Newspaper Page Text
POETO EICAN AFFAIRS
RESIDENT COMMISSIONER L/?R RINAGA EXPLAINS MATTERS. Telia What W Spanish F< consiaer.-w |.. u.-nti i of late. due to the e\ i lent > ? . ,. , ? r the l?l .!><!. T l. irrli. ,t- . . ? ? s Accomplished Under tile and What ths i !e Desire. In had lead. >rk opamsn constitution was extended to V ?I - V Hip..'. .rla) wer. extended to the 'In 1*73 I-rt? HI n representatives ?ceed< <1 in hiving an act passed for the Dlifc.n of vi.iv-: > and O- raising of a n of ?' '.'in tn ii ? n f.>r the payment of ? -lav ? owner? They also succeeded In a gradual a> *:it->n ? f dutie- In ten ? rs. Finally the natives succeeded in dng (. :ii' i ,'i l- ! a nt? <1 t ? th- country. !n spit. f 1 ;ills it <lenlabl? progress 1 litlon. as the people "T an -I sembl no long, rule gra t.nt ?a irmi b ? tt i.slit by many of their ? ? k forward toward the United I ; final destiny, the American of I island was hailed with bj all native i las.'es. The Foraker Act. .1 .-' ? > i Vngr. ss in 1'.n?> passed ; irariiv to provide for revenue and ivil g ier.\merit for Porto Rico," bet ter known as I:.. Foraker act' By this. - th' upper J:ous?- of the legislative as . xecutivo council) was tn tin- former home Span; h government, f eleven members ap pointed by the President of the United States; six of th.-? members to act at the same time as the heads of the different de partments. while in their f irmer home rule government th -e ix oil; ers were ap pointed by the leader of the party in power, with th. approval of the governor, who was appointed by the Spanish government.. "The Foraker ict provides that at least five out of tbe . ? n members appointed by tbt President, formed th> ex- "jtive council, are to l e natives of the island. But as in evetv case this minimum has been adhered to In the appointment of members of the council, the feeling of the people is that, even restrictive as the Foraker act is. its application has been more so. "I hare called the attention of the Presi de! t to this fact repeatedly, by words and writt.-n documents. I>ast Stay Judge Sweet resigned bis office of attorney gen- I eral, where he wasw succeeded by Judge ' Stewart, who t ad also to give up the office on ae- outit h' .ilth, I have been told. "On hearing of the vacancy, I went to see several of my friends among the sena tors who ? ike most interest in Porto Rican affairs, and with their approval addressed myself personally and by writing to Secre tary T.ift. who was at the time taking the place of th" President, and presented to him the candidacy of one of the most emi nent lawyers in the island, whom I knew would have tieen the people's choice for the office, .and would have surely given satis faction to every citizen in Porto Rico. "Secretary Taft appointed -Mr. Feuille, the assistant attorn, y at the time, to succeed Judge Stewart, and the country thereby was greatly disappointed, as Judge Feuille although an honorable gentleman, was known in the country and was not a can didate of the people for the office. Recent Meeting There. "I believe that the convention of the representatives of the municipality of the Island, which took place last Friday, is the result of the general discon tent prevailing throughout the country and voices the sentiment of every Porto Rican. The result will depend on the action of Congress at the next session. "1 1io;k th i' Congress will take action and amend the Foraker act :o me ?t the de mands of the f opie. In ca*>5 Congress falls to do as thej de.ire. the sen'iment of dis content and unrest will grow stronger t'.irorghout the island." HIGH SCHOOL TROUBLES. The Fight Against Mr. Sites Recalled by the Present Case. To the Killtur of The Slur: Our own particular Eastern problem re minds me of the fact that "once upon a time." as the story books say, there wu.s a principal In charge of the Eastern by the name of C. M Lacey Sites. He was a fine character, i ripe scholar and a man of force Having teen put In charge of the school at its birth, he nursed it so success fully that it gr. \v into a formidable rival of Its p i ent. The faculty were exceptionally able and f ithful, and so harmonious that even a temporary detail to another school w s 1 iked upon as a grievance. There was an atmo.-p r. ? f earnest endeavor through out the building, which was felt as soon as ore entered, and imbued one with an ardent d. <ire to Join In and do one's share also. Pupils from other parts of the city came in squad-, and when a competition of any kind between the different high schools took place the Eas>m was certain of cirrying ?.rt more thin its s' are of honors. Although 1 have not I e< n able to follow the course of all its graduates of those years, 1 yet know that an exceptionally large proportion have become successful and even distinguished. In consideration of those facts one would suppose that a man who obtained such re sults would have been honored and show ered with gratitude, but. alas! he had never learned th. ; ?!.-Unction.- must be made and discipline graded according to the standing and influence of th* people concerned. He held tie obsolete opinion that all pupils must obey the rules; and when angry pa rents of Justly disciplined angel children came to show him the error of his ways his bow was. I am sorry to say. anything but at an angle of forty-live degrees. Moreover, he held to It that he, knowing all the facts, was b. t able to judge the case. Naturally the angry parent was outraged by such crude sentiments and forthwith vowed ven geance. Well, to make the story short, a few men who felt that they were It. with the largest kind of a capital, inaugurated a warfare and nobly succeeded in robbing the school of Its l>est friend. One of the graduates of those days, on the way to his post at Peking, met at Shanghai, among the speakers at a banquet given in honor of our minister to China, his teacher of former days, and was delighted to tind that China had healed the wounds which Washington had made?he found him the honored head of a successful college and a teacher of wide renown. The history of the Eastern since the time referred to Is well known Just now a repetition of the old play Is on the stage and while the authorities have not ousted Mr. Swartzell, but have only said. "You are Innocent, but don't do It again!" they have practically destroyed his usefulness and left him nothing to do except to seek a new field ?jX labor, while they themselves are the ones who have really caused the trouble. When that callow youth at :he Western referred Insultingly to the Pres ident and the principal took the only stand possible for a right-minded person to take, they, Instead of unhesitatingly sustaining her. truckled to the Influences brought to bear, and dealt a deadly blow at all au thority. With such an example liefore them. Is it a wonder that our boys. In the arrogance of youth and inexperience, came to believe tiiit nothing could bend their wrl and that, no matter what they did, they would be upheld'by the powers that be'.' When t"n- > complained that one of the teachers h .1 stamped on their champion ship ribbons they forgot that they, by their own actions, had so dishonored those sym bols of su.'i ? -s that they had become a badge of disgrace and only fit for a place underfoot. Since tie first duty of a sol dier is lsstant and imollclt obedience. In subordination like theirs made them mu tineers. and as such deprived them of all standing. The captain, who. I am told, was fully in sympathy with their actions, but gallantly slipped out by the back door, should have been dealt w th at once, since, had he had a particle oi soldierly spirit, he would have _? GJecn-Sweep Underpricirsg" In Toilets. Wonrlt rv r* i 1J ?] Ho Ea niiol Toe >t?4rine. . Import Imes' Fr nnen's I er ^??r & (;. stiriii n\s - Faci th Po ?d Tor >still.'] or.tte< il let's Benso tl C tvde >th i T r c im... r W;i Brushes ileum 1 So; in-Almond *p: tl Ouantit\ 14c. i rk*. 1 .%e. lOe, 14c. 10<*. 17?*. I.o o Pompelian Massage Cream Sozodont Colgate's Violet Toilet Water... "WiJbert's Bay Rum Imported Orange or Rose Water. Babeskin Soap Pinami h Vegetable Lilac Colgate's Caprice Toilet Water. Dr. Charles' Flesh Food 75c. Rubber Bulb Syringes 4 3Thn 14?*. Hl?\ 7c. 15c. 5c. 55c. 35c. 33c. 30c. f eacli to a buver limited. Just Say "Charge It." That's All. Two Attractive Sa:es of Git Is* White Dresses. n tl pcrcaleF. batiat 513=515=5117 Seveotih Street. Girls' Prf-spos. In lawr?\ whit.'"- u I c oto.; low-neck and h;u;>n? > k -t y!<-s; s Stylos; Iv-insj t!.? n u t ? ?. ? : y siz<> in any ?>".;? s!> sizes ! ! i U yrais; not one dr. in tin Jot is worth !?????* t! $*J; choice In the Clean Sweep at Girls* Handsomely T:nl? ; il ] ?r- in fine white and brays, mercerized fcinpbama, Fr??n? h muslirs. etc.. all arc handsomely and siylishly trimmed with lace and embroid ery; norm dainty low-neck and short-R:? ev?- sivl, s; '-very one is worth ?4. sumi- worth more; in the Cl? an Sw . ;i at. , ginghams, 98c. r.981 A Brilliant Bargain Array for the Last Day of the Great Ciean=Sweep Sale! Prices at the Lowest Notch! Tomorrow Wall See the End of the Marvelous Clothing Sale. There's every price reason why this should be?as it has been?the most successful of all clothing sales, for the en tire stock of clothing in ev ery line (except blue serges) is included, and the prices are not far from half the regular figures. And tomorrow is to be the last day of the sale?the limit of time when the Clean Sweep sacrifice pricing is to obtain! So get in tomorrow with out fail! Special offering of Men's Blue Serge Suits, that sell every day at $12.50 every where?suits we guarantee through and (t? o "=71= through?at ?POo-/ All Men's Trousers that sell up to $3 $1-49 All Men's Trousers that sell at $4 to $6 $2.98 Men's Office Coats that sell at 50c 39c. Men's Wash \rests ; 34 to 37 ; value up to $2 75c. Young Men's $1.50 White Duck Trousers; sizes 14, 15 and 16 years 25c. Young Men's Clothing in the Sale. Young Men's Long Pants Suits that sell up to $9.98 $4.98 Young Men's Long Pants Suits that sell up to $15 $9-75 Young Men's $12.98 Blue Serge Suits, double breast ed $7.98 Four Chances for Money=Saving So Footwear. WOMEN'S fcOUDOIR AND BATH Slippers, In leather with silk pompons and fancy velvets with carpet soles; ^ have been selling at 7&c.... 39 c, WOMEN'S DARK TAN Lace Shoes; flexible soles; Cuban heels; splendid qualities; the value Is positively $.'( VICI KID i$1.39 LOT OP MEN'S, BOYS' AND WOM en's Lace Shoes and Ox fords from extra good sell ing lines; not all sizes; the values are $2 to $2.00 CLOSING OTTT ENTIRE STOCK OF Women's High-grade Tan and Russet Oxfords, in Russia calf and vie! kid; turn and welt soles; values, $3.50 and $4 98c. STOCK OF . and Russet i $ 1.98 A VERY LARGE LOT of Men's Fast Black Half Hose, the seam less kind; sold every where at 15c. pair. Priced for clearance tomorrow at Three Hosiery Specialls. 7^c, SEVERAL H U N - dreds of pairs of Wom en's Fast Black Seam less Hosiery that sells regularly at 15c. a pair. To be closed out at 7^c. CONSIDERABLE lot of Women's Nice Quality Hosiery, In tan and black; selling reg ularly at 15c. pair. To be closed out at 7^c. 6 Knives aod 6 Forks, From 5 to9 poinni. Toinraor= A O row = = = = = = = ? ' ^ ? This we consider the greatest o f our 4 - hour specials. Set of 6 Knives and 6 Forks, exactly like illustration; the blades of the knives are 9 inches long, nicely curved and made of best polished steel; the handles are hard polished coco wood, braced and riveted ; the forks are 7i/j inches long, made to match the knives. Although made to sell for $ 1, if you come between 5 and 9 tomorrow evening the price for the set will be None delivered and only 6 pairs to a buyer. 49c, The Smallest Prices Ever Known on Boys' Wear. 99c, Here's one of the most extraordinary offerings ever made in Boys' Clothing. We have set apart about 50 Boys' Suits In stylish sailor collar Norfnlks and small collar Norfolks. in fine blue serges, fancy cheviots and fancy worsteds, warranted every thread wool; sizes It, 4 and ."> years?suits that we've been selling at $:! to $t>; while they last, 09c. buys your choice. An equally high-grade and desirable lot of about 70 stilts in the sailor blouse style?all the very finest goods.?blue serges, blue cheviots, fancy cheviots; sizes .t. 4, 5 and 10 years; none sold under $.'!; some sold high as $6; the 70 suits are to go at 09c. Lot of Boys' Russian Blouse Suits of the highest quality; finest Scotch cheviots in very neat gray effects; sizes 2% to 5 years; every suit sold at $5; to be closed out now at only $1.98 while the lot lasts. At this price you can take your choice from the finest Wash he store; many of them beautifully silk embrojd ilor blouse, Russian blouse and Eton blouse styles; made of finest Galateas, linens, etc.; mostly all sold at $3.08: they are to be quickly closed out at ?1.49. Will buy your choice from all the Boys' Wash Suits that we've been selling for $2.98; included are many very desirable and high grade styles in various fine materials; none sold under $2.98?now to go for choice at 99c. 99c, L9< 1A9 kFw i-i O U ^ mario of 99c Lot ol Boys' Wash Suits that sell at $1.49; sizes 2l/z to years 29Co 4 > Boys' All-wool Knee Pants in all sizes; values 50c. and 75c. Boys' Laundered Buster Brown Collars; a lot to be closed ij out at. .. 11 Another Day for the Beautiful Marquise Waists. . Very desirable White Shirt jA Waists, the renowned "Marquise" /I M T make. Included are dozens of pret M ty patterns in lace and embroiderv ? 0 trimmed waists and stylishly tucked waists. Not one is worth less than $1?some of them are worth $1.50; but for tomorrow's gi gantic clearance they will sell at 48c. "V One of the best offerings in High m M grade Waists we have ever been U f T able to bring to pass; choice and a handsome "Marquise" Waists in ? finest materials; some in "Dutch" neck styles, some in high neck and short sleeves; elegantly trimmed with lace and embroidery. Not one worth less than $1.98. Let Us Save You Money on the Groceries. Choice Eutaw <\ Hiams, j] New A purchase of 2V) of t':^ popu lar Eutaw Hams?smoked yester day. on our counters today?tho best and sweetest small lean hams on the market. Th* se de licious hams need no introduction to Washington hou.- * ke pels. s to 1<> pounds each; the regular price is lsc. lb. Frctana Biscuit, 754c. The very newest and daintiest production of the Aiik i :? m His cuit Co . "Frotana" liis'-uit will be made a feature of tomorrow's selling. These delicious fruit bis cuit are destined to be most popu lar. ond are a regulation lOe j to due.tIon. Prlc^ to introduce th in, 71, Coffee?Onyx H8c. Zest?With Piece of China lO^C. 7 Svruim?Kairomel Corn; 2!l>-lb. cans 7'-- C. Corn?New Homestead S'^C. Peas?Pan-American Brand; 12c. usually 6^C. Jams?Simon Pure Brand 11254c. COCCa?Walter Baker's; ]/2-lb. tins 17c. Pretzels?Oakdale "Midgets" 3^C. Salmon?"Saw-log" Brand; 1 -lb. tins J2c. Suicar?Best GranulaU 5lAc Baking Powder?Kumford's; 5c. size.. Flour?Gold, Medal; 12-lb. sacks String Beans?Per can 3%c. 45c. Sc. Mackerel?Broiled in tomato sauce fl5c. Pickles?Sweet or sour Soap?Kirkman's Borax; 6 cakes for 20c. Last Chance for the Woirn= en's Wear at the Sale Prices CHOICE FROM RICHEST AND FINEST JA1> SII.K 8C1TS. SOME IN PLAIN white, some trimmed in black; they are superbly design. <1 with silk lace medallions and inBertlons: the waists are exquisitely made with tui-ks anti the newest full sleeves. Also finest "Marquise" Shirt Waist Suits, including tine Irish linens, wliltc India linons, etc., superbly trimmed with finest Valenciennes lace embroideries, French knots, pleats ar.d hemstitched effects; all the latest styles, Including the newest kilt and pleated skirts. Pick the suit 1 or suits you fancy from the entire lot. worth from $10 to $20 < THE MOST SENSATIONAL OFFERING EVER MADE. FOR KEEP IN MIND that these beautiful suits are brand new and just received from the tailors; .hey are in finest and softest finish taffeta silk, both skirt and waist handsomely tucked and plaited and trimmed with fancy buttons; shades are garnet and green; the values are positively $1."> to $:!<)..< YOUR UNRESTRICTED CHOICE FROM BEAUTIFUL ALL-OVER BOHBI net Lace Waists, made over white China silk; also choice from absolutely all the richest and finest China Silk Waists, exquis itely designed with le.ee medallions, Insertions, etc.; waists sold at $8 and $10 16.98 ,98 $3.98 ANOTHER VERY RARE OFFERING of the exquisite Marquise Shirt Wraist Suits in fine and sheer white India Lin ons, etc., superbly trimmed; pleats and hemstitched effects; all the latest and smartest styles; val ues $ti.!lS and $7.1>S; at the very remarkable price of WAISTS EMBRACING THE VERY newest and most up-to-date styles, and made of the finest quality China silk. The designs are the richest and hand somest shown this season?exqtiislte pat terns in silk-worked eyelet embroidery; finest Val. lace insertion, hemstitched pin tucks and clusters of tucks, lace edged collars and cuffs, heavy lace In sertion, etc.: the colors are white, cream, blue and brown. Although worth high as $8.00, to go for SPLENDIDLY TAILORED BLACK Brilliantine Skirts; ail are stylishly pleated and up to date in every way; have al wavs sold at $;i.08 and $4.l?8 $1.98 $1.98 VERY STYLISH DOTTED LAWN Suits; sheerest materials; beautifully trimmed with lace and embroidery, some In the latest sur plice styles; were made sell at $:t. One of the big- ^ ^ gest sales at CHOICE OF ANY WHITE SKIRT IN the store; many styles and kinds; no matter how elegant or high priced. Take any you wish at TAFFETA SILK UNDERSKIRTS IN all the wanted colors and black; stylish ly and prettily ruffled and most desirable every way; values $0.98 ar 99c< $1.98 DERSKIRTS IN ad black; stylish ffled ^ ? _ $3.98 THE NEWEST BATHING SI'ITS AT a materially reduced price. They are made of extra good quality brilliantine. black and Mue; all nicely trimmed with white braid; the regu lar price Is $1; for the Clean Sweep $1.98 felt It a matter of honor to keep his men m.inly and true, as br^ve men are. And here let me remark that a long downward step was taken when the rules regarding the appointment of officers In the cadet corps were changed. Under the old rules the fact of being even a non-com missioned officer meant that the student in question stood high in scholarship and de portment, and to be a commissioned offi cer meant that he was excellent in both re spects Now It means nothing of the kind, and as ambition is one of the best sjjurs to good work and behavior, it is to be hoped that the old order will be restored at once. Let it not l>e forgotten that our common school system was not Inaugurated to make athletics its end and aim. It was to be the means of giving each child the edu cation required to make an honest living, no matter whether its parents were able to pay for it or not. When that point Is lost sight of a step in the wrong direction is taken and taxes are paid out for a purpose unjustified. Let me show how the most necessary branches are valued at present. A teacher In our graded schools gets four marks during the year, one from each of four persons; the mark may be either excel lent. good, fair, or poor. The music teacher comes and sees what the school has done In her line and marks the teacher accord ingly; then the drawing teacher comes and does the same; the health teacher comes and gives her mark, and, lastly, the supervising principal adds his for all the really necessary work done in the school. Thus it will be seen that reading, writing, spelling, arithmetic, grammar, geography and composition, the really Important ihings. have together only a value equal to either of the three others. Then, when one considers that the longest school year consists of only 1H8 days, usually has only 17!' or 1M?this last had only 171?one will see how very little time can be given to those important Items, and can understand why It Is that not half a dozen children transferred from one grade to another have thoroughly mastered the work of the grade they are leaving. This goes on from grade to grade, until the high schools get 1 upils not half prepared for their work. Formerly all aspirants had to take a thor ough entrance examination, and those who passed it were suitable material, since they proved not only that they had mental power, but the application to use It. It happened, however, that frequently chil dren of Influential people flunked most dis gracefully. while those of plain and unim portant ones sailed in with flying colors. That could, of course, not be borne, so :.gain the authorities were obliging and abolished the test. Then the high schools giew so rapidly that now the system is top-heavy, ami threafens to vie with col leges and universities In making athletics the main object of school life, with Just a little embroidery of studies around the t dees. Hut to return to the problem of the East ern. I am pretty sure that, had I been In Mr. SwarlieU's place and convinced of Utt guilt of those accused of fraud, no power on earth could have made me yield In the matter of their graduation. As principal I would have been .truly the head of my school, and then, if the authorities did not like it, I would have gone out with drums beating and colors flying, the victor in a good fight. WILLA A. LEONARD. MODERN CRUSOES. Story of Shipwrecked Crew of Bark Anjou. Trom the Iym<1on News. A stirring story of three months spent on an uninhabited Island by the shipwrecked crew and passengers of the bark Anjou Oi.lKSJ tons), consisting of nearly forty per sons, was told by the captairi on the arrival of the liner Ernest Simons at Marseille lately. The Anjou, while on a voyage from Sydney to Falmouth, was wrecked on one of the Auckland group. In the Pacific. The captain stated that they left Sydney on January 20 and, during a thick fog and rough weather on February 4, the ship struck on a reef. The masts fell and smashed some of the boats and there was considerable panic on board. Fortunately all escaped In the boats that remained, but many were only partially dressed. After a terrible experience In a heavy gale they reached the shore the following afternoon and landed. "Half dressed and many wounded, we looked like a band of phantoms marching to the conquest of an infernal Island," said the captain. A big fire was lighted and sea birds, attracted by it, were captured and eaten. The party started to explore the island and three days later discovered it shelter, showing that shipwrecked people had been there before. On the following days they killed a number of albatrosses and caught a quantity of shellfish, on which they subsisted. A small seacow was ilso captured and eaten. As a chance of making their condition known, several albatrosses which were caught alive were again set free with cards tied round their necks stating in French and English the position of the shipwrecked people. I^ater, in the interior of the Island, they found some wild sheep and established a sort of fold In which to keep the animals for use as necessary. Boots were made of pieces of wood and sheepskin, and the skins were also used for clothing. A signal of distress was hoisted on the highest point of the island to attract th^ attention of shipping. "New Robinson Crusoes, we were living an extraordinary life, fishing, hunting, get ting our food sometimes in a cave, some times on a rock, according to the weather, and sleeping where we could," said the captain. "A great deal of the weather was very bad while we were on the Island." On May 7, after they had been on the island over throe months, the New Zealand gov ernment steamer Hlnomoa rescued them. This vessel had on board two daughters of Mr. Mills, the New Zealand minister of commerce, who showed the shipwrecked people the greatest kindness. As a me mento a cat which had been saved from the wreck and had gone through all the vicissitudes with the shipwrecked folk was presented by them to the Misses Mills. The steamer passed the spot where the Anjou was wrecked, and there was then.no trace of the vessel. It is a most dangerous place for shipping, ten large vessels hav ing been wrecked in the vicinity in the last fifteen years, Including the steamer Gen. Grant, with a loss of seventy-three lives. The shipwrecked people received the great est kindness in New Zealand and have been sent home by the French consul. STRANGE TRICKS. Helpless Animals Which Use Deceit Because They Lack Courage. From the London Spectator. There was a surprising number of Quaker animals?animals whose regular method of Belf-protectlon Is to offer no resistance to their enemies. Among marine animals is a starfish, often called the "brittle star," which Is the de spair of collectors. It seems to make It a point of pride that none of Its family shall be shown In a bottle or on a museum sheir. When taken from the water this starfish throws off its legs and also its stomach. -The story is told of one collector who thought he had succeeded In coaxing a specimen into a pall, only to see It dismem ber itself at the last moment. W. H. Hudson describes the death-feign ing habits of a small South African fox common on the pampas. If caught In a trap or overtaken It collapses as if dead, and to all appearances is dead. The "de ception Is so well carried out that dogs are constantly taken In by It. When one with draws a little way from a feigning fox and watches him very attentively a slight open ing of the eye may be detected. Finally, when left to himself, he does not recover and start up like an animal that has been stunned, but slowly and cautiously raises his head first and only gets up when his foes are at a distance. I was once riding with a gaucho when we saw on the open level ground In front of us a fox not yet fully grown, standing still and watching our approach. All at once It dropped, and when we came up to the spot It was lying stretched out, with Its eyes closed and ap parently dead. Before passing on my com panion, who said It was not the first "time that he had seen such a thing, lashed It vigorously with his whip for some moments without producing the slightest effect." Dogs show much the same tendency when they He down meekly, with their heads down and their t?,U? tucked in, and invite a beating. Puppies are just as good at this as hardened veterans. Some kind of beetles, many of the wooly woolly caterpillars which have poisonous hairs on their backs and numerous spiders adopt similar tactics. Even the weed-louse has the same trick and rolls itself into a ball. In the whole animal kingdom, if anything runs away, there is always found some thing to run after it. The badger, which defends itself wickedly when attacked, is often used for baiting. Perhaps the commonest Instance of pas sive resistance Is the land tortoise, which draws up its front piece and pulls in its head and legs and defies Its foes by locking them out. CURE FOB RHEUMATISM. Despite the Tradition, Some Say That Strawberries Are Curative. From the New York Sun. That strawberries are Injurious to rheu matic persons Is as old a tradition as that tomatoes (love apples) are conductive to love. But against science no tradition is safe. It Is now asserted that tbe straw berry is the "real thing" In food for rheumatics. Linnaeus, It is said, kept himself free from rheumatism by eaUng strawberries. Fontenelli, another natural ist, attributed his longevity to strawberries He resorted to them as a medicine and would frequently -say: "If I can but reach the season of strawberries!" K Borheave is said to have classed the strawberry with the principal red fruit remedies containing iron as well as phos phorous. salt., sulphur and sugar. It has long been a tradition that the chief demand 'for horse chestnuts has com* from persons who believe in their efficacy as a cure for rheumatism, or at least a pal liative In rheumatic affections. Straw berries have heretofore been barred, but if they have all the nverits now claimed for them, or indeed any of the merits, the bars will be down and will stay down permanently. BATTLE WITH SNAKES. Deadly Struggle Between Black Snake and Copperhead. From the H?gerstotvn Mall. The combative nature of the blacksnake often gets It into trouble with other reptiles, and many a hard-fought battle has been silently waged In the field or woods, away from human eyes, but no harder fight bej tween two snakes has ever been witnessed than was the one Jacob Dellinger of Half Way, Washington county, saw between a six-foot bhtckanake and a large copper head down in the "neck" a few days ago While driving along the road near the old school house on the Falling Waters road Mr. Dellinger's attention was attracted by an unusual noise on the edge of the wood behind a bush pile. He stopped to invtsti gate, and as he drew closer to the noise he was fascinated with what he saw. A blacksnake of unusual length and a copperhead \vere In mortal combat and the quick movements of the reptiles swept the grass and leaves like the fury of a storm. The blacksnake was the aggressor and pushing the fight hard. The copperhead had all It could do to defend itself from the rushes of its antagonist, and, rearing like a mad bull, the copperhead made re peated thrusts at the blacksnake to fasten Its poisonous fangs in the black, sinuous body, failing In each attempt. How long the snakes had been fighting before Mr. Delllnser arrived upon the scene he does not know, but he stood and watched them for twer.tv minutes racing back and forth in the death struggle. The^ black snake's tactics were to rush around the copperhead, which was kept going around li\ a small circle, and occasionally the black snake would grub at Its antagonist and miss a bold until finally the blacksnake succeeded and like a flash wrapped the copper head like a spring closing a*nd crushed it to death. Whan the last quiver In the body of the coppei head had ceased the black snake slowly uncoiled Itself and started to leave the scene of battle, but Mr. Dellinger slew .it there beside the vanquished reptile. WHEN CHOPS ARE INJURED. Record of July as Month of Damage History in Spring Wheat and Corn. Frotu the New York Evening Poit. As a rule, If grain crops do not show signs of damage by the third week ofjuly, they are reasonably safe. But this is not a rule without exceptions. The case of Spring wheat last year was one. Its July 1 con dition was as high as June's; on July 20 It would probably have been higher still, and Its August 1 condition was only 6 per cent down. The mischief was done by the "black rust," which nobody took seriously until the end of July. By September 1 the condi tion was down 21 per cent, and 00,000,000 bushels were marked off at that crop esti mate. Another instance was peculiar, in that the crop suffered seriously in July, notwith standing which fact the largest wheat yield on record was obtained. "This," said the weather bureau bulletin, reviewing the second week of July, "was th<i third con secutive week of intense heat. "With an almost entire absence of rain the crops were subjected to most unfavor able conditions." The wheat percentage was marked down from 95.6 on July 1 to 80.3 In August. The main reason why. de spite this weather, the largest spring wheat crop on record was harvested was that the planted area was a million ai res ahead of any previous year, and 2,000,000 beyond any year which has followed. The third noteworthy case was 1800, when a great drought developed In the second week i f July, cutting: the August wheat condition down from '.M.4 to ftt.i!. That particular July was also marked Isy a 20 per cent drop in corn's condition. In 1K>M July weather cut OVi per cent from tin* corn crop indication; In 1KM th. 17%; in liM?l It was "_'7. Hut with these four exceptions corn in the fifteen past years has either improved during July or suf fered only trifling loss. Colossal Finances. From the Philadelphia Lodger, Modern financial operations are conducted on so large a scale that amounts running up Into the hundreds of millions are talked of in daily conversation without any real appreciation of what the sums mentioned may mean. When we talk of war and its costs, and of the loans which make possible the maintenance of armies and navies In active service, or of the operations of gov ernments administering the affairs of mil lions of Inhabitants we take big figures as a matter of course. It is In no degree re markable that an empire of seventy or eighty millions should require outlays on a large scale, and It Is a perfectly proper subject for discussion whether national ex penditures within the last quarter of a cen tury have not increased to a proportion out of keeping with the ability of nations to stand the strain. These are economic questions of the ut most Importance; but a new element of wonder enters in when the financial opera tions of certain large commercial organiza tions are considered. A popular magazine writer has given a graphic and comprehen sive illustration of the scale on which mod ern corporations are operating, taking the Pennsylvania railroad as an example. He does not make the best use of his opportu nity. however, for the figures selected ate those of the lines east_of * lttsburg only, whereas the showing for the entire system would have been vastly more impressive. For Instance, the railroad s aggregate earn ings in l'.liu were |218,242.4<H, a sum exceed ed by the national revenues of only seven of the great powers of the world. This aggregate brings the financial trans actions of this corporation into comparison with the nurses of the nations, but as the Iron Age points out, the comparison will be still more significant If the United States Steel Corporation's reports are scanned. In Its greatest year its sales, amounting to $r?fl0.500,<X*), exceeded the total Income of tiie United States government in the fiscal year 11104-5 by *7,000,00;); and the average receipts of Russia, Great ilrltaln, Germany and France alone go beyond those ot this colossal concern.