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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 17, 1905, Image 20

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THE EVENING STAK.
With Snnday Morning- Edition.
WASHINGTON.
SUNDAY December 17, 10O3
CROSBY S. NOYES Editor
Fateied aa second-class mail mattar at th* pact
oi&ce at WuhingtJB. D. C.
CHE STAK has ft regular and permanens
Family Circulation _nnch moro than the
combined circulation cf the other Wash
ington dallies. As a News and Advertis
ing Meu.um it has no competitor.
Ti;e Evening Star, with the Sunday morning edi
tion. U delivered by curriers within the city at SO
cer.ti pt-r mouth; without the .Sunday morning edi
tion at 44 cents per uiouth.
By mail, postage prepaid:
Daily. Sunday Included, one month. r?0 cents.
Daily Sunday excepted on* month. 60 cents.
Saturday Star, one vtar. $1.00.
Sunday Star, one year. $1.50.
Mr Hearst's Democracy.
There are
II* v??wd for Mr. 1 ? . as a dem
lias lH- n assigned to comi _
o-t. That would ?PP?' l3 concerned,
qn-stion SO fa. 39 Ma cialms are
At .. distance. howev ,ar, where
disputed. In ,th<' *?U, ' , vear In his race
1j,. sought delegates - presl
for hla party's n.^inxtlon^for^ ^ ^
dtncy. his dem TheTo umbla, 8. C.. State
?o*us variety. ^ landmark declares
a demagogue. and
ET-.zrtjzzz*""
a true ^?"f thl8? ,n what particular
has" Mr Hearst changed since last year,
he < up ported Judge l'arker on the St.
z:2xnzm. am jr:
Iiar..r, ,t t^ Part> S Mr Bryan-S BOUth
lt'uv Moreover. he and Mr.
crn W?4? shoulder. as to
Bryan stand Mi .uld- tl(in and the
^?bx:zrzs'z~
one out ana lt-a\c uw? invelv
. ... 'n.ev may not be very io\ei>
^ ls the decree
ti . V should not he divided.
ls V'1UMr ' Hea'rst' of 'Mr. McClellan
ess tsss
SSsrffiRrsSs
^rlo'i:: readout of his party for
Ws part .. that
others must go a'""K "?ln to carry New
jsircs--?r?r thea
presidency
the republicans would have the sune.
oorat'y that"nobody is Justified in making
Xself disagreeable ai out his share.
An Insane Locomotive Engineer^
A loe motive engineer on one of the New
" , railroads has just betn com
,M>? iW condition, for h. >?"
acting queerly. Nevertheless no mov. was
made to have his mental state
and he has been tunning fast .'assenge
trains almost ciailN.
This incident suggests that there is not
a reliable system of inspection <n U:e ease
of railroad operatives, upon wh?e. wnval
and physical state depend the .ives ? f g eat
numbers of 1" OS*- me" ^
ined as to their h.alth and cer.a.n c.ual
IlealIons. Fueh as color sight, be ore they
are accepted as trainmen, but there ~eems
to be no provision for periodically ascer
taining whether they are up to standard.
H is common experience lor engines to
undertake so mueh work that they break
down from exhaustion Som?tlmes !-uch
collapse causes a wreck, and the faci is
later disclosed that the engineer has been
running tifu-en hours or more a day.
Much more Important is the physical and
men.ai condition of these workers than
that of almost any other class of men. The
slightest blunder, so highly organized and
so greatly congested Is the railroad si-iv
icc today, may result in a collision cts.lng
scores of lives. The railroad corporations
supposedly insist upon ..!>? dien -e to c.rtain
rules which th. ..p tk-ally prevent all mis
haps The machine Is perfect, on paper,
but th'' all OMBt Of human frailty Is, after
alk ti e governing factor, and unfortunately
that < lenient is the very ono that Is r.ot
sul'j ct to the most rigid inspection. The
car wheels are examined at '-he end of
tich run, and the locomotive is roughly
looked over, and ti.o "all" Is tested. But
with !>? Thaps a few exceptions, tlie corpora
tions do not subject their engineers and
towermen and other responsible operatives
to occasional tests for sanity, nerve
strength, eyesight or other qualifications
which are vitally important In the perfect
working of the great process.
The discovery of a new element similar to
radium, and almost equaling it in activity,
hi.s . n in:, junced. When It is learned
what radium ls good for this new article
may be used as a substitute.
In looking around for a financier with
purely unselfish motives E. H. Harriman
has had a harder time than old Diogenes.
Defensive Sanitary Works.
Two committees of Wnshlngtonlans are
prosecuting active campaigns in the Dis
trict for the accomplishment of objects that
call for the heartiest support of all classes
of citizens. One of these committees is
striving for the Improvement of the hous
ing conditions among tho poor, and the
other ls conducting a crusade against con
sumption. There is a close relationship be
tween the two ladies, and both are identi
fied with and assisted by the larger charity
and public Improvement bodies of citizens.
Recent reports from tho workers have Indi
cated t it a gratifying degree of progress
has been made during tho past year, ana
thcie Is reason to look for material im
provements in the physical conditions af
fecting the poorer classes of District resi
dents within the near future.
Tl i rusadc against consumption Is ot
vital importance. This scourge must be
fought systematically, along well-planned
lines. Education is of prime value. In
doed. it is the basis of the whole campaign.
The people must be taught that consump
tion ls infectious, that It ls not necessarily
fatxl. and that It Is preventive. They must
te Impressed with the fact that it is spread
mainly through the violation of certain
simple rales of health, that neglect Is otten
a fatal blunder and that despair ls a des
perate mistake.
To conduct such a campaign calls for
funds. They are needed for the hire of
lecture rooms and apparatus, for t(je pay
of those workers who must give their whole
time to the efTort and for such miscella
neous expenses as are always Incurred in a
well-managed work of this kind. The larger
the fund the more effective the campaign
y i }j+, Every dollar ls a contribution to
the general health of the community.
Kvery giver has an Individual interest or
the matter. Consumption la spread lnto^ktl
quarters as conditions now exist, and as
long as the sanitary situation among tne
poor and Ignorant remains favorable to tne
lnfcctlon of the disease so, long will the en
tire community be menaced by It.
In the matter of housing Improvement
there la, fortunately, a less serious problem
here to fce soived than in some other cities.
But the local work of this character to be
done Is nevertheless Important and urgent.
The very fact that Washington has no such
slums as are to be found In New York, Bos
ton, Philadelphia and elsewhere is an
excellent reason for pressing onward vigor
ously, to make a clean sweep and to make
smitary ail the unwholesome places. Much
has been dore already in this line, thanks
to the public-spirited efforts of citizens who ,
have constructed sanitary dwellings for the
use of tenants of small incomes. Some of
the alleys and minor streets, however, are
in need of reformatory attention in this re
gard. and here again education of the i?oor
helps greatly in advancing the cause, while
there is bard work to be done in securing
the enactment of proper laws and their
full enforcement. This work also cills for
contributions from the pub'.lc, and they are
being received in a gratifying measure. But
as In the case of the anti-consumption cam
paign there is need constantly for more
money. And again, as in that ciS2, the
dollars of the well-to-do, whose own homes
are in the highest degree sanitary, are
really given in self-defense, for the phys
ical and moral health of the whole District
is afTected by the bad conditions in the al
leys and byways which this committee is
striving to cure.
The Last Week.
The coming week w 11 fin.sh up the Christ
mas buying. With good weather there will
be a tremendous outpouring of shoppers,
despite the activity shown by them dur:ng
th?* past few weeks, in recognition of tha
often repeated" rule that he?or ^she?who
buys early Is best served. The excellent
weather gave the shoppers their fullest op
portunity to examine the great stocks on
the counters and shelves, but the wretched
conditions of the past two days have seri
ously discommoded them and given the
merchants occasion to criticise the ele
ments.
Judging from the crowds in the stores
during these weeks of Christmas prepara
tion, the District is blessed with an excep
tional degree of prosperity. The sales ac
counts of the stores are always a reliable
index to the condition of the household ex
chequer. Good times mean heavy holiday
business, and according to this criterion
Washington Is closing the year lyOo in
splendid condition.
The tendency in modern Christmas giving
is apparently toward the practical and help
ful, rather than the merely ornamental.
The merchants have encouraged this in
clination by offering especially attractive
goods of such a character in holiday guise.
It is no longer difficult for a shopper to
find just the thing wanted by the pros
pective recipient.
Year by year the custom of exchanging
presents is growing, but It Is not neces
sarily burdensome, unless the giver loses
Judgment and attempts to emulate those
with larger resources, who remember in
this fashion a wide circle of friends. The
Christmas spirit is recognized and ex
pressed by the mere gift of a card, a token
of remembrance and good cheer. Indeed,
often the most beautiful sentiment is thus
voiced. There is then no suggestion that a
return of value is expected.
The modern method of making gifts
serves an excellent purpose in that it in
sures that serrti-negligible needs are met.
Father* and mother, writing their schedule
of holiday purchases, are likely to remem
ber the necessities of the youngsters in the
way of clothing and other equipment. And
It bespeaks the practical good sense of the
children of today that most of them are
made quite as happy by the presentation
of some useful article as by the gift of a
perishable toy.
These last few days are strenuous ones
for all?for the^ buyers, who must rush
from store to store seeking the best and
cheapest; for the clerks, who must serve
their customers with good tempor and un
failing patience and infinite wisdom and
good taste; for the delivery wagon workers,
who must cover scores of miles daily in
the effort to get the purchases in the hands
of their owners without loss of time or con
fusion of packages; for the street-car oper
atives, who are compelled to endure the
hollda f embarrassment of carrying great
numbers of bundle-loaded passengers. But
it bespeaks the prime good-nature of the
average American that these difficult days
are always passed without serious friction.
The holiday spirit Is in the air, and little
mistakes and lapses are usually condoned
with a smile.
"Judge" Hamilton.
Young Mr. McCall, who went to Paris re
cently to ask "Judge" Hamilton, now so
journing there, either to come home and
su'bmit to an examination on the witness
stand as to his part In the insurance skul
duggery, or prepare a formal statement for
publication, sailed for New York yesterday.
This should bring him into port on Chr.st
mas eve, and among the public's Christmas
gifts may be a message from the great
American lawyer with an Albany reputa
tion. The Investigating committee lias dis
covered much, but much remains under
cover, and the opinion is all but universal
that, If he would. "Judge" Hamilton couid
put the capstone on the tallest pile of
crookedness ever seen In this country. But
he is not likely to do It. Paris Is a com
fortable town, and few questions are asked
of sojourners there.
After observing the dissenting opinions In
the court of appeals concerning the ballot
box cases, Mr. Hearst will admit, despite
his high regard for the sentiments of the
crowd, that a minority occasionally has a
lot of intelligence.
The reports that Armenians have engaged
in a massacre of Mohammedans will cause
the Sultan of Turkey to wonder whether
there Is any respect for tradition surviving
in the world.
The people who put up their money for
"Pads an-d Kancles" in good ?faith because
they wanted a nice book must feel particu
larly aggrieved.
There has seldom been a time when Mr.
Tillman was not morally certain that some
thing was wrong with nomethlng.
The case of Captain and Mrs. Taggert
may some time be kept out of the courts,
but not out of the newspapers.
Modern Mercuries.
Not content with motor airs that carry
him along at railroad speed, man must try
to equip himself with winged feet, after
the fashion set by Mercury In the good old
days. Boiler skates and Ice skates have
approximated to this achievement, but they
have fhelr disadvantages, chiefly the result
of a lack of harmony between the wearer's
legs and the tendency of the skates to strike
off at Involuntary tangents. Now comes a
Frenchman with winged boots, or, at least,
so nearly winged that Mercury himself
would probably sue for Infringement dam
ages if he were with us today and had
his old eye to the main chance.
This French invention consists of a pair
of motor boot*, each about fifteen inches
long, with eight-Inch wheels, operated from
an accumulator belt capable of transmit
ting one And one-halt horse gowen F<aeh
boot weighs about sixteen pound?, but the
wearer does not lift his feet, and Is thus
not discommoded by the. ballast. The mo
tors, Indeed, serve the excellent purpose of
keeping the rider-walker right side up when
In action. They w?U develop a speed of
from six to thirty miles an hour.
What Is to become of us now? When
we are not dodging bicycles and motor cars
w?. win be colliding with whizzing motor
footed semi-pedestrians. Are these fleet
footed folks to be permitted the use of the
sidewalks, or will they be classed as vehi
cles. and required to take to the pave? Will
they, as light-sailing crart, be given the
right of way? Must they carry horns, and
will such horns have distinctive sounds, to
denote the difference between a motor car
and a motor man?
Verily, this Is an age of marvels and
riddles. The lot of the citizen who Is
singular enough to lack the desire to beat
the wind, who Is content to use his feet
as his ancestors used them, and who asks no
more than that he be allowed to live, is fast
?becoming difficult and perilous. He regards
with some degree 'of calmness the furious
antics of the motormaniacs that lead to
occasional self-smashing complications. But
he gravely fears that life will indeed be
come a problem and a burden when the
speed craze takes the form of Individual
scorching by the worshipers of the great
gods gasoline and e'ectrloity.
? The New Regime in Russia.
"Well. Brlskl. how has she been heading
in my absence?"
"In the right direction, I hope. At any
rrte, we've done our best. How's Paris?"
"Great! truly great! But there are no
particulars. I was told there that a Pa
risian record is canceled when the visitor
leaves town. Still, I'm glad to be back,
even with the country turned upside down,
and people looking "'very way for Sunday.
"Get many pointers about a free press,
and all that?"
"My boy, I had a strange experience. I
met an American, who is the Paris cor
respondent of one of the leading newspa
pers of his country, and he warned me
against Parisian models. Very bright fel
low and talks like a house a-flre. Never
heard a man fuller of his subject. He says
the real thing In the free press line is In
America. The newspapers over there have
never had a bit in their mouths, and go
tho gait. He advises me to go over myself,
or send somebody, and says I'll thank him
later for the suggestion. How does an
other trip to America strike you? I can t
spare the time."
"I should like it. That Portsmouth jaunt
was very pleasant."
"Well, this is the American's idea. He
says that sooner or later we shall have
rings in this country, and when exposed they
need vigorous handing. He recommends
New York for a study of rings and how to
rattle them. Then when Congress meets
we shall want to handle that in the best
style. A visit to Washington will help us
out there. Then we must boom our town
keep It before the pubic in the light of the
greatest ever. Let me see. Where do we
g3 to study that trick? A big town, back
In the country somewhere."
"Chicago?"
"Spell It."
"C-h-l-c-a-g-o."
"Pronounce It."
"She-kaw-go?with the accent on the sec
ond syllable."
"That's the place?Chicago. Well, we go
there to learn how to boom a town. And
that's a point we must cover particularly.
I want the Mail to lead in advertising St.
Petersburg. New York. Washington and
Chicago, then, should supply you with all
you'll need, and that'll give us a lift. We'll
arrange the trip. But not a word about It.
Just disappear when the time comes, ana
leave your cronies guessing. No letters,
understand, except a few of a private na
ture to me, giving a suggestion or two, as
they may occur, for use before your re
turn We'll make the Mail a bang-up sheet,
Bilski, or break the presses in the at
tempt."
The Carnegie Veterans' Association, com
posed of steel magnates, now has a poet
laureate. He is W. B. Dickson, second vice
president of the U. S. Steel Corporation. If
Mr Dickson can go as far in supplying
the poetry as Mr. Carnegie has gone in put
ting up the libraries American literature is
safe.
The Standard Oil Company's stock opera
tions make it appear that some of that or
ganization's managers would have no ob
jection to putting Thomas W. Dawson
where ho would have to depend on litera
ture for a living.
The present enthusiasm in eradicating
every "boss" In sight may account for the
deference shown by Mr. Odell's enemies In
applying the title to him.
The Russian revolutionists think they
have a case against the czar which makes
the American brand of frenzied finance
seem like innocent play.
Compared to some of the operations of
the older hands in finance the transactions
of James Hazen Hyde look like mere boyish
pranks.
Mr Shonts probably thinks that a man
who has to meet all the objections offered
by members of Congress earns a large
salary.
SHOOTING STARS.
A Perverse Opinion.
"What Is your Idea of a reformer?
"A reformer," answered the wicked poli
tician, "Is merely a man who insists on
overlooking financial opportunities.
"Many a man." said Uncle Bben, takes
credit to his se'f foh bein' repentant when
he's only afraid of de Investlgatin' com
mittee."
Philosophic Finance.
This life would bring me few regrets.
If I could see its struggle out
With cash to pay my daily debts
An' not enough to fight about.
Formalities.
"Of course you are In favor of arbitra
tion," said one diplomat.
"Yes," answered the other. "It will at
least Insure a reasonable amount of quar
reling before the actual fighting starts.
Disposed to Criticise.
"Of course you are going to entertain
this season."
"I dunno," answered Mr. Cumrox. "We're
going to have a lot of doings. But I m
blest if I call it entertainment."
Supremacy.
When o'er winter skies so gray
Storm clouds hurry on their way
And the winds across the hill
Sweep the leaves with gusts so chill
And the lacing branches make
Eerie pictures as they Bhake.
Gaunt and ghostly 'gainst the moon.
That is when we miss you, June.
June with roses, June with smiles,
June with all your gentle wiles,
Shimmering leaf and blossoming spray
Still beloved, though far away.
Days of sunshine glided past.
All unheeded till at last
June had left us all to sigh,
Kissed the world and said good-bye.
But she dominates the year?
Though the skies may frown severe,
Memory echoes still the tune
That the robin sang In June.
Still beloved, though far away.
Shimmering leaf and blossoming spray
Shall return. June's gentle wiles
?ul? u* ?tiU with flowers and ?mUu.
FIFTY YEARS AGO
IN THE STAR
Prior to the latter part%of 1855 the mem
bers of the local police force wore no spe
clal badges to distinguish
Police them from ordinary citl
Badges. sens, a lack which was cor
rected early in December,
as the following: paragraph from The
Star of the 10th of that month indicates:
"The mayor has done a very sensible
thing, indeed, in directing that In future
the police of Washington shall wear a
handsome sliver star upon their breasts
by way of designating them to the pub
lic. It often happens that strangers, par
ticularly, submit to outrages here as
everywhere else, only because of the im
possibility of recognizing an undesig
nated policeman without too great loss of
time or too much notoriety in making a
search for one. The experienced reader
will perceive how much easier it will be
n!nl l"ger to obtaln the services of a
wherp tl' esPedally at any public place
H.'0*? o altera auena reguuirly,
80 designated that his office may be
known at a giante by any one. The star
anrtT/ i \ot s,lver' with five points,
and Is two inches in diameter, clear of the
Around the rim of the upper half
circle are engraved the words 'city police,'
worria?u?Vhat, ?f .the lower ha,f ^ele the
.Across the diameter
^ 8 first' 4?econd.' 'third* or
fourth district, as the case may be."
*
? *
The House deadlock over organization
greatly upset the calculations of those who
UttlA looked for a lively social sea
son with the opening of Con
Gayety. gress. The foil wing para
graph is to be : und in The
Star of December 12, 1856:
We have heard of no preparations as yet
f?rth5ay wlpterWashington. The delay
o, the result of the absorption of the
thoughts of all in the current proceedings
OI the riou.se. ivio^i o. ai,aiigeis. not ui
wimS^nf* t'h Washington. ar* northern
politicians of the conscience stripe,' who
backbone*el" Th doctor we'?k legislative
backbones. They are pious gentlemen
whose minds are above the frivolities of
thfjt neti0njlire in many respects, though
? 30 thirst after the contents
After6 rh'il pots ?f u"' national legislature.
Atter the organization may be consimi.
hlfmt V,0y- WiU r' tlre ,<J thoir respective
homes leaving only a sufficient guard here
to look out after their genera/* interests
I he close of the approaching holidays will
<viL1S ?^r usual sessional quota of gay
folks, to t):e gratifleauon of ai< classes oi
thi? city enKaKeJ In business,
whose prosperity depends in great part
upon the presence of such people among us
when we have Oongress here."
!lri'ily a fe?|r years ago that the con
fhf , VU?' 0''-ongresi, when housed in
the Capitol building, was cleared out and
removed to the magnificent new butldin"
across the park. Few users of the library
will recognize the condition mentioned in
the following paiagra(,i, published in The
Star of December 12, 1855'
"The barriers of the Paris revolutionists
Ca.Hfe more newspaper discuseion
than has the massive iron fence In the
xJbrary of Congress. 'But.' says the corre
5?? ?n , .of the Boston Transcript, 'not
withstanding the check given to visitors
by the intervention of iron barriers be
tween them and the contents of the shelves
the courtesy of the librarians, Messrs. Mee
han and Stelle, and their accomplished as
sistants, Hinman and Keoran, is in nowise
abated. More attentive and obliging of
ficers are not to be ifound in any of the
public offices In Washington.' "
Rock creek froze over on the night of De
cember 11 and a paragraph in The Star of
the next day to that effect gave great joy
to the skaters.
*
* *
Hat fashions have greatly changed in the
last fifty years, many times, indeed, and the
, . feminine headgear of today
Fashionable is altogether different from
Bonnets. that of 1855, as this para
graph from The Star of De
cember 13 of that year will prove:
"The ladies may be pleased to learn that
fur is now used for trimming ladies' bon
nets in Paris. On a black velvet bonnet a
roll of marten's l'ur ornaments the edg^s of
the front, the curtain and the crown A
black lace flounce eight inches deep is
sewed in gathers'where the crown joins the
front and continues behind, falling over the
curtain. On the side of the bonnet is a
velvet bow edged with fur; the strings are
of maroon taffeta, barred with black
around the face are white, blonde and scar
let velvet geraniums."
The effort to And the railroad car that
would not smash Into splinters in a col
lision and kill and wound its occupants was
just as active fifty years ago as it is today.
A paragraph in The Star of that period in
dicates an invention to this end, as follows:
"A genius is getting up a railroad car
aut of wrought iron and gutta percha. Such
a car may be jammed, but not broken It
may 'mash you up.' but it can make no
splinters to tear your trousers or lacerate
your limbs. The idea is a good one, and
we hope will realize his expectations."
*
* *
It is only during the last few years that
the sidewalks have been tolerable. In the
o!<i' days they were beyond
Wretched description. In The Star of
Sidewalks. December 14, 1865, is printed
the following paragraph
voicing the complaint of a reader:
"Ambulator makes a spirited appeal to us
in behalf of those who walk on north F
street. He says that the sidewalks are
mosrt miserably paved?in many places not
paved at all, Insomuch as by frequent
tramping the bricks have been worn away
and knocked out of place, leaving sundry
and divers mud puddles or pitfalls. In
other places are large patches of brickbats
and flagging Inserted, making altogether
one of the most unsightly, unserviceable
and wretched pavements to be found with
in the corporate limits. What makes all
this botching and patching and string of
mudholes the worse is that at night the
poor wayfarer must grope his way over a
succession of hills and hollows without the
aid of scarcely a single gaslight. Let
those whose duty it is 'mend their ways,'
and make F street a 'path of pleasantness'
to our correspondent."
Speaking of gaslights, it is significant to
note that in the same issue of The Star
appears complaint as to the quality, or per
haps the quantity, of gas furnished to users
of that illuminant during the earlier part
of the winter. Following a paragraph to
that effect is a brief note stating that
"since the above was in type we learned
that the canal boat Sarah Sands has ar
rived with a load of coal from the Lonacon
Ing mines. May we hope to see an im
provement in the quality of the gas?"
PASSING UP THE PASSES'
From the Newark Advertiser.
But the worst of it is that the railroads
are going about this free pass abolition
Just as if they meant it this time.
From the Milwaukee Journal.
It is to be hoped that along with cutting
the passes from legislators, the Pennsyl
vania railroad will also amputate the
"moral obligation."
From the Topeka State Journal.
Tho Pennsylvania railroad has abolished
free passes to politicians. It is very evi
dent that tho Pennsylvania's- business In
and out of Washington is atoout to suffer
a great falling off.
From the Atlanta Journal.
The railroads seem about to anticipate
Congress and settle the rate problem by
abolishing ' free passes and making the
congressmen pay regular rates.
From the Cincinnati Enquirer.
"The abolition of free transportation on the
rallorads may keep at home some congress
men and members of legislatures who are
of more account away from their seats than
In them.
From the Milwaukee Journal.
If worst comes to worst, we'll pay Ben
Tillman's fare to Washington every time,
just to worry some of those United States
senators.
From the Newark Adrertlaer.
Is it possible that those Pittsburg alder
men who say to the railroads, "free pusses
or no franchises." have cot heard of such a
<"lug jus a cash equivalent?
REACTION
That every current of action In one di
rection produced a counter curreat Is an ac
cepted axiom tn human af
Counter fairs. The revolution in Rus
Current. ??*. controlled until now by
socialists and their allies In
the cities, appears, so far as may be seen
through the veil that obscures events, to
have changed Its current. That reaction
has begun and the power of a pseudo pro
letariat has passed to the peasant? Such
is the trend of the present moment.
The peasant, It may be recalled, consti
tutes 80 per cent of Russia's one hundred
and twenty million souls. The workmen of
the cltlee and the Intellectuals who com
prised the revolutionists are Insignificant in
numbers by comparison.
That the re-> olutlonary machine has brok
en down may be Inferred from the dis
patches which announce that the workmen,
of St. Petersburg have postponed their pro
posed strike and In lieu thereof have ap
pointed a triumvirate ns a governing body
ana council to the revolutionary propagan
The arrest of M. KrustalefT. the chief of
u "!evolutionlsta. coupled with the fact
that funds are lacking to carry on the prop
aganda, gives evidence of the waning
strength of the revolution. The govern
ment has further manifested Its power by
arresting a syndicate of employes of posts
and telegraph, and ordered them to return
to duty on pain of prosecution.
There is something cynical in the state
ment that when the strike leaders?whose
virtues have been so extolled as to make
them the embodiment of all that is good
and patriotic?were arrested, they were
round indulging in a superb banquet in a
restaurant of mark in Moscow in common
with women strikers and spending the
strikers funds on expensive wines, cigars
and liquors. If asked to explain the manl
iest anomaly doubtless tliey would have
answered "that banquets were, after all.
better than bombs!"
Does this not mean that reaction has be
gun in Russia? It would signifv this in
any country but Russia, which not only
mystifies the world, aghast at the mani
festations of brutality, but also M. Witte,
-f he has been correctly reported in recent
dispatches. "Clearly," said M. Witte to
ills Interlocutor, "the vast changes which
the Imperial manifesto heralded re
quired time and patience to carry out, but
what happened was utterly unexpected.
Sections of the country, nay. whole classes,
went to work systematically to annihilate
their own means of livelihood and to ruin
themselves and the whole nation. Social
instincts seemed to have been atrophied.
Instead of uniting to preserve order the
people quarreled among themselves and at
tacked the government."
"Are you prepared to havo recourse to
coercion?" asked the interviewer, and M.
\\ itte is reported to have replied:
"If this alternative comes to pass it will
be confided to somebody qualified to essay
It. 1 assuredly am not so qualified. I am
devoid of the requisite qualities and tlie
disposition."
*
" * *
The writer has had a sincere admiration
for M. Witte and he does not believe that
f fte could have declared that
Witte S ])e was "devoid of the quali
Policy. l'es ant* the disposition" to
(joerce if need be the anarch
ist though arrayed in the blouse of a work
man. The whole statement is contradictory
and so unlike M. Witte that it may be safe
ly discarded as untrue.
On the contrary it would seem that M.
Witte has adopted a policy of temporiza
tion, a principle that "all comes to him
who knows how to wait." The difficulties
have been immense. No parties are virtu
ous or patriotic in Russia; they are all bent
on plunder of government, tue prince as
well as the proletary. M. Witte coul-d not
foresee or prevent the military mutinies
w.liich have disgraced Cronstadi. and Vlad
ivostok; the horrible massacres at Odessa,
Kief, Kasan, Kherson, Iarostaf and else
where. Let us hope that his policy of
temporization means that he hopes thus to
gain time, drisgust and fatigue the working
classes with their own regime of disorder
whilst seeking to appea.se the peasant and
avert the horrors of an uprising compared
to which the barbarities committed will
count as little. Will his device, like that
of another state in difficulty, be that
Russia will come out of her troubles
through her own efforts, that is, through
the agency of the Russian premier? The
insurrection of the peasants in France in
1358 will differ from that in Russia in
that the former was a revolt against the
noble, whilst the latter would be directed
not against the noble specially, but what
are known as the Intellectuals, includ
ing lawyers, doctors, professors, en
gineers and students. M. Witte's tenure
of authority Is based upon his influence
with the intellectuals to infuse in them
something like reason and an understand
ing of the peril which menaces the country.
The "black band" is the power behind the
throne, a power which the emperor will in
voke only In the hour of supreme danger
to his dynasty. It wlu serve to throw
some light upon the Russian situation to
give the reader an idea of the aims and
objects of parties in Russia.
*
* *
The party of intellectuals Is composed,
as indicated, of propessionals or students.
Their dream is to overthrow
Russian the aristocracy of blood.
Parties They are in fact what are
called opportunists,- sons of
peasants or the poor bourgeoisie. They
are vain, ambitious and joined to their
science an unfortunate lack of education
and polish augments their hatred of the
aristocracy, which they auect to despise,
but of which they are jeaJous in fact. They
loudly proclaim the "rights of the people,"
of whom they speak disdainfully among
themselves as a "pack of brutes." All
aspire to be a deputy to the coming douma,
a mayor or governor general.
'i he extreme opposite of the aforecited
party Is the Illiterates, the lavochniki,
composed of shop keepers, butchers, bakers
and chiefly an Immense number o, peasants.
From the illiterates has been recruited a
faction composed of workmen In cities,
factory men and others. Taking their
model" from the workmen of other cities,
Paris and Berlin, they become easy vic
tims of the propaganda and these have
but one idea, the division of property. This
party makes a great deal of noise, but
their numbers are small, and call them
selves nihilists and communists.
The aristocratic party is divided. One
THE FAMILY ROW.
From the Buffalo Commercial.
It is all wrong to say that Jbhn Sharp
Williams, the democratic leader in the
House of Representatives, has not much
oi a following; the majority of the demo
cratic members are going after htm with a
sharp stick most of the time.
From the Birmingham Age-Herald.
John Sharp Williams drives when he can
not lead.
From the Scranton Tribune.
Mr. Lamar came out of his encounter
with John Sharp Williams a crushed states
man.
From the 1'blladeliibla Public Ledger.
Report that John Sharp Williams has di
vided the minority grows from the fact
that he cut t^klcker out of the herd and
hobbled him.
From the Indianapolis Star.
Minority Leader Williams In the House
hasn't as many performers in his troupe as
the republicans, but at that It looks as
though he were going to have his hands
f?ll.
From the Rochester Herald.
Mr. Lamar of Florida Impresses us as be
ing something superfluous. He ought to
subside.
From the Columbia Rtat<v
We hope that Lamar, Shackelford and
Williams are not deceiving themselves Into
thinking that the people are applauding
them instead of laughing at their vaudeville
buffoonery. Mr. Williams, at least, was
conscious of the fact that the three were
Justifying the choice of a donkey as symbol
of that sort of democracy.
From the Charleston News and Courier.
Considering the Lamar-less condition of
the committee on interstate and foreign
commerce, it 1* to weep.
From tb? New York American.
John Sharp Williams should be known not
as the minority leader, but as the minimum
IN RUSSIA.
TT1"* sustains the emperor nnil the church;
the other opposes the emperor because he
abrogated his autocratic power. They favor
his deposition and the election of a de
scendant of the Ruriks. founders of the
empire.
Since the Issue of the Imperial manifesto
another party has sprung into existence
entitled "the holy alliance for self-protec
tion. under the leadership of Count Bob
Insky and M. Sherematleff. It summons nil
true sons of holy Russia to the defense of
the emperor.
Another party still is composed of con
servative Zemjitvos, under the leadership of
Dimitrl Shipoff. Quchkoff and Michel Stak
' w'th branch societies Known as
The League of October SO." "The Party
of Law and Order." These organizations !
a? supported by the Novoe Vremya and
the Slovo. They are in sympathy with the
Slav party an.I hostile to Germany.
There is still another party, composed of
radical zemstvos, under the leadership of
Prince Peter Dolgoroukl. Prof. Troubetsky,
M. Kakoschekln. M. Rodecheff, M. Naba
koff and Prof. MllnlkotT. They demand a
constituent assembly elected l?y universal
suffrage and direct and secret ballot. Tho
party l? divided on the question of woman's
franchise, and whether parliament shall
have one or two chambers. To this party
belong free thinkers and Christian demo
crats under the leadership of Father Pe
trofT. It should be added that all these
sustain the monarchy.
Finally there is a party of modern con
servatives which favors M. Wltte and the
establishment of a new regime.
m
* *
The "black mass" is the cloud which
overhangs Russia. Brought up In the
double cult Off czar and the
The Black church, the peasant has no
Menace. confidence or hope except in
him alone. He recalls that
he was emancipated from serfdom by a de
cree of the czar, and If he Is no longer the
slave of the ancient "barine," what does he
care for a constitution? Will he be richer
therefor? Will his ground be more fertile?
The land? The czar will give It to him.
V\ hat do the people In the cities mean who
murder each other and the troops and
throw bombs? They say they will over
throw the czar? Already the peasant de
tests the city people?as in every country,
for a fact?when ho tlnds that this city
man would touch that which Is dearest to
his soul, the czar, image of God and
country. This peasant, who Is familiarly
known as "Ivan Ivanovltch." Is thinking of
arming himself with a hatchet and cutting
down the city man. whether he he intel
lectual or workman. At St. Petersburg re
cently butchers, bakers nnd many others
whose business has been ruined by the in
surrectionists manifested their hostility to
the revolution by hoisting the national flag
with the portrait of the czar. At Kief,
Odessa. Sebastopni. Kkaterlnoslaf and
Berditchef. a manifestation of this char
acter led to a massacre. "Foreigners" (the
people of the city) have betrayed the czar.
Let us avenge him! And our "little father
will give us the property and goods of the
traitors!" Such are the sinister rumors
which are spreading through the country.
The Jews come In for a special measure of
hatred because, "speaking a German jargon,
they are affiliated with the revolutionary
workmen and students, and are declared
enemies of the czar and the orthodox
church."
Who is to save Russia from a reaction
which seems imminent and Inevitable, a
reaction the horrors cvt which will be a
shameful blot on the history* o>f Russia? Is
M. Wltte the man for the hour?
The pessimist maintains that not even
M. Wltte may avert the catastrophe, but
that when Russia is a prey to the torch
in the hands of ft revolted peasantry the
German army will cross the frontier, and.
under pretext of suppressing anarchy, es
tablish the authority of the kaiser In Rus
sia.
Prince Louis Napoleon Ronaparte. recent
ly governor of the province of Erivan, In
Russian Asia, Is a major general in the
Russian army. His absence from his post
at this time In Italy, ostensibly on a leave
of two months. Is said to be duo to the
spirit of insubordination of the Russian
soldier and the very great dislike by b?)th_
civilians arid military of all foreigners.
w
* *
l ather George Gapon, the Russian, does
not appear to he greatly troubled over his
condemnation to death for
The Fugitivetreachory by the revolution
Priest. ary leaders with whom he
acted on the "Red Sunday"
of January 22. He is now engaged in writ
ing his memoirs and In the meantime has
written a story in Le Matin of how he
escaped from Russia across the German
frontier. In which the commerce of passing
refugees over the border from Russia to
Germany is explained and lm'ersely the Im
portation into Russia of revolutionary lit
erature- The writer has seen a picture of
father Gapon which is not prepossessing-,
rather Gapon, Indeed, is not an attractive
personality and his small hour of distinc
tion ended with his flight.
Pope Pius X has issued an encyclical let
ter to the bishops of Russian Poland
counseling co-operation In the pacification
of the empire. The pontiff urges the Poles
to co-operate with the authorities in organ
izing against the revolutionists and to pre
vent strikes, "which damage Incalculably
the welfare of the people," and students
are counseled to abstain from participation
in scholastic manifestations. The pope
pays tribute to the wisdom and goodness
of the Emperor Nicholas, whoso ukase of
April 30 has been extended by that of Oc
tober 30. In which greater liberty has been
accorded to Russian subjects. Tha clergy
are reminded that they should give their
earnest attention to those who may desire
to embrace Catholicism.
.vN?t3!t??.tandinc the Persistent repetition
^ ittewill resign, it appears that so
far from such intention both emperor and
premier are resisting all efforts to create a
dictatorship. The great object now Is to
ho.d up the "black band." On the other
hand, the court party favors Immediate ac
tlon. M. Menshikoff. in a strong article ad
vises an aggressive fight against the revolu
tion. He says:
The present anarchy and suspense are
w,?.? t0uJh?- Inactl?n the government.
\\ ltte, like Kuropatkin. not only permits the
enemy to arm and to concentrate h's forces
but to make his dispositions and to choose
the moment for giving battle. Such tactics
will no more win In Russia than they did in
Manchuria."
The hope of pacification In Russia rests in
the maintenance of accord between the em
peror and his premier. CHAILLE-LONG
WANDERING WEB.
From the Atlanta Constitution.
"Web" Davis, who "got his" out of the
Boers and deserted the republican party,
has* formally announced his return to the
g. o. p. "President Roosevelt opened the
doors of the republican party for my re
turn," he declares. Now. see what Presi
dent Roosevelt has gone and done!
From the Knoxvtlle Journsl and Tribune.
Web Davis has come back to the republi
can party?who can tell what the party
has done that it should deserve a tiling
like this?
From the Newark Evening News.
Web Davis may be extinct, but he man
ages to secure a half-Inch or so in the para
graph column by announcing that he has
returned to the republican party.
From the Des Moines Capital.
The Hon. Lobster Davis Is fcaqk Into the
republican party again. He seems to have
come on his own motion.
From the Toledo Blade.
After the country has again forgotten
that ttaare is such a person as Webster
Davis, he may be expected to execute an
other political flop.
From the Nashyille Banner.
Another evidence that the President Is
friendly to the democrats Is furnished by
Web I>avls' statement, "Roosevelt opened
the doors of the republican party for my re
turn."
From the Atlanta .Journal.
Webster Davis Is now once more a good
republican. This will help the democratlo
party lots In those few places where Web
ster Is really known.
From the Los Auffles Herald.
It 1* announced "officially" that Webster
Davis has returned to the republican fold.
Blnce Mr. Davis has looated in Los Angeles
at the same time the local republicans can
afford to kill the fatted calf, for that which
mi to* la fwiBd.
BERTIE THE LAMB
IN TRAINING
"What a curious spectacle." thought the
City Dlscovefer as he leaned on his stout
cane nnd gated lnt-;ntly through his gol 1
rimrned glasses.
And it was, Indeed, a curious spectacle.
The Discoverer had spent the better part
of the afternoon tramping aix>ut the sub
urbs and then, cold and hungry an 1 lone
some, he had started homeward, mailing ?
short cut through Rock freek park ft "in .1
point on the Chevy Chase road. An I t.?
had entirely given up the hope of m-et g
any one who would make the latter part "f
ills walk of Interest when this curious
spectacle fell upon his eye? this sp-- ta 'I*
of a tall, lean-flanked, broad-shoulder-11 I:.
dlvldual In .1 high hat and frock '-'at, \i
riously lashirig a largo at' I w-U- > v I
oak tree with a cruel, nine-thong-d "vh p.
"What a remarkable sight." repe.ite I th?
Discoverer, as he made his way cv -r ihi
frozen ground toward the *'r?ng-r. 'I
don't know whether it i? pru-b-nt or not,
but I'll take n chance and speak to htm '
"Charming day. perfectly charming." le
plled the stranger to the Discoverer's i
tation "Sweet weather. Is It not? Isn't
this a cute w ilp l have? I think It Is j;:
I lovely."
"It Is certainly a very formidable w'.i|"'n
of punishment," replied the Piscov- rer In a
dignified tone, as he eyed the ?trat.^ r
sharply. "May 1 make so bold as to in
quire why you are beating tliat tree? \ ' i
are not"
' Now look here." said the Strang"', shak
lng his linger archly at the Discoverer,
"don't you quote that old adage, about ?>.
woman, a dog and a walnut tree, the inoro
you beat them the better th< y be ' 1 iiavo
a different version of that old saying."
"And what Is your version?" Inqutel the
City Discoverer.
"Why, I say," replied the tall stranger
with a smile, "that a cruel wife-b tier
and a walnut tree, the more you beat them
the lwtter they be." Isn't that devilishly
clever, old chap?"
"Evidently," suggested the City Dls. < V
erer, "you are one of those who 1*1 eve
that the establishment of a whipping post
In Washington for the punishment of wife
beaters would be a good thing ."
"Mercy " cried the tail stranger, "aren't
you the quick thing? Yes. 1 am one of
those. And I brought this whip "ut llera
this afternoon to see how it worked. I
want to know things before I advocate
them. People say the cat-o'-nine tails 's
isuch a cruel instrument. Why. Just look,
old chap. I haven't hurt this old tree a bit.
Why. it isn't even scratched, and I tell yoa,
old chap. I warmed It good."
"I observed that you Were plying tie
whip with considerable spirit." ternarked
the Discoverer dryly. "Hut what are your
reasons for advocating the whipping post
for this city?"
"Oh fudge," rejoined the tall stranger,
"Now you're teasing me. There are soma
awfully good reasons why it should be done.
I don't remember them now. but they re
awfully sound. Why, I told some of them
to the' public last winter, and after 1 rea l
up on the subject some more I'm going to
tell them all over "iigaln. Hut you know
what thev are. don't you. old chap?"
"Well." replied the City Discoverer slow
ly. carefully weighing his words, "I know
some of the arguments on lmth sides I" ?
"Don't tell me any of those horrid ar
guments." cried the tall stranger, pc'.u
lantly. "because X don't want to hear them.
I know Just what you're going to say and
It's entirely too sensible. Why. almost ev
eryone 1 talk with on the subject has some
good arguments against It. and It's pe
fectly discouraging. When a man Is try
ing to do'somethlng to benefit the city
and the people don't see It that way and
try to discourage him 1 think it Is horrid.
Don't you?"
"Well." replied the City Discoverer with
an embarrassed cough. "1 don't know
about that. The people seem to th'nk they
don't want to go back to the customs of
the thirteenth century."
"Mercy," cried the tall stranger, "did
they have a whipping post then? 1 am so
disappointed. I thought I was the first to
suggest it."
"History tells us," began the "discoverer. ?
but the tall stranger Interrupted him
"I never read history. I think it ;s dread
fully stupid, don't you?" he asked. "I m
awfully well read In other ways, though I
wouldn't h*ve you think for a moment that
my education had been neglected. I Just
finished an awfully good book by the
Countess.' .about a beautiful girl who tell
in love with a perfectly lovely man. and all
that sort of thing, you know. Did you
ever read The Joys of Divorce." or 'Happy
Jane, the Fireman's Brlde?| They are
two perfectly splendid books."
"I can't say that I ever did," replied the
Discoverer, staring at the tall stranger In
some amazement. "But to get back to the
subject of the whipping post. Tou are a
bachelor, are you not?"
"X am." replied the stranger. ' but 1 Just
can't guess how you knew It."
"Why," replied the Discoverer, with a la
bored attempt at humor, "If you were a
married man vou might not be so heartily
in favor of the establishment of a whipping
post for wife beaters." _
"Now you are teasing me again,' cried
the tall stranger, with a merry laugh. ' Ycu
know I wouldn't strike a lady, even If she
were my wife. Why. It just makes me
creepy to think of it." .
The City Discoverer started at the ta i
stranger, scratched his head, took oft his
gold-rimmed glasses, wiped and replaced
them and finally shook his heal and te
marked: , , .
"My dear sir, I have enjoyed this ele
vating and Interesting conversation very
much. Indeed. Won't ycu tell me who you
are ?"
"I Just believe you know," rep'led the tail
stranger, with a smile, "but I II tell you
anyhow. I am Representative Ad ims ot
Pennsylvania, the author of the bill for
the establishment of the whipping poBt in
the District of Columbia. Robcr- Is my
first name, but you may call me bertia it
5 "Jumping Jehoshaphat." muttered the City
Discoverer to himself as he resumed h ?
homeward Journey. "Bertie whipping D
?the fireman's bride?who would hav?
thought it?"
RYAN'S RECONSIDERATION.
From the Philadelphia Press.
After all Mr. Ryan appeared r:'her to
enjoy telling.
From the Chicago New*.
Mr. Ryan will yet make his mark is a
conversetlonalist'lf the district attorn- y < an
always have his way.
From the Syracuse Herald.
Mr. Ryan, on the witness stand, didn't
appear to be so sorry about having to tell
about it.
From the Rlrmlngham Age-Herald.
, Thomas F. Ryan concluded that answer
ing questions out of jail was better than
stubborn silence within that classic struc
ture.
From the <fcoehestor Herald.
After all, it is likely that Mr. Ryan mere
ly wanted to be compelled to peach on Har.
riman. The fact that he didn't divvy in
dicates that he hasn't much real affection
for the financial bushwhacker.
From the Cincinnati Commercial Tribune
Mr. Ryan has found that not only can one
district attorney lead an Insurance m.tgnate
to the witness stand, but that he can nukt
the magnate talk.
WHAT HE DOESN'T WANT.
[A married man puts himself on record Just befort
Christmas.! '
I do not need a china set. a table or a chair;
Fur sofa pillows 1're no use at present.
I da not think a toilet set would le.tve me free
from cars
Or make the deur old world scein ultra piuasanU
I do not want a new g?? range, a hoa or a muff.
And I declare 1 wouldn t car* lor spoons of
chafing dishes;
t insy as well confess that I hare coffee pott
enough;
No carpet sweejier comes within the wide rang*
of my wlahes.
I do not need I. set of forks, a rug or Jewel case,
And, candidlr, 1 don't believe I'd prise a
New earring oatSt or a fine new frame In which
to place
The portrait at my darling's Aunt Eliza.
I do not wsnt a lady's desk.a lamp or sugar howL
And parlor curtains do not seem to ma to W
a luring;
A handbag with a silver chain would not uplift
my soul.
And I djn't want a set of things designed fol
manicuring.
-4. U. J?i?er, in Uie Chicago Recoid-IleraU.

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