hct of Colunbia, Rouania and Servia; be second secretary of legation, William hillips of Massachusetts, at Peking, China. Treasury-~To be treasurer of the United kates, Charles H. Treat of New York; to Lollorof iEnan A ftreve e aries if Aembsos e isen of New York, frtescn itrof New York.Prs rnc;t e5c Wtare- o etio ond Ch ute naWisnt in ePortio aRico PIs ulioa; Reienty P. fatry,r ofHenrylC.Rexacha Lon Portu-co aedro bea serara of Porton ando Edud orao RTcomaous Ewin EMmanuel of thertos ictof Pancura, ou aniort andico. a Ju-o be niscrtar d Stlatesn Wistim r he nrteridsts of Mascuet,WestkingCinia. Tray-To be letreas:ro teut (imter rtate) Charle H. Traofdard.k t InteoeTo b itr of ineraarvne Chrles, eromne Mrson of New York, o t secon tulirctoN orhk NwCaietE Ware-Tedin sotndeenantr. Ahe ofrthe Ricoro Provoa eient ofe eftry caHetr Cmv. resigne ofBe undeorio heiart of commissios Tendl havchee re .poited Riconrmedl byo the eates of elveo newcommoisSon Eminuder f themto ontiue-To dbche Untedaesr uncistrit uoge ceremony. aytntecs of etres-ia *omrso the note aithrict of West atr nle VavTeouse lequeanction ofethe (jnires ntae amel toda Thoas.ffet inanmot tade Clarner. Secretaryda. en o er.oilea M .ciofNew theasist,at Las lanc, who Measoanoayxad.i h resenfcto of vte etr Cabcock, te Seetry iaf paute og uhinthe Alls of thes memrs tof Pesiete Hose teend cbth han etined toffie under :hefr oldr cmions tand htaincubente ipon ht tacnkem the SeadMr n ye. eady, t beae ncefsr othemde toire :on,u oay einage hiry funcins.d Al herugh soetimes thais mhad andatteuly ied staemny,n asIn the mase of Pris - ee,t aous the hastenedatway to the Whie 'outsemne.SceayHysn o EXTRA MIILEAGF, PROBLE, rd and State How MavY Miles You AT TH WHIR UOSE Postmaster GeneraJ ertelyou at Cabinet Afeeting. NATIONAL COMMITTEE TO BE IN HANDS OF HABSY NEW AND ELXEZ 3OVJI. Vresident's Tr ip to Bo6ugh PAders' 34 union Postponed--GosOip About Appointmuents. The significant and Interesting event of the cabinet session toql" .was the state nent of Postmaster Generrl Cortelyou to his fellow cabinet members that he would retire from his position as chairman of the republican national cgrfmittee. Mr. Cor telyou had made an ofqcLal announcement of this fact at the Pobti Office Department shortly after taking tl oath of office. His action was well received by the cabinet, the members of which lt that it was just what might be expected of Mr. Cortelyou. Mr. Cortelyou stated, that he would re tire from the chairmanship so soon as he had wund up sore of- the affairs of the committee, and that he would place the committee in the han of the vice chair man, who is Harry ]ew f Indianapolis. The probability Is te !e b will be no election of a chairman by IO national com mittee during the - 4r year s, and that the work will VO upon. Elmer i)over,- secretary of the pmmittee, and, next to Mr. Cortelyou, the ,ast posted man in the count-y on the work e fthe com m tCorteyou r aed at the cabinet meeting today lont aiter the other mem bers had gone away. pbe Was accomplled to the White House by Ro6ert tynne, the retiring Posanaster Ge*eral, and Mr. Wynne heard some mightY pleasant things about himself 'from the Vmsint and is netho was assstatecrer-u the rpsepub Icn tona couminted,o is -te om th ai- omittee,h omnto ma een todpected, feret hat othr mem bers kn hatdptnwMr. Hitc'hcomocie at the WHitcHcoukse byRbernth confden tiaitn toMtr Corel nd variou postins heard soletme hieHouse thns secretarysel tom the iden adet and the whopasm isato Comecret ayLofherpb licnsntioncmite E tobip. i natdoseve st si ant be sfabler geneaay from Whe it on fr ths priunion ofthe Rouhe ninal at'maintoo uInmtionrl haen expecndted edate rt reIo hast been kotpned-a frostione- it chk t. the tchoc Apribe The cnfiden- a itne sein heeto the htsousheast secrtar the 2thearh sit thawet tol tbe Dpartent toAri omr hreabo.Ote Owing tod prssue o he55 President, Roosevel wiintbe C ao, muet awa change Waccnongfor th ughider of teer Rough Rsend rotfation nto ttel comiadesal InApi.o n the date for t e reunionha been soned fromge tem lstois.c tona th et of Aprie nThe$1t cirud inutee ofetav ingit hee deionh sofuthwest abo thega fitalenabt that wpp lln be hsed ho mustl maor theeometndathonr teama o the rpe h President, gntdGlo n Hopininng ae tryintet to ther, and with pabl unin tso~ lated.' mu dstribt chngslaed odingy Chteag an Rther ohiers wClnntiipction to Aathe cmade who tol the dateointe t henio. enditit onghes Chcrated dtrico thew recmaedia tionalijudbe oft the- ajnts,. t irc.uit newt thdes hatos brogh inoth tiedandr teromy o of lea al o h te gtamn to dititto theiet- catti whpio el Hopkin artwot't ethr n Judge IsKocate inCljaa teohr hat the toW witrou,I' eoiUe4 -* V ME ID. Out Could Travel Between Time3." the government, and his selection as a judge will suit the President and Attorney Gen eral Moody. As to the other judgeship, it is generally believed that Senator Hopm kins is favorable to Jesse Baldwin of Chicago. One of the leading condidates is James Harlan, a son of Justice Harlan of the United States Supreme Court. Mr. Harlan was attorney general of Porto Rico until a few years ago, when he resigned to go to Chicago to take up the practice of law. His brother was recently nominated by the republicans of that city as their candidate for mayor. The President is said to think well of Mr. Harlan and to be considering him for one of the places. An other prominent candidate is Kennesaw Landis, a brother of Representatives Charles and Fred Landis of Indiana. He has strong backing. Among the other can didates are Judge Brentano of the state court, George P. Merrick, ex-Judge Burke and ex-Judge Neely. Speaker Cannon has 'two men in mind for the judgeship recommendation in his section of the state. One of these is Judge Francis Wright of the Court of Claims of this city, and the other is Fenton Booth. Judge Wright is a close friend of the Speak er. It is possible that Mr. Cannon may be able to' arrange the district judgeship for Judge Wright and induce the President to give the Court of Claims vacancy to Mr. Booth. Senators as Visitors. Prior to the meeting of the cabinet today, the President received scores of visitors who desired merely to shake hands with him and wish him well. The callers were in troduced to the President in groups of from two to twenty by senators and repre sentatives. While the informal 'reception was in prog ress, the President incidentally took up with some of the senators who were among his visitors the subject of the treaty with Santo Domingo. The consensus of opinion among the senators-including Allison of Iowa; Spooner of Wisconsin; Nelson and Clapp of Minnesota; Carter of Monta'na; Hopkins of Illinois, and Hansbrough of North Dakota-was that the treaty would be ratified within a reasonable time. The Senate will have-little to do at this extra ordinary session except to consider the treaty and pass upon nominations, so that comparatively a good deal of time may be devoted to its consideration in a few days. It seems quite likely that the treaty will be amended in some particulars before its ratification, but the amendments suggested will not render it ineffective. Governor Cummins of Iowa called on the President to pay his respects before leav ing the city. A delegation of seventy high school students from Iowa, who came to Washington to participate in the inaugural parade, was received by the President. who congratulated the boys on their manly bear ing and appearance. Official announcement was made at the White House before the meeting of the cabinet that the resignation of Ellis H. Roberts as treasurer of the United States had been received and accepted. He will b6 succeeded by Charles H. Treat of New York, who is now collector of internal reve nne for the second district of New York. In turn, Mr. Treat will be succeeded by Charles -W. Anderson, a well-known col ored republican of New York, whose ap pointment 'as collector of internal revenue has been foreshadowed heretofore. These nominations were sent to the Senate .today by the President. The nomination of J. Martin Miller us consul to Aix-la-Chappelle, Germany, which is to be sent to the Senate, is a testimonial to *a well-known newspaper correspondent arnd writer. Mr. Miller is the Washington correspondent of the Newark News, and has done such good work for that paper that it has won great praise from his em ployers and his fellow newspaper men. His relations with men of prominence have been close, enabling him to obtain much valuable matter for his paper.. During the recent campaign he wrote a- book on Presi dent Roosevelt that had wide and favorable circulation~ throughout the country. He in the au or of a number of books, one about the lif and work of Pope Leo. Mr. Miller has been around the world twice, and has lived in nearly every country of the globe. He is thoroughly acquainted with con sular work abroad. Mr. Miller will rot sail for his post for sixty days, and will remain here, winding up some business he has on hand. 'Sad Blow to Iowans. Senator Allison and the entire Iowa dele gation in Congress have been pressing the PresIdent to give a consular alpointment to George L. Dobson, former secretary of state of Xowa. The President yesterday sent to the 8.nate the name of Mgr. Dobson for the consuishig at Nottinghamu, Enagland. This wasn pleasing to the Iowans, but they discovered with great regret 4~a ehad been appointed tQ sucesed antmIowa man, Frank W. Nahin, who has held the conrshMp at Nottinghamwea ls of years, 3ea03tor Aloawas at :the White of A. E. Nowlin, who has been collector foi eight years. Nowlin is from Lawrence burg. A Pretty Present for Quentin. President Roosevelt's love for his baby boy, Quentin, and his interest in children, were brought out in a pleasant little incl lent of the ina uuation days. Charles N. reetor"is the superintendent of a car build ing company at Hagerstown, Ind. He has a little son named Lothair, eight years old. rhe father had agreed to bring the son to the inauguration, and the boy felt that be would like to bring something along tc Quentin, the seven-year-old son of tlh President. The father suggested a fine top, ind proceeded to plan one. He turned th plans over to the little son, who began work upon the bronze and steel his father had given him. With the help of the work men he soon turned out the finest top ever iven to the son of a President or to any :ther boy. One night the little fellow worked until nearly midnight at the lathes, ind the other hours were put in before and ifter school and on Saturday. When completed the mechanism was so lelicately adjusted and the friction so little :hat the top, with a little pulling from a ;tring, would run twenty minutes. A small iteel plate was also made upon which the :oy should spin. The problem of the two Peetors was how to reach the little son of he President. They finally secured a letter if introduction to Colonel Crook, the dis mrsing officer of the White House, and he Lcqualnted Quentin with the details. Quen :in, a fine little fellow with a kind word and hought for all, went to his father Saturday, luring the rush of the inauguration, and :old him the story. The father suggested hat he bring the little Indiana boy to see im. The two boys met at the White House Monday afternoon and Quentin arranged !or the visit, taking in both the Teetors. lthough the President was extremely busy, ie spent some time talking to his visitors Lnd had the little boy spin the top for him. Ele made the youngster happy by giving 'im a card upon which was written this in he President's handwriting: "To Lothair Teetor, with the thanks of Quentin's father. "THEODORE ROOSEVELT." Quentin also added his thanks, and the lit tle Indiana boy was invited to return and visit both the President and his son. DAYTON SUCCEEDS JACESON. rhe West Virginia Representative Nominated to Be District Judge. The nomination of Representative Alstor GM Dayton to be United States district judg( for the northern district of West Virginia today was not a surprise to his many friends in Congress. Mr. Dayton had beer slated for this position for many years, He has had the support of the two West Virginia senators. Several times in thE past few years when it was rumored thal Judge J. J. Jackson would resign Mr Dayton was referred to as his successor The rupture Mr. Dayton had with Mr Dawson when the latter was a candidat< for the nomination as governor, and wher Mr. Dayton supported his friend Teter caused a good many persons to believe tha1 Dawson might be able to prevent Day ton's appointment to the judgeship. Mr. Dayton has been one of the mosi active men In Congress. As the rankinj member of the committee on naval affair: Mr. Dayton did much for the upbuildinE of the navy. He is -well known all ovei West Virginia, and in his own district i said to have a personal aAquaintance wit almost every voter. As a lawyer he hat had a high rank. He will succeed John J. Jackson, the old est member of the federal judiciary. Judgc Jacksoh was appointed by President Lin Doin in August, 1861, and has served con tinuously ever since. At the time of hi, appointment be was a member of the Vir Alston G. Dayton. ginia leg'slature. A stirring speech which ne delivered in .support of the Union at :racted President Lincoln's attention. He sent for him and cordially commended him for the stand he had taken. Subsequently President Lincoln made him a United States district judge. A few weeks ago rudge Jackson made a call of courtesy upon President Roosevelt, In the course of an nteresting conversation Judge Jackson, who is more than eighty years old. inti nated to the President that he probably would retire from the service before long. Elis resignation was received sooner thart expected, as he yet is hale, hearty and phy ically and mentally vigorous. He has been tnown as the "lron Judge," because of his record-breaking service on the bench. I'here is no other judge in the history of :he country whose record exceeds that of Fudge Jackson in point of service. He told ihe President on his recent visit that he lid not know what he would do if he left he bench, as he had been so long accus omed to the work. INAUGURAL PAPERS MAILlED Souvenirs of the Event to Send to Friends. The Inaugural Souvenir editions of The Star of March 3, 4 and 6, contain:ng a complete and graphic rec ord of the Inaugural evenits. will be mailed to any address - in the United States for 10 cents. Thousands of orders have been received at The Star offic efor these issues to be sent' by mai to out-of-towln frins who-did not see the Ingtaio . . cess or tIese aree is ses-nr4il be obai Lost and Found. Every day lost articles are recovered by advertising in The Star. The rate is i cent a word if in4erted 3 times, in 15 words or more. COTHAM ALL ACOC Trainmen Act on Own Responsibili4, 5,000 MEN ON STRIKE Workmen on Subway and Elevated Lines Quit. NEW YORK CITY TODAY XOST COMPLETE IN EARLY STAGES OF ANY HERETOFORE. Unique Features of Wilkout-No Se rious Disturbances Beported-Public Accepts Situation-Incidents. Without any demonstration or act of violence, 5,000 employes on the Subway and Manhattan elevated lines in New York went out on a strike at an early hour this morning. Strike breakers were promptly pressed into service, but their lack of training and knowledge of train appliances failed to kecep up any, train service. The strike is the most completc of any heretofore in the history of the citV. NEW YORK, March 7.-The .",,0 or more employes of the interborough Rapid Trans it Company. controlling the subway and the Manhattin Elevated railways, went on strike at 4 o'clock this morning. and for the first time Manhattan Island is strug I gling with a labor disturbance affecting practically every citizen and extending II its effects to the remotest section of the five boroughs. The organizatig of the men was per feet, and for the first few hours after the word had been passed practically not a wheel turned on the great system. But the company, too, was prepared. and a steamship load of strike breakers, wh3 had been held in the harbor for several days, were rushed to the lines, and by the time the first ripples of the human flood which daily pours down the length of Man hattan Island had started an irregular service was in operation in the subway. It was bettered little by little as tha morning wore on, until by the great rush hour the number of trains in operation had been Increased sufficiently to care for a portion of the traffic. The service was ir regular, and no attempt was made to run on schedule either as to time or speed, but nevertheless it carried thousands, and in a measure helped to relieve the enormous tax on the surface lines. Company's Greatest Effort, Apparently the company's greatest effort was directed toward maintaining the sub way. The elevated lines were to a certain extent left to shift for themselves, and the service there during the -forenoo~n was so Insufficient and so irregular that It hardly deserved notice. Up to noon no serious disturbance had oc curred. One or two minor collisions be tween strikers and strike breakers, a few demonstrations In stations and an occa sional personal altercation between the old employes and the ne-w men was the sum total of disorder. Each train in the under ground carried three and sometimes four men in the motorman's box and on the resr platform of each was a policeman. Ia every station a pair of uniformed men pa trolled tlhe platform. while at the big exprin stations, whose complicated systemn of plat forms extends for more than a city blocZ small squads of police were stationed. IPlain Clothes Men on Hand. Plain clothes men, too, were distributed about the system at what the authorities consider as danger points. In this respect the strike is almost unique. The strikers are apparently relying on persuasion and have won over a large number of the new men. The physical conditions of the sul. way, however, are such as to make this slow work. Access can only be obtained to the non-union men at the station as their trains draw in for the brief stop, and the strikers can only work by couples and threes, as the po!!ce do not permit any con siderable number of persons. passer.gers or employes to lol-ter on the platform. Lb spite of the inconvenience New Yorkers are taking the situatIon with a philosophiA humor. Diverted from its usual channels the trafd fic poured upon the surface lines. Every car In the barns was brought out atnd ev ery one was packed during the morning hours. Men hung on the platforms on the lower steps and in some Instances the more daring swung from the platform raiNs to the roof and there read morning pape rs and viewed the city from the unac'ustomed vantage point. But the ears were for the masses. The few sought vehicles er were whirled down town in automobiles or prl vate carriages. Remarkable Scenes. .Never in history has the city seen such a crush of power vehicles or private turnoutS as this morning. Lower Broadw ay. Into which the stream was turned below Grac Church. resemrbled the park drives on a fineg morning. Around City Hall squar e.utome bis were ranked like a, park of artlillery, their occupants preferring to walk the res of the distance to ths Ainancial section rther - than creep along the co:tstanti pioekaded steta. Ugreat was the tdo roan this ag usuaissuh of intothe nariw, liRs wQ t th M ie lea abar ttBe mi U