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No. 16,378. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JULY 29, 1905-TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. TWO CENTS.
THE EVENING STAR WITH 8DNDAT MORNING EDITION. Hdnttt 0(Tim 11th Stmt Ml PnniylTuU iniR Tlw Evening Star Newspaper Company. 8. H. KACrrm.NN, FmUnt. Stw T?rk 0#o?: Tribsna Bnild.ng. Chicago Office: Tri?un? B?114ing. The Jf?n!n| Star, with the Sunday morning Hit tlon, 1b dfltrpr^d t>y carriers within the city at !W centa p*r month; without the Sunday morning edi tion at 44 cents per month. Bt mall. poatasr* prepaid: Dally, Ann-lay -ocludM, one month, HO centl. Dally, Sunday ?I'fpted, on* month, 60 cents. Saturday Star, on<? year, 91 00. ?unday Star, one year. $1.00. THE RUSSIAN PRESS Tone Grows More Warlike on Eve of Peace Parley. SIGNIFICANT COMMENT GOVERNMENT URGED TO RESIST ALL HUMILIATING DEMANDS. This Course Advised Even at the Cost of Continuing1 the War? Kaiser for Peace. ST PETERSBURG, July 20,-The tone of tha Russian press grows more warlike oh the peace conference draws nigh, and the government on all sides Is urged to resist humiliating demands, even at the cost of continuing the war. "Peace on the Japa nese terms as outlined by Mr. Sato," says the Russ, which Is the first paper to com ment seriously on the Sato Interview, "can only be an armistice." The Russ, which has now the largest lib eral following, flnda the Japanese demands far from moderate, and sees little chanoe of the conference ending successfully, If Mr. Sato has correctly stated the Japanese posi tion, but It appears to believe that Baron Kumura'i spokesman Is acting "on his own responsibility," or scents a possible blufT to pave the way for the acceptance of actual and more moderate terms by Japan. The Svlet continues Its fault-flindlng with the "tactlessness of the visit of Secretary of War Taft and Miss Alice Roosevelt to Japan while the United States Is the host of the peace plenipotentiaries." KAISER FOR PEACE. Berlin Says He Encouraged Czar to End War. BERLIN, July 20.?The foreign office, taking cognizance of statements from St. Petersburg, particularly those published In French and English Journals, authorized the Associated Press to say that Emperor William, In the Interviews off the Island of BJoerkoe, not only did not encourage Em peror Nicholas to continue the war. but gave his Influence directly In favor of President Roosevelt's peace policy. The foreign office again, with the utmost posltlveness, says that the meeting took place on the wish of Emperor Nicholas. TO STOP POOL SELLING. Order Issued at Boston Today Affects State Betting. Special Dispatch to The Star. BOSTON*. Ma.?s July 29 ?Chief Shaw of the state police issued an order to stop post selling at rare tracks throughout the state. Gov. Douglas Is behind the unexpected move. There had been no complaints made to the police this year as to any pool selling at the tracks. Nevertheless Chief Shaw has now ordered daily reports from every officer in whose district race tracks are in opera tion as to whether there in any violation of the law. and his men will be present at the tracks from now on and violators of the law will be brought before the court. JAPANESE AT BUFFALO. Naval Officers En Route to Barrow, England, for Ship. Special PUpat^h to The Star. BUFKAI.O. N Y . July 20.?Vice Admiral and Division Commander Kamimura ar.d seven other officers of the Japanese navy arrived In Buffalo this morning on the Northwt st. They are on their \? ay to Barrow. Eng land. where they will assume command of the warship Katorl. just completed there for the Japanese government. The entire party will depurt at S:3o o'clock this "Venlng over the N- w York Central for New York, from which place they will sail on the Oceanic Wednesday morning. THE MOROCCAN ISSUE. A Conference Announced for Tangier Last of November. Special Cablegram to The Star. PARIS. July 2!?.?The international con ference on Morocco affairs is expected to meet toward the end of November at Tan- 1 gler GERMANS CLASH WITH NATIVES. Confli * Over Disputed Territory Three Killed. BERLIN, July 20 The South Cameroon Con pany. whose traders and their guards. It Is now admitted, came into conflict re cently with French Senegalese soldiers on the frontier of the French Congo over the question whether certain territory Is French or German reports to the foreign of fice that in the fighting which took place three Germans were killed and four were made prisoners nd on French Senegalese sergeant was killed. The foreign office as previously reported Is Inquiring officially of the Cameroon government as to what really tcok place. The French government doubtless In the meantime will also he Informed officially on the subject. lioth governments will then be In a position to locate the blame and take measures to prevent such coi.lslons In the future. There Is no disposition here to r> gard the Incident as likely to lead to any thing serious, though Germany naturally will fully protect h " colonists. TO GET VALUABLE GIFTS. Sequel to Harvard Man's Holiday Trip to Europe. BERIJN. July 20.?Prof. Kuno Francke of Harvard, during his hVday In Europe, (.rranged with the governments of Bavaria, Saxony and Switzerland and the municipal authorities of Frankfurt and Nuremburg for Important gifts to the Germanic mu seum at Cambridge, Mass., should accom modations sufficient for them be provided Included In the gifts probably will be a cast of the memorial .lab and the accessory structure. Emperor LouSa IV, "The Bava rian." and reproductions of Goethe's room at Frankfurt and of the house of Albrecht Duerer at Nuremberg, a chancel of a thir teenth century church at Welchselburg. Saxony, and a sepulchral monument at La Sarrez, Switzerland. BARON MEDEN NAMED. To Succeed Count Shuvaloff as Head of Moscow Police. ST. PETERSBURG. July 29 ? Baron Me den has been appointed to succeed the late MaJ. Gen. Count Shuvaloff as prefect of po lice at Moscow. Some Questions Haas Not Answer. Need JTJDGEWRIGHT'S RTJLIN G CASE OF THE RECALCITRANT WITNESS DECIDED. District Attorney Beach's Announce ment of the Charge Against Holmes a Great Surprise. The feature of the case of Moses Haas, one of the recalcitrant witnesses from New York before the grand Jury In the cotton crop report scandal, which was heard by Judge Wright in the Criminal Court today, was the declaration by District Attorney Beadh that the grand Jury was at present proceeding against former Statistician Holmes of the Agricultural Department, not for accepting a bribe, but for giving one to another employe of the government. This statement by the district attorney came as a great surprise to those in the court room, as it was generally bellaved that the grand Jury was proceeding against Holmes- for accepting a bribe, given him as reward for divulging to New York co:ton brokers information collected by ihe bu reau of statistics for use in preparing the government cotton reports. Hut the dis trict attorney's declaration makes It ap parent that Holmes did not work alone in the bureau of statistics In connection with the cotton leaks, but that one or more em ployes of the Agricultural Department were in collusion with him. In the Haas case Itself Justice Wright held that the statement issued by Secretary of Agriculture Wilson on the cotton crop report scandal puts Haas In the attitude of a defendant in a criminal proceeding, and that the latter could not be compelled to answer, at the direction of the grand Jury, questions tending to incriminate himself. "Haas' position is Just the same," the court announced, "as if he were on trial for bribery and had been put on the stand. The question of the relevancy and charac ter of each question submitted to him would have to be passed upon by the court In that event, and the present circum stances are similar." Of the four questions asked Haas?wheth er he had ever resided in Washington, whether he had ever been employed in the Agricultural Department, whether he knew Frederick A. Peckham and whether he knew Edwin S. Holmes?the court held that he must answer the first two. but need not re ply to the others. The decision of the court, briefly stated, was that all questions submitted to Haas by the grand Jury which the witness re fused to answer must be submitted to the court for determination as to their nature and for ruling as to whether replies Ly Haas would tend to incriminate the wit ness. Haas Must Answer Tuesday. District Attorney Leach gave notice to the court after the ruling had been an nounced that the s?ame question would un doubtedly come up again, and perhaps more than once. The grand jury was excused yesterday afternoon, and will not meet again until 11 o'clock Tuesday morning. Haas will then be called and required to answer the questions as to whether he ever lived in Washington and whether he had ever been employed in the Agricultural De partment. If he refuses answer to these two Inter rogations he will be brought into court by the district attorney and his punishment re quested. As Judge Wright has directed the witness to answer these questions, his fail ure to do so will undoubtedly result in his irrmediate and severe punishment. On the other hand, the questions which the court held that Haas need not answer? having to do with his acquaintance with Peckham and Holmes?the district attorney considers to be of minor Importance, and he wasn't greatly concerned whether or not answers were obtained. But more pertinent questions will be put to Haas on Tuesday, when the grand Jury itsumes Its sessions, and upon his refusal to answer, which Is In the nature of a fore gone conclusion, the court will be asked to pass upon the new interrogations. The process will be a tedious one. and can be simplified in some measure only by the dis trict attorney making up a list of all the questions he desires to ask the witness and submitting them to Haas, placing the list before the court upon the continued re fusal of witness to reply. When the Haas case was called this morning Messrs. Haas and Peckham?the latter being also a recalcitrant witness were In the court room for the first time since their cases have been a subject of action by the grand Jury. The court room was well filled and the many lawyers pros, ent showed deep interest In the proceed ings. Mr. Haas was represented by Mark Alter. ?!.e New York attorney who came to Washington with the two cotton men, and former District Attorney Blrney. It was recalled by many of the lawyers present that It was Mr. Blrney who, while serving as district attorney, prosecuted Chapman, the broker, for refusing to tes tify In the sugar investigation before a Senate special committee, and had the broker sent to Jail for three months. Mr. Blrney presented Mr. Haas' answer to the report of the grand jury laid before the court yesterday, and on which the rule, returnable this morning, was Issued. The written answer of the respondent, read by Mr. Blrney, was In part as follows: Answer of Haas. The answer sets forth that the respond ent was summoned In the city of New York, of which he Is a resident, to appear before the grand Jury In the District of Columbia In the case of the United States agt. Edwin S. Holmes. Jr., and appeared be fore that body July 27, 1906, when the pro ceedings were substantially, though not re precisely, as, detailed In the report of the grand Jury presented to Judge Wright yes terday. ? The respondent calls attention to the fact that on July 8 Secretary of Agriculture llson made public a statement in connec tion with the cotton crop report le:iks In the bureau of statistics and gives briefly his conception of the substance of that statement. Continuing the respondent says that by this report Secretary Wilson set forth cer tain correspondence claimed to substantiate the statements of Judd and Van Riper, and to Indicate that the charges made by Cheat ham were well founded In fact. The statement goes on to say that the respondent Is one of the persons mentioned In the report as connected with the leak, and If the statement and suggestions, di rect and Indirect. In the report charge or Indicate an offense against any law of the United States such of the statements or suggestions as concern the respondent di rectly or Indirectly involve him in an ac cusation of crime against the United States. Although the report of the Secretary of Agriculture Involves the respondent as one possibly guilty of some crime or of fense against the United States, the state ment says the respondent was summoned to apear before their grand Jury on July 27, and was then called upon to testify as a witness. The respondent has been advised *jy coun sel. he says, that the only charge:: or ac cusations of a criminal nature that may be made against any persons In respect of the assertions made In the statement of the Secretary of Agriculture, will be either ? charge of violation of section 5431 of the Revised Statutes, or of an accusation of conspiracy of one or more persons with Edwin S. Holmes, jr., that either of the charges may be and is usually provable by circumstantial evidence; that any state ments made by him in response to any ques tions that may be propounded to him by the grand jurors may elicit a fact which of itself will tend to establish some circum stance tending to show the existence of a conspiracy; and such conspiracy being es tablished. the respondent, if deemed a. party thereto, will be held and bound by any act or statement made by'any of the other parties thereto; that being by name impli cated in the charges against Edwin S. Holmes, the respondent is exempt and priv ileged Uy'fhe law of the land and his con stitutional rights as a citizen thereof from being required to testify to anything in the premises, and also from being required to appear before the grand jury in the cause of the United States agt. Edwin S. Holmes. The respondent further asserts that Judd and Van Riper preceeded him before the grand Jury, and that he does not know the nature of their testimony, which he thinks may reflect injuriously upon him. His re fusal to answer before the grand jury was in good faith, the respondent says, and be cause he believed that to answer might in criminate him. Mr. Birney'a Argument. Mr. Blrney then read the entire state ment issued by the Secretary of Agricul ture, following the presentation to him of the secret service report. Mr. Beach interrupted him long enough to make the point that the Secretary's state ment had no legitimate connection with the question before the court, the only point being, as he claimed, that Haas had re fused to answer questions put to him by the grand jury. After some colloquy, how ever, Mr. Beach withdrew his objection and Mr. Birney finished the reading of the statement and proceeded with his argu ment to show that Haas should not be compelled to answer. Mr. t.Blrney said that even in the brief proceedings before the grand jury Mr Beach had sought to prove the. connection between Holmes and Haas, showing that the establishment of that connection was essential, in order to establish crime Mr. Birney declared that for all Haas or or any one else kn w, save the district at torney and the members of the grand Jury proceedings might even now be under way against Haas. Mr. Birney also asserted that the report of Secretary Wilson practically accused tlai 3 of having been a go-l?etween to carry in formation from Holmes to Price, the New iork cotton king, and that the intimation, if not the direct charge, contained in the statement that Haas was guilty of a crime, constituted ground upon which the court might base a ruling exempting Haas from answering the questions in dispute. He quoted from decisions of the Supreme Court to sustain his contention. The District Attorney Replies. ? Mr. Beach, in his argument, contended that the statement by the Secretary of Ag riculture had nothing to do with the case, and also quoted from the Supreme Court decisions In support of his claim that Haas should be made to answer. It was at this time that Mr. Beach made the statement that Haas was not directly concerned In trie present proceedings against Holmes, for the reason that the case was being conducted under section 6451 of the Revised Statutes. This section provides three years' Im prisonment for any person convicted of of fering a bribe to an official of the govern ment to induce him to divulge information belonging to the government, the same be lng held to constitute a fraud. The dis trict attorney pointed out that as Holmes was named as the object of the proceed ings. It could not possibly be Haas who was being proceeded aga'nst for offering a bribe, but must be Holmes himself ?vrilfr.t,Wa8 ,,ulte a stlr ln th? <-?urt room wnen this announcement was ma.le, particu i jarly as It has been generally beiiev.-d here tofore that the first proceeding of the grand Jury would be ln connection with the Indict ment of the former associate statistician for accepting a bribe, and not for giv.ug one. . ~r- Btach claimed that the witness Ha?s had evidently been coached and schooled as to his conduct before he entered the court room, as before he was sworn and before a question had been put to him he read a paper announcing that he would stand on his constitutional rights, and further, that any answer he might give might tend to incriminate him. Justice Wright's Ruling. At the close of the arguments Justice Wright explained his view of the case, and ruled that as. In his opinion. Haas must be considered in the same position as If he were on trial for bribery, all questions pro pounded to the witness and which the lat ter refused to answer most be passed upon separately by the court. Just as if Haas had taken the stand as defendant in a reg ular criminal proceeding. He could not be forced to ai.swer incriminating questions. At the request of Marcus Alter, counsel for Haas and ft-kham, the defendants were paroled ln his custody until Tue?day morning at 11 o'clock, -vith permission to remain out of the city un.'ll that time. Mr. Alter, with his clients, lefi on &n Afternoon train tor New York. AT OYSTER BAT TODAY PLANS FOB M. WITTE'S RECEP TION NEXT WEEK. OYSTER BAY. L. I., July 29.-President Roosevelt devoted several hours today to the transaction of routine official business. As ho had no engagement to receive visit ors he was enabled to clear his desk of matter which had accumulated during the past day or two. While the time of the visit to the Presi dent of M. Wltte, Russia's chief plenipo tentiary to the Washington peace confer ence, has not been fixed definitely it prob ably will be next Thursday If the Kaiser der Grosse gets In in time. M. Wltte will be accompanied to Oyster Bay by Baron Rosen, the Russian ambassador and sec ond Russian envoy to the peace confer ence. Their call will be Informal and for the purpose of permitting M. Wltte to pay his respects to the President. THE CHINESE BOYCOTT EXTENSIVE PLANS UNDER WAY IN CHINA TO FURTHER IT. VICTORIA. B C., July 29.?Advices from Hongkong by the steamer Tartar state that mass meetings of guilds continue to be held at Canton and Hongkong, at which ar rangements are making to further the boy cott against the United States. Delegates have been appointed to visit different guilds in China and a board has been arranged to gather data from Chinese in America re garding their disabilities, the Information to be published in pamphlet form for distri bution throughout China, and circular let ters will be sent to Chinese In America urging them not to be disheartened, but to stand stanchly by the movement. Chinese vernacular papers are printing columns of bitter attacks against, the United States and recounting stories of al leged degradations and outrages practiced upon Chinese in America, which aid in in flaming the people of South China. CHICAGO REFORM CRUSADE. Lively Times With the "Bookies" and "Gams." in Chicago. CHICAGO, July 29.?After a day of activ ity against handbooks and poker rooms. Chief of Police Collins' men last night at tacked the pool room and gambling house of James O'Lcary at 4187-4189 Halsted street. Telephones, a big telephone switch board and five poker tables were smashed and confiscated. Entrance to the place was effected after almost two hours of work by the policemen, who battered down five heavy oak doors with sledgehammers and rams. Before the police reached the room betting sheets and other paraphernalia were de stroyed. The persons in the place when the police made their attack escaped. It 4s thought down a shaft three feet wide, which extended from the fourth floor to the basement. Trap doors and other secret exits also were found. One trap door led to an exit In an adjoining building. Earlier In the day gambling raids under Chief Col lins resulted in the arrest of forty men, keepers of poker rooms, handbook men and the inmates of the resorts. To show that the "clean-up" is not des ultory and for effect only, the chief's "fly ing squadron" went over the ground cov ered on Thursday and again raided two places that previously had been closed. The proprietors had thought they were Immune from further arrest when they hatf pleaded guilty and paid fines. Seventeen keepers of gambling resorts and thirty-five Inmates were fined In police court. With one excep tion the keepers were fined $25 and costs each and the "guests" $1 and costs. INVESTIGATION CONTINUED. Collecting Testimony* Regarding the Bennington Disaster. A telegram to the Navy Department from Rear Admiral Goodrich tells of the work being done by the board appointed by the rear admiral to collate and arrange all evi dence <jbtalned relating to the Bennington disaster, and of work being done on the vessel. The telegram follows: "Bartlett board continued Investigation: took photographs of wrecked boiler and fire room and interrogated wounded men cognizant of circumstances. Ransom and Evans, having completed their work, re turned to Mare Island. Installation of wrecking and flushing pump and temporary electric lighting of Bennington nearly com ple ted." Commander Ransom Is the chief engineer officer at the Mare Island yard, while the other officer named is a constructor at the yard, who was sent to Ban Diego to ascer tain what would be necessary to put the Bennington In condition to be towed to Mare Island. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. This Month's Statement Will Show a Deficit of $13,000,000. The monthly statement of the govern ment receipts and expenditures, which will be issued by the Treasury Department next Tuesday, August 1, will show the receipts for July, 1SXX5, to have been approximately $40,180,000. and the expenditures about $02, 8<iO,COO, leaving a deficit for the mouth of $13,65)0,000. This is a good showing, as compared with the figures for July last year, when the deficit was $17,300,000. There were no extraordinary receipts or expenditures in July, li<04, and nono will appear in this month's figures. This very large reduction in the July deficit is ac counted for by the material Increase in the receipts both from customs and inter nal revenue sources, and a slight decrease In expenditures. The receipts from cus toms this month will exceed those for July last year by about $2.0<?0.000, and from Internal revenue the gain will be abo^it $300,000. The miscellaneous receipts will be about the same this month as for July last year. The decrease In the expendi tures this month probably will be about 51,000,000. The receipts this month will include a payment of about $3,000,000 from the Southern Pacific Railroad Company on account of its thirteenth semi-annual note due the government on August 1. Last July there was a similar payment from this company. The treasury officials re gard the showing this month with satis faction and point to the $2,000,000 increase in customs receipts as an Indication of a large Increase in business during the re mainder of the year. RECENT ORDERS HELD UP. Changes in Stations of General Of ficers Suspended. At the suggestion of President Roosevelt, the recent orders of the War Department changing the stations of Brigadier Gen erals Carter, Buchanan, Edgerly and Bliss have been held up for a few days pending a possible rearrangement of the assign ments. It Is stated at the War Department that there Is no "squabble" over these as slgnments and that the temporary suspen sion of the orders In no way change nor doe's It affect '.he order previously Issued assigning Brigadier General Thomas H. Barry to the general staff and his detail to the presidency of the Army War College board. That matter has been finally and amicably settled. A condition of affairs has unexpectedly arisen which may necessitate the continu ance of General Carter on duty in the Phil ippines for a longer period than had been contemplated, and consequently It was found expedient to suspend his orders to come home and take command of the De partment of the Lakes. He has been In the Philippines a little over a year. The change in that case necessarily Involved a change in the other proposed assign ments to commands. All the officers af fected are in the Philippines and a slight delay in rearranging the assignments will cause neither them nor the War Depart ment the least embarrassment or incon venience. Personal Mention. Dr. Charles Diedel has returned to the city. He was re-elected vice president of tho Interstate Dental Fraternity, holding their meeting In connection with the Na tional Dental Association at Buffalo. Dr. Starr Parsons, secretary of the Na tional Capital Dental Society. Is In Buffalo attending the meeting of the National Den tal Association. Dr. Claude B. Corkey left today for Up pervlile, Va., where he will be the guest of Mr. Thos. L. Kibler. Mr. Alexander Mosher, chief of the copy sales division of the patent office. Is spend ing two weeks' vacation at Atlantic City. Commissioner Allen of the patent office will return to his duties here next week. A letter was received from him at the patent office today announcing his plan to return to Washington some time next week. Ho will probably remain in the city a week or ter, days before going away for his regular summer outing. Mr. Sherman C. Allen, private secretary to the assistant secretary of the navy, has gone to his home at Burlington, Vt., to spend a few weeks' vacation. Gen. Wood Improving. Special Dispatch to The Star. BOSTON, Mass., July 29.?Gen. Leonard A. Wood, commander of the United States army in the Philippines, who came to this city some weeks ago to undergo an opera tion. Is rapidly recovering from Its effects. He himself has told a friend he expects soon to be able to resume his command. The general will start for. Pocassett next week to spend some time with his mother at her summer home. He Is averse to visiting or being entertained by his many friends un til he fully regains his health. Searching Inquiries to Be Made by Congress. REFORM IN METHODS NO MORE LUMP APPROPRIATIONS TO BE MADE. Why the Law Making It an Offense Punishable by Dismissal, &c., Was Re-Enacted. Intimations are at hand from high con gressional sources of Intended searching Investigation by Congress at the next ues sion of departmental expenditures of appro priations. It is said that some sweeping reforms in present methods may be expect ed as a result of the congressional inquiries if conditions are found to be as now sus pected. There was deep-seated dissatisfac tion at the last session with certain fea tures of departmental disbursements, and the statement Is made that the disclosures of recent months have served to increase the feeling in congressional quarters that some changes of methods are necessary. It is said that probably the first gun may be fired if President Roosevelt demands more money for isthmian canal construc tion when he sends his special message to the extra session he Intends to call No vember 11. It is said that Congress will ask for a statement of the expenditure of $10,000,1)00, authorized by the original canal legislation, which sum was appropriated in gross and placed at the disposal of the President. Against Lump Appropriations. This accounting will not be demanded in a spirit of distrust of the President, but to emphasize the new stand which Congress Intends to take against granting lump-sum appropriations and mysterious "contingent funds." It l? not going too far to say that a complete revolution in the present sys tem of voting these blanket appropriations will be recommended by influential con gressmen, and probably will be carried into effect. There has been a growing disposition since 18D8 of the executive departments to ask for blanket appropriations, to be dis bursed in the discretion of the head of the department. In 1808 Congress gave Presi dent McKinley J.V.OOO.OOO to be used for preliminary expenses of the war with Spain. That action has never been criti cised. for Congress realized that it was necessary. No accounting was asked. The President distributed the money among the departments where It was mosi needed. But that action, it is now said, gave the departmertta a taste of the delights of handling non-specific sums, and com plaint was made at the last session that the appetite has become voracious in sev- i eral of the departments. There was pro nounced friction severul times In the last session between heads of departments and committees of Congress over the ap propriation of contingent funds and lump sums, und especially over the growing habit of creating deficits. Why One Deficiency Occurred. One head of a department was asked why there was such a large deficit in his office, and calmly replied that the deficit existed because the previous Congress had not appropriated the sum he thought sufficient to run his office, and he had gone ahead and spent the money anyhow. This answer amazed the committee, which was laboring under the Idea that only Congress could authorize expenditure of the people's money. The result was the re-enactment of a provision of law making it an oJ?<jnse I punishable by dismissal from the service, ! fine and imprisonment for officials to cre ate deficits. The blanket appropriation and contingent fund evil was not entirely checked, how ever, at the last session because It was impossible to undo In a Jiffy a system that had been bulldlr^ up for years. Hut the leaders are after It in earnest this time, and it is said that radical action may be ex pected If next session's investigations ure as effective as they are expected to be made. It is said that public attention will have to be aroused to the subject before a cure can be applied. The Congress leaders who grappled with it last session found a fire in their rear always. As soon as an ap propriation was menaced it was found that I the head of that department could rally to his support men In the Senate and i House whose patronage was threatened and then there would be trouble. It was com mented upon, after Congress adjourned,, that the total deficits of appropriations In the several departments, created by the departments themselves, were Just about the total deficit which threatened the fed eral finances. The Contingent Funds. It is said that the departments use their contingent funds for purposes never de signed by Congress and as fast as the de partments secure increased funds, so do they expand the scope of expenditure. One source of irritation to Congress is the rapidly expanding secret service bureau. It is alleged that the contingent lunds of de partments are being drawn upon to pay for Investigations by the secret service bureau of the Treasury Department, a branch of ' the government that was intended to put down counterfeiting, but which has grown in recent years until it takes in most eveiy thing from guarding the President'* person to investigating Oregon land fi.iuds. In this connection It is recalled that at one time last session, the secret service w;is suspected of maintaining an espionage over congressmen and a very emphatic warning was quietly issued to the effect that if any secret service man put his foot on Capitol II11I In connection with any congressional afTairs the service would think that the dome had tumbled down upon it. So, all these things, some of them small and some of them large, as the canal ex penditures may prove to be, serve to fan the flames of Irritation betgeen Congress and the departments and enhance the feel ing in Congress that the executive branch is encroaching upon the legislative. Out of this situation will come the investiga tions which are contemplated at The next session, and which, it Is predicted in Con gressional circles will bring some highly interesting disclosures. DEATH OF CAPTr BURGDORFF. Succumbed to a Complication of Dis eases at Philadelphia. The Secretary of the Navy today received a telegram from Rear Admiral Ludlow, re tired, governor of the Soldiers' Home at Philadelphia, Pa., saying that Capt. Theo dore F. Budgdorff. U. S. N.. retired died in the Naval Hospital at that p'a.e this morning of a complication of diseases. Capt. Burgdorff entered the navy from New Jersey In October. 187:1. and his entire service was In the naval engineering de partment. His last cru se at sea term nated in October, 1004, since which time he has been on Inspection duty under the bureau of steam engineering. He reached the grade of commander In September, 1004. and *aa retired in June last in the ad vanced grade of captain. Weather.? Occasional showers tonight and tomorrow; warmer to night ; light southerly winds. YELLOW FEVER PANIC Reported Increasing in the Smaller Towns. QUARARTINE IS SI7FRE STATE AND MISSISSIPPI POINTS BAB NEW ORLEANS. Commercial Disaster If Embargo U Put on Freight From the Crescent City. NEW ORLEANS. July 2S?.?The most flls quieting nows In the yellow fever situation today Is the evidence thut panic is Increas ing ;,i the smaller towns of Louisiana and Mississippi and that a disposition Is grow ing to revive the disastrous commercial quarantines of lKiT. ? hen some of the coun try towns even refused to receive Ice or hardware from New Orleans. Columbia, La bars all kinds of mcrchandlso except hardware. Utlca. Miss., will not receive frt'ght of any Kind; Os>ku, Miss , will trKo no fruit or vegetables; Jackson. La., wants no houserold article, from New Orleans. Several towns in Tennessee and others along the Mississippi Valley road In Missis sippi refuse to allow express matter of any Kind to be jjuI oft; Fort Gibson will not tuKt bread or anything wrapped in burlap that may be shipped from this city. Some of the Texas towns aro asking that the malls be fumigated. Quarantine of Freight. If the movement to quarantine freight ?preads New Orleans will suffer much more seriously than from the fever Itself. Up to the present there has been no local apprehension of a dangerous epidemic, and It was believed that If the boards of health In other states llv.d up rigidly to their agreement not to place any resections unon the transportation of freight would be only a slight reduction nrrt the chief Inconvenience would be the friability he country people to come here and of New Orleans to go Into the southern towns and cities. Anticipating the quarantines, most of the huKlness house*, with the discovery of N^orlean* put on fr? lghl nil(1't|u.lv usefulness at an ^ and New Orleans natural business will be diverted to other points. History of First Case. The history of the case of yellow fever^re ported at Lumberton. Miss., the 1Jr. . * that state has not yet been traced, but It Is not considered Improbable that the victim j8 one of the many Italians who fled from H'Sm '"Jm "n.?? leave the clt> ? ahio Island road, .aifsa -ir.s l^ulsvllleTnd'Nashvllle railroad and^e marine?hospital service Is In Island trains will continue to run to Gull The Cleaning Campaign. The cleaning campaign continues to be carried on with great energy, and every cart to hire In the city has been requisi tioned by the public works department and the citizens' committee Hundred, of bar rels of lime are being used In the effort to nuiify streets, gutters and back yards Hie masses of tlie Ie >i)le think tants serve a double purpose, that of kill Ing germs and that of putting fever-bear inv mosaultoes out of the way. The Era Club, one of the chief woman s organizations of the c Ly. 'ms voluniLeered its services to L>i. lievcrl;' W ar"ur'pr? posing to hold pallor met tings daily. In order that the women of t ie city may be instructed In the crusade quitoes and the besl method:) of ridding the city of them. Depopulation of Gulf Towns. The depopulation of the Mississippi gulf towns of summer visitors from New Or leans continue, owing to Gov. Vardaman i determination that these towns shall have no communication with New Orleans. The governor said he would not budge from his position if every man. woman and child on the coast personally appealed to M?i. ?? BHid leaving out the cost in human life, an epidemic of the I. ver on the coast would mean $'20,000,000 in depreciation of real es '?'it'will be better." said the governor, "for the citizens of these towns to he bot tled up and eat mullet and crabs ami escape the yellow fever than to get all the reve nue they can out of the refugees and have one case of yellow ft-\er among them. Much sympathy Is feit here for Memphis, whk-h has be< n compelled to quarantine New Orleans against her will . On the first report of the fever that city sent a repre sentative here, who put himself In close touch with the situation and saw no neces sity for quarantine, and the health authori ties would hove doubtless kept their prom ice not to bar New Orleans refugees If the Imposition of quarantines by other cities against Memphis had not forced thetn to act in self-defense. The Chattanooga Quarantine. Some Inconvenience has been felt by the Chattanooga quarantine. Many well-to-do people here were sending their families to LooKout mountain for the rest of the sea son. but the putting up of the bars at Chat tanooga will divert New Orleans travel from that point. The board of health repeated today Its announcement that the destruction of bed ding and household property has no place In its campaign, and that no such waste of property will he attempted. ln^ former epidemics here millions of dollars worth of household property was destroyed in the efTort to exterminate the supposed germ of yellow fever. The announcement of the board will. It is thought, be helpful In securing the prompt report of even the slight cases of fever The quarantines have greatly disarranged mllroad i -?enger service. All the roads have ha,1 to take o,7 local trains. All weekly a ad semi-weekly excursions to nearby resorts have been abandoned. Through trains are carrying large numbers of passengers bound for the northern and eastirn resorts, l ut travel south has nat urally- fallen off. though the hotel renters daily show some ???rivals of people from the north coming here on business mis Mayor's Statement. Mayor Martin Behrman today gave out the following signed statement to the news papers: "New Orleans Is suffering mor* rrom tn? rigid quarantines than from yellow f?ver,