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l.ERl'i a Concise History of Important legislation from the 4-Slh to the 58th Congress. By O O. Stealey, the Wash ington Correspondent of the Lfiutsyflle Courier-Journal. With an Introduc tion by U<m r . Watterson. Also Crisp and Vivid Character Sketches of the Men Prominent In Public Life. l>y Well-Known Washington Correspond ent?. Illustrated by Clifford K. Berry iuan. New York Published by the Author. Col Stealey's long experience as a Wash ington newspaper correspondent fully Justi fies his entry upon the flcM of authorship, esjieclally In the production of such a book *s he has now presented to the public. He is i no of the "old guard" of the press gal te Icf. His acquaintance with public men Is exceptionally extensive, and his standing with tliem has always been deservedly high. Representing as he has for years at this capital one of the best-known and most In fluential newspapers of the country, he has been a cl"?>e~?l-Kerver of both the large aud <mall incidents In the national legislative program. He has witched tariff fights, cntests over the rtiles of House procedure, great strategic battles of politics and per sonal enterprises. He has seen parties rise to power and fall again. He has been 111 !os* touch with the factors which have made Speakers and have disappointed can didates. (Juiet, unobtrusive and indefat igable, Col. Stealey lias been one o" tiie silent forces shaping public opinion in t_he United States, and ills recollections are valuable and are now admirably presented lu this important work. The volume is prefaced by a characteristic bit of introductory writing by the auilior's O. 0. Stealey. editorial chief. Col. Henry Watterson of thrt Courier-Journal. He says: "As one who began lii3 newspaper career in the press gallery at Washington, I go back a long way, and have kept up my connection, a kind of honorary membership, <_ver since; so that, when in Washington, I am nowhere so happy or so much at home, as when I slip Into my old seat and look down upon the familiar scene. It is not much changed since the completion of the Capitol, ne.irly forty years ago. In my day John W. Forney was cock-of-the-walk, anil not infrequently we had the Hon. Hor ace Greeley, Gen. James Watson Webb and Mr. James Gordon Bennett for visit ors They sat In the press gallery along side the re.*t of us, and took notes! ? ? ? None of my contemporaries remain in ac tual harness. Of those who are yet alive I recall only George Alfred Townsend. Frank Richardson, Crosby S. Noyes and Col. W. 15. Simw, John M. Carson and Whitelaw Reid. and Horace White came after me. The mossy marbles rest upon a graveyard of my colleagues. Of the present members of the press gallery I have not had the happiness to know as much as 1 -should like to know; but I dare say they keep up the old traditions, able, beautiful and virtuous, just as we used to be." Col. Stealey came to Washington at the short session of the Forty-seventh Con gress. "The only newspaper men in_the press gallery of the Fifty-eighth Congress." lie says, "who were also in the gal'ery of the Forty-seventh, are John Boyle. John M. Carson. Robert M. Larner. W. C. MacBride, W. B. Shaw and the author." Major Car son has lately withdrawn from his active newspaper work to accept a govimment po sition. and thus the list is further dimin ished. In these recollections. Col. Stealey pays especial a-ttention to the sequence of politi ?:it events, as observed from the galleries of the two houses. He treats in separate ?hapters of "The Washington Correspond ent," "The Members of Congress," "The Work and Pay of a Congressman." "The Civil Service Law ami the New Lobby," "At the White House," "The Private Sec retary" and "The City of Washington." He then passes to chronological treatment of the work of the ten Congresses which he has reported, vividly reciting the cir cumstances attending the passage of the Morrison and Mills tariff bills, the fight over the Reed rules and the counting of a quorum by Mr. Reed; the passage of the McKlnley bill, the Silcott theft, the struggle for the enactment of a demo cratic tariff bill, which was launched under tiie name of the Wilson bill, but was later so changed as to almost lose its Identity; the succession on the statute books of the l>ingie> tariff law; the dramatic scenes amid which the war wlUi Spain was de clared by Congress. In his rendition of this account of the legislative work of a fifth of a century, Col Stealey has. with discriminating judg ment, quoted from the official records to give tiie language of eminent speakers in Congress in times of great excitement over important Issues His own reminiscences, however, constitute tie most attractive portion of the work. Anecdotes and scraps of talks with t?he ie.uiers of legislation arc inter spersed to give the book a distinct personal flavor, which can be Imparted only by one who has been in the thick of the congres sional battle for years. A unluue feature of the volume Is the s- ond part, which comprises a series of brief, pithy and ably written character ?ketches of upward of s> venty-tive of the most eminent men of national affairs, who have figured in the legislative field during these two decades now past. It is un necessary to repeat the li3t, which em braces practically all of the men who have dor.? and plnyed the conspicuous [>urts In the national drama in this period. The sketches ha\e been written for this vol ume work by the author's colleagues of the press gal'ery. These men have had direct personal acquaintance with their sub jects. and their contributions are of per manent value In preserving inttimite recol lections of the men of affairs who have shaped the national destinies during these twenty years Col. Stealey himself con tributes sketches of Champ Clark, Francis W. Cockrell. Robert R. Hitt, James B. Mc Crcary, Bee; sn McMilHn, John H. Reagan, Henry M. Teller and Edw?.rd O. Woleott. lie adds an entertain-ing bit relative to two men who are not legislators, yet whose names are perhaps more widely known In this tield than those of a third of the sit ting members of Congress. These are Alnsworth R. Spofford, for many years librarian of Congress, and William R. Smith, the superintendent of the botanic gardens. The volume Is admirably illustrated with excellent hakf-tone portraits and reproduc tions of clever cartoons by Mr. Clifford K. Berryman. Taken altogether. Col. Stealey"s book Is a contrtbutlon to be welcomed. It refreshes the memory of men and events, and it seta forth In vivid style the elements which en t?r into tbe work of the newspaper corra spondents In Washington and tlie part they play in the federal legislation and shap I ing Hie opinions of the people. THIS I VITKD STATES ISTHi; TWE5TI BTH CENTlTRV, By Pierre Leroy Beuiilieu. Authorized translation by It. Aldington Bruce. New York: Funk & Wapnalie Company. The United States Interests the thoughtful citizens of all lands. It offers an attrac tive field of research for the sociologist. t le politician, the statesman, the economist. It Is a stupendous proposition, this aggre gation of eighty millions of people, with their- enormous stretch of territory, their (treat natural resources, their unflagging Industry. Viewed from the foreign stand point, without prejudice. It becomes a mon umental fact, and it Is In this light that M. Lcroy-Beauiieu has regarded it and his book, as a result, is a document worthy of serious thought. He has qualified him self for the task by a course of similar treatments of other countries, and Is In a w?y an expert In the appraisement of for eign lands. Tills volume was published in Paris a little more than a year ago, and there it attracted wide attention as a scholarly and illuminating treatise upon the industrial, economic and social phases of Uie United States. For the American edition, ably translated by Mr. Bruce, the author has prepared a special preface, in which he acknowledges tne possibility that his deduction from the census and other statistical sources of information are pos sibly subject to modification in view of the lapse of time. American changes are fre quent and at times revolutionary, so rapid is the growth of the country in all its aspects. But, in the main, he holds to his conclusions, which are almost Invariably commendatory of the fruits of thephenome nal progress scored by the American peo ple. No foreigner has written a book on the United States quite like M. Leroy Beaulteu's, and none has so unreservedly voiced the conclusions that the United States is, as its people would have It, "the greatest country in the world." On this point M. Leroy-Beaulicu says in his preface: "The first century following the annexation of Louisiana witnessed the United States ofotain a preponderating in fluence over North America. The centen ary of that great event finds the United States expanding beyond the confines of America. Before the second century be far advanced, the United States will un questionably dominate economically all the Asiatic and American countries bordering 011 the Pacific, and will be playing In the world the part played until these latter days by England. This is Its destiny, a des tiny resting in large part, to be sure, on the magnificent gifts bestowed by nature; but resting, too, on moral foundations. If the United States is the richest country of the world in coal, in Iron, in copper. It is also the richest In human energy. It is pre-eminently, as has been well said by one of the most truly representative of Americans, President Roosevelt, the land of the strenuous life." THE AWAKENING; a Novel of Washing ton Life. By C. Wlckliffe Yulee. New York and Washington: The Neale Pub lishing Company. This is a book by a new author on an old subject. It is termed "A Novel of Wash ington I.lfe." although most Washlng tonians would perhaps resent the idea that tine characters were typical of people living here. This does not mean -that the book foliow3 the general lines of Washington novels, whose usual tendency is toward vulgarity. Mr. Yulee writes a clean book in a clean style. The trouble with his char acters is tliat they talk too much and so much of their talk is irrelevant to the story. Most of the characters, too. Includ ing the hero and heroine, are not men and women who are either to be admired or even found interesting. A very charming character drawing of a young Virginia girl is a striking exception, however, and aliows that the author Is capable of better things. Perhaps the greatest weakness in the book is Its plot. The action Is artificial and me chanical. With all these drawbacks, how ever, there is a very perceptible charm about Mr. Yulee's offering. The life and spirit of a Maryland country house of the old school are very delightfully sketched in one o-f the chapters, while another contains a strong and vivid description of a lively debate In Congress. Then again there are very many bright touches and original ideas in the book. One of the characters says: "In fact, society in our 4)ig ciLles is a trades union; a lot of people get together, apparently by accident, resolving they will constituto Bociety. Strange to say the others all immediately acquiesce, although they may possess more ancestry, talent and even money; but they are never-content un til they are taken into the union." Mr. Yulee shows pretty clearly that he can write. With experience he will doubt less be able to handle plot and action in a lirmer way, when much can be expected from him. LIVING MASTERS OP MUSIC; Edited by Rosa Newmarch ? El)VAim GRIEG. By II. T. Flnok. Illustrated. New York: John Lane Company. Despite the wide popularity of Grieg, reaching almost the point of personal af fection for the man through his works, he has never before been the subject of a biography. A little has been written about liis works In French and Norwegian, but nothing whatever as to his personality. Grieg himself has resented all efforts to secure materials for such a sketch as might satisfy the interest of his admirers in his own character and ways of life and ideals and purposes. Brilliant offers for an autobiography have failed to move him to write about himself. In such circum stances it is highly gratifying that a work has at last been produced to present Grieg the man as he Is, the modest master of tone, retiring, unassertive, content to maintain his art upon a high plane and to give pleasure to those who love his music. The work is well balanced and draws from all reliable sources for materi als. It Is handsomely illustrated. Real Music. What is real music? For ninety people out of a hundred It la a mystery, a dithyramb of din, a sounding brass and a tinkling cymbal, and strings, superadding the voice of the domestic boast whose true Inwardness they are. For nine out of the remaining ten real music provides a species of Intellectual gratification. They have studied the stuff somewhat and have an understanding, more or less adequate, of its technical sig nificance, and thus they find Its perform ance interesting. They are thrilled with the violins fingering tenths and the trom bones mounting to E in alt. But the hundredth man gets a genuine emotional cffect from real music, although the chances seem to be that tie is mad. A Thrilling Moment. From tne Technical World. It was at an English lock that a diver wa3 working at massive gates, when a cur- I rent, caused by the shutting of the gate* for tls Inspection, sucked him oft his feet and he felt himself being drawn between the smooth gates, with nothing at which to grasp. And with the shutting his air hose and life line would be cut aa with a knife. But In a Hash came an Inspiration. Aa he was swept through he took his hammer and held the iron head between the closing gates and hung there. Ho dared not sig nal te be drawn up, for to tug at him would mean death. But the men above quickly realised that something was the matter and they swung tho gates open again, and not till then did they slowly draw the diver to the surface and to safety. THE PUBLIC LIBRARY LIST OF CURRENT PERIODICALS ?!fi:W BOORS ADDED. The District Public Library has Just is sued Its fifth reference list. T^iis is a list of 300 periodicals currently taken by the library. The greater number are on the shelves in -the reference room, where people may help themselves to them. The educational periodicals and those dealing with physchology and geography from the pedagogical stand-point are in tlia teachers' library, which is open to teachers upcm presentation of their cards. T-here are also a number of copies of the more popular magasines in the clr culallng department, w-hi-cli may be ob tained: in the open shelf room. One maga zine may be drawn, in addition to a book, on a white card. The following books have recently been added to the library: Art and Music. The Principles of Design. E. A. Batchel der.?WL-B3125p. The Architecture of Greece and Rome. W. J. Anderson and R. P. Spiers.?WF-An 2372nr. German, Flemish and Dutch Schools of Painting. F. T. Kugler ?WP-K954g. The Tuscan and Venetian Artists. Hope Rea.?WP-R222t. Chinese Art. S. W. Bushel!.?Wfi6-B5KV4c. Triple-Concert fur Zwel Pianoforte zu MerHanden. J. S. Bach?VZPB-B124t. Christus am OeMxirge. Ludwlg van Beet hoven.?VZPA-B.!04cr. Lalla-Roukh. FeMcien David ?VZP-R518. Symphonies fur Orchrester. N. W. Gade VZPA-Onss. Valse Brillante. Josef Low.?'VZP-L95. Works. C. B. Lysberg.?VZP-L997. Guillaume Tell. G. A. Rossini.?VZPA R<3i0g. Geistliche Gesangswerke. Felix Mendels sohn-Bart holdy.?VZP-M523pn. Salon-Album fur Pianoforte. VZP-Lt>!?0. Oberon>. Freihefr K. M. von Weber? VZP-W3830. History. Peter Stuyvesant. Director General for the West India Company in New Nether land. Bayard Tuckerman.?FF8oil-T792p. A History of the Civil War in the United States. W. B. Wood and J. E. Edmonds.? F834-W8542h. History of the Confederated Memorial Associations of the South. Confederated Southern Memorial Association.?F83455 C763h. Henry VIII. A. F. Pollard?F4M6-P762h Western Europe in the Fifth Century. E. A. Freeman.?F30-F8J3w. Echoes of Old Lancashire. W. E A Axon.?F45LA-Ax7Ge. An Eye-witness in Manchuria. Lord Brooke.?F?72-B745e. Ladysmitih. H. W. Nevinson.?F743 ^4141. Life of Sir Henry Raeburn, R. A. W R Andrews.?E-R122an. Presidents of the United States from Jef ferson to Fillmore. Francis Bellamy ? E 9B415p. T-?rd George Bentinck. Benjamin Dis raeli. Earl of Beaconsfield?E-B4370d John Hay. H. T. Doner.?E-H.f.'Sa. Life of Vice Admiral Sir George Tryon C. C. Penrose Fitzgerald.?E-T785f. Sir Thomas Browne. E. W. Gosse ?E B81S<5g. Captain Myles Siandish. Tudor Jenks.? E-St23je. The L?1e of Charles Lamb. E. V. Lucas. ?E-LHi31ue. Auguste Rodin. Camille Mauclair.?W10 RUHni.E Maxim Gorki. Hans Ostwald.-ZY54 Gflioo E Life and Letters of John Greenleaf Whit tier. S. T. Pickard.?E-WO] 8p. Sydney Smith. G. W. E. Russell ?E Sm674ru. Alphonse Daudet. R. H. Sherard.?E D2rt7s. Thomas Harrison. C. H. Slmpkinson.? E-H2448S. His Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence and Avondale. J. E. Vincent.?E-Al 1477v. Beethoven. Ernest Walker. ? VW10 B3(>3 wa. Earl of Elgin. G. M. Wrong.?E-Al 34Gw Literature, Poetry, Etc. Saint Abe and His Seven Wives. Robert Bucha nan.?YP-B853S. Caucasian Legends?Tr. from the Russian. A. A. Gul'bat.?YL-G952E. The Hesperides and Noble Numbers. Rob ert Herrick.-YP-H4.3hep. The Rhymers' Lexicon. Andrew Loring, ed.?XDR-LRSflr. From the Eastern Sea. Yone Noguchl.? YP-NfiSSf. The Chief American Poets. C. H. Page ? YP-9P143c. Iris. A. W. Pinero.?YD-PG53ir. Letty, a drama in four acts. A. W. Pinero.-YD-P6.Vi le. In Our Convent Days. Agnes Repplier.? Y-R20L Tragedies. A. C. Swinburne.?YW-Sw2St. Poems. William Watson.?YP-W334. Travel. Home Life in France. M. B. Betham Ed wards.?G'!9-Ed02h. In Northern Spain. H. F. Gadow.?G40 GUSIn. Italy. Wllhelm Deecke.?G35-D363.E. The Story of Venice. Thomas Okev.? G8I)V-Ok29s. The Far East. A. J. Little.?G60-L723f. Tibet and Turkestan. O. T. Crosby ? G664-C8S4t From the Cane to the Zambesi. G. T. I lu tchinson.?G7-1 -H972f. Politics Decade of Civic Development. Charles Zueblin?JT83-Z862d. The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nor way. H. L. Braekstad.?JT51-B735c. The Government of England. Sidney Low ?JT46-L?5g. Ravimr of Ireland. Sir G. S. P. Powell ? HC42- PS73s. Education. Pioneers of Modern Education, 1000-1700. J. W. Adamson.?IK-Adl672p. Kindergarten System as Seen in the Life of Frederieh Froebel. A. B. Hanschmann. ?IS-H197.E. The Philosnnhv of Education. H. H. Home.?IK-H786p. Nature Teaching Based Upon the General Principles of Agriculture. Francis Wutts and W. G. Freeman.?IP-W317n. Science. Radium and Other Radio-active Ele ments. L. A. Levy and II. G. Willis.?LIZ L5792r. Heredity. C. W. Saleeby.? MVX-Sa833h. Organic Evolution. C. W. Saleeby.?MW Sa333o. The Romance of Insect Life. Edmund Selous.?OT-Se4CSr. Useful Arts. Petrol- Motors and Motor Cars. T. H. White.?1TB-W58.1t>. A Handbook on the Minerals and Mineral Resources of Virginia. Virginia Commis sion. St. Louts Exposition.? RE963-Vfil6h. Mechanics' Pocket Memoranda. Interna tional Correspondence Schools.?S-In837m. British Merchant Service. R. J. C. Jones. ?US4u-J734b. Vital Statistics of Ireland. Consul Gunsaulus of Cork writes that some valuable and interesting figures are given In the annual report of the registrar goneral of Ireland, Just Issued, covering the fiscal year 1804. According to this report the estimated population of Ireland had fallen, in the middle of the year 1905, to 4,403,192. It appears that during 1904 the marriages registered In Ireland numbered 22.9?1, the births 103,811, and the deaths 79,613. The marriage rate, which is 6.22 per 1.000 of the estimated population, shows an increase of 0.01 as compared with that for the year 1903, and is 21 per cent above the average rate for the ten years from 1894 to 1908, and the highest rate for sny of these years. As to the birth rate (28.8 per 1,000), It shows an Increase of 0.5 as compared with that for the preceding year, and is also 0.5 above the average rate for the tea years?1894-1903^ The death rate W-lfier MOO) is 06 a Mo the ralTforthe preceding year, and 0.1 above the avvroge rate for the ten years from 1894 to 1303 The natural Increase of population record Ms*? t*b?cT???L 1* ?Ter <leatb?i the lo?8 by emigration amounted to JU.W3; a decrease of u.604 in the popula tion would thus appear to have taken place tb# kut against this decrease thereto a set-off in immigration, of whi.h no official record has been obtains-1. Thursday evening: was an Interesting night for the Royal Neighbors of America, and the Modern Woodmen of America, Martha Washington Camp, R. N. of A.: A. K. Talbot Camp, No. 11912. and Washing ton Camp, No. 11404, Modern Woodmen of America, participated in a Joint public In stallation of officers in Typographical Tem ple. The Royal Neighbors -were first to In stall their officers, and then the Woodmen camps proceeded with thulr Installation. The Installation ceremony was very impres sive, and was conducted by Mrs. J. W. Crooks, supreme deputy head oracle for the Royal Neighbors, and Dr. J. W. Suth ?rin, retiring consul of Washington Camp. The new consul, H. A. A. Smith of Wash ington Camp; Mr. Millard of A, R. Talbot Camp and Mr. Madison of Co lumbia Camp made appropriate remarks, after which Consul Smith presented to Dr. Sutherin, retiring consul of Washington Camp, on behalf of the members, a hand some solid gold past consul's badge. Dr. Sutherin responded gracefully. The Royal Neighbors then provided a short but excellent program, as follows: Trio, Misses Slphers; solo, Mr. LeRoy Gli der: recitation, Miss Farmer: piano solo, Miss Moran: solo, Miss Church; recitation, Miss Hattle Herrcott; whistling solo. Miss Ruth Sipher. After this program Ice cream and cake were served, and the floor was cleared for dancing. State Commander D. W. Gall installed the new officers of Brightwood Tent, K. O. T. XL, No. 5, Tuesday night, as follows: Past commander, Edward McAleer; commander, William T. Lowe; lieutenant commander, W. T. King; record keeper, John G. Dudley; finunce keeper, B. R. Detwller; chp.plaln, George E. Crane; sergeant, C. W. Weiser; physician, Dr. G. B. Helnecke; master-at arms, Peter Granerger; first master of the guard, F. X. Extter; second master of the guard, G. H. Holt; sentinel, F. J. Martin; picket, O. B. Thompson. After the installa tion ceremonies had been concluded by the State commander, Capt. Edward McAleer, with the Uniform Rank, filed into the hall and demanded the surrender to the division the person of Sir Knight John G. Dudley,_the record keeper of the tent. The command was immediately obeyed, and the person of the- record keeper was produced, and In the name of Brightwood Division, No. 3, he, the captain, pres<?hted to the record keeper of the tent a handsome Maccabee watch charm for his untiring efforts In behalf of the tent and an acknowledgment of faith ful services rendered. Sir Knight Dudley responded In a happy way, but acknowl edged being greatly surprised by this ex pression of appreciation. The state com mander and others spoke. Refreshments were served. January 5 there was a joint installation of lady Maccabees of Mount Vernon Hive, No. 2, and Brightwood Hive, No. 5, L. O. T. M. The installation took place in Pythian Temple and the installation service was con ducted by Mrs. Melvale Casswell, state commander for the Lady Maccabees. The hall was handsomely decorated In the col ors of the order, palms and cut flowers. The following are the officers installed. Mount Vernon Hive, No. 2: Past commander, Mrs. Tera.sa McCordle; commander, Mrs. Mary A. VanNess; lieutenant commander, Miss Emma Jillett; record keeper, Mrs. Etta Warner; finance keeper, Miss Fannie Wal ton; chaplain, Mrs. Anna Runing; sergeant, Mrs. Catherine Cartner; mistress-at-arms, Mamie Holt; sentinel, Mrs. Agus Dokin: picket, Mrs. Johanna Garvey; captain of the guards. Miss Edith VanNess. The fol lowing officers of Brightwood Hive, No. 5, were also installed by the s^p)e officer: Past commander, Anna Edwards; commander, Mrs. Virginia Thomas; lieutenant command er, Albina Waffltli; record keeper, Virginia Metoalf; finance keeper. Margaret McAlleer; sergeant, Mrs. Crane; chaplain. Mrs. Gary; mistress-at-arms, Mary Loots-; ? sentinel, Louise Clifford; picket, Clara EMter. A lit erary program was rendered, which was witnessed by at least 500 perils, w;lio were all well entertained. This is the third term for Mrs. VanNess as commander of Mount Vernon Hive. She is also deputy state commander for the Dis trict of Columbia. State Commander D. W. Gall was an invited guest on this occasion. Anacostia Tent, No. 7, will have their offi cers Installed next Monday night by the state commander, at which time there will be held the anniversary exercises of the tent. Alexandria Tent, No. 2, of Alexandria, Va., will hold a public installation of officers In Odd Fellows' Hall, Alexandria, Monday night. Potomac Lodge, No. 5, F. A. A. M., after a rest during the holidays, will resume again their regular meeting Monday next. The fellowcraft degree will be worked. Flagg Council, No. 25tf, United Commer cial Travelers, held a special meeting re cently in their council chambers, 619 9th street northwest, for the purpose of initi ating candidates, and on January B, at their regular meeting, a large class of can didates was presented. Supreme Represen tative Charles W. Rice of Brooklyn, N. Y., was a visitor on this occasion, he having come to Washington In the Interest of the U. C. T. eotwention, which will be held here May 2-1, 25, 20. The members of Flagg Council are busy getting committees in shape to look after the convention. The officers are as follows: Senior councilor, J. F. Sexton-; junior councilor, R. S. Bowie; past junior councilor. B. M. Mundeil; con ductor, L. A. Roberts; page. El J. Kelly; sentinel, George Frltch, Jr.; secretary treasurer, Thomas V. Smith; council sur geon. James J. Mundeil. Committees ap pointed thus far are: R. S. Bowie, chair man executive committee. Finance com mittee?E. J. Kelly, chairman; W. L. Katz enberger, B. M. Mundeil. Entertain ment committee?B. M. Munddl, chairman; Walter Ross, W. E. Dooley, A1 Triplett, E. A. Coleman. R. S. Bowie, chairman of the executive committee, will announce the rest of the committees at a special meeting tonight. The officers of Esther Rebekah Wodge, No. 5, 1. O. O. F., for the present term were Installed Into their respective chairs Mon day evening at the regular meeting of the lodge, in Odd Fellows' Hall on 7th street. Mrs. Julia Roberts acted as grand master; Mrs. Georgia Burroughs, grand warden; Mrs. Carrie Schippert, grand recording sec retary; Mrs. Sallie E. Owens, grand finan cial secretary; Mrs. Margaret Burgess, grand treasurer; Mrs. Alice 8. Thomas, grand marshal, and Mrs. Kittle Gottleib, grand guardian. Immediately following the installation Mrs. Roberts was presented a pretty vase in appreciation of the many courtesies which herself and Naomi Lodge, No. 1, of which she Is a member, had ex tended to Esther Lodge. Pa?n Grand Mas ter W. H. McNeil, who instituted Esther Lodge, made a short address, dwelling upon the success which had been achieved by the officers and members since the organiza tion of the lodge. Among others addressing the meeting were Grand Master E. W. Bradford, Miss Mabel Gates, noble grand of Dorcas Lodge, No. 4; Mrs. Elizabeth Lee snltzer, noble grand of Martha Washington Lodge, No. 8, and Frank W. Alexander of Acme Lodge, No. 75, Oakland, Me. Mrs. Anna Billings, ths retiring nobis grand, then made a most eloquent and touching address, thanking the officers and members for their courtesies and assistance during her term of office. After the lodge closed refreshments were served. Following Is a list of the officers Installed: N. G., Mra Lydla M. Jenkins; V. G., Mr*. Llnnle A. Kelser; R. S., Mrs. Grace L. Mahaney; F. S., Mrs. Belle H. Gibson; treasurer, Mrs. Maty Pollock; warden, Mrs. Luia E. Phil lips; conductor, Mrs. Florence Gates; B. 8. N. U.| Mrs. Gertrude M. E&stcrllng; R. 8. V G., Mrs. Eliza J. Schneider; L. 8. V, G., Mrs. Belle 8. Payne; chaplain, Mrs. Mary A. Huhn; representative to the Odd Fel lows' Home Association, Mrs. Gertrude M. Easterllng. Washington Commandery, No, 1, Knights Templar, the oldest one In this Jurisdiction, will celebrate Its elghrty-flrst anniversary at the asylum In Masonic Temple this even ing. The celebration will take the double form of the conferring of the Order of the Red Cross, followed by an entertainment and refreshments In the hall below. Wash ington Commandery was chartered January 13, I82B, six weeks before the first Inau guration of Andrew Jackson as President. For nearly forty years It was the only commandery in the Jurisdiction. It has had many distinguished public men and leading business men on Ks roster, and still con tinues to be one mi the largest and most (KjTKIE. prosperous and progressive commanderies in the Jurisdiction. It has shown good gain* In recent years, and Is Just closing another successful year under the admin istration of William H. Yerkes. Jr., and his associate officers, as follows: Commander, ? Wm. H. Yerkes. Jr.; generalissimo, James A. Rutherford; captain general. John 8. Wm. H. Yerkes, Jr. Eminent Commander Wnabingtou Commander*', No. 1. K. T. Bench; senior warden. J. Claude Keiper; Jugrior warden. Be*ijamln S. Graves; prelate. Rev. J. Russell Verbryc^re; associate pre lates, Claude F. King and Jacobus S. Jones; i treasurer, Albert F Fox; recorder. Henry 8. Merrill; standard bearer. Ralph W. Lee; sword bearer, Nathaniel B. Fugltt, and warder, Abram R. Serven. I The mother commandery has had many prominent men as eminent commanders, and still has two past grand commanders on her roster. Bldred G. Davis and Harri son Dlngman are past grand commanders, and Warren H. Orcutt, David G. Dixon. Henry K. Simpson, George H. Walker, Thomas P. Morgan, Charles T. Caldwell, Jesse F. Grant, Joseph A. Oliver. Willaim S. Parkes, Fred W. Behrens, Claude F. King and Jacobus 3. Jones. The commandery also has three present grand officers in George H. Walker, grand generalissimo; Thomas p. Morgan, grand captain general, and Henry K. Simpson, grand prelate, the latter also tbe present grand high priest. The body has recently seen'two of its members go to the head of York Masonry and the shrine In this Jurisdiction. Eminent Commander Yerkes alluded to this fact In his current circular under the heading, "Honors of Illustrious Fpaters," as foliows: "No one could aspire to a higher office than that of grand master of Masons of the District of Columbia. This Irigh honor and one whloh is most worthily placed, has recently come to Sir Knight Walter A. Bruwn of Washington Commandery, and we offer to him our sin cercst congratulations and support. Past Commander Jacobus S. Jones was on De cember 2S elected potentate of Almis Tem ple, A. A. O. N. _M. S. His host of friends ?were glad of an opportunity to contribute to his success, which evidences his wide popularity. To the good no office Is too high, nor honors too frequently bestowed. To him o>ur best bow and a continuation of our. loving friendship." The' commandery hold a stated conclave Wednesday evening, at which the report of the committee which arranged for the celebration Washington Commandery's last circular contains a memorial card for the late Sir Knight Charles H. Smith, kniglitc-d April 5, 1902; appointed guard April 13, 1904; died suddenly January 5, 1900, after a member ship of less than three years. Dr. Charles T. LIndsey, who has Just closed a term as W. M. of Potomas Lodge, No. 6, F. A. A. M., was bom In the Shen Dr. Chas. T. Lindsey. andoah valley at Bridgewater, Va., near Harrisonburg, and in his younger life re sided on a farm. He was educated in the Bridgewater Academy, and at the age of eighteen years commenced the study of dentistry, graduating at the University of Maryland In 1S83, practicing his profes sion for several years In his native state. In 1890 he removed to Washington. In 1900 he was made a master Mason in Po tomac Lodge, No. 5, and the same year was exalted in Potomac R. A. Chapter, No. 8, and also knighted in Potomac 'Commandery, No. .3. He has served Potomac Lodge the past year as Its master and at the present ttme Is king of Potomac ChapteT and emi nent commander of Potomac Commandery. He has mRde an excellent officer in each Ox these bodies. A conclave of Montgomery Commandery, No. 13, was held on Thursday evening at Galtherstourg, MA, at ? o'clock. Eminent Commander David H. Fenton and staff of officers of Columbia Commandery, No. 2, of Washington, and other leading fraters were present as guests. Supper was served im mediately upon the arrival of the 5:46 train from Washington. Sir knights appeared in full Templar uniform. Montgomery Com mandery proved on excellent host, and a very enjoyable evening was had. | Recorder Harry B. Cramer of Montgom ery Commandery in his clrcuJar notice an nouncing the conclave, stated that the sUt knights attending woudd be assured two things. "A profitable and pleasant evening and a good dinner." A short meeting of the commandery was held, after which the ladies were Invited Into the asylum, presumedly to hear the speeches of tile sir knights, but to tho Surprise of all Eminent Commander Fenton on behalf of Columbia Commandery, In a graceful speech, presented to Montgomery Commandery a very handsome beauseant banner. The gift was accepted toy Eminent Commander Arthur B. Gleason of Mont gomery Commandery. Other speeches were macte toy Past Commander Harry Cunning ham, Generalissimo J. A. Moyer of Colum bia Commandery and- Past Commander J. F. Allen and prelate, Rev Thoe. J. Packard of Montgomery Commander}'. New Jerusalem Lodge, No. ?, p. a. A. M., held a stated conclave at tbe Masonic Temnle Thursday night, at which tb? En tered Apprentice degree was conferred and Masonio temple airalrs discussed. The first degree will again be conferred at the ses sion of January 28. The lodge has the fol lowing stele committee for the first portion of tbe year: J. G. Schofteld. George R. Chamber lin, William Brayshaw, C. G. Dougherty, C. H. Fred, Meyer X<oeb and E. H. Taylo-. Asealon T?mplr. No. 81. Dramatic Order Knights of Khonusan, held a very enthus iastic meeting this week at the Pythian Temple, at which time the newly elected officers wore Inducted lata office. An in vitation wan received from Hen Hadad Temple, No. M, of Baltimore. Md.. to pay them a fraternal visit on the 20th of March and to confer the work upon a large class of tyros. The matter was referred to the divan of the temple, jvho will report at the next^ meeting to be Held the second Monday in February. Quite a number of interest ing remarks were made by members of the temple and by the retiring and incoming royal vlrler, and three rousing cheers and a tiger were given the retiring royal vizier, Thomas A. Bynum, who led the caravan in a very suet-esafui career for the post year. The entertainment committee of the tempi# was instructed to look into the ad visability of giving a ball during tho winter months, and several new members were added to the committee. The new royal vizier, George W. Haley, appointed Votary H. H. Jacobson as Mokanna and Votary Collins as Joe, and the members are louk ing to the formation of tho new degree team. READINESS FOR WAR UNITED STATES MUST CONSERVE PEACE OF WORLD. American Military Establishment Does Not Meet the National Re quirements. Capt. Carl ReicbmanD in the United States In fantry Journal. In the light of modern war. In the light of our position as a great power, do our land forces in their present shape meet our national requirements? It is believed that this question If submit ted to any body of professional soldiers would receive an overwhelming negative re ply. Military systems are matters of historical development; they spring from the necessi ties encountered In the different epochs of ! a nation's history, and in their origin they are deeply rooted in the life, habits and traits of the people, and In all those quali ties and peculiarities which we call nation al characteristics. Any material change in systfn\ cuts deeP into the lifo wuL ? a",d should not be undertaken IldernMnneC,;S.!"H'uand W,thout mature con M,i . . is. therefore, well to approach the present subject with care; nav it be hooves, us to approach it with becoming T?nu ^nCo' for t0 thls riay the army of the united States stands unconquered by any history is an unbroken record of military virtue and devotion, of toil and victory in many climes. Its valor has built the rock foundation on which our people have reared the glorious structure of their civilization and national life, of their ma ^ u!.an(1,mo/a! development, of their pros pei ity and of their happiness. The conditions under which and the pur poses for which armies are maintained de pend on the conditions surrounding the na tions maintaining them; in other words they depend on the national policy, and ^ therefore, bound to change wltii that policy. So It has been with out- army. When the great civil war was over arid peace reigned once more in the land, tho er!?n?. a,u^ victorious army was disbanded, and the size of the military establishment was adapted to the immediate needs of the nation. We were then governing ourselves by the policy of eschewing entangling alli ances of keeping on friendly terms with all nations and of strictly abstaining from participation in the quarrels of the world at large. The west was a \ast, undeveloped empire, inhabited by Indian tribes in vnrl ous stages of barbarism, who lived a more or less nomadic life and among whom agri culture existed In but a rudimentary stage t or their support they needed a large ter ritory end they naturally resented the ad vent of the settler who fenced in land, kill ed and destroyed the butTalo and gradually but surely crowded the tribes back. It be came the task of the army to protect the settlers, to punish the marauding Indian and to assist in forcing liim into an agri cultural life. Twenty-five thousand men were deemed sufficient for that purpose, and they did their work well. Proves Its Worth. When tho allotment of land to Indians In severalty had, let us hope forever, settled the Indian question, there were those in and out of the army who asserted that there really was no longer any need of an army, and the question of further diminish ing this already small regular establish ment, or of disbanding it altogether, was actually and gravely discussed. Before long however, this question was set at rest by the breaking out of the war with Spain, which showed that, anent militarv estab Ilshments, Internal governmental reasons may be powerfully supplemented or coun teracted from without. How the little reg ular army acquitted itself need not be re told here. As a consequence of the war we acquired territory far from our shores, and In the case of the Philippine Islands it be came necessary to maintain an armed force for purposes of paclllcation that could not ?ur"'shed by the existing establishment without transferring it bodily to the Philip pine Islands and keeping it there. Under these circumstances Congress voted an army of the maximum strength of 100 000 men, which, however, for economic rea sons, is kept down to a Uttie over OO.OCO. The war with Spain brought about a tre mendous change in our national policy, it procured us a prominent place among the nations, because it drew their attention to our political harmony in case of foreign war, to the boundlessness of Our warlike resources, to the readiness with which Con gress made these resources available and to the energy with which the war was prosecuted. This, our new, position has since been enhanced by the statesmanship of our chief executive and his advisers, so that today, although we ubstaln from proclaiming ourselves as such, we are vir tually one of the great powers and one of the greatest of them. With'our new position there has descended on our shoulders the heavy burden resting on all great powers, of assisting in the regulating and sliapin? of human affairs. From the moral and in tellectual point of view no nation is better qualified for such a task than the Ameri can people. Love of fair play, of justice and of peace, are inborn in the American hparf, and this fact l? wo well borne out by our history that no one will jtlnsiy that we have a mission of p?*<-e to ful fill. and no one knowing the American na tion will doubt that pwwulwi will be our principal Instrument employed In the ac complishment of our task. Mission of Peace. If. then, we acknowledge that our# is a mission of pe.ace In thU troubled world, and that our principal means for effecting our purpose will be a peaccable on#, ?? may expect to t>e asked why we maintain any military force at all. All civilised peo ple abhor war. and many peopU seem to think that the millennium is at hand: that the lion will lie down with the lamb and that no nation wlil raise Its hand against Us neighbor. Indeed, has not The Hag-.n tribunal been Instituted for the express pur pose of settling the quarrels of nations without resort to arms? But the enthusi asts who give themselves up to hopes of universal peace reckon without human na ture, without the genius of nations and without Providence that directs them. To believe in universal peace because of the establishment of The Hague tribunal, and to disarm In consequence, would be as rea sonable or unreasorwil 1" a *tep for a na tion to take aa It would bo far the Individ ual to believe In physical Immortality l>? cause of the progress of medical eclerce. and to give up life insurance. We may dismiss the hop* of universal peace aa an Idle dream for a long time to come at any rate. Nations are very nuich like individuals: thev may be good or bad, they may bu bright or stupid, energetic or listless, and their success in life depends on their na tional capabilities and tho use they make of them. They differ from the Individual in not acknowledging a common superior as individuals acknowledge their state. Ac cording to all conceptions of liutran law, states are sovereign: they are governed In their actions not by laws Imposed by su perior authority, but by sejf-lmposed rules dictated by self-interest in tl\e first place and by considerations of Justice In the so ond place. It follows that although the normal condition of mankind is acknowl edged to be peace, and although nations or governments may long dwell side by side in harmony, yet the result of sover eignty Is to put each constantly on tho defensive against all others. The Christian principle of turning the other cheek does not apply in the life of nations; there mifth: Is right; each is bound to protect itself and Its individuals and to safeguard their in terests. In the multiplicity and ramifica tion of human endeavor it is unavoidable that different interests should come in contact somewhere and clash, and when these differences are irreconcilable or when ?tiiey acctimulate too much or too fast, they are apt to lead to a resort to arms. It Is, therefore, the duty of ours, as it Is of any other government, to protect Itself and Its Interests as well as its in<livldual citizen* and their Interests, and that paramount duty cannot be discharged without an ade quate force. Power of Persuasion. Just as an Individual will accept the ad vice of one above him In attainments, in fluence and power, more readily than from one toe low him in these respects, so a state or nation Is more apt to let itself lie per suaded Into a certain courae of action by a powerful neighbor than by a weak one. The greater our migtot, the greater and speedier our means for exerting It, the greater will be our power of persuasion, our Influence, and the better we shall fulfill our mission as the great nation of peace, and the more completely and effectively we shall fulfill toward Providence our duty as a great power. Until a few years ago it was not our policy to take part In the shaping of human affairs except as regards our own hemisphere. We were then in our national adolescence. It was our good sense, dar ing that stage of our growth, to keep out of tho affairs of our elders; we conducted ourselves as a well brought up youth should, and we may point with some pride to the fact that we never cried "enough" in any of our encounters. Just as a youth does not become a man at a certain dty and ; hour, but gradually realizes that he has be ! come a man. so we have ripened Into na tional manhood, and it gradually dawns upon us that we liave entered a new phase of life and that our duties have become more serious and more comprehensive. Not Always the Beautiful Model. From the St. Ijouts filobe-Demoerat. "One of the most preposterous ldo.s In existence is that regarding the pay of mod els and their physical attractiveness," Mr. Robert Bringhurst says. "In this couutr\ a majority of the models are employed in art schools or by instructors of clashes in painting, drawing or modeling, and for pur poses of instruction any figure is good enough. "A budding artist can learn to draw and paint, study anatomy and proportion. Just as well from a homely model as from one that Is surpassingly beautiful. There Is no need of the latter at all. If one presents herself, all well and good, but as tho schools and instructors are entirely Inde pendent in their needs she must be content with the same pay that rules for all In this class, which Is generally not more than a dollar for a three-hour posing stance. As tho work is, after all, only unsklllod labor, it is an exceptionally good rate of pay at that. What obtains here also obtains for more than half the model work abroad, yet the average person always conjures up a dream of loveliness when an arist's model Is mentioned and associates the work with remuneration of a dollar or more an hour. "Of course, where an artist requires a particular kind of model, no matter what the especial requirement may be, tho law of supply and demand steps In and regu lates pay, for one thing, in accordance with Its inexorable mandates. If the supply of that sort of model is short the price runs high. I have heard of models who received several dollars an hour. But there are too many satisfactory indlvlduaJs willing to pose for whatever they can get to make such a condition ar y other than most ex ceptional." Money in Home Life. From the Southern Farm Macaiine. Tha effect of largo accumulations of wealth upon home life has not at all times been salutary or elevating. Too often it has been the reverse. Great riches and ma terial magnificence are not favorable for the cultivation of the cardinal virtues of affection, honesty, strength of character and high moral purpose. They too often breed annoyance and haughtiness. Thou sands of young wumen are taught that money covers every defect In character. Ambitious mothers seek for money. er are you doing?" Just like tha pater to put tl