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THE EVENING STAK.
With Snnday Morning- Edition. WASHINGTON. SUNDAY December 17, 10O3 CROSBY S. NOYES Editor Fateied aa second-class mail mattar at th* pact oi&ce at WuhingtJB. D. C. CHE STAK has ft regular and permanens Family Circulation _nnch moro than the combined circulation cf the other Wash ington dallies. As a News and Advertis ing Meu.um it has no competitor. Ti;e Evening Star, with the Sunday morning edi tion. U delivered by curriers within the city at SO cer.ti pt-r mouth; without the .Sunday morning edi tion at 44 cents per uiouth. By mail, postage prepaid: Daily. Sunday Included, one month. r?0 cents. Daily Sunday excepted on* month. 60 cents. Saturday Star, one vtar. $1.00. Sunday Star, one year. $1.50. Mr Hearst's Democracy. There are II* v??wd for Mr. 1 ? . as a dem lias lH- n assigned to comi _ o-t. That would ?PP?' l3 concerned, qn-stion SO fa. 39 Ma cialms are At .. distance. howev ,ar, where disputed. In ,th<' *?U, ' , vear In his race 1j,. sought delegates - presl for hla party's n.^inxtlon^for^ ^ ^ dtncy. his dem TheTo umbla, 8. C.. State ?o*us variety. ^ landmark declares a demagogue. and ET-.zrtjzzz*"" a true ^?"f thl8? ,n what particular has" Mr Hearst changed since last year, he < up ported Judge l'arker on the St. z:2xnzm. am jr: Iiar..r, ,t t^ Part> S Mr Bryan-S BOUth lt'uv Moreover. he and Mr. crn W?4? shoulder. as to Bryan stand Mi .uld- tl(in and the ^?bx:zrzs'z~ one out ana lt-a\c uw? invelv . ... 'n.ev may not be very io\ei> ^ ls the decree ti . V should not he divided. ls V'1UMr ' Hea'rst' of 'Mr. McClellan ess tsss SSsrffiRrsSs ^rlo'i:: readout of his party for Ws part .. that others must go a'""K "?ln to carry New jsircs--?r?r thea presidency the republicans would have the sune. oorat'y that"nobody is Justified in making Xself disagreeable ai out his share. An Insane Locomotive Engineer^ A loe motive engineer on one of the New " , railroads has just betn com ,M>? iW condition, for h. >?" acting queerly. Nevertheless no mov. was made to have his mental state and he has been tunning fast .'assenge trains almost ciailN. This incident suggests that there is not a reliable system of inspection <n U:e ease of railroad operatives, upon wh?e. wnval and physical state depend the .ives ? f g eat numbers of 1" OS*- me" ^ ined as to their h.alth and cer.a.n c.ual IlealIons. Fueh as color sight, be ore they are accepted as trainmen, but there ~eems to be no provision for periodically ascer taining whether they are up to standard. H is common experience lor engines to undertake so mueh work that they break down from exhaustion Som?tlmes !-uch collapse causes a wreck, and the faci is later disclosed that the engineer has been running tifu-en hours or more a day. Much more Important is the physical and men.ai condition of these workers than that of almost any other class of men. The slightest blunder, so highly organized and so greatly congested Is the railroad si-iv icc today, may result in a collision cts.lng scores of lives. The railroad corporations supposedly insist upon ..!>? dien -e to c.rtain rules which th. ..p tk-ally prevent all mis haps The machine Is perfect, on paper, but th'' all OMBt Of human frailty Is, after alk ti e governing factor, and unfortunately that < lenient is the very ono that Is r.ot sul'j ct to the most rigid inspection. The car wheels are examined at '-he end of tich run, and the locomotive is roughly looked over, and ti.o "all" Is tested. But with !>? Thaps a few exceptions, tlie corpora tions do not subject their engineers and towermen and other responsible operatives to occasional tests for sanity, nerve strength, eyesight or other qualifications which are vitally important In the perfect working of the great process. The discovery of a new element similar to radium, and almost equaling it in activity, hi.s . n in:, junced. When It is learned what radium ls good for this new article may be used as a substitute. In looking around for a financier with purely unselfish motives E. H. Harriman has had a harder time than old Diogenes. Defensive Sanitary Works. Two committees of Wnshlngtonlans are prosecuting active campaigns in the Dis trict for the accomplishment of objects that call for the heartiest support of all classes of citizens. One of these committees is striving for the Improvement of the hous ing conditions among tho poor, and the other ls conducting a crusade against con sumption. There is a close relationship be tween the two ladies, and both are identi fied with and assisted by the larger charity and public Improvement bodies of citizens. Recent reports from tho workers have Indi cated t it a gratifying degree of progress has been made during tho past year, ana thcie Is reason to look for material im provements in the physical conditions af fecting the poorer classes of District resi dents within the near future. Tl i rusadc against consumption Is ot vital importance. This scourge must be fought systematically, along well-planned lines. Education is of prime value. In doed. it is the basis of the whole campaign. The people must be taught that consump tion ls infectious, that It ls not necessarily fatxl. and that It Is preventive. They must te Impressed with the fact that it is spread mainly through the violation of certain simple rales of health, that neglect Is otten a fatal blunder and that despair ls a des perate mistake. To conduct such a campaign calls for funds. They are needed for the hire of lecture rooms and apparatus, for t(je pay of those workers who must give their whole time to the efTort and for such miscella neous expenses as are always Incurred in a well-managed work of this kind. The larger the fund the more effective the campaign y i }j+, Every dollar ls a contribution to the general health of the community. Kvery giver has an Individual interest or the matter. Consumption la spread lnto^ktl quarters as conditions now exist, and as long as the sanitary situation among tne poor and Ignorant remains favorable to tne lnfcctlon of the disease so, long will the en tire community be menaced by It. In the matter of housing Improvement there la, fortunately, a less serious problem here to fce soived than in some other cities. But the local work of this character to be done Is nevertheless Important and urgent. The very fact that Washington has no such slums as are to be found In New York, Bos ton, Philadelphia and elsewhere is an excellent reason for pressing onward vigor ously, to make a clean sweep and to make smitary ail the unwholesome places. Much has been dore already in this line, thanks to the public-spirited efforts of citizens who , have constructed sanitary dwellings for the use of tenants of small incomes. Some of the alleys and minor streets, however, are in need of reformatory attention in this re gard. and here again education of the i?oor helps greatly in advancing the cause, while there is bard work to be done in securing the enactment of proper laws and their full enforcement. This work also cills for contributions from the pub'.lc, and they are being received in a gratifying measure. But as In the case of the anti-consumption cam paign there is need constantly for more money. And again, as in that ciS2, the dollars of the well-to-do, whose own homes are in the highest degree sanitary, are really given in self-defense, for the phys ical and moral health of the whole District is afTected by the bad conditions in the al leys and byways which this committee is striving to cure. The Last Week. The coming week w 11 fin.sh up the Christ mas buying. With good weather there will be a tremendous outpouring of shoppers, despite the activity shown by them dur:ng th?* past few weeks, in recognition of tha often repeated" rule that he?or ^she?who buys early Is best served. The excellent weather gave the shoppers their fullest op portunity to examine the great stocks on the counters and shelves, but the wretched conditions of the past two days have seri ously discommoded them and given the merchants occasion to criticise the ele ments. Judging from the crowds in the stores during these weeks of Christmas prepara tion, the District is blessed with an excep tional degree of prosperity. The sales ac counts of the stores are always a reliable index to the condition of the household ex chequer. Good times mean heavy holiday business, and according to this criterion Washington Is closing the year lyOo in splendid condition. The tendency in modern Christmas giving is apparently toward the practical and help ful, rather than the merely ornamental. The merchants have encouraged this in clination by offering especially attractive goods of such a character in holiday guise. It is no longer difficult for a shopper to find just the thing wanted by the pros pective recipient. Year by year the custom of exchanging presents is growing, but It Is not neces sarily burdensome, unless the giver loses Judgment and attempts to emulate those with larger resources, who remember in this fashion a wide circle of friends. The Christmas spirit is recognized and ex pressed by the mere gift of a card, a token of remembrance and good cheer. Indeed, often the most beautiful sentiment is thus voiced. There is then no suggestion that a return of value is expected. The modern method of making gifts serves an excellent purpose in that it in sures that serrti-negligible needs are met. Father* and mother, writing their schedule of holiday purchases, are likely to remem ber the necessities of the youngsters in the way of clothing and other equipment. And It bespeaks the practical good sense of the children of today that most of them are made quite as happy by the presentation of some useful article as by the gift of a perishable toy. These last few days are strenuous ones for all?for the^ buyers, who must rush from store to store seeking the best and cheapest; for the clerks, who must serve their customers with good tempor and un failing patience and infinite wisdom and good taste; for the delivery wagon workers, who must cover scores of miles daily in the effort to get the purchases in the hands of their owners without loss of time or con fusion of packages; for the street-car oper atives, who are compelled to endure the hollda f embarrassment of carrying great numbers of bundle-loaded passengers. But it bespeaks the prime good-nature of the average American that these difficult days are always passed without serious friction. The holiday spirit Is in the air, and little mistakes and lapses are usually condoned with a smile. "Judge" Hamilton. Young Mr. McCall, who went to Paris re cently to ask "Judge" Hamilton, now so journing there, either to come home and su'bmit to an examination on the witness stand as to his part In the insurance skul duggery, or prepare a formal statement for publication, sailed for New York yesterday. This should bring him into port on Chr.st mas eve, and among the public's Christmas gifts may be a message from the great American lawyer with an Albany reputa tion. The Investigating committee lias dis covered much, but much remains under cover, and the opinion is all but universal that, If he would. "Judge" Hamilton couid put the capstone on the tallest pile of crookedness ever seen In this country. But he is not likely to do It. Paris Is a com fortable town, and few questions are asked of sojourners there. After observing the dissenting opinions In the court of appeals concerning the ballot box cases, Mr. Hearst will admit, despite his high regard for the sentiments of the crowd, that a minority occasionally has a lot of intelligence. The reports that Armenians have engaged in a massacre of Mohammedans will cause the Sultan of Turkey to wonder whether there Is any respect for tradition surviving in the world. The people who put up their money for "Pads an-d Kancles" in good ?faith because they wanted a nice book must feel particu larly aggrieved. There has seldom been a time when Mr. Tillman was not morally certain that some thing was wrong with nomethlng. The case of Captain and Mrs. Taggert may some time be kept out of the courts, but not out of the newspapers. Modern Mercuries. Not content with motor airs that carry him along at railroad speed, man must try to equip himself with winged feet, after the fashion set by Mercury In the good old days. Boiler skates and Ice skates have approximated to this achievement, but they have fhelr disadvantages, chiefly the result of a lack of harmony between the wearer's legs and the tendency of the skates to strike off at Involuntary tangents. Now comes a Frenchman with winged boots, or, at least, so nearly winged that Mercury himself would probably sue for Infringement dam ages if he were with us today and had his old eye to the main chance. This French invention consists of a pair of motor boot*, each about fifteen inches long, with eight-Inch wheels, operated from an accumulator belt capable of transmit ting one And one-halt horse gowen F<aeh boot weighs about sixteen pound?, but the wearer does not lift his feet, and Is thus not discommoded by the. ballast. The mo tors, Indeed, serve the excellent purpose of keeping the rider-walker right side up when In action. They w?U develop a speed of from six to thirty miles an hour. What Is to become of us now? When we are not dodging bicycles and motor cars w?. win be colliding with whizzing motor footed semi-pedestrians. Are these fleet footed folks to be permitted the use of the sidewalks, or will they be classed as vehi cles. and required to take to the pave? Will they, as light-sailing crart, be given the right of way? Must they carry horns, and will such horns have distinctive sounds, to denote the difference between a motor car and a motor man? Verily, this Is an age of marvels and riddles. The lot of the citizen who Is singular enough to lack the desire to beat the wind, who Is content to use his feet as his ancestors used them, and who asks no more than that he be allowed to live, is fast ?becoming difficult and perilous. He regards with some degree 'of calmness the furious antics of the motormaniacs that lead to occasional self-smashing complications. But he gravely fears that life will indeed be come a problem and a burden when the speed craze takes the form of Individual scorching by the worshipers of the great gods gasoline and e'ectrloity. ? The New Regime in Russia. "Well. Brlskl. how has she been heading in my absence?" "In the right direction, I hope. At any rrte, we've done our best. How's Paris?" "Great! truly great! But there are no particulars. I was told there that a Pa risian record is canceled when the visitor leaves town. Still, I'm glad to be back, even with the country turned upside down, and people looking "'very way for Sunday. "Get many pointers about a free press, and all that?" "My boy, I had a strange experience. I met an American, who is the Paris cor respondent of one of the leading newspa pers of his country, and he warned me against Parisian models. Very bright fel low and talks like a house a-flre. Never heard a man fuller of his subject. He says the real thing In the free press line is In America. The newspapers over there have never had a bit in their mouths, and go tho gait. He advises me to go over myself, or send somebody, and says I'll thank him later for the suggestion. How does an other trip to America strike you? I can t spare the time." "I should like it. That Portsmouth jaunt was very pleasant." "Well, this is the American's idea. He says that sooner or later we shall have rings in this country, and when exposed they need vigorous handing. He recommends New York for a study of rings and how to rattle them. Then when Congress meets we shall want to handle that in the best style. A visit to Washington will help us out there. Then we must boom our town keep It before the pubic in the light of the greatest ever. Let me see. Where do we g3 to study that trick? A big town, back In the country somewhere." "Chicago?" "Spell It." "C-h-l-c-a-g-o." "Pronounce It." "She-kaw-go?with the accent on the sec ond syllable." "That's the place?Chicago. Well, we go there to learn how to boom a town. And that's a point we must cover particularly. I want the Mail to lead in advertising St. Petersburg. New York. Washington and Chicago, then, should supply you with all you'll need, and that'll give us a lift. We'll arrange the trip. But not a word about It. Just disappear when the time comes, ana leave your cronies guessing. No letters, understand, except a few of a private na ture to me, giving a suggestion or two, as they may occur, for use before your re turn We'll make the Mail a bang-up sheet, Bilski, or break the presses in the at tempt." The Carnegie Veterans' Association, com posed of steel magnates, now has a poet laureate. He is W. B. Dickson, second vice president of the U. S. Steel Corporation. If Mr Dickson can go as far in supplying the poetry as Mr. Carnegie has gone in put ting up the libraries American literature is safe. The Standard Oil Company's stock opera tions make it appear that some of that or ganization's managers would have no ob jection to putting Thomas W. Dawson where ho would have to depend on litera ture for a living. The present enthusiasm in eradicating every "boss" In sight may account for the deference shown by Mr. Odell's enemies In applying the title to him. The Russian revolutionists think they have a case against the czar which makes the American brand of frenzied finance seem like innocent play. Compared to some of the operations of the older hands in finance the transactions of James Hazen Hyde look like mere boyish pranks. Mr Shonts probably thinks that a man who has to meet all the objections offered by members of Congress earns a large salary. SHOOTING STARS. A Perverse Opinion. "What Is your Idea of a reformer? "A reformer," answered the wicked poli tician, "Is merely a man who insists on overlooking financial opportunities. "Many a man." said Uncle Bben, takes credit to his se'f foh bein' repentant when he's only afraid of de Investlgatin' com mittee." Philosophic Finance. This life would bring me few regrets. If I could see its struggle out With cash to pay my daily debts An' not enough to fight about. Formalities. "Of course you are In favor of arbitra tion," said one diplomat. "Yes," answered the other. "It will at least Insure a reasonable amount of quar reling before the actual fighting starts. Disposed to Criticise. "Of course you are going to entertain this season." "I dunno," answered Mr. Cumrox. "We're going to have a lot of doings. But I m blest if I call it entertainment." Supremacy. When o'er winter skies so gray Storm clouds hurry on their way And the winds across the hill Sweep the leaves with gusts so chill And the lacing branches make Eerie pictures as they Bhake. Gaunt and ghostly 'gainst the moon. That is when we miss you, June. June with roses, June with smiles, June with all your gentle wiles, Shimmering leaf and blossoming spray Still beloved, though far away. Days of sunshine glided past. All unheeded till at last June had left us all to sigh, Kissed the world and said good-bye. But she dominates the year? Though the skies may frown severe, Memory echoes still the tune That the robin sang In June. Still beloved, though far away. Shimmering leaf and blossoming spray Shall return. June's gentle wiles ?ul? u* ?tiU with flowers and ?mUu. FIFTY YEARS AGO IN THE STAR Prior to the latter part%of 1855 the mem bers of the local police force wore no spe clal badges to distinguish Police them from ordinary citl Badges. sens, a lack which was cor rected early in December, as the following: paragraph from The Star of the 10th of that month indicates: "The mayor has done a very sensible thing, indeed, in directing that In future the police of Washington shall wear a handsome sliver star upon their breasts by way of designating them to the pub lic. It often happens that strangers, par ticularly, submit to outrages here as everywhere else, only because of the im possibility of recognizing an undesig nated policeman without too great loss of time or too much notoriety in making a search for one. The experienced reader will perceive how much easier it will be n!nl l"ger to obtaln the services of a wherp tl' esPedally at any public place H.'0*? o altera auena reguuirly, 80 designated that his office may be known at a giante by any one. The star anrtT/ i \ot s,lver' with five points, and Is two inches in diameter, clear of the Around the rim of the upper half circle are engraved the words 'city police,' worria?u?Vhat, ?f .the lower ha,f ^ele the .Across the diameter ^ 8 first' 4?econd.' 'third* or fourth district, as the case may be." * ? * The House deadlock over organization greatly upset the calculations of those who UttlA looked for a lively social sea son with the opening of Con Gayety. gress. The foil wing para graph is to be : und in The Star of December 12, 1856: We have heard of no preparations as yet f?rth5ay wlpterWashington. The delay o, the result of the absorption of the thoughts of all in the current proceedings OI the riou.se. ivio^i o. ai,aiigeis. not ui wimS^nf* t'h Washington. ar* northern politicians of the conscience stripe,' who backbone*el" Th doctor we'?k legislative backbones. They are pious gentlemen whose minds are above the frivolities of thfjt neti0njlire in many respects, though ? 30 thirst after the contents After6 rh'il pots ?f u"' national legislature. Atter the organization may be consimi. hlfmt V,0y- WiU r' tlre ,<J thoir respective homes leaving only a sufficient guard here to look out after their genera/* interests I he close of the approaching holidays will <viL1S ?^r usual sessional quota of gay folks, to t):e gratifleauon of ai< classes oi thi? city enKaKeJ In business, whose prosperity depends in great part upon the presence of such people among us when we have Oongress here." !lri'ily a fe?|r years ago that the con fhf , VU?' 0''-ongresi, when housed in the Capitol building, was cleared out and removed to the magnificent new butldin" across the park. Few users of the library will recognize the condition mentioned in the following paiagra(,i, published in The Star of December 12, 1855' "The barriers of the Paris revolutionists Ca.Hfe more newspaper discuseion than has the massive iron fence In the xJbrary of Congress. 'But.' says the corre 5?? ?n , .of the Boston Transcript, 'not withstanding the check given to visitors by the intervention of iron barriers be tween them and the contents of the shelves the courtesy of the librarians, Messrs. Mee han and Stelle, and their accomplished as sistants, Hinman and Keoran, is in nowise abated. More attentive and obliging of ficers are not to be ifound in any of the public offices In Washington.' " Rock creek froze over on the night of De cember 11 and a paragraph in The Star of the next day to that effect gave great joy to the skaters. * * * Hat fashions have greatly changed in the last fifty years, many times, indeed, and the , . feminine headgear of today Fashionable is altogether different from Bonnets. that of 1855, as this para graph from The Star of De cember 13 of that year will prove: "The ladies may be pleased to learn that fur is now used for trimming ladies' bon nets in Paris. On a black velvet bonnet a roll of marten's l'ur ornaments the edg^s of the front, the curtain and the crown A black lace flounce eight inches deep is sewed in gathers'where the crown joins the front and continues behind, falling over the curtain. On the side of the bonnet is a velvet bow edged with fur; the strings are of maroon taffeta, barred with black around the face are white, blonde and scar let velvet geraniums." The effort to And the railroad car that would not smash Into splinters in a col lision and kill and wound its occupants was just as active fifty years ago as it is today. A paragraph in The Star of that period in dicates an invention to this end, as follows: "A genius is getting up a railroad car aut of wrought iron and gutta percha. Such a car may be jammed, but not broken It may 'mash you up.' but it can make no splinters to tear your trousers or lacerate your limbs. The idea is a good one, and we hope will realize his expectations." * * * It is only during the last few years that the sidewalks have been tolerable. In the o!<i' days they were beyond Wretched description. In The Star of Sidewalks. December 14, 1865, is printed the following paragraph voicing the complaint of a reader: "Ambulator makes a spirited appeal to us in behalf of those who walk on north F street. He says that the sidewalks are mosrt miserably paved?in many places not paved at all, Insomuch as by frequent tramping the bricks have been worn away and knocked out of place, leaving sundry and divers mud puddles or pitfalls. In other places are large patches of brickbats and flagging Inserted, making altogether one of the most unsightly, unserviceable and wretched pavements to be found with in the corporate limits. What makes all this botching and patching and string of mudholes the worse is that at night the poor wayfarer must grope his way over a succession of hills and hollows without the aid of scarcely a single gaslight. Let those whose duty it is 'mend their ways,' and make F street a 'path of pleasantness' to our correspondent." Speaking of gaslights, it is significant to note that in the same issue of The Star appears complaint as to the quality, or per haps the quantity, of gas furnished to users of that illuminant during the earlier part of the winter. Following a paragraph to that effect is a brief note stating that "since the above was in type we learned that the canal boat Sarah Sands has ar rived with a load of coal from the Lonacon Ing mines. May we hope to see an im provement in the quality of the gas?" PASSING UP THE PASSES' From the Newark Advertiser. But the worst of it is that the railroads are going about this free pass abolition Just as if they meant it this time. From the Milwaukee Journal. It is to be hoped that along with cutting the passes from legislators, the Pennsyl vania railroad will also amputate the "moral obligation." From the Topeka State Journal. Tho Pennsylvania railroad has abolished free passes to politicians. It is very evi dent that tho Pennsylvania's- business In and out of Washington is atoout to suffer a great falling off. From the Atlanta Journal. The railroads seem about to anticipate Congress and settle the rate problem by abolishing ' free passes and making the congressmen pay regular rates. From the Cincinnati Enquirer. "The abolition of free transportation on the rallorads may keep at home some congress men and members of legislatures who are of more account away from their seats than In them. From the Milwaukee Journal. If worst comes to worst, we'll pay Ben Tillman's fare to Washington every time, just to worry some of those United States senators. From the Newark Adrertlaer. Is it possible that those Pittsburg alder men who say to the railroads, "free pusses or no franchises." have cot heard of such a <"lug jus a cash equivalent? REACTION That every current of action In one di rection produced a counter curreat Is an ac cepted axiom tn human af Counter fairs. The revolution in Rus Current. ??*. controlled until now by socialists and their allies In the cities, appears, so far as may be seen through the veil that obscures events, to have changed Its current. That reaction has begun and the power of a pseudo pro letariat has passed to the peasant? Such is the trend of the present moment. The peasant, It may be recalled, consti tutes 80 per cent of Russia's one hundred and twenty million souls. The workmen of the cltlee and the Intellectuals who com prised the revolutionists are Insignificant in numbers by comparison. That the re-> olutlonary machine has brok en down may be Inferred from the dis patches which announce that the workmen, of St. Petersburg have postponed their pro posed strike and In lieu thereof have ap pointed a triumvirate ns a governing body ana council to the revolutionary propagan The arrest of M. KrustalefT. the chief of u "!evolutionlsta. coupled with the fact that funds are lacking to carry on the prop aganda, gives evidence of the waning strength of the revolution. The govern ment has further manifested Its power by arresting a syndicate of employes of posts and telegraph, and ordered them to return to duty on pain of prosecution. There is something cynical in the state ment that when the strike leaders?whose virtues have been so extolled as to make them the embodiment of all that is good and patriotic?were arrested, they were round indulging in a superb banquet in a restaurant of mark in Moscow in common with women strikers and spending the strikers funds on expensive wines, cigars and liquors. If asked to explain the manl iest anomaly doubtless tliey would have answered "that banquets were, after all. better than bombs!" Does this not mean that reaction has be gun in Russia? It would signifv this in any country but Russia, which not only mystifies the world, aghast at the mani festations of brutality, but also M. Witte, -f he has been correctly reported in recent dispatches. "Clearly," said M. Witte to ills Interlocutor, "the vast changes which the Imperial manifesto heralded re quired time and patience to carry out, but what happened was utterly unexpected. Sections of the country, nay. whole classes, went to work systematically to annihilate their own means of livelihood and to ruin themselves and the whole nation. Social instincts seemed to have been atrophied. Instead of uniting to preserve order the people quarreled among themselves and at tacked the government." "Are you prepared to havo recourse to coercion?" asked the interviewer, and M. \\ itte is reported to have replied: "If this alternative comes to pass it will be confided to somebody qualified to essay It. 1 assuredly am not so qualified. I am devoid of the requisite qualities and tlie disposition." * " * * The writer has had a sincere admiration for M. Witte and he does not believe that f fte could have declared that Witte S ])e was "devoid of the quali Policy. l'es ant* the disposition" to (joerce if need be the anarch ist though arrayed in the blouse of a work man. The whole statement is contradictory and so unlike M. Witte that it may be safe ly discarded as untrue. On the contrary it would seem that M. Witte has adopted a policy of temporiza tion, a principle that "all comes to him who knows how to wait." The difficulties have been immense. No parties are virtu ous or patriotic in Russia; they are all bent on plunder of government, tue prince as well as the proletary. M. Witte coul-d not foresee or prevent the military mutinies w.liich have disgraced Cronstadi. and Vlad ivostok; the horrible massacres at Odessa, Kief, Kasan, Kherson, Iarostaf and else where. Let us hope that his policy of temporization means that he hopes thus to gain time, drisgust and fatigue the working classes with their own regime of disorder whilst seeking to appea.se the peasant and avert the horrors of an uprising compared to which the barbarities committed will count as little. Will his device, like that of another state in difficulty, be that Russia will come out of her troubles through her own efforts, that is, through the agency of the Russian premier? The insurrection of the peasants in France in 1358 will differ from that in Russia in that the former was a revolt against the noble, whilst the latter would be directed not against the noble specially, but what are known as the Intellectuals, includ ing lawyers, doctors, professors, en gineers and students. M. Witte's tenure of authority Is based upon his influence with the intellectuals to infuse in them something like reason and an understand ing of the peril which menaces the country. The "black band" is the power behind the throne, a power which the emperor will in voke only In the hour of supreme danger to his dynasty. It wlu serve to throw some light upon the Russian situation to give the reader an idea of the aims and objects of parties in Russia. * * * The party of intellectuals Is composed, as indicated, of propessionals or students. Their dream is to overthrow Russian the aristocracy of blood. Parties They are in fact what are called opportunists,- sons of peasants or the poor bourgeoisie. They are vain, ambitious and joined to their science an unfortunate lack of education and polish augments their hatred of the aristocracy, which they auect to despise, but of which they are jeaJous in fact. They loudly proclaim the "rights of the people," of whom they speak disdainfully among themselves as a "pack of brutes." All aspire to be a deputy to the coming douma, a mayor or governor general. 'i he extreme opposite of the aforecited party Is the Illiterates, the lavochniki, composed of shop keepers, butchers, bakers and chiefly an Immense number o, peasants. From the illiterates has been recruited a faction composed of workmen In cities, factory men and others. Taking their model" from the workmen of other cities, Paris and Berlin, they become easy vic tims of the propaganda and these have but one idea, the division of property. This party makes a great deal of noise, but their numbers are small, and call them selves nihilists and communists. The aristocratic party is divided. One THE FAMILY ROW. From the Buffalo Commercial. It is all wrong to say that Jbhn Sharp Williams, the democratic leader in the House of Representatives, has not much oi a following; the majority of the demo cratic members are going after htm with a sharp stick most of the time. From the Birmingham Age-Herald. John Sharp Williams drives when he can not lead. From the Scranton Tribune. Mr. Lamar came out of his encounter with John Sharp Williams a crushed states man. From the 1'blladeliibla Public Ledger. Report that John Sharp Williams has di vided the minority grows from the fact that he cut t^klcker out of the herd and hobbled him. From the Indianapolis Star. Minority Leader Williams In the House hasn't as many performers in his troupe as the republicans, but at that It looks as though he were going to have his hands f?ll. From the Rochester Herald. Mr. Lamar of Florida Impresses us as be ing something superfluous. He ought to subside. From the Columbia Rtat<v We hope that Lamar, Shackelford and Williams are not deceiving themselves Into thinking that the people are applauding them instead of laughing at their vaudeville buffoonery. Mr. Williams, at least, was conscious of the fact that the three were Justifying the choice of a donkey as symbol of that sort of democracy. From the Charleston News and Courier. Considering the Lamar-less condition of the committee on interstate and foreign commerce, it 1* to weep. From tb? New York American. John Sharp Williams should be known not as the minority leader, but as the minimum IN RUSSIA. TT1"* sustains the emperor nnil the church; the other opposes the emperor because he abrogated his autocratic power. They favor his deposition and the election of a de scendant of the Ruriks. founders of the empire. Since the Issue of the Imperial manifesto another party has sprung into existence entitled "the holy alliance for self-protec tion. under the leadership of Count Bob Insky and M. Sherematleff. It summons nil true sons of holy Russia to the defense of the emperor. Another party still is composed of con servative Zemjitvos, under the leadership of Dimitrl Shipoff. Quchkoff and Michel Stak ' w'th branch societies Known as The League of October SO." "The Party of Law and Order." These organizations ! a? supported by the Novoe Vremya and the Slovo. They are in sympathy with the Slav party an.I hostile to Germany. There is still another party, composed of radical zemstvos, under the leadership of Prince Peter Dolgoroukl. Prof. Troubetsky, M. Kakoschekln. M. Rodecheff, M. Naba koff and Prof. MllnlkotT. They demand a constituent assembly elected l?y universal suffrage and direct and secret ballot. Tho party l? divided on the question of woman's franchise, and whether parliament shall have one or two chambers. To this party belong free thinkers and Christian demo crats under the leadership of Father Pe trofT. It should be added that all these sustain the monarchy. Finally there is a party of modern con servatives which favors M. Wltte and the establishment of a new regime. m * * The "black mass" is the cloud which overhangs Russia. Brought up In the double cult Off czar and the The Black church, the peasant has no Menace. confidence or hope except in him alone. He recalls that he was emancipated from serfdom by a de cree of the czar, and If he Is no longer the slave of the ancient "barine," what does he care for a constitution? Will he be richer therefor? Will his ground be more fertile? The land? The czar will give It to him. V\ hat do the people In the cities mean who murder each other and the troops and throw bombs? They say they will over throw the czar? Already the peasant de tests the city people?as in every country, for a fact?when ho tlnds that this city man would touch that which Is dearest to his soul, the czar, image of God and country. This peasant, who Is familiarly known as "Ivan Ivanovltch." Is thinking of arming himself with a hatchet and cutting down the city man. whether he he intel lectual or workman. At St. Petersburg re cently butchers, bakers nnd many others whose business has been ruined by the in surrectionists manifested their hostility to the revolution by hoisting the national flag with the portrait of the czar. At Kief, Odessa. Sebastopni. Kkaterlnoslaf and Berditchef. a manifestation of this char acter led to a massacre. "Foreigners" (the people of the city) have betrayed the czar. Let us avenge him! And our "little father will give us the property and goods of the traitors!" Such are the sinister rumors which are spreading through the country. The Jews come In for a special measure of hatred because, "speaking a German jargon, they are affiliated with the revolutionary workmen and students, and are declared enemies of the czar and the orthodox church." Who is to save Russia from a reaction which seems imminent and Inevitable, a reaction the horrors cvt which will be a shameful blot on the history* o>f Russia? Is M. Wltte the man for the hour? The pessimist maintains that not even M. Wltte may avert the catastrophe, but that when Russia is a prey to the torch in the hands of ft revolted peasantry the German army will cross the frontier, and. under pretext of suppressing anarchy, es tablish the authority of the kaiser In Rus sia. Prince Louis Napoleon Ronaparte. recent ly governor of the province of Erivan, In Russian Asia, Is a major general in the Russian army. His absence from his post at this time In Italy, ostensibly on a leave of two months. Is said to be duo to the spirit of insubordination of the Russian soldier and the very great dislike by b?)th_ civilians arid military of all foreigners. w * * l ather George Gapon, the Russian, does not appear to he greatly troubled over his condemnation to death for The Fugitivetreachory by the revolution Priest. ary leaders with whom he acted on the "Red Sunday" of January 22. He is now engaged in writ ing his memoirs and In the meantime has written a story in Le Matin of how he escaped from Russia across the German frontier. In which the commerce of passing refugees over the border from Russia to Germany is explained and lm'ersely the Im portation into Russia of revolutionary lit erature- The writer has seen a picture of father Gapon which is not prepossessing-, rather Gapon, Indeed, is not an attractive personality and his small hour of distinc tion ended with his flight. Pope Pius X has issued an encyclical let ter to the bishops of Russian Poland counseling co-operation In the pacification of the empire. The pontiff urges the Poles to co-operate with the authorities in organ izing against the revolutionists and to pre vent strikes, "which damage Incalculably the welfare of the people," and students are counseled to abstain from participation in scholastic manifestations. The pope pays tribute to the wisdom and goodness of the Emperor Nicholas, whoso ukase of April 30 has been extended by that of Oc tober 30. In which greater liberty has been accorded to Russian subjects. Tha clergy are reminded that they should give their earnest attention to those who may desire to embrace Catholicism. .vN?t3!t??.tandinc the Persistent repetition ^ ittewill resign, it appears that so far from such intention both emperor and premier are resisting all efforts to create a dictatorship. The great object now Is to ho.d up the "black band." On the other hand, the court party favors Immediate ac tlon. M. Menshikoff. in a strong article ad vises an aggressive fight against the revolu tion. He says: The present anarchy and suspense are w,?.? t0uJh?- Inactl?n the government. \\ ltte, like Kuropatkin. not only permits the enemy to arm and to concentrate h's forces but to make his dispositions and to choose the moment for giving battle. Such tactics will no more win In Russia than they did in Manchuria." The hope of pacification In Russia rests in the maintenance of accord between the em peror and his premier. CHAILLE-LONG WANDERING WEB. From the Atlanta Constitution. "Web" Davis, who "got his" out of the Boers and deserted the republican party, has* formally announced his return to the g. o. p. "President Roosevelt opened the doors of the republican party for my re turn," he declares. Now. see what Presi dent Roosevelt has gone and done! From the Knoxvtlle Journsl and Tribune. Web Davis has come back to the republi can party?who can tell what the party has done that it should deserve a tiling like this? From the Newark Evening News. Web Davis may be extinct, but he man ages to secure a half-Inch or so in the para graph column by announcing that he has returned to the republican party. From the Des Moines Capital. The Hon. Lobster Davis Is fcaqk Into the republican party again. He seems to have come on his own motion. From the Toledo Blade. After the country has again forgotten that ttaare is such a person as Webster Davis, he may be expected to execute an other political flop. From the Nashyille Banner. Another evidence that the President Is friendly to the democrats Is furnished by Web I>avls' statement, "Roosevelt opened the doors of the republican party for my re turn." From the Atlanta .Journal. Webster Davis Is now once more a good republican. This will help the democratlo party lots In those few places where Web ster Is really known. From the Los Auffles Herald. It 1* announced "officially" that Webster Davis has returned to the republican fold. Blnce Mr. Davis has looated in Los Angeles at the same time the local republicans can afford to kill the fatted calf, for that which mi to* la fwiBd. BERTIE THE LAMB IN TRAINING "What a curious spectacle." thought the City Dlscovefer as he leaned on his stout cane nnd gated lnt-;ntly through his gol 1 rimrned glasses. And it was, Indeed, a curious spectacle. The Discoverer had spent the better part of the afternoon tramping aix>ut the sub urbs and then, cold and hungry an 1 lone some, he had started homeward, mailing ? short cut through Rock freek park ft "in .1 point on the Chevy Chase road. An I t.? had entirely given up the hope of m-et g any one who would make the latter part "f ills walk of Interest when this curious spectacle fell upon his eye? this sp-- ta 'I* of a tall, lean-flanked, broad-shoulder-11 I:. dlvldual In .1 high hat and frock '-'at, \i riously lashirig a largo at' I w-U- > v I oak tree with a cruel, nine-thong-d "vh p. "What a remarkable sight." repe.ite I th? Discoverer, as he made his way cv -r ihi frozen ground toward the *'r?ng-r. 'I don't know whether it i? pru-b-nt or not, but I'll take n chance and speak to htm ' "Charming day. perfectly charming." le plled the stranger to the Discoverer's i tation "Sweet weather. Is It not? Isn't this a cute w ilp l have? I think It Is j;: I lovely." "It Is certainly a very formidable w'.i|"'n of punishment," replied the Piscov- rer In a dignified tone, as he eyed the ?trat.^ r sharply. "May 1 make so bold as to in quire why you are beating tliat tree? \ ' i are not" ' Now look here." said the Strang"', shak lng his linger archly at the Discoverer, "don't you quote that old adage, about ?>. woman, a dog and a walnut tree, the inoro you beat them the better th< y be ' 1 iiavo a different version of that old saying." "And what Is your version?" Inqutel the City Discoverer. "Why, I say," replied the tall stranger with a smile, "that a cruel wife-b tier and a walnut tree, the more you beat them the lwtter they be." Isn't that devilishly clever, old chap?" "Evidently," suggested the City Dls. < V erer, "you are one of those who 1*1 eve that the establishment of a whipping post In Washington for the punishment of wife beaters would be a good thing ." "Mercy " cried the tail stranger, "aren't you the quick thing? Yes. 1 am one of those. And I brought this whip "ut llera this afternoon to see how it worked. I want to know things before I advocate them. People say the cat-o'-nine tails 's isuch a cruel instrument. Why. Just look, old chap. I haven't hurt this old tree a bit. Why. it isn't even scratched, and I tell yoa, old chap. I warmed It good." "I observed that you Were plying tie whip with considerable spirit." ternarked the Discoverer dryly. "Hut what are your reasons for advocating the whipping post for this city?" "Oh fudge," rejoined the tall stranger, "Now you're teasing me. There are soma awfully good reasons why it should be done. I don't remember them now. but they re awfully sound. Why, I told some of them to the' public last winter, and after 1 rea l up on the subject some more I'm going to tell them all over "iigaln. Hut you know what thev are. don't you. old chap?" "Well." replied the City Discoverer slow ly. carefully weighing his words, "I know some of the arguments on lmth sides I" ? "Don't tell me any of those horrid ar guments." cried the tall stranger, pc'.u lantly. "because X don't want to hear them. I know Just what you're going to say and It's entirely too sensible. Why. almost ev eryone 1 talk with on the subject has some good arguments against It. and It's pe fectly discouraging. When a man Is try ing to do'somethlng to benefit the city and the people don't see It that way and try to discourage him 1 think it Is horrid. Don't you?" "Well." replied the City Discoverer with an embarrassed cough. "1 don't know about that. The people seem to th'nk they don't want to go back to the customs of the thirteenth century." "Mercy," cried the tall stranger, "did they have a whipping post then? 1 am so disappointed. I thought I was the first to suggest it." "History tells us," began the "discoverer. ? but the tall stranger Interrupted him "I never read history. I think it ;s dread fully stupid, don't you?" he asked. "I m awfully well read In other ways, though I wouldn't h*ve you think for a moment that my education had been neglected. I Just finished an awfully good book by the Countess.' .about a beautiful girl who tell in love with a perfectly lovely man. and all that sort of thing, you know. Did you ever read The Joys of Divorce." or 'Happy Jane, the Fireman's Brlde?| They are two perfectly splendid books." "I can't say that I ever did," replied the Discoverer, staring at the tall stranger In some amazement. "But to get back to the subject of the whipping post. Tou are a bachelor, are you not?" "X am." replied the stranger. ' but 1 Just can't guess how you knew It." "Why," replied the Discoverer, with a la bored attempt at humor, "If you were a married man vou might not be so heartily in favor of the establishment of a whipping post for wife beaters." _ "Now you are teasing me again,' cried the tall stranger, with a merry laugh. ' Ycu know I wouldn't strike a lady, even If she were my wife. Why. It just makes me creepy to think of it." . The City Discoverer started at the ta i stranger, scratched his head, took oft his gold-rimmed glasses, wiped and replaced them and finally shook his heal and te marked: , , . "My dear sir, I have enjoyed this ele vating and Interesting conversation very much. Indeed. Won't ycu tell me who you are ?" "I Just believe you know," rep'led the tail stranger, with a smile, "but I II tell you anyhow. I am Representative Ad ims ot Pennsylvania, the author of the bill for the establishment of the whipping poBt in the District of Columbia. Robcr- Is my first name, but you may call me bertia it 5 "Jumping Jehoshaphat." muttered the City Discoverer to himself as he resumed h ? homeward Journey. "Bertie whipping D ?the fireman's bride?who would hav? thought it?" RYAN'S RECONSIDERATION. From the Philadelphia Press. After all Mr. Ryan appeared r:'her to enjoy telling. From the Chicago New*. Mr. Ryan will yet make his mark is a conversetlonalist'lf the district attorn- y < an always have his way. From the Syracuse Herald. Mr. Ryan, on the witness stand, didn't appear to be so sorry about having to tell about it. From the Rlrmlngham Age-Herald. , Thomas F. Ryan concluded that answer ing questions out of jail was better than stubborn silence within that classic struc ture. From the <fcoehestor Herald. After all, it is likely that Mr. Ryan mere ly wanted to be compelled to peach on Har. riman. The fact that he didn't divvy in dicates that he hasn't much real affection for the financial bushwhacker. From the Cincinnati Commercial Tribune Mr. Ryan has found that not only can one district attorney lead an Insurance m.tgnate to the witness stand, but that he can nukt the magnate talk. WHAT HE DOESN'T WANT. [A married man puts himself on record Just befort Christmas.! ' I do not need a china set. a table or a chair; Fur sofa pillows 1're no use at present. I da not think a toilet set would le.tve me free from cars Or make the deur old world scein ultra piuasanU I do not want a new g?? range, a hoa or a muff. And I declare 1 wouldn t car* lor spoons of chafing dishes; t insy as well confess that I hare coffee pott enough; No carpet sweejier comes within the wide rang* of my wlahes. I do not need I. set of forks, a rug or Jewel case, And, candidlr, 1 don't believe I'd prise a New earring oatSt or a fine new frame In which to place The portrait at my darling's Aunt Eliza. I do not wsnt a lady's desk.a lamp or sugar howL And parlor curtains do not seem to ma to W a luring; A handbag with a silver chain would not uplift my soul. And I djn't want a set of things designed fol manicuring. -4. U. J?i?er, in Uie Chicago Recoid-IleraU.