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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 16, 1905, Image 1

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Offiet lltk itnet as4 PiamylTania ifMfc
Th? Evening Star Newspaper Gompuj.
I. E EASmUKH, Pm.iut.
Raw Ttrk Oflaa: TriHua BsQIiBg.
OklMf* OCm: Tritauw tnflttf.
Th? Krentng Star, with tba Sunday morning t?A
tton, l? delivered by farrier* withla the ctty >t SO
CMU per month; without the Sunday eaV
W*? at 44 centa per month.
nail postage prepaid!
Ramify nclotltNl. on*1 month, GO
lly, ?ncd?j ? irepted. one month, 10
tnrday Star, onf year, $1 00.
ndaj Stair, ana year. II BO.
?I]c Aliening
No. 16,519.
Cloudy tonight; tomorrow
fair; light northerly winds,
becoming variable.
1 SEVERE lilCTim
Russian Revolutionists Issued
Strong Mauifesto.
Financial Ruin of Country Charged to
Bureaucracy?Serious Charges of
Abuse of Power.
ST. PETEJRSBl"JIG, Friday. December 15
(morning). \*la Eydtkuhnen, East Prussia.
December IB.?The proletariat organ za
tlons, through the "invisible government,"
threw a bombshell Into the camp of the of
ficial government during the night by issu
ing a manifesto, following the form of a
regular imperial document, declaring the
?bankruptcy of the treasury, ordering the
proletariat army everywhere to refuse to
pay taxes of any description, to Insist on
the payment of wages in gold or silver and
to w.thdraw all their deposits from the sav
ings banks In gold.
The manifesto is a terrible indictment of
the manner in which the bureaucracy has
brought the country to financial ruin, as
serting that the government has squander
ed not only the country's income, but the
proceeds of the fore gn loans on rail
roads, the army and the fleet leaving the
people without schools or roads, yet, it is
declared, there is no money to feed the
soldiers, and everywhere there are Insur
rections of the beggared and starved troops
and sailors.
Speculated With Government Funds.
The manifesto even charges the govern
ment with using deposits In the govern
ment savings banks to speculate on the
bourse and with covering up Its chronic
deficits In the interest on the immense
debt by the proceeds of the foreign loans,
which are at last exhausted.
The rich, it is further declared, have al
ready taken warning, and are converting
their property into securities and gold and
are sending them abroad. The only salva
tion for the country, according to the mani
festo. Is the overthrow of the autocracy by
a constituent assembly, and the sooner the
government falls the better. Therefore, the
last source of the existence of the old re
gime?its financial revenue?must be stop
The document is signed by the members
of the workmen's oouncil, the committee
of tlie Pan-Russian union and the central
committees of the social democrats, social
revolutionists and socialists of Poland.
Manifesto Prepared With Secrecy.
This great step of the revolutionaries,
which throws down the gage of battle to
the government, was prepared with such
secrecy that the authorities were taken off
their guard, and did not even attempt to
prevent Its publication in the newspapers.
The revolutionary leaders expect it will be
followed with reprisals and arrests, but all
this has been foreseen. The leaders laid
their plans deeply before issuing the mani
festo. New committees of the various or
ganizations have been elected in the third
and fourth degree. If one set of committees
Is put behind the bars they will take its
place and carry on the work.
The League of Leagues was not asked to
Join In the manifesto, being regarded with
some jealousy by the proletariat organiza
tions. which claim to be bearing the brunt
of the revolution and to be entitled to the
fruits thereof.
Big Issue of Paper Money.
The proletariat leaders claim to have ab
solute knowledge that the government has
Just Issued $123,000,000 in paper money.
Under the provisions of the press law the
editor of every paper which printed the
manifesto has rendered himself liable to
eight months Imprisonment and $1,600 fine.
Now must come the test of the govern
ment's power.
It develops that among the papers of M.
KrustalefT, the president of the executive !
committee of the workmen's council, seized j
at the time of his arrest, were documents
which furnish evidence of a well-planned j
conspiracy to seize and carry oft Premier I
Moscow Congress Received Witte'a Re
ply to Its Memorial.
ST. PETERSBURG, December 15.?The
bureau of Lhe Moscow xemsivo congress has
received Premier Wltte's reply to the zem
stvolst memorial, which the council of min
isters has discussed Count Wltte says that
ths council has decided that its foremost
duty Is to carry out the emperor's will as
expressed in the manifesto of October 80.
Therefore no consideration can be given to
petitions or resolutions going beyond the
limits of the manifesto, nor can measures
be undertaken which might affect tlie rights
of the national assembly before It meets.
The adoption, however, of temporary meas
ures to assure the liberties granted by the
manifesto is not prohibited.
The reply add* that the continued troubles,
revolts and open acts of the revolutionists
against the authority ot the state and integ
rity of the empire do not permit the gov
ernment to dispense with the enforcement
of the exceptional measures taken In cer
tain localities
Regarding the question of the support of
the government by one or the other of the
different parties, the government's only
care at the present moment Is that ail
classes of society should realize the conse
quences which may er.sue from their disin
clination to support the authority of the
Open Mutiny Over Bad Rations.
BERLIN. December 1ft.?The Moscow cor
respondent of the Lokai Anzelger telegraph
ed as follows from that city at 11:20 a.m.
today: "The ferment in the Moscow gar
rison over bad rations and numerous ar
rests resulted today In an open mutiny of
the RostolT Grenadier Regiment. The gren
adiers freed their arrested comrades by
force, seized the arsenal with the stores
of arms and munitions and disposed ma
chine guns before the barracks.
"Later the grenadiers, instead of the
usual order of the day. Issued a series of
economic and political demands, and the
command of the regiment was taken over
by a committee of twenty elected by the
"The men of the Astrakhan reglpient and
the Cossacks refused to move against the
"The telegraph and post services have
been largely restored"
Lieut. Schmidt Escaped From Fortress.
Special Cablegram to Th? Star.
LONDON. December ltt.?A dispatch to
the Standard from Odessa states there is a
report that Lieut. Schmidt, the Russian
naval officer who was released from prison
by the mutinous sailors of the Black Sea
fleet and subsequently led the>r revolt, has
escaped with the aid of friendly guard<
from the fortress in which he was confined.
Old Question of Tariff on
Sugar Revived.
Not Getting- Any Benefit From the
Concessions Granted to Hawaii
and the Philippines.
Sugar, which Has been a bugaboo In Con
gress for a number of years, is again loo>m
ltig up to cause trouble In both parties and
at each end of the Capitol. The cause of
disturbance this time Is the effort of the
administration to secure reductions of the
customs duty on raw sugar entering the
United States from the Philippines. This Is
undertaken by the administration with the
Idea of encouraging the Industries of the
Philippines and increasing the material
prosperity of the Islands.
The movement is being opposed by the
beet sugar growers of the middle states
and the Pacific coast and the cane sugar
producers of Louisiana. Hearings are be
ing held by the ways and means commit
tee, and the subject of competition of out
side producers of raw sugar with Infant
American Industries?the same subject
which was threshed over with Hawaii, with
Porto Rico and the Cuban reciprocity bill?
is again being gone over.
There are many sides to the question, and
statesmen In their alignment, necessitated
by their local conditions, find ready argu
ment on all phases of the proposition.
The Consumer Not Benefited.
One fact stands out clear above all argu
ments, and that Is the American consumer
of sugar is the only one who is not getting
any benefit from the legislation of the past.
Official figures just issued by the bureau or
statistics show that the consumers of the
United States paid $40,000,000 more for their
sugar last year than for the corresponding
period In 1904, and that they used less
sugar. The Cuban and Hawaiian producers,
the American refiners and the American
farmers are profiting, but the man wh(
buys the sugar for his table is paying more
for it and using less. It was testified be
fore the ways and means committee that
as to Cuban sugar the producer in Cuba
has made a gain of 18 cents per hundred
pounds, and the refiner In the United States
15 cents per hundred pounds. That will go
a lit tie way toward explanation of the fact
that the people of the United States paid
$40,000,000 more for their sugar.
German Importations Decreased.
Considering the subject Impartially, it is
shown that the beet sugar industry in this
country is Increasing and the importations
of beet sugar from Germany fell off from
nearly $5,000,000 in 1004 to a little more than
$1,000,000 in 1905. The Importations from
the Philippines increased from less than
half a million to $2,200,000; they increased
$4,000,000 from Porto Rico, about $12,000,000
from Hawaii and $13,000,000 from Cuba. It
Is well known, of course, that the Cuban
sugar comes in on a concession of 20 per
cent from the Dingley rates and the Philip
pines sugar on a concession of 25 per cent.
The pending opposition Is to the Increase of
the Philippines concession to the extent of
75 per cent.
While the beet sugar and cane sugar men
and the sugar-refining Interests are squab
bling in Congress It is likely that a number
of statesmen will take up the question of
why the consumers are not getting some of
the benefit of the concessions allowed by
Political Parties Seriously Divided.
Another Interesting phase of the situ
ation In Congress Is the fact that political
parties are dividing more seriously on this
question than ever before. The Louisiana
senators, who rep reseat a constituency
that wants low tariff duties on everything
but sugar, have been consistent in their
attitude all along. They will be joined this
year by other democrats of the Senate?
Dubois of Idaho. Teller and Patterson of
Colorado, Newlands of Nevada. Clark of
Montana, and doubtless by the new senator
from Oregon, Mr. Gearin. It is said that
these senators will oppose the reduction of
the Philippine tariff in the Interests of the
beet sugar growers In the Irrigated west.
So, taken all together, the whole propo
sition is likely to make &n Interesting situ
ation in Congress.
Says Harriman's Testimony Relative
to Him Was Correct.
ALBANY, N. Y.. December 1C.?"Mr. Har
riman's testimony before the legislative
committee In New York yesterday was
true, as far as It concerns me personally,"
said Governor Higglns today.
"Mr. Harriman called me on the long j
distance telephone and as I recall the con
versation, said that there was a large num
ber of attorneys here representing the fac
tions which had arisen In connection with
the trouble In the Equitable Life Assurance
Society, and that he desired to keep In
formed about what was being done. He
said that as a director In the Equitable
Society he was greatly interested In the
matter, and he asked me to advise him
of any developments here which might come
to my knowledge."
"Did you promise to do so?"
"1 probably did. I don't recall exactly
what I said. We frequently get requesta
of that sort, and the probability is that
I told him we would try to oblige him in
?the matter. We do this In many cases."
-you regarded his request as entirely a
proper one?"
"Yes, certainly."
The governor said that to the best of his
knowledge he had met Mr. Harriman aside
from that one telephone conversation only
twice. His first time-was at a dinner given
In the governor's honor In New York city.
"The second time," Governor Higglns con
tinued, "was, I think, early in January.
Ho came to my hotel In New York by an
appointment made by telephone, to see me
especially about the stock transfer tax bill,
to which he was opposed. Senator Pound,
the governor's counsel, was present through
out the conversation.
"We had some ta.k also about the at
tacks then being made upon the insurance
companies, and he spoke particularly of
the hill which I had favored In my mes
sage to replace the law taxing insurance
premiums, which the court of appeals had
declared unconstitutional. I do not recall
that he was especially opposed to the pro
posed legislation. I think I said more than
lie did. I believe he said he would talk
with some of the Insurance people and urge
them to submit to a reasonable tax. I think
he passed some criticism upon certain In
surance methods, but the conversation on
that point was not of Importance."
To Command the Mayflower.
-Lieutenant Commander Andrew T. Long
lias been selected by the President to com
mand the Mayflower, succeeding Com
mander Cameron Mc.R. Winslow who Is to
command the Charleston. Lieutenant Com
mander Long is now executive officer of the
Dolphin. B I
German Ambassador Says Matter Has
Been Amicably Adjusted.
Baron Sternburg, the German ambassador,
called at the State Department today and
as a matter of Information told Secretary
Root that the threatened trouble between
Germany and Brazil growing out of the re
ported attack by German sailors from the
gunboat Panther on a man named SteinliofT
at Itajahy, Brazil, had been averted and the
Incident had been amicably adjusted.
The ambassador had a cabled report from
his own government on that subject, the
substance of which was as follows:
November IS) an officer and twelve sailors
landed from the Panther to search for a
sailor named Hessman, who had deserted
from the gunboat. The landing party was
in civilian dress and was charged to simply
make an effort to trace Hessman, It being
the purpose of afterward appealing to the
local Brazilian authorities to arrest him.
when found, and return him to the ship. In
the course of the search the party ran Into
Steinhoff, about whose identity there Is
some doubt. It Is not known that he was
a deserter from either the German army or
navy, and indeed, save for his name, his
Identity-might be In doubt. Some kind of
a row followed, but It is certain, according
to the official report, that the man was not
taken aboard the Panther.
The German consul's last advice Is that he
had departed frotii Itajahy on his own boat
for Buenos Ayres, where it is supposed he
now lives. The consul further reported that
the matter had been satisfactorily adjusted,
and It Is believed at the embassy that this
Is the end of the incident.
Increase Proposed and Competition
With Civilians Forbidden.
A bill to prevent the Marine Band from
competing with oivillan musicians was In
troduced today by Representative Bar
tholdt of Missouri. It raises the leader of
the band to the rank of captain In the
navy, makes the second leader a second
lieutenant and provides for thirty first
class musicians at $100 a month and thirty
second-c'ass musicians at $75 a month.
These increases in salary are granted on
condition that the band is not to compete
with civilians.
Report of Changes to Be Submitted to
Republican Caucus Monday.
The Senate committee to fill committee
vacancies has completed its labors and
will submit Its report to the republican
caucus Monday. In addition to filling va
cancies it is understood that there have
been made a number of changes whore
there were no vacancies. The most Im
portant of these is on the committee on
interstate commerce, from which It is said
that Senator Millard of Nebraska wiil re
tire in favor of Senator Crane of .Massa
Army Orders.
Second l.ieut. Allen C. Keyes, 14th Cav
alry, has been ordered to examination for
Capt. Ralph Harrison, commissary, has
been relieved from duty In the Philippines
division and ordered home, to report to the
military secretary for further orders.
Capt. Louis H. Bash, commissary, has
been ordered to duty in the subsistence de
partment. Philippines division.
Maj. Wlnthrop S. Wood and Capt. Letcher
Hardeman, Quartermasters, have been or
dered from this city to Boston, Mass., and
to the mills of the American Woolen Com
pany, Lawrence, Mass., on official business
pertaining to the manufacture of clothing
material for the army.
Will Take a Long Rest.
Baron Sternberg, the German ambassa
dor, called upon Secretary Root to say
goodlbye before departing for Aiken, South
Carolina, where he will arrive about the
21st instant and remain several weeks for
rest and recuperation.
Yellow Fever Situation.
Mr. Sleeper, United States charge at Ha
vana, In a dispatch to the State Depart
ment dated yesterday, reports the fever sit
uation In that city to be as follows: De
cember 12, four suspects and one confirmed;
December 18, two suspects and December 14
two suspects.
The Transport Sherman.
The military secretary has been Informed
by Maj. Gen. Wood, commanding the Phil
ippines division, of the sailing of the trans
port Sherman from Manila this morning
with 582 enlisted men of the 2-'d Infantry,
eighty-eight casuals, ten general prisoners,
thirty-one sick and four insane on board.
Naval Orders.
Commander C. H. Mathews, retired, to
Bayonne, N. J., for duty as Inspector of
machinery at the works of Babcock & Wil
cox Company.
Kr.sign C. C. Moses from the navy yard,
Norfolk, Va., to the bureau of steam tn
glteerlng. Navy Department.
Midshipman W. F. Halsey, Jr.. from the
Missouri to the Don Juan de Austria.
Withdrawal of Castro No?e to telle
French Government.
C ABAC AS. Venezuela, December 15.?
President Castro having withdrawn his no'.e
to M. Taigny, the French charge d'affaires,
which gave offense to France, the diplo
matic Incident is closed
The diplomatic inciuent just closed was
caused by a protest lodged on September ID
at Caracas by the French charge d'affaires,
SI. Taigny, against the closing of the Ca
racas station of the French ("able Com
pany and the expulsion from Venezuela ot
Al. Brun, the manager of the company* To
tills communication the Venezuelan govern
ment gent a reply to the effect that it held
documents proving that the company had
accepted the result of the judicial pro
ceedings brought against it; that M. Taigny
knew this; that his protest could only Bo
considered as an act of personal hostility,
??lie? that the Venezuelan government would
abstain from treating with the French gov
ernment through Al. Taigny until he apolo
This noto gave offense to the French gov
ernmcnt, and Venezuela was requested by
France to withdraw that part of the note
which gave notice that Venezuela would
not communicate further through M.
Taigny. This President Castro had refused
to do until within the last few days, al
though the French government sent a
squadron of warships to the island of Alar
tlnlque preparatory to blockading some ot
the Venezuelan ports. Finally the govern
I ment at Washington commissioned the
American minister at Caracas, Air. Russell,
to endeavor to arrange the Franco-Vene
zuelan diplomatic incident, and the step
just taken by President Castro Is in all
probability due to the influence of Air.
Russell with the government of Venezuela.
He Will Issue a Statement to Ameri
can People.
Edward P. Ryan of the Isle of Pines,
Cuba, Is in Washington, the delegate, from
the revolutionary junta of the Isle of Pines
to the American government. He will is
sue a statement Alonday to the American
people, setting forth the claim of the
Amerioans of the island to recognition of
that land as territory of the United States.
It Is not thought Air. Ryan will seek ad
mission to the House, as the administration
has decided against his claims and the
leaders of the House would not consider his
proposition for a moment.
The Large Floating Dry Dock to Be
Towed to the Philippines.
Towed by the supply ship Glacier, Com
mander Harry H. Hosley, the colliers
Brutus and Caesar and the tug Potomac,
the mammoth steel floating dry dock
Dewey will start next week on its long
cruise from Solomons Island, Md., to Olon
gapo, Philippine Islands, its future home.
The board of inspection and survey has
completed the inspection of the dock and of
the ships which will tow It.
Spends Time Reading French Books
and Smoking a Pipe.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
BROCKTON, Alass., December 16.?Airs.
Alary Baraby of Franklin street celebrated
her one hundred and second birthday yes
terday. She spends most of her waking
hours in a rocking chair reading her French
books and smoking her pipe. Airs. Baraby
has been smoking alnce she was twelve
years old. She has had twenty children,
six of whom are alive.
She was married at sixteen, and her hus
band died over tlfty years ago. She has
had forty-three grandchildren, three of
whom are dead, and nine great grandchil
dren, all of whom are living.
Gen. Corbin to Visit Europe.
Gen. Corbin, who will become lieutenant
general next April, will leave the Philip
pines for the United States shortly. It Is
understood he will spend most of his term
on the active list In a visit to European
countries on a leave of absence for the
benefit of his health, now. somewhat Im
Proposed Addition to the "Zoo."
Senator Burrows today Introduced, by re
quest. a bill to acquire ground on Lanier
Heights for an addition to the National
Zoological Park. The ground to be ac
quired. according to this bill, Is between the
eastern boundary of the park and the new
highway that has been established from
Adams Mill road to Kenesaw avenue. For
this purpose the bill appropriates not to
exceed $71,WK?.
Ocean Steamship Movements.
NEW YORK, December 10.?Arrived:
Allnnetonka from London, Alain from Bre
HAVRE, December Mi.?Arrived: La
Gastogne from New York.
PLYMOUTH, December 16.?Arrived: St.
Louis from New York.
Son of Insurance President Brings
Hamilton's Report.
PARIS, December 16.?John C. McCall,
son of John A. McCall. president of the
New York Life Insurance Company, who
came to Paris for the purpose of having
Andrew Hamilton, the former confidential
legislative representative of the insurance
company at Albany, accompany him back
to New York, sailed alone today on the
steamer La Lorraine, from Havre. Mr. Mc
Call took with him Mr. Hamilton's report
concerning his connection with the insur
ance company's affairs.
The following statement was furnished
from an authoritative source:
"Mr. McCall found upon his arrival here
(hat Mr. Hamilton was under the care of
Dr. Riviere, a famous specialist. Mr. Mc
Call delayed his departure, at Mr. Hamil
ton's request, in order to see if the treat
ment would enable Mr. Hamilton to return,
but the doctor finally stated that the trip
Mr. Hamilton contemplated and his return
to active business would surely be fallowed
by a serious illness. Therefore absolute
rest for several months will be necessary.
"In lieu of his return Mr. Hamilton has
prepared and sent a full and explicit state
ment covering his connection with the af
fairs of the insurance company."
It is understood that Mr. Hamilton's re
sponse to the legislative committee takes
the form of going over the entire ground
of the investigation. Both Mr. McCall and
Mr. Hamilton declined to go Into details of
the report on the ground of courtesy to the
committee. However, it is clear that the
report was taken to the United States to
diy and that it embraces a statement of
Mr. Hamilton's operations since his connec
tion with the New York Life Insurance
Atlantic Coast Terminal Co. Acquired
Land at Norfolk.
Special Disp&tcb to The Star.
NORFOLK, Va? December 16.?The At
lantic Coast Terminal Company, Incorpo
rated, J. W. Perry, president, today pur
chased the most valuable tract of water
front property adjoining the Seaboard Air
Line terminals here, paying for it $132,500.
The tract which Is made up of four par
cels, has a shore frontage of 1,083 feet.
Three 'pieces of the property, with shore
frontages of 209, 2t? and -140 feet, were pur
chased from the Waverly Water Front and
Development Company for IDll.oOO.
The other piece of land was purchased
from Edward M. Watts, special commis
sioner In the chancery cause of Peters agt.
Peters, executor, for $-M>,0W>. It has a
shore frontage of 167 feet and is known as
the William H. Wilson water fronf. Pres
ident Perry declined to discuss for what
purpose the property was bought.
Formal Request for Conference With
Mine Operators.
8HAMOK1N, Pa., December lfl.?The
delegates to the anthracite miners' conven
tion quickly disposed of the unfinished busi
ness at today's session.
The special committee composed of John
Mitchell and board of members of the
three districts met and considered how best
to get the union's request for a conference
before the big coal companies. Although
President Mitchell said that the committee
had not decided on details, the convention's
resolution of request will without doubt be
in New York and in the hands of the presi
dents of the nine leading coal companies
by Monday, which will enable the ope ators
to talie up the question at their weekly
meeting on Tuesday in that city.
Each of the presidents of the nine coal
producing and carrying railroads will re
ceive a letter or telegram from the con
vention's committee, and each is expected
to send a separate answer.
The miners' request?that the operators
meet with them to arrange the terms of
employment to prevail at the collieries after
April 1 next?is not necessarily equivalent
to a strike if the operators refuse, but It
means that the award of the anthracite
coal strike commission will become inop
When the convention went Into executive
session there was a spirited discussion
over the matter of referring important
resolutions, embodying demands, to the
special committee which will ask a con
ference with the operators. President
Mitchell said: "I have received protests.
If there are others, now is the-time to
present them. If any delegate has a plan
which he thinks Is better than tho one
adopted yesterday, let him present it now."
Want Old Street Name Retained.
Senator Gallinger today introduced a bill
to change the name of T street to Califor
nia avenue. Residents on California ave
nue were recently-surprised to learn that
the name of their avenue had been changed
to T street, and many of them are up in
protest against this action. They prefer
the name of California avenue, and they
claim that their thoroughfare is so far sep
ars.ted fro-m T street that the change of
name iloes not add to the methodical nam
ing of streets of the city. The thoroughfare
which they desire tc have named California
avtiiue is that wliloii recently bore that
name, and extends from Columbia road
went to Massachusetts avenue,
Senator Bacon Discusses Pan
ama Canal Expenses.
Subject of Federal Control of Insur
ance Again Debated in the House?
Proposed Adjournment Dec. 21.
hen the Panama canal appropriation
bill was taken up by the Senate today Mr.
Bacon took the floor In support of r :s
amendment requiring quarterly estimates
of the salaries and other expenses of the
canal commission. '
He said that under the present system
Congress is deprived of the opportunity for
proper scrutiny of the salaries paid to the
commission employes. Although there was
really stronger reason for such estimates
In the case of the canal employes than In
the regular departments of the government
he said, such a course would go far towar.i
preventing the extravagance now practiced
In the commission work. He commented on
the fact that Mr. Shonts' salary was mo:e
than twice as much as that paid to the
chief justice of the Supreme Court, and
| said that it was not the policy of the gov
emulate th? high salaries paid
nf tPhi corporations. Even the auditor
of the commission gets Slo.ooo, while the
JTniv ? rSo paS8,e* upon ''is work receives
onlj $4,000, and the executive head of the
department, the Secretary of War. only
!!?m '-.K " huml,'e Judgment." he
said, the man doesn't live whose personal
services are worth $1.~i0,000." He said in
"J- Spo?ner th:,t he thought the
$JMioo paid to the chief engineer of the
commission too great, "i would not pay
any of them more than the chief justice Is
Paw. 'he Georgia senator declared.
Mr. Spooner expressed the opinion tha'
the President ought to be given sufficient
:'titude in the matter of salary to secure
the best possible engineering taient. saying
that the competition among railroads for
such talent was such that it could not be
procured for small pay.
Declares Salaries Too High.
Mr. Bacon said that he regarded the sal
aries paid to the high officials as the least
important fe>ature, because there were so
few of them compared with the long list
of subordinates, ibut the fact that these
positions bring honor and fame must be
taken into consideration In estimating their
compensation. To his mind the alarming
tact is that subordinates are paid ex
hor.blta.nt salaries for services that can be
rendered by hundred* and thousands of
others. He referred especially to Mr
BI?nopas the "press agwnt." and said that
while he was only one, there was a small
armj Iti the canal work whose pav was
out of proportion to the allowances to oth
??7w?R.cfe.7,n* "*iln to payment of
511),WO to the canal commission auditor, he
said: "It Is perfectly monstrous that this
subordinate officer should be paid 20 per
cent more than is paid to the Secretary of
War or the Secretary of the Treasury, the
head of the financial system of the entire
He expressed the opinion that not a sin
gle senator would say that th% salaries
should not be reduced, and he paused to
hear from any one who might think other
No one responded directly, but Mr. Gal
llnger expressed the opinion mat Mr. Taffs
testimony before the committee on appro
priations supplied good reasons for the
payment of a high salary to the commis
sion's auditor.
Mr. Bacon expressed the opinion that
high salaries were largely responsible for
the defalcations so frequently reported. The
government could, he conceded, control the
private corporations, "but it doesn't be
come us to follow the example and thus be
come responsible for debauching the young
men of the country."
Mr. Allison referred to the salary of $17,
50U paid Governor Magoon and'said the
large sum was due to the fact that he held
the triple position of commissioner, govern
or of the canal zone and minister to Pan
"Mr. Magoon appears to be a very versatile
gentleman." remarked Mr. Culberson, who
apked whether "he Is the same gentleman
who wrote two opinions on the colonial
question, one on one side and the other on
the other."
"Very likely," responded Mr. Allison: "I
have known lawyers to give opinions on
both sides of other questions. It Is true."
he added, "that Mr. Magoon Is a very ver
satile man. and It Is also true that he Is a
very accomplished man."
A long controversy ensued as to the best
form of securing the check which all de
sired. Mr. Hale suggested as a substitute a
provision requiring that the estimates In
the House bill shall "cover all annual sal
aries for persons employed in the canal
work excepting laborers and skilled labor
ers," and this was agreed to by the Senate.
When Mr. Bacon finished Mr. Tillman
obtained the adoption of a resolution re
quiring the Interstate commerce commis
sion to send to the Senate tl?e record ami
testimony In the Atchison. Topeka and
Sania Fe railway case, alleging unlawful
practices and rates In the transportation of
coal and mine supplies.
Allison Replies to Bacon.
The consideration of the canal bill was
then resumed, and Mr. Allison replied to
Mr. Bacon. He agreed with the Georgia
senator as to the desirability of securing
estimates of the funds necessary for canal
salaries, but he urged that the bill as It
stands makes ample provision for such
estimates to be supplied by the President
himself. He considered Mr. Bacon's provi
sion a limitation rather than an enlarge
ment upon the requirements of the bill as
it- stands.
Speaking In general of the canal salaries,
Mr. Allison said: "I do not think the canal
can be constructed upon the basis suggest
ed by the senator from Georgia, at least as
respects the higher places." He sUd that
he had had personal knowledge of two re
fusals on the part of engineers to eng ige in
the canal work, and he had understood that
Mr. Stevens had refused to take the place
for less than $30,000.
It was contended by Mr. Teller that what
was needed In the construction of the canal
was a man of executive ability.
Mr. Allison agreed that a business man
was needed, and said he believed that was
whftt President had In mind when ha
epfpwyed Mr. Shonts.
The House today fixed the holiday recess
by providing for adjournment next Thurs
day. December 21, until January 4.
The Insurance debate was then resumed.
More than fifteen members have applied for
recognition on the subject, and there is no
disposition to limit the debate.
Representative Norris (Neb.) opened the
He saw objection to referring the matter
to any but the Judiciary committee, -because,
in his opinion, a constitutional amendment
might be necessary before anything could
be done to regulate insurance.
It was pointed out by Mr. Stanley (Ky.)
that there was great danger to the ilberilen
j of the people by the constant encroachment
(Continued on Second Pa*#5
President's Plain Talk to the
A Large Number of Congressional
Callers Today, Some on Pending
President Roosevelt today told a delega*
tlon of Shakers who called upon him that
he did not believe disarmament of nations
was practical at this time, and that he be
lieved war was the proper recourse In caaa
of great unprovoked wrongs done by one
nation to another. At the same time he
dtd believe In an enlargement of arbitra
tion of the causes of wars and felt sat
isfied that by degr.es arbitration would
settle nearly every difficulty arising be
tween one country and another.
"I Intend to soon itppoint the delegates to
the second Hague conference," he told his
callers, "and they will be Instructed to
strive for an extension and enlargement of
the causes of war that may be, and should
be. arbltra'ed."
The object of the visit to the Pre.-ldent
vas to present him witli resolutions adopt
ed at the peace convention of the Shakers
at Mount l.ebanon. X. V.. August 31. A
committer was appointed, consisting of
Eld res.s Anna White and Sister Saraii
Pur per. to present the resolutions, and
William Barnes of Nantucket, Mass.. for
merly of Albany, N. V., was asked to ac
company the ladies. He had made a speech
before the Shaker convention indorsing tha
idea that war may be completely eliminat
ed by an agreement of nations to dlsirm.
The resolutions state the t>elie? that ftli
wars are barbarous and unnecessary, con
gratulated President Koosevelt on his ef
forts for peace, and then asked him to Utfia
the lead in .having the nations of the world
agree to do away with war. It was the
presentation of these resolutions that drew
forth tho remarks of the President, ad
dtessed to his hearers. The Shaker sisters
were attire,1 in the regulation suit < 1 th*
order and enjoyed the talk of the President,
despite the fact that it did not afford tha
greatest encouragement to the poliev pro
posed by them.
Pat Garrett's Successor.
It is regarded as practically settled that
"Pat" Garrett, the exterminator of badr
men In the southwest, will not succeed
himself as collector of customs at El Paso,
and that his sucessor will be Alfred I.*
Sharpe of El Paso, at present the only re
publican member of tho Texas legislature.
Garrett and Sharpe are the only applicants
for the place, and everything seems to
point to the downfall of the slayer of "Billy
the Kid," the worst man who ever trod
the soil of New Mexico, and himself tha
slayer of more than thirty men.
Garrett, as stated in The Star, lias been
dejected ever since he had a talk with the
President a few days ago, and realized
that his chances of success were amall.
The President is said to believe that tho
appointment of Sharpe will do much to
rdlsc the reputation of the republican party
In Texas. He is said to be a man of the
highest grade, and to have the friendship
and support of many lending democrats. He
secured the passage through the Texas
legislature of a bill that has done much to
break up gambling In that state. Its pro
visions enable citizens to break up these
dens when, through confederation or other
wise, officers do not do so. The law is said
to have done more to eradicate gambling
than any ever put on the statute books of
Garrett's official record is good, but he is
said to have some friends among the
gambling and saloon element who have not
been of especial benefit to him.
A Large Number of Callers.
Saturday was, as usual, a most busy day
for the President, senators and representa
tives in large numbers calling on one mat
ter or another. Some of them talked about
pending legislation In Congress, some about
appointments In their states or districts,
and some Introduced friends. Senator
Spooner. whose tilt In the Senate yesterday
with Senator Tillman in defense of th$
President's San Domingo policy attractel
attention, had a few minutes with tho
President. So did Senator Hale, who 19
watching canal legislation, and so did Rep
resentative "Pete." Hepburn, whose canaJ
appropriation bill was emasculated in the
Representative Hepburn stated that tha
House would not stand for the Senate's
constant practice of dismembering and dis
secting sensible bills sent over to it by the
lower House. "This has grown to be a
haltit," said the redoubtable Iowan, "and
that Is all. There was no reason why tfte
Senate should change the bill sent over by
the House bearing upon the canal appro
priation and the canal bonds."
Representatives Curtis and Mills of Kan
sas presented to the President W. B. LJig
hain. at one time consul general at Cape
Town, So.iUh Africa. He was displaced by
Mr. Washington, and the Kansas people ar?
asking that he be given another place.
For Mr. Lyons' Place.
The Kansas people are expecting the
early announcement of the nomination ot
W. T. Vernon of Quindaro. as register of
the treasury, to succeed Jud.son Lyons. L.
S. Williams, the Chicago colored man, who
has also been under consideration by the
President for this position, will be ghen a
good consular place somewhere. The Presi
dent regards him with favor and wait's to
provide him a positior. If Vernon should
not be appointed register Williams will get
the place and Vernon will be given a con
sular position.
James P. Parker of Forth Smith, Ark.,
was at the White House, accompanied by
Senator Warner of Missouri. They also
culled on the Attorney General. He 1* an
applicant for marshal of the western dis
trict of Arkansas. He has not sccured the
backing of Gen. Powell Clayton and the re
publican machine of Arkansas, but he la
proceeding anyhow. Parker Is a son of the
famous federal judge who sat in the court
at Fort Smith for so mmy years arid sen
tenced nearly two hundred men to death,
nearly a hundred of whom were hanged.
They were all bad men and deserved wha?
they got.
Senators Hemenway and Beveridge of In
diana introduced Robert Motzger, chair
man of the republican city committee of
Indianapolis, and Adolph Asclie of the same
city. Mr. Metager is to become chief of
police of Indianapolis and Mr. Asche will
become chief of detectives. They have been
In Washington stud>lns police and detective
methods here.
Representatives Bartholdt of Missouri
and Watkins of Indiana saw the President
and recommended the nomination of J. H.
Shepherd of South MeAllster, I. T.. for
United States attorney of the central dis
trict of the territory.
Senator Hopkins, who is having a vast lot
of trouble about the selection of a post
master at Chicago, saw the President again
today,- this having been his third or fourth
trip on that subject. He asaerted there was
nothing he could talk about.
Presidential Nomination*.
The President today sent tha following
nominations to the Senate:
Jaatioe Attorneya-^ilarry Skinner, east

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