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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 22, 1906, Image 1

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tfculsm Offlw, 11th Strut ml Pena?ylir?nU Artsne.
The Evening 8t? Newspaper Company.
B. H KA-rFKANN, Presidet.
,fl?w Yor* Ofliee: Tritons Building.
Chleag* OSm : Tribune Balldlivg.
The Fvenln* Star, with the Sunday mornln* edi
tion, Is delivery] by carriers, on their own account,
within the city at 60 cents per mosth; without the
ISunday morning edition at 44 cent* per month.
Ft ilrII, poatfc^e prepaid: a
Dally, Sunday included, one month. 60 cents.
}>a!lv. Fundav excepted, one month, 50 cent?.
Saturday Htar. one year, $1.00.
6unday Star, one year, $1 50.
Dean of Diplomatic Corps is In
Interviews Foreign Minister Over the
Taigny Incident.
Latter Remarked Taigny Allowed
Himself to Be Caught Like a
Rat in a Trap.
WILLEMSTAtV Jsl;.rul of Citfaoftu. Jasu;
Jiry 21'.?Advices received here today say
that the dean of the diplomatic corps at
t'aracus. the Belgian charge d'affaires, has
conferred with Senor Ybarra. the Vene
zuelan foreign minister, on the incident at
tending the embarkation of the former
French charge d'affaires, At. Taingy, on
board the French steamer Martinique off
I.a Guavara January 14.
The Belgian official pointed out that the
diplomatic corp? considered M. Taigny to
he a member of the corps until removed
by his government, and asked the foreign
minister or an explanation of the position
for the members of the corps.
Evaded Explanation.
Senor Ybarra evaded the request of the
Belgian representative and treated the
Taigny Incident lightly, remarking that
M. Taigny had "allowed himself to be
caught like a rat in a trap."
There Is a great lack of news at Caracas.
The people of Venezuela are entirely ig
norant of the situation growing out of the
rupture of diplomatic relations between
France and Venezuela. A strict censorship
is observed over all dispatches.
President Castro is at Maracay.
Assurances From France.
Having received positive assurances from
the French government that Its future
policy for the redress of Its alleged griev
ances at the hands of Venezuela involves no
infrlng* mi nt whatever of the Monroe doc
trine, It is understood that the United,
States government will offer no interference
to the execution of its program for the so
lution of the Venezuelan problem. It is
understood that M. Jusserand, the French
ambassador, lias assured Secretary Root
that France has no designs upon Venezue
lan territory nor any intention of block
ading Its ports. In view of the strict se
crecy observed by the French authorities
as to the punitive measures to be taken, it
is difficult to predict what course will be
Although the United States docs not feel
called upon to Intercede in behalf of Vene
zuela, It is known that the President and
Secretary of State would deplore the out
break of war between France and Vene
zuela, especially in view of the feeling In
higher circles that there is nothing .n the
present situation that is not succeptible to
settlement by peaceful methods. It is said
that President Castro is so well satisfied
with the justice of his cause that he is
willing to submit the issues with France
to arbitration, and it is understood that
the T'nited States is not averse to mediat
ing to that end.
Disturbed French Plans.
It now appears that one of the reasons
for the anger of the French government
over the enforced departure from Venezuela
of Mr. Taigny on a French merchantman
was that it spoiled the plan of the French
government to take the French charge
away from Venezuela on a man-of-war
with all the state and ceremony possible
tinder the circumstances.
The entire ? French squadron now near
the Venezuelan coast was to have been
employed on that mission, and the occasion
was to be marked by a demonstration in
the harbor of La Guaira. The squadron
consists of the cruisers L>es?lx. Jurlen de la
Gravlere, Troude and Duguay-Trouin. After
a stay at Martinique of several weeks the
vessels sailed away for a few days, headed
south, and It is Inferred that they were
bound to La Guaira to take M. T?lsny
away. At last accounts they were at Port
au Spain. Full instructions were prepared
for the guidance of M. Taigny, and it was
to get these Instructions that that official
Insisted on boarding the French liner at La
Guaira in defiance of the quarantine regu
lations before the Vessel had been granted
"pratique," which act was resented by the
Venezuelan authorities and resulted in his
enforced premature departure for Wil
House Leaders Intend to Take Dp
Statehood Bill Wednesday.
The House committee on territories
gave final consideration to the Joint state
hood bill today. Republican members are
a unit In support of the Hamilton Joint
statehood bill, which Mr. Hamilton, chair
man of the committee, reintroduced In the
House today in slightly amended form,
and the democratic members of the com
mittee are opposed to joint s'ltehood.
Mr. Hamilton will report his bill favor
ably to the Mouse tomorrow, and the
democrats will tile a minority report. Un
less the present plans lie changed the
Hamilton bill will not bo considered by
the House until Wednesday, when the re
publican leaders purpose submitting a
rule t" prevent amendment of the bill.
Mr. Hamilton said today that Speaker
Cannon was confident the rule would pass
miiI that the Joint statehood measure
would pass the House in its present form.
?'Insurgent' republicans an- equally con
It'lent the bill will be amended, and Mr.
Habcock. leader of the "insurgents," says
their strength is sufficient to defeat the
administration plan.
l JtHIl'
To Participate In American Brooders'
special Dispatch to The Star.
LINCOLN. Neb., January ^.-Washing
ton Is well represented in the list of live
? tock specialists complied by the American
Breeders' Association. A list of thirty-five
committees has been outlined. These will
assist any man who shows aptitude in
breeding plants or animals. The following
are from Washington:
H. J. Webber?Assigned to committee on
theoretical research and heredity.
W M. Hays?Co-operative work in animal
11. J. Webber?Co-operative work In plant
bi ending.
G. M Rommel?Breeding carriage horses.
W. H. Kerr- Breeding running horses.
T. S. Palmer?Breeding wild blrfs.
A. D. Mclvln?Breeding sheep and goats.
K. T. Phillips?Breeding bees.
Alex. Graham Bell?Eugenics?A Study In
the Heredity of Man.
C. P. Hartley?Breeding corn.
H. J. Webber? Breeding cotton.
M. A. Carlton?Breeding cereals.
James Munson-Breeding sugar crops.
A. D. Schamel?Breeding teas, tobacco,
Spring-Like Conditions in New
Very Warm in Many Sections of
the Country.
Big Drop in Temperature in Iowa,
Missouri and Texas?Close to
Zero at Kansas City.
NEW YORK, January 22.?Telegrap&c
communication with Chicago was cut off at
11:85 this morning. The service up to that
time had been slow, owing to storms. At
10:30 the wires were working as far west
as Toledo. Just before communication
with Chicago was lost news was received
that a terrific sleet storm was doing much
damage within a radius of seventy miles
of Chicago. It was also reported that the
storm was moving eastward.
Signs of Change in New York.
Reports from throughout the state show
that the warm -wave still prevailed today,
but the sky generally was overcast and
there were signs of a change. In central
New York robins appeared at many places.
At Watertown, In northern New York, the
thermometer registered 64 this forenoon,
and at points In the central and southern
parts of the state temperatures of C>0 to 06
were recarded. Newburgh reported 70. The
steamer from Cape Vincent, N. Y., to King
ston, Ont., made a trip yesterday, the latest
on record.
Spring-Like in New England.
NEW HAVEN, Conn,, January 22.?The
spring-like weather conditions of yesterday
prevailed today over Connecticut. It was
even warmer, the thermometer- here regis
tering .>0 this morning, against 49 yester
day morning.
BOSTON, January 22.?Following the re
markable warmth of yesterday in this city
there was only a slight fall In tempera
ture during the night. At 10 a.m. today
it registered 51. The sky was overcast.
Thermometer readings at 8 a.m. reported
to the weather bureau from various New
England stations were as follows: North
lield. Vt? 38; Con ?ord, N. H? 32; Portland,
Me.. 30; Eastport, Me., 38; Providence, R.
I., 42; Nar.tuoket, 44.
Warmer at Baltimore.
BALTIMORE, Md., January 22.?The un
usuallj warm weather of yesterday contin
ued here and throughout Maryland today,
the thermometer being slightly higher, reg
istering 50, against 4!> yesterday, a' very
dense fog prevailed.
Seventy-Two Degrees at Norfolk.
NORFOLK, Va., January 22.?The tem
perature went up to 72 degrees in Nor
folk at noon today.
Warmest in Sixteen Years.
PHILADELPHIA, January 22.?This city
today experienced the warmest January
day In sixteen years. The official govern
ment thermometer on top of the post office
building registered 66 degrees at noo/i.
[ while the .'.umldity at that hour was .S?
per cent. The highest previous record for
January was In 1890, when the thermometer
registered ?2 degrees. The warm wave ex
tends into the interior of the state, even the
mountain towns reporting high tempera
Sleet Storm at Chicago.
CHICAGO, January 22, 12:30 p.m.?One 1
of the most severe snow and sleet storms
which this city has experienced In many
years has practically isolated It from the
outside world. The storm is most severe
within a belt, the radius of which Is sixty
miles. Almost all telegraphic service has
been destroyed. Electric, elevated and sur- !
face transportation Is about discontinued
and the cable lines are operating only with
greatest difficulty. The railroads are great
ly handicapped and all arriving trains are
hours behind time. A heavy gale prevails
and snow and sleet are falling without ces
Closti to Zero at Kansas City.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., January 22.?Close
to zero weather with a high wind and light
snow at some points were the weather con
ditions today in this part of th? southwest.
The coldest point reported by the local
weather bureau was at Dodge City, Kan.,'
where the thermometer registered 2 de
grecs above zero.
At Kansas City and Oklahoma City it was
12 degrees above. The predictions are rut
zero weather generally over-this territory
by tonight. A snow storm Is reported to
be general In Arkansas today.
Big Drop in Iowa.
DES MOINES, Iowa. January 22.?From
45 above zero, one of the warmest January
days In history, the mercury dropped last
night to zero all over Iowa. Wind accom
panied thi- cold wave, damaging telegraph
and telephone lines.
Two Inches of Sleet in St. Louis.
ST. LOUIS, January 22.?A blanket ot
sleet two Inches thick covered the ground
this morning with a temperature at 16
above and a fine sleet blowing. Street-car
traffic was badly hampered and railroad
traffic was delayed. Telegraphic communi
cation (wfth Chicago and points east of St
Ix>uis was very poor early In the morning
when suddenly it ceasefl at 8 o'clock, and
three hours later had. not been resumed At
the telegraph offices It was stated that com
munication was being effected east of here
yet In a slow, round-about fashion, but that
the service was badly interfered with on
account of the sleet-covered wires. West
of St. Louis telegraphic communication was
established with some little Interference.
Snow in North Texas.
PALLAS. Texas, January 22.?A cold
wave, accompanied by snow. Is sweeping
over north Texas today. The thermometer
registered 23 Trains are delayed and all
communication is interrupted.
Blizzard at St. Joe.
ST. JOSEPH, Mo., January 22.?St. Jo
seph Is In the grip of a blizzard. The mer
cury has dropped nearly fifty degrees In
forty-eight hours.
Second Coldest Day of Season.
LINCOLN, Neb., January 2t2.?This was
fhe second coldest morning of the season
In eastern Nebraska, the mercury register
ing one degree above aero at 7 o'clock
Throughout the night there was a hard
wind with but little saow.
Conference Resumed at Algeci
ras, Spain, Today.
Question of Contraband Arms Discus
sed Further.
Discussion on Remaining Sections Put
Over Until Tomorrow?Sitting
Lasted Less Than 3 Hours.
AIXrECIRAS, Spain, January 22.?The in
ternational conference on Moroccan reforms
reassembled at the town hall here this
morning'. The presiding officer, the Duke of
Almodovar, read messages from the Spanish
senate and chamber of deputies expressing
hope for a successful issue of the con
The Marquis Visconti Venosta, head of
the Italian mission, replying In the name
of the delegates made a significant refer
ence to the international character of the
agreement to toe concluded here. This
was Interpreted as referring to the Franco
Uerman difficulty over the question of the
international control of Morocco.
Five Articles Adopted.
2:10 p.m. The conference adopted 1ve of
t.ie sixteen articles contained in the report
of the committee on contraband arms.
Then, as the sitting had lasteQ two and
a half hours, discussion of the remaining
articles went over until Wednesday, to
morrow being reserved for the ceremonies
attending the fast day of King Alfonso.
The discussion brought out a lengthy dis
course from Sidi Mohammed El Mokhri, the
second of the Moroccan delegates.
Mayor Todd of San Juan Specifies
Needed Changes.
Roberto H. Todd, mayor of San Juan, P.
R., continued his statement before the
House committee on insular affairs today
in support of the Larrinaga bill to reorgan
ize the insular government in Porto Rico.
He said there have been three governors in
five years, and five attorneys general. All
of these five heads of the legal department
have been from different parts of the
United States, and have interpreted the
laws of Porto Rico according to the de
cisions of the courts in the state where
they practiced before coming to the island.
As the court decisions of the island have
not been published, Mr. Todd said, they
were a hopeless tangle. The heads of other
departments, Mr. Todd said, also have
changed frequently and the result Is an un
settled condition which is annoying to the
Islanders and disastrous to their interests.
Mr Todd said a great Seal of money is
wasted by the Insular government in sal
aries There are more clerks than neces
sary "in various departments. In his opin
ion, and the government service would be
benefited by lopping off many positions.
Young Woman With Phenominal
Voice Discovered.
SBATTI-iE, Wash., January 22.?Madame
Calve, who sang here in concert, has dis
covered a young girl contralto, Lois Feurt,
for whom she predicts great things. The
girl, who is but seventeen years of age,
was given on audience toy Madame Calve
In the Lincoln Hotel, and sang with Buch
exquisite charm that the prima donna, with
tears in her eyes, clasped the girl to her
breast, saving: "You have the voice, you
have the temperament, you have the
physique, you will be great."
The other members of the Madame Calve
company were also amazed at the great
and marvelous voice, and predict a future
ror her. After singing Gounod s Oh. That
We Two Were Maying, Madame Calve told
Miss Feurt that she would Tormally adopt
her and give her a thorough training in
If The Star is not sold by
newsboys for TWO CENTS
at any place please notify the
HOPKTNSVIIjLE, Ky., January 22?A
mob of rtfX) men early on Sunday morning
took Ernest Baker, a negro, from, the coun
ty jail and hanged him from a beam of the
city scales near the court house, in the
center of the city.
Baker attempted Saturday night a crim
inal assault on Miss Mary Gentry, aged
eighteen, whom he knocked down and
dragged by the heels Into an alley. Her
screams attracted neighbors and the negro
fled, but later was captured by officers.
The mob's work was so secretly done that
the prisoners in the jail next to Baker did
not know of the lync'hlng until morning.
RIO JANEIRO, Brazil* January 22?The
Brazilllan turret ship Aquldaban has been
sunk at Port Jacarepagua, south of Rio
Janeiro, as the result of an explosion -on
board. It Is reported that three hundred
of her crew perished and that only one
officer was saved.
Plans Made for Entertaining the Chi
nese Commissioners.
The Imperial Chinese commissioners who
?have come to the United States to make a
personal study of its industrial, social and
political institutions have ended their visit
to Chicago and will arrive In this city to
morrow morning at 10 o'clock on a spe
cial train over the Pennsylvania railroad.
The party numbers about sixty persons
and will make Its quarters at the Arling
ton Hotel. The commissioners will be of
ficially received at the station by Mr.
Charles Denby, chief clerk of the Depart
ment of State, who will escort them to
their hotel.
The visitors will be presented to Secre
tory Root at the State Department tomor
row afternoon, and Wednesday afternoon
they will tie formally received at the While
House by President Roosevelt. Thursday
afternoon they will be entertained at lun
cheon by the Y. M. C. A. at the new
building and that evening will attend a
dinner given In their honor by Sir Chen
tung Liang-Cheng, the Chinese minister.
Secretary Root will give a. dinner Satur
day afternoon In honor of tho commission
ers at the New Willard, ana next Monday
they will make a visit to Mt. Vernon on
the U. S. S. Dolphin. The day following
they will attend a special exhibition drill
at Fort Myer and afterward dine informal
ly with Mr. Denby. Wednesday next, the
81st Instant, they will visit the houses of
Congress and take luncheon at the Library
of Congress. The above program Is sub
ject to change, but Is likely to stand If
satisfactory to the visitors. The party will
leave here on the evening of the 31st In
stant for New York.
New York Senators in Their Seats.
Senators Piatt and Depew were In their
seats when the Senate convened today, the
first appearance of either for some time.
Both were given warm welcomes and were
heartily congratulated upon their appear
ance of being in good health.
Senator Newlands Ends His Argument.
Senator Newlands today finished his state
ment in opposition to the Philippine tariff
bill, In the hearings now proceeding before
the Senate committee having charge of this
measure. He took the position that It
would he cruel to the Filipinos to accustom
thsm to a subeldized price for their sugar
and return them to the worlds price, about
$35 a ton less when the Philippines are sep
arated from thj? government.
The hearings -were adjourned until Thurs
Midshipman Claude B. Mayo's
Case Resumed
Ninth Victim to Come Before the
Authorities Profess Not to Know
When Hearings Will End?Homes
Engaged for Winter.
ANNAPOLIS, Md., Jannary 22,-The case
of Midshipman Claude B. Mayo of Colum
bus, Mlsa.. a member of the first class, was
taken up by the court-martial at the Naval
Academy this morning. Mayo Is the ninth
midshipman to come before the court since
its commencement, and the tenth case, as
Stephen Decatur, jr., of Portsmouth, N. H.,
has been tried twice.
The next case to be tried is that of Rich
ard R. Mann, also of the first class, an ap
pointee of President Roosevelt The naval
authorities here say they have no idea when
trials of midshipmen will come to an end,
but officers who are connected with the
court have taken houses in Annapolis for
the winter.
Mayo introduced E. S. Theall of Washing
ton, D. C., as his counsel, and made no ob
jections to any member of the court. The
court found the charges in due form and
technically correct after some slight in
accuracies had been corrected by permis
sion of Superintendent Sands.
Fourth Classman Theodore H. Winters,
the first witness for the prosecution, said
that one Sunday during September
Mayo had made him stand on his head
and do the "sixteenth." He said that an
order had been Issued for the fourth class
men not to walk on the edge of the lino
leum and that there had been a general
laugh. He understood, he said, that the
fourth classmen were being hazed for this.
Made Him Stand on His Head.
Midshipman John M. Sloan said that
Mayo had made him stand on his 'head
about two minutes.
Fourth Classman Lee C. Carey said that
Mayo and other upper classmen had put
him on his head, and said that Mayo had
told him that it was done because he had
laughed in ranks.
Mark C. Bowman said that he and his
room mate, Weyler, had been put On their
heads a short lime ago. He did not posi
tively identify Mayo.
George L. Weyler said that Mayo had put
him on his head.
Midshipman Hugh Allen, the first witness
for the defense, said that he had been
Mayo's room mate for a year and a half.
Mayo's opinion, he said, was that a Y. M.
C. A. member should not haze. Mayo, he
said, was the editor of a Y. M. C. A. publi
cation designed to give new-comers helpful
Midshipman William L. Calhoun haid
Mayo had often told him he regarded haz
ing as morally wrong.
Mayo Member of the Y. M. C. A.
Lieut. Commander Charles B. McVay, jr.,
testified that Mayo is one of the .prominent
members of the Y. M. C. A. and it had
come to his knowledge that Mayo consid
ered this position as Incompatible with haz
Naval Movements.
The Arksansas has arrived at Brunswick,
Ga., the Don Juan de Austria at Hampton
roads, the Bainbridge at Canton, the New
port at Santo Domingo city, the Raleigh at
Hongkong, the Chicago and Boston at
Santa Barbara, the Marcellus at Sanchez,
the Eagle at San Juan, the Alexander at
Cavtte, the Nashville at San Juan and the
Porter, Dupont, Nicholson, Rodgers and
Blsk?ly at Charleston.
The Dubuque has left Santo Domingo for
Sanchez, the Lebanon has sailed from
Hampton roads for Boston aHd the battle
ship K^ntu'ky sailed from New York yes
terday for Culebra to Join the Atlantic fleet. ;
Anniversary of Red Sunday
Passed Without Trouble.
Cossacks and Gendarmes Patrolled the
Silent Signs of Sympathy With the
Revolutionary Cause in Evidence
on Every Hand.
ST. PETERSBURG, January 22, 11 20
a.m.?The frequent patrols In all the streets
this morning art marching at wide inter
vals In "bomb formation." This Is almost
the only Indication that today Is the anni
versary of "Red Sunday," the stores are
all open and the ordinary life of the city
is proceeding as usual. Up to IX o'clock no
trouble of any kind had been reported.
Bands of workmen were encountered oc-.
casionally proceeding from one factory
region to another, sometimes chanting a
revolutionary chorus, but otherwise they
were orderly.
The authorities fearins a students'
demonstration at their favorite rallying
place in front of the Kazan Cathedral,
posted a heavy force of Cossacks and
mounted gendarmes In the courtyards of
the neighboring buildings and patrolled
that section with especial vigilance.
The streets were crowded with people at
tending to their ordinary occupations, but
many of them wore bands of crape on their
arms, silent signs of sympathy with the
revolutionary cause.
Troops Fired on Socialist Workmen,
Fatally Injuring Two.
WARSAW, Russian Poland. January 22.?
The anniversary of "Red Sunday" in St.
Petersburg Is being observed here today
by a strike of the employes of the factories
which has already been marked by blood
shed. A detachment of infantry fired on a
number of socialists who were compelling
shop keepers in the Withowskl market to
close their establishments. Two men were
fatally wounded and others were slightly
A gas explosion, the cause of which has
not been explained today, destroyed a wing
of Count Zamoyski's residence, seriously
injuring eight of the occupants.
Infantry patrols are compelling the shop
keepers to keep their stores open.
The governor has warned the employes of
the newspapers that if they strike today
the papers will be suspended tomorrow.
Quiet at Lodz.
DODZ, Russian Poland, January 22.? All
the shops and factories here are closed in
commemoration of "Red Sunday," and no
stieet cars or cabs are running.
Denounced in Scathing Tones at Chi
cago Meeting.
CHICAGO, January 22.?Russian despo
tism was denounced in the most scathing
terms and the Russian revolution was
cheered by German socialists of Chicago
yesterday at a meeting commemorating
"bloody Sunday," January 22, 11)05. The
date was declared to be a mile-stone in
the revolutionary movement of the Rus
sian proletariat and the death knell of in
dustrial and economic despotism of the
capitalist class 'throughout the world.
The meeting was attended by nearly 500
members of the local German socialist or
A collection of 1100 was taken up for the
benefit of the "struggling Russian com
rades," and a resolution of fraternal greet
ing was adopted and sent to the revolu
tionary committee of Russia.
Bishop Satterlee Writes Chairman
Babcock on the Subject.
Chairman Babcock of the House District
committee has received a letter from Bish
op Satterlee, In which the latter urges the
passage of the House bill providing for the
extension and improvement of Massachu
setts avenue. Bishop Satterlee says that
"by reason of the location of our proposed
cathedral and affliated schools upon the line
of Massachusetts avenue, all Episcopalians
and their friends are greatly Interested in
the passage of the House bill for the ex
tension and improvement of Massachusetts
The cathedral school for girls is already
completed and under very succcssful oper
ation, while tho $300,000 Lane Johnston
chair school is nearing completion.
The cathedral, which will be the main
edifice of a group of buildings, and which
will cost several million dollars, we hope
to make as fine a building as St. Paul's
Cathedral or Westminster Abbey. There
fore. our work will be immeasurably ad
vanced by the completion of Massachusetts
avenue to the District line, thus placing us
upon a great avenue of through travel.
Very many laymen and members of the gen
eral convention of the church have mani
fested their great Interest by writing and
personally urging members of Congress to ?
support the meiisure. The interests of our
church and its adherents coincide with the
interests and the necessity of tlfe general
public, including the American University,
where they are, I believe, erecting the sec
ond of a large group of buildings..
Exodus From Teheran to Lead to New
ST. PETERSBURG, January 22.?A con
stitutional government for Persia, accord
ing to advices from Teheran received here,
is to be the outcome of the sudden exodus
of a thousand merchants and MuUah
priests from the Persian capital as a pro
test against the shah's government.
The insurgents proceeded to the village
of Shar-Aibd-Ul-Azinj. where the shah pre
sided over a representative assembly elect
ed by the Mullahs, merchants and land
The assembly will be called the "house
of Justice," and exercise administrative and
legislative powers. Th6 equality of all be
fore the law will be proclaimed. It Is ex
pected that the assembly will demand the
dismissal of M. J. Naus, the Belgian min
ister of cuBtoms and posts, and tne Belgian
employes of th? customs. |
Rain tonight and tomon*
row; much colder tomorrows.
Senator Clay on the Constitu
tional Right of Congress.
Precedent Established in the State?
Upheld by Courts.
Warns His Hearers of Possible Growtla
in the Agitation for Gov
ernment Ownership.
At the closc of the morning business to?>
day Mr. day addressed the Senate on tits:
resolution relating to the governmental;'
power to fix maximum future charges ay.
Mr. Clay supported the proposition that
the Interstate comnwrce commission shoulcfc'
be permitted to regulate railroad rate*. lie
contended that the railroad companies^
should not be Interfered with. In the first
stance, In preparing the schedules, but.'
salci that when these arc once promulgate^|
there should be a body with authority KHij
modify and revise upon complaint. no'
took ifvme with statements made earlier
In the se.^lon by Mr. Koraker In opposi
tion to the constitutional right of Congress
u> delegate Its authority to regulate inter
state commerce, saying that, on account
of the vast number of complaints likely to
arise. It would be Impossible for Congress
with its other pressing business to give
anything like adequate attention to them?J
Mr. Clay added: "If Congress should re-1
main In session from year to year, devot-,
Ing Its entire time to this work. It would
be impossible to pass upon one-twentlett*
ol these various complaints filed by the
American shippers against different rail*
road systems of our country."
The Constitutional Question.
"I repeat. If Congress can not pass aa
act providing that all interstate rates shaiji
be reasonable and Just, thus fixing a stand*
ard and lelegating to the commission th*
power to hear the facts and carry out the
legislative will of Congress, then the Amer
ican people are at the mercy of the rail
He declared hlms?lf a friend of the rail
roads, but said because of their publla
character It Is proper that "they should
be compelled to furnish to the public trans
portation of persons and property that is
both reasonable and Just, and power ought
to be lodged In an impartial. Intelligent
and broad-minded tribune to pass upon the
differences between the railroads and tha
shippers and render substantial Justice to
both. And." he added, "if Congress cannot
exercise this power through a commission,
then I am at a loss to know how the people
can expect proper relief."
He declared that the laws granting au
thority to state commissions to revise rates
so as to insure Justice had been frequently?
upheld by the courts. "In these very cases."
he went on, "It was claimed that the legis
lative power must be exercised by the leg
islature Itself and could not be delegated
to any other body, but the courts have uni
formly held that where the legislature en-*
acted'that rates shall be reasonable and,
Ju^t the duty of executing this law and,
of finding what rates are reasonable and.
Just may be delegated to a commission, and,
that a grant of such power Is not a delegaW,
tlon of legislative authority. If such laws, \
enacted by the legislatures of different |
states have been sustained as constitution-1
al, wby cannot Congress enact that all In
terstate freight rates shall be reasonable,
and Just, and leave to the interstate com
merce commission the right and power to.
Investigate and fird out what rate will be,
a proper one. what rate will be Just and
impartial as between the shippers and tue
roads?" ?
Power of the Railways.
After quoting many decisions In support
of his contention, Mr. Clay analyzed the;
present law and said that it does not afford1)
adequate protection to the shipper. He
??Railroads can destroy towns, cities and,
private industries by improper rates, and'
who will eay power should not be iodgedjj
somewhere to Investigate intelligently ail.
complaints, solely with a view of doing
Justice between the roads and the shippers?,
The presumption is that an intelligent:
broad-minded commission will be impartial
and seek diligently to do Justice to both
sides. Why presume that the commission
will decide adversely to the roads? Why
presume that narrow-minded partisans,
easilv influenced by public clamor, will be
appointed to discharge this duty? It will
not be a difficult task to secure honest, in
telligent. upright men to perform this work,
and no other kind ought to be appointed.
"I would repeal the law creating the com
mission unless the commission is clothed
with the power both to investigate and
find what rates are reasonable and lmr
partial and at the same time enforce Its
findings. It Is absurd to have an inter
state commerce commission constantly in
vest!gating the railroad rates, knowing at
the same time, whatever may be he find
ings of the commission in regard to rates,
the commission Is without power to enforce
any of Its findings. The people want a com
mission clothed with the. power to find and
fix a proper and reasonable rate and to put
that rate In operation. Otherwise the eom-|
mission is useless. American people pay
annually nearly J2.000.0ll0,0(? for freight
anS passenger fares, and yet the shipper
is at the mercy of the carrier. However,
unjust and unreasonable the rate may be.
the shipper Is without remedy. He has 110
tribunal clothed with the power to hear his
Government Ownership.
Mr. Clay hinted at the possibility of an
agitation of the question of government
ownership oif the railroads If attention is
?not given to the demand for regjlatlon.
"The sentiment has been growing in favor
of government ownership. Mr. Hearst came
within a few thousand- votes of being elect
ed mayor of the city of New York In th?
last election for mayor in that B^eat
I have never been a follower of Mr. Hearst.
Who had the remotest Idea of the stroll#
following which he developed In that race.
It was not the man. it was the platform
on which he made his race?government
ownership. X do not believe in government
ownership of railroads. X recognise the
.fact that the vast number at employes en
gaged in the work of operating and .build
ing these roads would -be largely under the
Influence of the party in power In control
of the government. Such power would en
able the party in control of the government
to hold it for all time to come Tbe onIr?
way to turn public attention from putoUo
control is government regulation by law.
During his speech Mr. Aid-rich asked Mr.
Clay If complaints would Increase or de
crease if the power to fix rates were given
to the commission. The opinion was ex
pressed by Mr Cia* that If the pewer were,
given to the commission a majority of dis
putes would be settled by shippers and the
roads and complaints would therefore be
diminished in number.
At 2 o'clock the merchant marine toi l was
laid before the Senate, and Mr. Galllnger
asked the Senate to agree to vote o? the

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