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WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 28, 1906. at Pettit & Co. Will Be the Slogan of Smart Shoppers By enumeration of priccs below and corresponding re duction?, smart shoppers will come early to secure the choice, if such there be, of ilii- elegant merchandise at tlii^ sensational reduction. The past week all were im pressed with extraordinary values in the perfect styles that were offered in this great reduction, and while the majority of our callers were purchasers, others on account of the elements hesi tated. Biting cold is again with us, and it is reasonable to expect winter weather for the next six weeks, but this cuts no figure with us. as the very last garment in our stock must and will go with in a very short period. $60 Ladies' $50 Ladies' $40 Ladies' $35 Ladies' $30 Ladies' $25 Ladies' $20 Ladies' $15 Ladies' Suits or Suits or Suits or Suils or ?uits or Suits or Suils or Suits or Coats, Coats, Coats, Coats, Coats, Coats, Coats, Coats, '/2 Off . ' 2 otf . Off . % off. y2 off . Zz off . U off . ^2 Off . $30.00 $25.00 $20.00 $17.50 $15.00 $12.50 $10.00 $7.50 J 50%?Off All Children's Coals? 50%-Gtf All Ladies' Skirts 50% Off -50% Off ! ALL FURS, COMFORTS ANO BLANKETS ONE-HALF OFF I BIRTH OF McKINLEY CARNATION DAY OBSERVANCE IN COMMEMORATION. Csrnatlon day, the anniversary of me l>irth of the late President McKlnley, wi?l occur next Monday, and an appeal Is being sent to almost every city In the country Its cltiscns to observe the day ami us memories by wearing a carnation In the lapel of the coat. In the hair or at the throat. The appeal Is signed by the Car nation League of America, of which the Postmaster General, Mr. Cortelyou, Is tne chief trustee. It follows In full: "Next Carnation day, January 29, V.kns, falls on a Monday, and we are desirous that some notice be taken of It by the schools throughout the country, as has been done by many of them heretofore, but not so concertedly as might be. her mit us to say, as modestly as we may, that the work of the league Is most praise worthy, and Is accomplishing good results iilong the line it is following. "The hope of the nation Is in the school < blldren. The boys and girls who are read ing history In the schools today will be making history tomorrow, and everything which can b, done to instill Into their young, receptive hearts a greater love and veneration for the best Institutions ant! tradition* of our country, will surely tend to make of them better and more useful citizens. "We believe that the teachers will be in terested in this matter and we especially oeslre their aid and co-operation, with the view of making the observance of the day l?y the school children a universal one. May we count upon your co-operation? The ex rrclses, If any, should be short and simple; if noting more than a short statement by the teacher of what the day means and the singing of a stanza of the national afmn. i "We trust that the suggestion may meet with your approval. Xn many of the schools ln?t year the pupils made carnations out of tissue paj>er. which are altogether appro priate for the purpose. Purpose of the League. "The following Is a full statement of the whole matter: "There has been Instituted a McKlnley memorial known as 'The Carnation League of America," the sole purpose of which Is to commemorate annually the life and works of William McKlnley and foster national patriotism. His pure, clean private life and distinguished public services mark him as worthy of especial honor. The same loyal impulse that promoted the stopping of al most all the wheels of Industry for those few moments on the day of his burial has found annual expression in this simple tribute Institute)} by the Carnation I>eague of America. To wear the President's ra vorite flower. In the lapel of the coat or m thi hair, or at the throat. In silent memory of a departed public servant, is what is contemplated by this movement. The fact that the carnation was President McKln ley's favorite flower, and was always found in his buttonhole, is the reason for i's choice as a league symbol, to be worn on each recurring 2S)th day or January, tlse an niversary of the late President s birth. The custom was first observed on January JBKli, l'JU3, with the greatest unanimity through out the country, and by Americans all over the world. "No expectation Is had of giving tne movement the importance of local organi zations, but in its quiet, unobtrusive way it can be made to wield an Influence tor good almost Incalculable, and will roster a spirit of true patriotism worthy of our country and the man it seeks to honor. The highest patriotic tone does and must domi nate. Any inhabitant of the United state*, male or female, Is eligible to mem bership without the payment of any ice whatever. No commercialism attaches to tills movement. The league is seeking no funds, and any solicitation on the part ot anybody is spurious and unauthorized." RECONCILIATION PROBABLE. Indications of Good Feeling Between the Vatican and Quirinal. Special Cablegram to The Stnr. ROME, January 27.?The question, so often discussed, of possibilities of a com plete reconciliation between the Vatican and the Quirinal. stimulated by the report that the King of Spain la anxious to pay u visit to the King of Italy, and desires the consent of the ho:y father before making the trip, has recently received even added Interest. The simultaneous presence at a recent society function of court dignitaries, the premier, cabinet ministers and three cardinals, including Cardinal Rampolla him selt. revives and strengthens other rumors as well. It Is claimed that nego'lations are proceeding to induce the pope to accept the appropriation granted him by the law of guarantees of 1871, which, up to the pres ent the sovereign pontiff has always re fused It is suggested that the appropria tion should be accepted under some form which would not hurt or prejudice any principle, as. for instance, a state contribu tion to the bishop of Rome, as Is done with other Italian bishops. The matter has not, however, as yet taken concrete form. Work of Salvation Army. Special Cablegram to The Star. LONDON, January 27.?General Booth, In addressing ,VK? young men and women en rolled as cadets for training in the Inter national Institution of the Salvation Army, said that by night and day he cherished the dream of the establishment of a uni versity of humanity In which men and women would be instructed In the best modes of dealing with social problems. The general said that the Salvation Army was doing a great deal more than even the friends of the movement Imagined. They had 1.337 cadets in training throughout the world, and 7,H7li were In the corps preparing to go to training homes. The general said that In spite of all these things officers were badly needed by the army, and that If he had 1,000 of the right kind he could dispose of them In various parts of the world, where tliey would be able to earn good livelihoods and do good work. AFTER VALUABLE LAND FRIENDS OF IBOQUOIS INDIANS TO PUSH THIER CLAIMS. Special Correspondence of The Star. PHILADELPHIA, January 27. 1906. Friends of the much-wronged "Lo'' are about to take steps to test the right of the chamber of commerce in this city to occupy a piece of land that, according to many authorities, bHongs to the once all-powerful Indian tribe known as the Iroquois. The case will attract national attention, for no more interesting spot than this odd little section of real estate can be found in the country. Its history is almost without parallel in the records of prop^rty owner ship. In the very heart of the Quaker city there lies unoccupied, save for an occasional wagon or hand cart, or perhaps a vagrant cat or dog, a little tract of land hidden from public view by the towering walls of modern office buildings. Virtually the prop a mark of special favor, Gov. f'onn re ceived them at his private residence, arid to cement the friendship, deeded to the six nations with much ceremony the strip of land now In dispute, which was at the end of his lawn. As a sigrn the act was legal the wampum be't was handed over and the Indians re tired with the understanding that the land was theirs forever as a spot on which they could erect their tent of state end smoke the calumet and make treaties. Faithful to the English. The Iroquois were faithful to the 'English all through the war and carefully guarded as a treasure the wampum belt that gave them the right to smoke in Gov. Penn's back yard. During the revolutionary war the Iroquois, with the exception of the Oneidas and Tuscaroras, adhered to the crown. The latter two tribes cast their fortunes with the Americans. The Mohawks, Cayugas, Onondagas and Senecas. und-r the fam-jur Brandt, perpe trated the massacres In Wyoming valley, but the Oneidas fought with tho patriots. After the war the British Iroquois were at the mercy of the United Staies, and nearly all emigrated to Canada and the west. The Oneidas and Tuscaroras were, for their faithfulness, confirmed in tne posses sion of their land by the treaty of Fort THE WAI erty belongs to the surviving remnants or the Iroquois Indians, having been de-vied to them by John Ponn in the iaily lays of the liistory of Philadelphia, at a period when the city was little more than a go n coun try town. The "wampum lot," as it is call ed, is only fifteen feet three inches iy forty, seven feet in area. It is, in fact, little more than a blind alley on the sit; of the massive building of the chamber of com merce nt 2d and Gothic streets. It is ap proached only through gateways at either end of the alley, yet there is perhaps no other strip of ground in the Unite I Slates that for its size can :om:>are with it in in terest. Queer Story About Land. The queer story cf this little bit of for saken land begins back in the period of the French and Indian war, when John Penn, the son of Richard and grandson of William Penn, was acting as proprietary governor. He lived at 2d and Walnut streets. Being in embarrassed circumstances, Penn rented a more pretentious mansion at 2d anil Mor ris alley to John Claypole, a wealthy mer chant. At that time the nix nations, or r.s they were called the Iroquois Indians, were a powerful nation, comprising the Mohawks. Oneldas. Senecas, Onondagas, Oayugas and Tuscarorae. They controlled to a great ex tent the other tribes not in the confed eracy. King Hendrick, at *h.at time thi head of the nations, visited Philadelphia with a number of his followers, and, although tiny were entertained in the st . e house yard, as PUBLIC LIBRARY WOES VISITORS MAKE MANY PERPLEX ING QUERIES OF ATTENDANTS. "The general public appears to have a well-grounded belief in this era of enlight enment that a public library is not only a place for the housing and distribution of books, but that it is also a general center for the dissemination of every conceivable kind of information pertaining to evefy va riety of ancient or modern knowledge.' said an attendant at the Washington Pub lic Library. "Furthermore, they seem to think, especially the little ones, that any member of the staff may be tree I y drawn on to answer all sorts of questions at any moment. Some amusing things happen in consequence neafly every day. "A tall young colored man stalked up solemnly to the young lady in charge of the reference room yesterday and asked for 'something on the internal arrange ments of the earth-worm.' The attendant managed to hold herself together while he proceeded to explan further that by 'in ternal arrangements' he meant 'the diges tive apparatus,?its insides.' As a simple solution of what appeared to him to be a very perplexing question he was sent to the catalogue card and instructed to look under 'Worms.' Finally lie located a work by Darwin covering the topic and retired to a table to study the interior structure of the earth-worm. "A man rather past middle life, who had been gravely burrowing in a big volume of Shakespeare at one of the tables in the reference room for more than an hour, ap proached the young lady in charge and asked why Shakespeare always let his characters die at the end of the tragedy. Not being an enthusiastic Shakespearean herself, and averse to the discussion which seemed to be impending, the attendant calmly advised him to study the matter out for himself. He thereupon retired and was soon in deep communion once more with the master mind of the Bard of Avon. "Children who are sent to the library by school teachers or parents to find the prop er book and look out a question or a sub ject for themselvM will frequently stride PUM LOT. Sanwix in 1"M. but in 17S5 tl:- sfite of Niw York purchased their lands, with tin; t x ccption of the reservations on which the descendants of the On. ills slid flourish. Oneidas Held to Their Rights. Some years ago the '.ate '.'1-arles Knccht. one of the early presidents of the chamber I of commerce, having cast a covetous eye j on the forsaken "wampum lot," by that I time grown very valuable, made a careful I search for the wampum belt, which he finally found in the possession of the Oneidas, who had taken and retained, after the revolution, all the wampum belts or the six nations. Nothing could induce the Oneidas to give up the belt or surrender title to the property, which they regarded as relics of their departed greatness. Every rnenns was tried, and the greatest of their great men, Col. Ely Parker, a de scendant of the Senecas, and at that rime an officer on Gen. Grant's staff, was brought to Philadelphia, where he had a conference with Mr. Knecht and others at tiie Girard House. Nothing came of the conference nor c-ould the Oneidas be induced to surrender their property. The wampum belt established proprietary rights given by the common wealth, which not only exempted the prop erty from taxation but conferred the title forever, so that the position of the In dians was invulnerable. Nevertheless, the chamber of commerce claims it by right of adverse possession. It is this right that champions of the In dians will try to And some means 1 f dis puting. right up to an attendant and plump the Question, expecting an immediate and ex plicit answer. Of course, we only encour age them by pointing out the source of information, for a child will readily forget the knowledge that is obtained without study. All sorts of odd questions come to us in this way. A little girl walked up to the lady in charge of the circulating counter and upset her gravity with a query as to what "standard Fahrenheit used in his thermometers.' No less ridicu lous questions are asked every day. Ignor ance stalks unabashed in the precincts of every public library, and, of course, it is far more noticeable than in its proper place, the public school. Such questions, how ever, very often are asked by persons who are long past the public school age. Mixed as to a Painting. "A weil-dressed woman in middle life ap proached one of our attendants and want ed to know tlw name of the author and the book describing a painting in the rotunda of the Congressional Library which she had just seen and which she referred to as 'Beliruffln and Pegosus.' She meant the "Bellerophon and Pegasus' of Walter MacEwen in the north corridor, and was referred to the appropriate work on myth ology. but the 'author' was beyond even the astute attendant's powers. This clas sical enthusiast was almost equaled by a yountt man who announced to one of our staff that he had read a poem witli the line, ?Here's to you. Fuzzy-Wuzzy,' and who wanted to know what was a 'Fuzzy-Wuxay.' This was very much like the unliterary young lady who. during a discussion of the merits of Keats, suddenly startled the company with the query, 'What are Keats?" "In these days of progress and prosper ity. when even the least of us begins to take some Interest In his ancestors, In quiries on genealogical subjects are not in frequent. Among these was a serious young lady who lately asked at the desk for in formation regarding the name of Howard explaining that It was the 'given name' of both her father and her brother. The fam ily name of Howard, one of the greatest in the annals of England. Is derived from the very humble office of the pig-keeper In ancient times, whose appellation was 'hog-ward.' This the attendant, who hap pened to be versed in such matters, re membered at once, but she spared the young woman's family pride by referring her to '.Burke's Peerage,' where there are Howards galore. "A large proportion of the frequenter* wPjcoc '/n<"Aw/rtf'. nif *>r y <Hf rfH><w.. -x* I Authorities on ?& Correct Dress. h Women's Sections. t Annual Stocktaking Sale Two Weeks Before Inventory. Every odd Hot, every soiled garment, every samm= pile piece, every model mmtuist be sold before stock= taking. We positively will not carry over any goods from one season to another ? accordingly prices are very materially reduced. Tailor=made Suits Cloth Suits $29.50 to $35.00 Cloth Suits reduced to 918.75 $50.00 to $00.00 Cloth Suits reduced to $35.00 $05.00 to $75.00 Cloth Suits reduced to $-45.00 $75.00 to $100.00 Cloth Suits reduced to 955.00 Velvet Suits $60.00 to $80.00 Velvet Suits reduced to <5 30 In black, red, blue and green. Silk Chiffon Velvet Suits $ 150.00] RC^Ced to 1 Blaclc Silk Velvet Suit 1 Black Slik Velvet Suit 1 Black Silk Velvet Suit 1 Plum Silk Velvet Suit - Dahlia Silk Velvet Suits. . . . 1 Hed Silk Velvet Suit 2 Green Silk Velver Suits.... .$165.00 , .$125.00 f $140.00 .$1 ?$1 iiSj $62.50 Imported Afternoon and Evening Gowns $245.00 Pink Grenadine Chiffon, imported, re duced to 9150.00 $325.00 White Lace Robe Dress, imported, re duced to mso.oo $250.00 White Hand - embroidered Chilton. imported, reduced to 9175.00 $225.00 White Baby Irish Lace Princess, im ported, reduced to $135.00 $260.00 Black .Net Gown and Irish Point lace. imported, reduced to $175.00 $223.00 White Chiffon Cloth, imported, re duced to 91S0.00 $225.00 White Silk Net and Lace, low neck, imported, reduced to., $130.00 $215.00 White Lace, imported, reduced to 9125.00 $215.00 Plum Silk Voile, hand embroidered, imported, reduced to $120.00 $200.00 Corn Velvet Princess, imported, re duced to 9115.00 $195.00 Blue Chiffon Velvet and Crepe de Chine, imported, reduced to 9100.00 $195.00 Pink Chiffon, low neck, imported, re duced to $100.00 $185.00 Blue Silk, imported, reduced to 905.00 $165.00 White Chiffon, Imported, reduced to... 990.00 $150.00 Helio Chiffon imported, reduced to. ? $80.00 $215.00 Gray llc-ssaline with Irish lace, im ported, reduced to $95.00 $135.00 Whit%Crepe de Chine, fmported, re duced to 975.00 $125.00 White Net, low neck, imported, re duced to .* $75.00 Coats and Opera Wraps $25.00 to $45.00 Covert Coats, in short fl 'J efji and lengths, reduced to 4/11 to $50 Jest 30 Opera Wraps left?go At Price Their regular prices range from $45.00 to $200.00. This means $22.50 for a $45.00 Wrap. $25.00 for a $50.00 Wrap. $37.50 for a $75.00 Wrap. $50.00 for a $100.00 Wrap. And so on up to $100.00 for a $200.00 Wrap. Millinery Section We have divided our entire stock into two lots?as follows: At $5.00 Reduced from At $9.50 Reduced from $ 16.00 and $20.00. $10.00 and $15.00. All exclusive models, only one of a kind, desirable for street or evening wear. Furs at 25% Discount Your choice of anv MI FF, SCARF, STOLE OR NECKPIECE at 25% dis count from regular price. The lot in cludes Mink, Chinchilla, Ermine, Russian Sable,, -White Fox, Squirrel, Marten, Per sian Lamb and Beaver. Furs at 33l/^% Discount This offer includes your choice of any Fur Coat or Fur-lined Coat in our stock? Alaska Seal Coats, Persian Lamb Coats, Broadtail Coats, Squirrel Coats, in plain and noveltv effects. Fur-lined Coats, in black, brown and tan?trimmed with Persian or mink collars and cuffs. Waist Department All odd waists, all samples, lots of broken sizes, reduced to prices which will sell them quickly. Taffeta Petticoats $15.00 and $18.50 Siik Petticoats, black, blue, green, gun metal, pink and 89 brown. Reduced to $5 and $7 Taffeta Petticoats reduced to $3.85. Tn black and colors, made from fine heavy weight quality of taffeta siik. Dressing Sacques and Tea Gowns 6 $12.00 Sacques reduced to - 90.75 2 $15.00 Sacques reduced to 99.00 1 $20.00 Sacque reduced to ? 912.00 8 $5.00 Sacques reduced to 92.05 1 $25.00 Tea Gown reduced to 912.00 1 $16.00 Tea Gowu reduced to 910.00 ? Muslin Underwear At $ 1.00 Reduced from $1.35 and $1.50 all the odd pieces, small lots and broken sizes left from our January sale. Gowns, Drawers, Chemise and Corset Covers. French Underwear $7.50 to $10 qualities. Reduced to. $5.00 Gowns, Drawers, Chemise and Corset Covers. Slightly soiled from handling. Women's Ribbed Underwear Drawers and Vests $1.50 qualities reduced to 750. $1.00 qualities'reduced to 50c. 75c. qualities reduced to 37/^c. Hlead=to=Foot >* Feona. Ave, aod Ninth St. | of a public library, both of the young, who are artless, and their elders, who ought to have some sense of the fitness of tnings, frankly throw their whole burden upon the attendants of the institution. They state the subject of Inquiry boldly and want to know all about it at once. Some times it is pretty hard to classify their ex act want and refer them to the proper sec tion. Nothing, of course, is more amus ing here than confusion in titles. Some of [ the errors are so ludicrous as to he almost ?unbelievable. A little girl inquired for 'The Internal City.' She got 'The Eternal City," by Hall Calne. of .course. A col ored boy askud for Shakespeare'9 'Tale of Two Kitties." 'The Call of the Wild' was construed into 'The Wild of the Pit' by one patron. 'Lovey Mary' was almost In variably called for as 'Lovely Mary' dur ing the run of the book. 'Mrs. Wiggs' of 'Cabbage Patch' fame and Mrs. Wiggins, the authoress, were hopelessly confused in many readers' minds. 'Mrs* Wiggins of the Cabbage Patch,' or 'The Cabbage Patch, by Mrs. Wiggins,' were what we frequent ly heard. Thomas Dixon's masterpiece was popularly known as 'Tile Spotted leopard." 'Dorothy Carvel' was asked for only lately instead of 'Richard Carvel.' 'The Little Shepherd of Thy Kingdom Come' was an other inquiry, and we have even had a call for Tolstoi's 'Little Women.* " An Exception. From the PhilmxtelphU I'reM. "So you think they're not weil mated, i thought you always declared that 'matches are made in heaven." " "Yes, but in this case there soems to have been a mistake In delivering the goods." LIFE ON MARS. Planet Like the Earth and is Proba bly Inhabited. Special Cablegram to The Star. LONDON, January 27.?The questions that have been raised regarding life on Mars are being discussed with unusual In terest by scientists. Some of the most re markable statements made recently were those of Prof. Turner of Oxford I'niverslty. During the course of his remarks he enun ciated the principle that li'e was not de pendent on air?that there is really no necessity for beings to breathe. Being asked whether the planets were Inhabited, he said: "X do not know. Of course, with science at its present state of development, no man can know. But, nevertheless, I feel sure they are. The question of Mars." he said, has often been raised, and the presence of what has frequently been eafled canals lias been cited to prove that Mars is inhabited. In dealing with the planet Mars all of the observations of all of the astronomers \ really amount to very little. The plane s are 60 like the earth In many respects thit it seems unreasonable to think that life is confined to the latter sphere. If there Is life it must be dllTerent from the forms of life on this earth. I cannot understand why people persist in picturing the inhabitants of the planets as men. It should be borne In mind that we are carefully adapted to the conditions of life on the earth, and as the conditions vary on the p'.aneta so do the forms of life vary, so a* to bs adapted to these conditions. There art- certain low forms of life which can exist better with out air than "with it. Given the same con dition of affairs on some other planet, this lower kind of life may have developed Just as we have developed." Speaking as an astronomer, he said the best thing to do to investigate was not to build big telescopes, but to give the money to those scientists who were working on low temperatures In order to see whether bacterfa could live in lower temperatures than have yet been obtained. FRESH BBEAD FOR JACKIES. England to Install Bakeries Through out Her Naval Establishment. Special Cablegram to The Star. I.ONDON, January 27.?The various changes in connection with the cooking ar rangements of the royal navy are already going into effect. Not only is the gigantic battleship, the Dreadnought, being !1tte<l up with a bakery, in addlfi<Jh to her regu lar galley, but there is a general all around introduction of "soft bicad'' into the sea service. The weevilly biscuits of Trafalgar days have disappeared. Now the khakl-colored, flintlike squares which go by the name of ship's bread are to go al90, and Jack is to have hot rolls for l>reakfast, dinner or supper, whether in harbor or at sea. It is claimed that 13,000 of the men be longing to the British navy were medically treated for indigestion diving 1WH, and thai a change of diet was necessary.