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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 14, 1905, Image 17

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Pages 17-22. Part 2..
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 14. 1905-TWENTY-TWO PAGES.
t
THE EVENING STAR
wii SUBDAT NORING EDITION.
sa.d.m. om... nlt Stiwt sa prasyltrana Aims.
The Evsningtr New.papr Cspay.
S. IVrra$, rt.iaat.
New TYw Ols: Tibae $uluisg.
Chigs OME: Trihas ialug.
Th+ Evening Star, with the Sunday morting edi
tion. is delvered by carriers within the eity at a
eents per month; without the Sunday morning edt
tios at 44 aate per month.
Dy mail. prtae paid:
DaIly. Snt ay incded. on moeth. 80 cents.
Daily. Sunday excepted. one month. 60 cents.
Saturday Star. ene year. $1.00.
Sunday star, with Suady Magasine. me vear. $1.80.
Small Cash Payment.
You can buy
Excellent Si
ON Q JUST EAST
No. 25 lighted at n
Handsome pressed=1
with brownstone trim
tiled baths; porcelain t
story back porches.
Price Oni
Small cash payment.
WILLIGE, GlB
603 and 605 Thit
1t
Beautiful Cottage,
Takoma Park.
One square from electric cars; 8 rooms and
bath. 3 open fireplaces; large attic; furnace be.tt;
city water. sewage and gas. Price only 3.M00.
Easy terms.
7-Room Cottage
At !rookland.
All city impr"vements; large corner lot; chicken1
yard at W. house; furnace beat; bargain. Price,,
$4,0I. Ea-y payments.
GEO. A. MYERS,
ay1.a - f,2A 1445 F et. D.W.
ACREAGE PROPERTY.
- ren Acres suitable for
subdivision-special for
$L ,090.
PIR' lOOsIT1ttN that should appeal
to ineatArs. as the land Is ad
intraH-ly adapted for su lalision.
'len :eres, located in growing
nurtiw,-t--north of teorgetown and
in the Iistriet. On car line. 20
min,te' ride from treasury; one
f,re; rontage of 1.200 feet, on two streets;
lien. Yl v house renting for $20 per mu.
1o n .r tiesiring to nnk'' $D0,000
quick salk wIll saarltlce for 9lU,UU
uThe Miller-Shoemaker Real FIqtnt
1323 32d st. 'Phone West 40.
sp14 -.d
MAPLE SUGAR INDUSTRY.
Its Study Prosecuted by Government
Experts.
A study of the maple sugar industry of
the United States has been made by the
bureau of forestry of the Department of
Agriculture, the intention of the bureau
being to procure a larger use of the sugar
forests for the production of this staple.
The knowledge, long surmised by the gen
eral consuming public. has been acquired
that the markets are glutted with imita
tions of the pure sugar, the reason for this
being that the maple trees are extensively
felled for their timber, which makes a very
fine furniture, and the culture of the trees
for their sap is not widely distributed.out
side of the New England states.
Since 1850 the area of maple sugar farm
ang has greatly .hrunk, prior to that time
he sugar being widely used, preferentially
t that of the sugar cane, the latter being
irtually unobtainable in large quantities.
N'ow, howeve't cane sugar can be bought
more cheaply than maple, and is generally
pr-eferred for sweetening purposes to the
last named. In Indiana. Illinois and Michi
ga'n the trees have been more extensively
out than elsewhere, the result being that
the supply of sugar in that territory is prac
ticailly an unknown quantity.
In other states, as in western Maryland.
West Virginia, Ohio, New York. and in Nue
England the maple sugar industry has held
ists own or been increased.
The best -sap flow is secured in the cooler
northern states, yet good restults can be
expxected in most of Pennsy!vaia and WVest
Virginia, in western Maryland. ali of In
dianax and Kentucky, eastern TVenne. see and
western North Car.lina. At presenit the
largest produc"rs of sugar maiple products
ar9 Oh;n, Vermni t and New York.
As a :asult of the study recently made
deninite oree:lonis for the manageme.nt and
improvem, nt of ex! sting groves and for the
estat>lishm. utl of new tines in suitabjle i0
calitles and ander difterent conilit ions have
been prepare 1 and will soon be p)ublLshed.
Many valuah.e data regarding the profit
in making mate sugar were also col eted.
From these it eppears that a farmer can
casily clear ab.u- $3 an acre from a sugar
grove. In actui practice, for the farmer
who can do me.n: of his own work the
profit should be aiderably larger, and
the land thus utii'r -d will yield little or
flothing under any .* oer tuse.
PROBING BIG LAND FRAUDS.
Federal OffBcials Held in Washington
State-Timber 1. ooted.
By dirvetion oIf Secretary . titchicock, Spe
cial Age-t Leach of the ir. orior Depart
menit has been investigatlng !a.nd frauds
in northeastern Washington Nr several
weeks.
Leach declared at Tacoma yest* -.ay that
the results so far are astonishing, Ihe in
ve'tigation revealing a state of affi o that
seems worse than in any other part , . the
country. He says he ha evidence I: at
several federal land com Issioniers sia e
been criminally negligent.
On government lands near nomis, where
nto permits have been grante for taking
timber, he found twenty-two awmills all
cutting government timber. ie man in
Or'vlile has been cutting timb r off gov
ernin t land for five years. ach has
contiscated his entire mill.
lie ha's found scores of timber land re
~ n'j>shments in Chelain, D)ouglas and
konagan counties. These have been sold
by lirst settlers to mill companies and tim
ber epeculators at from $150 to $1,400~ each.
Aiany who tiled tImber claims have never
bern near the land. in Chelain county one
federal commissioner has been imprisoned,
one hus resigned and two others have been
asked to resign.
Geor~ge H. Noyes, federal land commis
sioner of Oikonagan county, has been ar
rested on the charge of embezzling money
intrusted to his care as commissioner for
payment to the Waterville land oflice. He
is in jail at Loomis.
Invited to Australia.
Gov. Gen. Northcote of the common
wealth of Australia, it is said, will invite
Secretary of War Taft and party to visit
Australia during the party's forthcoming
Wisit to the Philippines. The commonwealth
of Australia iloffer to defray the entire
It Is said. The American Chamn
~OC mI -OS of Manila 13 preparing to
B3 eertary Taft and part on an
sus..ae amesg thdr-=tag Sm Mania
Balance $20 Monthly.
one of those
mall Homes
OF N. CAPITOL ST.
ight for inspection.
>rick, bay=window fronts
mings; 6 large rooms;
ubs; furnace heat; two
ly $4,350.
Balance $20 monthly.
BS & DANIEL,
'teenth St. N. W.
W.J. BRYAN AT CHICAGO
PRINCIPAL SPEAKER AT THE JEF
PERSON DAY BANQUET.
Democrats Use Occasion to Rejoice
Over Recent Municipal Victory
-Evils of the Day.
subjects of national significance to the
democratic party were discussed by sev
eral lading orators of the party at a Jeffer
son Club banquet in Chicago last night in
commemoration of the birthday of Thomas
Jefferson. The dinner in a measure re
solved itself into a jollification over the
recent election of Mayor Dunne, who Is a
director of the club. The mayor was
among the speakers who responded to
toasts. All the speakers referred to mu
nicipal ownership and to Mayor Dunne's
election on a municipal ownership plat
form.
William Jennings Bryan and George Fred
Williams were the principal speakers from
out of town. Mr. Bryan spoke on "Thomas
Jefferson" and his remarks were greeted
with unstinted applause. Mr. Bryan said
in part:
Jefferson's Principles Today.
"Jefferson not only promulgated the prin
ciples of free government, but in his writ
ings he consistently applied those princi
ples to every problem with which the gov
ernment had to deal. And the principles
which he applied were so fundamental that
we find them used today in the discussion
of luestions which have arisen since his
death.
"On the subject of acquiring territory
by conquest, now favored by an influential
portion of our countrymen, he said: 'If
there be one principle more deeply rooted
than another in the mind of every Ameri
cans it is that we should have nothing
to do with conquest;' and at another time
said. 'Conquest is not in our principles; it
is inconsistent with our government.'
Subject of Taxation.
"On the subject of taxation he ever In
sisted upon its limitation to the actual
needs of government and upon its equita
ble distribution. He is on record in favor
of the arbitration of disputes between na
tions, and no one who is familiar with
his writings can doubt that he would favor
arbitration today of disputes between la
bor and capital, and his views upon the
encroachments of the judiciary and the
value of trial by jury make it certain that
he would, if living, oppose what we know
as government by injunction.
"All his arguments in favor of making
the government responsible to the will of
the people can be deduced in support of
the movement that has for its object the
election of senators by direct vote of the
people. On the subject of finance he not
only favored bimetallism. but he expressed
his opposition to a bank currency and to
the control of the national treasury by the
financiers.
Williams on Equal Rights.
Mr. Williams took for his theme "Equal
Rights to All and Special Privileges to
None." The speaker was-warmly welcomed
by the banqutters. He said in part:
"I am here tunight with faith not shaken
in the fur.damental principle of democracy,
that there shall be 'equal rights to all and
speelal privileges to none.' Were it merely
to relieve those who suffer today, I plead
for the enforcement of this doctrine. We
have the breathing, pulsating body of man
with which to deal, and it is no answer to
him who suffers today that his death to
morro'v will be the seed of a righteous
revolution. For my part I cannot stand
idly by to await a natural cataclysm while
men, women and children are suffering to
day. Were the laws good, yet unavailing.
it would be otherwise, for we should be
powerless; but when we know that laws
are monstrous and cruel, shall we walt for
nature to bring order out of ruin?"
Johnson on Municipal Ownership.
Mayor Tom Johnson of Cleveland was the
next speaker. Mr. Johnson also spoke on
municipal ownership. He discussed the
possibilitIes of municipal ownership from a
traction expert's view.
Mayor Johnson discussed the advisability
of proceeding to negotiate for the purchase
of existing street car lines in Chicago. On
this point he spoke of the delay attendant
on negotiations, during which the street
car companies would not give good service.
But on the other hand, if these negotiations
were supplemented with active proceedings
to force a conclusion, a fair agreement for
the purchase might soon be made.
Coast Survey Orders.
The following orders for assignments to
suvice aboard vessels of the United States
cea:t survey service have been made re
centiv by the officials in charge at the
coast and geodetic survey bureau in this
city:
Dr. C. H. Hailiday of this city has been
*ppoint(d an assistant surgeon, and as
signed to duty on the stetuner McArthur,
now on the Pacific coas,, and will go in
her to the Philippines.
Mr. J. E. March of Bahl.nore has been
assigned to duty aboard' the schooner
Matchless, now at Norfolk. as mate.
Mr. W. G. Tnsley of Baltimore ha. been
made a mate and assigned to the steamer
Gedney, at Beattle, Wash.
Mr. J. H. Simpson, aid, has been relieved
from duty aboard the staar:e Endeavor
and assigned to the schooner MatteMess.
Dr. Simon Ravich has been ordered to
join thie steamer Patterson, t.t Seattle,
Wash., as assistant surgeon.
Mr. C. H. Lowentjelm is ordetad to duty
as mate aboard the steamer Mc Arthur.
Aid H. L. Bick is detached fr 1m service
on the steamer Patterson s.r.4 a weigned to
duty aboard the steamer Godineyf, now at1
Ueatta
Aid B. B. Collins is relieved 2rom duty
aboard the steamer Patterson and ordered
to Meert~ aboard th steamer Mei Atur JSw
as
INCREASE IN PRICES
Demands Made by New Y ork
era on Local Market
SEND PRICES HIGHER
ROE SHAD DOUBLE FIGURE OF A
WEEK AGO.
Packers Buying Eggs and Storing
Them for Winter-Butter
Also Higher.
Demands made on the local market by
New York dealers have resulted in in
creased prices for products. In the fish
market New York buyers have been get
ting hold of all the shad they could until
the price of roe shad is double that of a
week ago. Such a demand for eggs has
also made them higher. It is becabse of
the demand in New York for these prod
ucts that local buyers have to pay such
high prices. Packers are buying all the
eggs they can get and storing them for the
winter trade. Many of them are also being
stored in this city, and it is said some local
firms are also packing eggs in the west,
as the storage prices there are more rea
sonable than they are in this city. Last
year the packers reaped a harvest, some
of the local dealers getting an advance of
10 cents a dozen clear profit on their stock.
Eggs are now retailing at 20 cents a dozen,
while some of the fancy stock brings as
much as 25 cents. Butter is also higher
than it was last week. Wholesale prices have
increased, but there has been no advance
by the retailers. It is said that butter is
exceptionally scarce in New York, and that
dealers are depending almost wholly upon
daily receipts for stock to supply the trade.
It is now almost too late in the season
for the dealers to increase the price, and
there will be no increase in the retail prices
unless there is a further advance by the
wholesale dealers.
The Fish Market.
Roe shad are selling at from 60 to 75
cents each, and bucks are 25 cents. Shad
roe are 30 cents a set. Boiling rock are
still 25 cents a pound, and some fine fish
of this variety are being caught in the
Potomac. Perch are selling at 15 cents a
pound. Potomac herring are plentiful, an
are to be had at $2.50 a thousand. Salmon
steaks are in demand at 35 cents a pound,
brook trout 75 cents; cod, bluefish and red
snappers are 12% cents a pound; Spanish
mackerel are 15 cents and halibut 20 cents.
Soft crabs are in better shape and more
plentiful. They are also cheaper, 50 cents
a dozen being the price asked for them.
Frogs are more plentiful and in greater
demand at 50 cents a pound. Crab meat,
shrimp and scallops are also in demand.
Poultry is no more plentiful than it has
been during the past several weeks. Whole
salers are paying a little more for sup
plies, but have not increased the retail
price. There is very little game to be had
at this season. Squabs and snipe are in
gre,tter demand than anything else in this
line. They are selling at 30 cents each.
There has been a decided increase in the
price of meats of all kinds. The increase
has been great enough to affect the retail
market. Dealers have found it necessary
to increase the price of meats from 2 to 5
cents a pound. It Is not an unusual thing
for the price to advance at this season.
Dealers say that cattle are always scarce
at this season, and do not look for much
relief until the latter part of next month.
Busy in the Country.
Farmers and stockraisers, the dealers say.
are too busy at this season to bother with
cattle and turn them out upon the grass
to fatten. It is stated that less than one
dozen cattle from the surrounding country
reached the local market during the past
week.
The vegetable market presents an attrac
tive appearance, and almost everything in
this line is cheaper. New potatoes at from
60 cents to $1 -a peck are in demand, and
new peas for the spring lamb dinner are
$1 a peck. The same price is asked for
string beans. Spring onions, radishes.
spinach and kale are more plentiful and
cheaper. Shipments of tomatoes from
Florida have greatly increased, and are to
be had at 15 cents a pound. Dealers say
they are much better than the hothouse
stock, which sells at 25 cents. Norfolk and
North Carolina asparagus is more plentiful.
and choice stock Is to he had at from 30
to 50 cents a bundle. Florida cabbages are
scarce, and dealers are charging from 10
to 25 cents a head for them. New celery
from Florida is taking the place of the
western-grown product; and is to be had at
from 5 to 10 cents. Egg plants are selling
at from 15 to 25 cents each, and Florida
peppers are 30 cents a dozen. There has
been an improvement in the quality and
(luantity of strawberries, and they are to
be had at from 25 to 35 cents a basket.
A RMY AND NAVY M ANEUVERS.
Work of Preparation at Forts Near
Washington.
The approaching combined army and navy
maneuvers on the Potomac river, which
will take place In the early part of June, is
causing some hurried work in preparation to
be done at Fort Washington and Fort Hunt.
Arrangements are being made for the
quartering of a large number of additional
troops at the two forts, and cables for
telegraphic communication and electrical
lighting purposes are being laid. Large
searchlights, a part of the army scheme
of defense, are to be erected on the wharves
at Bryan's Point and Marshall Hall, and
additional lights will be put in at the fort..
The plan of attack calls for the capture (.f
Washington by the naval forces, and this
the army is to prevent. It is stated that
8,000 or 10,000 men will be quartered along
the river during the drills..
New Channel Buoyed.
The newly dredged channel of the Ea st
ern Branch, the work on which was com
pleted about two weeks ago, was yesterday
buoyed by the officers of the lighthouse
steamer Maple, and is ready for the use
of vessels. The buoys are so placed as to
make the course up the branch so clearly
that a stranger to local waters can go in
and out of the branch without difficulty.
The red buoys mark the south channel, and
a black spar has been placed on the north
or left-hand side of the channel off Buz
zaards' Point. The new channel is much
straighter than the old one, and l.a much
oeaier to navigate.
The Maple yesterday also renewed the
buoys in the river from this city to Mhep
herd's and up the Georgetown channel to
the Long bridge.
Aged Women in Walking Match.
In a walking contest at Cleveland, Ohio,
yestera, eleven aged women, seventy-five
or over in yea, walked a ct--- of four
ad a quarter niles Ia Sn.hour and three'
for ortto lunch winner Ite en
tes was Mrs. 5o tu Va Seven, v-y
JUDGE PARKER TALKS
Other Addresses at Jefferson
Day Banquet
NEW YORK LAST NIGHT
LEADING DEMOCRATS DECLARE
PARTY DOCTRINES STILL LIVE.
Declarations of Noted Men on Great
Issues of the Day-Problems
of the Puture.
The Jefferson day banquet of the demo
cratic clubs of New York in that city last
night was attended by 700 democrats. There
were many present of national reputition,
and chief among these was former Judge
Parker, democratic nominee for President
last November. In the banquet room por
traits of Jefferson were conspicuous.
In addition to Mr. Parker, the speakers
were Senator Newlands of Nevada, Mayor
McClellan of New York, Representative
Rainey of Illinois and J. J. Willet of Ala
bama. Senator Carmack of Tennessee was
the only one of those expected to speak who
could not attend.
After cigars had been served, Judge
Parker was introduced by President John
Fox of the democratic club as "the gallant
standard-bearer of the democracy." Many
of the diners rose, and all cheered and
waved napkins. Judge Parker and his
speech. He said in part:
Defeat Not Unforeseen.
"I .do not come here to make excuse or
explanation about the past, to promote any
personal purpose or ambition for the future,
or to further the ends of any section, fac
tion or interest. I am moved solely by a
desire to commune freely with my country
men who believe that the time-honored
doctrines of the democratic party, as de
duced from the great policies defined by the
man whose birth we here commemorate,
and established by the founders, are still
true, still alive, still worthy of acceptance
and devotion, and still necessary, if dur
institutions are to be mantained in their
early vigor and purity.
"When these principles dominated our
policies there was no thought of conquest,
or of protectorates over distant, alien and
turbulent peoples; there was no talk of alli
ance with the great; no question of making
ourselves collectors of debts, good or bad,
just or fraudulent; and no suspicion that
anywhere in the lexicon of free government
there was to be found the word 'subject.'
"We meet after a defeat which was easy
to foresee and predict. It was preceded by
division and faction in our ranks over a
period of eight years, and they have done
their worst. It was emphasized by the use
of governjnental power for partisan pur
poses, by the reckless and unprecedented
expenditure of money, and by demagogic
appeals to interests as wid. apart as the
poles.
Administration's Meddling Policy.
"In our early days it was deemed a vir
tue when the government, lik? the individ
ual, minded its own business. But this is
out of date, so the proper way for a gov
ernment to do things is by interference or
meddling. This takes the form of dealing
rigorously with foreign countries--only pro
vided they are small enough. It is applied
unceasingly to states until it is now insisted
that the gencral government must . tax
and manage all corporations, must oversee
Insurance and trust companies, and must
either own the railroads or dictate to their
owners the minutest details of their busi
ness. It is thought necessary to interfere
with capital on the one hand, and with
labor on the other, and to define the rela
lations they must bear to each other.
"One of the most popular of all these
processes is interference with elections.
States must organize and control the po
lice of cities and dictate even the smallest
of their policies; while cities and towns
must enter into the competitions of busi
ness.
"Much is said about the peaceable settle
ment of differences, but, after :11l, by keep
ing out of quarrels we may be able to avoid
arbitration as well as war. Perhaas the
most encouraging visible sign in respe t to
this persisten' policy of interference is that
in spite of outward appearances in spite of
of royal statues in the Nationil Capital, in
spite of the truculence manifested from
time to time in so many quarters, in spite
of messengers bearing royal congratula
tions from thrones-ours is stiil a pouular,
not an imperial, system of soc'ety and gov
ernment."
Mayor McClellan's Remarks.
Mayor McClellan was somewhat discon
certed by the cordial reception he received.
One of the most interesting parts of the
mayor's address was when he declared that
conventions and candidates must more
closely conform to Jeffersonian standards
as -described by Jefferson himself. Mayor
MicClellan said, in part:
"Since last election a great deal of demo
cratic time, thought and eloquence have
been consumed in trying to explain why
-we were defeated. What better opportun
ity could we possibly seek than this cele
bration of the birthday of the founder of
our party to face the truth like men, and
to acknowledge that our overwhelming de
feat was due to the unwillingness of the
people to intrust to the democratic party
the government of the United States? Jef
ferson taught the strict construction of the.
Constitution. That great document cow'
tains all the political principle& 4hich (No
need for an American government of the
United States. Powers not expressly yield
ed to the federal government are as ex
pressly reserved to the states. Let us
leave to our opponents the ignoble and the
unpatriotic violation not only of its spirit,
but of its letter. Opportunism has no place
in the democratic party. Let us cease wor
shiping strange gods and go back to the
God of our fathers and to the teachings of
Thomas Jefferson."
Roosevelt a Democrat.
Senator Newlands of Nevada opened his
address by outlining the principles of de
mocracy, as he understands them, and
then said:
"Judged by these principles, there are men
in the democratic organization who are not
democrats. Judged by these principles,
there are men In the republican organiza
tion who are democra.ts. Judged by these
principles, Abraham Lincoln was a demo
crat. Judged by these principles, in most
matters relating to domestic legislation,
Theodore Roosevelt is a democrat. Should
all the real democrats in both parties be
united in one organization, they would
control the legislaition of the country. In
the last ca,bpaign the count showed that
the democratic party had lest; but Roose
velt's message showed that democracy had
won. The democratic party had declared
for an immediate assurance to the Philip
pines of ultimate liberty under American
protection. Roosevelt expressed, not the
assurance, but the hop of such liberty.
The democratic party, inits platform, had
declared for many domestic reforms. Roose
vest wrote into his administration platformn
a demand for these reforms.
Th's Sale of Zaw.
Judge Augustus Vana Wyck called for the
eroition o aer state anti-sorruption oamnt
tag, Ne siid, in part4
"Ther-sie Jhe es amust ma Iss
CENTER
CENTER MARKET is at the
eatables and floral deco
the Nation's Capital.
Nowhere else on the face of t
plied market, with such
Every car line system of the c
one car fare is needed t
The ever-increasing patronag
venience for the benefit a
The stands of all the large d
cial facilities for prompt
The comfortable ladies' wall
waiting-room facilities,
Open Every
L"ERY TIMRT
COMMISSION MERCHANT.
FRESH FISH,
POULTRY, GAME,
TERRAPIN, OYSTERS, &c. :
" 332-381 CENTER MARKET.
: 508-516 NORTHERN LIBERTY MARKET.
" fa24-law,N3t
G. f H ton Thomas
- CHOICE CUT -
- FLOWERS. -
SPECIAL-Viollets, 25c. bunch.
470 & 471 Center Market.
'Phone Main 2535.
fe24-law,13t
government and to the morality of society
is the sale of law by the legislature grant
ing special privileges and favors to our
great capitalists, so often characterized as
public-spirited citizens of the nation, in
which the black horse cavalry of both par
ties are found combined together in this
nefarious traffic. The democracy should
create outside of the machine, and discon
nected with it throughout the state, some
force confided with the sole duty of pre
venting, detecting and exposing election
frauds and corruption in all public matters
and driving out of office bribe takers of
both parties."
Representative Rainey of Illinois had for
his subject "Problems of the Future." and
in an interesting speech. in which he con
troverted the position taken by most of
the speakers, said:
"Is there still a disposition in the demo
cratic party to be conservative in this
great ci-ty? If there is, then you are not
in touch with the present aggressive, re
sistless forward movement of democracy.
Demands of the West.
"Beyond the boundaries of this Empire
state lies the great west, now teeming with
an industrious, intelligent population, fully
alive to all the issues of the hour. Through
the heart of this great section of our coun
try there Is pulsing a movement for the in
itiative and referendum, for public owner
ship, fpr shorter hours of labor, for the
rights of children. In this great movement
the new aggressive and progressive party
is leading."
John W. Kern of Indiana spoke of "The
Rank and File." He said in part:
"If we would have victory, the masses
of the rank and file must be given full op
portunity for a fair expression of their
opinion as to issues and candidates, in pri
maries and conventions, fairly conducted,
so that the state and national con.entions
will be composed of men who truly reflect
the popular will. The hope of the democ
r4tcy is in the people. if they are to be
relied upon to bear the burden of the bat
tie and win victories, they must have the
privilege of choosing their own leaders and
formulating their own platform of prin
ciples."
ACCEPTANCE OF REBATES.
Language of the Act Quoted to Sustain
Secretary Hitchcock.
The foll.wing statement relative to the
opinion of Controller Tr-acewell on the sub
ject of reductions in railroad rates on ac
count of the irrigation reclamation service
has been given out at the Interior Depart
ment:
"Recent articles have appeared in the
public press with reference to certain pro
posed concessions and agreements on the
part of railroad companies to transport
material for use in the building of dams
for the reclamation service unider the act
of June 17, 1902. It is learned at the In
terior Department that the Secretary, be
fore taking action, submitted the matter to
the assistant attorney general for that de
partment, whose duty it is under tjie law
to advise the Secretary on legal questions.
The question involved a consideration of
the interstate commerce act. The second
section of that act contains certain inhibi
tions relative to common carriers granting
special rates, rebates, etc. Section 22 of
the act provides 'that nothing in this act
shall apply to the carriage, storage or
handling of property free, or at redticed
rates, for the United States.' The opinion
was based upon the language quoted and
was, in effect, that the Secretary was au
thorized to make an agreement for the
proposed concessions in favor of the gov
ernment. This opinion was approved by
the Secretary, and he says it was the more
acceptable to him because it would result
in the saving of hundreds of thousands of
dollars to the government. The correct
ness of this view, however, having rc'ent
ly been questioned by a law oficer of an
other department, although such law ofmoer
was without jurisdiction in the matter, the
Secretary of the Interior, out of an abund
ance of caution, has referred the whole
matter to the Attorney General, before
whom it is now pending for his opinion."
Steamer to 3e Overhauled.
The asagier Newport News, the flagship
of the Norfolk and Washington Steamboat
Company fleet, left here for Newport News
Wednesday night last, and wHi be doeked
at the shipyard there for her annual spring
overhauling and repainting. 'Tike big steam
er wIU be redecorated from stern to stema,
inside and outside, and will be in the pint
of condition for effective service when .
returns -to this city in a, few days. Th
New. win then relieve the other steam
ers of the Norfetk and Washington line
ia turn that they may be decked and
painted.
H. T. Uravn the oldest aeter and dre
MARKET NEWS
head of the world's best municipal markets.
rations to be seen at Center Market is one of
he earth has any city such a conveniently loci
facilities of access as has this great market.
ity passes on two sides of the market reservi
e bring one from any part of the District.
e of Center Market proves its popularity. E
f the dealer, as well as his patrons, is here tI
ealers are to be reached by telephone, and th
deliveries of all purchases.
;ing room, in the center of the B street wing.
continues to grow in favor.
Week Day and Sat
T. A. CANNON.
EARLY FRUITS
& VEGETABLES.
Poultry and Game.
76 to 84 Center Market.
fe24-1:i w.13t
Smithfield Sausage.
Made at the home of the
Smithfield Ham.
The Finest Sausage Made.
Canadian Leg of Mutton,
121% cents per pound.
I1LOOVER & DENI-IAM,
106 to 111 Center Market.
fe24-1aw.13t
ON THE RIVER FRONT
DREDGE DEWEY COMPLETES
WORK ON EASTERN BRANCH.
Overhauling Pleasure Craft at Boat
yards-Cargoes of Ice Coming
Personal and General.
The hydraulic dredging machine Dewey,
which has been employed for nearly two
years in deepening the channel of the East
ern branch from its Junction with the main
channel of the river to the navy yard, com
pleted the work several days ago and since
that time has been prepared for towing to
Baltimore. She left here yesterday morn
ing in tow of the tug Leader, and will be
overhauled at Baltimore before she again
goe3 into service. The large barge Round
out, now unloading coal at Georgetown,
has been chartered to load the pipes, pon
toons and other paraphernalia used by the
dredge and will carry them to Baltimore.
The Dewey is owned by the Sanford and
Brooks Dredging Company of Baltimore,
the contractors for the dredging of the
Eastern branch.
There was a big supply of fresh fish of
all kinds on sale at-the wholesale fish mar
ket on the 11th street wharf this morning,
and there was a good demand. The supply
of shad was small, the receipts amounting
to less than 2,000 fish, and about 400,000
herring were on the wharf this morning.
The bulk of the shad and herring was from
the nets in the Potomac. Prices this
morning ranged as follows:
Spanish mackerel, 10 to 12 cents per
pound; Chesapeake bay and Potomac roe
shad, 40 to 47 cents each; Potomac and
Chesapeake bay buck shad, 20 to 24 cents
each; herring, 35 cents per hundred; blue
fish, 8 to 10 cents per pound; salmon trout,
10 cents per pound; extra large white perch,
10 to 15 cents per pound; pan rock, 10 cents
per pound; medium rock, 12 cents per pound;
boiling rock, 15 cents per pound; large yel
low pernh, 20 to 30 cents per bunch; cat
fish, 15 to 40 cents per bunch; sand perch,
15 to 25 cents per buncb; small yellow
perch, 5 to 10 cents per bunch; white perch,
large, 25 to 50 cents per bunch; white
perch, small, 5 to 10 cents per bunch; stur
geon. 10 'cents per pound, and crakers,
3% to 4 cents per pound. The supply of
oysters on sale at the wharf was increased
,last night by the arrival of two vessels
with Potomac stock aboard. They sold this
morning at 60 to 70 cents per bushel for
medium stock and up to $1 for selected
oysters.
Hard crabs were on sale, but the supply
was small. Clams were selling at 70 cents
per hundred this morning.
The houseboat Diamond Back, belonging
to the Diamond Back Fishing Club of this
city, which sprang a leak and sunk in the
dock at the foot of 13th street southwest,
is to be raised at once and will be hauled
out on the marine railway at Reagan's boat
yard for caulking, painting and general re
pair work to put it in condition for service
during the summer. The pleasure sloop
Su~rprise will be hauled out at the sama
time for cleaning and painting.
The power launches Marion and Charlotte
have been painted and overhauled and were
launched at high water from Reagan's rail
way Wednesday night. The Marion devel
oped a leak and filled with water. She will
have to be hauled out again, it is stated, to
find the leak and stop it, if the swelling of
the timbers in the hull of the little craft
does not put an end to the trouble.
Of General Intrest.
The tug Uncle Sapm of Baltimore Is on
duty as tender to the dredging machine
Baltimore, employed in deepening the chan
nels into Nomini creek, at the lower end of
the Potomac river.
Charters are now being made for schoon
ers to load ice at Maine ports for this city,
and the first cargoes are expected to arrive
here before the end of the month. One
schooner loaded with lake ice is reported
at sea on her way here for the Home com
pany.
The large deadrise Sea Gull, belongngto
Mr. Jacob Deemer of this city, wih has
been overhauled and put in order for seryle
on the river st the Netley' Hall pier, will
be launched tofieorrow and will make her
first trip of the =1p=snn down the river Sun
day neat with a pleasure party aboard, If
the weather is suitable for sailing.
Mr, Barry Carter Is out again, after a
stay In a hital fle several weeks to have
a troubMa vi bis ear attepded to,
Capt, 3. 5. flandell as returned this
morning from a benes t*i to thembsa.
-
= eI
fAdvertising.
There is much in merit,
but of two stores of equal
merit time one that does the
best advertising will do the
most business.
'he wonderful exhibition of
he most attractive sights of
Lted and so abundantly sup
Ltlon. and as a result only
very possible modern con
toughtfully supplied.
tse large dealers have ape
with its telephones and othee
rday Night.
Jas. Lafontainee
Home-Dressed Poultry,
Game, Fish & Terrapin.
Foreign and
Domestic Fruits.
Produce Stau.
394=395=396=415-416-417
i'oultry Stalls
367=368-369.
'Phone 793.
fe24 law.IMt
ROBERT H. JOHNSON,
Fruits and Early Vegetables,
22. 23 and 24 Center Market,
East Side, Seventh St. Wing.
'PHONE 3(81. fr24-1aw.l3t
en channels. The dredge was recently.erbi
p:oyed in completing a trench across the
Eastern branch in which the sewer syphon
pipes will he laid. - -'
The schooner Matilda. laden with pinS
lumber from a Virginia pprt, has arv ed
and is berthed at the 11th street wharf to
unload.
The schooner Jordan is lying at the Alex
andria shipyard railway pier loading ties
from Southern Eailway cars for Boston or
another New England port.
The ram schooner Grace B. Bennett, with
lumber and shingles aboard, from North
Carolina. came into port last night.
The sloop Goldie has arrived laden with
cord wood from the lower river for the
dealers.
The schooner Wm. Vilas and the Regu
lator, with lumber from lower otomao
ports, are among yesterday's arriv b.
The schooner John Ehrman has been
berthed at the 11th street wharf to unload
her cargo of lumber for the local dealers.
XE. GREENER'S ACTION.
Correspondence Shows That It Was
Approved by Japan.
Some of the friends of Prof. Greener of
this city, formerly United States commer
cial agent at Vladivostok, assert that his
action in turning the Japanese cobsular
building at Vladivostok over to the Red
Cross Association has been misrepresented
in several of the newspapers. The -factl
are contained in the volume of foreign re
lations just made public by the State Do'
(Oartment.
In May last Secretary Hay addressed a
letter to Mr. Takahira, the Japanese min
ister here, in which he said:
"Mr. McCormick, our ambassador at St.
Petersburg, informs me that he has heard
from Mr. Greener, our commercial agent
at Vladivostok, that on request and in
order to better protect the Japanese con
sular buildings he .has given charge of
them to the port admiral, the president of
the local Red Cross association; that aftel
removal and storage of the furniture, the
association has improved the grounds and
has renovated the houses for the use of
patIents and Red Cross nurses.
"Mr. McCormick at once answered the
commercial agent that his duty was ta
have notified the ambassador of this step
in advance, in order that he might have
communicated with the Japanese govern
me.nt and obtained its approval of this use
of the property for the purposes named.
"I write to express my regret that such
action was taken without having previously
consulted your government, and beg you
now to let me know whether it meets with
their approval."
Two days later Minister Takahira replied
to Secretary Hay as follows:
"Upon the receipt of your note of the 7th
instant, having regard to the use of the
Japanese consular premises et Vladivostok
for Red Cross purposes by the Russian au
thorities, I communicated with the Imperial
government upon the subjects, and am now
in receipt of a telegram informing me that
the imperial government have no objection
to the premises being used for the purpose
indicated."
Women Tar and Feather a Won.a
The story comes from Hudson, Mich., that
ffteen young women and' four men, whose
names the polce say are unkrnown to them,
tarred and feathered Mrs. May Post last
ilonday night. Mrs. Post had been living
In the Retan building alone part of the
time, and at times with an older swoman.
Well-known men frequented the1 Retan
block since Mrs, Post took up her residehce
there, and this gave rise to scndat Comt
plaints made to the police were unheenedt
and some young married women advised
Mrs. Post by letter that she had better
leave the city. No attention was paid to
this except that a man supposed to be her
husband suddenly appeared on the ecene.
Late Monday night, efter the streets were
leserted, fifteen women and four men, all
maid to be prominent in the city, appeared
Lt the door of Mrs. Post's quarters and
gained admissnion. They did not hesitate to
make their erranh known, and when the
stranger tried to Interfere the men of the
oar~ered him to go into another room I
ha uet 'ie women then compelled
Itre. Poet to remove some*of her garments.
Desopite her pleaMng's they supplied a thick
:oat of tar, whichi they had brought alomg,
tad then sprinkled an abundance of tmeh
urs on top of that. They then dserted
Irith awadthat if the rooms were net
lete orty-eight hours worse
reatment would be in store. Mrs. Pest
Aditral U0kwarts, who asssd em bos
&h biaeM ~ ns1 i y the bet At
matle is ded t, lstae.
_ hwr w as the
er .asse hbu us sah

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