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tup: evening star.
?With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON. THURSDAY December 7, 1905 CROSBY S. NOYES Editor THE STAB has a regular and permanent Family Circulation much more than the combined circulation of the other Wash ington dailies. As a Hews and Adver tising- Medium it has no competitor. C7Xn order to avoid delays on account of personal absence, letters to TBI STAB should not be addressed to any Individual connected with the office, but simply to THE STAB, or to the Editorial or Busi ness Departments, accoidlng to tenor or purpose. The District's Big Floating Debt. The urgent necessity of securing from Congress an enactment which will put the District's finances on a business-like basis and permit proper current maintenance as well as consecutive and rapid progress In the construction oT large permanent works receives a further demonstration from the action of the Secretary of the Treasury In forwarding the Commissioners' estimates with a cut of $320,422.15, in order, as he says, to bring them within tlie estimated revenues. If the Secretary's function in this proceeding is to be at all significant, it 1* apparent that under the present system the capital cannot receive a sufficient ap propriation to enable It to conduct its mu nicipal government In proper style and at the same time to equip itself with the cost ly necessities of a great federal center. If, on the other hand, the Secretary's action is of no importance, and if Congress intends to proceed without reference to his recom mendations, some arrangement should be reached whereby the Commissioners may lay their estimates before Congress without (he temporary handicap of a make-believe cut. Nevertheless, the Secretary's action Is sug gestive of the need of an Immediate read justment of the fiscal relations of the Dis trict and the general government. The local tax revenues are large enough to run the District on a proper scale of liberal provi sion and to leave a generous margin for permanent improvements. If this margin were regarded as a sinking fund, to liqui date a betterment debt on a twenty-year basis, there would be no difficulty In run ning the District on a proper scale of effi ciency. and none of the present trouble in the annual allotment of funds from trying to make one million do the work of one and a half. Of course, the District can go on from year to year as it has gone for the past few reasons, running into debt to the general government as Congress permits It to spend more money than It possesses and trusting to some equitable adjustment of the debt on a long-term basis when the logic of the case shall have been fully borne In upon the congressional mind. But there Is no satisfaction In the rejection that there is I illng up at a rather appalling rate a float ing Indebtedness which may at any time be foreclosed on unjust terms. There Is no as surance In the tacit understanding that Con gress will eventually do the right thing In the matter of providing for the repayment of these federal advances. And meanwhile the obligation to carry these advances on the books as short-term liens upon the local tax revenues is crippling the District. It Is causing an annual curtailment of the allot ments for current maintenance. It Is caus ing members of the committees to postpone action on urgently needed public works, such as the high-pressure fire service. It is keeping the local taxpayers In constant ap prehension lest they may ultimately be forced to bear the entire burden of this great outlay for permanent works now In process of accumulation. Russia's Quandary. Sinls'er reports come from Manchuria re girding the mutinous tendencies of the Kus sian soldiers there encamped awaiting re turn to their homes. They have been held now several months longer than any mili tary necessity required. They are demand ing prompt shipment back to Russia and the government Is doing practically noth ing to accommodate them. The suggestion arises that the authorities at St. Petersburg are between the devil and the deep sea in this matter. If thfc soldiers are brought back now they are likely to swell the chorus for reforms. The tales of their haru ships and losses In Manchuria may add to the passionate indignation of the people against the government. Their military ex perience. however humiliating in general terms, will make of them much more for midable agitators than are the untrained, ill-disclplir.ed mobs now surging through the streets of several cities. Yet If these men are not brought back soon It is probable that they will break through their bonds and rise In a revolt which will shock the world. Recent dis patches r.ave Indicated that Gen. Unevltch Is facing the most desperate danger of this character, and is exhausting his resources to induce the government to recure the nec essary transports for the shipment of the soldiers back to Russia by sea. There is a scarcity of vessels and the rates have been advanced until it Is certain that If the army is brought back by water the cost to the government will be tremendous. The Rus sian treasury is In no condition to stand many such heavy strains, but It la very important that if the soldiers are shipped out of Manchuria soon to avoid mutiny, they be sent by the longest possible route to prevent their arrival during the extreme stage of the political crisis. Secretary Root's suggestion that the sal ary list for diplomatic employes be revised has caused some curiosity among depart ment employes as to whether Uncle Sam's workers abroad will be required to stick to their desks till 4:SO p.m. Mr. Bryan's approval of the President's message can be taken for granted. There wis no need of hi? paying cable tolls to ascertain Its contents or send back com ment. The New York Election Contest. The fight for a full recount of the ballots <ast in the recent mayoralty election in New York his reached an Interesting crlsla. Yes terday the appellate division of the Supreme Court rendered an opinion on Mr Hearst's application for a reopening of all the boxes and the canceling of all defective votes found in them. The court expressed itself as believing that the principle of reopening and recounting is unsound, but said that it was compelled by the precedents to grant the petition, permitting the McCJellan side to carry the case to the state court of ap peals, which Is to hear arguments next Mon day. That wlil be an occasion of the keenest interest to both lawyer* and politicians. Alton B. Parker is one of McClellan's coun sel, and will probably appear to conduct the appeal. -He will, In that event, be faced with the embarrassing necessity of asking the court of which he was formerly chief Justice to reverse a decision rendered by that court while he was its presiding mem ber, he having been indeed the author of the decision. In expressing Its dissent from the prin ciple of a recount, the court in the decision Just rendered said: "To permit such proceedings by man da mui means the destruction Of tlM elabo ! rate scheme worked out by degrees by suc" cesslve legislatures to secure a prompt ana simultaneous count and declaration or tne result on election night. It will substitute thereifor by decision of the court a pro tracted Judicial canvass of the ln every election district of the state. The re sulting delay, uncertainty and public anxie ty can readily 'be foreseen." This view Is based apparently upon the sole ground that expedltloh Is preferable to accuracy. It Is better to announce tlie re sult speedily than to make sure of being right. It must be believed that even In these rushing days, when the' public is Im patient of all delays, there will be an em phatic dissent from this dictum by the In telligent classes of all shades of political opinion. To accept It and put it Into prac tice would toe to put a premium upon roguery at the polls, upon collusion between Inspectors, upon all forms of venality in the vitally Important function of electing public officers. Enough has been disclosed already ln the present contest to prove beyond doubt that the New York election system is seriously unreliable. In four ballot boxes sufficient mistakes ln counting were found. If the average should be maintained throughout, to completely overturn the showing of the returns. That of Itself should cause the en tire public to lose faith In the election meth ods and should convince any court that even If there were no precedents the duty of the Judges is to afford every opportunity for a correct and honest ascertainment of the popular will. Which is the greater evil, to make certain and in making certain to delay slightly the announcement of the result, or to make haste and in making haste to cover up frauds and errors which may have nullified the verdict? Porto Rico, Hawaii and the Philippines Our outlying possessions have every reason to be pleased with the message. The Presi dent shows thorough sympathy with all of them, and recommends policies for each which Its people earnestly wish to see adopted. To the Porto Rlcans he would give American citizenship; and that Is some thing they have long desired. He would fortify Hawaii, and give the United States the protection there which was a leading consideration in the acquirement of the Islands. Both recommendations should pre vail, and if they do Congress will have con tributed to the wellbelng of everybody In Interest. The Philippine question Is dealt with at some length. Present conditions, progress made under great disadvantages, the needs of the hour and of the future, the spirit of the people as manifested toward both busi ness and educational Interests, are set forth in terms which show that the President knows his subject and has full faith in our ability to accomplish for the Filipinos what Is required of us. The necessity of keeping out Chinese laborers Is recognized, and the policy of giving the Filipinos an Improved market ln this country .by the lowering of tariff duties on their chief staples, sugar and tobacco. Is urged for immediate enact ment Into law. Congress, Indeed, has now all the light on thi3 Question necessary to wise and Just action. The Taft party, with the Secretary of War at the head and directing the In vestigation, saw with their own eyes and heard with their own ears much of the greatest value bearing on the national duty toward the islands, and this will be of service when the debate begins. Except in isolated spots in New York and New England, where the winters are long and severe, and topics for discuss'on a--e pitr?r ly seized without due regard to their liv? ness or relevancy, the people have ad vanced beyond the babble about Imperial ism, and are concerned now only with the concrete and the practical. The republic is not tottering to its fall because of the tak ing over of the archipelago, and all we have to do is to take good eare of the country and its backward inhabitants. Another point of Interest and assurance is that Governor Wright has returned for a visit home, and will be In Washington soon to confer with the President and Sec retary Taft. Should Congress need further light on any disputed or difficult point he will be a source at hand of all necessary information. Receiving a Korean Diplomat. Min Yueng Tehan, an accomplished Ko rean diplomat, landed ln New York yester day from Paris, where he had been sta tioned. and was met down the bay by a squad of newspaper reporters, who re ceived him through a spokesman in this spirit and ln something of these terms: "Your brother in Korea has committed suicide. We understand that the customs of your country require you to follow his example. Will you do It right away? This Is probably the best place ln the country for the carrying out of such a purpose. You would be assured of a great send-off. The best descriptive writers on the local press would be assigned to the Job. You ought to comply with Korean customs, which are not abrogated by the eclipse of Korean nationality. Don't delay until you reach the provinces. Take our advice and seize the psychological moment. A few days more or less as this sad world goes are of small moment. Look to the dramatic features of your exit, and shuffle off where the limelight is best worked and is strong est. Give us a trial, and you'll never re gret It." If this Is Mr. Min's first visit to America he is not likely to forget the extreme dell caqy of his reception, though let us hope that he will not appraise the whole country by it. It Is safe to say that the interviewer who reported Sarah Bernhardt as saying that Canada has no taste or culture misquoted her. Mme. Bernhardt has been In the fare well tour business too long not to know the Importance of saying pretty things to the people upon whom she depends for patron age. The statesman who Introduces a bill to prevent corporations from contributing to campaign funds must feel exceptionally sure of his standing with the masses in his dis trict. Some of the people who want to try a pa ternal government for awhile Insist that the trusts are behaving toward the public too much like the proverbial stepfather. A discontinuation of ratlway passes will be a gentle hint that a numi>er of people who are not shippers have occasionally re ceived the equivalent of a rebate. Peary is safe ln winter quarters and is probably not worrying as much as some of the people whose heat supply Is regulated by the discretion of the Janitor. Smoke. The President's reference to the local smoke question in his annual message re quires further consideration. It should be examined in Its full terms: "The law forbidding the emission of dense black smoke or gray smoke in the city of Washington has been sustained by the courts. Something has been accomplished under it. but much remains to be done if we would preservo the capital city from defacement by the smoke nuisance. . Re peated prosecutions under the law have not had the desired effect. I recommend that it be made more stringent- by increasing both the minimum and maximum tines; by providing for imprisonment in cases of re peated violation; and by affording the rem edy of injunction against the continuation of the operation of plants which are per sistent offenders. I recommend, ah?o, an Increase in the number of inspectors, whose duty it shall be to detect violations'ot the act." The reference here Is to the law as &us i talned by the courta. Tkit Mam* tlonably the law as the courts regard and construe It, and not as the health officer construes It. That being the case, the Pres ident asks for additional legislation increas ing the maximum and minimum fines, pro viding for imprisonment in cases -"of re peated offending, and for the closing of persistently offending plants. The court has declared in specific terms that it does not recognize tlie difference between an in stantaneous emission of dense smoke and one lasting over one minute. It will fine? and under the terms of the President's pro jected legislation it would more heavily line, imprison and enjoin?In any case brought before it in which It is established that the chimney has emitted the least quantity of dense black or gray smoke. All who have studied the matter without prejudice agree that this would be Intoler able, that indeed it is impossible in the present state of the art to prevent the emission of smoke absolutely, and even the health officer, radical as he would seem to be In his administration of the law, con fesses that Congress blundered in enacting the present law and attempts to correct this mistake by amending the statute by his own dictum. So if the President seri ously wants to secure new legislation to make the old more effective, he should In dicate whether he means the statute as enacted or the statute as already amended by the health officer. But the drastic enforce ment of even the administratively amended statute, on a one-minute basis, would be an imposition upon the community, crippl ing its activities and congesting the courts and Jails. There is no longer doubt of the need of an amendment to the law?this time by enactment of Congress and not by arbitrary dictum?'to grant a longer period of permissible smoke emission, coupled with a limitation of the total of smoke emission during the twenty-four hours. Such an amendment will make for justice to the furnace owners and also for the riddance of the local skies of much of the smoke now in evidence. For as the case stands, even with the law modified by the health officer, it is possible for an offender to con tinue to allow his chimney for half an hour to belch forth great quantities of smoke and sufTer no more in his punishment, if he happens to be caught, than the man whoso chimney emits smoke for one minute and who also chances to be detected. The anti smoke law should first be made clear, equit able and certain In Its prohibitions, and should then be rigidly enforced, with se verer punishments for its violation. If more drastic penalties are necessary. In that way alone can the end which all good citizens desire of a minimum of smoke In Washington be attained. The Isle of Pines should realize that the I United States some time ago found the sup ! ply of island dependencies greater than the demand for them. Secretary Shaw cannot quite promise an elastic currency that will make a dollar bill stretch any further in meeting the demands of the beef trust. Enough bills have already been Introduced in Congress to make sure that the waste j baskets and pigeon holes will not be vacant. ?i There is some preliminary anxiety as to j whether the Panama canal is to have an altitudinous or a low-level salary list. The czar promises reform, but has not | gone so far as to take any notice of de mands for municipal ownership. SHOOTING STABS, t Distraction. "Have you quit reading about frenzied finance?" "Tea," answered the reformer. "I'm tired at getting so indignant over what's past and gone that I forget to look out for the iniquitous schemes they are laying for the future." Paradoxical BUs. The cynic is a curious elf. Complaint is his especial pride. _ He never can enjoy himself Except with he's dissatisfied. "Revenge is sweet," said Uncle Eben, "but you mustn't forglt to figure dat It's I Jes' as sweet to de other feller as It is to ' you." Corporation Revenues. "That company I am organizing will pay great dividends," said the hopeful in ventor. "Never mind about the dividends," ans wered Mr. bustin Stax. ''What will it do for us fellows who get In on the ground floor for salaries." Severity. "That man Grafton Is always smiling and happy," remarked the observant man. "He can't h'ave anything to trouble his con science." 1 "No," answered Senator Sorghum. "It Isn't that. He has no conscience to be troubled by anything." Vanished Mirth. The brand new congressmen are here From distant rural climes. They somehow do not seem the same As those of former times. They speak Just as the others did, With fervor, but alas! A good old-fashioned Jest is gone. They don't blow out the gas. Thus, one by one, traditions fade, With grief we see them go. Those dear companions true and tried. The Jokes of long ago. Inventions new have brought this gloom Into our days and nights; They don't blow out the gas because We use electric lights. The Evil of Party Prejudice. From the Indianapolis New*. If we are to read the shameful showing of political rottenness aright we must not forget the reflection that after all it is based on the refusal of the average voter to put anything above party; his indurated Bense that remains constantly proof against demonstrated rascality within the party and the nomination of bad men, the reply for him being sufficient that he prefers party regularity with rascality to inde pendent reform. Analyzed this runs back to the bane of the whole business, and that Is that we shall never have reform until the average voter puts public Interest above party interest and prefers purity and honesty to party success?not republican purity or democratic purity, but Just plain purity. Mark Twain's Philosophy. From the New York World. Mark Twain Is growing old gracefully. He has achieved the philosophy of life by keeping humor In it. Most philosophers fall of individual happiness because they lack a proper sense of humor. Most humorists omit the philosophic contemplations which temper adversity. Most lives become rigid when the flexibility of youth departs. Mr. Clemens combines the lightness of youth with the experience of age. Restriction. From the Chicago Record-Herald. The Emperor of Germany now owns eight big touring cars, but in spite of his ver satility and his divine rights he can't scorch In more than one of them at a time. And There's Christmas Coming. Pi am the New York Herald. Meats are going up, coal is to be higher and winter hats for womankind are to be more elaborate, and, of course, more costly. Ciphers klg&t' Solve It. From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat If New York's 400 has shrunk to seventy nine, how long will It take the exclusive set to become extinct T This sum oaimot be Ideal Buying C Imagine a city with 422 stores where you could buy everything from an edu cation to an automobile, from a shower bath to a shaving set?suppose you were told that you could shop freely in this city with the absolute as- i surance that you would not be swindled or corrupted, poi soned or dosed?you would think it a wonderful industrial condition. "The Marketplace of the World" ? the advertising pages of McClure's Magazine ?is such a city. All news stands, 10c.. $1 * year Over 414,000 families are reading McClure's Magazine 44-80 East 23d Street, NEW YORK BeCared Fori Sight is probably the most important of the senses. You cannot afford to neglect your eyes should they need help. If they all and the ailment can bo cor rected by Olasses we can correct It. Con sult our Mr. Feast and have him give you an opinion. No charge. FEAST&CO., I | 12113 F St. 1 ? de7-th.?&to-40 =!!= Engraved by Brentano in variably meet with approval. Correct In form?perfect In execution. Brentano's sSCL F and I3tli Streets. de7 28d GIFTS. Beautiful LSb= S erty Silk Squares, all colors, 5 m pretty violet boxes - = IRUBENSTEIN'S ?5 SMART MILUNERY ? tl fl tl C CA =? AND FURNISHINGS. 11 " " ? ^ pi nol0-lni,28 xtmaaag Stylish Runabout, $75. It's a valne that can't be duplicated. Oiu that'll appeal to you. See It, TIP Vmnrnw Carrla?e 464-4eera.aYe.n.w. .ILJ. H Repository. 'PhoueMalu3444. <1b7C<3 V < > 5UPRBMI! Makes AH Floors, OLD or NEW, BEAUTIFUL. ON'T give a floor up as a "bad Job" simply be- X cause other finishes , j> have failed to make It beautiful. 8UPREMIS Varnish $ will give It a finish that's dura ble, permanent and rich. You'll iptd dryer. Give "SUPREMIS" a trial. P? find It easy to apply and a rapid Price, 75C. Quart. C7 GLASS for CHRISTMAS PICTURES. HUGH REILLYj PAINTERS' SUPPLIES, GLASS A MIRRORS, ' ' 1334 N. Y. Ave. 'Phone 3182. *j de7-thfSa,tu,40 ~ XMAS ?Lamps, Globes, ?Portables and ?Fine Bronzes. ?A splendid stock to select from? goods that mak# Ideal gifts. Prices are well within reason. R?'Mutlh(&Co., I=? 418 7th St. Thoroughly High?CIass FURNITURE A carefully selected collection of choice pieces for Drawing Rooms. Dining Rooms. Libra ries, Bed Rooms, etc., embrac ing th? finest reproductions of fUnoua old styles. H Richard W. ENDERSON, fine PunUtore sad Interior Decoration*. 1109 F Street N.W. _ 99 ONTCVO Flour lute CIENTIFIC and practical tests prove the superior quality and abso purity of "Ceres" Flour. Made of selected wheat in the finest mills in the country, "Ceres" stands as the best flour in the market. A barrel of "Ceres" Flour yields more bread and lighter, whiter, sweet er and more wholesome bread than any other flour in the market. Tour grocer ?will supply you with "Ceres" Floor. Refuse substitutes. Wm. M. GaEt <& Co., Wholesalers of "Ceres" Flour, First St. and Ind. Ave. it I AWelMnformed Shipping Depart meant Is often a saver of money to the customers of a storage warehouse. If you contemplate ship ping household goods to any point in this country or abroad, you are invited to call on us, or call us up, for in formation and advice. Competent packers and unpack era ot household effects at 00 cents oer hour. Storage Department. IS40 Fifteenth Street. We'll start your -work on 24 hours' notice. 1 ONSULT with us about Redecorating your home. The men here are capable of giving you many suggestions?and have the stock of goods behind them to carry out any scheme perfectly. We'll start your work when you say. E. N. Richards, G St. de<5 42<1 IF YOU WANT DELICIOUS HOME-MADE BREAD order HOU/S. Also Fruit and Pound Cake, all kinds large and small cakes. Delicious Home-made Mince and Pumpkin and as sorted Pies. Ice Oream and Ices the year around. Holl's Cafe. Meals to Order Hoifl's Bakery, de<Mit* North Capitol and O its. By Buying Through This Company Tou can obtain the lowest cash prices and have several months In which to make settlements. A printed list of firms accepting our Orders will Be furnished upon application, and It In cludes most of the leading one price stores In the city. Includ ing first-class department stores. No charge whatever is made to the buyer for this service. Equitable Purchasing Company, 1423 F St. N.W. no!6-lm.60 Farina Cologne. The cologne that pleases all. For the toilet and bath. Full pint, $i .00; y.\ pt., 50c.; yA pt., 25c. True Violet Water?full pt., $1.00; pt., 50c.; yA pt., 25c. Henry Evans, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGIST, 922-924 F Street N.W. no2S-tfrS6 Burchell's "Bouquet" Coffee. Absolutely pure?exceptionally fine flavor. Routed freata dally. 25c. lb. N. W. Burchell, 1325 F St. J. & W. EISEMAN, 315 Seventh Street. One Door From D. The Underselling; Store. Charge the Bill. mens A special Waist value that should appeal to every woman. Beautifully made Taffeta Silk Waists; shirred yoke, embroider ed panel front, button front, newest tucked sleeves; lined throughout. Reduced from $5.98 to $4o7<9> Women's $35 Suits for $26.98. An excellent line of Women's Tailor-made Suits, in red, cas tor, gray, green, blue and black cheviots, broadcloth and Panama. Eton, box and the new tight-fitting 50-inch coats. Latest kilted skirts ; regular $35 value; reduced to ^ 0 Women's $20 Suits for $15.98. Stylish Tailor-made Suits of fine smooth-finish cheviot. The coats are 50 inches long and are finished with /Jo a e=s velvet collar and hip pockets. New kilted jl skirts. New kilted Genuine $20 value; reduced to. $25 Fur Set for $17.98. Handsome Isabella Fox Fur Set. Large Muff with Scarf finished with long, bushy tails. A handsome set <1 /==7 /Tt\ (O for Xmas giving. Regular $25 value; under-j| Jj 0^Js(Ty selling price Goods selected now for the holidays will be reserved upon payment of a small deposit. X<&W. Eisemain No Bramclh Store, 315 Seventh Street. | EDMONSTON'S ?Home of the | original "FOOT FORM" Boots . for Men, Women and Children. ?* ?v * * M * ? $ * * :-jr '$ ':'S if * * * $ * * '$ $ * '$ $ $ '* -$ 't * * omen's Fine One of the best footwear bargains it has ever been our good fortune to offer and yours to profit by. A splendid line of Women's styl ish, high-grade shoes?well made of the finest -plain kid and patent kid; some with plain tip and some with patent tip. There are all sizes and all widths in the line?a fit for any foot. Reg ular $3 value ; special for (U( Friday and gjhj Saturday EOMONSTON' 1334 F St, 'Phone M. 1911. PETER Credit for Christmas Gifts ?o CREDIT. Our great stock is at your disposal for you to select whatever you like from it, and we will gladly arrange the terms to suit you. You can buy the important Christmas gifts here and pay for them at your convenience -after the more pressing needs have been sat isfied. We have many things that make both suitable and sensible gifts, and you will find our credit prices just as low as the lowest cash prices that any one will offer you. All our prices are marked in plain figures, so that you can easily compare them, and we are glad to have you do so. Dainty Furniture, Rugs, Draperies and China are here in wonderful va riety at all sorts of prices. 10% discount allowed for cash with order or if account is closed in 30 days, 7^2% discount if closed in 60 days, and 5% if closed in 90 days. PETER QROGAN, ii 817-819-821-823 7th St., Bet. H and I Sts. 12 Qts. Wine, $5 ?An assorted cauae emeetelly prepared for ?Christian. Nice gift for your friends or rel ?atlves in the country. The 12 quarts consist at 1 Claret, 1 Muscatel, 1 Sherry, 1 Angelica, 1 Santerne, _ 1 Catawba, 1 Fort, 1 Tokay, 1 Madeira, 1 Brandy. 1 Whiskey, 1 r TO-KALON ?Srs itftfla WIHB OO.. 614 14th st. Dhi k we. Mi XMAS TREE FENCE PAINT. Time to be fettle* oot the Xnias tree fence. Ifll need a coat of paint te- restore Its new appearance. We have an excelled paint far this purpose. Xere? falls to glre the best results. Don't tail to leave yoiu order. lilftlf* Butler Co.,f???? m