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The Leader of Lagers.
"Golden Eagle'' is in a class by itself. The cost of brewing it is greater than that of any other lager sold in this city. DEALERS necessarily PAY MORE for it than for other brews, bccause strictly high-class lager cannot be produced to sell for less. TO THE CONSUMER the price of "Golden Eagle" is 5c. glass, the same as common lagers. || On draught ONLY at Heading bars. National Capital Brewing Co. among good templars. Reception in Honor of Rev. E. C. Dinwiddie?Other Features. The event of the week in local Good Tem plar circles were the greetings extended by the order in this jurisdiction to the Rev. E. C. Dinwiddie, member of Minnehaha Lodge. No. 1. and reception of his reports as its representative in the International Lodg? at Belfast. Ireland, last August, and at tho meeting in which the National Grand Lodge was instituted in Chicago last October. The exercises were held in Elks' Hall, 1*^ Penn sylvania avenue northwest, Wednesday evening, supplementing a meeting of Ex celsior I^odge. No. 21. The gathering was a representative one. leading members from the several lodges in the District being present. The meeting was called to order and pre sided over b> Mr. O. F I>ewis, chief tem plar, and Miss Josephine Richmond, pian ist, led In the odes. I'pon suggestion of Grand Templar I. L. Corby, Past Grand Templar A. E. Shoemaker, Special Guest Rev. E. C. Dinwiddie, Past Grand Secre tary Juhn Bryson and Grand Superinten dent S. \V. Russell occupied seats on the platform. Excelsior Lodge transacted routine busi ness, Initiated two candidates, arranged for taking part in a future prize contest with other lodges and gave a short program, as arranged by Miss Fannie Galleher, Miss Richmond entertained with piano selec tions. Mr. Harry J. Jeffries with vocal solos. Miss Richmond, accompanist; Mr. Jett. with vocal selections, Miss Katherine Reber accompanying, and short addresses, remarking upon the several phases of the Important service rendered the order by Mr. Dinwiddle, were given by Messrs. Shoemaker. Russell and Bryson. the latter expressing special interest in Mr. Dinwid dle's talks upon leading features of the anti-alcoholic congress in Budapest, a mu nicipality in whicli Mr. Bryson had lived for five years. Mr. Dinwiddie expressed his appreciation of the honor of representing the Good Tem plars of the District of Columbia in delib erative bodies of such character as the In ternational Lodge and the National Grand Lodge, and remarked that, to make a full and fair report of the legislative proceed ings of these two organizations was en tirely out of the question, in the time al lotted to him that evening, but he would endeavor to discharge this pleasant duty when visiting the subordinate lodges. He adverted to the honor conferred upon the brotherhood in the District of Columbia by the National Grand Lodge in investing him with the title and authority of grand elec toral superintendent?an office the duties of which were in entire harmony with the work he had been engaged in for several years, that of legislative superintendent for the National Anti-Saloon league. He then touched upon a few of the more Im portant features of present conditions In each of these different fields to which he Iiad alluded, a review which attracted close attention and received frequent applause. Friendship Lodge, No. 11. International Order of Good Templars, met in Melford Hall. Sth and I streets northeast, Monday evening. The attendance of its own mem bers was the largest in several weeks, the roll-call showing all the officers but one present. Among the visitors were Grand Templar 1. L. Corby, Mrs. I. L. Corby. Chief Templar J. \Y Ni'hol, Past Grand Vice Templar Miss Blanche Neff. Secrt - tary J. C. Foster and Harry J. Jeffries of Perseverance l.odge ami Grand Superin tendent S. \V. Uusse!! of Minnehaha Lodge. Mr. Richard W. Waldron. chief templar, presided, and Miss Ida Do> le, organist, led In the odes. The transaction of the business routine was followed with action upon reports and resolutions, the re<port of the dual commit tee, in which Mr. Foster of Perseverance Lodge and the chief templar of the home lodge took'leading parts, was received and approved, and the lodge, upon invitation of the grand chief templar, voted to enter a prize contest with other lodges in the Ini tiatory work the first week In March, and to attend the union meeting of lodges at the home of Excelsor Lodge Wednesday evening. The good of the order included addresses by each of the visitors, and by Chief Tem plar Waldron. Vice Templar Mrs. O'Brien, Deputy Grand Templar L. E. O'Brien and Mrs. Emma Bishop, a veteran superintenr dent of i'ndine Juvenile Temple. The theme of the addresses was the general progress of Good Templar work in the Dis trict, and the lines of temperance activity followed by Friendship Lodge. Mrs. Bishop gave an account of an interesting meeting she recently attended at the headquarters of the sailor boys, organized under au spices of the White Ribboners, Mrs. WH ley. wife of Sovereign Chief Willey of the Sovereign Council, Sons of Jonadab, in charge. POLICE NOT AT FAULT. Did All They Could to Make Mrs. Henry W. Howgate Comfortable. After investigating the circumstances sur rounding the case of Mrs. H. W. Howgate, widow of Caipt. Henry W. Ilowgate, who v/as injured by falling from a trolley car at the corner ol' 11th and G streets north west, on January 10. Major Sylvester has reported to Commissioner West that, in his opinion, the policemen against whom com plaint was made, did nothing more than their full duty. Mrs. Hough, a friend of the injured woman, made the complaint in the case, alleging that Mrs. Howgate was permitted to lie on the sidewalk for nearly an hour, and further, that the physi cian in charge of the Emergency Hospital ambulance refused to take the woman to her home until a fee of ?5 was paid. This n.atter was brought to the attention of Commissioner Weat, and he Instructed both Major Sylvester of the police department and Secretary Wilson of the board ol' charities to make investigations. Major Sylvester submitted the matter to Lieutenant Moore of tiie first precinct and the latter in turn made report of the state ments made by Policemen Talbott and Sides, both of whom were on the scene. Talbott. who w'as there when the accident occurred, said that he first sent for a car riage at the request of Mrs. Howgate. but she could not get into it. and then he sum moned the Emergency Hospital ambulance. Mrs. Howgate, he declared, did not want to go to the Emergency, and the physician in charge declined to take her elsewhere unless the service was paid for. Finally this condition was agreed to and the wo man was taken home. In commenting upon this statement of the facts. Major Sylvester declared that the policemen evidently had made every effort to keep back the In ci easing crowd, while Mrs. Howgate was lying on the sidewalk, and added that the whole embarrassment seems to have been caused by the delay of those interested in determining what they desired to do with reference to the expense, which was pro posed by the hospital authorities. After expressing his regrets that such a delay should have occurred. Maj. Sylvester point ed out that the orders of the police manual require that any person injured in the streets shall be taken to the nearest hos pital. Ir: the police report it was averred that the rules of the Emergency Hospital re quire That a fee of .*.* be collected for carrying a patient to any place other than the hospital, but this phase of the case will be further covered in tho report of Secre tary Wilson of the board of charities, which has not yet been submitted. "WHAT IS YOUR FORTUNE, MY LITTLE MAID?" "MY FACE 18 MY FORTUNE, SIR," SHE SAID. "HA! HA! I REALLY THOUGHT AS MUCH; 8MAI& FOR WE'RE BOTH DEAD BROKE," HE SAID. JAPANESE Am WORK Presented to Library of Con gress by Mr. Crosby S. Noyes. PAINTINGS AND BRONZES Illustrate Wide Range of Art Motives of the Eace. THE LETTER OF PRESENTATION Containing Opinions on the Character of the Japanese and Estimates of Their Artistic Expression. There Is now on exhibition at the Library of Congress a portion of a. collection of Japanese prints, paintings, Illustrated books, etc., got together by Mr. Crosby S. Noyes and presented by him last autumn to that institution. Though the gift was made and accepted over three months ago, announce ment has been postponed until a part of the collection could be placed on public view. Since last October the division of prints and a private translator have been occupied almost continuously In prepara tions for this event?mounting the prints, cataloguing the exhibits, arranging the works chronologically and interpreting tlieir meaning, that In every possible way tlie> might be not oniy accessible, but readily understood by the casual visitor as well as the student. The collection given to the Library of Congress consists of about one thousand illustrated books, four or five hundred prints and engravings and as many as two hundred and fifty original sketches, and it is supplemented by a loan collection of netsukes. kodguka handles, sword guards, old and modern bronzes, wood and ivory carvings. lacquers and keramics. Its gen eral character and object are set forth in the following letter, which is published now at the request of the librarian of Congress? -tfctober 17. 1905. "Hon. Herbert Putnam, Librarian of the Congressional Library, Washington, I). C.: "My Dear Sir: The collection of Japanese pictures, engravings, illustrated books, etc., which 1 hereby tender to the Congressional Library, Washington, D. C\, will, I think, serve to supply in some degree an Illustra tion of the extraordinary variety in Japa nese art and an instructive and timely In sight into the history, legends, religions. Industries, amusements, folk lore, fauna and flora, scenery, drama and all the wide range of art motives of the wonderful I eo ple who are just now the center of world Interest. "A study of the many-sided Japanese character develops sharp contrasts at every turn. A visit to Japan In titne of peace gives the impression of a gentle, refined, light-hearted, artistic, peaceable, pleasure loving, rather frivolous people, with a pas sionate love for flowers, fine scenery and all that Is beautiful in nature; nice and dainty in their tastes, carrying their hab its of personal and household cleanliness to the extreme, and spending a ? onsider able portion of their time in enervating hot baths. "Again, seen in their almost continuous round of festivals throughout the year, they seem to be holding a perpetual holi day. "Another turn,and beholding them swarm ing in the rice fields, the tea plantations, the vegetable and flower gardens, the work shops. the fisheries and the school rooms, and all Japan seems to be an industrious bee-hive, and every man, woman and ootid at work or in study. Transformed Into Heroic Warriors. "Then war comes, and these same gentle, peaceable, volatile, under-sized sybarites are transformed In a twinkling into heroic warriors of fanatical courage, unparalleled fortitude, stoical endurance of pain, intense tenacity of purpose and self-sacrificing de votion to country that has never been sur passed in the history .of the world. "The stronger and nobler Qualities of the Japanese have been persistently underra-.ed by most writers. "Pierre Lot!, in his 'Madame Chrysan theme ' characterizes them as chattering monkeys, interesting only for their qualnt ness and comicality. "Even Sir Kdwln Arnold, their ardent ad mirer, while lauding 'their charming cour tesy, their exquisite arts and their almost divine sweetness of dispcfsition,' ends by rating them as 'butterflies,' with no se rious purpose In life. "Basil Hall Chamberlain, in 'Things Jap anese ' while cordially joining with Sir Ed win Arnold in laudation of their art. cour tesy and sweetness of temper, also accepts his estimate of the people as 'pretty weak lings.' , .. "Miss E. R. Scidmore, however, a thought fur arid acute observer of Japanese life and character. In her delightful 'Jinricki sha Days in Japan.' while characterizing the Japanese as 'the enigma of this cen tury; the most inscrutable, the most para doxical of races,' and setting forth duly the volatile and apparently frivolous side of the Japanese character, dwells with emphasis upon its contrasting solid quali ties of wisdom, dignity, nobility, thought fulness and conscientiousness. At mo ments, she says, they appear to be a trifling, superficial, fantastic people, bent on nothing hut pleasing effects; and again, the occidental is a babe before the deep rnvstei ies, the innate wisdom, the phil osophies. the art, the thought, the subtle refinements of this charming people who Fo quickly win the admiration, sympathy and affection of the stranger.' "Their art as well as character is notable for its diversity and strong contrasts. In its different schools?academic, realistic and Impressionist?It is by turns vigorous, graceful grotesque, weird, decorative, re f net! intense, dainty hnd poetic. It Is dis tinguished bv the exquisite beauty of its color harmonies, delicate gradations of tone subtle fineness of touch contrasted with hold directness of method for the delf cacv accuracy, and at the same time the vigor of its line. ranging from hair breadth to the width of an inch.' It has been well described as 'a combination of delicate grace, infallible accuracy and unos tentatious verve, the same brush wielded with admirable strength, and reveling in microscopic elaboration of detail.' "And Japanese art. as well as character, has been misunderstood and misrepre sented. Japanese Art Misunderstood. "Sir Rutherford Alcock. In his supercilious and superficial 'Art and Art Industries of Japan,' shows his profound Ignorance of his subject when he quotes approvingly from an 'eminent art critic' of his ac quaintance as declaring that the Japanese artists do not appear to know what beauty 1= In the human form,' that 'there does not seem to he the least trace of sentiment or kindness between the human specimens of the race. They all look at each other hatefully spitefully, absurdly. 1 do not understand it! An art which is blind to beauty, virtue, pathos, piety? everything charming and elevating in man. "And Sir Kutherford Alcock adds that he is compelled to agree with his friend, the eminent art critic, in his condemnatory verdict. "Now the art of the Japanese?the gen tlest as well as the bravest, of human ! kind-has been applied all through its his tory to the Illustration of the tender rela tions between parents and children, the de voted afTection of friends, to portraying acts of heroism, virtue, piety, fervid patriotism, and ready sacrifice of life to duty, honor, friendship and in behalf of country. "A well-informed writer on Japanese art says In The -Collector and Art Critic:* Back of all Japanese art lies the oriental mind, which revels in symbolism, in alle gory. teaching some virtue or moral in pretty j?oetlc fancy, a reminder of some historical heroism held up as an example, or some historical iniquity held up as a warn Ing.' "This tender, sympathetic side of Japa nese character displays itself all throui< 1 Its art. "Hotel, the jolly Japanese Santa Claus, ap pears rver>wnere surrounded by a troop of Joyous, laughing; children. 'The Aged Couple of Takasaga,' the personification of serene, harmonious conjugal happiness, en joyed together through a king life In 'John Anderson My Jo' fashion, figure constantly In Japanese art, and the picture of th<? be nign old couple is the universal wedding present given to serve as an inspiring model 1 to the bridal pair. " "The One Hundred Examples of Filial Piety' have been the perennial subject of Japanese art from time Immemorial. "Hartmann in the sam? line speaks of the art works of the Japanese as 'full of beauty and seem the natural manifestation of serene, contented and happy minds.' "This feeling of warm affection is express ed continuously In the exquisite pictorial de vices styled surlmono, circulated among friends on festival occasions and commemo rative greetings In private life, correspond ing to our Christmas, New Tear and birth day cards, which are decorated In the most dainty and charming manner with tokens expressive of tender love and good wishes for the happiness, prosperity and longevity of the recipient "An effective moral lesson Is taught in one of the commonest representations In Japa nese art?that of the group of three mon keys where the first screens hU eyes with his hands, the second his ears, and the third his mouth to show that we should never see, hear nor speak evil. "The sad story of the unhappy Ono-No Kumachi, commencing with her career as a reigning beauty, a popular poet, then the successive stages of her downfall to a con dition of beggary and abject misery, end 1 ing with death from starvation, Is depleted with infinite pathos by Japsnese artists. "Everywhere in art. literature and the drama the story Is told of "The Forty-Seven 1 Ronins,' the devoted band who cheerfully sacrificed their lives to the protection of ? the honor of their chieftain ajid to the work of bringing to punishment the perfidious ! miscreant responsible for his death. Artists Not Blind to Beauty. ''Now as to their artistic blindness to beauty In the human form. Mr. S. Hart mann, author of 'A History of American Art,' and a recognised authority upon art natters, says In his work on 'Japanese Ait: The Japanese artists see in women a glorification of all beautiful things.' Other competent writers upon Japanese art nave dwelt upon the work of special artists I? i ,"ne? ?f Sukenobu, Haronobu and Hokusal noted for the singular grace and refinement with which they invested the female figure; of Yeishi, "Wixan and Yeisen, wno devoted their art almost exclusively to the charms and graces of Japanese womanhood; of Utamaro, characterized as the greatest painter of Japanese women' and noted for 'the infinite tenderness and grace, the exquisite beauty and delicacy of forms and flowing lines with which he ren dered his subjects.' ''And this is the art which Sir Kutherford Alcoek asserts Is 'blind to beauty, virtue pathos, piety, everything charming and ele | vating in man!' It is the art that, as Miss Scidmore says, has already revolutionized the western world, leaving its impress everywhere.' "It is the art that taught Whistler his ex quisite draughtmanship and brushwork. subtle gradations of tone and dainty color harmonies, the art from which Manet and the trench school of impressionists got their inspiration, and that, as Hartmann declares, lias influenced the several lines of I w'ork of Whistler, Manet. Degas Skarbina. | the German secessionists. Puvis de Chav ! amies, D. W. Tryon, Steinlein and Monet; and he adds 'that nearly two-thirds of all painters who have 'become prominent dur ing the last twenty years have learned in one instance or another from the Jap anese.' "That pre-eminent authority in matters' Japanese. Captain F. Brinktey, in his ad mirable work upon 'Japan; Its History, Arts and Literature,' says of Japanese art ti at it 'displays remarkable directness of method and strength of line; that the artist kr.ows exactly what he wants to draw and draws it with unerring fidelity and force; that the very outlines of the picture are ir. thejnselves a picture, and that the whole is pervaded by an atmosphere of refinement, tenderness and grace." "It is the art that drew from John Leigh ton, more than forty years ago. a tribute to the 'marvelous skill' of the Japanese I artists; that Edward F. Strange in 'Japa nese Illustration' characterizes as 'the de lightful arts of Japan' and says 'as mere arrangements of decorative color they are generally superb; as exercises in composi tion they are in the aggregate unsur 1 passed." hat Is to be the future of this remark able people? This is the great problem , now before the world. The pursuit of this j inquiry will neceessarily lead to a close ' study of the antecedents of the Japanese, their history, life, manners and customs, industries and arts, and it is believed that this collection will afford the inquirer a considerable amount of information. "I hope to be able to add in my lifetime to the interest and importance of the exhibit here presented. Sincerely vours (Signed) "CROSBY S. NOYES." Librarian ?Putnam's Reply. In prompt and courteous response came the following acceptance: "WASHINGTON, October 18, 1005. "My Dear Mr. Noyes: I have received your communication, making formal tender of the gift to the library of your collection ot Japanese pictures, engravings, illustrated books, etc., which have been for several months In our possession, but are only now formally transferred. Pray believe our ac ceptance and acknowledgment as cordial as we desire them to be prompt. "Your letter of gift indicates most inter estingly the significance of the collection In reflecting the life, as it reflects the art, or Japan; and makes clear that Japanese art not merely exhibits an artistic facility, but embodies an ethical spirit. With your per mission, we shall be glad to publish the let ter in connection with the announcement of the gift. "The intrinsic interest of the material is greatly enhanced to this library by the fact that It represents on your part many years of careful and devoted accumulation, not merely in this country and Europe, but in Japan itself. We arc- gratified at your inti mation that it is to be further added to in the future. "It will immediately be prepared for ex hibit. With its first exhibit we shall asso ciate with it some of the other subjects of art which you have lent to us, the net sukes, etc., which will reinforce It by the.r further Illustration of the achievements of Japanese art. "With high regard and appreciation, I am faithfully yours, (Signed) "HERBERT PUTNAM. "Librarian of Congress. "Hon. Crosby S. Noyes, The Washington Star, Washington." The "First Exhibit." The "first exhibit" referred to above is now set forth in a series of cases placed in the main hall of the Library of Congress. It consists of but a small part of the entire collection, and yet has been made represen tative of the whole. The prints which have been selected not only mirror the "drifting world" of Japanese life, but stand for the best output of the famous artisan painters; their catalogue furnishes an almost com plete list of the master print-makers. The illustrated books chosen for the purpose cover a wide range of subjects, and dem onstrate great versatility in manner of ex pression. And the carvings, the bronzes and other curios, while not numerous, are of such a character as to plainly m.anirest the marvelous technical skill and keen ar tistic perception of all Japanese workmen. Much is compressed Into a small space. The law of elimination, which governs all Jap anese pictorial expressions, has been wisely followed, and the art of Japan literally epitomized. There is not more on view than can be readily seen in an hour, and yet sufficient to furnish days of study. The Prints. There is no phase of art mere popular or less commonly understood than the block prints of old Japan. Within the last ten years they have been uo widely sought by collectors and so keenly appreciated by connoisseurs that they have become almost a fetish to the uninitiated, -and are ac credited with virtues to which they lay no claim. Hence they arc frequently as lg norantly admired as foolishly disregarded. The color-prints of Japan corresponded to the colored supplements of our modern newspapers, to the current posters, and more artistic Christmas cards. They were the picture language of the common peo ple, and took the plnce of the symbolical paintings which to those In higher ranks made esthetic appeal. They were done by artists who humbly termed themselves artisans, and who held lowly positions In the social scale. But they are sincerely worthy, and they have exerted a wide In fluence upon the art of the west. The fundamental principles which they set forth are the a, b, c's of art, and In color harv mony, decorative effect and pictorial com position they attain almost the greatest Height. Simplicity of Expression. Their method of production enforced sim plicity of expression. Thfc artist drew with a brush. In the fewest possible lines, his picture on paper, and passed it over to an engraver, who, first making It transparent. pasted K on to a cherry wood block and pro ceeded to outline It with a tolfa and then cut away the superfluous wood with cniseis and gouges such as an ordinary carpenter would use. The result was what is called the "key block," from which trial Impres sions were taken and other blocks cut, pro vided the picture was printed In njore than one color. When this was flnlshed it. with Its duplicates, was given Into the hands of a printer, who, following the directions "of the painter, colored the blocks ana printed the pictures, laying the dampened mulberry bark paper each time with his hands and rubbing off an Impression, often with Ms elbow. The accuracy with which this was done Is remarkable, some prints being the register of as many as thirty different blocks. The designer was al most never the printer, and worked more often for a publisher than independently. The painter of Japan was an aristocrat, but the print-maker, merely an artisan, ranked even beneath the peasant and shop keeper. He came, as a rule, from the lowliest callings; the first Toyokuni was the son of a puppet maker. Kunisadi b?gan life as the keeper of a ferry, and Hokkei as a fishmonger, and yet he was inherent ly an artist. It has been said that every child in Japan was a potential artist, and It is in a measure true. For centuries the Japanese have developed the esthetic?their eyes are trained to perceive beauty, their hands are trained by their method of writ ing. The children are taken when babies to see thev loveliness of nature; nattonal holidays are proclaimed in seasons of blos soming, and the choicest views on the high ways are indicated by signboards to the traveler. And yet the art in their color prints was first recognied by the Dutch merchants at Nagasaki, and Is still scarce ly appreciated by the better class of Japa nese. This is partly because it was dia metrically opposed to tradition, and be cause it devoted itself chiefly to a repre sentation of low-cast subjects. The art of the east is traditionally interpretative, sym bolical?the actor and the courtesan always openly discountenanced. Though many of the print-makers devoted themselves chief ly to the picturing of these people, they frankly looked down upon them, and never counted them among their associates. First Color Prints Were Posters. The first color prints were, however, prob ably theatrical posters, and were made before the middle of the seventeenth cen tury. They were done at first simply in b'.ack and white, then a little color was added with a brush to the print, then on to the block; gradually more blocks were used and better colors, until the process ceased to be simple and the results became exceedingly elaborate. In the matter of subject and purpose the same evolution was observable. From the mere portraiture of actors and portrayal of dramatic scenes the prints became in time a reflection of the everyday life of the people and for this reason were named "Ukiyoye," or "Mirror of the Passing World." They be came the most democratic expression of art and were utilized not merely as pictures, but as gifts significant of congratulatory good will. For nearly two centuries they were produced in great variety and abun dance, then came western civilization, ani line dyes and modern sophistry, and grad ually the school languished and the art was laid aside. Turning, however, to the prints on exhi bition a better comprehension can be gained of their scope and character. One ,.f the first is by Hishikawa Moronobu, who was born at Yasuda In 1(W7 and died in 17H. He was one of the earliest of the print makers?at least one of the first to make them for the working classes. His father was; a maker of gold embroidery and at first he helped him with his designs. Then he became a dyer of cloth, a painter and an illustrator. He was an excellent draughtsman and the example which is given here shows him at his best. It pic tures a lady having her hair combed by a maid and on the left a woman .composing a letter. It is a simple statement of facts, but so gracefully and vigorously set forth that it cannot fail to be attractive. Color blocks were not used much before the beginning of the eighteenth century, but in this same case near the Moronobu just mentioned, is an exouisite print by Mi-.sanobu, entitled* "The Poetess." which is charminglv tinted and so clear cut In lino and mellow In tone that It suggests an inlay of lacquer or a delicate mosaic. Here, too. is a curious print by the same artist representing a woman covering the eyes of a man with her hands and "blowing away his astral body," as well as a charmingly colored one of a daintier person picking tea leaves, by Haronobu, who did much toward perfecting the mechanical processes of color printing. Art Became Hereditary. Confusion In the Identity of print makers often arises through the fact that the art became hereditary and the names, as well as the craft, descended from father to son, or from master to pupil. In this manner there was a succession of Torii's who as further token of their union prefixed the syllable Kiyo to their names. Kiyomltzu. who is represented here by two interesting prints, was one of these. He. oddly enough, was a maker of musical instruments and did his prints as pastime. Shunsho's picture of a woman making her toilet is peculiarly interesting In color, showing a pleasing combination of pink, green and buff, and his "View in a Palace" is remarkable on account of accurately rep resenting costumes in vogu'j five hundred years ago. More grotesque than beautiful Is "The Angry Baby," by Utamaro, who is, how ever, rated as one of the greatest of the Ukiyoye makers. The quality and handling of the black in this is notable and the bold ness of its rendering; though greater re finement and more acute artistic feeling are to be observed in "The Feast Celebration"? a beautiful composition?and "The Ferry Boat," a triptych, and an extraordinary fine example. The first colored prints which ever reached Europe are supposed to have been works of Utamaro. He was the son of an artist of distinction, but lived a disso? lute life, and was disowned. He died at th" age of fifty-three, after many hardships and yet many successes. His lines are always graceful and artistic, his coloring exquisite ly harmonious, and none, it Is said, ever pictured the low-caste Japanese women as he. Next in order comes the work of Hokusai, the mosL famous exponent of this school? an acknowledged master in all parts of the world. Ten examples of his work are shown, -not including his book illustrations, which will be spoken of later. There scorns to have been no limit to his versatility, and yet of all the print makers his was perh ips the most potent personality. Regardless of subject or varying treatment a Hokus u print possesses marked individuality. Note, for example, his "Man Fishing." one of the thirty-six views of Mt. Fuji, the "Persim mon and the Grasshopper," the "Fish in a Pot Ready for Cooking" and his "I>ady Playing a Musical Instrument;" each Is in a different manner and yet all assert the same esthetic feeling and mastery of technique; or, perhaps more correctly, dis regard of technical difficulties. It is seldom that one will see a more graphic Interpre tation of motion or a better presentation of a realistic scene than in his "Wind Storm," which is included In this collection. He was a prolific producer and in his later days ?wtvs nicknamed "the old man mad about drawing." Like our own Wyant, when dving he is said to have exclaimed, "If heaven had only granted me five more years 1 might have become a real painter " He was at that time over ninety years of age. His Is the one name, it is said, among all the artists of Japan which has been ade quately learned by European critics. By many he is rated even with Durer and Rembrandt. Toyokuni Well Represented. Toyokuni, in whose work the technicalities of color printing are believed to be most skillfully handled, is also well represented. His "Woman Carrying a Pail Filled With Flowers" Is exceedingly decorative and his "Women Drawing Water at a Well" pecu liarly attractive. It has been repeatedly said that the Japa nese had no knowledge of perspective and It Is true that some of their early attempts to construe Its laws led them far afield, but that they comprehended and applied it in tuitively Is frequently demonstrated. Curi ously enough while the prints of Japan were being taken to Europe by the Dutch colonists, destined to exercise a potent in fluence over the future art of the west, the work of the lowland engravers was being brought to the notice of the Japanese through the KJme channel with almost sim ilar result. It was a western print we are told which first turned Hlroshige's atten tion to landscapes. Thus a debt was paid even before it was contracted. Quaint and unnatural enough,his pictures will probably strike the observer, and yet at the same time they must prove Impressive. Their graphic qualities, their marvelous simplicity and finally their subtlety must In the end find definite appeal. He was specially fa mous for his pictures of snow and rain. Tor his Interpretation of mist and vapor, and of these themes several examples are given. He used very few and flat tints, and his compositions always lead the eye Instinct ively to the center of his picture. During his day the Japanese developed a. passion for travel, and to this fancy his paintings catered. There were three print-makers known by the tame title, all clever work men and sincere artists, but none as great as the first. These are but a few of many?a mere sug gestion of the richness and significance of tho collection. All the prints are not equally Interesting, nor Is every artist equally laud able. But each has a peculiar reason for Inclusion, a definite place In the composi tion of the exhibit. While some may not And anything to admire -ip Toyohlro's "Magician." there is none who will not ccmprehend and delight in Shunman's dain ty still life?a box and a Jardiniere contain ing flowers for sale. It is not necessary to discover a potential Whistler in each or to ^compare any to the works of western masters, but it is well to note their Jnhf rent merits and Impossible not to give them when this is done their full measure of praise. LEILA MBCHI-IN. TAXOMA CLUB ENTERTAINS. One-Act Play Presented in Connection With Musical Prog-ram. The members of the Takoma Club and Li brary and their friends were entertained Wednesday night at the club house, on Ce dar street, Takoma Park, w ith a program of music and recitations, the affair being one of a series of midwinter social events given under the auspices of this organization. The opening address was made by President Louis P. Shoemaker, who briefly stated the many features and amusements offered by the organization, and the monthly enter tainments which are given by the dub. He related in a concise manner the history of the club, and outlined the future of the or ganization, which, he said, had done much to promote the social standing In that sec tion, and that he relied upon the mem bers to lend their assistance in furthering the success of the club. At the conclusion of Mr. Shoemaker's re marks Miss Cliarlene Brown played several piano solos, followed by a one-act play, en titled "Christmas Chimes," which was pre sented by E. V. Wilcox, Mrs. E. V. Wil cox. Ben G. Davis. Mrs George Abrams. Mrs. Wilcox sang two solos, after which refreshments were served. The Interior of the clufo house was dec orated in. an attractive manner with greens and plants, and presented a pleasing ap pearance. At the conclusion of the program the club house was thrown open to the guests for the remainder of the evening. The success of the entertainment was due to the entertainment committee, composed of Mr. and Mrs. Ben. G. Davis. Dr. and Mrs. E. V. Wilcox. Mrs. David Keldman and Mrs. George Abrams. OFFICERS INSTALLED. Joint Ceremonies by John A. Logan Post and Corps. A Joint installation of the officers re cently chosen by John A. Ix>gan Post, No. 13, Grand Army of the epubiic, and J^lin A. Logan Belief Corps, took place Wednes day evening at an open meeting held in the Masonic Hall, -at Jackson and Pierce streets, Anacostia. An Interested audience witnessed the exercises, and the headquar ters of the post and corps, on the second floor of the hall, were appropriately deco rated in honor of the occasion. Mrs. Lida J. Hart, the president of the Department of the Potomac Belief Corps, acted as the installing officer for Logan Corps, the offi cers of which were first installed. Col. S. W. Bun yea, assistant mustering officer, per formed this duty for Logan Post, A program of speeehmaking and enter tainment followed. Commander A. B. Fris bie of Logan Post introduced Commander Blchard H. Calhoun of Grant Post, who made an address. Col. Bunyea was called upon, and responded with a few words of congratulations to the men placed at the head of the local organization. James II. Dony of Logan Post spoke briefly, and Past Commander Johnson of James A. GartiMd Post congratulated Commander Krlsbie upon his successive terms of office at the head of Logan Post and paid a -tribute to John A. Logan. Commander Frisbie read some verses in dialect, entitled "A New England Court ship." and Mr. William Scantiebury ren dered some musical selections, with Miss E. V. Bitchie as accompanist, and a num ber of recitations. Mrs W. H. Peck, who was instrumental in organizing .Logan Ke lief Corps, being its president for three years, said that fraternity is well exempil fied in the harraonous working of the post and corps. Mrs. Lida J. Hart, department president, said that a more faithful, un tiring band of women never served an or ganization than the members of Logan Corps. On Memorial day. she said, the corps does a service in its special work that will always be an honor to them. Commander Frisbie. in speaking for him self. expressed his appreciation of the honor of being chosen as commander of Logan Post for the sixth term. The exercises closed with the rendition by the audience of "My Country. Tis of Thee," aft r which the ladies served refreshments. The officers installed for tlie corps are: Mrs. Emily Frisbie, president; Mrs. Mary Crawford, senior vice president: Mrs. Emma Eno. junior vice president; Mrs. Eliza P. Walson. treasurer; Mrs. James S. McLean, chaplain: Mrs Mary Davenport, guard: Mrs. Margaret B. Tew. secretary: Mrs. Mary Simpson, patriotic instructor. The following were the post officers In stalled: A. B. Frisbie. commander; Henry W Eno, senior vice commander: W. Mar den King, junior vice commander: Dr. K. H. Grant, surgeon; Alpheus Davison, quar termaster: Bev. Williard G. Davenport, chaplain; Jamt s H Dony. officer of the day; Louis H. Bii-ks. officer of the guard: Thos. J. Putnam, adjutant: Arthur Schatz. ser-' geant major; E. C. Messer, quartermaster sergeant. Government Nonentities. To the Editor of Tim St.ir: The speech of Secretary Shaw on the ten dencies of the government service, as af fecting the individual character of the em ploye. was an epitome of keen, philosophic observation, as far as it went, but he could have extended his comments much far ther. It is not merely the character of the work which t.?nds to destroy the initiative, self-reliance and independence of the em ploye, but the conditions under which he performs his work are even more destruc tive of those qualities. In the first place, there Is too much "offi cialism," which spirit tends, as much as anything else, to the obliteration of the ele ments under discussion. This is not a criti cism which applies to the officials them selves, personally: it applies more particu larly to the prevailing spirit, or morale of , the departments, for which no one indl | vldual is responsible. The general tendency is to treat all em ployes not vested with any form of "author j ity" as nonentities. Anything approaching | to originality, independence or iniMviduallty In such an employe is apt to be regarded as an encroachment on the importance of the official immediately over him. or as "insub ordination." and this last, being an elastic term, which can be made to stretch a good ways, Is generally employed as an extin guisher. The writer once heard a chief of division declare that he objected to "brainy clerks because they had ideas of their own." In this he voiced quite a general sentiment, a government clerk with an idea being re garded as a dangerous anomaly. And this opposition to ideas on his part does not ap ply merely to ideas concerning the business of the office, but concerning other matters foreign to his official duties. For instance, he does not dare to have political opinions, or at least give expression to them, which Is, of course, a curtailment of the manly qualities of a citizen of a republic. Then, as to even moKC personal matters, there is a decided tendency toward dictation. In ques tions of authority there seems to be consid erable confusion aa to where what Is official ends and what is personal begins. Many of those In authority, more frequently those endowed with a very UttTe, as the petty offi cials. are apt. becoming imbued with the "spirit of the place," to acquire inflated no tions of their power. This leads them very often to extend supervision and dictation over what belongs to the clerk's own per sonality exclusively, thus causing him to feel that his very soul is not his own. And because of the spirit of officialism described the clerk has no redress, because the man in authority carries the "big stick." and the smaller the authority the bigger the stick. It seems strange that there should be such a spirit in the government departments, for it is decidedly un-American. M. A. BBOOKS. A. GUARANTEED CURE FOB PILES ' Itchlnc, Blind, Bleeding or Protruding Plto four druggist will refund money If PAZO OINT KENT fan* to cure Id 8 to 14 days. Me. FINANCIAL MM? ^ Washington Branch, 1415 G st. n.w. Capital, surplus and undi vided profits $6,582,200 Deposits 16,876,075 WX PAY INTEREST ON RVLANCC9 ernjKCT to cj./U-k. and uiuukk rates om TIME DEPOSITS. WK SOLICIT HOUSEHOLD, PERSONAL ANU PROIESSIONAL ACCOUNTS. AS WELL AS TUE BANKING HI-SINKS* OK COMMKR' IAL K*TAI>> I.1SHMKNT8 CORRESPONDENCE I.N V IT BO. Orfllf Aetna Banking & Tryst Conrapairay, 11222 F St. N.W. Foreign Exchange, Self - IdentifylngTravslsri* Money Orders, Patented System for Banking by Mall, Interest on Savings and Time Deposits 4 per cent.. OPEN FOR SUBSCRIPTION AND FIRST PAYMENT. Subscription for the 60th issu? of ?took aod flint payment thereon will b? recelred dally from 8 s.m to 4:30 p.m. ai the office of the Association. SHARES. $2.50 EACH. Famphlets explaining the object am) adrsntafea of the Association and other Information furulsh?4 upon application at the offlcc. Ai EQUITABLE BUILDING, 1001 F ST. N f, John Joy Edson. President. Ellis Spear, Vice President. Geo. W Casilear, 2?i Vict President. no2-tf,50 Frank P. Reestde. Secretary. Let Us Demonstrate, We tlilnk we hare the most expen sively equipped rental department in the city. 1? it l?ecause we hare the largest rental business, or becau e w# find it necessary in order to give the best service? Or is the magnitude of our rental business due to our tine equipment? We would like to answer these questions by demonstrsting to you how we make property pay. Swartzell, Riheem &. Hensey Co., WARNER BCII.DINO. 816 F STREET NORTHWEST. Four Per Cent Per Amuraymm. Interest Paid Every Three Months. Assets $2,700,000.00 Surplus $175,500.00 Loans $r,ooo for $5 per month, $2,000 for $10 per month, $3,000 for $15 per month, $4,000 for $20 inter est per month. Expenses only $10. Principal to suit the borrower. "ITie greatest savings institution in the District and the most liberal. Inquire at the Perpetual Building Associa tion, 506 11 th street. ANDREW GLASS, President. JOHN COOK, Secretary. Jall-tf.eSu.42 Waslhongtoini Loan & Tryst Co., OFFICE COR. ITH AND F ST3. PAID-UP CAPITAL. $1,000,000. "SURPLUS. 1500,000 (EARNED)." Loans in any amount made on approved real esiate or collateral at reasonbie rates. Interest paid upon depjaits on montblj bal ances subject to check. This company acta as executor, sdmlnistra ? tor, trustee, ug?'nt, treasurer, registrar and In all other fiduciary capacities. ?? Boxes for rent In burglar at J fireproof vaulta for s?fe deposit and atorage of \aiu able packages. Real Estate Department is prepared to as ?? same the management of yop*. real estate. Careful attention given to *'?; details. JOHN JOY EDSON Piesident JOHN A. BWOPE. Vice President ELLIS SPEAK Second Vice President ANDREW PARKER Treasurer HARRY G. MKEM Assistant Treasures BOYD TAYLOR Asaistaut Treaburer THOMAS BRADLEY Real Estate OiUce* de20-tf.H6d.eSu Home Building Association Loans on Real Estate ON EASY MONTHLY PAYMENTS. It will accommodate you for building, buying c? Improving a bonu, or for investment and need money. Call on the undersigned for information and taking stock. Applications lor loans from agents solicited. GEO. W. LI N KINS, i^res .WM H WETZEL, Sec.. 800 Itttb st. n.w. 2135 II ?t. n.w A. S. TAYIJOR, V. Pres., E. S. WKSOOTT, Treas., 1405 F st. n.w. 1907 Pa mv?. n.w. no28-tf,14d,eSu STORAGE, MOVING, PACKING. Our facilities guarantee you the best of service. W. B. MOSES&SONS, F ST. COR. liTH. ja8-3m,28 MONEY TO LOAN 4% and 5% * ON DISTRICT REAL ESTATE, R. O. HOLTZMAN, 10th and F its. n.w. mU.-tt.Ut* MONEY AT 4l/t and 5% Promptly loaned on real estate In the District of Columbia. LOWEST COMMISSION'S. Heiskeil & McLeran, BJI7-U.8 1006 F K. i.<r.