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No. 16,556. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JANUARY 22, 1906-TWENTY PAGES. TWO CENTS.
TtfE EVENING STAlfc "YiYIh 8UNDAT MORNINO EDITION. tfculsm Offlw, 11th Strut ml Pena?ylir?nU Artsne. The Evening 8t? Newspaper Company. B. H KA-rFKANN, Presidet. ,fl?w Yor* Ofliee: Tritons Building. Chleag* OSm : Tribune Balldlivg. The Fvenln* Star, with the Sunday mornln* edi tion, Is delivery] by carriers, on their own account, within the city at 60 cents per mosth; without the ISunday morning edition at 44 cent* per month. Ft ilrII, poatfc^e prepaid: a Dally, Sunday included, one month. 60 cents. }>a!lv. Fundav excepted, one month, 50 cent?. Saturday Htar. one year, $1.00. 6unday Star, one year, $1 50. EXPLANATION ASKED Dean of Diplomatic Corps is In quisitive IN VENEZUELAN AFFAIR Interviews Foreign Minister Over the Taigny Incident. QUESTION TREATED LIGHTLY. Latter Remarked Taigny Allowed Himself to Be Caught Like a Rat in a Trap. WILLEMSTAtV Jsl;.rul of Citfaoftu. Jasu; Jiry 21'.?Advices received here today say that the dean of the diplomatic corps at t'aracus. the Belgian charge d'affaires, has conferred with Senor Ybarra. the Vene zuelan foreign minister, on the incident at tending the embarkation of the former French charge d'affaires, At. Taingy, on board the French steamer Martinique off I.a Guavara January 14. The Belgian official pointed out that the diplomatic corp? considered M. Taigny to he a member of the corps until removed by his government, and asked the foreign minister or an explanation of the position for the members of the corps. Evaded Explanation. Senor Ybarra evaded the request of the Belgian representative and treated the Taigny Incident lightly, remarking that M. Taigny had "allowed himself to be caught like a rat in a trap." There Is a great lack of news at Caracas. The people of Venezuela are entirely ig norant of the situation growing out of the rupture of diplomatic relations between France and Venezuela. A strict censorship is observed over all dispatches. President Castro is at Maracay. Assurances From France. Having received positive assurances from the French government that Its future policy for the redress of Its alleged griev ances at the hands of Venezuela involves no infrlng* mi nt whatever of the Monroe doc trine, It is understood that the United, States government will offer no interference to the execution of its program for the so lution of the Venezuelan problem. It is understood that M. Jusserand, the French ambassador, lias assured Secretary Root that France has no designs upon Venezue lan territory nor any intention of block ading Its ports. In view of the strict se crecy observed by the French authorities as to the punitive measures to be taken, it is difficult to predict what course will be followed. Although the United States docs not feel called upon to Intercede in behalf of Vene zuela, It is known that the President and Secretary of State would deplore the out break of war between France and Vene zuela, especially in view of the feeling In higher circles that there is nothing .n the present situation that is not succeptible to settlement by peaceful methods. It is said that President Castro is so well satisfied with the justice of his cause that he is willing to submit the issues with France to arbitration, and it is understood that the T'nited States is not averse to mediat ing to that end. Disturbed French Plans. It now appears that one of the reasons for the anger of the French government over the enforced departure from Venezuela of Mr. Taigny on a French merchantman was that it spoiled the plan of the French government to take the French charge away from Venezuela on a man-of-war with all the state and ceremony possible tinder the circumstances. The entire ? French squadron now near the Venezuelan coast was to have been employed on that mission, and the occasion was to be marked by a demonstration in the harbor of La Guaira. The squadron consists of the cruisers L>es?lx. Jurlen de la Gravlere, Troude and Duguay-Trouin. After a stay at Martinique of several weeks the vessels sailed away for a few days, headed south, and It is Inferred that they were bound to La Guaira to take M. T?lsny away. At last accounts they were at Port au Spain. Full instructions were prepared for the guidance of M. Taigny, and it was to get these Instructions that that official Insisted on boarding the French liner at La Guaira in defiance of the quarantine regu lations before the Vessel had been granted "pratique," which act was resented by the Venezuelan authorities and resulted in his enforced premature departure for Wil lemstad. WILL BE REPORTED TOMORROW. House Leaders Intend to Take Dp Statehood Bill Wednesday. The House committee on territories gave final consideration to the Joint state hood bill today. Republican members are a unit In support of the Hamilton Joint statehood bill, which Mr. Hamilton, chair man of the committee, reintroduced In the House today in slightly amended form, and the democratic members of the com mittee are opposed to joint s'ltehood. Mr. Hamilton will report his bill favor ably to the Mouse tomorrow, and the democrats will tile a minority report. Un less the present plans lie changed the Hamilton bill will not bo considered by the House until Wednesday, when the re publican leaders purpose submitting a rule t" prevent amendment of the bill. Mr. Hamilton said today that Speaker Cannon was confident the rule would pass miiI that the Joint statehood measure would pass the House in its present form. ?'Insurgent' republicans an- equally con It'lent the bill will be amended, and Mr. Habcock. leader of the "insurgents," says their strength is sufficient to defeat the administration plan. DISTRICT MEN AT LINCOLN l JtHIl' To Participate In American Brooders' Deliberations. special Dispatch to The Star. LINCOLN. Neb., January ^.-Washing ton Is well represented in the list of live ? tock specialists complied by the American Breeders' Association. A list of thirty-five committees has been outlined. These will assist any man who shows aptitude in breeding plants or animals. The following are from Washington: H. J. Webber?Assigned to committee on theoretical research and heredity. W M. Hays?Co-operative work in animal breeding. 11. J. Webber?Co-operative work In plant bi ending. G. M Rommel?Breeding carriage horses. W. H. Kerr- Breeding running horses. T. S. Palmer?Breeding wild blrfs. A. D. Mclvln?Breeding sheep and goats. K. T. Phillips?Breeding bees. Alex. Graham Bell?Eugenics?A Study In the Heredity of Man. C. P. Hartley?Breeding corn. H. J. Webber? Breeding cotton. M. A. Carlton?Breeding cereals. James Munson-Breeding sugar crops. A. D. Schamel?Breeding teas, tobacco, Spring-Like Conditions in New England. CHICAGO HAS SLEET STORM Very Warm in Many Sections of the Country. SOME WONDERFUL CHANGES Big Drop in Temperature in Iowa, Missouri and Texas?Close to Zero at Kansas City. NEW YORK, January 22.?Telegrap&c communication with Chicago was cut off at 11:85 this morning. The service up to that time had been slow, owing to storms. At 10:30 the wires were working as far west as Toledo. Just before communication with Chicago was lost news was received that a terrific sleet storm was doing much damage within a radius of seventy miles of Chicago. It was also reported that the storm was moving eastward. Signs of Change in New York. Reports from throughout the state show that the warm -wave still prevailed today, but the sky generally was overcast and there were signs of a change. In central New York robins appeared at many places. At Watertown, In northern New York, the thermometer registered 64 this forenoon, and at points In the central and southern parts of the state temperatures of C>0 to 06 were recarded. Newburgh reported 70. The steamer from Cape Vincent, N. Y., to King ston, Ont., made a trip yesterday, the latest on record. Spring-Like in New England. NEW HAVEN, Conn,, January 22.?The spring-like weather conditions of yesterday prevailed today over Connecticut. It was even warmer, the thermometer- here regis tering .>0 this morning, against 49 yester day morning. BOSTON, January 22.?Following the re markable warmth of yesterday in this city there was only a slight fall In tempera ture during the night. At 10 a.m. today it registered 51. The sky was overcast. Thermometer readings at 8 a.m. reported to the weather bureau from various New England stations were as follows: North lield. Vt? 38; Con ?ord, N. H? 32; Portland, Me.. 30; Eastport, Me., 38; Providence, R. I., 42; Nar.tuoket, 44. Warmer at Baltimore. BALTIMORE, Md., January 22.?The un usuallj warm weather of yesterday contin ued here and throughout Maryland today, the thermometer being slightly higher, reg istering 50, against 4!> yesterday, a' very dense fog prevailed. Seventy-Two Degrees at Norfolk. NORFOLK, Va., January 22.?The tem perature went up to 72 degrees in Nor folk at noon today. Warmest in Sixteen Years. PHILADELPHIA, January 22.?This city today experienced the warmest January day In sixteen years. The official govern ment thermometer on top of the post office building registered 66 degrees at noo/i. [ while the .'.umldity at that hour was .S? per cent. The highest previous record for January was In 1890, when the thermometer registered ?2 degrees. The warm wave ex tends into the interior of the state, even the mountain towns reporting high tempera tures. Sleet Storm at Chicago. CHICAGO, January 22, 12:30 p.m.?One 1 of the most severe snow and sleet storms which this city has experienced In many years has practically isolated It from the outside world. The storm is most severe within a belt, the radius of which Is sixty miles. Almost all telegraphic service has been destroyed. Electric, elevated and sur- ! face transportation Is about discontinued and the cable lines are operating only with greatest difficulty. The railroads are great ly handicapped and all arriving trains are hours behind time. A heavy gale prevails and snow and sleet are falling without ces sation. Closti to Zero at Kansas City. KANSAS CITY, Mo., January 22.?Close to zero weather with a high wind and light snow at some points were the weather con ditions today in this part of th? southwest. The coldest point reported by the local weather bureau was at Dodge City, Kan.,' where the thermometer registered 2 de grecs above zero. At Kansas City and Oklahoma City it was 12 degrees above. The predictions are rut zero weather generally over-this territory by tonight. A snow storm Is reported to be general In Arkansas today. Big Drop in Iowa. DES MOINES, Iowa. January 22.?From 45 above zero, one of the warmest January days In history, the mercury dropped last night to zero all over Iowa. Wind accom panied thi- cold wave, damaging telegraph and telephone lines. Two Inches of Sleet in St. Louis. ST. LOUIS, January 22.?A blanket ot sleet two Inches thick covered the ground this morning with a temperature at 16 above and a fine sleet blowing. Street-car traffic was badly hampered and railroad traffic was delayed. Telegraphic communi cation (wfth Chicago and points east of St Ix>uis was very poor early In the morning when suddenly it ceasefl at 8 o'clock, and three hours later had. not been resumed At the telegraph offices It was stated that com munication was being effected east of here yet In a slow, round-about fashion, but that the service was badly interfered with on account of the sleet-covered wires. West of St. Louis telegraphic communication was established with some little Interference. Snow in North Texas. PALLAS. Texas, January 22.?A cold wave, accompanied by snow. Is sweeping over north Texas today. The thermometer registered 23 Trains are delayed and all communication is interrupted. Blizzard at St. Joe. ST. JOSEPH, Mo., January 22.?St. Jo seph Is In the grip of a blizzard. The mer cury has dropped nearly fifty degrees In forty-eight hours. Second Coldest Day of Season. LINCOLN, Neb., January 2t2.?This was fhe second coldest morning of the season In eastern Nebraska, the mercury register ing one degree above aero at 7 o'clock Throughout the night there was a hard wind with but little saow. ONE YEAR OF REVOLUTION. Conference Resumed at Algeci ras, Spain, Today. MESSAGES FROM MADRID Question of Contraband Arms Discus sed Further. 5 OF THE 16 ARTICLES ADOPTED Discussion on Remaining Sections Put Over Until Tomorrow?Sitting Lasted Less Than 3 Hours. AIXrECIRAS, Spain, January 22.?The in ternational conference on Moroccan reforms reassembled at the town hall here this morning'. The presiding officer, the Duke of Almodovar, read messages from the Spanish senate and chamber of deputies expressing hope for a successful issue of the con ference. The Marquis Visconti Venosta, head of the Italian mission, replying In the name of the delegates made a significant refer ence to the international character of the agreement to toe concluded here. This was Interpreted as referring to the Franco Uerman difficulty over the question of the international control of Morocco. Five Articles Adopted. 2:10 p.m. The conference adopted 1ve of t.ie sixteen articles contained in the report of the committee on contraband arms. Then, as the sitting had lasteQ two and a half hours, discussion of the remaining articles went over until Wednesday, to morrow being reserved for the ceremonies attending the fast day of King Alfonso. The discussion brought out a lengthy dis course from Sidi Mohammed El Mokhri, the second of the Moroccan delegates. REFORM IN PORTO RICO. Mayor Todd of San Juan Specifies Needed Changes. Roberto H. Todd, mayor of San Juan, P. R., continued his statement before the House committee on insular affairs today in support of the Larrinaga bill to reorgan ize the insular government in Porto Rico. He said there have been three governors in five years, and five attorneys general. All of these five heads of the legal department have been from different parts of the United States, and have interpreted the laws of Porto Rico according to the de cisions of the courts in the state where they practiced before coming to the island. As the court decisions of the island have not been published, Mr. Todd said, they were a hopeless tangle. The heads of other departments, Mr. Todd said, also have changed frequently and the result Is an un settled condition which is annoying to the Islanders and disastrous to their interests. Mr Todd said a great Seal of money is wasted by the Insular government in sal aries There are more clerks than neces sary "in various departments. In his opin ion, and the government service would be benefited by lopping off many positions. CALVE TO ADOPT SINGER. Young Woman With Phenominal Voice Discovered. SBATTI-iE, Wash., January 22.?Madame Calve, who sang here in concert, has dis covered a young girl contralto, Lois Feurt, for whom she predicts great things. The girl, who is but seventeen years of age, was given on audience toy Madame Calve In the Lincoln Hotel, and sang with Buch exquisite charm that the prima donna, with tears in her eyes, clasped the girl to her breast, saving: "You have the voice, you have the temperament, you have the physique, you will be great." The other members of the Madame Calve company were also amazed at the great and marvelous voice, and predict a future ror her. After singing Gounod s Oh. That We Two Were Maying, Madame Calve told Miss Feurt that she would Tormally adopt her and give her a thorough training in Paris. If The Star is not sold by newsboys for TWO CENTS at any place please notify the office. A KENTUCKY LYNCHING A NEGRO TAKEN FROM CITY JAIL AND HANGED. HOPKTNSVIIjLE, Ky., January 22?A mob of rtfX) men early on Sunday morning took Ernest Baker, a negro, from, the coun ty jail and hanged him from a beam of the city scales near the court house, in the center of the city. Baker attempted Saturday night a crim inal assault on Miss Mary Gentry, aged eighteen, whom he knocked down and dragged by the heels Into an alley. Her screams attracted neighbors and the negro fled, but later was captured by officers. The mob's work was so secretly done that the prisoners in the jail next to Baker did not know of the lync'hlng until morning. CALAMITY IN BRAZIL TURRET SHIP REPORTED SUNK WITH 300 ON BOARD. RIO JANEIRO, Brazil* January 22?The Brazilllan turret ship Aquldaban has been sunk at Port Jacarepagua, south of Rio Janeiro, as the result of an explosion -on board. It Is reported that three hundred of her crew perished and that only one officer was saved. WILL ARRIVE TOMORROW. Plans Made for Entertaining the Chi nese Commissioners. The Imperial Chinese commissioners who ?have come to the United States to make a personal study of its industrial, social and political institutions have ended their visit to Chicago and will arrive In this city to morrow morning at 10 o'clock on a spe cial train over the Pennsylvania railroad. The party numbers about sixty persons and will make Its quarters at the Arling ton Hotel. The commissioners will be of ficially received at the station by Mr. Charles Denby, chief clerk of the Depart ment of State, who will escort them to their hotel. The visitors will be presented to Secre tory Root at the State Department tomor row afternoon, and Wednesday afternoon they will tie formally received at the While House by President Roosevelt. Thursday afternoon they will be entertained at lun cheon by the Y. M. C. A. at the new building and that evening will attend a dinner given In their honor by Sir Chen tung Liang-Cheng, the Chinese minister. Secretary Root will give a. dinner Satur day afternoon In honor of tho commission ers at the New Willard, ana next Monday they will make a visit to Mt. Vernon on the U. S. S. Dolphin. The day following they will attend a special exhibition drill at Fort Myer and afterward dine informal ly with Mr. Denby. Wednesday next, the 81st Instant, they will visit the houses of Congress and take luncheon at the Library of Congress. The above program Is sub ject to change, but Is likely to stand If satisfactory to the visitors. The party will leave here on the evening of the 31st In stant for New York. New York Senators in Their Seats. Senators Piatt and Depew were In their seats when the Senate convened today, the first appearance of either for some time. Both were given warm welcomes and were heartily congratulated upon their appear ance of being in good health. Senator Newlands Ends His Argument. Senator Newlands today finished his state ment in opposition to the Philippine tariff bill, In the hearings now proceeding before the Senate committee having charge of this measure. He took the position that It would he cruel to the Filipinos to accustom thsm to a subeldized price for their sugar and return them to the worlds price, about $35 a ton less when the Philippines are sep arated from thj? government. The hearings -were adjourned until Thurs day. ON TRIAL FOR HAZING Midshipman Claude B. Mayo's Case Resumed AT ANNAPOLIS TODAY Ninth Victim to Come Before the Court. R. R. MANN TO BE TRIED NEXT Authorities Profess Not to Know When Hearings Will End?Homes Engaged for Winter. ANNAPOLIS, Md., Jannary 22,-The case of Midshipman Claude B. Mayo of Colum bus, Mlsa.. a member of the first class, was taken up by the court-martial at the Naval Academy this morning. Mayo Is the ninth midshipman to come before the court since its commencement, and the tenth case, as Stephen Decatur, jr., of Portsmouth, N. H., has been tried twice. The next case to be tried is that of Rich ard R. Mann, also of the first class, an ap pointee of President Roosevelt The naval authorities here say they have no idea when trials of midshipmen will come to an end, but officers who are connected with the court have taken houses in Annapolis for the winter. Mayo introduced E. S. Theall of Washing ton, D. C., as his counsel, and made no ob jections to any member of the court. The court found the charges in due form and technically correct after some slight in accuracies had been corrected by permis sion of Superintendent Sands. Fourth Classman Theodore H. Winters, the first witness for the prosecution, said that one Sunday during September Mayo had made him stand on his head and do the "sixteenth." He said that an order had been Issued for the fourth class men not to walk on the edge of the lino leum and that there had been a general laugh. He understood, he said, that the fourth classmen were being hazed for this. Made Him Stand on His Head. Midshipman John M. Sloan said that Mayo had made him stand on his 'head about two minutes. Fourth Classman Lee C. Carey said that Mayo and other upper classmen had put him on his head, and said that Mayo had told him that it was done because he had laughed in ranks. Mark C. Bowman said that he and his room mate, Weyler, had been put On their heads a short lime ago. He did not posi tively identify Mayo. George L. Weyler said that Mayo had put him on his head. Midshipman Hugh Allen, the first witness for the defense, said that he had been Mayo's room mate for a year and a half. Mayo's opinion, he said, was that a Y. M. C. A. member should not haze. Mayo, he said, was the editor of a Y. M. C. A. publi cation designed to give new-comers helpful suggestions. Midshipman William L. Calhoun haid Mayo had often told him he regarded haz ing as morally wrong. Mayo Member of the Y. M. C. A. Lieut. Commander Charles B. McVay, jr., testified that Mayo is one of the .prominent members of the Y. M. C. A. and it had come to his knowledge that Mayo consid ered this position as Incompatible with haz ing. Naval Movements. The Arksansas has arrived at Brunswick, Ga., the Don Juan de Austria at Hampton roads, the Bainbridge at Canton, the New port at Santo Domingo city, the Raleigh at Hongkong, the Chicago and Boston at Santa Barbara, the Marcellus at Sanchez, the Eagle at San Juan, the Alexander at Cavtte, the Nashville at San Juan and the Porter, Dupont, Nicholson, Rodgers and Blsk?ly at Charleston. The Dubuque has left Santo Domingo for Sanchez, the Lebanon has sailed from Hampton roads for Boston aHd the battle ship K^ntu'ky sailed from New York yes terday for Culebra to Join the Atlantic fleet. ; ST, PETERSBURG QUIET Anniversary of Red Sunday Passed Without Trouble. DISORDERS IN WARSAW Cossacks and Gendarmes Patrolled the Streets. PEOPLE AT USUAL VOCATIONS Silent Signs of Sympathy With the Revolutionary Cause in Evidence on Every Hand. ST. PETERSBURG, January 22, 11 20 a.m.?The frequent patrols In all the streets this morning art marching at wide inter vals In "bomb formation." This Is almost the only Indication that today Is the anni versary of "Red Sunday," the stores are all open and the ordinary life of the city is proceeding as usual. Up to IX o'clock no trouble of any kind had been reported. Bands of workmen were encountered oc-. casionally proceeding from one factory region to another, sometimes chanting a revolutionary chorus, but otherwise they were orderly. The authorities fearins a students' demonstration at their favorite rallying place in front of the Kazan Cathedral, posted a heavy force of Cossacks and mounted gendarmes In the courtyards of the neighboring buildings and patrolled that section with especial vigilance. The streets were crowded with people at tending to their ordinary occupations, but many of them wore bands of crape on their arms, silent signs of sympathy with the revolutionary cause. BLOODSHED AT WARSAW. Troops Fired on Socialist Workmen, Fatally Injuring Two. WARSAW, Russian Poland. January 22.? The anniversary of "Red Sunday" in St. Petersburg Is being observed here today by a strike of the employes of the factories which has already been marked by blood shed. A detachment of infantry fired on a number of socialists who were compelling shop keepers in the Withowskl market to close their establishments. Two men were fatally wounded and others were slightly injured. A gas explosion, the cause of which has not been explained today, destroyed a wing of Count Zamoyski's residence, seriously injuring eight of the occupants. Infantry patrols are compelling the shop keepers to keep their stores open. The governor has warned the employes of the newspapers that if they strike today the papers will be suspended tomorrow. Quiet at Lodz. DODZ, Russian Poland, January 22.? All the shops and factories here are closed in commemoration of "Red Sunday," and no stieet cars or cabs are running. RUSSIAN DESPOTISM Denounced in Scathing Tones at Chi cago Meeting. CHICAGO, January 22.?Russian despo tism was denounced in the most scathing terms and the Russian revolution was cheered by German socialists of Chicago yesterday at a meeting commemorating "bloody Sunday," January 22, 11)05. The date was declared to be a mile-stone in the revolutionary movement of the Rus sian proletariat and the death knell of in dustrial and economic despotism of the capitalist class 'throughout the world. The meeting was attended by nearly 500 members of the local German socialist or ganizations. A collection of 1100 was taken up for the benefit of the "struggling Russian com rades," and a resolution of fraternal greet ing was adopted and sent to the revolu tionary committee of Russia. TO EXTEND MASS. AVENUE. Bishop Satterlee Writes Chairman Babcock on the Subject. Chairman Babcock of the House District committee has received a letter from Bish op Satterlee, In which the latter urges the passage of the House bill providing for the extension and improvement of Massachu setts avenue. Bishop Satterlee says that "by reason of the location of our proposed cathedral and affliated schools upon the line of Massachusetts avenue, all Episcopalians and their friends are greatly Interested in the passage of the House bill for the ex tension and improvement of Massachusetts avenue. The cathedral school for girls is already completed and under very succcssful oper ation, while tho $300,000 Lane Johnston chair school is nearing completion. The cathedral, which will be the main edifice of a group of buildings, and which will cost several million dollars, we hope to make as fine a building as St. Paul's Cathedral or Westminster Abbey. There fore. our work will be immeasurably ad vanced by the completion of Massachusetts avenue to the District line, thus placing us upon a great avenue of through travel. Very many laymen and members of the gen eral convention of the church have mani fested their great Interest by writing and personally urging members of Congress to ? support the meiisure. The interests of our church and its adherents coincide with the interests and the necessity of tlfe general public, including the American University, where they are, I believe, erecting the sec ond of a large group of buildings.. TROUBLE IN PERSIA. Exodus From Teheran to Lead to New Government. ST. PETERSBURG, January 22.?A con stitutional government for Persia, accord ing to advices from Teheran received here, is to be the outcome of the sudden exodus of a thousand merchants and MuUah priests from the Persian capital as a pro test against the shah's government. The insurgents proceeded to the village of Shar-Aibd-Ul-Azinj. where the shah pre sided over a representative assembly elect ed by the Mullahs, merchants and land owners. The assembly will be called the "house of Justice," and exercise administrative and legislative powers. Th6 equality of all be fore the law will be proclaimed. It Is ex pected that the assembly will demand the dismissal of M. J. Naus, the Belgian min ister of cuBtoms and posts, and tne Belgian employes of th? customs. | Weather. Rain tonight and tomon* row; much colder tomorrows. CAN DELEGATE POWER Senator Clay on the Constitu tional Right of Congress. RAILWAY RATE QUESTION! Precedent Established in the State? Upheld by Courts. TAKES ISSUE WITH PORAXEIt Warns His Hearers of Possible Growtla in the Agitation for Gov ernment Ownership. At the closc of the morning business to?> day Mr. day addressed the Senate on tits: resolution relating to the governmental;' power to fix maximum future charges ay. railroads. Mr. Clay supported the proposition that the Interstate comnwrce commission shoulcfc' be permitted to regulate railroad rate*. lie contended that the railroad companies^ should not be Interfered with. In the first stance, In preparing the schedules, but.' salci that when these arc once promulgate^| there should be a body with authority KHij modify and revise upon complaint. no' took ifvme with statements made earlier In the se.^lon by Mr. Koraker In opposi tion to the constitutional right of Congress u> delegate Its authority to regulate inter state commerce, saying that, on account of the vast number of complaints likely to arise. It would be Impossible for Congress with its other pressing business to give anything like adequate attention to them?J Mr. Clay added: "If Congress should re-1 main In session from year to year, devot-, Ing Its entire time to this work. It would be impossible to pass upon one-twentlett* ol these various complaints filed by the American shippers against different rail* road systems of our country." The Constitutional Question. "I repeat. If Congress can not pass aa act providing that all interstate rates shaiji be reasonable and Just, thus fixing a stand* ard and lelegating to the commission th* power to hear the facts and carry out the legislative will of Congress, then the Amer ican people are at the mercy of the rail roads." He declared hlms?lf a friend of the rail roads, but said because of their publla character It Is proper that "they should be compelled to furnish to the public trans portation of persons and property that is both reasonable and Just, and power ought to be lodged In an impartial. Intelligent and broad-minded tribune to pass upon the differences between the railroads and tha shippers and render substantial Justice to both. And." he added, "if Congress cannot exercise this power through a commission, then I am at a loss to know how the people can expect proper relief." He declared that the laws granting au thority to state commissions to revise rates so as to insure Justice had been frequently? upheld by the courts. "In these very cases." he went on, "It was claimed that the legis lative power must be exercised by the leg islature Itself and could not be delegated to any other body, but the courts have uni formly held that where the legislature en-* acted'that rates shall be reasonable and, Ju^t the duty of executing this law and, of finding what rates are reasonable and. Just may be delegated to a commission, and, that a grant of such power Is not a delegaW, tlon of legislative authority. If such laws, \ enacted by the legislatures of different | states have been sustained as constitution-1 al, wby cannot Congress enact that all In terstate freight rates shall be reasonable, and Just, and leave to the interstate com merce commission the right and power to. Investigate and fird out what rate will be, a proper one. what rate will be Just and impartial as between the shippers and tue roads?" ? Power of the Railways. After quoting many decisions In support of his contention, Mr. Clay analyzed the; present law and said that it does not afford1) adequate protection to the shipper. He said: ??Railroads can destroy towns, cities and, private industries by improper rates, and' who will eay power should not be iodgedjj somewhere to Investigate intelligently ail. complaints, solely with a view of doing Justice between the roads and the shippers?, The presumption is that an intelligent: broad-minded commission will be impartial and seek diligently to do Justice to both sides. Why presume that the commission will decide adversely to the roads? Why presume that narrow-minded partisans, easilv influenced by public clamor, will be appointed to discharge this duty? It will not be a difficult task to secure honest, in telligent. upright men to perform this work, and no other kind ought to be appointed. "I would repeal the law creating the com mission unless the commission is clothed with the power both to investigate and find what rates are reasonable and lmr partial and at the same time enforce Its findings. It Is absurd to have an inter state commerce commission constantly in vest!gating the railroad rates, knowing at the same time, whatever may be he find ings of the commission in regard to rates, the commission Is without power to enforce any of Its findings. The people want a com mission clothed with the. power to find and fix a proper and reasonable rate and to put that rate In operation. Otherwise the eom-| mission is useless. American people pay annually nearly J2.000.0ll0,0(? for freight anS passenger fares, and yet the shipper is at the mercy of the carrier. However, unjust and unreasonable the rate may be. the shipper Is without remedy. He has 110 tribunal clothed with the power to hear his complaints." Government Ownership. Mr. Clay hinted at the possibility of an agitation of the question of government ownership oif the railroads If attention is ?not given to the demand for regjlatlon. saying: "The sentiment has been growing in favor of government ownership. Mr. Hearst came within a few thousand- votes of being elect ed mayor of the city of New York In th? last election for mayor in that B^eat I have never been a follower of Mr. Hearst. Who had the remotest Idea of the stroll# following which he developed In that race. It was not the man. it was the platform on which he made his race?government ownership. X do not believe in government ownership of railroads. X recognise the .fact that the vast number at employes en gaged in the work of operating and .build ing these roads would -be largely under the Influence of the party in power In control of the government. Such power would en able the party in control of the government to hold it for all time to come Tbe onIr? way to turn public attention from putoUo control is government regulation by law. During his speech Mr. Aid-rich asked Mr. Clay If complaints would Increase or de crease if the power to fix rates were given to the commission. The opinion was ex pressed by Mr Cia* that If the pewer were, given to the commission a majority of dis putes would be settled by shippers and the roads and complaints would therefore be diminished in number. At 2 o'clock the merchant marine toi l was laid before the Senate, and Mr. Galllnger asked the Senate to agree to vote o? the